Census Profile, 2016 Census
Cardston, Town [Census subdivision], Alberta and Nova Scotia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Cardston, T
Alberta
[Census subdivision]
Nova Scotia

[Province]
Data quality , Cardston, Town [Census subdivision], Alberta  Map : Cardston, Town [Census subdivision], Alberta Data quality : Nova Scotia [Province]  Map : geography 2
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 3,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 923,598  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 3,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 921,727  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 0.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 0.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 1,270  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 458,568  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 1,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 401,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 417.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 8.59  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 52,942.27  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 3,585 1,705 1,880 923,600 446,885 476,715
0 to 14 years 820 435 385 133,825 68,370 65,455
0 to 4 years 245 135 110 42,005 21,365 20,640
5 to 9 years 290 150 140 45,980 23,650 22,330
10 to 14 years 285 150 135 45,845 23,350 22,490
15 to 64 years 1,850 895 955 605,950 295,100 310,845
15 to 19 years 280 135 145 51,255 26,240 25,015
20 to 24 years 165 95 70 56,160 28,150 28,010
25 to 29 years 135 65 75 53,725 26,790 26,940
30 to 34 years 165 85 85 51,730 25,130 26,600
35 to 39 years 180 90 90 52,010 24,560 27,450
40 to 44 years 170 70 105 57,050 27,245 29,805
45 to 49 years 160 85 70 61,890 29,720 32,170
50 to 54 years 160 75 85 75,675 36,615 39,065
55 to 59 years 195 95 105 76,505 36,925 39,580
60 to 64 years 230 105 125 69,960 33,735 36,225
65 years and over 920 375 540 183,820 83,415 100,405
65 to 69 years 215 95 115 63,710 30,810 32,905
70 to 74 years 190 85 110 45,005 21,520 23,485
75 to 79 years 175 75 100 31,545 14,520 17,030
80 to 84 years 140 70 75 21,915 9,425 12,495
85 years and over 195 55 135 21,645 7,140 14,505
85 to 89 years 120 45 75 13,205 4,845 8,360
90 to 94 years 55 10 45 6,320 1,830 4,485
95 to 99 years 20 0 15 1,855 415 1,430
100 years and over 0 0 0 270 45 225
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 22.9 25.5 20.5 14.5 15.3 13.7
15 to 64 years 51.6 52.5 50.8 65.6 66.0 65.2
65 years and over 25.7 22.0 28.7 19.9 18.7 21.1
85 years and over 5.4 3.2 7.2 2.3 1.6 3.0
Average age of the population 42.1 39.5 44.5 43.5 42.5 44.4
Median age of the population 41.3 37.0 44.5 45.5 44.5 46.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 1,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 401,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 1,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 263,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 21,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 110  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 102,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 25  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 20,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 60  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 10  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 15  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 58,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 780  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,870  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 1,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 401,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 118,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 435  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 156,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 155  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 60,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 44,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 21,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 3,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 908,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 2,765 1,270 1,495 789,770 378,515 411,255
Married or living common law 1,690 845 845 454,970 227,220 227,750
Married 1,605 805 805 369,695 184,705 184,990
Living common law 85 40 40 85,275 42,515 42,760
Not married and not living common law 1,075 425 650 334,800 151,295 183,505
Never married 605 310 290 209,455 110,175 99,280
Separated 30 10 25 24,105 10,450 13,655
Divorced 175 50 125 48,835 19,715 29,115
Widowed 260 50 210 52,405 10,955 41,455
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 950  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 270,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 485  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 157,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 155  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 56,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 110  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 41,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 195  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 3.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 945  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 270,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 815  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 224,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 181,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 40  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 42,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 125  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 110  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 20  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 815  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 224,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 410  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 128,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 405  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 95,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 125  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 43,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 90  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 190  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 130  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 75  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 30  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 20  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 365 140 230 175,575 81,140 94,435
