Census Profile, 2016 Census
Madawaska, County [Census division], New Brunswick and New Brunswick [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Madawaska, CT
New Brunswick
[Census division]
New Brunswick

[Province]
Data quality , Madawaska, County [Census division], New Brunswick  Map : Madawaska, County [Census division], New Brunswick Data quality : New Brunswick [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 1 Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 32,741  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 747,101  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 33,422  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 751,171  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 -2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... -0.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 15,774  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 359,721  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 14,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,773  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 9.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 3,461.89  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,388.81  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 32,740 16,020 16,720 747,105 365,355 381,745
0 to 14 years 4,345 2,220 2,120 110,495 56,320 54,180
0 to 4 years 1,240 660 575 34,365 17,505 16,860
5 to 9 years 1,555 785 770 38,250 19,515 18,735
10 to 14 years 1,550 770 780 37,880 19,295 18,585
15 to 64 years 21,060 10,440 10,620 487,820 240,535 247,285
15 to 19 years 1,525 740 780 40,605 20,905 19,705
20 to 24 years 1,405 725 675 41,445 21,280 20,165
25 to 29 years 1,440 740 700 39,245 19,745 19,505
30 to 34 years 1,660 825 840 41,510 20,140 21,365
35 to 39 years 1,870 925 950 44,435 21,585 22,850
40 to 44 years 1,985 1,025 965 48,430 23,520 24,910
45 to 49 years 2,115 1,040 1,075 51,300 25,195 26,105
50 to 54 years 2,790 1,370 1,420 61,055 29,795 31,265
55 to 59 years 3,285 1,590 1,695 61,740 30,210 31,530
60 to 64 years 2,985 1,475 1,515 58,060 28,170 29,895
65 years and over 7,335 3,365 3,975 148,785 68,500 80,280
65 to 69 years 2,695 1,350 1,345 52,160 25,595 26,570
70 to 74 years 1,750 865 895 36,050 17,695 18,360
75 to 79 years 1,205 520 680 25,300 11,835 13,465
80 to 84 years 875 360 515 17,650 7,515 10,135
85 years and over 810 275 540 17,620 5,860 11,765
85 to 89 years 515 175 340 10,670 3,910 6,760
90 to 94 years 245 85 165 5,305 1,595 3,715
95 to 99 years 45 10 30 1,435 330 1,110
100 years and over 5 0 5 205 30 185
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 13.3 13.9 12.7 14.8 15.4 14.2
15 to 64 years 64.3 65.2 63.5 65.3 65.8 64.8
65 years and over 22.4 21.0 23.8 19.9 18.7 21.0
85 years and over 2.5 1.7 3.2 2.4 1.6 3.1
Average age of the population 46.1 45.2 47.0 43.6 42.7 44.5
Median age of the population 50.1 49.0 51.0 45.7 44.8 46.6
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 14,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 10,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 221,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 80  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 3,475  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 430  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 370  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 695  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 1,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 44,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 80  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 420  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 14,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 4,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 5,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 126,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 2,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 1,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 500  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 31,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 730,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 28,395 13,800 14,595 636,605 309,040 327,570
Married or living common law 17,430 8,720 8,710 379,605 189,790 189,820
Married 12,320 6,165 6,160 302,020 151,100 150,925
Living common law 5,105 2,555 2,550 77,580 38,685 38,895
Not married and not living common law 10,970 5,085 5,885 257,000 119,250 137,745
Never married 6,275 3,435 2,840 158,070 85,640 72,430
Separated 955 430 525 21,290 9,530 11,760
Divorced 1,475 730 750 35,680 15,275 20,405
Widowed 2,265 490 1,770 41,965 8,805 33,160
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 9,905  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 222,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 6,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 129,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 2,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 47,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 1,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 370  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 9,905  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 222,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 8,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 186,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 5,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 147,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 2,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 1,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 1,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 28,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 8,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 186,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 5,150  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 105,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 3,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 81,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 1,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 1,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 32,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 350  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 1,360  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 23,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 355  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 95  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 5,535 2,665 2,865 128,775 61,010 67,770
