Census Profile, 2016 Census
The Blue Mountains, Town [Census subdivision], Ontario and Ontario [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic The Blue Mountains, T
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
Ontario

[Province]
Data quality , The Blue Mountains, Town [Census subdivision], Ontario  Map : The Blue Mountains, Town [Census subdivision], Ontario Data quality : Ontario [Province]  Map : geography 2
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 7,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,448,494  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 6,453  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,851,821  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 8.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 6,477  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,598,391  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 3,271  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,174  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 24.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 287.24  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 908,699.33  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 7,025 3,450 3,575 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105
0 to 14 years 655 330 325 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 200 95 100 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 220 105 120 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 240 130 105 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 64 years 4,025 1,945 2,080 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750
15 to 19 years 315 165 145 811,670 416,730 394,945
20 to 24 years 300 170 130 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 255 125 135 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 250 130 115 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 240 110 130 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 280 140 145 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 355 165 185 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 515 225 285 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 720 320 400 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 800 390 410 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 2,345 1,175 1,175 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 790 380 410 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 610 315 295 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 410 210 200 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 285 145 140 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 255 120 130 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 170 95 75 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 80 30 50 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 10 5 5 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 5 0 5 3,005 495 2,520
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 9.3 9.6 9.1 16.4 17.3 15.6
15 to 64 years 57.3 56.4 58.2 66.8 67.3 66.4
65 years and over 33.4 34.1 32.9 16.7 15.5 17.9
85 years and over 3.6 3.5 3.6 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 51.8 51.5 52.2 41.0 40.0 41.9
Median age of the population 57.6 57.7 57.6 41.3 40.2 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 3,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 2,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,807,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 25  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 886,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,460,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 25  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 289,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 335  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 460,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 30  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 176,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 522,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 20  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 3,270  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 950  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 1,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,693,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 355  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 834,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 796,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 125  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 503,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 6,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,242,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 6,370 3,120 3,255 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750
Married or living common law 4,240 2,115 2,120 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795
Married 3,650 1,825 1,830 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655
Living common law 585 290 290 906,155 455,015 451,145
Not married and not living common law 2,130 1,000 1,130 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955
Never married 1,140 635 500 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605
Separated 155 80 75 328,675 138,140 190,535
Divorced 395 175 215 653,835 252,900 400,935
Widowed 445 110 335 637,150 128,265 508,880
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 2,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,782,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 1,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,815,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 340  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 844,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 792,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 100  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 330,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 2,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,782,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 2,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,137,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 1,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,684,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 295  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 452,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 644,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 518,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 45  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 126,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 2,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,137,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 1,430  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,428,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 650  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,708,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 290  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 658,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 270  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 738,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 95  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 311,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 644,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 386,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 45  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 186,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 15  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 1,190 550 640 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 3,270  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 2,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,481,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 1,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,311,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 815  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,170,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 20  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 145,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 1,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,541,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 945  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 85  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 200,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 6,945 3,425 3,520 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
