Census Profile, 2016 Census
Montréal, Ville [Census subdivision], Quebec and Canada [Country]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Montréal, V
Quebec
[Census subdivision]
Canada

[Country]
Data quality , Montréal, Ville [Census subdivision], Quebec  Map : Montréal, Ville [Census subdivision], Quebec Data quality : Canada [Country]  Map : geography 2
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 1,704,694  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,151,728  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 1,649,519  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,476,688  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 3.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 843,872  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,412,443  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 779,802  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,079  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 4,662.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 365.65  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,965,588.85  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 1,704,695 830,930 873,765 35,151,730 17,264,200 17,887,530
0 to 14 years 265,785 135,490 130,295 5,839,565 2,992,920 2,846,645
0 to 4 years 98,815 50,510 48,300 1,898,790 973,030 925,760
5 to 9 years 91,005 46,335 44,670 2,018,130 1,034,685 983,445
10 to 14 years 75,965 38,640 37,325 1,922,645 985,200 937,445
15 to 64 years 1,165,895 581,940 583,955 23,376,530 11,576,130 11,800,400
15 to 19 years 81,790 41,070 40,720 2,026,160 1,039,215 986,940
20 to 24 years 123,925 61,105 62,825 2,242,690 1,144,495 1,098,200
25 to 29 years 142,400 70,090 72,305 2,285,990 1,144,470 1,141,515
30 to 34 years 141,520 69,615 71,905 2,329,395 1,148,290 1,181,110
35 to 39 years 134,710 67,500 67,210 2,288,365 1,118,635 1,169,730
40 to 44 years 114,785 58,595 56,195 2,255,135 1,104,440 1,150,695
45 to 49 years 109,250 56,180 53,065 2,359,965 1,157,760 1,202,210
50 to 54 years 113,465 58,220 55,240 2,678,075 1,318,755 1,359,320
55 to 59 years 109,560 54,240 55,325 2,620,240 1,285,190 1,335,055
60 to 64 years 94,490 45,315 49,170 2,290,510 1,114,885 1,175,630
65 years and over 273,015 113,505 159,515 5,935,630 2,695,150 3,240,485
65 to 69 years 80,575 37,465 43,110 1,972,480 953,075 1,019,405
70 to 74 years 61,060 26,760 34,300 1,420,875 677,975 742,900
75 to 79 years 48,665 20,190 28,470 1,021,850 469,550 552,300
80 to 84 years 39,765 15,750 24,015 749,650 325,765 423,880
85 years and over 42,960 13,340 29,615 770,780 268,790 501,990
85 to 89 years 27,115 9,340 17,775 482,525 185,535 296,990
90 to 94 years 12,190 3,335 8,860 223,510 68,675 154,835
95 to 99 years 3,135 585 2,550 56,525 13,240 43,280
100 years and over 510 75 435 8,230 1,340 6,890
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 15.6 16.3 14.9 16.6 17.3 15.9
15 to 64 years 68.4 70.0 66.8 66.5 67.1 66.0
65 years and over 16.0 13.7 18.3 16.9 15.6 18.1
85 years and over 2.5 1.6 3.4 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 40.3 39.0 41.4 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 38.5 37.7 39.3 41.2 40.2 42.2
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 779,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 57,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,541,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 110,475  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,391,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 611,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,949,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 25,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 698,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 25,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 891,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 106,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 784,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 451,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,539,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 3,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 405  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 189,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 779,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 318,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 231,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,834,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 104,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,140,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 81,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,946,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 44,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,180,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 1,663,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,460,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 1,438,910 695,440 743,470 29,312,160 14,271,280 15,040,885
Married or living common law 685,000 345,290 339,700 16,893,720 8,452,135 8,441,585
Married 478,480 240,005 238,480 13,383,455 6,693,465 6,689,990
Living common law 206,520 105,290 101,225 3,510,265 1,758,670 1,751,590
Not married and not living common law 753,915 350,145 403,765 12,418,440 5,819,140 6,599,300
Never married 530,785 279,685 251,100 8,254,340 4,444,425 3,809,915
Separated 30,350 12,800 17,550 718,295 309,905 408,400
Divorced 114,570 42,725 71,845 1,816,005 725,535 1,090,470
Widowed 78,210 14,935 63,270 1,629,800 339,280 1,290,525
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 419,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,840,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 213,020  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,007,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 94,690  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,107,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 77,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,909,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 34,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 815,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 419,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,840,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 329,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,227,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 226,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,474,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 103,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,753,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 89,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,612,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 73,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,262,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 16,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 350,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 329,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,227,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 155,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,024,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 174,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,203,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 70,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,650,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 70,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,783,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 32,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 770,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 89,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,612,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 57,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 983,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 23,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 457,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 8,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 171,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 456,810 225,415 231,395 6,107,260 2,941,395 3,165,865
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 779,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 405,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,218,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 150,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,782,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 255,210  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,436,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 6,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 301,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 367,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,552,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 318,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 48,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 582,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 1,680,910 821,035 859,870 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,080