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 14,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 9,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 214,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 5,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 102,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 4,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 112,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 130  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 4,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 4,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 330  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 32,110 15,755 16,350 736,280 360,440 375,840
English only 565 275 280 420,820 210,555 210,260
French only 12,275 5,880 6,395 63,140 29,955 33,190
English and French 19,235 9,580 9,655 249,950 118,705 131,245
Neither English nor French 35 15 15 2,370 1,220 1,150
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 32,105 15,755 16,350 736,280 360,440 375,845
English 1,770 830 945 498,365 244,230 254,135
French 30,145 14,825 15,325 232,450 113,500 118,945
English and French 155 90 70 3,210 1,550 1,655
Neither English nor French 30 20 15 2,255 1,150 1,100
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 30,225 14,870 15,355 234,055 114,280 119,775
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 94.1 94.4 93.9 31.8 31.7 31.9
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 32,105 15,755 16,350 736,280 360,440 375,845
Single responses 31,710 15,570 16,135 726,990 356,005 370,990
Official languages 31,410 15,415 15,995 703,840 344,285 359,555
English 1,645 770 875 472,725 231,595 241,135
French 29,765 14,650 15,120 231,110 112,690 118,415
Non-official languages 295 160 140 23,150 11,715 11,435
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 2,165 1,035 1,135
Algonquian languages 5 0 0 2,130 1,020 1,110
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 0 0 2,115 1,010 1,105
Malecite 5 0 5 280 125 155
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 1,835 885 950
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 5 5 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 0 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 290 155 135 20,990 10,685 10,300
Afro-Asiatic languages 90 60 30 3,190 1,805 1,385
Berber languages 10 5 0 40 25 15
Kabyle 5 0 0 20 10 5
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 5 5 5
Somali 0 0 0 25 10 15
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 80 55 25 3,110 1,760 1,355
Amharic 0 0 0 65 35 25
Arabic 80 55 30 2,855 1,615 1,235
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 5 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0 170 90 80
Maltese 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tigrigna 0 0 0 20 15 10
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 15 5 5 635 305 330
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 10 5 10
Vietnamese 15 5 5 620 305 320
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 10 5 5 1,375 510 865
Bikol 0 0 0 5 0 5
Cebuano 0 0 0 105 35 65
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 15 5 10
Ilocano 0 0 0 50 15 35
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 5 10
Malay 0 0 0 45 20 30
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 5 5 5 1,120 420 700
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 5 0 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Creole languages 0 0 0 135 70 65
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 15 10 5
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 80 30 50
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 30 10
Dravidian languages 0 5 0 285 155 130
Kannada 5 5 0 20 15 10
Malayalam 0 0 0 40 15 20
Tamil 0 0 0 105 60 50
Telugu 0 0 0 110 60 45
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Indo-European languages 110 50 60 9,325 4,790 4,530
Albanian 0 0 0 50 25 25
Armenian 0 0 0 30 15 10
Balto-Slavic languages 10 5 5 1,740 865 875
Baltic languages 0 0 0 55 30 30
Latvian 0 0 0 25 10 10
Lithuanian 0 0 0 35 15 15
Slavic languages 15 10 5 1,685 835 850
Belarusan 0 0 0 5 5 0
Bosnian 0 0 0 50 25 25
Bulgarian 0 0 0 20 10 10
Croatian 0 0 0 75 35 40
Czech 0 0 0 55 25 25
Macedonian 0 0 0 15 10 5
Polish 5 0 5 230 105 125
Russian 5 5 0 880 440 435
Serbian 0 0 0 105 55 45
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 5 35 15 20
Slovak 0 0 0 25 15 15
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ukrainian 5 0 0 170 85 90
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0 30 5 20
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 15 5 10
Welsh 0 0 0 10 0 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Germanic languages 10 5 5 2,875 1,415 1,465
Afrikaans 0 0 0 50 30 25
Danish 0 0 0 125 55 75
Dutch 5 0 0 885 470 410
Frisian 0 0 0 35 25 10
German 10 5 5 1,650 780 865
Icelandic 0 0 0 5 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0 40 25 20
Swedish 0 0 0 50 15 35
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 5 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Greek 5 0 0 145 100 50
Indo-Iranian languages 10 5 5 1,850 1,020 835
