Census Profile, 2016 Census
Toronto [Census metropolitan area], Ontario and Ontario [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Toronto
Ontario
[Census metropolitan area]
Ontario

[Province]
Data quality , Toronto [Census metropolitan area], Ontario  Map : Toronto [Census metropolitan area], Ontario Data quality : Ontario [Province]  Map : geography 2
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 5,928,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,448,494  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 5,583,064  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,851,821  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 6.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 2,235,145  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,598,391  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 2,135,909  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,174  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,003.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 5,905.84  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 908,699.33  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 5,928,040 2,876,755 3,051,290 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105
0 to 14 years 985,615 505,690 479,920 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 310,070 158,835 151,235 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 338,320 173,665 164,660 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 337,220 173,190 164,035 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 64 years 4,083,850 1,988,910 2,094,935 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750
15 to 19 years 366,525 188,790 177,735 811,670 416,730 394,945
20 to 24 years 411,945 210,445 201,500 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 424,345 209,785 214,560 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 419,845 201,620 218,220 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 406,175 190,620 215,555 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 414,490 195,580 218,910 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 440,145 210,225 229,920 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 460,465 225,115 235,350 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 407,175 198,170 209,005 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 332,740 158,560 174,175 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 858,580 382,150 476,435 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 280,910 132,275 148,635 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 197,490 91,745 105,745 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 151,925 68,045 83,880 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 113,220 49,005 64,215 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 115,030 41,080 73,955 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 72,340 28,160 44,175 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 33,400 10,570 22,835 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 8,030 2,115 5,915 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 1,270 230 1,040 3,005 495 2,520
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.6 17.6 15.7 16.4 17.3 15.6
15 to 64 years 68.9 69.1 68.7 66.8 67.3 66.4
65 years and over 14.5 13.3 15.6 16.7 15.5 17.9
85 years and over 1.9 1.4 2.4 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 39.7 38.7 40.6 41.0 40.0 41.9
Median age of the population 39.4 38.2 40.4 41.3 40.2 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 2,135,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 846,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,807,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 626,905  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 886,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 661,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,460,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 158,815  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 289,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 195,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 460,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 89,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 176,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 214,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 522,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 3,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 640  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 2,135,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 519,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 598,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,693,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 373,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 834,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 377,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 796,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 266,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 503,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 5,862,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,242,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 4,942,430 2,371,060 2,571,365 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750
Married or living common law 2,758,170 1,378,855 1,379,315 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795
Married 2,466,925 1,230,930 1,235,995 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655
Living common law 291,240 147,925 143,320 906,155 455,015 451,145
Not married and not living common law 2,184,260 992,210 1,192,050 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955
Never married 1,537,495 798,270 739,220 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605
Separated 130,030 51,235 78,795 328,675 138,140 190,535
Divorced 271,530 97,385 174,150 653,835 252,900 400,935
Widowed 245,200 45,310 199,890 637,150 128,265 508,880
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 1,625,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,782,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 682,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,815,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 397,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 844,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 391,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 792,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 153,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 330,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 1,625,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,782,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 1,333,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,137,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 1,188,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,684,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 145,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 452,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 292,150  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 644,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 241,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 518,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 50,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 126,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 1,333,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,137,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 509,835  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,428,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 823,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,708,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 312,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 658,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 366,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 738,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 144,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 311,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 292,145  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 644,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 173,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 386,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 85,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 186,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 34,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 923,210 415,830 507,380 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 2,135,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 1,430,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,481,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 434,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,311,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 995,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,170,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 93,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 145,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 611,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,541,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 519,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 91,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 200,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 5,883,670 2,858,785 3,024,885 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
