Census Profile, 2016 Census
Calgary [Census metropolitan area], Alberta and Alberta [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Calgary
Alberta
[Census metropolitan area]
Alberta

[Province]
Data quality , Calgary [Census metropolitan area], Alberta  Map : Calgary [Census metropolitan area], Alberta Data quality : Alberta [Province]  Map : geography 2
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 1,392,609  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,067,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 1,214,839  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,645,257  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 14.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 544,870  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,654,129  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 519,693  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,527,678  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 272.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 5,110.21  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 640,330.46  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 1,392,610 695,130 697,480 4,067,175 2,039,410 2,027,765
0 to 14 years 261,455 134,160 127,295 779,155 399,570 379,580
0 to 4 years 89,105 45,740 43,365 266,515 136,520 129,995
5 to 9 years 91,800 47,295 44,510 270,715 138,990 131,725
10 to 14 years 80,545 41,125 39,420 241,920 124,060 117,860
15 to 64 years 978,150 490,645 487,505 2,787,805 1,408,150 1,379,655
15 to 19 years 79,480 40,845 38,635 240,035 123,625 116,410
20 to 24 years 86,685 44,005 42,680 261,830 133,990 127,840
25 to 29 years 109,505 54,295 55,210 310,940 156,715 154,225
30 to 34 years 121,380 60,440 60,940 333,175 167,555 165,620
35 to 39 years 112,890 55,980 56,905 305,505 153,655 151,850
40 to 44 years 105,290 52,705 52,585 281,205 142,545 138,660
45 to 49 years 98,845 50,050 48,800 269,030 135,855 133,180
50 to 54 years 97,860 48,970 48,890 284,310 142,205 142,100
55 to 59 years 92,715 46,440 46,275 275,540 138,565 136,970
60 to 64 years 73,495 36,915 36,580 226,230 113,440 112,790
65 years and over 153,005 70,325 82,680 500,215 231,690 268,530
65 to 69 years 55,100 27,040 28,060 173,680 85,500 88,180
70 to 74 years 35,250 16,940 18,310 117,035 56,430 60,610
75 to 79 years 24,900 11,275 13,625 83,955 39,105 44,845
80 to 84 years 18,705 8,165 10,540 62,165 27,590 34,575
85 years and over 19,055 6,910 12,145 63,385 23,065 40,320
85 to 89 years 12,215 4,835 7,380 39,965 16,050 23,915
90 to 94 years 5,230 1,690 3,535 18,025 5,755 12,275
95 to 99 years 1,440 360 1,080 4,735 1,145 3,595
100 years and over 165 25 145 650 115 535
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 18.8 19.3 18.3 19.2 19.6 18.7
15 to 64 years 70.2 70.6 69.9 68.5 69.0 68.0
65 years and over 11.0 10.1 11.9 12.3 11.4 13.2
85 years and over 1.4 1.0 1.7 1.6 1.1 2.0
Average age of the population 37.4 36.8 38.0 37.8 37.2 38.4
Median age of the population 36.6 36.2 37.0 36.7 36.2 37.2
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 519,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,527,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 302,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 946,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 32,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 62,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 181,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 471,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 33,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 86,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 49,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 116,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 22,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 43,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 76,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 223,360  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 300  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 2,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 47,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 519,690  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,527,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 122,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 366,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 169,020  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 524,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 87,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 245,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 86,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 233,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 54,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 158,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 1,374,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,978,145  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 1,131,155 560,970 570,185 3,288,020 1,639,835 1,648,185
Married or living common law 677,550 339,600 337,945 1,969,300 988,410 980,895
Married 575,690 288,535 287,160 1,648,945 828,155 820,790
Living common law 101,855 51,070 50,785 320,350 160,250 160,100
Not married and not living common law 453,610 221,365 232,240 1,318,720 651,430 667,290
Never married 319,635 175,235 144,400 905,700 505,310 400,390
Separated 24,765 10,830 13,940 76,150 34,000 42,150
Divorced 68,000 26,635 41,365 195,850 82,040 113,815
Widowed 41,205 8,670 32,535 141,020 30,080 110,940
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 381,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,114,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 175,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 540,850  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 85,150  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 235,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 85,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 227,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 35,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 381,850  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,114,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 329,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 953,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 278,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 793,195  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 50,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 160,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 52,430  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 161,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 40,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 123,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 11,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 329,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 953,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 143,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 443,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 186,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 509,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 70,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 190,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 81,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 213,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 34,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 105,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 52,430  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 161,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 32,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 97,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 15,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 45,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 5,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 235,085 120,495 114,590 678,535 356,875 321,655
