Census Profile, 2016 Census
Miramichi [Census agglomeration], New Brunswick and New Brunswick [Province]

Select a table view
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Miramichi
New Brunswick
[Census agglomeration]
New Brunswick

[Province]
Data quality , Miramichi [Census agglomeration], New Brunswick  Map : Miramichi [Census agglomeration], New Brunswick Data quality : New Brunswick [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 1 Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 27,523  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 747,101  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 28,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 751,171  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 -2.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... -0.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 13,019  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 359,721  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 11,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,773  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 3.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 7,578.93  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,388.81  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 27,525 13,195 14,330 747,105 365,355 381,745
0 to 14 years 3,880 1,970 1,905 110,495 56,320 54,180
0 to 4 years 1,180 595 595 34,365 17,505 16,860
5 to 9 years 1,340 670 670 38,250 19,515 18,735
10 to 14 years 1,355 705 645 37,880 19,295 18,585
15 to 64 years 17,430 8,345 9,085 487,820 240,535 247,285
15 to 19 years 1,535 755 775 40,605 20,905 19,705
20 to 24 years 1,410 745 665 41,445 21,280 20,165
25 to 29 years 1,180 585 600 39,245 19,745 19,505
30 to 34 years 1,275 580 695 41,510 20,140 21,365
35 to 39 years 1,445 685 755 44,435 21,585 22,850
40 to 44 years 1,800 860 935 48,430 23,520 24,910
45 to 49 years 1,895 890 1,005 51,300 25,195 26,105
50 to 54 years 2,225 1,045 1,185 61,055 29,795 31,265
55 to 59 years 2,310 1,115 1,200 61,740 30,210 31,530
60 to 64 years 2,350 1,085 1,270 58,060 28,170 29,895
65 years and over 6,215 2,875 3,340 148,785 68,500 80,280
65 to 69 years 2,240 1,095 1,145 52,160 25,595 26,570
70 to 74 years 1,415 730 690 36,050 17,695 18,360
75 to 79 years 1,120 505 615 25,300 11,835 13,465
80 to 84 years 760 330 425 17,650 7,515 10,135
85 years and over 685 220 465 17,620 5,860 11,765
85 to 89 years 450 155 290 10,670 3,910 6,760
90 to 94 years 175 45 125 5,305 1,595 3,715
95 to 99 years 55 10 40 1,435 330 1,110
100 years and over 5 0 5 205 30 185
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 14.1 14.9 13.3 14.8 15.4 14.2
15 to 64 years 63.3 63.2 63.4 65.3 65.8 64.8
65 years and over 22.6 21.8 23.3 19.9 18.7 21.0
85 years and over 2.5 1.7 3.2 2.4 1.6 3.1
Average age of the population 45.2 44.3 46.1 43.6 42.7 44.5
Median age of the population 48.3 47.4 49.2 45.7 44.8 46.6
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 11,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 9,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 221,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 1,905  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 380  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 55  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 190  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 1,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 44,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 20  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 850  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 11,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 3,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 4,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 126,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 1,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 1,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 27,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 730,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 23,650 11,220 12,425 636,605 309,040 327,570
Married or living common law 13,895 6,940 6,955 379,605 189,790 189,820
Married 11,845 5,920 5,930 302,020 151,100 150,925
Living common law 2,050 1,020 1,030 77,580 38,685 38,895
Not married and not living common law 9,750 4,285 5,470 257,000 119,250 137,745
Never married 5,785 3,070 2,720 158,070 85,640 72,430
Separated 740 280 455 21,290 9,530 11,760
Divorced 1,290 535 760 35,680 15,275 20,405
Widowed 1,930 395 1,535 41,965 8,805 33,160
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 8,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 222,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 4,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 129,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 1,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 47,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 1,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 8,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 222,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 6,850  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 186,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 5,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 147,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 1,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 1,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 1,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 28,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 295  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 6,850  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 186,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 3,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 105,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 2,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 81,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 1,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 1,145  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 32,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 385  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 1,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 1,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 23,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 425  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 4,550 1,975 2,570 128,775 61,010 67,770