English only 5,154,905 2,553,030 2,601,880 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665
French only 4,855 2,035 2,815 40,040 17,340 22,705
English and French 464,980 201,080 263,900 1,490,390 665,850 824,540
Neither English nor French 258,925 102,635 156,290 326,935 130,850 196,085
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 5,883,665 2,858,785 3,024,885 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995
English 5,503,690 2,700,905 2,802,785 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355
French 72,790 33,545 39,245 504,130 236,875 267,250
English and French 51,895 23,470 28,425 92,940 42,910 50,030
Neither English nor French 255,295 100,870 154,430 321,480 128,125 193,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 98,735 45,280 53,455 550,600 258,330 292,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.7 1.6 1.8 4.1 4.0 4.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 5,883,670 2,858,785 3,024,880 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 5,645,915 2,743,825 2,902,090 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330
Official languages 3,127,355 1,550,385 1,576,970 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520
English 3,061,820 1,520,045 1,541,775 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110
French 65,535 30,340 35,195 490,715 231,310 259,410
Non-official languages 2,518,555 1,193,440 1,325,120 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810
Aboriginal languages 575 255 325 22,765 10,815 11,950
Algonquian languages 400 175 230 21,235 10,175 11,060
Blackfoot 5 10 0 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 115 45 70 5,080 2,485 2,595
Atikamekw 5 0 5 5 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 5 5 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 10 0 10 85 40 45
Naskapi 5 5 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 5 0 0 55 25 30
Plains Cree 10 0 5 35 5 30
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 30 10 20 355 135 225
Woods Cree 5 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 55 20 35 4,500 2,255 2,245
Eastern Algonquian languages 25 10 15 90 40 50
Malecite 0 0 0 10 5 0
Mi'kmaq 25 10 15 85 35 50
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 250 115 140 16,025 7,620 8,400
Algonquin 5 0 0 65 30 35
Ojibway 230 105 120 9,505 4,515 4,985
Oji-Cree 10 5 5 6,310 3,015 3,300
Ottawa (Odawa) 15 5 10 145 65 80
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 30 20 10
Athabaskan languages 25 10 15 60 20 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 25 10 15 55 20 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 5 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 5 0 5 5 0 5
Dene 5 5 5 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 5 0 0 5 5 5
Gwich'in 5 0 5 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 5 5 5 10 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 5 0 0 5 0
Inuit languages 35 15 20 475 165 305
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Inuktitut 30 10 20 425 145 280
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Iroquoian languages 20 5 10 710 300 410
Cayuga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Mohawk 15 10 5 590 255 335
Oneida 5 0 5 55 15 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 15
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 5 0 0 25 15 15
Salish languages 5 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 5 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 5 0 0 5 5 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 5 0 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 80 40 40 235 130 105
Non-Aboriginal languages 2,517,980 1,193,185 1,324,795 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 140,140 69,950 70,195 253,830 127,720 126,110
Berber languages 220 130 90 725 405 320
Kabyle 105 60 50 425 225 200
Berber languages, n.i.e. 115 70 45 305 180 120
Cushitic languages 14,405 6,195 8,205 24,605 10,730 13,870
Bilen 80 45 35 250 140 110
Oromo 1,005 490 515 1,445 720 730
Somali 13,255 5,625 7,630 22,680 9,755 12,925
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 65 35 30 225 115 110
Semitic languages 125,160 63,435 61,725 227,985 116,320 111,665
Amharic 7,460 3,375 4,085 10,720 4,960 5,760
Arabic 85,175 43,805 41,365 171,370 88,400 82,965
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10,195 4,985 5,215 14,555 7,135 7,420
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 1,845 920 925 4,795 2,365 2,425
Harari 930 435 490 1,030 485 545
Hebrew 10,390 5,560 4,830 11,575 6,220 5,350
Maltese 3,525 1,730 1,795 5,175 2,575 2,600
Tigrigna 4,725 2,160 2,560 7,345 3,470 3,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 925 465 460 1,435 705 730
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 355 185 175 520 265 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 51,160 23,360 27,800 78,125 35,880 42,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 3,090 1,400 1,690 7,355 3,330 4,020
Vietnamese 48,005 21,935 26,070 70,690 32,520 38,165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 65 25 40 85 30 50
Austronesian languages 160,980 63,835 97,150 194,380 76,060 118,315
Bikol 470 210 260 595 260 330
Cebuano 5,080 2,020 3,055 6,545 2,500 4,045
Fijian 55 25 25 80 45 40
Hiligaynon 2,320 890 1,435 2,750 1,030 1,725
Ilocano 9,415 3,685 5,735 11,285 4,430 6,860
Malagasy 25 15 15 100 45 55
Malay 4,420 1,995 2,430 5,760 2,520 3,240
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 1,305 580 725 1,505 670 840
Pangasinan 450 185 270 535 215 315
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 136,115 53,725 82,385 163,415 63,665 99,755
Waray-Waray 315 105 205 405 140 270
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 1,015 400 610 1,400 550 850
Creole languages 5,505 2,575 2,930 11,255 5,095 6,165
Haitian Creole 200 95 110 630 290 340
Creole, n.o.s. 3,380 1,600 1,785 8,025 3,580 4,440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 1,920 875 1,040 2,605 1,225 1,380
Dravidian languages 133,415 65,680 67,740 148,605 73,530 75,075
Kannada 2,025 1,015 1,010 2,670 1,365 1,305
Malayalam 12,530 6,430 6,100 17,140 8,795 8,350
Tamil 109,580 53,225 56,355 117,630 57,310 60,320
Telugu 9,015 4,880 4,135 10,820 5,895 4,925
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 275 135 140 340 165 175
Hmong-Mien languages 25 10 15 525 250 270
Indo-European languages 1,372,335 664,655 707,680 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165
Albanian 13,260 6,615 6,645 19,045 9,535 9,510
Armenian 12,570 6,070 6,505 15,070 7,305 7,765
Balto-Slavic languages 261,650 119,970 141,685 410,725 188,695 222,025
Baltic languages 5,445 2,185 3,260 9,080 3,785 5,295
Latvian 2,255 905 1,350 3,910 1,650 2,260
Lithuanian 3,185 1,280 1,910 5,175 2,135 3,035
Slavic languages 256,205 117,785 138,420 401,645 184,915 216,730
Belarusan 355 170 185 515 230 280
Bosnian 2,750 1,330 1,415 6,370 3,125 3,245
Bulgarian 6,945 3,350 3,590 9,095 4,355 4,740
Croatian 16,525 7,925 8,595 31,875 15,460 16,410
Czech 4,795 2,215 2,580 10,670 4,930 5,740
Macedonian 12,010 5,700 6,315 15,635 7,470 8,165
Polish 69,860 31,625 38,240 121,075 54,675 66,405
Russian 83,105 37,735 45,375 101,100 45,630 55,470
Serbian 21,420 10,425 10,995 41,740 20,585 21,150
Serbo-Croatian 2,420 1,130 1,290 4,875 2,310 2,570
Slovak 5,260 2,455 2,800 10,280 4,710 5,565
Slovene (Slovenian) 3,705 1,630 2,075 6,740 2,995 3,745
Ukrainian 26,550 11,840 14,710 40,375 17,760 22,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 510 265 245 1,310 670 635
Celtic languages 460 210 250 1,110 505 605
Scottish Gaelic 165 75 90 450 210 240
Welsh 150 65 85 435 180 260
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 140 75 70 225 120 110
Germanic languages 45,990 20,810 25,180 200,640 94,475 106,165
Afrikaans 985 475 510 2,295 1,125 1,170
Danish 1,570 710 855 4,265 2,010 2,250
Dutch 8,585 4,045 4,540 51,720 24,875 26,840