English only 170,490 86,310 84,180 23,757,525 11,838,075 11,919,455
French only 503,105 224,265 278,840 4,144,685 1,925,845 2,218,840
English and French 965,480 494,050 471,430 6,216,065 3,071,325 3,144,740
Neither English nor French 41,835 16,415 25,420 648,970 265,920 383,045
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 1,680,910 821,035 859,875 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
English 400,245 200,775 199,470 26,007,500 12,852,330 13,155,165
French 1,097,345 530,565 566,780 7,705,755 3,780,105 3,925,650
English and French 142,675 73,850 68,825 417,485 209,130 208,355
Neither English nor French 40,645 15,845 24,800 636,515 259,600 376,910
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 471,585 237,700 233,880 7,914,495 3,884,670 4,029,825
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 28.1 29.0 27.2 22.8 22.7 22.8
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 1,680,905 821,035 859,875 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,085
Single responses 1,600,455 780,840 819,610 33,948,620 16,702,840 17,245,775
Official languages 1,041,420 509,795 531,620 26,627,555 13,201,620 13,425,940
English 208,140 104,900 103,245 19,460,850 9,680,125 9,780,725
French 833,280 404,900 428,380 7,166,705 3,521,495 3,645,215
Non-official languages 559,030 271,040 287,995 7,321,065 3,501,220 3,819,840
Aboriginal languages 475 170 305 195,700 94,795 100,900
Algonquian languages 265 100 165 130,450 62,930 67,520
Blackfoot 0 0 0 2,815 1,325 1,490
Cree-Montagnais languages 230 80 150 88,445 42,920 45,530
Atikamekw 25 5 20 6,150 3,135 3,015
Montagnais (Innu) 45 10 30 10,230 4,885 5,350
Moose Cree 0 0 0 100 50 55
Naskapi 15 5 10 1,205 590 620
Northern East Cree 35 15 25 315 125 190
Plains Cree 0 0 0 3,065 1,360 1,710
Southern East Cree 5 0 5 45 20 25
Swampy Cree 5 0 0 1,440 585 850
Woods Cree 0 0 0 1,840 865 975
Cree, n.o.s. 105 35 70 64,050 31,305 32,745
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 5 5 6,990 3,310 3,680
Malecite 0 0 0 305 140 160
Mi'kmaq 10 5 5 6,690 3,170 3,520
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 20 15 10 32,150 15,350 16,800
Algonquin 20 10 5 1,260 590 670
Ojibway 0 0 0 17,890 8,440 9,450
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 12,855 6,260 6,595
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 150 65 85
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 45 25 20
Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 17,365 8,325 9,045
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 5 0 17,315 8,310 9,010
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 60
Beaver 0 0 0 190 85 105
Carrier 0 0 0 1,025 465 565
Chilcotin 0 0 0 660 295 360
Dene 0 0 0 10,700 5,185 5,515
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 1,645 840 815
Gwich'in 0 0 0 260 110 145
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 80 25 50
Sekani 0 0 0 90 45 45
Slavey-Hare languages 5 5 0 1,995 950 1,045
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 765 365 400
South Slavey 0 0 0 945 455 495
Slavey, n.o.s. 5 0 0 280 130 150
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 270 135 140
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 180 90 90
Tahltan 0 0 0 95 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 290 120 170
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 215 90 135
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 70 30 40
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 50 20 35
Haida 0 0 0 75 35 40
Inuit languages 145 40 110 36,545 18,100 18,445
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 0 5 1,025 445 575
Inuktitut 125 35 90 35,215 17,530 17,680
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 315 125 185
Iroquoian languages 30 15 15 1,115 485 635
Cayuga 0 0 0 45 20 20
Mohawk 25 15 15 980 430 555
Oneida 0 0 0 55 20 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 20
Kutenai 0 0 0 105 55 55
Michif 0 0 0 465 230 235
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,305 1,130 1,180
Comox 0 0 5 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 225 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 155
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 445 225 220
Squamish 0 0 0 40 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 335 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 255 135 125
Siouan languages 0 0 0 4,285 2,070 2,220
Dakota 0 0 0 1,215 570 635
Stoney 0 0 0 3,025 1,465 1,555
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Tlingit 0 0 0 95 40 55
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,480 730 755
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 880 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 5 400 200 200
Tsimshian 0 0 0 200 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 805 370 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 50
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 95 40 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 325 145 185
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 285 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 25 10 10 585 295 295
Non-Aboriginal languages 558,560 270,870 287,690 7,125,365 3,406,425 3,718,945
Afro-Asiatic languages 112,440 59,540 52,905 575,365 298,060 277,300
Berber languages 13,730 7,305 6,425 22,135 11,865 10,270
Kabyle 8,460 4,510 3,945 13,150 6,995 6,155
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5,275 2,795 2,480 8,985 4,865 4,115
Cushitic languages 680 325 355 42,885 20,095 22,790
Bilen 10 5 5 805 455 350
Oromo 5 5 0 4,960 2,560 2,400
Somali 645 300 345 36,755 16,895 19,865
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 365 195 170
Semitic languages 97,870 51,815 46,050 509,190 265,465 243,725
Amharic 510 240 270 22,465 10,720 11,745
Arabic 95,165 50,450 44,715 419,890 220,785 199,105
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 50 25 25 16,070 7,910 8,160
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 5 5 5,545 2,780 2,770
Harari 5 0 0 1,320 635 685
Hebrew 1,785 925 860 19,530 10,480 9,045
Maltese 10 5 5 5,565 2,765 2,800
Tigrigna 305 145 160 16,650 8,310 8,340
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 2,155 1,085 1,070
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 165 90 70 1,155 635 520
Austro-Asiatic languages 23,000 10,805 12,195 176,725 81,810 94,920
Khmer (Cambodian) 4,875 2,265 2,600 20,130 9,270 10,860
Vietnamese 18,115 8,530 9,585 156,425 72,470 83,955
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 10 5 5 170 65 100
Austronesian languages 14,755 5,375 9,380 511,480 211,580 299,900
Bikol 90 30 65 1,790 790 1,000
Cebuano 575 200 375 19,890 7,930 11,960
Fijian 0 0 0 745 400 345
Hiligaynon 305 90 215 6,885 2,680 4,205
Ilocano 1,720 630 1,095 26,345 10,620 15,720
Malagasy 410 185 230 1,430 665 760
Malay 400 165 235 12,275 5,255 7,020
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 145 65 80 4,040 1,865 2,175
Pangasinan 70 30 40 1,390 590 800
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 10,770 3,875 6,895 431,380 178,575 252,810
Waray-Waray 40 5 30 1,110 430 675
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 220 90 125 4,195 1,770 2,425
Creole languages 36,160 15,975 20,190 72,125 32,310 39,820
Haitian Creole 1,300 625 680 3,030 1,445 1,590
Creole, n.o.s. 34,390 15,105 19,290 64,105 28,455 35,660
Creole languages, n.i.e. 470 245 225 4,985 2,410 2,575
Dravidian languages 10,445 5,270 5,180 189,405 94,765 94,640
Kannada 150 80 70 3,970 2,040 1,935
Malayalam 250 140 110 28,570 14,770 13,800
Tamil 9,595 4,765 4,825 140,720 69,080 71,640
Telugu 450 280 170 15,655 8,640 7,020
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 490 240 250
Hmong-Mien languages 20 10 10 795 395 405
Indo-European languages 286,810 138,535 148,280 3,877,330 1,889,400 1,987,930
Albanian 1,595 815 780 26,890 13,610 13,285
Armenian 6,330 2,995 3,335 33,455 16,270 17,185
Balto-Slavic languages 33,090 14,675 18,420 701,975 323,640 378,340
Baltic languages 380 140 245 12,530 5,315 7,215
Latvian 125 50 70 5,455 2,350 3,105
Lithuanian 260 90 170 7,075 2,965 4,115
Slavic languages 32,710 14,535 18,175 689,450 318,325 371,115
Belarusan 40 25 15 810 385 430
Bosnian 250 125 130 12,210 6,035 6,180
Bulgarian 3,625 1,725 1,905 20,025 9,675 10,345
Croatian 955 470 485 48,200 23,540 24,665
Czech 610 285 320 22,290 10,525 11,765
Macedonian 85 40 45 16,775 8,050 8,725
Polish 7,000 3,015 3,985 181,710 82,435 99,275
Russian 14,685 6,435 8,245 188,255 85,400 102,855
Serbian 1,240 605 635 57,350 28,535 28,815
Serbo-Croatian 415 185 225 9,555 4,565 4,985
Slovak 435 175 260 17,580 8,075 9,510
Slovene (Slovenian) 310 140 175 9,790 4,415 5,370
Ukrainian 2,995 1,285 1,710 102,485 45,440 57,040
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 65 30 35 2,415 1,255 1,165
Celtic languages 50 30 25 2,690 1,335 1,360
Scottish Gaelic 10 10 0 1,090 540 550
Welsh 15 5 10 1,075 495 575
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 10 530 295 235
Germanic languages 11,495 5,675 5,825 538,765 258,410 280,350
Afrikaans 50 30 25 10,265 5,115 5,145
Danish 145 65 80 12,630 6,245 6,390
Dutch 770 405 365 99,020 48,200 50,820
Frisian 5 5 0 2,100 1,095 1,005
