2011 Census of Canada: Topic-based tabulations

Topic-based tabulation: First Official Language Spoken (7), Detailed Language Spoken Most Often at Home (232), Age Groups (17A) and Sex (3) for the Population Excluding Institutional Residents of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Divisions and Census Subdivisions, 2011 Census

Data table

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This table details first official language spoken , detailed language spoken most often at home , age groups and sex for the population excluding institutional residents in CanadaFootnote 1
Detailed language spoken most often at home (232) First official language spoken (7)
Total - First official language spoken English French English and French Neither English nor French Official language minority (number)Footnote 2 Official language minority (percentage)Footnote 3
Total - Detailed language spoken most often at home 33,121,175 24,662,895 7,507,885 367,635 582,755 7,691,705 23.2
Single responses 31,958,805 23,751,890 7,331,685 292,470 582,755 7,477,920 23.4
English 21,457,080 21,050,485 406,595 0 0 406,590 1.9
French 6,827,860 76,680 6,751,185 0 0 6,751,190 98.9
Non-official languages 3,673,865 2,624,735 173,910 292,470 582,760 320,145 8.7
Aboriginal languages 121,810 93,615 11,875 6,330 9,995 15,035 12.3
Algonquian languages 79,405 59,420 11,230 4,465 4,295 13,460 17.0
Algonquin 385 80 170 110 20 230 59.7
Atikamekw 5,370 0 4,560 155 655 4,640 86.4
Blackfoot 805 795 5 0 10 5 0.6
Cree languages 44,630 39,135 170 3,120 2,205 1,730 3.9
Cree, n.o.s. 44,520 39,030 170 3,120 2,210 1,730 3.9
Swampy Cree 15 15 0 0 0 0 0.0
Plains Cree 15 10 0 0 0 0 0.0
Woods Cree 85 85 0 0 5 0 0.0
Cree, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Malecite 100 100 0 0 0 0 0.0
Mi'kmaq 4,160 3,985 35 95 50 80 1.9
Innu/Montagnais 9,630 1,810 6,270 835 710 6,690 69.5
Naskapi 575 405 10 90 70 55 9.6
Ojibway 6,850 6,540 5 50 255 35 0.5
Oji-Cree 6,875 6,545 0 10 315 10 0.1
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 25 25 0 0 0 0 0.0
Michif 85 60 5 15 0 10 11.8
Athapaskan languages 11,110 10,410 10 20 665 20 0.2
Carrier 300 300 0 0 0 0 0.0
Wetsuweten 45 50 0 0 0 0 0.0
Chilcotin 345 325 0 0 20 5 1.4
Dene 7,965 7,485 5 5 475 5 0.1
Tlicho (Dogrib) 1,220 1,130 0 5 80 5 0.4
Gwich'in 60 60 0 0 0 0 0.0
North Slavey (Hare) 65 50 0 5 10 5 7.7
South Slavey 185 170 0 0 15 0 0.0
Slavey, n.o.s. 635 575 5 10 45 10 1.6
Sarcee 70 70 0 0 5 0 0.0
Beaver 110 105 0 0 0 0 0.0
Sekani 5 5 0 0 0 suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x
Kaska (Nahani) 30 30 0 0 0 0 0.0
Tahltan 25 30 0 0 0 0 0.0
Northern Tutchone 20 15 0 0 5 0 0.0
Southern Tutchone 15 20 0 0 0 0 0.0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Athapaskan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 0 0 0 0.0
Haida 10 10 0 0 0 0 0.0
Iroquoian languages 255 235 0 15 5 10 3.9
Mohawk 160 145 0 10 5 10 6.3
Cayuga 65 60 0 0 0 0 0.0
Oneida 25 25 0 0 0 0 0.0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 5 0 0 0.0
Kutenai 10 10 0 0 0 0 0.0
Salish languages 340 335 0 0 0 0 0.0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 120 120 0 0 0 0 0.0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 30 30 0 0 0 0 0.0
