Appendix A:
Census questionnaire content and derived variables since Confederation

Census questionnaire content and derived variables since Confederation – Demographic characteristics

Description

This table identifies for which years content and derived variables for demographic characteristics are available for the census.

Census questionnaire content and derived variables since Confederation – Demographic characteristics
Content Questions asked for
the first time before 1981
Census (including long form) Census
1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 2006 2011

Source: Statistics Canada, 2011 Census of Canada.

Symbols

N  not included
Y  included

Name 1871 Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
Date of birth 1871 Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
Age (in addition to date of birth) N N N N N N N Y
Sex 1871 Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
Marital status 1871 Y Y N N N N Y
Legal marital status N N N Y Y Y Y Y
Common-law status N N N Y Y Y Y Y
Mobility – Place of residence one year ago N N N Y Y Y Y N
Mobility – Place of residence five years ago 1961 Y Y Y Y Y Y N
Number of moves since previous census 1971 N N N N N N N
Date of first marriage 1941 Y N N N N N N
Number of children ever born 1941 Y N Y N N N N

Census questionnaire content and derived variables since Confederation – Languages and ethnocultural characteristics

Description

This table identifies for which years content and derived variables for languages and ethnocultural characteristics are available for the census.

Census questionnaire content and derived variables since Confederation – Languages and ethnocultural characteristics
Content Questions asked for
the first time before 1981
Census (including long form) Census
1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 2006 2011

Source: Statistics Canada, 2011 Census of Canada.

Symbols

N  not included
Y  included

Knowledge of official languages 1901 Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
Knowledge of non-official languages N N N Y Y Y Y N
Home language 1971 Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
Mother tongue 1901 Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
Language of work N N N N N Y Y N
Place of birth 1871 Y Y Y Y Y Y N
Place of birth of parents 1891 N N N N Y Y N
Citizenship 1901 Y Y Y Y Y Y N
Landed immigrant status N N N Y Y Y Y N
Period/year of immigration 1901 Y Y Y Y Y Y N
Ethnic origin 1871 Y Y Y Y Y Y N
Registered or Treaty Indian status N N N Y Y Y Y N
Membership in a First Nation or Indian band N N N Y Y Y Y N
Aboriginal group (Aboriginal identity [single question]) N N N N Y Y Y N
Aboriginal identity (derived) N N N N Y Y Y N
Visible minority group N N N N Y Y Y N
Religion (usually asked every 10 years) 1871 Y N Y N Y N N

Census questionnaire content and derived variables since Confederation – Activity limitations

Description

This table identifies for which years content and derived variables for activity limitations are available for the census.

Census questionnaire content and derived variables since Confederation – Activity limitations
Content Questions asked for
the first time before
1981
Census (including long form) Census
1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 2006 2011

Source: Statistics Canada, 2011 Census of Canada.

Symbols

N  not included
Y  included

At home N N Y Y Y Y Y N
At school or at work N N Y Y Y Y Y N
In other activities N N Y Y Y Y Y N
Long-term disabilities or handicaps N N Y Y Y Y Y N
Difficulties with daily living activities N N N N N Y Y N

Census questionnaire content and derived variables since Confederation – Education

Description

This table identifies for which years content and derived variables for education are available for the census.

Census questionnaire content and derived variables since Confederation – Education
Content Questions asked for
the first time before 1981
Census (including long form) Census
1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 2006 2011

Source: Statistics Canada, 2011 Census of Canada.

Symbols

N  not included
Y  included

School attendance 1871 Y N Y Y Y Y N
Highest grade of elementary or secondary schooling 1941 Y Y Y Y Y N N
Years of schooling (university) 1961 Y Y Y Y Y N N
Years of schooling (other) 1971 Y Y Y Y Y N N
Total years of schooling 1941 Y Y Y Y Y N N
Highest level of educational attainment 1961 Y Y Y Y Y N N
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalent 1976 Y Y Y Y Y Y N
Completion of full-time vocational course 1971 N N N N N N N
Non-university certificate or diploma 1976 N N N N N N N
Registered apprenticeship or other trades certificate or diploma 1981 Y Y Y Y Y Y N
College certificates or diplomas 1981 Y Y Y Y Y Y N
University certificates, diplomas, degrees 1971 Y Y Y Y Y Y N
Highest certificate, diploma or degree 1961 Y Y Y Y Y Y N
Major field of study N N Y Y Y Y Y N
Province of elementary or secondary schooling (or outside Canada) 1971 N N N N N N N
Province, territory or country where highest certificate, diploma, degree (above high school) was completed 2006 N N N N N Y N

Census questionnaire content and derived variables since Confederation – Household activities

Description

This table identifies for which years content and derived variables for household activities are available for the census.

