Census Profile, 2016 Census
Westmorland, County [Census division], New Brunswick and New Brunswick [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Westmorland, CT
New Brunswick
[Census division]
New Brunswick

[Province]
Data quality , Westmorland, County [Census division], New Brunswick  Map : Westmorland, County [Census division], New Brunswick Data quality : New Brunswick [Province]  Map : geography 2
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 149,623  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 747,101  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 144,158  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 751,171  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 3.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... -0.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 71,839  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 359,721  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 64,038  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,773  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 40.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 3,666.15  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,388.81  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 149,620 73,145 76,480 747,105 365,355 381,745
0 to 14 years 22,755 11,660 11,100 110,495 56,320 54,180
0 to 4 years 7,330 3,745 3,585 34,365 17,505 16,860
5 to 9 years 8,020 4,080 3,940 38,250 19,515 18,735
10 to 14 years 7,410 3,830 3,575 37,880 19,295 18,585
15 to 64 years 99,565 49,170 50,390 487,820 240,535 247,285
15 to 19 years 7,580 3,860 3,725 40,605 20,905 19,705
20 to 24 years 8,980 4,515 4,465 41,445 21,280 20,165
25 to 29 years 9,165 4,550 4,620 39,245 19,745 19,505
30 to 34 years 9,850 4,845 5,005 41,510 20,140 21,365
35 to 39 years 10,080 4,960 5,120 44,435 21,585 22,850
40 to 44 years 10,440 5,070 5,370 48,430 23,520 24,910
45 to 49 years 10,150 5,115 5,030 51,300 25,195 26,105
50 to 54 years 11,495 5,650 5,850 61,055 29,795 31,265
55 to 59 years 11,235 5,495 5,740 61,740 30,210 31,530
60 to 64 years 10,585 5,115 5,465 58,060 28,170 29,895
65 years and over 27,305 12,315 14,995 148,785 68,500 80,280
65 to 69 years 9,340 4,525 4,820 52,160 25,595 26,570
70 to 74 years 6,470 3,115 3,350 36,050 17,695 18,360
75 to 79 years 4,585 2,135 2,450 25,300 11,835 13,465
80 to 84 years 3,335 1,370 1,965 17,650 7,515 10,135
85 years and over 3,575 1,170 2,405 17,620 5,860 11,765
85 to 89 years 2,085 765 1,325 10,670 3,910 6,760
90 to 94 years 1,100 325 770 5,305 1,595 3,715
95 to 99 years 345 75 270 1,435 330 1,110
100 years and over 45 5 40 205 30 185
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 15.2 15.9 14.5 14.8 15.4 14.2
15 to 64 years 66.5 67.2 65.9 65.3 65.8 64.8
65 years and over 18.2 16.8 19.6 19.9 18.7 21.0
85 years and over 2.4 1.6 3.1 2.4 1.6 3.1
Average age of the population 42.4 41.4 43.3 43.6 42.7 44.5
Median age of the population 43.1 42.2 43.9 45.7 44.8 46.6
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 64,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 36,950  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 221,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 1,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 23,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 5,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 1,815  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 3,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 12,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 44,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 2,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 64,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 18,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 25,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 126,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 9,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 7,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 3,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 145,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 730,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 126,865 61,485 65,380 636,605 309,040 327,570
Married or living common law 74,870 37,530 37,335 379,605 189,790 189,820
Married 58,225 29,260 28,970 302,020 151,100 150,925
Living common law 16,645 8,275 8,370 77,580 38,685 38,895
Not married and not living common law 51,995 23,950 28,045 257,000 119,250 137,745
Never married 32,720 17,470 15,250 158,070 85,640 72,430
Separated 4,450 1,965 2,485 21,290 9,530 11,760
Divorced 7,435 2,985 4,450 35,680 15,275 20,405
Widowed 7,390 1,525 5,860 41,965 8,805 33,160
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 43,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 222,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 24,905  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 129,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 9,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 47,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 7,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 2,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 43,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 222,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 36,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 186,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 28,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 147,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 8,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 6,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 5,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 28,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 1,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 36,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 186,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 20,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 105,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 16,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 81,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 7,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 6,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 32,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 2,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 6,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 4,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 23,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 1,815  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 565  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 28,355 13,405 14,950 128,775 61,010 67,770
