Census Profile, 2016 Census
Canada [Country] and Canada [Country]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Canada

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Canada

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Data quality , Canada [Country]  Map : Canada [Country] Data quality : Canada [Country]  Map : geography 2
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 35,151,728  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,151,728  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 33,476,688  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,476,688  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 5.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 15,412,443  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,412,443  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 14,072,079  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,079  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 3.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 8,965,588.85  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,965,588.85  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 35,151,730 17,264,200 17,887,530 35,151,730 17,264,200 17,887,530
0 to 14 years 5,839,565 2,992,920 2,846,645 5,839,565 2,992,920 2,846,645
0 to 4 years 1,898,790 973,030 925,760 1,898,790 973,030 925,760
5 to 9 years 2,018,130 1,034,685 983,445 2,018,130 1,034,685 983,445
10 to 14 years 1,922,645 985,200 937,445 1,922,645 985,200 937,445
15 to 64 years 23,376,530 11,576,130 11,800,400 23,376,530 11,576,130 11,800,400
15 to 19 years 2,026,160 1,039,215 986,940 2,026,160 1,039,215 986,940
20 to 24 years 2,242,690 1,144,495 1,098,200 2,242,690 1,144,495 1,098,200
25 to 29 years 2,285,990 1,144,470 1,141,515 2,285,990 1,144,470 1,141,515
30 to 34 years 2,329,395 1,148,290 1,181,110 2,329,395 1,148,290 1,181,110
35 to 39 years 2,288,365 1,118,635 1,169,730 2,288,365 1,118,635 1,169,730
40 to 44 years 2,255,135 1,104,440 1,150,695 2,255,135 1,104,440 1,150,695
45 to 49 years 2,359,965 1,157,760 1,202,210 2,359,965 1,157,760 1,202,210
50 to 54 years 2,678,075 1,318,755 1,359,320 2,678,075 1,318,755 1,359,320
55 to 59 years 2,620,240 1,285,190 1,335,055 2,620,240 1,285,190 1,335,055
60 to 64 years 2,290,510 1,114,885 1,175,630 2,290,510 1,114,885 1,175,630
65 years and over 5,935,630 2,695,150 3,240,485 5,935,630 2,695,150 3,240,485
65 to 69 years 1,972,480 953,075 1,019,405 1,972,480 953,075 1,019,405
70 to 74 years 1,420,875 677,975 742,900 1,420,875 677,975 742,900
75 to 79 years 1,021,850 469,550 552,300 1,021,850 469,550 552,300
80 to 84 years 749,650 325,765 423,880 749,650 325,765 423,880
85 years and over 770,780 268,790 501,990 770,780 268,790 501,990
85 to 89 years 482,525 185,535 296,990 482,525 185,535 296,990
90 to 94 years 223,510 68,675 154,835 223,510 68,675 154,835
95 to 99 years 56,525 13,240 43,280 56,525 13,240 43,280
100 years and over 8,230 1,340 6,890 8,230 1,340 6,890
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.6 17.3 15.9 16.6 17.3 15.9
15 to 64 years 66.5 67.1 66.0 66.5 67.1 66.0
65 years and over 16.9 15.6 18.1 16.9 15.6 18.1
85 years and over 2.2 1.6 2.8 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 41.0 40.1 41.9 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 41.2 40.2 42.2 41.2 40.2 42.2
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 7,541,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,541,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 1,391,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,391,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 4,949,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,949,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 698,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 698,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 891,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 891,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 784,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 784,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 2,539,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,539,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 36,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 189,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 189,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 4,834,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,834,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 2,140,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,140,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 1,946,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,946,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 1,180,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,180,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 34,460,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,460,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Population aged 15 years and over by marital status - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 29,312,160 14,271,280 15,040,885 29,312,160 14,271,280 15,040,885
Married or living common law 16,893,720 8,452,135 8,441,585 16,893,720 8,452,135 8,441,585
Married 13,383,455 6,693,465 6,689,990 13,383,455 6,693,465 6,689,990
Living common law 3,510,265 1,758,670 1,751,590 3,510,265 1,758,670 1,751,590
Not married and not living common law 12,418,440 5,819,140 6,599,300 12,418,440 5,819,140 6,599,300
Never married 8,254,340 4,444,425 3,809,915 8,254,340 4,444,425 3,809,915
Separated 718,295 309,905 408,400 718,295 309,905 408,400
Divorced 1,816,005 725,535 1,090,470 1,816,005 725,535 1,090,470
Widowed 1,629,800 339,280 1,290,525 1,629,800 339,280 1,290,525
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 9,840,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,840,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 5,007,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,007,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 2,107,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,107,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 1,909,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,909,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 815,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 815,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 9,840,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,840,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 8,227,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,227,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 6,474,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,474,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 1,753,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,753,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 