Indo-Aryan languages 5 5 0 1,175 655 525
Bengali 0 0 0 205 120 85
Gujarati 0 0 0 75 40 30
Hindi 0 0 0 225 135 95
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 10 5 5
Marathi 0 0 0 50 20 25
Nepali 0 0 0 180 90 90
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 0 0 0 125 75 50
Sindhi 0 0 0 25 10 10
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 30 15 15
Urdu 0 0 0 240 140 100
Iranian languages 0 0 0 655 355 305
Kurdish 0 0 0 55 30 25
Pashto 0 0 0 25 15 10
Persian (Farsi) 0 0 0 580 310 270
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Italic (Romance) languages 75 30 40 2,605 1,355 1,250
Catalan 0 0 0 5 5 0
Italian 5 0 0 400 225 175
Portuguese 5 0 5 260 130 130
Romanian 50 25 30 485 250 240
Spanish 15 5 10 1,460 755 705
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Japanese 0 0 0 110 25 85
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Korean 5 0 5 1,550 800 750
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Mongolian 0 0 0 5 5 5
Niger-Congo languages 30 15 15 700 385 315
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Bamanankan 5 0 0 60 35 25
Edo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 0 0 0 5 5 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 40 30 15
Ga 5 0 0 5 5 5
Ganda 0 0 0 10 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0 30 20 10
Lingala 5 0 0 25 15 15
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 5 0 45 25 20
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 0 0 40 20 20
Shona 0 0 0 20 10 10
Swahili 5 5 0 135 65 70
Wolof 0 0 0 25 20 10
Yoruba 0 0 0 30 15 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 20 5 5 195 105 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0 5 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sign languages 5 0 5 145 75 70
American Sign Language 0 0 0 40 20 30
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 95 55 45
Sino-Tibetan languages 20 10 10 3,115 1,570 1,545
Chinese languages 20 10 10 3,085 1,555 1,530
Cantonese 15 5 5 440 225 210
Hakka 0 0 0 20 10 10
Mandarin 10 5 0 2,250 1,105 1,150
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 5 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 35 15 15
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 100 45 55
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 5 240 150 85
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 30 15 15
Burmese 0 0 0 0 0 5
Karenic languages 0 0 0 25 15 10
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 5 5 5 60 15 50
Lao 5 0 0 5 0 0
Thai 10 0 5 55 10 45
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0 105 60 45
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkish 0 5 0 75 50 30
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Uralic languages 0 0 0 250 115 135
Estonian 0 0 0 20 5 10
Finnish 0 0 0 45 15 30
Hungarian 0 0 0 185 90 95
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 10
Multiple responses 400 185 215 9,290 4,440 4,855
English and French 375 165 205 7,285 3,470 3,815
English and non-official language 5 5 5 1,535 725 810
French and non-official language 20 15 5 330 175 155
English, French and non-official language 5 5 5 145 65 75
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 32,105 15,755 16,350 736,280 360,435 375,845
Single responses 31,575 15,495 16,080 724,940 355,025 369,910
Official languages 31,415 15,410 16,005 712,250 348,510 363,740
English 1,415 695 720 505,935 247,610 258,325
French 30,000 14,715 15,290 206,315 100,900 105,415
Non-official languages 160 90 70 12,690 6,515 6,175
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 820 400 420
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 820 395 420
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 815 395 420
Malecite 0 0 0 50 25 25
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 765 370 395
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 160 85 70 11,870 6,115 5,750
Afro-Asiatic languages 50 30 15 2,285 1,210 1,075
Berber languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0 20 5 10
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 50 30 15 2,265 1,200 1,065
Amharic 0 0 0 20 10 10
Arabic 50 35 15 2,110 1,125 990
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0 130 60 70
Maltese 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tigrigna 0 0 0 5 0 5
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 15 5 10 525 255 270
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Vietnamese 15 5 10 520 250 270
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 0 0 0 510 235 270
Bikol 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cebuano 0 0 0 40 15 25
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 0 5
Malay 0 0 0 15 0 5
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 0 0 0 450 215 235
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Creole languages 0 0 0 65 25 35
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 20 0 15
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 20
Dravidian languages 0 0 0 110 60 45
Kannada 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0 20 5 10
Tamil 0 0 0 35 20 20
Telugu 0 0 0 45 30 15
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 65 35 30 4,160 2,175 1,990
Albanian 0 0 0 30 15 10
Armenian 0 0 0 20 5 10
Balto-Slavic languages 10 5 5 975 505 470
Baltic languages 0 0 0 35 20 15
Latvian 0 0 0 10 5 5
Lithuanian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavic languages 5 10 0 935 480 455
Belarusan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Bulgarian 0 0 0 5 5 0
Croatian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Czech 0 0 0 5 0 5
Macedonian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Polish 5 5 0 55 25 30
Russian 0 0 0 620 320 305
Serbian 0 0 0 80 45 35
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 5 5 5
Slovak 0 0 0 5 5 5