Halkomelem 50 50 0 0 0 0 0.0
Lillooet 25 20 0 0 0 0 0.0
Okanagan 60 60 0 0 0 0 0.0
Squamish 5 0 0 0 0 suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x
Straits 10 10 0 0 0 0 0.0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 40 40 0 0 0 0 0.0
Siouan languages 2,475 2,450 0 15 10 10 0.4
Dakota 380 375 0 5 0 5 1.3
Stoney 2,070 2,045 5 10 10 10 0.5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 25 25 0 0 0 0 0.0
Tlingit 10 10 0 0 0 0 0.0
Tsimshian languages 325 320 0 0 5 0 0.0
Gitksan 220 220 0 0 5 0 0.0
Nisga'a 80 80 0 0 0 0 0.0
Tsimshian 20 20 0 0 0 0 0.0
Wakashan languages 110 105 0 0 5 0 0.0
Nootka (Nuu-chah-nulth) 35 30 0 0 5 0 0.0
Haisla 10 10 0 0 0 0 0.0
Heiltsuk 10 10 0 0 0 0 0.0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 55 55 0 0 0 0 0.0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Inuit languages 27,495 20,095 610 1,790 5,000 1,505 5.5
Inuktitut 27,175 19,820 600 1,780 4,970 1,490 5.5
Inuinnaqtun 120 100 0 0 15 0 0.0
Inuvialuktun 110 100 0 0 5 0 0.0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 90 70 15 10 5 15 16.7
Aboriginal languages, n.i.e. 180 150 20 5 5 20 11.1
Romance languages 543,415 295,085 70,160 91,830 86,340 116,075 21.4
Italian 139,475 77,970 15,055 18,240 28,210 24,180 17.3
Portuguese 97,210 58,290 6,995 9,000 22,925 11,495 11.8
Romanian 54,460 22,190 6,740 20,825 4,705 17,150 31.5
Spanish 252,020 136,525 41,335 43,680 30,475 63,175 25.1
Catalan 180 80 30 70 5 60 33.3
Romance languages, n.i.e. 70 40 5 15 20 10 14.3
Germanic languages 152,805 128,925 850 7,780 15,245 4,745 3.1
Dutch 11,530 9,645 75 1,375 430 760 6.6
Flemish 455 240 25 175 15 115 25.3
Frisian 195 175 0 20 0 10 5.1
German 126,375 108,570 680 4,420 12,705 2,895 2.3
Yiddish 6,865 3,540 40 1,355 1,925 715 10.4
Scandinavian languages 2,885 2,490 20 290 85 165 5.7
Danish 940 845 0 65 25 30 3.2
Icelandic 235 200 0 30 5 15 6.4
Norwegian 575 500 0 50 25 25 4.3
Swedish 1,130 945 20 145 25 90 8.0
Afrikaans 4,470 4,250 5 130 85 65 1.5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 35 5 0 25 0 15 42.9
Celtic languages 340 275 10 30 20 25 7.4
Gaelic languages 225 180 5 25 15 20 8.9
Welsh 100 90 0 5 0 5 5.0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 0 0 5 50.0
Slavic languages 322,270 249,420 9,620 32,185 31,045 25,715 8.0
Belarusian (Byelorussian) 145 105 5 20 15 20 13.8
Bosnian 6,705 4,950 585 515 655 840 12.5
Bulgarian 12,080 6,330 1,355 3,595 800 3,155 26.1
Croatian 18,735 16,035 200 1,030 1,465 720 3.8
Czech 7,415 6,255 75 540 545 345 4.7
Macedonian 7,770 6,650 30 295 795 180 2.3
Polish 85,210 69,810 1,080 6,670 7,645 4,415 5.2
Russian 109,740 79,600 4,680 12,780 12,680 11,070 10.1
Serbian 34,885 27,970 675 3,230 3,005 2,290 6.6
Serbo-Croatian 5,040 3,350 480 825 380 895 17.8
Slovak 5,375 4,545 35 375 420 220 4.1
Slovenian 2,475 2,290 10 100 70 60 2.4
Ukrainian 25,565 20,625 370 2,115 2,460 1,425 5.6
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 1,135 895 35 95 105 80 7.0
Baltic languages 3,740 3,215 10 365 150 195 5.2
Latvian 1,625 1,380 5 190 60 95 5.8
Lithuanian 2,115 1,835 5 180 90 95 4.5
