Census Profile, 2016 Census
Winnipeg, City [Census subdivision], Manitoba and Canada [Country]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Winnipeg, CY
Manitoba
[Census subdivision]
Canada

[Country]
Data quality , Winnipeg, City [Census subdivision], Manitoba  Map : Winnipeg, City [Census subdivision], Manitoba Data quality : Canada [Country]  Map : geography 2
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 705,244  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,151,728  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 663,617  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,476,688  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 6.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 294,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,412,443  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 281,046  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,079  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,518.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 464.33  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,965,588.85  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 705,245 344,400 360,845 35,151,730 17,264,200 17,887,530
0 to 14 years 118,790 61,010 57,775 5,839,565 2,992,920 2,846,645
0 to 4 years 39,205 20,260 18,945 1,898,790 973,030 925,760
5 to 9 years 40,205 20,445 19,760 2,018,130 1,034,685 983,445
10 to 14 years 39,380 20,315 19,070 1,922,645 985,200 937,445
15 to 64 years 476,125 236,195 239,925 23,376,530 11,576,130 11,800,400
15 to 19 years 43,190 22,345 20,850 2,026,160 1,039,215 986,940
20 to 24 years 50,525 25,755 24,765 2,242,690 1,144,495 1,098,200
25 to 29 years 52,180 26,110 26,065 2,285,990 1,144,470 1,141,515
30 to 34 years 51,105 25,260 25,845 2,329,395 1,148,290 1,181,110
35 to 39 years 47,940 23,455 24,485 2,288,365 1,118,635 1,169,730
40 to 44 years 45,715 22,555 23,165 2,255,135 1,104,440 1,150,695
45 to 49 years 45,255 22,235 23,020 2,359,965 1,157,760 1,202,210
50 to 54 years 50,160 24,750 25,410 2,678,075 1,318,755 1,359,320
55 to 59 years 47,995 23,630 24,360 2,620,240 1,285,190 1,335,055
60 to 64 years 42,055 20,100 21,955 2,290,510 1,114,885 1,175,630
65 years and over 110,335 47,190 63,145 5,935,630 2,695,150 3,240,485
65 to 69 years 35,520 16,535 18,985 1,972,480 953,075 1,019,405
70 to 74 years 24,715 11,320 13,395 1,420,875 677,975 742,900
75 to 79 years 18,215 7,860 10,355 1,021,850 469,550 552,300
80 to 84 years 14,630 5,975 8,655 749,650 325,765 423,880
85 years and over 17,255 5,500 11,760 770,780 268,790 501,990
85 to 89 years 10,260 3,645 6,615 482,525 185,535 296,990
90 to 94 years 5,315 1,515 3,805 223,510 68,675 154,835
95 to 99 years 1,435 305 1,130 56,525 13,240 43,280
100 years and over 240 30 210 8,230 1,340 6,890
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.8 17.7 16.0 16.6 17.3 15.9
15 to 64 years 67.5 68.6 66.5 66.5 67.1 66.0
65 years and over 15.6 13.7 17.5 16.9 15.6 18.1
85 years and over 2.4 1.6 3.3 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 39.9 38.6 41.1 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 38.8 37.4 40.1 41.2 40.2 42.2
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 281,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 166,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,541,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 36,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,391,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 76,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,949,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 10,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 698,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 10,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 891,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 5,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 784,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 50,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,539,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 630  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 189,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 281,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 84,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 90,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,834,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 42,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,140,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 38,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,946,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 25,510  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,180,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 690,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,460,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 586,455 283,385 303,070 29,312,160 14,271,280 15,040,885
Married or living common law 317,815 158,875 158,940 16,893,720 8,452,135 8,441,585
Married 268,770 134,360 134,415 13,383,455 6,693,465 6,689,990
Living common law 49,045 24,515 24,530 3,510,265 1,758,670 1,751,590
Not married and not living common law 268,640 124,510 144,125 12,418,440 5,819,140 6,599,300
