Census Profile, 2016 Census
Northumberland, County [Census division], New Brunswick and New Brunswick [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Northumberland, CT
New Brunswick
[Census division]
New Brunswick

[Province]
Data quality , Northumberland, County [Census division], New Brunswick  Map : Northumberland, County [Census division], New Brunswick Data quality : New Brunswick [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 1 Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 44,952  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 747,101  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 46,204 revised. The 2011 count for this area has been revised. r  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 751,171  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 -2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... -0.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 21,792  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 359,721  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 19,362  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,773  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 3.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 12,868.78  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,388.81  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 44,955 21,955 23,000 747,105 365,355 381,745
0 to 14 years 6,115 3,115 3,000 110,495 56,320 54,180
0 to 4 years 1,845 910 935 34,365 17,505 16,860
5 to 9 years 2,090 1,060 1,025 38,250 19,515 18,735
10 to 14 years 2,180 1,140 1,040 37,880 19,295 18,585
15 to 64 years 28,530 13,970 14,565 487,820 240,535 247,285
15 to 19 years 2,520 1,290 1,235 40,605 20,905 19,705
20 to 24 years 2,150 1,135 1,010 41,445 21,280 20,165
25 to 29 years 1,890 960 930 39,245 19,745 19,505
30 to 34 years 2,010 945 1,070 41,510 20,140 21,365
35 to 39 years 2,350 1,145 1,200 44,435 21,585 22,850
40 to 44 years 2,895 1,405 1,495 48,430 23,520 24,910
45 to 49 years 3,120 1,520 1,600 51,300 25,195 26,105
50 to 54 years 3,745 1,790 1,955 61,055 29,795 31,265
55 to 59 years 3,900 1,915 1,990 61,740 30,210 31,530
60 to 64 years 3,945 1,870 2,075 58,060 28,170 29,895
65 years and over 10,300 4,870 5,430 148,785 68,500 80,280
65 to 69 years 3,600 1,800 1,800 52,160 25,595 26,570
70 to 74 years 2,410 1,250 1,160 36,050 17,695 18,360
75 to 79 years 1,885 870 1,015 25,300 11,835 13,465
80 to 84 years 1,260 565 695 17,650 7,515 10,135
85 years and over 1,155 385 765 17,620 5,860 11,765
85 to 89 years 740 280 460 10,670 3,910 6,760
90 to 94 years 315 85 230 5,305 1,595 3,715
95 to 99 years 85 20 65 1,435 330 1,110
100 years and over 15 0 10 205 30 185
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 13.6 14.2 13.0 14.8 15.4 14.2
15 to 64 years 63.5 63.6 63.3 65.3 65.8 64.8
65 years and over 22.9 22.2 23.6 19.9 18.7 21.0
85 years and over 2.6 1.8 3.3 2.4 1.6 3.1
Average age of the population 45.7 44.9 46.5 43.6 42.7 44.5
Median age of the population 49.1 48.3 49.9 45.7 44.8 46.6
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 19,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 15,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 221,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 2,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 485  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 130  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 1,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 44,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 45  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 1,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 19,360  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 5,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 7,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 126,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 3,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 2,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 990  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 44,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 730,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 38,840 18,840 19,995 636,605 309,040 327,570
Married or living common law 22,845 11,425 11,420 379,605 189,790 189,820
Married 19,190 9,605 9,590 302,020 151,100 150,925
Living common law 3,660 1,825 1,835 77,580 38,685 38,895
Not married and not living common law 15,990 7,415 8,580 257,000 119,250 137,745
Never married 9,580 5,275 4,310 158,070 85,640 72,430
Separated 1,245 545 700 21,290 9,530 11,760
Divorced 2,055 950 1,105 35,680 15,275 20,405
Widowed 3,105 640 2,465 41,965 8,805 33,160
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 13,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 222,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 8,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 129,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 2,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 47,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 1,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 13,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 222,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 11,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 186,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 9,430  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 147,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 1,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 2,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 2,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 28,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 500  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 11,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 186,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 6,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 105,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 4,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 81,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 2,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 1,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 32,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 620  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 2,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 1,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 23,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 685  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 235  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 7,320 3,400 3,920 128,775 61,010 67,770