Frisian 135 60 75 1,240 630 620
German 29,425 13,140 16,285 131,525 61,520 70,005
Icelandic 85 40 45 210 100 110
Norwegian 380 170 210 940 405 540
Swedish 1,140 485 660 2,395 1,040 1,350
Vlaams (Flemish) 280 110 170 2,150 925 1,225
Yiddish 3,355 1,555 1,800 3,735 1,765 1,970
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 50 20 25 170 80 85
Greek 41,225 20,005 21,215 55,415 27,305 28,110
Indo-Iranian languages 589,495 296,750 292,745 707,845 357,350 350,495
Indo-Aryan languages 476,470 239,960 236,510 565,600 285,720 279,875
Bengali 38,325 19,275 19,045 46,810 23,615 23,195
Gujarati 64,115 32,120 31,995 76,675 38,740 37,940
Hindi 48,140 24,165 23,975 58,735 29,805 28,930
Kashmiri 275 140 140 345 170 175
Konkani 2,155 1,020 1,135 2,510 1,195 1,315
Marathi 4,465 2,270 2,200 5,490 2,805 2,685
Nepali 4,685 2,350 2,330 7,870 3,915 3,960
Oriya (Odia) 585 315 270 715 380 335
Punjabi (Panjabi) 171,230 86,995 84,230 197,060 100,160 96,895
Sindhi 5,800 2,720 3,085 6,840 3,225 3,615
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 7,860 3,805 4,055 10,165 4,925 5,235
Urdu 128,845 64,790 64,060 152,385 76,795 75,595
Iranian languages 111,100 55,775 55,330 139,675 70,270 69,405
Kurdish 2,775 1,555 1,220 6,665 3,615 3,050
Pashto 7,685 3,960 3,730 10,950 5,630 5,315
Persian (Farsi) 100,640 50,255 50,380 122,070 61,025 61,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 1,920 1,020 910 2,565 1,350 1,215
Italic (Romance) languages 407,685 194,225 213,460 614,525 295,030 319,490
Catalan 165 90 75 285 150 135
Italian 151,415 72,645 78,770 231,040 112,440 118,600
Portuguese 104,305 50,075 54,235 150,000 72,280 77,715
Romanian 25,075 11,670 13,400 41,755 19,565 22,190
Spanish 126,500 59,645 66,860 191,025 90,390 100,630
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 225 105 125 420 200 215
Japanese 9,650 3,370 6,280 13,260 4,590 8,670
Kartvelian languages 1,110 595 515 1,200 635 565
Georgian 1,110 595 515 1,200 635 565
Korean 55,005 25,250 29,750 69,775 32,035 37,740
Mongolic languages 345 155 190 405 180 220
Mongolian 345 155 190 405 180 225
Niger-Congo languages 24,130 11,310 12,820 35,760 16,705 19,050
Akan (Twi) 8,490 3,905 4,580 9,695 4,510 5,190
Bamanankan 60 30 30 140 60 80
Edo 1,020 410 610 1,140 475 670
Ewe 370 185 190 560 270 295
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 220 115 105 365 180 185
Ga 440 200 245 600 275 325
Ganda 515 245 270 760 360 400
Igbo 1,520 775 750 2,090 1,080 1,010
Lingala 375 175 200 850 365 485
Rundi (Kirundi) 355 165 185 1,430 640 785
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 380 175 210 1,330 545 785
Shona 680 325 355 1,455 660 790
Swahili 3,215 1,495 1,715 5,525 2,540 2,985
Wolof 160 90 80 290 145 150
Yoruba 3,380 1,720 1,655 4,365 2,260 2,105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 2,945 1,310 1,635 5,155 2,345 2,810
Nilo-Saharan languages 360 200 160 1,610 810 800
Dinka 45 25 15 345 170 175
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 315 170 145 1,260 635 625
Sign languages 1,220 665 555 3,030 1,570 1,455
American Sign Language 470 250 220 1,305 640 670
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 20 10 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 750 420 330 1,700 925 780
Sino-Tibetan languages 516,670 239,930 276,740 611,795 284,865 326,935
Chinese languages 510,185 236,775 273,415 602,610 280,340 322,270
Cantonese 247,710 115,020 132,680 275,315 128,090 147,220
Hakka 6,495 2,915 3,580 6,985 3,140 3,840
Mandarin 227,085 105,655 121,435 283,735 132,275 151,460
Min Dong 765 370 395 855 405 450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 11,580 5,345 6,235 13,545 6,240 7,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 5,290 2,380 2,910 6,300 2,825 3,470
Chinese, n.o.s. 11,075 4,995 6,080 15,645 7,235 8,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 190 95 95 240 120 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 6,485 3,160 3,325 9,185 4,520 4,660
Burmese 1,005 450 555 1,640 775 865
Karenic languages 265 125 140 1,730 865 860
Tibetan 4,875 2,410 2,470 5,115 2,530 2,585
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 335 175 160 700 345 350
Tai-Kadai languages 3,935 1,600 2,340 8,485 3,535 4,945
Lao 2,275 1,095 1,180 5,190 2,480 2,710
Thai 1,640 495 1,145 3,270 1,045 2,220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 25 10 15 25 10 15
Turkic languages 16,700 8,685 8,015 22,615 11,745 10,870
Azerbaijani 1,615 865 745 1,990 1,070 920
Turkish 13,700 7,145 6,550 18,415 9,610 8,810
Uyghur 385 195 195 515 255 260
Uzbek 595 300 295 1,055 515 545
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 405 180 225 640 295 345
Uralic languages 24,330 10,880 13,455 50,670 23,095 27,570
Estonian 2,685 1,100 1,585 4,205 1,810 2,400
Finnish 2,515 1,010 1,505 9,720 4,140 5,580
Hungarian 19,130 8,765 10,360 36,740 17,150 19,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 960 495 465 1,475 780 690
Multiple responses 237,755 114,960 122,795 365,910 176,250 189,660
English and French 14,945 6,895 8,050 54,045 25,165 28,880
English and non-official language 210,320 102,445 107,880 288,285 140,345 147,940
French and non-official language 6,050 2,715 3,330 12,565 5,735 6,830
English, French and non-official language 6,440 2,910 3,535 11,010 5,000 6,005
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 5,883,670 2,858,785 3,024,880 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 5,321,900 2,588,170 2,733,730 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085
Official languages 3,866,565 1,899,565 1,966,995 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300
English 3,836,765 1,885,800 1,950,970 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800
French 29,795 13,770 16,030 277,045 129,540 147,500
Non-official languages 1,455,335 688,605 766,730 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780
Aboriginal languages 160 85 80 9,210 4,600 4,610
Algonquian languages 80 40 35 8,685 4,370 4,320
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 20 10 10 2,370 1,205 1,165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 5 5 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 5 0 10 10 5
Naskapi 5 5 5 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 15
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 5 0 105 50 55
Woods Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 10 5 10 2,220 1,135 1,085
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 5 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 5 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 45 20 20 6,305 3,155 3,145
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 35 20 15 3,315 1,695 1,620
Oji-Cree 5 0 5 2,905 1,420 1,490
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 15 5 5 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 5 5 15 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 5 0 0 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 5 0 0 5
Gwich'in 5 5 5 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 5 5 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 5 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 10 5 0 160 60 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 15 5 0 140 60 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 5 5 0 210 90 120
Cayuga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Mohawk 5 0 5 185 80 100
Oneida 0 0 0 20 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 5 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 5 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 5 0 5 0 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 50 25 30 120 55 65
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,455,175 688,520 766,655 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170
Afro-Asiatic languages 74,095 35,480 38,615 138,460 66,865 71,590
Berber languages 65 30 30 345 175 170
Kabyle 35 15 15 255 125 130
Berber languages, n.i.e. 35 15 15 90 50 45
Cushitic languages 8,380 3,530 4,850 14,460 6,100 8,360
Bilen 40 15 20 170 80 85
Oromo 545 250 290 805 380 425
Somali 7,765 3,250 4,520 13,370 5,590 7,780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 20 110 50 65
Semitic languages 65,465 31,830 33,635 123,410 60,475 62,940
Amharic 3,815 1,680 2,135 5,625 2,540 3,085
Arabic 45,020 22,145 22,875 94,195 46,505 47,695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 6,790 3,255 3,535 9,515 4,595 4,920
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 1,095 535 560 2,915 1,410 1,500
Harari 520 235 285 555 250 305
Hebrew 4,395 2,265 2,135 4,850 2,505 2,345
Maltese 875 395 475 1,090 505 580
Tigrigna 2,480 1,085 1,395 3,920 1,805 2,115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 480 225 250 755 360 395
