Census Profile, 2016 Census
Edmonton, City [Census subdivision], Alberta and Division No. 11, Census division [Census division], Alberta

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Edmonton, CY
Alberta
[Census subdivision]
Division No. 11, CDR
Alberta
[Census division]
Data quality , Edmonton, City [Census subdivision], Alberta  Map : Edmonton, City [Census subdivision], Alberta Data quality : Division No. 11, Census division [Census division], Alberta  Map : geography 2
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 932,546  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,366,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 812,201  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,203,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 14.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 387,950  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 557,547  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 360,828  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 518,951  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,360.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 86.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 685.25  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,783.77  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 932,545 465,890 466,655 1,366,050 683,115 682,935
0 to 14 years 164,520 84,150 80,370 252,495 129,220 123,280
0 to 4 years 60,070 30,600 29,470 88,120 44,940 43,185
5 to 9 years 56,100 28,710 27,385 86,950 44,430 42,525
10 to 14 years 48,350 24,835 23,515 77,420 39,850 37,570
15 to 64 years 655,590 331,860 323,735 943,905 476,800 467,105
15 to 19 years 50,850 26,010 24,840 78,455 40,330 38,120
20 to 24 years 69,115 34,880 34,235 94,885 48,415 46,470
25 to 29 years 85,410 43,425 41,980 111,665 56,775 54,890
30 to 34 years 84,785 43,135 41,645 115,125 58,120 57,005
35 to 39 years 72,790 37,215 35,580 103,060 52,200 50,865
40 to 44 years 62,770 31,950 30,820 92,130 46,730 45,400
45 to 49 years 58,900 29,880 29,025 88,240 44,410 43,825
50 to 54 years 61,825 31,045 30,780 94,085 47,015 47,070
55 to 59 years 59,620 29,820 29,795 90,880 45,480 45,405
60 to 64 years 49,530 24,505 25,030 75,385 37,325 38,060
65 years and over 112,440 49,880 62,555 169,650 77,100 92,550
65 to 69 years 37,215 18,145 19,075 58,230 28,390 29,840
70 to 74 years 24,635 11,330 13,300 39,180 18,605 20,580
75 to 79 years 19,090 8,470 10,620 28,675 13,160 15,515
80 to 84 years 15,165 6,315 8,850 21,480 9,195 12,285
85 years and over 16,325 5,620 10,710 22,080 7,745 14,335
85 to 89 years 10,225 3,900 6,325 13,825 5,405 8,420
90 to 94 years 4,710 1,415 3,290 6,355 1,920 4,440
95 to 99 years 1,210 275 935 1,640 385 1,255
100 years and over 190 30 160 260 40 220
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 17.6 18.1 17.2 18.5 18.9 18.1
15 to 64 years 70.3 71.2 69.4 69.1 69.8 68.4
65 years and over 12.1 10.7 13.4 12.4 11.3 13.6
85 years and over 1.8 1.2 2.3 1.6 1.1 2.1
Average age of the population 37.7 36.9 38.5 37.9 37.1 38.6
Median age of the population 35.7 35.2 36.4 36.4 35.8 37.1
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 360,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 518,950  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 180,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 299,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 25,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 26,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 152,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 183,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 22,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 36,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 43,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 10,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 83,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 97,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 95  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 200  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 2,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 360,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 518,950  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 98,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 127,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 117,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 175,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 58,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 84,850  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 51,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 35,210  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 51,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 913,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,340,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Population aged 15 years and over by marital status - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 768,030 381,740 386,290 1,113,555 553,900 559,655
Married or living common law 425,750 214,060 211,695 649,290 325,890 323,395
Married 353,525 177,855 175,670 542,825 272,610 270,210
Living common law 72,230 36,205 36,025 106,465 53,280 53,185
Not married and not living common law 342,280 167,675 174,600 464,265 228,005 236,255
Never married 240,470 133,020 107,450 321,000 178,475 142,525
Separated 18,430 7,930 10,495 26,255 11,420 14,840
Divorced 48,940 19,925 29,010 67,930 28,120 39,815
Widowed 34,440 6,795 27,645 49,075 9,995 39,080
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 247,020  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 373,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 118,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 180,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 55,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 81,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 50,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 22,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 247,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 373,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 205,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 315,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 169,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 262,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 36,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 53,210  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 41,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 58,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 32,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 44,985  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 8,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 205,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 315,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 92,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 144,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 112,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 170,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 44,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 64,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 46,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 21,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 41,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 58,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 25,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 11,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 4,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 186,840 98,305 88,530 238,645 125,155 113,485
