Census Profile, 2016 Census
Fredericton [Census agglomeration], New Brunswick and New Brunswick [Province]

Select a table view
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Fredericton
New Brunswick
[Census agglomeration]
New Brunswick

[Province]
Data quality , Fredericton [Census agglomeration], New Brunswick  Map : Fredericton [Census agglomeration], New Brunswick Data quality : New Brunswick [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 1 Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 101,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 747,101  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 98,320 revised. The 2011 count for this area has been revised. r  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 751,171  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 3.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... -0.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 46,459  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 359,721  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 42,772  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,773  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 17.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 5,745.41  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,388.81  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 101,765 49,400 52,365 747,105 365,355 381,745
0 to 14 years 16,650 8,370 8,280 110,495 56,320 54,180
0 to 4 years 5,400 2,730 2,670 34,365 17,505 16,860
5 to 9 years 5,695 2,865 2,825 38,250 19,515 18,735
10 to 14 years 5,560 2,770 2,785 37,880 19,295 18,585
15 to 64 years 68,400 33,425 34,975 487,820 240,535 247,285
15 to 19 years 5,930 3,030 2,900 40,605 20,905 19,705
20 to 24 years 7,335 3,685 3,650 41,445 21,280 20,165
25 to 29 years 6,570 3,275 3,295 39,245 19,745 19,505
30 to 34 years 6,635 3,245 3,385 41,510 20,140 21,365
35 to 39 years 6,605 3,145 3,460 44,435 21,585 22,850
40 to 44 years 6,830 3,290 3,535 48,430 23,520 24,910
45 to 49 years 6,975 3,405 3,575 51,300 25,195 26,105
50 to 54 years 7,745 3,790 3,955 61,055 29,795 31,265
55 to 59 years 7,215 3,490 3,725 61,740 30,210 31,530
60 to 64 years 6,560 3,075 3,490 58,060 28,170 29,895
65 years and over 16,710 7,605 9,100 148,785 68,500 80,280
65 to 69 years 5,855 2,850 3,005 52,160 25,595 26,570
70 to 74 years 4,110 1,965 2,140 36,050 17,695 18,360
75 to 79 years 2,925 1,365 1,555 25,300 11,835 13,465
80 to 84 years 1,940 800 1,140 17,650 7,515 10,135
85 years and over 1,880 625 1,260 17,620 5,860 11,765
85 to 89 years 1,140 430 715 10,670 3,910 6,760
90 to 94 years 585 160 425 5,305 1,595 3,715
95 to 99 years 145 35 110 1,435 330 1,110
100 years and over 15 0 10 205 30 185
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.4 16.9 15.8 14.8 15.4 14.2
15 to 64 years 67.2 67.7 66.8 65.3 65.8 64.8
65 years and over 16.4 15.4 17.4 19.9 18.7 21.0
85 years and over 1.8 1.3 2.4 2.4 1.6 3.1
Average age of the population 40.7 39.8 41.5 43.6 42.7 44.5
Median age of the population 40.9 39.9 41.8 45.7 44.8 46.6
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 42,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 25,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 221,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 465  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 13,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 850  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 1,145  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 2,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 8,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 44,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 190  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 3,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 42,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 11,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 16,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 126,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 6,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 5,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 2,430  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 100,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 730,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 85,110 41,030 44,080 636,605 309,040 327,570
Married or living common law 51,350 25,600 25,745 379,605 189,790 189,820
Married 42,235 21,050 21,180 302,020 151,100 150,925
Living common law 9,110 4,545 4,565 77,580 38,685 38,895
Not married and not living common law 33,765 15,430 18,330 257,000 119,250 137,745
Never married 22,210 11,740 10,465 158,070 85,640 72,430
Separated 2,500 1,080 1,420 21,290 9,530 11,760
Divorced 4,725 1,765 2,965 35,680 15,275 20,405
Widowed 4,330 845 3,480 41,965 8,805 33,160
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 29,690  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 222,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 16,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 129,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 6,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 47,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 5,270  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 1,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 29,690  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 222,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 25,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 186,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 20,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 147,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 4,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 4,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 3,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 28,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 25,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 186,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 13,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 105,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 11,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 81,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 5,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 4,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 32,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 1,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 4,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 2,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 23,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 1,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 390  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 17,960 8,420 9,540 128,775 61,010 67,770
