Census Profile, 2016 Census
Delta, District municipality [Census subdivision], British Columbia and Canada [Country]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Delta, DM
British Columbia
[Census subdivision]
Canada

[Country]
Data quality , Delta, District municipality [Census subdivision], British Columbia  Map : Delta, District municipality [Census subdivision], British Columbia Data quality : Canada [Country]  Map : geography 2
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 102,238  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,151,728  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 99,863  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,476,688  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 2.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 37,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,412,443  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 35,758  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,079  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 567.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 180.20  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,965,588.85  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 102,240 50,125 52,110 35,151,730 17,264,200 17,887,530
0 to 14 years 16,385 8,380 8,000 5,839,565 2,992,920 2,846,645
0 to 4 years 4,505 2,335 2,170 1,898,790 973,030 925,760
5 to 9 years 5,610 2,840 2,770 2,018,130 1,034,685 983,445
10 to 14 years 6,270 3,205 3,065 1,922,645 985,200 937,445
15 to 64 years 66,695 32,805 33,885 23,376,530 11,576,130 11,800,400
15 to 19 years 6,955 3,545 3,415 2,026,160 1,039,215 986,940
20 to 24 years 6,555 3,455 3,100 2,242,690 1,144,495 1,098,200
25 to 29 years 4,760 2,415 2,345 2,285,990 1,144,470 1,141,515
30 to 34 years 5,085 2,455 2,630 2,329,395 1,148,290 1,181,110
35 to 39 years 5,545 2,625 2,920 2,288,365 1,118,635 1,169,730
40 to 44 years 6,650 3,120 3,535 2,255,135 1,104,440 1,150,695
45 to 49 years 7,580 3,630 3,950 2,359,965 1,157,760 1,202,210
50 to 54 years 8,345 4,080 4,265 2,678,075 1,318,755 1,359,320
55 to 59 years 8,200 4,090 4,115 2,620,240 1,285,190 1,335,055
60 to 64 years 7,020 3,405 3,620 2,290,510 1,114,885 1,175,630
65 years and over 19,160 8,945 10,215 5,935,630 2,695,150 3,240,485
65 to 69 years 6,535 3,175 3,365 1,972,480 953,075 1,019,405
70 to 74 years 4,790 2,350 2,445 1,420,875 677,975 742,900
75 to 79 years 3,325 1,550 1,775 1,021,850 469,550 552,300
80 to 84 years 2,200 985 1,215 749,650 325,765 423,880
85 years and over 2,305 895 1,415 770,780 268,790 501,990
85 to 89 years 1,420 600 820 482,525 185,535 296,990
90 to 94 years 660 230 430 223,510 68,675 154,835
95 to 99 years 195 50 140 56,525 13,240 43,280
100 years and over 30 5 25 8,230 1,340 6,890
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.0 16.7 15.4 16.6 17.3 15.9
15 to 64 years 65.2 65.4 65.0 66.5 67.1 66.0
65 years and over 18.7 17.8 19.6 16.9 15.6 18.1
85 years and over 2.3 1.8 2.7 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 42.4 41.6 43.1 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 44.4 43.6 45.1 41.2 40.2 42.2
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 35,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 20,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,541,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 430  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,391,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 14,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,949,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 985  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 698,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 1,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 891,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 6,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 784,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 4,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,539,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 30  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 189,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 35,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 6,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 11,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,834,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 6,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,140,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 6,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,946,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 4,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,180,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 100,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,460,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Population aged 15 years and over by marital status - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 85,855 41,750 44,105 29,312,160 14,271,280 15,040,885
Married or living common law 53,350 26,635 26,715 16,893,720 8,452,135 8,441,585
Married 48,030 23,990 24,040 13,383,455 6,693,465 6,689,990
Living common law 5,320 2,640 2,675 3,510,265 1,758,670 1,751,590
Not married and not living common law 32,505 15,120 17,390 12,418,440 5,819,140 6,599,300
Never married 21,460 11,610 9,845 8,254,340 4,444,425 3,809,915
Separated 1,870 790 1,080 718,295 309,905 408,400
Divorced 4,480 1,685 2,800 1,816,005 725,535 1,090,470
Widowed 4,705 1,040 3,670 1,629,800 339,280 1,290,525
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 29,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,840,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 13,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,007,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 6,510  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,107,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 7,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,909,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 2,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 815,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 29,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,840,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 26,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,227,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 23,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,474,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 2,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,753,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 3,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,612,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 3,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,262,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 885  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 350,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 26,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,227,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 11,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,024,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 14,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,203,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 5,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,650,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 6,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,783,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 2,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 770,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 3,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,612,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 2,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 983,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 1,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 457,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 370  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 171,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 12,005 5,410 6,595 6,107,260 2,941,395 3,165,865
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 35,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 26,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,218,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 9,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,782,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 16,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,436,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 1,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 301,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 7,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,552,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 6,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 840  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 582,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 101,415 49,865 51,555 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,080
