2011 Census of Canada: Topic-based tabulations

Topic-based tabulation: First Official Language Spoken (7), Detailed Language Spoken Most Often at Home (232), Age Groups (17A) and Sex (3) for the Population Excluding Institutional Residents of Canada, Provinces, Territories and Federal Electoral Districts (2003 Representation Order), 2011 Census

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General information

Catalogue number :98-314-XCB2011040
Release date :October 24, 2012
Topic :Language
Data dimensions :

Note

Note: Population excluding institutional residents universe

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Note: First official language spoken

The definitions of first official language spoken and official language minority are outlined in the Official Languages (Communications with and Services to the Public) Regulations issued pursuant to the Official Languages Act (1988).

Information on first official language spoken is not collected directly from respondents. Rather, it is derived from three language variables on the census questionnaire: knowledge of official languages, mother tongue, and home language (language spoken most often at home). The first step in the derivation of this variable is to examine the respondent's knowledge of English and French. A person who speaks only English has English assigned as the first official language, while a person who speaks only French has French assigned. If the person can speak both English and French, then the mother tongue variable is examined. If the mother tongue is English, then English is the first official language spoken. The same procedure is used for French. Thus, a person who speaks English and French, and has French as mother tongue, would have French assigned as the first official language spoken.

If the respondent speaks both English and French, and indicates English and French as mother tongue, then the 'home language' variable is examined to assign the first official language spoken. In this circumstance, a home language of English would result in English being assigned as first official language spoken, while a home language of French would result in French being assigned as first official language spoken. Consequently, a person who speaks both English and French, has both official languages as mother tongue and English as home language, would have English assigned as first official language spoken.

When respondents can speak English and French, and have both languages as mother tongue and home language, they are assigned English and French as first official language spoken.

The official language minority is English in Quebec and French in all other provinces and territories. The size of the official language minority is determined by adding the minority population and half of the 'English and French' population. For example, in Ontario, the official language minority is the sum of those who have French as their first official language spoken and half of those who have English and French as first official language spoken.

For additional information, please refer to the 2011 Census Dictionary, Catalogue no. 98-301-X.

Data table

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This table details first official language spoken , detailed language spoken most often at home , age groups and sex for the population excluding institutional residents in Avalon
Detailed language spoken most often at home (232) First official language spoken (7)
Total - First official language spoken English French English and French Neither English nor French Official language minority (number)Footnote 1 Official language minority (percentage)Footnote 2
Total - Detailed language spoken most often at home 78,320 78,160 135 5 25 135 0.2
Single responses 78,240 78,085 130 0 25 135 0.2
English 78,025 77,920 100 0 0 100 0.1
French 115 80 30 0 0 30 26.1
Non-official languages 110 85 0 0 25 0 0.0
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Cree languages 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Cree, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Ojibway 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Athapaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Wetsuweten 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Sarcee 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Athapaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Gitksan 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Nootka (Nuu-chah-nulth) 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Aboriginal languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Romance languages 5 0 0 0 0 0 0.0
Italian 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Portuguese 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Romanian 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Spanish 5 5 0 0 0 0 0.0
Catalan 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Romance languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Germanic languages 15 15 0 5 0 0 0.0
Dutch 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Flemish 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Frisian 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
German 0 0 0 0 0 x x
Yiddish 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Scandinavian languages 10 5 0 0 0 0 0.0
Danish 5 5 0 5 0 5 100.0
Icelandic 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Norwegian 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Swedish 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Afrikaans 5 5 0 0 0 0 0.0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Celtic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Gaelic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Welsh 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Slavic languages 15 15 0 0 0 0 0.0
Belarusian (Byelorussian) 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Bosnian 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Bulgarian 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Croatian 5 5 0 0 0 0 0.0
Czech 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Macedonian 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Polish 5 5 0 0 0 0 0.0
Russian 5 5 0 0 0 0 0.0
Serbian 0 5 0 0 0 x x
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Slovak 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Slovenian 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Ukrainian 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Baltic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Latvian 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Lithuanian 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Greek 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Armenian 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Albanian 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Georgian 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Finno-Ugric languages 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Estonian 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Finnish 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Hungarian 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Turkic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Turkish 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Mongolian 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Afro-Asiatic languages 20 15 0 0 5 0 0.0
Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Oromo 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Somali 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Semitic languages 20 15 0 0 0 0 0.0
Amharic 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Arabic 15 15 0 0 0 0 0.0
Hebrew 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Maltese 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Tigrigna 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Indo-Iranian languages 10 10 0 0 0 0 0.0
Indo-Aryan languages 10 10 0 0 0 0 0.0
Bengali 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Gujarati 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Hindi 5 0 0 0 0 x x
Konkani 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Marathi 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0 0 0 x x
Sindhi 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 5 0 0 5 0 0.0
Urdu 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Nepali 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Iranian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Kurdish 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Pashto 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Persian (Farsi) 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 x x
Dravidian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Kannada 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Malayalam 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Tamil 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Telugu 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Japanese 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Korean 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Sino-Tibetan languages 20 15 0 0 5 0 0.0
Chinese languages 20 10 0 0 5 0 0.0
Cantonese 0 5 0 0 0 x x
Chaochow (Teochow) 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Fukien 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Hakka 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Mandarin 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Shanghainese 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Taiwanese 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Chinese, n.o.s. 15 15 0 0 5 0 0.0
Tibetan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Burmese 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Tai languages 0 0 0 0 0 x x
Lao 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Thai 0 5 0 0 0 x x
Austro-Asiatic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Vietnamese 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Malayo-Polynesian languages 0 0 0 0 0 x x
Bisayan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Ilocano 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Malay 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Pampango 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 0 0 0 0 0 x x
Bikol 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Malayo-Polynesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Niger-Congo languages 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Bantu languages 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Lingala 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Shona 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Swahili 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Ganda 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Edo 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Igbo 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Bamanankan 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Ewe 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Ga 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
African languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Creoles 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Non-verbal languages 25 15 0 0 15 0 0.0
American Sign Language 5 5 0 0 0 0 0.0
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Sign languages, n.i.e. 20 10 0 0 10 0 0.0
Other languages 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
Multiple responses 80 70 5 5 0 5 6.3
English and French 30 25 5 0 0 5 16.7
English and non-official language 50 50 0 0 0 0 0.0
French and non-official language 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...
English, French and non-official language 5 0 0 0 0 x x

Footnotes

Footnote 1

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to footnote 2 referrer

Source: Statistics Canada, 2011 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-314-XCB2011040.

Map – Avalon

Map : Avalon, Newfoundland and Labrador (Federal Electoral Districts) shaded in green
Source: Statistics Canada, Geography Division, 2011 Census of Population

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