Never married 183,195 97,400 85,795 8,254,340 4,444,425 3,809,915
Separated 15,075 6,395 8,680 718,295 309,905 408,400
Divorced 35,835 13,770 22,065 1,816,005 725,535 1,090,470
Widowed 34,530 6,945 27,585 1,629,800 339,280 1,290,525
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 189,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,840,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 92,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,007,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 42,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,107,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 37,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,909,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 17,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 815,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 189,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,840,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 154,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,227,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 129,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,474,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 24,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,753,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 35,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,612,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 27,985  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,262,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 7,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 350,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 154,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,227,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 70,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,024,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 83,510  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,203,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 32,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,650,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 34,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,783,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 15,950  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 770,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 35,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,612,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 21,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 983,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 9,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 457,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 4,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 171,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 134,925 64,690 70,235 6,107,260 2,941,395 3,165,865
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 281,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 176,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,218,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 66,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,782,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 109,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,436,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 6,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 301,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 98,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,552,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 84,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 13,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 582,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 696,265 340,920 355,345 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,080
English only 614,005 304,395 309,610 23,757,525 11,838,075 11,919,455
French only 980 435 540 4,144,685 1,925,845 2,218,840
English and French 70,245 31,355 38,895 6,216,065 3,071,325 3,144,740
Neither English nor French 11,035 4,735 6,300 648,970 265,920 383,045
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 696,265 340,920 355,345 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
English 660,495 324,690 335,805 26,007,500 12,852,330 13,155,165
French 22,155 10,235 11,925 7,705,755 3,780,105 3,925,650
English and French 2,875 1,420 1,455 417,485 209,130 208,355
Neither English nor French 10,740 4,580 6,165 636,515 259,600 376,910
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 23,595 10,945 12,650 7,914,495 3,884,670 4,029,825
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 3.4 3.2 3.6 22.8 22.7 22.8
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 696,265 340,925 355,345 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,085
Single responses 673,580 329,940 343,640 33,948,620 16,702,840 17,245,775
Official languages 494,220 244,030 250,190 26,627,555 13,201,620 13,425,940
English 471,825 233,715 238,115 19,460,850 9,680,125 9,780,725
French 22,390 10,315 12,080 7,166,705 3,521,495 3,645,215
Non-official languages 179,355 85,910 93,445 7,321,065 3,501,220 3,819,840
Aboriginal languages 3,585 1,390 2,190 195,700 94,795 100,900
Algonquian languages 3,420 1,330 2,085 130,450 62,930 67,520
Blackfoot 0 0 0 2,815 1,325 1,490