English only 90,605 45,335 45,270 23,757,525 11,838,075 11,919,455
French only 25 20 10 4,144,685 1,925,845 2,218,840
English and French 7,190 3,060 4,130 6,216,065 3,071,325 3,144,740
Neither English nor French 3,590 1,445 2,145 648,970 265,920 383,045
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 101,415 49,860 51,550 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
English 96,645 47,875 48,770 26,007,500 12,852,330 13,155,165
French 845 385 460 7,705,755 3,780,105 3,925,650
English and French 375 170 205 417,485 209,130 208,355
Neither English nor French 3,545 1,430 2,110 636,515 259,600 376,910
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 1,035 465 565 7,914,495 3,884,670 4,029,825
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.0 0.9 1.1 22.8 22.7 22.8
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 101,415 49,860 51,550 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,085
Single responses 98,530 48,445 50,085 33,948,620 16,702,840 17,245,775
Official languages 67,935 33,800 34,140 26,627,555 13,201,620 13,425,940
English 67,090 33,430 33,665 19,460,850 9,680,125 9,780,725
French 845 370 475 7,166,705 3,521,495 3,645,215
Non-official languages 30,595 14,645 15,950 7,321,065 3,501,220 3,819,840
Aboriginal languages 15 5 10 195,700 94,795 100,900
Algonquian languages 0 0 5 130,450 62,930 67,520
Blackfoot 0 0 0 2,815 1,325 1,490
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 0 88,445 42,920 45,530
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,150 3,135 3,015
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10,230 4,885 5,350
Moose Cree 0 0 0 100 50 55
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,205 590 620
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 315 125 190
Plains Cree 0 0 0 3,065 1,360 1,710
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 45 20 25
Swampy Cree 0 0 5 1,440 585 850
Woods Cree 0 0 0 1,840 865 975
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 64,050 31,305 32,745
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 6,990 3,310 3,680
Malecite 0 0 0 305 140 160
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 6,690 3,170 3,520
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 32,150 15,350 16,800
Algonquin 0 0 0 1,260 590 670
Ojibway 0 0 0 17,890 8,440 9,450
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 12,855 6,260 6,595
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 150 65 85
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 20
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 17,365 8,325 9,045
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 17,315 8,310 9,010
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 60
Beaver 0 0 0 190 85 105
Carrier 0 0 0 1,025 465 565
Chilcotin 0 0 0 660 295 360
Dene 0 5 0 10,700 5,185 5,515
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 1,645 840 815
Gwich'in 0 0 0 260 110 145
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 80 25 50
Sekani 0 0 0 90 45 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 1,995 950 1,045
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 765 365 400
South Slavey 0 0 0 945 455 495
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 280 130 150
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 270 135 140
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 180 90 90
Tahltan 0 0 0 95 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 290 120 170
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 215 90 135
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 70 30 40
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 20 35
Haida 0 0 0 75 35 40
Inuit languages 5 0 0 36,545 18,100 18,445
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 1,025 445 575
Inuktitut 0 0 0 35,215 17,530 17,680
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 315 125 185
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 1,115 485 635
Cayuga 0 0 0 45 20 20
Mohawk 0 0 0 980 430 555
Oneida 0 0 0 55 20 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 20
Kutenai 0 0 0 105 55 55
Michif 0 0 0 465 230 235
Salish languages 10 0 5 2,305 1,130 1,180
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 225 245
Lillooet 5 0 5 315 155 155
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 5 445 225 220
Squamish 0 0 0 40 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 5 5 5 335 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 255 135 125
Siouan languages 0 0 0 4,285 2,070 2,220
Dakota 0 0 0 1,215 570 635
Stoney 0 0 0 3,025 1,465 1,555
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Tlingit 0 0 0 95 40 55
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,480 730 755
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 880 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 400 200 200
Tsimshian 0 0 0 200 90 110
Wakashan languages 5 0 0 805 370 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 50
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 95 40 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 325 145 185
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 285 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 585 295 295
Non-Aboriginal languages 30,585 14,635 15,940 7,125,365 3,406,425 3,718,945
Afro-Asiatic languages 305 165 140 575,365 298,060 277,300
Berber languages 5 0 5 22,135 11,865 10,270
Kabyle 5 5 0 13,150 6,995 6,155
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 8,985 4,865 4,115
Cushitic languages 15 5 10 42,885 20,095 22,790
Bilen 0 0 0 805 455 350
Oromo 0 0 0 4,960 2,560 2,400
Somali 10 5 10 36,755 16,895 19,865
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 365 195 170
Semitic languages 285 160 130 509,190 265,465 243,725
Amharic 15 10 10 22,465 10,720 11,745
Arabic 220 120 100 419,890 220,785 199,105
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 5 5 16,070 7,910 8,160
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 5 5,545 2,780 2,770
Harari 0 0 0 1,320 635 685
Hebrew 30 25 10 19,530 10,480 9,045
Maltese 5 0 5 5,565 2,765 2,800
Tigrigna 5 0 0 16,650 8,310 8,340
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,155 1,085 1,070
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,155 635 520
Austro-Asiatic languages 200 85 115 176,725 81,810 94,920
Khmer (Cambodian) 30 15 20 20,130 9,270 10,860
Vietnamese 165 70 100 156,425 72,470 83,955
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 170 65 100
Austronesian languages 1,865 775 1,095 511,480 211,580 299,900
Bikol 0 0 0 1,790 790 1,000
Cebuano 85 35 55 19,890 7,930 11,960
Fijian 30 15 15 745 400 345
Hiligaynon 35 15 20 6,885 2,680 4,205
Ilocano 70 30 40 26,345 10,620 15,720
Malagasy 0 0 0 1,430 665 760
Malay 55 20 35 12,275 5,255 7,020
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 5 5 4,040 1,865 2,175
Pangasinan 5 0 0 1,390 590 800
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,550 645 910 431,380 178,575 252,810
Waray-Waray 5 0 5 1,110 430 675
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 4,195 1,770 2,425
Creole languages 20 5 10 72,125 32,310 39,820
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 3,030 1,445 1,590
Creole, n.o.s. 10 5 5 64,105 28,455 35,660
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 4,985 2,410 2,575
Dravidian languages 415 205 210 189,405 94,765 94,640
Kannada 10 5 5 3,970 2,040 1,935
Malayalam 270 130 140 28,570 14,770 13,800
Tamil 90 45 45 140,720 69,080 71,640
Telugu 50 25 20 15,655 8,640 7,020
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 490 240 250
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 795 395 405
Indo-European languages 20,620 10,160 10,460 3,877,330 1,889,400 1,987,930
Albanian 50 20 30 26,890 13,610 13,285
Armenian 15 10 5 33,455 16,270 17,185
Balto-Slavic languages 1,395 650 750 701,975 323,640 378,340
Baltic languages 25 5 15 12,530 5,315 7,215
Latvian 10 5 5 5,455 2,350 3,105
Lithuanian 10 0 5 7,075 2,965 4,115
Slavic languages 1,375 640 735 689,450 318,325 371,115
Belarusan 5 5 0 810 385 430
Bosnian 10 5 5 12,210 6,035 6,180
Bulgarian 10 5 5 20,025 9,675 10,345
Croatian 135 65 65 48,200 23,540 24,665
Czech 135 65 65 22,290 10,525 11,765
Macedonian 0 0 0 16,775 8,050 8,725
Polish 315 140 175 181,710 82,435 99,275
Russian 365 180 185 188,255 85,400 102,855
Serbian 105 50 55 57,350 28,535 28,815
Serbo-Croatian 15 10 5 9,555 4,565 4,985
Slovak 85 40 45 17,580 8,075 9,510
Slovene (Slovenian) 45 20 30 9,790 4,415 5,370
