Census Profile, 2016 Census
Québec, Ville [Census subdivision], Quebec and Canada [Country]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Québec, V
Quebec
[Census subdivision]
Canada

[Country]
Data quality , Québec, Ville [Census subdivision], Quebec  Map : Québec, Ville [Census subdivision], Quebec Data quality : Canada [Country]  Map : geography 2
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 531,902  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,151,728  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 516,576 revised. The 2011 count for this area has been revised. r  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,476,688  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 266,409  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,412,443  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 252,043  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,079  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,173.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 453.38  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,965,588.85  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 531,900 257,480 274,420 35,151,730 17,264,200 17,887,530
0 to 14 years 75,090 38,140 36,945 5,839,565 2,992,920 2,846,645
0 to 4 years 26,435 13,520 12,910 1,898,790 973,030 925,760
5 to 9 years 26,200 13,255 12,945 2,018,130 1,034,685 983,445
10 to 14 years 22,455 11,365 11,095 1,922,645 985,200 937,445
15 to 64 years 347,235 173,185 174,050 23,376,530 11,576,130 11,800,400
15 to 19 years 23,975 12,150 11,825 2,026,160 1,039,215 986,940
20 to 24 years 36,485 17,960 18,525 2,242,690 1,144,495 1,098,200
25 to 29 years 38,270 19,320 18,945 2,285,990 1,144,470 1,141,515
30 to 34 years 35,985 18,610 17,370 2,329,395 1,148,290 1,181,110
35 to 39 years 35,990 18,465 17,525 2,288,365 1,118,635 1,169,730
40 to 44 years 30,160 15,430 14,730 2,255,135 1,104,440 1,150,695
45 to 49 years 30,200 15,095 15,110 2,359,965 1,157,760 1,202,210
50 to 54 years 37,875 18,755 19,120 2,678,075 1,318,755 1,359,320
55 to 59 years 40,735 19,755 20,975 2,620,240 1,285,190 1,335,055
60 to 64 years 37,570 17,650 19,920 2,290,510 1,114,885 1,175,630
65 years and over 109,575 46,155 63,415 5,935,630 2,695,150 3,240,485
65 to 69 years 34,265 15,810 18,455 1,972,480 953,075 1,019,405
70 to 74 years 27,645 12,390 15,255 1,420,875 677,975 742,900
75 to 79 years 18,870 8,035 10,835 1,021,850 469,550 552,300
80 to 84 years 14,030 5,445 8,585 749,650 325,765 423,880
85 years and over 14,765 4,475 10,290 770,780 268,790 501,990
85 to 89 years 9,300 3,105 6,200 482,525 185,535 296,990
90 to 94 years 4,255 1,150 3,100 223,510 68,675 154,835
95 to 99 years 1,070 205 875 56,525 13,240 43,280
100 years and over 130 15 120 8,230 1,340 6,890
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 14.1 14.8 13.5 16.6 17.3 15.9
15 to 64 years 65.3 67.3 63.4 66.5 67.1 66.0
65 years and over 20.6 17.9 23.1 16.9 15.6 18.1
85 years and over 2.8 1.7 3.7 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 43.2 41.7 44.6 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 43.3 41.2 45.5 41.2 40.2 42.2
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 252,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 79,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,541,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 20,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,391,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 151,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,949,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 13,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 698,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 6,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 891,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 17,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 784,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 112,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,539,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 1,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 1,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 189,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 252,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 98,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 89,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,834,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 30,360  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,140,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 24,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,946,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 9,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,180,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 516,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,460,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 456,815 219,340 237,475 29,312,160 14,271,280 15,040,885
Married or living common law 246,725 123,540 123,180 16,893,720 8,452,135 8,441,585
Married 130,960 65,460 65,500 13,383,455 6,693,465 6,689,990
Living common law 115,765 58,085 57,680 3,510,265 1,758,670 1,751,590
Not married and not living common law 210,090 95,800 114,290 12,418,440 5,819,140 6,599,300
Never married 143,915 75,445 68,475 8,254,340 4,444,425 3,809,915
Separated 6,275 2,775 3,505 718,295 309,905 408,400
Divorced 33,140 12,060 21,085 1,816,005 725,535 1,090,470
Widowed 26,765 5,525 21,240 1,629,800 339,280 1,290,525
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 142,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,840,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 83,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,007,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 27,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,107,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 23,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,909,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 8,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 815,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 142,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,840,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 120,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,227,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 62,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,474,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 57,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,753,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 22,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,612,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 16,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,262,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 5,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 350,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 120,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,227,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 69,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,024,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 51,430  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,203,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 21,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,650,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 21,985  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,783,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 7,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 770,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 22,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,612,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 14,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 983,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 6,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 457,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 1,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 171,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 128,865 60,140 68,730 6,107,260 2,941,395 3,165,865
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 252,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 141,210  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,218,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 68,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,782,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 72,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,436,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 850  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 301,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 109,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,552,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 98,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 11,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 582,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 523,310 254,210 269,100 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,080