1,612,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,612,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 1,262,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,262,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 350,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 350,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 8,227,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,227,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 4,024,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,024,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 4,203,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,203,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 1,650,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,650,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 1,783,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,783,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 770,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 770,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 1,612,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,612,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 983,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 983,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 457,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 457,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 171,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 171,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 6,107,260 2,941,395 3,165,865 6,107,260 2,941,395 3,165,865
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 9,218,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,218,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 3,782,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,782,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 5,436,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,436,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 301,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 301,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 4,552,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,552,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 582,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 582,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,080 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,080
English only 23,757,525 11,838,075 11,919,455 23,757,525 11,838,075 11,919,455
French only 4,144,685 1,925,845 2,218,840 4,144,685 1,925,845 2,218,840
English and French 6,216,065 3,071,325 3,144,740 6,216,065 3,071,325 3,144,740
Neither English nor French 648,970 265,920 383,045 648,970 265,920 383,045
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
English 26,007,500 12,852,330 13,155,165 26,007,500 12,852,330 13,155,165
French 7,705,755 3,780,105 3,925,650 7,705,755 3,780,105 3,925,650
English and French 417,485 209,130 208,355 417,485 209,130 208,355
Neither English nor French 636,515 259,600 376,910 636,515 259,600 376,910
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 7,914,495 3,884,670 4,029,825 7,914,495 3,884,670 4,029,825
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 22.8 22.7 22.8 22.8 22.7 22.8
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,085 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,085
Single responses 33,948,620 16,702,840 17,245,775 33,948,620 16,702,840 17,245,775
Official languages 26,627,555 13,201,620 13,425,940 26,627,555 13,201,620 13,425,940
English 19,460,850 9,680,125 9,780,725 19,460,850 9,680,125 9,780,725
French 7,166,705 3,521,495 3,645,215 7,166,705 3,521,495 3,645,215
Non-official languages 7,321,065 3,501,220 3,819,840 7,321,065 3,501,220 3,819,840
Aboriginal languages 195,700 94,795 100,900 195,700 94,795 100,900
Algonquian languages 130,450 62,930 67,520 130,450 62,930 67,520
Blackfoot 2,815 1,325 1,490 2,815 1,325 1,490
Cree-Montagnais languages 88,445 42,920 45,530 88,445 42,920 45,530
Atikamekw 6,150 3,135 3,015 6,150 3,135 3,015
Montagnais (Innu) 10,230 4,885 5,350 10,230 4,885 5,350
Moose Cree 100 50 55 100 50 55
Naskapi 1,205 590 620 1,205 590 620
Northern East Cree 315 125 190 315 125 190
Plains Cree 3,065 1,360 1,710 3,065 1,360 1,710
Southern East Cree 45 20 25 45 20 25
Swampy Cree 1,440 585 850 1,440 585 850
Woods Cree 1,840 865 975 1,840 865 975
Cree, n.o.s. 64,050 31,305 32,745 64,050 31,305 32,745
Eastern Algonquian languages 6,990 3,310 3,680 6,990 3,310 3,680
Malecite 305 140 160 305 140 160
Mi'kmaq 6,690 3,170 3,520 6,690 3,170 3,520
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 32,150 15,350 16,800 32,150 15,350 16,800
Algonquin 1,260 590 670 1,260 590 670
Ojibway 17,890 8,440 9,450 17,890 8,440 9,450
Oji-Cree 12,855 6,260 6,595 12,855 6,260 6,595
Ottawa (Odawa) 150 65 85 150 65 85
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20 45 25 20
Athabaskan languages 17,365 8,325 9,045 17,365 8,325 9,045
Northern Athabaskan languages 17,315 8,310 9,010 17,315 8,310 9,010
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 110 55 60 110 55 60
Beaver 190 85 105 190 85 105
Carrier 1,025 465 565 1,025 465 565
Chilcotin 660 295 360 660 295 360
Dene 10,700 5,185 5,515 10,700 5,185 5,515
Dogrib (Tlicho) 1,645 840 815 1,645 840 815
Gwich'in 260 110 145 260 110 145
Sarsi (Sarcee) 80 25 50 80 25 50
Sekani 90 45 45 90 45 45
Slavey-Hare languages 1,995 950 1,045 1,995 950 1,045
North Slavey (Hare) 765 365 400 765 365 400
South Slavey 945 455 495 945 455 495
Slavey, n.o.s. 280 130 150 280 130 150
Tahltan languages 270 135 140 270 135 140
Kaska (Nahani) 180 90 90 180 90 90
Tahltan 95 40 50 95 40 50
Tutchone languages 290 120 170 290 120 170
Northern Tutchone 215 90 135 215 90 135
Southern Tutchone 70 30 40 70 30 40
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 50 20 35 50 20 35
Haida 75 35 40 75 35 40
Inuit languages 36,545 18,100 18,445 36,545 18,100 18,445
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 1,025 445 575 1,025 445 575
Inuktitut 35,215 17,530 17,680 35,215 17,530 17,680
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 315 125 185 315 125 185
Iroquoian languages 1,115 485 635 1,115 485 635
Cayuga 45 20 20 45 20 20
Mohawk 980 430 555 980 430 555
Oneida 55 20 40 55 20 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 35 15 20
Kutenai 105 55 55 105 55 55
Michif 465 230 235 465 230 235
Salish languages 2,305 1,130 1,180 2,305 1,130 1,180
Comox 80 45 40 80 45 40
Halkomelem 475 225 245 475 225 245
Lillooet 315 155 155 315 155 155
Okanagan 270 135 135 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 445 225 220 445 225 220
Squamish 40 20 20 40 20 20
Straits 80 40 40 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 335 150 185 335 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 255 135 125 255 135 125
Siouan languages 4,285 2,070 2,220 4,285 2,070 2,220