Ukrainian 140 60 85 102,485 45,440 57,040
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 2,415 1,255 1,165
Celtic languages 20 15 5 2,690 1,335 1,360
Scottish Gaelic 10 5 5 1,090 540 550
Welsh 5 5 5 1,075 495 575
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 530 295 235
Germanic languages 2,235 1,075 1,155 538,765 258,410 280,350
Afrikaans 55 30 25 10,265 5,115 5,145
Danish 120 65 60 12,630 6,245 6,390
Dutch 480 235 245 99,020 48,200 50,820
Frisian 0 0 0 2,100 1,095 1,005
German 1,440 685 750 384,035 183,215 200,820
Icelandic 5 0 0 1,285 600 685
Norwegian 45 25 30 4,615 2,170 2,445
Swedish 75 35 40 6,840 3,015 3,825
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 0 3,895 1,730 2,165
Yiddish 0 0 0 13,555 6,750 6,800
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 525 280 240
Greek 285 150 135 106,525 53,350 53,170
Indo-Iranian languages 14,710 7,280 7,435 1,312,750 664,120 648,630
Indo-Aryan languages 14,490 7,155 7,330 1,064,760 538,530 526,235
Bengali 100 55 45 73,125 37,410 35,720
Gujarati 250 125 125 108,780 55,105 53,670
Hindi 1,615 765 850 110,640 55,880 54,765
Kashmiri 0 0 0 565 300 265
Konkani 15 10 5 3,330 1,625 1,710
Marathi 10 5 5 8,295 4,300 3,995
Nepali 10 5 5 18,275 9,230 9,045
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 1,055 560 495
Punjabi (Panjabi) 11,795 5,830 5,965 501,680 253,515 248,160
Sindhi 55 30 25 11,860 5,605 6,260
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 50 30 25 16,335 8,050 8,285
Urdu 580 305 275 210,815 106,960 103,860
Iranian languages 200 110 85 242,805 122,835 119,970
Kurdish 20 10 10 11,705 6,345 5,355
Pashto 30 15 15 16,910 8,760 8,145
Persian (Farsi) 150 85 65 214,200 107,725 106,470
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 5,180 2,755 2,425
Italic (Romance) languages 1,900 960 945 1,154,270 558,660 595,615
Catalan 0 5 0 865 440 425
Italian 420 225 195 375,635 184,415 191,220
Portuguese 335 160 170 221,540 106,630 114,910
Romanian 140 55 85 96,665 46,195 50,470
Spanish 1,005 510 500 458,850 220,605 238,245
Italic (romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 720 380 340
Japanese 370 135 235 43,640 14,790 28,855
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,715 910 805
Georgian 0 0 0 1,715 910 805
Korean 305 120 185 153,425 70,310 83,115
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 1,575 690 885
Mongolian 0 0 0 1,575 690 880
Niger-Congo languages 35 20 15 91,375 45,075 46,305
Akan (Twi) 5 0 0 13,455 6,490 6,970
Bamanankan 0 0 0 1,535 815 720
Edo 0 0 0 1,670 770 900
Ewe 0 0 0 1,760 950 805
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 2,825 1,495 1,335
Ga 0 0 0 920 445 470
Ganda 0 0 0 1,295 625 665
Igbo 5 5 5 4,235 2,265 1,970
Lingala 5 0 0 3,810 1,785 2,025
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 5,845 2,785 3,060
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 5 0 5,250 2,355 2,895
Shona 0 0 0 3,180 1,520 1,665
Swahili 5 5 0 13,370 6,385 6,990
Wolof 5 5 5 3,990 2,170 1,820
Yoruba 0 0 0 9,085 4,785 4,300
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 19,135 9,435 9,695
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 5 5,870 3,025 2,845
Dinka 0 0 0 2,120 1,115 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 3,755 1,910 1,840
Sign languages 35 25 10 7,500 3,925 3,575
American Sign Language 20 10 10 2,685 1,320 1,360
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 695 340 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 15 5 4,120 2,265 1,860
Sino-Tibetan languages 6,005 2,760 3,245 1,269,215 589,570 679,645
Chinese languages 5,965 2,740 3,225 1,253,360 581,650 671,715
Cantonese 1,985 915 1,065 565,270 262,865 302,405
Hakka 70 30 35 10,910 4,900 6,015
Mandarin 3,490 1,585 1,900 592,040 274,630 317,410
Min Dong 10 5 5 1,230 580 650
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 250 120 135 31,795 14,450 17,350
Wu (Shanghainese) 65 30 35 12,915 5,780 7,140
Chinese languages, n.o.s. 90 50 40 38,580 18,165 20,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 610 275 335
Tibeto-Burman languages 45 20 25 15,850 7,925 7,935
Burmese 30 15 15 3,585 1,795 1,790
Karenic languages 5 0 5 4,705 2,355 2,350
Tibetan 5 0 5 6,165 3,080 3,080
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,400 695 705
Tai-Kadai languages 55 15 40 22,010 8,870 13,145
Lao 10 5 5 12,670 6,145 6,525
Thai 40 10 30 9,255 2,690 6,565
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 5 5 80 35 55
Turkic languages 55 35 25 40,140 21,120 19,025
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 3,260 1,785 1,470
Turkish 55 30 25 32,815 17,375 15,440
Uyghur 0 0 0 1,035 510 525
Uzbek 0 0 0 1,715 855 865
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,315 590 720
Uralic languages 260 125 135 81,985 37,790 44,195
Estonian 15 5 15 5,445 2,325 3,115
Finnish 80 35 45 15,295 6,395 8,900
Hungarian 165 90 75 61,235 29,060 32,175
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 3,690 2,045 1,645
Multiple responses 2,880 1,420 1,465 818,635 398,325 420,305
English and French 195 100 95 165,320 80,460 84,860
English and non-official language 2,585 1,270 1,315 533,265 259,160 274,100
French and non-official language 45 20 25 86,150 42,170 43,985
English, French and non-official language 60 30 30 33,900 16,535 17,365
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 101,415 49,865 51,555 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
Single responses 94,910 46,695 48,215 33,103,860 16,298,475 16,805,395
Official languages 77,820 38,430 39,390 29,106,670 14,383,020 14,723,645
English 77,615 38,345 39,270 22,162,865 10,966,135 11,196,730
French 200 90 115 6,943,800 3,416,890 3,526,910
Non-official languages 17,090 8,265 8,825 3,997,195 1,915,450 2,081,750
Aboriginal languages 5 0 5 118,470 59,720 58,750
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 75,080 37,825 37,260
Blackfoot 0 0 0 1,115 555 555
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 55,825 28,135 27,685
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5,465 2,825 2,640
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 8,590 4,195 4,395
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,200 595 605
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 110 55 60
Plains Cree 0 0 0 1,350 665 685
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 20 5 15
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 330 140 190
Woods Cree 0 0 0 800 410 390
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 37,945 19,240 18,710
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 3,615 1,795 1,820
Malecite 0 0 0 55 30 30
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 3,560 1,770 1,795
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 14,525 7,335 7,190
Algonquin 0 0 0 370 170 200
Ojibway 0 0 0 6,175 3,165 3,015
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,900 3,960 3,940
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 10,265 5,125 5,135
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 10,255 5,120 5,135
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 15 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 50 30 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 115 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 255 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 7,710 3,805 3,905
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 1,020 550 475
Gwich'in 0 0 0 45 25 25
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 820 425 395
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 340 180 155
South Slavey 0 0 0 370 190 185
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 55 55
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 25 15 15
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 5 5
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 30 15 15
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 25 15 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 5
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 29,490 14,995 14,495
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 165 75 90
Inuktitut 0 0 0 29,230 14,885 14,345
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 55
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 285 135 155
Cayuga 0 0 0 10 0 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 255 115 140
Oneida 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 85 40 45
Salish languages 5 0 5 285 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 45 20 25
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 5 5 5 55 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 0 5
Straits 0 0 0 20 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 2,225 1,085 1,140
Dakota 0 0 0 255 140 120
Stoney 0 0 0 1,950 940 1,010
