Census Profile, 2016 Census
Upham, Parish [Census subdivision], New Brunswick and New Brunswick [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Upham, P
New Brunswick
[Census subdivision]
New Brunswick

[Province]
Data quality , Upham, Parish [Census subdivision], New Brunswick  Map : Upham, Parish [Census subdivision], New Brunswick Data quality : New Brunswick [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 1 Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 1,269  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 747,101  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 1,306  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 751,171  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 -2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... -0.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 579  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 359,721  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 521  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,773  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 6.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 189.22  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,388.81  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 1,270 625 645 747,105 365,355 381,745
0 to 14 years 225 105 125 110,495 56,320 54,180
0 to 4 years 70 30 40 34,365 17,505 16,860
5 to 9 years 75 40 35 38,250 19,515 18,735
10 to 14 years 80 35 45 37,880 19,295 18,585
15 to 64 years 825 420 405 487,820 240,535 247,285
15 to 19 years 70 40 35 40,605 20,905 19,705
20 to 24 years 55 30 25 41,445 21,280 20,165
25 to 29 years 65 35 30 39,245 19,745 19,505
30 to 34 years 65 30 35 41,510 20,140 21,365
35 to 39 years 75 35 45 44,435 21,585 22,850
40 to 44 years 65 30 30 48,430 23,520 24,910
45 to 49 years 90 45 45 51,300 25,195 26,105
50 to 54 years 115 60 60 61,055 29,795 31,265
55 to 59 years 120 65 50 61,740 30,210 31,530
60 to 64 years 100 50 50 58,060 28,170 29,895
65 years and over 215 100 115 148,785 68,500 80,280
65 to 69 years 80 40 40 52,160 25,595 26,570
70 to 74 years 70 35 35 36,050 17,695 18,360
75 to 79 years 35 20 20 25,300 11,835 13,465
80 to 84 years 20 10 15 17,650 7,515 10,135
85 years and over 15 0 10 17,620 5,860 11,765
85 to 89 years 5 0 5 10,670 3,910 6,760
90 to 94 years 10 0 5 5,305 1,595 3,715
95 to 99 years 0 0 0 1,435 330 1,110
100 years and over 0 0 0 205 30 185
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 17.7 16.8 19.4 14.8 15.4 14.2
15 to 64 years 65.0 67.2 62.8 65.3 65.8 64.8
65 years and over 16.9 16.0 17.8 19.9 18.7 21.0
85 years and over 1.2 0.0 1.6 2.4 1.6 3.1
Average age of the population 41.9 41.8 42.0 43.6 42.7 44.5
Median age of the population 45.4 45.6 45.2 45.7 44.8 46.6
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 520  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 480  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 221,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 10  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 44,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 30  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 520  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 125  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 210  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 126,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 75  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 75  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 40  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 1,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 730,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 1,040 520 520 636,605 309,040 327,570
Married or living common law 695 350 350 379,605 189,790 189,820
Married 585 295 295 302,020 151,100 150,925
Living common law 110 55 55 77,580 38,685 38,895
Not married and not living common law 345 175 170 257,000 119,250 137,745
Never married 210 120 90 158,070 85,640 72,430
Separated 25 15 10 21,290 9,530 11,760
Divorced 50 25 25 35,680 15,275 20,405
Widowed 60 10 45 41,965 8,805 33,160
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 400  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 222,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 230  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 129,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 70  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 47,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 70  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 35  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 395  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 222,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 345  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 186,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 290  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 147,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 55  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 50  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 35  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 28,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 15  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 350  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 186,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 200  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 105,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 150  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 81,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 55  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 65  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 32,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 30  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 50  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 30  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 23,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 15  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 165 80 85 128,775 61,010 67,770