Dakota 1,215 570 635 1,215 570 635
Stoney 3,025 1,465 1,555 3,025 1,465 1,555
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 55 30 25
Tlingit 95 40 55 95 40 55
Tsimshian languages 1,480 730 755 1,480 730 755
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 880 435 445 880 435 445
Nisga'a 400 200 200 400 200 200
Tsimshian 200 90 110 200 90 110
Wakashan languages 805 370 435 805 370 435
Haisla 90 40 50 90 40 50
Heiltsuk 95 40 55 95 40 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 325 145 185 325 145 185
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 285 135 140 285 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 10 5 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 585 295 295 585 295 295
Non-Aboriginal languages 7,125,365 3,406,425 3,718,945 7,125,365 3,406,425 3,718,945
Afro-Asiatic languages 575,365 298,060 277,300 575,365 298,060 277,300
Berber languages 22,135 11,865 10,270 22,135 11,865 10,270
Kabyle 13,150 6,995 6,155 13,150 6,995 6,155
Berber languages, n.i.e. 8,985 4,865 4,115 8,985 4,865 4,115
Cushitic languages 42,885 20,095 22,790 42,885 20,095 22,790
Bilen 805 455 350 805 455 350
Oromo 4,960 2,560 2,400 4,960 2,560 2,400
Somali 36,755 16,895 19,865 36,755 16,895 19,865
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 365 195 170 365 195 170
Semitic languages 509,190 265,465 243,725 509,190 265,465 243,725
Amharic 22,465 10,720 11,745 22,465 10,720 11,745
Arabic 419,890 220,785 199,105 419,890 220,785 199,105
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 16,070 7,910 8,160 16,070 7,910 8,160
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5,545 2,780 2,770 5,545 2,780 2,770
Harari 1,320 635 685 1,320 635 685
Hebrew 19,530 10,480 9,045 19,530 10,480 9,045
Maltese 5,565 2,765 2,800 5,565 2,765 2,800
Tigrigna 16,650 8,310 8,340 16,650 8,310 8,340
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 2,155 1,085 1,070 2,155 1,085 1,070
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 1,155 635 520 1,155 635 520
Austro-Asiatic languages 176,725 81,810 94,920 176,725 81,810 94,920
Khmer (Cambodian) 20,130 9,270 10,860 20,130 9,270 10,860
Vietnamese 156,425 72,470 83,955 156,425 72,470 83,955
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 170 65 100 170 65 100
Austronesian languages 511,480 211,580 299,900 511,480 211,580 299,900
Bikol 1,790 790 1,000 1,790 790 1,000
Cebuano 19,890 7,930 11,960 19,890 7,930 11,960
Fijian 745 400 345 745 400 345
Hiligaynon 6,885 2,680 4,205 6,885 2,680 4,205
Ilocano 26,345 10,620 15,720 26,345 10,620 15,720
Malagasy 1,430 665 760 1,430 665 760
Malay 12,275 5,255 7,020 12,275 5,255 7,020
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 4,040 1,865 2,175 4,040 1,865 2,175
Pangasinan 1,390 590 800 1,390 590 800
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 431,380 178,575 252,810 431,380 178,575 252,810
Waray-Waray 1,110 430 675 1,110 430 675
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 4,195 1,770 2,425 4,195 1,770 2,425
Creole languages 72,125 32,310 39,820 72,125 32,310 39,820
Haitian Creole 3,030 1,445 1,590 3,030 1,445 1,590
Creole, n.o.s. 64,105 28,455 35,660 64,105 28,455 35,660
Creole languages, n.i.e. 4,985 2,410 2,575 4,985 2,410 2,575
Dravidian languages 189,405 94,765 94,640 189,405 94,765 94,640
Kannada 3,970 2,040 1,935 3,970 2,040 1,935
Malayalam 28,570 14,770 13,800 28,570 14,770 13,800
Tamil 140,720 69,080 71,640 140,720 69,080 71,640
Telugu 15,655 8,640 7,020 15,655 8,640 7,020
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 490 240 250 490 240 250
Hmong-Mien languages 795 395 405 795 395 405
Indo-European languages 3,877,330 1,889,400 1,987,930 3,877,330 1,889,400 1,987,930
Albanian 26,890 13,610 13,285 26,890 13,610 13,285
Armenian 33,455 16,270 17,185 33,455 16,270 17,185
Balto-Slavic languages 701,975 323,640 378,340 701,975 323,640 378,340
Baltic languages 12,530 5,315 7,215 12,530 5,315 7,215
Latvian 5,455 2,350 3,105 5,455 2,350 3,105
Lithuanian 7,075 2,965 4,115 7,075 2,965 4,115
Slavic languages 689,450 318,325 371,115 689,450 318,325 371,115
Belarusan 810 385 430 810 385 430
Bosnian 12,210 6,035 6,180 12,210 6,035 6,180
Bulgarian 20,025 9,675 10,345 20,025 9,675 10,345
Croatian 48,200 23,540 24,665 48,200 23,540 24,665
Czech 22,290 10,525 11,765 22,290 10,525 11,765
Macedonian 16,775 8,050 8,725 16,775 8,050 8,725
Polish 181,710 82,435 99,275 181,710 82,435 99,275
Russian 188,255 85,400 102,855 188,255 85,400 102,855
Serbian 57,350 28,535 28,815 57,350 28,535 28,815
Serbo-Croatian 9,555 4,565 4,985 9,555 4,565 4,985
Slovak 17,580 8,075 9,510 17,580 8,075 9,510
Slovene (Slovenian) 9,790 4,415 5,370 9,790 4,415 5,370
Ukrainian 102,485 45,440 57,040 102,485 45,440 57,040
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 2,415 1,255 1,165 2,415 1,255 1,165
Celtic languages 2,690 1,335 1,360 2,690 1,335 1,360
Scottish Gaelic 1,090 540 550 1,090 540 550
Welsh 1,075 495 575 1,075 495 575
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 530 295 235 530 295 235
Germanic languages 538,765 258,410 280,350 538,765 258,410 280,350
Afrikaans 10,265 5,115 5,145 10,265 5,115 5,145
Danish 12,630 6,245 6,390 12,630 6,245 6,390
Dutch 99,020 48,200 50,820 99,020 48,200 50,820
Frisian 2,100 1,095 1,005 2,100 1,095 1,005
German 384,035 183,215 200,820 384,035 183,215 200,820
Icelandic 1,285 600 685 1,285 600 685
Norwegian 4,615 2,170 2,445 4,615 2,170 2,445
Swedish 6,840 3,015 3,825 6,840 3,015 3,825
Vlaams (Flemish) 3,895 1,730 2,165 3,895 1,730 2,165
Yiddish 13,555 6,750 6,800 13,555 6,750 6,800
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 525 280 240 525 280 240
Greek 106,525 53,350 53,170 106,525 53,350 53,170
Indo-Iranian languages 1,312,750 664,120 648,630 1,312,750 664,120 648,630
Indo-Aryan languages 1,064,760 538,530 526,235 1,064,760 538,530 526,235
Bengali 73,125 37,410 35,720 73,125 37,410 35,720
Gujarati 108,780 55,105 53,670 108,780 55,105 53,670
Hindi 110,640 55,880 54,765 110,640 55,880 54,765
Kashmiri 565 300 265 565 300 265
Konkani 3,330 1,625 1,710 3,330 1,625 1,710
Marathi 8,295 4,300 3,995 8,295 4,300 3,995
Nepali 18,275 9,230 9,045 18,275 9,230 9,045
Oriya (Odia) 1,055 560 495 1,055 560 495
Punjabi (Panjabi) 501,680 253,515 248,160 501,680 253,515 248,160
Sindhi 11,860 5,605 6,260 11,860 5,605 6,260
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 16,335 8,050 8,285 16,335 8,050 8,285
Urdu 210,815 106,960 103,860 210,815 106,960 103,860
Iranian languages 242,805 122,835 119,970 242,805 122,835 119,970
Kurdish 11,705 6,345 5,355 11,705 6,345 5,355
Pashto 16,910 8,760 8,145 16,910 8,760 8,145
Persian (Farsi) 214,200 107,725 106,470 214,200 107,725 106,470
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5,180 2,755 2,425 5,180 2,755 2,425
Italic (Romance) languages 1,154,270 558,660 595,615 1,154,270 558,660 595,615
