2011 Census of Canada: Topic-based tabulations

Topic-based tabulation: First Official Language Spoken (7), Detailed Language Spoken Most Often at Home (232), Age Groups (17A) and Sex (3) for the Population Excluding Institutional Residents of Canada, Provinces, Territories and Federal Electoral Districts (2003 Representation Order), 2011 Census

Data table

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This table details first official language spoken , detailed language spoken most often at home , age groups and sex for the population excluding institutional residents in CanadaFootnote 1
Detailed language spoken most often at home (232) First official language spoken (7)
Total - First official language spoken English French English and French Neither English nor French Official language minority (number)Footnote 2 Official language minority (percentage)Footnote 3
Total - Detailed language spoken most often at home 33,121,175 24,662,895 7,507,890 367,635 582,755 7,691,705 23.2
Single responses 31,958,805 23,751,895 7,331,690 292,470 582,755 7,477,920 23.4
English 21,457,075 21,050,480 406,595 0 0 406,595 1.9
French 6,827,860 76,680 6,751,185 0 0 6,751,190 98.9
Non-official languages 3,673,865 2,624,730 173,910 292,465 582,755 320,145 8.7
Aboriginal languages 121,810 93,615 11,875 6,330 9,990 15,040 12.3
Algonquian languages 79,405 59,420 11,225 4,465 4,295 13,460 17.0
Algonquin 385 85 170 115 20 230 59.7
Atikamekw 5,365 0 4,560 155 655 4,635 86.4
Blackfoot 805 795 0 0 5 5 0.6
Cree languages 44,635 39,135 170 3,120 2,205 1,730 3.9
Cree, n.o.s. 44,525 39,030 170 3,120 2,210 1,730 3.9
Swampy Cree 15 15 0 0 0 0 0.0
Plains Cree 10 15 0 0 0 0 0.0
Woods Cree 80 85 0 0 0 0 0.0
Cree, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Malecite 100 100 0 0 0 0 0.0
Mi'kmaq 4,160 3,990 35 95 50 80 1.9
Innu/Montagnais 9,630 1,815 6,270 835 710 6,695 69.5
Naskapi 575 400 10 95 70 60 10.4
Ojibway 6,850 6,535 10 45 255 35 0.5
Oji-Cree 6,870 6,545 0 15 315 5 0.1
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 30 25 0 0 5 0 0.0
Michif 90 65 5 15 0 15 16.7
Athapaskan languages 11,110 10,410 10 20 665 25 0.2
Carrier 305 300 0 5 5 0 0.0
Wetsuweten 50 50 0 0 0 0 0.0
Chilcotin 350 325 0 0 25 5 1.4
Dene 7,965 7,480 5 0 475 5 0.1
Tlicho (Dogrib) 1,220 1,130 5 5 85 0 0.0
Gwich'in 60 55 0 0 0 0 0.0
North Slavey (Hare) 65 50 0 0 10 0 0.0
South Slavey 190 170 0 0 15 0 0.0
Slavey, n.o.s. 630 575 5 15 45 10 1.6
Sarcee 75 70 0 0 0 0 0.0
Beaver 110 105 0 0 0 0 0.0
Sekani 5 0 0 0 0 suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x
Kaska (Nahani) 30 30 0 0 0 0 0.0
Tahltan 25 30 0 0 0 0 0.0
Northern Tutchone 20 15 0 0 0 0 0.0
Southern Tutchone 15 20 0 0 0 0 0.0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Athapaskan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 0 0 0 0.0
Haida 10 10 0 0 0 0 0.0
Iroquoian languages 255 235 5 10 5 10 3.9
Mohawk 155 140 0 10 5 10 6.5
Cayuga 65 60 0 5 0 0 0.0
Oneida 20 20 0 0 0 0 0.0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 0 0 0 0.0
Kutenai 5 10 0 0 0 0 0.0
Salish languages 335 340 0 0 0 0 0.0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 120 120 0 0 0 0 0.0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 30 25 0 0 0 0 0.0