English only 6,350 3,165 3,185 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665
French only 0 0 5 40,040 17,340 22,705
English and French 580 255 330 1,490,390 665,850 824,540
Neither English nor French 10 0 5 326,935 130,850 196,085
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 6,945 3,425 3,520 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995
English 6,845 3,385 3,460 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355
French 80 35 45 504,130 236,875 267,250
English and French 10 5 5 92,940 42,910 50,030
Neither English nor French 10 0 5 321,480 128,125 193,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 85 35 45 550,600 258,330 292,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.2 1.0 1.3 4.1 4.0 4.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 6,945 3,425 3,520 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 6,900 3,405 3,495 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330
Official languages 6,365 3,160 3,210 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520
English 6,275 3,120 3,155 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110
French 90 35 50 490,715 231,310 259,410
Non-official languages 535 245 290 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 22,765 10,815 11,950
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 21,235 10,175 11,060
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 5,080 2,485 2,595
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 85 40 45
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 35 5 30
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 355 135 225
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 4,500 2,255 2,245
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 90 40 50
Malecite 0 0 0 10 5 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 85 35 50
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 16,025 7,620 8,400
Algonquin 0 0 0 65 30 35
Ojibway 0 0 0 9,505 4,515 4,985
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 6,310 3,015 3,300
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 145 65 80
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 60 20 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dene 0 0 0 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 475 165 305
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 425 145 280
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 710 300 410
Cayuga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Mohawk 0 0 0 590 255 335
Oneida 0 0 0 55 15 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 15
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 25 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 235 130 105
Non-Aboriginal languages 535 245 290 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 0 0 5 253,830 127,720 126,110
Berber languages 0 0 0 725 405 320
Kabyle 0 0 0 425 225 200
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 305 180 120
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 24,605 10,730 13,870
Bilen 0 0 0 250 140 110
Oromo 0 0 0 1,445 720 730
Somali 0 0 0 22,680 9,755 12,925
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 115 110
Semitic languages 0 0 5 227,985 116,320 111,665
Amharic 0 0 0 10,720 4,960 5,760
Arabic 0 0 0 171,370 88,400 82,965
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 14,555 7,135 7,420
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 4,795 2,365 2,425
Harari 0 0 0 1,030 485 545
Hebrew 0 0 0 11,575 6,220 5,350
Maltese 0 0 5 5,175 2,575 2,600
Tigrigna 0 0 0 7,345 3,470 3,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,435 705 730
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 520 265 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 5 0 0 78,125 35,880 42,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 7,355 3,330 4,020
Vietnamese 5 5 0 70,690 32,520 38,165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 85 30 50
Austronesian languages 5 0 10 194,380 76,060 118,315
Bikol 0 0 0 595 260 330
Cebuano 0 0 0 6,545 2,500 4,045
Fijian 0 0 0 80 45 40
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 2,750 1,030 1,725
Ilocano 0 0 0 11,285 4,430 6,860
Malagasy 0 0 0 100 45 55
Malay 0 0 0 5,760 2,520 3,240
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 1,505 670 840
Pangasinan 0 0 0 535 215 315
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 5 0 5 163,415 63,665 99,755
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 405 140 270
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,400 550 850
Creole languages 5 0 0 11,255 5,095 6,165
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 630 290 340
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 8,025 3,580 4,440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 2,605 1,225 1,380
Dravidian languages 0 0 5 148,605 73,530 75,075
Kannada 0 0 0 2,670 1,365 1,305
Malayalam 0 0 5 17,140 8,795 8,350
Tamil 0 0 0 117,630 57,310 60,320
Telugu 0 0 0 10,820 5,895 4,925
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 340 165 175
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 525 250 270
Indo-European languages 445 210 235 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165
Albanian 0 0 0 19,045 9,535 9,510
Armenian 0 0 0 15,070 7,305 7,765
Balto-Slavic languages 150 65 80 410,725 188,695 222,025
Baltic languages 10 5 5 9,080 3,785 5,295
Latvian 5 5 0 3,910 1,650 2,260
Lithuanian 10 0 5 5,175 2,135 3,035
Slavic languages 135 55 80 401,645 184,915 216,730
Belarusan 0 0 0 515 230 280
Bosnian 5 0 5 6,370 3,125 3,245
Bulgarian 0 0 0 9,095 4,355 4,740
Croatian 10 5 5 31,875 15,460 16,410
Czech 30 15 15 10,670 4,930 5,740
Macedonian 10 5 5 15,635 7,470 8,165
Polish 45 15 25 121,075 54,675 66,405
Russian 10 0 10 101,100 45,630 55,470
Serbian 10 5 5 41,740 20,585 21,150
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 4,875 2,310 2,570
Slovak 5 5 5 10,280 4,710 5,565
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 5 0 6,740 2,995 3,745
Ukrainian 10 0 5 40,375 17,760 22,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,310 670 635
Celtic languages 0 0 0 1,110 505 605
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 450 210 240
Welsh 0 0 0 435 180 260
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 120 110
Germanic languages 200 95 105 200,640 94,475 106,165
Afrikaans 0 0 0 2,295 1,125 1,170
Danish 15 10 5 4,265 2,010 2,250
Dutch 40 20 15 51,720 24,875 26,840
Frisian 0 0 0 1,240 630 620
German 130 55 70 131,525 61,520 70,005
Icelandic 0 0 0 210 100 110
Norwegian 5 0 5 940 405 540
Swedish 15 0 10 2,395 1,040 1,350