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 19,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 13,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 214,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 6,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 102,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 6,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 112,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 5,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 5,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 525  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 44,275 21,600 22,675 736,280 360,440 375,840
English only 31,050 15,430 15,625 420,820 210,555 210,260
French only 1,600 750 850 63,140 29,955 33,190
English and French 11,595 5,405 6,195 249,950 118,705 131,245
Neither English nor French 25 10 10 2,370 1,220 1,150
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 44,275 21,600 22,680 736,280 360,440 375,845
English 34,450 16,800 17,655 498,365 244,230 254,135
French 9,655 4,710 4,940 232,450 113,500 118,945
English and French 145 70 70 3,210 1,550 1,655
Neither English nor French 20 10 10 2,255 1,150 1,100
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 9,730 4,750 4,980 234,055 114,280 119,775
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 22.0 22.0 22.0 31.8 31.7 31.9
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 44,275 21,600 22,675 736,280 360,440 375,845
Single responses 43,795 21,355 22,435 726,990 356,005 370,990
Official languages 42,800 20,890 21,910 703,840 344,285 359,555
English 33,095 16,170 16,925 472,725 231,595 241,135
French 9,705 4,725 4,980 231,110 112,690 118,415
Non-official languages 990 470 520 23,150 11,715 11,435
Aboriginal languages 520 245 270 2,165 1,035 1,135
Algonquian languages 510 245 265 2,130 1,020 1,110
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 510 245 265 2,115 1,010 1,105
Malecite 5 0 5 280 125 155
Mi'kmaq 505 245 260 1,835 885 950
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 5 5 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 5 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 5 5 5 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 5 5 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 0 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 475 220 255 20,990 10,685 10,300
Afro-Asiatic languages 30 20 15 3,190 1,805 1,385
Berber languages 0 0 0 40 25 15
Kabyle 0 0 0 20 10 5
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 5 5 5
Somali 0 0 0 25 10 15
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 30 20 10 3,110 1,760 1,355
Amharic 5 0 0 65 35 25
Arabic 30 20 10 2,855 1,615 1,235
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 5 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0 170 90 80
Maltese 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tigrigna 0 0 0 20 15 10
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 10 5 5 635 305 330
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 10 5 10
Vietnamese 10 5 5 620 305 320
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 45 10 30 1,375 510 865
Bikol 0 0 0 5 0 5
Cebuano 5 0 5 105 35 65
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 15 5 10
Ilocano 5 0 0 50 15 35
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 5 10
Malay 0 0 0 45 20 30
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 35 15 25 1,120 420 700
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 5 0 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Creole languages 0 0 0 135 70 65
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 15 10 5
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 80 30 50
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 30 10
Dravidian languages 10 5 0 285 155 130
Kannada 0 0 0 20 15 10
Malayalam 0 0 0 40 15 20
Tamil 5 0 0 105 60 50
Telugu 5 0 0 110 60 45
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Indo-European languages 290 130 160 9,325 4,790 4,530
Albanian 0 0 0 50 25 25
Armenian 0 0 0 30 15 10
Balto-Slavic languages 35 20 20 1,740 865 875
Baltic languages 0 0 0 55 30 30
Latvian 0 0 0 25 10 10
Lithuanian 0 0 0 35 15 15
Slavic languages 35 20 20 1,685 835 850
Belarusan 0 0 0 5 5 0
Bosnian 0 0 0 50 25 25
Bulgarian 0 0 0 20 10 10
Croatian 5 5 0 75 35 40
Czech 5 0 0 55 25 25
Macedonian 0 0 0 15 10 5
Polish 20 5 10 230 105 125
Russian 5 5 5 880 440 435
Serbian 0 0 0 105 55 45
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 35 15 20
Slovak 5 5 0 25 15 15
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ukrainian 0 0 0 170 85 90
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 5 0 30 5 20
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 5 15 5 10
Welsh 0 0 0 10 0 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Germanic languages 140 60 75 2,875 1,415 1,465
Afrikaans 15 5 10 50 30 25
Danish 5 0 5 125 55 75
Dutch 25 15 15 885 470 410
Frisian 5 5 0 35 25 10
German 75 35 40 1,650 780 865
Icelandic 0 0 0 5 0 0