English only 1,350 735 615 23,757,525 11,838,075 11,919,455
French only 309,960 138,060 171,905 4,144,685 1,925,845 2,218,840
English and French 210,160 114,600 95,560 6,216,065 3,071,325 3,144,740
Neither English nor French 1,835 815 1,020 648,970 265,920 383,045
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 523,310 254,210 269,100 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
English 8,810 4,535 4,280 26,007,500 12,852,330 13,155,165
French 507,325 245,955 261,370 7,705,755 3,780,105 3,925,650
English and French 5,410 2,950 2,465 417,485 209,130 208,355
Neither English nor French 1,765 770 990 636,515 259,600 376,910
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 11,515 6,005 5,510 7,914,495 3,884,670 4,029,825
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.2 2.4 2.0 22.8 22.7 22.8
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 523,310 254,210 269,100 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,085
Single responses 517,560 251,230 266,330 33,948,620 16,702,840 17,245,775
Official languages 491,190 238,120 253,065 26,627,555 13,201,620 13,425,940
English 7,395 3,795 3,600 19,460,850 9,680,125 9,780,725
French 483,790 234,325 249,465 7,166,705 3,521,495 3,645,215
Non-official languages 26,370 13,110 13,260 7,321,065 3,501,220 3,819,840
Aboriginal languages 450 175 280 195,700 94,795 100,900
Algonquian languages 445 170 270 130,450 62,930 67,520
Blackfoot 0 0 0 2,815 1,325 1,490
Cree-Montagnais languages 440 170 265 88,445 42,920 45,530
Atikamekw 30 15 15 6,150 3,135 3,015
Montagnais (Innu) 395 150 245 10,230 4,885 5,350
Moose Cree 0 0 0 100 50 55
Naskapi 5 5 5 1,205 590 620
Northern East Cree 5 0 0 315 125 190
Plains Cree 0 0 0 3,065 1,360 1,710
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 45 20 25
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 1,440 585 850
Woods Cree 0 0 0 1,840 865 975
Cree, n.o.s. 5 5 0 64,050 31,305 32,745
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 6,990 3,310 3,680
Malecite 0 0 0 305 140 160
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 6,690 3,170 3,520
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 5 32,150 15,350 16,800
Algonquin 5 0 5 1,260 590 670
Ojibway 0 0 0 17,890 8,440 9,450
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 12,855 6,260 6,595
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 150 65 85
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 20
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 17,365 8,325 9,045
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 17,315 8,310 9,010
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 60
Beaver 0 0 0 190 85 105
Carrier 0 0 0 1,025 465 565
Chilcotin 0 0 0 660 295 360
Dene 0 0 0 10,700 5,185 5,515
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 1,645 840 815
Gwich'in 0 0 0 260 110 145
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 80 25 50
Sekani 0 0 0 90 45 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 1,995 950 1,045
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 765 365 400
South Slavey 0 0 0 945 455 495
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 280 130 150
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 270 135 140
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 180 90 90
Tahltan 0 0 0 95 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 290 120 170
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 215 90 135
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 70 30 40
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 20 35
Haida 0 0 0 75 35 40
Inuit languages 5 5 5 36,545 18,100 18,445
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 1,025 445 575
Inuktitut 5 5 5 35,215 17,530 17,680
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 315 125 185
Iroquoian languages 5 0 0 1,115 485 635
Cayuga 0 0 0 45 20 20
Mohawk 0 0 0 980 430 555
Oneida 0 0 0 55 20 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 20
Kutenai 0 0 0 105 55 55
Michif 0 0 0 465 230 235
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,305 1,130 1,180
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 225 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 155
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 445 225 220
Squamish 0 0 0 40 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 335 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 255 135 125
Siouan languages 0 0 0 4,285 2,070 2,220
Dakota 0 0 0 1,215 570 635
Stoney 0 0 0 3,025 1,465 1,555
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Tlingit 0 0 0 95 40 55
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,480 730 755
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 880 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 400 200 200
Tsimshian 0 0 0 200 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 805 370 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 50
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 95 40 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 325 145 185
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 285 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 585 295 295
Non-Aboriginal languages 25,920 12,935 12,985 7,125,365 3,406,425 3,718,945
Afro-Asiatic languages 5,445 3,035 2,405 575,365 298,060 277,300
Berber languages 680 380 300 22,135 11,865 10,270
Kabyle 360 195 160 13,150 6,995 6,155
Berber languages, n.i.e. 320 185 140 8,985 4,865 4,115
Cushitic languages 45 20 25 42,885 20,095 22,790
Bilen 0 0 0 805 455 350
Oromo 0 0 0 4,960 2,560 2,400
Somali 45 15 25 36,755 16,895 19,865
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 365 195 170
Semitic languages 4,690 2,625 2,065 509,190 265,465 243,725
Amharic 5 0 5 22,465 10,720 11,745
Arabic 4,665 2,615 2,055 419,890 220,785 199,105
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 16,070 7,910 8,160
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 5,545 2,780 2,770
Harari 0 0 0 1,320 635 685
Hebrew 10 5 0 19,530 10,480 9,045
Maltese 0 5 0 5,565 2,765 2,800
Tigrigna 5 0 5 16,650 8,310 8,340
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,155 1,085 1,070
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 1,155 635 520
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,145 540 610 176,725 81,810 94,920
Khmer (Cambodian) 375 170 205 20,130 9,270 10,860
Vietnamese 770 365 400 156,425 72,470 83,955
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 0 5 170 65 100
Austronesian languages 310 120 195 511,480 211,580 299,900
Bikol 0 0 0 1,790 790 1,000
Cebuano 20 0 15 19,890 7,930 11,960
Fijian 0 0 0 745 400 345
Hiligaynon 5 0 5 6,885 2,680 4,205
Ilocano 5 0 0 26,345 10,620 15,720
Malagasy 175 85 95 1,430 665 760
Malay 20 10 10 12,275 5,255 7,020
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 4,040 1,865 2,175
Pangasinan 0 0 0 1,390 590 800
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 70 20 55 431,380 178,575 252,810
Waray-Waray 5 0 0 1,110 430 675
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 4,195 1,770 2,425
Creole languages 510 240 275 72,125 32,310 39,820
Haitian Creole 45 20 25 3,030 1,445 1,590
Creole, n.o.s. 460 215 245 64,105 28,455 35,660
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 4,985 2,410 2,575
Dravidian languages 30 20 10 189,405 94,765 94,640
Kannada 0 0 0 3,970 2,040 1,935
Malayalam 5 5 0 28,570 14,770 13,800
Tamil 15 10 5 140,720 69,080 71,640
Telugu 5 5 0 15,655 8,640 7,020
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 490 240 250
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 795 395 405
Indo-European languages 13,950 6,740 7,210 3,877,330 1,889,400 1,987,930
Albanian 205 105 105 26,890 13,610 13,285
Armenian 60 30 35 33,455 16,270 17,185
Balto-Slavic languages 2,290 1,075 1,215 701,975 323,640 378,340
Baltic languages 15 10 10 12,530 5,315 7,215
Latvian 10 10 5 5,455 2,350 3,105
Lithuanian 5 0 0 7,075 2,965 4,115
Slavic languages 2,275 1,070 1,205 689,450 318,325 371,115
Belarusan 0 0 0 810 385 430
Bosnian 600 300 295 12,210 6,035 6,180
Bulgarian 225 105 115 20,025 9,675 10,345
Croatian 85 45 40 48,200 23,540 24,665
Czech 25 10 15 22,290 10,525 11,765
Macedonian 5 5 5 16,775 8,050 8,725
Polish 235 105 125 181,710 82,435 99,275
Russian 575 245 330 188,255 85,400 102,855
Serbian 150 75 75 57,350 28,535 28,815
Serbo-Croatian 255 120 135 9,555 4,565 4,985
Slovak 10 10 5 17,580 8,075 9,510
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 0 5 9,790 4,415 5,370
Ukrainian 100 45 60 102,485 45,440 57,040
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 2,415 1,255 1,165
Celtic languages 5 0 0 2,690 1,335 1,360
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 1,090 540 550