German 3,990 1,845 2,145 384,035 183,215 200,820
Icelandic 30 15 20 1,285 600 685
Norwegian 65 35 25 4,615 2,170 2,445
Swedish 235 105 135 6,840 3,015 3,825
Vlaams (Flemish) 105 40 70 3,895 1,730 2,165
Yiddish 6,030 3,100 2,935 13,555 6,750 6,800
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 60 35 30 525 280 240
Greek 16,935 8,310 8,625 106,525 53,350 53,170
Indo-Iranian languages 44,150 22,955 21,190 1,312,750 664,120 648,630
Indo-Aryan languages 29,965 15,825 14,140 1,064,760 538,530 526,235
Bengali 9,290 4,740 4,545 73,125 37,410 35,720
Gujarati 4,075 2,030 2,040 108,780 55,105 53,670
Hindi 1,765 985 780 110,640 55,880 54,765
Kashmiri 15 15 0 565 300 265
Konkani 65 40 25 3,330 1,625 1,710
Marathi 150 95 55 8,295 4,300 3,995
Nepali 145 75 70 18,275 9,230 9,045
Oriya (Odia) 20 15 5 1,055 560 495
Punjabi (Panjabi) 7,300 4,110 3,190 501,680 253,515 248,160
Sindhi 175 85 90 11,860 5,605 6,260
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 385 185 205 16,335 8,050 8,285
Urdu 6,580 3,455 3,125 210,815 106,960 103,860
Iranian languages 13,975 7,005 6,965 242,805 122,835 119,970
Kurdish 535 290 250 11,705 6,345 5,355
Pashto 845 445 400 16,910 8,760 8,145
Persian (Farsi) 12,585 6,270 6,315 214,200 107,725 106,470
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 210 120 85 5,180 2,755 2,425
Italic (Romance) languages 173,175 83,085 90,090 1,154,270 558,660 595,615
Catalan 195 95 100 865 440 425
Italian 67,800 32,300 35,500 375,635 184,415 191,220
Portuguese 17,130 8,260 8,870 221,540 106,630 114,910
Romanian 15,230 7,195 8,035 96,665 46,195 50,470
Spanish 72,760 35,210 37,550 458,850 220,605 238,245
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 60 30 25 720 380 340
Japanese 1,420 445 980 43,640 14,790 28,855
Kartvelian languages 125 60 70 1,715 910 805
Georgian 125 55 65 1,715 910 805
Korean 3,120 1,415 1,705 153,425 70,310 83,115
Mongolic languages 65 25 40 1,575 690 885
Mongolian 65 25 40 1,575 690 880
Niger-Congo languages 13,465 6,855 6,615 91,375 45,075 46,305
Akan (Twi) 690 340 350 13,455 6,490 6,970
Bamanankan 680 385 295 1,535 815 720
Edo 45 25 20 1,670 770 900
Ewe 320 175 140 1,760 950 805
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 1,145 595 550 2,825 1,495 1,335
Ga 45 25 25 920 445 470
Ganda 10 5 10 1,295 625 665
Igbo 65 40 25 4,235 2,265 1,970
Lingala 1,500 690 810 3,810 1,785 2,025
Rundi (Kirundi) 1,160 555 600 5,845 2,785 3,060
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 990 450 540 5,250 2,355 2,895
Shona 60 30 30 3,180 1,520 1,665
Swahili 870 415 460 13,370 6,385 6,990
Wolof 1,660 905 755 3,990 2,170 1,820
Yoruba 160 95 65 9,085 4,785 4,300
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 4,065 2,115 1,950 19,135 9,435 9,695
Nilo-Saharan languages 120 70 50 5,870 3,025 2,845
Dinka 0 0 0 2,120 1,115 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 120 70 50 3,755 1,910 1,840
Sign languages 375 200 180 7,500 3,925 3,575
American Sign Language 20 15 10 2,685 1,320 1,360
Quebec Sign Language 185 90 95 695 340 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 165 90 75 4,120 2,265 1,860
Sino-Tibetan languages 46,340 21,515 24,825 1,269,215 589,570 679,645
Chinese languages 46,205 21,445 24,755 1,253,360 581,650 671,715
Cantonese 14,435 6,790 7,640 565,270 262,865 302,405
Hakka 245 110 135 10,910 4,900 6,015
Mandarin 26,245 12,075 14,170 592,040 274,630 317,410
Min Dong 20 10 10 1,230 580 650
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 2,240 1,035 1,200 31,795 14,450 17,350
Wu (Shanghainese) 640 275 360 12,915 5,780 7,140
Chinese, n.o.s. 2,335 1,120 1,215 38,580 18,165 20,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 610 275 335
Tibeto-Burman languages 135 65 65 15,850 7,925 7,935
Burmese 45 15 30 3,585 1,795 1,790
Karenic languages 0 0 0 4,705 2,355 2,350
Tibetan 35 20 15 6,165 3,080 3,080
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 55 30 20 1,400 695 705
Tai-Kadai languages 1,765 800 965 22,010 8,870 13,145
Lao 1,445 715 725 12,670 6,145 6,525
Thai 320 80 235 9,255 2,690 6,565
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 0 5 80 35 55
Turkic languages 5,035 2,580 2,455 40,140 21,120 19,025
Azerbaijani 160 95 65 3,260 1,785 1,470
Turkish 4,535 2,325 2,205 32,815 17,375 15,440
Uyghur 140 70 70 1,035 510 525
Uzbek 70 35 35 1,715 855 865
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 135 55 80 1,315 590 720
Uralic languages 2,715 1,210 1,510 81,985 37,790 44,195
Estonian 85 25 50 5,445 2,325 3,115
Finnish 165 55 110 15,295 6,395 8,900
Hungarian 2,465 1,125 1,345 61,235 29,060 32,175
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 10 5 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 365 200 170 3,690 2,045 1,645
Multiple responses 80,460 40,195 40,260 818,635 398,325 420,305
English and French 20,700 10,610 10,095 165,320 80,460 84,860
English and non-official language 15,390 7,540 7,850 533,265 259,160 274,100
French and non-official language 35,465 17,475 17,990 86,150 42,170 43,985
English, French and non-official language 8,900 4,575 4,325 33,900 16,535 17,365
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 1,680,905 821,035 859,875 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
Single responses 1,523,890 744,310 779,585 33,103,860 16,298,475 16,805,395
Official languages 1,208,800 593,825 614,980 29,106,670 14,383,020 14,723,645
English 305,620 153,160 152,460 22,162,865 10,966,135 11,196,730
French 903,180 440,665 462,520 6,943,800 3,416,890 3,526,910
Non-official languages 315,090 150,485 164,605 3,997,195 1,915,450 2,081,750
Aboriginal languages 185 85 100 118,470 59,720 58,750
Algonquian languages 110 50 60 75,080 37,825 37,260
Blackfoot 0 0 0 1,115 555 555
Cree-Montagnais languages 105 45 55 55,825 28,135 27,685
Atikamekw 5 5 5 5,465 2,825 2,640
Montagnais (Innu) 15 5 15 8,590 4,195 4,395
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Naskapi 10 5 0 1,200 595 605
Northern East Cree 20 10 10 110 55 60
Plains Cree 5 0 0 1,350 665 685
Southern East Cree 5 0 5 20 5 15
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 330 140 190
Woods Cree 0 0 0 800 410 390
Cree, n.o.s. 55 25 25 37,945 19,240 18,710
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 3,615 1,795 1,820
Malecite 0 0 0 55 30 30
Mi'kmaq 5 0 0 3,560 1,770 1,795
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 5 14,525 7,335 7,190
Algonquin 5 0 0 370 170 200
Ojibway 0 0 0 6,175 3,165 3,015
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,900 3,960 3,940
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 10,265 5,125 5,135
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 10,255 5,120 5,135
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 15 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 50 30 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 115 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 255 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 7,710 3,805 3,905
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 1,020 550 475
Gwich'in 0 0 0 45 25 25
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 5 0 0 820 425 395
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 340 180 155
South Slavey 0 0 0 370 190 185
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 55 55
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 25 15 15
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 5 5
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 30 15 15
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 25 15 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 5
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 0
Inuit languages 50 20 30 29,490 14,995 14,495
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 165 75 90
Inuktitut 40 15 25 29,230 14,885 14,345
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 90 40 55
Iroquoian languages 10 5 0 285 135 155
Cayuga 0 0 0 10 0 5
Mohawk 15 10 5 255 115 140
Oneida 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 85 40 45
Salish languages 5 0 5 285 130 150
Comox 5 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 45 20 25
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 55 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 0 5
Straits 0 0 0 20 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 2,225 1,085 1,140
Dakota 0 0 0 255 140 120
Stoney 0 0 0 1,950 940 1,010
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 410 210 190
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 315 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 40 30
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 45 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 5
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 15
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 5 5 235 110 125
Non-Aboriginal languages 314,905 150,400 164,500 3,878,725 1,855,730 2,022,995
Afro-Asiatic languages 53,925 27,640 26,280 307,755 153,275 154,480
Berber languages 5,250 2,765 2,480 8,105 4,215 3,895
Kabyle 3,595 1,900 1,695 5,490 2,855 2,640
Berber languages, n.i.e. 1,645 860 785 2,620 1,365 1,260
Cushitic languages 325 145 185 27,095 12,455 14,640
Bilen 5 0 5 620 330 285
Oromo 5 5 0 3,410 1,700 1,710
