Census Profile, 2016 Census
Kelowna, City [Census subdivision], British Columbia and Central Okanagan, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Kelowna, CY
British Columbia
[Census subdivision]
Central Okanagan, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Kelowna, City [Census subdivision], British Columbia  Map : Kelowna, City [Census subdivision], British Columbia Data quality : Central Okanagan, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 1 Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 127,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 194,882  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 117,312  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 179,839  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 8.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 57,433  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,374  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 53,903  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 81,383  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 601.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 67.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 211.85  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,904.86  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 127,380 61,585 65,795 194,880 94,755 100,125
0 to 14 years 17,735 8,910 8,825 27,590 13,920 13,665
0 to 4 years 5,485 2,760 2,720 8,540 4,375 4,165
5 to 9 years 6,190 3,085 3,100 9,560 4,775 4,785
10 to 14 years 6,060 3,060 3,005 9,485 4,770 4,710
15 to 64 years 83,210 40,795 42,410 125,625 61,530 64,095
15 to 19 years 7,040 3,600 3,435 10,490 5,385 5,105
20 to 24 years 8,975 4,610 4,360 12,090 6,205 5,885
25 to 29 years 8,625 4,430 4,195 11,735 5,970 5,770
30 to 34 years 8,395 4,205 4,190 12,135 6,025 6,115
35 to 39 years 7,480 3,660 3,820 11,135 5,450 5,685
40 to 44 years 7,255 3,610 3,645 11,085 5,575 5,510
45 to 49 years 8,020 3,935 4,085 12,385 6,065 6,320
50 to 54 years 9,325 4,320 5,005 14,660 6,790 7,865
55 to 59 years 9,530 4,460 5,065 15,660 7,390 8,270
60 to 64 years 8,560 3,955 4,605 14,250 6,680 7,570
65 years and over 26,435 11,880 14,555 41,670 19,305 22,365
65 to 69 years 7,715 3,720 3,995 13,075 6,310 6,765
70 to 74 years 5,780 2,670 3,110 9,610 4,605 5,010
75 to 79 years 4,795 2,185 2,615 7,555 3,555 4,000
80 to 84 years 3,890 1,725 2,165 5,665 2,650 3,020
85 years and over 4,255 1,580 2,670 5,755 2,185 3,575
85 to 89 years 2,655 1,100 1,550 3,675 1,545 2,130
90 to 94 years 1,255 385 865 1,630 515 1,115
95 to 99 years 310 85 230 410 115 290
100 years and over 30 10 25 45 10 40
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 13.9 14.5 13.4 14.2 14.7 13.6
15 to 64 years 65.3 66.2 64.5 64.5 64.9 64.0
65 years and over 20.8 19.3 22.1 21.4 20.4 22.3
85 years and over 3.3 2.6 4.1 3.0 2.3 3.6
Average age of the population 43.4 42.2 44.5 44.0 43.0 44.9
Median age of the population 43.8 41.9 45.5 45.5 44.0 46.8
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 53,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 81,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 24,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 42,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 1,690  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 26,815  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 2,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 3,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 5,430  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 14,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 130  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 200  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 820  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,690  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 53,905  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 81,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 15,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 21,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 21,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 7,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 6,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 3,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 124,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 190,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 109,640 52,675 56,965 167,295 80,835 86,460
Married or living common law 62,135 31,045 31,090 100,010 49,985 50,025
Married 51,025 25,480 25,545 82,655 41,310 41,350
Living common law 11,105 5,560 5,545 17,350 8,675 8,680
Not married and not living common law 47,510 21,635 25,875 67,285 30,850 36,440
Never married 29,005 15,840 13,155 40,215 22,095 18,120
Separated 3,155 1,285 1,870 4,735 1,945 2,790
Divorced 8,415 3,110 5,305 12,255 4,680 7,575
Widowed 6,940 1,395 5,545 10,075 2,125 7,950
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 35,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 56,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 21,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 6,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,195  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 5,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 2,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 35,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 56,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 30,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 48,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 24,690  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 40,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 5,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 5,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 4,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 1,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 30,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 48,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 17,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 12,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,870  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 5,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 5,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 2,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 5,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 3,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 1,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 410  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 27,730 12,855 14,880 37,545 17,445 20,100