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 42,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 28,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 214,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 13,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 102,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 15,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 112,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 460  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 13,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 11,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 2,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 100,940 49,100 51,840 736,280 360,440 375,840
English only 78,205 39,080 39,125 420,820 210,555 210,260
French only 370 180 190 63,140 29,955 33,190
English and French 21,680 9,525 12,155 249,950 118,705 131,245
Neither English nor French 680 315 370 2,370 1,220 1,150
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 100,940 49,105 51,840 736,280 360,440 375,845
English 92,830 45,350 47,475 498,365 244,230 254,135
French 7,000 3,245 3,755 232,450 113,500 118,945
English and French 450 210 245 3,210 1,550 1,655
Neither English nor French 665 300 365 2,255 1,150 1,100
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 7,225 3,350 3,875 234,055 114,280 119,775
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 7.2 6.8 7.5 31.8 31.7 31.9
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 100,940 49,100 51,840 736,280 360,440 375,845
Single responses 99,635 48,505 51,130 726,990 356,005 370,990
Official languages 93,265 45,290 47,975 703,840 344,285 359,555
English 86,250 42,040 44,210 472,725 231,595 241,135
French 7,010 3,250 3,765 231,110 112,690 118,415
Non-official languages 6,375 3,215 3,160 23,150 11,715 11,435
Aboriginal languages 115 50 65 2,165 1,035 1,135
Algonquian languages 110 45 60 2,130 1,020 1,110
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 5 10 5 5
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 5 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 110 50 60 2,115 1,010 1,105
Malecite 75 35 45 280 125 155
Mi'kmaq 30 10 15 1,835 885 950
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 5 5 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 5 0 0 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 5 10 0 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 6,260 3,165 3,090 20,990 10,685 10,300
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,065 580 485 3,190 1,805 1,385
Berber languages 0 0 0 40 25 15
Kabyle 0 0 0 20 10 5
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 5 5 0 30 15 20
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 5 0 0 5 5 5
Somali 0 0 0 25 10 15
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 1,060 575 480 3,110 1,760 1,355
Amharic 35 25 15 65 35 25
Arabic 955 515 440 2,855 1,615 1,235
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 5 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 55 35 25 170 90 80
Maltese 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tigrigna 5 5 0 20 15 10
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 195 105 90 635 305 330
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 5 0 10 5 10
Vietnamese 190 105 85 620 305 320
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 195 75 115 1,375 510 865
Bikol 0 0 0 5 0 5
Cebuano 15 10 10 105 35 65
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 15 5 10
Ilocano 0 0 5 50 15 35
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 5 10
Malay 20 10 15 45 20 30
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 145 55 95 1,120 420 700
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 5 0 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Creole languages 10 0 5 135 70 65
Haitian Creole 5 5 0 15 10 5
Creole, n.o.s. 5 0 5 80 30 50
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 40 30 10
Dravidian languages 85 40 35 285 155 130
Kannada 10 5 5 20 15 10
Malayalam 10 5 5 40 15 20
Tamil 45 25 20 105 60 50
Telugu 20 10 10 110 60 45
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 5 0 5 5 0
Indo-European languages 2,730 1,360 1,370 9,325 4,790 4,530
Albanian 20 10 15 50 25 25
Armenian 10 5 5 30 15 10
Balto-Slavic languages 695 335 360 1,740 865 875
Baltic languages 15 10 10 55 30 30
Latvian 0 0 0 25 10 10
Lithuanian 15 10 10 35 15 15
Slavic languages 675 325 350 1,685 835 850
Belarusan 0 0 0 5 5 0
Bosnian 35 20 20 50 25 25
Bulgarian 5 0 0 20 10 10
Croatian 30 10 20 75 35 40
Czech 15 5 10 55 25 25
Macedonian 0 0 0 15 10 5
Polish 60 30 30 230 105 125
Russian 375 190 185 880 440 435
Serbian 80 40 35 105 55 45
Serbo-Croatian 25 10 15 35 15 20
Slovak 0 0 0 25 15 15
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 0 0 15 10 10
Ukrainian 55 25 30 170 85 90
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0 30 5 20
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 15 5 10
Welsh 0 0 0 10 0 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 0 5 0
Germanic languages 645 305 340 2,875 1,415 1,465
Afrikaans 5 5 5 50 30 25
Danish 20 10 10 125 55 75
Dutch 235 120 110 885 470 410
Frisian 5 5 0 35 25 10
