Census Profile, 2016 Census
York, County [Census division], New Brunswick and New Brunswick [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic York, CT
New Brunswick
[Census division]
New Brunswick

[Province]
Data quality , York, County [Census division], New Brunswick  Map : York, County [Census division], New Brunswick Data quality : New Brunswick [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 1 Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 99,411  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 747,101  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 97,238  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 751,171  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 2.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ... -0.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 46,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 359,721  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 42,009  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,773  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 12.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 8,131.77  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,388.81  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 99,410 48,180 51,235 747,105 365,355 381,745
0 to 14 years 16,130 8,095 8,035 110,495 56,320 54,180
0 to 4 years 5,110 2,545 2,565 34,365 17,505 16,860
5 to 9 years 5,520 2,790 2,735 38,250 19,515 18,735
10 to 14 years 5,500 2,760 2,740 37,880 19,295 18,585
15 to 64 years 66,000 32,235 33,770 487,820 240,535 247,285
15 to 19 years 5,785 2,940 2,845 40,605 20,905 19,705
20 to 24 years 7,055 3,535 3,520 41,445 21,280 20,165
25 to 29 years 6,125 3,060 3,065 39,245 19,745 19,505
30 to 34 years 6,270 3,065 3,200 41,510 20,140 21,365
35 to 39 years 6,300 2,990 3,310 44,435 21,585 22,850
40 to 44 years 6,540 3,165 3,375 48,430 23,520 24,910
45 to 49 years 6,650 3,265 3,380 51,300 25,195 26,105
50 to 54 years 7,460 3,625 3,835 61,055 29,795 31,265
55 to 59 years 7,155 3,440 3,715 61,740 30,210 31,530
60 to 64 years 6,665 3,150 3,515 58,060 28,170 29,895
65 years and over 17,275 7,850 9,425 148,785 68,500 80,280
65 to 69 years 6,000 2,905 3,100 52,160 25,595 26,570
70 to 74 years 4,265 2,035 2,230 36,050 17,695 18,360
75 to 79 years 3,010 1,420 1,595 25,300 11,835 13,465
80 to 84 years 2,020 840 1,185 17,650 7,515 10,135
85 years and over 1,980 660 1,325 17,620 5,860 11,765
85 to 89 years 1,200 460 740 10,670 3,910 6,760
90 to 94 years 610 160 455 5,305 1,595 3,715
95 to 99 years 155 40 120 1,435 330 1,110
100 years and over 10 0 10 205 30 185
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.2 16.8 15.7 14.8 15.4 14.2
15 to 64 years 66.4 66.9 65.9 65.3 65.8 64.8
65 years and over 17.4 16.3 18.4 19.9 18.7 21.0
85 years and over 2.0 1.4 2.6 2.4 1.6 3.1
Average age of the population 41.2 40.3 42.0 43.6 42.7 44.5
Median age of the population 41.6 40.6 42.5 45.7 44.8 46.6
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 42,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 26,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 221,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 465  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 13,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 865  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 1,145  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 2,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 8,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 44,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 190  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 2,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 42,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 11,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 16,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 126,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 6,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 5,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 2,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 97,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 730,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 83,280 40,080 43,195 636,605 309,040 327,570
Married or living common law 50,210 25,045 25,165 379,605 189,790 189,820
Married 41,595 20,745 20,845 302,020 151,100 150,925
Living common law 8,610 4,300 4,310 77,580 38,685 38,895
Not married and not living common law 33,070 15,040 18,035 257,000 119,250 137,745
Never married 21,530 11,375 10,150 158,070 85,640 72,430
Separated 2,440 1,055 1,385 21,290 9,530 11,760
Divorced 4,620 1,740 2,885 35,680 15,275 20,405
Widowed 4,480 870 3,605 41,965 8,805 33,160
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 29,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 222,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 16,150  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 129,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 6,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 47,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 5,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 1,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 29,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 222,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 24,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 186,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 20,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 147,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 4,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 4,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 3,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 28,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 885  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 24,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 186,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 13,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 105,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 11,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 81,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 4,835  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 4,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 32,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 1,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 4,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 2,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 23,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 1,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 405  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 17,695 8,260 9,440 128,775 61,010 67,770
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 42,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 28,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 214,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 13,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 102,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 15,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 112,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 445  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 13,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 11,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 2,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 98,540 47,860 50,680 736,280 360,440 375,840
English only 76,835 38,300 38,540 420,820 210,555 210,260
French only 335 170 165 63,140 29,955 33,190
English and French 20,685 9,080 11,605 249,950 118,705 131,245
Neither English nor French 685 310 375 2,370 1,220 1,150
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 98,540 47,860 50,680 736,280 360,440 375,845
English 90,875 44,315 46,565 498,365 244,230 254,135
French 6,555 3,040 3,515 232,450 113,500 118,945
English and French 445 205 235 3,210 1,550 1,655
Neither English nor French 670 300 365 2,255 1,150 1,100
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 6,775 3,140 3,630 234,055 114,280 119,775
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 6.9 6.6 7.2 31.8 31.7 31.9
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 98,540 47,855 50,680 736,280 360,440 375,845
Single responses 97,275 47,280 50,000 726,990 356,005 370,990
Official languages 90,930 44,080 46,845 703,840 344,285 359,555
English 84,370 41,040 43,330 472,725 231,595 241,135
French 6,560 3,040 3,520 231,110 112,690 118,415
Non-official languages 6,350 3,200 3,150 23,150 11,715 11,435
Aboriginal languages 115 50 65 2,165 1,035 1,135
Algonquian languages 110 50 60 2,130 1,020 1,110
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 5 0 10 5 5
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 105 45 60 2,115 1,010 1,105
Malecite 80 30 45 280 125 155
Mi'kmaq 30 15 15 1,835 885 950
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 5 5 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 5 0 0 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 0 10 0 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 6,230 3,150 3,085 20,990 10,685 10,300
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,060 575 485 3,190 1,805 1,385
Berber languages 0 0 0 40 25 15
Kabyle 0 0 0 20 10 5
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 5 5 0 30 15 20
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 5 5 0 5 5 5
Somali 0 5 0 25 10 15
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 1,055 575 480 3,110 1,760 1,355
Amharic 40 20 15 65 35 25
Arabic 950 510 440 2,855 1,615 1,235
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 5 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 55 30 25 170 90 80
Maltese 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tigrigna 5 5 0 20 15 10
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 195 105 90 635 305 330
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 0 5 10 5 10
Vietnamese 190 100 85 620 305 320
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 195 75 115 1,375 510 865
Bikol 5 0 0 5 0 5
Cebuano 20 5 10 105 35 65
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 5 0 0 15 5 10
Ilocano 5 0 5 50 15 35
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 5 10
Malay 20 10 10 45 20 30
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 5 5 0 5
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 145 55 90 1,120 420 700
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 5 0 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 15 5 10
Creole languages 5 5 5 135 70 65
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 15 10 5
Creole, n.o.s. 5 0 5 80 30 50
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 40 30 10
Dravidian languages 80 45 35 285 155 130
Kannada 10 5 5 20 15 10
Malayalam 10 0 5 40 15 20
Tamil 45 25 20 105 60 50
Telugu 20 10 10 110 60 45
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Indo-European languages 2,740 1,370 1,370 9,325 4,790 4,530
Albanian 25 10 15 50 25 25
Armenian 10 0 5 30 15 10
Balto-Slavic languages 695 335 360 1,740 865 875
Baltic languages 15 10 5 55 30 30
Latvian 0 0 0 25 10 10
Lithuanian 15 5 10 35 15 15
Slavic languages 680 325 355 1,685 835 850
Belarusan 0 0 0 5 5 0
Bosnian 35 15 20 50 25 25
Bulgarian 5 0 5 20 10 10
Croatian 35 10 25 75 35 40
Czech 10 5 10 55 25 25
Macedonian 0 0 0 15 10 5
Polish 55 30 25 230 105 125
Russian 380 190 185 880 440 435
Serbian 75 40 35 105 55 45
Serbo-Croatian 20 10 15 35 15 20
Slovak 0 0 0 25 15 15
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ukrainian 55 25 30 170 85 90
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages 5 0 0 30 5 20
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 0 15 5 10
Welsh 5 0 0 10 0 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 0 5 0
Germanic languages 670 320 350 2,875 1,415 1,465
Afrikaans 5 5 0 50 30 25