Census questionnaire content and derived variables since Confederation – Household activities
Content Questions asked for
the first time
before 1981
Census (including long form) Census
1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 2006 2011

Source: Statistics Canada, 2011 Census of Canada.

Symbols

N  not included
Y  included

Unpaid housework N N N N Y Y Y N
Caring for children without pay N N N N Y Y Y N
Providing unpaid care/assistance to seniors N N N N Y Y Y N

Census questionnaire content and derived variables since Confederation – Labour market activities

Description

This table identifies for which years content and derived variables for labour market activities are available for the census.

Census questionnaire content and derived variables since Confederation – Labour market activities
Content Questions asked for
the first time
before 1981
Census (including long form) Census
1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 2006 2011

Source: Statistics Canada, 2011 Census of Canada.

Symbols

N  not included
Y  included

Actual hours worked last week 1951 Y N Y Y Y Y N
Usual hours worked each week 1911 N Y N N N N N
Last date of work 1971 Y Y Y Y Y Y N
Industry 1901 Y Y Y Y Y Y N
Occupation 1871 Y Y Y Y Y Y N
Class of worker 1891 Y Y Y Y Y Y N
Weeks worked in reference year 1911 Y Y Y Y Y Y N
Full-time/part-time work 1971 Y Y Y Y Y Y N
Temporary lay-off/absent from job 1971 Y Y Y Y Y Y N
New job to start in four weeks or less N Y Y Y Y Y Y N
Looked for work in past four weeks 1961 Y Y Y Y Y Y N
Availability for work N Y Y Y Y Y Y N
Incorporation status 1971 Y Y Y Y Y Y N

Census questionnaire content and derived variables since Confederation – Journey to work

Description

This table identifies for which years content and derived variables for journey to work are available for the census.

Census questionnaire content and derived variables since Confederation – Journey to work
Content Questions asked for
the first time
before 1981
Census (including long form) Census
1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 2006 2011

Source: Statistics Canada, 2011 Census of Canada.

Symbols

N  not included
Y  included

Place of work 1971 Y N Y Y Y Y N
Mode of transportation to work N N N N Y Y Y N

Census questionnaire content and derived variables since Confederation – Income characteristics

Description

This table identifies for which years content and derived variables for income characteristics are available for the census.

Census questionnaire content and derived variables since Confederation – Income characteristics
Content Questions asked for
the first time
before 1981
Census (including long form) Census
1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 2006 2011

Source: Statistics Canada, 2011 Census of Canada.

Symbols

N  not included
Y  included

Income in year previous to census year 1971 Y Y Y Y Y Y N
Wages and salaries 1901 Y Y Y Y Y Y N
Net non-farm self-employment income 1961 Y Y Y Y Y Y N
Net farm self-employment income 1971 Y Y Y Y Y Y N
Family allowances 1971 Y Y Y N N N N
Federal Child Tax Credits / child benefits N N Y Y Y Y Y N
Old Age Security Pension (OAS) and Guaranteed Income Supplement (GIS) 1971 Y Y Y Y Y Y N
Benefits from Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (CPP/QPP) 1971 Y Y Y Y Y Y N
Benefits from Employment Insurance 1971 Y Y Y Y Y Y N
Other income from government sources 1971 Y Y Y Y Y Y N
Interest, dividends and other investment income 1971 Y Y Y Y Y Y N
Retirement pensions, superannuation, annuities 1971 Y Y Y Y Y Y N
Other money income 1971 Y Y Y Y Y Y N
Income tax paid N N N N N N Y N

Census questionnaire content and derived variables since Confederation – Family and household characteristics

Description

This table identifies for which years content and derived variables for family and household characteristics are available for the census.