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 11,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 8,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 214,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 3,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 102,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 4,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 112,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 3,690  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 3,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 27,200 13,060 14,140 736,280 360,440 375,840
English only 22,420 11,055 11,365 420,820 210,555 210,260
French only 85 40 45 63,140 29,955 33,190
English and French 4,680 1,960 2,720 249,950 118,705 131,245
Neither English nor French 20 10 10 2,370 1,220 1,150
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 27,200 13,055 14,140 736,280 360,440 375,845
English 24,980 12,050 12,930 498,365 244,230 254,135
French 2,120 960 1,155 232,450 113,500 118,945
English and French 80 40 40 3,210 1,550 1,655
Neither English nor French 20 10 10 2,255 1,150 1,100
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 2,160 980 1,180 234,055 114,280 119,775
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 7.9 7.5 8.3 31.8 31.7 31.9
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 27,200 13,060 14,140 736,280 360,440 375,845
Single responses 26,920 12,925 13,990 726,990 356,005 370,990
Official languages 26,410 12,690 13,725 703,840 344,285 359,555
English 24,220 11,700 12,520 472,725 231,595 241,135
French 2,195 990 1,200 231,110 112,690 118,415
Non-official languages 510 235 270 23,150 11,715 11,435
Aboriginal languages 125 55 70 2,165 1,035 1,135
Algonquian languages 115 50 65 2,130 1,020 1,110
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 120 55 70 2,115 1,010 1,105
Malecite 5 0 5 280 125 155
Mi'kmaq 115 55 65 1,835 885 950
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 5 5 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 5 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 0 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 385 180 205 20,990 10,685 10,300
Afro-Asiatic languages 30 20 10 3,190 1,805 1,385
Berber languages 0 0 0 40 25 15
Kabyle 0 0 0 20 10 5
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 5 5 5
Somali 0 0 0 25 10 15
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 25 20 10 3,110 1,760 1,355
Amharic 0 0 0 65 35 25
Arabic 25 20 10 2,855 1,615 1,235
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 5 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0 170 90 80
Maltese 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tigrigna 0 0 0 20 15 10
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 5 5 5 635 305 330
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 10 5 10
Vietnamese 5 5 5 620 305 320
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 35 10 20 1,375 510 865
Bikol 0 0 0 5 0 5
Cebuano 5 0 0 105 35 65
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 15 5 10
Ilocano 0 0 0 50 15 35
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 5 10
Malay 0 0 0 45 20 30
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 35 15 25 1,120 420 700
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 5 0 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Creole languages 0 0 0 135 70 65
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 15 10 5
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 80 30 50
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 30 10
Dravidian languages 10 5 5 285 155 130
Kannada 0 0 0 20 15 10
Malayalam 0 0 0 40 15 20
Tamil 0 5 0 105 60 50
Telugu 5 5 5 110 60 45
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Indo-European languages 225 105 120 9,325 4,790 4,530
Albanian 0 0 0 50 25 25
Armenian 0 0 0 30 15 10
Balto-Slavic languages 30 15 20 1,740 865 875
Baltic languages 0 0 0 55 30 30
Latvian 0 0 0 25 10 10
Lithuanian 0 0 0 35 15 15
Slavic languages 25 15 15 1,685 835 850
Belarusan 0 0 0 5 5 0
Bosnian 5 0 0 50 25 25
Bulgarian 0 0 0 20 10 10
Croatian 0 0 0 75 35 40
Czech 5 0 5 55 25 25
Macedonian 0 0 0 15 10 5
Polish 15 5 5 230 105 125
Russian 0 0 0 880 440 435
Serbian 0 0 0 105 55 45
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 35 15 20
Slovak 5 5 0 25 15 15
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ukrainian 0 5 0 170 85 90
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages 5 0 0 30 5 20
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 0 15 5 10
Welsh 0 0 0 10 0 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Germanic languages 90 40 50 2,875 1,415 1,465
Afrikaans 15 5 10 50 30 25
Danish 5 5 5 125 55 75
Dutch 20 5 15 885 470 410
Frisian 5 5 0 35 25 10
German 45 20 25 1,650 780 865
Icelandic 0 0 0 5 0 0
Norwegian 5 0 0 40 25 20
Swedish 0 0 0 50 15 35
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 5 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Greek 5 5 0 145 100 50
Indo-Iranian languages 55 30 25 1,850 1,020 835
Indo-Aryan languages 45 20 20 1,175 655 525
Bengali 10 10 5 205 120 85
Gujarati 5 0 5 75 40 30
