2011 Census of Canada: Topic-based tabulations

Topic-based tabulation: Detailed Mother Tongue (232), Knowledge of Official Languages (5), Age Groups (17A) and Sex (3) for the Population Excluding Institutional Residents of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Divisions and Census Subdivisions, 2011 Census

Data table

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This table details detailed mother tongue , knowledge of official languages , age groups and sex for the population excluding institutional residents in CanadaFootnote 1
Detailed mother tongue (232) Knowledge of official languages (5)
Total - Knowledge of official languages English only French only English and French Neither English nor French
Total - Detailed mother tongue 33,121,175 22,564,670 4,165,015 5,795,570 595,920
Single responses 32,481,635 22,178,780 4,130,090 5,580,580 592,190
English 18,858,980 17,162,570 6,240 1,682,290 7,880
French 7,054,975 50,620 3,869,845 3,132,955 1,555
Non-official languages 6,567,685 4,965,585 254,000 765,340 582,755
Aboriginal languages 200,725 168,240 13,530 8,935 10,020
Algonquian languages 135,425 111,805 12,865 6,460 4,295
Algonquin 1,585 290 600 675 15
Atikamekw 5,820 0 4,960 205 650
Blackfoot 2,860 2,835 5 10 10
Cree languages 78,200 71,875 130 3,980 2,215
Cree, n.o.s. 77,900 71,580 130 3,975 2,215
Swampy Cree 70 70 0 0 0
Plains Cree 150 150 0 0 0
Woods Cree 70 65 0 5 0
Cree, n.i.e. 5 10 0 0 0
Malecite 420 405 0 10 0
Mi'kmaq 7,635 7,285 25 270 50
Innu/Montagnais 10,785 1,965 7,115 995 710
Naskapi 605 430 10 95 70
Ojibway 17,620 17,165 10 190 260
Oji-Cree 9,835 9,500 5 20 310
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 55 50 5 5 0
Michif 450 365 0 80 0
Athapaskan languages 19,210 18,415 20 100 675
Carrier 1,290 1,265 0 15 0
Wetsuweten 120 120 0 0 0
Chilcotin 765 740 0 5 25
Dene 11,215 10,710 5 25 480
Tlicho (Dogrib) 2,030 1,930 0 10 90
Gwich'in 355 350 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 220 205 0 5 10
South Slavey 510 495 0 5 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 1,530 1,450 10 25 45
Sarcee 150 145 0 5 0
Beaver 245 240 0 0 5
Sekani 50 55 0 5 0
Kaska (Nahani) 250 250 0 5 0
Tahltan 100 100 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 175 175 0 0 5
Southern Tutchone 110 105 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 10 5 0 0 0
Athapaskan languages, n.i.e. 70 70 0 5 0
Haida 45 45 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 855 770 5 75 5
Mohawk 405 345 0 55 0
Cayuga 210 210 0 5 0
Oneida 155 155 0 5 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 75 60 0 10 0
Kutenai 90 90 0 0 0
Salish languages 2,435 2,410 0 25 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 575 565 0 5 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 370 370 0 0 0
Halkomelem 455 445 0 5 0
Lillooet 260 255 0 0 0
Okanagan 280 280 0 0 0
Squamish 55 55 0 0 0
Straits 140 140 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 305 300 0 5 0
Siouan languages 4,200 4,160 0 30 10
Dakota 1,060 1,050 0 10 5
Stoney 3,050 3,020 0 20 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 95 90 0 5 0
Tlingit 100 100 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 1,555 1,540 0 10 5
Gitksan 785 785 0 0 5
Nisga'a 535 530 0 5 0
Tsimshian 230 235 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 925 910 0 10 5
Nootka (Nuu-chah-nulth) 275 265 0 5 0
Haisla 140 140 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 75 70 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 435 425 0 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 34,670 26,950 610 2,110 5,005
Inuktitut 33,500 25,850 595 2,085 4,975
Inuinnaqtun 390 365 0 0 20
Inuvialuktun 475 470 0 5 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 305 260 15 25 5
Aboriginal languages, n.i.e. 760 680 30 35 15
Romance languages 1,120,585 685,590 91,985 256,705 86,305
Italian 407,485 254,515 18,665 106,005 28,310
Portuguese 211,335 147,380 10,565 30,450 22,940
Romanian 90,295 43,290 8,295 34,025 4,690
Spanish 410,670 240,075 54,380 85,880 30,335
Catalan 595 245 75 270 10
Romance languages, n.i.e. 200 90 10 80 25
Germanic languages 579,680 515,380 1,655 47,545 15,105
Dutch 110,485 100,045 205 9,800 435
Flemish 4,695 3,210 110 1,350 20
Frisian 2,135 2,000 5 125 5
German 409,195 365,945 1,230 29,540 12,480
Yiddish 15,205 9,435 40 3,735 1,990
Scandinavian languages 28,790 26,305 30 2,370 90
Danish 14,145 13,265 5 850 25
Icelandic 1,495 1,400 0 95 5
Norwegian 5,800 5,285 10 480 25
Swedish 7,345 6,355 15 945 30
Afrikaans 8,770 8,340 5 345 85
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 400 95 40 270 0
Celtic languages 3,005 2,510 45 425 20
Gaelic languages 1,645 1,380 5 240 20
Welsh 1,255 1,125 5 125 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 105 10 40 55 0
Slavic languages 687,940 569,890 11,770 75,140 31,145
Belarusian (Byelorussian) 560 415 10 95 35
Bosnian 11,685 9,235 780 1,025 655
Bulgarian 19,050 11,060 1,555 5,625 805
Croatian 49,735 44,265 335 3,670 1,460
Czech 23,580 20,040 145 2,855 535
Macedonian 17,245 15,690 35 710 810
Polish 191,650 161,300 1,650 21,050 7,650
Russian 164,330 125,085 5,110 21,655 12,480
Serbian 56,420 46,945 775 5,735 2,970
Serbo-Croatian 10,150 7,305 655 1,810 385
Slovak 17,585 15,250 80 1,825 430
Slovenian 10,775 9,685 25 985 85
Ukrainian 111,540 100,480 555 7,785 2,725
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 3,635 3,135 65 320 110
Baltic languages 13,450 11,300 35 1,950 160
Latvian 6,200 5,230 10 895 65
Lithuanian 7,250 6,070 25 1,055 95
Greek 108,925 74,110 640 27,275 6,895
Armenian 29,795 12,840 1,285 13,915 1,755
Albanian 23,815 18,750 845 2,290 1,935
Georgian 1,195 895 25 125 155
Finno-Ugric languages 91,725 77,660 585 9,740 3,735
Estonian 6,385 5,515 5 830 35
Finnish 17,415 16,050 10 1,120 230
Hungarian 67,920 56,100 565 7,790 3,470
Turkic languages 35,010 24,920 2,400 4,575 3,120
Azerbaijani 2,490 2,030 20 255 185
Turkish 29,640 20,715 2,250 4,040 2,630
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 2,885 2,175 125 285 300
Mongolian 1,025 840 35 90 50
Afro-Asiatic languages 448,495 246,610 60,390 114,470 27,030
Berber languages (Kabyle) 5,855 85 3,555 1,985 225
Cushitic languages 42,520 28,710 4,645 6,380 2,790
Oromo 11,135 3,415 3,960 3,190 570
Somali 31,385 25,295 680 3,185 2,225
Semitic languages 397,760 217,600 51,265 104,970 23,925
Amharic 18,025 16,330 55 1,065 580
Arabic 327,870 157,655 51,005 99,220 19,990
Hebrew 18,455 14,265 115 3,730 335
Maltese 6,225 6,025 5 150 40
Tigrigna 10,220 9,185 35 425 575
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 16,975 14,140 45 385 2,400
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 2,360 210 935 1,130 90
Indo-Iranian languages 1,085,080 905,905 5,785 59,375 114,005
Indo-Aryan languages 887,515 748,685 2,145 39,215 97,475
Bengali 59,365 49,540 610 6,160 3,060
Gujarati 91,450 78,135 245 4,935 8,130
Hindi 90,545 82,895 90 4,050 3,510
Konkani 2,825 2,640 10 140 35
Marathi 5,830 5,335 5 335 155
Panjabi (Punjabi) 430,700 346,465 525 13,085 70,635
Sindhi 11,330 10,075 20 795 430
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 14,185 13,310 10 565 295
Urdu 172,800 153,930 495 8,615 9,760
Nepali 8,480 6,355 130 535 1,465
Iranian languages 192,310 152,855 3,520 19,810 16,125
Kurdish 9,800 7,845 315 635 1,020
Pashto 12,460 10,260 165 705 1,340
Persian (Farsi) 170,045 134,755 3,050 18,470 13,775
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5,255 4,370 120 360 405
Dravidian languages 159,730 137,555 695 9,390 12,090
Kannada 2,725 2,510 5 165 50
Malayalam 16,075 14,980 10 570 525
Tamil 131,265 111,100 675 8,285 11,205
Telugu 9,320 8,650 5 360 305
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 340 315 0 15 10
Japanese 39,980 35,055 190 2,185 2,555
Korean 137,930 116,260 210 5,605 15,850
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,084,540 813,195 7,835 48,900 214,610
Chinese languages 1,072,555 803,690 7,810 48,615 212,445
Cantonese 372,465 274,100 1,040 14,125 83,200
Chaochow (Teochow) 2,580 1,690 35 190 665
Fukien 5,925 4,265 5 125 1,530
Hakka 5,115 4,095 20 240 765
Mandarin 248,705 191,785 1,375 10,320 45,225
Shanghainese 2,925 1,880 10 105 930
Taiwanese 9,635 7,435 20 385 1,795
Chinese, n.o.s. 425,210 318,435 5,305 23,125 78,340
Tibetan languages 4,635 3,955 10 165 510
Burmese 2,990 2,655 5 70 260
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 4,360 2,895 15 60 1,390
Tai languages 20,905 14,265 1,790 3,080 1,770
Lao 12,970 7,665 1,670 2,580 1,045
Thai 7,935 6,600 120 495 725
Austro-Asiatic languages 164,320 109,010 9,815 22,355 23,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 19,440 9,605 3,085 4,345 2,405
Vietnamese 144,885 99,405 6,730 18,005 20,735
Malayo-Polynesian languages 381,750 367,345 640 9,270 4,490
Bisayan languages 16,240 15,665 15 400 155
Ilocano 17,910 17,130 10 430 345
Malay 10,910 10,055 30 540 285
Pampango 2,715 2,630 0 45 40
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 327,445 316,725 130 7,105 3,485
Bikol 1,220 1,155 0 40 20
Malagasy 1,015 15 410 580 10
Fijian 935 900 0 20 25
Pangasinan 1,035 995 0 15 25
Malayo-Polynesian languages, n.i.e. 2,315 2,075 45 100 105
Niger-Congo languages 68,325 40,540 9,970 16,495 1,320
Akan (Twi) 12,680 11,490 25 995 170
Bantu languages 31,915 15,150 6,005 9,995 760
Lingala 3,085 100 1,570 1,380 40
Rundi (Kirundi) 3,975 255 1,305 2,295 120
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 3,895 550 850 2,395 95
Shona 2,695 2,555 0 130 10
Swahili 10,090 6,105 1,380 2,230 370
Ganda 1,020 940 0 70 15
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 7,150 4,650 890 1,495 115
Edo 1,350 1,285 5 45 15
Igbo 2,920 2,745 5 135 35
Wolof 2,240 75 835 1,275 45
Bamanankan 885 10 470 395 5
Ewe 1,315 705 200 395 25
Ga 950 845 0 100 5
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 14,070 8,235 2,425 3,155 255
African languages, n.i.e. 9,125 7,640 380 860 255
Creoles 61,725 4,615 30,925 24,160 2,030
Non-verbal languages 6,430 2,900 450 290 2,790
American Sign Language 2,160 1,420 10 100 635
Quebec Sign Language 455 0 265 80 110
Sign languages, n.i.e. 3,810 1,475 180 115 2,045
Other languages 2,470 1,770 90 205 410
Multiple responses 639,540 385,890 34,930 214,990 3,730
English and French 144,685 14,585 4,620 125,375 105
English and non-official language 396,330 357,870 740 34,975 2,740
French and non-official language 74,430 10,645 28,880 34,140 770
English, French and non-official language 24,095 2,790 690 20,500 115

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Footnote(s)

Footnote 1

Excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.

Return to footnote 1 referrer

Source: Statistics Canada, 2011 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-314-XCB2011033.

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