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ukrainian 5 5 0 90 50 40
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0 10 0 5
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 5 0 5
Welsh 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages 0 0 0 640 320 320
Afrikaans 0 0 0 35 15 20
Danish 0 0 0 5 5 5
Dutch 0 0 0 150 80 75
Frisian 0 0 0 5 0 5
German 5 0 0 425 215 210
Icelandic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0 5 0 5
Swedish 0 0 0 5 0 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Greek 0 0 0 45 25 25
Indo-Iranian languages 5 0 5 1,140 595 545
Indo-Aryan languages 5 0 0 655 335 325
Bengali 0 5 0 130 70 60
Gujarati 0 0 0 40 15 20
Hindi 0 0 0 115 60 50
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 5 5 0
Marathi 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nepali 0 0 0 135 60 75
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 0 0 0 50 25 25
Sindhi 0 0 0 10 5 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Urdu 0 0 0 140 75 70
Iranian languages 0 0 0 470 255 220
Kurdish 0 0 0 35 25 10
Pashto 0 0 0 15 5 5
Persian (Farsi) 0 0 0 425 225 195
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 5
Italic (Romance) languages 45 25 20 1,305 705 600
Catalan 0 0 0 5 5 0
Italian 0 5 0 85 40 45
Portuguese 5 5 5 110 50 60
Romanian 30 15 20 290 145 140
Spanish 10 5 0 820 470 350
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Japanese 0 0 0 20 10 15
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Korean 0 0 0 1,245 645 605
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 0 0 0 240 125 120
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 10 5 10
Bamanankan 0 0 0 20 15 5
Edo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 0 0 0 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 10 10 5
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0 5 5 0
Lingala 0 0 0 10 5 5
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 20 15 10
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Shona 0 0 0 5 0 5
Swahili 0 0 0 80 35 45
Wolof 0 0 0 5 5 0
Yoruba 0 0 0 5 5 5
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 25
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages 5 5 0 200 115 85
American Sign Language 0 0 0 55 30 25
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 5 5 5 150 90 60
Sino-Tibetan languages 20 10 10 2,390 1,210 1,175
Chinese languages 25 10 10 2,365 1,195 1,170
Cantonese 10 5 5 260 130 130
Hakka 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mandarin 10 5 0 1,855 930 920
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 85 40 45
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 5 5 140 80 55
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 25 15 10
Burmese 0 0 0 5 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 5 10 0 5
Lao 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 5 10 5 5
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 5 0 0 30 15 10
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0 25 15 5
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uralic languages 5 0 5 70 35 40
Estonian 0 0 0 5 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0 5 5 5
Hungarian 5 5 5 55 30 30
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Multiple responses 530 260 275 11,345 5,415 5,925
English and French 460 230 235 7,275 3,370 3,905
English and non-official language 25 10 15 3,435 1,715 1,720
French and non-official language 35 20 20 340 185 160
English, French and non-official language 10 0 10 290 140 145
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 32,110 15,760 16,350 736,280 360,435 375,845
None 26,960 13,215 13,745 647,960 318,560 329,400
English 4,360 2,145 2,215 49,925 24,065 25,855
French 680 340 340 30,030 13,760 16,275
Non-official language 90 45 40 7,545 3,650 3,895
Aboriginal 0 5 5 1,300 625 685
Non-Aboriginal 80 45 35 6,240 3,030 3,210
English and French 5 0 0 180 90 90
English and non-official language 15 10 5 300 160 145
French and non-official language 0 5 0 335 155 185
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 10 5 5
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 27,150 13,325 13,825 620,390 301,645 318,745
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 26,375 13,025 13,350 594,705 289,220 305,485
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,376 36,075 23,832 30,961 37,516 25,796
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 26,380 13,020 13,355 594,920 289,245 305,680
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 26,815 32,009 22,393 28,107 33,169 23,945
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 22,555 11,555 11,005 516,780 259,945 256,835
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 26,904 33,137 21,508 28,444 34,830 23,278
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 20,060 9,115 10,950 439,645 193,975 245,675
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,199 9,205 7,340 8,164 9,210 7,321
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 18,340 9,700 8,635 423,915 219,135 204,780
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,238 33,871 23,519 29,124 34,784 24,769
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 27,150 13,365 13,785 620,395 301,650 318,745
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 26,335 13,070 13,260 594,650 289,140 305,510
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,060 42,348 29,863 39,141 46,154 32,504
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 26,350 13,070 13,275 594,870 289,165 305,700
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,975 35,809 26,216 33,022 38,151 28,171
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 22,640 11,620 11,015 516,685 259,855 256,830
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,069 40,161 27,642 37,432 44,240 30,543
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 19,905 9,025 10,885 440,195 194,240 245,955
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,953 9,609 8,408 8,938 9,519 8,480
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 18,340 9,830 8,505 423,915 218,800 205,110
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,516 38,838 29,523 37,611 43,456 31,376
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 27,150 13,365 13,785 620,390 301,645 318,745
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 8,410 4,620 3,790 197,290 104,215 93,075
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 42,448 47,276 36,302 46,349 52,010 41,058
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 48,581 54,056 41,904 54,011 60,796 46,415
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 80.8 83.9 76.4 83.2 86.2 79.0
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 66.7 69.0 63.4 68.5 71.3 64.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 19.2 16.1 23.6 16.8 13.8 21.0
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 27,150 13,325 13,825 620,390 301,650 318,745
Without total income 775 300 475 25,680 12,430 13,260
With total income 26,375 13,020 13,345 594,710 289,220 305,490
Percentage with total income 97.1 97.7 96.5 95.9 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 3,450 1,295 2,155 80,700 32,655 48,050
$10,000 to $19,999 5,255 1,940 3,320 109,015 40,415 68,600
$20,000 to $29,999 4,760 1,940 2,820 99,025 40,480 58,540
$30,000 to $39,999 4,120 2,215 1,900 83,770 41,360 42,405
$40,000 to $49,999 3,135 1,910 1,225 65,795 35,080 30,715
$50,000 to $59,999 1,855 1,250 610 44,810 26,560 18,250
$60,000 to $69,999 1,200 780 420 32,185 20,270 11,920
$70,000 to $79,999 985 530 450 24,565 14,130 10,430
$80,000 to $89,999 565 340 230 17,095 9,915 7,180
$90,000 to $99,999 295 220 75 10,240 6,980 3,260
$100,000 and over 760 605 145 27,515 21,380 6,135
$100,000 to $149,999 565 460 105 19,765 15,195 4,570
$150,000 and over 190 145 45 7,750 6,185 1,565
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 27,150 13,325 13,825 620,390 301,645 318,750
Without after-tax income 770 305 470 25,470 12,405 13,070
With after-tax income 26,380 13,025 13,360 594,920 289,240 305,680
Percentage with after-tax income 97.2 97.7 96.6 95.9 95.9 95.9
Under $10,000 (including loss) 3,555 1,310 2,245 83,590 33,140 50,455
$10,000 to $19,999 5,570 2,055 3,515 115,730 43,245 72,485
$20,000 to $29,999 5,800 2,570 3,230 118,940 51,335 67,610
$30,000 to $39,999 4,800 2,795 2,010 98,230 50,770 47,460
$40,000 to $49,999 2,835 1,815 1,025 67,470 38,665 28,810
$50,000 to $59,999 1,640 1,035 605 42,775 26,495 16,280
$60,000 to $69,999 1,060 580 475 28,790 16,435 12,355
$70,000 to $79,999 425 315 105 14,945 10,205 4,740
$80,000 and over 690 545 140 24,450 18,955 5,500
$80,000 to $89,999 245 200 50 8,385 6,340 2,040
$90,000 to $99,999 150 115 35 5,060 3,970 1,090
$100,000 and over 295 235 60 11,005 8,640 2,365
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 27,150 13,325 13,825 620,390 301,645 318,745
Without employment income 8,815 3,625 5,185 196,475 82,515 113,965
With employment income 18,340 9,700 8,640 423,910 219,140 204,775
Percentage with employment income 67.6 72.8 62.5 68.3 72.6 64.2
Under $5,000 (including loss) 2,470 1,285 1,190 54,590 26,540 28,045
$5,000 to $9,999 1,585 625 960 36,840 15,720 21,120
$10,000 to $19,999 2,770 1,205 1,565 65,895 29,920 35,975
$20,000 to $29,999 2,840 1,235 1,610 59,240 25,955 33,280
$30,000 to $39,999 2,435 1,335 1,105 50,190 24,930 25,260
$40,000 to $49,999 2,045 1,240 805 42,140 22,160 19,980
$50,000 to $59,999 1,245 845 400 29,910 18,180 11,730
$60,000 to $69,999 895 600 285 23,390 14,620 8,770
$70,000 to $79,999 855 445 410 19,515 10,565 8,950
$80,000 and over 1,200 885 315 42,210 30,540 11,665
$80,000 to $89,999 425 270 155 13,190 7,840 5,345
$90,000 to $99,999 250 190 60 8,105 5,685 2,420
$100,000 and over 525 425 95 20,915 17,015 3,895
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 14,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 53,146  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,347  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 47,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 52,553  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 4,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 25,248  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 28,747  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 23,936  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 26,387  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 10,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 230,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 69,376  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,207  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 61,312  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,063  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 14,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 65,464  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,786  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 56,261  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 61,431  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 4,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 32,396  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 28,262  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,242  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 10,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 230,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 79,882  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 86,878  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 68,469  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 73,156  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 14,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 120  