Norwegian 5 0 5 40 25 20
Swedish 0 0 0 50 15 35
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 5 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Greek 0 5 0 145 100 50
Indo-Iranian languages 55 30 30 1,850 1,020 835
Indo-Aryan languages 45 20 25 1,175 655 525
Bengali 15 5 5 205 120 85
Gujarati 0 0 5 75 40 30
Hindi 5 5 5 225 135 95
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 10 5 5
Marathi 0 0 0 50 20 25
Nepali 0 0 0 180 90 90
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 0 0 0 125 75 50
Sindhi 5 5 0 25 10 10
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 0 5 30 15 15
Urdu 10 5 5 240 140 100
Iranian languages 0 5 0 655 355 305
Kurdish 0 0 0 55 30 25
Pashto 0 0 0 25 15 10
Persian (Farsi) 5 0 0 580 310 270
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 15 10 10
Italic (Romance) languages 55 20 30 2,605 1,355 1,250
Catalan 0 0 0 5 5 0
Italian 5 5 0 400 225 175
Portuguese 0 0 5 260 130 130
Romanian 5 0 5 485 250 240
Spanish 45 20 30 1,460 755 705
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Japanese 5 0 5 110 25 85
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Korean 25 10 10 1,550 800 750
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Mongolian 0 0 0 5 5 5
Niger-Congo languages 5 5 0 700 385 315
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Bamanankan 0 0 0 60 35 25
Edo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 0 0 0 5 5 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 40 30 15
Ga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Ganda 0 0 0 10 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0 30 20 10
Lingala 0 0 0 25 15 15
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 45 25 20
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 40 20 20
Shona 0 0 0 20 10 10
Swahili 0 0 0 135 65 70
Wolof 0 0 0 25 20 10
Yoruba 5 0 0 30 15 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 105 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 5 0 5 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0 5 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sign languages 0 0 5 145 75 70
American Sign Language 0 0 0 40 20 30
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 95 55 45
Sino-Tibetan languages 30 15 15 3,115 1,570 1,545
Chinese languages 35 15 15 3,085 1,555 1,530
Cantonese 15 10 5 440 225 210
Hakka 0 0 0 20 10 10
Mandarin 5 5 5 2,250 1,105 1,150
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 5 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 35 15 15
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 100 45 55
Chinese, n.o.s. 5 5 0 240 150 85
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 30 15 15
Burmese 0 0 0 0 0 5
Karenic languages 0 0 0 25 15 10
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0 60 15 50
Lao 0 0 0 5 0 0
Thai 0 0 0 55 10 45
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 5 105 60 45
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkish 0 0 0 75 50 30
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Uralic languages 20 5 5 250 115 135
Estonian 0 0 0 20 5 10
Finnish 0 0 0 45 15 30
Hungarian 15 10 5 185 90 95
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 10
Multiple responses 480 240 245 9,290 4,440 4,855
English and French 420 210 215 7,285 3,470 3,815
English and non-official language 55 30 25 1,535 725 810
French and non-official language 0 5 0 330 175 155
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 145 65 75
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 44,270 21,600 22,675 736,280 360,435 375,845
Single responses 43,765 21,355 22,410 724,940 355,025 369,910
Official languages 43,420 21,185 22,235 712,250 348,510 363,740
English 35,405 17,255 18,155 505,935 247,610 258,325
French 8,010 3,930 4,080 206,315 100,900 105,415
Non-official languages 350 175 170 12,690 6,515 6,175
Aboriginal languages 155 75 85 820 400 420
Algonquian languages 155 75 80 820 395 420
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 155 75 80 815 395 420
Malecite 0 0 0 50 25 25
Mi'kmaq 155 75 80 765 370 395
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 190 100 90 11,870 6,115 5,750
Afro-Asiatic languages 25 15 10 2,285 1,210 1,075
Berber languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0 20 5 10
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 25 15 5 2,265 1,200 1,065
Amharic 0 0 0 20 10 10
Arabic 25 15 5 2,110 1,125 990
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0 130 60 70
Maltese 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tigrigna 0 0 0 5 0 5
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 5 0 5 525 255 270
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Vietnamese 5 5 5 520 250 270
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 10 5 5 510 235 270
Bikol 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cebuano 0 0 0 40 15 25
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 0 5
Malay 0 0 0 15 0 5
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 15 5 5 450 215 235
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Creole languages 0 0 0 65 25 35
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 20 0 15
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 20
Dravidian languages 5 0 0 110 60 45
Kannada 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0 20 5 10
Tamil 0 0 0 35 20 20
Telugu 0 0 0 45 30 15
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 110 60 55 4,160 2,175 1,990
Albanian 0 0 0 30 15 10
Armenian 0 0 0 20 5 10
Balto-Slavic languages 5 0 5 975 505 470
Baltic languages 0 0 0 35 20 15
Latvian 0 0 0 10 5 5
Lithuanian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavic languages 10 5 5 935 480 455
Belarusan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Bulgarian 0 0 0 5 5 0
Croatian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Czech 0 0 0 5 0 5
