Census Profile, 2016 Census
Wood Buffalo, Specialized municipality [Census subdivision], Alberta and Alberta [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Wood Buffalo, SM
Alberta
[Census subdivision]
Alberta

[Province]
Data quality , Wood Buffalo, Specialized municipality [Census subdivision], Alberta  Map : Wood Buffalo, Specialized municipality [Census subdivision], Alberta Data quality : Alberta [Province]  Map : geography 2
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 71,589  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,067,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 65,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,645,257  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 9.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 30,713  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,654,129  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 25,659  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,527,678  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 1.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 61,777.65  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 640,330.46  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 71,590 38,555 33,040 4,067,175 2,039,410 2,027,765
0 to 14 years 14,195 7,330 6,865 779,155 399,570 379,580
0 to 4 years 5,950 3,075 2,875 266,515 136,520 129,995
5 to 9 years 4,655 2,370 2,285 270,715 138,990 131,725
10 to 14 years 3,595 1,885 1,710 241,920 124,060 117,860
15 to 64 years 55,440 30,150 25,290 2,787,805 1,408,150 1,379,655
15 to 19 years 3,460 1,850 1,605 240,035 123,625 116,410
20 to 24 years 4,535 2,350 2,185 261,830 133,990 127,840
25 to 29 years 7,765 3,995 3,770 310,940 156,715 154,225
30 to 34 years 8,790 4,680 4,115 333,175 167,555 165,620
35 to 39 years 7,165 3,810 3,355 305,505 153,655 151,850
40 to 44 years 5,945 3,315 2,630 281,205 142,545 138,660
45 to 49 years 5,425 2,980 2,445 269,030 135,855 133,180
50 to 54 years 5,430 3,075 2,350 284,310 142,205 142,100
55 to 59 years 4,470 2,635 1,835 275,540 138,565 136,970
60 to 64 years 2,460 1,455 1,000 226,230 113,440 112,790
65 years and over 1,955 1,070 885 500,215 231,690 268,530
65 to 69 years 1,060 620 435 173,680 85,500 88,180
70 to 74 years 410 225 190 117,035 56,430 60,610
75 to 79 years 250 135 120 83,955 39,105 44,845
80 to 84 years 150 55 95 62,165 27,590 34,575
85 years and over 80 40 40 63,385 23,065 40,320
85 to 89 years 70 35 30 39,965 16,050 23,915
90 to 94 years 10 5 10 18,025 5,755 12,275
95 to 99 years 5 0 0 4,735 1,145 3,595
100 years and over 0 0 0 650 115 535
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 19.8 19.0 20.8 19.2 19.6 18.7
15 to 64 years 77.4 78.2 76.5 68.5 69.0 68.0
65 years and over 2.7 2.8 2.7 12.3 11.4 13.2
85 years and over 0.1 0.1 0.1 1.6 1.1 2.0
Average age of the population 33.1 33.7 32.3 37.8 37.2 38.4
Median age of the population 33.2 33.9 32.4 36.7 36.2 37.2
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 25,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,527,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 12,835  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 946,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 62,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 9,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 471,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 1,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 86,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 2,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 116,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 420  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 43,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 5,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 223,360  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 2,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 47,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 25,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,527,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 5,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 366,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 7,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 524,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 4,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 245,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 4,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 233,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 3,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 158,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 71,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,978,145  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Population aged 15 years and over by marital status - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 57,390 31,220 26,175 3,288,020 1,639,835 1,648,185
Married or living common law 34,035 17,590 16,450 1,969,300 988,410 980,895
Married 27,875 14,495 13,375 1,648,945 828,155 820,790
Living common law 6,160 3,090 3,070 320,350 160,250 160,100
Not married and not living common law 23,360 13,640 9,725 1,318,720 651,430 667,290
Never married 19,055 11,435 7,620 905,700 505,310 400,390
Separated 1,695 1,025 670 76,150 34,000 42,150
Divorced 1,950 1,025 925 195,850 82,040 113,815
Widowed 650 155 500 141,020 30,080 110,940
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 17,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,114,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 7,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 540,850  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 4,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 235,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 3,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 227,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 1,905  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 17,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,114,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 15,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 953,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 12,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 793,195  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 3,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 160,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 2,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 161,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 1,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 123,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 925  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 15,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 953,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 6,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 443,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 8,905  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 509,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 3,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 190,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 3,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 213,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 1,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 105,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 2,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 161,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 1,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 97,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 45,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 355  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 17,490 11,165 6,330 678,535 356,875 321,655