Halkomelem 50 50 0 0 0 0 0.0
Lillooet 25 25 0 0 0 0 0.0
Okanagan 60 65 0 0 0 0 0.0
Squamish 5 5 0 0 0 suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act x
Straits 5 10 0 0 0 0 0.0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 40 45 0 0 0 0 0.0
Siouan languages 2,475 2,445 0 15 10 5 0.2
Dakota 385 375 0 5 5 0 0.0
Stoney 2,070 2,045 0 15 10 5 0.2
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 30 25 0 0 0 0 0.0
Tlingit 10 10 0 0 0 0 0.0
Tsimshian languages 320 320 0 0 0 0 0.0
Gitksan 225 225 0 0 5 0 0.0
Nisga'a 80 80 0 0 0 0 0.0
Tsimshian 20 20 0 0 0 0 0.0
Wakashan languages 110 110 0 0 5 0 0.0
Nootka (Nuu-chah-nulth) 35 30 0 0 0 0 0.0
Haisla 10 15 0 0 0 0 0.0
Heiltsuk 5 10 0 0 0 0 0.0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 60 55 0 0 0 0 0.0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Inuit languages 27,495 20,095 610 1,790 5,000 1,505 5.5
Inuktitut 27,175 19,825 600 1,780 4,970 1,490 5.5
Inuinnaqtun 120 100 0 0 20 0 0.0
Inuvialuktun 110 105 0 0 5 0 0.0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 95 65 10 10 5 15 15.8
Aboriginal languages, n.i.e. 180 150 20 5 5 20 11.1
Romance languages 543,420 295,085 70,160 91,830 86,340 116,075 21.4
Italian 139,480 77,970 15,055 18,245 28,210 24,175 17.3
Portuguese 97,210 58,285 6,995 9,000 22,925 11,495 11.8
Romanian 54,460 22,195 6,735 20,825 4,705 17,155 31.5
Spanish 252,020 136,525 41,335 43,680 30,475 63,180 25.1
Catalan 180 75 25 70 5 60 33.3
Romance languages, n.i.e. 75 35 10 10 20 15 20.0
Germanic languages 152,805 128,920 855 7,780 15,245 4,745 3.1
Dutch 11,530 9,645 75 1,375 430 765 6.6
Flemish 455 235 25 175 15 115 25.3
Frisian 195 175 0 15 0 10 5.1
German 126,375 108,570 685 4,420 12,705 2,895 2.3
Yiddish 6,860 3,540 40 1,355 1,925 720 10.5
Scandinavian languages 2,885 2,495 25 285 90 165 5.7
Danish 945 850 0 65 30 30 3.2
Icelandic 240 200 0 25 10 15 6.3
Norwegian 575 500 0 50 25 25 4.3
Swedish 1,130 945 15 145 25 90 8.0
Afrikaans 4,465 4,255 5 130 85 70 1.6
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 30 10 5 25 5 15 50.0
Celtic languages 340 275 10 30 20 30 8.8
Gaelic languages 225 175 10 25 20 20 8.9
Welsh 100 95 0 5 0 5 5.0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 0 0 5 33.3
Slavic languages 322,265 249,415 9,620 32,185 31,045 25,715 8.0
Belarusian (Byelorussian) 145 105 10 20 15 20 13.8
Bosnian 6,705 4,950 585 515 660 840 12.5
Bulgarian 12,080 6,330 1,355 3,595 800 3,150 26.1
Croatian 18,730 16,035 200 1,030 1,465 720 3.8
Czech 7,415 6,255 75 540 545 350 4.7
Macedonian 7,775 6,650 30 300 790 180 2.3
Polish 85,205 69,815 1,080 6,665 7,645 4,415 5.2
Russian 109,735 79,600 4,680 12,780 12,680 11,070 10.1
Serbian 34,885 27,970 675 3,225 3,005 2,290 6.6
Serbo-Croatian 5,040 3,350 485 825 380 895 17.8
Slovak 5,370 4,545 35 375 420 225 4.2
Slovenian 2,470 2,290 10 100 70 60 2.4
Ukrainian 25,565 20,625 370 2,115 2,460 1,430 5.6
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 1,135 895 35 95 110 80 7.0
Baltic languages 3,740 3,215 10 370 155 195 5.2
Latvian 1,625 1,375 5 185 65 100 6.2