Hindi 10 0 5 225 135 95
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 10 5 5
Marathi 0 0 0 50 20 25
Nepali 0 0 0 180 90 90
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 0 0 0 125 75 50
Sindhi 0 5 5 25 10 10
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 5 5 30 15 15
Urdu 10 5 5 240 140 100
Iranian languages 0 0 0 655 355 305
Kurdish 0 0 0 55 30 25
Pashto 0 0 0 25 15 10
Persian (Farsi) 0 0 0 580 310 270
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 15 10 10
Italic (Romance) languages 45 20 25 2,605 1,355 1,250
Catalan 0 0 0 5 5 0
Italian 0 0 0 400 225 175
Portuguese 0 0 0 260 130 130
Romanian 5 5 0 485 250 240
Spanish 40 15 25 1,460 755 705
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Japanese 5 5 10 110 25 85
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Korean 20 10 10 1,550 800 750
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Mongolian 0 0 0 5 5 5
Niger-Congo languages 5 0 5 700 385 315
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Bamanankan 0 0 0 60 35 25
Edo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 0 0 0 5 5 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 40 30 15
Ga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Ganda 0 0 0 10 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0 30 20 10
Lingala 0 0 0 25 15 15
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 45 25 20
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 40 20 20
Shona 0 0 0 20 10 10
Swahili 0 0 0 135 65 70
Wolof 0 0 0 25 20 10
Yoruba 5 0 5 30 15 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 105 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0 5 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 5 0 0
Sign languages 5 0 0 145 75 70
American Sign Language 0 0 0 40 20 30
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 95 55 45
Sino-Tibetan languages 30 15 15 3,115 1,570 1,545
Chinese languages 30 15 15 3,085 1,555 1,530
Cantonese 15 10 5 440 225 210
Hakka 0 0 0 20 10 10
Mandarin 10 0 5 2,250 1,105 1,150
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 5 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 35 15 15
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 100 45 55
Chinese, n.o.s. 5 5 5 240 150 85
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 30 15 15
Burmese 0 0 0 0 0 5
Karenic languages 0 0 0 25 15 10
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0 60 15 50
Lao 0 0 0 5 0 0
Thai 0 0 0 55 10 45
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 5 0 0 105 60 45
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkish 5 0 0 75 50 30
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Uralic languages 10 5 5 250 115 135
Estonian 0 0 0 20 5 10
Finnish 5 0 0 45 15 30
Hungarian 10 10 0 185 90 95
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 10
Multiple responses 280 130 145 9,290 4,440 4,855
English and French 235 110 130 7,285 3,470 3,815
English and non-official language 40 25 15 1,535 725 810
French and non-official language 0 0 0 330 175 155
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 145 65 75
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 27,200 13,055 14,140 736,280 360,435 375,845
Single responses 26,905 12,930 13,980 724,940 355,025 369,910
Official languages 26,735 12,845 13,895 712,250 348,510 363,740
English 25,785 12,405 13,380 505,935 247,610 258,325
French 955 440 515 206,315 100,900 105,415
Non-official languages 170 85 85 12,690 6,515 6,175
Aboriginal languages 10 0 5 820 400 420
Algonquian languages 5 5 5 820 395 420
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 0 5 815 395 420
Malecite 0 0 0 50 25 25
Mi'kmaq 5 5 0 765 370 395
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 5 0 0 5 5 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 5 5 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 165 85 80 11,870 6,115 5,750
Afro-Asiatic languages 20 15 10 2,285 1,210 1,075
Berber languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0 20 5 10
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 25 15 5 2,265 1,200 1,065
Amharic 0 0 0 20 10 10
Arabic 20 15 5 2,110 1,125 990
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0 130 60 70
Maltese 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tigrigna 0 0 0 5 0 5
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 5 0 5 525 255 270
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Vietnamese 0 0 5 520 250 270
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 10 5 10 510 235 270
Bikol 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cebuano 0 0 0 40 15 25
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 0 5
Malay 0 0 0 15 0 5
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 15 5 10 450 215 235
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Creole languages 0 0 0 65 25 35
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 20 0 15
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 20
Dravidian languages 0 0 0 110 60 45
Kannada 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0 20 5 10
Tamil 0 0 0 35 20 20
Telugu 0 5 0 45 30 15
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 95 45 50 4,160 2,175 1,990
Albanian 0 0 0 30 15 10
Armenian 0 0 0 20 5 10
Balto-Slavic languages 10 0 5 975 505 470
Baltic languages 0 0 0 35 20 15
Latvian 0 0 0 10 5 5
Lithuanian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavic languages 5 5 0 935 480 455
Belarusan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Bulgarian 0 0 0 5 5 0
Croatian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Czech 0 0 0 5 0 5
Macedonian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Polish 0 0 0 55 25 30
Russian 0 0 0 620 320 305
Serbian 0 0 0 80 45 35
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 5 5 5
Slovak 5 5 5 5 5 5