Catalan 865 440 425 865 440 425
Italian 375,635 184,415 191,220 375,635 184,415 191,220
Portuguese 221,540 106,630 114,910 221,540 106,630 114,910
Romanian 96,665 46,195 50,470 96,665 46,195 50,470
Spanish 458,850 220,605 238,245 458,850 220,605 238,245
Italic (romance) languages, n.i.e. 720 380 340 720 380 340
Japanese 43,640 14,790 28,855 43,640 14,790 28,855
Kartvelian languages 1,715 910 805 1,715 910 805
Georgian 1,715 910 805 1,715 910 805
Korean 153,425 70,310 83,115 153,425 70,310 83,115
Mongolic languages 1,575 690 885 1,575 690 885
Mongolian 1,575 690 880 1,575 690 880
Niger-Congo languages 91,375 45,075 46,305 91,375 45,075 46,305
Akan (Twi) 13,455 6,490 6,970 13,455 6,490 6,970
Bamanankan 1,535 815 720 1,535 815 720
Edo 1,670 770 900 1,670 770 900
Ewe 1,760 950 805 1,760 950 805
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 2,825 1,495 1,335 2,825 1,495 1,335
Ga 920 445 470 920 445 470
Ganda 1,295 625 665 1,295 625 665
Igbo 4,235 2,265 1,970 4,235 2,265 1,970
Lingala 3,810 1,785 2,025 3,810 1,785 2,025
Rundi (Kirundi) 5,845 2,785 3,060 5,845 2,785 3,060
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5,250 2,355 2,895 5,250 2,355 2,895
Shona 3,180 1,520 1,665 3,180 1,520 1,665
Swahili 13,370 6,385 6,990 13,370 6,385 6,990
Wolof 3,990 2,170 1,820 3,990 2,170 1,820
Yoruba 9,085 4,785 4,300 9,085 4,785 4,300
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 19,135 9,435 9,695 19,135 9,435 9,695
Nilo-Saharan languages 5,870 3,025 2,845 5,870 3,025 2,845
Dinka 2,120 1,115 1,000 2,120 1,115 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 3,755 1,910 1,840 3,755 1,910 1,840
Sign languages 7,500 3,925 3,575 7,500 3,925 3,575
American Sign Language 2,685 1,320 1,360 2,685 1,320 1,360
Quebec Sign Language 695 340 355 695 340 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 4,120 2,265 1,860 4,120 2,265 1,860
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,269,215 589,570 679,645 1,269,215 589,570 679,645
Chinese languages 1,253,360 581,650 671,715 1,253,360 581,650 671,715
Cantonese 565,270 262,865 302,405 565,270 262,865 302,405
Hakka 10,910 4,900 6,015 10,910 4,900 6,015
Mandarin 592,040 274,630 317,410 592,040 274,630 317,410
Min Dong 1,230 580 650 1,230 580 650
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 31,795 14,450 17,350 31,795 14,450 17,350
Wu (Shanghainese) 12,915 5,780 7,140 12,915 5,780 7,140
Chinese languages, n.o.s. 38,580 18,165 20,410 38,580 18,165 20,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 610 275 335 610 275 335
Tibeto-Burman languages 15,850 7,925 7,935 15,850 7,925 7,935
Burmese 3,585 1,795 1,790 3,585 1,795 1,790
Karenic languages 4,705 2,355 2,350 4,705 2,355 2,350
Tibetan 6,165 3,080 3,080 6,165 3,080 3,080
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 1,400 695 705 1,400 695 705
Tai-Kadai languages 22,010 8,870 13,145 22,010 8,870 13,145
Lao 12,670 6,145 6,525 12,670 6,145 6,525
Thai 9,255 2,690 6,565 9,255 2,690 6,565
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 80 35 55 80 35 55
Turkic languages 40,140 21,120 19,025 40,140 21,120 19,025
Azerbaijani 3,260 1,785 1,470 3,260 1,785 1,470
Turkish 32,815 17,375 15,440 32,815 17,375 15,440
Uyghur 1,035 510 525 1,035 510 525
Uzbek 1,715 855 865 1,715 855 865
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 1,315 590 720 1,315 590 720
Uralic languages 81,985 37,790 44,195 81,985 37,790 44,195
Estonian 5,445 2,325 3,115 5,445 2,325 3,115
Finnish 15,295 6,395 8,900 15,295 6,395 8,900
Hungarian 61,235 29,060 32,175 61,235 29,060 32,175
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 10 5 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 3,690 2,045 1,645 3,690 2,045 1,645
Multiple responses 818,635 398,325 420,305 818,635 398,325 420,305
English and French 165,320 80,460 84,860 165,320 80,460 84,860
English and non-official language 533,265 259,160 274,100 533,265 259,160 274,100
French and non-official language 86,150 42,170 43,985 86,150 42,170 43,985
English, French and non-official language 33,900 16,535 17,365 33,900 16,535 17,365
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
Single responses 33,103,860 16,298,475 16,805,395 33,103,860 16,298,475 16,805,395
Official languages 29,106,670 14,383,020 14,723,645 29,106,670 14,383,020 14,723,645
English 22,162,865 10,966,135 11,196,730 22,162,865 10,966,135 11,196,730
French 6,943,800 3,416,890 3,526,910 6,943,800 3,416,890 3,526,910
Non-official languages 3,997,195 1,915,450 2,081,750 3,997,195 1,915,450 2,081,750
Aboriginal languages 118,470 59,720 58,750 118,470 59,720 58,750
Algonquian languages 75,080 37,825 37,260 75,080 37,825 37,260
Blackfoot 1,115 555 555 1,115 555 555
Cree-Montagnais languages 55,825 28,135 27,685 55,825 28,135 27,685
Atikamekw 5,465 2,825 2,640 5,465 2,825 2,640
Montagnais (Innu) 8,590 4,195 4,395 8,590 4,195 4,395
Moose Cree 10 5 5 10 5 5
Naskapi 1,200 595 605 1,200 595 605
Northern East Cree 110 55 60 110 55 60
Plains Cree 1,350 665 685 1,350 665 685
Southern East Cree 20 5 15 20 5 15
Swampy Cree 330 140 190 330 140 190
Woods Cree 800 410 390 800 410 390
Cree, n.o.s. 37,945 19,240 18,710 37,945 19,240 18,710
Eastern Algonquian languages 3,615 1,795 1,820 3,615 1,795 1,820
Malecite 55 30 30 55 30 30
Mi'kmaq 3,560 1,770 1,795 3,560 1,770 1,795
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 14,525 7,335 7,190 14,525 7,335 7,190
Algonquin 370 170 200 370 170 200
Ojibway 6,175 3,165 3,015 6,175 3,165 3,015
Oji-Cree 7,900 3,960 3,940 7,900 3,960 3,940
Ottawa (Odawa) 75 40 35 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 5 5 5
Athabaskan languages 10,265 5,125 5,135 10,265 5,125 5,135
Northern Athabaskan languages 10,255 5,120 5,135 10,255 5,120 5,135
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 15 10 10 15 10 10
Beaver 50 30 20 50 30 20
Carrier 245 115 130 245 115 130
Chilcotin 255 125 130 255 125 130
Dene 7,710 3,805 3,905 7,710 3,805 3,905
Dogrib (Tlicho) 1,020 550 475 1,020 550 475
Gwich'in 45 25 25 45 25 25
Sarsi (Sarcee) 10 5 5 10 5 5
Sekani 15 10 5 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 820 425 395 820 425 395
North Slavey (Hare) 340 180 155 340 180 155
South Slavey 370 190 185 370 190 185
Slavey, n.o.s. 105 55 55 105 55 55
Tahltan languages 25 15 15 25 15 15
Kaska (Nahani) 25 10 10 25 10 10
Tahltan 0 5 5 0 5 5
Tutchone languages 30 15 15 30 15 15
Northern Tutchone 25 15 10 25 15 10
Southern Tutchone 10 0 5 10 0 5
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 15 5 5
Haida 10 5 0 10 5 0
Inuit languages 29,490 14,995 14,495 29,490 14,995 14,495
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 165 75 90 165 75 90
Inuktitut 29,230 14,885 14,345 29,230 14,885 14,345
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 90 40 55 90 40 55
Iroquoian languages 285 135 155 285 135 155
Cayuga 10 0 5 10 0 5
Mohawk 255 115 140 255 115 140
