Census Profile, 2016 Census
Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia and Saskatchewan [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Saskatchewan

[Province]
Data quality , Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia Data quality : Saskatchewan [Province]  Map : geography 2
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 2,463,431  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,098,352  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 2,313,328  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,033,381  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 6.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 1,027,613  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 495,582  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 960,894  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 432,622  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 854.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 2,882.68  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 588,243.54  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255 1,098,350 545,785 552,565
0 to 14 years 362,110 186,780 175,330 215,685 110,410 105,275
0 to 4 years 116,270 60,045 56,220 73,130 37,335 35,795
5 to 9 years 122,730 63,390 59,345 74,460 38,155 36,305
10 to 14 years 123,110 63,340 59,765 68,095 34,920 33,175
15 to 64 years 1,714,005 838,860 875,145 712,240 358,110 354,130
15 to 19 years 142,280 73,180 69,100 67,660 34,675 32,980
20 to 24 years 167,270 85,385 81,890 70,060 36,075 33,985
25 to 29 years 179,940 89,305 90,635 77,525 39,290 38,235
30 to 34 years 182,630 89,925 92,705 77,520 38,610 38,915
35 to 39 years 167,950 81,090 86,860 71,590 35,940 35,650
40 to 44 years 168,370 79,445 88,930 64,950 32,515 32,440
45 to 49 years 184,285 87,850 96,440 63,580 31,780 31,795
50 to 54 years 191,375 93,230 98,140 75,245 37,230 38,015
55 to 59 years 177,095 85,595 91,505 76,195 38,070 38,125
60 to 64 years 152,805 73,865 78,940 67,915 33,935 33,985
65 years and over 387,315 176,530 210,780 170,425 77,265 93,160
65 to 69 years 131,035 62,615 68,420 53,230 26,285 26,945
70 to 74 years 89,675 42,495 47,180 37,740 18,225 19,510
75 to 79 years 66,510 30,605 35,905 29,400 13,415 15,985
80 to 84 years 48,820 21,960 26,860 23,115 9,945 13,170
85 years and over 51,280 18,860 32,420 26,940 9,395 17,550
85 to 89 years 31,475 12,740 18,735 16,280 6,305 9,975
90 to 94 years 14,875 4,905 9,965 8,000 2,515 5,485
95 to 99 years 4,195 1,055 3,140 2,290 520 1,760
100 years and over 740 155 580 375 50 325
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 14.7 15.5 13.9 19.6 20.2 19.1
15 to 64 years 69.6 69.8 69.4 64.8 65.6 64.1
65 years and over 15.7 14.7 16.7 15.5 14.2 16.9
85 years and over 2.1 1.6 2.6 2.5 1.7 3.2
Average age of the population 41.0 40.1 41.9 39.1 38.2 40.0
Median age of the population 40.9 39.7 42.0 37.8 36.9 38.7
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 960,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 432,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 282,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 314,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 160,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 513,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 98,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 20,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 93,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 156,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 242,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 57,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 1,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 700  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 4,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 960,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 432,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 275,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 121,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 300,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 153,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 153,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 60,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 139,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 56,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 93,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 41,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 2,426,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,070,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925 882,670 435,375 447,290
Married or living common law 1,193,125 594,180 598,940 520,430 261,075 259,355
Married 1,033,885 513,725 520,160 437,875 219,800 218,075
Living common law 159,240 80,455 78,780 82,550 41,270 41,280
Not married and not living common law 908,195 421,215 486,980 362,240 174,310 187,930
Never married 629,040 334,130 294,905 242,070 133,750 108,325
Separated 50,130 20,265 29,860 19,795 8,945 10,855
Divorced 128,045 47,280 80,765 47,180 20,985 26,200
Widowed 100,985 19,540 81,445 53,190 10,635 42,555
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 679,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 302,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 327,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 157,195  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 158,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 58,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 145,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 54,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 47,510  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 32,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 679,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 302,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 574,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 252,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 495,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 211,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 79,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 41,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 104,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 84,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 19,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 574,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 252,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 260,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 129,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 314,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 123,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 129,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 45,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 139,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 45,815  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,150  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 104,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 66,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 28,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 29,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 8,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 462,125 214,705 247,420 187,765 95,550 92,210
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 960,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 432,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 600,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 285,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 226,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 124,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 374,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 161,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 37,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 322,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 138,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 275,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 121,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 47,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470 1,083,240 539,100 544,130