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 0 2,150 925 1,225
Yiddish 5 0 0 3,735 1,765 1,970
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 170 80 85
Greek 10 0 5 55,415 27,305 28,110
Indo-Iranian languages 10 5 5 707,845 357,350 350,495
Indo-Aryan languages 5 5 0 565,600 285,720 279,875
Bengali 0 0 0 46,810 23,615 23,195
Gujarati 0 0 0 76,675 38,740 37,940
Hindi 0 0 0 58,735 29,805 28,930
Kashmiri 0 0 0 345 170 175
Konkani 0 0 0 2,510 1,195 1,315
Marathi 0 0 0 5,490 2,805 2,685
Nepali 0 0 0 7,870 3,915 3,960
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 715 380 335
Punjabi (Panjabi) 5 0 0 197,060 100,160 96,895
Sindhi 0 0 0 6,840 3,225 3,615
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 10,165 4,925 5,235
Urdu 0 0 0 152,385 76,795 75,595
Iranian languages 5 0 5 139,675 70,270 69,405
Kurdish 0 5 5 6,665 3,615 3,050
Pashto 0 0 0 10,950 5,630 5,315
Persian (Farsi) 0 0 0 122,070 61,025 61,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,565 1,350 1,215
Italic (Romance) languages 75 45 35 614,525 295,030 319,490
Catalan 0 0 0 285 150 135
Italian 55 30 20 231,040 112,440 118,600
Portuguese 0 0 5 150,000 72,280 77,715
Romanian 5 0 5 41,755 19,565 22,190
Spanish 20 10 10 191,025 90,390 100,630
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 420 200 215
Japanese 0 0 5 13,260 4,590 8,670
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,200 635 565
Georgian 0 0 0 1,200 635 565
Korean 10 0 10 69,775 32,035 37,740
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 405 180 220
Mongolian 0 0 0 405 180 225
Niger-Congo languages 0 0 0 35,760 16,705 19,050
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 9,695 4,510 5,190
Bamanankan 0 0 0 140 60 80
Edo 0 0 0 1,140 475 670
Ewe 0 0 0 560 270 295
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 365 180 185
Ga 0 0 0 600 275 325
Ganda 0 0 0 760 360 400
Igbo 0 0 0 2,090 1,080 1,010
Lingala 0 0 0 850 365 485
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 1,430 640 785
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 1,330 545 785
Shona 0 0 0 1,455 660 790
Swahili 0 0 0 5,525 2,540 2,985
Wolof 0 0 0 290 145 150
Yoruba 0 0 0 4,365 2,260 2,105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5,155 2,345 2,810
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 1,610 810 800
Dinka 0 0 0 345 170 175
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,260 635 625
Sign languages 0 0 0 3,030 1,570 1,455
American Sign Language 0 0 0 1,305 640 670
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 20 10 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 0 0 5 1,700 925 780
Sino-Tibetan languages 10 5 5 611,795 284,865 326,935
Chinese languages 10 5 10 602,610 280,340 322,270
Cantonese 5 0 5 275,315 128,090 147,220
Hakka 0 0 0 6,985 3,140 3,840
Mandarin 5 5 0 283,735 132,275 151,460
Min Dong 0 0 0 855 405 450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 13,545 6,240 7,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 6,300 2,825 3,470
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 5 15,645 7,235 8,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 240 120 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 9,185 4,520 4,660
Burmese 5 0 5 1,640 775 865
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,730 865 860
Tibetan 0 0 0 5,115 2,530 2,585
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 700 345 350
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0 8,485 3,535 4,945
Lao 0 0 0 5,190 2,480 2,710
Thai 0 0 0 3,270 1,045 2,220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Turkic languages 0 0 0 22,615 11,745 10,870
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 1,990 1,070 920
Turkish 0 0 0 18,415 9,610 8,810
Uyghur 0 0 0 515 255 260
Uzbek 0 0 0 1,055 515 545
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 640 295 345
Uralic languages 40 20 20 50,670 23,095 27,570
Estonian 5 5 0 4,205 1,810 2,400
Finnish 15 5 10 9,720 4,140 5,580
Hungarian 15 10 5 36,740 17,150 19,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,475 780 690
Multiple responses 45 25 25 365,910 176,250 189,660
English and French 10 5 5 54,045 25,165 28,880
English and non-official language 35 15 15 288,285 140,345 147,940
French and non-official language 0 0 0 12,565 5,735 6,830
English, French and non-official language 5 0 0 11,010 5,000 6,005
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 6,945 3,425 3,520 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 6,850 3,385 3,465 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085
Official languages 6,755 3,340 3,415 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300
English 6,750 3,335 3,410 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800
French 5 5 5 277,045 129,540 147,500
Non-official languages 90 40 50 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 9,210 4,600 4,610
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 8,685 4,370 4,320
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 2,370 1,205 1,165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 10 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 15
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 105 50 55
Woods Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 2,220 1,135 1,085
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 6,305 3,155 3,145
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 3,315 1,695 1,620
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 2,905 1,420 1,490
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 160 60 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 140 60 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 210 90 120
Cayuga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 185 80 100
Oneida 0 0 0 20 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 120 55 65
Non-Aboriginal languages 90 40 50 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170
Afro-Asiatic languages 0 0 0 138,460 66,865 71,590
Berber languages 0 0 0 345 175 170
Kabyle 0 0 0 255 125 130
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 50 45
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 14,460 6,100 8,360
Bilen 0 0 0 170 80 85
Oromo 0 0 0 805 380 425
Somali 0 0 0 13,370 5,590 7,780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 65
Semitic languages 0 0 0 123,410 60,475 62,940
Amharic 0 0 0 5,625 2,540 3,085
Arabic 0 0 0 94,195 46,505 47,695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 9,515 4,595 4,920
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 2,915 1,410 1,500
Harari 0 0 0 555 250 305
Hebrew 0 0 0 4,850 2,505 2,345
Maltese 0 0 0 1,090 505 580
Tigrigna 0 0 0 3,920 1,805 2,115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 755 360 395
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 245 115 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 0 0 0 50,245 23,105 27,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 3,770 1,650 2,120
Vietnamese 0 0 0 46,435 21,435 25,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 40 20 20
Austronesian languages 0 0 0 85,370 36,525 48,845
Bikol 0 0 0 90 35 55
Cebuano 0 0 0 2,325 1,020 1,315
Fijian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 910 385 530
Ilocano 0 0 0 4,100 1,780 2,320
Malagasy 0 0 0 35 15 20
Malay 0 0 0 1,810 860 945
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 445 200 250
Pangasinan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 0 0 0 75,070 31,965 43,105
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 90 35 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 380 175 200
Creole languages 0 0 0 5,325 2,355 2,970