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 520  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 214,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 190  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 102,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 185  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 112,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 10  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 125  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 10  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 1,270 625 645 736,280 360,440 375,840
English only 1,155 580 575 420,820 210,555 210,260
French only 0 0 0 63,140 29,955 33,190
English and French 110 45 70 249,950 118,705 131,245
Neither English nor French 5 0 0 2,370 1,220 1,150
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 1,265 625 640 736,280 360,440 375,845
English 1,245 615 635 498,365 244,230 254,135
French 20 10 10 232,450 113,500 118,945
English and French 0 0 0 3,210 1,550 1,655
Neither English nor French 5 5 0 2,255 1,150 1,100
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 25 10 10 234,055 114,280 119,775
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.0 1.6 1.6 31.8 31.7 31.9
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 1,265 625 640 736,280 360,440 375,845
Single responses 1,260 625 635 726,990 356,005 370,990
Official languages 1,255 620 635 703,840 344,285 359,555
English 1,225 610 620 472,725 231,595 241,135
French 30 10 15 231,110 112,690 118,415
Non-official languages 5 5 5 23,150 11,715 11,435
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 2,165 1,035 1,135
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 2,130 1,020 1,110
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 5 2,115 1,010 1,105
Malecite 0 0 0 280 125 155
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 1,835 885 950
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 5 5 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 0 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 5 0 5 20,990 10,685 10,300
Afro-Asiatic languages 0 0 0 3,190 1,805 1,385
Berber languages 0 0 0 40 25 15
Kabyle 0 0 0 20 10 5
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 5 5 5
Somali 0 0 0 25 10 15
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 0 0 0 3,110 1,760 1,355
Amharic 0 0 0 65 35 25
Arabic 0 0 0 2,855 1,615 1,235
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 5 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0 170 90 80
Maltese 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tigrigna 0 0 0 20 15 10
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 0 0 0 635 305 330
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 10 5 10
Vietnamese 0 0 0 620 305 320
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 0 0 0 1,375 510 865
Bikol 0 0 0 5 0 5
Cebuano 0 0 0 105 35 65
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 15 5 10
Ilocano 0 0 0 50 15 35
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 5 10
Malay 0 0 0 45 20 30
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 0 0 0 1,120 420 700
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 5 0 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Creole languages 0 0 0 135 70 65
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 15 10 5
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 80 30 50
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 30 10
Dravidian languages 0 0 0 285 155 130
Kannada 0 0 0 20 15 10
Malayalam 0 0 0 40 15 20
Tamil 0 0 0 105 60 50
Telugu 0 0 0 110 60 45
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Indo-European languages 5 0 0 9,325 4,790 4,530
Albanian 0 0 0 50 25 25
Armenian 0 0 0 30 15 10
Balto-Slavic languages 0 0 0 1,740 865 875
Baltic languages 0 0 0 55 30 30
Latvian 0 0 0 25 10 10
Lithuanian 0 0 0 35 15 15
Slavic languages 0 0 0 1,685 835 850
Belarusan 0 0 0 5 5 0
Bosnian 0 0 0 50 25 25
Bulgarian 0 0 0 20 10 10
Croatian 0 0 0 75 35 40
Czech 0 0 0 55 25 25
Macedonian 0 0 0 15 10 5
Polish 0 0 0 230 105 125
Russian 0 0 0 880 440 435
Serbian 0 0 0 105 55 45
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 35 15 20
Slovak 0 0 0 25 15 15
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ukrainian 0 0 0 170 85 90
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0 30 5 20
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 15 5 10
Welsh 0 0 0 10 0 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Germanic languages 5 0 0 2,875 1,415 1,465
Afrikaans 0 0 0 50 30 25
Danish 0 0 0 125 55 75
Dutch 0 0 5 885 470 410
Frisian 0 0 0 35 25 10
German 0 0 0 1,650 780 865
Icelandic 0 0 0 5 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0 40 25 20
Swedish 0 0 0 50 15 35
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 5 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Greek 0 0 0 145 100 50
Indo-Iranian languages 0 0 0 1,850 1,020 835
Indo-Aryan languages 0 0 0 1,175 655 525
Bengali 0 0 0 205 120 85
Gujarati 0 0 0 75 40 30
Hindi 0 0 0 225 135 95
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 10 5 5
Marathi 0 0 0 50 20 25
Nepali 0 0 0 180 90 90
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 0 0 0 125 75 50
Sindhi 0 0 0 25 10 10