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 1,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 401,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 880  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 260,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 385  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 124,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 136,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 30  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 136,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 118,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 25  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 3,535 1,695 1,840 912,300 442,470 469,830
English only 3,420 1,625 1,795 813,480 398,950 414,530
French only 5 0 0 705 305 400
English and French 110 65 45 95,380 41,925 53,460
Neither English nor French 5 0 0 2,735 1,295 1,440
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 3,535 1,695 1,840 912,295 442,470 469,830
English 3,500 1,680 1,825 879,465 426,535 452,930
French 25 15 15 28,490 13,890 14,600
English and French 0 0 0 1,760 825 930
Neither English nor French 0 0 0 2,585 1,215 1,365
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 30 10 15 29,370 14,300 15,070
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 0.8 0.6 0.8 3.2 3.2 3.2
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 3,530 1,695 1,840 912,295 442,470 469,830
Single responses 3,500 1,680 1,820 904,240 438,550 465,690
Official languages 3,365 1,620 1,740 859,690 416,245 443,445
English 3,340 1,615 1,730 830,220 401,980 428,240
French 25 10 15 29,465 14,265 15,205
Non-official languages 135 60 80 44,550 22,305 22,245
Aboriginal languages 35 15 20 4,290 2,020 2,270
Algonquian languages 35 10 25 4,210 1,985 2,225
Blackfoot 35 10 20 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 4,190 1,975 2,215
Malecite 0 0 0 10 5 5
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 4,185 1,970 2,215
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 0 10
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 5 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 55 30 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 5 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 100 45 55 40,260 20,285 19,975
Afro-Asiatic languages 5 0 0 7,760 4,275 3,480
Berber languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kabyle 0 0 0 5 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 130 65 65
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 60 30 25
Somali 0 0 0 50 20 30
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Semitic languages 0 0 0 7,615 4,205 3,415
Amharic 0 0 0 115 50 65
Arabic 5 0 0 7,110 3,950 3,165
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 5 5 5
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 5
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0 210 115 95
Maltese 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tigrigna 0 0 0 140 65 80
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 10
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 0 0 0 505 245 260
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Vietnamese 0 0 0 490 240 250
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 30 10 20 2,235 940 1,300
Bikol 0 0 0 5 5 5
Cebuano 0 0 0 150 60 90
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 25 10 15
Ilocano 0 0 0 55 15 40
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 5 0
Malay 0 0 0 55 25 35
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 15 5 5
Pangasinan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 25 10 15 1,905 810 1,090
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 5 0 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Creole languages 5 0 5 95 60 35
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 5 5 0
Creole, n.o.s. 5 0 0 35 20 10
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 35 20
Dravidian languages 0 0 0 1,010 595 420
Kannada 0 0 0 40 20 15
Malayalam 0 0 0 365 205 165
Tamil 0 0 0 315 185 130
Telugu 0 0 0 285 180 110
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 45 20 25 18,590 9,320 9,270
Albanian 0 0 0 275 130 140
Armenian 0 0 0 35 30 10
Balto-Slavic languages 0 5 0 3,470 1,645 1,830
Baltic languages 0 0 0 100 35 60
Latvian 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lithuanian 0 0 0 45 15 30
Slavic languages 5 0 0 3,375 1,610 1,765
Belarusan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Bosnian 0 0 0 120 60 65
Bulgarian 0 0 0 55 25 30
Croatian 0 0 0 225 105 115
Czech 0 0 0 205 105 100
Macedonian 0 0 0 20 10 15
Polish 0 0 0 795 365 435
Russian 0 0 0 1,285 615 670
Serbian 0 0 0 115 60 65
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 80 40 40
Slovak 0 0 0 100 45 55
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 35 15 15
Ukrainian 5 0 0 320 155 170
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Celtic languages 0 0 0 185 80 100
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 145 65 85
Welsh 0 0 0 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Germanic languages 20 15 10 5,700 2,800 2,900
Afrikaans 0 0 0 120 55 60
Danish 0 5 0 160 105 60
Dutch 5 0 0 1,620 815 805
Frisian 0 0 0 35 20 15
German 15 5 10 3,435 1,645 1,790
Icelandic 0 0 0 45 20 20
Norwegian 5 5 0 110 60 50
Swedish 0 0 0 110 45 65
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Yiddish 0 0 0 20 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 15