English only 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260 1,023,400 511,940 511,460
French only 1,110 530 580 535 255 280
English and French 172,140 76,650 95,500 51,360 23,290 28,065
Neither English nor French 136,320 56,185 80,135 7,945 3,620 4,325
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470 1,083,240 539,105 544,135
English 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470 1,060,225 528,155 532,075
French 25,710 12,825 12,875 13,555 6,590 6,960
English and French 14,470 6,635 7,835 1,770 890 885
Neither English nor French 134,655 55,370 79,285 7,685 3,475 4,220
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 32,940 16,145 16,795 14,435 7,035 7,405
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470 1,083,240 539,105 544,135
Single responses 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980 1,064,675 530,145 534,530
Official languages 1,341,640 678,670 662,970 907,715 452,955 454,760
English 1,316,640 666,170 650,470 892,615 445,635 446,985
French 25,005 12,505 12,500 15,100 7,320 7,775
Non-official languages 1,020,250 475,240 545,015 156,960 77,195 79,770
Aboriginal languages 860 390 470 28,340 13,685 14,660
Algonquian languages 315 135 180 19,965 9,640 10,325
Blackfoot 25 0 20 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 220 105 115 19,015 9,190 9,825
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 5 5 0 5 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 5 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 30 15 10
Plains Cree 40 15 25 2,080 975 1,105
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 5 5 5
Swampy Cree 15 10 5 250 115 135
Woods Cree 20 15 10 780 370 410
Cree, n.o.s. 145 70 80 15,860 7,710 8,155
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 5 5 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 70 25 40 935 445 490
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 65 25 35 925 440 485
Oji-Cree 5 0 5 10 5 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 105 50 55 7,860 3,800 4,060
Northern Athabaskan languages 105 45 55 7,860 3,805 4,055
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 5 0 5 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 40 15 20 0 0 0
Chilcotin 25 15 10 0 0 0
Dene 20 5 10 7,855 3,800 4,055
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 10 5 5 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Sekani 0 5 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 5 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 5 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 5 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 5 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 5 0 0
Haida 10 10 5 0 0 0
Inuit languages 20 5 15 35 10 20
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 0 0 5 5 0
Inuktitut 15 5 10 20 10 15
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 5
Iroquoian languages 5 0 0 5 0 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 0 0 0 0 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 5 5 0 0 0 0
Michif 10 0 5 235 110 125
Salish languages 140 65 70 5 5 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 35 25 15 0 0 0
Lillooet 10 5 5 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 5 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 10 5 0 5 0 0
Squamish 20 5 10 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 20 10 10 0 5 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 40 20 25 0 0 0
Siouan languages 25 10 10 230 110 120
Dakota 20 5 15 195 85 105
Stoney 0 0 0 5 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 35 20 15
Tlingit 5 0 5 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 95 45 55 5 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 45 20 25 0 0 0
Nisga'a 25 15 15 5 0 0
Tsimshian 25 10 15 5 5 0
Wakashan languages 55 25 35 0 0 0
Haisla 10 5 5 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 15 5 10 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 20 10 10 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 10 5 5 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 75 35 35 10 5 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,019,395 474,850 544,545 128,620 63,510 65,110
Afro-Asiatic languages 20,725 11,005 9,715 6,770 3,560 3,215
Berber languages 95 55 35 10 5 0
Kabyle 35 20 10 5 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 60 40 25 10 5 0
Cushitic languages 1,355 675 680 1,050 505 545
Bilen 5 0 0 55 25 30
Oromo 165 95 75 195 100 90
Somali 1,170 570 595 775 355 415
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 25 15 10
Semitic languages 19,225 10,245 8,980 5,685 3,035 2,650
Amharic 1,140 560 585 290 140 155
Arabic 14,320 7,720 6,600 4,040 2,200 1,840
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 630 305 325 305 160 145
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 440 240 195 150 75 75
Harari 25 10 15 5 0 0
Hebrew 1,770 960 805 75 45 30
Maltese 80 40 40 10 5 5
Tigrigna 695 340 355 680 340 340
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 135 70 60 130 65 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 45 25 15 25 15 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 24,195 11,070 13,125 2,560 1,250 1,305
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,210 555 655 135 70 70
Vietnamese 22,950 10,500 12,450 2,420 1,180 1,235
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 35 15 20 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 82,025 33,570 48,460 23,415 11,130 12,280
Bikol 310 140 170 85 40 40
Cebuano 3,210 1,285 1,925 1,545 685 855
Fijian 395 190 200 25 20 5
Hiligaynon 1,280 485 795 255 120 140
Ilocano 4,605 1,820 2,790 790 370 415
Malagasy 15 0 10 0 0 0
Malay 3,480 1,545 1,930 125 55 70
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 635 290 345 175 80 95
Pangasinan 265 115 150 40 15 25
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 66,825 27,275 39,555 20,045 9,590 10,455
Waray-Waray 180 70 110 60 30 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 830 360 470 265 125 140
Creole languages 610 310 300 220 105 120
Haitian Creole 25 15 5 5 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 370 175 185 150 70 80
Creole languages, n.i.e. 225 120 105 65 30 35
Dravidian languages 6,210 3,290 2,925 1,560 865 700
Kannada 225 115 110 60 35 30
Malayalam 1,750 905 845 850 455 395
Tamil 3,275 1,700 1,580 350 200 150
Telugu 920 550 370 285 165 120
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25 10 10 0
Hmong-Mien languages 130 70 60 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 416,565 203,240 213,325 73,170 36,230 36,930
Albanian 1,090 560 530 380 190 190
Armenian 1,060 525 540 70 40 30
Balto-Slavic languages 57,625 26,950 30,675 18,460 8,490 9,970
Baltic languages 645 280 370 175 85 90
Latvian 320 145 175 100 45 50
Lithuanian 325 130 200 75 40 35
Slavic languages 56,975 26,675 30,305 18,285 8,400 9,885
Belarusan 60 30 30 0 0 0
Bosnian 1,155 580 575 225 110 120
Bulgarian 1,725 805 915 65 35 30
Croatian 5,465 2,645 2,820 455 240 220
Czech 3,565 1,705 1,865 235 115 125
Macedonian 250 120 135 55 30 30
Polish 12,040 5,650 6,390 1,865 850 1,015
Russian 18,175 8,270 9,905 3,045 1,460 1,580
Serbian 6,300 3,220 3,085 465 235 225
Serbo-Croatian 1,145 545 600 120 60 65
Slovak 2,390 1,060 1,335 115 60 55
Slovene (Slovenian) 545 250 290 80 40 45
Ukrainian 3,990 1,705 2,285 11,270 5,035 6,230
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 180 90 90 290 145 145