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 53,905  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 81,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 33,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 53,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 16,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 27,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 17,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 26,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 950  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 19,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 26,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 15,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 21,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 3,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 125,970 60,880 65,085 192,830 93,780 99,055
English only 116,105 56,390 59,715 179,040 87,560 91,480
French only 40 15 25 65 25 35
English and French 9,100 4,165 4,935 12,845 5,805 7,040
Neither English nor French 720 315 405 880 385 495
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 125,970 60,885 65,090 192,825 93,780 99,050
English 123,200 59,605 63,595 188,860 91,940 96,925
French 1,875 880 990 2,830 1,340 1,495
English and French 205 105 105 295 140 155
Neither English nor French 690 290 395 835 360 475
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 1,975 935 1,045 2,980 1,410 1,575
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.6 1.5 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.6
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 125,970 60,880 65,085 192,830 93,780 99,050
Single responses 124,520 60,220 64,300 190,855 92,880 97,970
Official languages 108,545 52,860 55,685 168,565 82,570 85,995
English 106,510 51,925 54,585 165,460 81,140 84,320
French 2,035 930 1,100 3,105 1,425 1,675
Non-official languages 15,975 7,360 8,615 22,290 10,315 11,975
Aboriginal languages 30 10 15 120 55 60
Algonquian languages 15 5 10 25 10 15
Blackfoot 5 0 5 5 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 5 5 20 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 5 5
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 5 0 5 5 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 5 10 5 5
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 0 5
Algonquin 0 5 0 0 0 5
Ojibway 0 0 0 5 0 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 5 5 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 5 5 20 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 5 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 10 5 5
Chilcotin 0 5 0 5 0 0
Dene 5 0 5 0 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 5 0 0 5 0 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 5 0 0 5 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 5 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 60 30 25
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 50 30 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 5 5 0 5 0 5
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 5 5 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Nisga'a 0 5 5 0 0 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 15,950 7,345 8,600 22,170 10,260 11,915
Afro-Asiatic languages 325 190 140 390 225 160
Berber languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 5 5 0 5 5 0
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 5 5 0 0 0 0
Somali 5 0 0 0 5 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 320 185 135 380 220 160
Amharic 20 5 10 20 5 10
Arabic 270 170 105 300 190 115
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 5 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 15 10 10 35 15 15
Maltese 15 0 10 15 5 15
Tigrigna 5 0 0 5 0 5
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 5 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 240 110 130 295 125 170
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 5 5 15 5 10
Vietnamese 225 105 125 285 125 165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 1,065 405 660 1,265 455 815
Bikol 5 0 0 5 5 5
Cebuano 60 25 35 70 25 45
Fijian 5 5 0 5 5 0
Hiligaynon 10 5 5 15 10 10
Ilocano 65 25 40 70 30 45
Malagasy 5 0 0 5 5 5
Malay 40 15 20 60 20 35
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 5 0 5 5 5
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 865 320 540 1,010 360 655
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 5 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 10 5 5
Creole languages 25 5 15 30 10 20
Haitian Creole 0 0 5 5 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 5 0 5 10 5 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 20 10 15
Dravidian languages 50 25 25 65 35 30
Kannada 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malayalam 25 15 10 30 15 15
Tamil 20 10 10 25 15 15
Telugu 5 0 0 5 0 5
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 11,525 5,410 6,115 16,645 7,915 8,735
Albanian 30 15 15 30 20 15
Armenian 5 0 5 5 0 5
Balto-Slavic languages 2,495 1,085 1,410 3,780 1,680 2,105
Baltic languages 35 10 20 55 20 30
Latvian 15 5 10 30 10 20