Danish 20 5 15 125 55 75
Dutch 240 130 110 885 470 410
Frisian 5 0 0 35 25 10
German 360 165 200 1,650 780 865
Icelandic 0 5 5 5 0 0
Norwegian 10 5 5 40 25 20
Swedish 20 5 15 50 15 35
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 0 0 20 10 10
Yiddish 5 0 5 10 5 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Greek 25 10 10 145 100 50
Indo-Iranian languages 830 440 385 1,850 1,020 835
Indo-Aryan languages 480 260 220 1,175 655 525
Bengali 80 50 30 205 120 85
Gujarati 15 5 5 75 40 30
Hindi 100 50 50 225 135 95
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 5 5 0 10 5 5
Marathi 25 15 10 50 20 25
Nepali 140 70 70 180 90 90
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 25 10 10 125 75 50
Sindhi 10 5 0 25 10 10
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 15 5 5 30 15 15
Urdu 60 35 25 240 140 100
Iranian languages 345 180 160 655 355 305
Kurdish 15 5 5 55 30 25
Pashto 15 10 5 25 15 10
Persian (Farsi) 315 165 145 580 310 270
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Italic (Romance) languages 490 245 245 2,605 1,355 1,250
Catalan 0 0 0 5 5 0
Italian 60 35 25 400 225 175
Portuguese 65 30 35 260 130 130
Romanian 70 30 35 485 250 240
Spanish 295 150 145 1,460 755 705
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Japanese 25 5 25 110 25 85
Kartvelian languages 0 5 0 0 0 0
Georgian 5 0 0 0 0 0
Korean 335 175 160 1,550 800 750
Mongolic languages 0 0 5 5 5 0
Mongolian 0 0 0 5 5 5
Niger-Congo languages 150 80 70 700 385 315
Akan (Twi) 5 0 0 25 10 10
Bamanankan 0 0 0 60 35 25
Edo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 5 0 0 5 5 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 0 0 40 30 15
Ga 5 0 5 5 5 5
Ganda 0 5 0 10 0 0
Igbo 5 5 5 30 20 10
Lingala 5 0 0 25 15 15
Rundi (Kirundi) 20 5 5 45 25 20
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 5 5 40 20 20
Shona 0 0 0 20 10 10
Swahili 50 20 25 135 65 70
Wolof 5 0 5 25 20 10
Yoruba 10 5 5 30 15 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 40 25 15 195 105 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0 5 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sign languages 25 15 15 145 75 70
American Sign Language 5 0 5 40 20 30
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 20 10 10 95 55 45
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,275 640 640 3,115 1,570 1,545
Chinese languages 1,275 640 635 3,085 1,555 1,530
Cantonese 120 55 65 440 225 210
Hakka 15 10 5 20 10 10
Mandarin 1,010 515 500 2,250 1,105 1,150
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 5 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 10 5 5 35 15 15
Wu (Shanghainese) 55 25 30 100 45 55
Chinese, n.o.s. 60 30 35 240 150 85
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 5 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 30 15 15
Burmese 0 0 0 0 0 5
Karenic languages 0 0 0 25 15 10
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 20 5 15 60 15 50
Lao 0 0 0 5 0 0
Thai 25 5 15 55 10 45
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 40 20 20 105 60 45
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkish 25 15 15 75 50 30
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 5 5 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 10 5 5
Uralic languages 60 30 35 250 115 135
Estonian 10 5 5 20 5 10
Finnish 10 5 10 45 15 30
Hungarian 40 20 20 185 90 95
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 25 10 10
Multiple responses 1,265 580 680 9,290 4,440 4,855
English and French 785 350 430 7,285 3,470 3,815
English and non-official language 400 195 205 1,535 725 810
French and non-official language 45 20 25 330 175 155
English, French and non-official language 35 15 20 145 65 75
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 98,535 47,860 50,680 736,280 360,435 375,845
Single responses 96,935 47,070 49,865 724,940 355,025 369,910
Official languages 93,145 45,130 48,010 712,250 348,510 363,740
English 89,460 43,425 46,035 505,935 247,610 258,325
French 3,685 1,710 1,980 206,315 100,900 105,415
Non-official languages 3,790 1,940 1,855 12,690 6,515 6,175
Aboriginal languages 25 10 10 820 400 420
Algonquian languages 25 10 10 820 395 420
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 5 0 0 5 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 20 10 10 815 395 420
Malecite 20 10 10 50 25 25
Mi'kmaq 5 0 0 765 370 395
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 3,770 1,925 1,845 11,870 6,115 5,750
Afro-Asiatic languages 725 370 355 2,285 1,210 1,075
Berber languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0 20 5 10
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 725 370 355 2,265 1,200 1,065
Amharic 15 5 10 20 10 10
Arabic 680 345 335 2,110 1,125 990
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 30 10 15 130 60 70
Maltese 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tigrigna 0 0 0 5 0 5
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 5 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 170 90 80 525 255 270
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 0 5 5 5 0
Vietnamese 160 90 75 520 250 270
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 55 20 35 510 235 270
Bikol 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cebuano 5 0 5 40 15 25
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 0 5
Malay 10 0 5 15 0 5
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 35 20 20 450 215 235
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Creole languages 5 0 5 65 25 35
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 5 0 5 20 0 15
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 20
Dravidian languages 35 20 20 110 60 45
Kannada 5 0 5 5 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0 20 5 10
Tamil 20 15 5 35 20 20
Telugu 10 10 5 45 30 15
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 1,390 715 680 4,160 2,175 1,990
Albanian 15 10 10 30 15 10
Armenian 10 5 5 20 5 10