Celtic languages 315 170 145 60 30 30
Scottish Gaelic 125 65 60 10 5 5
Welsh 120 65 55 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 65 40 25 25 10 5
Germanic languages 37,830 18,000 19,825 24,455 11,710 12,745
Afrikaans 1,435 730 705 880 450 430
Danish 2,065 1,020 1,050 255 145 110
Dutch 7,455 3,595 3,860 1,385 685 700
Frisian 80 30 50 30 20 10
German 24,055 11,340 12,720 21,320 10,150 11,170
Icelandic 155 70 80 55 20 25
Norwegian 835 410 430 310 140 165
Swedish 1,290 570 720 150 60 90
Vlaams (Flemish) 200 105 95 60 25 35
Yiddish 220 115 110 25 10 10
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 25 20 15 5 5 0
Greek 4,885 2,515 2,365 935 490 445
Indo-Iranian languages 242,400 119,930 122,465 22,335 12,065 10,270
Indo-Aryan languages 198,075 97,680 100,395 19,995 10,780 9,210
Bengali 2,680 1,395 1,290 2,795 1,495 1,300
Gujarati 6,280 2,955 3,325 2,510 1,420 1,090
Hindi 24,220 11,580 12,640 1,545 880 665
Kashmiri 40 25 15 20 10 10
Konkani 225 110 110 35 15 10
Marathi 535 280 255 140 80 55
Nepali 920 485 430 770 400 370
Oriya (Odia) 65 35 30 25 10 10
Punjabi (Panjabi) 151,205 74,820 76,385 5,250 2,890 2,360
Sindhi 1,580 725 850 120 65 55
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,455 730 725 270 130 135
Urdu 8,875 4,535 4,340 6,520 3,380 3,135
Iranian languages 43,985 22,075 21,910 2,065 1,130 940
Kurdish 1,650 875 780 145 80 65
Pashto 1,070 570 500 555 315 235
Persian (Farsi) 41,265 20,635 20,630 1,370 735 635
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 340 180 160 275 155 120
Italic (Romance) languages 71,375 34,590 36,785 6,470 3,225 3,250
Catalan 125 65 55 5 0 0
Italian 15,450 7,735 7,710 705 365 340
Portuguese 11,950 5,655 6,295 615 265 350
Romanian 7,175 3,480 3,690 850 425 430
Spanish 36,625 17,615 19,005 4,290 2,165 2,125
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 60 40 25 10 5 5
Japanese 16,900 5,750 11,150 320 100 220
Kartvelian languages 65 40 25 5 5 5
Georgian 65 40 25 5 0 5
Korean 45,990 20,680 25,310 1,670 800 865
Mongolic languages 340 145 200 40 20 25
Mongolian 340 145 195 40 20 25
Niger-Congo languages 2,645 1,335 1,315 2,310 1,235 1,075
Akan (Twi) 405 220 180 190 115 75
Bamanankan 10 10 5 0 0 5
Edo 80 45 30 35 20 15
Ewe 60 30 25 50 30 20
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 20 10 5 25 15 5
Ga 35 15 15 20 15 5
Ganda 65 35 30 35 15 20
Igbo 160 90 65 215 125 90
Lingala 55 25 30 30 20 15
Rundi (Kirundi) 100 40 55 145 85 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 105 45 55 115 55 60
Shona 150 70 85 90 55 40
Swahili 585 285 295 425 220 205
Wolof 30 10 20 20 10 10
Yoruba 190 110 80 465 240 220
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 610 280 325 430 220 215
Nilo-Saharan languages 265 135 135 335 195 140
Dinka 80 50 30 115 70 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 190 85 100 220 120 100
Sign languages 620 330 295 200 100 100
American Sign Language 265 125 135 65 35 35
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 360 200 155 135 70 65
Sino-Tibetan languages 387,640 177,135 210,505 13,500 6,700 6,795
Chinese languages 385,355 175,990 209,365 12,460 6,165 6,290
Cantonese 184,365 85,070 99,300 3,775 1,830 1,950
Hakka 2,180 950 1,230 35 20 15
Mandarin 174,920 79,280 95,635 7,230 3,600 3,630
Min Dong 220 105 115 5 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 10,655 4,755 5,900 210 110 100
Wu (Shanghainese) 4,330 1,905 2,425 60 35 25
Chinese, n.o.s. 8,485 3,840 4,645 1,135 570 565
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 195 80 110 5 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 2,285 1,150 1,140 1,040 530 505
Burmese 1,035 530 510 180 115 65
Karenic languages 770 370 400 810 395 415
Tibetan 260 135 125 15 5 10
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 220 115 105 35 20 20
Tai-Kadai languages 2,750 980 1,770 525 235 290
Lao 800 405 400 345 175 170
Thai 1,930 570 1,365 180 55 125
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 20 10 10 0 0 0
Turkic languages 3,700 2,035 1,665 360 185 175
Azerbaijani 495 275 225 25 10 10
Turkish 2,770 1,560 1,215 290 155 130
Uyghur 165 80 85 5 0 5
Uzbek 95 45 50 30 5 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 165 70 95 15 10 10
Uralic languages 7,640 3,535 4,105 1,555 735 820
Estonian 455 195 260 20 10 10
Finnish 1,900 770 1,130 205 85 120
Hungarian 5,285 2,570 2,715 1,330 650 685
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 365 200 170 100 55 45
Multiple responses 78,255 37,760 40,490 18,560 8,955 9,605
English and French 5,200 2,535 2,660 2,045 985 1,060
English and non-official language 69,885 33,750 36,135 15,925 7,675 8,245
French and non-official language 1,545 750 795 315 150 165
English, French and non-official language 1,620 725 900 280 145 135
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470 1,083,240 539,100 544,130
Single responses 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240 1,049,130 522,390 526,740
Official languages 1,631,365 811,500 819,870 968,625 481,845 486,780
English 1,622,735 807,235 815,500 964,640 479,915 484,730
French 8,630 4,265 4,365 3,985 1,930 2,050
Non-official languages 621,100 290,725 330,375 80,505 40,540 39,960
Aboriginal languages 105 45 55 16,605 8,355 8,245
Algonquian languages 25 10 10 10,145 5,185 4,960
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 15 5 10 10,000 5,105 4,895
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 1,195 580 610
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 95 40 55
Woods Cree 0 0 0 180 100 85
Cree, n.o.s. 15 0 10 8,525 4,380 4,145
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 5 5 140 75 65
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 10 5 5 145 80 70
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 15 5 10 6,360 3,130 3,235
Northern Athabaskan languages 15 5 10 6,365 3,130 3,230
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 5 0 5 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 10 5 5 6,360 3,130 3,230
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 5 5 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 5 0 45 20 25
Salish languages 10 5 5 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 5 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 10 5 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 10 5 5 50 25 20
Dakota 10 10 0 35 15 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 15 5 10 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 5 5 5 0 0 0
Nisga'a 5 5 5 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 5 0 5 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 5 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 5 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 15 5 10 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 620,995 290,680 330,320 63,905 32,185 31,720
Afro-Asiatic languages 11,900 5,965 5,935 4,625 2,340 2,290
Berber languages 40 20 20 0 0 0
Kabyle 15 5 10 5 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 20 15 5 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 695 315 380 720 335 380
Bilen 0 0 0 30 15 15
Oromo 80 40 35 140 75 70
Somali 610 270 340 530 245 290
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 15 5 5
Semitic languages 11,155 5,630 5,530 3,900 1,995 1,905
Amharic 535 250 290 150 75 70
Arabic 8,680 4,405 4,275 2,890 1,500 1,390
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 400 200 200 225 105 120
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 305 160 145 115 60 55
Harari 10 5 5 0 0 0
Hebrew 785 400 385 25 10 15
Maltese 5 5 0 0 0 0
Tigrigna 355 165 190 430 205 220
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 90 40 45 70 40 30
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 5 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 15,000 6,955 8,045 1,740 850 895
Khmer (Cambodian) 620 290 330 40 20 25