Lithuanian 2,115 1,835 5 180 90 95 4.5
Greek 47,705 33,050 480 7,280 6,895 4,120 8.6
Armenian 19,145 7,405 1,220 8,770 1,745 5,610 29.3
Albanian 13,760 10,180 565 1,085 1,935 1,110 8.1
Georgian 730 535 15 45 135 35 4.8
Finno-Ugric languages 27,730 21,765 300 1,970 3,685 1,285 4.6
Estonian 1,450 1,275 0 135 30 70 4.8
Finnish 3,335 3,015 5 85 230 45 1.3
Hungarian 22,950 17,475 295 1,750 3,430 1,170 5.1
Turkic languages 21,420 14,355 1,940 2,265 2,865 3,070 14.3
Azerbaijani 1,010 825 10 85 85 50 5.0
Turkish 18,705 12,260 1,840 2,060 2,545 2,870 15.3
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 1,705 1,265 85 115 235 145 8.5
Mongolian 705 560 35 60 50 70 9.9
Afro-Asiatic languages 249,205 142,985 33,940 45,175 27,110 56,525 22.7
Berber languages (Kabyle) 1,990 35 1,195 540 220 1,470 73.9
Cushitic languages 26,410 19,465 1,830 2,380 2,740 3,020 11.4
Oromo 4,745 2,155 1,250 810 530 1,655 34.9
Somali 21,660 17,305 575 1,575 2,210 1,365 6.3
Semitic languages 219,925 123,380 30,520 41,955 24,065 51,500 23.4
Amharic 10,760 9,725 55 390 590 245 2.3
Arabic 181,790 91,195 30,155 40,090 20,350 50,195 27.6
Hebrew 8,395 6,655 265 1,120 360 825 9.8
Maltese 1,330 1,260 0 25 40 15 1.1
Tigrigna 5,975 5,260 25 150 540 100 1.7
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 11,670 9,280 25 180 2,185 115 1.0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 880 105 385 300 90 535 60.8
Indo-Iranian languages 732,950 585,170 4,745 28,990 114,040 19,245 2.6
Indo-Aryan languages 597,135 479,975 1,805 17,810 97,550 10,710 1.8
Bengali 42,065 34,920 530 3,580 3,035 2,320 5.5
Gujarati 55,720 45,640 175 1,850 8,060 1,105 2.0
Hindi 47,080 42,235 60 1,160 3,625 640 1.4
Konkani 575 520 5 20 30 10 1.7
Marathi 2,800 2,545 0 105 150 50 1.8
Panjabi (Punjabi) 317,070 240,025 425 6,420 70,195 3,640 1.1
Sindhi 4,870 4,215 25 210 420 130 2.7
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 6,845 6,365 10 180 290 100 1.5
Urdu 113,785 99,125 445 3,940 10,275 2,415 2.1
Nepali 6,320 4,380 120 350 1,475 295 4.7
Iranian languages 133,530 103,420 2,875 11,060 16,175 8,405 6.3
Kurdish 6,000 4,660 145 315 880 305 5.1
Pashto 8,700 6,855 135 445 1,270 355 4.1
Persian (Farsi) 118,830 91,900 2,595 10,310 14,025 7,750 6.5
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 2,285 1,775 70 115 320 130 5.7
Dravidian languages 113,450 95,490 890 4,995 12,075 3,390 3.0
Kannada 1,215 1,090 0 70 50 35 2.9
Malayalam 7,955 7,300 5 125 525 70 0.9
Tamil 98,940 82,185 885 4,685 11,190 3,225 3.3
Telugu 5,205 4,795 5 105 300 55 1.1
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 135 115 0 10 10 5 3.7
Japanese 18,850 15,585 145 605 2,520 450 2.4
Korean 104,905 86,120 205 2,735 15,835 1,575 1.5
Sino-Tibetan languages 809,335 562,685 7,400 24,015 215,240 19,410 2.4
Chinese languages 800,290 555,865 7,365 23,900 213,165 19,320 2.4
Cantonese 288,615 192,705 915 5,580 89,415 3,710 1.3
Chaochow (Teochow) 995 535 30 65 370 65 6.5
Fukien 1,905 1,270 0 10 620 5 0.3
Hakka 2,050 1,495 10 40 510 25 1.2
Mandarin 203,275 149,665 1,305 5,685 46,620 4,150 2.0
Shanghainese 1,325 795 5 35 490 20 1.5
Taiwanese 4,830 3,480 20 130 1,205 80 1.7