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 30 15 15
Urdu 0 0 0 240 140 100
Iranian languages 0 0 0 655 355 305
Kurdish 0 0 0 55 30 25
Pashto 0 0 0 25 15 10
Persian (Farsi) 0 0 0 580 310 270
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Italic (Romance) languages 0 0 0 2,605 1,355 1,250
Catalan 0 0 0 5 5 0
Italian 0 0 0 400 225 175
Portuguese 0 0 0 260 130 130
Romanian 0 0 0 485 250 240
Spanish 0 0 0 1,460 755 705
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Japanese 0 0 0 110 25 85
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Korean 0 0 0 1,550 800 750
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Mongolian 0 0 0 5 5 5
Niger-Congo languages 0 0 0 700 385 315
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Bamanankan 0 0 0 60 35 25
Edo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 0 0 0 5 5 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 40 30 15
Ga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Ganda 0 0 0 10 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0 30 20 10
Lingala 0 0 0 25 15 15
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 45 25 20
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 40 20 20
Shona 0 0 0 20 10 10
Swahili 0 0 0 135 65 70
Wolof 0 0 0 25 20 10
Yoruba 0 0 0 30 15 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 105 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0 5 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sign languages 0 0 0 145 75 70
American Sign Language 0 0 0 40 20 30
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 95 55 45
Sino-Tibetan languages 0 5 0 3,115 1,570 1,545
Chinese languages 0 5 0 3,085 1,555 1,530
Cantonese 0 0 0 440 225 210
Hakka 0 0 0 20 10 10
Mandarin 0 0 5 2,250 1,105 1,150
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 5 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 35 15 15
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 100 45 55
Chinese, n.o.s. 5 0 0 240 150 85
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 30 15 15
Burmese 0 0 0 0 0 5
Karenic languages 0 0 0 25 15 10
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0 60 15 50
Lao 0 0 0 5 0 0
Thai 0 0 0 55 10 45
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0 105 60 45
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkish 0 0 0 75 50 30
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Uralic languages 0 0 0 250 115 135
Estonian 0 0 0 20 5 10
Finnish 0 0 0 45 15 30
Hungarian 0 0 0 185 90 95
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 10
Multiple responses 5 0 5 9,290 4,440 4,855
English and French 5 0 5 7,285 3,470 3,815
English and non-official language 0 0 0 1,535 725 810
French and non-official language 0 0 0 330 175 155
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 145 65 75
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 1,265 625 640 736,280 360,435 375,845
Single responses 1,270 630 645 724,940 355,025 369,910
Official languages 1,265 625 640 712,250 348,510 363,740
English 1,260 620 635 505,935 247,610 258,325
French 5 5 5 206,315 100,900 105,415
Non-official languages 0 0 0 12,690 6,515 6,175
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 820 400 420
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 820 395 420
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 815 395 420
Malecite 0 0 0 50 25 25
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 765 370 395
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 11,870 6,115 5,750
Afro-Asiatic languages 0 0 0 2,285 1,210 1,075
Berber languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0 20 5 10
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 0 0 0 2,265 1,200 1,065
Amharic 0 0 0 20 10 10
Arabic 0 0 0 2,110 1,125 990
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0 130 60 70
Maltese 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tigrigna 0 0 0 5 0 5
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 0 0 0 525 255 270
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Vietnamese 0 0 0 520 250 270
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 0 0 0 510 235 270
Bikol 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cebuano 0 0 0 40 15 25
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 0 5
Malay 0 0 0 15 0 5
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 0 0 0 450 215 235
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Creole languages 0 0 0 65 25 35
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 20 0 15
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 20
Dravidian languages 0 0 0 110 60 45
Kannada 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0 20 5 10
Tamil 0 0 0 35 20 20
Telugu 0 0 0 45 30 15
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 0 0 5 4,160 2,175 1,990
Albanian 0 0 0 30 15 10
Armenian 0 0 0 20 5 10
Balto-Slavic languages 0 0 0 975 505 470
Baltic languages 0 0 0 35 20 15
Latvian 0 0 0 10 5 5
Lithuanian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavic languages 0 0 0 935 480 455
Belarusan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Bulgarian 0 0 0 5 5 0
Croatian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Czech 0 0 0 5 0 5
Macedonian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Polish 0 0 0 55 25 30
Russian 0 0 0 620 320 305
Serbian 0 0 0 80 45 35
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 5 5 5
Slovak 0 0 0 5 5 5
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ukrainian 0 0 0 90 50 40
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0 10 0 5
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 5 0 5
Welsh 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages 0 0 0 640 320 320
Afrikaans 0 0 0 35 15 20
Danish 0 0 0 5 5 5
Dutch 0 0 0 150 80 75
Frisian 0 0 0 5 0 5
German 0 0 0 425 215 210
Icelandic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0 5 0 5
Swedish 0 0 0 5 0 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Greek 0 0 0 45 25 25
Indo-Iranian languages 0 0 0 1,140 595 545
Indo-Aryan languages 0 0 0 655 335 325
Bengali 0 0 0 130 70 60
Gujarati 0 0 0 40 15 20
Hindi 0 0 0 115 60 50
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 5 5 0
Marathi 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nepali 0 0 0 135 60 75
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 0 0 0 50 25 25
Sindhi 0 0 0 10 5 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Urdu 0 0 0 140 75 70
Iranian languages 0 0 0 470 255 220
Kurdish 0 0 0 35 25 10
Pashto 0 0 0 15 5 5
Persian (Farsi) 0 0 0 425 225 195
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 5
Italic (Romance) languages 0 0 0 1,305 705 600
Catalan 0 0 0 5 5 0
Italian 0 0 0 85 40 45
Portuguese 0 0 0 110 50 60
Romanian 0 0 0 290 145 140
Spanish 0 0 0 820 470 350
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Japanese 0 0 0 20 10 15
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Korean 0 0 0 1,245 645 605
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 0 0 0 240 125 120
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 10 5 10
Bamanankan 0 0 0 20 15 5
Edo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 0 0 0 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 10 10 5
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0 5 5 0
Lingala 0 0 0 10 5 5
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 20 15 10
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Shona 0 0 0 5 0 5
Swahili 0 0 0 80 35 45
Wolof 0 0 0 5 5 0
Yoruba 0 0 0 5 5 5
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 25
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages 0 0 0 200 115 85
American Sign Language 0 0 0 55 30 25
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 150 90 60
Sino-Tibetan languages 5 0 0 2,390 1,210 1,175
Chinese languages 5 0 0 2,365 1,195 1,170
Cantonese 0 0 0 260 130 130
Hakka 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mandarin 0 0 0 1,855 930 920
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 85 40 45
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0 140 80 55
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 25 15 10
Burmese 0 0 0 5 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0 10 0 5
Lao 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0 30 15 10
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0 25 15 5
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uralic languages 0 0 0 70 35 40
Estonian 0 0 0 5 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0 5 5 5
Hungarian 0 0 0 55 30 30
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Multiple responses 5 0 5 11,345 5,415 5,925
English and French 0 0 0 7,275 3,370 3,905
English and non-official language 0 0 0 3,435 1,715 1,720
French and non-official language 0 0 0 340 185 160
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 290 140 145
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 1,270 625 645 736,280 360,435 375,845
None 1,250 620 635 647,960 318,560 329,400
English 5 5 0 49,925 24,065 25,855
French 15 5 5 30,030 13,760 16,275
Non-official language 0 0 0 7,545 3,650 3,895
Aboriginal 0 0 0 1,300 625 685
Non-Aboriginal 0 0 0 6,240 3,030 3,210
English and French 0 0 0 180 90 90
English and non-official language 0 0 0 300 160 145
French and non-official language 0 0 0 335 155 185
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 10 5 5
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 1,045 525 520 620,390 301,645 318,745
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 995 500 495 594,705 289,220 305,485
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,128 40,896 20,416 30,961 37,516 25,796
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 995 495 495 594,920 289,245 305,680
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 26,432 36,416 19,776 28,107 33,169 23,945
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 820 440 380 516,780 259,945 256,835
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,293 38,944 20,640 28,444 34,830 23,278
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 715 330 385 439,645 193,975 245,675
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,528 8,896 6,608 8,164 9,210 7,321
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 690 385 305 423,915 219,135 204,780
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,936 39,893 23,744 29,124 34,784 24,769
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 1,050 545 500 620,395 301,650 318,745
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 990 520 470 594,650 289,140 305,510
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,217 49,637 25,535 39,141 46,154 32,504
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 990 520 465 594,870 289,165 305,700
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,598 41,178 23,068 33,022 38,151 28,171
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 825 465 365 516,685 259,855 256,830
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,060 45,410 24,061 37,432 44,240 30,543
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 730 360 370 440,195 194,240 245,955
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 11,237 13,589 8,960 8,938 9,519 8,480
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 660 385 280 423,915 218,800 205,110
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,473 49,527 25,663 37,611 43,456 31,376