Lithuanian 20 10 10 20 10 15
Slavic languages 2,460 1,070 1,390 3,730 1,660 2,075
Belarusan 5 5 5 10 5 5
Bosnian 45 20 25 50 25 30
Bulgarian 20 10 10 35 15 20
Croatian 220 105 115 315 155 160
Czech 180 90 90 310 150 160
Macedonian 10 5 0 10 5 0
Polish 485 205 275 785 350 425
Russian 545 235 315 835 360 475
Serbian 135 65 70 180 90 90
Serbo-Croatian 45 25 15 45 30 20
Slovak 75 30 50 120 55 70
Slovene (Slovenian) 60 30 25 120 60 55
Ukrainian 620 240 380 875 340 535
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 20 5 15 30 10 20
Celtic languages 5 5 5 15 10 5
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 0 10 5 5
Welsh 5 0 5 5 5 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages 4,475 2,045 2,425 7,120 3,355 3,770
Afrikaans 115 60 50 175 95 80
Danish 105 45 60 165 80 85
Dutch 605 280 330 1,070 520 550
Frisian 5 5 0 10 5 0
German 3,510 1,605 1,905 5,495 2,565 2,925
Icelandic 10 5 5 10 5 5
Norwegian 50 20 25 75 35 40
Swedish 50 20 35 100 35 60
Vlaams (Flemish) 15 5 10 20 10 10
Yiddish 0 5 0 5 5 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 0 0 0
Greek 95 45 45 140 75 60
Indo-Iranian languages 2,530 1,315 1,220 2,975 1,530 1,440
Indo-Aryan languages 2,210 1,140 1,070 2,595 1,335 1,260
Bengali 105 60 45 110 65 45
Gujarati 40 20 20 45 25 20
Hindi 175 95 80 210 110 95
Kashmiri 5 0 0 5 5 0
Konkani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Marathi 10 5 0 10 10 0
Nepali 35 15 15 40 15 20
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,745 885 865 2,070 1,045 1,025
Sindhi 5 5 5 10 0 5
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 25 10 10 20 10 15
Urdu 70 40 30 80 45 30
Iranian languages 325 175 145 380 200 180
Kurdish 20 15 10 20 15 5
Pashto 5 5 0 10 5 0
Persian (Farsi) 295 155 140 350 185 165
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 1,890 900 990 2,580 1,235 1,335
Catalan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Italian 650 315 335 890 455 435
Portuguese 285 135 150 400 180 215
Romanian 175 85 90 245 125 115
Spanish 775 365 415 1,040 475 560
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 5 5 0
Japanese 305 105 200 410 135 280
Kartvelian languages 10 5 5 5 5 0
Georgian 5 5 0 10 5 5
Korean 390 200 195 445 220 230
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Mongolian 5 0 5 5 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 45 25 25 60 30 30
Akan (Twi) 5 5 0 0 5 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 5 0 0 5 5 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ganda 5 0 0 0 0 0
Igbo 10 5 0 10 5 5
Lingala 0 0 0 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 0 5 0 0 0
Shona 5 5 5 10 0 10
Swahili 10 5 0 15 10 5
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 5 0 0 5 0 5
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 15 5 10
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages 30 15 15 55 25 25
American Sign Language 15 10 10 35 20 20
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 5 10 20 10 10
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,240 555 685 1,450 645 805
Chinese languages 1,235 555 680 1,450 640 805
Cantonese 425 185 240 515 220 290
Hakka 15 5 5 20 10 5
Mandarin 650 295 360 750 335 420
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 45 20 20 55 30 25
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 5 5 10 5 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 90 40 50 105 45 60
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 0 0 5 0 5
Burmese 5 0 0 5 5 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 75 20 55 105 25 75
Lao 10 5 0 10 5 5
Thai 70 15 50 90 25 70
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 45 30 15 50 30 20
Azerbaijani 5 0 0 5 0 0
Turkish 30 20 15 40 25 15
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 5 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Uralic languages 565 245 320 885 380 505
Estonian 10 5 5 20 5 10
Finnish 115 45 70 180 70 115
Hungarian 440 200 245 685 305 380
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 5 5 5
Multiple responses 1,445 660 785 1,975 895 1,080
English and French 270 135 140 405 195 210
English and non-official language 1,105 490 615 1,480 655 830
French and non-official language 45 30 20 60 35 30
English, French and non-official language 20 5 15 30 10 15
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 125,965 60,880 65,090 192,830 93,780 99,050
Single responses 122,985 59,530 63,460 188,930 92,010 96,920
Official languages 117,585 56,910 60,675 182,045 88,690 93,350
English 117,100 56,685 60,410 181,325 88,365 92,955
French 490 230 260 720 325 390
Non-official languages 5,405 2,615 2,785 6,885 3,315 3,570
Aboriginal languages 5 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 5 0 0 0 0 5
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 5,405 2,615 2,785 6,880 3,315 3,565
Afro-Asiatic languages 150 85 65 175 95 75
Berber languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 5 0 0 5 0 5
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 5 0 5 5 5 0
Somali 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 150 80 60 170 90 75
Amharic 5 0 0 5 5 0
Arabic 140 75 60 150 80 70
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 5 5 0 15 10 5
Maltese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 135 60 80 170 75 95
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 0 5 0 5 0
Vietnamese 135 60 80 165 70 95
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 400 170 230 435 185 250
Bikol 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cebuano 20 5 10 20 5 10
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 5 5 0 5 5 5
Ilocano 15 5 5 15 5 10
Malagasy 5 0 0 5 0 5
Malay 10 10 5 20 10 15
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 5 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 340 140 195 370 155 210
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 5 0 0
Creole languages 5 0 5 5 5 0
