2011 Census of Canada: Topic-based tabulations

Topic-based tabulation: Detailed Mother Tongue (232), Knowledge of Official Languages (5), Age Groups (17A) and Sex (3) for the Population Excluding Institutional Residents of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2011 Census

Data table

Select data categories for this table


This table details detailed mother tongue , knowledge of official languages , age groups and sex for the population excluding institutional residents in CanadaFootnote 1
Detailed mother tongue (232) Knowledge of official languages (5)
Total - Knowledge of official languages English only French only English and French Neither English nor French
Total - Detailed mother tongue 33,121,175 22,564,665 4,165,015 5,795,570 595,920
Single responses 32,481,635 22,178,780 4,130,085 5,580,580 592,190
English 18,858,975 17,162,570 6,240 1,682,285 7,880
French 7,054,970 50,620 3,869,845 3,132,955 1,555
Non-official languages 6,567,685 4,965,585 254,000 765,340 582,755
Aboriginal languages 200,725 168,245 13,525 8,935 10,020
Algonquian languages 135,425 111,810 12,865 6,460 4,300
Algonquin 1,590 290 600 675 20
Atikamekw 5,820 5 4,965 200 650
Blackfoot 2,865 2,840 0 10 5
Cree languages 78,200 71,875 130 3,980 2,215
Cree, n.o.s. 77,900 71,580 130 3,980 2,215
Swampy Cree 75 70 0 0 0
Plains Cree 150 150 0 5 0
Woods Cree 70 70 0 0 0
Cree, n.i.e. 10 5 0 0 0
Malecite 415 405 0 10 0
Mi'kmaq 7,635 7,290 25 275 50
Innu/Montagnais 10,785 1,960 7,115 995 710
Naskapi 610 425 10 95 70
Ojibway 17,625 17,165 10 190 260
Oji-Cree 9,835 9,505 0 25 310
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 55 50 0 5 0
Michif 450 370 0 80 0
Athapaskan languages 19,210 18,415 20 100 675
Carrier 1,290 1,270 0 15 0
Wetsuweten 125 125 0 0 0
Chilcotin 765 735 0 0 20
Dene 11,220 10,710 5 25 480
Tlicho (Dogrib) 2,030 1,930 0 10 90
Gwich'in 355 355 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 220 205 5 5 10
South Slavey 515 495 0 0 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 1,530 1,450 10 25 45
Sarcee 155 145 0 5 0
Beaver 245 240 0 5 5
Sekani 50 50 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 250 250 0 5 5
Tahltan 100 100 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 180 175 0 0 5
Southern Tutchone 110 105 0 5 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 10 5 0 5 0
Athapaskan languages, n.i.e. 70 70 0 0 0
Haida 50 45 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 855 775 0 75 5
Mohawk 405 345 0 60 5
Cayuga 210 210 0 5 0
Oneida 160 155 0 5 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 80 60 5 10 0
Kutenai 90 90 0 0 0
Salish languages 2,435 2,405 0 25 5
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 570 570 0 10 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 370 365 0 0 0
Halkomelem 450 445 0 5 5
Lillooet 255 260 0 0 0
Okanagan 285 280 0 5 0
Squamish 55 55 0 5 0
Straits 140 140 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 305 295 0 5 0
Siouan languages 4,200 4,160 0 30 15
Dakota 1,060 1,050 0 10 5
Stoney 3,050 3,020 0 20 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 95 95 0 5 0
Tlingit 105 100 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 1,555 1,545 0 5 5
Gitksan 790 785 0 5 0
Nisga'a 535 525 0 5 0
Tsimshian 235 235 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 930 905 5 10 10
Nootka (Nuu-chah-nulth) 275 270 0 5 0
Haisla 145 140 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 75 75 0 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 435 425 5 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 0 0
Inuit languages 34,670 26,945 610 2,110 5,005
Inuktitut 33,500 25,850 595 2,085 4,975