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 1,045 545 505 620,390 301,645 318,745
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 315 195 120 197,290 104,215 93,075
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 48,252 63,713 38,748 46,349 52,010 41,058
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 57,662 68,997 39,625 54,011 60,796 46,415
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 82.4 84.9 77.5 83.2 86.2 79.0
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 73.0 76.4 65.7 68.5 71.3 64.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 17.7 14.8 22.8 16.8 13.8 21.0
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 1,045 525 525 620,390 301,650 318,745
Without total income 45 25 25 25,680 12,430 13,260
With total income 995 495 495 594,710 289,220 305,490
Percentage with total income 95.2 94.3 94.3 95.9 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 170 55 120 80,700 32,655 48,050
$10,000 to $19,999 190 65 130 109,015 40,415 68,600
$20,000 to $29,999 150 60 90 99,025 40,480 58,540
$30,000 to $39,999 115 60 55 83,770 41,360 42,405
$40,000 to $49,999 110 75 40 65,795 35,080 30,715
$50,000 to $59,999 75 45 30 44,810 26,560 18,250
$60,000 to $69,999 50 35 15 32,185 20,270 11,920
$70,000 to $79,999 35 20 20 24,565 14,130 10,430
$80,000 to $89,999 25 20 5 17,095 9,915 7,180
$90,000 to $99,999 20 15 5 10,240 6,980 3,260
$100,000 and over 55 45 5 27,515 21,380 6,135
$100,000 to $149,999 45 40 0 19,765 15,195 4,570
$150,000 and over 10 10 0 7,750 6,185 1,565
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 1,040 520 520 620,390 301,645 318,750
Without after-tax income 45 25 25 25,470 12,405 13,070
With after-tax income 995 500 500 594,920 289,240 305,680
Percentage with after-tax income 95.7 96.2 96.2 95.9 95.9 95.9
Under $10,000 (including loss) 175 60 120 83,590 33,140 50,455
$10,000 to $19,999 195 65 135 115,730 43,245 72,485
$20,000 to $29,999 180 80 100 118,940 51,335 67,610
$30,000 to $39,999 150 85 65 98,230 50,770 47,460
$40,000 to $49,999 110 65 45 67,470 38,665 28,810
$50,000 to $59,999 75 55 20 42,775 26,495 16,280
$60,000 to $69,999 45 30 15 28,790 16,435 12,355
$70,000 to $79,999 35 30 5 14,945 10,205 4,740
$80,000 and over 35 35 5 24,450 18,955 5,500
$80,000 to $89,999 15 15 0 8,385 6,340 2,040
$90,000 to $99,999 10 10 0 5,060 3,970 1,090
$100,000 and over 10 10 0 11,005 8,640 2,365
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 1,045 520 520 620,390 301,645 318,745
Without employment income 350 135 215 196,475 82,515 113,965
With employment income 690 385 310 423,910 219,140 204,775
Percentage with employment income 66.0 74.0 59.6 68.3 72.6 64.2
Under $5,000 (including loss) 90 45 45 54,590 26,540 28,045
$5,000 to $9,999 50 20 30 36,840 15,720 21,120
$10,000 to $19,999 90 30 55 65,895 29,920 35,975
$20,000 to $29,999 100 50 50 59,240 25,955 33,280
$30,000 to $39,999 90 50 45 50,190 24,930 25,260
$40,000 to $49,999 65 35 25 42,140 22,160 19,980
$50,000 to $59,999 55 35 20 29,910 18,180 11,730
$60,000 to $69,999 45 30 15 23,390 14,620 8,770
$70,000 to $79,999 30 20 10 19,515 10,565 8,950
$80,000 and over 80 70 10 42,210 30,540 11,665
$80,000 to $89,999 15 10 10 13,190 7,840 5,345
$90,000 to $99,999 20 15 0 8,105 5,685 2,420
$100,000 and over 45 45 0 20,915 17,015 3,895
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 520  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 56,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,347  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 50,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 52,553  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 125  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 28,992  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 28,747  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 25,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 26,387  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 395  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 230,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 67,499  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,207  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 59,776  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,063  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 520  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 72,616  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,786  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 61,938  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 61,431  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 120  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 57,412  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 49,257  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,242  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 405  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 230,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 77,163  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 86,878  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 65,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 73,156  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 520  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 15  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,835  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 30  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 25  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 35  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 30  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 20  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 