Greek 47,705 33,050 480 7,280 6,895 4,120 8.6
Armenian 19,140 7,405 1,225 8,765 1,745 5,605 29.3
Albanian 13,765 10,185 565 1,085 1,930 1,110 8.1
Georgian 730 540 10 45 135 35 4.8
Finno-Ugric languages 27,730 21,765 300 1,975 3,690 1,285 4.6
Estonian 1,450 1,275 0 140 30 75 5.2
Finnish 3,335 3,015 5 85 230 45 1.3
Hungarian 22,950 17,480 295 1,745 3,430 1,170 5.1
Turkic languages 21,420 14,350 1,940 2,265 2,865 3,070 14.3
Azerbaijani 1,010 830 10 85 85 55 5.4
Turkish 18,705 12,260 1,845 2,060 2,545 2,875 15.4
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 1,705 1,265 90 120 235 145 8.5
Mongolian 705 560 40 55 50 70 9.9
Afro-Asiatic languages 249,205 142,985 33,935 45,175 27,110 56,525 22.7
Berber languages (Kabyle) 1,990 30 1,195 540 220 1,470 73.9
Cushitic languages 26,410 19,465 1,830 2,380 2,735 3,020 11.4
Oromo 4,745 2,155 1,255 805 530 1,655 34.9
Somali 21,665 17,310 575 1,575 2,205 1,365 6.3
Semitic languages 219,925 123,380 30,520 41,955 24,065 51,495 23.4
Amharic 10,760 9,725 55 390 590 245 2.3
Arabic 181,790 91,195 30,155 40,090 20,350 50,195 27.6
Hebrew 8,400 6,650 265 1,120 360 825 9.8
Maltese 1,330 1,265 0 30 40 15 1.1
Tigrigna 5,975 5,260 20 150 540 100 1.7
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 11,670 9,280 20 180 2,185 110 0.9
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 880 105 385 295 85 540 61.4
Indo-Iranian languages 732,950 585,175 4,750 28,990 114,040 19,245 2.6
Indo-Aryan languages 597,135 479,975 1,800 17,810 97,545 10,705 1.8
Bengali 42,065 34,915 530 3,585 3,035 2,320 5.5
Gujarati 55,720 45,640 180 1,850 8,055 1,100 2.0
Hindi 47,080 42,235 60 1,160 3,625 640 1.4
Konkani 575 520 5 20 35 15 2.6
Marathi 2,795 2,545 0 105 150 55 2.0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 317,075 240,025 430 6,420 70,200 3,640 1.1
Sindhi 4,870 4,215 25 210 415 130 2.7
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 6,845 6,365 10 180 295 100 1.5
Urdu 113,785 99,130 445 3,940 10,270 2,415 2.1
Nepali 6,325 4,375 120 355 1,470 300 4.7
Iranian languages 133,530 103,420 2,875 11,060 16,175 8,405 6.3
Kurdish 6,000 4,660 145 310 885 305 5.1
Pashto 8,700 6,855 130 440 1,270 355 4.1
Persian (Farsi) 118,830 91,905 2,595 10,305 14,025 7,745 6.5
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 2,280 1,775 70 115 320 130 5.7
Dravidian languages 113,450 95,490 895 4,995 12,075 3,390 3.0
Kannada 1,210 1,090 0 75 50 35 2.9
Malayalam 7,950 7,305 5 125 525 65 0.8
Tamil 98,945 82,185 885 4,685 11,190 3,225 3.3
Telugu 5,210 4,795 5 105 300 55 1.1
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 130 120 0 5 10 5 3.8
Japanese 18,845 15,580 145 605 2,515 445 2.4
Korean 104,900 86,120 200 2,735 15,840 1,575 1.5
Sino-Tibetan languages 809,335 562,685 7,395 24,020 215,240 19,405 2.4
Chinese languages 800,290 555,865 7,365 23,895 213,165 19,315 2.4
Cantonese 288,620 192,705 920 5,585 89,410 3,710 1.3
Chaochow (Teochow) 995 530 30 70 365 60 6.0
Fukien 1,905 1,270 0 10 620 10 0.5
Hakka 2,050 1,495 10 35 510 25 1.2
Mandarin 203,280 149,665 1,305 5,685 46,620 4,145 2.0
Shanghainese 1,325 800 0 35 490 20 1.5
Taiwanese 4,830 3,480 15 130 1,205 80 1.7
Chinese, n.o.s. 297,295 205,915 5,085 12,350 73,940 11,265 3.8