Welsh 0 0 0 1,075 495 575
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 530 295 235
Germanic languages 540 240 305 538,765 258,410 280,350
Afrikaans 5 5 0 10,265 5,115 5,145
Danish 10 5 0 12,630 6,245 6,390
Dutch 95 50 45 99,020 48,200 50,820
Frisian 0 0 0 2,100 1,095 1,005
German 385 155 230 384,035 183,215 200,820
Icelandic 0 0 0 1,285 600 685
Norwegian 5 5 5 4,615 2,170 2,445
Swedish 20 10 10 6,840 3,015 3,825
Vlaams (Flemish) 15 5 10 3,895 1,730 2,165
Yiddish 0 0 0 13,555 6,750 6,800
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 525 280 240
Greek 90 50 35 106,525 53,350 53,170
Indo-Iranian languages 1,600 795 810 1,312,750 664,120 648,630
Indo-Aryan languages 1,020 515 505 1,064,760 538,530 526,235
Bengali 70 35 35 73,125 37,410 35,720
Gujarati 20 10 5 108,780 55,105 53,670
Hindi 40 25 15 110,640 55,880 54,765
Kashmiri 0 0 0 565 300 265
Konkani 5 0 0 3,330 1,625 1,710
Marathi 5 5 5 8,295 4,300 3,995
Nepali 845 420 425 18,275 9,230 9,045
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 1,055 560 495
Punjabi (Panjabi) 5 5 0 501,680 253,515 248,160
Sindhi 5 0 5 11,860 5,605 6,260
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 16,335 8,050 8,285
Urdu 30 15 15 210,815 106,960 103,860
Iranian languages 485 240 245 242,805 122,835 119,970
Kurdish 45 30 20 11,705 6,345 5,355
Pashto 0 0 0 16,910 8,760 8,145
Persian (Farsi) 435 210 225 214,200 107,725 106,470
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 95 35 60 5,180 2,755 2,425
Italic (Romance) languages 9,150 4,440 4,715 1,154,270 558,660 595,615
Catalan 15 10 5 865 440 425
Italian 490 270 215 375,635 184,415 191,220
Portuguese 1,465 720 745 221,540 106,630 114,910
Romanian 750 360 390 96,665 46,195 50,470
Spanish 6,425 3,075 3,350 458,850 220,605 238,245
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 720 380 340
Japanese 140 40 100 43,640 14,790 28,855
Kartvelian languages 5 0 0 1,715 910 805
Georgian 0 0 0 1,715 910 805
Korean 25 10 20 153,425 70,310 83,115
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 1,575 690 885
Mongolian 0 0 0 1,575 690 880
Niger-Congo languages 2,655 1,365 1,290 91,375 45,075 46,305
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 13,455 6,490 6,970
Bamanankan 70 40 30 1,535 815 720
Edo 0 0 0 1,670 770 900
Ewe 45 25 20 1,760 950 805
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 155 90 60 2,825 1,495 1,335
Ga 0 0 0 920 445 470
Ganda 0 5 0 1,295 625 665
Igbo 0 0 0 4,235 2,265 1,970
Lingala 110 55 55 3,810 1,785 2,025
Rundi (Kirundi) 460 225 230 5,845 2,785 3,060
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 295 130 165 5,250 2,355 2,895
Shona 0 0 0 3,180 1,520 1,665
Swahili 490 235 255 13,370 6,385 6,990
Wolof 270 150 125 3,990 2,170 1,820
Yoruba 10 10 0 9,085 4,785 4,300
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 745 405 340 19,135 9,435 9,695
Nilo-Saharan languages 35 15 15 5,870 3,025 2,845
Dinka 0 0 0 2,120 1,115 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 3,755 1,910 1,840
Sign languages 100 50 50 7,500 3,925 3,575
American Sign Language 0 0 0 2,685 1,320 1,360
Quebec Sign Language 60 25 30 695 340 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 45 25 15 4,120 2,265 1,860
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,175 565 615 1,269,215 589,570 679,645
Chinese languages 1,080 510 570 1,253,360 581,650 671,715
Cantonese 230 125 110 565,270 262,865 302,405
Hakka 5 5 0 10,910 4,900 6,015
Mandarin 725 330 390 592,040 274,630 317,410
Min Dong 0 0 0 1,230 580 650
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 30 15 15 31,795 14,450 17,350
Wu (Shanghainese) 15 10 10 12,915 5,780 7,140
Chinese, n.o.s. 70 35 35 38,580 18,165 20,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 610 275 335
Tibeto-Burman languages 100 50 45 15,850 7,925 7,935
Burmese 10 5 10 3,585 1,795 1,790
Karenic languages 70 40 30 4,705 2,355 2,350
Tibetan 5 5 0 6,165 3,080 3,080
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 1,400 695 705
Tai-Kadai languages 140 50 90 22,010 8,870 13,145
Lao 90 40 45 12,670 6,145 6,525
Thai 50 10 45 9,255 2,690 6,565
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 80 35 55
Turkic languages 75 45 25 40,140 21,120 19,025
Azerbaijani 15 10 10 3,260 1,785 1,470
Turkish 50 30 20 32,815 17,375 15,440
Uyghur 0 0 0 1,035 510 525
Uzbek 0 0 0 1,715 855 865
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 1,315 590 720
Uralic languages 115 60 55 81,985 37,790 44,195
Estonian 5 0 0 5,445 2,325 3,115
Finnish 10 0 5 15,295 6,395 8,900
Hungarian 100 50 50 61,235 29,060 32,175
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 55 35 15 3,690 2,045 1,645
Multiple responses 5,750 2,985 2,770 818,635 398,325 420,305
English and French 2,615 1,390 1,220 165,320 80,460 84,860
English and non-official language 195 100 100 533,265 259,160 274,100
French and non-official language 2,690 1,355 1,340 86,150 42,170 43,985
English, French and non-official language 245 135 115 33,900 16,535 17,365
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 523,310 254,210 269,100 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
Single responses 514,185 249,655 264,530 33,103,860 16,298,475 16,805,395
Official languages 500,685 243,090 257,595 29,106,670 14,383,020 14,723,645
English 5,595 2,875 2,715 22,162,865 10,966,135 11,196,730
French 495,095 240,215 254,880 6,943,800 3,416,890 3,526,910
Non-official languages 13,505 6,565 6,940 3,997,195 1,915,450 2,081,750
Aboriginal languages 200 85 120 118,470 59,720 58,750
Algonquian languages 185 80 110 75,080 37,825 37,260
Blackfoot 0 0 0 1,115 555 555
Cree-Montagnais languages 185 80 105 55,825 28,135 27,685
Atikamekw 5 0 5 5,465 2,825 2,640
Montagnais (Innu) 180 75 105 8,590 4,195 4,395
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Naskapi 0 0 5 1,200 595 605
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 110 55 60
Plains Cree 0 0 0 1,350 665 685
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 20 5 15
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 330 140 190
Woods Cree 0 0 0 800 410 390
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 37,945 19,240 18,710
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 3,615 1,795 1,820
Malecite 0 0 0 55 30 30
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 3,560 1,770 1,795
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 14,525 7,335 7,190
Algonquin 0 0 0 370 170 200
Ojibway 0 0 0 6,175 3,165 3,015
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,900 3,960 3,940
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 10,265 5,125 5,135
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 10,255 5,120 5,135
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 15 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 50 30 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 115 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 255 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 7,710 3,805 3,905
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 1,020 550 475
Gwich'in 0 0 0 45 25 25
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 820 425 395
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 340 180 155
South Slavey 0 0 0 370 190 185
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 55 55
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 25 15 15
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 5 5
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 30 15 15
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 25 15 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 5
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 5 29,490 14,995 14,495
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 165 75 90
Inuktitut 5 0 0 29,230 14,885 14,345
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 55
Iroquoian languages 0 0 5 285 135 155
Cayuga 0 0 0 10 0 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 255 115 140
Oneida 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 85 40 45
Salish languages 0 0 0 285 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 45 20 25
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 55 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 0 5
Straits 0 0 0 20 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 2,225 1,085 1,140
Dakota 0 0 0 255 140 120
Stoney 0 0 0 1,950 940 1,010
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 410 210 190
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 315 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 40 30
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 45 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 5
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 15
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 5 235 110 125
Non-Aboriginal languages 13,305 6,485 6,820 3,878,725 1,855,730 2,022,995