25  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 30  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 50  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 27,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 45  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 40  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 22,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 25  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 35  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 110  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 35  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 35  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 25  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 15  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 520  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 10  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 15  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 35  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 25  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 35  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 30  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 20,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 35  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 30  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 40  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 60  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 32,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 45  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 45  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 23,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 25  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 25  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 70  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 48,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 40  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 10  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 20  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 390  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 221,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 68,139  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,353  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 60,096  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 56,256  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 67,988  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 50,048  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,801  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 150  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 82,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 91,904  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 100,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 77,568  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 85,717  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 45  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 46,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 42,992  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 40,576  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 40,671  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 395  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 221,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 77,142  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 87,048  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 65,504  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 73,197  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 195  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 60,884  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 52,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 66,576  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 130  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 82,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 108,327  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,901  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 88,536  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,699  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 60  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,089  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 51,119  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,237  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 45,687  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 145 70 70 114,825 54,970 59,850
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 24,640 34,048 22,560 27,250 30,122 25,182
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 23,904 31,168 21,440 25,167 27,154 23,916
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 150 95 60 114,375 54,300 60,075
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 49,937 59,859 33,888 34,738 37,330 32,395
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 43,358 51,349 30,434 29,845 31,431 28,411
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 1,270 625 640 730,710 357,860 372,850
In the bottom half of the distribution 820 405 415 428,180 204,170 224,005
In the bottom decile 145 70 75 80,120 37,430 42,695
In the second decile 195 85 110 94,165 42,190 51,980
In the third decile 155 75 75 87,075 41,905 45,170
In the fourth decile 170 90 80 85,610 42,275 43,335
In the fifth decile 155 80 75 81,200 40,375 40,825
In the top half of the distribution 450 225 225 302,530 153,685 148,845
In the sixth decile 105 55 55 77,345 38,915 38,425