Oneida 15 5 10 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 5 0 5
Kutenai 15 10 5 15 10 5
Michif 85 40 45 85 40 45
Salish languages 285 130 150 285 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 45 20 25 45 20 25
Lillooet 25 15 10 25 15 10
Okanagan 85 35 45 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 55 30 20 55 30 20
Squamish 5 0 5 5 0 5
Straits 20 10 15 20 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 20 10 10 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 25 15 10
Siouan languages 2,225 1,085 1,140 2,225 1,085 1,140
Dakota 255 140 120 255 140 120
Stoney 1,950 940 1,010 1,950 940 1,010
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 20 10 15
Tlingit 5 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian languages 410 210 190 410 210 190
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 315 155 155 315 155 155
Nisga'a 70 40 30 70 40 30
Tsimshian 25 15 15 25 15 15
Wakashan languages 75 45 35 75 45 35
Haisla 20 10 15 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 5 5 5 5 5 5
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 20 10 10 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 30 15 15 30 15 15
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 235 110 125 235 110 125
Non-Aboriginal languages 3,878,725 1,855,730 2,022,995 3,878,725 1,855,730 2,022,995
Afro-Asiatic languages 307,755 153,275 154,480 307,755 153,275 154,480
Berber languages 8,105 4,215 3,895 8,105 4,215 3,895
Kabyle 5,490 2,855 2,640 5,490 2,855 2,640
Berber languages, n.i.e. 2,620 1,365 1,260 2,620 1,365 1,260
Cushitic languages 27,095 12,455 14,640 27,095 12,455 14,640
Bilen 620 330 285 620 330 285
Oromo 3,410 1,700 1,710 3,410 1,700 1,710
Somali 22,895 10,340 12,555 22,895 10,340 12,555
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 185 85 95 185 85 95
Semitic languages 272,100 136,390 135,720 272,100 136,390 135,720
Amharic 12,780 6,010 6,770 12,780 6,010 6,770
Arabic 223,540 112,690 110,850 223,540 112,690 110,850
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10,510 5,090 5,425 10,510 5,090 5,425
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 3,445 1,695 1,750 3,445 1,695 1,750
Harari 735 335 400 735 335 400
Hebrew 8,560 4,425 4,135 8,560 4,425 4,135
Maltese 1,130 525 605 1,130 525 605
Tigrigna 10,205 5,040 5,170 10,205 5,040 5,170
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 1,200 585 620 1,200 585 620
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 440 215 230 440 215 230
Austro-Asiatic languages 115,210 53,500 61,710 115,210 53,500 61,710
Khmer (Cambodian) 10,880 4,940 5,945 10,880 4,940 5,945
Vietnamese 104,245 48,525 55,725 104,245 48,525 55,725
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 85 40 45 85 40 45
Austronesian languages 239,785 108,110 131,680 239,785 108,110 131,680
Bikol 290 140 155 290 140 155
Cebuano 7,210 3,325 3,880 7,210 3,325 3,880
Fijian 195 105 90 195 105 90
Hiligaynon 2,205 970 1,240 2,205 970 1,240
Ilocano 9,125 4,045 5,080 9,125 4,045 5,080
Malagasy 435 220 210 435 220 210
Malay 3,620 1,710 1,910 3,620 1,710 1,910
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 1,200 565 630 1,200 565 630
Pangasinan 240 110 135 240 110 135
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 213,790 96,235 117,555 213,790 96,235 117,555
Waray-Waray 310 135 170 310 135 170
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 1,160 545 620 1,160 545 620
Creole languages 27,860 12,005 15,850 27,860 12,005 15,850
Haitian Creole 1,280 575 705 1,280 575 705
Creole, n.o.s. 24,575 10,510 14,060 24,575 10,510 14,060
Creole languages, n.i.e. 2,005 920 1,085 2,005 920 1,085
Dravidian languages 122,490 59,780 62,710 122,490 59,780 62,710
Kannada 1,630 825 800 1,630 825 800
Malayalam 15,440 7,865 7,575 15,440 7,865 7,575
Tamil 96,955 46,570 50,385 96,955 46,570 50,385
Telugu 8,280 4,430 3,850 8,280 4,430 3,850
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 190 85 105 190 85 105
Hmong-Mien languages 340 160 180 340 160 180
Indo-European languages 1,911,215 927,225 983,985 1,911,215 927,225 983,985
Albanian 13,135 6,575 6,560 13,135 6,575 6,560
Armenian 21,505 10,165 11,345 21,505 10,165 11,345
Balto-Slavic languages 314,965 149,315 165,650 314,965 149,315 165,650
Baltic languages 3,275 1,400 1,870 3,275 1,400 1,870
Latvian 1,255 530 725 1,255 530 725
Lithuanian 2,020 870 1,150 2,020 870 1,150
Slavic languages 311,690 147,910 163,780 311,690 147,910 163,780
Belarusan 230 105 120 230 105 120
Bosnian 6,045 3,010 3,040 6,045 3,010 3,040
Bulgarian 11,985 5,835 6,150 11,985 5,835 6,150
Croatian 16,775 7,980 8,795 16,775 7,980 8,795
Czech 6,235 3,060 3,180 6,235 3,060 3,180
Macedonian 6,830 3,250 3,580 6,830 3,250 3,580
Polish 74,780 34,910 39,870 74,780 34,910 39,870
Russian 116,595 55,175 61,425 116,595 55,175 61,425
Serbian 31,750 15,665 16,085 31,750 15,665 16,085
Serbo-Croatian 3,885 1,865 2,020 3,885 1,865 2,020
Slovak 5,615 2,685 2,920 5,615 2,685 2,920
Slovene (Slovenian) 2,050 905 1,145 2,050 905 1,145
Ukrainian 28,250 13,150 15,100 28,250 13,150 15,100
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 670 310 360 670 310 360
Celtic languages 360 205 155 360 205 155
Scottish Gaelic 185 105 80 185 105 80
Welsh 95 50 45 95 50 45
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 80 50 30 80 50 30
Germanic languages 146,455 71,835 74,615 146,455 71,835 74,615
Afrikaans 4,790 2,355 2,435 4,790 2,355 2,435
Danish 855 410 445 855 410 445
Dutch 9,565 4,630 4,935 9,565 4,630 4,935
Frisian 185 95 90 185 95 90
German 120,335 58,905 61,435 120,335 58,905 61,435
Icelandic 270 120 150 270 120 150
Norwegian 345 145 200 345 145 200
Swedish 1,045 500 545 1,045 500 545
Vlaams (Flemish) 355 170 185 355 170 185
Yiddish 7,080 3,695 3,385 7,080 3,695 3,385
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 1,625 820 810 1,625 820 810
Greek 44,545 21,110 23,440 44,545 21,110 23,440
Indo-Iranian languages 838,755 416,960 421,795 838,755 416,960 421,795
Indo-Aryan languages 676,185 337,440 338,745 676,185 337,440 338,745
Bengali 47,350 23,585 23,765 47,350 23,585 23,765
Gujarati 64,150 31,740 32,405 64,150 31,740 32,405
Hindi 55,510 27,805 27,710 55,510 27,805 27,710
Kashmiri 135 70 70 135 70 70
Konkani 720 355 370 720 355 370
Marathi 3,780 1,940 1,840 3,780 1,940 1,840
Nepali 13,375 6,710 6,670 13,375 6,710 6,670
Oriya (Odia) 470 235 240 470 235 240
Punjabi (Panjabi) 349,145 174,905 174,240 349,145 174,905 174,240
Sindhi 4,975 2,280 2,695 4,975 2,280 2,695
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 7,790 3,860 3,925 7,790 3,860 3,925
Urdu 128,785 63,965 64,820 128,785 63,965 64,820
Iranian languages 160,195 78,310 81,880 160,195 78,310 81,880
Kurdish 6,580 3,400 3,175 6,580 3,400 3,175
Pashto 10,590 5,305 5,290 10,590 5,305 5,290
Persian (Farsi) 143,020 69,600 73,425 143,020 69,600 73,425
