2011 Census of Canada: Topic-based tabulations

Topic-based tabulation: First Official Language Spoken (7), Detailed Language Spoken Most Often at Home (232), Age Groups (17A) and Sex (3) for the Population Excluding Institutional Residents of Canada, Provinces, Territories and Federal Electoral Districts (2013 Representation Order), 2011 Census

Data table

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This table details first official language spoken , detailed language spoken most often at home , age groups and sex for the population excluding institutional residents in CanadaFootnote 1
Detailed language spoken most often at home (232) First official language spoken (7)
Total - First official language spoken English French English and French Neither English nor French Official language minority (number)Footnote 2 Official language minority (percentage)Footnote 3
Total - Detailed language spoken most often at home 33,121,175 24,662,895 7,507,890 367,635 582,760 7,691,705 23.2
Single responses 31,958,800 23,751,890 7,331,685 292,470 582,755 7,477,920 23.4
English 21,457,075 21,050,480 406,595 0 0 406,595 1.9
French 6,827,865 76,680 6,751,185 0 0 6,751,185 98.9
Non-official languages 3,673,865 2,624,730 173,910 292,470 582,760 320,145 8.7
Aboriginal languages 121,810 93,615 11,875 6,330 9,995 15,040 12.3
Algonquian languages 79,410 59,420 11,225 4,465 4,290 13,465 17.0
Algonquin 385 80 170 110 20 230 59.7
Atikamekw 5,365 0 4,560 155 655 4,635 86.4
Blackfoot 805 790 5 0 10 5 0.6
Cree languages 44,635 39,140 170 3,120 2,210 1,730 3.9
Cree, n.o.s. 44,520 39,030 170 3,120 2,205 1,730 3.9
Swampy Cree 15 15 0 0 0 0 0.0
Plains Cree 10 10 0 0 0 0 0.0
Woods Cree 85 85 0 0 0 0 0.0
Cree, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Malecite 100 100 0 0 0 0 0.0
Mi'kmaq 4,165 3,990 35 90 50 80 1.9
Innu/Montagnais 9,630 1,810 6,270 835 710 6,690 69.5
Naskapi 575 405 10 90 70 55 9.6
Ojibway 6,850 6,540 10 50 255 35 0.5
Oji-Cree 6,870 6,550 0 10 315 5 0.1
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 25 25 0 0 0 0 0.0
Michif 85 65 0 15 5 15 17.6
Athapaskan languages 11,110 10,410 10 25 665 25 0.2
Carrier 300 300 0 0 5 5 1.7
Wetsuweten 45 45 0 0 0 0 0.0
Chilcotin 345 325 0 0 25 0 0.0
Dene 7,965 7,485 0 0 475 0 0.0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 1,220 1,130 0 5 85 5 0.4
Gwich'in 60 60 0 0 5 0 0.0
North Slavey (Hare) 65 55 0 5 10 0 0.0
South Slavey 185 170 0 0 15 0 0.0
Slavey, n.o.s. 630 570 5 10 40 10 1.6
Sarcee 70 70 0 5 5 5 7.1
Beaver 105 105 0 0 5 0 0.0
Sekani 5 5 0 0 0 0 0.0
Kaska (Nahani) 30 30 0 0 0 0 0.0
Tahltan 30 30 0 0 0 0 0.0
Northern Tutchone 20 20 0 0 0 0 0.0
Southern Tutchone 20 15 0 0 0 0 0.0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Athapaskan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 0 0 0 0.0
Haida 10 10 0 0 0 0 0.0
Iroquoian languages 255 235 0 10 5 10 3.9
Mohawk 155 145 5 10 0 10 6.5
Cayuga 65 60 0 5 0 0 0.0
Oneida 25 20 0 0 0 0 0.0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 0 5 0 0 0.0
Kutenai 10 10 0 0 0 0 0.0
Salish languages 335 340 0 0 0 0 0.0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 120 120 0 0 0 0 0.0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 25 25 0 0 0 0 0.0
