Census Profile, 2016 Census
Kelowna [Census metropolitan area], British Columbia and British Columbia [Province]

Select a table view
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Kelowna
British Columbia
[Census metropolitan area]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , Kelowna [Census metropolitan area], British Columbia  Map : Kelowna [Census metropolitan area], British Columbia Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 1 Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 194,882  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,648,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 179,839  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,400,057  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 8.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 88,374  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,063,417  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 81,383  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,969  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 67.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 2,904.86  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 922,503.01  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 194,885 94,760 100,125 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 27,590 13,920 13,665 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 8,545 4,375 4,170 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 9,560 4,780 4,780 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 9,485 4,770 4,715 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 125,625 61,530 64,095 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 10,490 5,385 5,105 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 12,090 6,205 5,885 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 11,735 5,965 5,765 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 12,140 6,020 6,110 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 11,135 5,450 5,680 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 11,085 5,575 5,505 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 12,385 6,065 6,325 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 14,660 6,790 7,870 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 15,660 7,390 8,275 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 14,245 6,675 7,570 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 41,670 19,305 22,365 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 13,080 6,310 6,765 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 9,615 4,605 5,010 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 7,555 3,555 4,000 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 5,665 2,650 3,020 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 5,755 2,185 3,575 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 3,675 1,545 2,125 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 1,630 515 1,110 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 405 115 290 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 45 5 40 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 14.2 14.7 13.6 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 64.5 64.9 64.0 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 21.4 20.4 22.3 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 3.0 2.3 3.6 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 44.0 43.0 44.9 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 45.5 44.0 46.8 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 81,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 42,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 830,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 1,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 177,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 33,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 824,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 3,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 57,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 4,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 147,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 7,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 230,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 17,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 385,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 200  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 3,690  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 81,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 21,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 541,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 33,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 663,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 11,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 277,690  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 9,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 243,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 5,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 155,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 190,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,560,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 167,295 80,835 86,460 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 100,010 49,985 50,025 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 82,660 41,310 41,345 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 17,350 8,675 8,680 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 67,285 30,850 36,435 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 40,220 22,095 18,120 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 4,735 1,945 2,790 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 12,255 4,680 7,575 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 10,075 2,130 7,950 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 56,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,311,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 34,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 703,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 10,195  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 275,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 9,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 243,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 3,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 87,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 56,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,311,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 48,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,113,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 40,210  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 927,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 8,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 185,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 7,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 197,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 6,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 155,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 1,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 42,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 48,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,113,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 29,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 577,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 19,870  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 535,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 8,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 221,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 8,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 230,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 3,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 83,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 7,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 197,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 5,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 125,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 2,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 54,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 630  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,145  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 37,545 17,445 20,100 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 81,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 53,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,195,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 27,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 527,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 26,145  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 668,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 1,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 55,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 26,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 630,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 21,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 541,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 4,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 192,830 93,780 99,050 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 179,040 87,560 91,480 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 60 25 40 1,810 820 985
