2011 Census of Canada: Topic-based tabulations

Topic-based tabulation: Detailed Mother Tongue (232), Knowledge of Official Languages (5), Age Groups (17A) and Sex (3) for the Population Excluding Institutional Residents of Canada and Forward Sortation Areas, 2011 Census ©

Data table

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This table details detailed mother tongue , knowledge of official languages , age groups and sex for the population excluding institutional residents in CanadaFootnote 1
Detailed mother tongue (232) Knowledge of official languages (5)
Total - Knowledge of official languages English only French only English and French Neither English nor French
Total - Detailed mother tongue 33,121,175 22,564,670 4,165,015 5,795,570 595,920
Single responses 32,481,635 22,178,775 4,130,085 5,580,580 592,190
English 18,858,980 17,162,575 6,240 1,682,285 7,880
French 7,054,970 50,620 3,869,850 3,132,955 1,555
Non-official languages 6,567,685 4,965,590 254,000 765,340 582,760
Aboriginal languages 200,725 168,245 13,525 8,935 10,020
Algonquian languages 135,425 111,805 12,860 6,460 4,300
Algonquin 1,585 295 605 675 15
Atikamekw 5,820 5 4,965 200 655
Blackfoot 2,860 2,840 5 15 10
Cree languages 78,200 71,875 130 3,980 2,215
Cree, n.o.s. 77,900 71,580 130 3,975 2,215
Swampy Cree 70 70 0 5 0
Plains Cree 150 150 0 0 0
Woods Cree 75 70 0 0 0
Cree, n.i.e. 10 10 0 0 0
Malecite 415 405 0 10 5
Mi'kmaq 7,635 7,285 25 275 50
Innu/Montagnais 10,785 1,960 7,115 995 710
Naskapi 605 425 10 95 70
Ojibway 17,625 17,165 10 190 260
Oji-Cree 9,835 9,505 0 20 310
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 55 45 0 5 5
Michif 445 370 0 75 5
Athapaskan languages 19,215 18,415 20 105 675
Carrier 1,285 1,265 0 15 0
Wetsuweten 125 125 0 0 0
Chilcotin 765 740 0 5 25
Dene 11,220 10,710 0 25 480
Tlicho (Dogrib) 2,030 1,930 0 10 90
Gwich'in 355 350 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 220 200 0 5 10
South Slavey 510 495 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 1,530 1,450 15 25 45
Sarcee 150 145 0 0 5
Beaver 240 240 0 0 5
Sekani 50 55 0 5 0
Kaska (Nahani) 255 250 0 0 0
Tahltan 100 100 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 175 175 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 110 110 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 10 5 0 0 0
Athapaskan languages, n.i.e. 70 65 0 0 0
Haida 45 45 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 855 770 5 70 5
Mohawk 410 345 5 60 5
Cayuga 210 210 0 0 0
Oneida 160 155 0 5 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 75 65 5 10 5
Kutenai 90 90 0 0 0
Salish languages 2,435 2,410 5 30 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 575 565 0 10 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 370 370 0 0 0
Halkomelem 450 445 0 10 0
Lillooet 255 255 0 0 0
Okanagan 285 275 0 5 0
Squamish 55 55 0 5 0
Straits 140 140 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 305 295 0 5 0
Siouan languages 4,200 4,160 0 30 10
Dakota 1,060 1,045 0 10 5
Stoney 3,050 3,020 0 20 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 95 90 0 5 0
Tlingit 100 100 0 0 5
Tsimshian languages 1,555 1,540 0 10 0
Gitksan 790 785 0 0 0
Nisga'a 530 530 0 5 0
Tsimshian 235 230 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 925 905 0 10 5
Nootka (Nuu-chah-nulth) 275 265 0 5 5
Haisla 140 140 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 75 75 0 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 435 430 0 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 34,670 26,945 610 2,105 5,005
Inuktitut 33,500 25,850 595 2,085 4,970
Inuinnaqtun 385 370 0 0 20