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 519,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,527,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 352,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,039,985  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 130,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 414,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 221,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 625,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 14,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 153,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 451,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 122,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 366,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 30,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 85,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 1,381,340 689,610 691,730 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140
English only 1,249,525 630,300 619,225 3,698,765 1,869,670 1,829,095
French only 1,270 555 715 3,895 1,725 2,165
English and French 100,425 46,430 54,000 264,720 124,400 140,315
Neither English nor French 30,125 12,325 17,795 59,280 24,715 34,565
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 1,381,345 689,610 691,730 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140
English 1,322,640 662,890 659,745 3,880,685 1,950,980 1,929,705
French 21,435 10,870 10,570 71,535 37,205 34,330
English and French 7,780 3,845 3,940 16,605 8,350 8,255
Neither English nor French 29,485 12,010 17,475 57,830 23,970 33,860
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 25,325 12,785 12,540 79,840 41,380 38,455
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.8 1.9 1.8 2.0 2.0 1.9
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 1,381,345 689,610 691,730 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140
Single responses 1,341,085 670,010 671,080 3,934,580 1,975,615 1,958,970
Official languages 957,770 485,025 472,745 3,063,640 1,552,475 1,511,165
English 937,055 474,525 462,530 2,991,485 1,515,025 1,476,460
French 20,715 10,500 10,215 72,150 37,450 34,705
Non-official languages 383,320 184,985 198,335 870,940 423,140 447,805
Aboriginal languages 800 295 505 23,835 11,290 12,550
Algonquian languages 530 205 325 18,295 8,665 9,630
Blackfoot 240 90 145 2,750 1,305 1,445
Cree-Montagnais languages 215 90 130 14,960 7,105 7,850
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 5 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 0 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 50 15 35
Plains Cree 55 20 35 720 280 435
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 10 5 10 50 20 35
Woods Cree 10 5 5 910 430 480
Cree, n.o.s. 140 65 75 13,220 6,355 6,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 5 5 30 15 15
Malecite 0 0 0 0 5 0
Mi'kmaq 10 5 5 35 20 15
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 60 10 50 550 235 315
Algonquin 0 5 0 5 0 5
Ojibway 55 10 40 525 230 300
Oji-Cree 5 0 5 15 5 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Athabaskan languages 95 30 65 1,865 865 1,000
Northern Athabaskan languages 100 35 65 1,855 860 990
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 35 15 15
Carrier 5 0 5 15 0 15
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Dene 20 5 15 1,470 710 760
Dogrib (Tlicho) 5 0 5 40 10 30
Gwich'in 5 5 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 65 20 40 70 20 45
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 5 0 5 200 90 115
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 5 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 155 70 80
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 20 10 15 120 35 85
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 0 0 25 5 10
Inuktitut 5 5 5 60 20 45
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 35 10 30
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 10 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 5 5 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Kutenai 5 0 0 5 0 0
Michif 15 5 10 80 45 35
Salish languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 5 5
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 5 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Siouan languages 110 35 75 3,370 1,630 1,745
Dakota 25 10 15 350 165 185
Stoney 85 25 60 3,020 1,460 1,555
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tlingit 5 0 5 5 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 5
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 25 15 15 55 30 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 382,515 184,685 197,830 847,105 411,850 435,255
Afro-Asiatic languages 29,655 15,570 14,085 68,415 36,215 32,200
Berber languages 140 80 65 340 190 145
Kabyle 65 30 35 165 90 75
Berber languages, n.i.e. 75 50 30 175 100 75
Cushitic languages 2,475 1,230 1,245 12,525 6,495 6,030
Bilen 50 30 20 315 185 130
Oromo 955 490 460 2,650 1,375 1,275
Somali 1,460 705 755 9,520 4,915 4,605
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 40 20 20
Semitic languages 27,000 14,230 12,765 55,425 29,450 25,980
Amharic 4,075 1,970 2,105 7,320 3,605 3,720
Arabic 18,965 10,190 8,775 40,540 21,840 18,705
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 295 160 135 400 210 190
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 90 45 45 145 80 65
Harari 75 40 35 260 135 120
Hebrew 500 255 250 960 505 460
Maltese 35 15 20 75 30 40
Tigrigna 2,755 1,465 1,295 5,415 2,880 2,535
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 210 105 105 305 155 145
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 40 30 15 130 80 50
Austro-Asiatic languages 14,430 6,740 7,685 25,295 11,760 13,535
Khmer (Cambodian) 880 420 460 1,925 910 1,010
Vietnamese 13,540 6,315 7,225 23,350 10,840 12,505
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 5 5 25 10 15
Austronesian languages 48,360 20,915 27,445 115,405 50,190 65,210
Bikol 200 95 110 425 205 225
Cebuano 2,015 860 1,160 5,135 2,155 2,980
Fijian 45 30 20 125 75 50
Hiligaynon 690 275 415 1,500 640 855
Ilocano 2,595 1,125 1,475 5,350 2,310 3,040
Malagasy 20 10 15 35 10 25
Malay 800 345 455 1,460 615 845
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 265 135 135 765 370 390
Pangasinan 125 55 75 290 115 175
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 40,955 17,730 23,230 99,035 43,120 55,920
Waray-Waray 150 65 80 305 145 160
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 485 205 285 980 430 550
Creole languages 635 325 310 1,895 990 910
Haitian Creole 20 15 10 95 45 50
Creole, n.o.s. 435 215 215 1,175 640 540
Creole languages, n.i.e. 185 95 85 625 305 325
Dravidian languages 5,260 2,735 2,525 13,490 7,075 6,415
Kannada 285 140 145 535 270 265
Malayalam 2,130 1,095 1,030 6,345 3,285 3,060
Tamil 1,865 985 880 4,430 2,360 2,070
Telugu 950 505 450 2,130 1,135 995
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 50 25 25
Hmong-Mien languages 95 45 45 105 55 45
Indo-European languages 187,695 92,925 94,775 442,685 220,330 222,355
Albanian 1,365 720 645 2,345 1,270 1,075
Armenian 255 135 120 500 250 245
Balto-Slavic languages 31,330 14,650 16,675 80,330 37,750 42,580
Baltic languages 535 255 280 1,010 475 535
Latvian 190 90 95 415 195 220
Lithuanian 340 160 180 600 285 315
Slavic languages 30,795 14,400 16,395 79,325 37,275 42,050
Belarusan 20 10 10 65 30 30
Bosnian 850 420 430 1,835 915 920
Bulgarian 945 485 460 1,545 790 755
Croatian 2,100 1,040 1,065 4,655 2,340 2,320
Czech 1,495 700 795 3,000 1,430 1,575
Macedonian 160 75 85 360 185 175
Polish 8,150 3,830 4,315 20,130 9,425 10,705
Russian 9,555 4,310 5,240 17,810 8,150 9,665
Serbian 1,865 930 930 4,020 2,035 1,985
Serbo-Croatian 525 255 270 970 480 485
Slovak 1,175 575 600 2,185 1,070 1,115
Slovene (Slovenian) 270 115 155 695 320 370
Ukrainian 3,625 1,605 2,020 21,835 9,985 11,850
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 65 40 25 215 120 100
Celtic languages 140 70 65 370 200 170
Scottish Gaelic 50 25 30 135 70 65
Welsh 65 35 30 175 85 80
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 65 40 25
Germanic languages 18,575 8,965 9,615 104,260 51,525 52,735
Afrikaans 960 475 490 3,010 1,475 1,535
Danish 860 450 410 2,380 1,245 1,135
Dutch 4,040 2,015 2,025 16,135 8,095 8,045