English and French 12,850 5,810 7,045 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 880 390 495 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 192,825 93,780 99,050 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 188,865 91,940 96,920 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 2,830 1,335 1,495 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 295 140 155 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 835 360 475 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 2,980 1,405 1,575 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 192,825 93,775 99,050 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 190,855 92,880 97,970 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 168,565 82,565 85,995 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 165,465 81,140 84,320 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 3,105 1,425 1,680 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 22,290 10,310 11,975 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 115 55 60 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 25 10 15 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 5 0 5 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 15 10 10 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 5 0 5 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 25 15 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 10 5 5 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 5 5 155 55 105
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 5 0 5 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 20 10 15 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 20 10 10 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 5 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 10 0 5 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 5 5 0 650 295 355
Dene 0 0 5 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 5 5 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 0 0 0 35 20 10
Salish languages 60 35 25 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 230 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 50 30 20 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 5 0 5 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 5 5 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Siouan languages 0 5 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 5 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 875 435 445
Nisga'a 0 5 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 0 0 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 22,170 10,260 11,915 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 385 225 165 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 0 0 0 115 75 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 5 5 0 1,505 765 740
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 5 0 5 205 115 95
Somali 0 0 0 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Semitic languages 380 220 160 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 20 5 10 1,370 670 700
Arabic 305 190 115 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 440 245 200
Harari 0 0 0 20 5 15
Hebrew 35 20 15 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 15 5 15 215 100 115
Tigrigna 5 0 5 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 300 125 175 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 15 5 5 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 285 120 165 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 1,265 455 810 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 5 0 5 375 165 215
Cebuano 70 20 45 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 5 5 0 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 15 5 10 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 70 30 45 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 5 0 0 20 10 15
Malay 55 15 40 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 5 0 700 320 380
Pangasinan 5 0 0 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,010 355 655 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 5 0 5 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 25 10 15 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 0 0 5 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 10 5 0 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 65 35 30 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 0 0 0 280 150 135
Malayalam 30 15 15 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 25 15 15 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 5 0 5 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 16,650 7,910 8,735 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 30 15 15 1,465 765 705
Armenian 5 0 0 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 3,780 1,680 2,105 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 55 20 30 1,070 485 585
Latvian 30 10 20 565 255 300
Lithuanian 25 10 10 505 225 280
Slavic languages 3,730 1,655 2,075 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 10 5 5 95 45 50
Bosnian 55 25 30 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 35 15 20 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 315 155 160 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 310 150 160 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 10 10 0 325 160 165
Polish 780 355 430 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 830 360 470 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 180 90 95 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 50 30 20 1,395 670 725
Slovak 120 55 70 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 120 60 55 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 880 340 535 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 345 175 170
Celtic languages 15 5 5 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 10 5 0 240 130 110
Welsh 10 5 5 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 50 45
Germanic languages 7,125 3,355 3,765 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 175 95 80 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 170 80 90 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 1,070 525 550 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 5 10 0 295 145 145
German 5,490 2,565 2,925 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 10 5 5 275 135 145
Norwegian 75 30 45 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 100 35 60 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 25 10 15 445 220 225
Yiddish 5 0 0 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 45 25
Greek 140 80 65 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 2,975 1,535 1,440 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 2,590 1,335 1,260 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 110 65 45 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 45 25 20 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 205 115 95 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 5 0 0 65 35 25
Konkani 0 0 0 255 130 125
Marathi 10 5 0 620 325 295
Nepali 40 15 20 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,070 1,040 1,025 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 10 5 0 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 20 15 15 1,675 845 830
Urdu 80 50 30 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 380 200 180 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 20 15 5 1,765 945 825
Pashto 10 5 0 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 355 185 170 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 2,580 1,240 1,335 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 0 0 0 160 85 75
Italian 890 455 435 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 395 180 215 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 240 125 120 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 1,040 475 565 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 105 65 40
Japanese 410 130 280 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 5 5 0 85 50 35
Georgian 10 5 5 85 50 40
Korean 445 220 230 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 360 150 205
Mongolian 0 0 0 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 60 30 30 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 5 0 0 495 275 220
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 85 50 35
Ewe 0 0 0 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 25 20
Ga 0 0 0 45 20 25
Ganda 5 0 0 90 45 45
Igbo 10 5 0 245 145 105
Lingala 0 0 0 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 5 5 155 70 80
Shona 10 5 10 215 100 115
Swahili 15 10 5 805 400 405
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 25
Yoruba 5 5 5 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 340 175 165
Dinka 0 0 0 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 240 115 125
Sign languages 55 25 30 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 35 15 20 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 20 10 10 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,455 645 810 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 1,450 645 805 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 515 220 295 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 15 10 10 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 750 335 420 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 0 0 0 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 55 25 25 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 10 5 5 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 105 50 55 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 5 5 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 5 0 0 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 0 0 0 815 395 425
Tibetan 0 0 0 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 105 25 75 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 10 5 10 1,100 550 550
Thai 90 20 70 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 50 30 20 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 5 0 5 530 290 235
Turkish 45 25 15 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 5 0 0 170 85 85
Uzbek 0 0 0 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 190 80 110
Uralic languages 885 380 505 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 20 10 10 705 295 410
Finnish 175 70 115 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 685 305 385 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 500 280 225