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 20 10 10 25 10 20
Kannada 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malayalam 10 5 5 15 5 10
Tamil 0 5 0 10 5 5
Telugu 5 0 5 5 5 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 3,345 1,650 1,690 4,470 2,195 2,280
Albanian 15 5 5 10 10 5
Armenian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 555 265 290 825 390 435
Baltic languages 15 5 10 15 5 10
Latvian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lithuanian 15 5 10 20 5 10
Slavic languages 540 260 280 805 380 425
Belarusan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bosnian 15 5 5 15 10 5
Bulgarian 5 0 0 5 0 0
Croatian 35 15 20 60 30 30
Czech 40 20 20 80 40 40
Macedonian 5 0 0 5 0 0
Polish 120 55 65 195 95 100
Russian 170 80 95 240 105 130
Serbian 45 20 20 60 25 35
Serbo-Croatian 10 5 5 15 5 5
Slovak 15 5 10 25 5 15
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 0 5 25 15 10
Ukrainian 80 35 40 85 45 40
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 5 0 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages 625 290 330 1,085 515 570
Afrikaans 45 25 25 80 40 35
Danish 5 5 0 10 5 5
Dutch 50 25 25 125 60 65
Frisian 0 0 0 0 0 0
German 510 230 275 855 405 455
Icelandic 0 0 0 5 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0 5 0 5
Swedish 10 0 0 10 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Yiddish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Greek 30 15 15 40 15 20
Indo-Iranian languages 1,580 815 770 1,820 930 890
Indo-Aryan languages 1,425 725 700 1,650 835 815
Bengali 50 25 25 55 30 25
Gujarati 10 5 5 15 5 5
Hindi 65 35 35 80 40 40
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Marathi 5 5 0 5 0 0
Nepali 20 10 15 25 10 15
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,210 615 595 1,415 715 695
Sindhi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 15 5 5 15 10 5
Urdu 45 20 20 50 25 25
Iranian languages 150 85 65 165 90 75
Kurdish 10 5 0 5 10 5
Pashto 5 5 5 5 0 5
Persian (Farsi) 145 75 65 155 85 70
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 5 0
Italic (Romance) languages 540 265 280 690 335 350
Catalan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Italian 120 50 75 155 65 90
Portuguese 80 40 40 95 45 50
Romanian 60 30 30 85 45 40
Spanish 280 145 135 355 185 170
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Japanese 115 50 70 135 55 85
Kartvelian languages 5 5 0 5 0 5
Georgian 5 0 0 5 0 0
Korean 295 145 145 330 165 165
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 5 0 5 15 5 10
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 0 0 0 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shona 5 0 0 5 0 0
Swahili 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 5 0 5 0 5 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages 40 25 15 60 35 20
American Sign Language 10 5 5 20 10 10
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 35 20 10 35 25 15
Sino-Tibetan languages 700 320 380 795 370 420
Chinese languages 705 325 375 795 375 425
Cantonese 210 95 120 245 110 135
Hakka 0 0 0 5 5 0
Mandarin 415 195 215 460 220 245
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 15 10 5 20 10 10
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 5 0 5 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 50 20 30 60 25 30
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 20 10 15 30 15 15
Lao 5 0 0 5 0 0
Thai 20 10 15 25 10 20
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 10 5 5 15 10 5
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkish 10 5 5 10 5 10
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uralic languages 145 70 75 215 100 120
Estonian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Finnish 15 5 5 25 10 15
Hungarian 130 65 70 190 90 100
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 5 5 0
Multiple responses 2,980 1,355 1,630 3,900 1,770 2,135
English and French 170 90 75 220 120 105
English and non-official language 2,760 1,245 1,520 3,605 1,620 1,985
French and non-official language 15 5 5 15 5 10
English, French and non-official language 40 15 25 55 20 35
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 125,965 60,880 65,085 192,830 93,780 99,055
None 116,740 56,610 60,125 179,995 87,895 92,105
English 2,600 1,260 1,345 3,395 1,640 1,755
French 1,285 555 735 1,810 765 1,040
Non-official language 5,200 2,385 2,815 7,435 3,380 4,055
Aboriginal 45 20 30 120 50 70
Non-Aboriginal 5,150 2,365 2,790 7,315 3,330 3,980
English and French 10 10 5 15 10 5
English and non-official language 55 25 30 85 40 45
French and non-official language 75 45 30 95 50 45
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 106,420 51,345 55,080 163,005 79,040 83,960
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 103,440 49,910 53,535 158,415 76,900 81,520
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,352 41,138 29,425 34,509 42,337 28,859
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 103,530 49,980 53,545 158,560 77,015 81,545
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,799 35,989 27,043 30,954 36,991 26,602
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 95,740 46,735 49,005 146,425 72,040 74,380
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,503 38,651 25,759 31,401 39,599 25,047
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 73,465 31,770 41,690 112,030 48,785 63,250
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,854 5,756 5,906 6,627 7,143 6,371
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 77,875 39,175 38,695 117,745 59,715 58,030
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,025 36,194 25,430 30,112 37,463 25,040
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 106,400 51,330 55,075 163,005 79,040 83,960
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 103,515 49,960 53,555 158,580 77,030 81,550
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,435 57,774 37,790 47,214 57,898 37,121