Halkomelem 50 55 0 0 0 0 0.0
Lillooet 25 25 0 0 0 0 0.0
Okanagan 65 65 0 0 0 0 0.0
Squamish 5 5 0 0 0 0 0.0
Straits 5 10 0 0 0 0 0.0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 45 45 0 0 0 0 0.0
Siouan languages 2,475 2,445 0 15 15 5 0.2
Dakota 380 380 0 5 0 0 0.0
Stoney 2,070 2,045 0 15 10 5 0.2
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 25 25 0 0 0 0 0.0
Tlingit 10 10 0 0 5 0 0.0
Tsimshian languages 325 320 0 0 0 0 0.0
Gitksan 225 220 0 0 0 0 0.0
Nisga'a 80 80 0 0 0 0 0.0
Tsimshian 20 20 0 0 0 0 0.0
Wakashan languages 110 105 0 0 5 0 0.0
Nootka (Nuu-chah-nulth) 35 35 0 0 5 0 0.0
Haisla 10 10 0 0 0 0 0.0
Heiltsuk 10 5 0 0 0 0 0.0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 55 55 0 0 5 0 0.0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0 not applicable ...
Inuit languages 27,495 20,095 610 1,790 5,000 1,505 5.5
Inuktitut 27,170 19,825 600 1,780 4,970 1,490 5.5
Inuinnaqtun 120 105 0 0 20 0 0.0
Inuvialuktun 110 105 0 0 5 0 0.0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 95 65 10 10 5 20 21.1
Aboriginal languages, n.i.e. 180 150 20 5 5 25 13.9
Romance languages 543,420 295,085 70,160 91,830 86,345 116,075 21.4
Italian 139,475 77,970 15,055 18,240 28,210 24,175 17.3
Portuguese 97,210 58,290 6,995 9,000 22,925 11,495 11.8
Romanian 54,460 22,190 6,735 20,825 4,705 17,150 31.5
Spanish 252,020 136,525 41,335 43,680 30,475 63,180 25.1
Catalan 175 75 30 70 10 60 34.3
Romance languages, n.i.e. 75 35 10 10 20 10 13.3
Germanic languages 152,805 128,925 855 7,780 15,250 4,745 3.1
Dutch 11,525 9,645 75 1,375 425 760 6.6
Flemish 455 240 25 175 15 115 25.3
Frisian 190 175 0 15 5 5 2.6
German 126,375 108,570 685 4,420 12,705 2,895 2.3
Yiddish 6,865 3,540 40 1,355 1,925 720 10.5
Scandinavian languages 2,885 2,490 20 290 90 165 5.7
Danish 940 845 0 70 30 35 3.7
Icelandic 240 205 0 30 5 15 6.3
Norwegian 575 495 0 50 25 25 4.3
Swedish 1,130 945 15 145 25 90 8.0
Afrikaans 4,465 4,250 5 130 85 65 1.5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 35 5 5 25 0 15 42.9
Celtic languages 335 275 15 30 20 30 9.0
Gaelic languages 225 175 5 25 15 15 6.7
Welsh 100 90 0 5 0 5 5.0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 5 5 5 33.3
Slavic languages 322,270 249,420 9,620 32,190 31,045 25,715 8.0
Belarusian (Byelorussian) 150 105 5 25 15 20 13.3
Bosnian 6,705 4,950 580 515 655 840 12.5
Bulgarian 12,080 6,330 1,355 3,590 800 3,150 26.1
Croatian 18,730 16,035 205 1,030 1,465 720 3.8
Czech 7,420 6,255 75 540 545 345 4.6
Macedonian 7,775 6,650 30 295 795 180 2.3
Polish 85,205 69,810 1,080 6,670 7,645 4,415 5.2
Russian 109,740 79,600 4,680 12,780 12,680 11,070 10.1
Serbian 34,880 27,975 675 3,230 3,005 2,290 6.6
Serbo-Croatian 5,040 3,350 485 830 380 900 17.9
Slovak 5,370 4,545 35 375 415 220 4.1
Slovenian 2,475 2,290 10 105 70 60 2.4
Ukrainian 25,570 20,625 365 2,115 2,460 1,425 5.6
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 1,135 895 35 95 105 80 7.0
Baltic languages 3,740 3,210 5 370 150 195 5.2
Latvian 1,625 1,375 5 185 60 95 5.8
Lithuanian 2,115 1,835 5 180 90 95 4.5
Greek 47,705 33,050 485 7,280 6,900 4,120 8.6