Greek 0 0 0 760 390 365
Indo-Iranian languages 5 0 5 4,835 2,650 2,190
Indo-Aryan languages 5 5 5 3,385 1,895 1,490
Bengali 0 0 5 475 290 185
Gujarati 0 0 0 195 125 70
Hindi 0 0 0 745 445 300
Kashmiri 0 0 0 10 5 5
Konkani 0 0 0 5 5 5
Marathi 0 0 0 70 35 35
Nepali 0 0 0 530 255 275
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 0 0 0 585 310 270
Sindhi 0 0 0 20 10 5
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 165 85 85
Urdu 0 0 0 575 330 245
Iranian languages 0 0 0 1,425 740 690
Kurdish 0 0 0 115 65 50
Pashto 0 0 0 80 45 35
Persian (Farsi) 0 0 0 1,230 630 605
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 15
Italic (Romance) languages 10 0 10 3,335 1,605 1,730
Catalan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Italian 0 0 0 745 400 340
Portuguese 0 0 0 520 245 270
Romanian 0 0 0 225 110 120
Spanish 15 5 5 1,830 840 985
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Japanese 5 5 0 360 100 260
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 5 0 0
Korean 5 0 0 1,095 475 620
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Mongolian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Niger-Congo languages 0 0 0 630 325 305
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 40 25 25
Bamanankan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ewe 0 0 0 40 25 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ga 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ganda 0 0 0 20 5 15
Igbo 0 0 0 45 20 20
Lingala 0 0 0 5 0 5
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 20 10 5
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 50 15 30
Shona 0 0 0 30 15 15
Swahili 0 0 0 135 65 70
Wolof 0 0 0 10 10 0
Yoruba 0 0 0 65 35 30
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 140 75 70
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 75 40 40
Dinka 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 25 25
Sign languages 0 0 0 190 90 100
American Sign Language 0 0 0 85 40 50
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 105 50 55
Sino-Tibetan languages 20 10 10 6,665 3,335 3,330
Chinese languages 20 10 10 6,635 3,320 3,315
Cantonese 0 0 0 1,145 535 610
Hakka 0 0 0 20 5 15
Mandarin 5 0 0 4,640 2,325 2,315
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 120 50 70
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Chinese, n.o.s. 20 10 10 645 365 280
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 0 0 30 15 20
Burmese 0 0 0 15 5 10
Karenic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0 155 55 100
Lao 0 0 0 10 0 5
Thai 0 0 0 150 50 100
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0 445 240 205
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 10 10 5
Turkish 0 0 0 305 165 140
Uyghur 0 0 0 5 5 5
Uzbek 0 0 0 110 60 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Uralic languages 0 0 0 415 180 235
Estonian 0 0 0 40 20 25
Finnish 0 0 0 95 30 60
Hungarian 0 0 0 275 130 150
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 15
Multiple responses 30 15 20 8,060 3,920 4,140
English and French 5 0 5 3,445 1,600 1,850
English and non-official language 30 10 15 4,180 2,110 2,070
French and non-official language 0 0 0 225 115 105
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 210 90 120
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 3,535 1,695 1,840 912,300 442,470 469,830
Single responses 3,495 1,675 1,820 900,755 436,755 464,000
Official languages 3,455 1,650 1,795 878,015 425,220 452,795
English 3,430 1,640 1,790 863,550 418,315 445,240
French 20 10 15 14,460 6,910 7,560
Non-official languages 40 20 25 22,740 11,540 11,205
Aboriginal languages 10 5 0 2,570 1,285 1,295
Algonquian languages 5 0 5 2,565 1,280 1,285
Blackfoot 10 5 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 2,560 1,280 1,280
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 2,560 1,275 1,280
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 35 15 20 20,170 10,255 9,915
Afro-Asiatic languages 0 0 0 4,630 2,450 2,180
Berber languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 85 40 45
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 5
Oromo 0 0 0 45 20 25
Somali 0 0 0 25 10 15
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 5
Semitic languages 0 0 0 4,540 2,405 2,130
Amharic 0 0 0 55 25 30
Arabic 0 0 0 4,260 2,270 1,990
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 5 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 5 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0 125 70 55
Maltese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0 95 40 55
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 0 0 0 330 160 165
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Vietnamese 0 0 0 330 165 170
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 20 5 10 1,140 550 585
Bikol 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cebuano 0 0 0 55 20 35
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 5 5 5
Ilocano 0 0 0 15 5 5
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0 0 0 5
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 15 5 10 1,065 520 545
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Creole languages 0 0 0 35 20 20
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 15
Dravidian languages 0 0 0 425 240 185
Kannada 0 0 0 15 5 10
Malayalam 0 0 0 140 75 60
Tamil 0 0 0 140 80 60
Telugu 0 0 0 125 80 50
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 10 0 5 7,410 3,715 3,690
Albanian 0 0 0 110 60 55
Armenian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Balto-Slavic languages 0 0 0 1,405 680 720
Baltic languages 0 0 0 30 10 15
Latvian 0 0 0 10 5 10
Lithuanian 0 0 0 15 5 10
Slavic languages 0 0 0 1,375 675 700
Belarusan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Bulgarian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Croatian 0 0 0 65 25 40
Czech 0 0 0 45 25 20
Macedonian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Polish 0 0 0 235 105 125
Russian 0 0 0 785 385 390
Serbian 0 0 0 60 25 35
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 30 15 10
Slovak 0 0 0 20 10 15