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 64,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 41,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 214,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 19,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 102,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 21,905  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 112,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 775  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 21,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 18,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 3,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 146,615 71,495 75,120 736,280 360,440 375,840
English only 64,130 32,430 31,700 420,820 210,555 210,260
French only 5,685 2,680 3,005 63,140 29,955 33,190
English and French 76,105 35,990 40,105 249,950 118,705 131,245
Neither English nor French 700 395 305 2,370 1,220 1,150
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 146,615 71,495 75,115 736,280 360,440 375,845
English 83,245 41,030 42,215 498,365 244,230 254,135
French 61,470 29,485 31,990 232,450 113,500 118,945
English and French 1,240 610 630 3,210 1,550 1,655
Neither English nor French 660 370 290 2,255 1,150 1,100
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 62,090 29,790 32,300 234,055 114,280 119,775
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 42.3 41.7 43.0 31.8 31.7 31.9
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 146,610 71,495 75,115 736,280 360,440 375,845
Single responses 143,570 70,020 73,555 726,990 356,005 370,990
Official languages 138,020 67,120 70,900 703,840 344,285 359,555
English 77,450 38,140 39,310 472,725 231,595 241,135
French 60,570 28,985 31,590 231,110 112,690 118,415
Non-official languages 5,550 2,895 2,655 23,150 11,715 11,435
Aboriginal languages 40 15 20 2,165 1,035 1,135
Algonquian languages 30 15 20 2,130 1,020 1,110
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 25 15 15 2,115 1,010 1,105
Malecite 5 0 0 280 125 155
Mi'kmaq 25 15 15 1,835 885 950
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 5 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 5 0 0 5 5 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 5 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 5 0 5 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 5 5 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 5 5 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 0 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 5,515 2,880 2,640 20,990 10,685 10,300
Afro-Asiatic languages 920 525 390 3,190 1,805 1,385
Berber languages 25 15 10 40 25 15
Kabyle 15 5 5 20 10 5
Berber languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 5 0 0 30 15 20
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 5 5 5
Somali 5 0 0 25 10 15
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 885 505 380 3,110 1,760 1,355
Amharic 5 0 5 65 35 25
Arabic 845 485 355 2,855 1,615 1,235
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 5 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 25 10 15 170 90 80
Maltese 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tigrigna 10 5 5 20 15 10
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 5 5 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 245 115 135 635 305 330
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 5 10 5 10
Vietnamese 245 110 130 620 305 320
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 440 165 275 1,375 510 865
Bikol 0 0 0 5 0 5
Cebuano 15 5 10 105 35 65
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 5 15 5 10
Ilocano 10 0 5 50 15 35
Malagasy 10 5 5 15 5 10
Malay 10 0 10 45 20 30
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 5 5 0 5
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 380 145 235 1,120 420 700
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 5 0 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 15 5 10
Creole languages 60 20 35 135 70 65
Haitian Creole 5 0 5 15 10 5
Creole, n.o.s. 45 15 30 80 30 50
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 40 30 10
Dravidian languages 85 55 35 285 155 130
Kannada 0 0 0 20 15 10
Malayalam 15 5 5 40 15 20
Tamil 20 15 10 105 60 50
Telugu 45 30 15 110 60 45
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Indo-European languages 2,015 1,090 920 9,325 4,790 4,530
Albanian 20 10 10 50 25 25
Armenian 10 5 5 30 15 10
Balto-Slavic languages 300 150 150 1,740 865 875
Baltic languages 10 0 5 55 30 30
Latvian 0 5 0 25 10 10
Lithuanian 5 0 0 35 15 15
Slavic languages 290 150 145 1,685 835 850
Belarusan 0 0 0 5 5 0
Bosnian 0 0 0 50 25 25
Bulgarian 0 0 5 20 10 10
Croatian 5 5 5 75 35 40
Czech 15 10 5 55 25 25
Macedonian 5 0 0 15 10 5
Polish 45 15 30 230 105 125
Russian 165 85 80 880 440 435
Serbian 0 5 0 105 55 45
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 5 35 15 20
Slovak 5 5 5 25 15 15
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 5 0 15 10 10
Ukrainian 35 20 20 170 85 90
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0 30 5 20
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 15 5 10
Welsh 0 0 0 10 0 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Germanic languages 505 265 245 2,875 1,415 1,465
Afrikaans 25 15 10 50 30 25
Danish 15 5 10 125 55 75
Dutch 125 70 60 885 470 410
Frisian 10 5 5 35 25 10
