2011 Census of Canada: Topic-based tabulations

Topic-based tabulation: First Official Language Spoken (7), Detailed Language Spoken Most Often at Home (232), Age Groups (17A) and Sex (3) for the Population Excluding Institutional Residents of Canada and Forward Sortation Areas, 2011 Census ©

Data table

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This table details first official language spoken , detailed language spoken most often at home , age groups and sex for the population excluding institutional residents in CanadaFootnote 1
Detailed language spoken most often at home (232) First official language spoken (7)
Total - First official language spoken English French English and French Neither English nor French Official language minority (number)Footnote 2 Official language minority (percentage)Footnote 3
Total - Detailed language spoken most often at home 33,121,175 24,662,895 7,507,885 367,635 582,755 7,691,705 23.2
Single responses 31,958,805 23,751,890 7,331,690 292,470 582,755 7,477,920 23.4
English 21,457,075 21,050,480 406,595 0 0 406,595 1.9
French 6,827,860 76,675 6,751,185 0 0 6,751,185 98.9
Non-official languages 3,673,865 2,624,730 173,905 292,470 582,755 320,140 8.7
Aboriginal languages 121,810 93,610 11,875 6,330 9,990 15,040 12.3
Algonquian languages 79,405 59,420 11,225 4,470 4,290 13,460 17.0
Algonquin 385 85 170 115 20 230 59.7
Atikamekw 5,370 5 4,560 155 655 4,635 86.3
Blackfoot 805 790 0 0 10 0 0.0
Cree languages 44,635 39,135 170 3,120 2,210 1,730 3.9
Cree, n.o.s. 44,525 39,030 170 3,120 2,205 1,730 3.9
Swampy Cree 15 15 0 0 0 0 0.0
Plains Cree 10 15 0 0 0 0 0.0
Woods Cree 80 85 0 0 0 0 0.0
Cree, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Malecite 100 95 0 0 0 0 0.0
Mi'kmaq 4,165 3,985 35 95 50 80 1.9
Innu/Montagnais 9,630 1,810 6,275 835 710 6,690 69.5
Naskapi 575 400 10 90 70 55 9.6
Ojibway 6,850 6,540 10 45 255 30 0.4
Oji-Cree 6,870 6,545 0 10 315 5 0.1
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 30 25 0 0 0 0 0.0
Michif 85 65 5 20 0 15 17.6
Athapaskan languages 11,110 10,410 10 20 665 20 0.2
Carrier 300 300 0 0 0 5 1.7
Wetsuweten 45 45 0 0 0 0 0.0
Chilcotin 350 325 0 0 25 5 1.4
Dene 7,960 7,480 5 5 475 5 0.1
Tlicho (Dogrib) 1,220 1,130 0 5 85 5 0.4
Gwich'in 60 60 0 0 0 0 0.0
North Slavey (Hare) 65 55 0 5 10 0 0.0
South Slavey 185 170 0 0 15 0 0.0
Slavey, n.o.s. 630 575 5 10 40 10 1.6
Sarcee 75 65 0 5 0 0 0.0
Beaver 110 105 0 0 0 0 0.0
Sekani 5 0 0 0 0 suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x
Kaska (Nahani) 35 30 0 0 0 0 0.0
Tahltan 30 25 0 0 5 0 0.0
Northern Tutchone 15 15 0 0 0 0 0.0
Southern Tutchone 15 15 0 0 0 0 0.0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Athapaskan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 0 0 0 0.0
Haida 10 10 0 0 0 0 0.0
Iroquoian languages 255 235 5 10 5 10 3.9
Mohawk 160 145 5 10 0 5 3.1
Cayuga 65 60 0 0 5 0 0.0
Oneida 25 25 0 0 0 0 0.0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 0 0 0 0.0
Kutenai 5 10 0 0 0 0 0.0
Salish languages 340 340 0 0 0 0 0.0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 120 120 0 0 0 0 0.0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 25 25 0 0 0 0 0.0