Macedonian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Polish 0 0 0 55 25 30
Russian 0 0 0 620 320 305
Serbian 0 0 0 80 45 35
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 5 5 5
Slovak 5 0 5 5 5 5
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ukrainian 0 0 0 90 50 40
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages 5 0 0 10 0 5
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 0 5 0 5
Welsh 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages 45 25 25 640 320 320
Afrikaans 20 10 10 35 15 20
Danish 0 0 0 5 5 5
Dutch 5 5 0 150 80 75
Frisian 0 0 0 5 0 5
German 25 15 10 425 215 210
Icelandic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0 5 0 5
Swedish 0 0 0 5 0 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Greek 0 0 0 45 25 25
Indo-Iranian languages 35 15 20 1,140 595 545
Indo-Aryan languages 25 10 15 655 335 325
Bengali 10 5 5 130 70 60
Gujarati 0 0 0 40 15 20
Hindi 10 0 5 115 60 50
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 0 5 0 5 5 0
Marathi 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nepali 0 0 0 135 60 75
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 0 0 0 50 25 25
Sindhi 0 0 0 10 5 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 5 5 5 5
Urdu 5 5 5 140 75 70
Iranian languages 0 0 0 470 255 220
Kurdish 0 0 0 35 25 10
Pashto 0 0 0 15 5 5
Persian (Farsi) 0 0 0 425 225 195
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 15 10 5
Italic (Romance) languages 15 10 10 1,305 705 600
Catalan 0 0 0 5 5 0
Italian 0 0 0 85 40 45
Portuguese 0 0 0 110 50 60
Romanian 5 0 5 290 145 140
Spanish 10 5 5 820 470 350
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Japanese 5 0 5 20 10 15
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Korean 5 0 0 1,245 645 605
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 0 0 0 240 125 120
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 10 5 10
Bamanankan 0 0 0 20 15 5
Edo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 0 0 0 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 10 10 5
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0 5 5 0
Lingala 0 0 0 10 5 5
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 20 15 10
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Shona 0 0 0 5 0 5
Swahili 0 0 0 80 35 45
Wolof 0 0 0 5 5 0
Yoruba 0 0 0 5 5 5
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 25
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages 10 5 5 200 115 85
American Sign Language 0 0 0 55 30 25
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 150 90 60
Sino-Tibetan languages 15 10 10 2,390 1,210 1,175
Chinese languages 15 10 10 2,365 1,195 1,170
Cantonese 15 5 5 260 130 130
Hakka 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mandarin 0 0 0 1,855 930 920
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 85 40 45
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0 140 80 55
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 25 15 10
Burmese 0 0 0 5 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0 10 0 5
Lao 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0 30 15 10
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0 25 15 5
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uralic languages 5 5 0 70 35 40
Estonian 0 0 0 5 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0 5 5 5
Hungarian 5 5 0 55 30 30
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Multiple responses 510 240 270 11,345 5,415 5,925
English and French 400 185 215 7,275 3,370 3,905
English and non-official language 95 50 45 3,435 1,715 1,720
French and non-official language 5 5 5 340 185 160
English, French and non-official language 5 0 0 290 140 145
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 44,270 21,595 22,680 736,280 360,435 375,845
None 39,645 19,430 20,215 647,960 318,560 329,400
English 2,475 1,185 1,290 49,925 24,065 25,855
French 1,630 725 905 30,030 13,760 16,275
Non-official language 510 250 260 7,545 3,650 3,895
Aboriginal 340 170 170 1,300 625 685
Non-Aboriginal 170 85 85 6,240 3,030 3,210
English and French 0 0 0 180 90 90
English and non-official language 0 0 0 300 160 145
French and non-official language 5 5 5 335 155 185
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 10 5 5
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 37,975 18,405 19,570 620,390 301,645 318,745
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 36,370 17,660 18,715 594,705 289,220 305,485
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,517 34,479 23,547 30,961 37,516 25,796
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 36,375 17,655 18,720 594,920 289,245 305,680
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 26,177 31,128 22,284 28,107 33,169 23,945
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 30,055 15,260 14,790 516,780 259,945 256,835
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 23,988 28,585 20,504 28,444 34,830 23,278
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 29,355 13,610 15,745 439,645 193,975 245,675
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 10,420 12,380 8,765 8,164 9,210 7,321
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 24,295 12,570 11,720 423,915 219,135 204,780
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 24,231 27,865 21,583 29,124 34,784 24,769
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 37,970 18,405 19,570 620,395 301,650 318,745
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 36,335 17,655 18,675 594,650 289,140 305,510
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,816 42,444 29,549 39,141 46,154 32,504
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 36,340 17,655 18,680 594,870 289,165 305,700
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,706 35,622 26,060 33,022 38,151 28,171