Vietnamese 14,365 6,655 7,710 1,700 830 865
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 15 10 10 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 35,335 15,585 19,750 12,515 6,210 6,300
Bikol 70 30 35 15 5 10
Cebuano 1,085 485 600 580 280 295
Fijian 95 50 50 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 355 150 205 110 60 50
Ilocano 1,465 625 840 240 115 120
Malagasy 5 5 0 0 0 0
Malay 1,050 485 565 35 20 15
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 135 65 75 70 35 35
Pangasinan 55 25 30 10 5 5
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 30,695 13,505 17,190 11,345 5,630 5,715
Waray-Waray 55 25 35 15 5 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 260 130 130 95 50 45
Creole languages 290 125 160 95 35 65
Haitian Creole 5 5 5 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 205 85 115 65 25 40
Creole languages, n.i.e. 80 35 40 35 10 20
Dravidian languages 3,355 1,695 1,650 845 440 410
Kannada 95 45 50 20 10 10
Malayalam 885 450 435 525 265 260
Tamil 1,935 965 965 155 90 65
Telugu 425 230 190 145 75 70
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 55 20 30 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 220,600 107,100 113,505 31,235 15,915 15,325
Albanian 530 255 270 205 100 100
Armenian 505 225 280 45 25 20
Balto-Slavic languages 25,650 12,295 13,350 5,170 2,560 2,610
Baltic languages 160 75 90 80 35 45
Latvian 65 30 35 40 20 20
Lithuanian 90 45 50 40 15 25
Slavic languages 25,490 12,225 13,265 5,090 2,525 2,560
Belarusan 10 5 5 0 0 0
Bosnian 540 270 270 85 45 40
Bulgarian 925 425 495 35 20 15
Croatian 1,795 840 955 170 85 85
Czech 1,030 520 510 30 20 15
Macedonian 120 60 60 35 15 15
Polish 4,490 2,130 2,355 480 220 255
Russian 10,795 5,125 5,670 1,725 875 840
Serbian 3,470 1,760 1,715 270 140 130
Serbo-Croatian 435 205 235 45 20 25
Slovak 775 375 405 30 15 15
Slovene (Slovenian) 60 25 35 5 5 0
Ukrainian 1,010 470 540 2,010 985 1,025
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 170 80 90
Celtic languages 30 20 15 10 5 5
Scottish Gaelic 15 5 5 5 0 5
Welsh 20 10 5 5 0 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 5 0
Germanic languages 4,665 2,200 2,460 8,110 3,990 4,120
Afrikaans 520 250 265 530 275 250
Danish 180 90 90 10 5 0
Dutch 685 325 365 200 110 95
Frisian 5 5 0 5 0 0
German 2,895 1,345 1,550 7,290 3,565 3,725
Icelandic 50 25 30 0 0 0
Norwegian 75 35 35 10 5 10
Swedish 220 110 115 10 5 10
Vlaams (Flemish) 20 15 5 0 0 5
Yiddish 15 10 5 5 0 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 45 25 20
Greek 1,730 840 895 395 190 205
Indo-Iranian languages 156,835 76,640 80,195 14,385 7,560 6,825
Indo-Aryan languages 127,630 62,480 65,150 12,960 6,820 6,140
Bengali 1,575 775 800 1,915 980 930
Gujarati 2,740 1,210 1,530 1,585 865 720
Hindi 11,235 5,310 5,920 880 490 390
Kashmiri 5 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 40 15 15 10 5 5
Marathi 245 125 120 55 30 30
Nepali 550 290 265 570 290 275
Oriya (Odia) 30 20 15 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 104,855 51,630 53,225 3,485 1,885 1,605
Sindhi 590 255 335 55 25 25
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 595 290 305 140 70 70
Urdu 5,165 2,560 2,610 4,265 2,180 2,080
Iranian languages 29,035 14,075 14,960 1,280 660 615
Kurdish 1,025 515 505 65 40 30
Pashto 660 330 330 345 185 160
Persian (Farsi) 27,350 13,230 14,125 865 435 430
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 175 90 90 150 80 65
Italic (Romance) languages 30,665 14,630 16,035 2,920 1,480 1,435
Catalan 60 30 35 0 0 0
Italian 3,950 1,715 2,230 155 80 75
Portuguese 5,115 2,430 2,685 220 100 115
Romanian 3,215 1,545 1,675 315 165 150
Spanish 18,310 8,905 9,410 2,220 1,130 1,085
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 10 0 5
Japanese 8,235 3,375 4,855 120 45 75
Kartvelian languages 15 10 10 0 0 0
Georgian 15 10 10 0 0 0
Korean 34,225 15,725 18,500 1,180 590 595
Mongolic languages 160 80 85 25 10 10
Mongolian 160 75 85 25 10 10
Niger-Congo languages 725 325 405 735 350 380
Akan (Twi) 125 70 55 55 30 25
Bamanankan 5 5 5 0 0 0
Edo 15 5 5 10 0 5
Ewe 20 10 10 5 5 5
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Ga 5 0 0 0 0 0
Ganda 5 5 5 10 5 5
Igbo 35 20 15 40 15 20
Lingala 35 10 20 15 10 10
Rundi (Kirundi) 55 15 35 85 45 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 45 15 30 35 15 25
Shona 40 15 20 35 25 15
Swahili 155 60 90 200 90 110
Wolof 0 0 0 0 5 0
Yoruba 40 20 20 115 55 55
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 150 65 85 100 45 55
Nilo-Saharan languages 105 50 55 135 65 70
Dinka 45 25 20 65 30 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 60 20 40 70 35 40
Sign languages 830 460 370 285 175 105
American Sign Language 295 150 150 50 30 20
Quebec Sign Language 5 0 5 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 530 305 220 230 150 85
Sino-Tibetan languages 285,515 130,990 154,525 9,700 4,835 4,865
Chinese languages 283,885 130,170 153,715 8,925 4,450 4,475
Cantonese 132,185 60,235 71,950 2,400 1,140 1,265
Hakka 670 280 390 5 0 0
Mandarin 138,680 64,060 74,625 5,645 2,865 2,780
Min Dong 65 30 35 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 4,645 2,105 2,540 80 45 35
Wu (Shanghainese) 2,500 1,145 1,350 30 15 15
Chinese, n.o.s. 5,045 2,270 2,775 760 385 380
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 100 50 55 0 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 1,630 820 810 775 380 395
Burmese 685 350 335 115 65 55
Karenic languages 685 335 350 640 310 335
Tibetan 165 90 75 10 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 90 45 40 5 5 5
Tai-Kadai languages 1,015 435 580 190 85 105
Lao 335 160 175 125 60 60
Thai 675 275 400 70 25 45
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 5 5 0 0 0
Turkic languages 1,550 810 740 195 100 95
Azerbaijani 185 95 90 5 5 5
Turkish 1,190 625 565 170 90 85
Uyghur 100 50 50 0 0 0
Uzbek 40 25 15 10 5 10
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25 5 0 5
Uralic languages 1,980 930 1,045 240 125 120
Estonian 75 30 45 10 0 5
Finnish 435 190 240 15 10 5
Hungarian 1,470 710 760 215 110 105
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 110 50 60 45 25 20
Multiple responses 187,680 89,450 98,230 34,110 16,720 17,395
English and French 3,475 1,700 1,775 1,210 575 635
English and non-official language 181,305 86,450 94,850 32,250 15,810 16,435
French and non-official language 500 225 275 150 85 70
English, French and non-official language 2,400 1,075 1,325 495 250 250
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470 1,083,235 539,100 544,130
None 1,919,305 944,770 974,530 983,935 490,490 493,450
English 232,050 112,195 119,850 41,920 21,045 20,875
French 19,620 8,930 10,690 9,340 4,085 5,255
Non-official language 260,735 121,820 138,910 46,495 22,705 23,785
Aboriginal 800 375 425 13,490 6,445 7,050
Non-Aboriginal 259,935 121,450 138,485 33,005 16,265 16,740
English and French 965 435 530 170 85 85
English and non-official language 4,895 2,285 2,605 860 440 420
French and non-official language 2,495 1,190 1,305 495 245 255
English, French and non-official language 80 40 45 20 5 10
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720 857,270 424,245 433,025
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990 822,620 407,715 414,905
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,612 38,879 27,793 38,299 46,117 31,978
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225 822,745 407,730 415,015
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,422 34,038 25,878 34,570 40,492 29,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,781,275 875,745 905,525 750,515 378,290 372,225
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,645 39,631 26,888 36,883 45,587 29,314
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,370,155 582,530 787,620 550,165 236,760 313,405
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 2,459 1,246 3,359 5,340 4,200 5,870
