2011 Census of Canada: Topic-based tabulations

Topic-based tabulation: First Official Language Spoken (7), Detailed Language Spoken Most Often at Home (232), Age Groups (17A) and Sex (3) for the Population Excluding Institutional Residents of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2011 Census

Data table

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This table details first official language spoken , detailed language spoken most often at home , age groups and sex for the population excluding institutional residents in CanadaFootnote 1
Detailed language spoken most often at home (232) First official language spoken (7)
Total - First official language spoken English French English and French Neither English nor French Official language minority (number)Footnote 2 Official language minority (percentage)Footnote 3
Total - Detailed language spoken most often at home 33,121,175 24,662,900 7,507,885 367,635 582,755 7,691,705 23.2
Single responses 31,958,805 23,751,890 7,331,690 292,470 582,755 7,477,920 23.4
English 21,457,080 21,050,485 406,595 0 0 406,595 1.9
French 6,827,860 76,675 6,751,185 0 0 6,751,185 98.9
Non-official languages 3,673,865 2,624,735 173,905 292,470 582,755 320,145 8.7
Aboriginal languages 121,810 93,615 11,875 6,325 9,990 15,040 12.3
Algonquian languages 79,405 59,420 11,225 4,470 4,295 13,465 17.0
Algonquin 385 85 170 110 20 225 58.4
Atikamekw 5,370 0 4,560 155 650 4,635 86.3
Blackfoot 805 795 5 0 10 0 0.0
Cree languages 44,635 39,135 170 3,120 2,210 1,730 3.9
Cree, n.o.s. 44,525 39,030 170 3,120 2,205 1,730 3.9
Swampy Cree 15 15 0 0 0 0 0.0
Plains Cree 15 10 0 0 0 0 0.0
Woods Cree 80 85 0 0 0 0 0.0
Cree, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Malecite 100 95 0 0 5 0 0.0
Mi'kmaq 4,160 3,990 30 95 50 80 1.9
Innu/Montagnais 9,630 1,810 6,275 835 710 6,690 69.5
Naskapi 575 400 15 90 70 55 9.6
Ojibway 6,850 6,535 10 50 255 30 0.4
Oji-Cree 6,870 6,545 0 10 315 5 0.1
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 25 25 0 0 5 0 0.0
Michif 85 65 0 20 0 15 17.6
Athapaskan languages 11,110 10,410 10 25 665 20 0.2
Carrier 300 295 0 5 5 0 0.0
Wetsuweten 45 45 0 0 0 0 0.0
Chilcotin 350 325 0 0 25 0 0.0
Dene 7,965 7,485 0 0 475 5 0.1
Tlicho (Dogrib) 1,220 1,130 5 5 85 0 0.0
Gwich'in 60 60 0 0 0 0 0.0
North Slavey (Hare) 65 55 0 0 10 0 0.0
South Slavey 185 170 0 0 15 0 0.0
Slavey, n.o.s. 635 575 5 10 45 10 1.6
Sarcee 75 70 0 5 5 0 0.0
Beaver 110 105 0 0 5 0 0.0
Sekani 5 5 0 0 0 suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x
Kaska (Nahani) 30 30 0 0 0 0 0.0
Tahltan 25 25 0 0 0 0 0.0
Northern Tutchone 15 15 0 0 5 0 0.0
Southern Tutchone 15 15 0 0 0 0 0.0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Athapaskan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 0 5 0 0.0
Haida 15 10 0 0 0 0 0.0
Iroquoian languages 255 235 5 15 0 10 3.9
Mohawk 160 145 5 10 0 5 3.1
Cayuga 65 60 0 0 5 5 7.7
Oneida 20 20 0 0 0 0 0.0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 5 0 0 0.0
Kutenai 10 10 0 0 0 0 0.0
Salish languages 335 340 0 0 0 0 0.0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 120 120 0 0 0 0 0.0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 25 30 0 0 0 0 0.0