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 103,570 50,005 53,565 158,740 77,160 81,575
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,534 46,796 32,754 39,341 46,899 32,193
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 95,910 46,830 49,080 146,655 72,165 74,495
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 45,365 56,459 34,779 44,970 56,260 34,032
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 73,180 31,475 41,710 111,865 48,530 63,335
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,643 7,701 7,598 7,974 8,242 7,769
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 77,860 39,210 38,655 117,745 59,710 58,030
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,258 50,361 32,025 41,572 50,975 31,897
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 106,400 51,325 55,075 163,005 79,040 83,965
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 31,785 17,640 14,145 47,980 26,850 21,125
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 50,083 56,911 43,996 50,885 58,766 44,097
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 60,917 69,881 49,738 61,531 70,695 49,885
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 88.4 91.3 84.5 88.0 90.9 83.8
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 65.9 69.1 61.5 65.6 68.9 60.9
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 11.6 8.7 15.5 12.0 9.1 16.2
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 106,420 51,340 55,080 163,005 79,040 83,960
Without total income 2,975 1,430 1,550 4,590 2,140 2,445
With total income 103,445 49,910 53,530 158,415 76,900 81,515
Percentage with total income 97.2 97.2 97.2 97.2 97.3 97.1
Under $10,000 (including loss) 12,665 5,405 7,260 19,700 8,160 11,545
$10,000 to $19,999 17,920 7,025 10,895 27,085 10,345 16,740
$20,000 to $29,999 15,395 6,335 9,055 23,315 9,485 13,835
$30,000 to $39,999 12,895 5,530 7,365 19,625 8,465 11,155
$40,000 to $49,999 11,110 5,170 5,940 16,815 7,930 8,885
$50,000 to $59,999 8,320 4,330 3,985 12,750 6,735 6,015
$60,000 to $69,999 6,320 3,710 2,615 9,895 5,920 3,970
$70,000 to $79,999 4,705 2,785 1,920 7,305 4,500 2,805
$80,000 to $89,999 3,570 2,155 1,420 5,550 3,470 2,080
$90,000 to $99,999 2,450 1,560 885 3,835 2,500 1,335
$100,000 and over 8,100 5,905 2,190 12,550 9,400 3,150
$100,000 to $149,999 5,205 3,740 1,470 8,195 6,060 2,135
$150,000 and over 2,890 2,165 720 4,355 3,340 1,015
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 106,420 51,340 55,080 163,005 79,040 83,960
Without after-tax income 2,890 1,360 1,530 4,440 2,025 2,415
With after-tax income 103,530 49,985 53,545 158,565 77,015 81,550
Percentage with after-tax income 97.3 97.4 97.2 97.3 97.4 97.1
Under $10,000 (including loss) 13,355 5,750 7,615 20,895 8,725 12,170
$10,000 to $19,999 18,920 7,600 11,320 28,610 11,205 17,400
$20,000 to $29,999 18,160 7,565 10,595 27,435 11,350 16,090
$30,000 to $39,999 15,225 6,805 8,420 22,955 10,280 12,675
$40,000 to $49,999 11,705 5,840 5,870 17,995 9,130 8,870
$50,000 to $59,999 8,250 4,715 3,530 12,800 7,550 5,255
$60,000 to $69,999 5,690 3,390 2,295 8,870 5,460 3,410
$70,000 to $79,999 3,875 2,380 1,500 6,150 3,915 2,240
$80,000 and over 8,340 5,940 2,400 12,845 9,400 3,450
$80,000 to $89,999 2,375 1,595 780 3,760 2,590 1,175
$90,000 to $99,999 1,580 1,130 445 2,435 1,780 655
$100,000 and over 4,385 3,215 1,170 6,650 5,030 1,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 106,420 51,340 55,080 163,000 79,040 83,965
Without employment income 28,545 12,160 16,380 45,260 19,330 25,935
With employment income 77,875 39,180 38,700 117,745 59,710 58,030
Percentage with employment income 73.2 76.3 70.3 72.2 75.5 69.1
Under $5,000 (including loss) 12,795 5,995 6,800 20,080 9,475 10,605
$5,000 to $9,999 6,170 2,575 3,595 9,205 3,865 5,335
$10,000 to $19,999 10,735 4,645 6,090 15,835 6,735 9,100
$20,000 to $29,999 9,165 4,065 5,095 13,455 5,750 7,705
$30,000 to $39,999 8,355 3,640 4,715 12,275 5,300 6,970
$40,000 to $49,999 7,440 3,375 4,065 11,020 5,000 6,020
$50,000 to $59,999 5,540 2,940 2,600 8,410 4,515 3,895
$60,000 to $69,999 4,390 2,705 1,690 6,690 4,220 2,465
$70,000 to $79,999 3,410 2,050 1,365 5,225 3,245 1,980
$80,000 and over 9,875 7,195 2,685 15,550 11,595 3,955
$80,000 to $89,999 2,675 1,695 980 4,145 2,685 1,460
$90,000 to $99,999 1,770 1,195 570 2,770 1,935 835
$100,000 and over 5,435 4,300 1,130 8,635 6,975 1,660
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 53,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 81,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 68,627  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,127  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 60,192  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 62,366  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 15,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 21,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,836  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,112  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,217  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 38,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 87,233  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 87,813  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 76,109  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,569  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 53,905  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 81,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 91,093  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,999  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 75,961  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 15,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 21,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 45,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 