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ukrainian 0 0 0 90 50 40
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0 10 0 5
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 5 5 0 5
Welsh 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages 30 15 20 640 320 320
Afrikaans 15 10 10 35 15 20
Danish 0 0 0 5 5 5
Dutch 0 0 0 150 80 75
Frisian 0 0 0 5 0 5
German 15 5 5 425 215 210
Icelandic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0 5 0 5
Swedish 0 0 0 5 0 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Greek 0 0 0 45 25 25
Indo-Iranian languages 30 15 15 1,140 595 545
Indo-Aryan languages 25 10 15 655 335 325
Bengali 5 5 5 130 70 60
Gujarati 0 0 0 40 15 20
Hindi 5 5 5 115 60 50
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 5 5 0
Marathi 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nepali 0 0 0 135 60 75
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 0 0 0 50 25 25
Sindhi 0 0 0 10 5 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 0 5 5 5 5
Urdu 5 0 0 140 75 70
Iranian languages 0 0 0 470 255 220
Kurdish 0 0 0 35 25 10
Pashto 0 0 0 15 5 5
Persian (Farsi) 0 0 0 425 225 195
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 10 5 15 10 5
Italic (Romance) languages 20 10 5 1,305 705 600
Catalan 0 0 0 5 5 0
Italian 0 0 0 85 40 45
Portuguese 0 0 0 110 50 60
Romanian 5 5 0 290 145 140
Spanish 15 10 5 820 470 350
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Japanese 0 0 0 20 10 15
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Korean 0 0 0 1,245 645 605
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 0 0 0 240 125 120
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 10 5 10
Bamanankan 0 0 0 20 15 5
Edo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 0 0 0 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 10 10 5
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0 5 5 0
Lingala 0 0 0 10 5 5
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 20 15 10
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Shona 0 0 0 5 0 5
Swahili 0 0 0 80 35 45
Wolof 0 0 0 5 5 0
Yoruba 0 0 0 5 5 5
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 25
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages 5 5 5 200 115 85
American Sign Language 0 0 5 55 30 25
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 150 90 60
Sino-Tibetan languages 15 10 5 2,390 1,210 1,175
Chinese languages 15 10 5 2,365 1,195 1,170
Cantonese 10 5 5 260 130 130
Hakka 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mandarin 0 5 0 1,855 930 920
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 85 40 45
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0 140 80 55
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 25 15 10
Burmese 0 0 0 5 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0 10 0 5
Lao 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0 30 15 10
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0 25 15 5
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uralic languages 5 5 5 70 35 40
Estonian 0 0 0 5 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0 5 5 5
Hungarian 5 0 5 55 30 30
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Multiple responses 290 130 160 11,345 5,415 5,925
English and French 200 80 115 7,275 3,370 3,905
English and non-official language 80 45 40 3,435 1,715 1,720
French and non-official language 5 5 5 340 185 160
English, French and non-official language 5 0 0 290 140 145
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 27,200 13,055 14,140 736,280 360,435 375,845
None 25,385 12,275 13,110 647,960 318,560 329,400
English 560 245 315 49,925 24,065 25,855
French 1,045 430 605 30,030 13,760 16,275
Non-official language 205 100 105 7,545 3,650 3,895
Aboriginal 80 40 40 1,300 625 685
Non-Aboriginal 125 60 65 6,240 3,030 3,210
English and French 0 0 0 180 90 90
English and non-official language 0 0 0 300 160 145
French and non-official language 5 5 5 335 155 185
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 10 5 5
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 23,195 11,030 12,165 620,390 301,645 318,745
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 22,295 10,610 11,680 594,705 289,220 305,485
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,172 37,248 24,955 30,961 37,516 25,796
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 22,300 10,610 11,690 594,920 289,245 305,680
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,670 33,190 23,481 28,107 33,169 23,945
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 19,010 9,405 9,610 516,780 259,945 256,835
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 26,715 32,231 22,371 28,444 34,830 23,278
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 17,340 7,725 9,615 439,645 193,975 245,675
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 9,357 11,185 8,044 8,164 9,210 7,321
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 15,020 7,585 7,430 423,915 219,135 204,780
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,325 31,782 24,038 29,124 34,784 24,769
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 23,200 11,045 12,150 620,395 301,650 318,745
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 22,235 10,610 11,630 594,650 289,140 305,510
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,019 45,280 31,396 39,141 46,154 32,504
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 22,245 10,610 11,630 594,870 289,165 305,700
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,283 37,596 27,439 33,022 38,151 28,171
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 19,065 9,335 9,730 516,685 259,855 256,830
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,532 42,603 28,748 37,432 44,240 30,543
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 17,225 7,625 9,600 440,195 194,240 245,955