Frisian 40 20 20 360 200 160
German 11,865 5,640 6,225 80,050 39,435 40,615
Icelandic 70 35 30 115 55 60
Norwegian 245 100 145 815 370 445
Swedish 295 130 165 875 405 470
Vlaams (Flemish) 100 50 50 320 150 170
Yiddish 80 40 45 140 70 70
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 55 30 25
Greek 1,590 795 795 3,130 1,655 1,475
Indo-Iranian languages 91,785 46,490 45,295 166,805 85,250 81,560
Indo-Aryan languages 78,710 39,685 39,030 145,900 74,320 71,580
Bengali 4,140 2,115 2,025 7,000 3,630 3,370
Gujarati 5,575 2,810 2,765 13,140 6,785 6,355
Hindi 7,390 3,765 3,625 17,055 8,675 8,385
Kashmiri 85 45 35 105 60 50
Konkani 175 90 85 370 190 185
Marathi 845 435 410 1,510 775 730
Nepali 1,940 1,020 920 5,175 2,690 2,490
Oriya (Odia) 100 50 45 190 100 90
Punjabi (Panjabi) 38,840 19,535 19,305 68,695 34,935 33,760
Sindhi 1,740 820 920 2,770 1,300 1,475
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 955 465 495 2,590 1,320 1,265
Urdu 16,930 8,530 8,405 27,295 13,865 13,430
Iranian languages 12,115 6,310 5,805 19,600 10,235 9,365
Kurdish 750 400 350 1,550 845 705
Pashto 1,640 840 800 2,560 1,320 1,235
Persian (Farsi) 9,725 5,065 4,660 15,490 8,070 7,425
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 955 505 455 1,310 695 615
Italic (Romance) languages 42,660 21,100 21,565 84,940 42,425 42,515
Catalan 45 20 25 75 30 45
Italian 5,430 2,765 2,660 11,375 5,760 5,615
Portuguese 3,700 1,770 1,930 9,050 4,380 4,670
Romanian 4,795 2,455 2,335 8,035 4,080 3,955
Spanish 28,685 14,080 14,600 56,370 28,160 28,205
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 35 20 15
Japanese 2,420 845 1,580 4,875 1,715 3,160
Kartvelian languages 130 75 60 230 130 105
Georgian 135 75 55 230 130 100
Korean 9,220 4,280 4,945 17,920 8,485 9,435
Mongolic languages 450 215 235 545 255 290
Mongolian 450 215 240 540 255 290
Niger-Congo languages 5,910 3,035 2,875 15,360 7,870 7,495
Akan (Twi) 705 370 335 1,755 915 835
Bamanankan 15 5 5 35 20 15
Edo 100 65 40 275 155 120
Ewe 60 35 25 245 145 100
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 80 40 35 230 120 100
Ga 70 35 30 145 80 65
Ganda 45 15 25 280 145 135
Igbo 705 380 330 1,165 625 540
Lingala 85 40 45 270 130 140
Rundi (Kirundi) 150 75 75 605 305 295
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 125 65 60 805 405 400
Shona 320 155 165 1,100 545 555
Swahili 795 390 410 2,380 1,160 1,215
Wolof 120 65 50 280 165 110
Yoruba 1,430 755 675 2,435 1,305 1,125
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,110 545 560 3,370 1,640 1,735
Nilo-Saharan languages 1,515 750 765 2,720 1,395 1,330
Dinka 725 365 360 1,345 705 640
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 785 380 405 1,375 685 690
Sign languages 260 150 110 830 440 390
American Sign Language 95 55 45 335 165 165
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 160 95 70 495 275 225
Sino-Tibetan languages 69,200 32,555 36,645 122,450 57,740 64,705
Chinese languages 67,960 31,940 36,015 120,375 56,675 63,700
Cantonese 34,235 16,085 18,150 59,145 27,755 31,385
Hakka 345 155 185 990 465 530
Mandarin 28,740 13,540 15,200 50,660 23,940 26,720
Min Dong 45 20 25 115 50 65
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,720 765 955 3,060 1,375 1,695
Wu (Shanghainese) 380 175 205 630 305 330
Chinese, n.o.s. 2,480 1,195 1,290 5,725 2,770 2,955
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 40 15 25
Tibeto-Burman languages 1,240 615 625 2,075 1,065 1,005
Burmese 265 140 130 430 230 200
Karenic languages 280 135 145 795 415 380
Tibetan 550 280 270 575 295 275
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 150 65 80 275 130 140
Tai-Kadai languages 1,115 400 715 2,670 955 1,710
Lao 470 210 255 1,020 485 535
Thai 635 185 450 1,630 465 1,165
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 10 5 5 20 10 15
Turkic languages 1,775 975 805 4,050 2,250 1,800
Azerbaijani 240 135 105 365 215 155
Turkish 1,265 715 555 3,140 1,760 1,375
Uyghur 60 30 30 130 70 60
Uzbek 75 40 35 205 115 90
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 140 65 80 215 95 120
Uralic languages 4,060 1,960 2,105 7,470 3,600 3,870
Estonian 95 50 45 190 90 105
Finnish 325 130 195 810 330 480
Hungarian 3,640 1,785 1,860 6,470 3,185 3,285
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 330 195 135 690 415 280
Multiple responses 40,255 19,605 20,650 92,070 44,900 47,175
English and French 3,600 1,715 1,885 10,230 4,950 5,280
English and non-official language 34,805 17,005 17,800 77,520 37,815 39,705
French and non-official language 1,060 550 510 2,685 1,375 1,305
English, French and non-official language 795 340 455 1,640 760 880
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 1,381,345 689,610 691,735 4,026,655 2,020,510 2,006,145
Single responses 1,294,345 647,120 647,220 3,837,615 1,928,230 1,909,385
Official languages 1,073,700 539,385 534,315 3,354,885 1,690,490 1,664,395
English 1,065,075 534,990 530,085 3,327,255 1,676,360 1,650,895
French 8,625 4,395 4,230 27,630 14,130 13,500
Non-official languages 220,640 107,735 112,905 482,725 237,740 244,990
Aboriginal languages 210 105 110 9,970 4,940 5,020
Algonquian languages 145 75 65 7,175 3,575 3,605
Blackfoot 65 30 30 1,110 555 555
Cree-Montagnais languages 70 40 35 5,875 2,925 2,945
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 5 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 10
Plains Cree 5 5 0 125 60 60
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 600 300 295
Cree, n.o.s. 60 30 25 5,120 2,540 2,575
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 5 5 190 95 95
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 5 5 5 185 90 95
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 15 10 10 620 320 300
Northern Athabaskan languages 20 10 5 620 325 300
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 10 5 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 5 0 0 540 280 260
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 5 5 5 5 0 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 5 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 60 35 30
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 55 30 25
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 5 5 5 10 0 10
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 5 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kutenai 5 0 5 0 0 0
Michif 5 0 5 10 5 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 40 15 25 2,125 1,025 1,095
Dakota 10 0 10 175 85 85
Stoney 25 10 15 1,945 935 1,010
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 5 25 15 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 220,435 107,630 112,800 472,760 232,800 239,965
Afro-Asiatic languages 18,255 9,320 8,935 43,770 22,535 21,235
Berber languages 65 40 25 200 105 95
Kabyle 30 15 15 90 45 40
Berber languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 105 60 45
Cushitic languages 1,645 805 845 9,220 4,750 4,470
Bilen 45 25 25 280 160 115
Oromo 705 350 360 2,075 1,060 1,015
Somali 885 425 460 6,850 3,520 3,325
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 16,525 8,475 8,055 34,310 17,660 16,655
Amharic 2,730 1,310 1,420 4,915 2,390 2,530
Arabic 11,010 5,690 5,320 24,230 12,555 11,675
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 200 105 100 260 130 130
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 80 40 35 95 50 40
Harari 50 25 25 165 80 85
Hebrew 260 130 130 460 235 225
Maltese 5 5 5 15 10 10
Tigrigna 2,045 1,095 955 3,955 2,095 1,860
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 145 70 75 210 110 100
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 45 20 20
Austro-Asiatic languages 9,365 4,400 4,970 16,355 7,635 8,715
Khmer (Cambodian) 440 215 225 960 460 500
Vietnamese 8,925 4,185 4,740 15,380 7,175 8,205
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 15 0 10
Austronesian languages 25,700 11,990 13,710 60,860 28,765 32,100
Bikol 45 25 20 70 40 35
Cebuano 865 410 455 2,110 1,015 1,090
Fijian 15 10 5 45 25 20
Hiligaynon 205 95 115 470 215 255
Ilocano 1,030 480 545 1,975 935 1,035
Malagasy 10 5 5 20 10 10
Malay 235 125 110 405 205 195
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 65 30 30 220 110 110