German 310 160 145 1,650 780 865
Icelandic 0 0 0 5 0 0
Norwegian 5 5 0 40 25 20
Swedish 10 5 10 50 15 35
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 0 20 10 10
Yiddish 5 0 0 10 5 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 0 0
Greek 15 10 5 145 100 50
Indo-Iranian languages 325 180 140 1,850 1,020 835
Indo-Aryan languages 235 125 105 1,175 655 525
Bengali 40 20 20 205 120 85
Gujarati 20 10 10 75 40 30
Hindi 35 25 15 225 135 95
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 10 5 5
Marathi 0 0 0 50 20 25
Nepali 5 5 0 180 90 90
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 50 25 25 125 75 50
Sindhi 0 0 0 25 10 10
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 5 5 30 15 15
Urdu 65 35 25 240 140 100
Iranian languages 90 55 40 655 355 305
Kurdish 0 0 0 55 30 25
Pashto 0 5 0 25 15 10
Persian (Farsi) 90 50 35 580 310 270
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 15 10 10
Italic (Romance) languages 835 475 365 2,605 1,355 1,250
Catalan 0 5 0 5 5 0
Italian 155 85 70 400 225 175
Portuguese 60 25 30 260 130 130
Romanian 95 50 50 485 250 240
Spanish 520 310 215 1,460 755 705
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Japanese 40 10 30 110 25 85
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Korean 490 255 240 1,550 800 750
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Mongolian 0 0 0 5 5 5
Niger-Congo languages 370 210 160 700 385 315
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Bamanankan 55 35 20 60 35 25
Edo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 0 0 0 5 5 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 40 25 15 40 30 15
Ga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Ganda 5 5 0 10 0 0
Igbo 10 10 5 30 20 10
Lingala 15 5 5 25 15 15
Rundi (Kirundi) 25 15 10 45 25 20
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 20 10 10 40 20 20
Shona 15 5 10 20 10 10
Swahili 55 30 25 135 65 70
Wolof 25 15 5 25 20 10
Yoruba 10 5 5 30 15 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 95 55 40 195 105 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0 5 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sign languages 30 15 10 145 75 70
American Sign Language 15 5 5 40 20 30
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 10 10 95 55 45
Sino-Tibetan languages 730 370 355 3,115 1,570 1,545
Chinese languages 710 360 345 3,085 1,555 1,530
Cantonese 140 80 65 440 225 210
Hakka 0 0 0 20 10 10
Mandarin 455 205 250 2,250 1,105 1,150
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 5 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 15 10 5 35 15 15
Wu (Shanghainese) 20 10 10 100 45 55
Chinese, n.o.s. 85 70 15 240 150 85
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 20 10 10 30 15 15
Burmese 0 0 0 0 0 5
Karenic languages 20 10 10 25 15 10
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 10 0 5 60 15 50
Lao 0 0 0 5 0 0
Thai 10 0 5 55 10 45
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 25 10 15 105 60 45
Azerbaijani 5 0 0 5 5 5
Turkish 20 10 5 75 50 30
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 10 5 5
Uralic languages 55 25 25 250 115 135
Estonian 0 0 0 20 5 10
Finnish 5 5 0 45 15 30
Hungarian 50 25 25 185 90 95
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 25 10 10
Multiple responses 3,040 1,480 1,565 9,290 4,440 4,855
English and French 2,430 1,165 1,265 7,285 3,470 3,815
English and non-official language 375 190 185 1,535 725 810
French and non-official language 185 105 80 330 175 155
English, French and non-official language 50 20 25 145 65 75
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 146,615 71,495 75,115 736,280 360,435 375,845
Single responses 142,815 69,680 73,140 724,940 355,025 369,910
Official languages 139,585 67,995 71,585 712,250 348,510 363,740
English 88,005 43,330 44,670 505,935 247,610 258,325
French 51,575 24,665 26,915 206,315 100,900 105,415
Non-official languages 3,230 1,680 1,550 12,690 6,515 6,175
Aboriginal languages 5 5 0 820 400 420
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 820 395 420
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 815 395 420
Malecite 0 0 0 50 25 25
Mi'kmaq 5 0 0 765 370 395
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 3,230 1,680 1,550 11,870 6,115 5,750
Afro-Asiatic languages 645 345 305 2,285 1,210 1,075
Berber languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 5 20 5 10
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 650 350 300 2,265 1,200 1,065
Amharic 0 0 0 20 10 10
Arabic 625 335 290 2,110 1,125 990
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 20 5 10 130 60 70
Maltese 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tigrigna 5 0 0 5 0 5
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 220 110 110 525 255 270
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Vietnamese 220 110 110 520 250 270
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 140 65 75 510 235 270
Bikol 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cebuano 5 5 5 40 15 25
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malagasy 5 0 5 5 0 5
Malay 0 0 0 15 0 5
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 140 65 70 450 215 235
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 5
Creole languages 30 5 30 65 25 35
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 15 5 15 20 0 15
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 0 15 45 20 20
Dravidian languages 40 25 10 110 60 45
Kannada 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malayalam 10 5 0 20 5 10
Tamil 5 5 5 35 20 20
Telugu 20 15 5 45 30 15
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 965 540 430 4,160 2,175 1,990
Albanian 10 0 5 30 15 10
Armenian 10 0 5 20 5 10
Balto-Slavic languages 145 75 70 975 505 470
Baltic languages 0 0 5 35 20 15
Latvian 0 0 0 10 5 5
Lithuanian 5 0 5 25 15 10
Slavic languages 145 70 70 935 480 455
Belarusan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bosnian 5 5 0 25 15 10
Bulgarian 0 0 0 5 5 0
Croatian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Czech 5 0 0 5 0 5
Macedonian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Polish 10 5 5 55 25 30
Russian 110 55 55 620 320 305
Serbian 0 0 0 80 45 35
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 5 5 5
Slovak 0 0 0 5 5 5
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ukrainian 20 10 10 90 50 40
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0 10 0 5
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 5 0 5
Welsh 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages 120 60 60 640 320 320
Afrikaans 15 5 10 35 15 20
Danish 0 0 0 5 5 5
Dutch 15 10 5 150 80 75
Frisian 0 0 5 5 0 5
German 85 40 45 425 215 210
Icelandic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0 5 0 5
Swedish 0 0 0 5 0 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Greek 10 0 5 45 25 25
Indo-Iranian languages 190 95 90 1,140 595 545
Indo-Aryan languages 130 60 65 655 335 325
Bengali 20 10 10 130 70 60
Gujarati 10 5 10 40 15 20
Hindi 20 10 10 115 60 50
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 5 5 0
Marathi 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nepali 0 0 0 135 60 75
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 30 15 15 50 25 25
Sindhi 0 0 0 10 5 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Urdu 40 20 25 140 75 70
Iranian languages 60 35 25 470 255 220
Kurdish 0 0 0 35 25 10
Pashto 0 0 0 15 5 5
Persian (Farsi) 60 35 25 425 225 195
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 5
Italic (Romance) languages 495 300 195 1,305 705 600
Catalan 5 0 0 5 5 0
Italian 35 15 20 85 40 45
Portuguese 30 15 20 110 50 60
Romanian 65 35 30 290 145 140
Spanish 360 235 125 820 470 350
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Japanese 15 5 15 20 10 15
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Korean 400 200 195 1,245 645 605
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 125 65 55 240 125 120
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 10 5 10
Bamanankan 20 15 10 20 15 5
Edo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 0 0 0 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 15 5 10 10 10 5
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 0 0 0
Igbo 5 0 0 5 5 0
Lingala 10 0 5 10 5 5
Rundi (Kirundi) 15 10 5 20 15 10
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Shona 5 0 5 5 0 5
Swahili 25 10 15 80 35 45
Wolof 0 0 0 5 5 0
Yoruba 0 0 0 5 5 5
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 50 25 25
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages 45 25 15 200 115 85
American Sign Language 10 5 5 55 30 25
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 30 15 15 150 90 60
Sino-Tibetan languages 565 275 290 2,390 1,210 1,175
Chinese languages 545 265 280 2,365 1,195 1,170
Cantonese 90 45 45 260 130 130
Hakka 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mandarin 385 180 210 1,855 930 920
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 5 0 15 10 5
Wu (Shanghainese) 15 10 10 85 40 45
Chinese, n.o.s. 45 35 10 140 80 55
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 20 10 10 25 15 10
Burmese 5 0 0 5 0 0
Karenic languages 15 10 10 20 10 10
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0 10 0 5
Lao 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 10 5 0 30 15 10
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkish 5 5 0 25 15 5
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uralic languages 25 10 10 70 35 40
Estonian 0 0 0 5 0 0
Finnish 0 0 5 5 5 5
Hungarian 20 10 10 55 30 30
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Multiple responses 3,800 1,820 1,980 11,345 5,415 5,925
English and French 2,635 1,195 1,435 7,275 3,370 3,905
English and non-official language 840 435 400 3,435 1,715 1,720
French and non-official language 205 115 95 340 185 160
English, French and non-official language 120 70 50 290 140 145
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 146,615 71,495 75,115 736,280 360,435 375,845
None 115,385 56,705 58,680 647,960 318,560 329,400
English 18,470 8,760 9,715 49,925 24,065 25,855
French 10,715 5,020 5,695 30,030 13,760 16,275
Non-official language 1,710 835 880 7,545 3,650 3,895
Aboriginal 35 20 15 1,300 625 685
Non-Aboriginal 1,680 815 865 6,240 3,030 3,210
English and French 85 40 45 180 90 90
English and non-official language 130 75 55 300 160 145
French and non-official language 110 55 50 335 155 185
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 10 5 5
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 122,980 59,450 63,535 620,390 301,645 318,745
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 118,515 57,115 61,395 594,705 289,220 305,485
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,947 38,086 28,503 30,961 37,516 25,796
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 118,560 57,130 61,430 594,920 289,245 305,680
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,544 33,493 26,028 28,107 33,169 23,945
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 106,335 52,650 53,685 516,780 259,945 256,835
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,663 35,809 26,193 28,444 34,830 23,278
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 84,210 36,035 48,175 439,645 193,975 245,675
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,038 7,861 6,532 8,164 9,210 7,321
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 88,715 45,115 43,595 423,915 219,135 204,780
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,036 35,256 27,504 29,124 34,784 24,769
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 122,980 59,445 63,535 620,395 301,650 318,745
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 118,425 56,990 61,440 594,650 289,140 305,510
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,836 46,973 35,144 39,141 46,154 32,504
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 118,470 56,995 61,475 594,870 289,165 305,700
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,214 38,616 30,133 33,022 38,151 28,171
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 106,225 52,490 53,735 516,685 259,855 256,830
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,067 45,188 33,089 37,432 44,240 30,543
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 84,220 36,005 48,215 440,195 194,240 245,955
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,145 8,467 7,905 8,938 9,519 8,480
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 88,715 44,900 43,810 423,915 218,800 205,110
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,748 43,947 33,420 37,611 43,456 31,376
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 122,980 59,445 63,535 620,390 301,645 318,745
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 44,815 23,475 21,340 197,290 104,215 93,075
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 46,036 50,141 41,752 46,349 52,010 41,058
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 53,934 59,933 47,336 54,011 60,796 46,415
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 85.9 88.7 82.5 83.2 86.2 79.0
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 71.0 73.5 67.9 68.5 71.3 64.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 14.1 11.3 17.5 16.8 13.8 21.0
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 122,980 59,445 63,535 620,390 301,650 318,745
Without total income 4,465 2,330 2,140 25,680 12,430 13,260
With total income 118,515 57,120 61,395 594,710 289,220 305,490
Percentage with total income 96.4 96.1 96.6 95.9 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 14,910 6,350 8,560 80,700 32,655 48,050
$10,000 to $19,999 19,770 7,395 12,375 109,015 40,415 68,600
$20,000 to $29,999 19,425 8,110 11,315 99,025 40,480 58,540
$30,000 to $39,999 17,165 8,310 8,860 83,770 41,360 42,405
$40,000 to $49,999 13,945 7,180 6,765 65,795 35,080 30,715
$50,000 to $59,999 9,490 5,275 4,215 44,810 26,560 18,250
$60,000 to $69,999 6,825 3,970 2,855 32,185 20,270 11,920
$70,000 to $79,999 5,250 2,925 2,325 24,565 14,130 10,430
$80,000 to $89,999 3,780 2,005 1,770 17,095 9,915 7,180
$90,000 to $99,999 2,210 1,435 770 10,240 6,980 3,260
$100,000 and over 5,755 4,165 1,585 27,515 21,380 6,135
$100,000 to $149,999 4,040 2,875 1,160 19,765 15,195 4,570
$150,000 and over 1,715 1,290 430 7,750 6,185 1,565
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 122,980 59,450 63,535 620,390 301,645 318,750
Without after-tax income 4,425 2,320 2,105 25,470 12,405 13,070
With after-tax income 118,560 57,125 61,430 594,920 289,240 305,680
Percentage with after-tax income 96.4 96.1 96.7 95.9 95.9 95.9
Under $10,000 (including loss) 15,530 6,465 9,065 83,590 33,140 50,455
$10,000 to $19,999 21,065 7,975 13,090 115,730 43,245 72,485
$20,000 to $29,999 23,690 10,385 13,300 118,940 51,335 67,610
$30,000 to $39,999 20,640 10,305 10,330 98,230 50,770 47,460
$40,000 to $49,999 14,135 7,700 6,435 67,470 38,665 28,810
$50,000 to $59,999 9,060 5,250 3,810 42,775 26,495 16,280
$60,000 to $69,999 6,245 3,345 2,895 28,790 16,435 12,355
$70,000 to $79,999 3,135 2,030 1,100 14,945 10,205 4,740
$80,000 and over 5,070 3,655 1,410 24,450 18,955 5,500
$80,000 to $89,999 1,655 1,150 505 8,385 6,340 2,040
$90,000 to $99,999 1,005 740 265 5,060 3,970 1,090
$100,000 and over 2,405 1,765 640 11,005 8,640 2,365
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 122,980 59,445 63,535 620,390 301,645 318,745
Without employment income 34,265 14,335 19,935 196,475 82,515 113,965
With employment income 88,715 45,115 43,595 423,910 219,140 204,775
Percentage with employment income 72.1 75.9 68.6 68.3 72.6 64.2
Under $5,000 (including loss) 10,865 5,415 5,450 54,590 26,540 28,045
$5,000 to $9,999 7,280 3,180 4,100 36,840 15,720 21,120
$10,000 to $19,999 12,630 5,680 6,950 65,895 29,920 35,975
$20,000 to $29,999 12,355 5,500 6,855 59,240 25,955 33,280
$30,000 to $39,999 11,330 5,515 5,810 50,190 24,930 25,260
$40,000 to $49,999 9,375 4,850 4,525 42,140 22,160 19,980
$50,000 to $59,999 6,565 3,750 2,815 29,910 18,180 11,730
$60,000 to $69,999 5,130 2,960 2,170 23,390 14,620 8,770
$70,000 to $79,999 4,100 2,160 1,940 19,515 10,565 8,950
$80,000 and over 9,085 6,100 2,985 42,210 30,540 11,665
$80,000 to $89,999 2,920 1,575 1,340 13,190 7,840 5,345
$90,000 to $99,999 1,810 1,190 615 8,105 5,685 2,420
$100,000 and over 4,360 3,330 1,030 20,915 17,015 3,895
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 64,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 61,903  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,347  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 54,448  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 52,553  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 18,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 28,747  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 28,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 26,387  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 45,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 230,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 77,186  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,207  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 67,062  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,063  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 64,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 75,518  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,786  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 63,296  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 61,431  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 18,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,582  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 32,698  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,242  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 45,870  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 230,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 90,150  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 86,878  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 75,418  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 73,156  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 