Somali 320 140 185 22,895 10,340 12,555
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 185 85 95
Semitic languages 48,295 24,715 23,585 272,100 136,390 135,720
Amharic 255 115 140 12,780 6,010 6,770
Arabic 46,920 24,030 22,890 223,540 112,690 110,850
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 35 10 20 10,510 5,090 5,425
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 3,445 1,695 1,750
Harari 0 0 0 735 335 400
Hebrew 895 465 430 8,560 4,425 4,135
Maltese 0 0 5 1,130 525 605
Tigrigna 175 80 95 10,205 5,040 5,170
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 1,200 585 620
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 50 20 30 440 215 230
Austro-Asiatic languages 17,000 7,900 9,100 115,210 53,500 61,710
Khmer (Cambodian) 3,060 1,400 1,660 10,880 4,940 5,945
Vietnamese 13,940 6,495 7,440 104,245 48,525 55,725
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 5 5 85 40 45
Austronesian languages 7,540 2,970 4,570 239,785 108,110 131,680
Bikol 10 5 10 290 140 155
Cebuano 195 85 110 7,210 3,325 3,880
Fijian 0 0 0 195 105 90
Hiligaynon 95 40 60 2,205 970 1,240
Ilocano 645 265 385 9,125 4,045 5,080
Malagasy 125 70 55 435 220 210
Malay 120 60 55 3,620 1,710 1,910
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 45 25 20 1,200 565 630
Pangasinan 15 5 10 240 110 135
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 6,240 2,400 3,845 213,790 96,235 117,555
Waray-Waray 10 5 5 310 135 170
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 1,160 545 620
Creole languages 14,095 6,065 8,025 27,860 12,005 15,850
Haitian Creole 565 260 305 1,280 575 705
Creole, n.o.s. 13,345 5,720 7,620 24,575 10,510 14,060
Creole languages, n.i.e. 185 85 100 2,005 920 1,085
Dravidian languages 8,270 4,125 4,150 122,490 59,780 62,710
Kannada 95 55 40 1,630 825 800
Malayalam 115 60 55 15,440 7,865 7,575
Tamil 7,785 3,840 3,940 96,955 46,570 50,385
Telugu 260 160 105 8,280 4,430 3,850
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 190 85 105
Hmong-Mien languages 10 5 5 340 160 180
Indo-European languages 165,335 78,500 86,835 1,911,215 927,225 983,985
Albanian 915 450 470 13,135 6,575 6,560
Armenian 4,550 2,095 2,460 21,505 10,165 11,345
Balto-Slavic languages 19,870 9,135 10,735 314,965 149,315 165,650
Baltic languages 100 40 55 3,275 1,400 1,870
Latvian 35 20 15 1,255 530 725
Lithuanian 65 25 40 2,020 870 1,150
Slavic languages 19,770 9,095 10,680 311,690 147,910 163,780
Belarusan 10 5 5 230 105 120
Bosnian 130 60 70 6,045 3,010 3,040
Bulgarian 2,590 1,255 1,340 11,985 5,835 6,150
Croatian 435 195 230 16,775 7,980 8,795
Czech 190 90 100 6,235 3,060 3,180
Macedonian 50 25 25 6,830 3,250 3,580
Polish 3,255 1,435 1,820 74,780 34,910 39,870
Russian 10,490 4,845 5,650 116,595 55,175 61,425
Serbian 730 360 375 31,750 15,665 16,085
Serbo-Croatian 175 80 100 3,885 1,865 2,020
Slovak 90 40 45 5,615 2,685 2,920
Slovene (Slovenian) 115 45 70 2,050 905 1,145
Ukrainian 1,490 655 835 28,250 13,150 15,100
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 670 310 360
Celtic languages 10 5 0 360 205 155
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 185 105 80
Welsh 0 0 0 95 50 45
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 80 50 30
Germanic languages 5,625 2,895 2,735 146,455 71,835 74,615
Afrikaans 10 5 5 4,790 2,355 2,435
Danish 25 15 15 855 410 445
Dutch 120 60 60 9,565 4,630 4,935
Frisian 0 0 0 185 95 90
German 695 320 380 120,335 58,905 61,435
Icelandic 20 5 10 270 120 150
Norwegian 5 5 0 345 145 200
Swedish 45 20 25 1,045 500 545
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 5 5 355 170 185
Yiddish 4,690 2,460 2,230 7,080 3,695 3,385
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 1,625 820 810
Greek 9,455 4,445 5,005 44,545 21,110 23,440
Indo-Iranian languages 31,610 15,955 15,660 838,755 416,960 421,795
Indo-Aryan languages 21,235 10,900 10,335 676,185 337,440 338,745
Bengali 7,095 3,525 3,570 47,350 23,585 23,765
Gujarati 2,680 1,315 1,370 64,150 31,740 32,405
Hindi 905 485 425 55,510 27,805 27,710
Kashmiri 0 0 0 135 70 70
Konkani 25 10 15 720 355 370
Marathi 45 25 20 3,780 1,940 1,840
Nepali 100 45 55 13,375 6,710 6,670
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 0 470 235 240
Punjabi (Panjabi) 5,290 2,920 2,375 349,145 174,905 174,240
Sindhi 75 35 40 4,975 2,280 2,695
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 235 110 120 7,790 3,860 3,925
Urdu 4,770 2,425 2,345 128,785 63,965 64,820
Iranian languages 10,280 4,995 5,280 160,195 78,310 81,880
Kurdish 280 140 135 6,580 3,400 3,175
Pashto 650 320 325 10,590 5,305 5,290
Persian (Farsi) 9,355 4,530 4,820 143,020 69,600 73,425
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 100 55 40 2,375 1,215 1,160
Italic (Romance) languages 93,290 43,520 49,770 531,485 251,050 280,440
Catalan 75 35 40 355 165 190
Italian 26,930 11,775 15,155 115,415 49,975 65,440
Portuguese 9,015 4,260 4,755 98,710 46,915 51,795
Romanian 10,425 5,045 5,380 53,320 25,795 27,525
Spanish 46,830 22,395 24,435 263,510 128,110 135,400
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 180 85 95
Japanese 595 245 350 19,785 8,265 11,515
Kartvelian languages 55 30 30 1,040 565 475
Georgian 60 30 30 1,035 565 475
Korean 2,120 990 1,135 109,705 51,385 58,320
Mongolic languages 40 15 25 910 440 470
Mongolian 40 20 25 910 435 470
Niger-Congo languages 3,445 1,685 1,760 28,665 13,340 15,320
Akan (Twi) 345 170 180 5,990 2,695 3,295
Bamanankan 175 95 75 340 180 160
Edo 5 0 5 415 175 240
Ewe 75 30 40 410 185 225
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 350 170 180 825 400 425
Ga 10 5 5 250 105 140
Ganda 5 0 0 345 160 185
Igbo 10 5 5 1,000 485 510
Lingala 380 160 220 1,045 455 590
Rundi (Kirundi) 355 165 190 2,110 990 1,115
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 255 110 145 1,530 670 865
Shona 20 5 10 1,035 475 560
Swahili 270 140 130 5,370 2,500 2,870
Wolof 525 290 235 1,380 745 635
Yoruba 35 15 20 2,615 1,275 1,340
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 635 315 310 4,010 1,850 2,160
Nilo-Saharan languages 30 20 10 2,650 1,305 1,350
Dinka 0 0 0 1,130 580 550
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 1,525 730 800
Sign languages 520 305 215 10,445 5,870 4,570
American Sign Language 35 15 20 3,015 1,560 1,460
Quebec Sign Language 245 120 120 730 375 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 245 165 75 6,690 3,935 2,755
Sino-Tibetan languages 36,590 17,315 19,275 924,720 433,530 491,190
Chinese languages 36,530 17,285 19,245 913,365 427,860 485,505
Cantonese 10,795 5,075 5,725 400,215 184,340 215,885
Hakka 95 45 50 4,080 1,820 2,265
Mandarin 22,200 10,560 11,640 462,890 220,075 242,815
Min Dong 0 0 0 345 150 195
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,320 600 720 13,965 6,345 7,625
Wu (Shanghainese) 485 215 265 7,650 3,580 4,075
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,620 775 840 23,935 11,440 12,500
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 280 130 150
Tibeto-Burman languages 60 30 30 11,350 5,670 5,680
Burmese 20 5 10 2,245 1,115 1,125
Karenic languages 0 0 0 3,865 1,935 1,930
Tibetan 15 10 5 4,590 2,305 2,280
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 655 305 345
Tai-Kadai languages 900 440 455 9,565 4,455 5,110
Lao 780 395 390 6,175 2,995 3,180
Thai 115 50 70 3,360 1,450 1,915
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Turkic languages 3,345 1,670 1,680 22,250 11,205 11,045
Azerbaijani 45 20 25 1,245 640 610
Turkish 3,110 1,550 1,565 18,955 9,525 9,430
Uyghur 100 55 45 610 315 290
Uzbek 50 25 25 990 505 490
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25 455 230 225
Uralic languages 990 420 570 23,245 10,715 12,535
Estonian 10 0 10 975 365 610
Finnish 25 15 15 2,790 1,220 1,565
Hungarian 955 405 545 19,485 9,125 10,355
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 90 55 35 1,110 605 500
Multiple responses 157,015 76,725 80,290 1,663,390 802,695 860,690
English and French 28,945 14,840 14,100 160,185 77,940 82,235
English and non-official language 31,285 15,045 16,245 1,284,975 620,375 664,600
French and non-official language 74,940 35,805 39,130 148,915 70,915 78,000
English, French and non-official language 21,850 11,035 10,815 69,315 33,465 35,850
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 1,680,910 821,035 859,870 34,767,255 17,101,165 17,666,080
None 1,198,670 581,675 616,995 29,615,245 14,612,175 15,003,065
English 141,405 71,900 69,510 2,109,340 1,045,215 1,064,120
French 132,810 65,560 67,250 731,095 342,245 388,855
Non-official language 163,565 79,705 83,855 2,151,690 1,023,940 1,127,750
Aboriginal 230 80 150 90,740 42,890 47,850
Non-Aboriginal 163,335 79,625 83,710 2,060,945 981,055 1,079,895
English and French 18,890 9,545 9,345 47,970 23,785 24,190
English and non-official language 12,725 6,350 6,380 61,075 30,045 31,030
French and non-official language 12,055 5,890 6,170 48,755 22,690 26,065
English, French and non-official language 780 410 370 2,080 1,075 1,010
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 1,397,900 678,980 718,920 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,355