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 185 90 95 245 115 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 33,450 15,260 18,190 50,245 23,105 27,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,655 725 935 3,770 1,650 2,120
Vietnamese 31,760 14,525 17,235 46,435 21,435 25,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 30 15 20 40 20 20
Austronesian languages 72,495 30,930 41,570 85,370 36,525 48,845
Bikol 85 35 45 90 35 55
Cebuano 1,875 810 1,065 2,325 1,020 1,315
Fijian 10 10 5 15 10 10
Hiligaynon 780 335 445 910 385 530
Ilocano 3,455 1,480 1,970 4,100 1,780 2,320
Malagasy 10 5 5 35 15 20
Malay 1,455 705 750 1,810 860 945
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 405 180 225 445 200 250
Pangasinan 80 35 40 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 63,985 27,170 36,815 75,070 31,965 43,105
Waray-Waray 75 30 45 90 35 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 285 135 150 380 175 200
Creole languages 2,845 1,315 1,535 5,325 2,355 2,970
Haitian Creole 120 55 60 355 165 190
Creole, n.o.s. 1,950 900 1,050 3,995 1,735 2,255
Creole languages, n.i.e. 780 355 425 975 455 520
Dravidian languages 88,295 42,605 45,695 96,250 46,575 49,680
Kannada 830 415 410 1,060 540 520
Malayalam 6,400 3,260 3,140 8,760 4,460 4,295
Tamil 76,095 36,265 39,830 80,600 38,460 42,140
Telugu 4,870 2,615 2,255 5,705 3,050 2,655
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 95 40 50 125 55 70
Hmong-Mien languages 5 0 5 200 95 105
Indo-European languages 723,495 347,435 376,055 978,300 469,640 508,670
Albanian 6,385 3,195 3,190 9,190 4,580 4,605
Armenian 7,475 3,530 3,940 8,630 4,065 4,560
Balto-Slavic languages 135,230 63,280 71,950 192,945 90,585 102,365
Baltic languages 1,640 680 960 2,305 950 1,355
Latvian 600 245 355 860 350 515
Lithuanian 1,045 440 605 1,440 600 840
Slavic languages 133,590 62,600 70,995 190,645 89,635 101,005
Belarusan 125 60 65 175 80 90
Bosnian 1,330 645 690 3,220 1,595 1,620
Bulgarian 3,860 1,875 1,980 4,830 2,350 2,480
Croatian 5,940 2,845 3,095 11,125 5,275 5,855
Czech 1,415 685 730 3,070 1,480 1,595
Macedonian 4,970 2,355 2,615 6,255 2,965 3,285
Polish 33,325 15,550 17,775 52,555 24,510 28,045
Russian 53,675 24,950 28,720 63,570 29,655 33,920
Serbian 12,200 5,910 6,290 23,175 11,335 11,840
Serbo-Croatian 935 435 500 1,925 920 1,010
Slovak 2,290 1,115 1,175 3,520 1,680 1,845
Slovene (Slovenian) 890 385 500 1,465 645 815
Ukrainian 12,515 5,720 6,790 15,415 6,995 8,420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 135 55 80 355 160 190
Celtic languages 65 35 30 120 65 55
Scottish Gaelic 25 15 10 60 30 25
Welsh 20 5 10 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 35 20 15
Germanic languages 5,315 2,430 2,885 44,515 21,630 22,880
Afrikaans 265 125 145 755 365 390
Danish 135 65 75 280 135 150
Dutch 655 300 350 4,450 2,145 2,305
Frisian 5 0 0 90 45 45
German 3,590 1,625 1,965 37,255 18,140 19,120
Icelandic 20 5 15 45 20 30
Norwegian 45 15 20 70 30 40
Swedish 220 100 120 385 190 190
Vlaams (Flemish) 25 15 10 145 60 85
Yiddish 350 175 175 370 190 185
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 655 315 340
Greek 16,940 7,905 9,035 21,700 10,160 11,535
Indo-Iranian languages 367,340 181,800 185,540 435,835 215,755 220,080
Indo-Aryan languages 292,940 145,580 147,360 344,050 171,125 172,920
Bengali 24,615 12,140 12,470 29,590 14,595 14,995
Gujarati 38,265 18,750 19,515 45,445 22,410 23,035
Hindi 23,995 11,925 12,065 28,960 14,485 14,475
Kashmiri 50 25 25 65 30 35
Konkani 440 215 230 540 260 280
Marathi 2,000 1,030 970 2,420 1,230 1,190
Nepali 3,085 1,560 1,525 5,640 2,815 2,820
Oriya (Odia) 270 135 140 325 160 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 116,045 58,355 57,690 132,135 66,410 65,725
Sindhi 2,485 1,140 1,350 2,880 1,320 1,560
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 3,580 1,750 1,825 4,595 2,250 2,345
Urdu 78,105 38,560 39,550 91,450 45,160 46,295
Iranian languages 73,635 35,825 37,805 90,730 44,090 46,640
Kurdish 1,470 795 675 3,675 1,900 1,770
Pashto 4,850 2,430 2,415 6,750 3,360 3,395
Persian (Farsi) 67,315 32,600 34,715 80,305 38,830 41,475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 770 395 375 1,050 540 515
Italic (Romance) languages 184,745 85,260 99,480 265,375 122,790 142,585
Catalan 80 40 45 135 60 75
Italian 51,815 22,250 29,560 72,960 31,195 41,770
Portuguese 50,210 24,070 26,135 67,415 32,065 35,355
Romanian 12,200 5,660 6,540 19,920 9,380 10,535
Spanish 70,370 33,205 37,165 104,820 50,035 54,785
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 65 30 35 110 50 60
Japanese 4,550 1,950 2,600 6,040 2,590 3,450
Kartvelian languages 745 405 335 770 420 355
Georgian 745 405 335 775 420 355
Korean 38,435 17,960 20,475 48,540 22,685 25,855
Mongolic languages 200 100 95 225 115 110
Mongolian 200 100 95 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages 8,925 3,985 4,945 12,120 5,400 6,725
Akan (Twi) 4,040 1,745 2,300 4,415 1,915 2,495
Bamanankan 15 10 10 25 15 15
Edo 295 115 175 305 120 180
Ewe 95 40 55 135 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 75 35 40 110 55 55
Ga 150 65 85 175 80 100
Ganda 155 70 85 195 85 110
Igbo 410 205 205 540 265 275
Lingala 95 40 55 225 100 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 125 60 65 475 230 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 115 50 65 420 160 260
Shona 235 115 125 455 210 245
Swahili 1,225 540 690 2,085 925 1,160
Wolof 80 45 35 130 65 65
Yoruba 1,080 520 560 1,300 625 675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 735 330 405 1,120 500 625
Nilo-Saharan languages 90 45 45 550 260 290
Dinka 15 5 5 120 60 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 75 40 40 425 195 225
Sign languages 1,910 1,085 825 4,425 2,485 1,940
American Sign Language 720 375 345 1,605 830 770
Quebec Sign Language 0 5 0 25 15 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 1,190 710 480 2,795 1,640 1,150
Sino-Tibetan languages 385,150 180,140 205,005 448,200 210,560 237,640
Chinese languages 380,550 177,880 202,675 441,615 207,305 234,310
Cantonese 182,755 84,030 98,725 198,745 91,545 107,200
Hakka 2,725 1,240 1,490 2,870 1,305 1,575
Mandarin 179,665 85,535 94,135 220,535 105,360 115,175
Min Dong 240 105 135 265 115 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5,065 2,315 2,745 5,775 2,635 3,140
Wu (Shanghainese) 3,130 1,465 1,665 3,690 1,735 1,955
Chinese, n.o.s. 6,890 3,155 3,735 9,630 4,565 5,070
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 85 35 50 100 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 4,595 2,265 2,330 6,580 3,250 3,330
Burmese 575 260 310 1,010 480 530
Karenic languages 215 105 110 1,360 685 675
Tibetan 3,705 1,845 1,860 3,875 1,925 1,945
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 100 55 50 335 165 170
Tai-Kadai languages 1,635 765 865 3,865 1,845 2,020
Lao 1,050 505 540 2,535 1,220 1,315
Thai 575 255 320 1,315 615 695
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 10 5 5 10 5 10
Turkic languages 9,495 4,755 4,740 12,435 6,200 6,230
Azerbaijani 645 325 320 770 385 380
Turkish 8,155 4,070 4,090 10,545 5,245 5,300
Uyghur 225 120 105 290 150 140
Uzbek 315 165 145 585 290 295
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 150 70 80 250 130 120
Uralic languages 9,040 4,135 4,900 15,330 6,990 8,340
Estonian 650 240 410 790 290 500
Finnish 510 220 290 1,835 780 1,050
Hungarian 7,875 3,680 4,200 12,700 5,915 6,790
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 320 165 155 465 245 225
Multiple responses 561,765 270,615 291,155 790,825 379,925 410,905
English and French 13,015 5,965 7,055 45,655 20,895 24,755
English and non-official language 535,630 258,900 276,730 719,595 347,730 371,865
French and non-official language 2,390 1,055 1,340 6,725 2,930 3,795
English, French and non-official language 10,730 4,700 6,035 18,855 8,365 10,490
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 5,883,670 2,858,785 3,024,885 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
None 4,489,770 2,189,920 2,299,850 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000
English 594,565 291,580 302,985 896,170 437,015 459,155
French 52,850 22,910 29,940 243,970 108,390 135,580
Non-official language 720,320 342,165 378,160 1,056,960 501,315 555,645
Aboriginal 480 205 275 14,315 6,580 7,735
Non-Aboriginal 719,840 341,955 377,885 1,042,645 494,735 547,910
English and French 4,015 1,855 2,165 8,150 3,755 4,395
English and non-official language 13,540 6,615 6,925 19,105 9,370 9,735
French and non-official language 8,355 3,630 4,730 16,435 7,165 9,270
English, French and non-official language 255 120 135 415 205 215