64,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 810  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,835  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 3,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 3,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 3,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 3,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 3,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 3,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 5,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 27,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 5,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 4,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 22,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 4,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 3,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 15,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 6,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,905  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 3,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 2,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 64,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 840  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,475  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 3,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 3,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 3,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 4,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 20,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 3,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 3,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 3,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 6,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 32,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 6,020  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 4,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 23,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 4,020  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 3,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 10,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 48,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 2,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 43,360  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 221,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 77,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,353  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 67,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 19,475  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 71,617  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 67,988  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 62,497  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,801  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 16,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 82,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 104,273  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 100,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 88,461  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 85,717  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 6,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 44,483  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 42,992  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 41,706  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 40,671  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 43,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 221,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 90,872  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 87,048  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 75,838  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 73,197  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 19,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 82,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 68,952  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 66,576  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 16,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 82,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 116,499  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,901  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 95,818  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,699  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 6,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,282  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 51,119  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 46,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 45,687  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 25,400 12,125 13,275 114,825 54,970 59,850
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,671 30,175 27,474 27,250 30,122 25,182
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 26,133 27,040 25,457 25,167 27,154 23,916
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 25,315 12,015 13,300 114,375 54,300 60,075
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 35,444 36,852 34,173 34,738 37,330 32,395
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 30,267 30,979 29,624 29,845 31,431 28,411
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 145,710 71,085 74,620 730,710 357,860 372,850
In the bottom half of the distribution 82,155 39,260 42,895 428,180 204,170 224,005
In the bottom decile 15,465 7,380 8,085 80,120 37,430 42,695
In the second decile 17,015 7,645 9,365 94,165 42,190 51,980
In the third decile 16,865 8,105 8,765 87,075 41,905 45,170
In the fourth decile 16,650 8,185 8,465 85,610 42,275 43,335
In the fifth decile 16,165 7,940 8,220 81,200 40,375 40,825
In the top half of the distribution 63,555 31,825 31,725 302,530 153,685 148,845
In the sixth decile 15,625 7,675 7,955 77,345 38,915 38,425