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,343,685 653,790 689,895 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,190
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,321 30,656 26,377 34,204 40,782 28,860
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,343,835 653,830 690,010 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 26,237 27,892 24,825 30,866 35,933 26,621
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,150,920 570,610 580,300 24,583,315 12,296,595 12,286,725
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,049 30,675 23,748 32,762 39,925 26,613
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,085,230 504,070 581,160 19,743,240 8,755,815 10,987,430
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 4,800 2,901 7,380 5,453 4,199 6,136
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 945,525 486,595 458,930 20,428,685 10,547,760 9,880,925
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,610 31,118 26,099 33,684 39,836 28,474
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 1,397,885 678,870 719,015 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,343,415 653,590 689,825 27,489,395 13,441,555 14,047,845
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,079 44,701 35,699 47,487 56,740 38,632
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,343,565 653,625 689,940 27,500,230 13,446,230 14,053,995
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,905 35,776 30,184 38,977 45,404 32,828
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,150,355 570,415 579,940 24,584,065 12,295,015 12,289,055
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,573 45,630 33,616 46,885 56,803 36,962
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,084,900 503,345 581,560 19,742,130 8,752,070 10,990,060
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,668 6,334 8,823 7,738 7,345 8,050
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 945,510 486,525 458,985 20,428,670 10,542,540 9,886,130
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,692 44,345 34,759 46,057 54,369 37,193
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 1,397,885 678,875 719,015 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 393,485 216,495 176,990 9,367,045 5,231,015 4,136,035
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 45,987 48,513 43,443 53,431 59,326 47,420
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 57,373 62,299 51,348 65,997 74,289 55,510
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 84.5 89.1 79.2 88.3 91.6 83.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 69.8 73.9 64.9 72.0 75.2 67.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 15.5 10.9 20.8 11.7 8.4 16.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 1,397,900 678,985 718,920 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without total income 54,215 25,190 29,025 1,154,450 546,285 608,165
With total income 1,343,690 653,790 689,895 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,195
Percentage with total income 96.1 96.3 96.0 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 211,945 106,555 105,395 3,877,620 1,668,960 2,208,655
$10,000 to $19,999 276,675 119,270 157,405 4,680,380 1,867,600 2,812,785
$20,000 to $29,999 213,200 95,425 117,775 3,807,840 1,593,335 2,214,505
$30,000 to $39,999 168,005 81,390 86,620 3,206,175 1,472,670 1,733,510
$40,000 to $49,999 135,770 65,275 70,500 2,827,045 1,376,565 1,450,480
$50,000 to $59,999 94,615 46,715 47,900 2,179,775 1,145,685 1,034,090
$60,000 to $69,999 65,325 33,640 31,690 1,655,070 938,755 716,310
$70,000 to $79,999 49,145 26,100 23,040 1,271,850 745,830 526,015
$80,000 to $89,999 33,880 18,860 15,020 966,885 579,290 387,590
$90,000 to $99,999 22,685 13,565 9,115 749,290 452,240 297,050
$100,000 and over 72,445 47,005 25,440 2,266,600 1,603,400 663,195
$100,000 to $149,999 46,530 29,145 17,385 1,493,570 1,024,210 469,365
$150,000 and over 25,910 17,855 8,055 773,025 579,190 193,830
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 1,397,905 678,980 718,920 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without after-tax income 54,065 25,155 28,905 1,143,795 541,620 602,175
With after-tax income 1,343,835 653,830 690,010 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Percentage with after-tax income 96.1 96.3 96.0 96.0 96.1 95.9
Under $10,000 (including loss) 216,265 107,895 108,370 4,004,475 1,706,825 2,297,645
$10,000 to $19,999 288,340 125,300 163,040 4,905,055 1,972,920 2,932,130
$20,000 to $29,999 253,845 116,805 137,045 4,489,925 1,926,175 2,563,755
$30,000 to $39,999 209,565 102,120 107,445 3,924,960 1,870,705 2,054,250
$40,000 to $49,999 142,420 69,510 72,905 3,144,200 1,619,670 1,524,525
$50,000 to $59,999 86,865 44,745 42,125 2,209,280 1,245,570 963,705
$60,000 to $69,999 53,950 29,220 24,730 1,540,300 912,230 628,065
$70,000 to $79,999 30,835 18,100 12,745 1,076,180 654,570 421,610
$80,000 and over 61,735 40,130 21,605 2,204,820 1,540,335 664,485
$80,000 to $89,999 18,490 11,360 7,125 688,705 444,550 244,145
$90,000 to $99,999 11,545 7,265 4,280 420,975 291,090 129,885
$100,000 and over 31,700 21,505 10,195 1,095,140 804,690 290,445
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 1,397,905 678,985 718,915 28,642,980 13,990,625 14,652,360
Without employment income 452,380 192,390 259,985 8,214,295 3,442,860 4,771,430
With employment income 945,520 486,595 458,930 20,428,690 10,547,760 9,880,925
Percentage with employment income 67.6 71.7 63.8 71.3 75.4 67.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 129,415 63,210 66,210 2,778,990 1,357,430 1,421,560
$5,000 to $9,999 82,455 38,605 43,855 1,602,140 697,025 905,120
$10,000 to $19,999 150,655 72,640 78,020 2,736,010 1,212,855 1,523,155
$20,000 to $29,999 126,295 62,060 64,235 2,293,785 1,022,090 1,271,695
$30,000 to $39,999 113,045 57,585 55,460 2,149,860 1,001,065 1,148,795
$40,000 to $49,999 90,455 45,535 44,920 1,928,565 946,625 981,940
$50,000 to $59,999 66,290 35,090 31,195 1,554,100 839,045 715,055
$60,000 to $69,999 48,415 26,380 22,040 1,220,310 708,270 512,040
$70,000 to $79,999 39,720 21,685 18,030 992,170 591,945 400,225
$80,000 and over 98,775 63,795 34,975 3,172,770 2,171,415 1,001,355
$80,000 to $89,999 25,720 15,455 10,270 773,755 475,700 298,055
$90,000 to $99,999 17,360 10,990 6,370 623,980 382,330 241,650
$100,000 and over 55,685 37,355 18,335 1,775,030 1,313,385 461,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 779,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 50,227  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,336  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 44,737  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 61,348  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 318,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 29,985  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,174  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 27,376  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,446  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 461,475  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,102,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 67,818  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,249  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 60,458  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,419  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 779,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 69,047  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,764  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 56,694  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,171  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 318,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,967,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 40,111  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,799  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,011  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 461,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,104,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 89,013  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 110,813  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 73,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 90,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 779,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 22,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 228,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 20,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 200,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 36,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 374,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 50,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 565,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 46,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 602,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 41,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 538,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 42,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 603,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 