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 4,879,095 2,345,200 2,533,895 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 4,631,950 2,227,300 2,404,650 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,705 36,559 28,070 33,539 39,889 28,676
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 4,632,745 2,227,500 2,405,245 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,242 33,167 26,233 30,641 35,753 26,585
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 4,084,930 2,011,885 2,073,045 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,705 38,299 28,006 32,871 39,831 27,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 3,323,485 1,463,175 1,860,305 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 2,205 1,016 3,814 4,206 2,034 5,463
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 3,454,585 1,751,255 1,703,330 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,838 39,549 30,701 33,946 39,490 29,413
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 4,879,095 2,345,190 2,533,905 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 4,632,420 2,227,415 2,405,000 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 50,479 60,343 41,343 47,915 56,780 39,585
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 4,633,195 2,227,640 2,405,550 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,565 47,026 34,582 39,318 45,443 33,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 4,085,085 2,011,905 2,073,175 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 52,042 62,785 41,617 47,890 57,511 38,459
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 3,323,000 1,463,150 1,859,850 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,392 5,530 7,071 7,346 6,763 7,815
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 3,454,590 1,751,680 1,702,905 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 51,801 61,164 42,171 47,369 55,263 39,057
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 4,879,095 2,345,195 2,533,900 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 1,645,880 909,065 736,815 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 56,454 60,974 51,880 55,121 60,345 49,713
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 74,722 84,091 63,161 68,628 76,536 58,676
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 90.9 93.9 86.8 88.9 92.1 84.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 76.5 79.7 72.1 72.9 76.0 68.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 9.1 6.1 13.2 11.1 7.9 15.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 4,879,095 2,345,195 2,533,895 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without total income 247,145 117,900 129,245 481,500 227,390 254,115
With total income 4,631,950 2,227,295 2,404,655 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475
Percentage with total income 94.9 95.0 94.9 95.6 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 816,625 368,835 447,795 1,615,790 711,105 904,685
$10,000 to $19,999 824,160 348,745 475,420 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645
$20,000 to $29,999 589,070 254,985 334,085 1,410,760 589,975 820,785
$30,000 to $39,999 463,975 209,685 254,290 1,147,510 519,550 627,955
$40,000 to $49,999 407,495 189,100 218,390 1,021,880 489,595 532,285
$50,000 to $59,999 325,105 158,480 166,620 809,115 415,950 393,165
$60,000 to $69,999 258,085 134,225 123,855 630,635 348,525 282,110
$70,000 to $79,999 203,100 111,065 92,035 479,890 277,725 202,165
$80,000 to $89,999 161,920 90,560 71,355 378,185 222,095 156,095
$90,000 to $99,999 137,570 73,985 63,585 324,810 181,815 142,995
$100,000 and over 444,845 287,620 157,225 909,005 616,420 292,585
$100,000 to $149,999 272,905 168,210 104,700 600,995 394,410 206,590
$150,000 and over 171,935 119,415 52,525 308,010 222,010 86,000
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 4,879,095 2,345,200 2,533,895 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without after-tax income 246,350 117,700 128,650 478,635 227,025 251,610
With after-tax income 4,632,740 2,227,495 2,405,245 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980
Percentage with after-tax income 95.0 95.0 94.9 95.7 95.8 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 830,700 373,605 457,095 1,659,280 722,040 937,235
$10,000 to $19,999 856,665 364,095 492,575 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540
$20,000 to $29,999 673,015 294,190 378,830 1,623,230 690,290 932,940
$30,000 to $39,999 552,905 254,030 298,870 1,377,100 642,645 734,450
$40,000 to $49,999 472,370 226,445 245,925 1,166,040 585,490 580,555
$50,000 to $59,999 348,665 180,280 168,385 845,305 464,610 380,700
$60,000 to $69,999 256,270 141,835 114,435 604,005 354,015 249,985
$70,000 to $79,999 198,170 109,175 88,995 465,485 268,140 197,345
$80,000 and over 443,970 283,840 160,130 912,490 611,260 301,230
$80,000 to $89,999 132,515 76,100 56,410 299,315 183,410 115,905
$90,000 to $99,999 79,285 49,680 29,605 174,110 116,330 57,785
$100,000 and over 232,170 158,060 74,115 439,070 311,525 127,540
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 4,879,095 2,345,200 2,533,895 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without employment income 1,424,510 593,940 830,565 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245
With employment income 3,454,590 1,751,260 1,703,330 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Percentage with employment income 70.8 74.7 67.2 70.6 74.8 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 432,990 203,395 229,595 1,094,860 546,920 547,940
$5,000 to $9,999 286,225 129,320 156,910 635,305 281,135 354,165
$10,000 to $19,999 470,970 221,325 249,645 1,027,910 464,445 563,465
$20,000 to $29,999 371,235 170,795 200,440 827,805 372,185 455,625
$30,000 to $39,999 336,685 157,540 179,150 767,840 351,925 415,910
$40,000 to $49,999 310,550 147,370 163,180 709,775 341,320 368,450
$50,000 to $59,999 255,620 129,510 126,105 588,220 310,155 278,065
$60,000 to $69,999 206,215 110,510 95,705 465,670 263,430 202,240
$70,000 to $79,999 166,035 93,745 72,290 369,085 218,570 150,515
$80,000 and over 618,065 387,750 230,315 1,304,210 848,245 455,970
$80,000 to $89,999 136,480 78,255 58,230 307,660 182,660 125,005
$90,000 to $99,999 121,935 65,620 56,320 280,530 156,440 124,090
$100,000 and over 359,645 243,875 115,775 716,015 509,140 206,875
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 2,135,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 78,373  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,287  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 68,632  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 519,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 39,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,294  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,219  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 1,616,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,827,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 94,463  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 90,967  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 82,594  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,528  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 2,135,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 109,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 97,856  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 87,993  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,322  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 519,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 55,833  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,571  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 44,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 40,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 1,615,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,828,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 126,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 114,773  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 101,904  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 94,157  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 2,135,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 47,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 86,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 32,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 50,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 134,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 75,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 185,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 73,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 200,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 74,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 