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 30,050 15,195 14,860 516,685 259,855 256,830
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,121 39,013 27,095 37,432 44,240 30,543
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 29,275 13,490 15,780 440,195 194,240 245,955
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 10,456 11,620 9,461 8,938 9,519 8,480
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 24,290 12,515 11,780 423,915 218,800 205,110
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,281 38,161 28,096 37,611 43,456 31,376
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 37,975 18,405 19,570 620,390 301,645 318,745
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 9,210 4,440 4,770 197,290 104,215 93,075
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 45,359 50,255 40,551 46,349 52,010 41,058
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 50,078 56,160 44,410 54,011 60,796 46,415
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 76.3 78.7 73.1 83.2 86.2 79.0
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 62.2 64.0 59.9 68.5 71.3 64.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 23.7 21.3 26.9 16.8 13.8 21.0
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 37,970 18,405 19,570 620,390 301,650 318,745
Without total income 1,605 750 855 25,680 12,430 13,260
With total income 36,375 17,655 18,715 594,710 289,220 305,490
Percentage with total income 95.8 95.9 95.6 95.9 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 5,070 1,900 3,175 80,700 32,655 48,050
$10,000 to $19,999 7,500 2,765 4,735 109,015 40,415 68,600
$20,000 to $29,999 6,550 2,795 3,750 99,025 40,480 58,540
$30,000 to $39,999 5,245 2,780 2,465 83,770 41,360 42,405
$40,000 to $49,999 3,705 2,190 1,515 65,795 35,080 30,715
$50,000 to $59,999 2,730 1,610 1,115 44,810 26,560 18,250
$60,000 to $69,999 1,730 1,075 655 32,185 20,270 11,920
$70,000 to $79,999 1,260 740 515 24,565 14,130 10,430
$80,000 to $89,999 1,000 590 405 17,095 9,915 7,180
$90,000 to $99,999 470 300 165 10,240 6,980 3,260
$100,000 and over 1,120 905 210 27,515 21,380 6,135
$100,000 to $149,999 800 625 170 19,765 15,195 4,570
$150,000 and over 320 280 40 7,750 6,185 1,565
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 37,975 18,405 19,565 620,390 301,645 318,750
Without after-tax income 1,600 750 850 25,470 12,405 13,070
With after-tax income 36,375 17,660 18,720 594,920 289,240 305,680
Percentage with after-tax income 95.8 96.0 95.7 95.9 95.9 95.9
Under $10,000 (including loss) 5,180 1,920 3,260 83,590 33,140 50,455
$10,000 to $19,999 7,970 2,945 5,025 115,730 43,245 72,485
$20,000 to $29,999 7,845 3,575 4,270 118,940 51,335 67,610
$30,000 to $39,999 5,765 3,265 2,500 98,230 50,770 47,460
$40,000 to $49,999 4,015 2,360 1,655 67,470 38,665 28,810
$50,000 to $59,999 2,295 1,400 895 42,775 26,495 16,280
$60,000 to $69,999 1,610 920 685 28,790 16,435 12,355
$70,000 to $79,999 680 445 240 14,945 10,205 4,740
$80,000 and over 1,015 820 195 24,450 18,955 5,500
$80,000 to $89,999 365 280 85 8,385 6,340 2,040
$90,000 to $99,999 200 155 40 5,060 3,970 1,090
$100,000 and over 445 380 70 11,005 8,640 2,365
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 37,975 18,405 19,565 620,390 301,645 318,745
Without employment income 13,680 5,835 7,845 196,475 82,515 113,965
With employment income 24,290 12,565 11,720 423,910 219,140 204,775
Percentage with employment income 64.0 68.3 59.9 68.3 72.6 64.2
Under $5,000 (including loss) 3,050 1,445 1,605 54,590 26,540 28,045
$5,000 to $9,999 2,595 1,105 1,490 36,840 15,720 21,120
$10,000 to $19,999 4,785 2,375 2,410 65,895 29,920 35,975
$20,000 to $29,999 3,625 1,680 1,940 59,240 25,955 33,280
$30,000 to $39,999 2,520 1,320 1,200 50,190 24,930 25,260
$40,000 to $49,999 2,040 1,120 920 42,140 22,160 19,980
$50,000 to $59,999 1,660 960 705 29,910 18,180 11,730
$60,000 to $69,999 1,140 685 455 23,390 14,620 8,770
$70,000 to $79,999 970 520 450 19,515 10,565 8,950
$80,000 and over 1,905 1,360 545 42,210 30,540 11,665
$80,000 to $89,999 760 440 325 13,190 7,840 5,345
$90,000 to $99,999 335 220 115 8,105 5,685 2,420
$100,000 and over 810 705 110 20,915 17,015 3,895
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 19,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 55,223  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,347  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 49,737  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 52,553  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 5,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 25,506  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 28,747  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 24,172  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 26,387  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 14,020  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 230,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 68,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,207  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 61,218  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,063  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 19,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 67,209  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,786  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 57,633  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 61,431  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 5,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 29,169  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,242  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 14,020  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 230,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 80,043  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 