43,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 606,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 42,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 596,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 39,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 578,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 71,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,097,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 57,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,010,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 47,510  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 924,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 38,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 836,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 30,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 745,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 146,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,561,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 53,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,470,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 32,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,016,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 31,690  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,116,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 28,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 959,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 779,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 23,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 243,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 21,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 203,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 36,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 380,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 53,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 591,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 52,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 673,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 49,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 628,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 53,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 719,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 53,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 725,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 49,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 711,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 45,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 691,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 77,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,299,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 60,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,169,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 46,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,041,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 35,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 900,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 27,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 757,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 93,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,333,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 43,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,371,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 21,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 809,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 29,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,152,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 424,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,688,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 69,228  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,306  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 61,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,372  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 147,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,706,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 68,398  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 78,976  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 59,257  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 68,309  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 174,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,222,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 85,922  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 113,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 75,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 96,608  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 86,210  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,481,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,091  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 53,193  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 44,619  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 48,856  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 424,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,689,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 91,334  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 74,601  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 147,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,706,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 91,609  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,086  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 73,054  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 82,296  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 175,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,225,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 109,831  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 137,094  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 89,541  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,307  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 86,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,477,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,956  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,549  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 50,198  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 56,687  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 415,420 207,150 208,270 5,313,545 2,608,845 2,704,705
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 26,434 26,492 26,381 31,890 34,483 29,801
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 24,759 24,615 24,877 28,959 30,746 27,495
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 415,055 206,890 208,170 5,299,050 2,596,985 2,702,070
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 36,387 37,108 35,669 42,939 46,085 39,915
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 30,277 30,474 30,082 35,801 37,724 33,952
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 1,663,235 814,235 849,005 34,460,065 16,971,550 17,488,515
In the bottom half of the distribution 1,105,685 533,730 571,950 17,229,835 8,256,970 8,972,865
In the bottom decile 270,515 135,490 135,030 3,445,950 1,672,900 1,773,050
In the second decile 235,050 108,580 126,470 3,445,660 1,564,965 1,880,700
In the third decile 234,665 112,495 122,165 3,446,165 1,641,930 1,804,235
In the fourth decile 200,310 96,825 103,480 3,445,850 1,677,120 1,768,730
In the fifth decile 165,145 80,340 84,810 3,446,210 1,700,060 1,746,150
In the top half of the distribution 557,555 280,500 277,050 17,230,230 8,714,580 8,515,650
In the sixth decile 139,305 68,705 70,595 3,445,695 1,716,510 1,729,185
In the seventh decile 122,585 61,260 61,325 3,446,470 1,730,975 1,715,500
In the eighth decile 109,275 54,880 54,395 3,445,940 1,741,640 1,704,300
In the ninth decile 94,965 48,590 46,375 3,446,045 1,751,850 1,694,195
In the top decile 91,430 47,065 44,365 3,446,080 1,773,600 1,672,475
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 1,663,235 814,235 849,005 33,968,295 16,724,265 17,244,035
0 to 17 years 310,170 157,955 152,215 6,836,380 3,504,250 3,332,125
0 to 5 years 117,485 60,060 57,425 2,228,770 1,142,505 1,086,270
18 to 64 years 1,109,830 551,635 558,195 21,695,090 10,690,090 11,005,005
65 years and over 243,230 104,645 138,590 5,436,830 2,529,930 2,906,905
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 377,955 181,580 196,375 4,809,940 2,243,200 2,566,740
0 to 17 years 75,150 38,305 36,845 1,163,830 597,570 566,255
0 to 5 years 28,090 14,260 13,825 396,095 203,055 193,030
18 to 64 years 247,190 122,800 124,385 2,855,290 1,341,590 1,513,700
65 years and over 55,615 20,470 35,140 790,825 304,040 486,780
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 22.7 22.3 23.1 14.2 13.4 14.9
0 to 17 years (%) 24.2 24.3 24.2 17.0 17.1 17.0
0 to 5 years (%) 23.9 23.7 24.1 17.8 17.8 17.8
18 to 64 years (%) 22.3 22.3 22.3 13.2 12.5 13.8
65 years and over (%) 22.9 19.6 25.4 14.5 12.0 16.7