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,085 1,075 1,005 307,755 153,275 154,480
Berber languages 220 115 105 8,105 4,215 3,895
Kabyle 145 70 70 5,490 2,855 2,640
Berber languages, n.i.e. 75 40 35 2,620 1,365 1,260
Cushitic languages 10 5 5 27,095 12,455 14,640
Bilen 0 0 0 620 330 285
Oromo 0 0 0 3,410 1,700 1,710
Somali 10 5 5 22,895 10,340 12,555
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 185 85 95
Semitic languages 1,840 950 890 272,100 136,390 135,720
Amharic 0 0 0 12,780 6,010 6,770
Arabic 1,835 945 885 223,540 112,690 110,850
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 10,510 5,090 5,425
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 3,445 1,695 1,750
Harari 0 0 0 735 335 400
Hebrew 5 0 5 8,560 4,425 4,135
Maltese 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Tigrigna 0 0 0 10,205 5,040 5,170
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,200 585 620
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 440 215 230
Austro-Asiatic languages 625 280 350 115,210 53,500 61,710
Khmer (Cambodian) 180 80 100 10,880 4,940 5,945
Vietnamese 440 200 245 104,245 48,525 55,725
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 0 5 85 40 45
Austronesian languages 85 45 45 239,785 108,110 131,680
Bikol 0 0 0 290 140 155
Cebuano 0 0 0 7,210 3,325 3,880
Fijian 0 0 0 195 105 90
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 2,205 970 1,240
Ilocano 0 0 0 9,125 4,045 5,080
Malagasy 55 30 30 435 220 210
Malay 5 5 5 3,620 1,710 1,910
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 1,200 565 630
Pangasinan 0 0 0 240 110 135
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 15 10 5 213,790 96,235 117,555
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 310 135 170
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 1,160 545 620
Creole languages 125 50 70 27,860 12,005 15,850
Haitian Creole 5 5 0 1,280 575 705
Creole, n.o.s. 115 45 65 24,575 10,510 14,060
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,005 920 1,085
Dravidian languages 15 5 5 122,490 59,780 62,710
Kannada 0 0 0 1,630 825 800
Malayalam 5 0 5 15,440 7,865 7,575
Tamil 5 5 0 96,955 46,570 50,385
Telugu 0 0 0 8,280 4,430 3,850
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 85 105
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 340 160 180
Indo-European languages 8,415 4,080 4,335 1,911,215 927,225 983,985
Albanian 100 50 50 13,135 6,575 6,560
Armenian 35 20 15 21,505 10,165 11,345
Balto-Slavic languages 1,275 615 655 314,965 149,315 165,650
Baltic languages 10 5 5 3,275 1,400 1,870
Latvian 5 0 5 1,255 530 725
Lithuanian 5 0 0 2,020 870 1,150
Slavic languages 1,265 615 655 311,690 147,910 163,780
Belarusan 0 0 0 230 105 120
Bosnian 355 175 185 6,045 3,010 3,040
Bulgarian 135 65 70 11,985 5,835 6,150
Croatian 50 25 20 16,775 7,980 8,795
Czech 10 5 5 6,235 3,060 3,180
Macedonian 5 5 0 6,830 3,250 3,580
Polish 75 35 45 74,780 34,910 39,870
Russian 350 170 180 116,595 55,175 61,425
Serbian 100 50 45 31,750 15,665 16,085
Serbo-Croatian 130 60 70 3,885 1,865 2,020
Slovak 5 0 0 5,615 2,685 2,920
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 2,050 905 1,145
Ukrainian 55 25 35 28,250 13,150 15,100
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 670 310 360
Celtic languages 0 0 0 360 205 155
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 185 105 80
Welsh 0 0 0 95 50 45
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 50 30
Germanic languages 80 40 45 146,455 71,835 74,615
Afrikaans 0 0 0 4,790 2,355 2,435
Danish 0 0 0 855 410 445
Dutch 15 10 5 9,565 4,630 4,935
Frisian 0 0 0 185 95 90
German 65 25 35 120,335 58,905 61,435
Icelandic 0 0 0 270 120 150
Norwegian 0 0 0 345 145 200
Swedish 0 0 0 1,045 500 545
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 355 170 185
Yiddish 0 0 0 7,080 3,695 3,385
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,625 820 810
Greek 15 5 10 44,545 21,110 23,440
Indo-Iranian languages 1,340 650 685 838,755 416,960 421,795
Indo-Aryan languages 910 450 465 676,185 337,440 338,745
Bengali 45 20 25 47,350 23,585 23,765
Gujarati 15 10 10 64,150 31,740 32,405
Hindi 15 10 5 55,510 27,805 27,710
Kashmiri 0 0 0 135 70 70
Konkani 0 0 0 720 355 370
Marathi 0 0 0 3,780 1,940 1,840
Nepali 820 400 415 13,375 6,710 6,670
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 470 235 240
Punjabi (Panjabi) 0 0 0 349,145 174,905 174,240
Sindhi 0 0 0 4,975 2,280 2,695
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 7,790 3,860 3,925
Urdu 10 10 5 128,785 63,965 64,820
Iranian languages 340 170 175 160,195 78,310 81,880
Kurdish 25 10 10 6,580 3,400 3,175
Pashto 0 0 0 10,590 5,305 5,290
Persian (Farsi) 325 155 165 143,020 69,600 73,425
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 90 35 50 2,375 1,215 1,160
Italic (Romance) languages 5,565 2,695 2,870 531,485 251,050 280,440
Catalan 5 0 5 355 165 190
Italian 100 45 55 115,415 49,975 65,440
Portuguese 985 490 495 98,710 46,915 51,795
Romanian 415 205 210 53,320 25,795 27,525
Spanish 4,065 1,960 2,110 263,510 128,110 135,400
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 180 85 95
Japanese 55 20 40 19,785 8,265 11,515
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,040 565 475
Georgian 0 0 0 1,035 565 475
Korean 10 5 10 109,705 51,385 58,320
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 910 440 470
Mongolian 0 0 0 910 435 470
Niger-Congo languages 735 340 390 28,665 13,340 15,320
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 5,990 2,695 3,295
Bamanankan 15 5 10 340 180 160
Edo 0 0 0 415 175 240
Ewe 5 5 5 410 185 225
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 20 10 10 825 400 425
Ga 0 0 0 250 105 140
Ganda 0 0 0 345 160 185
Igbo 0 0 0 1,000 485 510
Lingala 30 15 15 1,045 455 590
Rundi (Kirundi) 165 75 90 2,110 990 1,115
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 50 20 30 1,530 670 865
Shona 0 0 0 1,035 475 560
Swahili 165 80 85 5,370 2,500 2,870
Wolof 85 45 45 1,380 745 635
Yoruba 0 0 0 2,615 1,275 1,340
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 190 80 105 4,010 1,850 2,160
Nilo-Saharan languages 20 10 5 2,650 1,305 1,350
Dinka 0 0 0 1,130 580 550
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 1,525 730 800
Sign languages 125 65 60 10,445 5,870 4,570
American Sign Language 0 0 0 3,015 1,560 1,460
Quebec Sign Language 70 35 35 730 375 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 55 30 25 6,690 3,935 2,755
Sino-Tibetan languages 900 455 440 924,720 433,530 491,190
Chinese languages 805 405 400 913,365 427,860 485,505
Cantonese 150 75 70 400,215 184,340 215,885
Hakka 0 0 0 4,080 1,820 2,265
Mandarin 580 290 285 462,890 220,075 242,815
Min Dong 0 0 0 345 150 195
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 20 10 10 13,965 6,345 7,625
Wu (Shanghainese) 10 5 5 7,650 3,580 4,075
Chinese, n.o.s. 55 25 25 23,935 11,440 12,500
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 280 130 150
Tibeto-Burman languages 90 50 45 11,350 5,670 5,680
Burmese 15 10 5 2,245 1,115 1,125
Karenic languages 65 35 30 3,865 1,935 1,930
Tibetan 0 0 0 4,590 2,305 2,280
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 655 305 345
Tai-Kadai languages 50 20 30 9,565 4,455 5,110
Lao 30 10 20 6,175 2,995 3,180
Thai 20 10 10 3,360 1,450 1,915
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Turkic languages 25 10 10 22,250 11,205 11,045
Azerbaijani 5 0 0 1,245 640 610
Turkish 20 5 10 18,955 9,525 9,430
Uyghur 0 0 0 610 315 290
Uzbek 0 0 0 990 505 490
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 455 230 225
Uralic languages 25 15 15 23,245 10,715 12,535
Estonian 0 0 0 975 365 610
Finnish 0 0 0 2,790 1,220 1,565
Hungarian 25 15 15 19,485 9,125 10,355
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 1,110 605 500
Multiple responses 9,125 4,555 4,570 1,663,390 802,695 860,690
English and French 2,615 1,385 1,230 160,185 77,940 82,235
English and non-official language 210 100 110 1,284,975 620,375 664,600
French and non-official language 5,700 2,765 2,930 148,915 70,915 78,000
English, French and non-official language 600 305 300 69,315 33,465 35,850
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 523,310 254,210 269,100 34,767,255 17,101,165 17,666,080
None 479,590 231,290 248,300 29,615,245 14,612,175 15,003,065
English 23,125 12,730 10,395 2,109,340 1,045,215 1,064,120
French 9,215 4,525 4,690 731,095 342,245 388,855
Non-official language 9,620 4,770 4,850 2,151,690 1,023,940 1,127,750
Aboriginal 185 70 120 90,740 42,890 47,850
Non-Aboriginal 9,435 4,705 4,730 2,060,945 981,055 1,079,895
English and French 510 270 240 47,970 23,785 24,190
English and non-official language 975 495 480 61,075 30,045 31,030
French and non-official language 235 105 130 48,755 22,690 26,065
English, French and non-official language 35 20 15 2,080 1,075 1,010
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 441,330 213,835 227,490 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,355