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 480  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 365  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,835  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 870  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 845  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 970  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 885  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 700  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 660  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 27,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 22,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 690  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 2,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 700  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 515  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 235  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 14,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 480  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 370  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 965  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 985  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 20,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 930  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 840  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 805  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 32,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 23,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 820  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 620  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 1,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 48,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 955  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 365  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 295  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 9,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 221,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 69,418  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,353  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 61,306  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 4,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 60,751  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 67,988  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 54,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,801  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 3,430  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 82,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 94,427  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 100,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 81,856  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 85,717  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 1,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 42,163  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 42,992  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 40,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 40,671  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 9,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 221,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 79,772  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 87,048  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 68,298  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 73,197  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 4,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 69,683  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 59,997  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 66,576  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 3,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 82,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 107,157  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,901  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 90,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,699  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 1,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 49,541  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 51,119  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 44,833  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 45,687  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 5,015 2,440 2,570 114,825 54,970 59,850
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 24,914 29,987 22,420 27,250 30,122 25,182
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 23,734 26,694 21,945 25,167 27,154 23,916
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 4,950 2,380 2,565 114,375 54,300 60,075
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 31,680 35,119 28,491 34,738 37,330 32,395
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 27,748 29,990 25,668 29,845 31,431 28,411
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 31,490 15,545 15,945 730,710 357,860 372,850
In the bottom half of the distribution 19,805 9,495 10,310 428,180 204,170 224,005
In the bottom decile 3,320 1,500 1,815 80,120 37,430 42,695
In the second decile 4,440 1,980 2,460 94,165 42,190 51,980
In the third decile 4,175 2,025 2,150 87,075 41,905 45,170
In the fourth decile 4,065 2,035 2,030 85,610 42,275 43,335
In the fifth decile 3,810 1,955 1,850 81,200 40,375 40,825
In the top half of the distribution 11,685 6,050 5,640 302,530 153,685 148,845
In the sixth decile 3,445 1,745 1,700 77,345 38,915 38,425
In the seventh decile 3,150 1,640 1,500 73,185 37,190 36,005
In the eighth decile 2,475 1,290 1,185 65,090 32,815 32,275
In the ninth decile 1,650 850 800 52,050 26,635 25,410