Balto-Slavic languages 450 230 220 975 505 470
Baltic languages 10 5 5 35 20 15
Latvian 0 0 0 10 5 5
Lithuanian 10 10 0 25 15 10
Slavic languages 440 220 215 935 480 455
Belarusan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bosnian 20 5 10 25 15 10
Bulgarian 0 0 0 5 5 0
Croatian 15 10 5 25 10 15
Czech 5 5 5 5 0 5
Macedonian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Polish 10 10 5 55 25 30
Russian 295 150 145 620 320 305
Serbian 60 30 30 80 45 35
Serbo-Croatian 10 5 5 5 5 5
Slovak 0 0 0 5 5 5
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ukrainian 30 20 15 90 50 40
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0 10 0 5
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 5 0 5
Welsh 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages 110 55 55 640 320 320
Afrikaans 0 0 0 35 15 20
Danish 5 0 0 5 5 5
Dutch 35 20 15 150 80 75
Frisian 0 0 0 5 0 5
German 65 30 35 425 215 210
Icelandic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 5 5 0 5
Swedish 0 0 0 5 0 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Greek 5 0 5 45 25 25
Indo-Iranian languages 575 300 270 1,140 595 545
Indo-Aryan languages 300 155 145 655 335 325
Bengali 55 30 25 130 70 60
Gujarati 15 10 5 40 15 20
Hindi 65 35 30 115 60 50
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 5 0 0 5 5 0
Marathi 10 5 5 20 10 10
Nepali 105 50 60 135 60 75
Oriya (Odia) 5 5 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 5 5 0 50 25 25
Sindhi 0 5 0 10 5 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 0 0 5 5 5
Urdu 35 20 15 140 75 70
Iranian languages 270 145 130 470 255 220
Kurdish 5 5 5 35 25 10
Pashto 5 0 5 15 5 5
Persian (Farsi) 260 135 120 425 225 195
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 5
Italic (Romance) languages 225 115 110 1,305 705 600
Catalan 0 0 0 5 5 0
Italian 10 5 5 85 40 45
Portuguese 25 10 10 110 50 60
Romanian 30 15 15 290 145 140
Spanish 160 85 75 820 470 350
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Japanese 5 0 0 20 10 15
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Korean 265 140 130 1,245 645 605
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 60 30 35 240 125 120
Akan (Twi) 5 0 0 10 5 10
Bamanankan 0 0 0 20 15 5
Edo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 0 0 0 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 10 10 5
Ga 0 0 5 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0 5 5 0
Lingala 0 0 0 10 5 5
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 5 5 20 15 10
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 5 5 10 5 5
Shona 0 0 0 5 0 5
Swahili 30 10 15 80 35 45
Wolof 0 0 0 5 5 0
Yoruba 5 0 0 5 5 5
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 50 25 25
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages 35 20 15 200 115 85
American Sign Language 15 5 5 55 30 25
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 25 15 10 150 90 60
Sino-Tibetan languages 990 505 480 2,390 1,210 1,175
Chinese languages 985 505 480 2,365 1,195 1,170
Cantonese 65 30 35 260 130 130
Hakka 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mandarin 840 440 400 1,855 930 920
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 5 0 15 10 5
Wu (Shanghainese) 35 15 20 85 40 45
Chinese, n.o.s. 40 20 25 140 80 55
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 10 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 25 15 10
Burmese 0 0 0 5 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 5 0 5 10 0 5
Lao 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 5 10 5 5
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 5 0 0 30 15 10
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0 25 15 5
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 5 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Uralic languages 15 5 10 70 35 40
Estonian 0 0 0 5 0 0
Finnish 5 5 5 5 5 5
Hungarian 10 5 5 55 30 30
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 0 0 0
Multiple responses 1,600 785 815 11,345 5,415 5,925
English and French 550 265 290 7,275 3,370 3,905
English and non-official language 980 490 485 3,435 1,715 1,720
French and non-official language 15 10 10 340 185 160
English, French and non-official language 55 20 35 290 140 145
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 98,540 47,860 50,680 736,280 360,435 375,845
None 89,630 43,790 45,840 647,960 318,560 329,400
English 3,250 1,555 1,690 49,925 24,065 25,855
French 3,660 1,580 2,075 30,030 13,760 16,275
Non-official language 1,845 860 980 7,545 3,650 3,895
Aboriginal 160 60 100 1,300 625 685
Non-Aboriginal 1,685 805 885 6,240 3,030 3,210
English and French 40 20 20 180 90 90
English and non-official language 50 25 25 300 160 145
French and non-official language 70 25 40 335 155 185
English, French and non-official language 5 0 0 10 5 5
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 81,870 39,555 42,310 620,390 301,645 318,745
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 77,735 37,515 40,225 594,705 289,220 305,485
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,225 40,853 28,652 30,961 37,516 25,796
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 77,765 37,515 40,245 594,920 289,245 305,680
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,689 35,859 26,352 28,107 33,169 23,945
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 70,595 34,900 35,695 516,780 259,945 256,835
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,059 38,944 26,005 28,444 34,830 23,278
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 54,015 22,830 31,180 439,645 193,975 245,675
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,306 6,778 6,015 8,164 9,210 7,321
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 57,530 29,280 28,250 423,915 219,135 204,780
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,144 37,843 27,252 29,124 34,784 24,769
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 81,870 39,555 42,310 620,395 301,650 318,745