Multiple responses 1,975 900 1,080 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 400 195 210 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 1,485 655 825 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 60 35 25 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 25 10 15 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 192,830 93,780 99,050 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 188,925 92,010 96,920 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 182,040 88,695 93,350 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 181,320 88,365 92,955 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 720 330 390 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 6,885 3,315 3,570 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 5 0 5 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 0 5 0 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 5 0 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 5 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 5 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 5 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 6,885 3,315 3,570 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 170 95 75 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 5 5 5 770 355 415
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 5 5 5 90 50 45
Somali 0 0 0 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 170 95 75 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 5 0 0 600 275 320
Arabic 145 85 70 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 310 165 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 15 10 5 900 465 440
Maltese 0 0 0 15 5 10
Tigrigna 0 0 0 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 165 70 95 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 0 0 800 375 420
Vietnamese 165 70 95 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 440 185 250 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 0 0 0 75 30 35
Cebuano 20 5 15 1,305 585 715
Fijian 0 0 0 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 10 5 0 415 175 240
Ilocano 15 5 5 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 5 0 0 10 5 10
Malay 20 5 10 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 150 70 80
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 370 155 215 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 310 150 160
Creole languages 5 5 0 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 0 5 5 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 30 10 20 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 0 0 0 110 55 60
Malayalam 15 5 10 1,225 615 605
Tamil 5 5 0 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 0 5 0 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 4,470 2,195 2,275 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 15 5 5 695 335 360
Armenian 0 0 0 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 825 390 435 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 20 10 10 210 90 115
Latvian 0 0 0 80 30 50
Lithuanian 15 10 10 125 60 65
Slavic languages 805 380 425 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Bosnian 15 10 10 595 300 300
Bulgarian 5 0 0 1,035 485 550
Croatian 60 30 30 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 80 40 45 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 5 5 5 150 75 75
Polish 195 90 100 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 235 110 130 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 60 30 35 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 20 5 10 500 235 265
Slovak 25 10 15 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 20 15 10 145 65 85
Ukrainian 85 40 45 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Celtic languages 5 0 5 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 0 35 20 10
Welsh 0 0 0 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 1,090 515 570 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 80 35 40 1,475 715 760
Danish 5 5 5 305 145 160
Dutch 125 60 60 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 0 0 0 10 5 5
German 855 405 450 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 5 5 0 75 35 35
Norwegian 5 0 0 140 60 80
Swedish 5 5 0 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 0 50 30 20
Yiddish 0 0 5 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Greek 40 15 20 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 1,820 930 890 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 1,650 835 815 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 55 25 30 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 10 5 10 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 80 40 40 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 0 0 0 10 5 5
Konkani 0 0 0 40 25 25
Marathi 5 0 5 270 140 130
Nepali 25 10 10 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,410 715 700 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 0 0 0 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 15 10 5 675 330 340
Urdu 50 25 20 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 165 90 75 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 5 10 5 1,080 540 535
Pashto 5 0 5 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 155 85 70 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 690 335 350 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 0 0 0 65 35 35
Italian 155 65 90 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 90 40 45 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 85 45 45 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 350 180 170 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 10
Japanese 135 55 85 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 5 5 0 30 15 10
Georgian 0 0 0 30 15 15
Korean 325 165 165 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 170 80 90
Mongolian 0 0 0 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 10 10 10 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 150 80 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ewe 0 0 0 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 5 10
Ga 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ganda 0 0 0 10 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 40 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 60 25 35
Shona 0 5 0 65 25 40
Swahili 0 0 0 200 90 115
Wolof 0 0 0 20 10 10
Yoruba 0 5 5 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 140 60 75
Dinka 0 0 0 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Sign languages 60 35 25 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 20 10 15 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 40 25 15 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 795 370 425 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 795 375 425 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 245 110 140 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 0 5 0 700 295 410
Mandarin 465 225 245 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 20 10 5 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 55 25 30 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 1,745 885 865
Burmese 0 0 0 720 375 350
Karenic languages 0 0 0 725 355 370
Tibetan 0 0 0 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 30 15 15 1,380 595 785
Lao 0 0 5 460 225 235
Thai 25 10 15 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 10 5 5 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 195 105 95
Turkish 10 10 10 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 0 0 0 95 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Uralic languages 215 100 120 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 0 0 0 95 40 55
Finnish 25 10 15 725 325 400
Hungarian 190 85 100 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 145 70 75
Multiple responses 3,900 1,770 2,130 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 220 120 105 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 3,605 1,620 1,990 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 15 10 5 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 60 20 35 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 192,830 93,780 99,050 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 180,000 87,895 92,100 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 3,395 1,640 1,755 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 1,805 765 1,040 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 7,435 3,380 4,055 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 120 50 75 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 7,315 3,330 3,985 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 15 10 10 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 85 40 45 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 95 50 45 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 163,005 79,040 83,965 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 158,415 76,895 81,520 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,509 42,337 28,859 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 158,565 77,015 81,545 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,954 36,991 26,602 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 146,420 72,040 74,380 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,401 39,599 25,047 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 112,035 48,780 63,250 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,627 7,143 6,371 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 117,745 59,715 58,035 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,112 37,463 25,040 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 163,005 79,040 83,965 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 158,580 77,035 81,550 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,214 57,898 37,121 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 158,735 77,160 81,575 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,341 46,899 32,193 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 146,655 72,165 74,495 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,970 56,260 34,032 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 111,865 48,535 63,335 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,974 8,242 7,769 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 