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 410 210 190
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 315 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 40 30
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 45 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 5
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 15
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 235 110 125
Non-Aboriginal languages 17,090 8,265 8,825 3,878,725 1,855,730 2,022,995
Afro-Asiatic languages 150 75 80 307,755 153,275 154,480
Berber languages 0 0 5 8,105 4,215 3,895
Kabyle 0 0 0 5,490 2,855 2,640
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,620 1,365 1,260
Cushitic languages 5 0 0 27,095 12,455 14,640
Bilen 0 0 0 620 330 285
Oromo 0 0 0 3,410 1,700 1,710
Somali 0 0 5 22,895 10,340 12,555
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 185 85 95
Semitic languages 150 70 75 272,100 136,390 135,720
Amharic 10 5 5 12,780 6,010 6,770
Arabic 125 60 70 223,540 112,690 110,850
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 5 0 10,510 5,090 5,425
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 3,445 1,695 1,750
Harari 0 0 0 735 335 400
Hebrew 0 5 0 8,560 4,425 4,135
Maltese 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Tigrigna 5 5 0 10,205 5,040 5,170
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,200 585 620
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 440 215 230
Austro-Asiatic languages 90 45 50 115,210 53,500 61,710
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 5 5 10,880 4,940 5,945
Vietnamese 80 35 45 104,245 48,525 55,725
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 85 40 45
Austronesian languages 735 340 395 239,785 108,110 131,680
Bikol 0 0 0 290 140 155
Cebuano 35 15 15 7,210 3,325 3,880
Fijian 0 5 0 195 105 90
Hiligaynon 5 0 5 2,205 970 1,240
Ilocano 35 20 20 9,125 4,045 5,080
Malagasy 0 0 0 435 220 210
Malay 10 5 5 3,620 1,710 1,910
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 1,200 565 630
Pangasinan 0 0 0 240 110 135
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 640 295 345 213,790 96,235 117,555
Waray-Waray 5 5 5 310 135 170
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 1,160 545 620
Creole languages 5 0 0 27,860 12,005 15,850
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 1,280 575 705
Creole, n.o.s. 5 5 5 24,575 10,510 14,060
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 2,005 920 1,085
Dravidian languages 265 125 140 122,490 59,780 62,710
Kannada 10 0 5 1,630 825 800
Malayalam 180 80 95 15,440 7,865 7,575
Tamil 40 20 25 96,955 46,570 50,385
Telugu 40 20 20 8,280 4,430 3,850
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 85 105
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 340 160 180
Indo-European languages 11,210 5,515 5,700 1,911,215 927,225 983,985
Albanian 25 5 15 13,135 6,575 6,560
Armenian 5 5 5 21,505 10,165 11,345
Balto-Slavic languages 520 245 270 314,965 149,315 165,650
Baltic languages 0 0 5 3,275 1,400 1,870
Latvian 0 0 0 1,255 530 725
Lithuanian 5 0 0 2,020 870 1,150
Slavic languages 515 245 270 311,690 147,910 163,780
Belarusan 0 0 0 230 105 120
Bosnian 5 5 5 6,045 3,010 3,040
Bulgarian 5 5 0 11,985 5,835 6,150
Croatian 20 5 15 16,775 7,980 8,795
Czech 35 20 20 6,235 3,060 3,180
Macedonian 0 0 0 6,830 3,250 3,580
Polish 105 50 60 74,780 34,910 39,870
Russian 205 100 105 116,595 55,175 61,425
Serbian 70 35 35 31,750 15,665 16,085
Serbo-Croatian 5 0 5 3,885 1,865 2,020
Slovak 30 10 20 5,615 2,685 2,920
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 5 0 2,050 905 1,145
Ukrainian 20 5 10 28,250 13,150 15,100
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 670 310 360
Celtic languages 0 0 0 360 205 155
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 185 105 80
Welsh 0 0 0 95 50 45
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 50 30
Germanic languages 240 120 120 146,455 71,835 74,615
Afrikaans 30 15 10 4,790 2,355 2,435
Danish 10 0 5 855 410 445
Dutch 30 15 20 9,565 4,630 4,935
Frisian 0 0 0 185 95 90
German 150 80 75 120,335 58,905 61,435
Icelandic 5 0 0 270 120 150
Norwegian 5 5 5 345 145 200
Swedish 20 10 10 1,045 500 545
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 355 170 185
Yiddish 0 0 0 7,080 3,695 3,385
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,625 820 810
Greek 100 50 50 44,545 21,110 23,440
Indo-Iranian languages 9,615 4,705 4,910 838,755 416,960 421,795
Indo-Aryan languages 9,495 4,645 4,855 676,185 337,440 338,745
Bengali 60 25 30 47,350 23,585 23,765
Gujarati 85 40 45 64,150 31,740 32,405
Hindi 770 365 405 55,510 27,805 27,710
Kashmiri 0 0 0 135 70 70
Konkani 0 0 0 720 355 370
Marathi 5 0 0 3,780 1,940 1,840
Nepali 5 5 0 13,375 6,710 6,670
Oriya (Odia) 5 0 0 470 235 240
Punjabi (Panjabi) 8,165 4,000 4,170 349,145 174,905 174,240
Sindhi 20 10 15 4,975 2,280 2,695
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 30 20 10 7,790 3,860 3,925
Urdu 355 175 175 128,785 63,965 64,820
Iranian languages 110 55 55 160,195 78,310 81,880
Kurdish 10 5 0 6,580 3,400 3,175
Pashto 25 10 10 10,590 5,305 5,290
Persian (Farsi) 75 35 40 143,020 69,600 73,425
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 2,375 1,215 1,160
Italic (Romance) languages 710 390 320 531,485 251,050 280,440
Catalan 0 0 0 355 165 190
Italian 80 35 40 115,415 49,975 65,440
Portuguese 65 35 35 98,710 46,915 51,795
Romanian 60 25 35 53,320 25,795 27,525
Spanish 500 290 210 263,510 128,110 135,400
Italic (romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 180 85 95
Japanese 125 45 80 19,785 8,265 11,515
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,040 565 475
Georgian 0 0 0 1,035 565 475
Korean 210 90 120 109,705 51,385 58,320
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 910 440 470
Mongolian 0 0 0 910 435 470
Niger-Congo languages 5 0 5 28,665 13,340 15,320
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 5,990 2,695 3,295
Bamanankan 0 0 0 340 180 160
Edo 0 0 0 415 175 240
Ewe 0 0 0 410 185 225
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 825 400 425
Ga 0 0 0 250 105 140
Ganda 0 0 0 345 160 185
Igbo 0 0 0 1,000 485 510
Lingala 0 0 0 1,045 455 590
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 2,110 990 1,115
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 1,530 670 865
Shona 0 0 0 1,035 475 560
Swahili 0 0 0 5,370 2,500 2,870
Wolof 0 0 0 1,380 745 635
Yoruba 0 0 0 2,615 1,275 1,340
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 4,010 1,850 2,160
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 2,650 1,305 1,350
Dinka 0 0 0 1,130 580 550
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,525 730 800
Sign languages 40 25 15 10,445 5,870 4,570
American Sign Language 15 10 5 3,015 1,560 1,460
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 730 375 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 25 15 10 6,690 3,935 2,755
Sino-Tibetan languages 4,160 1,960 2,200 924,720 433,530 491,190
Chinese languages 4,135 1,945 2,185 913,365 427,860 485,505
Cantonese 1,255 595 660 400,215 184,340 215,885
Hakka 25 10 15 4,080 1,820 2,265
Mandarin 2,620 1,230 1,395 462,890 220,075 242,815
Min Dong 5 0 5 345 150 195
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 125 60 70 13,965 6,345 7,625
Wu (Shanghainese) 45 20 25 7,650 3,580 4,075
Chinese languages, n.o.s. 50 30 25 23,935 11,440 12,500
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 280 130 150
Tibeto-Burman languages 25 15 15 11,350 5,670 5,680
Burmese 20 10 10 2,245 1,115 1,125
Karenic languages 5 0 5 3,865 1,935 1,930
Tibetan 5 0 0 4,590 2,305 2,280
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 655 305 345
Tai-Kadai languages 10 0 5 9,565 4,455 5,110
Lao 0 0 5 6,175 2,995 3,180
Thai 5 0 5 3,360 1,450 1,915
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 0 5 30 15 15
Turkic languages 35 20 15 22,250 11,205 11,045
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 1,245 640 610
Turkish 30 15 15 18,955 9,525 9,430
Uyghur 0 0 0 610 315 290
Uzbek 0 0 0 990 505 490
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 455 230 225
Uralic languages 40 15 20 23,245 10,715 12,535
Estonian 0 0 0 975 365 610
Finnish 10 5 5 2,790 1,220 1,565
Hungarian 25 10 15 19,485 9,125 10,355
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 1,110 605 500
Multiple responses 6,500 3,165 3,335 1,663,390 802,695 860,690
English and French 125 55 65 160,185 77,940 82,235
English and non-official language 6,270 3,055 3,215 1,284,975 620,375 664,600
French and non-official language 10 5 5 148,915 70,915 78,000
English, French and non-official language 95 50 45 69,315 33,465 35,850
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 101,415 49,860 51,555 34,767,255 17,101,165 17,666,080
