Age and Sex Highlight Tables, 2016 Census

Population by broad age groups and sex, counts, for both sexes, with average age and ratios of broad age groups, Canada, 1851 to 2016 – 100% Data

Data table




This table shows the population by broad age groups and sex. The column headings are: Census year, total, broad age groups 0 to 14 years, 15 to 64 years, 65 years and over, average age, and ratio. The rows are: Canada, provinces and territories along with their corresponding values. Data are available for both sexes, males and females, along with percent distributions for 1851 to 2016.

Census years Total Age groups Average age Ratio
0 to 14 years 15 to 64 years 65 years and over 15 to 64 vs 65 years and over 15 to 64 vs 0 to 14 and 65 years and over
1851 2,313,880 1,036,755 1,219,605 57,530 21.6 21.2 1.1
1861 3,090,560 1,311,940 1,686,620 92,000 22.5 18.3 1.2
1871 3,508,585 1,462,380 1,918,740 127,465 23.4 15.1 1.2
1881 4,324,810 1,674,750 2,471,365 178,700 24.6 13.8 1.3
1891 4,801,075 1,749,975 2,830,885 220,210 25.7 12.9 1.4
1901 5,345,820 1,846,405 3,228,530 270,890 26.8 11.9 1.5
1911 7,206,645 2,382,950 4,488,260 335,440 26.9 13.4 1.7
1921 8,787,995 3,026,880 5,341,000 420,120 27.3 12.7 1.5
1931 10,376,780 3,282,395 6,518,350 576,040 28.5 11.3 1.7
1941 11,506,650 3,198,550 7,540,285 767,810 30.4 9.8 1.9
1951 14,009,460 4,250,720 8,672,435 1,086,305 30.3 8.0 1.6
1956 16,080,795 5,225,205 9,611,640 1,243,940 29.8 7.7 1.5
1961 18,238,250 6,191,920 10,655,170 1,391,155 29.5 7.7 1.4
1966 20,014,880 6,591,760 11,883,575 1,539,550 29.7 7.7 1.5
1971 21,568,310 6,380,900 13,443,005 1,744,405 30.7 7.7 1.7
1976 22,992,605 5,896,175 15,094,085 2,002,345 31.9 7.5 1.9
1981 24,343,180 5,481,100 16,501,105 2,360,975 33.2 7.0 2.1
1986 25,309,335 5,391,965 17,219,790 2,697,575 34.4 6.4 2.1
1991 27,296,860 5,692,555 18,434,335 3,169,970 35.4 5.8 2.1
1996 28,846,760 5,901,280 19,417,640 3,527,840 36.3 5.5 2.1
2001 30,007,090 5,725,535 20,393,010 3,888,550 37.7 5.2 2.1
2006 31,612,895 5,579,840 21,697,805 4,335,250 39.1 5.0 2.2
2011 33,476,685 5,607,345 22,924,285 4,945,055 40.1 4.6 2.2
2016 35,151,725 5,839,570 23,376,525 5,935,630 41.0 3.9 2.0
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For more information on age and sex, 2016 Census, refer to 2016 Census topic: Age and sex

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