189,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 76,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 202,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 78,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 207,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 78,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 206,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 77,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 202,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 150,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 388,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 141,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 363,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 131,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 335,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 122,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 309,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 113,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 282,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 812,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,803,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 229,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 560,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 167,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 394,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 200,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 449,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 214,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 399,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 2,135,905  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 49,905  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 32,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 51,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 136,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 78,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 192,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 80,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 222,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 82,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 211,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 87,360  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 232,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 92,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 244,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 95,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 247,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 93,510  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 241,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 179,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 463,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 165,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 422,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 153,020  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 388,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 136,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 342,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 118,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 290,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 638,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,367,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 229,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 539,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 149,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 334,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 258,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 493,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 1,557,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,689,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 94,132  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,089  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 82,232  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,531  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 423,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,280,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 85,201  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 81,459  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 73,904  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,237  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 822,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,716,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 114,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 115,381  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 98,699  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 257,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 584,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 54,363  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 50,317  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 1,556,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,689,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 127,226  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 115,328  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 102,021  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 94,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 423,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,280,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 120,527  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 104,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 94,618  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 84,952  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 823,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,717,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 148,914  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 140,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 118,944  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 114,144  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 255,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 581,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 73,609  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 67,748  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,869  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 58,742  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 747,115 353,075 394,040 1,818,815 867,175 951,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,613 33,636 31,818 32,097 33,925 30,753
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,868 30,519 29,362 29,417 30,678 28,442
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 745,705 351,920 393,790 1,814,575 864,020 950,555
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 47,973 50,595 45,630 44,298 46,765 42,057
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 39,048 40,380 37,857 36,874 38,228 35,644
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 5,862,855 2,849,955 3,012,895 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955
In the bottom half of the distribution 2,813,285 1,338,400 1,474,885 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895
In the bottom decile 652,620 315,260 337,360 1,346,645 651,310 695,335
In the second decile 583,750 269,305 314,445 1,280,675 581,380 699,290
In the third decile 539,335 254,260 285,075 1,237,415 583,840 653,575
In the fourth decile 518,440 248,375 270,065 1,223,510 589,740 633,770
In the fifth decile 519,140 251,205 267,935 1,246,925 610,000 636,930
In the top half of the distribution 3,049,570 1,511,555 1,538,015 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060
In the sixth decile 528,520 256,980 271,540 1,279,095 629,635 649,465
In the seventh decile 546,775 267,890 278,885 1,321,220 655,840 665,375
In the eighth decile 580,185 286,725 293,460 1,382,795 691,630 691,165
In the ninth decile 639,880 318,340 321,540 1,464,415 736,030 728,385
In the top decile 754,210 381,625 372,590 1,459,465 742,795 716,670
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 5,862,595 2,849,835 3,012,760 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130
0 to 17 years 1,195,910 614,060 581,850 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630
0 to 5 years 374,440 191,880 182,555 835,000 428,025 406,975
18 to 64 years 3,851,275 1,866,775 1,984,495 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345
65 years and over 815,415 369,005 446,405 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 912,405 430,210 482,200 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445