86,878  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 68,481  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 73,156  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 19,360  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 215  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 450  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 410  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,835  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 960  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 905  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 27,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 22,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 960  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 3,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 935  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 840  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 380  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 19,360  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 450  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 420  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 20,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,150  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 32,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 23,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,150  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 835  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 2,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 48,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 480  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 13,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 221,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 68,333  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,353  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 60,835  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 6,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 62,518  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 67,988  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 55,694  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,801  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 4,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 82,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 94,929  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 100,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 82,506  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 85,717  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 2,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 42,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 42,992  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 40,143  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 40,671  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 13,690  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 221,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 79,623  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 87,048  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 68,094  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 73,197  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 6,210  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 70,949  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 60,833  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 66,576  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 4,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 82,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 106,026  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,901  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 89,003  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,699  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 2,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,831  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 51,119  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 44,523  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 45,687  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 6,355 2,960 3,395 114,825 54,970 59,850
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 25,187 29,312 22,939 27,250 30,122 25,182
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 23,905 26,688 22,302 25,167 27,154 23,916
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 6,355 2,955 3,395 114,375 54,300 60,075
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 33,235 37,292 29,713 34,738 37,330 32,395
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 28,896 31,738 26,427 29,845 31,431 28,411
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 44,075 21,515 22,565 730,710 357,860 372,850
In the bottom half of the distribution 27,710 13,200 14,505 428,180 204,170 224,005
In the bottom decile 4,910 2,200 2,720 80,120 37,430 42,695
In the second decile 6,665 2,960 3,700 94,165 42,190 51,980
In the third decile 5,635 2,755 2,880 87,075 41,905 45,170
In the fourth decile 5,350 2,680 2,670 85,610 42,275 43,335
In the fifth decile 5,150 2,605 2,545 81,200 40,375 40,825
In the top half of the distribution 16,370 8,315 8,055 302,530 153,685 148,845
In the sixth decile 4,615 2,300 2,315 77,345 38,915 38,425
In the seventh decile 4,240 2,145 2,095 73,185 37,190 36,005
In the eighth decile 3,420 1,735 1,680 65,090 32,815 32,275
In the ninth decile 2,625 1,345 1,275 52,050 26,635 25,410
In the top decile 1,475 790 680 34,860 18,130 16,730
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 41,995 20,495 21,505 722,550 353,870 368,680
0 to 17 years 7,040 3,580 3,455 131,930 67,285 64,645
0 to 5 years 2,035 995 1,040 40,900 20,805 20,100