45,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,496  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 38,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 110,017  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 108,824  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 91,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 90,623  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 53,905  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 81,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 595  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 855  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,430  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 4,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 16,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 26,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 4,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 3,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 53,905  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 81,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 820  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 620  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,985  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 4,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,905  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,430  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 12,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 4,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 35,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 56,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 87,424  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 87,612  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 76,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,232  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 16,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 27,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 79,774  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,622  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 69,711  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 69,642  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 12,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 20,020  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 115,947  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 115,342  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 99,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 98,614  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 5,020  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,599  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 51,824  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 47,077  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 47,368  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 35,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 56,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 111,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 109,337  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 92,237  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 90,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 16,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 27,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 106,198  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 103,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 87,711  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 85,572  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 12,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 20,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 137,068  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 134,517  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 112,826  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,173  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 4,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 64,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 63,131  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 55,696  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 54,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 25,060 11,660 13,400 33,700 15,770 17,935
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 30,188 31,990 28,982 30,690 33,175 29,199
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 27,469 28,570 26,677 27,881 29,511 26,782
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 25,010 11,670 13,335 33,435 15,650 17,780
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 39,554 43,286 36,288 40,447 44,581 36,808
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 33,712 36,177 31,554 34,409 37,171 31,978
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 124,140 60,235 63,895 190,565 92,945 97,615
In the bottom half of the distribution 61,300 28,585 32,715 92,255 43,205 49,055
In the bottom decile 12,835 6,050 6,785 18,405 8,665 9,740
In the second decile 12,875 5,630 7,245 18,645 8,180 10,470
In the third decile 11,865 5,510 6,355 18,170 8,475 9,695
In the fourth decile 11,795 5,620 6,175 18,190 8,695 9,495
In the fifth decile 11,940 5,775 6,160 18,840 9,185 9,655
In the top half of the distribution 62,835 31,655 31,180 98,305 49,750 48,565
In the sixth decile 12,480 6,160 6,320 19,720 9,770 9,950
In the seventh decile 12,355 6,170 6,185 19,515 9,790 9,725
In the eighth decile 12,835 6,455 6,375 20,135 10,220 9,910
In the ninth decile 12,370 6,285 6,085 19,790 10,075 9,715
In the top decile 12,795 6,575 6,220 19,155 9,900 9,255
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 124,135 60,235 63,895 180,125 88,085 92,040
0 to 17 years 21,710 10,940 10,765 32,245 16,325 15,920
0 to 5 years 6,635 3,325 3,305 9,870 5,020 4,845