Cree-Montagnais languages 1,120 420 700 88,445 42,920 45,530
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,150 3,135 3,015
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 5 10,230 4,885 5,350
Moose Cree 0 0 0 100 50 55
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,205 590 620
Northern East Cree 15 0 10 315 125 190
Plains Cree 40 20 25 3,065 1,360 1,710
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 45 20 25
Swampy Cree 325 125 200 1,440 585 850
Woods Cree 30 10 20 1,840 865 975
Cree, n.o.s. 705 260 445 64,050 31,305 32,745
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 5 5 6,990 3,310 3,680
Malecite 0 0 0 305 140 160
Mi'kmaq 5 5 5 6,690 3,170 3,520
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 2,290 910 1,380 32,150 15,350 16,800
Algonquin 5 0 0 1,260 590 670
Ojibway 1,590 630 960 17,890 8,440 9,450
Oji-Cree 695 275 420 12,855 6,260 6,595
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 150 65 85
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 20
Athabaskan languages 45 10 30 17,365 8,325 9,045
Northern Athabaskan languages 45 10 35 17,315 8,310 9,010
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 60
Beaver 0 0 0 190 85 105
Carrier 0 0 0 1,025 465 565
Chilcotin 0 0 0 660 295 360
Dene 45 10 35 10,700 5,185 5,515
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 1,645 840 815
Gwich'in 0 0 0 260 110 145
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 80 25 50
Sekani 0 0 0 90 45 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 1,995 950 1,045
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 765 365 400
South Slavey 0 0 0 945 455 495
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 280 130 150
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 270 135 140
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 180 90 90
Tahltan 0 0 0 95 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 290 120 170
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 215 90 135
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 70 30 40
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 20 35
Haida 0 0 0 75 35 40
Inuit languages 55 20 35 36,545 18,100 18,445
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 0 0 1,025 445 575
Inuktitut 45 10 30 35,215 17,530 17,680
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 315 125 185
Iroquoian languages 5 0 0 1,115 485 635
Cayuga 0 0 0 45 20 20
Mohawk 5 0 0 980 430 555
Oneida 0 0 0 55 20 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 20
Kutenai 0 0 0 105 55 55
Michif 20 10 10 465 230 235
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,305 1,130 1,180
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 225 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 155
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 445 225 220
Squamish 0 0 0 40 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 335 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 255 135 125
Siouan languages 35 10 25 4,285 2,070 2,220
Dakota 35 15 25 1,215 570 635
Stoney 0 0 0 3,025 1,465 1,555
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Tlingit 0 0 0 95 40 55
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,480 730 755
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 5 0 5 880 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 400 200 200
Tsimshian 0 0 0 200 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 805 370 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 50
Heiltsuk 5 0 0 95 40 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 325 145 185
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 285 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 10 0 585 295 295
Non-Aboriginal languages 175,775 84,520 91,255 7,125,365 3,406,425 3,718,945
Afro-Asiatic languages 9,850 5,090 4,755 575,365 298,060 277,300
Berber languages 40 20 15 22,135 11,865 10,270
Kabyle 35 20 15 13,150 6,995 6,155
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 8,985 4,865 4,115
Cushitic languages 1,690 835 855 42,885 20,095 22,790
Bilen 125 70 60 805 455 350
Oromo 330 170 170 4,960 2,560 2,400
Somali 1,225 595 630 36,755 16,895 19,865
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 10 0 365 195 170
Semitic languages 8,065 4,200 3,865 509,190 265,465 243,725
Amharic 1,520 745 775 22,465 10,720 11,745
Arabic 4,275 2,270 2,005 419,890 220,785 199,105
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 0 0 16,070 7,910 8,160
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 0 0 5,545 2,780 2,770
Harari 0 0 0 1,320 635 685
Hebrew 520 305 215 19,530 10,480 9,045
Maltese 30 10 20 5,565 2,765 2,800
Tigrigna 1,700 860 835 16,650 8,310 8,340
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 2,155 1,085 1,070
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 1,155 635 520
Austro-Asiatic languages 3,980 1,875 2,110 176,725 81,810 94,920
Khmer (Cambodian) 265 125 135 20,130 9,270 10,860
Vietnamese 3,715 1,745 1,970 156,425 72,470 83,955
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 170 65 100
Austronesian languages 48,210 22,370 25,840 511,480 211,580 299,900
Bikol 155 65 85 1,790 790 1,000
Cebuano 930 420 505 19,890 7,930 11,960
Fijian 5 0 5 745 400 345
Hiligaynon 355 155 205 6,885 2,680 4,205