None 85,315 42,190 43,125 29,615,245 14,612,175 15,003,065
English 6,680 3,340 3,345 2,109,340 1,045,215 1,064,120
French 910 380 525 731,095 342,245 388,855
Non-official language 8,290 3,835 4,455 2,151,690 1,023,940 1,127,750
Aboriginal 15 5 5 90,740 42,890 47,850
Non-Aboriginal 8,275 3,830 4,450 2,060,945 981,055 1,079,895
English and French 25 10 15 47,970 23,785 24,190
English and non-official language 115 65 55 61,075 30,045 31,030
French and non-official language 70 40 35 48,755 22,690 26,065
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 2,080 1,075 1,010
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 84,455 41,255 43,205 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,355
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 80,645 39,405 41,240 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,190
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,631 45,742 29,865 34,204 40,782 28,860
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 80,760 39,495 41,265 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,534 39,588 27,360 30,866 35,933 26,621
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 74,030 36,835 37,195 24,583,315 12,296,595 12,286,725
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,857 44,354 27,205 32,762 39,925 26,613
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 54,815 22,895 31,920 19,743,240 8,755,815 10,987,430
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 4,671 4,370 4,758 5,453 4,199 6,136
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 61,725 31,610 30,120 20,428,685 10,547,760 9,880,925
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,908 43,574 28,039 33,684 39,836 28,474
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 84,485 41,225 43,260 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 80,765 39,390 41,370 27,489,395 13,441,555 14,047,845
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 49,483 60,615 38,882 47,487 56,740 38,632
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 80,875 39,480 41,395 27,500,230 13,446,230 14,053,995
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,612 48,397 33,188 38,977 45,404 32,828
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 74,095 36,860 37,235 24,584,065 12,295,015 12,289,055
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 48,498 60,055 37,057 46,885 56,803 36,962
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 54,810 22,735 32,080 19,742,130 8,752,070 10,990,060
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,352 7,659 7,135 7,738 7,345 8,050
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 61,750 31,610 30,135 20,428,670 10,542,540 9,886,130
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,125 57,057 36,706 46,057 54,369 37,193
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 23 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 24 89.9 92.7 85.8 88.3 91.6 83.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 25 72.6 75.9 67.8 72.0 75.2 67.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 26 10.1 7.3 14.2 11.7 8.4 16.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 84,460 41,250 43,210 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without total income 3,815 1,855 1,965 1,154,450 546,285 608,165
With total income 80,645 39,400 41,240 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,195
Percentage with total income 95.5 95.5 95.4 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 11,920 4,935 6,985 3,877,620 1,668,960 2,208,655
$10,000 to $19,999 12,820 4,905 7,915 4,680,380 1,867,600 2,812,785
$20,000 to $29,999 9,735 3,950 5,780 3,807,840 1,593,335 2,214,505
$30,000 to $39,999 8,790 3,830 4,960 3,206,175 1,472,670 1,733,510
$40,000 to $49,999 7,860 3,580 4,280 2,827,045 1,376,565 1,450,480
$50,000 to $59,999 6,675 3,410 3,265 2,179,775 1,145,685 1,034,090
$60,000 to $69,999 5,400 3,115 2,280 1,655,070 938,755 716,310
$70,000 to $79,999 4,095 2,425 1,670 1,271,850 745,830 526,015
$80,000 to $89,999 3,345 2,050 1,295 966,885 579,290 387,590
$90,000 to $99,999 2,285 1,425 855 749,290 452,240 297,050
$100,000 and over 7,725 5,765 1,960 2,266,600 1,603,400 663,195
$100,000 to $149,999 5,150 3,725 1,425 1,493,570 1,024,210 469,365
$150,000 and over 2,575 2,045 530 773,025 579,190 193,830
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 28 84,460 41,255 43,210 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without after-tax income 3,700 1,760 1,945 1,143,795 541,620 602,175
With after-tax income 80,760 39,495 41,260 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Percentage with after-tax income 95.6 95.7 95.5 96.0 96.1 95.9
Under $10,000 (including loss) 12,540 5,235 7,305 4,004,475 1,706,825 2,297,645
$10,000 to $19,999 13,430 5,240 8,195 4,905,055 1,972,920 2,932,130
$20,000 to $29,999 11,625 4,855 6,770 4,489,925 1,926,175 2,563,755
$30,000 to $39,999 10,370 4,600 5,770 3,924,960 1,870,705 2,054,250
$40,000 to $49,999 9,115 4,505 4,605 3,144,200 1,619,670 1,524,525
$50,000 to $59,999 7,045 3,980 3,070 2,209,280 1,245,570 963,705
$60,000 to $69,999 5,060 3,045 2,020 1,540,300 912,230 628,065
$70,000 to $79,999 3,575 2,180 1,400 1,076,180 654,570 421,610
$80,000 and over 7,990 5,855 2,135 2,204,820 1,540,335 664,485
$80,000 to $89,999 2,435 1,640 795 688,705 444,550 244,145
$90,000 to $99,999 1,590 1,145 440 420,975 291,090 129,885
$100,000 and over 3,970 3,065 905 1,095,140 804,690 290,445
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 29 84,460 41,255 43,205 28,642,980 13,990,625 14,652,360
Without employment income 22,730 9,645 13,090 8,214,295 3,442,860 4,771,430
With employment income 61,730 31,610 30,120 20,428,690 10,547,760 9,880,925
Percentage with employment income 73.1 76.6 69.7 71.3 75.4 67.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 9,840 4,565 5,280 2,778,990 1,357,430 1,421,560
$5,000 to $9,999 4,520 1,890 2,630 1,602,140 697,025 905,120
$10,000 to $19,999 7,455 3,200 4,255 2,736,010 1,212,855 1,523,155
$20,000 to $29,999 6,235 2,705 3,535 2,293,785 1,022,090 1,271,695
$30,000 to $39,999 5,895 2,575 3,320 2,149,860 1,001,065 1,148,795
$40,000 to $49,999 5,455 2,490 2,970 1,928,565 946,625 981,940
$50,000 to $59,999 4,795 2,500 2,290 1,554,100 839,045 715,055
$60,000 to $69,999 4,025 2,345 1,680 1,220,310 708,270 512,040
$70,000 to $79,999 3,150 1,915 1,230 992,170 591,945 400,225
$80,000 and over 10,355 7,425 2,930 3,172,770 2,171,415 1,001,355
$80,000 to $89,999 2,610 1,635 975 773,755 475,700 298,055
$90,000 to $99,999 1,825 1,160 665 623,980 382,330 241,650
$100,000 and over 5,930 4,635 1,300 1,775,030 1,313,385 461,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 30 35,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 92,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,336  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 79,789  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 61,348  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 6,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 40,204  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,174  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,447  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,446  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 28,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,102,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 107,307  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,249  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 92,189  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,419  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 31 35,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 111,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,764  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 91,852  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,171  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 6,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,967,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 50,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,799  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 28,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,104,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 126,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 110,813  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 103,926  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 90,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 35,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 430  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 228,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 200,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 545  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 