German 345 155 190 1,650 780 865
Icelandic 0 0 0 5 0 0
Norwegian 5 5 0 40 25 20
Swedish 15 5 15 50 15 35
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 0 20 10 10
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 5 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Greek 30 20 10 145 100 50
Indo-Iranian languages 825 440 385 1,850 1,020 835
Indo-Aryan languages 480 260 220 1,175 655 525
Bengali 85 50 30 205 120 85
Gujarati 15 10 5 75 40 30
Hindi 105 50 50 225 135 95
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 5 0 0 10 5 5
Marathi 25 15 10 50 20 25
Nepali 140 70 70 180 90 90
Oriya (Odia) 5 0 5 0 0 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 25 15 15 125 75 50
Sindhi 5 5 0 25 10 10
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 10 5 30 15 15
Urdu 65 40 30 240 140 100
Iranian languages 345 180 165 655 355 305
Kurdish 15 10 10 55 30 25
Pashto 20 10 10 25 15 10
Persian (Farsi) 310 165 145 580 310 270
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Italic (Romance) languages 500 245 250 2,605 1,355 1,250
Catalan 0 0 0 5 5 0
Italian 60 35 25 400 225 175
Portuguese 70 35 40 260 130 130
Romanian 65 30 35 485 250 240
Spanish 305 155 150 1,460 755 705
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Japanese 25 5 25 110 25 85
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Korean 345 185 165 1,550 800 750
Mongolic languages 5 0 5 5 5 0
Mongolian 5 5 0 5 5 5
Niger-Congo languages 150 80 70 700 385 315
Akan (Twi) 5 5 0 25 10 10
Bamanankan 0 0 0 60 35 25
Edo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 0 0 0 5 5 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 40 30 15
Ga 5 5 5 5 5 5
Ganda 0 0 0 10 0 0
Igbo 5 5 0 30 20 10
Lingala 0 0 5 25 15 15
Rundi (Kirundi) 15 5 10 45 25 20
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 5 5 40 20 20
Shona 0 0 0 20 10 10
Swahili 50 20 30 135 65 70
Wolof 5 0 0 25 20 10
Yoruba 10 5 0 30 15 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 40 30 15 195 105 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0 5 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sign languages 35 15 15 145 75 70
American Sign Language 10 5 10 40 20 30
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 20 15 10 95 55 45
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,290 645 645 3,115 1,570 1,545
Chinese languages 1,290 645 645 3,085 1,555 1,530
Cantonese 120 60 60 440 225 210
Hakka 10 10 5 20 10 10
Mandarin 1,020 520 505 2,250 1,105 1,150
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 5 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 10 5 0 35 15 15
Wu (Shanghainese) 55 25 30 100 45 55
Chinese, n.o.s. 65 35 30 240 150 85
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 5 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 30 15 15
Burmese 0 0 0 0 0 5
Karenic languages 0 0 0 25 15 10
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 20 5 15 60 15 50
Lao 0 0 0 5 0 0
Thai 20 10 15 55 10 45
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 40 20 20 105 60 45
Azerbaijani 5 0 0 5 5 5
Turkish 25 15 10 75 50 30
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 5 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 10 5 5
Uralic languages 60 30 30 250 115 135
Estonian 5 0 0 20 5 10
Finnish 15 5 5 45 15 30
Hungarian 40 20 20 185 90 95
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 25 10 10
Multiple responses 1,305 595 705 9,290 4,440 4,855
English and French 825 365 455 7,285 3,470 3,815
English and non-official language 400 190 205 1,535 725 810
French and non-official language 40 20 20 330 175 155
English, French and non-official language 35 15 20 145 65 75
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 100,940 49,100 51,840 736,280 360,435 375,845
Single responses 99,290 48,290 51,000 724,940 355,025 369,910
Official languages 95,470 46,340 49,130 712,250 348,510 363,740
English 91,505 44,500 47,010 505,935 247,610 258,325
French 3,970 1,845 2,125 206,315 100,900 105,415
Non-official languages 3,815 1,945 1,865 12,690 6,515 6,175
Aboriginal languages 25 15 10 820 400 420
Algonquian languages 20 10 10 820 395 420
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 5 0 0 5 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 20 10 10 815 395 420
Malecite 20 10 10 50 25 25
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 765 370 395
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 5 5 0 5 5 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 3,790 1,935 1,855 11,870 6,115 5,750
Afro-Asiatic languages 725 365 355 2,285 1,210 1,075
Berber languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0 20 5 10
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 720 365 355 2,265 1,200 1,065
Amharic 15 10 10 20 10 10
Arabic 680 345 330 2,110 1,125 990
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 25 15 15 130 60 70
Maltese 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tigrigna 0 0 0 5 0 5
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 170 90 80 525 255 270
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 5 5 5 5 0
Vietnamese 165 85 75 520 250 270
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 55 25 35 510 235 270
Bikol 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cebuano 5 0 0 40 15 25
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 0 5
Malay 5 5 5 15 0 5
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 40 15 20 450 215 235
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Creole languages 0 0 5 65 25 35
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 5 0 5 20 0 15
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 20
Dravidian languages 35 20 15 110 60 45
Kannada 0 0 5 5 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0 20 5 10
Tamil 20 15 10 35 20 20
Telugu 10 5 5 45 30 15
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 1,395 715 685 4,160 2,175 1,990
Albanian 15 10 5 30 15 10
Armenian 10 0 5 20 5 10
Balto-Slavic languages 450 230 225 975 505 470
Baltic languages 10 5 5 35 20 15