Inuinnaqtun 385 370 0 0 15
Inuvialuktun 480 470 0 5 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 310 260 15 20 5
Aboriginal languages, n.i.e. 760 680 30 40 15
Romance languages 1,120,590 685,590 91,985 256,705 86,305
Italian 407,490 254,515 18,665 106,000 28,305
Portuguese 211,335 147,380 10,570 30,450 22,940
Romanian 90,295 43,290 8,290 34,020 4,690
Spanish 410,670 240,075 54,380 85,880 30,335
Catalan 595 240 75 275 10
Romance languages, n.i.e. 200 90 10 85 20
Germanic languages 579,680 515,380 1,655 47,540 15,105
Dutch 110,490 100,050 205 9,800 435
Flemish 4,695 3,215 110 1,350 20
Frisian 2,135 2,000 5 125 5
German 409,200 365,945 1,225 29,545 12,480
Yiddish 15,205 9,435 40 3,740 1,995
Scandinavian languages 28,795 26,305 25 2,370 90
Danish 14,150 13,265 5 850 25
Icelandic 1,500 1,395 0 95 5
Norwegian 5,800 5,290 10 480 25
Swedish 7,345 6,355 15 945 25
Afrikaans 8,770 8,335 5 340 85
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 400 95 35 275 0
Celtic languages 3,005 2,510 45 430 20
Gaelic languages 1,645 1,380 5 245 20
Welsh 1,255 1,125 0 125 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 105 10 35 55 0
Slavic languages 687,940 569,890 11,770 75,135 31,145
Belarusian (Byelorussian) 560 415 10 95 35
Bosnian 11,685 9,235 780 1,020 650
Bulgarian 19,050 11,060 1,555 5,620 810
Croatian 49,735 44,270 335 3,670 1,460
Czech 23,585 20,040 145 2,855 540
Macedonian 17,245 15,690 40 710 805
Polish 191,650 161,295 1,650 21,045 7,650
Russian 164,330 125,085 5,115 21,655 12,480
Serbian 56,420 46,940 775 5,735 2,970
Serbo-Croatian 10,155 7,305 655 1,805 390
Slovak 17,585 15,250 80 1,825 430
Slovenian 10,775 9,690 20 985 85
Ukrainian 111,540 100,480 550 7,785 2,730
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 3,630 3,135 65 320 115
Baltic languages 13,445 11,300 35 1,950 160
Latvian 6,200 5,230 10 900 60
Lithuanian 7,245 6,070 25 1,055 95
Greek 108,925 74,110 640 27,275 6,895
Armenian 29,795 12,840 1,285 13,910 1,750
Albanian 23,815 18,750 845 2,290 1,935
Georgian 1,195 895 25 125 150
Finno-Ugric languages 91,725 77,660 585 9,745 3,740
Estonian 6,390 5,515 10 830 35
Finnish 17,415 16,050 15 1,120 230
Hungarian 67,920 56,095 565 7,790 3,470
Turkic languages 35,010 24,920 2,395 4,580 3,115
Azerbaijani 2,490 2,025 25 255 185
Turkish 29,640 20,720 2,250 4,040 2,630
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 2,885 2,180 125 285 300
Mongolian 1,025 835 40 95 55
Afro-Asiatic languages 448,495 246,610 60,395 114,470 27,030
Berber languages (Kabyle) 5,855 85 3,555 1,985 230
Cushitic languages 42,520 28,705 4,645 6,380 2,790
Oromo 11,140 3,415 3,960 3,195 570
Somali 31,385 25,290 680 3,185 2,220
Semitic languages 397,760 217,600 51,260 104,970 23,930
Amharic 18,025 16,330 55 1,060 580
Arabic 327,870 157,655 51,005 99,215 19,990
Hebrew 18,450 14,265 115 3,730 340
Maltese 6,225 6,030 5 150 40
Tigrigna 10,225 9,185 35 425 575
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 16,975 14,140 45 380 2,400
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 2,365 215 935 1,130 85
Indo-Iranian languages 1,085,080 905,905 5,790 59,380 114,005
Indo-Aryan languages 887,510 748,680 2,145 39,215 97,475
Bengali 59,370 49,540 610 6,160 3,060
Gujarati 91,450 78,140 245 4,940 8,130
Hindi 90,545 82,895 85 4,050 3,510
Konkani 2,820 2,635 15 135 35
Marathi 5,835 5,335 5 335 155
Panjabi (Punjabi) 430,705 346,460 525 13,080 70,635
Sindhi 11,330 10,075 25 795 435
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 14,180 13,310 15 565 295
Urdu 172,800 153,935 495 8,615 9,755
Nepali 8,480 6,355 130 535 1,465
Iranian languages 192,315 152,850 3,520 19,810 16,130
Kurdish 9,805 7,840 315 630 1,020
Pashto 12,465 10,260 160 700 1,340
Persian (Farsi) 170,045 134,755 3,050 18,470 13,775
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5,255 4,370 125 355 410
Dravidian languages 159,730 137,555 690 9,390 12,095
Kannada 2,725 2,510 5 165 50
Malayalam 16,080 14,980 10 570 525
Tamil 131,265 111,100 680 8,285 11,205
Telugu 9,315 8,650 5 360 305
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 340 315 0 15 10
Japanese 39,980 35,055 190 2,185 2,555
Korean 137,930 116,260 205 5,605 15,855
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,084,545 813,195 7,835 48,900 214,610
Chinese languages 1,072,555 803,690 7,810 48,610 212,450
Cantonese 372,465 274,100 1,035 14,125 83,195
Chaochow (Teochow) 2,580 1,690 35 190 660
Fukien 5,925 4,265 5 120 1,530
Hakka 5,115 4,090 20 240 760
Mandarin 248,705 191,785 1,380 10,320 45,225
Shanghainese 2,925 1,880 5 105 930
Taiwanese 9,630 7,435 15 385 1,795
Chinese, n.o.s. 425,210 318,435 5,305 23,125 78,340
Tibetan languages 4,635 3,955 10 160 510
Burmese 2,990 2,655 5 65 260
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 4,360 2,895 15 60 1,390
Tai languages 20,905 14,260 1,790 3,080 1,775
Lao 12,970 7,665 1,670 2,580 1,050
Thai 7,935 6,595 120 490 725
Austro-Asiatic languages 164,320 109,015 9,815 22,355 23,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 19,440 9,610 3,085 4,350 2,400
Vietnamese 144,885 99,405 6,730 18,010 20,740
Malayo-Polynesian languages 381,750 367,350 640 9,275 4,495
Bisayan languages 16,240 15,665 20 405 160
Ilocano 17,910 17,135 5 425 345
Malay 10,910 10,055 30 540 285
Pampango 2,715 2,625 0 50 40
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 327,450 316,725 130 7,105 3,490
Bikol 1,215 1,160 0 40 15
Malagasy 1,015 15 410 580 5
Fijian 940 895 0 20 25
Pangasinan 1,035 995 0 15 25
Malayo-Polynesian languages, n.i.e. 2,315 2,075 40 100 105
Niger-Congo languages 68,325 40,540 9,975 16,495 1,315
Akan (Twi) 12,680 11,490 25 990 170
Bantu languages 31,915 15,150 6,005 10,000 765
Lingala 3,085 95 1,570 1,380 40
Rundi (Kirundi) 3,975 260 1,305 2,290 120
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 3,895 550 850 2,395 95
Shona 2,695 2,560 0 130 10
Swahili 10,090 6,105 1,380 2,230 370
Ganda 1,020 935 0 75 10
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 7,150 4,650 890 1,495 115
Edo 1,345 1,285 5 45 15
Igbo 2,925 2,750 5 135 35
Wolof 2,240 75 840 1,280 45
Bamanankan 885 10 470 395 10
Ewe 1,315 705 195 395 20
Ga 950 845 0 100 10
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 14,070 8,235 2,425 3,155 255
African languages, n.i.e. 9,125 7,635 380 860 250
Creoles 61,725 4,610 30,925 24,155 2,030
Non-verbal languages 6,430 2,905 450 290 2,790
American Sign Language 2,165 1,425 10 100 630
Quebec Sign Language 455 5 265 80 110
Sign languages, n.i.e. 3,815 1,475 175 115 2,045
Other languages 2,465 1,770 85 200 410
Multiple responses 639,540 385,890 34,930 214,995 3,730
English and French 144,685 14,585 4,620 125,375 110
English and non-official language 396,330 357,875 735 34,975 2,740
French and non-official language 74,430 10,645 28,880 34,135 765
English, French and non-official language 24,095 2,790 690 20,500 115

Symbol(s)

Symbol ..

not available for a specific reference period

..

Symbol ...

not applicable

...

Symbol x

suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act

x

Symbol F

too unreliable to be published

F

Footnote(s)

Footnote 1

Excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.

Return to footnote 1 referrer

Source: Statistics Canada, 2011 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-314-XCB2011031.

Date modified: