Focus on Geography Series, 2016 Census

Toronto, (CMA) - Ontario

Data quality

Immigrant population

Figure 1.1 Distribution (in percentage) of the immigrant population, Toronto, 2001 to 2016

Figure 1.1 description Figure 1.1 Distribution (in percentage) of the immigrant population, Toronto, 2001 to 2016

Population by immigrant status and period of immigration, Toronto and Ontario, 2016

Immigrant status and period of immigration Toronto Ontario
number % of the total population % of the immigrant population number % of the total population % of the immigrant population
Total population in private households 5,862,855 100.0 ... 13,242,160 100.0 ...
Non-immigrants 3,020,405 51.5 ... 9,188,820 69.4 ...
Immigrants 2,705,550 46.1 100.0 3,852,145 29.1 100.0
Period of immigration: Before 2001 1,620,600 27.6 59.9 2,426,240 18.3 63.0
Period of immigration: 2001 to 2005 379,400 6.5 14.0 490,560 3.7 12.7
Period of immigration: 2006 to 2010 348,625 5.9 12.9 463,175 3.5 12.0
Period of immigration: 2011 to 2016 356,930 6.1 13.2 472,170 3.6 12.3
Non-permanent residents 136,895 2.3 ... 201,200 1.5 ...

Number and distribution (in percentage) of the immigrant population and recent immigrants in census subdivisions, Toronto, 2016

Geography Total population Immigrant population Recent immigrants
(2011 to 2016)
Number Number % Number %
Toronto 5,862,850 2,705,550 46.1 356,930 6.1
Toronto 2,691,665 1,266,005 47.0 187,950 7.0
Mississauga 715,475 381,730 53.4 53,410 7.5
Brampton 590,950 308,790 52.3 39,910 6.8
Markham 327,400 192,220 58.7 20,660 6.3
Vaughan 304,145 140,960 46.3 10,790 3.5
Richmond Hill 193,800 111,225 57.4 13,995 7.2
Oakville 191,715 68,845 35.9 10,180 5.3
Ajax 119,180 46,335 38.9 3,585 3.0
Milton 108,935 39,105 35.9 5,635 5.2
Pickering 90,995 31,155 34.2 1,930 2.1
Newmarket 82,730 23,235 28.1 2,295 2.8
Aurora 54,700 16,510 30.2 1,850 3.4
Caledon 66,215 16,310 24.6 780 1.2
Whitchurch-Stouffville 45,340 14,740 32.5 970 2.1
Halton Hills 60,200 9,745 16.2 535 0.9
Bradford West Gwillimbury 34,965 9,625 27.5 960 2.7
Georgina 44,765 6,010 13.4 385 0.9
King 24,365 5,985 24.6 175 0.7
New Tecumseth 33,735 4,835 14.3 250 0.7
East Gwillimbury 23,435 4,330 18.5 280 1.2
Orangeville 28,350 3,510 12.4 250 0.9
Uxbridge 20,970 2,660 12.7 115 0.5
Mono 8,555 1,660 19.4 35 0.4
Chippewas of Georgina Island First Nation 0 0 0

Immigrant population by selected demographic, migration and ethnocultural characteristics, Toronto, 2011 and 2016

  2011 2016
All immigrants Recent immigrants
(2006 to 2011)
All immigrants Recent immigrants
(2011 to 2016)
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
Population in private households 2,537,405 .. 381,745 .. 2,705,550 .. 356,930 ..
Age groups 2,537,410 100.0 381,745 100.0 2,705,550 100.0 356,930 100.0
Less than 15 years 120,980 4.8 65,220 17.1 104,245 3.9 56,500 15.8
15 to 24 years 221,480 8.7 57,265 15.0 201,180 7.4 45,505 12.7
25 to 64 years 1,734,010 68.3 241,175 63.2 1,818,590 67.2 230,200 64.5
65 years and older 460,940 18.2 18,085 4.7 581,540 21.5 24,730 6.9
Median age 47.1 .. 32.2 .. 49.3 .. 33.0 ..
Admission categories for immigrants admitted since 1980 ... ... ... ... 2,129,490 100.0 356,930 100.0
Economic immigrants ... ... ... ... 1,063,255 49.9 192,145 53.8
Principal applicants ... ... ... ... 424,005 19.9 78,640 22.0
Secondary applicants ... ... ... ... 639,250 30.0 113,500 31.8
Immigrants sponsored by family ... ... ... ... 717,295 33.7 113,665 31.8
Refugees ... ... ... ... 319,290 15.0 44,640 12.5
Region of birth1 2,537,410 100.0 381,745 100.0 2,705,550 100.0 356,930 100.0
Americas 400,520 15.8 53,095 13.9 409,705 15.1 40,795 11.4
Europe 660,655 26.0 41,215 10.8 617,555 22.8 31,805 8.9
Africa 136,320 5.4 25,730 6.7 152,755 5.6 24,765 6.9
Asia 1,332,250 52.5 260,400 68.2 1,518,125 56.1 258,265 72.4
Oceania 7,045 0.3 1,200 0.3 7,220 0.3 1,285 0.4