117,745 59,710 58,030 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,572 50,975 31,897 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 163,005 79,040 83,960 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 47,980 26,850 21,125 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 50,885 58,766 44,097 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 61,531 70,695 49,885 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 88.0 90.9 83.8 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 65.6 68.9 60.9 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 12.0 9.1 16.2 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 163,000 79,040 83,960 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 4,585 2,145 2,450 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 158,415 76,895 81,520 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 97.2 97.3 97.1 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 19,705 8,160 11,545 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 27,085 10,345 16,740 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 23,315 9,480 13,835 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 19,620 8,465 11,160 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 16,815 7,930 8,885 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 12,750 6,735 6,015 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 9,890 5,920 3,970 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 7,305 4,500 2,805 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 5,550 3,470 2,080 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 3,835 2,500 1,335 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 12,555 9,400 3,150 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 8,195 6,060 2,135 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 4,355 3,340 1,015 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 163,005 79,040 83,965 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 4,440 2,025 2,415 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 158,560 77,015 81,550 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 97.3 97.4 97.1 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 20,900 8,725 12,170 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 28,605 11,205 17,400 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 27,435 11,350 16,090 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 22,955 10,280 12,670 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 18,000 9,130 8,865 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 12,800 7,550 5,255 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 8,865 5,460 3,405 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 6,155 3,915 2,235 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 12,845 9,395 3,445 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 3,760 2,590 1,175 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 2,435 1,780 650 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 6,650 5,025 1,625 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 163,005 79,040 83,965 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 45,260 19,325 25,930 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 117,745 59,710 58,030 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 72.2 75.5 69.1 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 20,080 9,475 10,600 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 9,205 3,870 5,340 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 15,835 6,735 9,100 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 13,450 5,750 7,700 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 12,275 5,300 6,970 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 11,020 4,995 6,020 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 8,410 4,515 3,895 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 6,685 4,225 2,465 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 5,225 3,245 1,980 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 15,550 11,595 3,955 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 4,150 2,685 1,460 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 2,770 1,935 835 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 8,630 6,975 1,660 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 81,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 71,127  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 69,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 62,366  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 61,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 21,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 541,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,701  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,217  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,899  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 59,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,340,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 87,813  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,466  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 76,569  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 77,108  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 81,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 91,999  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 90,354  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 76,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 75,209  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 21,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 541,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 45,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,696  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,496  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 39,091  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 59,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,340,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 108,824  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 108,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 90,623  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,816  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 81,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 1,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 43,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 860  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 27,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 55,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 77,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 3,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 78,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 3,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,985  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 3,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 78,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 3,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 78,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 3,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 3,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 75,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 6,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 143,475  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 6,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 132,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 5,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 122,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 5,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 4,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 26,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 607,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 8,815  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 198,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 5,985  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 138,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 6,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 149,210  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 5,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 122,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 81,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 1,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 890  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 27,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 56,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 3,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 4,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 3,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 4,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 93,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 4,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 4,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 3,985  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 7,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 165,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 6,905  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 150,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 6,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 136,430  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 5,430  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 118,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 4,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 19,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 454,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 8,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 187,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 4,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 6,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 155,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 56,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,276,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 