374,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 840  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 565,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 975  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 602,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 890  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 538,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 603,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 606,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 596,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,150  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 578,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,097,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,010,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 924,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 836,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 745,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 16,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,561,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,470,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,016,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 4,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,116,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 3,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 959,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 28 35,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 485  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 243,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 295  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 203,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 555  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 380,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 865  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 591,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 673,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 628,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 719,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 725,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 711,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 691,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,299,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,690  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,169,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,041,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 900,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 757,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 12,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,333,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,371,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 809,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 4,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,152,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 28,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,688,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 106,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,306  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 91,632  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,372  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 9,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,706,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 93,236  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 78,976  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 80,034  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 68,309  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 14,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,222,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 127,019  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 113,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 108,472  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 96,608  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 3,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,481,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 63,791  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 53,193  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,548  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 48,856  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 34 28,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,689,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 126,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 103,664  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 9,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,706,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 119,428  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,086  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 95,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 82,296  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 14,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,225,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 143,196  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 137,094  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 118,253  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,307  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 3,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,477,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 75,172  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,549  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 63,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 56,687  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 9,400 4,480 4,925 5,313,545 2,608,845 2,704,705
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 35 36,039 40,141 33,466 31,890 34,483 29,801
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 35 32,099 35,194 30,256 28,959 30,746 27,495
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 36 9,575 4,530 5,045 5,299,050 2,596,985 2,702,070
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 37 45,272 48,122 42,713 42,939 46,085 39,915
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 37 37,445 39,753 35,373 35,801 37,724 33,952
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 38 100,835 49,630 51,210 34,460,065 16,971,550 17,488,515
In the bottom half of the distribution 39,165 18,595 20,565 17,229,835 8,256,970 8,972,865
In the bottom decile 7,025 3,350 3,675 3,445,950 1,672,900 1,773,050
In the second decile 6,580 3,000 3,580 3,445,660 1,564,965 1,880,700
In the third decile 7,435 3,530 3,905 3,446,165 1,641,930 1,804,235
In the fourth decile 8,670 4,110 4,565 3,445,850 1,677,120 1,768,730
In the fifth decile 9,450 4,610 4,845 3,446,210 1,700,060 1,746,150
In the top half of the distribution 61,670 31,030 30,640 17,230,230 8,714,580 8,515,650
In the sixth decile 10,835 5,360 5,475 3,445,695 1,716,510 1,729,185
In the seventh decile 11,385 5,660 5,730 3,446,470 1,730,975 1,715,500
In the eighth decile 12,365 6,190 6,175 3,445,940 1,741,640 1,704,300
In the ninth decile 13,710 6,935 6,775 3,446,045 1,751,850 1,694,195
In the top decile 13,370 6,885 6,490 3,446,080 1,773,600 1,672,475
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 39 100,835 49,630 51,210 33,968,295 16,724,265 17,244,035
0 to 17 years 20,480 10,455 10,030 6,836,380 3,504,250 3,332,125
0 to 5 years 5,535 2,840 2,695 2,228,770 1,142,505 1,086,270
18 to 64 years 62,315 30,555 31,760 21,695,090 10,690,090 11,005,005
65 years and over 18,045 8,625 9,425 5,436,830 2,529,930 2,906,905
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 9,745 4,545 5,205 4,809,940 2,243,200 2,566,740
0 to 17 years 2,590 1,295 1,295 1,163,830 597,570 566,255
0 to 5 years 695 340 355 396,095 203,055 193,030
18 to 64 years 5,575 2,620 2,955 2,855,290 1,341,590 1,513,700
65 years and over 1,585 630 950 790,825 304,040 486,780
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 9.7 9.2 10.2 14.2 13.4 14.9
0 to 17 years (%) 12.6 12.4 12.9 17.0 17.1 17.0
0 to 5 years (%) 12.6 12.0 13.2 17.8 17.8 17.8
18 to 64 years (%) 8.9 8.6 9.3 13.2 12.5 13.8
65 years and over (%) 8.8 7.3 10.1 14.5 12.0 16.7
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 6,930 3,355 3,575 3,128,995 1,519,370 1,609,630
0 to 17 years 1,930 960 965 696,025 357,255 338,770
0 to 5 years 485 240 245 236,435 121,170 115,260
18 to 64 years 4,365 2,135 2,235 2,157,745 1,057,585 1,100,160
65 years and over 640 260 380 275,225 104,525 170,695
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 6.9 6.8 7.0 9.2 9.1 9.3
0 to 17 years (%) 9.4 9.2 9.6 10.2 10.2 10.2
0 to 5 years (%) 8.8 8.5 9.1 10.6 10.6 10.6
