Population and Dwelling Count Highlight Tables, 2016 Census

Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, census metropolitan areas and census agglomerations, 2016 and 2011 censuses – 100% data

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This table presents the 2016 and 2011 population counts and the 2016 dwelling counts, land area, population density and population ranking, the selected province or territory, and the census metropolitan areas or census agglomerations within the selected province or territory. It also shows the percentage change in the population counts between 2011 and 2016.

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Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, census metropolitan areas and census agglomerations, 2016 and 2011 censuses. This table presents the 2016 and 2011 population counts and the 2016 dwelling counts, land area, population density and population ranking, the selected province or territory, and the census metropolitan areas or census agglomerations within the selected province or territory. It also shows the percentage change in the population counts between 2011 and 2016. Same-page links within the first column 'Geographic name' will move focus to the map beneath the table. When sorting the table headers (ascending or descending), the page reloads and focus moves to the top of the table.
Geographic name Type Prov. / Terr. Population Private dwellings, 2016 Land area in square kilometres, 2016 Population density per square kilometre, 2016 Population rank, 2016
2016 2011 % change Total Occupied by usual residents National Prov. / Terr.
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CanadaFootnote 1     35,151,728 33,476,688 5.0 15,412,443 14,072,079 8,965,588.85 3.9    
Toronto CMA Ont. 5,928,040 5,583,064 6.2 2,235,145 2,135,909 5,905.84 1,003.8 1 1
MontréalFootnote 1 CMA Que. 4,098,927 3,934,078 Revised r 4.2 1,823,281 1,727,310 4,604.26 890.2 2 1
Vancouver CMA B.C. 2,463,431 2,313,328 6.5 1,027,613 960,894 2,882.68 854.6 3 1
Calgary CMA Alta. 1,392,609 1,214,839 14.6 544,870 519,693 5,110.21 272.5 4 1
Ottawa - Gatineau CMA Ont./Que. 1,323,783 1,254,919 Revised r 5.5 571,146 535,499 6,767.41 195.6 5 not applicable ...
Ottawa - Gatineau (Quebec part)     332,057 318,011 Revised r 4.4 152,958 140,102 3,128.10 106.2 not applicable ... 3
Ottawa - Gatineau (Ontario part)     991,726 936,908 Revised r 5.9 418,188 395,397 3,639.31 272.5 not applicable ... 2
Edmonton CMA Alta. 1,321,426 1,159,869 13.9 537,634 502,143 9,438.86 140.0 6 2
Québec CMA Que. 800,296 767,310 Revised r 4.3 382,308 361,891 3,408.70 234.8 7 2
Winnipeg CMA Man. 778,489 730,018 6.6 321,484 306,550 5,306.79 146.7 8 1
Hamilton CMA Ont. 747,545 721,053 3.7 306,034 293,345 1,371.89 544.9 9 3
Kitchener - Cambridge - Waterloo CMA Ont. 523,894 496,383 Revised r 5.5 210,896 200,495 1,091.16 480.1 10 4
London CMA Ont. 494,069 474,786 4.1 220,452 206,448 2,662.40 185.6 11 5
St. Catharines - Niagara CMA Ont. 406,074 392,184 3.5 180,606 168,485 1,397.49 290.6 12 6
Halifax CMA N.S. 403,390 390,328 3.3 187,478 173,459 5,496.31 73.4 13 1
Oshawa CMA Ont. 379,848 356,177 6.6 142,462 138,962 903.69 420.3 14 7
VictoriaFootnote 1 CMA B.C. 367,770 344,580 Revised r 6.7 172,559 162,716 696.15 528.3 15 2
Windsor CMA Ont. 329,144 319,246 3.1 140,408 132,912 1,022.30 322.0 16 8
Saskatoon CMA Sask. 295,095 262,215 Revised r 12.5 124,766 115,283 5,890.71 50.1 17 1
Regina CMA Sask. 236,481 211,519 Revised r 11.8 101,719 94,955 4,324.39 54.7 18 2
Sherbrooke CMA Que. 212,105 202,261 Revised r 4.9 106,082 95,577 1,459.58 145.3 19 4
St. John's CMA N.L. 205,955 196,954 Revised r 4.6 92,353 85,015 804.79 255.9 20 1
Barrie CMA Ont. 197,059 187,013 5.4 76,336 72,534 898.02 219.4 21 9
Kelowna CMA B.C. 194,882 179,839 8.4 88,374 81,383 2,904.86 67.1 22 3
Abbotsford - Mission CMA B.C. 180,518 170,191 6.1 65,967 62,631 607.13 297.3 23 4
Greater Sudbury CMA Ont. 164,689 163,067 Revised r 1.0 76,619 70,445 3,924.48 42.0 24 10
Kingston CMA Ont. 161,175 159,561 1.0 77,173 67,915 1,938.81 83.1 25 11
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