87,612  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,451  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 76,232  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 77,002  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 27,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 519,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 79,622  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,788  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 69,642  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,464  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 20,020  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 536,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 115,342  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,736  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 98,614  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 96,176  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 7,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 179,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,824  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 51,056  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 47,368  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,668  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 56,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,275,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 109,337  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 108,241  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 90,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,792  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 27,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 518,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 103,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 100,772  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 85,572  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 83,021  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 20,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 536,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 134,517  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 131,213  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 111,173  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 108,407  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 7,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 179,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 63,131  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 63,004  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 54,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 54,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 33,700 15,770 17,930 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 30,690 33,175 29,199 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 27,881 29,511 26,782 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 33,435 15,650 17,780 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 40,447 44,581 36,808 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 34,409 37,171 31,978 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 190,565 92,950 97,615 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 92,255 43,200 49,050 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 18,405 8,670 9,735 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 18,645 8,180 10,475 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 18,170 8,475 9,695 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 18,195 8,695 9,495 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 18,840 9,185 9,650 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 98,305 49,745 48,560 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 19,715 9,770 9,955 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 19,510 9,790 9,725 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 20,135 10,220 9,910 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 19,790 10,070 9,720 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 19,155 9,900 9,255 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 180,125 88,090 92,040 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 32,245 16,325 15,920 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 9,870 5,020 4,845 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 112,890 55,180 57,710 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 34,990 16,585 18,410 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 22,535 10,165 12,370 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 4,925 2,450 2,475 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 1,575 775 800 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 13,355 6,115 7,240 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 4,250 1,600 2,655 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 12.5 11.5 13.4 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 15.3 15.0 15.5 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 16.0 15.4 16.5 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 11.8 11.1 12.5 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 12.1 9.6 14.4 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 13,680 6,585 7,100 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 2,760 1,380 1,380 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 845 415 425 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 10,090 4,870 5,215 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 835 335 500 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 7.6 7.5 7.7 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 8.6 8.5 8.7 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 8.6 8.3 8.8 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 8.9 8.8 9.0 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 2.4 2.0 2.7 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 190,560 92,950 97,615 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 189,695 92,540 97,155 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 189,610 92,520 97,095 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 12,840 5,755 7,090 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 28,195 12,980 15,220 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 220 90 135 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 70 30 45 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 0 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 60 15 40 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 25 10 15 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Woods Cree 0 0 0 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 25 10 15 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 10 0 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 10 0 0 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 10 310 100 205
Algonquin 0 0 0 20 0 15
Ojibway 10 0 0 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 45 15 30 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 40 10 30 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 10 0 10 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 30 10 25 1,130 525 605
Dene 0 0 0 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 30 15 10
Haida 0 0 0 455 195 255
Inuit languages 0 0 0 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 10 0 10 110 50 60
Salish languages 85 45 40 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 75 40 35 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 10 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 540 280 260
Siouan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 0 0 10 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 10 0 0 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 0 0 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 27,990 12,895 15,095 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 535 295 230 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 0 0 0 145 95 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 25 10 15 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oromo 25 10 15 245 140 110
Somali 0 0 0 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 510 290 215 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 35 15 20 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 360 220 140 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 570 285 285
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 100 55 50 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 10 0 0 315 155 155
Tigrigna 0 0 0 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 425 175 250 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 10 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 425 175 250 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 1,620 575 1,045 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 0 0 0 530 215 310
Cebuano 70 20 50 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 0 0 0 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 55 25 30 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 75 30 45 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 0 10 0 25 15 10
Malay 135 50 85 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 0 10 855 365 495
Pangasinan 0 0 0 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,420 500 920 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 75 35 35 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 10 0 10 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 30 25 10 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 90 50 45 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 0 0 0 510 250 265
Malayalam 65 35 30 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 30 15 20 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 20 10 10 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 21,165 9,965 11,195 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 20 10 10 1,640 840 795
Armenian 20 15 10 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 4,010 1,815 2,190 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 40 15 30 1,030 515 520