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 355 165 190
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 3,995 1,735 2,255
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 975 455 520
Dravidian languages 0 0 0 96,250 46,575 49,680
Kannada 0 0 0 1,060 540 520
Malayalam 0 0 0 8,760 4,460 4,295
Tamil 0 0 0 80,600 38,460 42,140
Telugu 0 0 0 5,705 3,050 2,655
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 125 55 70
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 200 95 105
Indo-European languages 75 35 40 978,300 469,640 508,670
Albanian 0 0 0 9,190 4,580 4,605
Armenian 0 0 0 8,630 4,065 4,560
Balto-Slavic languages 30 15 15 192,945 90,585 102,365
Baltic languages 0 0 0 2,305 950 1,355
Latvian 0 0 0 860 350 515
Lithuanian 0 0 0 1,440 600 840
Slavic languages 30 15 15 190,645 89,635 101,005
Belarusan 0 0 0 175 80 90
Bosnian 0 0 5 3,220 1,595 1,620
Bulgarian 0 0 0 4,830 2,350 2,480
Croatian 5 0 0 11,125 5,275 5,855
Czech 10 0 5 3,070 1,480 1,595
Macedonian 0 0 0 6,255 2,965 3,285
Polish 5 5 0 52,555 24,510 28,045
Russian 0 0 0 63,570 29,655 33,920
Serbian 5 5 5 23,175 11,335 11,840
Serbo-Croatian 5 0 5 1,925 920 1,010
Slovak 0 0 0 3,520 1,680 1,845
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 1,465 645 815
Ukrainian 0 0 0 15,415 6,995 8,420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 355 160 190
Celtic languages 0 0 0 120 65 55
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 60 30 25
Welsh 0 0 0 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Germanic languages 15 10 15 44,515 21,630 22,880
Afrikaans 0 0 0 755 365 390
Danish 5 0 0 280 135 150
Dutch 5 0 5 4,450 2,145 2,305
Frisian 0 0 0 90 45 45
German 5 5 0 37,255 18,140 19,120
Icelandic 0 0 0 45 20 30
Norwegian 0 0 5 70 30 40
Swedish 0 0 0 385 190 190
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 145 60 85
Yiddish 0 0 0 370 190 185
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 655 315 340
Greek 0 0 0 21,700 10,160 11,535
Indo-Iranian languages 5 5 5 435,835 215,755 220,080
Indo-Aryan languages 0 0 5 344,050 171,125 172,920
Bengali 0 0 0 29,590 14,595 14,995
Gujarati 0 0 0 45,445 22,410 23,035
Hindi 0 0 0 28,960 14,485 14,475
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 30 35
Konkani 0 0 0 540 260 280
Marathi 0 0 0 2,420 1,230 1,190
Nepali 0 0 0 5,640 2,815 2,820
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 325 160 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 0 0 0 132,135 66,410 65,725
Sindhi 0 0 0 2,880 1,320 1,560
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 4,595 2,250 2,345
Urdu 0 0 0 91,450 45,160 46,295
Iranian languages 5 5 5 90,730 44,090 46,640
Kurdish 5 0 5 3,675 1,900 1,770
Pashto 0 0 0 6,750 3,360 3,395
Persian (Farsi) 0 0 0 80,305 38,830 41,475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,050 540 515
Italic (Romance) languages 15 5 10 265,375 122,790 142,585
Catalan 0 0 0 135 60 75
Italian 5 0 0 72,960 31,195 41,770
Portuguese 5 0 0 67,415 32,065 35,355
Romanian 0 0 0 19,920 9,380 10,535
Spanish 5 5 5 104,820 50,035 54,785
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 60
Japanese 0 0 0 6,040 2,590 3,450
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 770 420 355
Georgian 0 0 0 775 420 355
Korean 5 0 0 48,540 22,685 25,855
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 225 115 110
Mongolian 0 0 0 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages 0 0 0 12,120 5,400 6,725
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 4,415 1,915 2,495
Bamanankan 0 0 0 25 15 15
Edo 0 0 0 305 120 180
Ewe 0 0 0 135 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Ga 0 0 0 175 80 100
Ganda 0 0 0 195 85 110
Igbo 0 0 0 540 265 275
Lingala 0 0 0 225 100 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 475 230 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 420 160 260
Shona 0 0 0 455 210 245
Swahili 0 0 0 2,085 925 1,160
Wolof 0 0 0 130 65 65
Yoruba 0 0 0 1,300 625 675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,120 500 625
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 550 260 290
Dinka 0 0 0 120 60 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 425 195 225
Sign languages 5 5 0 4,425 2,485 1,940
American Sign Language 0 0 0 1,605 830 770
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 25 15 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 2,795 1,640 1,150
Sino-Tibetan languages 5 0 0 448,200 210,560 237,640
Chinese languages 0 5 0 441,615 207,305 234,310
Cantonese 0 0 0 198,745 91,545 107,200
Hakka 0 0 0 2,870 1,305 1,575
Mandarin 5 5 0 220,535 105,360 115,175
Min Dong 0 0 0 265 115 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 5,775 2,635 3,140
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 3,690 1,735 1,955
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0 9,630 4,565 5,070
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 6,580 3,250 3,330
Burmese 0 0 0 1,010 480 530
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,360 685 675
Tibetan 0 0 0 3,875 1,925 1,945
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 335 165 170
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0 3,865 1,845 2,020
Lao 0 0 0 2,535 1,220 1,315
Thai 0 0 0 1,315 615 695
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 0 0 0 12,435 6,200 6,230
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 770 385 380
Turkish 0 0 0 10,545 5,245 5,300
Uyghur 0 0 0 290 150 140
Uzbek 0 0 0 585 290 295
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Uralic languages 5 5 5 15,330 6,990 8,340
Estonian 0 0 0 790 290 500
Finnish 5 0 0 1,835 780 1,050
Hungarian 5 0 5 12,700 5,915 6,790
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 465 245 225
Multiple responses 100 40 55 790,825 379,925 410,905
English and French 15 5 10 45,655 20,895 24,755
English and non-official language 80 35 50 719,595 347,730 371,865
French and non-official language 0 0 0 6,725 2,930 3,795
English, French and non-official language 0 0 5 18,855 8,365 10,490
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 6,945 3,425 3,520 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
None 6,665 3,300 3,365 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000
English 35 15 20 896,170 437,015 459,155
French 55 20 30 243,970 108,390 135,580
Non-official language 190 85 105 1,056,960 501,315 555,645
Aboriginal 5 0 5 14,315 6,580 7,735
Non-Aboriginal 185 90 105 1,042,645 494,735 547,910
English and French 0 0 0 8,150 3,755 4,395
English and non-official language 0 0 0 19,105 9,370 9,735
French and non-official language 5 5 0 16,435 7,165 9,270
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 415 205 215
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 6,285 3,090 3,190 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 6,170 3,055 3,120 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,063 44,373 32,725 33,539 39,889 28,676
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 6,185 3,055 3,130 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,780 38,880 29,227 30,641 35,753 26,585
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 5,895 2,930 2,960 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,555 39,753 26,475 32,871 39,831 27,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 4,495 2,155 2,340 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 9,225 10,080 8,602 4,206 2,034 5,463
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 4,135 2,175 1,960 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 24,832 27,750 22,477 33,946 39,490 29,413