Census questionnaire content and derived variables since Confederation – Family and household characteristics
Content Questions asked for
the first time
before 1981
Census (including long form) Census
1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 2006 2011

Source: Statistics Canada, 2011 Census of Canada.

Symbols

N  not included
Y  included

Agricultural operator N N N Y Y Y Y Y
Household maintainer(s) N Y Y Y Y Y Y N
Relationship to Person 1 or head of household 1891 Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
Family head (in addition to household head) 1921 N N N N N N N
Tenure (owned/rented) 1921 Y Y Y Y Y Y N
Tenure (condominium) N Y Y Y Y Y Y N
Tenure (band housing) N N N Y Y Y Y N
Presence of mortgage 1941 Y Y Y Y Y Y N
Who holds first mortgage 1971 N N N N N N N
Number of persons per household 1971 Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
Shelter costs – renter 1941 Y Y Y Y Y Y N
Payment of reduced rent (e.g., government subsidized housing) 1971 N N N N N N N
Automobiles available for personal use 1941 N N N N N N N
Vacation home ownership 1971 N N N N N N N
Major home appliances 1931 N N N N N N N
Yearly payments of electricity 1971 Y Y Y Y Y Y N
Yearly payments of natural gas, oil, coal, wood, etc. 1971 Y Y Y Y Y Y N
Yearly payments of water 1971 Y Y Y Y Y Y N
Shelter costs – owner mortgage N Y Y Y Y Y Y N
Shelter costs – owner property taxes N Y Y Y Y Y Y N
Shelter costs – owner condominium N Y Y Y Y Y Y N
Shelter costs – owner condominium fees N N N Y Y Y Y N

Census questionnaire content and derived variables since Confederation – Dwelling characteristics

Description

This table identifies for which years content and derived variables for dwelling characteristics are available for the census.

Census questionnaire content and derived variables since Confederation – Dwelling characteristics
Content Questions asked for
the first time
before 1981
Census (including long form) Census
1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 2006 2011

Source: Statistics Canada, 2011 Census of Canada.

Symbols

N  not included
Y  included

Number of rooms 1941 Y Y Y Y Y Y N
Number of bedrooms 1971 Y N Y Y Y Y N
Number of bathrooms N Y N N N N N N
Period of construction 1941 Y Y Y Y Y Y N
Condition of dwelling N Y N Y Y Y Y N
Type of dwelling 1941 Y Y Y Y Y Y N
Value of dwelling 1941 Y Y Y Y Y Y N
Number of dwellings in the building 1941 N N N N N N N
Garage 1971 N N N N N N N
Piped running water in the dwelling 1941 N N N N N N N
Bath or shower 1941 N N N N N N N
Use of flush toilet in building 1941 N N N N N N N
Unoccupied dwelling, reason for 1976 N Y N N N N N
Seasonal/marginal dwelling N Y Y Y Y Y Y N
Length of occupancy 1941 Y N N N N N N
Source of water supply 1971 N N N N N N N
Method of sewage disposal 1971 N N N N N N N
Principal type of heating equipment 1941 Y Y N N N N N
Principal fuel used for cooking 1971 N N N N N N N
Principal fuel used for heating 1941 Y Y N N N N N
Principal fuel used for water heating 1971 Y N N N N N N

Census questionnaire content and derived variables since Confederation – Coverage

Description

This table identifies for which years content and derived variables for coverage are available for the census.

Census questionnaire content and derived variables since Confederation – Coverage
Content Questions asked for
the first time
before 1981
Census (including long form) Census
1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 2006 2011

Source: Statistics Canada, 2011 Census of Canada.

Symbols

N  not included
Y  included

Did you leave anyone out? 1971 Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
Household roster 1971 N N Y Y Y Y Y
Number of temporary residents 1971 Y Y Y Y Y Y N
Number of usual residents 1971 Y Y Y Y Y Y N

Census questionnaire content and derived variables since Confederation – Other

Description

This table identifies for which years other content and derived variables are available for the census.

Census questionnaire content and derived variables since Confederation – Other
Content Questions asked for
the first time
before 1981
Census (including long form) Census
1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 2006 2011

Source: Statistics Canada, 2011 Census of Canada.

Symbols

N  not included
Y  included

Wartime service 1951 N N N N N N N
Access to personal information 92 years after the census N N N N N N Y Y
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