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,487,050 752,840 734,210 636,955 331,975 304,970
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,621 40,050 28,268 36,612 44,551 30,027
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780 857,300 424,265 433,030
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440 822,545 407,840 414,705
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,821 55,848 38,360 49,409 58,791 40,184
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650 822,655 407,855 414,800
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,512 44,592 32,798 40,933 47,453 34,523
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,780,850 875,325 905,525 750,475 378,445 372,035
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,281 57,128 37,762 48,491 58,779 38,026
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,370,125 581,865 788,260 549,500 236,590 312,910
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,169 5,955 6,327 7,734 7,322 8,045
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,487,050 752,855 734,200 636,950 331,745 305,205
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,081 55,081 36,854 46,853 55,728 37,207
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785 857,295 424,260 433,030
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 637,395 361,430 275,965 302,780 173,250 129,525
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 54,955 60,834 49,056 55,368 62,070 48,579
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 67,916 76,209 57,055 64,855 72,366 54,808
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 90.9 93.5 87.3 89.5 92.8 84.8
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 74.0 77.5 69.1 73.2 76.8 68.0
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 9.1 6.5 12.7 10.5 7.2 15.2
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715 857,270 424,245 433,025
Without total income 86,100 41,365 44,730 34,645 16,530 18,120
With total income 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990 822,620 407,715 414,905
Percentage with total income 95.8 95.9 95.8 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 337,915 144,295 193,620 105,780 47,325 58,455
$10,000 to $19,999 345,805 143,880 201,920 118,380 46,195 72,180
$20,000 to $29,999 248,300 105,920 142,380 107,890 42,345 65,545
$30,000 to $39,999 211,515 94,955 116,565 95,605 41,315 54,295
$40,000 to $49,999 188,015 87,605 100,415 89,285 42,260 47,025
$50,000 to $59,999 149,455 74,735 74,720 70,395 36,950 33,450
$60,000 to $69,999 116,775 64,280 52,500 53,855 31,055 22,795
$70,000 to $79,999 89,555 51,260 38,295 41,930 25,290 16,645
$80,000 to $89,999 70,690 41,215 29,475 34,305 20,750 13,560
$90,000 to $99,999 50,825 30,925 19,900 26,165 16,100 10,060
$100,000 and over 169,635 118,430 51,210 79,030 58,125 20,905
$100,000 to $149,999 109,000 73,655 35,350 56,160 40,025 16,140
$150,000 and over 60,640 44,780 15,860 22,870 18,100 4,770
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720 857,270 424,245 433,025
Without after-tax income 83,375 38,885 44,495 34,520 16,515 18,010
With after-tax income 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225 822,745 407,730 415,015
Percentage with after-tax income 96.0 96.1 95.8 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 350,380 152,065 198,315 108,310 48,150 60,160
$10,000 to $19,999 361,855 152,890 208,965 123,690 48,420 75,275
$20,000 to $29,999 293,480 127,930 165,550 125,285 50,160 75,125
$30,000 to $39,999 250,620 114,225 136,395 119,460 54,365 65,100
$40,000 to $49,999 209,335 101,565 107,765 103,250 52,900 50,350
$50,000 to $59,999 153,280 83,240 70,045 73,855 42,315 31,540
$60,000 to $69,999 109,410 62,820 46,595 53,925 32,645 21,280
$70,000 to $79,999 79,210 46,380 32,825 38,615 23,385 15,235
$80,000 and over 173,650 118,875 54,770 76,345 55,395 20,950
$80,000 to $89,999 50,810 32,310 18,500 24,935 16,370 8,560
$90,000 to $99,999 32,520 21,870 10,645 16,260 11,815 4,445
$100,000 and over 90,320 64,700 25,625 35,155 27,210 7,945
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715 857,270 424,245 433,025
Without employment income 577,530 246,030 331,505 220,320 92,270 128,055
With employment income 1,487,050 752,835 734,210 636,950 331,980 304,970
Percentage with employment income 72.0 75.4 68.9 74.3 78.3 70.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 209,270 93,700 115,565 82,210 38,805 43,410
$5,000 to $9,999 112,350 48,000 64,355 46,620 20,310 26,310
$10,000 to $19,999 199,780 88,465 111,315 77,480 33,900 43,575
$20,000 to $29,999 164,960 74,780 90,180 68,175 29,285 38,885
$30,000 to $39,999 153,815 70,955 82,860 66,120 29,825 36,295
$40,000 to $49,999 141,800 66,710 75,095 61,800 29,930 31,870
$50,000 to $59,999 113,915 59,035 54,880 51,075 27,565 23,510
$60,000 to $69,999 90,840 52,060 38,780 39,805 23,605 16,195
$70,000 to $79,999 71,740 42,295 29,440 32,265 20,015 12,255
$80,000 and over 228,585 156,840 71,740 111,405 78,745 32,665
$80,000 to $89,999 57,565 34,490 23,075 28,240 17,220 11,020
$90,000 to $99,999 40,995 26,105 14,890 21,415 13,645 7,770
$100,000 and over 130,030 96,250 33,775 61,750 47,885 13,870
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 960,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 432,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 72,662  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 75,412  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 63,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,784  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 275,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 121,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,164  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,188  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,804  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,099  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 685,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 311,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 92,067  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 94,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 80,158  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 81,696  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 960,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 432,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 96,423  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 93,942  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 79,421  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 77,837  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 275,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 121,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 49,950  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 48,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 40,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 685,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 311,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 115,102  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,447  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 94,764  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 960,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 432,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 28,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 15,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 28,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 38,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 36,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 35,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 36,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 36,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 