18 to 64 years 78,565 38,305 40,260 112,890 55,175 57,710
65 years and over 23,865 10,990 12,875 34,990 16,580 18,405
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 16,605 7,385 9,220 22,535 10,165 12,370
0 to 17 years 3,480 1,725 1,755 4,925 2,450 2,475
0 to 5 years 1,135 535 595 1,575 775 800
18 to 64 years 9,965 4,550 5,415 13,360 6,115 7,240
65 years and over 3,160 1,110 2,050 4,255 1,600 2,655
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 13.4 12.3 14.4 12.5 11.5 13.4
0 to 17 years (%) 16.0 15.8 16.3 15.3 15.0 15.5
0 to 5 years (%) 17.1 16.1 18.0 16.0 15.4 16.5
18 to 64 years (%) 12.7 11.9 13.5 11.8 11.1 12.5
65 years and over (%) 13.2 10.1 15.9 12.2 9.7 14.4
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 10,620 5,090 5,535 13,680 6,585 7,100
0 to 17 years 2,020 1,005 1,015 2,760 1,380 1,380
0 to 5 years 625 300 325 845 420 425
18 to 64 years 7,955 3,855 4,100 10,090 4,870 5,220
65 years and over 645 230 415 830 330 505
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 8.6 8.5 8.7 7.6 7.5 7.7
0 to 17 years (%) 9.3 9.2 9.4 8.6 8.5 8.7
0 to 5 years (%) 9.4 9.0 9.8 8.6 8.4 8.8
18 to 64 years (%) 10.1 10.1 10.2 8.9 8.8 9.0
65 years and over (%) 2.7 2.1 3.2 2.4 2.0 2.7
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 124,140 60,240 63,900 190,565 92,950 97,615
Official languages 123,440 59,915 63,525 189,695 92,540 97,155
English 123,385 59,905 63,485 189,615 92,520 97,095
French 9,190 4,150 5,035 12,845 5,755 7,090
Non-official languages 20,165 9,365 10,800 28,200 12,980 15,215
Aboriginal languages 70 20 45 225 90 130
Algonquian languages 15 0 15 70 25 45
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 15 0 15 60 15 40
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 10 10 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 20 10 15
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 15 0 10 25 10 20
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 10 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 20 10 15 45 10 30
Northern Athabaskan languages 20 0 15 40 10 30
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 10 10 0 10
Chilcotin 10 0 10 30 10 25
Dene 0 0 10 0 0 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 0 0 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 10 0 10 10 0 10
Salish languages 15 10 0 90 50 40
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 10 0 75 40 35
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 10 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 10 10 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 20,115 9,350 10,760 27,990 12,895 15,095
Afro-Asiatic languages 425 250 175 535 300 230
Berber languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 25 10 15 20 10 15
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 20 10 15 25 10 10
Somali 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 400 240 160 510 290 220
Amharic 35 15 25 40 15 20
Arabic 285 175 110 360 215 140
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 65 45 25 105 50 45
Maltese 10 10 10 10 0 10
Tigrigna 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 305 135 170 425 175 250
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 0 0 10 0 0
Vietnamese 305 135 170 420 175 250
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 1,255 465 790 1,615 575 1,040
Bikol 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cebuano 60 20 40 75 15 55
Fijian 10 0 0 10 0 0
Hiligaynon 35 15 20 50 25 30
Ilocano 65 30 35 70 25 45
Malagasy 10 10 0 10 0 0
Malay 70 30 40 140 50 85
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 10 10 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,150 415 730 1,420 500 920
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 15 10 10
Creole languages 55 25 35 75 35 40
Haitian Creole 10 0 10 10 0 10
Creole, n.o.s. 20 10 0 30 20 10
Creole languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20 35 15 20
Dravidian languages 85 45 40 90 45 45
Kannada 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malayalam 65 35 30 65 35 30
Tamil 20 10 10 30 10 15
Telugu 15 10 10 20 0 10
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 14,810 6,975 7,835 21,160 9,965 11,200
Albanian 20 0 15 20 0 15
Armenian 10 0 10 20 15 10
Balto-Slavic languages 2,810 1,285 1,520 4,010 1,820 2,190
Baltic languages 25 0 25 40 10 30
Latvian 20 0 20 35 10 25
Lithuanian 0 0 0 0 10 0
Slavic languages 2,785 1,285 1,500 3,975 1,805 2,165
Belarusan 10 10 10 15 10 10
Bosnian 60 20 40 60 20 40
Bulgarian 40 25 15 55 30 25
Croatian 290 135 160 410 180 230
Czech 260 150 115 400 215 180
Macedonian 0 0 0 10 0 0
Polish 535 230 305 815 355 455
Russian 780 385 395 1,140 545 595
Serbian 255 120 130 305 150 155
Serbo-Croatian 45 20 20 60 25 30
Slovak 120 50 70 165 70 90
Slovene (Slovenian) 55 25 30 120 55 60
Ukrainian 575 255 320 760 335 420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 35 10 25 35 10 20
Celtic languages 20 15 10 20 15 10
Scottish Gaelic 10 0 0 0 10 0
Welsh 10 10 10 10 10 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 10 10 0
Germanic languages 5,310 2,405 2,905 8,525 3,975 4,550
Afrikaans 215 125 85 280 155 130
Danish 135 50 85 195 65 125
Dutch 640 290 350 1,085 530 560
Frisian 10 10 0 15 10 0
German 4,265 1,895 2,370 6,865 3,185 3,680
Icelandic 15 0 10 15 0 10
Norwegian 50 45 10 80 45 35
Swedish 105 60 45 195 90 105
Vlaams (Flemish) 20 10 10 40 20 20
Yiddish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 0
Greek 155 80 75 220 105 120
Indo-Iranian languages 2,985 1,615 1,370 3,450 1,840 1,615
Indo-Aryan languages 2,605 1,415 1,190 3,025 1,615 1,410
Bengali 125 75 50 125 70 50
Gujarati 35 20 15 45 25 25
Hindi 450 265 185 550 300 245
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0 0 10 0
Nepali 55 25 35 60 25 35
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,080 1,135 945 2,455 1,315 1,140
Sindhi 15 0 0 15 10 10