Latvian 0 0 0 10 5 5
Lithuanian 10 10 5 25 15 10
Slavic languages 440 225 215 935 480 455
Belarusan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bosnian 20 10 10 25 15 10
Bulgarian 0 0 0 5 5 0
Croatian 15 5 10 25 10 15
Czech 0 5 0 5 0 5
Macedonian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Polish 10 5 10 55 25 30
Russian 295 145 145 620 320 305
Serbian 60 35 30 80 45 35
Serbo-Croatian 10 5 5 5 5 5
Slovak 0 0 0 5 5 5
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ukrainian 30 15 15 90 50 40
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0 10 0 5
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 5 0 5
Welsh 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages 110 55 50 640 320 320
Afrikaans 0 0 0 35 15 20
Danish 0 0 0 5 5 5
Dutch 40 20 15 150 80 75
Frisian 0 0 0 5 0 5
German 65 30 30 425 215 210
Icelandic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0 5 0 5
Swedish 0 0 0 5 0 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 5 10 5 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Greek 5 0 5 45 25 25
Indo-Iranian languages 570 300 270 1,140 595 545
Indo-Aryan languages 305 155 150 655 335 325
Bengali 55 30 20 130 70 60
Gujarati 10 10 10 40 15 20
Hindi 65 35 30 115 60 50
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 5 5 0
Marathi 10 5 5 20 10 10
Nepali 105 45 55 135 60 75
Oriya (Odia) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 5 0 5 50 25 25
Sindhi 5 0 0 10 5 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 0 0 5 5 5
Urdu 35 20 15 140 75 70
Iranian languages 270 140 125 470 255 220
Kurdish 10 5 5 35 25 10
Pashto 5 5 0 15 5 5
Persian (Farsi) 260 135 120 425 225 195
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 5
Italic (Romance) languages 235 120 115 1,305 705 600
Catalan 0 0 0 5 5 0
Italian 10 5 5 85 40 45
Portuguese 30 15 15 110 50 60
Romanian 35 10 20 290 145 140
Spanish 155 80 75 820 470 350
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Japanese 5 5 0 20 10 15
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Korean 270 145 125 1,245 645 605
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 65 25 40 240 125 120
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 10 5 10
Bamanankan 5 0 0 20 15 5
Edo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 0 0 0 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 10 10 5
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0 5 5 0
Lingala 0 0 0 10 5 5
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 5 5 20 15 10
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 5 0 10 5 5
Shona 0 0 0 5 0 5
Swahili 30 10 20 80 35 45
Wolof 0 0 0 5 5 0
Yoruba 5 0 5 5 5 5
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 50 25 25
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages 45 25 15 200 115 85
American Sign Language 15 10 10 55 30 25
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 30 20 15 150 90 60
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,000 510 485 2,390 1,210 1,175
Chinese languages 1,000 510 490 2,365 1,195 1,170
Cantonese 65 30 30 260 130 130
Hakka 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mandarin 850 440 405 1,855 930 920
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 5 5 15 10 5
Wu (Shanghainese) 35 20 20 85 40 45
Chinese, n.o.s. 45 20 25 140 80 55
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 10 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 25 15 10
Burmese 0 0 0 5 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 5 5 0 10 0 5
Lao 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thai 5 0 0 10 5 5
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 5 0 0 30 15 10
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkish 0 5 5 25 15 5
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 5 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Uralic languages 15 10 10 70 35 40
Estonian 0 0 0 5 0 0
Finnish 5 5 5 5 5 5
Hungarian 10 5 5 55 30 30
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 0 0 0
Multiple responses 1,650 810 840 11,345 5,415 5,925
English and French 585 275 305 7,275 3,370 3,905
English and non-official language 1,000 505 495 3,435 1,715 1,720
French and non-official language 20 10 10 340 185 160
English, French and non-official language 55 25 35 290 140 145
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 100,940 49,105 51,840 736,280 360,435 375,845
None 91,585 44,840 46,745 647,960 318,560 329,400
English 3,420 1,635 1,780 49,925 24,065 25,855
French 3,900 1,680 2,220 30,030 13,760 16,275
Non-official language 1,865 865 995 7,545 3,650 3,895
Aboriginal 165 65 100 1,300 625 685
Non-Aboriginal 1,700 805 895 6,240 3,030 3,210
English and French 40 20 20 180 90 90
English and non-official language 45 25 25 300 160 145
French and non-official language 75 35 40 335 155 185
English, French and non-official language 5 0 0 10 5 5
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 83,740 40,515 43,225 620,390 301,645 318,745
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 79,585 38,450 41,135 594,705 289,220 305,485
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,929 41,572 29,306 30,961 37,516 25,796
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 79,620 38,455 41,165 594,920 289,245 305,680
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,181 36,359 26,771 28,107 33,169 23,945
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 72,695 35,950 36,750 516,780 259,945 256,835
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,815 39,834 26,741 28,444 34,830 23,278
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 54,445 22,820 31,625 439,645 193,975 245,675
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,931 6,379 5,658 8,164 9,210 7,321
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 59,855 30,455 29,405 423,915 219,135 204,780
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,862 38,562 27,944 29,124 34,784 24,769
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 83,725 40,525 43,205 620,395 301,650 318,745