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 77,750 37,420 40,325 594,650 289,140 305,510
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,084 50,238 36,444 39,141 46,154 32,504
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 77,775 37,430 40,350 594,870 289,165 305,700
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,886 41,111 31,039 33,022 38,151 28,171
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 70,545 34,835 35,705 516,685 259,855 256,830
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,572 48,866 34,455 37,432 44,240 30,543
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 54,080 22,785 31,295 440,195 194,240 245,955
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,711 7,799 7,646 8,938 9,519 8,480
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 57,525 29,105 28,425 423,915 218,800 205,110
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,925 47,175 34,527 37,611 43,456 31,376
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 81,865 39,555 42,310 620,390 301,645 318,745
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 29,350 15,650 13,695 197,290 104,215 93,075
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 49,997 56,302 44,724 46,349 52,010 41,058
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 58,190 64,840 50,591 54,011 60,796 46,415
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 87.7 90.7 83.9 83.2 86.2 79.0
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 70.4 73.1 66.9 68.5 71.3 64.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 12.3 9.3 16.1 16.8 13.8 21.0
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 81,865 39,555 42,315 620,390 301,650 318,745
Without total income 4,130 2,040 2,090 25,680 12,430 13,260
With total income 77,740 37,515 40,225 594,710 289,220 305,490
Percentage with total income 95.0 94.8 95.1 95.9 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 10,615 4,565 6,050 80,700 32,655 48,050
$10,000 to $19,999 12,890 4,830 8,060 109,015 40,415 68,600
$20,000 to $29,999 11,310 4,570 6,740 99,025 40,480 58,540
$30,000 to $39,999 9,595 4,425 5,170 83,770 41,360 42,405
$40,000 to $49,999 8,440 4,060 4,380 65,795 35,080 30,715
$50,000 to $59,999 6,530 3,550 2,985 44,810 26,560 18,250
$60,000 to $69,999 4,895 2,880 2,015 32,185 20,270 11,920
$70,000 to $79,999 3,920 2,200 1,715 24,565 14,130 10,430
$80,000 to $89,999 2,795 1,620 1,170 17,095 9,915 7,180
$90,000 to $99,999 1,740 1,130 605 10,240 6,980 3,260
$100,000 and over 5,000 3,670 1,330 27,515 21,380 6,135
$100,000 to $149,999 3,555 2,570 985 19,765 15,195 4,570
$150,000 and over 1,445 1,105 345 7,750 6,185 1,565
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 81,865 39,555 42,310 620,390 301,645 318,750
Without after-tax income 4,105 2,035 2,065 25,470 12,405 13,070
With after-tax income 77,760 37,515 40,250 594,920 289,240 305,680
Percentage with after-tax income 95.0 94.8 95.1 95.9 95.9 95.9
Under $10,000 (including loss) 11,110 4,640 6,470 83,590 33,140 50,455
$10,000 to $19,999 13,590 5,170 8,420 115,730 43,245 72,485
$20,000 to $29,999 13,345 5,605 7,740 118,940 51,335 67,610
$30,000 to $39,999 11,825 5,560 6,265 98,230 50,770 47,460
$40,000 to $49,999 9,535 4,990 4,545 67,470 38,665 28,810
$50,000 to $59,999 6,585 3,880 2,700 42,775 26,495 16,280
$60,000 to $69,999 4,620 2,600 2,020 28,790 16,435 12,355
$70,000 to $79,999 2,560 1,680 885 14,945 10,205 4,740
$80,000 and over 4,590 3,390 1,205 24,450 18,955 5,500
$80,000 to $89,999 1,580 1,130 445 8,385 6,340 2,040
$90,000 to $99,999 890 660 225 5,060 3,970 1,090
$100,000 and over 2,120 1,595 525 11,005 8,640 2,365
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 81,865 39,555 42,310 620,390 301,645 318,745
Without employment income 24,340 10,280 14,065 196,475 82,515 113,965
With employment income 57,530 29,280 28,250 423,910 219,140 204,775
Percentage with employment income 70.3 74.0 66.8 68.3 72.6 64.2
Under $5,000 (including loss) 7,195 3,365 3,830 54,590 26,540 28,045
$5,000 to $9,999 4,895 2,145 2,745 36,840 15,720 21,120
$10,000 to $19,999 8,115 3,620 4,495 65,895 29,920 35,975
$20,000 to $29,999 7,255 3,270 3,985 59,240 25,955 33,280
$30,000 to $39,999 6,035 2,900 3,135 50,190 24,930 25,260
$40,000 to $49,999 5,795 2,770 3,025 42,140 22,160 19,980
$50,000 to $59,999 4,445 2,500 1,940 29,910 18,180 11,730
$60,000 to $69,999 3,560 2,070 1,485 23,390 14,620 8,770
$70,000 to $79,999 3,045 1,630 1,415 19,515 10,565 8,950
$80,000 and over 7,195 5,005 2,190 42,210 30,540 11,665
$80,000 to $89,999 2,135 1,290 845 13,190 7,840 5,345
$90,000 to $99,999 1,340 875 470 8,105 5,685 2,420
$100,000 and over 3,720 2,840 880 20,915 17,015 3,895
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 42,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 65,274  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,347  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 57,071  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 52,553  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 11,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 28,747  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 30,346  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 26,387  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 30,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 230,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 80,871  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,207  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 70,063  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,063  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 42,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 79,738  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,786  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 66,439  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 61,431  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 11,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,389  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,242  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 30,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 230,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 94,027  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 86,878  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 78,169  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 73,156  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 42,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 695  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 940  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,835  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,020  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,905  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,475  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 27,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 22,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 11,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 2,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 1,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 42,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 720  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 950  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 20,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,360  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,270  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 32,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 23,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 7,905  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 48,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 2,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 28,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 221,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 82,074  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,353  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 70,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 12,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 78,011  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 67,988  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 67,562  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,801  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 11,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 82,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 106,023  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 100,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 89,509  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 85,717  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 4,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 44,137  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 42,992  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 41,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 40,671  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 29,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 221,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 95,214  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 87,048  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 78,934  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 73,197  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 12,850  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 90,184  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 74,761  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 66,576  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 11,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 82,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 117,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,901  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 96,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,699  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 4,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 50,936  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 51,119  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 45,234  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 45,687  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 16,100 7,575 8,525 114,825 54,970 59,850
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,683 29,331 28,165 27,250 30,122 25,182
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 26,468 26,723 26,286 25,167 27,154 23,916
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 16,020 7,535 8,485 114,375 54,300 60,075
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 36,739 37,609 35,968 34,738 37,330 32,395
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 31,335 31,614 31,089 29,845 31,431 28,411
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 97,975 47,635 50,335 730,710 357,860 372,850
In the bottom half of the distribution 52,580 25,080 27,500 428,180 204,170 224,005
In the bottom decile 12,025 5,790 6,240 80,120 37,430 42,695
In the second decile 10,540 4,770 5,775 94,165 42,190 51,980
In the third decile 10,050 4,850 5,200 87,075 41,905 45,170
In the fourth decile 9,995 4,840 5,155 85,610 42,275 43,335
In the fifth decile 9,955 4,830 5,130 81,200 40,375 40,825
In the top half of the distribution 45,395 22,560 22,835 302,530 153,685 148,845
In the sixth decile 10,435 5,130 5,305 77,345 38,915 38,425
In the seventh decile 9,980 4,955 5,025 73,185 37,190 36,005
In the eighth decile 9,785 4,835 4,960 65,090 32,815 32,275
In the ninth decile 8,710 4,375 4,340 52,050 26,635 25,410
In the top decile 6,485 3,275 3,215 34,860 18,130 16,730
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 96,450 46,900 49,550 722,550 353,870 368,680
0 to 17 years 18,900 9,530 9,375 131,930 67,285 64,645
0 to 5 years 6,035 3,005 3,035 40,900 20,805 20,100