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 6,280 3,100 3,180 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 6,205 3,075 3,130 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 64,394 81,401 47,697 47,915 56,780 39,585
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 6,210 3,075 3,135 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 49,131 59,566 38,900 39,318 45,443 33,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 5,950 3,000 2,950 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 60,302 77,042 43,275 47,890 57,511 38,459
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 4,465 2,135 2,335 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 9,188 9,020 9,343 7,346 6,763 7,815
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 4,135 2,225 1,915 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 51,145 62,106 38,398 47,369 55,263 39,057
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 6,280 3,100 3,180 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 1,625 975 655 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 50,459 50,726 50,445 55,121 60,345 49,713
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 81,440 93,003 64,180 68,628 76,536 58,676
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 90.0 92.1 86.8 88.9 92.1 84.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 56.3 60.1 50.3 72.9 76.0 68.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 10.1 8.0 13.3 11.1 7.9 15.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 6,280 3,090 3,190 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without total income 110 40 70 481,500 227,390 254,115
With total income 6,175 3,055 3,120 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475
Percentage with total income 98.3 98.9 97.8 95.6 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 725 315 405 1,615,790 711,105 904,685
$10,000 to $19,999 980 395 585 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645
$20,000 to $29,999 865 395 465 1,410,760 589,975 820,785
$30,000 to $39,999 640 280 365 1,147,510 519,550 627,955
$40,000 to $49,999 560 275 280 1,021,880 489,595 532,285
$50,000 to $59,999 480 245 235 809,115 415,950 393,165
$60,000 to $69,999 370 195 175 630,635 348,525 282,110
$70,000 to $79,999 320 190 130 479,890 277,725 202,165
$80,000 to $89,999 235 125 110 378,185 222,095 156,095
$90,000 to $99,999 215 115 95 324,810 181,815 142,995
$100,000 and over 800 515 285 909,005 616,420 292,585
$100,000 to $149,999 385 225 165 600,995 394,410 206,590
$150,000 and over 415 290 120 308,010 222,010 86,000
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 6,285 3,090 3,190 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without after-tax income 100 35 60 478,635 227,025 251,610
With after-tax income 6,185 3,050 3,130 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980
Percentage with after-tax income 98.4 98.7 98.1 95.7 95.8 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 805 335 465 1,659,280 722,040 937,235
$10,000 to $19,999 1,020 420 605 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540
$20,000 to $29,999 965 440 520 1,623,230 690,290 932,940
$30,000 to $39,999 765 365 400 1,377,100 642,645 734,450
$40,000 to $49,999 625 300 320 1,166,040 585,490 580,555
$50,000 to $59,999 500 260 235 845,305 464,610 380,700
$60,000 to $69,999 380 240 140 604,005 354,015 249,985
$70,000 to $79,999 295 155 135 465,485 268,140 197,345
$80,000 and over 835 540 295 912,490 611,260 301,230
$80,000 to $89,999 185 105 80 299,315 183,410 115,905
$90,000 to $99,999 125 75 50 174,110 116,330 57,785
$100,000 and over 520 360 165 439,070 311,525 127,540
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 6,280 3,090 3,190 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without employment income 2,150 920 1,230 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245
With employment income 4,135 2,175 1,960 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Percentage with employment income 65.8 70.4 61.4 70.6 74.8 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 840 465 380 1,094,860 546,920 547,940
$5,000 to $9,999 410 190 220 635,305 281,135 354,165
$10,000 to $19,999 580 275 300 1,027,910 464,445 563,465
$20,000 to $29,999 435 195 235 827,805 372,185 455,625
$30,000 to $39,999 320 155 165 767,840 351,925 415,910
$40,000 to $49,999 275 135 145 709,775 341,320 368,450
$50,000 to $59,999 255 145 110 588,220 310,155 278,065
$60,000 to $69,999 195 105 90 465,670 263,430 202,240
$70,000 to $79,999 135 90 50 369,085 218,570 150,515
$80,000 and over 685 430 260 1,304,210 848,245 455,970
$80,000 to $89,999 115 60 60 307,660 182,660 125,005
$90,000 to $99,999 125 70 60 280,530 156,440 124,090
$100,000 and over 445 305 140 716,015 509,140 206,875
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 3,270  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 78,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,287  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 68,518  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 950  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 42,112  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,992  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,219  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 2,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,827,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 96,796  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 90,967  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 83,021  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,528  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 3,270  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 122,199  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 97,856  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 93,297  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,322  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 950  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 75,816  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,571  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 58,031  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 40,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 2,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,828,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 141,234  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 114,773  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 107,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 94,157  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 3,270  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 50  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 86,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 45  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 55  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 134,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 95  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 185,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 125  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 200,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 105  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 189,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 130  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 202,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 120  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 207,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 150  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 206,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 110  