In the top decile 965 525 440 34,860 18,130 16,730
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 31,280 15,450 15,830 722,550 353,870 368,680
0 to 17 years 5,240 2,650 2,590 131,930 67,285 64,645
0 to 5 years 1,510 815 695 40,900 20,805 20,100
18 to 64 years 19,700 9,750 9,945 452,805 221,675 231,130
65 years and over 6,340 3,040 3,295 137,820 64,915 72,905
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 5,700 2,545 3,155 123,820 55,990 67,825
0 to 17 years 1,105 560 545 29,250 14,930 14,320
0 to 5 years 380 195 180 10,285 5,260 5,030
18 to 64 years 3,015 1,340 1,670 66,745 29,975 36,770
65 years and over 1,585 645 935 27,830 11,090 16,745
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 18.2 16.5 19.9 17.1 15.8 18.4
0 to 17 years (%) 21.1 21.1 21.0 22.2 22.2 22.2
0 to 5 years (%) 25.2 23.9 25.9 25.1 25.3 25.0
18 to 64 years (%) 15.3 13.7 16.8 14.7 13.5 15.9
65 years and over (%) 25.0 21.2 28.4 20.2 17.1 23.0
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 1,740 860 885 49,830 24,165 25,660
0 to 17 years 295 150 150 11,520 5,890 5,630
0 to 5 years 110 55 50 4,200 2,145 2,055
18 to 64 years 1,345 675 670 35,680 17,255 18,425
65 years and over 100 40 60 2,630 1,025 1,605
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 5.6 5.6 5.6 6.9 6.8 7.0
0 to 17 years (%) 5.6 5.7 5.8 8.7 8.8 8.7
0 to 5 years (%) 7.3 6.7 7.2 10.3 10.3 10.2
18 to 64 years (%) 6.8 6.9 6.7 7.9 7.8 8.0
65 years and over (%) 1.6 1.3 1.8 1.9 1.6 2.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 31,490 15,545 15,950 730,710 357,855 372,850
Official languages 31,440 15,510 15,925 728,310 356,615 371,690
English 19,585 9,770 9,815 666,315 326,905 339,415
French 30,880 15,260 15,620 310,550 147,845 162,705
Non-official languages 680 355 325 34,880 17,355 17,525
Aboriginal languages 10 0 10 3,065 1,470 1,595
Algonquian languages 10 0 10 2,990 1,455 1,540
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 2,965 1,435 1,530
Malecite 0 0 10 720 335 385
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 2,265 1,115 1,150
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 15 15 0
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 10 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 10 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 55 10 45
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 45 10 40
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 10 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 10 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 675 355 320 31,865 15,915 15,955
Afro-Asiatic languages 155 105 50 4,355 2,385 1,980
Berber languages 15 10 10 80 40 35
Kabyle 0 0 0 40 20 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 20 10 0 40 25 20
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 15 10 0
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0 10 10 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 135 90 45 4,300 2,340 1,960
Amharic 0 0 0 165 100 65
Arabic 135 90 40 3,685 2,030 1,660
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0 435 205 230
Maltese 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0 50 25 25
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 15 15 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 20 10 15 835 430 400
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Vietnamese 15 10 10 820 435 390
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 0
Austronesian languages 10 0 15 1,790 695 1,090
Bikol 0 0 0 10 0 10
Cebuano 10 0 0 185 70 115
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 35 10 30
Ilocano 0 0 0 50 10 45
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 10 15
Malay 0 0 0 75 20 55
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 10 0 15 1,595 625 970
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 0
Creole languages 15 10 10 430 195 235
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 50 20 30
Creole, n.o.s. 15 10 10 240 105 135
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 140 75 65
Dravidian languages 10 0 0 435 245 195
Kannada 0 0 0 60 30 25
Malayalam 0 0 0 55 35 25
Tamil 0 0 0 190 115 75
Telugu 0 0 0 175 90 85
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Indo-European languages 310 155 160 16,505 8,155 8,350
Albanian 0 0 0 80 45 35
Armenian 0 0 0 60 35 25
Balto-Slavic languages 30 20 10 2,065 1,100 965
Baltic languages 0 0 0 55 40 20
Latvian 0 0 0 20 10 10
Lithuanian 0 0 0 30 20 10
Slavic languages 25 20 10 2,025 1,070 955
Belarusan 0 0 0 10 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0 75 40 40
Bulgarian 0 0 0 45 15 35
Croatian 0 0 0 95 45 55
Czech 0 0 0 115 65 45
Macedonian 0 0 0 35 25 10
Polish 0 0 0 320 165 160
Russian 20 15 0 1,200 630 570
Serbian 0 0 0 90 70 20
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 40 30 10
Slovak 0 0 0 45 15 30
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 15 10 0
Ukrainian 15 15 0 310 145 165
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Celtic languages 0 0 0 140 40 100
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 95 20 75
Welsh 0 0 0 10 0 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Germanic languages 40 20 15 4,745 2,360 2,380
Afrikaans 0 0 0 130 70 60
Danish 0 0 0 155 60 95
Dutch 0 10 0 1,185 560 625
Frisian 0 0 0 50 40 15
German 30 20 10 3,260 1,675 1,580
Icelandic 0 0 0 10 10 0
Norwegian 0 0 10 130 65 65
Swedish 0 0 0 110 45 60
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 40 20 25
Yiddish 0 0 0 20 20 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Greek 0 0 0 220 125 95
Indo-Iranian languages 0 10 0 2,325 1,275 1,050
Indo-Aryan languages 10 0 10 1,570 875 695
Bengali 10 0 10 225 150 80
Gujarati 0 0 0 110 45 65
Hindi 0 0 0 790 430 355
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0 55 20 30
Nepali 0 0 0 185 90 95
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 0 0 0 205 130 75