Pangasinan 15 5 10 45 20 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 23,010 10,720 12,290 55,105 26,005 29,100
Waray-Waray 50 25 25 125 60 60
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 145 65 85 280 120 155
Creole languages 290 145 140 970 495 475
Haitian Creole 5 0 5 50 25 25
Creole, n.o.s. 220 110 105 655 345 310
Creole languages, n.i.e. 65 35 30 270 125 140
Dravidian languages 3,185 1,615 1,565 8,460 4,335 4,125
Kannada 115 60 55 210 105 105
Malayalam 1,295 655 635 4,060 2,070 1,990
Tamil 1,190 600 590 2,915 1,515 1,395
Telugu 560 290 270 1,245 635 615
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 30 10 15
Hmong-Mien languages 60 30 35 70 35 35
Indo-European languages 102,690 51,075 51,620 230,270 115,280 114,995
Albanian 620 335 285 1,060 570 485
Armenian 105 55 55 215 115 105
Balto-Slavic languages 13,865 6,775 7,085 30,220 14,820 15,400
Baltic languages 240 130 110 410 210 200
Latvian 85 45 40 165 85 80
Lithuanian 155 80 70 250 125 120
Slavic languages 13,625 6,645 6,980 29,815 14,610 15,205
Belarusan 0 0 5 15 10 5
Bosnian 390 195 195 785 400 385
Bulgarian 485 240 235 825 415 405
Croatian 745 365 380 1,800 905 895
Czech 430 205 220 875 440 430
Macedonian 80 45 45 175 90 85
Polish 3,275 1,585 1,690 7,705 3,675 4,030
Russian 5,785 2,800 2,985 10,145 4,965 5,175
Serbian 945 465 480 2,100 1,045 1,055
Serbo-Croatian 180 90 90 315 160 155
Slovak 465 225 240 710 345 365
Slovene (Slovenian) 40 15 25 150 70 75
Ukrainian 790 395 395 4,180 2,060 2,110
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 55 30 25
Celtic languages 15 10 0 40 25 15
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0 15 15 5
Welsh 5 5 5 15 5 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 10 5 0
Germanic languages 2,725 1,300 1,430 40,915 20,280 20,625
Afrikaans 505 240 265 1,705 835 875
Danish 70 30 35 150 75 75
Dutch 490 235 255 1,980 985 1,000
Frisian 5 0 5 60 30 30
German 1,540 730 810 36,295 18,010 18,290
Icelandic 15 10 5 30 15 15
Norwegian 25 10 15 60 20 35
Swedish 50 25 30 145 65 80
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 5 5 60 30 25
Yiddish 10 5 5 15 5 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 425 215 210
Greek 500 230 265 1,015 490 525
Indo-Iranian languages 61,795 30,995 30,800 111,975 56,535 55,445
Indo-Aryan languages 53,300 26,715 26,585 98,610 49,790 48,815
Bengali 2,745 1,375 1,370 4,530 2,300 2,225
Gujarati 3,125 1,565 1,560 8,025 4,085 3,935
Hindi 4,130 2,125 2,010 9,945 5,115 4,825
Kashmiri 45 20 25 50 20 25
Konkani 30 15 15 75 40 40
Marathi 445 225 215 845 440 405
Nepali 1,340 690 645 3,710 1,905 1,805
Oriya (Odia) 50 25 20 95 50 45
Punjabi (Panjabi) 29,100 14,565 14,535 51,010 25,720 25,295
Sindhi 745 330 415 1,240 575 665
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 490 245 245 1,480 750 730
Urdu 11,065 5,530 5,535 17,600 8,795 8,810
Iranian languages 7,995 4,025 3,965 12,720 6,415 6,305
Kurdish 460 235 225 850 440 410
Pashto 1,055 535 520 1,640 845 795
Persian (Farsi) 6,480 3,255 3,225 10,230 5,135 5,100
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 500 255 245 650 325 325
Italic (Romance) languages 23,070 11,375 11,695 44,830 22,445 22,385
Catalan 20 10 10 35 10 20
Italian 1,270 565 705 2,840 1,275 1,560
Portuguese 1,770 860 910 3,905 1,875 2,030
Romanian 2,470 1,280 1,190 4,135 2,115 2,020
Spanish 17,540 8,665 8,875 33,910 17,160 16,755
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Japanese 1,105 485 625 2,245 945 1,300
Kartvelian languages 80 45 35 160 85 70
Georgian 85 45 35 160 85 70
Korean 6,565 3,130 3,435 12,775 6,205 6,570
Mongolic languages 280 135 145 335 160 175
Mongolian 280 135 145 335 155 175
Niger-Congo languages 1,825 875 950 5,600 2,725 2,875
Akan (Twi) 330 170 160 845 415 430
Bamanankan 5 5 0 10 10 0
Edo 25 10 15 70 35 35
Ewe 15 10 10 80 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 40 25 20 105 55 45
Ga 25 10 15 40 20 20
Ganda 0 5 0 95 50 50
Igbo 135 65 75 265 125 145
Lingala 25 10 15 85 35 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 60 35 35 280 135 145
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 25 10 15 350 175 170
Shona 95 40 55 410 190 225
Swahili 345 155 190 1,090 530 565
Wolof 60 35 30 170 95 75
Yoruba 345 170 180 690 340 350
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 280 135 145 1,015 485 535
Nilo-Saharan languages 910 440 475 1,525 765 755
Dinka 445 215 230 800 420 380
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 465 220 245 725 350 375
Sign languages 335 195 145 1,095 630 465
American Sign Language 90 45 40 325 170 155
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 255 155 100 765 455 310
Sino-Tibetan languages 46,860 22,300 24,565 82,380 39,230 43,155
Chinese languages 45,985 21,855 24,125 80,880 38,455 42,420
Cantonese 22,245 10,380 11,860 38,275 17,810 20,460
Hakka 95 35 60 315 135 185
Mandarin 21,140 10,245 10,895 37,125 18,030 19,095
Min Dong 5 0 5 20 5 10
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 675 295 385 1,245 540 705
Wu (Shanghainese) 210 110 105 340 175 165
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,605 795 815 3,550 1,760 1,785
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 10 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 875 440 440 1,500 770 730
Burmese 175 85 90 280 145 130
Karenic languages 235 110 130 665 340 320
Tibetan 400 210 190 420 220 200
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 70 35 35 140 65 75
Tai-Kadai languages 420 185 235 1,130 505 625
Lao 190 85 105 465 215 245
Thai 225 100 130 655 285 370
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 0 5 10 5 10
Turkic languages 1,000 520 475 2,390 1,270 1,120
Azerbaijani 105 55 45 155 90 75
Turkish 755 400 355 1,945 1,030 915
Uyghur 45 20 25 80 45 40
Uzbek 55 25 25 135 70 65
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25 70 35 25
Uralic languages 1,380 680 705 2,130 1,040 1,085
Estonian 15 5 10 25 10 15
Finnish 55 30 25 105 50 50
Hungarian 1,310 645 665 1,995 980 1,015
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 110 70 45 240 140 95
Multiple responses 87,000 42,490 44,510 189,040 92,280 96,760
English and French 2,450 1,215 1,230 6,885 3,410 3,475
English and non-official language 82,870 40,470 42,400 178,070 86,895 91,170
French and non-official language 390 190 200 1,125 540 580
English, French and non-official language 1,290 610 680 2,965 1,430 1,530
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 1,381,345 689,615 691,730 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140
None 1,154,535 579,705 574,830 3,492,295 1,760,240 1,732,055
English 97,375 48,485 48,900 221,305 110,655 110,650
French 13,880 6,315 7,565 41,840 19,470 22,375
Non-official language 111,480 53,085 58,390 262,255 125,640 136,615
Aboriginal 690 280 415 17,430 8,325 9,105
Non-Aboriginal 110,785 52,805 57,980 244,825 117,315 127,510
English and French 675 340 340 1,535 775 760
English and non-official language 2,145 1,095 1,045 4,545 2,345 2,195
French and non-official language 1,220 575 650 2,795 1,340 1,455
English, French and non-official language 35 20 15 85 50 40
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 1,113,985 553,435 560,545 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,058,110 525,830 532,275 3,053,470 1,528,275 1,525,190
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,974 53,951 35,687 42,717 54,891 33,213
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,058,325 525,890 532,440 3,054,135 1,528,420 1,525,715
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,003 46,422 32,464 38,067 47,131 30,478
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 991,395 504,130 487,265 2,839,590 1,458,560 1,381,030
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,801 53,736 34,999 42,330 54,528 32,099
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 603,670 236,975 366,695 1,785,065 711,210 1,073,855
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,050 2,073 3,390 4,093 3,834 4,185
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 863,730 449,090 414,640 2,473,665 1,301,630 1,172,030
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,080 53,428 35,946 42,679 54,361 32,982
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 1,113,965 553,420 560,545 3,206,045 1,602,810 1,603,235