Latvian 30 10 20 555 290 265
Lithuanian 0 10 0 475 220 250
Slavic languages 3,975 1,805 2,170 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 10 10 10 245 115 125
Bosnian 65 20 40 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 55 30 25 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 410 180 230 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 400 215 185 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 0 0 0 400 220 185
Polish 815 355 455 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 1,135 540 595 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 305 145 160 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 55 25 30 1,525 770 750
Slovak 160 70 90 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 115 55 60 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 755 340 415 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 420 215 205
Celtic languages 25 15 10 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 10 0 10 660 395 265
Welsh 10 0 0 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 860 450 410
Germanic languages 8,530 3,970 4,550 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 280 155 125 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 190 65 125 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 1,085 525 560 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 15 15 0 465 230 240
German 6,865 3,180 3,685 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 15 0 10 405 210 195
Norwegian 80 45 35 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 195 95 100 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 45 20 25 545 270 275
Yiddish 0 0 0 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 155 95 60
Greek 220 105 120 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 3,455 1,835 1,615 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 3,030 1,615 1,415 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 125 75 55 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 50 25 20 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 545 300 240 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 0 0 0 60 30 25
Konkani 0 0 0 415 215 200
Marathi 0 10 0 1,475 780 695
Nepali 60 25 40 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,460 1,315 1,145 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 15 10 0 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 35 15 20 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 225 120 100 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 415 220 195 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 55 30 20 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 0 0 0 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 400 210 185 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 5,745 2,645 3,100 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 0 0 0 395 210 180
Italian 1,525 685 835 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 555 275 285 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 290 135 155 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 3,615 1,670 1,945 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 15 20 0 380 245 140
Japanese 790 335 460 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 115 55 60
Georgian 0 0 0 115 55 55
Korean 610 270 340 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 0 0 10 370 170 200
Mongolian 10 0 10 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 125 55 70 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 30 25 0 630 350 280
Bamanankan 0 0 0 30 20 15
Edo 0 0 0 145 80 60
Ewe 0 0 0 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 10 0 105 30 70
Ga 20 25 0 150 95 50
Ganda 0 0 0 165 80 85
Igbo 10 10 10 425 240 185
Lingala 10 0 10 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 0 10 290 125 165
Shona 0 0 0 415 220 195
Swahili 20 10 15 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 30
Yoruba 0 0 0 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 40 10 30 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 405 210 200
Dinka 0 0 0 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 325 155 165
Sign languages 440 155 285 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 205 70 140 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 235 85 150 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,630 765 865 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 1,630 765 865 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 570 230 335 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 25 10 15 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 1,030 485 545 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 0 0 0 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 85 40 50 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 160 75 80 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 0 0 0 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 0 0 0 955 485 465
Tibetan 0 0 0 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 130 35 100 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 10 10 10 1,630 735 890
Thai 120 25 90 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 100 45 55 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 15 15 0 945 510 435
Turkish 70 30 45 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 0 0 0 115 60 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 275 140 130
Uralic languages 990 495 495 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 25 20 0 780 350 425
Finnish 180 80 100 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 785 395 390 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 190,565 92,945 97,615 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 181,895 88,750 93,145 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 32,600 16,415 16,185 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 149,295 72,335 76,960 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 8,670 4,200 4,470 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 190,565 92,950 97,615 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 162,060 79,480 82,580 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 26,455 12,390 14,060 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 12,315 5,865 6,450 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 2,900 1,360 1,535 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 3,445 1,490 1,955 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 4,805 2,245 2,560 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 2,100 1,015 1,085 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 2,705 1,235 1,470 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 2,995 1,435 1,565 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 2,055 1,080 975 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 26,450 12,390 14,065 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 3,020 1,390 1,625 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 5,045 2,560 2,485 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 6,605 2,920 3,685 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 9,920 4,585 5,335 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 1,870 935 930 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 26,450 12,390 14,060 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 3,520 1,545 1,975 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 90 35 55 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 95 35 60 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 115 55 55 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 20 0 25 1,305 600 710
Haiti 25 10 20 570 250 315
Jamaica 265 135 130 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 275 125 155 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 95 25 65 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 80 50 30 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 2,035 900 1,135 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 420 185 235 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 15,345 7,400 7,945 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 160 75 85 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 250 100 150 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 205 80 125 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 2,835 1,340 1,495 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 70 30 40 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 405 195 210 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 190 100 90 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 640 350 290 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 925 510 415 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 840 380 465 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 165 100 65 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 340 180 165 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 350 150 195 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 185 70 115 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 335 160 180 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 5,545 2,700 2,840 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 1,895 870 1,030 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 780 375 405 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 15 10 0 485 310 175
Egypt 35 25 10 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 45 20 30 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 20 15 0 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 15 0 15 985 535 455
Nigeria 10 10 0 1,740 925 815
Somalia 0 0 0 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 385 175 210 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 260 125 135 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 6,220 2,735 3,485 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 40 25 20 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 45 20 25 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 615 270 350 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 150 65 85 74,210 34,120 40,090