36,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 36,510  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 70,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 65,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 60,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 27,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 55,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 49,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 23,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 332,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 154,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 100,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 48,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 72,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 82,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 40,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 77,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 30,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 960,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 432,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 30,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 15,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 29,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 39,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 41,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 20,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 42,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 43,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 20,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 44,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 20,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 44,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 20,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 43,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 80,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 73,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 66,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 32,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 58,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 28,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 50,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 256,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 114,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 97,835  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 47,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 61,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 97,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 653,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 299,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 92,273  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 93,747  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 80,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 81,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 222,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 122,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 85,383  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 87,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 73,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 75,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 313,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 124,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 112,167  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 119,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 96,888  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,656  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 93,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 44,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,852  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 50,749  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 49,006  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 47,776  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 652,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 299,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 115,694  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,031  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 95,002  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 222,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 123,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 109,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 104,889  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 88,896  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 86,074  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 313,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 124,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 135,322  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 135,718  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 111,039  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,601  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 93,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 44,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 67,562  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 62,208  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,922  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 54,678  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 393,510 189,750 203,760 161,805 82,400 79,405
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,421 33,964 31,209 35,875 40,000 32,247
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,236 30,331 28,391 32,415 35,306 29,777
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 392,915 188,815 204,100 161,560 82,510 79,050
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 43,593 46,216 41,167 45,756 49,739 41,598
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 36,392 38,096 34,815 38,229 40,766 35,581
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835 1,070,555 533,385 537,175
In the bottom half of the distribution 1,175,575 559,445 616,130 506,055 243,040 263,010
In the bottom decile 303,915 145,415 158,500 111,770 55,530 56,245
In the second decile 228,320 105,405 122,915 104,900 46,610 58,285
In the third decile 210,945 100,050 110,895 94,035 44,535 49,500
In the fourth decile 212,600 102,000 110,595 96,045 47,015 49,030
In the fifth decile 219,800 106,575 113,225 99,300 49,350 49,950
In the top half of the distribution 1,250,655 625,955 624,705 564,505 290,345 274,160
In the sixth decile 225,360 110,195 115,170 104,200 52,705 51,495
In the seventh decile 234,070 116,115 117,950 109,400 55,670 53,725
In the eighth decile 245,245 122,625 122,620 115,215 59,255 55,965
In the ninth decile 260,490 131,100 129,390 121,965 62,875 59,085
In the top decile 285,490 145,915 139,575 113,730 59,840 53,885
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145 1,014,605 505,225 509,380
0 to 17 years 441,530 227,695 213,835 230,205 117,925 112,275
0 to 5 years 139,285 71,940 67,345 79,345 40,700 38,645
18 to 64 years 1,612,685 785,035 827,650 631,280 316,125 315,155
65 years and over 363,045 168,390 194,660 153,120 71,180 81,950
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 398,715 187,770 210,950 130,220 60,375 69,845
0 to 17 years 83,635 42,965 40,675 41,010 20,960 20,050
0 to 5 years 24,690 12,560 12,130 15,420 7,850 7,575
18 to 64 years 255,225 119,285 135,940 67,080 31,315 35,765
65 years and over 59,860 25,525 34,335 22,130 8,100 14,025
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 16.5 15.9 17.1 12.8 12.0 13.7
0 to 17 years (%) 18.9 18.9 19.0 17.8 17.8 17.9
0 to 5 years (%) 17.7 17.5 18.0 19.4 19.3 19.6
18 to 64 years (%) 15.8 15.2 16.4 10.6 9.9 11.3
65 years and over (%) 16.5 15.2 17.6 14.5 11.4 17.1