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 202,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 388,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 215  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 363,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 210  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 335,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 309,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 282,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 1,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,803,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 345  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 560,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 230  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 394,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 290  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 449,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 395  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 399,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 3,270  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 65  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 50  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 60  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 136,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 100  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 192,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 155  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 222,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 120  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 211,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 232,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 160  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 244,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 165  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 247,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 125  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 241,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 275  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 463,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 270  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 422,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 230  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 388,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 185  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 342,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 290,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 995  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,367,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 360  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 539,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 195  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 334,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 440  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 493,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 2,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,689,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 97,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,089  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 84,281  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,531  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 1,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,280,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 94,822  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 81,459  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 81,254  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,237  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 660  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,716,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 121,728  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 115,381  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 104,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 584,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 54,363  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,728  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 50,317  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 2,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,689,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 141,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 115,328  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 107,994  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 94,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 1,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,280,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 130,441  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 104,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 99,914  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 84,952  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 665  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,717,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 186,318  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 140,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 139,002  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 114,144  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 165  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 581,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 64,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 67,748  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 55,934  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 58,742  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 1,120 525 590 1,818,815 867,175 951,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 37,931 35,968 39,424 32,097 33,925 30,753
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 33,856 31,979 35,072 29,417 30,678 28,442
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 1,090 530 555 1,814,575 864,020 950,555
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 72,061 80,584 63,921 44,298 46,765 42,057
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 55,343 61,013 49,928 36,874 38,228 35,644
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 6,935 3,425 3,515 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955
In the bottom half of the distribution 2,820 1,370 1,455 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895
In the bottom decile 545 260 285 1,346,645 651,310 695,335
In the second decile 595 285 305 1,280,675 581,380 699,290
In the third decile 580 295 285 1,237,415 583,840 653,575
In the fourth decile 530 255 270 1,223,510 589,740 633,770
In the fifth decile 575 270 305 1,246,925 610,000 636,930
In the top half of the distribution 4,115 2,055 2,060 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060
In the sixth decile 590 285 305 1,279,095 629,635 649,465
In the seventh decile 635 345 290 1,321,220 655,840 665,375
In the eighth decile 720 365 355 1,382,795 691,630 691,165
In the ninth decile 825 390 430 1,464,415 736,030 728,385
In the top decile 1,345 665 680 1,459,465 742,795 716,670
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 6,935 3,420 3,515 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130
0 to 17 years 830 435 395 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630
0 to 5 years 245 120 130 835,000 428,025 406,975
18 to 64 years 3,845 1,840 2,005 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345
65 years and over 2,260 1,150 1,110 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 785 375 405 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445
0 to 17 years 125 60 55 489,905 251,830 238,080
0 to 5 years 55 25 25 165,140 84,825 80,310
18 to 64 years 495 235 260 1,155,315 538,535 616,780
65 years and over 165 75 85 253,755 96,170 157,585
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 11.3 11.0 11.5 14.4 13.8 15.0
0 to 17 years (%) 15.1 13.8 13.9 18.4 18.5 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 22.4 20.8 19.2 19.8 19.8 19.7
18 to 64 years (%) 12.9 12.8 13.0 13.7 13.1 14.3
65 years and over (%) 7.3 6.5 7.7 12.0 9.9 13.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 345 175 175 1,298,590 627,935 670,650
0 to 17 years 60 30 30 304,390 156,575 147,815
0 to 5 years 25 10 10 102,750 52,810 49,935
18 to 64 years 250 130 125 887,640 430,545 457,095
65 years and over 35 15 15 106,555 40,815 65,740
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 5.0 5.1 5.0 9.8 9.7 9.9
0 to 17 years (%) 7.2 6.9 7.6 11.5 11.5 11.4
0 to 5 years (%) 10.2 8.3 7.7 12.3 12.3 12.3
18 to 64 years (%) 6.5 7.1 6.2 10.5 10.5 10.6
65 years and over (%) 1.5 1.3 1.4 5.1 4.2 5.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 6,935 3,420 3,515 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925
Official languages 6,930 3,420 3,510 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145
English 6,925 3,420 3,505 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825
French 565 215 350 1,521,020 677,505 843,510
Non-official languages 600 265 335 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 33,855 15,815 18,035
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 30,630 14,505 16,125
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 15 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 6,560 3,160 3,395
Atikamekw 0 0 0 10 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Moose Cree 0 0 0 145 70 75
Naskapi 0 0 0 25 10 10
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 65 25 45
Plains Cree 0 0 0 105 50 50
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 605 255 350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 45 25 25
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5,620 2,760 2,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 180 95 85
Malecite 0 0 0 20 20 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 160 75 85
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 23,980 11,285 12,690
Algonquin 0 0 0 205 95 105
Ojibway 0 0 0 16,220 7,600 8,630
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,515 3,585 3,935
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 200 105 100
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 40 50
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 25 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 25 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 10 0 10
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dene 0 0 0 45 20 30
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 840 320 525
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 730 285 445
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 35 70
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 1,940 810 1,125
Cayuga 0 0 0 120 35 85
Mohawk 0 0 0 1,625 710 915
Oneida 0 0 0 180 55 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 25
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 180 65 110
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 40 10 30
Dakota 0 0 0 20 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 0 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 210 100 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 605 265 340 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 20 10 15 362,645 183,050 179,595
Berber languages 0 0 0 925 505 415
Kabyle 0 0 0 530 280 255
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 390 225 165
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 34,160 15,155 19,000
Bilen 0 0 0 355 200 160
Oromo 0 0 0 2,075 905 1,175
Somali 0 0 0 31,535 13,925 17,610
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 370 170 205
Semitic languages 25 10 10 330,315 168,750 161,570
Amharic 0 0 0 16,010 7,565 8,445
Arabic 10 0 10 246,015 127,015 119,000
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 17,825 8,775 9,050
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 6,185 3,045 3,140
Harari 0 0 0 1,310 660 645
Hebrew 15 0 10 43,255 22,165 21,090
Maltese 0 0 0 7,020 3,455 3,570
Tigrigna 0 0 0 9,385 4,320 5,065
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,985 1,010 975
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,125 535 590
Austro-Asiatic languages 0 0 0 99,830 46,210 53,620
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 10,045 4,490 5,550
Vietnamese 0 0 0 90,265 41,965 48,300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 10 50
Austronesian languages 10 0 0 249,435 98,295 151,150
Bikol 0 0 0 755 340 425
Cebuano 0 0 0 9,475 3,650 5,830
Fijian 0 0 0 110 40 65
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 3,110 1,205 1,910
Ilocano 0 0 0 15,235 5,940 9,295
Malagasy 0 0 0 215 115 100
Malay 0 0 0 9,780 4,500 5,280
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 1,935 855 1,080
Pangasinan 0 0 0 565 245 320
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 10 0 0 232,935 91,110 141,820
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 410 125 285
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,785 755 1,030
Creole languages 0 0 0 30,260 13,525 16,735
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 1,430 605 830
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 19,375 8,480 10,895
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 9,685 4,525 5,155
Dravidian languages 0 0 0 196,315 97,975 98,335
Kannada 0 0 0 5,775 2,930 2,845
Malayalam 0 0 0 22,880 11,535 11,345
Tamil 0 0 0 157,700 77,975 79,730
Telugu 0 0 0 16,315 8,925 7,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 495 250 240
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 545 265 280
Indo-European languages 505 220 280 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525
Albanian 0 0 0 22,375 11,180 11,195
Armenian 0 0 0 18,435 8,860 9,575
Balto-Slavic languages 145 55 95 473,565 221,450 252,120
Baltic languages 0 0 0 10,545 4,495 6,050
Latvian 0 10 0 4,675 2,070 2,610
Lithuanian 0 0 0 5,875 2,430 3,445
Slavic languages 140 50 95 465,170 217,885 247,285
Belarusan 0 0 0 1,360 680 680
Bosnian 10 0 10 9,915 4,905 5,010
Bulgarian 10 0 10 10,410 5,060 5,350
Croatian 15 0 10 46,580 22,880 23,700
Czech 35 15 15 14,045 6,615 7,430
Macedonian 10 0 10 21,505 10,365 11,140
Polish 45 10 35 142,985 65,415 77,575
Russian 15 10 10 138,735 64,355 74,380
Serbian 10 10 0 53,250 26,725 26,525
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 5,815 2,845 2,965
Slovak 10 10 0 12,035 5,550 6,490
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 7,935 3,550 4,390
Ukrainian 15 0 10 54,615 24,125 30,490
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,750 935 815
Celtic languages 10 10 0 3,800 1,880 1,920
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 1,480 720 765
Welsh 0 0 0 685 300 390
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,650 870 785
Germanic languages 180 80 105 274,305 130,610 143,700
Afrikaans 0 0 0 7,360 3,625 3,735
Danish 0 0 10 5,440 2,455 2,980
Dutch 15 15 0 63,410 29,875 33,535
Frisian 0 0 0 1,655 820 835
German 125 60 65 189,035 90,730 98,305
Icelandic 0 0 0 285 130 155
Norwegian 10 0 10 2,140 975 1,165