Inuvialuktun 475 470 0 5 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 305 260 15 25 5
Aboriginal languages, n.i.e. 760 680 25 35 10
Romance languages 1,120,590 685,590 91,990 256,705 86,310
Italian 407,485 254,515 18,660 106,005 28,310
Portuguese 211,335 147,375 10,565 30,450 22,940
Romanian 90,295 43,290 8,295 34,025 4,695
Spanish 410,670 240,075 54,380 85,880 30,335
Catalan 595 240 70 270 10
Romance languages, n.i.e. 200 85 10 80 25
Germanic languages 579,680 515,380 1,655 47,545 15,105
Dutch 110,490 100,050 205 9,805 435
Flemish 4,695 3,215 110 1,350 20
Frisian 2,135 2,000 5 125 5
German 409,195 365,945 1,225 29,545 12,480
Yiddish 15,205 9,435 40 3,740 1,990
Scandinavian languages 28,790 26,305 25 2,365 90
Danish 14,145 13,265 5 850 30
Icelandic 1,500 1,400 0 95 5
Norwegian 5,800 5,285 5 480 30
Swedish 7,345 6,355 15 945 30
Afrikaans 8,770 8,340 5 345 85
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 405 95 35 270 0
Celtic languages 3,005 2,515 45 430 20
Gaelic languages 1,645 1,375 10 240 20
Welsh 1,250 1,125 0 125 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 105 10 35 60 5
Slavic languages 687,940 569,885 11,770 75,140 31,140
Belarusian (Byelorussian) 560 420 10 95 40
Bosnian 11,685 9,230 780 1,025 655
Bulgarian 19,050 11,060 1,555 5,620 805
Croatian 49,735 44,265 335 3,670 1,460
Czech 23,580 20,040 150 2,855 540
Macedonian 17,245 15,685 35 715 805
Polish 191,645 161,300 1,650 21,045 7,655
Russian 164,330 125,085 5,110 21,655 12,475
Serbian 56,420 46,940 770 5,735 2,970
Serbo-Croatian 10,155 7,305 655 1,810 385
Slovak 17,580 15,245 80 1,820 430
Slovenian 10,780 9,690 25 980 80
Ukrainian 111,540 100,480 555 7,785 2,730
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 3,630 3,135 65 320 110
Baltic languages 13,445 11,300 35 1,950 160
Latvian 6,200 5,230 10 895 65
Lithuanian 7,245 6,070 25 1,050 95
Greek 108,925 74,110 640 27,280 6,895
Armenian 29,790 12,840 1,285 13,915 1,750
Albanian 23,820 18,750 845 2,290 1,935
Georgian 1,195 900 25 125 150
Finno-Ugric languages 91,725 77,660 585 9,745 3,740
Estonian 6,385 5,515 10 830 35
Finnish 17,415 16,050 15 1,120 235
Hungarian 67,925 56,100 565 7,790 3,475
Turkic languages 35,015 24,925 2,395 4,580 3,115
Azerbaijani 2,490 2,025 20 255 185
Turkish 29,640 20,715 2,250 4,040 2,630
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 2,885 2,175 125 280 300
Mongolian 1,020 840 40 95 55
Afro-Asiatic languages 448,500 246,610 60,395 114,470 27,030
Berber languages (Kabyle) 5,850 85 3,555 1,985 225
Cushitic languages 42,520 28,710 4,645 6,380 2,790
Oromo 11,135 3,415 3,960 3,195 570
Somali 31,380 25,290 685 3,185 2,225
Semitic languages 397,760 217,600 51,265 104,970 23,925
Amharic 18,020 16,330 55 1,060 580
Arabic 327,870 157,655 51,005 99,215 19,990
Hebrew 18,450 14,270 115 3,730 340
Maltese 6,225 6,025 10 150 45
Tigrigna 10,220 9,185 35 430 575
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 16,970 14,145 45 385 2,405
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 2,365 210 935 1,130 85
Indo-Iranian languages 1,085,080 905,905 5,790 59,375 114,010
Indo-Aryan languages 887,515 748,685 2,145 39,215 97,475
Bengali 59,370 49,540 615 6,160 3,055
Gujarati 91,450 78,135 240 4,935 8,125
Hindi 90,540 82,895 90 4,050 3,510
Konkani 2,825 2,640 10 140 30
Marathi 5,835 5,335 5 335 155
Panjabi (Punjabi) 430,705 346,465 520 13,080 70,635
Sindhi 11,330 10,075 25 795 435
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 14,180 13,310 15 565 295
Urdu 172,800 153,930 495 8,615 9,760
Nepali 8,480 6,355 130 535 1,465
Iranian languages 192,310 152,855 3,525 19,810 16,125