0 to 17 years 235,120 121,220 113,905 489,905 251,830 238,080
0 to 5 years 75,855 39,055 36,795 165,140 84,825 80,310
18 to 64 years 565,145 264,585 300,560 1,155,315 538,535 616,780
65 years and over 112,140 44,405 67,735 253,755 96,170 157,585
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 15.6 15.1 16.0 14.4 13.8 15.0
0 to 17 years (%) 19.7 19.7 19.6 18.4 18.5 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 20.3 20.4 20.2 19.8 19.8 19.7
18 to 64 years (%) 14.7 14.2 15.1 13.7 13.1 14.3
65 years and over (%) 13.8 12.0 15.2 12.0 9.9 13.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 749,935 359,355 390,585 1,298,590 627,935 670,650
0 to 17 years 178,525 91,985 86,540 304,390 156,575 147,815
0 to 5 years 58,105 29,855 28,245 102,750 52,810 49,935
18 to 64 years 499,350 239,960 259,390 887,640 430,545 457,095
65 years and over 72,065 27,410 44,660 106,555 40,815 65,740
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 12.8 12.6 13.0 9.8 9.7 9.9
0 to 17 years (%) 14.9 15.0 14.9 11.5 11.5 11.4
0 to 5 years (%) 15.5 15.6 15.5 12.3 12.3 12.3
18 to 64 years (%) 13.0 12.9 13.1 10.5 10.5 10.6
65 years and over (%) 8.8 7.4 10.0 5.1 4.2 5.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 5,862,855 2,849,990 3,012,865 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925
Official languages 5,605,085 2,747,700 2,857,380 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145
English 5,600,485 2,745,820 2,854,665 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825
French 466,820 200,835 265,990 1,521,020 677,505 843,510
Non-official languages 3,115,825 1,485,485 1,630,340 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760
Aboriginal languages 1,105 450 655 33,855 15,815 18,035
Algonquian languages 940 395 545 30,630 14,505 16,125
Blackfoot 10 0 0 15 15 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 190 90 95 6,560 3,160 3,395
Atikamekw 0 0 0 10 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Moose Cree 0 0 0 145 70 75
Naskapi 0 0 0 25 10 10
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 65 25 45
Plains Cree 50 30 20 105 50 50
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 30 10 15 605 255 350
Woods Cree 15 10 0 45 25 25
Cree, n.o.s. 100 45 55 5,620 2,760 2,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 45 20 25 180 95 85
Malecite 0 0 0 20 20 0
Mi'kmaq 45 25 25 160 75 85
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 705 280 425 23,980 11,285 12,690
Algonquin 15 10 10 205 95 105
Ojibway 675 270 405 16,220 7,600 8,630
Oji-Cree 10 0 10 7,515 3,585 3,935
Ottawa (Odawa) 20 10 0 200 105 100
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 85 40 50
Athabaskan languages 15 0 10 85 25 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 10 10 80 25 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 10 0 10
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dene 10 0 10 45 20 30
Dogrib (Tlicho) 10 0 0 10 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 20 10 10 840 320 525
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 15 0 0 730 285 445
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 105 35 70
Iroquoian languages 60 20 40 1,940 810 1,125
Cayuga 0 0 0 120 35 85
Mohawk 45 15 35 1,625 710 915
Oneida 10 10 10 180 55 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 25
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 15 10 0 180 65 110
Salish languages 10 0 0 10 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 10 0 0 0 10 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 10 0 10
Siouan languages 0 0 10 40 10 30
Dakota 10 0 0 20 10 10
Stoney 0 0 10 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 0 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 10 0 10 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 10 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 10 0 0 0 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 30 20 15 210 100 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 3,114,775 1,485,055 1,629,720 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 211,335 106,115 105,215 362,645 183,050 179,595
Berber languages 245 135 110 925 505 415
Kabyle 80 40 40 530 280 255
Berber languages, n.i.e. 170 95 75 390 225 165
Cushitic languages 20,445 8,910 11,530 34,160 15,155 19,000
Bilen 85 50 35 355 200 160
Oromo 1,390 590 800 2,075 905 1,175
Somali 18,965 8,250 10,715 31,535 13,925 17,610
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 85 30 50 370 170 205
Semitic languages 191,925 97,710 94,215 330,315 168,750 161,570
Amharic 11,440 5,325 6,115 16,010 7,565 8,445
Arabic 125,970 65,090 60,880 246,015 127,015 119,000
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 12,500 6,090 6,410 17,825 8,775 9,050
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 2,220 1,110 1,105 6,185 3,045 3,140
Harari 1,250 635 620 1,310 660 645
Hebrew 38,385 19,590 18,795 43,255 22,165 21,090
Maltese 4,675 2,295 2,380 7,020 3,455 3,570
Tigrigna 5,960 2,790 3,180 9,385 4,320 5,065
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 1,135 555 580 1,985 1,010 975
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 720 335 390 1,125 535 590
Austro-Asiatic languages 67,000 30,750 36,245 99,830 46,210 53,620
Khmer (Cambodian) 4,340 1,900 2,445 10,045 4,490 5,550
Vietnamese 62,935 29,000 33,935 90,265 41,965 48,300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 40 0 35 60 10 50
Austronesian languages 205,810 81,995 123,815 249,435 98,295 151,150
Bikol 580 260 325 755 340 425
Cebuano 7,350 2,960 4,395 9,475 3,650 5,830
Fijian 50 20 30 110 40 65
Hiligaynon 2,545 1,015 1,530 3,110 1,205 1,910
Ilocano 12,740 5,000 7,740 15,235 5,940 9,295
Malagasy 90 45 45 215 115 100
Malay 7,305 3,360 3,945 9,780 4,500 5,280
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 1,600 735 875 1,935 855 1,080
Pangasinan 450 200 255 565 245 320
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 193,480 76,640 116,840 232,935 91,110 141,820
Waray-Waray 320 100 220 410 125 285
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 1,275 525 750 1,785 755 1,030
Creole languages 16,750 7,530 9,220 30,260 13,525 16,735
Haitian Creole 645 290 355 1,430 605 830
Creole, n.o.s. 9,125 4,110 5,015 19,375 8,480 10,895
Creole languages, n.i.e. 7,130 3,185 3,945 9,685 4,525 5,155
Dravidian languages 176,480 87,740 88,740 196,315 97,975 98,335
Kannada 4,470 2,245 2,215 5,775 2,930 2,845
Malayalam 17,255 8,785 8,475 22,880 11,535 11,345
Tamil 146,145 71,915 74,225 157,700 77,975 79,730
Telugu 13,615 7,460 6,150 16,315 8,925 7,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 440 225 210 495 250 240
Hmong-Mien languages 25 10 15 545 265 280
Indo-European languages 1,768,825 861,040 907,780 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525
Albanian 15,375 7,695 7,680 22,375 11,180 11,195
Armenian 15,225 7,275 7,950 18,435 8,860 9,575
Balto-Slavic languages 300,880 140,300 160,580 473,565 221,450 252,120
Baltic languages 6,340 2,595 3,745 10,545 4,495 6,050
Latvian 2,630 1,115 1,520 4,675 2,070 2,610
Lithuanian 3,710 1,480 2,230 5,875 2,430 3,445
Slavic languages 296,240 138,420 157,820 465,170 217,885 247,285
Belarusan 945 495 450 1,360 680 680
Bosnian 4,355 2,110 2,250 9,915 4,905 5,010
Bulgarian 8,055 3,940 4,120 10,410 5,060 5,350
Croatian 23,785 11,605 12,180 46,580 22,880 23,700
Czech 6,300 2,975 3,325 14,045 6,615 7,430
Macedonian 16,730 8,025 8,700 21,505 10,365 11,140
Polish 83,545 38,245 45,300 142,985 65,415 77,575
Russian 111,165 51,675 59,485 138,735 64,355 74,380
Serbian 27,390 13,560 13,830 53,250 26,725 26,525
Serbo-Croatian 2,865 1,390 1,475 5,815 2,845 2,965
Slovak 6,085 2,790 3,295 12,035 5,550 6,490
Slovene (Slovenian) 4,450 2,010 2,440 7,935 3,550 4,390
Ukrainian 38,030 17,050 20,980 54,615 24,125 30,490
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 630 360 265 1,750 935 815
Celtic languages 1,910 985 920 3,800 1,880 1,920
Scottish Gaelic 650 325 320 1,480 720 765
Welsh 235 115 125 685 300 390
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 1,025 550 475 1,650 870 785
Germanic languages 80,940 38,460 42,480 274,305 130,610 143,700
Afrikaans 4,255 2,095 2,160 7,360 3,625 3,735
Danish 2,125 965 1,165 5,440 2,455 2,980
Dutch 11,655 5,440 6,215 63,410 29,875 33,535
Frisian 195 75 115 1,655 820 835
German 55,040 26,285 28,755 189,035 90,730 98,305
Icelandic 130 55 75 285 130 155
Norwegian 960 460 500 2,140 975 1,165
Swedish 2,570 1,165 1,410 5,125 2,345 2,785
Vlaams (Flemish) 265 110 150 2,275 1,050 1,225
Yiddish 6,510 3,200 3,305 7,175 3,535 3,640
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 105 50 55 3,290 1,645 1,645
Greek 60,400 29,665 30,735 80,690 40,105 40,590
Indo-Iranian languages 765,115 386,165 378,955 915,765 463,175 452,585