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ukrainian 0 0 0 55 30 20
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0 60 35 30
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 60 35 30
Welsh 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 5 0 5 1,490 725 760
Afrikaans 0 0 0 30 15 15
Danish 0 0 0 15 0 15
Dutch 0 0 0 135 70 70
Frisian 0 0 0 5 0 0
German 5 0 5 1,225 600 625
Icelandic 0 0 0 30 10 15
Norwegian 0 0 0 20 5 10
Swedish 0 0 0 15 5 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Greek 0 0 0 270 135 130
Indo-Iranian languages 0 5 5 2,815 1,475 1,335
Indo-Aryan languages 5 0 5 1,850 995 860
Bengali 0 0 5 250 135 115
Gujarati 0 0 0 100 60 35
Hindi 0 0 0 310 190 120
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 5 0
Konkani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0 30 15 15
Nepali 0 0 0 475 235 240
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 0 0 0 250 125 125
Sindhi 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 95 45 50
Urdu 0 0 0 340 175 165
Iranian languages 0 0 0 960 475 480
Kurdish 0 0 0 85 50 40
Pashto 0 0 0 45 20 20
Persian (Farsi) 0 0 0 825 405 420
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Italic (Romance) languages 5 0 5 1,240 595 645
Catalan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Italian 0 0 0 165 70 85
Portuguese 0 0 0 195 90 105
Romanian 0 0 0 70 35 35
Spanish 0 5 0 810 390 420
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Japanese 0 0 0 110 35 70
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Korean 0 0 0 710 330 385
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 0 0 0 165 80 85
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Bamanankan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 0 0 0 15 5 5
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 5 0 5
Igbo 0 0 0 15 5 5
Lingala 0 0 0 0 5 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 15 10 10
Shona 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swahili 0 0 0 60 30 35
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0 20 10 10
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 35 20 20
Dinka 0 0 0 10 5 10
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 15
Sign languages 0 0 0 285 145 140
American Sign Language 5 0 0 110 55 60
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 175 90 80
Sino-Tibetan languages 5 5 0 4,550 2,345 2,200
Chinese languages 5 5 0 4,545 2,345 2,200
Cantonese 0 0 0 640 335 310
Hakka 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mandarin 0 0 0 3,410 1,740 1,675
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 45 25 25
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Chinese, n.o.s. 5 5 5 415 235 180
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Burmese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Lao 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0 55 15 35
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0 215 110 105
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 5 5 0
Turkish 0 0 0 140 70 75
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 70 40 30
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Uralic languages 0 0 0 75 35 40
Estonian 0 0 0 5 5 5
Finnish 0 0 0 15 10 5
Hungarian 0 0 0 55 25 30
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Multiple responses 35 20 20 11,540 5,715 5,825
English and French 0 5 0 2,180 995 1,185
English and non-official language 35 20 20 8,970 4,515 4,450
French and non-official language 0 0 0 75 40 30
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 315 155 160
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 3,530 1,690 1,840 912,295 442,470 469,825
None 3,335 1,600 1,735 861,780 418,525 443,260
English 35 20 15 17,005 8,480 8,525
French 10 5 5 16,390 7,210 9,175
Non-official language 145 65 80 16,275 7,850 8,420
Aboriginal 85 35 45 2,135 930 1,205
Non-Aboriginal 65 30 30 14,135 6,920 7,220
English and French 0 0 0 150 70 80
English and non-official language 0 0 0 220 105 115
French and non-official language 5 0 0 470 230 245
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 5 5 0
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 2,570 1,220 1,350 774,750 372,455 402,290
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 2,425 1,150 1,275 744,260 358,055 386,205
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,755 36,992 22,507 31,813 38,379 26,750
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 2,420 1,150 1,275 744,545 358,085 386,455
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,021 35,072 21,798 28,627 33,642 24,590
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 2,155 1,060 1,095 648,960 320,380 328,580
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 22,965 33,088 17,024 29,938 36,363 24,497
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,705 700 1,005 554,985 243,860 311,130
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 10,504 12,256 9,643 7,438 8,175 6,961
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,650 850 795 523,020 264,375 258,645
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 23,872 31,680 19,584 29,979 35,676 25,405
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 2,585 1,245 1,340 774,750 372,455 402,295
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 2,420 1,150 1,265 744,275 357,820 386,455
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,279 47,282 30,090 41,479 49,413 34,132
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 2,415 1,150 1,265 744,560 357,855 386,710
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,697 42,257 27,820 34,175 39,776 28,993
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 2,140 1,070 1,075 648,910 320,370 328,540
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,207 44,535 25,905 40,299 48,457 32,345
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,735 705 1,030 555,740 243,445 312,295
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 9,870 9,647 10,023 8,495 8,859 8,211
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,625 855 770 523,020 264,475 258,545
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,306 42,829 26,962 39,522 46,606 32,275