Kurdish 9,805 7,840 315 635 1,015
Pashto 12,460 10,260 160 700 1,340
Persian (Farsi) 170,050 134,755 3,050 18,475 13,770
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5,255 4,370 125 355 405
Dravidian languages 159,730 137,555 695 9,390 12,090
Kannada 2,725 2,510 0 165 50
Malayalam 16,080 14,975 10 570 520
Tamil 131,265 111,100 675 8,285 11,205
Telugu 9,320 8,650 0 360 305
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 340 315 5 15 10
Japanese 39,985 35,055 190 2,185 2,555
Korean 137,925 116,260 210 5,605 15,855
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,084,545 813,195 7,835 48,900 214,610
Chinese languages 1,072,555 803,690 7,810 48,615 212,445
Cantonese 372,465 274,105 1,040 14,125 83,200
Chaochow (Teochow) 2,575 1,690 35 190 665
Fukien 5,925 4,265 10 125 1,535
Hakka 5,115 4,090 20 240 765
Mandarin 248,705 191,785 1,375 10,320 45,225
Shanghainese 2,925 1,880 10 105 930
Taiwanese 9,630 7,435 20 385 1,800
Chinese, n.o.s. 425,210 318,440 5,305 23,125 78,345
Tibetan languages 4,635 3,955 10 160 505
Burmese 2,990 2,655 5 65 265
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 4,360 2,895 15 60 1,390
Tai languages 20,905 14,265 1,790 3,075 1,770
Lao 12,970 7,665 1,670 2,580 1,045
Thai 7,935 6,595 120 495 725
Austro-Asiatic languages 164,325 109,010 9,815 22,355 23,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 19,440 9,610 3,080 4,345 2,400
Vietnamese 144,885 99,405 6,730 18,005 20,740
Malayo-Polynesian languages 381,750 367,345 640 9,275 4,495
Bisayan languages 16,240 15,665 20 400 155
Ilocano 17,915 17,130 5 430 345
Malay 10,905 10,060 30 540 285
Pampango 2,715 2,630 5 45 40
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 327,445 316,725 135 7,105 3,490
Bikol 1,220 1,155 0 40 20
Malagasy 1,015 15 405 580 10
Fijian 940 900 0 20 25
Pangasinan 1,035 995 0 15 20
Malayo-Polynesian languages, n.i.e. 2,315 2,075 40 95 105
Niger-Congo languages 68,325 40,540 9,970 16,490 1,315
Akan (Twi) 12,680 11,495 20 990 175
Bantu languages 31,915 15,155 6,005 10,000 760
Lingala 3,085 95 1,570 1,380 35
Rundi (Kirundi) 3,975 255 1,310 2,290 120
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 3,895 550 850 2,400 100
Shona 2,700 2,555 0 130 10
Swahili 10,090 6,105 1,385 2,230 370
Ganda 1,025 935 0 70 15
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 7,150 4,645 895 1,495 115
Edo 1,345 1,290 5 45 15
Igbo 2,920 2,750 5 135 35
Wolof 2,235 75 840 1,280 50
Bamanankan 885 5 470 395 10
Ewe 1,315 705 200 390 20
Ga 950 845 5 100 10
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 14,075 8,235 2,425 3,155 255
African languages, n.i.e. 9,130 7,635 375 860 255
Creoles 61,725 4,615 30,930 24,155 2,030
Non-verbal languages 6,435 2,905 450 290 2,790
American Sign Language 2,160 1,420 10 100 635
Quebec Sign Language 455 5 260 80 115
Sign languages, n.i.e. 3,815 1,480 180 115 2,045
Other languages 2,465 1,765 90 200 410
Multiple responses 639,540 385,890 34,930 214,995 3,735
English and French 144,685 14,585 4,620 125,375 110
English and non-official language 396,330 357,870 735 34,975 2,740
French and non-official language 74,430 10,645 28,880 34,140 770
English, French and non-official language 24,095 2,790 690 20,500 115

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Footnote(s)

Footnote 1

Excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.

Return to footnote 1 referrer

Source: Statistics Canada, 2011 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-314-XCB2011032.


© This data includes information copied with permission from Canada Post Corporation.

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