Indo-Aryan languages 639,795 323,555 316,245 759,390 384,940 374,450
Bengali 48,410 24,580 23,830 59,685 30,420 29,265
Gujarati 87,570 43,795 43,770 103,890 52,380 51,510
Hindi 207,780 105,570 102,210 250,095 127,765 122,335
Kashmiri 475 240 235 600 300 300
Konkani 4,995 2,265 2,730 5,490 2,515 2,975
Marathi 8,630 4,460 4,170 10,360 5,380 4,980
Nepali 6,385 3,155 3,235 10,245 5,115 5,135
Oriya (Odia) 930 445 480 1,090 515 570
Punjabi (Panjabi) 243,875 125,225 118,655 282,065 145,050 137,015
Sindhi 9,685 4,545 5,135 11,515 5,385 6,130
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 15,135 7,605 7,525 18,555 9,230 9,330
Urdu 194,390 98,385 96,005 231,500 117,305 114,190
Iranian languages 130,695 65,170 65,520 163,490 81,710 81,785
Kurdish 3,845 2,175 1,670 8,795 4,755 4,040
Pashto 11,400 6,040 5,365 15,315 8,145 7,170
Persian (Farsi) 119,790 59,470 60,320 145,465 72,275 73,190
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 3,515 1,895 1,620 4,665 2,495 2,175
Italic (Romance) languages 567,300 268,895 298,410 880,330 418,225 462,105
Catalan 315 165 150 515 275 240
Italian 220,425 105,435 114,985 333,645 161,190 172,455
Portuguese 134,220 64,585 69,640 193,520 93,885 99,635
Romanian 29,765 13,805 15,965 49,635 23,205 26,430
Spanish 206,090 95,990 110,100 337,615 156,040 181,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 655 320 340 1,355 745 605
Japanese 17,460 7,535 9,920 25,675 11,535 14,140
Kartvelian languages 1,465 740 725 1,555 775 780
Georgian 1,465 740 725 1,555 770 785
Korean 62,350 29,150 33,205 79,175 36,930 42,245
Mongolic languages 445 190 255 515 225 285
Mongolian 445 190 255 515 225 285
Niger-Congo languages 47,720 22,705 25,015 70,570 33,620 36,945
Akan (Twi) 13,715 6,345 7,365 15,950 7,520 8,435
Bamanankan 200 110 90 385 195 185
Edo 1,890 825 1,070 2,130 930 1,195
Ewe 520 270 250 880 435 445
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 485 245 240 700 320 375
Ga 1,005 490 515 1,340 645 695
Ganda 865 410 455 1,225 550 675
Igbo 2,925 1,445 1,475 4,025 2,105 1,920
Lingala 2,080 895 1,185 4,885 2,165 2,720
Rundi (Kirundi) 535 255 285 2,555 1,080 1,475
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 695 295 400 2,220 885 1,330
Shona 1,175 515 655 2,350 1,055 1,300
Swahili 10,350 5,110 5,240 16,750 8,110 8,640
Wolof 415 185 230 730 355 375
Yoruba 7,935 3,980 3,960 10,495 5,345 5,150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 6,340 2,935 3,405 11,210 5,255 5,950
Nilo-Saharan languages 500 285 215 2,025 1,020 1,010
Dinka 85 65 25 415 220 200
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 415 220 195 1,615 805 810
Sign languages 5,980 2,555 3,425 18,865 7,645 11,220
American Sign Language 3,505 1,325 2,175 10,220 3,695 6,525
Quebec Sign Language 10 0 15 235 60 180
Sign languages, n.i.e. 2,575 1,280 1,295 8,690 4,005 4,680
Sino-Tibetan languages 581,165 272,700 308,470 689,145 324,575 364,565
Chinese languages 574,095 269,220 304,875 679,170 319,635 359,530
Cantonese 306,700 142,590 164,115 341,875 159,280 182,600
Hakka 7,185 3,150 4,035 7,865 3,445 4,420
Mandarin 313,605 145,835 167,765 385,395 179,890 205,510
Min Dong 710 285 425 810 330 480
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 13,985 6,265 7,715 16,980 7,650 9,330
Wu (Shanghainese) 6,885 3,200 3,685 8,305 3,860 4,440
Chinese, n.o.s. 11,470 5,200 6,270 16,455 7,710 8,745
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 135 75 60 185 95 90
Tibeto-Burman languages 7,455 3,695 3,770 10,460 5,200 5,260
Burmese 1,325 600 720 2,215 1,055 1,165
Karenic languages 245 115 135 1,820 905 920
Tibetan 5,465 2,725 2,740 5,695 2,845 2,850
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 500 290 210 1,245 645 605
Tai-Kadai languages 5,070 2,155 2,915 11,120 4,945 6,180
Lao 2,895 1,370 1,525 6,740 3,215 3,520
Thai 2,450 915 1,535 5,195 2,065 3,135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20 30 10 20
Turkic languages 24,680 12,835 11,845 33,335 17,310 16,025
Azerbaijani 2,645 1,345 1,300 3,260 1,710 1,550
Turkish 20,745 10,830 9,915 27,850 14,510 13,340
Uyghur 490 225 265 700 350 345
Uzbek 815 440 375 1,405 700 705
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 560 270 290 915 450 465
Uralic languages 27,660 12,555 15,095 58,370 27,060 31,310
Estonian 2,995 1,295 1,705 4,785 2,155 2,625
Finnish 2,835 1,215 1,615 11,145 4,865 6,280
Hungarian 21,890 10,070 11,830 42,545 20,070 22,480
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 2,300 1,195 1,105 3,675 1,950 1,725
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 5,862,855 2,849,990 3,012,860 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 5,134,440 2,503,870 2,630,575 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705
Canadian citizens aged under 18 1,102,940 565,995 536,940 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 4,031,505 1,937,875 2,093,635 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 728,410 346,120 382,285 1,019,095 484,880 534,215
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 5,862,855 2,849,990 3,012,860 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 3,020,405 1,511,930 1,508,475 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 2,705,550 1,269,995 1,435,560 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Before 1981 611,635 284,800 326,830 1,077,745 507,500 570,240
1981 to 1990 370,195 177,010 193,190 513,995 246,235 267,755
1991 to 2000 638,770 298,245 340,520 834,510 390,315 444,195
2001 to 2010 728,025 341,100 386,925 953,730 446,895 506,835
2001 to 2005 379,400 178,780 200,620 490,560 230,950 259,610
2006 to 2010 348,620 162,320 186,305 463,170 215,945 247,225
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 356,930 168,835 188,095 472,170 223,715 248,450
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 136,895 68,065 68,830 201,200 102,305 98,895
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 2,705,550 1,269,990 1,435,560 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485
Under 5 years 225,470 112,150 113,325 369,955 184,255 185,705
5 to 14 years 449,875 226,440 223,440 685,085 345,865 339,225
15 to 24 years 588,860 261,700 327,155 855,475 381,025 474,450
25 to 44 years 1,154,390 541,415 612,980 1,579,500 741,340 838,160
45 years and over 286,960 128,295 158,665 362,130 162,180 199,945
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 2,705,550 1,269,990 1,435,560 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Americas 409,865 181,700 228,165 598,950 265,930 333,025
Brazil 10,625 4,950 5,675 14,705 6,700 8,010
Colombia 17,150 7,850 9,295 28,815 13,085 15,730
El Salvador 11,110 5,535 5,580 20,920 10,165 10,750
Guyana 69,025 30,505 38,515 79,745 35,325 44,420
Haiti 2,590 1,225 1,370 10,195 4,410 5,785
Jamaica 99,660 41,700 57,960 119,840 51,320 68,525
Mexico 11,395 5,070 6,320 30,075 13,895 16,185
Peru 8,095 3,600 4,500 10,550 4,660 5,895
Trinidad and Tobago 43,135 19,035 24,095 52,810 23,515 29,300
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 46,695 21,755 24,940 109,005 47,170 61,830
Other places of birth in Americas 90,390 40,480 49,915 122,280 55,685 66,600
Europe 617,555 291,735 325,815 1,144,295 546,250 598,050
Bosnia and Herzegovina 9,630 4,760 4,875 21,300 10,655 10,645
Croatia 12,010 5,760 6,250 27,330 13,495 13,835
France 6,890 3,220 3,670 13,385 6,310 7,070
Germany 22,970 10,725 12,240 63,460 29,685 33,775
Greece 27,885 13,595 14,290 36,575 18,225 18,350
Hungary 11,925 5,380 6,540 22,085 10,495 11,590
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 8,115 3,955 4,160 15,275 7,415 7,860
Italy 103,620 50,525 53,090 157,815 78,510 79,305
Netherlands 7,620 3,700 3,915 47,400 23,910 23,490
Poland 57,450 25,810 31,640 96,000 43,155 52,845
Portugal 71,045 34,235 36,810 103,025 50,240 52,785
Romania 25,515 11,630 13,890 42,720 19,720 23,000
Russian Federation 34,385 14,875 19,510 42,980 18,540 24,440
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 13,080 6,355 6,725 23,695 11,610 12,085
Ukraine 32,110 14,690 17,420 39,945 18,150 21,795
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 99,165 47,375 51,790 264,125 125,730 138,390
Other places of birth in Europe 74,130 35,130 38,995 127,190 60,395 66,790
Africa 152,755 73,585 79,165 226,770 109,585 117,185
Algeria 1,240 650 595 2,925 1,480 1,450
Egypt 24,820 12,865 11,950 34,510 18,000 16,510
Ethiopia 10,865 4,965 5,900 15,570 7,230 8,340
Kenya 11,305 5,165 6,140 14,940 6,910 8,025
Morocco 3,480 1,700 1,780 5,485 2,690 2,795
Nigeria 16,400 8,135 8,260 20,630 10,285 10,345
Somalia 10,850 4,350 6,500 16,970 6,845 10,125
South Africa, Republic of 13,040 6,345 6,690 19,390 9,545 9,840
Other places of birth in Africa 60,760 29,410 31,355 96,355 46,610 49,745
Asia 1,518,125