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 319,685 157,660 162,020 3,128,995 1,519,370 1,609,630
0 to 17 years 56,730 28,980 27,750 696,025 357,255 338,770
0 to 5 years 21,205 10,770 10,435 236,435 121,170 115,260
18 to 64 years 224,180 114,575 109,605 2,157,745 1,057,585 1,100,160
65 years and over 38,775 14,100 24,670 275,225 104,525 170,695
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 19.2 19.4 19.1 9.2 9.1 9.3
0 to 17 years (%) 18.3 18.3 18.2 10.2 10.2 10.2
0 to 5 years (%) 18.0 17.9 18.2 10.6 10.6 10.6
18 to 64 years (%) 20.2 20.8 19.6 9.9 9.9 10.0
65 years and over (%) 15.9 13.5 17.8 5.1 4.1 5.9
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 1,663,220 814,170 849,050 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Official languages 1,621,610 798,110 823,500 33,818,210 16,709,290 17,108,920
English 1,127,835 576,030 551,805 29,748,265 14,806,270 14,941,995
French 1,452,245 712,000 740,245 10,242,945 4,952,455 5,290,495
Non-official languages 799,635 386,350 413,290 9,369,280 4,488,185 4,881,090
Aboriginal languages 575 280 300 263,845 127,550 136,295
Algonquian languages 290 160 130 177,570 85,505 92,065
Blackfoot 0 0 0 5,645 2,695 2,950
Cree-Montagnais languages 230 110 115 116,585 56,515 60,070
Atikamekw 10 0 10 6,640 3,335 3,305
Montagnais (Innu) 45 20 25 11,440 5,500 5,945
Moose Cree 0 0 0 195 80 115
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,465 710 755
Northern East Cree 70 45 20 545 225 320
Plains Cree 0 10 0 5,905 2,705 3,200
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 40 30 10
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 2,345 995 1,350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 2,665 1,230 1,435
Cree, n.o.s. 90 30 60 86,115 42,080 44,035
Eastern Algonquian languages 20 15 10 9,765 4,710 5,050
Malecite 0 0 0 755 370 390
Mi'kmaq 25 15 10 9,025 4,350 4,670
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 30 20 10 46,685 22,100 24,585
Algonquin 25 10 10 2,480 1,165 1,315
Ojibway 10 0 0 28,585 13,365 15,220
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15,610 7,575 8,030
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 205 105 105
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 120 60 60
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 23,655 11,340 12,320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 23,570 11,300 12,265
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 210 105 100
Beaver 0 0 0 340 180 165
Carrier 0 0 0 2,105 955 1,145
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,150 535 610
Dene 10 0 0 13,060 6,270 6,790
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 2,375 1,210 1,165
Gwich'in 0 0 0 360 165 200
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 150 60 90
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 2,815 1,340 1,475
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 1,010 475 530
South Slavey 0 0 0 1,365 660 710
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 680 320 360
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 630 340 285
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 365 205 170
Tahltan 0 0 0 270 140 130
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 420 160 260
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 285 115 170
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 145 50 95
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 35 50
Haida 0 0 0 465 205 260
Inuit languages 240 95 150 42,980 21,355 21,630
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 1,975 895 1,080
Inuktitut 200 80 125 40,620 20,280 20,340
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 45 15 25 470 225 240
Iroquoian languages 35 30 10 2,800 1,240 1,555
Cayuga 0 0 0 125 40 85
Mohawk 30 30 0 2,415 1,120 1,295
Oneida 0 0 0 180 60 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 115 45 75
Kutenai 0 0 0 175 95 80
Michif 10 0 0 1,210 585 625
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,750 2,730 3,015
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 110
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,060 475 585
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 820 370 450
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,305 640 665
Squamish 0 0 0 285 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 450 220 235
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 565 295 270
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5,430 2,665 2,770
Dakota 0 0 0 1,760 870 890
Stoney 0 0 0 3,675 1,805 1,875
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 140 70 70
Tlingit 0 0 0 260 140 120
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,730 1,350 1,380
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,305 645 660
Nisga'a 10 0 0 1,060 545 515
Tsimshian 0 0 0 410 180 235
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,490 680 805
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 110
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 125 50 75
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 605 285 320
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 565 265 300
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 10 665 310 360
Non-Aboriginal languages 799,105 386,095 413,015 9,107,075 4,361,420 4,745,660
Afro-Asiatic languages 167,415 88,245 79,175 837,355 432,560 404,795
Berber languages 18,170 9,630 8,535 29,460 15,745 13,715
Kabyle 10,980 5,855 5,125 17,120 9,100 8,015
Berber languages, n.i.e. 7,300 3,835 3,460 12,505 6,735 5,775
Cushitic languages 1,040 500 535 57,125 26,870 30,250
Bilen 35 20 10 1,085 625 470
Oromo 30 25 0 6,245 3,070 3,175
Somali 970 455 510 49,665 23,070 26,590
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 480 220 265
Semitic languages 158,275 83,345 74,930 771,130 400,780 370,350
Amharic 730 370 355 33,670 16,675 16,995
Arabic 149,650 78,670 70,975 629,055 329,235 299,820
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 65 30 35 19,745 9,720 10,020
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 7,115 3,505 3,610
Harari 10 0 10 1,710 855 860
Hebrew 8,120 4,445 3,680 75,020 38,730 36,290
Maltese 10 0 10 7,625 3,760 3,870
Tigrigna 260 120 135 21,340 10,640 10,705
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 75 55 15 3,220 1,655 1,565
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 400 200 195 2,775 1,440 1,335
Austro-Asiatic languages 28,895 13,845 15,055 224,865 105,845 119,020
Khmer (Cambodian) 6,220 3,010 3,215 27,035 12,640 14,400
Vietnamese 22,915 10,955 11,960 198,895 93,735 105,155
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 15 0 190 70 120
Austronesian languages 21,235 8,090 13,145 656,200 273,075 383,125
Bikol 95 40 50 2,075 885 1,190
Cebuano 630 230 400 27,045 10,960 16,085
Fijian 0 0 0 1,660 955 705
Hiligaynon 350 120 235 7,925 3,200 4,720
Ilocano 1,910 720 1,190 34,530 13,805 20,730
Malagasy 775 375 400 2,335 1,120 1,220
Malay 625 260 365 22,470 10,370 12,100
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 130 60 65 5,425 2,445 2,980
Pangasinan 45 10 35 1,800 790 1,015
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 18,985 7,090 11,900 612,735 253,210 359,530
Waray-Waray 35 10 25 1,395 530 860
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 275 120 150 5,585 2,540 3,040
Creole languages 68,360 30,615 37,745 155,615 70,545 85,070
Haitian Creole 2,835 1,345 1,495 6,850 3,140 3,710
Creole, n.o.s. 64,570 28,850 35,720 133,045 59,890 73,160
Creole languages, n.i.e. 1,325 620 700 16,635 7,955 8,675
Dravidian languages 13,030 6,775 6,260 250,180 126,220 123,960
Kannada 270 140 130 8,245 4,180 4,065
Malayalam 275 160 120 37,810 19,410 18,400
Tamil 11,980 6,170 5,815 189,860 94,640 95,220
Telugu 770 455 315 23,160 12,770 10,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 790 385 405
Hmong-Mien languages 30 15 15 870 435 435
Indo-European languages 427,865 204,965 222,905 5,158,010 2,506,455 2,651,555
Albanian 1,875 950 925 31,930 16,140 15,790
Armenian 7,595 3,565 4,030 41,295 19,980 21,315
Balto-Slavic languages 42,815 19,665 23,150 817,315 384,960 432,350
Baltic languages 505 240 265 14,675 6,470 8,205
Latvian 165 80 85 6,500 2,960 3,540
Lithuanian 340 155 180 8,185 3,510 4,675
Slavic languages 42,420 19,480 22,935 805,915 379,965 425,945
Belarusan 110 35 75 2,265 1,070 1,195
Bosnian 280 130 150 18,265 9,055 9,215
Bulgarian 3,765 1,785 1,980 22,425 10,920 11,505
Croatian 1,465 680 780 69,840 34,515 35,325
Czech 905 430 475 28,720 13,675 15,050
Macedonian 100 40 65 23,075 11,190 11,880
Polish 8,815 3,945 4,870 214,965 99,365 115,600
Russian 24,100 11,260 12,840 269,645 127,055 142,595
Serbian 1,640 750 890 73,775 37,040 36,740
Serbo-Croatian 565 240 320 11,275 5,525 5,750
Slovak 615 295 315 21,470 10,215 11,255
Slovene (Slovenian) 420 190 230 11,495 5,205 6,290
Ukrainian 5,170 2,230 2,945 132,115 58,820 73,300
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 70 35 35 3,000 1,590 1,405
Celtic languages 230 150 85 9,165 4,705 4,455
Scottish Gaelic 75 45 25 3,980 2,010 1,975
Welsh 40 25 20 1,690 830 860
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 125 80 45 3,590 1,915 1,680
Germanic languages 26,810 13,735 13,075 695,535 337,215 358,320
Afrikaans 175 125 55 23,410 11,795 11,610