18 to 64 years (%) 7.0 7.0 7.0 9.9 9.9 10.0
65 years and over (%) 3.5 3.0 4.0 5.1 4.1 5.9
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 100,840 49,695 51,145 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Official languages 97,215 48,155 49,055 33,818,210 16,709,290 17,108,920
English 97,205 48,150 49,060 29,748,265 14,806,270 14,941,995
French 7,120 3,045 4,075 10,242,945 4,952,455 5,290,495
Non-official languages 36,760 17,565 19,195 9,369,280 4,488,185 4,881,090
Aboriginal languages 30 10 25 263,845 127,550 136,295
Algonquian languages 15 0 15 177,570 85,505 92,065
Blackfoot 0 0 0 5,645 2,695 2,950
Cree-Montagnais languages 15 0 10 116,585 56,515 60,070
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,640 3,335 3,305
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 11,440 5,500 5,945
Moose Cree 0 0 0 195 80 115
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,465 710 755
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 545 225 320
Plains Cree 10 0 0 5,905 2,705 3,200
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 40 30 10
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 2,345 995 1,350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 2,665 1,230 1,435
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 10 86,115 42,080 44,035
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 9,765 4,710 5,050
Malecite 0 0 0 755 370 390
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 9,025 4,350 4,670
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 46,685 22,100 24,585
Algonquin 0 0 0 2,480 1,165 1,315
Ojibway 0 0 0 28,585 13,365 15,220
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15,610 7,575 8,030
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 205 105 105
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 120 60 60
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 23,655 11,340 12,320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 23,570 11,300 12,265
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 210 105 100
Beaver 0 0 0 340 180 165
Carrier 0 0 0 2,105 955 1,145
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,150 535 610
Dene 0 0 0 13,060 6,270 6,790
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 2,375 1,210 1,165
Gwich'in 0 0 0 360 165 200
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 150 60 90
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 2,815 1,340 1,475
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 1,010 475 530
South Slavey 0 0 0 1,365 660 710
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 680 320 360
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 630 340 285
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 365 205 170
Tahltan 0 0 0 270 140 130
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 420 160 260
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 285 115 170
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 145 50 95
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 35 50
Haida 0 0 0 465 205 260
Inuit languages 0 0 0 42,980 21,355 21,630
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 1,975 895 1,080
Inuktitut 0 0 0 40,620 20,280 20,340
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 470 225 240
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 2,800 1,240 1,555
Cayuga 0 0 0 125 40 85
Mohawk 0 0 0 2,415 1,120 1,295
Oneida 0 0 0 180 60 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 45 75
Kutenai 0 0 0 175 95 80
Michif 0 0 0 1,210 585 625
Salish languages 0 0 10 5,750 2,730 3,015
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 110
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,060 475 585
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 820 370 450
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,305 640 665
Squamish 0 0 0 285 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 450 220 235
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 565 295 270
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5,430 2,665 2,770
Dakota 0 0 0 1,760 870 890
Stoney 0 0 0 3,675 1,805 1,875
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 140 70 70
Tlingit 0 0 0 260 140 120
Tsimshian languages 10 0 10 2,730 1,350 1,380
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 10 0 0 1,305 645 660
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,060 545 515
Tsimshian 10 0 0 410 180 235
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,490 680 805
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 110
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 125 50 75
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 605 285 320
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 565 265 300
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 665 310 360
Non-Aboriginal languages 36,735 17,565 19,170 9,107,075 4,361,420 4,745,660
Afro-Asiatic languages 450 235 210 837,355 432,560 404,795
Berber languages 0 0 0 29,460 15,745 13,715
Kabyle 0 0 0 17,120 9,100 8,015
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 12,505 6,735 5,775
Cushitic languages 25 15 10 57,125 26,870 30,250
Bilen 0 0 0 1,085 625 470
Oromo 10 0 0 6,245 3,070 3,175
Somali 20 15 10 49,665 23,070 26,590
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 480 220 265
Semitic languages 425 225 205 771,130 400,780 370,350
Amharic 55 30 20 33,670 16,675 16,995
Arabic 285 145 145 629,055 329,235 299,820
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 19,745 9,720 10,020
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 0 10 7,115 3,505 3,610
Harari 0 0 0 1,710 855 860
Hebrew 65 40 25 75,020 38,730 36,290
Maltese 10 0 10 7,625 3,760 3,870
Tigrigna 0 0 10 21,340 10,640 10,705
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 3,220 1,655 1,565
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,775 1,440 1,335
Austro-Asiatic languages 285 130 160 224,865 105,845 119,020
Khmer (Cambodian) 55 30 25 27,035 12,640 14,400
Vietnamese 235 100 135 198,895 93,735 105,155
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 70 120
Austronesian languages 2,285 970 1,315 656,200 273,075 383,125
Bikol 20 15 10 2,075 885 1,190
Cebuano 35 10 20 27,045 10,960 16,085
Fijian 75 55 20 1,660 955 705
Hiligaynon 30 15 20 7,925 3,200 4,720
Ilocano 35 15 15 34,530 13,805 20,730
Malagasy 0 0 0 2,335 1,120 1,220
Malay 150 80 70 22,470 10,370 12,100
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 20 0 15 5,425 2,445 2,980
Pangasinan 15 10 10 1,800 790 1,015
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,995 815 1,180 612,735 253,210 359,530
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 1,395 530 860
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 35 20 20 5,585 2,540 3,040
Creole languages 45 15 30 155,615 70,545 85,070
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 6,850 3,140 3,710
Creole, n.o.s. 25 10 20 133,045 59,890 73,160
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 0 15 16,635 7,955 8,675
Dravidian languages 490 245 245 250,180 126,220 123,960
Kannada 40 15 30 8,245 4,180 4,065
Malayalam 315 160 155 37,810 19,410 18,400
Tamil 90 50 40 189,860 94,640 95,220
Telugu 60 35 30 23,160 12,770 10,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 790 385 405
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 870 435 435
Indo-European languages 25,610 12,455 13,155 5,158,010 2,506,455 2,651,555
Albanian 50 30 20 31,930 16,140 15,790
Armenian 20 10 10 41,295 19,980 21,315
Balto-Slavic languages 1,460 680 775 817,315 384,960 432,350
Baltic languages 20 10 15 14,675 6,470 8,205
Latvian 0 0 0 6,500 2,960 3,540
Lithuanian 25 0 15 8,185 3,510 4,675
Slavic languages 1,445 680 765 805,915 379,965 425,945
Belarusan 0 0 10 2,265 1,070 1,195
Bosnian 10 10 10 18,265 9,055 9,215
Bulgarian 0 0 0 22,425 10,920 11,505
Croatian 170 90 80 69,840 34,515 35,325
Czech 145 70 70 28,720 13,675 15,050
Macedonian 10 10 0 23,075 11,190 11,880
Polish 385 180 205 214,965 99,365 115,600
Russian 425 200 230 269,645 127,055 142,595
Serbian 90 45 45 73,775 37,040 36,740
Serbo-Croatian 20 10 10 11,275 5,525 5,750
Slovak 55 15 35 21,470 10,215 11,255
Slovene (Slovenian) 65 20 40 11,495 5,205 6,290
Ukrainian 160 65 90 132,115 58,820 73,300
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 3,000 1,590 1,405
Celtic languages 25 0 15 9,165 4,705 4,455
Scottish Gaelic 15 10 10 3,980 2,010 1,975
Welsh 10 0 10 1,690 830 860
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 3,590 1,915 1,680
Germanic languages 2,645 1,260 1,385 695,535 337,215 358,320
Afrikaans 110 55 60 23,410 11,795 11,610
Danish 150 60 90 15,745 7,320 8,425
Dutch 455 190 270 120,865 57,885 62,990
Frisian 10 0 10 2,910 1,515 1,395
German 1,815 895 915 502,730 245,745 256,985
Icelandic 0 10 10 1,780 830 945
Norwegian 50 40 0 8,120 3,860 4,260