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 432,640 209,745 222,895 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,190
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,626 40,961 32,674 34,204 40,782 28,860
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 432,715 209,755 222,960 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,140 35,350 29,138 30,866 35,933 26,621
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 396,005 195,315 200,690 24,583,315 12,296,595 12,286,725
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,017 38,090 28,244 32,762 39,925 26,613
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 331,640 150,470 181,170 19,743,240 8,755,815 10,987,430
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,108 5,425 8,110 5,453 4,199 6,136
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 315,115 162,265 152,850 20,428,685 10,547,760 9,880,925
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,774 37,121 30,522 33,684 39,836 28,474
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 441,325 213,795 227,525 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 432,645 209,750 222,895 27,489,395 13,441,555 14,047,845
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,113 49,931 38,639 47,487 56,740 38,632
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 432,690 209,750 222,930 27,500,230 13,446,230 14,053,995
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,313 40,376 32,491 38,977 45,404 32,828
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 395,850 195,810 200,040 24,584,065 12,295,015 12,289,055
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,289 47,776 34,940 46,885 56,803 36,962
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 331,025 150,100 180,930 19,742,130 8,752,070 10,990,060
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,281 7,448 8,971 7,738 7,345 8,050
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 315,105 162,815 152,290 20,428,670 10,542,540 9,886,130
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,589 44,769 36,120 46,057 54,369 37,193
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 441,320 213,795 227,525 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 144,935 77,545 67,390 9,367,045 5,231,015 4,136,035
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 48,404 52,380 44,468 53,431 59,326 47,420
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 55,655 60,485 50,097 65,997 74,289 55,510
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 85.6 89.3 81.1 88.3 91.6 83.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 67.0 69.6 63.8 72.0 75.2 67.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 14.4 10.7 18.9 11.7 8.4 16.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 441,330 213,835 227,490 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without total income 8,690 4,090 4,595 1,154,450 546,285 608,165
With total income 432,640 209,745 222,895 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,195
Percentage with total income 98.0 98.1 98.0 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 41,925 18,700 23,225 3,877,620 1,668,960 2,208,655
$10,000 to $19,999 73,090 29,140 43,945 4,680,380 1,867,600 2,812,785
$20,000 to $29,999 61,755 26,095 35,655 3,807,840 1,593,335 2,214,505
$30,000 to $39,999 60,520 28,065 32,460 3,206,175 1,472,670 1,733,510
$40,000 to $49,999 55,780 26,540 29,235 2,827,045 1,376,565 1,450,480
$50,000 to $59,999 42,420 22,055 20,360 2,179,775 1,145,685 1,034,090
$60,000 to $69,999 29,740 16,940 12,800 1,655,070 938,755 716,310
$70,000 to $79,999 22,225 12,940 9,285 1,271,850 745,830 526,015
$80,000 to $89,999 14,310 8,450 5,860 966,885 579,290 387,590
$90,000 to $99,999 8,105 5,240 2,870 749,290 452,240 297,050
$100,000 and over 22,775 15,580 7,195 2,266,600 1,603,400 663,195
$100,000 to $149,999 15,715 10,460 5,260 1,493,570 1,024,210 469,365
$150,000 and over 7,055 5,115 1,940 773,025 579,190 193,830
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 441,330 213,840 227,490 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without after-tax income 8,610 4,080 4,530 1,143,795 541,620 602,175
With after-tax income 432,720 209,755 222,960 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Percentage with after-tax income 98.0 98.1 98.0 96.0 96.1 95.9
Under $10,000 (including loss) 44,920 19,105 25,810 4,004,475 1,706,825 2,297,645
$10,000 to $19,999 76,130 30,890 45,235 4,905,055 1,972,920 2,932,130
$20,000 to $29,999 78,110 33,980 44,130 4,489,925 1,926,175 2,563,755
$30,000 to $39,999 79,815 38,165 41,645 3,924,960 1,870,705 2,054,250
$40,000 to $49,999 60,800 31,380 29,415 3,144,200 1,619,670 1,524,525
$50,000 to $59,999 39,010 22,285 16,725 2,209,280 1,245,570 963,705
$60,000 to $69,999 23,160 13,420 9,740 1,540,300 912,230 628,065
$70,000 to $79,999 11,305 7,140 4,160 1,076,180 654,570 421,610
$80,000 and over 19,480 13,385 6,095 2,204,820 1,540,335 664,485
$80,000 to $89,999 6,460 4,215 2,245 688,705 444,550 244,145
$90,000 to $99,999 3,845 2,635 1,210 420,975 291,090 129,885
$100,000 and over 9,165 6,530 2,640 1,095,140 804,690 290,445
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 441,330 213,835 227,490 28,642,980 13,990,625 14,652,360
Without employment income 126,215 51,575 74,640 8,214,295 3,442,860 4,771,430
With employment income 315,110 162,260 152,850 20,428,690 10,547,760 9,880,925
Percentage with employment income 71.4 75.9 67.2 71.3 75.4 67.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 37,765 19,755 18,010 2,778,990 1,357,430 1,421,560
$5,000 to $9,999 23,785 10,530 13,250 1,602,140 697,025 905,120
$10,000 to $19,999 43,670 19,880 23,785 2,736,010 1,212,855 1,523,155
$20,000 to $29,999 37,955 17,615 20,345 2,293,785 1,022,090 1,271,695
$30,000 to $39,999 39,525 18,915 20,610 2,149,860 1,001,065 1,148,795
$40,000 to $49,999 35,765 17,275 18,490 1,928,565 946,625 981,940
$50,000 to $59,999 26,850 14,605 12,245 1,554,100 839,045 715,055
$60,000 to $69,999 20,755 12,170 8,585 1,220,310 708,270 512,040
$70,000 to $79,999 16,875 9,880 6,995 992,170 591,945 400,225
$80,000 and over 32,170 21,640 10,535 3,172,770 2,171,415 1,001,355
$80,000 to $89,999 10,070 6,325 3,750 773,755 475,700 298,055
$90,000 to $99,999 5,820 3,910 1,915 623,980 382,330 241,650
$100,000 and over 16,275 11,410 4,870 1,775,030 1,313,385 461,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 252,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 59,881  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,336  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 51,591  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 61,348  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 98,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,174  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 30,877  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,446  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 153,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,102,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 83,398  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,249  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 70,887  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,419  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 252,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 75,724  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,764  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 62,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,171  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 98,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,967,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,139  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,799  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,346  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 153,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,104,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 97,939  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 110,813  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 80,322  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 90,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 252,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 2,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 228,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 200,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 8,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 374,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 12,475  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 565,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 12,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 602,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 