Armenian 19,145 7,405 1,220 8,765 1,750 5,605 29.3
Albanian 13,765 10,185 570 1,080 1,930 1,110 8.1
Georgian 730 540 15 45 135 35 4.8
Finno-Ugric languages 27,730 21,765 300 1,975 3,690 1,285 4.6
Estonian 1,450 1,275 0 140 35 75 5.2
Finnish 3,335 3,015 5 85 230 50 1.5
Hungarian 22,945 17,475 295 1,745 3,425 1,165 5.1
Turkic languages 21,420 14,355 1,940 2,265 2,870 3,070 14.3
Azerbaijani 1,010 825 10 85 85 55 5.4
Turkish 18,705 12,260 1,845 2,060 2,540 2,870 15.3
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 1,705 1,265 85 120 235 145 8.5
Mongolian 705 560 40 60 45 65 9.2
Afro-Asiatic languages 249,210 142,985 33,940 45,175 27,110 56,525 22.7
Berber languages (Kabyle) 1,990 35 1,195 540 215 1,470 73.9
Cushitic languages 26,410 19,465 1,830 2,380 2,735 3,020 11.4
Oromo 4,745 2,155 1,250 805 530 1,660 35.0
Somali 21,665 17,310 575 1,570 2,210 1,360 6.3
Semitic languages 219,925 123,375 30,520 41,955 24,065 51,500 23.4
Amharic 10,760 9,725 55 390 595 250 2.3
Arabic 181,790 91,195 30,155 40,090 20,350 50,200 27.6
Hebrew 8,395 6,650 265 1,120 360 825 9.8
Maltese 1,330 1,265 0 30 40 15 1.1
Tigrigna 5,975 5,260 25 150 540 100 1.7
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 11,670 9,285 25 180 2,185 115 1.0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 880 105 390 295 90 535 60.8
Indo-Iranian languages 732,950 585,175 4,750 28,990 114,040 19,240 2.6
Indo-Aryan languages 597,135 479,975 1,800 17,810 97,550 10,710 1.8
Bengali 42,065 34,915 530 3,580 3,035 2,320 5.5
Gujarati 55,720 45,640 180 1,850 8,055 1,105 2.0
Hindi 47,080 42,235 65 1,160 3,625 640 1.4
Konkani 575 520 5 20 35 10 1.7
Marathi 2,800 2,545 5 100 145 55 2.0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 317,070 240,025 425 6,420 70,195 3,640 1.1
Sindhi 4,870 4,220 25 210 415 130 2.7
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 6,845 6,365 10 180 290 100 1.5
Urdu 113,785 99,125 445 3,940 10,270 2,415 2.1
Nepali 6,325 4,375 120 355 1,470 295 4.7
Iranian languages 133,535 103,420 2,875 11,065 16,175 8,405 6.3
Kurdish 6,000 4,665 145 315 880 305 5.1
Pashto 8,700 6,855 135 440 1,270 355 4.1
Persian (Farsi) 118,825 91,905 2,595 10,310 14,025 7,750 6.5
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 2,285 1,775 70 120 320 130 5.7
Dravidian languages 113,450 95,490 895 4,995 12,075 3,390 3.0
Kannada 1,210 1,090 0 70 50 40 3.3
Malayalam 7,950 7,305 0 125 525 65 0.8
Tamil 98,945 82,185 885 4,685 11,190 3,225 3.3
Telugu 5,205 4,795 5 105 300 60 1.2
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 135 115 0 10 10 5 3.7
Japanese 18,850 15,585 145 605 2,520 445 2.4
Korean 104,905 86,125 205 2,735 15,840 1,575 1.5
Sino-Tibetan languages 809,335 562,685 7,400 24,020 215,240 19,405 2.4
Chinese languages 800,290 555,865 7,370 23,895 213,165 19,315 2.4
Cantonese 288,620 192,710 920 5,580 89,410 3,710 1.3
Chaochow (Teochow) 990 535 30 65 365 60 6.1
Fukien 1,900 1,265 5 15 620 5 0.3
Hakka 2,050 1,495 5 40 510 25 1.2
Mandarin 203,275 149,665 1,305 5,680 46,620 4,145 2.0
Shanghainese 1,325 795 0 35 490 20 1.5
Taiwanese 4,830 3,480 15 130 1,205 80 1.7
Chinese, n.o.s. 297,300 205,915 5,090 12,350 73,940 11,265 3.8
Tibetan languages 3,620 3,020 10 85 505 55 1.5