Sindhi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 35 10 20
Urdu 0 0 0 355 215 140
Iranian languages 0 0 0 805 430 375
Kurdish 0 0 0 130 65 60
Pashto 0 0 0 60 45 20
Persian (Farsi) 0 0 0 620 330 285
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 250 115 130 7,600 3,540 4,055
Catalan 0 0 0 15 10 0
Italian 25 15 10 825 405 420
Portuguese 0 0 0 450 250 200
Romanian 60 30 30 555 290 265
Spanish 180 80 100 6,065 2,775 3,290
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Japanese 0 0 0 430 190 240
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Korean 0 0 0 1,695 860 835
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 10 10 10
Mongolian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Niger-Congo languages 85 35 45 1,525 890 640
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 35 15 25
Bamanankan 0 0 0 155 70 85
Edo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 0 0 0 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 100 85 15
Ga 0 0 0 10 10 0
Ganda 0 0 0 10 10 0
Igbo 0 0 0 60 50 15
Lingala 10 0 0 125 95 35
Rundi (Kirundi) 35 10 20 90 55 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Shona 0 0 0 40 15 25
Swahili 15 10 15 355 185 170
Wolof 0 0 0 70 45 25
Yoruba 10 10 0 60 45 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 40 15 20 545 315 230
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages 30 15 15 1,155 450 705
American Sign Language 10 0 0 425 150 280
Quebec Sign Language 10 0 0 15 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 745 305 435
Sino-Tibetan languages 55 30 30 3,585 1,885 1,700
Chinese languages 60 30 25 3,510 1,855 1,660
Cantonese 45 20 20 610 285 320
Hakka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mandarin 20 10 15 2,760 1,455 1,310
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 60 30 30
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 140 65 75
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0 310 195 115
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 10 30
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 70 30 40
Burmese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0 65 25 45
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0 85 20 65
Lao 0 0 0 10 0 10
Thai 0 0 0 80 20 60
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0 175 105 75
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0 165 105 60
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Uralic languages 10 0 10 270 130 140
Estonian 0 0 0 20 15 0
Finnish 0 0 0 35 15 20
Hungarian 0 0 10 220 105 115
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 70 30
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 31,490 15,545 15,945 730,710 357,855 372,855
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 30,680 15,195 15,485 710,775 347,905 362,875
Canadian citizens aged under 18 5,235 2,640 2,600 130,785 66,795 63,990
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 25,440 12,555 12,885 579,995 281,110 298,880
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 810 355 460 19,925 9,950 9,980
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 31,495 15,545 15,945 730,710 357,855 372,850
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 30,050 14,930 15,115 692,535 339,090 353,445
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 1,290 530 760 33,810 16,175 17,640
Before 1981 695 260 430 11,545 5,265 6,275
1981 to 1990 100 30 70 2,735 1,340 1,390
1991 to 2000 70 25 40 2,975 1,490 1,490
2001 to 2010 210 105 105 7,235 3,530 3,710
2001 to 2005 115 55 55 2,435 1,110 1,330
2006 to 2010 100 50 50 4,800 2,415 2,385
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 210 100 110 9,330 4,560 4,770
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 160 85 70 4,360 2,590 1,770
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 1,290 525 760 33,815 16,175 17,635
Under 5 years 305 160 145 5,135 2,350 2,790
5 to 14 years 250 105 145 7,290 3,585 3,705
15 to 24 years 290 55 235 5,790 2,525 3,265
25 to 44 years 360 155 205 12,640 6,100 6,535
45 years and over 80 50 30 2,955 1,615 1,340
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 1,290 530 760 33,815 16,175 17,635
Americas 880 320 560 9,420 4,205 5,210
Brazil 0 0 0 55 20 30
Colombia 0 0 0 215 85 130
El Salvador 0 0 0 115 85 30
Guyana 0 10 0 80 40 45
Haiti 20 10 15 170 70 100
Jamaica 0 0 0 120 85 40
Mexico 0 0 10 160 50 110
Peru 0 0 0 60 35 25
Trinidad and Tobago 0 0 0 115 70 40
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 840 305 535 7,620 3,315 4,305
Other places of birth in Americas 10 10 10 715 355 360
Europe 135 60 75 10,985 5,335 5,650
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 0 100 55 50
Croatia 0 0 0 60 35 25
France 35 25 10 760 425 340
Germany 10 0 10 1,615 740 880
Greece 0 0 0 95 60 40
Hungary 0 0 0 100 35 65
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 160 75 85
Italy 0 0 0 210 125 85
Netherlands 0 0 0 975 505 465
Poland 0 0 0 195 90 100
Portugal 0 0 0 130 85 45
Romania 55 30 30 485 245 240
Russian Federation 0 0 0 245 115 135
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 0 0 0 30 25 10
Ukraine 0 0 0 250 120 130
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 10 0 10 4,600 2,160 2,445
Other places of birth in Europe 15 0 10 970 455 515
Africa 130 75 55 2,565 1,420 1,140
Algeria 0 0 10 165 90 75
Egypt 0 0 0 120 75 45
Ethiopia 0 0 0 120 65 60
Kenya 0 0 0 60 30 30
Morocco 35 25 10 200 120 75
Nigeria 0 0 0 115 65 50
Somalia 0 0 0 15 10 10
South Africa, Republic of 10 10 0 165 85 80
Other places of birth in Africa 85 50 35 1,615 885 725
Asia 135 65 70 10,625 5,105 5,520
Afghanistan 0 0 0 20 10 0
Bangladesh 10 10 0 100 55 50
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 40 25 15 2,210 1,040 1,175
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 0 0 10 120 60 55
India 0 0 0 820 435 380
IranCensus data footnote 61 0 0 0 490 260 230
Iraq 0 0 0 70 25 45
Japan