Tibetan languages 3,620 3,020 10 90 510 55 1.5
Burmese 1,895 1,585 5 20 280 15 0.8
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 3,525 2,215 15 15 1,280 20 0.6
Tai languages 10,195 6,110 1,300 1,020 1,765 1,805 17.7
Lao 6,985 3,770 1,240 920 1,060 1,700 24.3
Thai 3,215 2,340 60 105 710 110 3.4
Austro-Asiatic languages 116,285 72,770 9,155 11,730 22,640 15,020 12.9
Khmer (Cambodian) 11,325 4,995 2,370 1,610 2,355 3,175 28.0
Vietnamese 104,960 67,770 6,785 10,120 20,280 11,850 11.3
Malayo-Polynesian languages 179,105 172,020 290 2,410 4,390 1,495 0.8
Bisayan languages 5,390 5,220 5 55 110 35 0.6
Ilocano 6,160 5,775 0 105 280 55 0.9
Malay 3,945 3,585 10 100 245 60 1.5
Pampango 810 775 0 15 20 5 0.6
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 161,080 155,415 95 1,965 3,610 1,075 0.7
Bikol 190 180 0 10 5 5 2.6
Malagasy 310 5 155 140 10 225 72.6
Fijian 360 330 5 5 20 5 1.4
Pangasinan 235 220 0 0 10 5 2.1
Malayo-Polynesian languages, n.i.e. 635 515 20 20 85 25 3.9
Niger-Congo languages 23,790 15,530 3,555 3,425 1,275 5,265 22.1
Akan (Twi) 6,545 6,015 30 330 170 195 3.0
Bantu languages 10,600 5,385 2,290 2,185 735 3,385 31.9
Lingala 880 60 575 210 40 675 76.7
Rundi (Kirundi) 1,335 170 495 555 110 775 58.1
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 1,180 205 330 545 95 605 51.3
Shona 950 910 0 30 10 10 1.1
Swahili 4,175 2,405 740 650 375 1,065 25.5
Ganda 275 255 0 10 10 0 0.0
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 1,810 1,380 155 185 95 245 13.5
Edo 420 405 0 5 15 0 0.0
Igbo 770 725 0 10 35 5 0.6
Wolof 805 55 380 330 50 540 67.1
Bamanankan 235 10 155 60 5 185 78.7
Ewe 340 205 65 55 20 90 26.5
Ga 285 265 0 10 5 5 1.8
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 3,790 2,460 635 445 245 860 22.7
African languages, n.i.e. 4,130 3,635 115 160 215 195 4.7
Creoles 25,480 2,355 14,030 7,045 2,045 17,555 68.9
Non-verbal languages 9,185 5,020 995 100 3,075 1,050 11.4
American Sign Language 2,385 1,610 30 20 725 40 1.7
Quebec Sign Language 500 5 345 30 120 360 72.0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 6,305 3,405 615 55 2,230 645 10.2
Other languages 1,420 885 60 60 415 90 6.3
Multiple responses 1,162,370 911,000 176,200 75,170 0 213,785 18.4
English and French 131,205 26,055 59,285 45,865 0 82,220 62.7
English and non-official language 875,135 872,605 2,535 0 0 2,535 0.3
French and non-official language 109,700 4,165 105,535 0 0 105,535 96.2
English, French and non-official language 46,330 8,180 8,850 29,300 0 23,500 50.7

Symbol(s)

Symbol ..

not available for a specific reference period

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Symbol ...

not applicable

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Symbol x

suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act

x

Symbol F

too unreliable to be published

F

Footnote(s)

Footnote 1

Excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.

Return to footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to footnote 3 referrer

Source: Statistics Canada, 2011 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-314-XCB2011039.

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