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 2,375 1,215 1,160 2,375 1,215 1,160
Italic (Romance) languages 531,485 251,050 280,440 531,485 251,050 280,440
Catalan 355 165 190 355 165 190
Italian 115,415 49,975 65,440 115,415 49,975 65,440
Portuguese 98,710 46,915 51,795 98,710 46,915 51,795
Romanian 53,320 25,795 27,525 53,320 25,795 27,525
Spanish 263,510 128,110 135,400 263,510 128,110 135,400
Italic (romance) languages, n.i.e. 180 85 95 180 85 95
Japanese 19,785 8,265 11,515 19,785 8,265 11,515
Kartvelian languages 1,040 565 475 1,040 565 475
Georgian 1,035 565 475 1,035 565 475
Korean 109,705 51,385 58,320 109,705 51,385 58,320
Mongolic languages 910 440 470 910 440 470
Mongolian 910 435 470 910 435 470
Niger-Congo languages 28,665 13,340 15,320 28,665 13,340 15,320
Akan (Twi) 5,990 2,695 3,295 5,990 2,695 3,295
Bamanankan 340 180 160 340 180 160
Edo 415 175 240 415 175 240
Ewe 410 185 225 410 185 225
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 825 400 425 825 400 425
Ga 250 105 140 250 105 140
Ganda 345 160 185 345 160 185
Igbo 1,000 485 510 1,000 485 510
Lingala 1,045 455 590 1,045 455 590
Rundi (Kirundi) 2,110 990 1,115 2,110 990 1,115
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 1,530 670 865 1,530 670 865
Shona 1,035 475 560 1,035 475 560
Swahili 5,370 2,500 2,870 5,370 2,500 2,870
Wolof 1,380 745 635 1,380 745 635
Yoruba 2,615 1,275 1,340 2,615 1,275 1,340
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 4,010 1,850 2,160 4,010 1,850 2,160
Nilo-Saharan languages 2,650 1,305 1,350 2,650 1,305 1,350
Dinka 1,130 580 550 1,130 580 550
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 1,525 730 800 1,525 730 800
Sign languages 10,445 5,870 4,570 10,445 5,870 4,570
American Sign Language 3,015 1,560 1,460 3,015 1,560 1,460
Quebec Sign Language 730 375 355 730 375 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 6,690 3,935 2,755 6,690 3,935 2,755
Sino-Tibetan languages 924,720 433,530 491,190 924,720 433,530 491,190
Chinese languages 913,365 427,860 485,505 913,365 427,860 485,505
Cantonese 400,215 184,340 215,885 400,215 184,340 215,885
Hakka 4,080 1,820 2,265 4,080 1,820 2,265
Mandarin 462,890 220,075 242,815 462,890 220,075 242,815
Min Dong 345 150 195 345 150 195
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 13,965 6,345 7,625 13,965 6,345 7,625
Wu (Shanghainese) 7,650 3,580 4,075 7,650 3,580 4,075
Chinese languages, n.o.s. 23,935 11,440 12,500 23,935 11,440 12,500
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 280 130 150 280 130 150
Tibeto-Burman languages 11,350 5,670 5,680 11,350 5,670 5,680
Burmese 2,245 1,115 1,125 2,245 1,115 1,125
Karenic languages 3,865 1,935 1,930 3,865 1,935 1,930
Tibetan 4,590 2,305 2,280 4,590 2,305 2,280
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 655 305 345 655 305 345
Tai-Kadai languages 9,565 4,455 5,110 9,565 4,455 5,110
Lao 6,175 2,995 3,180 6,175 2,995 3,180
Thai 3,360 1,450 1,915 3,360 1,450 1,915
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 30 15 15 30 15 15
Turkic languages 22,250 11,205 11,045 22,250 11,205 11,045
Azerbaijani 1,245 640 610 1,245 640 610
Turkish 18,955 9,525 9,430 18,955 9,525 9,430
Uyghur 610 315 290 610 315 290
Uzbek 990 505 490 990 505 490
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 455 230 225 455 230 225
Uralic languages 23,245 10,715 12,535 23,245 10,715 12,535
Estonian 975 365 610 975 365 610
Finnish 2,790 1,220 1,565 2,790 1,220 1,565
Hungarian 19,485 9,125 10,355 19,485 9,125 10,355
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 1,110 605 500 1,110 605 500
Multiple responses 1,663,390 802,695 860,690 1,663,390 802,695 860,690
English and French 160,185 77,940 82,235 160,185 77,940 82,235
English and non-official language 1,284,975 620,375 664,600 1,284,975 620,375 664,600
French and non-official language 148,915 70,915 78,000 148,915 70,915 78,000
English, French and non-official language 69,315 33,465 35,850 69,315 33,465 35,850
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 34,767,255 17,101,165 17,666,080 34,767,255 17,101,165 17,666,080
None 29,615,245 14,612,175 15,003,065 29,615,245 14,612,175 15,003,065
English 2,109,340 1,045,215 1,064,120 2,109,340 1,045,215 1,064,120
French 731,095 342,245 388,855 731,095 342,245 388,855
Non-official language 2,151,690 1,023,940 1,127,750 2,151,690 1,023,940 1,127,750
Aboriginal 90,740 42,890 47,850 90,740 42,890 47,850
Non-Aboriginal 2,060,945 981,055 1,079,895 2,060,945 981,055 1,079,895
English and French 47,970 23,785 24,190 47,970 23,785 24,190
English and non-official language 61,075 30,045 31,030 61,075 30,045 31,030
French and non-official language 48,755 22,690 26,065 48,755 22,690 26,065
English, French and non-official language 2,080 1,075 1,010 2,080 1,075 1,010
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,355 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,355
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,190 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,190
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,204 40,782 28,860 34,204 40,782 28,860
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,866 35,933 26,621 30,866 35,933 26,621
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 24,583,315 12,296,595 12,286,725 24,583,315 12,296,595 12,286,725
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,762 39,925 26,613 32,762 39,925 26,613
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 19,743,240 8,755,815 10,987,430 19,743,240 8,755,815 10,987,430
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,453 4,199 6,136 5,453 4,199 6,136
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 20,428,685 10,547,760 9,880,925 20,428,685 10,547,760 9,880,925
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,684 39,836 28,474 33,684 39,836 28,474
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 22 100 100 100 100 100 100
Market income (%)Census data footnote 23 88.3 91.6 83.7 88.3 91.6 83.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 24 72.0 75.2 67.7 72.0 75.2 67.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 25 11.7 8.4 16.3 11.7 8.4 16.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 26 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without total income 1,154,450 546,285 608,165 1,154,450 546,285 608,165
With total income 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,195 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,195
Percentage with total income 96.0 96.1 95.8 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 3,877,620 1,668,960 2,208,655 3,877,620 1,668,960 2,208,655
$10,000 to $19,999 4,680,380 1,867,600 2,812,785 4,680,380 1,867,600 2,812,785
$20,000 to $29,999 3,807,840 1,593,335 2,214,505 3,807,840 1,593,335 2,214,505
$30,000 to $39,999 3,206,175 1,472,670 1,733,510 3,206,175 1,472,670 1,733,510