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 35 15 20 35 15 25
Urdu 220 115 100 220 120 100
Iranian languages 375 205 170 420 220 195
Kurdish 55 30 20 50 30 25
Pashto 0 0 0 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 355 195 165 395 215 185
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 10 0 10
Italic (Romance) languages 4,060 1,865 2,195 5,745 2,650 3,100
Catalan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Italian 1,110 495 615 1,520 690 835
Portuguese 370 195 175 555 275 290
Romanian 205 80 130 290 130 155
Spanish 2,540 1,190 1,350 3,615 1,670 1,945
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 15 0 20 15 0
Japanese 620 275 340 790 330 460
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Korean 530 235 290 615 270 340
Mongolic languages 10 0 10 10 0 10
Mongolian 0 0 0 10 0 10
Niger-Congo languages 80 30 45 125 55 65
Akan (Twi) 15 10 10 30 25 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 10 0 0 0 10 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 10 0 10 10 10
Ga 10 0 0 20 20 0
Ganda 0 0 0 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 10 15 10 10
Lingala 10 0 0 10 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 10 10 0 10
Shona 10 0 10 0 0 0
Swahili 15 0 10 20 10 15
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 40 0 30
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages 295 120 180 440 155 285
American Sign Language 145 50 100 210 70 140
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 155 80 75 235 90 145
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,355 665 690 1,630 765 860
Chinese languages 1,350 665 690 1,630 765 860
Cantonese 430 190 245 565 225 335
Hakka 15 10 10 30 15 15
Mandarin 885 440 450 1,030 485 545
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 75 35 45 90 40 50
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 140 70 75 160 75 80
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 80 15 65 130 35 95
Lao 10 0 10 10 0 10
Thai 75 15 60 115 30 90
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 85 45 45 100 45 50
Azerbaijani 15 10 10 20 10 10
Turkish 70 30 40 75 30 45
Uyghur 0 0 0 10 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Uralic languages 630 310 325 990 495 500
Estonian 10 10 10 25 20 0
Finnish 100 50 55 180 80 100
Hungarian 520 255 270 785 395 390
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 15 0 15 40 10 25
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 124,135 60,240 63,895 190,560 92,950 97,615
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 117,770 57,120 60,645 181,895 88,750 93,145
Canadian citizens aged under 18 21,030 10,590 10,440 32,600 16,410 16,185
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 96,740 46,530 50,205 149,295 72,340 76,960
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 6,370 3,120 3,250 8,665 4,200 4,470
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 124,140 60,240 63,895 190,560 92,950 97,615
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 104,665 51,100 53,565 162,055 79,480 82,580
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 17,835 8,250 9,590 26,455 12,390 14,060
Before 1981 7,585 3,530 4,055 12,315 5,860 6,450
1981 to 1990 1,800 815 985 2,895 1,360 1,535
1991 to 2000 2,600 1,105 1,490 3,440 1,485 1,955
2001 to 2010 3,410 1,610 1,800 4,805 2,245 2,560
2001 to 2005 1,440 720 715 2,095 1,010 1,085
2006 to 2010 1,975 890 1,080 2,705 1,235 1,470
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 2,435 1,175 1,255 2,995 1,430 1,565
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 1,635 885 745 2,055 1,080 975
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 17,835 8,250 9,590 26,450 12,390 14,065
Under 5 years 1,975 920 1,065 3,025 1,395 1,630
5 to 14 years 3,355 1,690 1,665 5,040 2,560 2,485
15 to 24 years 4,340 1,850 2,495 6,605 2,920 3,685
25 to 44 years 6,895 3,160 3,730 9,915 4,585 5,330
45 years and over 1,270 630 640 1,865 935 935
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 17,840 8,250 9,590 26,455 12,390 14,065
Americas 2,400 1,030 1,370 3,515 1,540 1,975
Brazil 45 15 30 90 30 55
Colombia 80 30 45 90 35 65
El Salvador 80 35 45 110 55 55
Guyana 15 0 20 25 0 25
Haiti 20 0 20 20 10 20
Jamaica 255 130 125 265 135 130
Mexico 210 105 110 275 125 155
Peru 70 20 50 90 25 70
Trinidad and Tobago 40 25 20 80 50 25
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,295 545 750 2,035 895 1,135
Other places of birth in Americas 280 125 155 420 185 240
Europe 9,465 4,435 5,030 15,345 7,395 7,950
Bosnia and Herzegovina 135 60 70 155 75 80
Croatia 190 70 120 250 100 150
France 140 55 85 205 80 120
Germany 1,615 735 880 2,835 1,340 1,495
Greece 55 25 30 75 35 45
Hungary 255 110 145 405 200 205
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 135 75 60 185 100 85
Italy 440 245 205 640 350 290
Netherlands 520 280 245 930 515 415
Poland 585 250 330 845 380 465
Portugal 120 70 50 165 100 65
Romania 225 110 115 345 180 165
Russian Federation 245 110 130 350 150 195
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 135 60 80 185 70 115
Ukraine 265 135 130 335 160 180
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 3,235 1,545 1,690 5,545 2,705 2,840
Other places of birth in Europe 1,160 495 660 1,900 870 1,035
Africa 555 275 275 780 375 405
Algeria 15 0 10 15 10 10
Egypt 25 20 0 35 25 0
Ethiopia 35 15 20 45 20 25
Kenya 10 10 0 15 15 0
Morocco 15 0 15 10 0 10
Nigeria 10 10 10 15 10 0
Somalia 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 265 125 135 385 180 210
Other places of birth in Africa 185 90 90 260 125 135
Asia 5,030 2,295 2,740 6,220 2,735 3,485
Afghanistan 20 15 0 40 25 15
Bangladesh 35 20 15 45 20 25
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 535 235 300 615 265 350
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 130 60 70 150 70 85
India 1,375 705 670 1,630 830 805
IranCensus data footnote 61 255 145 115 280 150 125
Iraq 10