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 9,755 10,831 8,899 8,938 9,519 8,480
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 15,020 7,495 7,525 423,915 218,800 205,110
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,130 41,895 30,387 37,611 43,456 31,376
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 23,195 11,045 12,150 620,390 301,645 318,745
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 6,590 3,205 3,385 197,290 104,215 93,075
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 46,878 52,003 41,983 46,349 52,010 41,058
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 51,785 58,370 45,558 54,011 60,796 46,415
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 79.8 82.5 76.4 83.2 86.2 79.0
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 64.2 65.9 62.1 68.5 71.3 64.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 20.1 17.5 23.6 16.8 13.8 21.0
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 23,195 11,030 12,165 620,390 301,650 318,745
Without total income 900 420 485 25,680 12,430 13,260
With total income 22,295 10,615 11,685 594,710 289,220 305,490
Percentage with total income 96.1 96.2 96.1 95.9 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 3,115 1,190 1,920 80,700 32,655 48,050
$10,000 to $19,999 4,150 1,450 2,700 109,015 40,415 68,600
$20,000 to $29,999 3,825 1,555 2,270 99,025 40,480 58,540
$30,000 to $39,999 3,035 1,510 1,530 83,770 41,360 42,405
$40,000 to $49,999 2,325 1,330 995 65,795 35,080 30,715
$50,000 to $59,999 1,855 1,050 800 44,810 26,560 18,250
$60,000 to $69,999 1,195 715 475 32,185 20,270 11,920
$70,000 to $79,999 905 520 385 24,565 14,130 10,430
$80,000 to $89,999 735 420 320 17,095 9,915 7,180
$90,000 to $99,999 340 215 130 10,240 6,980 3,260
$100,000 and over 815 650 160 27,515 21,380 6,135
$100,000 to $149,999 570 435 135 19,765 15,195 4,570
$150,000 and over 250 215 25 7,750 6,185 1,565
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 23,195 11,030 12,165 620,390 301,645 318,750
Without after-tax income 900 420 480 25,470 12,405 13,070
With after-tax income 22,300 10,615 11,685 594,920 289,240 305,680
Percentage with after-tax income 96.1 96.2 96.1 95.9 95.9 95.9
Under $10,000 (including loss) 3,190 1,205 1,990 83,590 33,140 50,455
$10,000 to $19,999 4,455 1,580 2,880 115,730 43,245 72,485
$20,000 to $29,999 4,450 1,905 2,545 118,940 51,335 67,610
$30,000 to $39,999 3,490 1,880 1,605 98,230 50,770 47,460
$40,000 to $49,999 2,680 1,525 1,155 67,470 38,665 28,810
$50,000 to $59,999 1,620 955 665 42,775 26,495 16,280
$60,000 to $69,999 1,190 665 520 28,790 16,435 12,355
$70,000 to $79,999 500 310 185 14,945 10,205 4,740
$80,000 and over 730 585 145 24,450 18,955 5,500
$80,000 to $89,999 255 195 65 8,385 6,340 2,040
$90,000 to $99,999 135 105 35 5,060 3,970 1,090
$100,000 and over 340 290 45 11,005 8,640 2,365
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 23,195 11,030 12,165 620,390 301,645 318,745
Without employment income 8,180 3,445 4,735 196,475 82,515 113,965
With employment income 15,020 7,585 7,435 423,910 219,140 204,775
Percentage with employment income 64.8 68.8 61.1 68.3 72.6 64.2
Under $5,000 (including loss) 1,950 945 1,000 54,590 26,540 28,045
$5,000 to $9,999 1,475 640 830 36,840 15,720 21,120
$10,000 to $19,999 2,395 1,065 1,325 65,895 29,920 35,975
$20,000 to $29,999 2,230 995 1,235 59,240 25,955 33,280
$30,000 to $39,999 1,625 820 805 50,190 24,930 25,260
$40,000 to $49,999 1,290 665 630 42,140 22,160 19,980
$50,000 to $59,999 1,155 635 520 29,910 18,180 11,730
$60,000 to $69,999 795 465 330 23,390 14,620 8,770
$70,000 to $79,999 700 365 330 19,515 10,565 8,950
$80,000 and over 1,415 990 430 42,210 30,540 11,665
$80,000 to $89,999 570 320 250 13,190 7,840 5,345
$90,000 to $99,999 245 155 90 8,105 5,685 2,420
$100,000 and over 600 515 85 20,915 17,015 3,895
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 11,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 57,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,347  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 51,852  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 52,553  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 3,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 27,272  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 28,747  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 25,448  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 26,387  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 8,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 230,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 73,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,207  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 64,627  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,063  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 11,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 70,808  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,786  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 60,138  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 61,431  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 3,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 30,598  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,242  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 8,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 230,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 84,677  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 86,878  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 71,746  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 73,156  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 11,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 275  