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 25,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,527,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 15,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,039,985  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 5,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 414,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 10,360  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 625,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 905  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 8,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 451,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 5,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 366,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 2,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 85,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 71,545 38,530 33,015 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140
English only 65,735 35,545 30,190 3,698,765 1,869,670 1,829,095
French only 150 70 80 3,895 1,725 2,165
English and French 5,040 2,630 2,415 264,720 124,400 140,315
Neither English nor French 625 290 335 59,280 24,715 34,565
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 71,550 38,535 33,015 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140
English 68,685 36,965 31,720 3,880,685 1,950,980 1,929,705
French 1,870 1,070 800 71,535 37,205 34,330
English and French 395 225 175 16,605 8,350 8,255
Neither English nor French 595 270 320 57,830 23,970 33,860
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 2,070 1,180 885 79,840 41,380 38,455
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.9 3.1 2.7 2.0 2.0 1.9
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 71,545 38,530 33,015 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140
Single responses 70,335 37,885 32,445 3,934,580 1,975,615 1,958,970
Official languages 55,890 30,435 25,455 3,063,640 1,552,475 1,511,165
English 54,020 29,385 24,635 2,991,485 1,515,025 1,476,460
French 1,880 1,055 825 72,150 37,450 34,705
Non-official languages 14,445 7,450 6,990 870,940 423,140 447,805
Aboriginal languages 465 215 250 23,835 11,290 12,550
Algonquian languages 290 130 160 18,295 8,665 9,630
Blackfoot 5 0 0 2,750 1,305 1,445
Cree-Montagnais languages 270 120 150 14,960 7,105 7,850
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 5 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 0 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 5 0 0 50 15 35
Plains Cree 5 5 5 720 280 435
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 50 20 35
Woods Cree 5 0 0 910 430 480
Cree, n.o.s. 255 110 140 13,220 6,355 6,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 5 0 30 15 15
Malecite 0 0 0 0 5 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 5 35 20 15
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 0 5 550 235 315
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ojibway 5 5 0 525 230 300
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 5 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Athabaskan languages 165 75 90 1,865 865 1,000
Northern Athabaskan languages 165 80 90 1,855 860 990
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 35 15 15
Carrier 0 0 0 15 0 15
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Dene 160 75 85 1,470 710 760
Dogrib (Tlicho) 5 5 5 40 10 30
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 70 20 45
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 200 90 115
North Slavey (Hare) 5 0 0 10 5 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 155 70 80
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Tahltan languages 0 0 5 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 5 0 0 120 35 85
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 25 5 10
Inuktitut 5 0 0 60 20 45
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 35 10 30
Iroquoian languages 5 0 0 10 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 0 0
Michif 5 5 0 80 45 35
Salish languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 5 5
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 5 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Siouan languages 0 0 0 3,370 1,630 1,745
Dakota 0 0 0 350 165 185
Stoney 0 0 0 3,020 1,460 1,555
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 5
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 13,975 7,240 6,740 847,105 411,850 435,255
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,665 1,610 1,060 68,415 36,215 32,200
Berber languages 15 10 5 340 190 145
Kabyle 10 5 5 165 90 75
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 175 100 75
Cushitic languages 800 525 275 12,525 6,495 6,030
Bilen 10 5 5 315 185 130
Oromo 60 25 35 2,650 1,375 1,275
Somali 730 485 240 9,520 4,915 4,605
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 40 20 20
Semitic languages 1,845 1,070 775 55,425 29,450 25,980
Amharic 455 270 185 7,320 3,605 3,720
Arabic 1,270 725 545 40,540 21,840 18,705
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 0 5 400 210 190
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 5 0 145 80 65
Harari 5 0 5 260 135 120
Hebrew 5 5 0 960 505 460
Maltese 5 0 0 75 30 40
Tigrigna 90 55 35 5,415 2,880 2,535
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 305 155 145
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 130 80 50
Austro-Asiatic languages 65 25 45 25,295 11,760 13,535
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 5 5 1,925 910 1,010
Vietnamese 55 20 35 23,350 10,840 12,505
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Austronesian languages 3,195 1,360 1,835 115,405 50,190 65,210
Bikol 10 0 5 425 205 225
Cebuano 80 35 45 5,135 2,155 2,980
Fijian 5 0 0 125 75 50
Hiligaynon 20 5 15 1,500 640 855
Ilocano 75 25 45 5,350 2,310 3,040
Malagasy 0 0 0 35 10 25
Malay 25 10 15 1,460 615 845
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 5 765 370 390
Pangasinan 10 5 5 290 115 175
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,920 1,245 1,670 99,035 43,120 55,920
Waray-Waray 5 5 0 305 145 160
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 50 30 20 980 430 550
Creole languages 40 25 15 1,895 990 910
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 95 45 50
Creole, n.o.s. 20 15 10 1,175 640 540
Creole languages, n.i.e. 20 10 5 625 305 325
Dravidian languages 360 200 160 13,490 7,075 6,415
Kannada 15 10 5 535 270 265
Malayalam 150 80 70 6,345 3,285 3,060
Tamil 125 70 50 4,430 2,360 2,070
Telugu 70 35 40 2,130 1,135 995
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 105 55 45
Indo-European languages 5,710 3,035 2,680 442,685 220,330 222,355
Albanian 20 10 5 2,345 1,270 1,075
Armenian 10 0 0 500 250 245
Balto-Slavic languages 570 285 280 80,330 37,750 42,580
Baltic languages 20 5 10 1,010 475 535
Latvian 15 5 10 415 195 220
Lithuanian 5 0 5 600 285 315
Slavic languages 550 280 270 79,325 37,275 42,050
Belarusan 0 0 0 65 30 30
Bosnian 10 10 5 1,835 915 920
Bulgarian 30 15 15 1,545 790 755
Croatian 20 5 10 4,655 2,340 2,320
Czech 15 10 10 3,000 1,430 1,575
Macedonian 5 5 0 360 185 175
Polish 135 75 60 20,130 9,425 10,705
Russian 160 75 85 17,810 8,150 9,665
Serbian 60 35 25 4,020 2,035 1,985
Serbo-Croatian 5 5 0 970 480 485
Slovak 15 5 10 2,185 1,070 1,115
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 5 5 695 320 370
Ukrainian 75 35 40 21,835 9,985 11,850
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 215 120 100
Celtic languages 5 0 0 370 200 170
Scottish Gaelic 0 5 5 135 70 65
Welsh 0 5 0 175 85 80
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 40 25
Germanic languages 410 230 180 104,260 51,525 52,735
Afrikaans 165 80 90 3,010 1,475 1,535
Danish 5 5 5 2,380 1,245 1,135
Dutch 70 45 25 16,135 8,095 8,045
Frisian 0 0 0 360 200 160
German 155 95 55 80,050 39,435 40,615
Icelandic 0 0 0 115 55 60
Norwegian 0 0 0 815 370 445
Swedish 10 5 5 875 405 470
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 5 320 150 170
Yiddish 0 0 0 140 70 70
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Greek 25 15 10 3,130 1,655 1,475
Indo-Iranian languages 3,595 1,940 1,655 166,805 85,250 81,560
Indo-Aryan languages 3,365 1,805 1,560 145,900 74,320 71,580
Bengali 240 130 110 7,000 3,630 3,370
Gujarati 1,070 575 500 13,140 6,785 6,355
Hindi 415 225 190 17,055 8,675 8,385
Kashmiri 0 0 0 105 60 50
Konkani 5 0 5 370 190 185
Marathi 70 40 30 1,510 775 730
Nepali 35 20 15 5,175 2,690 2,490
Oriya (Odia) 5 0 5 190 100 90
Punjabi (Panjabi) 425 250 175 68,695 34,935 33,760
Sindhi 15 5 10 2,770 1,300 1,475
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 50 25 20 2,590 1,320 1,265
Urdu 1,035 540 495 27,295 13,865 13,430
Iranian languages 215 120 90 19,600 10,235 9,365
Kurdish 10 5 5 1,550 845 705
Pashto 75 45 35 2,560 1,320 1,235
Persian (Farsi) 125 75 55 15,490 8,070 7,425
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 1,310 695 615
Italic (Romance) languages 1,085 545 540 84,940 42,425 42,515
Catalan 0 0 0 75 30 45
Italian 35 15 20 11,375 5,760 5,615
Portuguese 130 65 70 9,050 4,380 4,670
Romanian 115 60 50 8,035 4,080 3,955
Spanish 805 400 405 56,370 28,160 28,205
Italic (romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Japanese 25 5 20 4,875 1,715 3,160
Kartvelian languages 25 15 10 230 130 105
Georgian 30 10 15 230 130 100
Korean 160 75 80 17,920 8,485 9,435
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 545 255 290
Mongolian 0 0 0 540 255 290
Niger-Congo languages 790 410 380 15,360 7,870 7,495
Akan (Twi) 70 30 40 1,755 915 835
Bamanankan 5 5 0 35 20 15
Edo 10 5 0 275 155 120
Ewe 20 10 10 245 145 100
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 230 120 100
Ga 0 5 0 145 80 65
Ganda 20 15 5 280 145 135
Igbo 50 25 25 1,165 625 540
Lingala 5 5 0 270 130 140
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 605 305 295
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 25 15 10 805 405 400
Shona 115 60 55 1,100 545 555
Swahili 70 45 30 2,380 1,160 1,215
Wolof 10 5 5 280 165 110
Yoruba 100 50 50 2,435 1,305 1,125
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 285 140 145 3,370 1,640 1,735
Nilo-Saharan languages 80 60 15 2,720 1,395 1,330
Dinka 35 30 5 1,345 705 640
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 45 35 10 1,375 685 690
Sign languages 5 5 5 830 440 390
American Sign Language 0 0 0 335 165 165
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 5 5 5 495 275 225
Sino-Tibetan languages 685 340 345 122,450 57,740 64,705
Chinese languages 675 335 340 120,375 56,675 63,700
Cantonese 125 60 65 59,145 27,755 31,385
Hakka 5 0 5 990 465 530
Mandarin 335 165 170 50,660 23,940 26,720
Min Dong 0 0 0 115 50 65
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 0 5 3,060 1,375 1,695
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 630 305 330
Chinese languages, n.o.s. 195 100 95 5,725 2,770 2,955
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 5 0 2,075 1,065 1,005
Burmese 0 0 0 430 230 200
Karenic languages 0 0 0 795 415 380
Tibetan 0 0 0 575 295 275
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 275 130 140
Tai-Kadai languages 50 5 45 2,670 955 1,710
Lao 10 0 5 1,020 485 535
Thai 40 0 40 1,630 465 1,165
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 35 20 10 4,050 2,250 1,800
Azerbaijani 5 0 0 365 215 155
Turkish 25 15 10 3,140 1,760 1,375
Uyghur 5 0 5 130 70 60
Uzbek 0 0 0 205 115 90
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 215 95 120
Uralic languages 60 35 25 7,470 3,600 3,870
Estonian 0 0 0 190 90 105
Finnish 10 5 5 810 330 480
Hungarian 55 25 25 6,470 3,185 3,285
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 25 20 10 690 415 280
Multiple responses 1,210 645 570 92,070 44,900 47,175
English and French 140 70 75 10,230 4,950 5,280
English and non-official language 970 510 455 77,520 37,815 39,705
French and non-official language 70 45 25 2,685 1,375 1,305
English, French and non-official language 30 15 15 1,640 760 880
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 71,550 38,530 33,015 4,026,655 2,020,510 2,006,145
Single responses 69,300 37,365 31,935 3,837,615 1,928,230 1,909,385
Official languages 60,845 32,895 27,955 3,354,885 1,690,490 1,664,395
English 59,820 32,305 27,515 3,327,255 1,676,360 1,650,895
French 1,030 590 435 27,630 14,130 13,500
Non-official languages 8,450 4,470 3,980 482,725 237,740 244,990
Aboriginal languages 145 60 90 9,970 4,940 5,020
Algonquian languages 80 35 50 7,175 3,575 3,605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 1,110 555 555
Cree-Montagnais languages 80 30 55 5,875 2,925 2,945
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 125 60 60
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 600 300 295
Cree, n.o.s. 80 30 50 5,120 2,540 2,575
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 5 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 5 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 190 95 95
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 185 90 95
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 65 25 40 620 320 300
Northern Athabaskan languages 65 25 35 620 325 300
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 10 5 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 65 30 40 540 280 260
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 60 35 30
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 55 30 25
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 5 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 2,125 1,025 1,095
Dakota 0 0 0 175 85 85
Stoney 0 0 0 1,945 935 1,010
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 8,300 4,410 3,890 472,760 232,800 239,965
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,845 1,085 760 43,770 22,535 21,235
Berber languages 5 5 0 200 105 95
Kabyle 0 0 0 90 45 40
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 105 60 45
Cushitic languages 570 370 205 9,220 4,750 4,470
Bilen 0 5 0 280 160 115
Oromo 35 20 20 2,075 1,060 1,015
Somali 530 350 185 6,850 3,520 3,325
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 1,265 715 555 34,310 17,660 16,655
Amharic 315 185 135 4,915 2,390 2,530
Arabic 865 480 385 24,230 12,555 11,675
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 5 5 260 130 130
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 95 50 40
Harari 5 0 0 165 80 85
Hebrew 5 0 0 460 235 225
Maltese 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tigrigna 80 45 30 3,955 2,095 1,860
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 210 110 100
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 45 20 20
Austro-Asiatic languages 20 10 15 16,355 7,635 8,715
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 0 5 960 460 500
Vietnamese 20 5 15 15,380 7,175 8,205
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 0 10
Austronesian languages 1,570 750 820 60,860 28,765 32,100
Bikol 0 0 0 70 40 35
Cebuano 10 5 5 2,110 1,015 1,090
Fijian 0 0 0 45 25 20
Hiligaynon 5 0 5 470 215 255
Ilocano 45 20 25 1,975 935 1,035
Malagasy 0 0 0 20 10 10
Malay 0 0 0 405 205 195
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 5 0 220 110 110
Pangasinan 5 0 5 45 20 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,485 715 775 55,105 26,005 29,100
Waray-Waray 5 5 0 125 60 60
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 280 120 155
Creole languages 15 10 10 970 495 475
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 50 25 25
Creole, n.o.s. 10 5 0 655 345 310
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 270 125 140
Dravidian languages 265 135 125 8,460 4,335 4,125
Kannada 5 5 0 210 105 105
Malayalam 85 45 45 4,060 2,070 1,990
Tamil 100 55 45 2,915 1,515 1,395
Telugu 65 35 35 1,245 635 615
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 10 15
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 70 35 35
Indo-European languages 3,535 1,860 1,680 230,270 115,280 114,995
Albanian 10 5 5 1,060 570 485
Armenian 5 0 0 215 115 105
Balto-Slavic languages 255 135 120 30,220 14,820 15,400
Baltic languages 5 0 0 410 210 200
Latvian 5 0 0 165 85 80
Lithuanian 0 0 0 250 125 120
Slavic languages 250 135 115 29,815 14,610 15,205
Belarusan 0 0 0 15 10 5
Bosnian 0 0 0 785 400 385
Bulgarian 20 10 5 825 415 405
Croatian 5 0 5 1,800 905 895
Czech 5 0 0 875 440 430
Macedonian 0 0 0 175 90 85
Polish 40 20 15 7,705 3,675 4,030
Russian 95 45 55 10,145 4,965 5,175
Serbian 50 25 25 2,100 1,045 1,055
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 315 160 155
Slovak 0 0 0 710 345 365
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 10 5 150 70 75
Ukrainian 25 15 10 4,180 2,060 2,110
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Celtic languages 0 0 0 40 25 15
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 15 15 5
Welsh 0 0 0 15 5 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 0
Germanic languages 145 75 70 40,915 20,280 20,625
Afrikaans 105 50 55 1,705 835 875
Danish 0 0 0 150 75 75
Dutch 15 5 5 1,980 985 1,000
Frisian 0 0 0 60 30 30
German 30 15 10 36,295 18,010 18,290
Icelandic 0 0 0 30 15 15
Norwegian 0 0 0 60 20 35
Swedish 0 0 0 145 65 80
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 60 30 25
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 5 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 425 215 210
Greek 0 0 0 1,015 490 525
Indo-Iranian languages 2,505 1,315 1,185 111,975 56,535 55,445
Indo-Aryan languages 2,345 1,235 1,115 98,610 49,790 48,815
Bengali 145 75 75 4,530 2,300 2,225
Gujarati 795 420 380 8,025 4,085 3,935
Hindi 305 170 140 9,945 5,115 4,825
Kashmiri 0 0 0 50 20 25
Konkani 0 0 0 75 40 40
Marathi 50 25 20 845 440 405
Nepali 15 10 5 3,710 1,905 1,805
Oriya (Odia) 5 0 0 95 50 45
Punjabi (Panjabi) 270 150 115 51,010 25,720 25,295
Sindhi 10 5 0 1,240 575 665
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 40 25 20 1,480 750 730
Urdu 715 360 355 17,600 8,795 8,810
Iranian languages 150 80 70 12,720 6,415 6,305
Kurdish 10 5 0 850 440 410
Pashto 60 30 25 1,640 845 795
Persian (Farsi) 85 50 40 10,230 5,135 5,100
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 650 325 325
Italic (Romance) languages 620 325 300 44,830 22,445 22,385
Catalan 0 0 0 35 10 20
Italian 5 0 0 2,840 1,275 1,560
Portuguese 70 30 35 3,905 1,875 2,030
Romanian 65 40 30 4,135 2,115 2,020
Spanish 490 255 235 33,910 17,160 16,755
Italic (romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Japanese 10 5 5 2,245 945 1,300
Kartvelian languages 20 5 10 160 85 70
Georgian 20 10 5 160 85 70
Korean 110 55 55 12,775 6,205 6,570
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 335 160 175
Mongolian 0 0 0 335 155 175
Niger-Congo languages 375 195 180 5,600 2,725 2,875
Akan (Twi) 30 15 15 845 415 430
Bamanankan 5 5 0 10 10 0
Edo 5 0 0 70 35 35
Ewe 10 5 5 80 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 5 0 105 55 45
Ga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Ganda 5 5 0 95 50 50
Igbo 20 10 5 265 125 145
Lingala 0 0 0 85 35 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 280 135 145
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 25 10 10 350 175 170
Shona 75 35 40 410 190 225
Swahili 35 30 10 1,090 530 565
Wolof 5 5 0 170 95 75
Yoruba 25 10 15 690 340 350
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 145 70 75 1,015 485 535
Nilo-Saharan languages 50 35 10 1,525 765 755
Dinka 20 15 5 800 420 380
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 30 20 5 725 350 375
Sign languages 10 5 0 1,095 630 465
American Sign Language 5 5 0 325 170 155
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 0 5 0 765 455 310
Sino-Tibetan languages 405 210 195 82,380 39,230 43,155
Chinese languages 400 210 195 80,880 38,455 42,420
Cantonese 60 30 25 38,275 17,810 20,460
Hakka 5 0 0 315 135 185
Mandarin 220 115 110 37,125 18,030 19,095
Min Dong 0 0 0 20 5 10
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 1,245 540 705
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 340 175 165
Chinese languages, n.o.s. 115 60 55 3,550 1,760 1,785
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 5 5 1,500 770 730
Burmese 0 0 0 280 145 130
Karenic languages 0 0 0 665 340 320
Tibetan 0 0 0 420 220 200
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 140 65 75
Tai-Kadai languages 15 5 10 1,130 505 625
Lao 5 5 5 465 215 245
Thai 5 0 5 655 285 370
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 10 10 0 2,390 1,270 1,120
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 155 90 75
Turkish 5 10 5 1,945 1,030 915
Uyghur 0 0 0 80 45 40
Uzbek 0 0 0 135 70 65
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 70 35 25
Uralic languages 25 10 15 2,130 1,040 1,085
Estonian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Finnish 5 0 5 105 50 50
Hungarian 25 10 15 1,995 980 1,015
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 20 20 5 240 140 95
Multiple responses 2,250 1,165 1,085 189,040 92,280 96,760
English and French 125 65 60 6,885 3,410 3,475
English and non-official language 2,035 1,045 995 178,070 86,895 91,170
French and non-official language 30 20 15 1,125 540 580
English, French and non-official language 55 40 15 2,965 1,430 1,530
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 71,545 38,535 33,015 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140
None 63,395 34,380 29,020 3,492,295 1,760,240 1,732,055
English 3,475 1,820 1,655 221,305 110,655 110,650
French 780 415 370 41,840 19,470 22,375
Non-official language 3,760 1,855 1,905 262,255 125,640 136,615
Aboriginal 325 160 165 17,430 8,325 9,105
Non-Aboriginal 3,435 1,695 1,740 244,825 117,315 127,510
English and French 20 10 15 1,535 775 760
English and non-official language 70 35 35 4,545 2,345 2,195
French and non-official language 45 20 25 2,795 1,340 1,455
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 85 50 40
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 57,285 31,170 26,115 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 54,170 29,805 24,360 3,053,470 1,528,275 1,525,190
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 77,481 120,290 45,342 42,717 54,891 33,213
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 54,175 29,805 24,365 3,054,135 1,528,420 1,525,715
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 63,100 92,367 39,913 38,067 47,131 30,478
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 50,800 29,155 21,645 2,839,590 1,458,560 1,381,030
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 83,308 122,723 49,306 42,330 54,528 32,099
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 23,790 8,565 15,225 1,785,065 711,210 1,073,855
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 2,358 1,800 2,641 4,093 3,834 4,185
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 48,595 28,375 20,225 2,473,665 1,301,630 1,172,030
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 85,175 123,008 51,226 42,679 54,361 32,982
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 57,285 31,170 26,115 3,206,045 1,602,810 1,603,235
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 54,220 29,890 24,330 3,054,555 1,528,100 1,526,455
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 99,577 131,166 60,773 62,778 80,001 45,535
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 54,230 29,885 24,345 3,055,230 1,528,240 1,526,995
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 75,377 97,085 48,723 50,683 62,938 38,417
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 50,915 29,240 21,670 2,840,675 1,458,210 1,382,465
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 103,586 132,555 64,499 62,997 80,282 44,766
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 23,480 8,450 15,030 1,784,345 710,105 1,074,240
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,333 5,245 5,383 7,175 7,298 7,093
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 48,595 28,405 20,190 2,473,665 1,299,805 1,173,855
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 103,047 130,182 64,871 59,343 74,073 43,031
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 23 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 24 97.7 98.9 94.5 93.3 95.8 89.1
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 25 93.2 94.9 88.9 76.5 78.9 72.3
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 26 2.3 1.1 5.5 6.7 4.2 10.9
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 57,285 31,165 26,115 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360
Without total income 3,115 1,360 1,755 152,585 74,410 78,170
With total income 54,170 29,805 24,365 3,053,470 1,528,280 1,525,190
Percentage with total income 94.6 95.6 93.3 95.2 95.4 95.1
Under $10,000 (including loss) 6,610 1,810 4,805 389,580 146,450 243,130
$10,000 to $19,999 3,645 1,325 2,325 385,235 147,125 238,110
$20,000 to $29,999 3,375 1,125 2,250 364,915 142,810 222,105
$30,000 to $39,999 3,050 1,195 1,855 305,680 131,185 174,490
$40,000 to $49,999 2,875 1,055 1,815 286,615 133,715 152,900
$50,000 to $59,999 2,885 1,170 1,720 247,830 124,720 123,115
$60,000 to $69,999 2,820 1,235 1,585 205,840 114,405 91,430
$70,000 to $79,999 2,390 1,165 1,225 165,640 99,645 65,995
$80,000 to $89,999 2,175 1,105 1,070 132,720 82,700 50,020
$90,000 to $99,999 2,205 1,235 970 114,010 70,655 43,350
$100,000 and over 22,135 17,385 4,745 455,410 334,865 120,550
$100,000 to $149,999 8,240 5,445 2,795 274,185 191,710 82,475
$150,000 and over 13,890 11,945 1,950 181,225 143,150 38,075
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 28 57,285 31,170 26,120 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,365
Without after-tax income 3,115 1,360 1,755 151,915 74,270 77,645
With after-tax income 54,175 29,805 24,365 3,054,135 1,528,420 1,525,715
Percentage with after-tax income 94.6 95.6 93.3 95.3 95.4 95.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 6,670 1,830 4,845 399,005 149,280 249,725
$10,000 to $19,999 3,865 1,400 2,470 402,780 154,330 248,450
$20,000 to $29,999 3,970 1,340 2,630 420,955 166,650 254,300
$30,000 to $39,999 3,735 1,480 2,260 377,590 169,665 207,925
$40,000 to $49,999 4,050 1,600 2,450 347,960 172,595 175,365
$50,000 to $59,999 3,770 1,695 2,075 276,970 153,985 122,985
$60,000 to $69,999 3,260 1,600 1,655 208,265 127,045 81,220
$70,000 to $79,999 3,050 1,770 1,285 160,580 100,970 59,610
$80,000 and over 21,805 17,100 4,705 460,030 333,895 126,140
$80,000 to $89,999 2,980 1,815 1,165 121,015 78,400 42,620
$90,000 to $99,999 2,415 1,590 825 82,020 57,375 24,645
$100,000 and over 16,410 13,700 2,715 257,000 198,120 58,875
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 29 57,285 31,170 26,115 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360
Without employment income 8,690 2,795 5,890 732,385 301,060 431,330
With employment income 48,595 28,375 20,225 2,473,665 1,301,630 1,172,035
Percentage with employment income 84.8 91.0 77.4 77.2 81.2 73.1
Under $5,000 (including loss) 2,865 1,070 1,800 273,835 122,830 151,005
$5,000 to $9,999 1,730 635 1,090 164,095 68,100 95,990
$10,000 to $19,999 3,110 1,175 1,930 274,105 113,680 160,430
$20,000 to $29,999 2,815 1,005 1,805 235,620 96,855 138,760
$30,000 to $39,999 2,780 1,105 1,675 227,450 100,650 126,805
$40,000 to $49,999 2,625 1,010 1,615 219,155 103,680 115,475
$50,000 to $59,999 2,625 1,075 1,555 195,145 99,285 95,860
$60,000 to $69,999 2,510 1,085 1,420 163,465 92,950 70,515
$70,000 to $79,999 2,185 1,060 1,120 135,150 83,240 51,910
$80,000 and over 25,355 19,150 6,205 585,640 420,365 165,280
$80,000 to $89,999 2,065 1,110 960 111,045 71,210 39,835
$90,000 to $99,999 2,075 1,180 895 99,785 62,305 37,480
$100,000 and over 21,210 16,860 4,345 374,815 286,855 87,960
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 30 25,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,527,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 195,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 93,835  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 148,236  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 5,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 366,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 106,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 47,948  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 82,832  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 41,502  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 19,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,161,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 221,359  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 168,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 94,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 31 25,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,527,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 210,417  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 125,522  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 159,314  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,361  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 4,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 365,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 128,984  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 64,341  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 95,456  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 52,116  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 20,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,162,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 229,063  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 144,729  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 173,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 116,821  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 25,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,527,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 440  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 21,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 185  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 245  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 270  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 51,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 220  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 42,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 215  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 290  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 510  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 95,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 620  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 95,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 530  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 625  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 84,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 20,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 712,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 184,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 142,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 4,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 181,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 12,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 202,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 28 25,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,527,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 445  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 23,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 265  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 55,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 44,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 50,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 55,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 350  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 57,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 335  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,195  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 760  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 119,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 750  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 116,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 860  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 112,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 940  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 106,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 95,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 18,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 565,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 192,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 132,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 12,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 240,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 17,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,099,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 214,357  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 109,997  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 162,786  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 93,588  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 5,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 407,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 209,554  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,283  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 158,672  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 86,043  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 8,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 511,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 231,534  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 133,186  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 174,773  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,951  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 2,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 146,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 120,192  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 62,909  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 98,194  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 57,079  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 34 19,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,101,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 221,322  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 144,493  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 167,647  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 116,343  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 6,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 408,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 216,808  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 137,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 163,092  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 110,236  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 9,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 512,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 237,076  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 169,354  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 179,549  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 135,623  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 1,870  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 145,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 143,971  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,406  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 112,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 68,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 13,820 8,990 4,825 577,475 308,835 268,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 35 83,146 102,940 59,238 42,598 47,903 37,344
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 35 66,589 79,833 49,616 37,648 41,340 33,785
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 36 10,690 7,380 3,305 573,385 306,195 267,190
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 37 103,071 114,965 76,511 56,856 63,468 49,280
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 37 77,900 85,696 60,491 46,559 50,990 41,481
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 38 71,480 38,495 32,985 3,978,150 1,998,500 1,979,650
In the bottom half of the distribution 11,420 5,550 5,870 1,527,695 739,210 788,485
In the bottom decile 3,530 1,805 1,725 293,490 143,880 149,605
In the second decile 1,860 815 1,045 278,635 128,055 150,575
In the third decile 1,805 855 955 297,695 142,090 155,605
In the fourth decile 1,860 915 945 315,570 154,815 160,760
In the fifth decile 2,370 1,155 1,215 342,305 170,375 171,935
In the top half of the distribution 60,060 32,950 27,110 2,450,450 1,259,285 1,191,160
In the sixth decile 2,810 1,435 1,380 366,250 183,860 182,390
In the seventh decile 3,700 1,880 1,820 397,275 201,465 195,810
In the eighth decile 5,840 3,075 2,765 443,585 227,385 216,200
In the ninth decile 11,045 5,875 5,165 522,545 268,995 253,555
In the top decile 36,660 20,685 15,975 720,795 377,585 343,215
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 39 71,480 38,495 32,980 3,925,220 1,971,735 1,953,485
0 to 17 years 16,265 8,445 7,820 893,255 458,330 434,925
0 to 5 years 6,950 3,560 3,385 310,080 158,825 151,260
18 to 64 years 53,335 29,025 24,315 2,580,730 1,298,440 1,282,295
65 years and over 1,880 1,030 845 451,235 214,965 236,265
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 3,175 1,565 1,610 363,890 171,945 191,940
0 to 17 years 1,050 560 490 114,215 58,665 55,555
0 to 5 years 445 220 230 41,755 21,350 20,400
18 to 64 years 1,985 940 1,045 210,870 98,415 112,455
65 years and over 135 65 75 38,800 14,875 23,925
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 4.4 4.1 4.9 9.3 8.7 9.8
0 to 17 years (%) 6.5 6.6 6.3 12.8 12.8 12.8