Halkomelem 50 50 0 0 0 0 0.0
Lillooet 25 25 0 0 0 0 0.0
Okanagan 65 65 0 0 0 0 0.0
Squamish 5 5 0 0 0 suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x
Straits 5 10 0 0 0 0 0.0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 40 40 0 0 0 0 0.0
Siouan languages 2,475 2,450 0 15 10 5 0.2
Dakota 380 375 0 5 5 0 0.0
Stoney 2,065 2,045 0 15 10 10 0.5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 25 30 0 0 0 0 0.0
Tlingit 10 5 0 0 0 0 0.0
Tsimshian languages 325 320 0 0 5 0 0.0
Gitksan 225 220 0 0 0 0 0.0
Nisga'a 80 80 0 0 0 0 0.0
Tsimshian 20 20 0 0 0 0 0.0
Wakashan languages 110 105 0 0 5 0 0.0
Nootka (Nuu-chah-nulth) 35 35 0 0 5 0 0.0
Haisla 10 15 0 0 0 0 0.0
Heiltsuk 10 10 0 0 0 0 0.0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 55 55 0 0 5 0 0.0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Inuit languages 27,495 20,095 615 1,785 5,000 1,505 5.5
Inuktitut 27,175 19,825 600 1,780 4,970 1,485 5.5
Inuinnaqtun 120 105 0 0 15 0 0.0
Inuvialuktun 110 105 0 0 5 0 0.0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 95 70 10 10 5 15 15.8
Aboriginal languages, n.i.e. 180 150 20 5 5 25 13.9
Romance languages 543,415 295,090 70,160 91,830 86,340 116,070 21.4
Italian 139,480 77,970 15,055 18,240 28,215 24,175 17.3
Portuguese 97,210 58,285 6,995 9,000 22,925 11,495 11.8
Romanian 54,460 22,190 6,735 20,830 4,705 17,150 31.5
Spanish 252,020 136,525 41,335 43,680 30,480 63,175 25.1
Catalan 175 75 25 70 10 60 34.3
Romance languages, n.i.e. 75 40 5 15 20 15 20.0
Germanic languages 152,805 128,925 855 7,780 15,245 4,745 3.1
Dutch 11,530 9,645 75 1,375 430 765 6.6
Flemish 455 235 25 175 15 115 25.3
Frisian 195 175 0 20 0 10 5.1
German 126,375 108,570 685 4,420 12,705 2,890 2.3
Yiddish 6,860 3,540 40 1,355 1,925 720 10.5
Scandinavian languages 2,885 2,495 20 285 85 165 5.7
Danish 940 850 0 70 30 35 3.7
Icelandic 240 205 0 25 10 15 6.3
Norwegian 575 500 5 50 25 30 5.2
Swedish 1,130 940 20 145 30 90 8.0
Afrikaans 4,465 4,255 5 125 80 65 1.5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 30 5 5 25 0 15 50.0
Celtic languages 340 275 10 35 20 25 7.4
Gaelic languages 225 180 5 25 15 15 6.7
Welsh 100 90 0 10 0 0 0.0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 0 5 5 33.3
Slavic languages 322,270 249,420 9,620 32,185 31,045 25,715 8.0
Belarusian (Byelorussian) 150 100 5 25 15 20 13.3
Bosnian 6,705 4,950 585 515 660 840 12.5
Bulgarian 12,080 6,330 1,355 3,595 800 3,150 26.1
Croatian 18,730 16,035 205 1,025 1,465 715 3.8
Czech 7,415 6,255 80 540 545 345 4.7
Macedonian 7,775 6,650 30 295 790 180 2.3
Polish 85,205 69,810 1,085 6,665 7,650 4,420 5.2
Russian 109,735 79,600 4,680 12,780 12,675 11,070 10.1
Serbian 34,885 27,975 670 3,230 3,010 2,285 6.6
Serbo-Croatian 5,045 3,350 485 825 380 895 17.7
Slovak 5,370 4,545 35 375 415 225 4.2
Slovenian 2,470 2,290 10 100 70 60 2.4
Ukrainian 25,565 20,625 370 2,115 2,460 1,425 5.6
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 1,135 895 35 95 105 80 7.0
Baltic languages 3,745 3,215 10 370 150 190 5.1
Latvian 1,625 1,375 0 185 65 100 6.2
Lithuanian 2,115 1,835 5 180 95 95 4.5
Greek 47,705 33,045 480 7,280 6,900 4,120 8.6