In the seventh decile 110 50 65 73,185 37,190 36,005
In the eighth decile 80 35 45 65,090 32,815 32,275
In the ninth decile 95 55 45 52,050 26,635 25,410
In the top decile 55 30 25 34,860 18,130 16,730
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 1,270 625 640 722,550 353,870 368,680
0 to 17 years 270 125 145 131,930 67,285 64,645
0 to 5 years 85 40 50 40,900 20,805 20,100
18 to 64 years 780 400 380 452,805 221,675 231,130
65 years and over 220 100 120 137,820 64,915 72,905
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 250 115 135 123,820 55,990 67,825
0 to 17 years 60 25 35 29,250 14,930 14,320
0 to 5 years 20 5 10 10,285 5,260 5,030
18 to 64 years 125 60 60 66,745 29,975 36,770
65 years and over 65 30 35 27,830 11,090 16,745
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 19.7 18.4 21.1 17.1 15.8 18.4
0 to 17 years (%) 22.2 20.0 24.1 22.2 22.2 22.2
0 to 5 years (%) 23.5 12.5 20.0 25.1 25.3 25.0
18 to 64 years (%) 16.0 15.0 15.8 14.7 13.5 15.9
65 years and over (%) 29.5 30.0 29.2 20.2 17.1 23.0
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 70 30 40 49,830 24,165 25,660
0 to 17 years 15 5 15 11,520 5,890 5,630
0 to 5 years 0 0 5 4,200 2,145 2,055
18 to 64 years 55 30 25 35,680 17,255 18,425
65 years and over 0 0 0 2,630 1,025 1,605
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 5.5 4.8 6.3 6.9 6.8 7.0
0 to 17 years (%) 5.6 4.0 10.3 8.7 8.8 8.7
0 to 5 years (%) 0.0 0.0 10.0 10.3 10.3 10.2
18 to 64 years (%) 7.1 7.5 6.6 7.9 7.8 8.0
65 years and over (%) 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.9 1.6 2.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 1,265 635 635 730,710 357,855 372,850
Official languages 1,265 635 635 728,310 356,615 371,690
English 1,270 635 635 666,315 326,905 339,415
French 135 60 75 310,550 147,845 162,705
Non-official languages 15 0 15 34,880 17,355 17,525
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 3,065 1,470 1,595
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 2,990 1,455 1,540
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 2,965 1,435 1,530
Malecite 0 0 0 720 335 385
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 2,265 1,115 1,150
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 15 15 0
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 10 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 10 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 55 10 45
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 45 10 40
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 10 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 10 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 15 0 15 31,865 15,915 15,955
Afro-Asiatic languages 0 0 0 4,355 2,385 1,980
Berber languages 0 0 0 80 40 35
Kabyle 0 0 0 40 20 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 25 20
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 15 10 0
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0 10 10 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 0 0 0 4,300 2,340 1,960
Amharic 0 0 0 165 100 65
Arabic 0 0 0 3,685 2,030 1,660
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0 435 205 230
Maltese 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0 50 25 25
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 15 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 0 0 0 835 430 400
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Vietnamese 0 0 0 820 435 390
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 0
Austronesian languages 0 0 0 1,790 695 1,090
Bikol 0 0 0 10 0 10
Cebuano 0 0 0 185 70 115
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 35 10 30
Ilocano 0 0 0 50 10 45
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 10 15
Malay 0 0 0 75 20 55
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 0 0 0 1,595 625 970
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 0
Creole languages 0 0 0 430 195 235
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 50 20 30
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 240 105 135
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 140 75 65
Dravidian languages 0 0 0 435 245 195
Kannada 0 0 0 60 30 25
Malayalam 0 0 0 55 35 25
Tamil 0 0 0 190 115 75
Telugu 0 0 0 175 90 85
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Indo-European languages 15 0 10 16,505 8,155 8,350
Albanian 0 0 0 80 45 35
Armenian 0 0 0 60 35 25
Balto-Slavic languages 0 0 0 2,065 1,100 965
Baltic languages 0 0 0 55 40 20
Latvian 0 0 0 20 10 10
Lithuanian 0 0 0 30 20 10
Slavic languages 0 0 0 2,025 1,070 955
Belarusan 0 0 0 10 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0 75 40 40
Bulgarian 0 0 0 45 15 35
Croatian 0 0 0 95 45 55
Czech 0 0 0 115 65 45
Macedonian 0 0 0 35 25 10
Polish 0 0 0 320 165 160
Russian 0 0 0 1,200 630 570
Serbian 0 0 0 90 70 20
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 40 30 10
Slovak 0 0 0 45 15 30
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 15 10 0
Ukrainian 0 0 0 310 145 165
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Celtic languages 0 0 0 140 40 100
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 95 20 75
Welsh 0 0 0 10 0 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Germanic languages 15 0 15 4,745 2,360 2,380
Afrikaans 0 0 0 130 70 60
Danish 0 0 0 155 60 95
Dutch 0 0 10 1,185 560 625
Frisian 0 0 0 50 40 15
German 0 0 0 3,260 1,675 1,580
Icelandic 0 0 0 10 10 0
Norwegian 0 0 0 130 65 65
Swedish 0 0 0 110 45 60
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 40 20 25
Yiddish 0 0 0 20 20 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Greek 0 0 0 220 125 95
Indo-Iranian languages 0 0 0 2,325 1,275 1,050