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 360,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 518,950  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 228,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 348,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 85,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 134,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 142,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 213,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 9,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 123,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 158,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 98,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 127,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 25,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 30,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 921,060 460,380 460,675 1,351,355 676,340 675,010
English only 833,125 419,990 413,135 1,232,510 621,810 610,700
French only 1,490 645 845 1,765 775 995
English and French 66,575 31,780 34,790 96,330 45,395 50,935
Neither English nor French 19,875 7,970 11,905 20,745 8,365 12,385
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 921,060 460,380 460,675 1,351,350 676,340 675,015
English 876,540 439,555 436,990 1,296,330 650,200 646,130
French 18,805 9,885 8,920 27,925 14,545 13,375
English and French 6,325 3,240 3,085 6,905 3,525 3,375
Neither English nor French 19,395 7,710 11,685 20,195 8,060 12,130
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 21,965 11,505 10,465 31,380 16,310 15,065
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.4 2.5 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.2
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 921,060 460,380 460,675 1,351,355 676,340 675,010
Single responses 891,125 445,760 445,370 1,316,655 659,480 657,175
Official languages 605,695 307,085 298,615 997,185 504,645 492,535
English 587,995 297,745 290,245 969,560 490,250 479,310
French 17,705 9,335 8,365 27,620 14,400 13,225
Non-official languages 285,430 138,675 146,750 319,475 154,835 164,640
Aboriginal languages 2,010 755 1,255 3,625 1,505 2,125
Algonquian languages 1,610 610 1,005 3,005 1,250 1,760
Blackfoot 35 5 20 40 10 30
Cree-Montagnais languages 1,495 565 925 2,855 1,185 1,665
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 5 5 5 10 0 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 15 5 10 15 5 10
Plains Cree 300 100 200 395 140 255
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 20 5 15 30 5 20
Woods Cree 130 55 75 155 65 90
Cree, n.o.s. 1,030 400 625 2,245 965 1,285
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 0 5 10 10 5
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 5 0 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 80 30 50 105 45 65
Algonquin 5 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 75 25 45 100 40 60
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 200 65 135 240 80 155
Northern Athabaskan languages 200 70 130 230 80 150
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 5 0 5 5 5 0
Carrier 5 0 5 5 5 0
Chilcotin 0 5 0 5 5 0
Dene 130 45 85 155 50 100
Dogrib (Tlicho) 15 5 15 20 5 10
Gwich'in 0 5 0 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 40 15 25 45 15 30
North Slavey (Hare) 5 0 10 10 0 5
South Slavey 20 5 15 20 10 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 10 5 5 10 5 10
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 5 0 0 5
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 5 0 0 0 0 5
Inuit languages 40 10 30 70 15 50
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 10 0 10 10 0 10
Inuktitut 20 10 15 40 10 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 15 5 15
Iroquoian languages 5 5 0 5 10 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 5 5 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 25 15 15 35 20 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 5 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 5 0 0 0 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages 85 30 60 230 110 120
Dakota 40 15 30 75 25 45
Stoney 45 20 30 155 80 75
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 5 0 0 5 0
Tsimshian languages 5 0 5 5 0 5
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 5 0 5 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 20 15 10 25 20 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 283,420 137,920 145,495 315,850 153,330 162,520
Afro-Asiatic languages 30,335 15,820 14,515 31,360 16,390 14,970
Berber languages 130 75 60 130 70 60
Kabyle 75 45 30 75 40 35
Berber languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 55 30 25
Cushitic languages 7,890 3,960 3,930 7,905 3,975 3,935
Bilen 245 140 105 245 140 105
Oromo 1,120 580 540 1,130 580 545
Somali 6,500 3,230 3,270 6,510 3,235 3,275
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 25 10 10
Semitic languages 22,250 11,745 10,500 23,250 12,305 10,950
Amharic 2,485 1,205 1,280 2,515 1,220 1,295
Arabic 16,695 8,925 7,770 17,610 9,425 8,180
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 65 30 35 75 40 35
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 35 20 10 40 20 15
Harari 170 85 80 165 85 80
Hebrew 390 210 175 410 220 185
Maltese 20 10 10 25 15 15
Tigrigna 2,315 1,215 1,100 2,330 1,220 1,110
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 75 40 30 85 50 35
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 65 35 25 65 45 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 9,400 4,350 5,045 9,655 4,455 5,200
Khmer (Cambodian) 745 355 395 760 360 405
Vietnamese 8,645 3,995 4,650 8,880 4,095 4,790
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 5 5 5 5 0
Austronesian languages 37,650 16,545 21,110 43,375 18,855 24,520
Bikol 95 45 50 120 55 65
Cebuano 1,775 750 1,020 2,005 835 1,170
Fijian 50 25 20 55 35 25
Hiligaynon 485 215 270 540 240 300
Ilocano 1,680 720 960 1,880 795 1,085
Malagasy 10 0 5 10 0 5
Malay 460 210 255 525 225 300
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 310 145 165 345 165 185
Pangasinan 95 40 55 115 45 70
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 32,355 14,230 18,120 37,430 16,300 21,130
Waray-Waray 70 35 35 70 30 40
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 270 120 145 290 130 155
Creole languages 975 505 465 1,015 530 490
Haitian Creole 50 25 25 55 25 25
Creole, n.o.s. 590 330 265 615 345 270
Creole languages, n.i.e. 325 155 175 350 160 185
Dravidian languages 6,440 3,340 3,100 6,845 3,570 3,280
Kannada 195 95 95 205 105 100
Malayalam 3,315 1,700 1,615 3,485 1,795 1,685
Tamil 2,025 1,065 960 2,195 1,155 1,035
Telugu 890 465 420 940 500 440
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 25 10 10
Hmong-Mien languages 10 5 5 15 5 5
Indo-European languages 132,415 65,745 66,670 154,280 76,560 77,725
Albanian 735 405 335 770 415 355
Armenian 155 80 75 170 80 90
Balto-Slavic languages 29,065 13,530 15,540 35,010 16,355 18,655
Baltic languages 255 115 140 330 145 180
Latvian 120 55 65 155 70 85
Lithuanian 135 60 75 175 75 95
Slavic languages 28,815 13,420 15,395 34,685 16,210 18,475
Belarusan 35 15 15 35 15 20
Bosnian 685 345 340 715 355 360
Bulgarian 430 230 205 480 245 230
Croatian 1,735 910 825 2,025 1,060 965
Czech 675 335 340 905 440 465
Macedonian 170 90 80 185 95 90
Polish 8,095 3,775 4,325 9,465 4,420 5,040
Russian 5,065 2,360 2,700 5,785 2,675 3,110
Serbian 1,680 845 835 1,835 930 910
Serbo-Croatian 340 170 170 360 185 180
Slovak 460 235 225 615 300 315
Slovene (Slovenian) 240 110 125 295 140 155
Ukrainian 9,125 3,965 5,170 11,895 5,305 6,595
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 75 35 35 95 50 45
Celtic languages 85 50 35 125 75 50
Scottish Gaelic 45 25 15 45 30 25