10,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 538,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 12,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 603,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 13,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 606,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 13,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 596,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 12,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 578,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 23,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,097,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 19,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,010,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 17,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 924,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 14,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 836,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 12,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 745,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 60,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,561,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 23,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,470,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 14,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,016,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 13,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,116,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 8,815  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 959,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 252,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 2,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 243,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 203,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 8,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 380,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 13,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 591,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 14,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 673,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 13,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 628,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 17,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 719,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 17,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 725,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 15,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 711,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 14,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 691,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 26,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,299,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 21,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,169,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 18,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,041,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 14,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 900,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 12,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 757,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 37,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,333,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 19,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,371,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 8,905  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 809,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 9,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,152,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 144,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,688,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 84,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,306  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 71,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,372  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 67,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,706,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 76,428  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 78,976  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 65,026  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 68,309  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 51,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,222,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 114,879  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 113,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 95,661  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 96,608  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 21,835  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,481,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,099  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 53,193  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 50,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 48,856  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 144,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,689,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 99,761  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 81,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 67,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,706,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 89,386  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,086  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 72,982  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 82,296  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 51,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,225,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 129,233  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 137,094  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 104,557  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,307  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 21,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,477,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 66,147  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,549  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,237  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 56,687  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 121,165 56,710 64,455 5,313,545 2,608,845 2,704,705
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,311 33,632 31,209 31,890 34,483 29,801
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,974 29,791 28,376 28,959 30,746 27,495
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 121,010 56,405 64,605 5,299,050 2,596,985 2,702,070
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 38,597 40,437 36,990 42,939 46,085 39,915
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 32,477 33,503 31,581 35,801 37,724 33,952
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 516,260 251,905 264,365 34,460,065 16,971,550 17,488,515
In the bottom half of the distribution 272,480 128,610 143,865 17,229,835 8,256,970 8,972,865
In the bottom decile 41,775 20,620 21,150 3,445,950 1,672,900 1,773,050
In the second decile 50,060 21,900 28,160 3,445,660 1,564,965 1,880,700
In the third decile 56,175 26,300 29,875 3,446,165 1,641,930 1,804,235
In the fourth decile 62,435 29,750 32,690 3,445,850 1,677,120 1,768,730
In the fifth decile 62,030 30,040 31,990 3,446,210 1,700,060 1,746,150
In the top half of the distribution 243,785 123,290 120,495 17,230,230 8,714,580 8,515,650
In the sixth decile 62,150 30,805 31,345 3,445,695 1,716,510 1,729,185
In the seventh decile 59,925 30,400 29,530 3,446,470 1,730,975 1,715,500
In the eighth decile 51,610 26,220 25,390 3,445,940 1,741,640 1,704,300
In the ninth decile 39,795 20,280 19,515 3,446,045 1,751,850 1,694,195
In the top decile 30,295 15,580 14,715 3,446,080 1,773,600 1,672,475
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 516,265 251,900 264,365 33,968,295 16,724,265 17,244,035
0 to 17 years 88,250 44,915 43,335 6,836,380 3,504,250 3,332,125
0 to 5 years 31,790 16,220 15,570 2,228,770 1,142,505 1,086,270
18 to 64 years 331,040 164,430 166,605 21,695,090 10,690,090 11,005,005
65 years and over 96,975 42,550 54,425 5,436,830 2,529,930 2,906,905
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 63,530 28,925 34,605 4,809,940 2,243,200 2,566,740
0 to 17 years 9,370 4,745 4,625 1,163,830 597,570 566,255
0 to 5 years 3,220 1,650 1,570 396,095 203,055 193,030
18 to 64 years 39,335 19,480 19,860 2,855,290 1,341,590 1,513,700