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 2,580 1,240 1,340 774,750 372,455 402,295
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 660 405 255 245,425 131,095 114,325
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 48,034 60,041 40,011 47,665 53,785 42,236
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 55,943 64,001 43,158 56,820 63,886 48,717
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 82.5 88.4 74.9 84.6 87.7 80.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 62.4 66.8 55.8 66.9 69.7 63.3
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 17.5 12.3 25.6 15.4 12.3 19.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 2,575 1,220 1,350 774,750 372,455 402,295
Without total income 150 75 80 30,485 14,395 16,090
With total income 2,420 1,150 1,270 744,265 358,060 386,205
Percentage with total income 94.0 94.3 94.1 96.1 96.1 96.0
Under $10,000 (including loss) 390 145 245 104,125 43,575 60,545
$10,000 to $19,999 475 175 300 134,355 50,310 84,050
$20,000 to $29,999 410 160 250 114,855 47,195 67,660
$30,000 to $39,999 260 125 140 98,325 45,040 53,280
$40,000 to $49,999 215 110 100 79,435 39,605 39,830
$50,000 to $59,999 165 85 80 57,255 32,255 25,000
$60,000 to $69,999 125 80 40 41,715 25,830 15,885
$70,000 to $79,999 70 45 25 33,195 19,945 13,250
$80,000 to $89,999 70 50 25 25,500 14,900 10,605
$90,000 to $99,999 80 45 35 15,530 10,095 5,435
$100,000 and over 160 135 25 39,965 29,300 10,665
$100,000 to $149,999 120 100 20 28,130 20,205 7,925
$150,000 and over 40 35 5 11,835 9,095 2,745
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 2,570 1,220 1,350 774,750 372,455 402,295
Without after-tax income 155 75 75 30,205 14,370 15,840
With after-tax income 2,425 1,150 1,275 744,540 358,085 386,455
Percentage with after-tax income 94.4 94.3 94.4 96.1 96.1 96.1
Under $10,000 (including loss) 400 145 250 108,630 44,435 64,195
$10,000 to $19,999 495 185 310 142,975 54,160 88,815
$20,000 to $29,999 435 165 265 138,435 58,900 79,535
$30,000 to $39,999 275 130 145 119,130 56,990 62,145
$40,000 to $49,999 245 125 115 84,245 46,675 37,565
$50,000 to $59,999 175 100 70 56,235 34,590 21,645
$60,000 to $69,999 110 70 45 39,320 23,195 16,125
$70,000 to $79,999 100 70 35 21,210 13,950 7,260
$80,000 and over 195 160 40 34,360 25,185 9,170
$80,000 to $89,999 80 65 15 11,615 8,185 3,430
$90,000 to $99,999 45 40 10 6,825 4,950 1,875
$100,000 and over 70 60 10 15,915 12,050 3,860
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 2,570 1,220 1,350 774,745 372,455 402,295
Without employment income 925 375 550 251,730 108,080 143,650
With employment income 1,645 850 795 523,020 264,370 258,640
Percentage with employment income 64.0 69.7 58.9 67.5 71.0 64.3
Under $5,000 (including loss) 310 135 175 72,940 34,125 38,820
$5,000 to $9,999 190 85 105 45,820 19,475 26,350
$10,000 to $19,999 245 120 125 76,685 33,555 43,130
$20,000 to $29,999 175 70 105 66,155 29,385 36,770
$30,000 to $39,999 125 55 70 60,485 27,455 33,035
$40,000 to $49,999 150 70 75 49,395 24,470 24,925
$50,000 to $59,999 85 50 40 37,685 21,735 15,955
$60,000 to $69,999 80 50 30 28,695 17,955 10,740
$70,000 to $79,999 50 40 15 24,970 14,750 10,220
$80,000 and over 245 180 60 60,175 41,470 18,705
$80,000 to $89,999 55 40 15 20,175 11,645 8,535
$90,000 to $99,999 70 45 25 11,685 7,975 3,715
$100,000 and over 115 100 15 28,310 21,850 6,460
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 1,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 401,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 67,694  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 60,764  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 63,360  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 53,129  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 118,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,168  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 30,377  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 30,464  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 27,511  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 935  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 283,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 80,981  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 77,136  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 74,368  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 66,538  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 1,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 401,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 78,753  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,797  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 71,383  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 63,299  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 235  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 118,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 42,163  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 39,601  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 32,962  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 945  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 283,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 87,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,383  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 79,707  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,011  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 1,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 401,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 10  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 15  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 10  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 40  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 20,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 55  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 20,210  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 55  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 50  