Swedish 135 55 80 14,140 6,510 7,635
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 4,400 1,945 2,455
Yiddish 0 0 10 20,985 10,435 10,550
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 8,710 4,425 4,285
Greek 435 220 220 150,965 75,510 75,455
Indo-Iranian languages 18,175 9,030 9,145 1,658,220 840,850 817,365
Indo-Aryan languages 17,975 8,915 9,060 1,387,805 704,370 683,435
Bengali 145 65 80 91,220 46,935 44,285
Gujarati 310 160 150 149,045 74,765 74,285
Hindi 4,620 2,220 2,400 433,365 221,665 211,700
Kashmiri 0 0 0 905 490 420
Konkani 60 25 30 6,790 3,185 3,605
Marathi 50 30 20 15,570 8,200 7,365
Nepali 10 0 0 21,380 10,915 10,470
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 1,535 755 775
Punjabi (Panjabi) 14,690 7,300 7,390 668,240 341,450 326,790
Sindhi 70 35 35 20,260 9,310 10,945
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 85 55 30 27,825 13,970 13,855
Urdu 835 445 390 322,220 164,685 157,535
Iranian languages 260 155 105 281,715 142,030 139,680
Kurdish 25 10 10 15,290 8,290 7,000
Pashto 50 35 15 23,180 12,465 10,715
Persian (Farsi) 185 110 80 252,320 126,565 125,755
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 40 25 15 8,875 4,715 4,155
Italic (Romance) languages 3,140 1,395 1,750 1,897,630 898,530 999,100
Catalan 0 10 0 2,035 1,145 890
Italian 625 305 320 574,725 278,500 296,225
Portuguese 395 170 225 295,955 144,465 151,485
Romanian 175 70 105 115,050 55,275 59,770
Spanish 2,045 895 1,145 995,255 460,250 535,010
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,680 1,610 1,075
Japanese 610 295 315 83,090 36,760 46,335
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 2,150 1,075 1,075
Georgian 0 0 0 2,150 1,080 1,070
Korean 395 160 235 172,755 80,170 92,590
Mongolic languages 10 0 0 2,090 960 1,130
Mongolian 10 0 0 2,090 960 1,130
Niger-Congo languages 95 55 35 177,215 88,135 89,080
Akan (Twi) 15 0 10 22,145 10,810 11,340
Bamanankan 0 0 0 3,190 1,660 1,530
Edo 0 0 0 3,220 1,510 1,705
Ewe 0 0 0 3,000 1,685 1,315
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 4,725 2,460 2,260
Ga 0 0 0 2,250 1,140 1,110
Ganda 0 0 0 2,495 1,175 1,320
Igbo 25 15 15 8,850 4,710 4,140
Lingala 0 0 0 17,010 7,865 9,145
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 8,590 4,075 4,515
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 10 0 7,860 3,600 4,260
Shona 10 0 0 5,425 2,530 2,905
Swahili 35 30 10 38,680 19,565 19,115
Wolof 0 0 0 8,240 4,455 3,785
Yoruba 10 10 0 22,420 11,475 10,940
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 40,760 20,375 20,385
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 0 0 7,015 3,520 3,495
Dinka 0 0 0 2,475 1,280 1,190
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 4,555 2,240 2,315
Sign languages 165 70 90 48,115 18,985 29,130
American Sign Language 95 45 50 21,930 7,780 14,155
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 4,665 1,665 3,005
Sign languages, n.i.e. 65 30 45 22,275 9,835 12,440
Sino-Tibetan languages 6,450 3,030 3,415 1,430,440 672,100 758,340
Chinese languages 6,435 3,025 3,410 1,413,110 663,465 749,640
Cantonese 2,330 1,085 1,245 699,125 325,840 373,285
Hakka 65 30 35 12,445 5,555 6,890
Mandarin 4,600 2,150 2,450 814,450 377,635 436,815
Min Dong 0 0 0 1,045 440 600
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 410 205 205 42,840 19,005 23,835
Wu (Shanghainese) 75 40 35 16,530 7,490 9,040
Chinese, n.o.s. 85 40 45 41,690 19,995 21,690
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 590 250 340
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 10 0 18,270 9,100 9,175
Burmese 10 10 10 4,995 2,490 2,500
Karenic languages 0 0 0 4,895 2,425 2,475
Tibetan 0 0 0 7,050 3,555 3,490
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,375 1,160 1,220
Tai-Kadai languages 40 20 20 30,400 13,210 17,195
Lao 15 10 0 17,235 8,240 8,990
Thai 30 10 20 15,390 5,875 9,520
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 50 65
Turkic languages 100 65 40 60,530 31,585 28,945
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 5,450 2,885 2,565
Turkish 105 60 40 50,775 26,605 24,165
Uyghur 0 0 0 1,385 685 700
Uzbek 0 0 0 2,465 1,230 1,235
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,870 905 965
Uralic languages 380 175 205 94,810 44,270 50,545
Estonian 25 10 15 6,070 2,750 3,315
Finnish 115 50 60 17,595 7,540 10,050
Hungarian 245 115 130 71,285 34,005 37,280
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 9,730 5,375 4,355
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 41 100,840 49,695 51,150 34,460,065 16,971,580 17,488,490
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 42 92,805 45,730 47,080 32,034,590 15,799,495 16,235,090
Canadian citizens aged under 18 19,335 9,980 9,355 6,652,795 3,412,785 3,240,010
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 73,475 35,750 37,730 25,381,795 12,386,710 12,995,080
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 43 8,030 3,965 4,065 2,425,480 1,172,085 1,253,400
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 100,840 49,695 51,150 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 45 68,365 34,075 34,290 26,412,610 13,124,325 13,288,290
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 46 31,235 15,045 16,195 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Before 1981 9,300 4,470 4,830 1,941,510 927,795 1,013,715
1981 to 1990 3,835 1,815 2,025 915,555 439,245 476,310
1991 to 2000 7,410 3,575 3,840 1,486,655 696,720 789,940
2001 to 2010 7,340 3,525 3,815 1,985,035 940,570 1,044,465
2001 to 2005 3,675 1,725 1,945 928,935 439,890 489,050
2006 to 2010 3,670 1,800 1,870 1,056,095 500,680 555,415
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 47 3,355 1,660 1,690 1,212,075 582,175 629,895
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 48 1,235 570 665 506,625 260,755 245,870
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 49 31,240 15,045 16,195 7,540,830 3,586,500 3,954,335
Under 5 years 2,765 1,385 1,380 731,340 364,165 367,175
5 to 14 years 5,120 2,620 2,490 1,311,810 665,870 645,945
15 to 24 years 7,525 3,390 4,140 1,604,430 724,430 880,005
25 to 44 years 12,095 5,910 6,180 3,198,920 1,513,970 1,684,950
45 years and over 3,740 1,745 1,995 694,320 318,060 376,260
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 50 31,235 15,045 16,195 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Americas 2,135 945 1,190 1,128,745 510,650 618,100
Brazil 45 15 30 29,320 13,235 16,080
Colombia 100 50 50 70,035 32,065 37,965
El Salvador 125 50 75 48,080 23,865 24,215
Guyana 75 30 40 87,685 38,940 48,745
Haiti 20 10 15 93,480 40,955 52,525
Jamaica 50 25 30 138,345 59,960 78,390
Mexico 155 75 75 80,585 37,530 43,055
Peru 70 20 45 29,615 12,950 16,665
Trinidad and Tobago 95 30 65 65,040 29,325 35,710
United StatesCensus data footnote 51 980 455 535 253,715 113,505 140,215
Other places of birth in Americas 420 190 225 232,850 108,325 124,530
Europe 7,650 3,795 3,860 2,088,410 1,015,145 1,073,260
Bosnia and Herzegovina 45 25 25 36,135 18,050 18,085
Croatia 105 45 60 40,045 20,005 20,035
France 100 50 50 105,565 55,395 50,170
Germany 740 335 405 145,845 69,525 76,320
Greece 170 105 70 62,715 31,580 31,135
Hungary 135 85 50 36,820 17,945 18,875
IrelandCensus data footnote 52 160 70 85 28,325 14,355 13,970
Italy 200 105 95 236,640 118,595 118,040
Netherlands 400 185 220 88,475 45,185 43,295
Poland 320 155 165 146,465 66,450 80,020
Portugal 235 125 115 139,450 68,150 71,300
Romania 160 65 95 90,305 42,795 47,510
Russian Federation 115 50 55 78,685 34,265 44,420
SerbiaCensus data footnote 53 45 25 20 33,320 16,325 17,000
Ukraine 145 65 80 73,030 33,360 39,665
United KingdomCensus data footnote 54 3,715 1,855 1,860 499,115 243,225 255,890
Other places of birth in Europe 855 450 410 247,470 119,945 127,530
Africa 920 490 425 637,485 322,510 314,970
Algeria 10 0 0 64,620 33,920 30,705
Egypt 30 20 10 64,615 34,125 30,495
Ethiopia 45 25 20 32,790 15,980 16,810
Kenya 80 60 20 27,150 12,810 14,340
Morocco 15 10 10 69,655 36,120 33,535
Nigeria 20 10 10 42,430 21,830 20,600
Somalia 15 10 0 27,230 12,070 15,160
South Africa, Republic of 335 190 150 44,660 22,205 22,460
Other places of birth in Africa 380 170 205 264,320 133,450 130,870
Asia 19,145 9,130 10,015 3,629,160 1,709,985 1,919,175
Afghanistan 40 25 15 51,955 26,030 25,930
Bangladesh 95 40 50 58,735 29,875 28,865
ChinaCensus data footnote 55 2,665 1,250 1,410 649,260 290,800 358,460
Hong KongCensus data footnote 56 840 405 435 208,940 98,020 110,915
India 9,745 4,780 4,965 668,565 334,030 334,540
IranCensus data footnote 57 115 60 50 154,425 77,970 76,455
Iraq 95 50 45 68,485 34,785 33,705
Japan 225 80 145 27,240 7,955 19,285
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 58 255 100 155 123,305 57,170