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 79,600 38,375 41,225 594,650 289,140 305,510
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,200 50,225 36,659 39,141 46,154 32,504
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 79,630 38,380 41,245 594,870 289,165 305,700
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,974 41,108 31,197 33,022 38,151 28,171
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 72,640 35,975 36,665 516,685 259,855 256,830
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,702 48,795 34,742 37,432 44,240 30,543
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 54,540 22,845 31,695 440,195 194,240 245,955
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,510 7,537 7,490 8,938 9,519 8,480
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 59,845 30,340 29,505 423,915 218,800 205,110
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,947 46,962 34,761 37,611 43,456 31,376
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 83,730 40,525 43,200 620,390 301,645 318,745
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 30,900 16,460 14,440 197,290 104,215 93,075
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 49,714 55,512 44,946 46,349 52,010 41,058
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 57,494 63,682 50,439 54,011 60,796 46,415
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 88.3 91.2 84.5 83.2 86.2 79.0
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 71.4 74.0 68.1 68.5 71.3 64.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 11.7 8.8 15.5 16.8 13.8 21.0
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 83,740 40,515 43,225 620,390 301,650 318,745
Without total income 4,155 2,065 2,090 25,680 12,430 13,260
With total income 79,585 38,450 41,135 594,710 289,220 305,490
Percentage with total income 95.0 94.9 95.2 95.9 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 10,735 4,640 6,095 80,700 32,655 48,050
$10,000 to $19,999 12,800 4,780 8,025 109,015 40,415 68,600
$20,000 to $29,999 11,460 4,620 6,840 99,025 40,480 58,540
$30,000 to $39,999 9,835 4,485 5,350 83,770 41,360 42,405
$40,000 to $49,999 8,895 4,250 4,645 65,795 35,080 30,715
$50,000 to $59,999 6,850 3,730 3,120 44,810 26,560 18,250
$60,000 to $69,999 5,240 3,130 2,110 32,185 20,270 11,920
$70,000 to $79,999 4,140 2,350 1,790 24,565 14,130 10,430
$80,000 to $89,999 2,850 1,650 1,200 17,095 9,915 7,180
$90,000 to $99,999 1,755 1,120 635 10,240 6,980 3,260
$100,000 and over 5,035 3,695 1,335 27,515 21,380 6,135
$100,000 to $149,999 3,575 2,590 985 19,765 15,195 4,570
$150,000 and over 1,460 1,110 350 7,750 6,185 1,565
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 83,740 40,520 43,225 620,390 301,645 318,750
Without after-tax income 4,120 2,065 2,055 25,470 12,405 13,070
With after-tax income 79,620 38,455 41,165 594,920 289,240 305,680
Percentage with after-tax income 95.1 94.9 95.2 95.9 95.9 95.9
Under $10,000 (including loss) 11,230 4,715 6,515 83,590 33,140 50,455
$10,000 to $19,999 13,560 5,120 8,435 115,730 43,245 72,485
$20,000 to $29,999 13,555 5,675 7,880 118,940 51,335 67,610
$30,000 to $39,999 12,320 5,770 6,555 98,230 50,770 47,460
$40,000 to $49,999 9,950 5,200 4,750 67,470 38,665 28,810
$50,000 to $59,999 7,015 4,185 2,825 42,775 26,495 16,280
$60,000 to $69,999 4,805 2,710 2,095 28,790 16,435 12,355
$70,000 to $79,999 2,580 1,675 905 14,945 10,205 4,740
$80,000 and over 4,605 3,405 1,205 24,450 18,955 5,500
$80,000 to $89,999 1,580 1,135 445 8,385 6,340 2,040
$90,000 to $99,999 905 675 230 5,060 3,970 1,090
$100,000 and over 2,125 1,600 525 11,005 8,640 2,365
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 83,740 40,520 43,225 620,390 301,645 318,745
Without employment income 23,885 10,065 13,825 196,475 82,515 113,965
With employment income 59,855 30,450 29,405 423,910 219,140 204,775
Percentage with employment income 71.5 75.1 68.0 68.3 72.6 64.2
Under $5,000 (including loss) 7,235 3,390 3,850 54,590 26,540 28,045
$5,000 to $9,999 5,020 2,210 2,810 36,840 15,720 21,120
$10,000 to $19,999 8,290 3,675 4,620 65,895 29,920 35,975
$20,000 to $29,999 7,515 3,380 4,135 59,240 25,955 33,280
$30,000 to $39,999 6,445 3,055 3,385 50,190 24,930 25,260
$40,000 to $49,999 6,230 2,980 3,250 42,140 22,160 19,980
$50,000 to $59,999 4,770 2,715 2,055 29,910 18,180 11,730
$60,000 to $69,999 3,830 2,280 1,555 23,390 14,620 8,770
$70,000 to $79,999 3,235 1,745 1,495 19,515 10,565 8,950
$80,000 and over 7,275 5,020 2,250 42,210 30,540 11,665
$80,000 to $89,999 2,165 1,285 880 13,190 7,840 5,345
$90,000 to $99,999 1,355 870 485 8,105 5,685 2,420
$100,000 and over 3,755 2,865 890 20,915 17,015 3,895
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 42,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 66,877  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,347  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 58,221  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 52,553  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 11,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,724  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 28,747  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,067  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 26,387  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 31,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 230,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 82,024  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,207  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 70,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,063  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 42,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 80,397  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,786  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 66,974  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 61,431  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 