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 21,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 60  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 55  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 50  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 110  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 100  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 30,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 70  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 27,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 70  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 24,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 80  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 20,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 345  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 100,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 130  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 95  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 24,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 85  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 23,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 40  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 1,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 401,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 15  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,145  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 15  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 45  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 21,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 60  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 23,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 55  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 22,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 55  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 65  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 23,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 55  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 22,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 65  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 21,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 130  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 40,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 95  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 85  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 90  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 24,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 60  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 64,210  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,985  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 75  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 70  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 930  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 269,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 80,128  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 77,529  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 73,728  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 66,728  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 385  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 121,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 67,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 63,872  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 61,883  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 405  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 97,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 104,384  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 104,981  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 93,632  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,099  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 43,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 49,472  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 45,597  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 42,309  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 925  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 269,510  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 87,787  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 93,027  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 79,713  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,371  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 395  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 121,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 80,634  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 85,511  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 73,103  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,143  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 405  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 97,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 106,227  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 119,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 95,832  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 97,021  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 100  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 43,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 46,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 54,587  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 44,109  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 47,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 295 105 190 157,715 73,825 83,890
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 27,744 26,176 28,544 28,180 30,235 26,673
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 27,669 26,133 27,968 25,848 27,176 24,859
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 305 90 210 157,410 73,440 83,970
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 36,810 33,799 38,152 36,847 38,945 35,012
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 32,934 29,814 34,325 30,893 31,946 29,973