18 to 64 years 61,380 29,855 31,530 452,805 221,675 231,130
65 years and over 16,165 7,520 8,650 137,820 64,915 72,905
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 15,790 7,265 8,525 123,820 55,990 67,825
0 to 17 years 4,165 2,125 2,040 29,250 14,930 14,320
0 to 5 years 1,450 720 720 10,285 5,260 5,030
18 to 64 years 9,360 4,310 5,050 66,745 29,975 36,770
65 years and over 2,270 835 1,435 27,830 11,090 16,745
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 16.4 15.5 17.2 17.1 15.8 18.4
0 to 17 years (%) 22.0 22.3 21.8 22.2 22.2 22.2
0 to 5 years (%) 24.0 24.0 23.7 25.1 25.3 25.0
18 to 64 years (%) 15.2 14.4 16.0 14.7 13.5 15.9
65 years and over (%) 14.0 11.1 16.6 20.2 17.1 23.0
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 8,645 4,250 4,395 49,830 24,165 25,660
0 to 17 years 2,060 1,065 995 11,520 5,890 5,630
0 to 5 years 720 365 355 4,200 2,145 2,055
18 to 64 years 6,275 3,065 3,215 35,680 17,255 18,425
65 years and over 305 120 190 2,630 1,025 1,605
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 9.0 9.1 8.9 6.9 6.8 7.0
0 to 17 years (%) 10.9 11.2 10.6 8.7 8.8 8.7
0 to 5 years (%) 11.9 12.1 11.7 10.3 10.3 10.2
18 to 64 years (%) 10.2 10.3 10.2 7.9 7.8 8.0
65 years and over (%) 1.9 1.6 2.2 1.9 1.6 2.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 97,980 47,640 50,335 730,710 357,855 372,850
Official languages 97,295 47,335 49,955 728,310 356,615 371,690
English 96,965 47,140 49,830 666,315 326,905 339,415
French 20,955 9,265 11,685 310,550 147,845 162,705
Non-official languages 8,735 4,310 4,420 34,880 17,355 17,525
Aboriginal languages 345 145 200 3,065 1,470 1,595
Algonquian languages 325 145 180 2,990 1,455 1,540
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 10 10 0 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 10 0 10 0 0 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 320 140 175 2,965 1,435 1,530
Malecite 230 100 130 720 335 385
Mi'kmaq 85 40 50 2,265 1,115 1,150
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 15 15 0
Algonquin 10 10 0 0 10 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 10 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 15 0 20 55 10 45
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 20 0 15 45 10 40
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 10 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 10 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 8,400 4,170 4,230 31,865 15,915 15,955
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,480 740 745 4,355 2,385 1,980
Berber languages 0 0 0 80 40 35
Kabyle 0 0 0 40 20 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 25 20
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 15 10 0
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0 10 10 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 1,480 740 740 4,300 2,340 1,960
Amharic 55 35 20 165 100 65
Arabic 1,225 610 615 3,685 2,030 1,660
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 200 95 110 435 205 230
Maltese 10 0 0 0 10 0
Tigrigna 10 0 0 50 25 25
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 15 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 280 150 130 835 430 400
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Vietnamese 275 150 125 820 435 390
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 10 0 0
Austronesian languages 190 75 110 1,790 695 1,090
Bikol 10 0 0 10 0 10
Cebuano 10 10 10 185 70 115
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 35 10 30
Ilocano 20 10 10 50 10 45
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 10 15
Malay 35 10 20 75 20 55
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 130 55 75 1,595 625 970
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 0
Creole languages 20 10 0 430 195 235
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 50 20 30
Creole, n.o.s. 20 10 10 240 105 135
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 140 75 65
Dravidian languages 150 80 75 435 245 195
Kannada 15 0 0 60 30 25
Malayalam 0 0 0 55 35 25
Tamil 100 55 45 190 115 75
Telugu 70 30 40 175 90 85
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Indo-European languages 4,345 2,090 2,260 16,505 8,155 8,350
Albanian 45 25 20 80 45 35
Armenian 45 20 25 60 35 25
Balto-Slavic languages 820 405 415 2,065 1,100 965
Baltic languages 15 0 10 55 40 20
Latvian 0 0 10 20 10 10
Lithuanian 15 10 0 30 20 10
Slavic languages 810 395 415 2,025 1,070 955
Belarusan 0 0 0 10 0 0
Bosnian 55 30 25 75 40 40
Bulgarian 20 0 20 45 15 35
Croatian 45 10 35 95 45 55
Czech 30 15 10 115 65 45
Macedonian 10 10 0 35 25 10
Polish 110 50 60 320 165 160
Russian 520 270 250 1,200 630 570
Serbian 40 30 10 90 70 20
Serbo-Croatian 10 0 0 40 30 10
Slovak 10 0 0 45 15 30
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 10 15 10 0
Ukrainian 80 20 55 310 145 165
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Celtic languages 50 15 30 140 40 100
Scottish Gaelic 20 10 15 95 20 75
Welsh 0 0 0 10 0 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 40 20 20
Germanic languages 1,085 555 535 4,745 2,360 2,380
Afrikaans 10 10 0 130 70 60
Danish 30 15 15 155 60 95
Dutch 375 175 200 1,185 560 625
Frisian 0 0 0 50 40 15
German 705 375 330 3,260 1,675 1,580
Icelandic 0 0 0 10 10 0
Norwegian 25 15 15 130 65 65
Swedish 25 15 15 110 45 60
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 40 20 25
Yiddish 0 0 0 20 20 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Greek 70 35 30 220 125 95
Indo-Iranian languages 1,035 530 505 2,325 1,275 1,050
Indo-Aryan languages 685 365 315 1,570 875 695
Bengali 95 70 25 225 150 80
Gujarati 30 15 15 110 45 65
Hindi 320 160 155 790 430 355
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Marathi 15 10 0 55 20 30
Nepali 175 80 90 185 90 95
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 75 35 40 205 130 75
Sindhi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 15 10 10 35 10 20
Urdu 110 55 50 355 215 140