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 337,085 160,485 176,600 59,440 29,890 29,545
0 to 17 years 67,065 34,355 32,710 17,870 9,140 8,735
0 to 5 years 19,175 9,740 9,435 7,005 3,540 3,465
18 to 64 years 232,635 110,555 122,085 38,775 19,470 19,305
65 years and over 37,380 15,580 21,805 2,795 1,280 1,510
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 13.9 13.6 14.3 5.9 5.9 5.8
0 to 17 years (%) 15.2 15.1 15.3 7.8 7.8 7.8
0 to 5 years (%) 13.8 13.5 14.0 8.8 8.7 9.0
18 to 64 years (%) 14.4 14.1 14.8 6.1 6.2 6.1
65 years and over (%) 10.3 9.3 11.2 1.8 1.8 1.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835 1,070,560 533,385 537,175
Official languages 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325 1,062,885 529,920 532,965
English 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780 1,062,275 529,630 532,645
French 172,260 76,600 95,660 51,325 23,600 27,725
Non-official languages 1,220,345 574,040 646,300 187,450 91,805 95,645
Aboriginal languages 1,605 670 935 38,110 18,390 19,720
Algonquian languages 485 200 290 28,270 13,675 14,590
Blackfoot 15 0 15 10 10 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 310 145 165 27,065 13,115 13,950
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 10 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 40 30 15
Plains Cree 85 45 40 3,665 1,770 1,900
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 20 10 20 470 185 285
Woods Cree 15 0 10 1,260 570 695
Cree, n.o.s. 180 90 90 21,870 10,695 11,175
Eastern Algonquian languages 20 10 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 15 0 10 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 140 40 100 1,310 620 695
Algonquin 15 10 10 0 0 0
Ojibway 120 35 85 1,300 610 690
Oji-Cree 10 0 10 10 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 85 30 60 9,120 4,350 4,770
Northern Athabaskan languages 80 30 55 9,105 4,345 4,760
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 10 10 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 50 10 40 0 0 0
Chilcotin 10 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 10 0 0 9,105 4,350 4,755
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 10 10 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 10 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 10 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 10 0 10
Haida 60 35 30 10 0 10
Inuit languages 60 30 35 10 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 10 10 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 40 15 25 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 10 10 10 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 10 10 0 10 0 10
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 30 15 15 505 240 260
Salish languages 535 215 330 0 0 0
Comox 20 0 15 0 0 0
Halkomelem 150 60 90 0 0 0
Lillooet 20 15 10 0 0 0
Okanagan 35 15 20 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 10 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 225 100 125 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 25 10 15 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 60 20 45 0 0 0
Siouan languages 30 15 20 510 255 250
Dakota 15 10 10 415 205 210
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 90 50 45
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 180 80 100 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 55 15 40 0 0 0
Nisga'a 65 35 35 0 0 0
Tsimshian 65 30 30 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 100 45 55 0 0 0
Haisla 25 0 25 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 10 0 10 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 45 35 10 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 15 0 10 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 35 20 15 30 15 20
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,218,825 573,410 645,415 149,475 73,470 76,000
Afro-Asiatic languages 29,225 15,270 13,955 8,595 4,585 4,015
Berber languages 125 80 45 40 35 0
Kabyle 55 30 25 10 10 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 70 50 15 30 25 0
Cushitic languages 1,880 870 1,005 1,305 620 690
Bilen 15 0 15 85 40 45
Oromo 190 110 80 160 70 90
Somali 1,675 755 915 1,090 520 570
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 0 0 0
Semitic languages 27,480 14,465 13,015 7,500 4,075 3,425
Amharic 1,755 905 855 545 255 290
Arabic 19,990 10,680 9,315 5,605 3,165 2,435
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 715 340 375 505 240 265
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 545 270 275 195 95 100
Harari 55 35 20 0 0 0
Hebrew 4,585 2,360 2,225 470 245 230
Maltese 165 90 80 0 0 0
Tigrigna 935 510 430 705 350 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 290 150 135 245 120 125
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 95 45 45 70 35 30
Austro-Asiatic languages 30,390 14,495 15,890 3,315 1,685 1,635
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,440 620 820 210 105 105
Vietnamese 29,015 13,890 15,125 3,105 1,580 1,525
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 60 30 30 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 106,580 44,620 61,955 29,705 14,065 15,640
Bikol 495 205 285 90 30 55
Cebuano 4,185 1,625 2,555 2,115 945 1,170
Fijian 980 580 405 20 10 10
Hiligaynon 1,365 600 770 285 130 150
Ilocano 5,665 2,210 3,460 785 365 415
Malagasy 10 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 6,435 3,050 3,390 215 95 115
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 775 350 430 265 130 135
Pangasinan 445 180 265 45 25 20
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 96,290 39,665 56,625 28,655 13,575 15,080
Waray-Waray 280 120 150 35 25 10
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 1,175 580 595 300 145 155
Creole languages 1,820 975 845 495 230 270
Haitian Creole 60 25 35 10 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 1,020 540 480 240 95 145
Creole languages, n.i.e. 755 415 335 250 125 120
Dravidian languages 8,875 4,710 4,165 2,190 1,205 980
Kannada 445 210 235 115 65 55
Malayalam 2,580 1,395 1,190 1,170 625 540
Tamil 4,860 2,530 2,325 635 345 290
Telugu 1,425 835 595 435 270 165
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 65 25 40 15 0 15
Hmong-Mien languages 150 75 70 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 536,805 262,060 274,755 81,985 40,685 41,300
Albanian 1,135 580 555 560 275 285
Armenian 1,455 725 735 115 65 45
Balto-Slavic languages 66,125 31,535 34,590 20,395 9,470 10,925
Baltic languages 635 310 325 225 120 110
Latvian 310 175 140 135 60 70
Lithuanian 325 135 185 95 60 35
Slavic languages 65,675 31,315 34,350 20,265 9,400 10,860
Belarusan 205 95 110 20 0 15
Bosnian 1,780 890 890 325 155 165
Bulgarian 1,975 875 1,100 75 40 35
Croatian 7,995 3,920 4,075 605 355 250
Czech 4,580 2,140 2,435 300 155 150
Macedonian 345 180 160 65 35 35
Polish 13,820 6,540 7,275 2,185 1,040 1,145
Russian 24,000 11,325 12,675 5,275 2,585 2,690
Serbian 8,010 4,105 3,905 790 410 385
Serbo-Croatian 1,240 595 645 80 30 50
Slovak 3,060 1,425 1,635 125 85 40
Slovene (Slovenian) 725 330 400 105 50 50
Ukrainian 5,960 2,605 3,355 13,090 5,770 7,325
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 250 120 125 345 205 140
Celtic languages 1,175 650 520 165 105 65
Scottish Gaelic 350 225 120 55 35 25
Welsh 145 65 85 50 30 20
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 685 370 320 70 45 20
Germanic languages 57,255 27,520 29,730 21,275 10,435 10,840
Afrikaans 4,230 2,160 2,065 1,455 750 705
Danish 2,455 1,150 1,310 320 195 125
Dutch 9,200 4,340 4,855 1,510 720 790
Frisian 120 55 65 25 15 15
German 38,665 18,840 19,820 17,390 8,525 8,870
Icelandic 215 110 100 70 40 30
Norwegian 1,405 730 680 415 180 235
Swedish 2,765 1,205 1,560 230 95 130
Vlaams (Flemish) 220 125 100 80 25 50
Yiddish 385 175 210 75 35 30