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,835  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 725  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 655  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 645  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 650  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 615  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 540  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 27,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 870  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 22,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 690  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 2,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 670  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 625  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 290  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 11,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 150  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 265  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 725  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 715  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 725  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 20,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 705  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 710  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 690  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 32,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 900  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 23,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 695  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 565  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 1,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 48,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 935  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 435  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 355  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 8,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 221,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 73,056  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,353  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 64,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 3,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 66,788  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 67,988  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 58,894  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,801  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 2,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 82,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 101,961  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 100,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 87,603  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 85,717  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 1,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 43,264  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 42,992  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 40,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 40,671  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 8,360  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 221,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 84,262  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 87,048  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 71,358  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 73,197  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 3,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 75,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 64,244  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 66,576  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 2,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 82,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 110,835  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,901  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 92,396  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,699  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 1,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 50,471  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 51,119  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 45,448  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 45,687  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 4,000 1,735 2,265 114,825 54,970 59,850
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 26,606 30,400 24,531 27,250 30,122 25,182
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 24,842 27,424 23,621 25,167 27,154 23,916
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 4,030 1,760 2,265 114,375 54,300 60,075
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 35,060 38,641 32,273 34,738 37,330 32,395
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 30,205 32,631 28,318 29,845 31,431 28,411
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 27,065 13,000 14,065 730,710 357,860 372,850
In the bottom half of the distribution 15,850 7,370 8,475 428,180 204,170 224,005
In the bottom decile 2,875 1,270 1,605 80,120 37,430 42,695
In the second decile 3,475 1,505 1,970 94,165 42,190 51,980
In the third decile 3,180 1,480 1,695 87,075 41,905 45,170
In the fourth decile 3,140 1,545 1,590 85,610 42,275 43,335
In the fifth decile 3,180 1,575 1,615 81,200 40,375 40,825
In the top half of the distribution 11,215 5,630 5,590 302,530 153,685 148,845
In the sixth decile 2,935 1,435 1,505 77,345 38,915 38,425
In the seventh decile 2,830 1,415 1,420 73,185 37,190 36,005