Welsh 15 10 5 40 20 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 30 20 15 40 25 15
Germanic languages 13,130 6,150 6,985 22,200 10,635 11,565
Afrikaans 330 170 165 620 320 300
Danish 450 215 235 770 380 385
Dutch 2,440 1,190 1,255 4,305 2,080 2,225
Frisian 60 35 25 105 55 40
German 9,380 4,340 5,045 15,700 7,465 8,230
Icelandic 30 15 15 35 15 20
Norwegian 145 60 85 225 110 120
Swedish 185 85 105 300 135 165
Vlaams (Flemish) 45 20 25 80 35 45
Yiddish 55 30 25 55 30 25
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 10 0 0
Greek 920 505 420 1,080 590 495
Indo-Iranian languages 61,115 31,380 29,735 64,165 32,955 31,210
Indo-Aryan languages 54,775 28,055 26,720 57,540 29,480 28,060
Bengali 2,275 1,200 1,080 2,340 1,230 1,110
Gujarati 5,540 2,870 2,670 5,770 2,990 2,780
Hindi 8,010 4,020 3,995 8,425 4,240 4,185
Kashmiri 20 10 10 20 10 10
Konkani 145 75 70 155 80 75
Marathi 505 260 245 540 280 260
Nepali 1,895 990 905 2,000 1,045 955
Oriya (Odia) 70 40 35 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 26,425 13,570 12,855 27,800 14,275 13,520
Sindhi 905 420 480 940 440 500
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,180 615 565 1,310 685 630
Urdu 7,810 3,985 3,825 8,170 4,170 4,000
Iranian languages 6,070 3,180 2,890 6,340 3,325 3,015
Kurdish 740 410 335 755 420 340
Pashto 625 330 300 665 355 310
Persian (Farsi) 4,700 2,445 2,255 4,925 2,550 2,370
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 275 145 125 280 150 130
Italic (Romance) languages 27,195 13,650 13,545 30,760 15,445 15,320
Catalan 25 10 10 25 15 15
Italian 4,240 2,070 2,170 4,920 2,440 2,480
Portuguese 4,055 1,980 2,075 4,640 2,270 2,370
Romanian 2,300 1,150 1,145 2,550 1,275 1,275
Spanish 16,570 8,435 8,135 18,605 9,440 9,170
Italic (romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 15 5 10
Japanese 940 310 630 1,065 345 725
Kartvelian languages 60 35 25 70 40 30
Georgian 60 40 25 65 40 30
Korean 5,995 2,850 3,145 6,375 3,030 3,345
Mongolic languages 80 35 40 85 35 50
Mongolian 80 35 40 80 35 45
Niger-Congo languages 6,985 3,530 3,455 7,370 3,725 3,650
Akan (Twi) 840 435 405 895 465 430
Bamanankan 15 10 5 15 10 10
Edo 135 70 70 140 70 70
Ewe 115 70 45 125 75 55
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 135 70 60 140 75 65
Ga 65 40 25 65 35 25
Ganda 205 105 100 210 105 105
Igbo 305 160 145 310 165 140
Lingala 150 75 80 160 80 85
Rundi (Kirundi) 390 190 200 400 195 205
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 605 300 305 610 300 305
Shona 520 255 265 565 280 290
Swahili 1,185 575 605 1,250 605 640
Wolof 130 85 45 135 85 50
Yoruba 665 370 300 705 390 310
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,525 720 810 1,640 775 870
Nilo-Saharan languages 735 380 360 745 380 365
Dinka 330 170 160 340 175 165
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 405 210 200 410 210 205
Sign languages 295 150 140 405 195 210
American Sign Language 145 70 80 185 85 95
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 150 85 65 220 110 110
Sino-Tibetan languages 46,565 22,055 24,510 47,970 22,650 25,320
Chinese languages 45,890 21,695 24,200 47,265 22,275 24,990
Cantonese 22,015 10,305 11,705 22,735 10,620 12,120
Hakka 600 285 315 625 290 330
Mandarin 19,460 9,270 10,190 19,935 9,465 10,465
Min Dong 65 25 40 70 25 40
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,210 550 660 1,265 580 685
Wu (Shanghainese) 225 115 115 235 120 120
Chinese languages, n.o.s. 2,285 1,130 1,155 2,375 1,165 1,210
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 30 5 15 25 5 15
Tibeto-Burman languages 675 360 315 705 375 330
Burmese 130 70 60 145 80 65
Karenic languages 425 230 195 435 235 200
Tibetan 20 15 10 20 15 10
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 95 45 55 100 50 55
Tai-Kadai languages 895 355 540 1,020 380 640
Lao 360 180 180 385 195 195
Thai 525 170 350 625 185 440
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 10 5 5 15 5 5
Turkic languages 1,975 1,095 875 2,080 1,165 915
Azerbaijani 110 65 45 120 75 45
Turkish 1,665 925 745 1,740 970 775
Uyghur 50 30 20 60 35 30
Uzbek 105 60 45 110 60 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 45 20 20 50 20 25
Uralic languages 1,450 685 760 1,890 890 1,000
Estonian 30 10 20 45 20 30
Finnish 160 65 95 235 95 140
Hungarian 1,255 610 645 1,605 775 830
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 220 130 95 235 135 100
Multiple responses 29,935 14,625 15,305 34,695 16,865 17,835
English and French 2,715 1,335 1,380 3,965 1,940 2,030
English and non-official language 25,555 12,460 13,090 28,865 13,995 14,875
French and non-official language 1,115 550 560 1,235 615 625
English, French and non-official language 555 280 280 625 315 310
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 921,060 460,385 460,675 1,351,350 676,340 675,015
Single responses 855,580 428,305 427,270 1,278,695 640,905 637,790
Official languages 691,360 347,590 343,760 1,103,440 554,795 548,645
English 683,370 343,475 339,900 1,092,365 549,120 543,245
French 7,990 4,125 3,865 11,070 5,675 5,395
Non-official languages 164,220 80,715 83,510 175,255 86,110 89,145
Aboriginal languages 415 195 230 690 320 375
Algonquian languages 355 165 190 605 280 325
Blackfoot 10 5 0 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 330 150 175 570 265 310
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 15 5 5 15 10 5
Plains Cree 50 20 30 60 30 30
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 15 5 15 15 10 10
Cree, n.o.s. 245 115 130 480 220 255
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 5 5 0 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 5 5 25 10 10
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 10 10 5 25 15 10
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 20 5 15 25 5 15
Northern Athabaskan languages 20 5 15 25 5 15
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 15 5 10 15 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 5 0 5 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 5 0 5 5 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 5 0 5 5 0 5
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 5 0 5 10 5 10
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 5 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Iroquoian languages 5 0 0 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 5 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 25 15 15 45 15 25
Dakota 10 5 10 15 5 15
Stoney 15 10 10 25 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 15 10 5 15 5 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 163,805 80,520 83,280 174,560 85,795 88,765
Afro-Asiatic languages 19,955 10,125 9,830 20,355 10,325 10,030
Berber languages 95 45 50 90 45 50
Kabyle 50 25 25 50 25 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 45 20 25
Cushitic languages 5,840 2,925 2,910 5,850 2,935 2,915
Bilen 215 125 90 210 125 90
Oromo 885 450 435 890 450 435
Somali 4,730 2,345 2,380 4,740 2,355 2,390
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 10 5 10
Semitic languages 14,005 7,145 6,865 14,390 7,340 7,050
Amharic 1,695 805 890 1,700 805 890
Arabic 10,255 5,280 4,970 10,615 5,460 5,155
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 30 15 20 40 15 20
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 15 10 10 20 10 5
Harari 115 55 60 115 55 55
Hebrew 190 100 95 190 100 95
Maltese 10 5 5 10 5 5
Tigrigna 1,650 855 795 1,655 855 800
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 50 30 20 55 35 20
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 5 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 6,150 2,840 3,310 6,255 2,890 3,365
Khmer (Cambodian) 390 180 200 385 185 205
Vietnamese 5,760 2,655 3,105 5,865 2,705 3,160
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 20,395 9,600 10,795 23,190 10,890 12,300