Armenian 19,145 7,405 1,220 8,765 1,750 5,605 29.3
Albanian 13,760 10,185 570 1,085 1,930 1,110 8.1
Georgian 725 535 15 45 135 35 4.8
Finno-Ugric languages 27,730 21,770 300 1,970 3,690 1,290 4.7
Estonian 1,450 1,280 5 135 35 70 4.8
Finnish 3,335 3,015 5 85 230 50 1.5
Hungarian 22,945 17,475 295 1,745 3,425 1,170 5.1
Turkic languages 21,420 14,355 1,940 2,265 2,865 3,070 14.3
Azerbaijani 1,010 830 10 85 90 55 5.4
Turkish 18,705 12,260 1,845 2,060 2,545 2,875 15.4
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 1,705 1,265 85 120 235 145 8.5
Mongolian 705 560 40 55 50 70 9.9
Afro-Asiatic languages 249,205 142,985 33,935 45,170 27,110 56,525 22.7
Berber languages (Kabyle) 1,995 35 1,200 540 215 1,470 73.7
Cushitic languages 26,415 19,470 1,830 2,380 2,735 3,020 11.4
Oromo 4,745 2,160 1,255 810 530 1,655 34.9
Somali 21,660 17,310 575 1,575 2,210 1,365 6.3
Semitic languages 219,920 123,380 30,520 41,955 24,070 51,500 23.4
Amharic 10,765 9,730 55 390 595 250 2.3
Arabic 181,790 91,195 30,155 40,090 20,350 50,200 27.6
Hebrew 8,395 6,650 265 1,120 360 825 9.8
Maltese 1,330 1,265 0 30 40 15 1.1
Tigrigna 5,975 5,260 25 155 535 100 1.7
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 11,670 9,285 25 175 2,185 115 1.0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 880 105 390 295 90 540 61.4
Indo-Iranian languages 732,950 585,170 4,750 28,985 114,040 19,245 2.6
Indo-Aryan languages 597,135 479,975 1,800 17,810 97,545 10,705 1.8
Bengali 42,065 34,915 530 3,580 3,040 2,320 5.5
Gujarati 55,720 45,640 175 1,850 8,055 1,100 2.0
Hindi 47,080 42,235 60 1,155 3,625 640 1.4
Konkani 575 520 5 15 35 15 2.6
Marathi 2,800 2,545 5 105 150 55 2.0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 317,075 240,030 430 6,420 70,200 3,640 1.1
Sindhi 4,870 4,220 25 210 415 130 2.7
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 6,850 6,365 10 180 290 105 1.5
Urdu 113,785 99,130 445 3,935 10,270 2,415 2.1
Nepali 6,320 4,375 120 350 1,470 295 4.7
Iranian languages 133,530 103,420 2,875 11,060 16,175 8,405 6.3
Kurdish 6,005 4,660 145 315 880 300 5.0
Pashto 8,700 6,860 135 440 1,270 355 4.1
Persian (Farsi) 118,825 91,900 2,595 10,305 14,025 7,750 6.5
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 2,285 1,780 70 115 320 130 5.7
Dravidian languages 113,450 95,490 895 4,995 12,070 3,390 3.0
Kannada 1,215 1,090 0 70 50 35 2.9
Malayalam 7,955 7,305 5 125 520 65 0.8
Tamil 98,945 82,185 885 4,685 11,190 3,225 3.3
Telugu 5,205 4,795 5 105 300 60 1.2
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 135 120 0 10 10 0 0.0
Japanese 18,850 15,585 145 605 2,520 445 2.4
Korean 104,900 86,125 205 2,735 15,840 1,570 1.5
Sino-Tibetan languages 809,335 562,680 7,395 24,020 215,235 19,410 2.4
Chinese languages 800,295 555,865 7,370 23,900 213,160 19,315 2.4
Cantonese 288,620 192,710 920 5,580 89,410 3,710 1.3
Chaochow (Teochow) 995 535 30 65 365 65 6.5
Fukien 1,900 1,270 0 10 625 10 0.5
Hakka 2,050 1,495 10 40 510 25 1.2
Mandarin 203,280 149,670 1,305 5,680 46,620 4,145 2.0
Shanghainese 1,325 800 0 35 490 20 1.5
Taiwanese 4,830 3,480 20 130 1,205 80 1.7
Chinese, n.o.s. 297,295 205,915 5,085 12,350 73,940 11,260 3.8