Indo-Aryan languages 0 0 0 1,570 875 695
Bengali 0 0 0 225 150 80
Gujarati 0 0 0 110 45 65
Hindi 0 0 0 790 430 355
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0 55 20 30
Nepali 0 0 0 185 90 95
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 0 0 0 205 130 75
Sindhi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 35 10 20
Urdu 0 0 0 355 215 140
Iranian languages 0 0 0 805 430 375
Kurdish 0 0 0 130 65 60
Pashto 0 0 0 60 45 20
Persian (Farsi) 0 0 0 620 330 285
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 0 0 0 7,600 3,540 4,055
Catalan 0 0 0 15 10 0
Italian 0 0 0 825 405 420
Portuguese 0 0 0 450 250 200
Romanian 0 0 0 555 290 265
Spanish 0 0 0 6,065 2,775 3,290
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Japanese 0 0 0 430 190 240
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Korean 0 0 0 1,695 860 835
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 10 10 10
Mongolian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Niger-Congo languages 0 0 0 1,525 890 640
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 35 15 25
Bamanankan 0 0 0 155 70 85
Edo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 0 0 0 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 100 85 15
Ga 0 0 0 10 10 0
Ganda 0 0 0 10 10 0
Igbo 0 0 0 60 50 15
Lingala 0 0 0 125 95 35
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 90 55 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Shona 0 0 0 40 15 25
Swahili 0 0 0 355 185 170
Wolof 0 0 0 70 45 25
Yoruba 0 0 0 60 45 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 545 315 230
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages 0 0 0 1,155 450 705
American Sign Language 0 0 0 425 150 280
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 15 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 745 305 435
Sino-Tibetan languages 0 0 0 3,585 1,885 1,700
Chinese languages 0 0 0 3,510 1,855 1,660
Cantonese 0 0 0 610 285 320
Hakka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mandarin 0 0 0 2,760 1,455 1,310
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 60 30 30
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 140 65 75
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0 310 195 115
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 10 30
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 70 30 40
Burmese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0 65 25 45
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0 85 20 65
Lao 0 0 0 10 0 10
Thai 0 0 0 80 20 60
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0 175 105 75
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0 165 105 60
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Uralic languages 0 0 0 270 130 140
Estonian 0 0 0 20 15 0
Finnish 0 0 0 35 15 20
Hungarian 0 0 0 220 105 115
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 70 30
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 1,270 635 635 730,710 357,855 372,855
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 1,260 630 630 710,775 347,905 362,875
Canadian citizens aged under 18 285 120 165 130,785 66,795 63,990
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 980 510 465 579,995 281,110 298,880
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 10 0 0 19,925 9,950 9,980
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 1,270 635 635 730,710 357,855 372,850
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 1,245 635 610 692,535 339,090 353,445
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 20 0 20 33,810 16,175 17,640
Before 1981 15 0 15 11,545 5,265 6,275
1981 to 1990 0 0 0 2,735 1,340 1,390
1991 to 2000 0 0 0 2,975 1,490 1,490
2001 to 2010 0 0 0 7,235 3,530 3,710
2001 to 2005 0 0 0 2,435 1,110 1,330
2006 to 2010 0 0 0 4,800 2,415 2,385
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 0 0 0 9,330 4,560 4,770
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 0 0 0 4,360 2,590 1,770
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 25 0 20 33,815 16,175 17,635
Under 5 years 0 0 0 5,135 2,350 2,790
5 to 14 years 0 0 0 7,290 3,585 3,705
15 to 24 years 0 0 0 5,790 2,525 3,265
25 to 44 years 10 0 10 12,640 6,100 6,535
45 years and over 0 0 0 2,955 1,615 1,340
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 20 0 20 33,815 16,175 17,635
Americas 0 0 0 9,420 4,205 5,210
Brazil 0 0 0 55 20 30
Colombia 0 0 0 215 85 130
El Salvador 0 0 0 115 85 30
Guyana 0 0 0 80 40 45
Haiti 0 0 0 170 70 100
Jamaica 0 0 0 120 85 40
Mexico 0 0 0 160 50 110
Peru 0 0 0 60 35 25
Trinidad and Tobago 0 0 0 115 70 40
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 0 0 0 7,620 3,315 4,305
Other places of birth in Americas 0 0 0 715 355 360
Europe 25 0 20 10,985 5,335 5,650
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 0 100 55 50
Croatia 0 0 0 60 35 25
France 0 0 0 760 425 340
Germany 15 0 10 1,615 740 880
Greece 0 0 0 95 60 40
Hungary 0 0 0 100 35 65
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 160 75 85
Italy 0 0 0 210 125 85
Netherlands 10 0 0 975 505 465
Poland 0 0 0 195 90 100
Portugal 0 0 0 130 85 45
Romania 0 0 0 485 245 240
Russian Federation 0 0 0 245 115 135
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 0 0 0 30 25 10
Ukraine 0 0 0 250 120 130
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 10 0 0 4,600 2,160 2,445
Other places of birth in Europe 0 0 0 970 455 515
Africa 0 0 0 2,565 1,420 1,140
Algeria 0 0 0 165 90 75
Egypt 0 0 0 120 75 45
Ethiopia 0 0 0 120 65 60
Kenya 0 0 0 60 30 30
Morocco 0 0 0 200 120 75
Nigeria 0 0 0 115 65 50
Somalia 0 0 0 15 10 10
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0 165 85 80
Other places of birth in Africa 0 0 0