11,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,309  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,242  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 31,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 230,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 94,504  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 86,878  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 78,571  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 73,156  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 42,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 690  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 930  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 865  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,835  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,815  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,950  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,510  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 27,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 22,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 12,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 2,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 1,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 42,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 715  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 940  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 885  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 20,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 32,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 23,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 8,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 48,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 2,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 29,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 221,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 83,278  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,353  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 71,733  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 12,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 78,937  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 67,988  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 68,139  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,801  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 11,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 82,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 106,231  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 100,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 89,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 85,717  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 4,150  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 45,227  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 42,992  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 42,517  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 40,671  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 29,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 221,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 95,716  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 87,048  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 79,344  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 73,197  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 12,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 90,832  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 75,204  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 66,576  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 11,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 82,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 117,397  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,901  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 96,199  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,699  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 4,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,756  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 51,119  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 45,851  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 45,687  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 16,330 7,730 8,600 114,825 54,970 59,850
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,399 30,103 28,740 27,250 30,122 25,182
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 26,948 27,281 26,641 25,167 27,154 23,916
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 16,245 7,640 8,605 114,375 54,300 60,075
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 37,012 37,782 36,328 34,738 37,330 32,395
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 31,545 31,757 31,358 29,845 31,431 28,411
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 100,370 48,875 51,490 730,710 357,860 372,850
In the bottom half of the distribution 53,130 25,365 27,770 428,180 204,170 224,005
In the bottom decile 11,780 5,680 6,095 80,120 37,430 42,695
In the second decile 10,325 4,670 5,650 94,165 42,190 51,980
In the third decile 10,210 4,905 5,300 87,075 41,905 45,170
In the fourth decile 10,300 4,985 5,315 85,610 42,275 43,335
In the fifth decile 10,530 5,120 5,405 81,200 40,375 40,825
In the top half of the distribution 47,240 23,510 23,725 302,530 153,685 148,845
In the sixth decile 10,980 5,415 5,565 77,345 38,915 38,425
In the seventh decile 10,620 5,305 5,320 73,185 37,190 36,005
In the eighth decile 10,165 5,005 5,160 65,090 32,815 32,275
In the ninth decile 8,925 4,480 4,445 52,050 26,635 25,410
In the top decile 6,545 3,305 3,240 34,860 18,130 16,730
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 98,845 48,140 50,705 722,550 353,870 368,680
0 to 17 years 19,485 9,855 9,625 131,930 67,285 64,645
0 to 5 years 6,370 3,205 3,160 40,900 20,805 20,100