Bikol 15 10 5 15 10 5
Cebuano 765 365 400 825 400 425
Fijian 25 15 10 25 15 10
Hiligaynon 180 80 100 195 85 105
Ilocano 565 265 300 615 290 325
Malagasy 5 5 0 5 5 0
Malay 120 55 65 140 65 75
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 125 60 65 130 65 70
Pangasinan 15 5 10 25 10 15
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 18,485 8,690 9,795 21,110 9,895 11,210
Waray-Waray 10 0 5 10 0 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 80 40 40 85 40 45
Creole languages 555 285 275 565 285 280
Haitian Creole 40 20 20 40 20 20
Creole, n.o.s. 375 195 180 380 200 180
Creole languages, n.i.e. 140 70 75 150 70 80
Dravidian languages 4,235 2,180 2,055 4,460 2,305 2,155
Kannada 75 35 40 80 35 40
Malayalam 2,260 1,160 1,105 2,340 1,205 1,140
Tamil 1,355 715 635 1,470 780 690
Telugu 540 270 270 560 280 280
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 10 0 5
Hmong-Mien languages 10 5 0 10 5 5
Indo-European languages 70,050 35,140 34,910 75,965 38,130 37,835
Albanian 355 190 165 370 195 175
Armenian 75 35 35 70 40 35
Balto-Slavic languages 11,655 5,675 5,980 12,890 6,280 6,605
Baltic languages 90 45 50 120 55 65
Latvian 40 20 25 55 25 25
Lithuanian 50 25 25 70 35 40
Slavic languages 11,565 5,635 5,935 12,770 6,225 6,545
Belarusan 10 5 5 10 5 5
Bosnian 295 150 145 305 155 150
Bulgarian 265 140 130 290 145 145
Croatian 830 430 405 900 455 440
Czech 210 110 105 265 140 125
Macedonian 85 45 40 90 45 45
Polish 3,475 1,625 1,845 3,835 1,810 2,025
Russian 2,940 1,455 1,485 3,280 1,620 1,655
Serbian 950 475 470 1,005 505 500
Serbo-Croatian 105 55 55 120 60 60
Slovak 130 65 65 175 80 90
Slovene (Slovenian) 60 35 25 70 35 35
Ukrainian 2,190 1,045 1,140 2,410 1,160 1,255
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 20 5 10 20 10 15
Celtic languages 10 5 5 10 5 5
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0 5 0 5
Welsh 0 0 5 5 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages 1,785 850 935 3,400 1,675 1,725
Afrikaans 145 70 75 325 165 155
Danish 30 15 15 40 20 15
Dutch 140 65 75 300 145 155
Frisian 0 0 0 10 5 5
German 1,385 660 725 2,610 1,280 1,330
Icelandic 15 10 10 15 10 10
Norwegian 10 0 10 15 5 10
Swedish 45 20 30 75 35 40
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 5 5 15 10 5
Yiddish 0 0 5 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Greek 325 165 165 380 190 190
Indo-Iranian languages 41,435 21,030 20,405 43,190 21,925 21,265
Indo-Aryan languages 37,435 19,010 18,425 39,050 19,835 19,215
Bengali 1,425 735 690 1,460 755 700
Gujarati 3,555 1,810 1,750 3,665 1,860 1,810
Hindi 4,875 2,470 2,400 5,100 2,600 2,495
Kashmiri 0 0 5 0 0 0
Konkani 35 20 20 35 20 15
Marathi 315 160 155 330 170 165
Nepali 1,335 700 635 1,395 730 670
Oriya (Odia) 35 20 15 35 20 20
Punjabi (Panjabi) 19,800 10,075 9,725 20,650 10,510 10,145
Sindhi 450 220 225 465 230 235
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 705 370 340 785 405 380
Urdu 4,900 2,425 2,470 5,125 2,540 2,580
Iranian languages 3,885 1,970 1,920 4,025 2,035 1,985
Kurdish 370 195 170 375 200 175
Pashto 405 210 185 435 235 200
Persian (Farsi) 3,120 1,565 1,555 3,215 1,605 1,610
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 110 50 65 120 55 65
Italic (Romance) languages 14,410 7,190 7,220 15,655 7,820 7,835
Catalan 15 5 10 10 0 5
Italian 1,345 610 735 1,410 640 770
Portuguese 1,800 855 945 1,920 915 1,000
Romanian 1,245 620 625 1,360 670 685
Spanish 10,005 5,100 4,905 10,955 5,585 5,365
Italic (romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 5 5 5
Japanese 425 170 255 480 190 290
Kartvelian languages 50 25 25 50 30 25
Georgian 50 30 25 55 30 25
Korean 4,380 2,145 2,235 4,595 2,255 2,340
Mongolic languages 50 20 30 50 20 25
Mongolian 50 20 25 50 20 30
Niger-Congo languages 2,845 1,375 1,470 2,965 1,425 1,535
Akan (Twi) 425 200 220 450 215 235
Bamanankan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Edo 35 15 15 40 20 15
Ewe 40 25 20 40 20 15
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 55 30 20 55 30 25
Ga 15 10 5 15 10 5
Ganda 75 35 40 80 35 45
Igbo 80 40 45 80 35 40
Lingala 35 15 20 40 20 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 195 90 105 195 90 105
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 285 150 135 285 145 135
Shona 200 90 110 220 95 120
Swahili 580 275 305 585 280 315
Wolof 85 45 40 90 50 40
Yoruba 265 140 130 280 145 135
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 470 215 260 505 235 275
Nilo-Saharan languages 365 185 180 365 185 180
Dinka 200 110 90 205 110 90
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 165 75 90 165 80 90
Sign languages 385 220 160 515 290 220
American Sign Language 165 85 80 195 105 90
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 5 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 215 140 85 315 185 130
Sino-Tibetan languages 31,760 15,075 16,690 32,365 15,355 17,015
Chinese languages 31,240 14,800 16,435 31,830 15,070 16,755
Cantonese 14,485 6,700 7,780 14,745 6,815 7,925
Hakka 215 90 120 215 95 120
Mandarin 14,460 7,025 7,430 14,735 7,150 7,580
Min Dong 10 5 5 15 5 10
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 540 225 310 555 235 320
Wu (Shanghainese) 120 60 55 125 65 60
Chinese languages, n.o.s. 1,410 690 720 1,445 710 735
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 10 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 525 275 250 540 280 260
Burmese 90 50 40 100 55 45
Karenic languages 355 190 165 360 195 165
Tibetan 20 10 10 25 10 10
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 60 25 35 60 25 35
Tai-Kadai languages 430 205 220 475 220 255
Lao 175 85 90 190 90 95
Thai 245 115 130 285 130 155
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 5 5 5 5 5
Turkic languages 1,260 670 585 1,310 700 610
Azerbaijani 45 25 20 50 35 20
Turkish 1,110 590 520 1,140 605 535
Uyghur 30 20 10 35 20 15
Uzbek 65 30 30 70 40 35
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 10 10 5
Uralic languages 430 205 225 510 240 265
Estonian 5 0 0 0 0 0
Finnish 25 10 15 30 10 15
Hungarian 405 195 210 475 225 245
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 75 35 35 75 35 35
Multiple responses 65,480 32,075 33,405 72,660 35,435 37,225
English and French 2,070 1,045 1,015 2,790 1,380 1,405
English and non-official language 61,650 30,160 31,485 67,940 33,110 34,830
French and non-official language 545 265 280 590 285 310
English, French and non-official language 1,220 600 620 1,340 655 685
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 921,065 460,385 460,680 1,351,350 676,340 675,010
None 749,235 376,135 373,095 1,153,360 579,875 573,490
English 73,015 36,560 36,455 79,905 39,990 39,910
French 9,560 4,575 4,985 14,995 7,010 7,980
Non-official language 85,880 41,390 44,490 99,405 47,580 51,820
Aboriginal 1,815 715 1,105 3,925 1,760 2,165
Non-Aboriginal 84,065 40,675 43,390 95,480 45,825 49,655
English and French 655 335 315 685 350 335
English and non-official language 1,795 935 855 1,890 985 905
French and non-official language 890 435 460 1,070 520 550
English, French and non-official language 45 25 15 50 25 20
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 749,380 373,235 376,150 1,089,035 542,890 546,145
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 712,245 354,980 357,260 1,036,860 517,415 519,450
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,836 51,506 33,820 43,644 55,806 34,009
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 712,370 355,010 357,370 1,037,105 517,455 519,655
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,352 44,584 31,031 38,702 47,723 31,092
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 656,950 335,805 321,145 963,165 493,060 470,105
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,821 51,517 33,069 43,262 55,390 32,915