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,058,645 525,895 532,750 3,054,555 1,528,100 1,526,455
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 69,177 88,050 50,548 62,778 80,001 45,535
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,058,830 525,945 532,885 3,055,230 1,528,240 1,526,995
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 54,906 68,058 41,925 50,683 62,938 38,417
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 991,730 504,230 487,500 2,840,675 1,458,210 1,382,465
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 69,906 88,800 50,363 62,997 80,282 44,766
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 603,830 236,925 366,905 1,784,345 710,105 1,074,240
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,470 6,455 6,480 7,175 7,298 7,093
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 863,730 448,880 414,845 2,473,665 1,299,805 1,173,855
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 65,505 81,526 48,170 59,343 74,073 43,031
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 1,113,965 553,425 560,545 3,206,050 1,602,810 1,603,240
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 407,690 233,060 174,625 1,152,385 669,770 482,615
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 66,442 74,517 57,725 64,090 73,781 53,836
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 91,015 106,334 70,571 81,586 94,822 63,218
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 94.7 96.7 91.3 93.3 95.8 89.1
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 77.0 78.9 73.7 76.5 78.9 72.3
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 5.3 3.3 8.7 6.7 4.2 10.9
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 1,113,985 553,440 560,545 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360
Without total income 55,875 27,610 28,270 152,585 74,410 78,170
With total income 1,058,110 525,830 532,275 3,053,470 1,528,280 1,525,190
Percentage with total income 95.0 95.0 95.0 95.2 95.4 95.1
Under $10,000 (including loss) 137,795 53,675 84,125 389,580 146,450 243,130
$10,000 to $19,999 130,050 51,980 78,065 385,235 147,125 238,110
$20,000 to $29,999 118,615 47,765 70,850 364,915 142,810 222,105
$30,000 to $39,999 102,090 45,305 56,780 305,680 131,185 174,490
$40,000 to $49,999 98,245 46,560 51,680 286,615 133,715 152,900
$50,000 to $59,999 85,120 42,580 42,540 247,830 124,720 123,115
$60,000 to $69,999 70,325 37,550 32,780 205,840 114,405 91,430
$70,000 to $79,999 56,815 32,105 24,710 165,640 99,645 65,995
$80,000 to $89,999 45,800 26,625 19,175 132,720 82,700 50,020
$90,000 to $99,999 38,945 22,460 16,485 114,010 70,655 43,350
$100,000 and over 174,305 119,220 55,090 455,410 334,865 120,550
$100,000 to $149,999 96,090 60,925 35,165 274,185 191,710 82,475
$150,000 and over 78,215 58,290 19,930 181,225 143,150 38,075
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 1,113,985 553,440 560,545 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,365
Without after-tax income 55,655 27,550 28,110 151,915 74,270 77,645
With after-tax income 1,058,330 525,890 532,440 3,054,135 1,528,420 1,525,715
Percentage with after-tax income 95.0 95.0 95.0 95.3 95.4 95.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 141,235 54,750 86,490 399,005 149,280 249,725
$10,000 to $19,999 135,750 54,530 81,220 402,780 154,330 248,450
$20,000 to $29,999 137,235 56,100 81,140 420,955 166,650 254,300
$30,000 to $39,999 127,800 58,980 68,820 377,590 169,665 207,925
$40,000 to $49,999 119,540 59,170 60,375 347,960 172,595 175,365
$50,000 to $59,999 94,345 50,305 44,040 276,970 153,985 122,985
$60,000 to $69,999 71,485 40,765 30,720 208,265 127,045 81,220
$70,000 to $79,999 54,845 32,040 22,800 160,580 100,970 59,610
$80,000 and over 176,090 119,260 56,830 460,030 333,895 126,140
$80,000 to $89,999 41,415 24,490 16,920 121,015 78,400 42,620
$90,000 to $99,999 28,595 18,085 10,510 82,020 57,375 24,645
$100,000 and over 106,080 76,690 29,390 257,000 198,120 58,875
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 1,113,985 553,440 560,545 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360
Without employment income 250,255 104,350 145,910 732,385 301,060 431,330
With employment income 863,730 449,090 414,640 2,473,665 1,301,630 1,172,035
Percentage with employment income 77.5 81.1 74.0 77.2 81.2 73.1
Under $5,000 (including loss) 90,985 41,065 49,920 273,835 122,830 151,005
$5,000 to $9,999 55,495 23,595 31,900 164,095 68,100 95,990
$10,000 to $19,999 94,220 40,565 53,660 274,105 113,680 160,430
$20,000 to $29,999 81,015 34,610 46,405 235,620 96,855 138,760
$30,000 to $39,999 77,870 35,925 41,945 227,450 100,650 126,805
$40,000 to $49,999 76,565 36,805 39,755 219,155 103,680 115,475
$50,000 to $59,999 67,875 34,070 33,800 195,145 99,285 95,860
$60,000 to $69,999 56,520 30,975 25,545 163,465 92,950 70,515
$70,000 to $79,999 46,780 26,710 20,070 135,150 83,240 51,910
$80,000 and over 216,400 144,765 71,640 585,640 420,365 165,280
$80,000 to $89,999 38,545 22,880 15,665 111,045 71,210 39,835
$90,000 to $99,999 33,975 19,695 14,275 99,785 62,305 37,480
$100,000 and over 143,885 102,185 41,695 374,815 286,855 87,960
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 519,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,527,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 99,583  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 93,835  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 84,773  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 122,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 366,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 52,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 47,948  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 44,957  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 41,502  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 397,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,161,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 117,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 99,568  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 94,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 519,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,527,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 140,919  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 125,522  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 111,867  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,361  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 122,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 365,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 71,649  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 64,341  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 57,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 52,116  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 397,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,162,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 162,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 144,729  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 128,709  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 116,821  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 519,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,527,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 7,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 21,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 5,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 9,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 14,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 51,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 11,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 12,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 42,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 13,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 14,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 14,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 30,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 95,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 