In the seventh decile 15,220 7,670 7,550 73,185 37,190 36,005
In the eighth decile 14,080 7,030 7,050 65,090 32,815 32,275
In the ninth decile 10,755 5,410 5,350 52,050 26,635 25,410
In the top decile 7,870 4,050 3,820 34,860 18,130 16,730
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 145,665 71,075 74,595 722,550 353,870 368,680
0 to 17 years 27,205 13,925 13,280 131,930 67,285 64,645
0 to 5 years 8,915 4,550 4,365 40,900 20,805 20,100
18 to 64 years 93,430 45,580 47,850 452,805 221,675 231,130
65 years and over 25,035 11,570 13,465 137,820 64,915 72,905
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 23,010 10,465 12,540 123,820 55,990 67,825
0 to 17 years 5,580 2,910 2,670 29,250 14,930 14,320
0 to 5 years 1,990 1,035 955 10,285 5,260 5,030
18 to 64 years 13,260 5,985 7,275 66,745 29,975 36,770
65 years and over 4,165 1,565 2,600 27,830 11,090 16,745
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 15.8 14.7 16.8 17.1 15.8 18.4
0 to 17 years (%) 20.5 20.9 20.1 22.2 22.2 22.2
0 to 5 years (%) 22.3 22.7 21.9 25.1 25.3 25.0
18 to 64 years (%) 14.2 13.1 15.2 14.7 13.5 15.9
65 years and over (%) 16.6 13.5 19.3 20.2 17.1 23.0
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 11,895 5,780 6,115 49,830 24,165 25,660
0 to 17 years 2,795 1,450 1,345 11,520 5,890 5,630
0 to 5 years 1,030 530 500 4,200 2,145 2,055
18 to 64 years 8,440 4,105 4,330 35,680 17,255 18,425
65 years and over 660 225 435 2,630 1,025 1,605
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 8.2 8.1 8.2 6.9 6.8 7.0
0 to 17 years (%) 10.3 10.4 10.1 8.7 8.8 8.7
0 to 5 years (%) 11.6 11.6 11.5 10.3 10.3 10.2
18 to 64 years (%) 9.0 9.0 9.0 7.9 7.8 8.0
65 years and over (%) 2.6 1.9 3.2 1.9 1.6 2.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 145,710 71,085 74,620 730,710 357,855 372,850
Official languages 145,010 70,705 74,305 728,310 356,615 371,690
English 139,395 68,015 71,375 666,315 326,905 339,415
French 81,325 38,460 42,865 310,550 147,845 162,705
Non-official languages 9,050 4,625 4,420 34,880 17,355 17,525
Aboriginal languages 85 55 35 3,065 1,470 1,595
Algonquian languages 75 50 20 2,990 1,455 1,540
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 70 50 20 2,965 1,435 1,530
Malecite 10 0 10 720 335 385
Mi'kmaq 60 45 20 2,265 1,115 1,150
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 15 15 0
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 10 0
Ojibway 10 0 0 10 10 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 10 0 10 55 10 45
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 45 10 40
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 10 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 10 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 8,965 4,580 4,390 31,865 15,915 15,955
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,350 790 560 4,355 2,385 1,980
Berber languages 50 30 25 80 40 35
Kabyle 40 25 20 40 20 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 40 25 20
Cushitic languages 10 0 0 15 10 0
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0 10 10 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 1,330 770 560 4,300 2,340 1,960
Amharic 55 35 25 165 100 65
Arabic 1,215 705 510 3,685 2,030 1,660
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 40 20 20 435 205 230
Maltese 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tigrigna 45 20 20 50 25 25
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 15 15 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 270 135 135 835 430 400
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 10 10 0 0
Vietnamese 265 135 130 820 435 390
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 0
Austronesian languages 605 265 340 1,790 695 1,090
Bikol 0 0 0 10 0 10
Cebuano 35 15 20 185 70 115
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 15 0 15 35 10 30
Ilocano 30 10 25 50 10 45
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 10 15
Malay 10 0 10 75 20 55
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 10 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 575 250 325 1,595 625 970
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 20 15 0
Creole languages 235 60 175 430 195 235
Haitian Creole 20 10 10 50 20 30
Creole, n.o.s. 145 40 100 240 105 135
Creole languages, n.i.e. 70 15 55 140 75 65
Dravidian languages 135 75 60 435 245 195
Kannada 0 0 0 60 30 25
Malayalam 35 25 15 55 35 25
Tamil 30 20 10 190 115 75
Telugu 70 40 25 175 90 85
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 15 0 0 20 10 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Indo-European languages 4,020 2,055 1,965 16,505 8,155 8,350
Albanian 30 20 10 80 45 35
Armenian 15 15 0 60 35 25
Balto-Slavic languages 325 180 140 2,065 1,100 965
Baltic languages 0 0 0 55 40 20
Latvian 0 0 0 20 10 10
Lithuanian 0 0 0 30 20 10
Slavic languages 325 180 145 2,025 1,070 955
Belarusan 0 0 0 10 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0 75 40 40
Bulgarian 10 0 10 45 15 35
Croatian 10 0 0 95 45 55
Czech 30 20 10 115 65 45
Macedonian 10 0 10 35 25 10
Polish 65 30 40 320 165 160
Russian 200 105 95 1,200 630 570
Serbian 0 0 0 90 70 20
Serbo-Croatian 15 10 0 40 30 10
Slovak 0 0 0 45 15 30
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 0 0 15 10 0
Ukrainian 45 25 15 310 145 165
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Celtic languages 30 0 20 140 40 100
Scottish Gaelic 20 0 15 95 20 75
Welsh 0 0 0 10 0 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Germanic languages 990 560 430 4,745 2,360 2,380
Afrikaans 60 35 25 130 70 60
Danish 0 10 0 155 60 95
Dutch 165 90 75 1,185 560 625
Frisian 30 20 10 50 40 15
German 690 400 290 3,260 1,675 1,580
Icelandic 0 0 0 10 10 0
Norwegian 30 20 15 130 65 65
Swedish 50 30 20 110 45 60
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 0 10 40 20 25
Yiddish 20 20 0 20 20 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Greek 10 0 10 220 125 95
Indo-Iranian languages 365 195 160 2,325 1,275 1,050
Indo-Aryan languages 285 160 120 1,570 875 695
Bengali 45 25 20 225 150 80