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 432,325 178,805 253,525 614,675 247,775 366,905
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,567 2,571 4,014 4,013 3,615 4,178
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 576,325 301,585 274,740 841,380 441,725 399,655
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,069 52,280 34,903 44,283 55,861 34,531
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 749,395 373,375 376,020 1,089,045 543,030 546,020
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 712,520 355,075 357,440 1,037,385 517,490 519,900
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 57,032 69,876 44,272 60,535 76,430 44,714
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 712,670 355,105 357,560 1,037,655 517,535 520,120
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,823 55,986 37,723 49,314 60,735 37,950
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 657,115 335,780 321,335 963,160 492,670 470,485
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 57,236 70,309 43,574 60,607 76,656 43,802
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 431,590 178,230 253,360 614,185 247,515 366,670
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,011 6,751 7,194 7,203 7,214 7,196
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 576,330 301,010 275,315 841,380 440,570 400,805
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 54,801 65,829 42,745 57,368 70,817 42,584
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 23 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 24 92.6 95.2 88.5 93.0 95.5 88.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 25 77.4 79.6 73.9 77.0 79.3 73.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 26 7.4 4.8 11.5 7.0 4.5 11.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 749,380 373,230 376,145 1,089,030 542,890 546,145
Without total income 37,140 18,250 18,890 52,175 25,475 26,695
With total income 712,245 354,980 357,260 1,036,860 517,415 519,450
Percentage with total income 95.0 95.1 95.0 95.2 95.3 95.1
Under $10,000 (including loss) 89,175 35,580 53,600 128,310 48,445 79,860
$10,000 to $19,999 93,515 36,960 56,560 129,375 48,905 80,470
$20,000 to $29,999 86,675 34,500 52,175 121,515 46,905 74,610
$30,000 to $39,999 73,335 32,130 41,210 102,560 43,470 59,090
$40,000 to $49,999 70,490 33,175 37,320 98,600 45,190 53,415
$50,000 to $59,999 62,445 31,450 31,000 88,205 43,520 44,680
$60,000 to $69,999 51,365 28,510 22,855 73,910 40,665 33,245
$70,000 to $79,999 40,570 24,485 16,085 59,665 35,770 23,895
$80,000 to $89,999 31,440 19,520 11,920 47,485 29,735 17,750
$90,000 to $99,999 26,250 16,215 10,035 40,870 25,525 15,345
$100,000 and over 86,985 62,475 24,510 146,370 109,280 37,090
$100,000 to $149,999 58,565 40,680 17,890 95,525 68,460 27,065
$150,000 and over 28,415 21,795 6,625 50,845 40,820 10,025
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 28 749,380 373,230 376,150 1,089,035 542,890 546,145
Without after-tax income 37,010 18,225 18,780 51,930 25,435 26,490
With after-tax income 712,375 355,010 357,365 1,037,105 517,455 519,650
Percentage with after-tax income 95.1 95.1 95.0 95.2 95.3 95.1
Under $10,000 (including loss) 90,875 36,085 54,790 131,330 49,260 82,070
$10,000 to $19,999 97,655 38,725 58,930 135,365 51,315 84,055
$20,000 to $29,999 100,035 40,460 59,575 140,435 54,925 85,510
$30,000 to $39,999 92,180 42,085 50,095 128,270 56,935 71,330
$40,000 to $49,999 87,355 43,450 43,910 122,780 59,820 62,955
$50,000 to $59,999 69,290 38,480 30,810 99,610 54,930 44,680
$60,000 to $69,999 49,970 30,460 19,510 74,370 45,450 28,915
$70,000 to $79,999 36,960 23,005 13,955 57,180 36,110 21,070
$80,000 and over 88,055 62,255 25,800 147,765 108,710 39,055
$80,000 to $89,999 27,180 17,610 9,565 43,085 28,545 14,540
$90,000 to $99,999 17,325 11,960 5,365 28,500 20,400 8,105
$100,000 and over 43,555 32,685 10,870 76,175 59,765 16,410
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 29 749,380 373,235 376,145 1,089,035 542,890 546,145
Without employment income 173,050 71,650 101,405 247,655 101,165 146,490
With employment income 576,330 301,585 274,740 841,375 441,725 399,655
Percentage with employment income 76.9 80.8 73.0 77.3 81.4 73.2
Under $5,000 (including loss) 56,045 24,765 31,275 86,680 38,495 48,190
$5,000 to $9,999 37,925 15,895 22,030 55,015 22,625 32,390
$10,000 to $19,999 65,325 27,965 37,360 91,860 37,810 54,050
$20,000 to $29,999 55,825 23,765 32,065 77,790 31,835 45,960
$30,000 to $39,999 55,460 25,405 30,050 76,115 33,520 42,600
$40,000 to $49,999 55,750 26,865 28,885 76,245 35,400 40,845
$50,000 to $59,999 51,430 26,250 25,175 70,960 35,325 35,640
$60,000 to $69,999 42,090 24,000 18,090 59,450 33,270 26,180
$70,000 to $79,999 34,395 21,275 13,120 49,555 30,520 19,035
$80,000 and over 122,080 85,395 36,685 197,705 142,930 54,775
$80,000 to $89,999 27,055 17,255 9,800 40,300 25,945 14,355
$90,000 to $99,999 23,455 14,625 8,825 36,435 22,975 13,460
$100,000 and over 71,570 53,520 18,055 120,965 94,005 26,960
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 30 360,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 518,950  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 87,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 93,913  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 75,057  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,153  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 98,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 127,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 47,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 48,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,497  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 42,121  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 262,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 391,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 106,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 112,412  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 91,076  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 95,401  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 31 360,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 518,950  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 112,619  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 121,011  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 92,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 98,604  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 98,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 127,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 59,678  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 61,584  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 48,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 50,267  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 262,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 391,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 132,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 140,378  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 108,726  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 114,357  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 360,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 518,950  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 5,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 5,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 8,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 12,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 10,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 10,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 