Halkomelem 50 50 0 0 0 0 0.0
Lillooet 20 25 0 0 0 0 0.0
Okanagan 65 65 0 0 0 0 0.0
Squamish 0 5 0 0 0 suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x
Straits 10 5 0 0 0 0 0.0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 40 45 0 0 0 0 0.0
Siouan languages 2,475 2,450 5 15 15 10 0.4
Dakota 380 375 0 5 0 5 1.3
Stoney 2,065 2,045 0 15 10 5 0.2
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 25 25 0 0 0 0 0.0
Tlingit 10 5 0 0 0 0 0.0
Tsimshian languages 325 325 0 0 5 0 0.0
Gitksan 225 220 0 0 0 0 0.0
Nisga'a 80 80 0 0 0 0 0.0
Tsimshian 20 20 0 0 0 0 0.0
Wakashan languages 110 105 0 0 5 0 0.0
Nootka (Nuu-chah-nulth) 35 30 0 0 0 0 0.0
Haisla 10 10 0 0 0 0 0.0
Heiltsuk 10 10 0 0 0 0 0.0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 60 55 0 0 0 0 0.0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Inuit languages 27,495 20,095 615 1,785 5,000 1,505 5.5
Inuktitut 27,175 19,825 600 1,780 4,970 1,490 5.5
Inuinnaqtun 120 100 0 0 15 0 0.0
Inuvialuktun 110 100 0 0 5 0 0.0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 95 65 10 10 10 15 15.8
Aboriginal languages, n.i.e. 180 150 20 5 5 20 11.1
Romance languages 543,420 295,085 70,160 91,830 86,345 116,075 21.4
Italian 139,475 77,970 15,055 18,240 28,215 24,175 17.3
Portuguese 97,210 58,285 6,995 9,000 22,925 11,495 11.8
Romanian 54,460 22,190 6,740 20,830 4,705 17,150 31.5
Spanish 252,020 136,525 41,340 43,680 30,480 63,180 25.1
Catalan 180 75 30 70 5 60 33.3
Romance languages, n.i.e. 70 40 5 10 20 10 14.3
Germanic languages 152,805 128,920 855 7,780 15,250 4,745 3.1
Dutch 11,525 9,645 75 1,375 430 760 6.6
Flemish 455 240 25 175 15 115 25.3
Frisian 195 175 0 15 0 5 2.6
German 126,375 108,570 680 4,420 12,705 2,895 2.3
Yiddish 6,865 3,545 40 1,355 1,925 715 10.4
Scandinavian languages 2,890 2,495 20 290 85 165 5.7
Danish 945 845 0 65 25 35 3.7
Icelandic 240 205 0 30 5 15 6.3
Norwegian 575 495 0 50 25 30 5.2
Swedish 1,130 945 20 145 25 90 8.0
Afrikaans 4,465 4,250 5 130 80 65 1.5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 35 5 5 20 0 15 42.9
Celtic languages 340 275 10 30 20 25 7.4
Gaelic languages 225 175 5 25 20 20 8.9
Welsh 100 90 0 5 0 5 5.0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 0 5 5 33.3
Slavic languages 322,270 249,415 9,620 32,190 31,045 25,715 8.0
Belarusian (Byelorussian) 150 105 5 25 15 20 13.3
Bosnian 6,705 4,950 580 515 660 840 12.5
Bulgarian 12,075 6,330 1,355 3,595 800 3,150 26.1
Croatian 18,730 16,035 205 1,030 1,465 715 3.8
Czech 7,415 6,255 75 540 550 345 4.7
Macedonian 7,775 6,650 30 300 795 180 2.3
Polish 85,210 69,815 1,080 6,665 7,645 4,420 5.2
Russian 109,740 79,605 4,680 12,780 12,675 11,070 10.1
Serbian 34,880 27,975 670 3,230 3,005 2,290 6.6
Serbo-Croatian 5,040 3,350 480 825 380 895 17.8
Slovak 5,370 4,545 35 375 420 220 4.1
Slovenian 2,475 2,290 10 100 70 60 2.4
Ukrainian 25,565 20,625 365 2,115 2,460 1,425 5.6
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 1,135 895 35 95 110 85 7.5
Baltic languages 3,740 3,210 10 370 150 195 5.2
Latvian 1,630 1,375 5 185 60 95 5.8
Lithuanian 2,115 1,840 5 180 95 95 4.5
Greek 47,710 33,045 480 7,280 6,895 4,125 8.6