Iranian languages 380 185 195 805 430 375
Kurdish 40 15 25 130 65 60
Pashto 35 25 15 60 45 20
Persian (Farsi) 300 145 155 620 330 285
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 10 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 1,385 605 780 7,600 3,540 4,055
Catalan 10 0 0 15 10 0
Italian 160 60 100 825 405 420
Portuguese 100 55 45 450 250 200
Romanian 30 15 20 555 290 265
Spanish 1,155 515 645 6,065 2,775 3,290
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 10 0 10
Japanese 105 40 65 430 190 240
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Korean 435 225 210 1,695 860 835
Mongolic languages 15 10 10 10 10 10
Mongolian 15 10 10 15 10 10
Niger-Congo languages 285 180 105 1,525 890 640
Akan (Twi) 10 0 0 35 15 25
Bamanankan 0 0 0 155 70 85
Edo 10 10 0 0 0 0
Ewe 0 0 0 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 10 0 100 85 15
Ga 0 0 0 10 10 0
Ganda 10 0 0 10 10 0
Igbo 15 10 10 60 50 15
Lingala 15 0 10 125 95 35
Rundi (Kirundi) 45 25 20 90 55 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 20 15 10 70 40 30
Shona 0 0 0 40 15 25
Swahili 55 35 20 355 185 170
Wolof 0 0 0 70 45 25
Yoruba 40 30 15 60 45 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 115 65 50 545 315 230
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages 145 55 90 1,155 450 705
American Sign Language 55 15 40 425 150 280
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 15 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 95 40 55 745 305 435
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,300 695 605 3,585 1,885 1,700
Chinese languages 1,295 695 605 3,510 1,855 1,660
Cantonese 120 60 55 610 285 320
Hakka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mandarin 1,130 625 505 2,760 1,455 1,310
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 30 10 20 60 30 30
Wu (Shanghainese) 75 35 35 140 65 75
Chinese, n.o.s. 60 40 25 310 195 115
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20 40 10 30
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 70 30 40
Burmese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0 65 25 45
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 40 10 25 85 20 65
Lao 10 0 0 10 0 10
Thai 35 10 25 80 20 60
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 55 20 30 175 105 75
Azerbaijani 10 0 0 0 0 0
Turkish 50 20 30 165 105 60
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Uralic languages 45 20 30 270 130 140
Estonian 0 0 0 20 15 0
Finnish 10 0 0 35 15 20
Hungarian 40 15 25 220 105 115
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 30 25 10 100 70 30
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 97,975 47,640 50,335 730,710 357,855 372,855
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 93,195 45,175 48,020 710,775 347,905 362,875
Canadian citizens aged under 18 18,320 9,300 9,020 130,785 66,795 63,990
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 74,880 35,880 39,000 579,995 281,110 298,880
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 4,780 2,465 2,320 19,925 9,950 9,980
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 97,975 47,640 50,340 730,710 357,855 372,850
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 88,775 43,075 45,700 692,535 339,090 353,445
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 8,215 3,950 4,260 33,810 16,175 17,640
Before 1981 2,240 1,050 1,185 11,545 5,265 6,275
1981 to 1990 610 300 310 2,735 1,340 1,390
1991 to 2000 800 370 435 2,975 1,490 1,490
2001 to 2010 1,905 930 975 7,235 3,530 3,710
2001 to 2005 640 295 350 2,435 1,110 1,330
2006 to 2010 1,270 640 630 4,800 2,415 2,385
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 2,650 1,295 1,360 9,330 4,560 4,770
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 990 615 375 4,360 2,590 1,770
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 8,210 3,950 4,260 33,815 16,175 17,635
Under 5 years 1,100 480 620 5,135 2,350 2,790
5 to 14 years 1,735 795 945 7,290 3,585 3,705
15 to 24 years 1,425 665 765 5,790 2,525 3,265
25 to 44 years 3,260 1,625 1,635 12,640 6,100 6,535
45 years and over 690 390 305 2,955 1,615 1,340
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 8,210 3,950 4,260 33,815 16,175 17,635
Americas 1,475 700 775 9,420 4,205 5,210
Brazil 10 0 10 55 20 30
Colombia 35 25 10 215 85 130
El Salvador 70 45 25 115 85 30
Guyana 25 0 20 80 40 45
Haiti 10 10 0 170 70 100
Jamaica 25 20 10 120 85 40
Mexico 25 10 10 160 50 110
Peru 10 0 0 60 35 25
Trinidad and Tobago 30 20 10 115 70 40
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,085 495 590 7,620 3,315 4,305
Other places of birth in Americas 170 65 100 715 355 360
Europe 2,470 1,140 1,330 10,985 5,335 5,650
Bosnia and Herzegovina 65 30 40 100 55 50
Croatia 10 0 0 60 35 25
France 80 40 45 760 425 340
Germany 325 135 190 1,615 740 880
Greece 10 0 0 95 60 40
Hungary 25 10 20 100 35 65
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 35 20 15 160 75 85
Italy 25 15 10 210 125 85
Netherlands 270 150 115 975 505 465
Poland 55 25 30 195 90 100
Portugal 30 20 20 130 85 45
Romania 25 10 15 485 245 240
Russian Federation 55 30 25 245 115 135
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 15 10 0 30 25 10
Ukraine 130 50 80 250 120 130
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 1,060 505 560 4,600 2,160 2,445
Other places of birth in Europe 245 100 145 970 455 515
Africa 595 330 265 2,565 1,420 1,140
Algeria 15 0 10 165 90 75
Egypt 40 30 15 120 75 45
Ethiopia 45 20 25 120 65 60
Kenya 20 15 10 60 30 30
Morocco 25 10 10 200 120 75
Nigeria 75 35 35 115 65 50
Somalia 0 0 0 15 10 10
South Africa, Republic of 15 10 10 165 85 80
Other places of birth in Africa 360 200 165 1,615 885 725
Asia 3,595 1,745 1,850 10,625 5,105 5,520
Afghanistan 10 0 10 20 10 0
Bangladesh 60 30 25 100 55 50
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 805 405 395 2,210 1,040 1,175
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 20 15 10 120 60 55