Chinese, n.o.s. 297,300 205,915 5,090 12,350 73,940 11,265 3.8
Tibetan languages 3,625 3,020 10 85 510 55 1.5
Burmese 1,895 1,585 5 20 285 15 0.8
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 3,525 2,215 15 15 1,285 20 0.6
Tai languages 10,195 6,110 1,300 1,020 1,770 1,805 17.7
Lao 6,985 3,770 1,240 920 1,060 1,695 24.3
Thai 3,215 2,340 60 100 710 115 3.6
Austro-Asiatic languages 116,290 72,765 9,155 11,730 22,640 15,015 12.9
Khmer (Cambodian) 11,325 4,995 2,365 1,605 2,355 3,170 28.0
Vietnamese 104,960 67,770 6,785 10,125 20,285 11,845 11.3
Malayo-Polynesian languages 179,110 172,015 290 2,415 4,390 1,495 0.8
Bisayan languages 5,390 5,220 5 55 110 35 0.6
Ilocano 6,160 5,775 0 105 280 55 0.9
Malay 3,945 3,585 10 100 245 60 1.5
Pampango 815 775 0 15 20 5 0.6
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 161,075 155,415 90 1,960 3,610 1,070 0.7
Bikol 190 175 0 5 5 5 2.6
Malagasy 310 5 155 140 10 225 72.6
Fijian 360 330 0 10 20 0 0.0
Pangasinan 235 220 0 5 15 0 0.0
Malayo-Polynesian languages, n.i.e. 635 510 20 20 85 30 4.7
Niger-Congo languages 23,790 15,535 3,555 3,425 1,275 5,265 22.1
Akan (Twi) 6,545 6,020 30 325 170 195 3.0
Bantu languages 10,600 5,385 2,295 2,185 735 3,385 31.9
Lingala 880 60 570 210 45 675 76.7
Rundi (Kirundi) 1,335 165 500 560 110 775 58.1
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 1,185 205 330 545 90 605 51.1
Shona 950 910 0 25 5 10 1.1
Swahili 4,170 2,410 740 650 375 1,065 25.5
Ganda 270 255 0 10 10 5 1.9
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 1,810 1,375 150 185 95 245 13.5
Edo 420 400 0 0 15 0 0.0
Igbo 775 730 0 10 35 5 0.6
Wolof 805 60 375 330 50 540 67.1
Bamanankan 235 10 155 60 5 185 78.7
Ewe 340 210 60 55 15 90 26.5
Ga 285 270 5 10 5 10 3.5
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 3,785 2,460 635 450 245 855 22.6
African languages, n.i.e. 4,130 3,640 115 160 215 195 4.7
Creoles 25,475 2,350 14,030 7,050 2,050 17,555 68.9
Non-verbal languages 9,190 5,015 995 100 3,070 1,045 11.4
American Sign Language 2,390 1,610 35 25 725 40 1.7
Quebec Sign Language 495 5 345 30 120 360 72.7
Sign languages, n.i.e. 6,305 3,405 620 55 2,230 645 10.2
Other languages 1,420 880 55 65 415 90 6.3
Multiple responses 1,162,370 911,005 176,200 75,170 0 213,780 18.4
English and French 131,210 26,055 59,285 45,865 0 82,220 62.7
English and non-official language 875,135 872,600 2,530 0 0 2,530 0.3
French and non-official language 109,705 4,165 105,535 0 0 105,535 96.2
English, French and non-official language 46,330 8,180 8,850 29,300 0 23,500 50.7

Symbol(s)

Symbol ..

not available for a specific reference period

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Symbol ...

not applicable

...

Symbol x

suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act

x

Symbol F

too unreliable to be published

F

Footnote(s)

Footnote 1

Excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.

Return to footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to footnote 3 referrer

Source: Statistics Canada, 2011 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-314-XCB2011040.

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