18 to 64 years 25,250 12,255 12,995 452,805 221,675 231,130
65 years and over 9,715 4,660 5,060 137,820 64,915 72,905
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 7,695 3,360 4,330 123,820 55,990 67,825
0 to 17 years 1,655 855 795 29,250 14,930 14,320
0 to 5 years 620 300 320 10,285 5,260 5,030
18 to 64 years 3,720 1,580 2,140 66,745 29,975 36,770
65 years and over 2,325 925 1,395 27,830 11,090 16,745
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 18.3 16.4 20.1 17.1 15.8 18.4
0 to 17 years (%) 23.5 23.9 23.0 22.2 22.2 22.2
0 to 5 years (%) 30.5 30.2 30.8 25.1 25.3 25.0
18 to 64 years (%) 14.7 12.9 16.5 14.7 13.5 15.9
65 years and over (%) 23.9 19.8 27.6 20.2 17.1 23.0
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 2,190 1,015 1,175 49,830 24,165 25,660
0 to 17 years 515 270 245 11,520 5,890 5,630
0 to 5 years 185 85 95 4,200 2,145 2,055
18 to 64 years 1,550 700 850 35,680 17,255 18,425
65 years and over 120 45 80 2,630 1,025 1,605
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 5.2 5.0 5.5 6.9 6.8 7.0
0 to 17 years (%) 7.3 7.5 7.1 8.7 8.8 8.7
0 to 5 years (%) 9.1 8.5 9.1 10.3 10.3 10.2
18 to 64 years (%) 6.1 5.7 6.5 7.9 7.8 8.0
65 years and over (%) 1.2 1.0 1.6 1.9 1.6 2.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 44,080 21,515 22,565 730,710 357,855 372,850
Official languages 44,070 21,505 22,565 728,310 356,615 371,690
English 42,475 20,735 21,740 666,315 326,905 339,415
French 13,150 6,190 6,960 310,550 147,845 162,705
Non-official languages 1,420 670 745 34,880 17,355 17,525
Aboriginal languages 705 340 365 3,065 1,470 1,595
Algonquian languages 700 340 360 2,990 1,455 1,540
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 700 340 360 2,965 1,435 1,530
Malecite 0 0 0 720 335 385
Mi'kmaq 700 340 360 2,265 1,115 1,150
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 15 15 0
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 10 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 10 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 10 55 10 45
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 10 0 10 45 10 40
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 10 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 10 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 720 335 385 31,865 15,915 15,955
Afro-Asiatic languages 25 15 0 4,355 2,385 1,980
Berber languages 0 0 0 80 40 35
Kabyle 0 0 0 40 20 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 25 20
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 15 10 0
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0 10 10 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 20 15 10 4,300 2,340 1,960
Amharic 0 10 0 165 100 65
Arabic 15 10 0 3,685 2,030 1,660
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0 435 205 230
Maltese 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0 50 25 25
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 15 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 10 10 0 835 430 400
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Vietnamese 10 0 0 820 435 390
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 0
Austronesian languages 75 30 40 1,790 695 1,090
Bikol 0 0 0 10 0 10
Cebuano 10 0 10 185 70 115
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 35 10 30
Ilocano 0 0 0 50 10 45
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 10 15
Malay 0 0 0 75 20 55
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 75 35 40 1,595 625 970
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 0
Creole languages 15 10 10 430 195 235
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 50 20 30
Creole, n.o.s. 10 0 10 240 105 135
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 140 75 65
Dravidian languages 0 0 0 435 245 195
Kannada 10 0 0 60 30 25
Malayalam 0 0 0 55 35 25
Tamil 0 0 0 190 115 75
Telugu 0 0 0 175 90 85
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 20 10 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Indo-European languages 530 235 295 16,505 8,155 8,350
Albanian 0 0 0 80 45 35
Armenian 0 0 0 60 35 25
Balto-Slavic languages 60 25 35 2,065 1,100 965
Baltic languages 0 0 0 55 40 20
Latvian 0 0 0 20 10 10
Lithuanian 0 0 0 30 20 10
Slavic languages 65 25 35 2,025 1,070 955
Belarusan 0 0 0 10 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0 75 40 40
Bulgarian 0 0 0 45 15 35
Croatian 0 0 0 95 45 55
Czech 25 10 15 115 65 45
Macedonian 0 0 0 35 25 10
Polish 25 10 15 320 165 160
Russian 10 10 0 1,200 630 570
Serbian 0 0 0 90 70 20
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 40 30 10
Slovak 15 10 10 45 15 30
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 15 10 0
Ukrainian 10 0 0 310 145 165
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Celtic languages 15 10 0 140 40 100
Scottish Gaelic 10 10 0 95 20 75
Welsh 0 0 0 10 0 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 40 20 20
Germanic languages 260 125 130 4,745 2,360 2,380
Afrikaans 15 10 10 130 70 60
Danish 10 10 10 155 60 95
Dutch 25 0 20 1,185 560 625
Frisian 0 0 0 50 40 15
German 200 105 95 3,260 1,675 1,580
Icelandic 0 0 0 10 10 0
Norwegian 10 0 10 130 65 65
Swedish 0 0 0 110 45 60
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 40 20 25
Yiddish 0 0 0 20 20 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Greek 0 0 0 220 125 95
Indo-Iranian languages 30 10 20 2,325 1,275 1,050
Indo-Aryan languages 30 10 15 1,570 875 695
Bengali 0 0 0 225 150 80
Gujarati 10 10 10 110 45 65
Hindi 0 10 0 790 430 355
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0 55 20 30
Nepali 0 0 0 185 90 95
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 0 0 0 205 130 75
Sindhi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 15 0 10 35 10 20
Urdu 10 0 10 355 215 140
Iranian languages 10 0 0 805 430 375
Kurdish 0 0 0 130 65 60
