Focus on Geography Series, 2016 Census

CanadaGo to footnote 1 1

Private dwellings occupied by usual residents, Canada, 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 and 2016

Figure 1.1 description Long description for Figure 1.1 Private dwellings occupied by usual residents, Canada, 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 and 2016

  • In 2016, the enumerated population of Canada was 35,151,728 which represents a change of 5.0% from 2011.
  • Population growth in Canada between 2011 and 2016 was the highest among G7 countries.
  • For the first time since they joined confederation, the three Prairie provinces showed the highest rates of population growth among the provinces between 2011 and 2016.
  • The land area of Canada is 8,965,588.85 square kilometres and the population density was 3.9 people per square kilometre.

Figure 1.2 Population in the last 165 years, Canada

Figure 1.2 description Long description for Figure 1.2 Population in the last 165 years, Canada

Figure 1.3 Population change (in percentage) in the last 165 years, Canada

Figure 1.3 description Long description for Figure 1.3 #title2#

Canada – Census metropolitan areas (CMAs), census agglomerations (CAs) and regions outside CMAs and CAs

In 2016, 83.2% of the population of Canada lived inside a census metropolitan area (CMA) or census agglomeration (CA). That represents 29,232,957 persons.

The number of persons living outside a census metropolitan area (CMA) and a census agglomeration (CA) was 5,918,771, which accounts for 16.8% of the population.

Figure 1.4 description Figure 1.4 description - Census metropolitan areas (CMAs), census agglomerations (CAs) and regions outside CMAs and CAs

Figure 1.5 Population share of Canada's regions, 1951 to 2016

Figure 1.5 description Figure 1.5 description - Population share of Canada's regions, 1951 to 2016

Figure 1.6 Population change (in percentage), G7 countries, 2001 to 2006, 2006 to 2011 and 2011 to 2016

Figure 1.6 description Figure 1.6 description - Population change (in percentage), G7 countries, 2001 to 2006, 2006 to 2011 and 2011 to 2016

Canada – Census subdivisions, with 5,000-plus population with the highest population growth

Table 1 Canada – Census subdivisions, with 5,000-plus population with the highest population growth, population change, 2011 to 2016
Census subdivision (CSD) name CSD type Population
2016 2011 % change
Warman, (Sask.)Census subdivision - Warman, City (Saskatchewan) CY 11,020 7,104 revised r 55.1
Blackfalds, (Alta.)Census subdivision - Blackfalds, Town (Alberta) T 9,328 6,300 48.1
Cochrane, (Alta.)Census subdivision - Cochrane, Town (Alberta) T 25,853 17,580 47.1
Airdrie, (Alta.)Census subdivision - Airdrie, City (Alberta) CY 61,581 43,271 revised r 42.3
Shelburne, (Ont.)Census subdivision - Shelburne, Town (Ontario) T 8,126 5,846 39.0

Canada – Census subdivisions, with 5,000-plus population with the lowest population growth

Table 2 Canada – Census subdivisions, with 5,000-plus population with the lowest population growth, population change, 2011 to 2016
Census subdivision (CSD) name CSD type Population
2016 2011 % change
Bonnyville, (Alta.)Census subdivision - Bonnyville, Town (Alberta) T 5,417 6,216 -12.9
Cumberland, Subd. B, (N.S.)Census subdivision - Cumberland, Subd. B, Subdivision of county municipality (Nova Scotia) SC 6,859 7,448 revised r -7.9
Sainte-Anne-des-Monts, (Que.)Census subdivision - Sainte-Anne-des-Monts, Ville (Quebec) V 6,437 6,933 -7.2
Campbellton, (N.B.)Census subdivision - Campbellton, City (New Brunswick) C 6,883 7,385 -6.8
Grand Falls / Grand-Sault, (N.B.)Census subdivision - Grand Falls / Grand-Sault, Town (New Brunswick) TV 5,326 5,706 -6.7

Symbols:

···
not applicable
··
incompletely enumerated Indian reserve or Indian settlement
r
revised
E
use with caution

Source:

Statistics Canada. 2017. Focus on Geography Series, 2016 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-404-X2016001. Ottawa, Ontario. Analytical products, 2016 Census.

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