Armenian 19,145 7,405 1,220 8,765 1,745 5,605 29.3
Albanian 13,760 10,180 565 1,080 1,930 1,110 8.1
Georgian 730 535 15 45 135 35 4.8
Finno-Ugric languages 27,730 21,765 305 1,970 3,690 1,285 4.6
Estonian 1,450 1,275 0 140 30 70 4.8
Finnish 3,335 3,015 0 85 230 50 1.5
Hungarian 22,945 17,475 295 1,750 3,430 1,165 5.1
Turkic languages 21,420 14,355 1,940 2,260 2,865 3,070 14.3
Azerbaijani 1,010 830 10 85 85 55 5.4
Turkish 18,705 12,260 1,840 2,055 2,545 2,875 15.4
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 1,705 1,265 85 115 235 145 8.5
Mongolian 705 560 40 60 50 70 9.9
Afro-Asiatic languages 249,210 142,985 33,940 45,170 27,110 56,525 22.7
Berber languages (Kabyle) 1,990 30 1,200 540 220 1,470 73.9
Cushitic languages 26,410 19,465 1,830 2,375 2,735 3,015 11.4
Oromo 4,745 2,160 1,255 805 530 1,655 34.9
Somali 21,665 17,310 575 1,570 2,205 1,365 6.3
Semitic languages 219,925 123,380 30,520 41,960 24,070 51,495 23.4
Amharic 10,760 9,725 55 390 590 250 2.3
Arabic 181,790 91,195 30,150 40,090 20,355 50,200 27.6
Hebrew 8,395 6,650 265 1,120 365 820 9.8
Maltese 1,330 1,265 0 30 35 15 1.1
Tigrigna 5,975 5,260 25 150 540 100 1.7
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 11,670 9,285 20 180 2,185 115 1.0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 880 105 390 300 90 535 60.8
Indo-Iranian languages 732,950 585,175 4,745 28,990 114,040 19,245 2.6
Indo-Aryan languages 597,135 479,975 1,805 17,810 97,545 10,710 1.8
Bengali 42,065 34,915 530 3,585 3,040 2,320 5.5
Gujarati 55,720 45,640 175 1,850 8,060 1,100 2.0
Hindi 47,080 42,235 60 1,155 3,625 640 1.4
Konkani 575 520 5 15 35 15 2.6
Marathi 2,800 2,540 0 105 145 55 2.0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 317,070 240,030 430 6,420 70,195 3,640 1.1
Sindhi 4,870 4,220 25 210 415 130 2.7
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 6,850 6,365 10 185 290 100 1.5
Urdu 113,780 99,130 445 3,940 10,270 2,415 2.1
Nepali 6,325 4,380 120 350 1,470 295 4.7
Iranian languages 133,530 103,420 2,875 11,060 16,175 8,405 6.3
Kurdish 6,005 4,660 145 315 880 300 5.0
Pashto 8,700 6,860 135 440 1,270 355 4.1
Persian (Farsi) 118,825 91,900 2,595 10,310 14,025 7,750 6.5
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 2,285 1,780 70 120 320 130 5.7
Dravidian languages 113,455 95,490 890 4,995 12,075 3,390 3.0
Kannada 1,210 1,090 0 75 50 40 3.3
Malayalam 7,955 7,305 5 125 525 65 0.8
Tamil 98,940 82,185 885 4,685 11,190 3,225 3.3
Telugu 5,205 4,800 5 105 300 60 1.2
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 135 120 0 5 15 5 3.7
Japanese 18,850 15,580 145 605 2,515 445 2.4
Korean 104,905 86,120 205 2,735 15,840 1,570 1.5
Sino-Tibetan languages 809,340 562,680 7,400 24,020 215,235 19,405 2.4
Chinese languages 800,295 555,865 7,365 23,900 213,160 19,320 2.4
Cantonese 288,615 192,705 920 5,585 89,415 3,710 1.3
Chaochow (Teochow) 990 535 30 70 365 60 6.1
Fukien 1,905 1,265 0 15 620 10 0.5
Hakka 2,050 1,495 5 40 510 25 1.2
Mandarin 203,275 149,665 1,305 5,685 46,620 4,145 2.0
Shanghainese 1,325 795 5 35 490 20 1.5
Taiwanese 4,830 3,480 20 130 1,205 80 1.7
Chinese, n.o.s. 297,295 205,915 5,090 12,350 73,940 11,265 3.8