Pashto 0 0 0 60 45 20
Persian (Farsi) 0 0 0 620 330 285
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 170 75 100 7,600 3,540 4,055
Catalan 0 0 0 15 10 0
Italian 10 10 10 825 405 420
Portuguese 10 0 0 450 250 200
Romanian 10 0 0 555 290 265
Spanish 155 65 90 6,065 2,775 3,290
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Japanese 15 10 0 430 190 240
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Korean 10 0 10 1,695 860 835
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 10 10 10
Mongolian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Niger-Congo languages 25 20 0 1,525 890 640
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 35 15 25
Bamanankan 0 0 0 155 70 85
Edo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 0 0 0 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 100 85 15
Ga 0 0 0 10 10 0
Ganda 0 0 0 10 10 0
Igbo 0 0 0 60 50 15
Lingala 10 0 0 125 95 35
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 90 55 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Shona 0 0 0 40 15 25
Swahili 10 10 10 355 185 170
Wolof 0 0 0 70 45 25
Yoruba 0 0 0 60 45 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 545 315 230
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 10 0 10 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages 25 15 10 1,155 450 705
American Sign Language 0 0 0 425 150 280
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 15 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 745 305 435
Sino-Tibetan languages 40 25 15 3,585 1,885 1,700
Chinese languages 40 25 15 3,510 1,855 1,660
Cantonese 20 10 10 610 285 320
Hakka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mandarin 20 15 0 2,760 1,455 1,310
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 10 10 0 60 30 30
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 140 65 75
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0 310 195 115
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 10 30
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 70 30 40
Burmese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0 65 25 45
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0 85 20 65
Lao 0 0 0 10 0 10
Thai 0 0 0 80 20 60
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0 175 105 75
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0 165 105 60
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Uralic languages 10 0 10 270 130 140
Estonian 0 0 0 20 15 0
Finnish 0 0 10 35 15 20
Hungarian 10 0 0 220 105 115
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 70 30
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 44,075 21,515 22,565 730,710 357,855 372,855
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 43,730 21,350 22,375 710,775 347,905 362,875
Canadian citizens aged under 18 7,655 3,895 3,760 130,785 66,795 63,990
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 36,075 17,455 18,620 579,995 281,110 298,880
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 355 160 190 19,925 9,950 9,980
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 44,080 21,515 22,560 730,710 357,855 372,850
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 43,155 21,075 22,075 692,535 339,090 353,445
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 855 395 455 33,810 16,175 17,640
Before 1981 430 200 230 11,545 5,265 6,275
1981 to 1990 105 50 55 2,735 1,340 1,390
1991 to 2000 80 45 35 2,975 1,490 1,490
2001 to 2010 125 65 65 7,235 3,530 3,710
2001 to 2005 45 20 25 2,435 1,110 1,330
2006 to 2010 80 40 35 4,800 2,415 2,385
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 115 40 70 9,330 4,560 4,770
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 75 45 35 4,360 2,590 1,770
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 855 395 460 33,815 16,175 17,635
Under 5 years 145 65 80 5,135 2,350 2,790
5 to 14 years 165 75 95 7,290 3,585 3,705
15 to 24 years 110 40 60 5,790 2,525 3,265
25 to 44 years 290 160 125 12,640 6,100 6,535
45 years and over 140 50 85 2,955 1,615 1,340
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 850 395 455 33,815 16,175 17,635
Americas 240 115 125 9,420 4,205 5,210
Brazil 0 0 0 55 20 30
Colombia 15 0 10 215 85 130
El Salvador 0 0 0 115 85 30
Guyana 0 0 0 80 40 45
Haiti 10 0 0 170 70 100
Jamaica 15 10 0 120 85 40
Mexico 10 0 10 160 50 110
Peru 0 0 0 60 35 25
Trinidad and Tobago 0 0 0 115 70 40
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 205 95 105 7,620 3,315 4,305
Other places of birth in Americas 10 10 0 715 355 360
Europe 410 180 235 10,985 5,335 5,650
Bosnia and Herzegovina 10 0 10 100 55 50
Croatia 0 0 0 60 35 25
France 30 0 15 760 425 340
Germany 95 50 45 1,615 740 880
Greece 0 0 0 95 60 40
Hungary 10 0 0 100 35 65
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 10 15 0 160 75 85
Italy 0 0 0 210 125 85
Netherlands 25 0 25 975 505 465
Poland 10 0 10 195 90 100
Portugal 0 0 0 130 85 45
Romania 0 0 0 485 245 240
Russian Federation 0 10 0 245 115 135
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 0 0 0 30 25 10
Ukraine 10 0 10 250 120 130
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 175 75 100 4,600 2,160 2,445
Other places of birth in Europe 35 15 25 970 455 515
Africa 50 35 15 2,565 1,420 1,140
Algeria 0 0 0 165 90 75
Egypt 0 0 0 120 75 45
Ethiopia 10 0 0 120 65 60
Kenya 10 0 0 60 30 30
Morocco 0 0 0 200 120 75
Nigeria 0 0 0 115 65 50
Somalia 0 0 0 15 10 10
South Africa, Republic of 20 10 10 165 85 80
Other places of birth in Africa 25 15 10 1,615 885 725
Asia 140 60 80 10,625 5,105 5,520
Afghanistan 0 0 0 20 10 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0 100 55 50
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 15 10 10 2,210 1,040 1,175
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 0 0 0 120 60 55
India 10 10 10 820 435 380
IranCensus data footnote 61 0 0 0 490