Census Profile, 2016 Census
Vancouver [Census metropolitan area], British Columbia and Canada [Country]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Vancouver
British Columbia
[Census metropolitan area]
Canada

[Country]
Data quality , Vancouver [Census metropolitan area], British Columbia  Map : Vancouver [Census metropolitan area], British Columbia Data quality : Canada [Country]  Map : geography 2
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 2,463,431  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,151,728  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 2,313,328  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,476,688  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 6.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 1,027,613  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,412,443  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 960,894  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,079  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 854.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 2,882.68  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,965,588.85  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255 35,151,730 17,264,200 17,887,530
0 to 14 years 362,110 186,780 175,335 5,839,565 2,992,920 2,846,645
0 to 4 years 116,270 60,045 56,225 1,898,790 973,030 925,760
5 to 9 years 122,735 63,390 59,345 2,018,130 1,034,685 983,445
10 to 14 years 123,110 63,340 59,765 1,922,645 985,200 937,445
15 to 64 years 1,714,005 838,860 875,145 23,376,530 11,576,130 11,800,400
15 to 19 years 142,285 73,185 69,100 2,026,160 1,039,215 986,940
20 to 24 years 167,270 85,385 81,885 2,242,690 1,144,495 1,098,200
25 to 29 years 179,940 89,305 90,640 2,285,990 1,144,470 1,141,515
30 to 34 years 182,625 89,925 92,700 2,329,395 1,148,290 1,181,110
35 to 39 years 167,955 81,090 86,860 2,288,365 1,118,635 1,169,730
40 to 44 years 168,375 79,440 88,930 2,255,135 1,104,440 1,150,695
45 to 49 years 184,285 87,850 96,440 2,359,965 1,157,760 1,202,210
50 to 54 years 191,370 93,230 98,140 2,678,075 1,318,755 1,359,320
55 to 59 years 177,095 85,590 91,505 2,620,240 1,285,190 1,335,055
60 to 64 years 152,805 73,865 78,940 2,290,510 1,114,885 1,175,630
65 years and over 387,315 176,530 210,780 5,935,630 2,695,150 3,240,485
65 to 69 years 131,035 62,615 68,425 1,972,480 953,075 1,019,405
70 to 74 years 89,675 42,495 47,180 1,420,875 677,975 742,900
75 to 79 years 66,505 30,600 35,905 1,021,850 469,550 552,300
80 to 84 years 48,825 21,965 26,860 749,650 325,765 423,880
85 years and over 51,280 18,860 32,415 770,780 268,790 501,990
85 to 89 years 31,475 12,745 18,735 482,525 185,535 296,990
90 to 94 years 14,870 4,905 9,965 223,510 68,675 154,835
95 to 99 years 4,190 1,050 3,140 56,525 13,240 43,280
100 years and over 740 160 580 8,230 1,340 6,890
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 14.7 15.5 13.9 16.6 17.3 15.9
15 to 64 years 69.6 69.8 69.4 66.5 67.1 66.0
65 years and over 15.7 14.7 16.7 16.9 15.6 18.1
85 years and over 2.1 1.6 2.6 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 41.0 40.1 41.9 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 40.9 39.7 42.0 41.2 40.2 42.2
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 960,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 282,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,541,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 160,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,391,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 513,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,949,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 20,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 698,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 93,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 891,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 156,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 784,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 242,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,539,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 1,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 4,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 189,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 960,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 275,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 300,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,834,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 153,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,140,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 139,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,946,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 93,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,180,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 2,426,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,460,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Population aged 15 years and over by marital status - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 2,101,320 1,015,395 1,085,925 29,312,160 14,271,280 15,040,885
Married or living common law 1,193,125 594,185 598,940 16,893,720 8,452,135 8,441,585
Married 1,033,885 513,730 520,155 13,383,455 6,693,465 6,689,990
Living common law 159,240 80,455 78,785 3,510,265 1,758,670 1,751,590
Not married and not living common law 908,195 421,215 486,980 12,418,440 5,819,140 6,599,300
Never married 629,040 334,130 294,905 8,254,340 4,444,425 3,809,915
Separated 50,130 20,265 29,860 718,295 309,905 408,400
Divorced 128,040 47,275 80,770 1,816,005 725,535 1,090,470
Widowed 100,985 19,540 81,445 1,629,800 339,280 1,290,525
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 679,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,840,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 327,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,007,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 158,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,107,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 145,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,909,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 47,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 815,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 679,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,840,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 574,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,227,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 495,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,474,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 79,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,753,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 104,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,612,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 84,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,262,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 19,950  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 350,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 574,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,227,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 260,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,024,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 314,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,203,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 129,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,650,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 139,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,783,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 45,815  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 770,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 104,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,612,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 66,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 983,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 29,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 457,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 8,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 171,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 462,125 214,710 247,420 6,107,260 2,941,395 3,165,865
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 960,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 600,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,218,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 226,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,782,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 374,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,436,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 37,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 301,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 322,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,552,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 275,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 47,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 582,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,080
English only 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260 23,757,525 11,838,075 11,919,455
French only 1,110 530 580 4,144,685 1,925,845 2,218,840
English and French 172,140 76,645 95,500 6,216,065 3,071,325 3,144,740
Neither English nor French 136,320 56,185 80,135 648,970 265,920 383,045
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
English 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,475 26,007,500 12,852,330 13,155,165
French 25,705 12,830 12,880 7,705,755 3,780,105 3,925,650
English and French 14,465 6,635 7,830 417,485 209,130 208,355
Neither English nor French 134,655 55,370 79,285 636,515 259,600 376,910
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 32,940 16,145 16,795 7,914,495 3,884,670 4,029,825
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.3 1.4 1.3 22.8 22.7 22.8
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 2,440,140 1,191,670 1,248,470 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,085
Single responses 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,975 33,948,620 16,702,840 17,245,775
Official languages 1,341,635 678,675 662,965 26,627,555 13,201,620 13,425,940
English 1,316,635 666,170 650,465 19,460,850 9,680,125 9,780,725
French 25,000 12,505 12,500 7,166,705 3,521,495 3,645,215
Non-official languages 1,020,255 475,240 545,010 7,321,065 3,501,220 3,819,840
Aboriginal languages 855 390 470 195,700 94,795 100,900
Algonquian languages 315 135 180 130,450 62,930 67,520
Blackfoot 20 5 15 2,815 1,325 1,490
Cree-Montagnais languages 225 105 120 88,445 42,920 45,530
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,150 3,135 3,015
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 5 10,230 4,885 5,350
Moose Cree 5 5 0 100 50 55
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,205 590 620
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 315 125 190
Plains Cree 40 15 25 3,065 1,360 1,710
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 45 20 25
Swampy Cree 15 5 5 1,440 585 850
Woods Cree 20 10 10 1,840 865 975
Cree, n.o.s. 150 70 80 64,050 31,305 32,745
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 5 0 6,990 3,310 3,680
Malecite 0 0 0 305 140 160
Mi'kmaq 0 0 5 6,690 3,170 3,520
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 70 25 45 32,150 15,350 16,800
Algonquin 0 0 0 1,260 590 670
Ojibway 60 25 35 17,890 8,440 9,450
Oji-Cree 5 0 5 12,855 6,260 6,595
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 150 65 85
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 20
Athabaskan languages 105 50 55 17,365 8,325 9,045
Northern Athabaskan languages 105 45 55 17,315 8,310 9,010
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 5 0 5 110 55 60
Beaver 0 0 0 190 85 105
Carrier 35 15 25 1,025 465 565
Chilcotin 25 15 10 660 295 360
Dene 20 10 10 10,700 5,185 5,515
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 1,645 840 815
Gwich'in 5 5 5 260 110 145
Sarsi (Sarcee) 5 0 0 80 25 50
Sekani 0 0 0 90 45 45
Slavey-Hare languages 5 0 5 1,995 950 1,045
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 765 365 400
South Slavey 5 0 0 945 455 495
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 280 130 150
Tahltan languages 5 5 0 270 135 140
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 180 90 90
Tahltan 0 0 0 95 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 290 120 170
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 215 90 135
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 70 30 40
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 50 20 35
Haida 10 10 0 75 35 40
Inuit languages 25 5 15 36,545 18,100 18,445
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 0 5 1,025 445 575
Inuktitut 15 5 10 35,215 17,530 17,680
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 315 125 185
Iroquoian languages 5 5 0 1,115 485 635
Cayuga 0 0 0 45 20 20
Mohawk 5 5 5 980 430 555
Oneida 0 0 0 55 20 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 20
Kutenai 5 5 5 105 55 55
Michif 10 0 5 465 230 235
Salish languages 135 65 70 2,305 1,130 1,180
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 35 20 15 475 225 245
Lillooet 10 5 5 315 155 155
Okanagan 5 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 10 10 5 445 225 220
Squamish 20 5 15 40 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 15 10 10 335 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 40 15 20 255 135 125
Siouan languages 25 15 10 4,285 2,070 2,220
Dakota 25 5 10 1,215 570 635
Stoney 0 0 0 3,025 1,465 1,555
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 55 30 25
Tlingit 0 0 0 95 40 55
Tsimshian languages 95 40 55 1,480 730 755
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 50 15 25 880 435 445
Nisga'a 25 15 10 400 200 200
Tsimshian 20 10 10 200 90 110
Wakashan languages 55 25 30 805 370 435
Haisla 10 5 5 90 40 50
Heiltsuk 20 5 15 95 40 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 20 10 10 325 145 185
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 10 5 5 285 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 75 35 35 585 295 295
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,019,395 474,850 544,545 7,125,365 3,406,425 3,718,945
Afro-Asiatic languages 20,725 11,005 9,715 575,365 298,060 277,300
Berber languages 95 60 40 22,135 11,865 10,270
Kabyle 35 20 10 13,150 6,995 6,155
Berber languages, n.i.e. 60 35 25 8,985 4,865 4,115
Cushitic languages 1,355 675 680 42,885 20,095 22,790
Bilen 5 5 0 805 455 350
Oromo 170 95 75 4,960 2,560 2,400
Somali 1,170 570 600 36,755 16,895 19,865
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 365 195 170
Semitic languages 19,230 10,250 8,980 509,190 265,465 243,725
Amharic 1,140 560 580 22,465 10,720 11,745
Arabic 14,320 7,720 6,600 419,890 220,785 199,105
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 630 305 325 16,070 7,910 8,160
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 435 240 195 5,545 2,780 2,770
Harari 25 5 10 1,320 635 685
Hebrew 1,770 965 805 19,530 10,480 9,045
Maltese 80 40 40 5,565 2,765 2,800
Tigrigna 695 340 355 16,650 8,310 8,340
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 135 70 60 2,155 1,085 1,070
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20 1,155 635 520
Austro-Asiatic languages 24,200 11,075 13,125 176,725 81,810 94,920
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,215 555 655 20,130 9,270 10,860
Vietnamese 22,950 10,505 12,450 156,425 72,470 83,955
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 35 20 15 170 65 100
Austronesian languages 82,025 33,570 48,460 511,480 211,580 299,900
Bikol 310 135 170 1,790 790 1,000
Cebuano 3,215 1,285 1,930 19,890 7,930 11,960
Fijian 390 195 200 745 400 345
Hiligaynon 1,280 485 795 6,885 2,680 4,205
Ilocano 4,605 1,820 2,790 26,345 10,620 15,720
Malagasy 15 5 5 1,430 665 760
Malay 3,480 1,545 1,930 12,275 5,255 7,020
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 635 290 345 4,040 1,865 2,175
Pangasinan 265 115 150 1,390 590 800
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 66,830 27,275 39,555 431,380 178,575 252,810
Waray-Waray 180 70 110 1,110 430 675
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 835 360 470 4,195 1,770 2,425
Creole languages 610 315 300 72,125 32,310 39,820
Haitian Creole 20 15 10 3,030 1,445 1,590
Creole, n.o.s. 365 180 190 64,105 28,455 35,660
Creole languages, n.i.e. 225 120 100 4,985 2,410 2,575
Dravidian languages 6,210 3,290 2,920 189,405 94,765 94,640
Kannada 225 115 110 3,970 2,040 1,935
Malayalam 1,750 905 840 28,570 14,770 13,800
Tamil 3,275 1,695 1,580 140,720 69,080 71,640
Telugu 920 550 370 15,655 8,640 7,020
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 490 240 250
Hmong-Mien languages 130 65 65 795 395 405
Indo-European languages 416,565 203,240 213,325 3,877,330 1,889,400 1,987,930
Albanian 1,090 560 525 26,890 13,610 13,285
Armenian 1,060 520 540 33,455 16,270 17,185
Balto-Slavic languages 57,625 26,950 30,675 701,975 323,640 378,340
Baltic languages 645 275 365 12,530 5,315 7,215
Latvian 315 145 175 5,455 2,350 3,105
Lithuanian 325 130 195 7,075 2,965 4,115
Slavic languages 56,975 26,675 30,300 689,450 318,325 371,115
Belarusan 65 35 30 810 385 430
Bosnian 1,155 580 575 12,210 6,035 6,180
Bulgarian 1,720 805 915 20,025 9,675 10,345
Croatian 5,460 2,650 2,815 48,200 23,540 24,665
Czech 3,565 1,705 1,865 22,290 10,525 11,765
Macedonian 250 120 130 16,775 8,050 8,725
Polish 12,040 5,650 6,390 181,710 82,435 99,275
Russian 18,170 8,270 9,905 188,255 85,400 102,855
Serbian 6,300 3,215 3,080 57,350 28,535 28,815
Serbo-Croatian 1,140 545 600 9,555 4,565 4,985
Slovak 2,390 1,060 1,335 17,580 8,075 9,510
Slovene (Slovenian) 540 250 295 9,790 4,415 5,370
Ukrainian 3,990 1,705 2,285 102,485 45,440 57,040
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 175 90 90 2,415 1,255 1,165
Celtic languages 315 170 140 2,690 1,335 1,360
Scottish Gaelic 125 65 60 1,090 540 550
Welsh 120 65 55 1,075 495 575
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 65 40 25 530 295 235
Germanic languages 37,825 18,005 19,825 538,765 258,410 280,350
Afrikaans 1,435 730 710 10,265 5,115 5,145
Danish 2,065 1,020 1,045 12,630 6,245 6,390
Dutch 7,455 3,600 3,855 99,020 48,200 50,820
Frisian 80 35 50 2,100 1,095 1,005
German 24,060 11,340 12,715 384,035 183,215 200,820
Icelandic 155 70 85 1,285 600 685
Norwegian 840 410 430 4,615 2,170 2,445
Swedish 1,290 570 720 6,840 3,015 3,825
Vlaams (Flemish) 200 105 90 3,895 1,730 2,165
Yiddish 220 110 110 13,555 6,750 6,800
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 525 280 240
Greek 4,885 2,515 2,370 106,525 53,350 53,170
Indo-Iranian languages 242,395 119,930 122,465 1,312,750 664,120 648,630
Indo-Aryan languages 198,075 97,680 100,395 1,064,760 538,530 526,235
Bengali 2,680 1,390 1,290 73,125 37,410 35,720
Gujarati 6,285 2,960 3,325 108,780 55,105 53,670
Hindi 24,220 11,580 12,640 110,640 55,880 54,765
Kashmiri 40 30 15 565 300 265
Konkani 225 110 110 3,330 1,625 1,710
Marathi 535 280 255 8,295 4,300 3,995
Nepali 920 485 435 18,275 9,230 9,045
Oriya (Odia) 65 35 30 1,055 560 495
Punjabi (Panjabi) 151,205 74,825 76,380 501,680 253,515 248,160
Sindhi 1,575 730 850 11,860 5,605 6,260
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,455 730 725 16,335 8,050 8,285
Urdu 8,880 4,535 4,340 210,815 106,960 103,860
Iranian languages 43,980 22,075 21,910 242,805 122,835 119,970
Kurdish 1,655 875 780 11,705 6,345 5,355
Pashto 1,065 565 500 16,910 8,760 8,145
Persian (Farsi) 41,265 20,635 20,630 214,200 107,725 106,470
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 340 175 165 5,180 2,755 2,425
Italic (Romance) languages 71,375 34,590 36,785 1,154,270 558,660 595,615
Catalan 120 65 55 865 440 425
Italian 15,445 7,735 7,710 375,635 184,415 191,220
Portuguese 11,950 5,655 6,295 221,540 106,630 114,910
Romanian 7,175 3,480 3,690 96,665 46,195 50,470
Spanish 36,625 17,615 19,005 458,850 220,605 238,245
Italic (romance) languages, n.i.e. 60 35 25 720 380 340
Japanese 16,900 5,750 11,145 43,640 14,790 28,855
Kartvelian languages 65 35 25 1,715 910 805
Georgian 65 35 25 1,715 910 805
Korean 45,990 20,680 25,310 153,425 70,310 83,115
Mongolic languages 340 145 195 1,575 690 885
Mongolian 340 145 200 1,575 690 880
Niger-Congo languages 2,650 1,335 1,315 91,375 45,075 46,305
Akan (Twi) 400 220 180 13,455 6,490 6,970
Bamanankan 10 5 5 1,535 815 720
Edo 80 45 35 1,670 770 900
Ewe 60 30 25 1,760 950 805
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 20 10 5 2,825 1,495 1,335
Ga 35 15 20 920 445 470
Ganda 65 35 30 1,295 625 665
Igbo 160 95 65 4,235 2,265 1,970
Lingala 55 25 30 3,810 1,785 2,025
Rundi (Kirundi) 100 40 55 5,845 2,785 3,060
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 100 45 55 5,250 2,355 2,895
Shona 150 70 85 3,180 1,520 1,665
Swahili 580 285 295 13,370 6,385 6,990
Wolof 25 10 20 3,990 2,170 1,820
Yoruba 190 110 80 9,085 4,785 4,300
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 610 285 330 19,135 9,435 9,695
Nilo-Saharan languages 265 135 135 5,870 3,025 2,845
Dinka 75 50 30 2,120 1,115 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 185 85 100 3,755 1,910 1,840
Sign languages 620 330 295 7,500 3,925 3,575
American Sign Language 265 125 135 2,685 1,320 1,360
Quebec Sign Language 5 0 5 695 340 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 355 200 155 4,120 2,265 1,860
Sino-Tibetan languages 387,645 177,140 210,505 1,269,215 589,570 679,645
Chinese languages 385,355 175,990 209,365 1,253,360 581,650 671,715
Cantonese 184,370 85,070 99,295 565,270 262,865 302,405
Hakka 2,185 955 1,230 10,910 4,900 6,015
Mandarin 174,920 79,280 95,635 592,040 274,630 317,410
Min Dong 220 105 115 1,230 580 650
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 10,655 4,755 5,900 31,795 14,450 17,350
Wu (Shanghainese) 4,330 1,905 2,430 12,915 5,780 7,140
Chinese languages, n.o.s. 8,485 3,840 4,645 38,580 18,165 20,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 195 80 115 610 275 335
Tibeto-Burman languages 2,285 1,145 1,140 15,850 7,925 7,935
Burmese 1,035 525 510 3,585 1,795 1,790
Karenic languages 765 370 400 4,705 2,355 2,350
Tibetan 260 135 125 6,165 3,080 3,080
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 220 110 105 1,400 695 705
Tai-Kadai languages 2,750 980 1,775 22,010 8,870 13,145
Lao 805 405 400 12,670 6,145 6,525
Thai 1,935 570 1,360 9,255 2,690 6,565
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 15 5 5 80 35 55
Turkic languages 3,700 2,035 1,665 40,140 21,120 19,025
Azerbaijani 500 275 225 3,260 1,785 1,470
Turkish 2,770 1,560 1,210 32,815 17,375 15,440
Uyghur 165 85 85 1,035 510 525
Uzbek 100 45 55 1,715 855 865
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 165 75 95 1,315 590 720
Uralic languages 7,640 3,535 4,110 81,985 37,790 44,195
Estonian 455 195 255 5,445 2,325 3,115
Finnish 1,900 770 1,130 15,295 6,395 8,900
Hungarian 5,285 2,570 2,715 61,235 29,060 32,175
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 370 195 170 3,690 2,045 1,645
Multiple responses 78,255 37,760 40,490 818,635 398,325 420,305
English and French 5,200 2,535 2,660 165,320 80,460 84,860
English and non-official language 69,885 33,750 36,135 533,265 259,160 274,100
French and non-official language 1,545 755 795 86,150 42,170 43,985
English, French and non-official language 1,620 725 900 33,900 16,535 17,365
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 2,440,140 1,191,675 1,248,470 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
Single responses 2,252,465 1,102,225 1,150,240 33,103,860 16,298,475 16,805,395
Official languages 1,631,365 811,500 819,865 29,106,670 14,383,020 14,723,645
English 1,622,740 807,235 815,500 22,162,865 10,966,135 11,196,730
French 8,625 4,265 4,365 6,943,800 3,416,890 3,526,910
Non-official languages 621,100 290,725 330,375 3,997,195 1,915,450 2,081,750
Aboriginal languages 105 45 55 118,470 59,720 58,750
Algonquian languages 25 10 15 75,080 37,825 37,260
Blackfoot 0 0 0 1,115 555 555
Cree-Montagnais languages 15 5 10 55,825 28,135 27,685
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5,465 2,825 2,640
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 8,590 4,195 4,395
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,200 595 605
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 110 55 60
Plains Cree 0 0 0 1,350 665 685
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 20 5 15
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 330 140 190
Woods Cree 0 0 5 800 410 390
Cree, n.o.s. 15 5 10 37,945 19,240 18,710
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 3,615 1,795 1,820
Malecite 0 0 0 55 30 30
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 3,560 1,770 1,795
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 5 0 14,525 7,335 7,190
Algonquin 0 0 0 370 170 200
Ojibway 10 5 5 6,175 3,165 3,015
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,900 3,960 3,940
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Athabaskan languages 15 5 10 10,265 5,125 5,135
Northern Athabaskan languages 15 5 10 10,255 5,120 5,135
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 15 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 50 30 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 115 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 255 125 130
Dene 10 5 5 7,710 3,805 3,905
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 1,020 550 475
Gwich'in 0 0 0 45 25 25
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 820 425 395
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 340 180 155
South Slavey 0 0 0 370 190 185
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 55 55
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 25 15 15
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 5 5
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 30 15 15
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 25 15 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 5
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Haida 5 0 0 10 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 29,490 14,995 14,495
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 165 75 90
Inuktitut 0 0 0 29,230 14,885 14,345
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 55
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 285 135 155
Cayuga 0 0 0 10 0 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 255 115 140
Oneida 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 5 0 85 40 45
Salish languages 15 5 5 285 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 45 20 25
Lillooet 5 5 0 25 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 5 5 0 55 30 20
Squamish 0 0 5 5 0 5
Straits 0 0 0 20 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Siouan languages 10 10 5 2,225 1,085 1,140
Dakota 10 10 5 255 140 120
Stoney 0 0 0 1,950 940 1,010
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian languages 10 5 10 410 210 190
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 5 0 5 315 155 155
Nisga'a 5 0 5 70 40 30
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 15
Wakashan languages 5 0 10 75 45 35
Haisla 5 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 5 0 5 5 5 5
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 5 30 15 15
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 15 5 10 235 110 125
Non-Aboriginal languages 621,000 290,680 330,320 3,878,725 1,855,730 2,022,995
Afro-Asiatic languages 11,900 5,965 5,935 307,755 153,275 154,480
Berber languages 35 20 20 8,105 4,215 3,895
Kabyle 15 5 10 5,490 2,855 2,640
Berber languages, n.i.e. 20 10 5 2,620 1,365 1,260
Cushitic languages 695 315 380 27,095 12,455 14,640
Bilen 5 0 0 620 330 285
Oromo 75 40 35 3,410 1,700 1,710
Somali 610 270 340 22,895 10,340 12,555
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 185 85 95
Semitic languages 11,160 5,630 5,535 272,100 136,390 135,720
Amharic 535 250 290 12,780 6,010 6,770
Arabic 8,675 4,405 4,275 223,540 112,690 110,850
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 400 200 200 10,510 5,090 5,425
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 300 165 140 3,445 1,695 1,750
Harari 10 5 5 735 335 400
Hebrew 785 400 380 8,560 4,425 4,135
Maltese 5 0 5 1,130 525 605
Tigrigna 350 160 190 10,205 5,040 5,170
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 85 45 45 1,200 585 620
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 440 215 230
Austro-Asiatic languages 15,000 6,955 8,045 115,210 53,500 61,710
Khmer (Cambodian) 620 290 325 10,880 4,940 5,945
Vietnamese 14,365 6,660 7,710 104,245 48,525 55,725
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 15 5 5 85 40 45
Austronesian languages 35,340 15,585 19,755 239,785 108,110 131,680
Bikol 65 30 35 290 140 155
Cebuano 1,090 485 600 7,210 3,325 3,880
Fijian 100 50 50 195 105 90
Hiligaynon 355 155 200 2,205 970 1,240
Ilocano 1,465 625 840 9,125 4,045 5,080
Malagasy 5 5 0 435 220 210
Malay 1,050 485 565 3,620 1,710 1,910
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 135 65 75 1,200 565 630
Pangasinan 55 25 30 240 110 135
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 30,695 13,510 17,185 213,790 96,235 117,555
Waray-Waray 55 20 30 310 135 170
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 260 125 130 1,160 545 620
Creole languages 290 130 160 27,860 12,005 15,850
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 1,280 575 705
Creole, n.o.s. 205 85 120 24,575 10,510 14,060
Creole languages, n.i.e. 80 40 40 2,005 920 1,085
Dravidian languages 3,355 1,700 1,655 122,490 59,780 62,710
Kannada 95 40 55 1,630 825 800
Malayalam 885 450 435 15,440 7,865 7,575
Tamil 1,935 960 965 96,955 46,570 50,385
Telugu 425 235 190 8,280 4,430 3,850
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 190 85 105
Hmong-Mien languages 55 20 30 340 160 180
Indo-European languages 220,605 107,095 113,505 1,911,215 927,225 983,985
Albanian 525 255 270 13,135 6,575 6,560
Armenian 505 220 280 21,505 10,165 11,345
Balto-Slavic languages 25,645 12,295 13,355 314,965 149,315 165,650
Baltic languages 160 70 85 3,275 1,400 1,870
Latvian 65 30 35 1,255 530 725
Lithuanian 95 45 50 2,020 870 1,150
Slavic languages 25,490 12,225 13,265 311,690 147,910 163,780
Belarusan 10 0 10 230 105 120
Bosnian 540 270 275 6,045 3,010 3,040
Bulgarian 925 430 495 11,985 5,835 6,150
Croatian 1,795 845 950 16,775 7,980 8,795
Czech 1,030 520 510 6,235 3,060 3,180
Macedonian 125 60 65 6,830 3,250 3,580
Polish 4,490 2,130 2,355 74,780 34,910 39,870
Russian 10,795 5,120 5,675 116,595 55,175 61,425
Serbian 3,475 1,760 1,710 31,750 15,665 16,085
Serbo-Croatian 435 200 235 3,885 1,865 2,020
Slovak 780 375 405 5,615 2,685 2,920
Slovene (Slovenian) 60 30 35 2,050 905 1,145
Ukrainian 1,005 465 545 28,250 13,150 15,100
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 670 310 360
Celtic languages 35 20 15 360 205 155
Scottish Gaelic 10 5 0 185 105 80
Welsh 20 10 10 95 50 45
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 5 80 50 30
Germanic languages 4,660 2,200 2,460 146,455 71,835 74,615
Afrikaans 520 250 270 4,790 2,355 2,435
Danish 180 90 95 855 410 445
Dutch 690 325 365 9,565 4,630 4,935
Frisian 0 5 5 185 95 90
German 2,890 1,350 1,550 120,335 58,905 61,435
Icelandic 50 25 30 270 120 150
Norwegian 70 35 35 345 145 200
Swedish 220 105 115 1,045 500 545
Vlaams (Flemish) 15 15 5 355 170 185
Yiddish 10 5 0 7,080 3,695 3,385
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 1,625 820 810
Greek 1,730 835 890 44,545 21,110 23,440
Indo-Iranian languages 156,840 76,640 80,200 838,755 416,960 421,795
Indo-Aryan languages 127,625 62,475 65,150 676,185 337,440 338,745
Bengali 1,575 775 795 47,350 23,585 23,765
Gujarati 2,740 1,210 1,530 64,150 31,740 32,405
Hindi 11,230 5,310 5,920 55,510 27,805 27,710
Kashmiri 5 0 0 135 70 70
Konkani 35 20 15 720 355 370
Marathi 245 125 115 3,780 1,940 1,840
Nepali 550 290 265 13,375 6,710 6,670
Oriya (Odia) 35 15 15 470 235 240
Punjabi (Panjabi) 104,855 51,630 53,220 349,145 174,905 174,240
Sindhi 595 255 340 4,975 2,280 2,695
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 595 290 310 7,790 3,860 3,925
Urdu 5,165 2,560 2,610 128,785 63,965 64,820
Iranian languages 29,035 14,075 14,960 160,195 78,310 81,880
Kurdish 1,020 515 505 6,580 3,400 3,175
Pashto 660 335 330 10,590 5,305 5,290
Persian (Farsi) 27,355 13,230 14,125 143,020 69,600 73,425
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 175 90 90 2,375 1,215 1,160
Italic (Romance) languages 30,665 14,635 16,030 531,485 251,050 280,440
Catalan 60 25 30 355 165 190
Italian 3,950 1,720 2,230 115,415 49,975 65,440
Portuguese 5,115 2,435 2,680 98,710 46,915 51,795
Romanian 3,220 1,545 1,670 53,320 25,795 27,525
Spanish 18,315 8,905 9,410 263,510 128,110 135,400
Italic (romance) languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 180 85 95
Japanese 8,235 3,375 4,855 19,785 8,265 11,515
Kartvelian languages 15 10 5 1,040 565 475
Georgian 15 10 10 1,035 565 475
Korean 34,225 15,720 18,505 109,705 51,385 58,320
Mongolic languages 160 80 85 910 440 470
Mongolian 160 75 85 910 435 470
Niger-Congo languages 730 325 405 28,665 13,340 15,320
Akan (Twi) 125 70 55 5,990 2,695 3,295
Bamanankan 5 0 0 340 180 160
Edo 15 10 5 415 175 240
Ewe 15 10 10 410 185 225
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 0 5 825 400 425
Ga 5 0 0 250 105 140
Ganda 10 5 0 345 160 185
Igbo 35 20 15 1,000 485 510
Lingala 35 15 20 1,045 455 590
Rundi (Kirundi) 55 20 35 2,110 990 1,115
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 45 20 30 1,530 670 865
Shona 40 20 25 1,035 475 560
Swahili 155 65 90 5,370 2,500 2,870
Wolof 5 0 5 1,380 745 635
Yoruba 40 20 20 2,615 1,275 1,340
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 155 65 85 4,010 1,850 2,160
Nilo-Saharan languages 105 45 60 2,650 1,305 1,350
Dinka 40 25 15 1,130 580 550
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 65 25 40 1,525 730 800
Sign languages 830 455 375 10,445 5,870 4,570
American Sign Language 300 150 150 3,015 1,560 1,460
Quebec Sign Language 5 0 5 730 375 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 530 310 220 6,690 3,935 2,755
Sino-Tibetan languages 285,515 130,990 154,525 924,720 433,530 491,190
Chinese languages 283,885 130,170 153,715 913,365 427,860 485,505
Cantonese 132,185 60,235 71,950 400,215 184,340 215,885
Hakka 670 280 390 4,080 1,820 2,265
Mandarin 138,680 64,055 74,625 462,890 220,075 242,815
Min Dong 65 30 35 345 150 195
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 4,640 2,105 2,540 13,965 6,345 7,625
Wu (Shanghainese) 2,495 1,150 1,350 7,650 3,580 4,075
Chinese languages, n.o.s. 5,045 2,270 2,775 23,935 11,440 12,500
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 100 45 55 280 130 150
Tibeto-Burman languages 1,625 820 810 11,350 5,670 5,680
Burmese 685 350 335 2,245 1,115 1,125
Karenic languages 690 335 350 3,865 1,935 1,930
Tibetan 165 90 75 4,590 2,305 2,280
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 85 45 45 655 305 345
Tai-Kadai languages 1,015 435 580 9,565 4,455 5,110
Lao 335 155 175 6,175 2,995 3,180
Thai 670 275 400 3,360 1,450 1,915
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 0 5 30 15 15
Turkic languages 1,550 810 740 22,250 11,205 11,045
Azerbaijani 185 100 90 1,245 640 610
Turkish 1,190 625 570 18,955 9,525 9,430
Uyghur 100 50 45 610 315 290
Uzbek 40 20 20 990 505 490
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25 455 230 225
Uralic languages 1,980 930 1,050 23,245 10,715 12,535
Estonian 80 35 45 975 365 610
Finnish 435 190 245 2,790 1,220 1,565
Hungarian 1,470 710 760 19,485 9,125 10,355
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 110 55 60 1,110 605 500
Multiple responses 187,675 89,450 98,230 1,663,390 802,695 860,690
English and French 3,475 1,700 1,775 160,185 77,940 82,235
English and non-official language 181,310 86,450 94,855 1,284,975 620,375 664,600
French and non-official language 495 225 275 148,915 70,915 78,000
English, French and non-official language 2,395 1,075 1,325 69,315 33,465 35,850
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 2,440,140 1,191,675 1,248,470 34,767,255 17,101,165 17,666,080
None 1,919,300 944,770 974,530 29,615,245 14,612,175 15,003,065
English 232,050 112,195 119,855 2,109,340 1,045,215 1,064,120
French 19,620 8,935 10,690 731,095 342,245 388,855
Non-official language 260,735 121,820 138,915 2,151,690 1,023,940 1,127,750
Aboriginal 795 370 425 90,740 42,890 47,850
Non-Aboriginal 259,935 121,455 138,485 2,060,945 981,055 1,079,895
English and French 960 435 530 47,970 23,785 24,190
English and non-official language 4,895 2,285 2,605 61,075 30,045 31,030
French and non-official language 2,495 1,190 1,305 48,755 22,690 26,065
English, French and non-official language 80 40 45 2,080 1,075 1,010
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,355
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,978,490 957,500 1,020,990 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,190
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,612 38,879 27,793 34,204 40,782 28,860
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,981,205 959,985 1,021,225 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,422 34,038 25,878 30,866 35,933 26,621
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,781,275 875,750 905,525 24,583,315 12,296,595 12,286,725
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,645 39,631 26,888 32,762 39,925 26,613
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,370,150 582,525 787,620 19,743,240 8,755,815 10,987,430
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 2,459 1,246 3,359 5,453 4,199 6,136
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,487,050 752,840 734,210 20,428,685 10,547,760 9,880,925
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,621 40,050 28,268 33,684 39,836 28,474
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 2,064,610 998,830 1,065,785 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,978,875 957,440 1,021,440 27,489,395 13,441,555 14,047,845
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,821 55,848 38,360 47,487 56,740 38,632
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,981,625 959,980 1,021,650 27,500,230 13,446,230 14,053,995
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,512 44,592 32,798 38,977 45,404 32,828
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,780,850 875,325 905,525 24,584,065 12,295,015 12,289,055
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,281 57,128 37,762 46,885 56,803 36,962
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,370,125 581,865 788,260 19,742,130 8,752,070 10,990,060
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,169 5,955 6,327 7,738 7,345 8,050
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,487,050 752,855 734,195 20,428,670 10,542,540 9,886,130
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,081 55,081 36,854 46,057 54,369 37,193
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 23 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 24 90.9 93.5 87.3 88.3 91.6 83.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 25 74.0 77.5 69.1 72.0 75.2 67.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 26 9.1 6.5 12.7 11.7 8.4 16.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without total income 86,095 41,365 44,730 1,154,450 546,285 608,165
With total income 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,985 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,195
Percentage with total income 95.8 95.9 95.8 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 337,915 144,295 193,620 3,877,620 1,668,960 2,208,655
$10,000 to $19,999 345,800 143,885 201,920 4,680,380 1,867,600 2,812,785
$20,000 to $29,999 248,300 105,920 142,380 3,807,840 1,593,335 2,214,505
$30,000 to $39,999 211,515 94,950 116,565 3,206,175 1,472,670 1,733,510
$40,000 to $49,999 188,015 87,605 100,415 2,827,045 1,376,565 1,450,480
$50,000 to $59,999 149,455 74,740 74,720 2,179,775 1,145,685 1,034,090
$60,000 to $69,999 116,775 64,275 52,500 1,655,070 938,755 716,310
$70,000 to $79,999 89,555 51,265 38,295 1,271,850 745,830 526,015
$80,000 to $89,999 70,690 41,215 29,475 966,885 579,290 387,590
$90,000 to $99,999 50,825 30,925 19,900 749,290 452,240 297,050
$100,000 and over 169,635 118,425 51,210 2,266,600 1,603,400 663,195
$100,000 to $149,999 109,000 73,650 35,350 1,493,570 1,024,210 469,365
$150,000 and over 60,640 44,780 15,860 773,025 579,190 193,830
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 28 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without after-tax income 83,380 38,885 44,495 1,143,795 541,620 602,175
With after-tax income 1,981,205 959,985 1,021,220 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Percentage with after-tax income 96.0 96.1 95.8 96.0 96.1 95.9
Under $10,000 (including loss) 350,380 152,060 198,315 4,004,475 1,706,825 2,297,645
$10,000 to $19,999 361,855 152,890 208,960 4,905,055 1,972,920 2,932,130
$20,000 to $29,999 293,475 127,930 165,550 4,489,925 1,926,175 2,563,755
$30,000 to $39,999 250,620 114,230 136,390 3,924,960 1,870,705 2,054,250
$40,000 to $49,999 209,335 101,560 107,770 3,144,200 1,619,670 1,524,525
$50,000 to $59,999 153,280 83,235 70,040 2,209,280 1,245,570 963,705
$60,000 to $69,999 109,410 62,815 46,595 1,540,300 912,230 628,065
$70,000 to $79,999 79,210 46,380 32,830 1,076,180 654,570 421,610
$80,000 and over 173,650 118,880 54,770 2,204,820 1,540,335 664,485
$80,000 to $89,999 50,810 32,310 18,500 688,705 444,550 244,145
$90,000 to $99,999 32,520 21,870 10,645 420,975 291,090 129,885
$100,000 and over 90,320 64,695 25,625 1,095,140 804,690 290,445
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 29 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720 28,642,980 13,990,625 14,652,360
Without employment income 577,535 246,030 331,505 8,214,295 3,442,860 4,771,430
With employment income 1,487,050 752,840 734,215 20,428,690 10,547,760 9,880,925
Percentage with employment income 72.0 75.4 68.9 71.3 75.4 67.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 209,270 93,700 115,565 2,778,990 1,357,430 1,421,560
$5,000 to $9,999 112,350 47,995 64,355 1,602,140 697,025 905,120
$10,000 to $19,999 199,780 88,460 111,320 2,736,010 1,212,855 1,523,155
$20,000 to $29,999 164,960 74,775 90,180 2,293,785 1,022,090 1,271,695
$30,000 to $39,999 153,815 70,955 82,855 2,149,860 1,001,065 1,148,795
$40,000 to $49,999 141,800 66,710 75,090 1,928,565 946,625 981,940
$50,000 to $59,999 113,915 59,035 54,880 1,554,100 839,045 715,055
$60,000 to $69,999 90,840 52,060 38,780 1,220,310 708,270 512,040
$70,000 to $79,999 71,740 42,295 29,445 992,170 591,945 400,225
$80,000 and over 228,585 156,845 71,740 3,172,770 2,171,415 1,001,355
$80,000 to $89,999 57,565 34,490 23,075 773,755 475,700 298,055
$90,000 to $99,999 40,995 26,105 14,890 623,980 382,330 241,650
$100,000 and over 130,025 96,250 33,775 1,775,030 1,313,385 461,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 30 960,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 72,662  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,336  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 63,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 61,348  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 275,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,164  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,174  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,804  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,446  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 685,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,102,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 92,067  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,249  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 80,158  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,419  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 31 960,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 96,423  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,764  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 79,421  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,171  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 275,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,967,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 49,950  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,799  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 685,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,104,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 115,102  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 110,813  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 94,764  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 90,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 960,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 28,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 228,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 15,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 200,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 28,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 374,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 38,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 565,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 36,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 602,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 35,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 538,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 36,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 603,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 36,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 606,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 36,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 596,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 36,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 578,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 70,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,097,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 65,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,010,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 60,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 924,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 55,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 836,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 49,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 745,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 332,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,561,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 100,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,470,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 72,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,016,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 82,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,116,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 77,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 959,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 28 960,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 30,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 243,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 15,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 203,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 29,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 380,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 39,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 591,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 41,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 673,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 42,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 628,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 43,905  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 719,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 44,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 725,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 44,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 711,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 43,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 691,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 80,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,299,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 73,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,169,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 66,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,041,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 58,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 900,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 50,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 757,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 256,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,333,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 97,835  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,371,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 61,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 809,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 97,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,152,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 653,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,688,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 92,273  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,306  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 80,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,372  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 222,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,706,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 85,383  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 78,976  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 73,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 68,309  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 313,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,222,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 112,167  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 113,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 96,888  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 96,608  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 93,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,481,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,852  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 53,193  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 49,006  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 48,856  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 34 652,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,689,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 115,694  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 95,002  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 222,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,706,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 109,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,086  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 88,896  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 82,296  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 313,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,225,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 135,322  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 137,094  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 111,039  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,307  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 93,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,477,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 67,562  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,549  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,922  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 56,687  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 393,510 189,745 203,765 5,313,545 2,608,845 2,704,705
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 35 32,421 33,964 31,209 31,890 34,483 29,801
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 35 29,236 30,331 28,391 28,959 30,746 27,495
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 36 392,915 188,815 204,100 5,299,050 2,596,985 2,702,070
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 37 43,593 46,216 41,167 42,939 46,085 39,915
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 37 36,392 38,096 34,815 35,801 37,724 33,952
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 38 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,835 34,460,065 16,971,550 17,488,515
In the bottom half of the distribution 1,175,580 559,445 616,130 17,229,835 8,256,970 8,972,865
In the bottom decile 303,915 145,415 158,500 3,445,950 1,672,900 1,773,050
In the second decile 228,320 105,405 122,915 3,445,660 1,564,965 1,880,700
In the third decile 210,940 100,050 110,895 3,446,165 1,641,930 1,804,235
In the fourth decile 212,600 102,005 110,595 3,445,850 1,677,120 1,768,730
In the fifth decile 219,800 106,575 113,225 3,446,210 1,700,060 1,746,150
In the top half of the distribution 1,250,660 625,955 624,705 17,230,230 8,714,580 8,515,650
In the sixth decile 225,360 110,190 115,165 3,445,695 1,716,510 1,729,185
In the seventh decile 234,070 116,120 117,950 3,446,470 1,730,975 1,715,500
In the eighth decile 245,245 122,625 122,620 3,445,940 1,741,640 1,704,300
In the ninth decile 260,495 131,100 129,390 3,446,045 1,751,850 1,694,195
In the top decile 285,490 145,915 139,575 3,446,080 1,773,600 1,672,475
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 39 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145 33,968,295 16,724,265 17,244,035
0 to 17 years 441,530 227,695 213,840 6,836,380 3,504,250 3,332,125
0 to 5 years 139,285 71,940 67,345 2,228,770 1,142,505 1,086,270
18 to 64 years 1,612,690 785,035 827,650 21,695,090 10,690,090 11,005,005
65 years and over 363,045 168,390 194,660 5,436,830 2,529,930 2,906,905
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 398,715 187,770 210,950 4,809,940 2,243,200 2,566,740
0 to 17 years 83,635 42,965 40,670 1,163,830 597,570 566,255
0 to 5 years 24,690 12,560 12,130 396,095 203,055 193,030
18 to 64 years 255,225 119,285 135,940 2,855,290 1,341,590 1,513,700
65 years and over 59,860 25,525 34,340 790,825 304,040 486,780
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 16.5 15.9 17.1 14.2 13.4 14.9
0 to 17 years (%) 18.9 18.9 19.0 17.0 17.1 17.0
0 to 5 years (%) 17.7 17.5 18.0 17.8 17.8 17.8
18 to 64 years (%) 15.8 15.2 16.4 13.2 12.5 13.8
65 years and over (%) 16.5 15.2 17.6 14.5 12.0 16.7
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 337,080 160,485 176,600 3,128,995 1,519,370 1,609,630
0 to 17 years 67,070 34,355 32,710 696,025 357,255 338,770
0 to 5 years 19,175 9,740 9,430 236,435 121,170 115,260
18 to 64 years 232,635 110,555 122,080 2,157,745 1,057,585 1,100,160
65 years and over 37,385 15,575 21,805 275,225 104,525 170,695
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 13.9 13.6 14.3 9.2 9.1 9.3
0 to 17 years (%) 15.2 15.1 15.3 10.2 10.2 10.2
0 to 5 years (%) 13.8 13.5 14.0 10.6 10.6 10.6
18 to 64 years (%) 14.4 14.1 14.8 9.9 9.9 10.0
65 years and over (%) 10.3 9.2 11.2 5.1 4.1 5.9
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,835 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Official languages 2,290,565 1,129,240 1,161,325 33,818,210 16,709,290 17,108,920
English 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780 29,748,265 14,806,270 14,941,995
French 172,260 76,605 95,655 10,242,945 4,952,455 5,290,495
Non-official languages 1,220,345 574,040 646,300 9,369,280 4,488,185 4,881,090
Aboriginal languages 1,605 675 935 263,845 127,550 136,295
Algonquian languages 485 200 290 177,570 85,505 92,065
Blackfoot 15 0 15 5,645 2,695 2,950
Cree-Montagnais languages 310 145 165 116,585 56,515 60,070
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,640 3,335 3,305
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 11,440 5,500 5,945
Moose Cree 10 0 10 195 80 115
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,465 710 755
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 545 225 320
Plains Cree 90 45 45 5,905 2,705 3,200
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 40 30 10
Swampy Cree 20 10 15 2,345 995 1,350
Woods Cree 15 0 10 2,665 1,230 1,435
Cree, n.o.s. 185 90 95 86,115 42,080 44,035
Eastern Algonquian languages 20 10 10 9,765 4,710 5,050
Malecite 0 0 0 755 370 390
Mi'kmaq 15 0 10 9,025 4,350 4,670
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 145 40 100 46,685 22,100 24,585
Algonquin 15 10 10 2,480 1,165 1,315
Ojibway 115 35 85 28,585 13,365 15,220
Oji-Cree 10 0 10 15,610 7,575 8,030
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 205 105 105
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 120 60 60
Athabaskan languages 90 30 55 23,655 11,340 12,320
Northern Athabaskan languages 80 30 60 23,570 11,300 12,265
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 10 0 210 105 100
Beaver 0 0 0 340 180 165
Carrier 45 10 40 2,105 955 1,145
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,150 535 610
Dene 10 10 10 13,060 6,270 6,790
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 2,375 1,210 1,165
Gwich'in 0 0 0 360 165 200
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 150 60 90
Sekani 10 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 2,815 1,340 1,475
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 1,010 475 530
South Slavey 0 0 0 1,365 660 710
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 680 320 360
Tahltan languages 0 10 0 630 340 285
Kaska (Nahani) 0 10 0 365 205 170
Tahltan 10 0 0 270 140 130
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 420 160 260
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 285 115 170
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 145 50 95
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 85 35 50
Haida 60 35 25 465 205 260
Inuit languages 60 30 30 42,980 21,355 21,630
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 10 0 0 1,975 895 1,080
Inuktitut 45 15 25 40,620 20,280 20,340
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 470 225 240
Iroquoian languages 10 0 0 2,800 1,240 1,555
Cayuga 0 0 0 125 40 85
Mohawk 10 10 10 2,415 1,120 1,295
Oneida 0 0 0 180 60 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 45 75
Kutenai 0 0 0 175 95 80
Michif 35 20 15 1,210 585 625
Salish languages 540 210 325 5,750 2,730 3,015
Comox 20 0 20 185 75 110
Halkomelem 155 60 95 1,060 475 585
Lillooet 20 10 10 790 405 385
Okanagan 30 15 20 820 370 450
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 10 0 10 1,305 640 665
Squamish 225 100 125 285 125 155
Straits 0 0 10 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 25 15 10 450 220 235
Salish languages, n.i.e. 60 15 45 565 295 270
Siouan languages 30 10 15 5,430 2,665 2,770
Dakota 15 10 10 1,760 870 890
Stoney 0 0 0 3,675 1,805 1,875
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 140 70 70
Tlingit 0 0 0 260 140 120
Tsimshian languages 185 80 105 2,730 1,350 1,380
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 55 15 35 1,305 645 660
Nisga'a 65 30 40 1,060 545 515
Tsimshian 60 35 30 410 180 235
Wakashan languages 100 45 55 1,490 680 805
Haisla 30 0 25 175 65 110
Heiltsuk 15 0 10 125 50 75
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 40 30 10 605 285 320
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 10 10 10 565 265 300
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 35 20 20 665 310 360
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,218,825 573,410 645,415 9,107,075 4,361,420 4,745,660
Afro-Asiatic languages 29,225 15,270 13,960 837,355 432,560 404,795
Berber languages 125 80 45 29,460 15,745 13,715
Kabyle 55 30 25 17,120 9,100 8,015
Berber languages, n.i.e. 70 50 20 12,505 6,735 5,775
Cushitic languages 1,875 875 1,005 57,125 26,870 30,250
Bilen 15 0 15 1,085 625 470
Oromo 190 110 75 6,245 3,070 3,175
Somali 1,675 755 915 49,665 23,070 26,590
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 480 220 265
Semitic languages 27,480 14,465 13,015 771,130 400,780 370,350
Amharic 1,755 905 855 33,670 16,675 16,995
Arabic 19,995 10,675 9,315 629,055 329,235 299,820
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 715 345 375 19,745 9,720 10,020
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 545 270 275 7,115 3,505 3,610
Harari 55 35 20 1,710 855 860
Hebrew 4,585 2,365 2,225 75,020 38,730 36,290
Maltese 165 90 80 7,625 3,760 3,870
Tigrigna 935 510 425 21,340 10,640 10,705
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 290 150 135 3,220 1,655 1,565
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 95 45 50 2,775 1,440 1,335
Austro-Asiatic languages 30,390 14,495 15,895 224,865 105,845 119,020
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,440 620 815 27,035 12,640 14,400
Vietnamese 29,015 13,890 15,125 198,895 93,735 105,155
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 60 35 25 190 70 120
Austronesian languages 106,580 44,625 61,960 656,200 273,075 383,125
Bikol 490 205 290 2,075 885 1,190
Cebuano 4,185 1,630 2,555 27,045 10,960 16,085
Fijian 985 580 405 1,660 955 705
Hiligaynon 1,365 600 770 7,925 3,200 4,720
Ilocano 5,665 2,210 3,455 34,530 13,805 20,730
Malagasy 10 0 0 2,335 1,120 1,220
Malay 6,435 3,050 3,385 22,470 10,370 12,100
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 775 350 430 5,425 2,445 2,980
Pangasinan 440 180 265 1,800 790 1,015
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 96,290 39,665 56,620 612,735 253,210 359,530
Waray-Waray 275 120 155 1,395 530 860
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 1,170 580 595 5,585 2,540 3,040
Creole languages 1,820 970 845 155,615 70,545 85,070
Haitian Creole 60 20 35 6,850 3,140 3,710
Creole, n.o.s. 1,025 545 475 133,045 59,890 73,160
Creole languages, n.i.e. 755 420 335 16,635 7,955 8,675
Dravidian languages 8,880 4,710 4,165 250,180 126,220 123,960
Kannada 445 210 235 8,245 4,180 4,065
Malayalam 2,585 1,395 1,190 37,810 19,410 18,400
Tamil 4,855 2,530 2,325 189,860 94,640 95,220
Telugu 1,425 830 595 23,160 12,770 10,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 65 25 40 790 385 405
Hmong-Mien languages 155 75 75 870 435 435
Indo-European languages 536,810 262,060 274,750 5,158,010 2,506,455 2,651,555
Albanian 1,135 580 560 31,930 16,140 15,790
Armenian 1,460 730 735 41,295 19,980 21,315
Balto-Slavic languages 66,120 31,540 34,590 817,315 384,960 432,350
Baltic languages 635 310 320 14,675 6,470 8,205
Latvian 310 175 140 6,500 2,960 3,540
Lithuanian 325 140 190 8,185 3,510 4,675
Slavic languages 65,670 31,320 34,350 805,915 379,965 425,945
Belarusan 205 95 110 2,265 1,070 1,195
Bosnian 1,775 885 890 18,265 9,055 9,215
Bulgarian 1,970 875 1,095 22,425 10,920 11,505
Croatian 7,995 3,920 4,075 69,840 34,515 35,325
Czech 4,575 2,140 2,440 28,720 13,675 15,050
Macedonian 345 185 160 23,075 11,190 11,880
Polish 13,820 6,540 7,275 214,965 99,365 115,600
Russian 24,005 11,325 12,675 269,645 127,055 142,595
Serbian 8,010 4,110 3,905 73,775 37,040 36,740
Serbo-Croatian 1,245 595 645 11,275 5,525 5,750
Slovak 3,060 1,430 1,630 21,470 10,215 11,255
Slovene (Slovenian) 730 330 400 11,495 5,205 6,290
Ukrainian 5,960 2,605 3,355 132,115 58,820 73,300
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 250 125 120 3,000 1,590 1,405
Celtic languages 1,175 655 520 9,165 4,705 4,455
Scottish Gaelic 345 225 120 3,980 2,010 1,975
Welsh 145 60 80 1,690 830 860
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 690 370 320 3,590 1,915 1,680
Germanic languages 57,255 27,525 29,735 695,535 337,215 358,320
Afrikaans 4,230 2,160 2,070 23,410 11,795 11,610
Danish 2,460 1,150 1,305 15,745 7,320 8,425
Dutch 9,200 4,345 4,855 120,865 57,885 62,990
Frisian 120 55 65 2,910 1,515 1,395
German 38,665 18,845 19,825 502,730 245,745 256,985
Icelandic 215 115 100 1,780 830 945
Norwegian 1,405 725 675 8,120 3,860 4,260
Swedish 2,765 1,210 1,560 14,140 6,510 7,635
Vlaams (Flemish) 220 125 95 4,400 1,945 2,455
Yiddish 385 175 210 20,985 10,435 10,550
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 75 40 30 8,710 4,425 4,285
Greek 7,230 3,675 3,555 150,965 75,510 75,455
Indo-Iranian languages 297,060 147,625 149,435 1,658,220 840,850 817,365
Indo-Aryan languages 248,620 123,210 125,405 1,387,805 704,370 683,435
Bengali 3,140 1,610 1,530 91,220 46,935 44,285
Gujarati 10,685 5,025 5,650 149,045 74,765 74,285
Hindi 70,500 34,305 36,195 433,365 221,665 211,700
Kashmiri 45 25 15 905 490 420
Konkani 375 185 190 6,790 3,185 3,605
Marathi 1,275 650 625 15,570 8,200 7,365
Nepali 1,185 595 585 21,380 10,915 10,470
Oriya (Odia) 70 40 30 1,535 755 775
Punjabi (Panjabi) 187,530 93,595 93,935 668,240 341,450 326,790
Sindhi 3,135 1,340 1,795 20,260 9,310 10,945
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 2,145 1,115 1,030 27,825 13,970 13,855
Urdu 14,610 7,635 6,975 322,220 164,685 157,535
Iranian languages 49,445 24,955 24,490 281,715 142,030 139,680
Kurdish 2,075 1,095 975 15,290 8,290 7,000
Pashto 1,540 860 680 23,180 12,465 10,715
Persian (Farsi) 47,155 23,770 23,385 252,320 126,565 125,755
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 750 380 375 8,875 4,715 4,155
Italic (Romance) languages 118,715 56,405 62,310 1,897,630 898,530 999,100
Catalan 245 125 120 2,035 1,145 890
Italian 25,610 12,450 13,160 574,725 278,500 296,225
Portuguese 15,675 7,450 8,225 295,955 144,465 151,485
Romanian 8,265 4,075 4,190 115,050 55,275 59,770
Spanish 75,105 35,250 39,855 995,255 460,250 535,010
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 215 130 85 2,680 1,610 1,075
Japanese 28,630 12,410 16,215 83,090 36,760 46,335
Kartvelian languages 90 45 40 2,150 1,075 1,075
Georgian 90 50 40 2,150 1,080 1,070
Korean 50,640 23,170 27,465 172,755 80,170 92,590
Mongolic languages 320 155 165 2,090 960 1,130
Mongolian 320 155 165 2,090 960 1,130
Niger-Congo languages 5,805 3,015 2,785 177,215 88,135 89,080
Akan (Twi) 495 280 215 22,145 10,810 11,340
Bamanankan 20 15 10 3,190 1,660 1,530
Edo 115 60 55 3,220 1,510 1,705
Ewe 110 75 35 3,000 1,685 1,315
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 45 10 35 4,725 2,460 2,260
Ga 95 60 30 2,250 1,140 1,110
Ganda 105 60 45 2,495 1,175 1,320
Igbo 240 140 95 8,850 4,710 4,140
Lingala 240 110 130 17,010 7,865 9,145
Rundi (Kirundi) 100 40 65 8,590 4,075 4,515
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 205 95 115 7,860 3,600 4,260
Shona 265 125 140 5,425 2,530 2,905
Swahili 2,655 1,440 1,220 38,680 19,565 19,115
Wolof 30 15 15 8,240 4,455 3,785
Yoruba 505 260 250 22,420 11,475 10,940
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,325 605 720 40,760 20,375 20,385
Nilo-Saharan languages 305 155 150 7,015 3,520 3,495
Dinka 45 35 15 2,475 1,280 1,190
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 255 120 135 4,555 2,240 2,315
Sign languages 3,535 1,405 2,130 48,115 18,985 29,130
American Sign Language 2,035 690 1,345 21,930 7,780 14,155
Quebec Sign Language 10 0 0 4,665 1,665 3,005
Sign languages, n.i.e. 1,565 735 830 22,275 9,835 12,440
Sino-Tibetan languages 431,540 199,110 232,430 1,430,440 672,100 758,340
Chinese languages 429,070 197,865 231,205 1,413,110 663,465 749,640
Cantonese 223,700 103,515 120,185 699,125 325,840 373,285
Hakka 2,550 1,215 1,340 12,445 5,555 6,890
Mandarin 250,175 112,935 137,235 814,450 377,635 436,815
Min Dong 125 55 70 1,045 440 600
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 15,660 6,940 8,715 42,840 19,005 23,835
Wu (Shanghainese) 5,385 2,345 3,035 16,530 7,490 9,040
Chinese, n.o.s. 8,745 3,985 4,765 41,690 19,995 21,690
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 195 80 115 590 250 340
Tibeto-Burman languages 2,755 1,375 1,380 18,270 9,100 9,175
Burmese 1,390 685 700 4,995 2,490 2,500
Karenic languages 905 455 450 4,895 2,425 2,475
Tibetan 305 165 140 7,050 3,555 3,490
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 300 140 155 2,375 1,160 1,220
Tai-Kadai languages 3,810 1,535 2,270 30,400 13,210 17,195
Lao 1,125 505 615 17,235 8,240 8,990
Thai 2,870 1,105 1,765 15,390 5,875 9,520
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 115 50 65
Turkic languages 5,955 3,225 2,725 60,530 31,585 28,945
Azerbaijani 835 450 380 5,450 2,885 2,565
Turkish 4,875 2,635 2,245 50,775 26,605 24,165
Uyghur 110 50 60 1,385 685 700
Uzbek 170 95 75 2,465 1,230 1,235
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 225 120 105 1,870 905 965
Uralic languages 9,045 4,200 4,840 94,810 44,270 50,545
Estonian 500 205 295 6,070 2,750 3,315
Finnish 2,090 825 1,260 17,595 7,540 10,050
Hungarian 6,480 3,175 3,310 71,285 34,005 37,280
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 700 385 315 9,730 5,375 4,355
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 41 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,835 34,460,065 16,971,580 17,488,490
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 42 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420 32,034,590 15,799,495 16,235,090
Canadian citizens aged under 18 403,685 208,715 194,970 6,652,795 3,412,785 3,240,010
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 1,699,430 823,985 875,450 25,381,795 12,386,710 12,995,080
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 43 323,120 152,705 170,415 2,425,480 1,172,085 1,253,400
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,835 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 45 1,358,990 686,180 672,805 26,412,610 13,124,325 13,288,290
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 46 989,540 461,660 527,885 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Before 1981 209,975 100,680 109,295 1,941,510 927,795 1,013,715
1981 to 1990 120,730 56,305 64,425 915,555 439,245 476,310
1991 to 2000 247,835 114,340 133,490 1,486,655 696,720 789,940
2001 to 2010 268,470 123,240 145,230 1,985,035 940,570 1,044,465
2001 to 2005 124,890 57,190 67,695 928,935 439,890 489,050
2006 to 2010 143,580 66,050 77,535 1,056,095 500,680 555,415
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 47 142,535 67,090 75,440 1,212,075 582,175 629,895
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 48 77,700 37,560 40,140 506,625 260,755 245,870
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 49 989,540 461,660 527,885 7,540,830 3,586,500 3,954,335
Under 5 years 78,020 39,580 38,445 731,340 364,165 367,175
5 to 14 years 158,290 81,570 76,720 1,311,810 665,870 645,945
15 to 24 years 204,755 93,100 111,650 1,604,430 724,430 880,005
25 to 44 years 424,180 189,745 234,440 3,198,920 1,513,970 1,684,950
45 years and over 124,300 57,665 66,630 694,320 318,060 376,260
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 50 989,545 461,660 527,880 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Americas 65,325 30,720 34,605 1,128,745 510,650 618,100
Brazil 2,855 1,175 1,685 29,320 13,235 16,080
Colombia 3,075 1,400 1,675 70,035 32,065 37,965
El Salvador 4,405 2,235 2,170 48,080 23,865 24,215
Guyana 920 420 500 87,685 38,940 48,745
Haiti 260 110 155 93,480 40,955 52,525
Jamaica 2,230 1,160 1,070 138,345 59,960 78,390
Mexico 7,855 3,420 4,435 80,585 37,530 43,055
Peru 2,700 1,160 1,540 29,615 12,950 16,665
Trinidad and Tobago 1,935 895 1,045 65,040 29,325 35,710
United StatesCensus data footnote 51 26,445 12,755 13,695 253,715 113,505 140,215
Other places of birth in Americas 12,645 5,995 6,645 232,850 108,325 124,530
Europe 170,930 83,890 87,040 2,088,410 1,015,145 1,073,260
Bosnia and Herzegovina 3,925 1,905 2,025 36,135 18,050 18,085
Croatia 4,115 2,075 2,035 40,045 20,005 20,035
France 3,440 1,800 1,640 105,565 55,395 50,170
Germany 13,520 6,480 7,040 145,845 69,525 76,320
Greece 2,885 1,520 1,370 62,715 31,580 31,135
Hungary 3,700 1,895 1,810 36,820 17,945 18,875
IrelandCensus data footnote 52 3,835 2,100 1,735 28,325 14,355 13,970
Italy 10,395 5,350 5,045 236,640 118,595 118,040
Netherlands 6,300 3,130 3,170 88,475 45,185 43,295
Poland 10,480 4,885 5,590 146,465 66,450 80,020
Portugal 4,660 2,315 2,345 139,450 68,150 71,300
Romania 7,110 3,445 3,665 90,305 42,795 47,510
Russian Federation 8,460 3,655 4,810 78,685 34,265 44,420
SerbiaCensus data footnote 53 3,775 1,890 1,885 33,320 16,325 17,000
Ukraine 5,480 2,590 2,885 73,030 33,360 39,665
United KingdomCensus data footnote 54 56,530 28,245 28,280 499,115 243,225 255,890
Other places of birth in Europe 22,320 10,615 11,705 247,470 119,945 127,530
Africa 32,100 16,260 15,840 637,485 322,510 314,970
Algeria 425 275 150 64,620 33,920 30,705
Egypt 2,110 1,130 980 64,615 34,125 30,495
Ethiopia 1,665 835 825 32,790 15,980 16,810
Kenya 4,065 1,875 2,190 27,150 12,810 14,340
Morocco 730 385 345 69,655 36,120 33,535
Nigeria 1,205 630 570 42,430 21,830 20,600
Somalia 1,010 485 525 27,230 12,070 15,160
South Africa, Republic of 8,205 4,265 3,935 44,660 22,205 22,460
Other places of birth in Africa 12,690 6,365 6,325 264,320 133,450 130,870
Asia 697,305 319,470 377,835 3,629,160 1,709,985 1,919,175
Afghanistan 4,860 2,445 2,420 51,955 26,030 25,930
Bangladesh 1,870 945 925 58,735 29,875 28,865
ChinaCensus data footnote 55 188,965 84,380 104,580 649,260 290,800 358,460
Hong KongCensus data footnote 56 71,720 32,950 38,770 208,940 98,020 110,915
India 125,640 61,245 64,395 668,565 334,030 334,540
IranCensus data footnote 57 35,250 17,905 17,345 154,425 77,970 76,455
Iraq 5,215 2,660 2,555 68,485 34,785 33,705
Japan 10,675 3,140 7,535 27,240 7,955 19,285
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 58 36,860 16,745 20,120 123,305 57,170 66,140
Lebanon 1,860 1,040