11,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 11,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 11,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 24,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 32,475  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 24,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 32,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 23,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 21,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 30,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 20,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 153,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 241,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 43,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 64,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 33,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 50,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 40,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 64,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 36,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 62,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 28 360,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 518,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 6,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 5,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,510  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 9,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 13,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 11,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 12,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 14,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 14,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 15,210  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 20,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 30,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 41,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 29,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 40,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 27,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 25,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 22,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 119,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 190,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 44,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 67,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 29,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 45,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 244,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 369,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 105,101  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 90,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 94,389  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 83,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 132,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 100,821  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 103,532  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 85,642  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 87,574  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 112,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 171,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 125,416  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 134,667  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 106,474  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 112,931  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 38,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 52,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,791  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 64,759  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,914  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 58,389  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 34 244,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 369,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 132,588  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 140,446  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 108,579  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 114,134  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 83,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 131,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 132,253  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 136,617  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 106,714  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 109,851  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 112,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 171,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 153,451  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 163,777  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 125,412  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 132,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 37,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 52,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 76,259  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 65,861  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 67,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 157,810 84,815 72,995 201,245 107,535 93,710
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 35 41,697 45,587 37,593 42,935 48,034 37,847
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 35 36,995 39,683 34,027 37,875 41,450 34,190
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 36 157,765 84,825 72,940 201,105 107,495 93,605
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 37 52,314 56,488 47,461 54,457 59,930 48,171
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 37 43,421 46,146 40,252 44,936 48,541 40,797
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 38 913,580 457,210 456,375 1,340,930 671,765 669,165
In the bottom half of the distribution 375,455 181,915 193,540 502,555 241,990 260,570
In the bottom decile 76,415 37,485 38,930 97,815 47,710 50,100
In the second decile 69,260 32,005 37,250 89,905 40,940 48,965
In the third decile 71,660 34,285 37,375 95,570 45,355 50,215
In the fourth decile 75,965 37,405 38,565 104,185 50,905 53,280
In the fifth decile 82,150 40,730 41,420 115,085 57,085 58,000
In the top half of the distribution 538,125 275,295 262,835 838,375 429,775 408,600
In the sixth decile 87,485 43,610 43,875 125,585 62,540 63,045
In the seventh decile 93,285 47,125 46,160 138,540 69,965 68,580
In the eighth decile 102,770 52,610 50,160 157,745 80,805 76,945
In the ninth decile 118,060 60,660 57,400 186,920 96,100 90,825
In the top decile 136,525 71,290 65,235 229,575 120,365 109,210
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 39 913,580 457,210 456,375 1,332,525 667,500 665,025
0 to 17 years 193,235 98,860 94,380 294,240 150,710 143,530
0 to 5 years 71,515 36,475 35,035 104,225 53,155 51,075
18 to 64 years 619,535 312,185 307,350 884,570 444,810 439,760
65 years and over 100,815 46,170 54,650 153,720 71,985 81,735
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 99,735 47,255 52,480 124,430 58,465 65,965
0 to 17 years 31,190 15,955 15,240 39,065 20,005 19,060
0 to 5 years 12,270 6,280 5,985 14,785 7,565 7,220
18 to 64 years 59,930 28,155 31,770 73,300 34,040 39,260
65 years and over 8,620 3,145 5,470 12,060 4,415 7,645
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 10.9 10.3 11.5 9.3 8.8 9.9
0 to 17 years (%) 16.1 16.1 16.1 13.3 13.3 13.3
0 to 5 years (%) 17.2 17.2 17.1 14.2 14.2 14.1