0 to 5 years (%) 6.4 6.2 6.8 13.5 13.4 13.5
18 to 64 years (%) 3.7 3.2 4.3 8.2 7.6 8.8
65 years and over (%) 7.2 6.3 8.9 8.6 6.9 10.1
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 3,155 1,635 1,520 273,515 134,180 139,335
0 to 17 years 795 415 375 76,930 39,385 37,550
0 to 5 years 310 150 160 28,190 14,420 13,770
18 to 64 years 2,280 1,175 1,105 181,805 88,715 93,095
65 years and over 80 45 35 14,780 6,085 8,695
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 4.4 4.2 4.6 7.0 6.8 7.1
0 to 17 years (%) 4.9 4.9 4.8 8.6 8.6 8.6
0 to 5 years (%) 4.5 4.2 4.7 9.1 9.1 9.1
18 to 64 years (%) 4.3 4.0 4.5 7.0 6.8 7.3
65 years and over (%) 4.3 4.4 4.1 3.3 2.8 3.7
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 71,475 38,495 32,985 3,978,145 1,998,500 1,979,645
Official languages 70,855 38,205 32,650 3,920,530 1,974,435 1,946,095
English 70,750 38,155 32,595 3,916,805 1,972,800 1,944,005
French 5,125 2,700 2,430 264,600 123,940 140,660
Non-official languages 18,635 9,515 9,125 1,082,425 527,770 554,655
Aboriginal languages 795 360 430 36,465 17,415 19,045
Algonquian languages 575 265 310 29,675 14,120 15,555
Blackfoot 20 10 15 5,575 2,665 2,905
Cree-Montagnais languages 535 250 280 23,465 11,155 12,310
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 25 0 15
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 90 20 70
Plains Cree 15 0 10 1,580 620 965
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 10 10 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 45 25 25
Woods Cree 20 10 10 1,135 525 610
Cree, n.o.s. 495 240 260 20,665 9,990 10,675
Eastern Algonquian languages 15 0 10 35 15 15
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 15 10 10 35 15 15
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 0 0 955 425 530
Algonquin 0 0 0 10 10 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 925 415 505
Oji-Cree 0 0 10 20 10 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 10
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Athabaskan languages 225 95 125 2,640 1,255 1,385
Northern Athabaskan languages 225 95 125 2,630 1,250 1,380
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 85 50 35
Carrier 0 0 0 45 10 35
Chilcotin 0 0 0 20 15 10
Dene 225 100 125 2,010 975 1,035
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 10 75 30 45
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 150 65 85
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 285 140 145
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 25 15 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 190 90 100
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 75 35 45
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Haida 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuit languages 10 10 10 135 50 80
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 35 10 25
Inuktitut 10 10 0 60 20 35
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 40 25 20
Iroquoian languages 15 0 0 40 25 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 10 0
Mohawk 15 10 10 35 25 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 10
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 10 10 10 145 75 70
Salish languages 0 0 0 50 25 25
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 10 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 15 10 10
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 10 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 4,050 2,005 2,045
Dakota 0 0 0 530 285 245
Stoney 0 0 0 3,650 1,790 1,855
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 10 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 35 15 15
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 15 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 30 15 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 17,855 9,155 8,695 1,046,245 510,495 535,750
Afro-Asiatic languages 3,240 1,930 1,315 96,210 50,675 45,535
Berber languages 50 30 20 540 335 205
Kabyle 25 15 10 225 125 90
Berber languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 315 210 110
Cushitic languages 625 400 225 15,445 8,055 7,385
Bilen 30 25 10 370 235 135
Oromo 0 0 0 3,125 1,625 1,500
Somali 595 380 220 12,030 6,240 5,795
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 20 40
Semitic languages 2,640 1,535 1,100 82,200 43,405 38,800
Amharic 545 320 225 10,870 5,595 5,275
Arabic 1,830 1,035 795 62,730 33,365 29,370
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 430 225 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 150 70 75
Harari 0 0 0 340 150 185
Hebrew 25 20 0 3,250 1,650 1,600
Maltese 10 10 0 145 85 55
Tigrigna 240 170 70 7,315 3,915 3,400
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 450 250 205
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 375 225 145
Austro-Asiatic languages 95 45 50 32,730 15,440 17,290
Khmer (Cambodian) 30 20 10 2,700 1,375 1,330
Vietnamese 65 25 35 30,150 14,130 16,015
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 0 10
Austronesian languages 4,465 1,955 2,505 145,745 63,615 82,130
Bikol 0 10 0 330 150 180
Cebuano 135 70 65 6,690 2,940 3,750
Fijian 20 10 0 340 195 145
Hiligaynon 30 15 15 1,760 745 1,020
Ilocano 135 55 80 7,370 3,160 4,215
Malagasy 0 0 0 80 40 40
Malay 80 45 40 3,040 1,435 1,610
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 10 0 1,185 565 625
Pangasinan 0 0 0 445 190 250
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 4,250 1,855 2,390 138,440 60,115 78,325
Waray-Waray 15 0 0 420 170 245
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,160 505 650
Creole languages 120 70 50 4,585 2,390 2,195
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 255 140 115
Creole, n.o.s. 80 55 25 2,675 1,425 1,250
Creole languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25 1,680 840 850
Dravidian languages 540 300 235 18,190 9,660 8,525
Kannada 25 15 10 1,035 520 515
Malayalam 205 110 95 8,150 4,255 3,900
Tamil 235 135 100 7,195 3,900 3,295
Telugu 80 50 30 2,910 1,560 1,345
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 80 70
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 115 55 55
Indo-European languages 7,150 3,755 3,395 550,490 274,510 275,980
Albanian 10 10 0 2,880 1,550 1,325
Armenian 0 0 0 530 255 275
Balto-Slavic languages 720 320 405 93,150 44,750 48,395
Baltic languages 10 10 10 1,360 660 705
Latvian 0 0 0 590 300 290
Lithuanian 10 10 10 775 360 415
Slavic languages 715 315 400 92,300 44,340 47,960
Belarusan 0 0 0 200 95 105
Bosnian 15 0 10 2,880 1,450 1,435
Bulgarian 30 15 15 1,795 945 850
Croatian 60 15 40 6,280 3,260 3,025
Czech 10 0 0 3,590 1,650 1,940
Macedonian 20 10 10 535 270 265
Polish 180 90 90 23,650 11,455 12,195
Russian 245 100 140 27,375 13,195 14,175
Serbian 105 50 55 5,355 2,630 2,730
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 1,095 550 540
Slovak 0 0 0 2,780 1,495 1,285
Slovene (Slovenian) 15 10 10 735 360 375
Ukrainian 105 35 70 26,600 11,980 14,620
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 120 130
Celtic languages 15 10 10 1,180 615 560
Scottish Gaelic 10 0 10 440 215 225
Welsh 0 10 0 315 180 130
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 450 220 225
Germanic languages 595 335 260 112,670 56,325 56,345
Afrikaans 200 100 100 5,165 2,655 2,515
Danish 10 10 0 2,800 1,360 1,440
Dutch 110 75 35 19,480 9,595 9,890
Frisian 0 0 0 475 275 205
German 300 170 135 83,010 41,905 41,105
Icelandic 0 0 0 160 70 95
Norwegian 0 10 0 1,450 635 810
Swedish 10 0 10 1,635 800 835
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 10 380 170 215
Yiddish 0 0 0 250 130 115
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,115 1,095 1,015