Tibetan languages 3,620 3,015 10 85 505 55 1.5
Burmese 1,900 1,590 5 20 285 15 0.8
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 3,525 2,215 15 15 1,285 25 0.7
Tai languages 10,195 6,110 1,300 1,020 1,770 1,810 17.8
Lao 6,980 3,770 1,240 915 1,055 1,700 24.4
Thai 3,215 2,340 60 105 715 110 3.4
Austro-Asiatic languages 116,290 72,770 9,150 11,730 22,635 15,020 12.9
Khmer (Cambodian) 11,330 5,000 2,370 1,605 2,355 3,170 28.0
Vietnamese 104,960 67,770 6,785 10,120 20,280 11,850 11.3
Malayo-Polynesian languages 179,105 172,015 290 2,410 4,385 1,495 0.8
Bisayan languages 5,390 5,220 5 55 110 35 0.6
Ilocano 6,160 5,775 5 105 280 55 0.9
Malay 3,945 3,590 10 100 245 65 1.6
Pampango 815 780 0 15 20 10 1.2
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 161,075 155,420 90 1,960 3,610 1,075 0.7
Bikol 185 175 0 10 0 5 2.7
Malagasy 310 5 155 140 5 225 72.6
Fijian 360 330 0 10 20 5 1.4
Pangasinan 235 220 0 5 15 5 2.1
Malayo-Polynesian languages, n.i.e. 635 510 20 20 85 30 4.7
Niger-Congo languages 23,785 15,535 3,555 3,420 1,275 5,270 22.2
Akan (Twi) 6,545 6,015 25 330 170 190 2.9
Bantu languages 10,600 5,385 2,295 2,185 735 3,385 31.9
Lingala 880 60 575 210 40 675 76.7
Rundi (Kirundi) 1,335 170 495 560 110 775 58.1
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 1,180 210 330 545 90 605 51.3
Shona 945 910 0 25 10 15 1.6
Swahili 4,170 2,410 735 650 375 1,065 25.5
Ganda 270 255 0 10 10 5 1.9
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 1,810 1,380 155 185 95 245 13.5
Edo 415 405 0 5 10 0 0.0
Igbo 775 725 0 10 35 5 0.6
Wolof 805 55 380 325 45 540 67.1
Bamanankan 235 10 155 60 5 185 78.7
Ewe 345 205 65 55 15 90 26.1
Ga 285 265 0 10 5 5 1.8
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 3,785 2,460 630 450 245 855 22.6
African languages, n.i.e. 4,130 3,640 115 160 220 195 4.7
Creoles 25,475 2,350 14,030 7,045 2,050 17,555 68.9
Non-verbal languages 9,190 5,020 995 100 3,070 1,045 11.4
American Sign Language 2,385 1,605 30 20 725 40 1.7
Quebec Sign Language 495 5 345 25 115 360 72.7
Sign languages, n.i.e. 6,305 3,405 620 55 2,230 645 10.2
Other languages 1,420 885 60 60 415 90 6.3
Multiple responses 1,162,375 911,005 176,200 75,165 0 213,780 18.4
English and French 131,210 26,055 59,285 45,865 0 82,215 62.7
English and non-official language 875,135 872,600 2,530 0 0 2,530 0.3
French and non-official language 109,700 4,170 105,535 0 0 105,535 96.2
English, French and non-official language 46,330 8,180 8,845 29,300 0 23,495 50.7

Symbol(s)

Symbol ..

not available for a specific reference period

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Symbol ...

not applicable

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Symbol x

suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act

x

Symbol F

too unreliable to be published

F

Footnote(s)

Footnote 1

Excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.

Return to footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to footnote 3 referrer

Source: Statistics Canada, 2011 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-314-XCB2011037.

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