18 to 64 years (%) 9.7 9.0 10.3 8.3 7.7 8.9
65 years and over (%) 8.6 6.8 10.0 7.8 6.1 9.4
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 91,090 44,565 46,520 105,455 51,295 54,160
0 to 17 years 25,155 12,830 12,320 29,785 15,200 14,580
0 to 5 years 9,920 5,070 4,850 11,365 5,800 5,565
18 to 64 years 61,135 29,895 31,240 70,045 33,935 36,115
65 years and over 4,800 1,840 2,955 5,625 2,165 3,460
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 10.0 9.7 10.2 7.9 7.7 8.1
0 to 17 years (%) 13.0 13.0 13.1 10.1 10.1 10.2
0 to 5 years (%) 13.9 13.9 13.8 10.9 10.9 10.9
18 to 64 years (%) 9.9 9.6 10.2 7.9 7.6 8.2
65 years and over (%) 4.8 4.0 5.4 3.7 3.0 4.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 913,585 457,210 456,375 1,340,930 671,765 669,165
Official languages 893,915 449,325 444,585 1,320,485 663,540 656,945
English 892,545 448,740 443,805 1,318,805 662,815 655,990
French 67,445 31,990 35,455 97,220 45,625 51,600
Non-official languages 357,820 174,580 183,240 403,600 196,230 207,370
Aboriginal languages 3,660 1,475 2,185 6,790 3,000 3,790
Algonquian languages 3,100 1,195 1,910 5,965 2,590 3,375
Blackfoot 40 10 30 50 10 40
Cree-Montagnais languages 2,960 1,145 1,815 5,755 2,505 3,255
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 20 0 15 25 10 15
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 10 0 15 20 0 15
Plains Cree 855 310 540 1,025 385 640
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 25 10 15 25 10 15
Woods Cree 215 100 115 260 130 135
Cree, n.o.s. 1,840 715 1,120 4,405 1,965 2,445
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 10 0 10 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 10 0 10 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 125 40 90 190 75 115
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 125 35 85 185 75 110
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 270 115 160 330 130 195
Northern Athabaskan languages 275 115 160 325 130 195
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 10 0
Beaver 0 0 10 0 0 0
Carrier 25 10 15 30 10 20
Chilcotin 10 0 0 10 10 0
Dene 175 70 105 215 80 135
Dogrib (Tlicho) 40 25 20 45 20 25
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 35 20 10 35 25 15
North Slavey (Hare) 20 10 10 15 15 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 10 10 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 10 0 0 0 0 10
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 10 0 10 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 10 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 60 30 35 80 30 45
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 15 0 15 10 0 15
Inuktitut 30 15 20 35 10 20
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 15 15 0 30 25 10
Iroquoian languages 10 10 0 10 15 0
Cayuga 0 10 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 10 0 0 10 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 50 30 20 60 30 25
Salish languages 25 10 15 30 10 15
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 10 10 0 10 0 10
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 10 10 0 10 10 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 10 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 145 80 70 395 210 180
Dakota 70 40 30 120 70 50
Stoney 85 45 40 285 150 135
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 10 10 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 20 10 10 15 10 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 10 0 10 10 0 0
Nisga'a 15 10 0 10 10 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 10 0 0 10 10 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 354,280 173,170 181,110 396,955 193,310 203,650
Afro-Asiatic languages 43,075 22,315 20,760 45,040 23,355 21,685
Berber languages 205 105 100 205 105 100
Kabyle 85 45 40 85 45 40
Berber languages, n.i.e. 120 60 60 120 60 60
Cushitic languages 9,765 4,975 4,785 9,800 4,985 4,810
Bilen 245 140 100 240 140 100
Oromo 1,200 645 560 1,210 645 565
Somali 8,370 4,215 4,155 8,400 4,225 4,180
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20 30 10 20
Semitic languages 34,290 17,870 16,425 36,220 18,895 17,320
Amharic 4,040 2,055 1,985 4,090 2,080 2,010
Arabic 26,705 14,050 12,660 28,490 15,000 13,495
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 60 35 25 70 35 35
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 20 15 0 25 20 0
Harari 240 95 140 235 95 140
Hebrew 1,390 730 660 1,470 765 700
Maltese 40 20 20 75 40 35
Tigrigna 3,120 1,580 1,535 3,130 1,585 1,545
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 155 85 70 155 85 70
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 150 85 65 150 90 65
Austro-Asiatic languages 12,500 5,840 6,660 12,870 6,005 6,865
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,065 510 555 1,100 530 570
Vietnamese 11,485 5,355 6,125 11,820 5,505 6,315
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 15 0 10
Austronesian languages 47,290 20,890 26,395 54,400 23,795 30,605
Bikol 60 25 30 75 40 40
Cebuano 2,290 1,035 1,250 2,585 1,145 1,440
Fijian 130 85 50 145 85 60
Hiligaynon 475 190 280 525 220 305
Ilocano 2,190 930 1,260 2,455 1,030 1,425
Malagasy 15 0 0 20 10 10
Malay 1,105 510 595 1,240 560 680
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 485 220 270 515 240 275
Pangasinan 165 70 95 175 70 100
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 44,790 19,725 25,065 51,630 22,520 29,110
Waray-Waray 105 35 70 105 30 70
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 410 170 240 430 185 245
Creole languages 2,015 1,085 920 2,160 1,155 1,005
Haitian Creole 115 65 50 115 65 55
Creole, n.o.s. 1,205 670 535 1,285 715 580
Creole languages, n.i.e. 705 365 340 770 390 385
Dravidian languages 8,495 4,470 4,025 9,045 4,780 4,260
Kannada 340 165 175 395 195 205
Malayalam 4,390 2,250 2,140 4,600 2,365 2,230
Tamil 2,960 1,610 1,350 3,230 1,775 1,455
Telugu 1,295 690 605 1,365 730 630
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 65 35 25 70 40 30
Hmong-Mien languages 30 15 10 25 15 10
Indo-European languages 169,120 84,245 84,875 197,300 97,920 99,380
Albanian 880 485 395 885 490 390
Armenian 185 75 110 200 80 120
Balto-Slavic languages 33,535 15,825 17,710 40,470 19,095 21,375
Baltic languages 420 200 220 550 260 290
Latvian 195 90 105 250 125 130
Lithuanian 225 110 115 300 135 165
Slavic languages 33,305 15,715 17,585 40,140 18,940 21,200
Belarusan 95 45 45 115 60 55
Bosnian 1,110 540 570 1,140 550 590
Bulgarian 465 240 230 545 270 275
Croatian 2,460 1,350 1,105 2,820 1,555 1,260
Czech 800 355 445 1,045 450 600
Macedonian 220 105 120 230 105 125
Polish 9,790 4,765 5,015 11,455 5,620 5,830
Russian 8,175 3,885 4,295 9,345 4,410 4,940
Serbian 2,305 1,110 1,195 2,480 1,205 1,280
Serbo-Croatian 420 200 215 445 215 230
Slovak 540 295 240 760 410 350
Slovene (Slovenian) 220 115 100 285 145 145
Ukrainian 11,210 4,785 6,425 14,540 6,290 8,250
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 90 45 50 110 60 50
Celtic languages 330 205 125 435 250 190
Scottish Gaelic 125 65 55 160 70 90
Welsh 65 45 20 100 65 35
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 145 95 50 190 115 75
Germanic languages 18,965 9,315 9,655 29,765 14,635 15,135
Afrikaans 795 395 405 1,250 625 625
Danish 475 220 250 830 405 425
Dutch 2,860 1,390 1,475 5,120 2,465 2,660
Frisian 65 45 25 105 70 35
German 14,295 7,110 7,180 21,770 10,850 10,915
Icelandic 35 15 20 55 20 35
Norwegian 315 125 195 480 215 265
Swedish 410 210 200 630 305 330
Vlaams (Flemish) 35 10 25 85 40 50
Yiddish 70 35 35 65 35 35
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 20 10 10
Greek 1,300 635 665 1,580 790 790
Indo-Iranian languages 75,425 38,920 36,505 79,195 40,805 38,385
Indo-Aryan languages 68,980 35,490 33,485 72,445 37,250 35,190
Bengali 2,760 1,460 1,300 2,825 1,490 1,335