65 years and over 14,820 4,700 10,120 790,825 304,040 486,780
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 12.3 11.5 13.1 14.2 13.4 14.9
0 to 17 years (%) 10.6 10.6 10.7 17.0 17.1 17.0
0 to 5 years (%) 10.1 10.2 10.1 17.8 17.8 17.8
18 to 64 years (%) 11.9 11.8 11.9 13.2 12.5 13.8
65 years and over (%) 15.3 11.0 18.6 14.5 12.0 16.7
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 53,605 25,300 28,305 3,128,995 1,519,370 1,609,630
0 to 17 years 6,675 3,360 3,310 696,025 357,255 338,770
0 to 5 years 2,290 1,160 1,140 236,435 121,170 115,260
18 to 64 years 36,775 18,855 17,915 2,157,745 1,057,585 1,100,160
65 years and over 10,160 3,085 7,070 275,225 104,525 170,695
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 10.4 10.0 10.7 9.2 9.1 9.3
0 to 17 years (%) 7.6 7.5 7.6 10.2 10.2 10.2
0 to 5 years (%) 7.2 7.2 7.3 10.6 10.6 10.6
18 to 64 years (%) 11.1 11.5 10.8 9.9 9.9 10.0
65 years and over (%) 10.5 7.3 13.0 5.1 4.1 5.9
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 516,250 251,890 264,360 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Official languages 514,385 251,070 263,315 33,818,210 16,709,290 17,108,920
English 209,965 114,550 95,420 29,748,265 14,806,270 14,941,995
French 513,130 250,405 262,725 10,242,945 4,952,455 5,290,495
Non-official languages 54,730 25,965 28,765 9,369,280 4,488,185 4,881,090
Aboriginal languages 595 245 350 263,845 127,550 136,295
Algonquian languages 505 215 290 177,570 85,505 92,065
Blackfoot 0 0 0 5,645 2,695 2,950
Cree-Montagnais languages 475 205 265 116,585 56,515 60,070
Atikamekw 50 10 35 6,640 3,335 3,305
Montagnais (Innu) 405 175 225 11,440 5,500 5,945
Moose Cree 0 0 0 195 80 115
Naskapi 35 15 20 1,465 710 755
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 545 225 320
Plains Cree 0 0 0 5,905 2,705 3,200
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 40 30 10
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 2,345 995 1,350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 2,665 1,230 1,435
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 86,115 42,080 44,035
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 9,765 4,710 5,050
Malecite 0 0 0 755 370 390
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 9,025 4,350 4,670
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 30 10 20 46,685 22,100 24,585
Algonquin 10 0 10 2,480 1,165 1,315
Ojibway 20 10 15 28,585 13,365 15,220
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15,610 7,575 8,030
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 205 105 105
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 120 60 60
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 23,655 11,340 12,320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 23,570 11,300 12,265
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 210 105 100
Beaver 0 0 0 340 180 165
Carrier 0 0 0 2,105 955 1,145
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,150 535 610
Dene 0 0 0 13,060 6,270 6,790
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 2,375 1,210 1,165
Gwich'in 0 0 0 360 165 200
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 150 60 90
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 2,815 1,340 1,475
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 1,010 475 530
South Slavey 0 0 0 1,365 660 710
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 680 320 360
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 630 340 285
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 365 205 170
Tahltan 0 0 0 270 140 130
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 420 160 260
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 285 115 170
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 145 50 95
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 35 50
Haida 0 0 0 465 205 260
Inuit languages 45 15 30 42,980 21,355 21,630
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 1,975 895 1,080
Inuktitut 45 15 30 40,620 20,280 20,340
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 470 225 240
Iroquoian languages 30 10 25 2,800 1,240 1,555
Cayuga 0 0 0 125 40 85
Mohawk 0 0 0 2,415 1,120 1,295
Oneida 0 0 0 180 60 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 25 10 25 115 45 75
Kutenai 0 0 0 175 95 80
Michif 0 0 0 1,210 585 625
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,750 2,730 3,015
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 110
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,060 475 585
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 820 370 450
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,305 640 665
Squamish 0 0 0 285 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 450 220 235
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 565 295 270
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5,430 2,665 2,770
Dakota 0 0 0 1,760 870 890
Stoney 0 0 0 3,675 1,805 1,875
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 140 70 70
Tlingit 0 0 0 260 140 120
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,730 1,350 1,380
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,305 645 660
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,060 545 515
Tsimshian 0 0 0 410 180 235
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,490 680 805
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 110
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 125 50 75
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 605 285 320
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 565 265 300
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 20 10 15 665 310 360
Non-Aboriginal languages 54,150 25,725 28,425 9,107,075 4,361,420 4,745,660
Afro-Asiatic languages 7,870 4,265 3,605 837,355 432,560 404,795
Berber languages 800 430 375 29,460 15,745 13,715
Kabyle 405 220 185 17,120 9,100 8,015
Berber languages, n.i.e. 400 210 185 12,505 6,735 5,775
Cushitic languages 55 20 35 57,125 26,870 30,250
Bilen 0 0 0 1,085 625 470
Oromo 0 0 0 6,245 3,070 3,175
Somali 50 20 35 49,665 23,070 26,590
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 480 220 265
Semitic languages 7,425 4,045 3,380 771,130 400,780 370,350
Amharic 10 0 10 33,670 16,675 16,995
Arabic 7,370 4,010 3,365 629,055 329,235 299,820
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 19,745 9,720 10,020
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 7,115 3,505 3,610
Harari 0 0 0 1,710 855 860
Hebrew 55 40 15 75,020 38,730 36,290
Maltese 0 0 0 7,625 3,760 3,870
Tigrigna 0 0 0 21,340 10,640 10,705
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 3,220 1,655 1,565
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 75 35 35 2,775 1,440 1,335
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,450 690 760 224,865 105,845 119,020
Khmer (Cambodian) 545 275 270 27,035 12,640 14,400
Vietnamese 930 425 500 198,895 93,735 105,155
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 70 120
Austronesian languages 350 160 195 656,200 273,075 383,125
Bikol 0 0 0 2,075 885 1,190
Cebuano 20 10 15 27,045 10,960 16,085
Fijian 0 0 0 1,660 955 705
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 7,925 3,200 4,720
Ilocano 10 0 10 34,530 13,805 20,730
Malagasy 170 70 95 2,335 1,120 1,220
Malay 60 30 25 22,470 10,370 12,100
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 5,425 2,445 2,980
Pangasinan 0 0 0 1,800 790 1,015
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 85 35 50 612,735 253,210 359,530
Waray-Waray 10 0 0 1,395 530 860
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 45 30 20 5,585 2,540 3,040
Creole languages 1,130 545 580 155,615 70,545 85,070
Haitian Creole 110 65 45 6,850 3,140 3,710
Creole, n.o.s. 890 415 480 133,045 59,890 73,160
Creole languages, n.i.e. 125 65 60 16,635 7,955 8,675
Dravidian languages 15 0 10 250,180 126,220 123,960
Kannada 0 0 0 8,245 4,180 4,065
Malayalam 0 0 0 37,810 19,410 18,400
Tamil 0 0 0 189,860 94,640 95,220
Telugu 15 0 10 23,160 12,770 10,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 790 385 405
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 870 435 435
Indo-European languages 36,870 16,820 20,050 5,158,010 2,506,455 2,651,555
Albanian 285 165 120 31,930 16,140 15,790
Armenian 20 15 0 41,295 19,980 21,315
Balto-Slavic languages 2,880 1,435 1,440 817,315 384,960 432,350
Baltic languages 10 0 0 14,675 6,470 8,205
Latvian 10 10 0 6,500 2,960 3,540
Lithuanian 0 0 0 8,185 3,510 4,675
Slavic languages 2,870 1,430 1,440 805,915 379,965 425,945
Belarusan 10 0 0 2,265 1,070 1,195
Bosnian 620 335 275 18,265 9,055 9,215
Bulgarian 135 60 75 22,425 10,920 11,505
Croatian 155 75 80 69,840 34,515 35,325
Czech 40 30 15 28,720 13,675 15,050
Macedonian 15 15 0 23,075 11,190 11,880
Polish 340 170 170 214,965 99,365 115,600
Russian 1,115 530 585 269,645 127,055 142,595
Serbian 180 95 80 73,775 37,040 36,740