$40,000 to $49,999 2,827,045 1,376,565 1,450,480 2,827,045 1,376,565 1,450,480
$50,000 to $59,999 2,179,775 1,145,685 1,034,090 2,179,775 1,145,685 1,034,090
$60,000 to $69,999 1,655,070 938,755 716,310 1,655,070 938,755 716,310
$70,000 to $79,999 1,271,850 745,830 526,015 1,271,850 745,830 526,015
$80,000 to $89,999 966,885 579,290 387,590 966,885 579,290 387,590
$90,000 to $99,999 749,290 452,240 297,050 749,290 452,240 297,050
$100,000 and over 2,266,600 1,603,400 663,195 2,266,600 1,603,400 663,195
$100,000 to $149,999 1,493,570 1,024,210 469,365 1,493,570 1,024,210 469,365
$150,000 and over 773,025 579,190 193,830 773,025 579,190 193,830
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without after-tax income 1,143,795 541,620 602,175 1,143,795 541,620 602,175
With after-tax income 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Percentage with after-tax income 96.0 96.1 95.9 96.0 96.1 95.9
Under $10,000 (including loss) 4,004,475 1,706,825 2,297,645 4,004,475 1,706,825 2,297,645
$10,000 to $19,999 4,905,055 1,972,920 2,932,130 4,905,055 1,972,920 2,932,130
$20,000 to $29,999 4,489,925 1,926,175 2,563,755 4,489,925 1,926,175 2,563,755
$30,000 to $39,999 3,924,960 1,870,705 2,054,250 3,924,960 1,870,705 2,054,250
$40,000 to $49,999 3,144,200 1,619,670 1,524,525 3,144,200 1,619,670 1,524,525
$50,000 to $59,999 2,209,280 1,245,570 963,705 2,209,280 1,245,570 963,705
$60,000 to $69,999 1,540,300 912,230 628,065 1,540,300 912,230 628,065
$70,000 to $79,999 1,076,180 654,570 421,610 1,076,180 654,570 421,610
$80,000 and over 2,204,820 1,540,335 664,485 2,204,820 1,540,335 664,485
$80,000 to $89,999 688,705 444,550 244,145 688,705 444,550 244,145
$90,000 to $99,999 420,975 291,090 129,885 420,975 291,090 129,885
$100,000 and over 1,095,140 804,690 290,445 1,095,140 804,690 290,445
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 28 28,642,980 13,990,625 14,652,360 28,642,980 13,990,625 14,652,360
Without employment income 8,214,295 3,442,860 4,771,430 8,214,295 3,442,860 4,771,430
With employment income 20,428,690 10,547,760 9,880,925 20,428,690 10,547,760 9,880,925
Percentage with employment income 71.3 75.4 67.4 71.3 75.4 67.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 2,778,990 1,357,430 1,421,560 2,778,990 1,357,430 1,421,560
$5,000 to $9,999 1,602,140 697,025 905,120 1,602,140 697,025 905,120
$10,000 to $19,999 2,736,010 1,212,855 1,523,155 2,736,010 1,212,855 1,523,155
$20,000 to $29,999 2,293,785 1,022,090 1,271,695 2,293,785 1,022,090 1,271,695
$30,000 to $39,999 2,149,860 1,001,065 1,148,795 2,149,860 1,001,065 1,148,795
$40,000 to $49,999 1,928,565 946,625 981,940 1,928,565 946,625 981,940
$50,000 to $59,999 1,554,100 839,045 715,055 1,554,100 839,045 715,055
$60,000 to $69,999 1,220,310 708,270 512,040 1,220,310 708,270 512,040
$70,000 to $79,999 992,170 591,945 400,225 992,170 591,945 400,225
$80,000 and over 3,172,770 2,171,415 1,001,355 3,172,770 2,171,415 1,001,355
$80,000 to $89,999 773,755 475,700 298,055 773,755 475,700 298,055
$90,000 to $99,999 623,980 382,330 241,650 623,980 382,330 241,650
$100,000 and over 1,775,030 1,313,385 461,645 1,775,030 1,313,385 461,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 29 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 70,336  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,336  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 61,348  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 61,348  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,174  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,174  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,446  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,446  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 10,102,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,102,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 88,249  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,249  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 76,419  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,419  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 30 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 228,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 228,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 200,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 200,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 374,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 374,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 565,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 565,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 602,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 602,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 538,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 538,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 603,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 603,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 606,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 606,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 596,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 596,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 578,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 578,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,097,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,097,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,010,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,010,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 924,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 924,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 836,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 836,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 745,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 745,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 4,561,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,561,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,470,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,470,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,016,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,016,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 1,116,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,116,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 959,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 959,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 243,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 243,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 203,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 203,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 380,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 380,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 591,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 