Gujarati 7,275 3,620 3,655 7,530 3,745 3,780
Hindi 26,305 13,735 12,570 27,510 14,355 13,155
Kashmiri 50 30 20 60 30 25
Konkani 125 50 75 170 75 90
Marathi 815 450 365 845 465 375
Nepali 1,925 1,040 880 2,000 1,075 925
Oriya (Odia) 100 55 45 100 55 45
Punjabi (Panjabi) 34,305 17,695 16,605 36,215 18,680 17,535
Sindhi 1,675 770 910 1,750 805 945
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,695 860 835 1,840 950 895
Urdu 11,850 6,170 5,675 12,350 6,400 5,950
Iranian languages 6,935 3,670 3,265 7,255 3,805 3,455
Kurdish 855 520 335 860 520 335
Pashto 790 435 355 810 440 370
Persian (Farsi) 5,510 2,865 2,645 5,815 2,990 2,820
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 450 250 210 480 270 215
Italic (Romance) languages 42,430 20,840 21,585 49,460 24,210 25,260
Catalan 75 40 35 80 40 35
Italian 7,250 3,610 3,640 8,410 4,210 4,205
Portuguese 5,290 2,615 2,670 6,140 3,030 3,110
Romanian 2,795 1,435 1,360 3,025 1,550 1,475
Spanish 28,510 13,865 14,650 33,545 16,230 17,310
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 85 40 40 95 50 45
Japanese 2,140 930 1,200 2,570 1,115 1,455
Kartvelian languages 60 20 35 60 25 35
Georgian 60 25 40 60 25 40
Korean 6,685 3,155 3,530 7,210 3,400 3,810
Mongolic languages 150 65 80 145 65 80
Mongolian 145 65 80 145 65 85
Niger-Congo languages 12,615 6,395 6,215 13,335 6,775 6,565
Akan (Twi) 1,370 680 690 1,445 720 725
Bamanankan 25 15 15 35 20 15
Edo 250 115 130 290 145 145
Ewe 150 80 70 160 85 75
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 155 80 80 155 80 75
Ga 185 100 85 200 100 95
Ganda 425 205 215 425 210 220
Igbo 600 330 270 600 330 275
Lingala 700 340 360 750 375 375
Rundi (Kirundi) 580 280 305 600 285 310
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 895 470 425 910 485 425
Shona 895 440 450 1,025 500 525
Swahili 3,380 1,800 1,580 3,540 1,865 1,675
Wolof 225 135 90 220 130 90
Yoruba 1,555 805 745 1,610 840 770
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 3,115 1,515 1,600 3,370 1,650 1,720
Nilo-Saharan languages 925 455 465 935 465 475
Dinka 570 260 310 570 265 310
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 355 195 160 370 200 170
Sign languages 2,075 835 1,240 2,820 1,090 1,730
American Sign Language 1,245 450 800 1,585 575 1,015
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 840 385 450 1,240 515 725
Sino-Tibetan languages 53,530 25,835 27,690 55,300 26,655 28,640
Chinese languages 52,725 25,415 27,305 54,430 26,200 28,225
Cantonese 27,980 13,370 14,610 28,840 13,750 15,085
Hakka 660 285 370 700 305 395
Mandarin 27,395 13,080 14,315 28,270 13,480 14,790
Min Dong 20 10 15 25 15 15
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,535 690 850 1,605 715 885
Wu (Shanghainese) 255 120 135 260 120 135
Chinese, n.o.s. 2,330 1,180 1,155 2,405 1,205 1,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25 45 20 25
Tibeto-Burman languages 830 430 395 895 470 430
Burmese 235 120 110 245 125 110
Karenic languages 450 230 225 475 245 225
Tibetan 45 20 20 60 30 30
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 150 80 70 175 100 75
Tai-Kadai languages 1,085 445 640 1,320 520 800
Lao 515 240 275 585 270 315
Thai 650 220 430 835 270 565
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 15 10 10
Turkic languages 2,785 1,535 1,255 2,935 1,625 1,305
Azerbaijani 225 120 105 250 135 110
Turkish 2,290 1,275 1,020 2,405 1,350 1,055
Uyghur 145 70 75 145 70 80
Uzbek 145 80 70 145 80 70
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 65 30 35 70 30 45
Uralic languages 1,815 850 965 2,335 1,120 1,215
Estonian 25 15 10 40 30 15
Finnish 290 95 190 420 165 255
Hungarian 1,505 735 765 1,875 925 950
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 640 370 275 700 400 305
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 41 913,585 457,210 456,370 1,340,930 671,765 669,165
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 42 793,725 397,565 396,165 1,204,920 604,430 600,485
Canadian citizens aged under 18 173,215 88,605 84,610 275,450 141,115 134,335
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 620,515 308,960 311,555 929,465 463,315 466,155
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 43 119,860 59,645 60,215 136,010 67,335 68,680
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 913,585 457,210 456,370 1,340,925 671,760 669,165
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 45 613,865 309,585 304,280 1,000,485 504,460 496,030
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 46 274,360 134,350 140,005 311,695 152,320 159,375
Before 1981 48,220 24,090 24,135 62,200 31,070 31,130
1981 to 1990 30,460 15,010 15,455 34,225 16,735 17,490
1991 to 2000 43,245 20,325 22,915 47,295 22,185 25,110
2001 to 2010 80,875 39,850 41,025 88,735 43,620 45,115
2001 to 2005 33,690 16,395 17,295 36,875 18,005 18,865
2006 to 2010 47,185 23,450 23,730 51,860 25,615 26,240
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 47 71,555 35,075 36,480 79,240 38,700 40,535
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 48 25,360 13,275 12,085 28,750 14,990 13,755
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 49 274,355 134,350 140,010 311,690 152,315 159,375
Under 5 years 25,255 13,065 12,190 29,655 15,360 14,300
5 to 14 years 45,825 23,775 22,050 54,165 28,110 26,060
15 to 24 years 56,420 25,910 30,510 64,030 29,345 34,685
25 to 44 years 123,445 60,725 62,715 138,325 67,635 70,690
45 years and over 23,410 10,870 12,540 25,510 11,870 13,640
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 50 274,355 134,350 140,010 311,690 152,315 159,375
Americas 26,650 12,960 13,685 32,055 15,400 16,655
Brazil 655 270 390 810 340 470
Colombia 2,455 1,260 1,195 2,610 1,305 1,305
El Salvador 2,895 1,465 1,430 3,085 1,570 1,510
Guyana 1,265 575 690 1,420 630 785
Haiti 505 275 230 540 305 235
Jamaica 2,510 1,155 1,355 2,810 1,270 1,540
Mexico 2,045 1,040 1,010 2,515 1,270 1,245
Peru 475 190 290 555 220 340
Trinidad and Tobago 1,405 690 710 1,650 815 835
United StatesCensus data footnote 51 6,230 3,005 3,220 8,845 4,125 4,725
Other places of birth in Americas 6,205 3,030 3,175 7,220 3,555 3,660
Europe 49,280 24,425 24,850 66,915 33,290 33,625
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,815 925 890 1,940 995 950
Croatia 1,255 655 600 1,430 775 660
France 575 265 310 780 345 430
Germany 4,745 2,340 2,405 7,405 3,705 3,700
Greece 560 320 235 655 370 285
Hungary 755 370 385 975 485 490
IrelandCensus data footnote 52 975 550 425 1,540 825 715
Italy 3,050 1,590 1,460 3,520 1,895 1,620
Netherlands 2,200 1,200 1,000 4,030 2,130 1,910
Poland 6,965 3,355 3,610 8,110 3,895 4,220
Portugal 2,335 1,160 1,170 2,575 1,265 1,305
Romania 2,130 1,085 1,045 2,340 1,190 1,150
Russian Federation 1,975 870 1,100 2,375 1,020 1,355
SerbiaCensus data footnote 53 810 360 450 880 390 490
Ukraine 3,445 1,520 1,925 3,785 1,660 2,125
United KingdomCensus data footnote 54 10,175 5,190 4,980 17,305 8,820 8,485
Other places of birth in Europe 5,520 2,670 2,855 7,260 3,530 3,725
Africa 35,155 18,180 16,970 37,320 19,305 18,015
Algeria 350 185 170 385 195 185
Egypt 1,860 1,045 820 2,065 1,165 895
Ethiopia 3,950 2,020 1,935 4,015 2,045 1,970
Kenya 1,840 955 885 2,010 1,030 985
Morocco 775 480 295 805 495 310
Nigeria 3,045 1,610 1,430 3,265 1,740 1,525
Somalia 4,570 2,250 2,320 4,585 2,255 2,330
South Africa, Republic of 1,715 825 890 2,275 1,085 1,195
Other places of birth in Africa 17,050 8,820 8,230 17,915 9,290 8,625
Asia 159,590 76,970 82,620 171,135 82,205 88,930
Afghanistan 1,455 750 705 1,490 770 725
Bangladesh 1,555 785 775 1,615 805 805
ChinaCensus data footnote 55 19,150 8,790 10,360 19,755 9,045 10,710
Hong KongCensus data footnote 56 7,145 3,460 3,685 7,375 3,565 3,805
India 37,035 18,895 18,140 38,950 19,915 19,030
Iran