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 3,395 1,660 1,735 908,340 440,700 467,640
In the bottom half of the distribution 1,870 895 975 519,830 244,725 275,105
In the bottom decile 295 150 145 105,810 49,730 56,080
In the second decile 330 155 175 112,825 49,900 62,920
In the third decile 355 160 195 102,515 48,345 54,175
In the fourth decile 455 215 235 100,645 48,515 52,130
In the fifth decile 435 215 220 98,030 48,235 49,800
In the top half of the distribution 1,520 760 760 388,510 195,975 192,540
In the sixth decile 355 170 185 94,350 47,240 47,110
In the seventh decile 415 205 205 89,765 45,260 44,505
In the eighth decile 340 165 180 83,140 41,815 41,330
In the ninth decile 180 100 80 69,850 35,450 34,400
In the top decile 235 120 110 51,410 26,210 25,195
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 3,390 1,655 1,735 898,345 435,895 462,450
0 to 17 years 995 520 470 159,820 81,670 78,150
0 to 5 years 300 165 135 49,595 25,280 24,310
18 to 64 years 1,655 795 860 565,395 274,120 291,275
65 years and over 740 340 405 173,125 80,100 93,025
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 470 235 240 154,955 70,415 84,540
0 to 17 years 180 105 80 35,525 18,145 17,380
0 to 5 years 65 35 25 12,740 6,470 6,275
18 to 64 years 225 105 125 88,355 40,375 47,985
65 years and over 65 25 40 31,075 11,890 19,185
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 13.9 14.2 13.8 17.2 16.2 18.3
0 to 17 years (%) 18.1 20.2 17.0 22.2 22.2 22.2
0 to 5 years (%) 21.7 21.2 18.5 25.7 25.6 25.8
18 to 64 years (%) 13.6 13.2 14.5 15.6 14.7 16.5
65 years and over (%) 8.8 7.4 9.9 17.9 14.8 20.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 205 110 100 70,745 34,290 36,460
0 to 17 years 90 60 30 15,285 7,805 7,485
0 to 5 years 35 15 15 5,645 2,870 2,775
18 to 64 years 110 50 60 52,220 25,185 27,030
65 years and over 5 0 5 3,240 1,295 1,945
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 6.0 6.6 5.8 7.9 7.9 7.9
0 to 17 years (%) 9.0 11.5 6.4 9.6 9.6 9.6
0 to 5 years (%) 11.7 9.1 11.1 11.4 11.4 11.4
18 to 64 years (%) 6.6 6.3 7.0 9.2 9.2 9.3
65 years and over (%) 0.7 0.0 1.2 1.9 1.6 2.1
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 3,395 1,635 1,760 908,340 440,730 467,605
Official languages 3,390 1,630 1,755 905,700 439,525 466,180
English 3,390 1,630 1,755 905,020 439,215 465,805
French 80 55 25 95,740 42,150 53,585
Non-official languages 355 175 175 64,100 31,380 32,725
Aboriginal languages 110 65 45 5,645 2,685 2,960
Algonquian languages 110 65 45 5,575 2,635 2,935
Blackfoot 110 65 45 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 20 15 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 10 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5,550 2,625 2,920
Malecite 0 0 0 10 0 10
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5,540 2,625 2,920
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 0 10
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 15 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 10 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 35 25 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 30 15 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 245 110 130 58,490 28,715 29,770
Afro-Asiatic languages 0 0 0 10,730 5,745 4,985
Berber languages 0 0 0 25 15 15
Kabyle 0 0 0 25 15 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 155 65 95
Bilen 0 0 0 20 15 10
Oromo 0 0 0 40 15 20
Somali 0 0 0 75 25 55
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Semitic languages 0 0 0 10,635 5,715 4,925
Amharic 0 0 0 260 135 120
Arabic 0 0 0 9,685 5,185 4,500
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 10 10 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0 630 370 260
Maltese 0 0 0 25 0 25
Tigrigna 0 0 0 140 65 70
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 0 0 0 575 260 310
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Vietnamese 0 0 0 555 255 300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 35 0 35 3,035 1,275 1,760
Bikol 0 0 0 10 0 10
Cebuano 0 0 0 185 80 100
Fijian 0 0 0 10 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 45 20 30
Ilocano 0 0 10 70 20 55
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 0 0 0 80 25 60
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 25 0 30 2,835 1,195 1,635
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 20
Creole languages 0 0 0 360 185 175
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 120 60 65
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 210 115 100
Dravidian languages 0 0 0 1,365 785 580
Kannada 0 0 0 75 45 35
Malayalam 0 0 0 560 310 250
Tamil 0 0 0 450 260 190
Telugu 0 0 0 350 215 135
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 145 75 75 30,820 15,070 15,755
Albanian 0 0 0 405 185 215
Armenian 0 0 0 80 45 30
Balto-Slavic languages 0 0 0 4,095 1,935 2,160
Baltic languages 0 0 0 110 35 80
Latvian 0 0 0 50 15 35
Lithuanian 0 0 0 55 15 40
Slavic languages 0 0 0 4,010 1,910 2,105
Belarusan 0 0 0 10 0 10
Bosnian 0 0 0 145 60 80
Bulgarian 0 0 0 75 35 35
Croatian 0 0 0 275 105 165
Czech 0 0 0 210 95 110
Macedonian 0 0 0 90 55 30
Polish 0 0 0 900 410 490
Russian 0 0 0 1,945 970 970
Serbian 0 0 0 180 85 95
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 115 70 50
Slovak 0 0 0 145 70 75
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 35 10 20
Ukrainian 0 0 0 425 180 245
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0 1,070 495 580
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 910 400 505
Welsh 0 0 0 35 25 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 155 80 75
Germanic languages 25 10 15 9,225 4,490 4,740
Afrikaans 0 0 10 320 140 175
Danish 0 0 0 235 125 110
Dutch 0 0 0 2,105 935 1,165
Frisian 0 0 0 60 30 30
German 25 10 10 6,335 3,180 3,155
Icelandic 0 0 0 100 40 60
Norwegian 0 0 0 150 105 40
Swedish 0 0 0 245 115 130
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 20 10 15
Yiddish 0 0 0 30 15 15
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 125 45 85
Greek 0 0 0 1,315 670 645
Indo-Iranian languages 0 0 0 6,535 3,635 2,900