Serbo-Croatian 365 155 210 11,275 5,525 5,750
Slovak 30 25 0 21,470 10,215 11,255
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 11,495 5,205 6,290
Ukrainian 155 75 80 132,115 58,820 73,300
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 3,000 1,590 1,405
Celtic languages 10 0 0 9,165 4,705 4,455
Scottish Gaelic 10 0 0 3,980 2,010 1,975
Welsh 0 0 0 1,690 830 860
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 3,590 1,915 1,680
Germanic languages 3,150 1,630 1,515 695,535 337,215 358,320
Afrikaans 15 15 0 23,410 11,795 11,610
Danish 35 20 15 15,745 7,320 8,425
Dutch 255 155 95 120,865 57,885 62,990
Frisian 0 0 0 2,910 1,515 1,395
German 2,775 1,415 1,360 502,730 245,745 256,985
Icelandic 10 0 0 1,780 830 945
Norwegian 15 10 0 8,120 3,860 4,260
Swedish 80 40 40 14,140 6,510 7,635
Vlaams (Flemish) 20 10 10 4,400 1,945 2,455
Yiddish 0 0 0 20,985 10,435 10,550
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 8,710 4,425 4,285
Greek 235 120 115 150,965 75,510 75,455
Indo-Iranian languages 1,865 890 975 1,658,220 840,850 817,365
Indo-Aryan languages 1,075 545 535 1,387,805 704,370 683,435
Bengali 100 60 40 91,220 46,935 44,285
Gujarati 25 10 15 149,045 74,765 74,285
Hindi 210 120 85 433,365 221,665 211,700
Kashmiri 0 0 0 905 490 420
Konkani 0 0 0 6,790 3,185 3,605
Marathi 10 0 0 15,570 8,200 7,365
Nepali 810 390 425 21,380 10,915 10,470
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 1,535 755 775
Punjabi (Panjabi) 10 10 0 668,240 341,450 326,790
Sindhi 0 0 0 20,260 9,310 10,945
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 27,825 13,970 13,855
Urdu 45 25 15 322,220 164,685 157,535
Iranian languages 615 290 330 281,715 142,030 139,680
Kurdish 65 30 30 15,290 8,290 7,000
Pashto 0 0 0 23,180 12,465 10,715
Persian (Farsi) 570 270 305 252,320 126,565 125,755
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 200 75 120 8,875 4,715 4,155
Italic (Romance) languages 30,055 13,350 16,710 1,897,630 898,530 999,100
Catalan 75 35 40 2,035 1,145 890
Italian 2,470 1,090 1,385 574,725 278,500 296,225
Portuguese 2,505 1,250 1,260 295,955 144,465 151,485
Romanian 965 435 530 115,050 55,275 59,770
Spanish 25,405 11,130 14,275 995,255 460,250 535,010
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 15 0 2,680 1,610 1,075
Japanese 475 270 210 83,090 36,760 46,335
Kartvelian languages 10 0 10 2,150 1,075 1,075
Georgian 10 0 10 2,150 1,080 1,070
Korean 40 15 30 172,755 80,170 92,590
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 2,090 960 1,130
Mongolian 0 0 0 2,090 960 1,130
Niger-Congo languages 4,460 2,395 2,060 177,215 88,135 89,080
Akan (Twi) 10 0 0 22,145 10,810 11,340
Bamanankan 160 95 65 3,190 1,660 1,530
Edo 10 0 0 3,220 1,510 1,705
Ewe 80 50 25 3,000 1,685 1,315
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 250 145 110 4,725 2,460 2,260
Ga 0 0 0 2,250 1,140 1,110
Ganda 15 15 0 2,495 1,175 1,320
Igbo 0 0 0 8,850 4,710 4,140
Lingala 470 260 215 17,010 7,865 9,145
Rundi (Kirundi) 650 335 315 8,590 4,075 4,515
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 395 190 200 7,860 3,600 4,260
Shona 0 0 0 5,425 2,530 2,905
Swahili 990 555 435 38,680 19,565 19,115
Wolof 595 355 235 8,240 4,455 3,785
Yoruba 15 10 0 22,420 11,475 10,940
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,610 840 770 40,760 20,375 20,385
Nilo-Saharan languages 160 65 95 7,015 3,520 3,495
Dinka 0 0 0 2,475 1,280 1,190
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 160 65 100 4,555 2,240 2,315
Sign languages 560 185 370 48,115 18,985 29,130
American Sign Language 15 0 10 21,930 7,780 14,155
Quebec Sign Language 365 130 240 4,665 1,665 3,005
Sign languages, n.i.e. 200 60 140 22,275 9,835 12,440
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,675 800 880 1,430,440 672,100 758,340
Chinese languages 1,520 715 805 1,413,110 663,465 749,640
Cantonese 420 220 200 699,125 325,840 373,285
Hakka 10 0 0 12,445 5,555 6,890
Mandarin 1,055 485 570 814,450 377,635 436,815
Min Dong 0 0 0 1,045 440 600
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 45 20 30 42,840 19,005 23,835
Wu (Shanghainese) 25 10 15 16,530 7,490 9,040
Chinese, n.o.s. 115 55 60 41,690 19,995 21,690
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 590 250 340
Tibeto-Burman languages 155 85 75 18,270 9,100 9,175
Burmese 55 35 25 4,995 2,490 2,500
Karenic languages 105 60 45 4,895 2,425 2,475
Tibetan 10 10 0 7,050 3,555 3,490
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 20 0 10 2,375 1,160 1,220
Tai-Kadai languages 165 85 80 30,400 13,210 17,195
Lao 80 45 40 17,235 8,240 8,990
Thai 100 55 45 15,390 5,875 9,520
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 50 65
Turkic languages 100 55 45 60,530 31,585 28,945
Azerbaijani 25 10 15 5,450 2,885 2,565
Turkish 75 45 30 50,775 26,605 24,165
Uyghur 0 0 0 1,385 685 700
Uzbek 0 0 0 2,465 1,230 1,235
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,870 905 965
Uralic languages 190 95 90 94,810 44,270 50,545
Estonian 0 0 0 6,070 2,750 3,315
Finnish 40 15 25 17,595 7,540 10,050
Hungarian 150 80 70 71,285 34,005 37,280
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 240 105 130 9,730 5,375 4,355
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 516,250 251,890 264,360 34,460,065 16,971,580 17,488,490
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 496,520 242,130 254,390 32,034,590 15,799,495 16,235,090
Canadian citizens aged under 18 84,545 43,190 41,355 6,652,795 3,412,785 3,240,010
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 411,975 198,940 213,035 25,381,795 12,386,710 12,995,080
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 19,730 9,760 9,965 2,425,480 1,172,085 1,253,400
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 516,250 251,890 264,365 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 473,965 230,665 243,305 26,412,610 13,124,325 13,288,290
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 37,340 18,705 18,635 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Before 1981 4,095 2,260 1,830 1,941,510 927,795 1,013,715
1981 to 1990 2,700 1,340 1,360 915,555 439,245 476,310
1991 to 2000 5,335 2,465 2,865 1,486,655 696,720 789,940
2001 to 2010 13,365 6,795 6,580 1,985,035 940,570 1,044,465
2001 to 2005 5,105 2,665 2,435 928,935 439,890 489,050
2006 to 2010 8,265 4,120 4,140 1,056,095 500,680 555,415
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 11,845 5,845 6,000 1,212,075 582,175 629,895
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 4,940 2,525 2,420 506,625 260,755 245,870
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 37,340 18,700 18,635 7,540,830 3,586,500 3,954,335
Under 5 years 4,930 2,170 2,765 731,340 364,165 367,175
5 to 14 years 5,360 2,730 2,635 1,311,810 665,870 645,945
15 to 24 years 5,810 2,860 2,955 1,604,430 724,430 880,005
25 to 44 years 19,295 10,005 9,290 3,198,920 1,513,970 1,684,950
45 years and over 1,945 950 995 694,320 318,060 376,260
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 37,340 18,705 18,635 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Americas 8,290 3,850 4,440 1,128,745 510,650 618,100
Brazil 805 385 420 29,320 13,235 16,080
Colombia 2,575 1,225 1,355 70,035 32,065 37,965
El Salvador 315 150 170 48,080 23,865 24,215
Guyana 10 0 0 87,685 38,940 48,745
Haiti 945 415 525 93,480 40,955 52,525
Jamaica 20 15 0 138,345 59,960 78,390
Mexico 735 360 380 80,585 37,530 43,055
Peru 365 145 225 29,615 12,950 16,665
Trinidad and Tobago 15 0 15 65,040 29,325 35,710
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 785 340 450 253,715 113,505 140,215
Other places of birth in Americas 1,720 815 905 232,850 108,325 124,530
Europe 11,820 6,170 5,650 2,088,410 1,015,145 1,073,260
Bosnia and Herzegovina 835 415 425 36,135 18,050 18,085
Croatia 65 20 45 40,045 20,005 20,035
France 6,195 3,405 2,785 105,565 55,395 50,170
Germany 525 200 325 145,845 69,525 76,320
Greece 70 40 30 62,715 31,580 31,135
Hungary 65 40 25 36,820 17,945 18,875
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 10 10 0 28,325 14,355 13,970
Italy 335 210 125 236,640 118,595 118,040
Netherlands 35 15 25 88,475 45,185 43,295
Poland 215 85 125 146,465 66,450 80,020
Portugal 450 230 225 139,450 68,150 71,300
Romania 595 285 310 90,305 42,795 47,510
Russian Federation 230 105 120 78,685 34,265 44,420
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 60 40 20 33,320 16,325 17,000
Ukraine 180 75 100 73,030 33,360 39,665
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 205 135 70 499,115 243,225 255,890
Other places of birth in Europe 1,760 865 895 247,470 119,945 127,530
Africa 11,710 6,355 5,355 637,485 322,510 314,970
Algeria 1,685 925 755 64,620 33,920 30,705
Egypt 240 120 120 64,615 34,125 30,495
Ethiopia 10 0 0 32,790 15,980 16,810
Kenya 40 15 25 27,150 12,810 14,340
Morocco 1,960 1,085 875 69,655 36,120 33,535
Nigeria 35 20 15 42,430 21,830 20,600
Somalia 10 0 10 27,230 12,070 15,160