Burmese 1,900 1,590 5 20 285 15 0.8
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 3,525 2,215 15 15 1,280 20 0.6
Tai languages 10,195 6,110 1,300 1,020 1,770 1,810 17.8
Lao 6,980 3,770 1,235 920 1,055 1,695 24.3
Thai 3,215 2,340 60 100 710 110 3.4
Austro-Asiatic languages 116,285 72,765 9,155 11,730 22,640 15,015 12.9
Khmer (Cambodian) 11,325 4,995 2,370 1,605 2,355 3,175 28.0
Vietnamese 104,965 67,775 6,785 10,120 20,280 11,850 11.3
Malayo-Polynesian languages 179,105 172,015 285 2,415 4,385 1,495 0.8
Bisayan languages 5,390 5,220 5 60 110 35 0.6
Ilocano 6,160 5,775 0 105 280 55 0.9
Malay 3,945 3,585 15 100 245 65 1.6
Pampango 815 780 0 15 20 5 0.6
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 161,080 155,415 95 1,960 3,605 1,075 0.7
Bikol 185 175 0 10 0 5 2.7
Malagasy 310 5 155 140 10 225 72.6
Fijian 360 330 0 5 20 0 0.0
Pangasinan 235 220 0 5 15 0 0.0
Malayo-Polynesian languages, n.i.e. 635 510 20 20 85 25 3.9
Niger-Congo languages 23,785 15,535 3,555 3,425 1,275 5,270 22.2
Akan (Twi) 6,545 6,020 25 330 170 190 2.9
Bantu languages 10,600 5,390 2,295 2,185 735 3,385 31.9
Lingala 880 60 570 210 40 675 76.7
Rundi (Kirundi) 1,335 170 500 555 110 775 58.1
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 1,180 210 330 550 95 605 51.3
Shona 945 910 0 30 10 15 1.6
Swahili 4,175 2,410 740 650 375 1,065 25.5
Ganda 275 255 0 10 10 5 1.8
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 1,810 1,380 150 185 95 245 13.5
Edo 415 400 0 0 10 0 0.0
Igbo 775 725 0 10 35 5 0.6
Wolof 805 60 380 325 45 540 67.1
Bamanankan 235 10 155 55 5 190 80.9
Ewe 345 210 65 55 20 95 27.5
Ga 285 270 0 10 5 5 1.8
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 3,785 2,460 630 450 245 860 22.7
African languages, n.i.e. 4,130 3,635 115 160 215 195 4.7
Creoles 25,475 2,350 14,030 7,045 2,045 17,555 68.9
Non-verbal languages 9,190 5,015 995 105 3,075 1,050 11.4
American Sign Language 2,390 1,605 30 20 725 45 1.9
Quebec Sign Language 495 5 345 30 120 360 72.7
Sign languages, n.i.e. 6,305 3,400 620 50 2,230 645 10.2
Other languages 1,420 880 60 65 420 90 6.3
Multiple responses 1,162,370 911,000 176,205 75,165 0 213,780 18.4
English and French 131,205 26,055 59,285 45,865 0 82,220 62.7
English and non-official language 875,135 872,605 2,535 0 0 2,535 0.3
French and non-official language 109,700 4,165 105,535 0 0 105,535 96.2
English, French and non-official language 46,330 8,180 8,845 29,305 0 23,495 50.7

Symbol(s)

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not applicable

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suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act

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too unreliable to be published

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Footnote(s)

Footnote 1

Excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.

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Footnote 2

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to footnote 3 referrer

Source: Statistics Canada, 2011 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-314-XCB2011056.

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