18 to 64 years 63,695 30,990 32,705 452,805 221,675 231,130
65 years and over 15,665 7,290 8,370 137,820 64,915 72,905
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 15,295 7,060 8,235 123,820 55,990 67,825
0 to 17 years 4,015 2,055 1,960 29,250 14,930 14,320
0 to 5 years 1,430 725 705 10,285 5,260 5,030
18 to 64 years 9,190 4,240 4,950 66,745 29,975 36,770
65 years and over 2,090 770 1,320 27,830 11,090 16,745
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 15.5 14.7 16.2 17.1 15.8 18.4
0 to 17 years (%) 20.6 20.9 20.4 22.2 22.2 22.2
0 to 5 years (%) 22.4 22.6 22.3 25.1 25.3 25.0
18 to 64 years (%) 14.4 13.7 15.1 14.7 13.5 15.9
65 years and over (%) 13.3 10.6 15.8 20.2 17.1 23.0
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 8,590 4,215 4,375 49,830 24,165 25,660
0 to 17 years 2,020 1,050 975 11,520 5,890 5,630
0 to 5 years 725 370 355 4,200 2,145 2,055
18 to 64 years 6,260 3,050 3,210 35,680 17,255 18,425
65 years and over 305 115 190 2,630 1,025 1,605
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 8.7 8.8 8.6 6.9 6.8 7.0
0 to 17 years (%) 10.4 10.7 10.1 8.7 8.8 8.7
0 to 5 years (%) 11.4 11.5 11.2 10.3 10.3 10.2
18 to 64 years (%) 9.8 9.8 9.8 7.9 7.8 8.0
65 years and over (%) 1.9 1.6 2.3 1.9 1.6 2.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 100,370 48,875 51,490 730,710 357,855 372,850
Official languages 99,700 48,570 51,130 728,310 356,615 371,690
English 99,350 48,360 50,990 666,315 326,905 339,415
French 22,010 9,750 12,260 310,550 147,845 162,705
Non-official languages 8,830 4,375 4,455 34,880 17,355 17,525
Aboriginal languages 360 150 205 3,065 1,470 1,595
Algonquian languages 335 150 180 2,990 1,455 1,540
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 10 10 0 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 10 0 0 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 325 150 175 2,965 1,435 1,530
Malecite 240 105 130 720 335 385
Mi'kmaq 90 35 50 2,265 1,115 1,150
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 10 0 15 15 0
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 10 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 10 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 15 0 20 55 10 45
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 15 0 15 45 10 40
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 10 0 10 10 0 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 10 0 10 10 0 10
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 10 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 10 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 8,485 4,225 4,260 31,865 15,915 15,955
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,470 740 730 4,355 2,385 1,980
Berber languages 0 0 0 80 40 35
Kabyle 0 0 0 40 20 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 25 20
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 15 10 0
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0 10 10 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 1,470 740 730 4,300 2,340 1,960
Amharic 55 30 20 165 100 65
Arabic 1,215 610 605 3,685 2,030 1,660
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 200 95 105 435 205 230
Maltese 0 10 0 0 10 0
Tigrigna 0 10 0 50 25 25
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 15 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 285 155 130 835 430 400
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Vietnamese 275 155 125 820 435 390
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 0
Austronesian languages 180 70 115 1,790 695 1,090
Bikol 0 0 0 10 0 10
Cebuano 10 0 0 185 70 115
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 35 10 30
Ilocano 10 0 10 50 10 45
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 10 15
Malay 35 10 25 75 20 55
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 130 55 75 1,595 625 970
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 0
Creole languages 15 10 0 430 195 235
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 50 20 30
Creole, n.o.s. 15 10 0 240 105 135
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 140 75 65
Dravidian languages 155 75 75 435 245 195
Kannada 20 10 10 60 30 25
Malayalam 0 0 0 55 35 25
Tamil 95 55 45 190 115 75
Telugu 65 30 40 175 90 85
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Indo-European languages 4,375 2,125 2,250 16,505 8,155 8,350
Albanian 45 25 20 80 45 35
Armenian 45 15 25 60 35 25
Balto-Slavic languages 825 410 415 2,065 1,100 965
Baltic languages 15 10 10 55 40 20
Latvian 0 0 10 20 10 10
Lithuanian 15 10 0 30 20 10
Slavic languages 810 405 410 2,025 1,070 955
Belarusan 0 0 0 10 0 0
Bosnian 50 30 25 75 40 40
Bulgarian 25 0 20 45 15 35
Croatian 45 15 35 95 45 55
Czech 30 15 10 115 65 45
Macedonian 10 10 0 35 25 10
Polish 110 55 60 320 165 160
Russian 520 275 245 1,200 630 570
Serbian 40 30 15 90 70 20
Serbo-Croatian 10 0 10 40 30 10
Slovak 10 0 10 45 15 30
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 10 15 10 0
Ukrainian 85 25 55 310 145 165
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Celtic languages 40 15 30 140 40 100
Scottish Gaelic 15 0 10 95 20 75
Welsh 10 0 0 10 0 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 40 20 20
Germanic languages 1,075 560 520 4,745 2,360 2,380
Afrikaans 10 10 0 130 70 60
Danish 30 10 20 155 60 95
Dutch 350 170 180 1,185 560 625
Frisian 0 0 0 50 40 15
German 705 375 330 3,260 1,675 1,580
Icelandic 0 0 0 10 10 0
Norwegian 20 10 10 130 65 65
Swedish 15 15 10 110 45 60
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 40 20 25
Yiddish 0 0 0 20 20 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Greek 75 35 40 220 125 95
Indo-Iranian languages 1,035 530 505 2,325 1,275 1,050
Indo-Aryan languages 680 365 320 1,570 875 695
Bengali 95 70 25 225 150 80
Gujarati 30 10 10 110 45 65
Hindi 320 165 155 790 430 355
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Marathi 15 10 10 55 20 30
Nepali 175 85 90 185 90 95
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 75 35 35 205 130 75