Danish 365 165 200 15,745 7,320 8,425
Dutch 1,760 965 795 120,865 57,885 62,990
Frisian 0 0 0 2,910 1,515 1,395
German 16,280 8,320 7,960 502,730 245,745 256,985
Icelandic 65 45 20 1,780 830 945
Norwegian 175 75 100 8,120 3,860 4,260
Swedish 740 360 375 14,140 6,510 7,635
Vlaams (Flemish) 215 55 160 4,400 1,945 2,455
Yiddish 7,805 4,055 3,750 20,985 10,435 10,550
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 80 40 40 8,710 4,425 4,285
Greek 21,895 10,685 11,205 150,965 75,510 75,455
Indo-Iranian languages 54,120 27,940 26,185 1,658,220 840,850 817,365
Indo-Aryan languages 37,575 19,815 17,765 1,387,805 704,370 683,435
Bengali 10,745 5,495 5,260 91,220 46,935 44,285
Gujarati 5,185 2,545 2,635 149,045 74,765 74,285
Hindi 9,530 5,245 4,290 433,365 221,665 211,700
Kashmiri 35 30 10 905 490 420
Konkani 60 40 25 6,790 3,185 3,605
Marathi 285 155 135 15,570 8,200 7,365
Nepali 135 75 60 21,380 10,915 10,470
Oriya (Odia) 40 25 15 1,535 755 775
Punjabi (Panjabi) 10,615 5,985 4,630 668,240 341,450 326,790
Sindhi 255 110 140 20,260 9,310 10,945
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 755 370 385 27,825 13,970 13,855
Urdu 9,715 5,115 4,595 322,220 164,685 157,535
Iranian languages 16,935 8,350 8,590 281,715 142,030 139,680
Kurdish 610 305 300 15,290 8,290 7,000
Pashto 1,085 590 495 23,180 12,465 10,715
Persian (Farsi) 15,420 7,560 7,860 252,320 126,565 125,755
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 365 210 155 8,875 4,715 4,155
Italic (Romance) languages 289,415 136,245 153,165 1,897,630 898,530 999,100
Catalan 500 305 195 2,035 1,145 890
Italian 102,355 48,730 53,625 574,725 278,500 296,225
Portuguese 25,510 12,855 12,650 295,955 144,465 151,485
Romanian 18,340 8,625 9,715 115,050 55,275 59,770
Spanish 160,995 74,640 86,350 995,255 460,250 535,010
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 185 115 70 2,680 1,610 1,075
Japanese 3,725 1,690 2,035 83,090 36,760 46,335
Kartvelian languages 135 70 65 2,150 1,075 1,075
Georgian 135 65 65 2,150 1,080 1,070
Korean 3,665 1,740 1,930 172,755 80,170 92,590
Mongolic languages 110 65 50 2,090 960 1,130
Mongolian 115 60 55 2,090 960 1,130
Niger-Congo languages 25,760 13,035 12,720 177,215 88,135 89,080
Akan (Twi) 1,210 640 570 22,145 10,810 11,340
Bamanankan 1,285 675 610 3,190 1,660 1,530
Edo 120 50 75 3,220 1,510 1,705
Ewe 710 475 235 3,000 1,685 1,315
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 2,025 1,085 940 4,725 2,460 2,260
Ga 125 65 55 2,250 1,140 1,110
Ganda 25 10 20 2,495 1,175 1,320
Igbo 160 105 55 8,850 4,710 4,140
Lingala 5,335 2,385 2,955 17,010 7,865 9,145
Rundi (Kirundi) 1,465 690 770 8,590 4,075 4,515
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 1,380 660 720 7,860 3,600 4,260
Shona 95 50 40 5,425 2,530 2,905
Swahili 2,865 1,440 1,430 38,680 19,565 19,115
Wolof 3,155 1,725 1,435 8,240 4,455 3,785
Yoruba 545 300 250 22,420 11,475 10,940
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 8,680 4,500 4,175 40,760 20,375 20,385
Nilo-Saharan languages 175 115 65 7,015 3,520 3,495
Dinka 0 0 0 2,475 1,280 1,190
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 180 115 65 4,555 2,240 2,315
Sign languages 2,000 820 1,180 48,115 18,985 29,130
American Sign Language 250 95 155 21,930 7,780 14,155
Quebec Sign Language 1,140 425 715 4,665 1,665 3,005
Sign languages, n.i.e. 690 340 355 22,275 9,835 12,440
Sino-Tibetan languages 54,085 25,385 28,700 1,430,440 672,100 758,340
Chinese languages 53,955 25,310 28,645 1,413,110 663,465 749,640
Cantonese 19,010 8,855 10,155 699,125 325,840 373,285
Hakka 295 140 155 12,445 5,555 6,890
Mandarin 34,945 16,160 18,785 814,450 377,635 436,815
Min Dong 20 0 10 1,045 440 600
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 2,800 1,230 1,575 42,840 19,005 23,835
Wu (Shanghainese) 770 345 425 16,530 7,490 9,040
Chinese, n.o.s. 3,165 1,550 1,615 41,690 19,995 21,690
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 50 20 30 590 250 340
Tibeto-Burman languages 150 95 60 18,270 9,100 9,175
Burmese 65 40 25 4,995 2,490 2,500
Karenic languages 0 0 0 4,895 2,425 2,475
Tibetan 25 25 0 7,050 3,555 3,490
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 60 25 30 2,375 1,160 1,220
Tai-Kadai languages 2,630 1,245 1,375 30,400 13,210 17,195
Lao 1,980 990 990 17,235 8,240 8,990
Thai 930 385 545 15,390 5,875 9,520
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 10 10 115 50 65
Turkic languages 7,270 3,640 3,630 60,530 31,585 28,945
Azerbaijani 305 170 130 5,450 2,885 2,565
Turkish 6,660 3,350 3,310 50,775 26,605 24,165
Uyghur 175 85 90 1,385 685 700
Uzbek 120 50 75 2,465 1,230 1,235
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 120 50 75 1,870 905 965
Uralic languages 3,450 1,595 1,850 94,810 44,270 50,545
Estonian 50 25 25 6,070 2,750 3,315
Finnish 215 70 145 17,595 7,540 10,050
Hungarian 3,180 1,500 1,680 71,285 34,005 37,280
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 25 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 975 550 425 9,730 5,375 4,355
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 1,663,225 814,170 849,050 34,460,065 16,971,580 17,488,490
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 1,435,340 700,545 734,795 32,034,590 15,799,495 16,235,090
Canadian citizens aged under 18 278,775 141,915 136,860 6,652,795 3,412,785 3,240,010
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 1,156,570 558,635 597,935 25,381,795 12,386,710 12,995,080
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 227,880 113,625 114,255 2,425,480 1,172,085 1,253,400
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 1,663,220 814,170 849,050 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 1,033,590 507,215 526,370 26,412,610 13,124,325 13,288,290
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 570,940 275,645 295,295 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Before 1981 115,540 54,335 61,205 1,941,510 927,795 1,013,715
1981 to 1990 64,650 32,005 32,650 915,555 439,245 476,310
1991 to 2000 96,815 45,960 50,860 1,486,655 696,720 789,940
2001 to 2010 165,470 80,350 85,120 1,985,035 940,570 1,044,465
2001 to 2005 67,025 32,555 34,475 928,935 439,890 489,050
2006 to 2010 98,445 47,795 50,650 1,056,095 500,680 555,415
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 128,460 62,995 65,465 1,212,075 582,175 629,895
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 58,690 31,310 27,380 506,625 260,755 245,870
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 570,940 275,645 295,300 7,540,830 3,586,500 3,954,335
Under 5 years 50,420 25,180 25,240 731,340 364,165 367,175
5 to 14 years 85,295 42,275 43,015 1,311,810 665,870 645,945
15 to 24 years 114,050 51,595 62,455 1,604,430 724,430 880,005
25 to 44 years 280,970 138,380 142,585 3,198,920 1,513,970 1,684,950
45 years and over 40,210 18,215 21,995 694,320 318,060 376,260
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 570,945 275,645 295,300 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Americas 130,230 59,645 70,585 1,128,745 510,650 618,100
Brazil 3,530 1,700 1,830 29,320 13,235 16,080
Colombia 8,495 3,990 4,505 70,035 32,065 37,965
El Salvador 6,765 3,355 3,410 48,080 23,865 24,215
Guyana 1,390 585 805 87,685 38,940 48,745
Haiti 49,145 21,480 27,665 93,480 40,955 52,525
Jamaica 2,930 1,245 1,685 138,345 59,960 78,390
Mexico 8,275 3,855 4,415 80,585 37,530 43,055
Peru 6,895 3,080 3,815 29,615 12,950 16,665
Trinidad and Tobago 2,265 1,030 1,235 65,040 29,325 35,710
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 9,780 5,130 4,650 253,715 113,505 140,215
Other places of birth in Americas 30,760 14,190 16,565 232,850 108,325 124,530
Europe 148,260 71,355 76,900 2,088,410 1,015,145 1,073,260
Bosnia and Herzegovina 670 340 330 36,135 18,050 18,085
Croatia 885 435 450 40,045 20,005 20,035
France 35,390 18,600 16,785 105,565 55,395 50,170
Germany 2,845 1,210 1,630 145,845 69,525 76,320
Greece 9,150 4,405 4,745 62,715 31,580 31,135
Hungary 1,545 760 785 36,820 17,945 18,875
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 290 165 125 28,325 14,355 13,970
Italy 36,455 17,055 19,395 236,640 118,595 118,040
Netherlands 615 335 275 88,475 45,185 43,295
Poland 5,395 2,285 3,110 146,465 66,450 80,020
Portugal 9,080 4,200 4,875 139,450 68,150 71,300
Romania 11,545 5,305 6,240 90,305 42,795 47,510
Russian Federation 5,850 2,510 3,340 78,685 34,265 44,420
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 815 365 455 33,320 16,325 17,000
Ukraine 4,705 2,010 2,700 73,030 33,360 39,665
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 4,115 2,215 1,895 499,115 243,225 255,890
Other places of birth in Europe 18,915 9,160 9,755 247,470 119,945 127,530
Africa 133,030 68,845 64,190 637,485 322,510 314,970
Algeria 39,340 20,465 18,875 64,620 33,920 30,705
Egypt 9,590 4,955 4,635 64,615 34,125 30,495
Ethiopia 655 330 325 32,790 15,980 16,810
Kenya 285 150 135 27,150 12,810 14,340
Morocco 33,665 17,405 16,260 69,655 36,120 33,535
Nigeria 770 415 360 42,430 21,830 20,600
Somalia 430 210 220 27,230 12,070 15,160
South Africa, Republic of 330 180 145 44,660 22,205 22,460
Other places of birth in Africa 47,965 24,730 23,235 264,320 133,450 130,870
Asia