Swedish 20 0 25 5,125 2,345 2,785
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 0 0 2,275 1,050 1,225
Yiddish 0 0 0 7,175 3,535 3,640
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 3,290 1,645 1,645
Greek 30 20 10 80,690 40,105 40,590
Indo-Iranian languages 10 10 10 915,765 463,175 452,585
Indo-Aryan languages 0 0 0 759,390 384,940 374,450
Bengali 0 0 0 59,685 30,420 29,265
Gujarati 0 0 0 103,890 52,380 51,510
Hindi 0 0 0 250,095 127,765 122,335
Kashmiri 0 0 0 600 300 300
Konkani 0 0 0 5,490 2,515 2,975
Marathi 0 0 0 10,360 5,380 4,980
Nepali 0 0 0 10,245 5,115 5,135
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 1,090 515 570
Punjabi (Panjabi) 0 10 10 282,065 145,050 137,015
Sindhi 0 0 0 11,515 5,385 6,130
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 18,555 9,230 9,330
Urdu 0 0 0 231,500 117,305 114,190
Iranian languages 0 0 0 163,490 81,710 81,785
Kurdish 0 0 0 8,795 4,755 4,040
Pashto 0 0 0 15,315 8,145 7,170
Persian (Farsi) 0 0 0 145,465 72,275 73,190
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 4,665 2,495 2,175
Italic (Romance) languages 160 80 80 880,330 418,225 462,105
Catalan 0 0 0 515 275 240
Italian 70 45 25 333,645 161,190 172,455
Portuguese 20 15 10 193,520 93,885 99,635
Romanian 0 0 0 49,635 23,205 26,430
Spanish 80 25 55 337,615 156,040 181,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,355 745 605
Japanese 0 0 0 25,675 11,535 14,140
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,555 775 780
Georgian 0 0 0 1,555 770 785
Korean 0 10 0 79,175 36,930 42,245
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 515 225 285
Mongolian 0 0 0 515 225 285
Niger-Congo languages 0 0 0 70,570 33,620 36,945
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 15,950 7,520 8,435
Bamanankan 0 0 0 385 195 185
Edo 0 0 0 2,130 930 1,195
Ewe 0 0 0 880 435 445
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 700 320 375
Ga 0 0 0 1,340 645 695
Ganda 0 0 0 1,225 550 675
Igbo 0 0 0 4,025 2,105 1,920
Lingala 0 0 0 4,885 2,165 2,720
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 2,555 1,080 1,475
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 2,220 885 1,330
Shona 0 0 0 2,350 1,055 1,300
Swahili 0 0 0 16,750 8,110 8,640
Wolof 0 0 0 730 355 375
Yoruba 0 0 0 10,495 5,345 5,150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 11,210 5,255 5,950
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 2,025 1,020 1,010
Dinka 0 0 0 415 220 200
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,615 805 810
Sign languages 0 0 0 18,865 7,645 11,220
American Sign Language 0 0 0 10,220 3,695 6,525
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 235 60 180
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 8,690 4,005 4,680
Sino-Tibetan languages 20 10 15 689,145 324,575 364,565
Chinese languages 20 10 10 679,170 319,635 359,530
Cantonese 15 0 10 341,875 159,280 182,600
Hakka 0 0 0 7,865 3,445 4,420
Mandarin 0 0 0 385,395 179,890 205,510
Min Dong 0 0 0 810 330 480
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 16,980 7,650 9,330
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 8,305 3,860 4,440
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0 16,455 7,710 8,745
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 185 95 90
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 10 10,460 5,200 5,260
Burmese 0 0 0 2,215 1,055 1,165
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,820 905 920
Tibetan 0 0 0 5,695 2,845 2,850
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,245 645 605
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0 11,120 4,945 6,180
Lao 0 0 0 6,740 3,215 3,520
Thai 0 0 0 5,195 2,065 3,135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 10 20
Turkic languages 0 0 0 33,335 17,310 16,025
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 3,260 1,710 1,550
Turkish 0 0 0 27,850 14,510 13,340
Uyghur 0 0 0 700 350 345
Uzbek 0 0 0 1,405 700 705
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 915 450 465
Uralic languages 50 25 25 58,370 27,060 31,310
Estonian 10 0 10 4,785 2,155 2,625
Finnish 40 20 25 11,145 4,865 6,280
Hungarian 10 10 0 42,545 20,070 22,480
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 3,675 1,950 1,725
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 6,935 3,420 3,515 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 6,810 3,350 3,460 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705
Canadian citizens aged under 18 855 425 425 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 5,955 2,925 3,030 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 125 70 50 1,019,095 484,880 534,215
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 6,935 3,425 3,515 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 6,105 3,030 3,075 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 815 380 430 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Before 1981 610 295 310 1,077,745 507,500 570,240
1981 to 1990 55 15 35 513,995 246,235 267,755
1991 to 2000 55 20 30 834,510 390,315 444,195
2001 to 2010 70 35 40 953,730 446,895 506,835
2001 to 2005 45 25 25 490,560 230,950 259,610
2006 to 2010 30 10 15 463,170 215,945 247,225
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 30 15 15 472,170 223,715 248,450
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 15 0 0 201,200 102,305 98,895
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 815 380 435 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485
Under 5 years 100 40 55 369,955 184,255 185,705
5 to 14 years 215 105 110 685,085 345,865 339,225
15 to 24 years 255 120 135 855,475 381,025 474,450
25 to 44 years 215 100 115 1,579,500 741,340 838,160
45 years and over 25 15 10 362,130 162,180 199,945
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 815 385 435 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Americas 100 40 55 598,950 265,930 333,025
Brazil 0 0 0 14,705 6,700 8,010
Colombia 0 0 0 28,815 13,085 15,730
El Salvador 0 0 0 20,920 10,165 10,750
Guyana 10 10 0 79,745 35,325 44,420
Haiti 0 0 0 10,195 4,410 5,785
Jamaica 10 0 0 119,840 51,320 68,525
Mexico 0 0 0 30,075 13,895 16,185
Peru 0 0 0 10,550 4,660 5,895
Trinidad and Tobago 0 0 0 52,810 23,515 29,300
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 75 30 45 109,005 47,170 61,830
Other places of birth in Americas 10 10 0 122,280 55,685 66,600
Europe 655 315 340 1,144,295 546,250 598,050
Bosnia and Herzegovina 10 10 10 21,300 10,655 10,645
Croatia 20 10 10 27,330 13,495 13,835
France 15 0 10 13,385 6,310 7,070
Germany 60 40 25 63,460 29,685 33,775
Greece 0 0 0 36,575 18,225 18,350
Hungary 0 0 0 22,085 10,495 11,590
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 25 20 0 15,275 7,415 7,860
Italy 15 10 10 157,815 78,510 79,305
Netherlands 15 15 0 47,400 23,910 23,490
Poland 25 0 20 96,000 43,155 52,845
Portugal 15 0 10 103,025 50,240 52,785
Romania 0 0 0 42,720 19,720 23,000
Russian Federation 10 0 10 42,980 18,540 24,440
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 0 0 0 23,695 11,610 12,085
Ukraine 0 0 0 39,945 18,150 21,795
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 325 170 155 264,125 125,730 138,390
Other places of birth in Europe 125 40 90 127,190 60,395 66,790
Africa 10 10 10 226,770 109,585 117,185
Algeria 0 10 0 2,925 1,480 1,450
Egypt 0 0 0 34,510 18,000 16,510
Ethiopia 0 0 0 15,570 7,230 8,340
Kenya 0 0 0 14,940 6,910 8,025
Morocco 0 0 0 5,485 2,690 2,795
Nigeria 0 0 0 20,630 10,285 10,345
Somalia 0 0 0 16,970 6,845 10,125
South Africa, Republic of 10 0 0 19,390 9,545 9,840
Other places of birth in Africa 0 0 0 96,355 46,610 49,745
Asia 35 10