Gujarati 15 10 15 110 45 65
Hindi 105 60 50 790 430 355
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Marathi 10 0 0 55 20 30
Nepali 0 0 0 185 90 95
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 80 45 40 205 130 75
Sindhi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 0 0 35 10 20
Urdu 80 55 30 355 215 140
Iranian languages 75 40 40 805 430 375
Kurdish 0 0 0 130 65 60
Pashto 0 0 0 60 45 20
Persian (Farsi) 80 40 40 620 330 285
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 2,500 1,200 1,300 7,600 3,540 4,055
Catalan 10 0 10 15 10 0
Italian 295 155 135 825 405 420
Portuguese 120 80 45 450 250 200
Romanian 190 110 80 555 290 265
Spanish 1,965 920 1,050 6,065 2,775 3,290
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Japanese 155 80 80 430 190 240
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Korean 510 240 270 1,695 860 835
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 10 10 10
Mongolian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Niger-Congo languages 775 470 305 1,525 890 640
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 35 15 25
Bamanankan 120 50 70 155 70 85
Edo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 0 0 0 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 70 60 15 100 85 15
Ga 0 10 0 10 10 0
Ganda 0 0 0 10 10 0
Igbo 10 0 0 60 50 15
Lingala 95 80 20 125 95 35
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 10 0 90 55 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 30 15 15 70 40 30
Shona 25 10 15 40 15 25
Swahili 185 105 80 355 185 170
Wolof 50 40 15 70 45 25
Yoruba 0 10 0 60 45 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 270 165 105 545 315 230
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages 290 120 170 1,155 450 705
American Sign Language 95 40 55 425 150 280
Quebec Sign Language 10 0 0 15 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 195 80 115 745 305 435
Sino-Tibetan languages 835 420 410 3,585 1,885 1,700
Chinese languages 770 390 375 3,510 1,855 1,660
Cantonese 165 80 80 610 285 320
Hakka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mandarin 575 260 315 2,760 1,455 1,310
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 10 0 0 60 30 30
Wu (Shanghainese) 20 0 15 140 65 75
Chinese, n.o.s. 100 85 15 310 195 115
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 10 30
Tibeto-Burman languages 65 30 35 70 30 40
Burmese 0 10 0 0 0 0
Karenic languages 60 25 40 65 25 45
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 25 10 10 85 20 65
Lao 0 0 0 10 0 10
Thai 25 10 10 80 20 60
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 60 35 25 175 105 75
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkish 60 35 20 165 105 60
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 10 0 10
Uralic languages 75 40 40 270 130 140
Estonian 0 0 0 20 15 0
Finnish 0 10 0 35 15 20
Hungarian 75 35 40 220 105 115
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20 100 70 30
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 145,705 71,085 74,620 730,710 357,855 372,855
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 140,035 68,185 71,850 710,775 347,905 362,875
Canadian citizens aged under 18 26,065 13,350 12,720 130,785 66,795 63,990
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 113,970 54,835 59,135 579,995 281,110 298,880
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 5,670 2,900 2,770 19,925 9,950 9,980
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 145,705 71,090 74,620 730,710 357,855 372,850
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 136,040 66,220 69,815 692,535 339,090 353,445
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 8,090 3,945 4,140 33,810 16,175 17,640
Before 1981 2,250 1,025 1,225 11,545 5,265 6,275
1981 to 1990 480 280 200 2,735 1,340 1,390
1991 to 2000 590 335 260 2,975 1,490 1,490
2001 to 2010 1,895 870 1,025 7,235 3,530 3,710
2001 to 2005 660 275 385 2,435 1,110 1,330
2006 to 2010 1,240 595 645 4,800 2,415 2,385
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 2,870 1,435 1,435 9,330 4,560 4,770
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 1,585 920 660 4,360 2,590 1,770
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 8,085 3,940 4,145 33,815 16,175 17,635
Under 5 years 1,165 530 640 5,135 2,350 2,790
5 to 14 years 1,840 915 925 7,290 3,585 3,705
15 to 24 years 1,395 600 800 5,790 2,525 3,265
25 to 44 years 3,065 1,540 1,520 12,640 6,100 6,535
45 years and over 630 365 265 2,955 1,615 1,340
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 8,090 3,945 4,140 33,815 16,175 17,635
Americas 1,955 850 1,100 9,420 4,205 5,210
Brazil 10 0 10 55 20 30
Colombia 90 25 65 215 85 130
El Salvador 25 20 0 115 85 30
Guyana 35 25 10 80 40 45
Haiti 70 15 55 170 70 100
Jamaica 35 30 0 120 85 40
Mexico 50 25 30 160 50 110
Peru 10 10 0 60 35 25
Trinidad and Tobago 15 10 10 115 70 40
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,430 620 810 7,620 3,315 4,305
Other places of birth in Americas 180 65 110 715 355 360
Europe 2,320 1,175 1,145 10,985 5,335 5,650
Bosnia and Herzegovina 15 10 0 100 55 50
Croatia 10 10 0 60 35 25
France 395 205 185 760 425 340
Germany 335 185 145 1,615 740 880
Greece 0 0 0 95 60 40
Hungary 20 0 20 100 35 65
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 30 0 25 160 75 85
Italy 100 50 45 210 125 85
Netherlands 125 70 50 975 505 465
Poland 40 20 25 195 90 100
Portugal 25 15 10 130 85 45
Romania 175 100 80 485 245 240
Russian Federation 40 20 25 245 115 135
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 0 0 0 30 25 10
Ukraine 35 20 10 250 120 130
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 740 335 410 4,600 2,160 2,445
Other places of birth in Europe 240 135 105 970 455 515
Africa 1,105 620 480 2,565 1,420 1,140
Algeria 115 60 55 165 90 75
Egypt 20 10 10 120 75 45
Ethiopia 30 15 15 120 65 60
Kenya 10 0 0 60 30 30
Morocco 80 45 40 200 120 75
Nigeria 0 10 0 115 65 50
Somalia 0 10 0 15 10 10
South Africa, Republic of 60 35 25 165 85 80
Other places of birth in Africa 780 445 335 1,615 885