In the eighth decile 2,420 1,215 1,205 65,090 32,815 32,275
In the ninth decile 1,920 990 930 52,050 26,635 25,410
In the top decile 1,105 580 530 34,860 18,130 16,730
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 26,175 12,575 13,600 722,550 353,870 368,680
0 to 17 years 4,525 2,285 2,235 131,930 67,285 64,645
0 to 5 years 1,370 680 690 40,900 20,805 20,100
18 to 64 years 15,775 7,540 8,235 452,805 221,675 231,130
65 years and over 5,870 2,745 3,120 137,820 64,915 72,905
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 4,315 1,845 2,475 123,820 55,990 67,825
0 to 17 years 1,010 530 480 29,250 14,930 14,320
0 to 5 years 410 205 205 10,285 5,260 5,030
18 to 64 years 2,240 930 1,300 66,745 29,975 36,770
65 years and over 1,075 380 695 27,830 11,090 16,745
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 16.5 14.7 18.2 17.1 15.8 18.4
0 to 17 years (%) 22.3 23.2 21.5 22.2 22.2 22.2
0 to 5 years (%) 29.9 30.1 29.7 25.1 25.3 25.0
18 to 64 years (%) 14.2 12.3 15.8 14.7 13.5 15.9
65 years and over (%) 18.3 13.8 22.3 20.2 17.1 23.0
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 1,480 675 800 49,830 24,165 25,660
0 to 17 years 365 195 170 11,520 5,890 5,630
0 to 5 years 140 70 70 4,200 2,145 2,055
18 to 64 years 1,035 455 585 35,680 17,255 18,425
65 years and over 80 30 50 2,630 1,025 1,605
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 5.7 5.4 5.9 6.9 6.8 7.0
0 to 17 years (%) 8.1 8.5 7.6 8.7 8.8 8.7
0 to 5 years (%) 10.2 10.3 10.1 10.3 10.3 10.2
18 to 64 years (%) 6.6 6.0 7.1 7.9 7.8 8.0
65 years and over (%) 1.4 1.1 1.6 1.9 1.6 2.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 27,065 13,000 14,065 730,710 357,855 372,850
Official languages 27,060 12,995 14,065 728,310 356,615 371,690
English 26,980 12,955 14,020 666,315 326,905 339,415
French 4,760 2,050 2,705 310,550 147,845 162,705
Non-official languages 685 305 375 34,880 17,355 17,525
Aboriginal languages 185 75 105 3,065 1,470 1,595
Algonquian languages 185 80 105 2,990 1,455 1,540
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 185 80 105 2,965 1,435 1,530
Malecite 0 0 0 720 335 385
Mi'kmaq 180 80 105 2,265 1,115 1,150
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 15 15 0
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 10 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 10 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 55 10 45
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 45 10 40
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 10 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 10 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 505 235 270 31,865 15,915 15,955
Afro-Asiatic languages 15 15 0 4,355 2,385 1,980
Berber languages 0 0 0 80 40 35
Kabyle 0 0 0 40 20 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 25 20
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 15 10 0
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0 10 10 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 15 15 10 4,300 2,340 1,960
Amharic 0 10 0 165 100 65
Arabic 15 10 0 3,685 2,030 1,660
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0 435 205 230
Maltese 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0 50 25 25
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 15 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 0 0 0 835 430 400
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Vietnamese 0 0 0 820 435 390
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 0
Austronesian languages 70 35 40 1,790 695 1,090
Bikol 0 0 0 10 0 10
Cebuano 0 0 10 185 70 115
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 35 10 30
Ilocano 0 0 0 50 10 45
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 10 15
Malay 0 0 0 75 20 55
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 70 35 40 1,595 625 970
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 0
Creole languages 10 15 0 430 195 235
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 50 20 30
Creole, n.o.s. 10 10 10 240 105 135
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 140 75 65
Dravidian languages 10 10 10 435 245 195
Kannada 10 0 10 60 30 25
Malayalam 0 0 0 55 35 25
Tamil 0 0 0 190 115 75
Telugu 0 0 0 175 90 85
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 20 10 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Indo-European languages 340 145 195 16,505 8,155 8,350
Albanian 0 0 0 80 45 35
Armenian 0 0 0 60 35 25
Balto-Slavic languages 45 20 25 2,065 1,100 965
Baltic languages 0 0 0 55 40 20
Latvian 0 0 0 20 10 10
Lithuanian 0 0 0 30 20 10
Slavic languages 50 20 25 2,025 1,070 955
Belarusan 0 0 0 10 0 0
Bosnian 10 0 0 75 40 40
Bulgarian 0 0 0 45 15 35
Croatian 0 0 0 95 45 55
Czech 25 10 15 115 65 45
Macedonian 0 0 0 35 25 10
Polish 10 10 0 320 165 160
Russian 15 10 0 1,200 630 570
Serbian 0 0 0 90 70 20
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 40 30 10
Slovak 15 0 0 45 15 30
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 15 10 0
Ukrainian 0 0 0 310 145 165
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Celtic languages 10 0 0 140 40 100
Scottish Gaelic 10 0 10 95 20 75
Welsh 0 0 0 10 0 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Germanic languages 130 60 75 4,745 2,360 2,380
Afrikaans 20 10 10 130 70 60
Danish 10 0 10 155 60 95
Dutch 15 10 10 1,185 560 625
Frisian 0 0 0 50 40 15
German 90 45 45 3,260 1,675 1,580
Icelandic 0 0 0 10 10 0
Norwegian 10 0 10 130 65 65
Swedish 0 0 0 110 45 60
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 40 20 25
Yiddish 0 0 0 20 20 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Greek 0 0 0 220 125 95
Indo-Iranian languages 30 15 20 2,325 1,275 1,050
Indo-Aryan languages 30 10 20 1,570 875 695
Bengali 0 0 0 225 150 80
Gujarati 10 0 0 110 45 65
Hindi 0 0 0 790 430 355