31,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 95,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 30,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 29,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 28,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 84,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 258,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 712,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 62,815  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 184,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 48,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 142,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 63,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 181,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 84,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 202,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 519,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,527,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 8,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 23,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 5,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 10,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 15,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 55,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 13,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 44,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 15,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 50,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 16,905  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 55,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 18,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 57,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 19,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,195  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 38,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 119,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 38,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 116,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 37,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 112,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 35,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 106,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 32,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 95,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 209,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 565,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 65,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 192,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 46,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 132,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 97,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 240,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 375,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,099,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 116,039  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 109,997  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 98,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 93,588  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 128,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 407,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 108,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,283  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 91,303  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 86,043  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 186,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 511,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 137,496  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 133,186  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 115,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,951  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 47,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 146,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 67,746  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 62,909  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 60,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 57,079  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 375,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,101,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 162,881  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 144,493  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 128,783  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 116,343  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 128,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 408,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 156,808  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 137,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 123,381  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 110,236  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 186,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 512,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 188,019  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 169,354  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 147,593  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 135,623  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 47,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 145,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 89,696  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,406  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 75,267  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 68,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 199,990 104,835 95,160 577,475 308,835 268,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 44,763 47,895 41,394 42,598 47,903 37,344
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 39,249 41,382 36,880 37,648 41,340 33,785
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 199,555 104,735 94,825 573,385 306,195 267,190
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 60,832 66,027 55,095 56,856 63,468 49,280
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 49,266 52,646 45,533 46,559 50,990 41,481
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 1,374,650 687,050 687,600 3,978,150 1,998,500 1,979,650
In the bottom half of the distribution 495,670 241,190 254,485 1,527,695 739,210 788,485
In the bottom decile 96,955 48,270 48,680 293,490 143,880 149,605
In the second decile 86,825 40,300 46,525 278,635 128,055 150,575
In the third decile 95,100 45,585 49,515 297,695 142,090 155,605
In the fourth decile 102,905 50,495 52,410 315,570 154,815 160,760
In the fifth decile 113,890 56,535 57,355 342,305 170,375 171,935
In the top half of the distribution 878,980 445,860 433,120 2,450,450 1,259,285 1,191,160
In the sixth decile 123,065 61,590 61,480 366,250 183,860 182,390
In the seventh decile 133,460 67,065 66,395 397,275 201,465 195,810
In the eighth decile 148,820 75,330 73,490 443,585 227,385 216,200
In the ninth decile 180,235 91,125 89,105 522,545 268,995 253,555
In the top decile 293,410 150,755 142,650 720,795 377,585 343,215
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 1,373,010 686,215 686,790 3,925,220 1,971,735 1,953,485
0 to 17 years 307,210 157,515 149,690 893,255 458,330 434,925
0 to 5 years 106,845 54,790 52,055 310,080 158,825 151,260
18 to 64 years 924,220 462,145 462,075 2,580,730 1,298,440 1,282,295
65 years and over 141,575 66,550 75,020 451,235 214,965 236,265
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 121,990 58,430 63,565 363,890 171,945 191,940
0 to 17 years 37,410 19,210 18,195 114,215 58,665 55,555
0 to 5 years 13,335 6,835 6,500 41,755 21,350 20,400
18 to 64 years 73,095 34,830 38,270 210,870 98,415 112,455
65 years and over 11,485 4,390 7,100 38,800 14,875 23,925
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 8.9 8.5 9.3 9.3 8.7 9.8
0 to 17 years (%) 12.2 12.2 12.2 12.8 12.8 12.8