591,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 673,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 673,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 628,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 628,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 719,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 719,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 725,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 725,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 711,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 711,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 691,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 691,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,299,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,299,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,169,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,169,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,041,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,041,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 900,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 900,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 757,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 757,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 3,333,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,333,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,371,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,371,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 809,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 809,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 1,152,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,152,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 9,688,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,688,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 88,306  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,306  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 76,372  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,372  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 3,706,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,706,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 78,976  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 78,976  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 68,309  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 68,309  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 4,222,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,222,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 113,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 113,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 96,608  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 96,608  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 1,481,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,481,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,193  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 53,193  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,856  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 48,856  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 5,313,545 2,608,845 2,704,705 5,313,545 2,608,845 2,704,705
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 32 31,890 34,483 29,801 31,890 34,483 29,801
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 32 28,959 30,746 27,495 28,959 30,746 27,495
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 34,460,065 16,971,550 17,488,515 34,460,065 16,971,550 17,488,515
In the bottom half of the distribution 17,229,835 8,256,970 8,972,865 17,229,835 8,256,970 8,972,865
In the bottom decile 3,445,950 1,672,900 1,773,050 3,445,950 1,672,900 1,773,050
In the second decile 3,445,660 1,564,965 1,880,700 3,445,660 1,564,965 1,880,700
In the third decile 3,446,165 1,641,930 1,804,235 3,446,165 1,641,930 1,804,235
In the fourth decile 3,445,850 1,677,120 1,768,730 3,445,850 1,677,120 1,768,730
In the fifth decile 3,446,210 1,700,060 1,746,150 3,446,210 1,700,060 1,746,150
In the top half of the distribution 17,230,230 8,714,580 8,515,650 17,230,230 8,714,580 8,515,650
In the sixth decile 3,445,695 1,716,510 1,729,185 3,445,695 1,716,510 1,729,185
In the seventh decile 3,446,470 1,730,975 1,715,500 3,446,470 1,730,975 1,715,500
In the eighth decile 3,445,940 1,741,640 1,704,300 3,445,940 1,741,640 1,704,300
In the ninth decile 3,446,045 1,751,850 1,694,195 3,446,045 1,751,850 1,694,195
In the top decile 3,446,080 1,773,600 1,672,475 3,446,080 1,773,600 1,672,475
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 33,968,295 16,724,265 17,244,035 33,968,295 16,724,265 17,244,035
0 to 17 years 6,836,380 3,504,250 3,332,125 6,836,380 3,504,250 3,332,125
0 to 5 years 2,228,770 1,142,505 1,086,270 2,228,770 1,142,505 1,086,270
18 to 64 years 21,695,090 10,690,090 11,005,005 21,695,090 10,690,090 11,005,005
65 years and over 5,436,830 2,529,930 2,906,905 5,436,830 2,529,930 2,906,905
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 4,809,940 2,243,200 2,566,740 4,809,940 2,243,200 2,566,740
0 to 17 years 1,163,830 597,570 566,255 1,163,830 597,570 566,255
0 to 5 years 396,095 203,055 193,030 396,095 203,055 193,030
18 to 64 years 2,855,290 1,341,590 1,513,700 2,855,290 1,341,590 1,513,700
65 years and over 790,825 304,040 486,780 790,825 304,040 486,780
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 14.2 13.4 14.9 14.2 13.4 14.9
0 to 17 years (%) 17.0 17.1 17.0 17.0 17.1 17.0
0 to 5 years (%) 17.8 17.8 17.8 17.8 17.8 17.8
18 to 64 years (%) 13.2 12.5 13.8 13.2 12.5 13.8
65 years and over (%) 14.5 12.0 16.7 14.5 12.0 16.7
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 3,128,995 1,519,370 1,609,630 3,128,995 1,519,370 1,609,630
0 to 17 years 696,025 357,255 338,770 696,025 357,255 338,770
0 to 5 years 236,435 121,170 115,260 236,435 121,170 115,260
18 to 64 years 2,157,745 1,057,585 1,100,160 2,157,745 1,057,585 1,100,160
65 years and over 275,225 104,525 170,695 275,225 104,525 170,695
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 9.2 9.1 9.3 9.2 9.1 9.3
0 to 17 years (%) 10.2 10.2 10.2 10.2 10.2 10.2
0 to 5 years (%) 10.6 10.6 10.6 10.6 10.6 10.6
18 to 64 years (%) 9.9 9.9 10.0 9.9 9.9 10.0
65 years and over (%) 5.1 4.1 5.9 5.1 4.1 5.9

Source

Source: Statistics Canada, 2016 Census of Population.

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2017. Canada [Country] and Canada [Country] (table). Census Profile. 2016 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-316-X2016001. Ottawa. Released September 13, 2017.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2016/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed September 24, 2017).

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