Tibetan languages 3,625 3,015 10 85 505 55 1.5
Burmese 1,895 1,590 5 20 285 15 0.8
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 3,525 2,210 15 15 1,280 25 0.7
Tai languages 10,195 6,110 1,295 1,020 1,770 1,810 17.8
Lao 6,985 3,770 1,240 920 1,055 1,695 24.3
Thai 3,215 2,340 60 105 710 110 3.4
Austro-Asiatic languages 116,285 72,770 9,155 11,730 22,635 15,015 12.9
Khmer (Cambodian) 11,330 5,000 2,365 1,605 2,355 3,170 28.0
Vietnamese 104,965 67,770 6,790 10,125 20,280 11,850 11.3
Malayo-Polynesian languages 179,110 172,020 285 2,415 4,390 1,495 0.8
Bisayan languages 5,390 5,220 5 60 110 30 0.6
Ilocano 6,160 5,780 0 105 280 55 0.9
Malay 3,945 3,585 10 100 245 60 1.5
Pampango 815 780 0 15 20 10 1.2
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 161,075 155,415 95 1,960 3,610 1,070 0.7
Bikol 185 175 0 10 5 5 2.7
Malagasy 310 5 155 140 10 225 72.6
Fijian 360 330 0 5 20 5 1.4
Pangasinan 235 220 0 0 10 0 0.0
Malayo-Polynesian languages, n.i.e. 635 510 20 15 85 30 4.7
Niger-Congo languages 23,785 15,535 3,555 3,420 1,275 5,265 22.1
Akan (Twi) 6,545 6,015 30 330 170 195 3.0
Bantu languages 10,600 5,390 2,295 2,185 735 3,390 32.0
Lingala 880 60 575 205 40 675 76.7
Rundi (Kirundi) 1,330 170 495 560 110 780 58.6
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 1,180 205 330 550 95 600 50.8
Shona 950 910 0 30 10 15 1.6
Swahili 4,170 2,410 740 650 375 1,065 25.5
Ganda 275 255 0 10 10 5 1.8
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 1,810 1,375 155 185 95 250 13.8
Edo 420 400 0 0 15 0 0.0
Igbo 770 725 0 10 35 5 0.6
Wolof 805 60 375 325 45 540 67.1
Bamanankan 230 15 155 60 5 185 80.4
Ewe 345 205 65 55 15 90 26.1
Ga 285 265 0 10 5 5 1.8
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 3,785 2,460 635 450 245 855 22.6
African languages, n.i.e. 4,130 3,635 115 165 215 195 4.7
Creoles 25,480 2,355 14,030 7,050 2,045 17,550 68.9
Non-verbal languages 9,185 5,020 995 105 3,075 1,050 11.4
American Sign Language 2,390 1,605 30 20 725 40 1.7
Quebec Sign Language 495 5 345 30 120 360 72.7
Sign languages, n.i.e. 6,305 3,405 620 55 2,230 645 10.2
Other languages 1,415 885 60 65 415 90 6.4
Multiple responses 1,162,370 911,005 176,200 75,165 0 213,780 18.4
English and French 131,210 26,055 59,290 45,865 0 82,220 62.7
English and non-official language 875,135 872,605 2,530 0 0 2,530 0.3
French and non-official language 109,700 4,165 105,535 0 0 105,535 96.2
English, French and non-official language 46,330 8,180 8,845 29,300 0 23,500 50.7

Symbol(s)

Symbol ..

not available for a specific reference period

..

Symbol ...

not applicable

...

Symbol x

suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act

x

Symbol F

too unreliable to be published

F

Footnote(s)

Footnote 1

Excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.

Return to footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to footnote 3 referrer

Source: Statistics Canada, 2011 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-314-XCB2011038.


© This data includes information copied with permission from Canada Post Corporation.

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