0 to 5 years (%) 12.5 12.5 12.5 13.5 13.4 13.5
18 to 64 years (%) 7.9 7.5 8.3 8.2 7.6 8.8
65 years and over (%) 8.1 6.6 9.5 8.6 6.9 10.1
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 111,150 55,085 56,065 273,515 134,180 139,335
0 to 17 years 30,055 15,465 14,595 76,930 39,385 37,550
0 to 5 years 10,685 5,475 5,210 28,190 14,420 13,770
18 to 64 years 74,510 36,940 37,570 181,805 88,715 93,095
65 years and over 6,585 2,685 3,905 14,780 6,085 8,695
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 8.1 8.0 8.2 7.0 6.8 7.1
0 to 17 years (%) 9.8 9.8 9.8 8.6 8.6 8.6
0 to 5 years (%) 10.0 10.0 10.0 9.1 9.1 9.1
18 to 64 years (%) 8.1 8.0 8.1 7.0 6.8 7.3
65 years and over (%) 4.7 4.0 5.2 3.3 2.8 3.7
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 1,374,650 687,050 687,600 3,978,145 1,998,500 1,979,645
Official languages 1,344,650 674,485 670,160 3,920,530 1,974,435 1,946,095
English 1,343,335 673,895 669,440 3,916,805 1,972,800 1,944,005
French 101,440 46,945 54,495 264,600 123,940 140,660
Non-official languages 484,740 235,150 249,590 1,082,425 527,770 554,655
Aboriginal languages 1,305 515 785 36,465 17,415 19,045
Algonquian languages 920 365 555 29,675 14,120 15,555
Blackfoot 355 120 230 5,575 2,665 2,905
Cree-Montagnais languages 480 215 270 23,465 11,155 12,310
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 25 0 15
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 15 0 0 90 20 70
Plains Cree 135 70 65 1,580 620 965
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 10 10 0
Swampy Cree 10 0 0 45 25 25
Woods Cree 65 10 55 1,135 525 610
Cree, n.o.s. 255 120 140 20,665 9,990 10,675
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 35 15 15
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 35 15 15
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 110 45 60 955 425 530
Algonquin 0 0 0 10 10 0
Ojibway 95 40 55 925 415 505
Oji-Cree 10 10 10 20 10 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 10 0 0 10
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Athabaskan languages 175 75 95 2,640 1,255 1,385
Northern Athabaskan languages 175 75 95 2,630 1,250 1,380
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 85 50 35
Carrier 0 0 0 45 10 35
Chilcotin 10 0 0 20 15 10
Dene 20 10 10 2,010 975 1,035
Dogrib (Tlicho) 10 0 0 75 30 45
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 135 60 75 150 65 85
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 10 10 0 285 140 145
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 25 15 10
South Slavey 10 10 0 190 90 100
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 75 35 45
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 10 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Haida 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuit languages 40 10 25 135 50 80
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 25 10 10 35 10 25
Inuktitut 10 0 10 60 20 35
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 25 20
Iroquoian languages 10 10 0 40 25 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 10 0
Mohawk 10 10 0 35 25 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 10
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 20 10 15 145 75 70
Salish languages 0 0 10 50 25 25
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 10 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 15 10 10
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 10 0 0 10 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 0
Siouan languages 130 35 100 4,050 2,005 2,045
Dakota 60 25 35 530 285 245
Stoney 95 15 75 3,650 1,790 1,855
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 10 0 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 10 0 0
Tsimshian languages 15 10 10 35 15 15
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 15 10 0 20 10 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 15 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 10 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 10 0 0 10 10 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 15 10 0 30 15 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 483,460 234,650 248,815 1,046,245 510,495 535,750
Afro-Asiatic languages 41,755 21,940 19,815 96,210 50,675 45,535
Berber languages 200 140 60 540 335 205
Kabyle 110 60 45 225 125 90
Berber languages, n.i.e. 90 80 15 315 210 110
Cushitic languages 3,580 1,825 1,760 15,445 8,055 7,385
Bilen 65 45 25 370 235 135
Oromo 1,370 715 655 3,125 1,625 1,500
Somali 2,175 1,085 1,090 12,030 6,240 5,795
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 55 20 40
Semitic languages 38,585 20,340 18,240 82,200 43,405 38,800
Amharic 5,780 2,930 2,845 10,870 5,595 5,275
Arabic 28,530 15,190 13,345 62,730 33,365 29,370
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 335 170 165 430 225 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 120 55 60 150 70 75
Harari 95 50 45 340 150 185
Hebrew 1,610 775 835 3,250 1,650 1,600
Maltese 40 30 10 145 85 55
Tigrigna 3,565 1,935 1,630 7,315 3,915 3,400
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 250 140 110 450 250 205
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 170 105 70 375 225 145
Austro-Asiatic languages 18,485 8,785 9,695 32,730 15,440 17,290
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,200 655 545 2,700 1,375 1,330
Vietnamese 17,345 8,165 9,180 30,150 14,130 16,015
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 15 0 10
Austronesian languages 60,875 26,185 34,690 145,745 63,615 82,130
Bikol 170 65 105 330 150 180
Cebuano 2,825 1,250 1,575 6,690 2,940 3,750
Fijian 140 75 60 340 195 145
Hiligaynon 930 365 565 1,760 745 1,020
Ilocano 3,690 1,595 2,100 7,370 3,160 4,215
Malagasy 45 20 20 80 40 40
Malay 1,505 710 795 3,040 1,435 1,610
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 445 215 230 1,185 565 625
Pangasinan 205 80 120 445 190 250
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 57,570 24,600 32,975 138,440 60,115 78,325
Waray-Waray 195 80 115 420 170 245
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 570 240 335 1,160 505 650
Creole languages 1,790 890 895 4,585 2,390 2,195
Haitian Creole 80 45 35 255 140 115
Creole, n.o.s. 1,110 560 555 2,675 1,425 1,250
Creole languages, n.i.e. 600 295 310 1,680 840 850
Dravidian languages 7,230 3,795 3,440 18,190 9,660 8,525
Kannada 540 270 275 1,035 520 515
Malayalam 2,605 1,375 1,230 8,150 4,255 3,900
Tamil 3,215 1,695 1,520 7,195 3,900 3,295
Telugu 1,290 680 615 2,910 1,560 1,345
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 75 40 40 150 80 70
Hmong-Mien languages 85 40 45 115 55 55
Indo-European languages 248,155 123,285 124,870 550,490 274,510 275,980
Albanian 1,735 915 825 2,880 1,550 1,325
Armenian 295 165 130 530 255 275
Balto-Slavic languages 36,635 17,825 18,810 93,150 44,750 48,395
Baltic languages 645 310 335 1,360 660 705
Latvian 265 140 125 590 300 290
Lithuanian 380 170 210 775 360 415
Slavic languages 36,225 17,635 18,595 92,300 44,340 47,960
Belarusan 70 30 45 200 95 105
Bosnian 1,330 715 615 2,880 1,450 1,435
Bulgarian 1,100 590 515 1,795 945 850
Croatian 2,770 1,375 1,390 6,280 3,260 3,025
Czech 1,795 840 955 3,590 1,650 1,940
Macedonian 275 150 125 535 270 265
Polish 9,565 4,595 4,970 23,650 11,455 12,195
Russian 13,705 6,585 7,115 27,375 13,195 14,175
Serbian 2,365 1,170 1,195 5,355 2,630 2,730
Serbo-Croatian 575 315 260 1,095 550 540
Slovak 1,605 880 725 2,780 1,495 1,285
Slovene (Slovenian) 330 155 170 735 360 375
Ukrainian 4,770 2,165 2,605 26,600 11,980 14,620
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 70 35 40 250 120 130
Celtic languages 465 220 245 1,180 615 560
Scottish Gaelic 170 85 85 440 215 225
Welsh 110 65 50 315 180 130
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 190 75 110 450 220 225
Germanic languages 27,585 13,695 13,890 112,670 56,325 56,345
Afrikaans 1,955 1,040 920 5,165 2,655 2,515
Danish 1,060 500 560 2,800 1,360 1,440
Dutch 4,940 2,445 2,495 19,480 9,595 9,890
Frisian 65 25 35 475 275 205
German 19,080 9,585 9,490 83,010 41,905 41,105
Icelandic 80 40 45 160 70 95
Norwegian 495 195 300 1,450 635 810
Swedish 640 310 330 1,635 800 835
Vlaams (Flemish) 125 60 65 380 170 215
Yiddish 175 100 75 250 130 115