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 75 40 30 265 135 125
Greek 7,230 3,675 3,555 1,470 725 745
Indo-Iranian languages 297,060 147,625 149,435 27,395 14,650 12,740
Indo-Aryan languages 248,620 123,215 125,405 25,355 13,530 11,825
Bengali 3,145 1,610 1,530 3,520 1,895 1,620
Gujarati 10,685 5,030 5,655 3,320 1,760 1,555
Hindi 70,505 34,305 36,195 8,040 4,480 3,560
Kashmiri 45 25 20 40 25 20
Konkani 375 185 190 40 30 15
Marathi 1,275 650 625 185 120 70
Nepali 1,180 595 590 835 435 400
Oriya (Odia) 70 40 30 25 15 10
Punjabi (Panjabi) 187,530 93,595 93,935 8,300 4,635 3,665
Sindhi 3,140 1,340 1,800 180 105 75
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 2,140 1,110 1,030 355 205 150
Urdu 14,610 7,635 6,975 9,455 4,815 4,635
Iranian languages 49,445 24,950 24,495 2,285 1,240 1,040
Kurdish 2,070 1,095 980 145 90 60
Pashto 1,540 855 685 555 315 240
Persian (Farsi) 47,155 23,770 23,385 1,630 870 760
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 750 380 375 275 135 140
Italic (Romance) languages 118,715 56,405 62,310 12,660 6,085 6,570
Catalan 245 125 120 0 10 0
Italian 25,610 12,450 13,155 1,360 670 690
Portuguese 15,670 7,450 8,225 885 380 505
Romanian 8,265 4,075 4,190 1,105 525 575
Spanish 75,105 35,255 39,855 9,605 4,635 4,965
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 220 130 85 40 30 10
Japanese 28,630 12,410 16,220 1,205 540 665
Kartvelian languages 90 50 40 15 0 15
Georgian 90 50 45 15 0 10
Korean 50,640 23,170 27,470 1,930 850 1,080
Mongolic languages 320 155 170 55 20 30
Mongolian 325 155 165 60 25 30
Niger-Congo languages 5,810 3,020 2,790 4,125 2,245 1,885
Akan (Twi) 495 280 215 355 185 170
Bamanankan 20 10 10 0 0 10
Edo 115 65 55 20 0 20
Ewe 115 75 35 100 45 55
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 45 10 35 60 45 15
Ga 95 60 35 45 25 15
Ganda 105 60 45 20 10 10
Igbo 240 140 95 625 325 300
Lingala 235 105 130 140 70 65
Rundi (Kirundi) 105 35 65 280 150 130
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 210 95 115 125 65 55
Shona 265 125 140 150 90 55
Swahili 2,655 1,440 1,220 950 570 380
Wolof 30 15 15 40 25 15
Yoruba 505 260 250 965 470 495
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,325 605 725 815 480 335
Nilo-Saharan languages 300 150 150 300 150 145
Dinka 50 35 15 100 65 40
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 250 120 135 195 90 105
Sign languages 3,540 1,405 2,135 1,565 585 985
American Sign Language 2,035 690 1,345 650 215 435
Quebec Sign Language 0 10 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 1,565 735 830 915 365 545
Sino-Tibetan languages 431,545 199,110 232,430 14,580 7,115 7,470
Chinese languages 429,070 197,865 231,205 13,630 6,625 7,005
Cantonese 223,705 103,510 120,190 4,675 2,245 2,435
Hakka 2,555 1,215 1,340 30 10 20
Mandarin 250,170 112,935 137,235 8,995 4,335 4,660
Min Dong 125 55 70 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 15,660 6,945 8,720 260 125 135
Wu (Shanghainese) 5,385 2,345 3,035 45 20 30
Chinese, n.o.s. 8,745 3,985 4,760 1,245 620 630
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 195 80 115 10 0 10
Tibeto-Burman languages 2,755 1,375 1,380 960 495 460
Burmese 1,385 685 705 315 185 130
Karenic languages 905 455 450 635 310 325
Tibetan 305 165 140 30 15 10
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 295 140 155 70 25 40
Tai-Kadai languages 3,810 1,540 2,270 635 245 385
Lao 1,125 505 620 410 170 240
Thai 2,875 1,100 1,770 275 105 170
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 5,950 3,225 2,725 640 365 285
Azerbaijani 835 455 385 25 20 10
Turkish 4,875 2,630 2,240 530 310 220
Uyghur 105 50 55 0 0 0
Uzbek 170 95 75 60 25 35
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 225 125 105 25 10 15
Uralic languages 9,045 4,205 4,845 1,765 850 915
Estonian 495 205 295 20 15 10
Finnish 2,085 825 1,265 360 170 190
Hungarian 6,480 3,175 3,310 1,385 670 715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 695 380 315 340 210 135
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835 1,070,555 533,385 537,175
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420 998,035 496,635 501,395
Canadian citizens aged under 18 403,685 208,715 194,970 237,720 121,535 116,185
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 1,699,435 823,985 875,445 760,310 375,105 385,210
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 323,115 152,705 170,415 72,525 36,750 35,780
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830 1,070,560 533,385 537,170
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 1,358,990 686,180 672,805 945,810 470,790 475,025
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 989,545 461,660 527,880 112,490 55,800 56,690
Before 1981 209,975 100,680 109,295 16,650 8,190 8,465
1981 to 1990 120,730 56,305 64,425 5,545 2,670 2,875
1991 to 2000 247,835 114,340 133,490 9,315 4,645 4,665
2001 to 2010 268,470 123,245 145,230 33,045 16,410 16,635
2001 to 2005 124,890 57,190 67,695 8,670 4,165 4,505
2006 to 2010 143,585 66,050 77,535 24,370 12,245 12,130
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 142,535 67,095 75,435 47,935 23,880 24,055
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 77,700 37,560 40,140 12,255 6,800 5,455
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 989,540 461,660 527,885 112,495 55,795 56,695
Under 5 years 78,020 39,580 38,445 12,060 6,100 5,965
5 to 14 years 158,290 81,570 76,720 21,295 11,015 10,280
15 to 24 years 204,760 93,100 111,655 19,295 8,990 10,305
25 to 44 years 424,180 189,745 234,440 50,945 25,060 25,890
45 years and over 124,300 57,665 66,630 8,895 4,635 4,260
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 989,545 461,660 527,885 112,490 55,800 56,690
Americas 65,330 30,720 34,605 10,765 5,010 5,760
Brazil 2,860 1,175 1,680 185 65 120
Colombia 3,080 1,400 1,675 555 275 280
El Salvador 4,405 2,230 2,170 630 290 340
Guyana 920 415 500 155 75 85
Haiti 265 110 160 65 45 20
Jamaica 2,230 1,160 1,065 815 425 395
Mexico 7,850 3,420 4,430 1,330 665 665
Peru 2,700 1,155 1,540 165 60 100
Trinidad and Tobago 1,940 900 1,040 210 105 110
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 26,445 12,755 13,695 4,845 2,045 2,800
Other places of birth in Americas 12,640 6,000 6,645 1,805 955 845
Europe 170,930 83,890 87,040 23,640 11,900 11,740
Bosnia and Herzegovina 3,930 1,900 2,025 455 215 245
Croatia 4,110 2,075 2,030 445 280 165
France 3,440 1,800 1,640 215 90 125
Germany 13,520 6,475 7,040 2,575 1,280 1,295
Greece 2,885 1,520 1,365 605 325 280
Hungary 3,705 1,895 1,810 395 215 180
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 3,835 2,100 1,735 845 490 355
Italy 10,395 5,350 5,045 570 305 265
Netherlands 6,295 3,130 3,170 1,220 585 635
Poland 10,480 4,885 5,595 1,395 690 705
Portugal 4,660 2,315 2,345 220 105 120
Romania 7,110 3,450 3,665 695 335 360
Russian Federation 8,460 3,655 4,805 805 345 460
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 3,780 1,890 1,890 585 305 280
Ukraine 5,475 2,590 2,885 3,280 1,630 1,650
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 56,530 28,245 28,280 7,020 3,520 3,505
Other places of birth in Europe 22,325 10,615 11,710 2,320 1,195 1,125
Africa 32,100 16,260 15,840 10,285 5,360 4,925
Algeria 430 270 150 50 35 15
Egypt 2,110 1,135 975 435 230 205
Ethiopia 1,665 835 825 635 285 355
Kenya 4,065 1,875 2,185 425 225 200
Morocco 730 385 340 180 95 80
Nigeria 1,205 630 575 1,695 845 855
Somalia 1,010 485 530 635 335 300
South Africa, Republic of 8,205 4,270 3,935 1,775 920 855
Other places of birth in Africa 12,685 6,370 6,325 4,455 2,390 2,065
Asia 697,305 319,470 377,835 67,120 33,175 33,945
Afghanistan 4,865 2,445 2,415 515 230 285
Bangladesh 1,865 945 925 2,575 1,365 1,210
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 188,965 84,385 104,580 7,485 3,445 4,035
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 71,715 32,945 38,770