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0 55 20 30
Nepali 0 0 0 185 90 95
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 0 0 0 205 130 75
Sindhi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 0 10 35 10 20
Urdu 0 0 0 355 215 140
Iranian languages 10 0 0 805 430 375
Kurdish 0 0 0 130 65 60
Pashto 0 0 0 60 45 20
Persian (Farsi) 0 0 10 620 330 285
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 115 55 60 7,600 3,540 4,055
Catalan 0 0 0 15 10 0
Italian 0 0 0 825 405 420
Portuguese 0 0 0 450 250 200
Romanian 0 0 0 555 290 265
Spanish 110 55 55 6,065 2,775 3,290
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Japanese 15 0 10 430 190 240
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Korean 10 0 10 1,695 860 835
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 10 10 10
Mongolian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Niger-Congo languages 25 15 10 1,525 890 640
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 35 15 25
Bamanankan 0 0 0 155 70 85
Edo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 0 0 0 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 100 85 15
Ga 0 0 0 10 10 0
Ganda 0 0 0 10 10 0
Igbo 0 0 0 60 50 15
Lingala 10 0 0 125 95 35
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 90 55 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Shona 0 0 0 40 15 25
Swahili 15 10 0 355 185 170
Wolof 0 0 10 70 45 25
Yoruba 0 0 0 60 45 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 545 315 230
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 10 0 10 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 0 0 0
Sign languages 10 0 10 1,155 450 705
American Sign Language 0 0 0 425 150 280
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 15 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 745 305 435
Sino-Tibetan languages 35 30 15 3,585 1,885 1,700
Chinese languages 40 30 15 3,510 1,855 1,660
Cantonese 15 10 10 610 285 320
Hakka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mandarin 20 20 0 2,760 1,455 1,310
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 10 0 0 60 30 30
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 140 65 75
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0 310 195 115
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 10 30
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 70 30 40
Burmese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0 65 25 45
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0 85 20 65
Lao 0 0 0 10 0 10
Thai 0 0 0 80 20 60
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0 175 105 75
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0 165 105 60
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Uralic languages 10 0 10 270 130 140
Estonian 0 0 0 20 15 0
Finnish 0 0 0 35 15 20
Hungarian 10 0 10 220 105 115
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 70 30
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 27,065 13,000 14,065 730,710 357,855 372,855
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 26,850 12,920 13,935 710,775 347,905 362,875
Canadian citizens aged under 18 4,815 2,420 2,390 130,785 66,795 63,990
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 22,035 10,495 11,545 579,995 281,110 298,880
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 210 80 130 19,925 9,950 9,980
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 27,065 13,000 14,065 730,710 357,855 372,850
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 26,470 12,735 13,740 692,535 339,090 353,445
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 545 245 300 33,810 16,175 17,640
Before 1981 275 125 145 11,545 5,265 6,275
1981 to 1990 45 25 20 2,735 1,340 1,390
1991 to 2000 55 30 25 2,975 1,490 1,490
2001 to 2010 105 45 60 7,235 3,530 3,710
2001 to 2005 50 20 30 2,435 1,110 1,330
2006 to 2010 60 25 35 4,800 2,415 2,385
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 70 15 50 9,330 4,560 4,770
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 45 25 25 4,360 2,590 1,770
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 545 245 300 33,815 16,175 17,635
Under 5 years 90 40 55 5,135 2,350 2,790
5 to 14 years 110 50 65 7,290 3,585 3,705
15 to 24 years 65 30 35 5,790 2,525 3,265
25 to 44 years 205 105 100 12,640 6,100 6,535
45 years and over 75 25 50 2,955 1,615 1,340
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 545 240 300 33,815 16,175 17,635
Americas 110 50 55 9,420 4,205 5,210
Brazil 0 0 0 55 20 30
Colombia 10 10 10 215 85 130
El Salvador 0 0 0 115 85 30
Guyana 0 0 0 80 40 45
Haiti 0 0 0 170 70 100
Jamaica 10 0 0 120 85 40
Mexico 0 0 0 160 50 110
Peru 0 0 0 60 35 25
Trinidad and Tobago 0 0 0 115 70 40
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 85 40 45 7,620 3,315 4,305
Other places of birth in Americas 0 10 0 715 355 360
Europe 250 95 155 10,985 5,335 5,650
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 0 100 55 50
Croatia 0 0 0 60 35 25
France 20 10 15 760 425 340
Germany 40 20 20 1,615 740 880
Greece 0 0 0 95 60 40
Hungary 0 0 0 100 35 65
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 15 15 0 160 75 85
Italy 0 0 0 210 125 85
Netherlands 25 0 20 975 505 465
Poland 10 0 0 195 90 100
Portugal 0 0 0 130 85 45
Romania 0 0 0 485 245 240
Russian Federation 0 0 0 245 115 135
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 0 0 0 30 25 10
Ukraine 10 10 0 250 120 130
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 100 40 60 4,600 2,160 2,445
Other places of birth in Europe 30 10 20 970 455 515
Africa 45 35 15 2,565 1,420 1,140
Algeria 0 0 0 165 90 75
Egypt 0 0 0 120 75 45
Ethiopia 0 10 0 120 65 60
Kenya 10 0 0 60 30 30
Morocco 0 0 0 200 120 75
Nigeria 0 0 0 115 65 50
Somalia 0 0 0 15 10 10
South Africa, Republic of 20 15 10 165 85 80
Other places of birth in Africa 25