Indo-Aryan languages 0 0 0 4,935 2,790 2,140
Bengali 0 0 0 625 350 275
Gujarati 0 0 0 240 150 90
Hindi 0 0 0 2,270 1,300 975
Kashmiri 0 0 0 15 0 10
Konkani 0 0 0 15 15 0
Marathi 0 0 0 135 85 45
Nepali 0 0 0 620 315 305
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 20 10 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 0 0 0 1,010 570 445
Sindhi 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 245 125 120
Urdu 0 0 0 1,090 660 425
Iranian languages 0 0 0 1,625 865 755
Kurdish 0 0 0 185 110 75
Pashto 0 0 0 85 55 30
Persian (Farsi) 0 0 0 1,385 725 660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 75 40 35
Italic (Romance) languages 120 65 55 9,365 4,270 5,100
Catalan 0 0 0 15 10 10
Italian 0 0 0 1,665 845 820
Portuguese 0 0 0 910 480 430
Romanian 0 0 0 240 140 105
Spanish 115 60 55 6,990 3,020 3,970
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 70 55 20
Japanese 15 10 0 865 335 530
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 0 10 0
Korean 0 0 0 1,530 685 850
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Mongolian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 0 0 0 1,340 715 620
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 65 40 30
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 10
Edo 0 0 0 10 10 0
Ewe 0 0 0 80 50 30
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Ga 0 0 0 30 15 20
Ganda 0 0 0 60 15 40
Igbo 0 0 0 70 45 30
Lingala 0 0 0 30 15 15
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 130 65 65
Shona 0 0 0 65 40 35
Swahili 0 0 0 370 200 175
Wolof 0 0 0 35 15 20
Yoruba 0 0 0 250 125 125
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 300 175 130
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 50 30 20
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 10
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 30 10
Sign languages 10 0 15 1,605 555 1,045
American Sign Language 10 0 10 795 235 555
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 815 325 495
Sino-Tibetan languages 30 20 10 7,135 3,615 3,515
Chinese languages 30 15 10 7,115 3,610 3,500
Cantonese 0 0 0 1,555 730 820
Hakka 0 0 0 45 25 25
Mandarin 0 0 0 5,435 2,720 2,710
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 195 75 120
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 60 35 30
Chinese, n.o.s. 30 20 10 575 340 245
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 20 10 15
Burmese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0 20 10 15
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0 240 110 130
Lao 0 0 0 20 0 10
Thai 0 0 0 220 100 120
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0 620 320 300
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 20 20 0
Turkish 0 0 0 480 225 255
Uyghur 0 0 0 15 0 10
Uzbek 0 0 0 105 60 40
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Uralic languages 0 0 0 430 200 230
Estonian 0 0 0 50 25 20
Finnish 10 0 0 120 55 70
Hungarian 0 0 0 255 115 140
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 75 40 35
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 3,395 1,635 1,755 908,340 440,735 467,605
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 3,270 1,595 1,665 878,415 425,340 453,070
Canadian citizens aged under 18 975 510 460 159,440 81,575 77,870
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 2,295 1,090 1,205 718,970 343,770 375,200
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 125 40 90 29,930 15,395 14,535
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 3,390 1,635 1,755 908,340 440,730 467,605
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 3,100 1,520 1,580 842,760 407,740 435,015
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 280 120 165 55,675 27,270 28,405
Before 1981 95 45 50 19,200 9,335 9,865
1981 to 1990 25 15 10 4,800 2,330 2,470
1991 to 2000 30 10 25 6,705 3,140 3,560
2001 to 2010 75 40 30 13,185 6,540 6,645
2001 to 2005 40 30 10 5,105 2,500 2,600
2006 to 2010 35 15 25 8,080 4,035 4,045
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 55 10 45 11,790 5,925 5,865
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 10 0 10 9,900 5,720 4,185
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 280 115 160 55,675 27,270 28,410
Under 5 years 40 30 10 7,280 3,495 3,785
5 to 14 years 25 10 20 10,445 5,240 5,205
15 to 24 years 65 25 40 10,170 4,670 5,500
25 to 44 years 125 45 80 22,980 11,315 11,660
45 years and over 30 10 20 4,800 2,550 2,250
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 280 115 160 55,680 27,270 28,410
Americas 155 75 80 10,610 4,830 5,780
Brazil 0 0 0 175 75 100
Colombia 0 0 0 175 90 85
El Salvador 0 0 0 95 50 45
Guyana 0 0 0 170 85 90
Haiti 0 0 0 55 30 30
Jamaica 0 0 0 480 210 275
Mexico 0 0 0 325 155 175
Peru 0 0 0 105 35 75
Trinidad and Tobago 0 0 0 220 120 100
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 145 65 80 7,375 3,320 4,055
Other places of birth in Americas 10 0 10 1,430 675 750
Europe 55 20 35 22,110 11,195 10,920
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 0 210 115 100
Croatia 0 0 0 180 75 105
France 0 0 0 610 330 280
Germany 10 0 10 2,600 1,270 1,330
Greece 0 0 0 505 270 235
Hungary 0 0 0 110 40 65
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 475 225 255
Italy 0 0 0 525 310 215
Netherlands 0 0 0 1,645 790 855
Poland 0 0 0 630 265 365
Portugal 0 0 0 220 140 80
Romania 0 0 0 180 100 80
Russian Federation 0 0 0 585 270 315
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 0 0 0 90 45 45
Ukraine 0 0 0 335 145 195
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 40 15 25 11,275 5,815 5,460
Other places of birth in Europe 0 10 0 1,930 985 945
Africa 20 10 10 3,525 1,855 1,675
Algeria 0 0 0 25 15 15
Egypt 0 0 0 770 395 370
Ethiopia 0 0 0 185 105 85
Kenya 0 0 0 125 75 50
Morocco 0 0 0 80 50 30
Nigeria 0 0 0 350 185 165
Somalia 0 0 0 65 30 35
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 10 460 205 250
Other places of birth in Africa 20 10 0 1,465 790 675
Asia 45 10 30 18,955 9,100 9,855
Afghanistan 0 0 0 100 40 60
Bangladesh 0 0 0 315 180 135
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 15 10 10 2,830 1,140