Sindhi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 15 10 0 35 10 20
Urdu 110 60 55 355 215 140
Iranian languages 375 185 195 805 430 375
Kurdish 45 20 25 130 65 60
Pashto 35 20 10 60 45 20
Persian (Farsi) 300 145 155 620 330 285
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 1,430 635 795 7,600 3,540 4,055
Catalan 0 10 0 15 10 0
Italian 160 50 105 825 405 420
Portuguese 110 60 55 450 250 200
Romanian 40 15 20 555 290 265
Spanish 1,195 545 645 6,065 2,775 3,290
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Japanese 100 35 65 430 190 240
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Korean 435 225 205 1,695 860 835
Mongolic languages 10 10 0 10 10 10
Mongolian 10 10 0 15 10 10
Niger-Congo languages 290 180 105 1,525 890 640
Akan (Twi) 10 10 0 35 15 25
Bamanankan 0 0 0 155 70 85
Edo 10 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 0 0 0 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 10 0 100 85 15
Ga 0 0 0 10 10 0
Ganda 10 0 0 10 10 0
Igbo 15 15 10 60 50 15
Lingala 15 10 0 125 95 35
Rundi (Kirundi) 45 25 20 90 55 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 25 15 0 70 40 30
Shona 0 0 0 40 15 25
Swahili 60 40 20 355 185 170
Wolof 0 0 0 70 45 25
Yoruba 40 30 15 60 45 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 110 60 50 545 315 230
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages 180 60 125 1,155 450 705
American Sign Language 70 20 55 425 150 280
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 15 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 110 45 65 745 305 435
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,330 715 615 3,585 1,885 1,700
Chinese languages 1,325 715 610 3,510 1,855 1,660
Cantonese 125 65 55 610 285 320
Hakka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mandarin 1,150 635 515 2,760 1,455 1,310
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 35 10 25 60 30 30
Wu (Shanghainese) 70 40 40 140 65 75
Chinese, n.o.s. 60 35 25 310 195 115
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20 40 10 30
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 0 0 70 30 40
Burmese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0 65 25 45
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 40 10 30 85 20 65
Lao 0 0 0 10 0 10
Thai 35 0 25 80 20 60
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 55 25 35 175 105 75
Azerbaijani 10 0 10 0 0 0
Turkish 50 20 30 165 105 60
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Uralic languages 55 20 35 270 130 140
Estonian 0 10 0 20 15 0
Finnish 10 0 10 35 15 20
Hungarian 40 15 25 220 105 115
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 35 20 10 100 70 30
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 100,365 48,875 51,490 730,710 357,855 372,855
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 95,570 46,400 49,175 710,775 347,905 362,875
Canadian citizens aged under 18 18,925 9,595 9,330 130,785 66,795 63,990
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 76,650 36,805 39,845 579,995 281,110 298,880
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 4,795 2,475 2,320 19,925 9,950 9,980
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 100,370 48,875 51,490 730,710 357,855 372,850
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 91,130 44,265 46,865 692,535 339,090 353,445
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 8,250 3,990 4,260 33,810 16,175 17,640
Before 1981 2,250 1,070 1,180 11,545 5,265 6,275
1981 to 1990 615 305 310 2,735 1,340 1,390
1991 to 2000 835 395 440 2,975 1,490 1,490
2001 to 2010 1,925 935 990 7,235 3,530 3,710
2001 to 2005 645 295 355 2,435 1,110 1,330
2006 to 2010 1,275 640 635 4,800 2,415 2,385
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 2,625 1,290 1,340 9,330 4,560 4,770
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 985 615 365 4,360 2,590 1,770
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 8,255 3,990 4,260 33,815 16,175 17,635
Under 5 years 1,110 485 625 5,135 2,350 2,790
5 to 14 years 1,790 830 960 7,290 3,585 3,705
15 to 24 years 1,415 675 740 5,790 2,525 3,265
25 to 44 years 3,245 1,605 1,635 12,640 6,100 6,535
45 years and over 695 395 300 2,955 1,615 1,340
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 8,255 3,990 4,260 33,815 16,175 17,635
Americas 1,470 695 770 9,420 4,205 5,210
Brazil 10 0 10 55 20 30
Colombia 35 25 10 215 85 130
El Salvador 70 45 25 115 85 30
Guyana 15 0 15 80 40 45
Haiti 10 0 0 170 70 100
Jamaica 25 20 10 120 85 40
Mexico 25 15 10 160 50 110
Peru 10 0 0 60 35 25
Trinidad and Tobago 25 20 0 115 70 40
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,080 490 585 7,620 3,315 4,305
Other places of birth in Americas 170 65 105 715 355 360
Europe 2,505 1,175 1,330 10,985 5,335 5,650
Bosnia and Herzegovina 70 30 35 100 55 50
Croatia 10 0 10 60 35 25
France 85 35 45 760 425 340
Germany 350 150 195 1,615 740 880
Greece 15 10 0 95 60 40
Hungary 30 10 20 100 35 65
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 20 10 15 160 75 85
Italy 20 10 10 210 125 85
Netherlands 250 135 115 975 505 465
Poland 55 20 35 195 90 100
Portugal 35 20 15 130 85 45
Romania 35 15 15 485 245 240
Russian Federation 60 35 20 245 115 135
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 15 10 10 30 25 10
Ukraine 130 55 80 250 120 130
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 1,070 530 540 4,600 2,160 2,445
Other places of birth in Europe 260 115 150 970 455 515
Africa 595 330 260 2,565 1,420 1,140
Algeria 15 10 0 165 90 75
Egypt 45 30 15 120 75 45
Ethiopia 45 20 20 120 65 60
Kenya 20 10 10 60 30 30
Morocco 20 15 10 200 120 75
Nigeria 75 35 40 115 65 50
Somalia 0 0 0 15 10 10
South Africa, Republic of 15 0 0 165 85 80
Other places of birth in Africa 365 200 160 1,615 885 725
Asia 3,610 1,755 1,855 10,625 5,105 5,520
Afghanistan 10 0 10 20 10 0
Bangladesh 55 35 25 100 55 50
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 820 415 405 2,210 1,040 1,175
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 30 15 0 120