Top places of birth of immigrants and recent immigrants,2 Toronto, 2016

Place of birth 2016
Number Percent Rank
Immigrant population 2,705,550 100.0 ...
India 307,275 11.4 1
China 266,840 9.9 2
Philippines 192,265 7.1 3
Pakistan 119,085 4.4 4
Italy 103,620 3.8 5
Recent immigrants (2011 to 2016) 356,930 100.0 ...
India 58,820 16.5 1
China 49,815 14.0 2
Philippines 43,595 12.2 3
Pakistan 21,750 6.1 4
Iran 18,640 5.2 5

Immigrant population and recent immigrants by non-official language spoken most often at home,3 Toronto, 2016

Languages 2016
Number Percent Rank
Immigrant population 2,705,550 100.0 ...
Cantonese 178,745 6.6 1
Mandarin 157,540 5.8 2
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 113,830 4.2 3
Recent immigrants (2011 to 2016) 356,930 100.0 ...
Mandarin 37,505 10.5 1
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 29,905 8.4 2
Persian (Farsi) 20,190 5.7 3

Generation status

Population by generation status and median age, Toronto, 2011 and 2016

Generation status 2011 2016
Number Percent Median age Number Percent Median age
Total population in private households 5,521,235 100.0 38.3 5,862,850 100.0 39.1
First generation (born abroad) 2,642,910 47.9 46.4 2,874,260 49.0 48.1
Second generation (born in Canada with at least one parent born abroad) 1,544,565 28.0 22.4 1,676,530 28.6 23.1
Born in Canada with both parents born abroad 1,099,185 19.9 21.2 1,200,555 20.5 22.2
Born in Canada with one parent born in Canada and the other born abroad 445,380 8.1 25.5 475,975 8.1 25.8
Third generation or more (born in Canada with both parents born in Canada) 1,333,765 24.2 33.9 1,312,060 22.4 33.8

Visible minority population

Figure 1.2 Population (in percentage) belonging to a visible minority group, Toronto, Ontario and Canada 1996 to 2016

Figure 1.2 description Figure 1.2 Population (in percentage) belonging to a visible minority group, Toronto, Ontario and Canada 1996 to 2016

Population by visible minority group and median age, Toronto, 2011 and 2016

  2011 2016
Number % of the total population % of the visible minority population Median age Number % of the total population % of the visible minority population Median age
Total population in private households 5,521,235 100.0 .. 38.3 5,862,850 100.0 .. 39.1
Visible minority population 2,596,420 47.0 100.0 34.5 3,011,905 51.4 100.0 35.3
South Asian 833,085 15.1 32.1 33.0 973,225 16.6 32.3 34.1
Chinese 531,630 9.6 20.5 39.4 631,045 10.8 21.0 39.9
Black 397,175 7.2 15.3 31.5 442,020 7.5 14.7 32.3
Filipino 230,080 4.2 8.9 36.2 254,480 4.3 8.4 37.9
Latin American 117,005 2.1 4.5 35.2 132,950 2.3 4.4 37.2
Arab 74,985 1.4 2.9 31.8 105,610 1.8 3.5 32.1
Southeast Asian 90,990 1.6 3.5 35.1 83,540 1.4 2.8 36.4
West Asian 96,655 1.8 3.7 34.1 123,755 2.1 4.1 35.3
Korean 61,300 1.1 2.4 36.1 69,670 1.2 2.3 36.9
Japanese 20,010 0.4 0.8 40.0 20,650 0.4 0.7 40.6
Visible minority, n.i.e. 68,660 1.2 2.6 34.0 77,780 1.3 2.6 36.4
Multiple visible minorities 74,840 1.4 2.9 24.8 97,185 1.7 3.2 24.4
Not a visible minority 2,924,810 53.0 .. 42.1 2,850,950 48.6 .. 43.7

Census subdivisions with a population of 5,000 or more and with the highest proportion of visible minorities, Toronto, 2016

Geography Visible minority population
Name of the census subdivision Number % of the total population of the CSD
Toronto 1,385,855 51.5
Brampton 433,230 73.3
Mississauga 408,925 57.2
Markham 255,155 77.9
Richmond Hill 116,215 60.0

Ethnic and cultural origins of the population

The three most commonly reported ethnic origins,4 Toronto, Ontario and Canada, 2016

Ethnic origin Toronto Ontario Canada
Number of responses % Rank Number of responses % Rank Number of responses % Rank
Canadian 746,965 12.7 1 3,109,770 23.5 1 11,135,970 32.3 1
English 732,555 12.5 2 2,808,810 21.2 2 6,320,085 18.3 2
Chinese 700,710 12.0 3 849,345 6.4 8 1,769,195 5.1 7

Figure 1.3 Percentage of the population by region of ethnic origin,5 Toronto, Ontario and Canada, 2016

Figure 1.3 description Figure 1.3 Percentage of the population by region of ethnic origin,5 Toronto, Ontario and Canada, 2016

Symbols:

···
not applicable
··
incompletely enumerated Indian reserve or Indian settlement
r
revised
E
use with caution

Source:

Statistics Canada. 2017. Focus on Geography Series, 2016 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-404-X2016001. Ottawa, Ontario. Analytical products, 2016 Census.

Date modified: