Census Profile, 2016 Census
Saint John, City [Census subdivision], New Brunswick and New Brunswick [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Saint John, C
New Brunswick
[Census subdivision]
New Brunswick

[Province]
Data quality , Saint John, City [Census subdivision], New Brunswick  Map : Saint John, City [Census subdivision], New Brunswick Data quality : New Brunswick [Province]  Map : geography 2
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 67,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 747,101  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 70,063  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 751,171  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 -3.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... -0.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 33,801  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 359,721  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 30,208  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,773  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 213.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 315.96  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,388.81  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 67,575 32,095 35,485 747,105 365,355 381,745
0 to 14 years 10,045 5,120 4,925 110,495 56,320 54,180
0 to 4 years 3,245 1,665 1,580 34,365 17,505 16,860
5 to 9 years 3,565 1,845 1,720 38,250 19,515 18,735
10 to 14 years 3,235 1,615 1,620 37,880 19,295 18,585
15 to 64 years 44,565 21,470 23,100 487,820 240,535 247,285
15 to 19 years 3,535 1,795 1,735 40,605 20,905 19,705
20 to 24 years 4,315 2,150 2,165 41,445 21,280 20,165
25 to 29 years 4,330 2,160 2,175 39,245 19,745 19,505
30 to 34 years 4,110 1,970 2,140 41,510 20,140 21,365
35 to 39 years 4,055 1,910 2,145 44,435 21,585 22,850
40 to 44 years 4,210 2,015 2,195 48,430 23,520 24,910
45 to 49 years 4,400 2,055 2,345 51,300 25,195 26,105
50 to 54 years 5,410 2,605 2,805 61,055 29,795 31,265
55 to 59 years 5,435 2,545 2,885 61,740 30,210 31,530
60 to 64 years 4,760 2,260 2,505 58,060 28,170 29,895
65 years and over 12,965 5,505 7,455 148,785 68,500 80,280
65 to 69 years 4,110 1,930 2,185 52,160 25,595 26,570
70 to 74 years 2,980 1,350 1,630 36,050 17,695 18,360
75 to 79 years 2,190 935 1,260 25,300 11,835 13,465
80 to 84 years 1,705 690 1,020 17,650 7,515 10,135
85 years and over 1,975 600 1,370 17,620 5,860 11,765
85 to 89 years 1,175 395 780 10,670 3,910 6,760
90 to 94 years 590 165 425 5,305 1,595 3,715
95 to 99 years 175 45 130 1,435 330 1,110
100 years and over 35 0 35 205 30 185
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 14.9 16.0 13.9 14.8 15.4 14.2
15 to 64 years 65.9 66.9 65.1 65.3 65.8 64.8
65 years and over 19.2 17.2 21.0 19.9 18.7 21.0
85 years and over 2.9 1.9 3.9 2.4 1.6 3.1
Average age of the population 42.9 41.5 44.3 43.6 42.7 44.5
Median age of the population 44.1 42.4 45.6 45.7 44.8 46.6
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 30,210  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 12,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 221,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 1,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 15,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 1,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 1,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 3,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 8,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 44,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 125  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 730  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 30,210  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 10,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 10,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 126,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 4,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 2,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 1,430  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 65,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 730,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 57,530 26,970 30,560 636,605 309,040 327,570
Married or living common law 29,510 14,770 14,745 379,605 189,790 189,820
Married 23,375 11,695 11,685 302,020 151,100 150,925
Living common law 6,140 3,080 3,065 77,580 38,685 38,895
Not married and not living common law 28,015 12,205 15,810 257,000 119,250 137,745
Never married 17,125 8,740 8,385 158,070 85,640 72,430
Separated 2,290 930 1,355 21,290 9,530 11,760
Divorced 4,350 1,720 2,630 35,680 15,275 20,405
Widowed 4,250 810 3,440 41,965 8,805 33,160
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 18,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 222,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 10,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 129,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 4,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 47,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 2,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 1,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 18,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 222,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 14,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 186,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 11,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 147,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 3,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 4,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 3,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 28,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 745  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 14,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 186,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 7,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 105,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 6,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 81,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 3,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 2,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 32,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 945  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 4,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 2,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 23,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 1,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 400  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 14,960 6,815 8,145 128,775 61,010 67,770
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 30,210  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 17,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 214,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 7,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 102,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 10,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 112,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 370  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 11,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 10,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 1,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 66,205 31,505 34,700 736,280 360,440 375,840
English only 56,765 27,445 29,325 420,820 210,555 210,260
French only 100 50 55 63,140 29,955 33,190
English and French 8,695 3,675 5,015 249,950 118,705 131,245
Neither English nor French 640 330 310 2,370 1,220 1,150
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 66,205 31,505 34,700 736,280 360,440 375,845
English 62,695 29,830 32,865 498,365 244,230 254,135
French 2,670 1,235 1,430 232,450 113,500 118,945
English and French 215 110 105 3,210 1,550 1,655
Neither English nor French 625 325 300 2,255 1,150 1,100
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 2,775 1,295 1,485 234,055 114,280 119,775
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 4.2 4.1 4.3 31.8 31.7 31.9
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 66,205 31,500 34,700 736,280 360,440 375,845
Single responses 65,555 31,200 34,355 726,990 356,005 370,990
Official languages 62,145 29,430 32,715 703,840 344,285 359,555
English 59,260 28,105 31,155 472,725 231,595 241,135
French 2,885 1,320 1,570 231,110 112,690 118,415
Non-official languages 3,410 1,770 1,640 23,150 11,715 11,435
Aboriginal languages 0 0 5 2,165 1,035 1,135
Algonquian languages 0 0 5 2,130 1,020 1,110
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 0 5 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 2,115 1,010 1,105
Malecite 0 0 0 280 125 155
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 1,835 885 950
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 5 5 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 5 5 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 0 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 3,405 1,770 1,635 20,990 10,685 10,300
Afro-Asiatic languages 765 440 325 3,190 1,805 1,385
Berber languages 0 0 0 40 25 15
Kabyle 0 0 0 20 10 5
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 20 10 15 30 15 20
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 5 5 5
Somali 20 10 15 25 10 15
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 740 430 315 3,110 1,760 1,355
Amharic 5 0 5 65 35 25
Arabic 695 400 295 2,855 1,615 1,235
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 5 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 45 25 20 170 90 80
Maltese 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tigrigna 0 0 0 20 15 10
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 85 40 50 635 305 330
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 0 0 10 5 10
Vietnamese 85 35 50 620 305 320
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 185 70 110 1,375 510 865
Bikol 0 0 0 5 0 5
Cebuano 10 5 10 105 35 65
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 15 5 10
Ilocano 5 0 0 50 15 35
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 5 10
Malay 5 0 0 45 20 30
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 160 65 90 1,120 420 700
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 5 0 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 15 5 10
Creole languages 5 5 5 135 70 65
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 15 10 5
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 80 30 50
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 40 30 10
Dravidian languages 55 30 25 285 155 130
Kannada 5 5 0 20 15 10
Malayalam 15 5 5 40 15 20
Tamil 10 5 5 105 60 50
Telugu 25 15 10 110 60 45
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 5 5 0 5 5 0
Indo-European languages 1,165 615 550 9,325 4,790 4,530
Albanian 5 0 5 50 25 25
Armenian 0 0 0 30 15 10
Balto-Slavic languages 205 105 100 1,740 865 875
Baltic languages 5 0 0 55 30 30
Latvian 0 0 0 25 10 10
Lithuanian 0 0 0 35 15 15
Slavic languages 205 105 100 1,685 835 850
Belarusan 0 0 0 5 5 0
Bosnian 10 5 5 50 25 25
Bulgarian 0 0 0 20 10 10
Croatian 0 0 0 75 35 40
Czech 5 5 5 55 25 25
Macedonian 0 0 5 15 10 5
Polish 20 10 10 230 105 125
Russian 130 65 60 880 440 435
Serbian 5 0 0 105 55 45
Serbo-Croatian 5 5 0 35 15 20
Slovak 0 0 0 25 15 15
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 0 0 15 10 10
Ukrainian 30 15 15 170 85 90
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0 30 5 20
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 5 15 5 10
Welsh 0 0 0 10 0 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Germanic languages 120 55 65 2,875 1,415 1,465
Afrikaans 0 5 0 50 30 25
Danish 5 0 5 125 55 75
Dutch 40 20 20 885 470 410
Frisian 0 0 0 35 25 10
German 70 25 40 1,650 780 865
Icelandic 0 0 0 5 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0 40 25 20
Swedish 0 5 5 50 15 35
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Yiddish 5 0 0 10 5 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Greek 50 35 15 145 100 50
Indo-Iranian languages 410 230 180 1,850 1,020 835
Indo-Aryan languages 255 150 100 1,175 655 525
Bengali 60 35 25 205 120 85
Gujarati 15 10 10 75 40 30
Hindi 45 35 15 225 135 95
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 5 10 5 5
Marathi 15 5 10 50 20 25
Nepali 35 20 15 180 90 90
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 20 15 5 125 75 50
Sindhi 5 0 5 25 10 10
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 30 15 15
Urdu 60 35 20 240 140 100
Iranian languages 155 80 80 655 355 305
Kurdish 20 10 10 55 30 25
Pashto 5 5 5 25 15 10
Persian (Farsi) 130 70 65 580 310 270
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 15 10 10
Italic (Romance) languages 370 185 180 2,605 1,355 1,250
Catalan 0 0 0 5 5 0
Italian 45 25 20 400 225 175
Portuguese 60 30 30 260 130 130
Romanian 50 25 25 485 250 240
Spanish 220 105 110 1,460 755 705
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Japanese 15 0 5 110 25 85
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Korean 240 115 120 1,550 800 750
Mongolic languages 0 0 5 5 5 0
Mongolian 5 0 0 5 5 5
Niger-Congo languages 85 45 40 700 385 315
Akan (Twi) 10 5 5 25 10 10
Bamanankan 0 0 0 60 35 25
Edo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 0 0 0 5 5 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 40 30 15
Ga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Ganda 5 5 0 10 0 0
Igbo 10 5 5 30 20 10
Lingala 0 0 0 25 15 15
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 0 0 45 25 20
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 0 0 40 20 20
Shona 5 0 0 20 10 10
Swahili 20 10 10 135 65 70
Wolof 0 0 0 25 20 10
Yoruba 5 0 0 30 15 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 195 105 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0 5 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sign languages 15 10 10 145 75 70
American Sign Language 5 0 5 40 20 30
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 5 5 95 55 45
Sino-Tibetan languages 745 380 370 3,115 1,570 1,545
Chinese languages 750 380 365 3,085 1,555 1,530
Cantonese 80 45 40 440 225 210
Hakka 0 0 5 20 10 10
Mandarin 580 290 290 2,250 1,105 1,150
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 5 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 5 35 15 15
Wu (Shanghainese) 20 10 10 100 45 55
Chinese, n.o.s. 55 30 25 240 150 85
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 5 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 30 15 15
Burmese 0 0 0 0 0 5
Karenic languages 0 0 0 25 15 10
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 10 0 5 60 15 50
Lao 0 0 0 5 0 0
Thai 5 0 5 55 10 45
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 20 15 10 105 60 45
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkish 20 15 10 75 50 30
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Uralic languages 25 10 20 250 115 135
Estonian 5 0 0 20 5 10
Finnish 5 0 5 45 15 30
Hungarian 20 5 10 185 90 95
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 10
Multiple responses 650 305 345 9,290 4,440 4,855
English and French 390 185 205 7,285 3,470 3,815
English and non-official language 240 110 135 1,535 725 810
French and non-official language 10 5 0 330 175 155
English, French and non-official language 10 0 5 145 65 75
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 66,205 31,505 34,705 736,280 360,435 375,845
Single responses 65,385 31,110 34,275 724,940 355,025 369,910
Official languages 63,085 29,925 33,160 712,250 348,510 363,740
English 62,045 29,430 32,610 505,935 247,610 258,325
French 1,035 490 550 206,315 100,900 105,415
Non-official languages 2,300 1,185 1,115 12,690 6,515 6,175
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 820 400 420
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 820 395 420
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 815 395 420
Malecite 0 0 0 50 25 25
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 765 370 395
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 2,300 1,185 1,115 11,870 6,115 5,750
Afro-Asiatic languages 655 355 300 2,285 1,210 1,075
Berber languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 15 10 10 20 10 10
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Somali 15 5 10 20 5 10
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 640 345 295 2,265 1,200 1,065
Amharic 0 0 0 20 10 10
Arabic 595 325 270 2,110 1,125 990
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 50 25 25 130 60 70
Maltese 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tigrigna 0 0 0 5 0 5
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 75 35 40 525 255 270
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Vietnamese 75 35 45 520 250 270
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 80 40 40 510 235 270
Bikol 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cebuano 5 5 5 40 15 25
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 0 5
Malay 0 0 0 15 0 5
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 75 35 40 450 215 235
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Creole languages 0 0 5 65 25 35
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 20 0 15
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 45 20 20
Dravidian languages 25 10 10 110 60 45
Kannada 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malayalam 10 5 10 20 5 10
Tamil 5 5 0 35 20 20
Telugu 5 5 0 45 30 15
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 5 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 590 300 290 4,160 2,175 1,990
Albanian 5 0 0 30 15 10
Armenian 0 0 0 20 5 10
Balto-Slavic languages 115 60 55 975 505 470
Baltic languages 0 0 0 35 20 15
Latvian 0 0 0 10 5 5
Lithuanian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavic languages 115 60 60 935 480 455
Belarusan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bosnian 5 0 5 25 15 10
Bulgarian 0 0 0 5 5 0
Croatian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Czech 0 0 0 5 0 5
Macedonian 5 0 0 0 0 0
Polish 5 0 5 55 25 30
Russian 85 45 40 620 320 305
Serbian 0 0 0 80 45 35
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 5 5 5
Slovak 0 0 0 5 5 5
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ukrainian 25 10 10 90 50 40
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0 10 0 5
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 5 0 5
Welsh 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages 15 0 10 640 320 320
Afrikaans 0 0 0 35 15 20
Danish 0 0 0 5 5 5
Dutch 5 0 0 150 80 75
Frisian 0 0 0 5 0 5
German 10 5 5 425 215 210
Icelandic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 5 5 0 5
Swedish 0 0 0 5 0 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Greek 25 10 15 45 25 25
Indo-Iranian languages 260 140 120 1,140 595 545
Indo-Aryan languages 140 75 70 655 335 325
Bengali 35 20 20 130 70 60
Gujarati 15 10 5 40 15 20
Hindi 15 5 5 115 60 50
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 5 5 0
Marathi 10 5 0 20 10 10
Nepali 30 10 15 135 60 75
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 5 5 5 50 25 25
Sindhi 0 5 5 10 5 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Urdu 40 25 15 140 75 70
Iranian languages 120 60 55 470 255 220
Kurdish 15 5 5 35 25 10
Pashto 10 5 0 15 5 5
Persian (Farsi) 100 55 50 425 225 195
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 5
Italic (Romance) languages 165 80 85 1,305 705 600
Catalan 0 0 0 5 5 0
Italian 10 5 5 85 40 45
Portuguese 25 10 15 110 50 60
Romanian 25 15 10 290 145 140
Spanish 105 55 55 820 470 350
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Japanese 0 0 0 20 10 15
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Korean 205 110 95 1,245 645 605
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 50 25 25 240 125 120
Akan (Twi) 5 0 5 10 5 10
Bamanankan 0 0 0 20 15 5
Edo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 0 0 0 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 10 10 5
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0 5 5 0
Lingala 0 0 0 10 5 5
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 20 15 10
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Shona 0 0 0 5 0 5
Swahili 25 10 10 80 35 45
Wolof 0 0 0 5 5 0
Yoruba 0 0 0 5 5 5
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 50 25 25
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages 15 10 5 200 115 85
American Sign Language 10 5 5 55 30 25
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 5 5 150 90 60
Sino-Tibetan languages 590 300 285 2,390 1,210 1,175
Chinese languages 585 305 285 2,365 1,195 1,170
Cantonese 50 25 20 260 130 130
Hakka 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mandarin 475 240 240 1,855 930 920
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 0 0 15 10 5
Wu (Shanghainese) 30 10 15 85 40 45
Chinese, n.o.s. 40 25 15 140 80 55
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 25 15 10
Burmese 0 0 0 5 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 5 0 0 10 0 5
Lao 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 10 5 5 30 15 10
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkish 10 5 0 25 15 5
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uralic languages 5 0 0 70 35 40
Estonian 5 0 0 5 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0 5 5 5
Hungarian 5 0 0 55 30 30
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Multiple responses 825 395 425 11,345 5,415 5,925
English and French 265 130 140 7,275 3,370 3,905
English and non-official language 530 255 275 3,435 1,715 1,720
French and non-official language 10 5 5 340 185 160
English, French and non-official language 15 10 5 290 140 145
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 66,205 31,500 34,700 736,280 360,435 375,845
None 62,525 29,780 32,745 647,960 318,560 329,400
English 1,360 655 700 49,925 24,065 25,855
French 1,445 615 830 30,030 13,760 16,275
Non-official language 790 415 375 7,545 3,650 3,895
Aboriginal 5 0 5 1,300 625 685
Non-Aboriginal 785 415 375 6,240 3,030 3,210
English and French 30 15 10 180 90 90
English and non-official language 30 10 15 300 160 145
French and non-official language 30 10 20 335 155 185
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 10 5 5
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 55,455 26,070 29,385 620,390 301,645 318,745
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 52,655 24,595 28,060 594,705 289,220 305,485
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,088 35,981 26,366 30,961 37,516 25,796
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 52,665 24,600 28,070 594,920 289,245 305,680
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,572 31,816 24,536 28,107 33,169 23,945
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 45,455 21,845 23,615 516,780 259,945 256,835
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,892 35,003 24,444 28,444 34,830 23,278
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 38,980 16,415 22,560 439,645 193,975 245,675
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,168 7,150 7,171 8,164 9,210 7,321
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 37,170 18,395 18,780 423,915 219,135 204,780
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,049 35,276 26,358 29,124 34,784 24,769
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 55,460 26,080 29,380 620,395 301,650 318,745
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 52,735 24,575 28,160 594,650 289,140 305,510
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,721 43,822 32,398 39,141 46,154 32,504
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 52,750 24,585 28,170 594,870 289,165 305,700
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,970 36,261 28,224 33,022 38,151 28,171
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 45,330 21,760 23,570 516,685 259,855 256,830
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,662 43,375 30,465 37,432 44,240 30,543
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 39,245 16,510 22,735 440,195 194,240 245,955
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,343 8,065 8,545 8,938 9,519 8,480
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 37,175 18,335 18,835 423,915 218,800 205,110
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,336 42,912 31,909 37,611 43,456 31,376
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 55,455 26,080 29,380 620,390 301,645 318,745
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 18,915 9,640 9,270 197,290 104,215 93,075
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 43,711 49,008 39,538 46,349 52,010 41,058
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 51,900 58,549 44,987 54,011 60,796 46,415
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 83.9 88.0 79.0 83.2 86.2 79.0
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 69.9 73.4 65.7 68.5 71.3 64.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 16.1 12.0 21.0 16.8 13.8 21.0
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 55,455 26,070 29,385 620,390 301,650 318,745
Without total income 2,805 1,475 1,330 25,680 12,430 13,260
With total income 52,655 24,600 28,055 594,710 289,220 305,490
Percentage with total income 95.0 94.4 95.5 95.9 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 7,590 3,425 4,165 80,700 32,655 48,050
$10,000 to $19,999 9,380 3,405 5,975 109,015 40,415 68,600
$20,000 to $29,999 9,280 3,560 5,720 99,025 40,480 58,540
$30,000 to $39,999 7,250 3,280 3,970 83,770 41,360 42,405
$40,000 to $49,999 5,960 2,765 3,200 65,795 35,080 30,715
$50,000 to $59,999 3,795 2,095 1,700 44,810 26,560 18,250
$60,000 to $69,999 2,695 1,680 1,015 32,185 20,270 11,920
$70,000 to $79,999 2,010 1,130 880 24,565 14,130 10,430
$80,000 to $89,999 1,430 830 605 17,095 9,915 7,180
$90,000 to $99,999 970 640 330 10,240 6,980 3,260
$100,000 and over 2,290 1,790 500 27,515 21,380 6,135
$100,000 to $149,999 1,770 1,390 375 19,765 15,195 4,570
$150,000 and over 515 395 120 7,750 6,185 1,565
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 55,455 26,070 29,385 620,390 301,645 318,750
Without after-tax income 2,790 1,470 1,315 25,470 12,405 13,070
With after-tax income 52,665 24,600 28,065 594,920 289,240 305,680
Percentage with after-tax income 95.0 94.4 95.5 95.9 95.9 95.9
Under $10,000 (including loss) 7,840 3,465 4,370 83,590 33,140 50,455
$10,000 to $19,999 10,040 3,695 6,345 115,730 43,245 72,485
$20,000 to $29,999 10,775 4,340 6,435 118,940 51,335 67,610
$30,000 to $39,999 8,835 4,045 4,795 98,230 50,770 47,460
$40,000 to $49,999 5,880 3,075 2,800 67,470 38,665 28,810
$50,000 to $59,999 3,585 2,145 1,435 42,775 26,495 16,280
$60,000 to $69,999 2,370 1,365 1,005 28,790 16,435 12,355
$70,000 to $79,999 1,380 950 435 14,945 10,205 4,740
$80,000 and over 1,965 1,515 450 24,450 18,955 5,500
$80,000 to $89,999 755 590 165 8,385 6,340 2,040
$90,000 to $99,999 450 345 105 5,060 3,970 1,090
$100,000 and over 755 575 180 11,005 8,640 2,365
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 55,460 26,070 29,385 620,390 301,645 318,745
Without employment income 18,280 7,675 10,605 196,475 82,515 113,965
With employment income 37,170 18,395 18,780 423,910 219,140 204,775
Percentage with employment income 67.0 70.6 63.9 68.3 72.6 64.2
Under $5,000 (including loss) 4,675 2,200 2,475 54,590 26,540 28,045
$5,000 to $9,999 2,875 1,245 1,630 36,840 15,720 21,120
$10,000 to $19,999 5,320 2,210 3,110 65,895 29,920 35,975
$20,000 to $29,999 5,690 2,400 3,290 59,240 25,955 33,280
$30,000 to $39,999 4,850 2,245 2,605 50,190 24,930 25,260
$40,000 to $49,999 3,910 1,850 2,065 42,140 22,160 19,980
$50,000 to $59,999 2,535 1,460 1,075 29,910 18,180 11,730
$60,000 to $69,999 1,955 1,215 740 23,390 14,620 8,770
$70,000 to $79,999 1,600 840 755 19,515 10,565 8,950
$80,000 and over 3,765 2,720 1,040 42,210 30,540 11,665
$80,000 to $89,999 1,175 690 485 13,190 7,840 5,345
$90,000 to $99,999 765 535 230 8,105 5,685 2,420
$100,000 and over 1,825 1,500 330 20,915 17,015 3,895
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 30,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 52,132  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,347  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 46,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 52,553  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 10,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 28,701  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 28,747  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 26,348  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 26,387  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 19,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 230,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 69,624  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,207  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 61,639  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,063  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 30,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 65,851  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,786  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 55,826  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 61,431  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 10,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,229  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 30,853  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,242  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 19,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 230,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 81,299  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 86,878  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 68,849  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 73,156  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 30,210  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 615  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,145  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 820  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,835  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,905  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,690  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,690  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 27,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 22,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 6,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 1,360  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 725  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 30,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 625  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 835  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 20,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,815  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,870  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 32,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,510  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 23,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 3,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 48,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 930  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 865  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 18,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 221,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 69,804  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,353  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 61,723  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 7,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 69,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 67,988  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 61,274  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,801  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 6,510  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 82,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 95,815  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 100,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 82,052  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 85,717  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 4,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 39,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 42,992  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 37,898  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 40,671  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 18,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 221,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 81,672  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 87,048  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 69,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 73,197  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 7,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 80,726  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 67,641  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 66,576  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 6,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 82,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 104,188  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,901  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 87,032  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,699  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 4,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,133  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 51,119  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 43,209  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 45,687  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 13,445 6,150 7,295 114,825 54,970 59,850
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 27,192 28,116 26,350 27,250 30,122 25,182
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 25,049 25,573 24,735 25,167 27,154 23,916
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 13,395 5,985 7,410 114,375 54,300 60,075
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 34,155 36,489 32,270 34,738 37,330 32,395
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 29,225 30,466 28,224 29,845 31,431 28,411
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 65,470 31,170 34,300 730,710 357,860 372,850
In the bottom half of the distribution 41,075 18,900 22,170 428,180 204,170 224,005
In the bottom decile 10,525 4,930 5,600 80,120 37,430 42,695
In the second decile 8,935 3,870 5,065 94,165 42,190 51,980
In the third decile 7,920 3,605 4,310 87,075 41,905 45,170
In the fourth decile 7,170 3,375 3,795 85,610 42,275 43,335
In the fifth decile 6,530 3,120 3,405 81,200 40,375 40,825
In the top half of the distribution 24,395 12,270 12,130 302,530 153,685 148,845
In the sixth decile 6,245 3,095 3,155 77,345 38,915 38,425
In the seventh decile 5,620 2,810 2,810 73,185 37,190 36,005
In the eighth decile 5,210 2,585 2,620 65,090 32,815 32,275
In the ninth decile 4,600 2,320 2,280 52,050 26,635 25,410
In the top decile 2,720 1,455 1,265 34,860 18,130 16,730
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 65,470 31,170 34,300 722,550 353,870 368,680
0 to 17 years 12,040 6,135 5,900 131,930 67,285 64,645
0 to 5 years 3,955 2,030 1,925 40,900 20,805 20,100
18 to 64 years 41,920 20,005 21,910 452,805 221,675 231,130
65 years and over 11,515 5,025 6,490 137,820 64,915 72,905
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 14,755 6,640 8,110 123,820 55,990 67,825
0 to 17 years 4,050 2,095 1,960 29,250 14,930 14,320
0 to 5 years 1,515 795 720 10,285 5,260 5,030
18 to 64 years 8,575 3,785 4,785 66,745 29,975 36,770
65 years and over 2,125 760 1,360 27,830 11,090 16,745
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 22.5 21.3 23.6 17.1 15.8 18.4
0 to 17 years (%) 33.6 34.1 33.2 22.2 22.2 22.2
0 to 5 years (%) 38.3 39.2 37.4 25.1 25.3 25.0
18 to 64 years (%) 20.5 18.9 21.8 14.7 13.5 15.9
65 years and over (%) 18.5 15.1 21.0 20.2 17.1 23.0
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 8,505 4,070 4,440 49,830 24,165 25,660
0 to 17 years 2,280 1,180 1,100 11,520 5,890 5,630
0 to 5 years 915 470 445 4,200 2,145 2,055
18 to 64 years 5,795 2,735 3,065 35,680 17,255 18,425
65 years and over 430 155 270 2,630 1,025 1,605
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 13.0 13.1 12.9 6.9 6.8 7.0
0 to 17 years (%) 18.9 19.2 18.6 8.7 8.8 8.7
0 to 5 years (%) 23.1 23.2 23.1 10.3 10.3 10.2
18 to 64 years (%) 13.8 13.7 14.0 7.9 7.8 8.0
65 years and over (%) 3.7 3.1 4.2 1.9 1.6 2.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 65,465 31,170 34,300 730,710 357,855 372,850
Official languages 64,835 30,830 34,005 728,310 356,615 371,690
English 64,710 30,790 33,925 666,315 326,905 339,415
French 8,780 3,710 5,065 310,550 147,845 162,705
Non-official languages 4,490 2,295 2,200 34,880 17,355 17,525
Aboriginal languages 25 0 25 3,065 1,470 1,595
Algonquian languages 15 0 15 2,990 1,455 1,540
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 20 0 15 2,965 1,435 1,530
Malecite 0 0 0 720 335 385
Mi'kmaq 15 0 15 2,265 1,115 1,150
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 15 15 0
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 10 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 10 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 10 0 0 55 10 45
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 45 10 40
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 10 0
Salish languages 10 0 0 0 10 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 4,465 2,290 2,180 31,865 15,915 15,955
Afro-Asiatic languages 805 440 360 4,355 2,385 1,980
Berber languages 0 0 0 80 40 35
Kabyle 0 0 0 40 20 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 40 25 20
Cushitic languages 10 10 0 15 10 0
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Somali 10 10 0 10 10 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 795 430 360 4,300 2,340 1,960
Amharic 0 0 0 165 100 65
Arabic 690 395 295 3,685 2,030 1,660
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 105 40 60 435 205 230
Maltese 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0 50 25 25
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 15 15 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 130 50 80 835 430 400
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Vietnamese 130 50 80 820 435 390
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 0
Austronesian languages 160 45 120 1,790 695 1,090
Bikol 0 0 0 10 0 10
Cebuano 15 10 10 185 70 115
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 10 0 10 35 10 30
Ilocano 0 0 0 50 10 45
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 10 15
Malay 20 0 15 75 20 55
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 130 35 95 1,595 625 970
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 20 15 0
Creole languages 15 10 10 430 195 235
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 50 20 30
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 240 105 135
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 140 75 65
Dravidian languages 65 40 25 435 245 195
Kannada 15 10 10 60 30 25
Malayalam 15 0 10 55 35 25
Tamil 10 0 0 190 115 75
Telugu 20 10 0 175 90 85
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Hmong-Mien languages 15 15 0 10 10 0
Indo-European languages 1,815 950 860 16,505 8,155 8,350
Albanian 0 0 0 80 45 35
Armenian 0 0 0 60 35 25
Balto-Slavic languages 285 160 125 2,065 1,100 965
Baltic languages 0 0 0 55 40 20
Latvian 0 0 0 20 10 10
Lithuanian 0 0 0 30 20 10
Slavic languages 275 155 125 2,025 1,070 955
Belarusan 0 0 0 10 0 0
Bosnian 15 0 10 75 40 40
Bulgarian 0 0 0 45 15 35
Croatian 10 10 0 95 45 55
Czech 10 10 0 115 65 45
Macedonian 10 10 10 35 25 10
Polish 35 25 15 320 165 160
Russian 195 100 95 1,200 630 570
Serbian 10 10 0 90 70 20
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 40 30 10
Slovak 0 0 0 45 15 30
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 0 0 15 10 0
Ukrainian 85 45 40 310 145 165
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Celtic languages 10 10 10 140 40 100
Scottish Gaelic 10 0 10 95 20 75
Welsh 0 0 0 10 0 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Germanic languages 270 115 155 4,745 2,360 2,380
Afrikaans 0 0 0 130 70 60
Danish 10 0 10 155 60 95
Dutch 25 10 20 1,185 560 625
Frisian 0 0 0 50 40 15
German 235 110 130 3,260 1,675 1,580
Icelandic 0 0 0 10 10 0
Norwegian 0 0 0 130 65 65
Swedish 0 0 0 110 45 60
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 40 20 25
Yiddish 0 0 0 20 20 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Greek 75 55 20 220 125 95
Indo-Iranian languages 550 335 215 2,325 1,275 1,050
Indo-Aryan languages 335 210 120 1,570 875 695
Bengali 35 25 10 225 150 80
Gujarati 30 10 15 110 45 65
Hindi 245 145 105 790 430 355
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Marathi 10 10 0 55 20 30
Nepali 10 10 0 185 90 95
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 35 35 0 205 130 75
Sindhi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 35 10 20
Urdu 85 65 25 355 215 140
Iranian languages 235 130 105 805 430 375
Kurdish 35 20 15 130 65 60
Pashto 20 15 10 60 45 20
Persian (Farsi) 185 105 80 620 330 285
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 680 315 365 7,600 3,540 4,055
Catalan 0 0 0 15 10 0
Italian 60 30 30 825 405 420
Portuguese 55 35 20 450 250 200
Romanian 55 25 35 555 290 265
Spanish 535 240 290 6,065 2,775 3,290
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 10 0 10
Japanese 45 15 25 430 190 240
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Korean 220 125 95 1,695 860 835
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 10 10 10
Mongolian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Niger-Congo languages 220 110 110 1,525 890 640
Akan (Twi) 20 0 20 35 15 25
Bamanankan 25 15 15 155 70 85
Edo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 0 0 0 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 100 85 15
Ga 0 0 0 10 10 0
Ganda 0 0 0 10 10 0
Igbo 35 30 0 60 50 15
Lingala 0 10 0 125 95 35
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 10 0 90 55 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 10 70 40 30
Shona 15 0 10 40 15 25
Swahili 65 25 40 355 185 170
Wolof 0 0 0 70 45 25
Yoruba 15 15 0 60 45 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 40 15 20 545 315 230
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages 245 85 160 1,155 450 705
American Sign Language 115 45 70 425 150 280
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 15 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 140 50 90 745 305 435
Sino-Tibetan languages 900 480 425 3,585 1,885 1,700
Chinese languages 905 480 420 3,510 1,855 1,660
Cantonese 155 65 90 610 285 320
Hakka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mandarin 685 365 320 2,760 1,455 1,310
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 10 10 0 60 30 30
Wu (Shanghainese) 40 20 20 140 65 75
Chinese, n.o.s. 105 60 45 310 195 115
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 40 10 30
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 70 30 40
Burmese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0 65 25 45
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 20 10 15 85 20 65
Lao 0 0 0 10 0 10
Thai 20 0 10 80 20 60
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 50 45 10 175 105 75
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkish 50 40 10 165 105 60
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Uralic languages 25 10 10 270 130 140
Estonian 0 0 0 20 15 0
Finnish 0 0 0 35 15 20
Hungarian 20 10 15 220 105 115
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 70 30
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 65,470 31,170 34,300 730,710 357,855 372,855
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 62,800 29,745 33,055 710,775 347,905 362,875
Canadian citizens aged under 18 11,415 5,855 5,560 130,785 66,795 63,990
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 51,385 23,895 27,495 579,995 281,110 298,880
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 2,665 1,420 1,245 19,925 9,950 9,980
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 65,470 31,170 34,300 730,710 357,855 372,850
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 60,745 28,740 32,005 692,535 339,090 353,445
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 4,075 2,010 2,065 33,810 16,175 17,640
Before 1981 1,100 465 635 11,545 5,265 6,275
1981 to 1990 265 155 110 2,735 1,340 1,390
1991 to 2000 325 170 150 2,975 1,490 1,490
2001 to 2010 825 435 390 7,235 3,530 3,710
2001 to 2005 290 150 135 2,435 1,110 1,330
2006 to 2010 535 285 255 4,800 2,415 2,385
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 1,555 785 770 9,330 4,560 4,770
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 650 415 230 4,360 2,590 1,770
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 4,075 2,010 2,065 33,815 16,175 17,635
Under 5 years 530 235 295 5,135 2,350 2,790
5 to 14 years 830 425 410 7,290 3,585 3,705
15 to 24 years 650 360 290 5,790 2,525 3,265
25 to 44 years 1,660 775 885 12,640 6,100 6,535
45 years and over 395 215 180 2,955 1,615 1,340
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 4,075 2,010 2,065 33,815 16,175 17,635
Americas 670 330 340 9,420 4,205 5,210
Brazil 10 10 0 55 20 30
Colombia 25 15 15 215 85 130
El Salvador 10 10 0 115 85 30
Guyana 0 0 0 80 40 45
Haiti 0 0 0 170 70 100
Jamaica 15 10 0 120 85 40
Mexico 30 0 25 160 50 110
Peru 20 15 10 60 35 25
Trinidad and Tobago 0 10 0 115 70 40
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 410 190 220 7,620 3,315 4,305
Other places of birth in Americas 145 80 65 715 355 360
Europe 1,085 500 580 10,985 5,335 5,650
Bosnia and Herzegovina 15 10 10 100 55 50
Croatia 0 0 0 60 35 25
France 15 10 0 760 425 340
Germany 90 30 60 1,615 740 880
Greece 55 35 15 95 60 40
Hungary 10 0 0 100 35 65
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 20 10 15 160 75 85
Italy 15 15 0 210 125 85
Netherlands 25 10 15 975 505 465
Poland 20 10 15 195 90 100
Portugal 40 20 15 130 85 45
Romania 45 15 30 485 245 240
Russian Federation 35 20 10 245 115 135
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 0 10 0 30 25 10
Ukraine 55 35 20 250 120 130
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 570 240 330 4,600 2,160 2,445
Other places of birth in Europe 70 40 30 970 455 515
Africa 265 130 135 2,565 1,420 1,140
Algeria 0 10 0 165 90 75
Egypt 15 10 0 120 75 45
Ethiopia 0 0 0 120 65 60
Kenya 10 0 10 60 30 30
Morocco 15 10 0 200 120 75
Nigeria 10 0 0 115 65 50
Somalia 10 10 0 15 10 10
South Africa, Republic of 20 10 10 165 85 80
Other places of birth in Africa 175 80 100 1,615 885 725
Asia 2,035 1,030 1,005 10,625 5,105 5,520
Afghanistan 15 10 0 20 10 0
Bangladesh 20 10 15 100 55 50
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 535 280