Greek 45 35 15 4,935 2,535 2,400
Indo-Iranian languages 4,125 2,215 1,910 206,725 106,045 100,675
Indo-Aryan languages 3,985 2,140 1,850 186,005 95,045 90,960
Bengali 225 130 100 8,530 4,385 4,140
Gujarati 1,130 585 545 18,005 8,945 9,055
Hindi 1,130 630 500 61,290 31,900 29,385
Kashmiri 0 0 0 125 80 45
Konkani 10 0 10 625 300 320
Marathi 110 60 50 2,575 1,385 1,195
Nepali 70 50 15 5,510 3,000 2,510
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 255 135 120
Punjabi (Panjabi) 640 385 250 90,485 46,350 44,135
Sindhi 0 0 0 4,595 2,065 2,530
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 145 70 70 3,800 1,925 1,875
Urdu 1,340 690 645 41,235 21,245 20,000
Iranian languages 120 70 50 22,140 11,665 10,475
Kurdish 10 0 10 1,930 1,100 825
Pashto 40 20 20 3,330 1,795 1,530
Persian (Farsi) 75 45 30 17,600 9,220 8,375
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 35 20 20 1,760 960 805
Italic (Romance) languages 1,745 880 860 142,340 69,885 72,450
Catalan 0 0 0 170 95 80
Italian 140 85 55 19,900 9,875 10,020
Portuguese 145 60 80 12,670 6,255 6,415
Romanian 120 60 50 9,915 5,185 4,735
Spanish 1,375 685 685 104,445 50,960 53,490
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 250 130 125
Japanese 60 20 45 9,215 4,115 5,100
Kartvelian languages 25 10 15 225 130 100
Georgian 25 10 10 230 130 100
Korean 200 95 110 19,950 9,405 10,545
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 800 375 430
Mongolian 0 0 0 800 370 430
Niger-Congo languages 1,195 645 550 29,430 14,980 14,450
Akan (Twi) 90 40 50 2,925 1,505 1,420
Bamanankan 10 0 0 60 30 30
Edo 0 0 0 620 325 290
Ewe 30 15 10 335 170 165
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 300 165 135
Ga 0 0 0 345 190 155
Ganda 55 40 15 610 305 305
Igbo 125 60 65 2,550 1,345 1,210
Lingala 0 0 0 1,240 640 605
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 830 420 410
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 55 30 30 1,155 605 550
Shona 135 70 70 1,810 850 960
Swahili 140 80 65 6,700 3,470 3,235
Wolof 0 0 0 600 365 235
Yoruba 220 130 90 5,930 3,035 2,890
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 390 200 185 6,585 3,265 3,320
Nilo-Saharan languages 45 35 0 3,070 1,495 1,575
Dinka 30 25 0 1,655 825 825
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 20 10 0 1,425 675 750
Sign languages 40 10 30 5,910 2,350 3,555
American Sign Language 25 10 25 3,085 1,130 1,955
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 10
Sign languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 2,855 1,230 1,625
Sino-Tibetan languages 915 425 485 141,860 67,945 73,915
Chinese languages 890 420 475 139,385 66,700 72,685
Cantonese 195 115 80 74,770 35,490 39,280
Hakka 20 10 15 1,180 515 660
Mandarin 580 255 330 70,510 33,310 37,195
Min Dong 0 0 0 85 50 40
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 15 10 10 4,140 1,765 2,380
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 855 380 470
Chinese, n.o.s. 125 55 65 6,335 3,160 3,175
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 25 35
Tibeto-Burman languages 20 10 10 2,590 1,290 1,300
Burmese 0 0 0 605 305 295
Karenic languages 0 0 0 805 415 390
Tibetan 0 0 0 860 430 430
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 445 215 235
Tai-Kadai languages 125 45 80 3,705 1,510 2,195
Lao 30 20 15 1,520 730 795
Thai 75 20 60 2,400 850 1,545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 45 25 25
Turkic languages 65 40 25 5,795 3,180 2,625
Azerbaijani 10 10 0 630 325 300
Turkish 40 25 20 4,255 2,420 1,835
Uyghur 0 0 0 290 135 155
Uzbek 0 0 0 425 200 225
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 0 355 170 180
Uralic languages 90 65 30 8,895 4,315 4,575
Estonian 0 0 0 185 85 105
Finnish 0 0 0 1,045 455 590
Hungarian 90 60 30 7,660 3,770 3,890
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 25 20 10 1,820 1,025 790
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 41 71,480 38,500 32,980 3,978,145 1,998,495 1,979,645
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 42 63,780 34,830 28,955 3,622,740 1,825,135 1,797,600
Canadian citizens aged under 18 15,185 7,835 7,350 854,815 439,065 415,755
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 48,595 26,990 21,600 2,767,920 1,386,070 1,381,850
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 43 7,695 3,665 4,030 355,410 173,365 182,045
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 71,475 38,495 32,980 3,978,145 1,998,495 1,979,650
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 45 54,180 29,520 24,655 3,062,775 1,550,445 1,512,335
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 46 15,865 8,260 7,605 845,220 412,320 432,895
Before 1981 1,015 655 360 163,460 81,620 81,840
1981 to 1990 915 525 390 86,350 41,690 44,660
1991 to 2000 1,980 1,120 860 131,560 62,930 68,630
2001 to 2010 6,960 3,655 3,300 256,055 125,235 130,820
2001 to 2005 2,870 1,505 1,365 109,145 53,425 55,720
2006 to 2010 4,090 2,155 1,935 146,910 71,810 75,100
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 47 4,990 2,305 2,690 207,790 100,845 106,945
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 48 1,435 715 720 70,155 35,735 34,420
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 49 15,865 8,260 7,605 845,220 412,320 432,895
Under 5 years 1,285 735 550 82,175 42,200 39,975
5 to 14 years 2,565 1,390 1,170 149,815 77,820 71,995
15 to 24 years 3,110 1,625 1,485 168,965 78,215 90,755
25 to 44 years 7,735 3,865 3,870 372,805 180,265 192,535
45 years and over 1,180 640 535 71,450 33,820 37,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 50 15,870 8,260 7,605 845,215 412,325 432,895
Americas 1,615 810 800 103,540 49,345 54,190
Brazil 60 20 40 2,545 1,100 1,440
Colombia 60 30 30 9,535 4,570 4,960
El Salvador 70 30 35 7,255 3,725 3,530
Guyana 20 10 10 2,555 1,200 1,355
Haiti 55 35 15 1,270 675 600
Jamaica 235 130 105 6,845 3,170 3,680
Mexico 105 35 70 15,665 7,860 7,805
Peru 60 25 35 1,920 780 1,140
Trinidad and Tobago 85 50 40 3,415 1,670 1,750
United StatesCensus data footnote 51 385 200 180 30,460 13,675 16,785
Other places of birth in Americas 480 235 245 22,075 10,925 11,150
Europe 1,655 955 700 189,770 95,355 94,415
Bosnia and Herzegovina 50 30 20 4,555 2,325 2,230
Croatia 10 0 15 3,080 1,615 1,465
France 30 10 20 2,535 1,215 1,320
Germany 135 95 45 19,205 9,485 9,715
Greece 10 0 0 2,005 1,115 890
Hungary 70 50 20 3,665 1,880 1,785
IrelandCensus data footnote 52 90 30 60 3,935 2,100 1,835
Italy 50 35 10 8,110 4,370 3,745
Netherlands 60 45 15 14,035 7,420 6,610
Poland 85 30 55 16,925 8,045 8,880
Portugal 40 30 10 4,050 1,985 2,070
Romania 100 50 50 7,725 3,930 3,795
Russian Federation 55 45 15 7,260 3,135 4,125
SerbiaCensus data footnote 53 40 15 25 2,255 1,080 1,170
Ukraine 75 25 50 8,150 3,700 4,455
United KingdomCensus data footnote 54 540 350 190 59,215 30,280 28,935
Other places of birth in Europe 200 105 100 23,060 11,670 11,390
Africa 3,095 1,820 1,275 89,740 46,705 43,030
Algeria 50 25 30 1,340 715 625
Egypt 45 35 15 5,320 2,940 2,375
Ethiopia 495 285 210 10,570 5,355 5,215
Kenya 95 30 60 5,120 2,555 2,565
Morocco 100 70 35 1,695 1,005 695
Nigeria 430 255 170 12,405 6,520 5,880
Somalia 460 315 145 7,060 3,665 3,395
South Africa, Republic of 185 100 80 7,355 3,670 3,685
Other places of birth in Africa 1,235 700 535 38,865 20,275 18,590
Asia 9,295 4,565 4,730 452,225 215,955 236,265
Afghanistan 10 0 10 5,190 2,765 2,430
Bangladesh 100 50 50 5,085 2,590 2,500
ChinaCensus data footnote 55 480 205 270 57,690 26,510 31,185
Hong KongCensus data footnote 56 70 35 35 19,110 9,265 9,850
India 2,195 1,200 995 91,660 46,625 45,035
IranCensus data footnote 57 60 40 20 8,910