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 70 25 45 2,115 1,095 1,015
Greek 2,490 1,255 1,235 4,935 2,535 2,400
Indo-Iranian languages 114,370 58,080 56,290 206,725 106,045 100,675
Indo-Aryan languages 101,665 51,330 50,335 186,005 95,045 90,960
Bengali 5,050 2,540 2,510 8,530 4,385 4,140
Gujarati 8,585 4,165 4,420 18,005 8,945 9,055
Hindi 29,820 15,285 14,535 61,290 31,900 29,385
Kashmiri 65 45 20 125 80 45
Konkani 380 200 185 625 300 320
Marathi 1,545 805 740 2,575 1,385 1,195
Nepali 2,220 1,225 995 5,510 3,000 2,510
Oriya (Odia) 145 75 75 255 135 120
Punjabi (Panjabi) 51,070 25,905 25,165 90,485 46,350 44,135
Sindhi 2,765 1,220 1,540 4,595 2,065 2,530
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,395 690 700 3,800 1,925 1,875
Urdu 26,020 13,300 12,720 41,235 21,245 20,000
Iranian languages 13,580 7,145 6,435 22,140 11,665 10,475
Kurdish 1,005 545 460 1,930 1,100 825
Pashto 2,185 1,180 1,005 3,330 1,795 1,530
Persian (Farsi) 10,760 5,670 5,090 17,600 9,220 8,375
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 1,170 635 535 1,760 960 805
Italic (Romance) languages 70,645 34,285 36,360 142,340 69,885 72,450
Catalan 85 45 35 170 95 80
Italian 9,565 4,720 4,840 19,900 9,875 10,020
Portuguese 5,365 2,635 2,730 12,670 6,255 6,415
Romanian 5,945 3,095 2,850 9,915 5,185 4,735
Spanish 52,265 25,140 27,120 104,445 50,960 53,490
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 75 45 30 250 130 125
Japanese 4,400 1,990 2,415 9,215 4,115 5,100
Kartvelian languages 140 90 50 225 130 100
Georgian 140 90 50 230 130 100
Korean 10,240 4,790 5,455 19,950 9,405 10,545
Mongolic languages 660 310 350 800 375 430
Mongolian 660 305 350 800 370 430
Niger-Congo languages 12,065 6,090 5,970 29,430 14,980 14,450
Akan (Twi) 1,150 610 545 2,925 1,505 1,420
Bamanankan 20 10 10 60 30 30
Edo 240 145 95 620 325 290
Ewe 75 35 40 335 170 165
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 135 80 60 300 165 135
Ga 115 65 50 345 190 155
Ganda 80 30 45 610 305 305
Igbo 1,495 785 710 2,550 1,345 1,210
Lingala 430 225 195 1,240 640 605
Rundi (Kirundi) 170 95 80 830 420 410
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 105 40 60 1,155 605 550
Shona 510 225 285 1,810 850 960
Swahili 2,420 1,195 1,230 6,700 3,470 3,235
Wolof 330 195 135 600 365 235
Yoruba 3,455 1,750 1,705 5,930 3,035 2,890
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 2,195 1,055 1,145 6,585 3,265 3,320
Nilo-Saharan languages 1,695 780 915 3,070 1,495 1,575
Dinka 785 380 400 1,655 825 825
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 915 400 515 1,425 675 750
Sign languages 1,685 715 970 5,910 2,350 3,555
American Sign Language 905 350 560 3,085 1,130 1,955
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 10 0 0 10
Sign languages, n.i.e. 790 375 415 2,855 1,230 1,625
Sino-Tibetan languages 80,270 38,240 42,030 141,860 67,945 73,915
Chinese languages 78,780 37,515 41,265 139,385 66,700 72,685
Cantonese 43,115 20,355 22,755 74,770 35,490 39,280
Hakka 425 180 245 1,180 515 660
Mandarin 39,405 18,550 20,855 70,510 33,310 37,195
Min Dong 60 35 25 85 50 40
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 2,415 1,010 1,400 4,140 1,765 2,380
Wu (Shanghainese) 575 245 330 855 380 470
Chinese, n.o.s. 3,105 1,545 1,570 6,335 3,160 3,175
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 55 25 35
Tibeto-Burman languages 1,525 735 795 2,590 1,290 1,300
Burmese 345 160 180 605 305 295
Karenic languages 295 140 150 805 415 390
Tibetan 800 400 400 860 430 430
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 155 60 95 445 215 235
Tai-Kadai languages 1,510 625 885 3,705 1,510 2,195
Lao 635 300 335 1,520 730 795
Thai 975 380 595 2,400 850 1,545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 45 25 25
Turkic languages 2,585 1,380 1,205 5,795 3,180 2,625
Azerbaijani 350 165 180 630 325 300
Turkish 1,710 980 735 4,255 2,420 1,835
Uyghur 135 65 70 290 135 155
Uzbek 245 110 135 425 200 225
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 200 90 110 355 170 180
Uralic languages 4,810 2,310 2,505 8,895 4,315 4,575
Estonian 110 50 60 185 85 105
Finnish 350 160 190 1,045 455 590
Hungarian 4,350 2,100 2,250 7,660 3,770 3,890
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 785 440 345 1,820 1,025 790
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 1,374,650 687,050 687,600 3,978,145 1,998,495 1,979,645
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 1,220,070 612,475 607,590 3,622,740 1,825,135 1,797,600
Canadian citizens aged under 18 282,095 144,675 137,420 854,815 439,065 415,755
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 937,975 467,800 470,170 2,767,920 1,386,070 1,381,850
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 154,585 74,575 80,010 355,410 173,365 182,045
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 1,374,650 687,050 687,600 3,978,145 1,998,495 1,979,650
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 942,785 477,115 465,665 3,062,775 1,550,445 1,512,335
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 404,700 196,445 208,260 845,220 412,320 432,895
Before 1981 69,585 34,700 34,885 163,460 81,620 81,840
1981 to 1990 41,035 19,545 21,495 86,350 41,690 44,660
1991 to 2000 68,565 32,850 35,715 131,560 62,930 68,630
2001 to 2010 132,260 64,205 68,055 256,055 125,235 130,820
2001 to 2005 59,300 28,975 30,325 109,145 53,425 55,720
2006 to 2010 72,960 35,235 37,730 146,910 71,810 75,100
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 93,255 45,140 48,115 207,790 100,845 106,945
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 27,170 13,490 13,680 70,155 35,735 34,420
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 404,700 196,440 208,260 845,220 412,320 432,895
Under 5 years 37,370 19,075 18,295 82,175 42,200 39,975
5 to 14 years 69,005 35,815 33,190 149,815 77,820 71,995
15 to 24 years 79,350 36,525 42,825 168,965 78,215 90,755
25 to 44 years 181,400 87,250 94,150 372,805 180,265 192,535
45 years and over 37,575 17,775 19,800 71,450 33,820 37,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 404,705 196,445 208,255 845,215 412,325 432,895
Americas 44,350 21,140 23,205 103,540 49,345 54,190
Brazil 1,470 675 800 2,545 1,100 1,440
Colombia 5,805 2,755 3,050 9,535 4,570 4,960
El Salvador 2,450 1,240 1,215 7,255 3,725 3,530
Guyana 865 435 430 2,555 1,200 1,355
Haiti 525 280 250 1,270 675 600
Jamaica 3,085 1,405 1,680 6,845 3,170 3,680
Mexico 4,480 2,200 2,290 15,665 7,860 7,805
Peru 1,115 475 645 1,920 780 1,140
Trinidad and Tobago 1,470 720 750 3,415 1,670 1,750
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 12,110 5,550 6,560 30,460 13,675 16,785
Other places of birth in Americas 10,965 5,415 5,550 22,075 10,925 11,150
Europe 81,045 40,575 40,470 189,770 95,355 94,415
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2,065 1,060 1,010 4,555 2,325 2,230
Croatia 1,310 685 630 3,080 1,615 1,465
France 1,285 635 655 2,535 1,215 1,320
Germany 6,485 3,080 3,400 19,205 9,485 9,715
Greece 940 490 450 2,005 1,115 890
Hungary 1,965 970 990 3,665 1,880 1,785
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 1,685 895 790 3,935 2,100 1,835
Italy 3,855 2,070 1,790 8,110 4,370 3,745
Netherlands 3,385 1,815 1,570 14,035 7,420 6,610
Poland 6,845 3,240 3,600 16,925 8,045 8,880
Portugal 1,165 535 635 4,050 1,985 2,070
Romania 4,515 2,260 2,255 7,725 3,930 3,795
Russian Federation 4,000 1,720 2,285 7,260 3,135 4,125
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 1,120 575 550 2,255 1,080 1,170
Ukraine 2,965 1,365 1,600 8,150 3,700 4,455
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 26,175 13,470 12,710 59,215 30,280 28,935
Other places of birth in Europe 11,270 5,715 5,560 23,060 11,670 11,390
Africa 40,865 20,905 19,960 89,740 46,705 43,030
Algeria 770 415 355 1,340 715 625
Egypt 2,930 1,565 1,365 5,320 2,940 2,375
Ethiopia 5,230 2,585 2,645 10,570 5,355 5,215
Kenya 2,735 1,330 1,405 5,120 2,555 2,565
Morocco 685 360 325 1,695 1,005 695
Nigeria 7,685 3,995 3,695 12,405 6,520 5,880
Somalia 1,340 630 710 7,060 3,665 3,395
South Africa, Republic of 3,015 1,570 1,440 7,355 3,670 3,685
Other places of birth in Africa 16,470 8,460 8,015 38,865 20,275 18,590
Asia