Ilocano 1,265 585 675 26,345 10,620 15,720
Malagasy 0 0 5 1,430 665 760
Malay 150 60 90 12,275 5,255 7,020
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 595 290 310 4,040 1,865 2,175
Pangasinan 125 65 65 1,390 590 800
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 44,445 20,635 23,810 431,380 178,575 252,810
Waray-Waray 45 20 20 1,110 430 675
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 130 60 70 4,195 1,770 2,425
Creole languages 430 200 230 72,125 32,310 39,820
Haitian Creole 15 10 5 3,030 1,445 1,590
Creole, n.o.s. 180 90 95 64,105 28,455 35,660
Creole languages, n.i.e. 235 100 130 4,985 2,410 2,575
Dravidian languages 1,165 610 560 189,405 94,765 94,640
Kannada 80 45 40 3,970 2,040 1,935
Malayalam 520 265 255 28,570 14,770 13,800
Tamil 410 215 195 140,720 69,080 71,640
Telugu 155 85 65 15,655 8,640 7,020
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 490 240 250
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 795 395 405
Indo-European languages 85,055 41,140 43,920 3,877,330 1,889,400 1,987,930
Albanian 305 150 155 26,890 13,610 13,285
Armenian 60 30 25 33,455 16,270 17,185
Balto-Slavic languages 22,020 9,850 12,170 701,975 323,640 378,340
Baltic languages 110 50 65 12,530 5,315 7,215
Latvian 45 20 30 5,455 2,350 3,105
Lithuanian 65 30 35 7,075 2,965 4,115
Slavic languages 21,905 9,800 12,110 689,450 318,325 371,115
Belarusan 30 15 15 810 385 430
Bosnian 555 275 275 12,210 6,035 6,180
Bulgarian 125 60 65 20,025 9,675 10,345
Croatian 835 390 445 48,200 23,540 24,665
Czech 425 210 215 22,290 10,525 11,765
Macedonian 135 60 70 16,775 8,050 8,725
Polish 4,985 2,205 2,775 181,710 82,435 99,275
Russian 5,515 2,665 2,855 188,255 85,400 102,855
Serbian 610 310 300 57,350 28,535 28,815
Serbo-Croatian 230 110 120 9,555 4,565 4,985
Slovak 300 125 175 17,580 8,075 9,510
Slovene (Slovenian) 220 100 125 9,790 4,415 5,370
Ukrainian 7,880 3,240 4,635 102,485 45,440 57,040
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 60 35 25 2,415 1,255 1,165
Celtic languages 55 30 20 2,690 1,335 1,360
Scottish Gaelic 25 15 10 1,090 540 550
Welsh 20 10 10 1,075 495 575
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 530 295 235
Germanic languages 15,875 7,050 8,825 538,765 258,410 280,350
Afrikaans 150 75 70 10,265 5,115 5,145
Danish 165 75 85 12,630 6,245 6,390
Dutch 1,215 585 630 99,020 48,200 50,820
Frisian 25 10 15 2,100 1,095 1,005
German 13,595 5,985 7,615 384,035 183,215 200,820
Icelandic 145 50 95 1,285 600 685
Norwegian 50 20 30 4,615 2,170 2,445
Swedish 95 40 55 6,840 3,015 3,825
Vlaams (Flemish) 105 45 60 3,895 1,730 2,165
Yiddish 340 165 175 13,555 6,750 6,800
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 525 280 240
Greek 1,145 575 565 106,525 53,350 53,170
Indo-Iranian languages 29,330 15,485 13,840 1,312,750 664,120 648,630
Indo-Aryan languages 26,685 14,155 12,530 1,064,760 538,530 526,235
Bengali 1,095 630 470 73,125 37,410 35,720
Gujarati 2,065 1,080 980 108,780 55,105 53,670
Hindi 2,065 1,100 970 110,640 55,880 54,765
Kashmiri 5 5 0 565 300 265
Konkani 30 15 15 3,330 1,625 1,710
Marathi 105 65 45 8,295 4,300 3,995
Nepali 710 350 360 18,275 9,230 9,045
Oriya (Odia) 5 5 5 1,055 560 495
Punjabi (Panjabi) 17,190 9,040 8,145 501,680 253,515 248,160
Sindhi 50 25 25 11,860 5,605 6,260
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 625 320 300 16,335 8,050 8,285
Urdu 2,745 1,510 1,230 210,815 106,960 103,860
Iranian languages 2,545 1,275 1,265 242,805 122,835 119,970
Kurdish 390 205 190 11,705 6,345 5,355
Pashto 245 110 135 16,910 8,760 8,145
Persian (Farsi) 1,910 965 945 214,200 107,725 106,470
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 95 55 40 5,180 2,755 2,425
Italic (Romance) languages 16,280 7,970 8,315 1,154,270 558,660 595,615
Catalan 0 0 0 865 440 425
Italian 3,365 1,650 1,720 375,635 184,415 191,220
Portuguese 5,685 2,735 2,945 221,540 106,630 114,910
Romanian 525 255 275 96,665 46,195 50,470
Spanish 6,690 3,310 3,375 458,850 220,605 238,245
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 720 380 340
Japanese 485 165 315 43,640 14,790 28,855
Kartvelian languages 15 5 10 1,715 910 805
Georgian 15 10 5 1,715 910 805
Korean 3,280 1,560 1,720 153,425 70,310 83,115
Mongolic languages 20 5 15 1,575 690 885
Mongolian 20 5 15 1,575 690 880
Niger-Congo languages 3,510 1,755 1,755 91,375 45,075 46,305
Akan (Twi) 130 70 55 13,455 6,490 6,970
Bamanankan 70 25 50 1,535 815 720
Edo 35 20 15 1,670 770 900
Ewe 25 20 10 1,760 950 805
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 60 35 30 2,825 1,495 1,335
Ga 15 5 5 920 445 470
Ganda 45 15 25 1,295 625 665
Igbo 275 145 125 4,235 2,265 1,970
Lingala 70 30 40 3,810 1,785 2,025
Rundi (Kirundi) 120 60 65 5,845 2,785 3,060
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 230 120 115 5,250 2,355 2,895
Shona 90 40 50 3,180 1,520 1,665
Swahili 820 395 425 13,370 6,385 6,990
Wolof 70 50 25 3,990 2,170 1,820
Yoruba 875 445 430 9,085 4,785 4,300
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 580 285 295 19,135 9,435 9,695
Nilo-Saharan languages 380 205 175 5,870 3,025 2,845
Dinka 170 90 80 2,120 1,115 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 215 120 95 3,755 1,910 1,840
Sign languages 315 170 145 7,500 3,925 3,575
American Sign Language 175 95 80 2,685 1,320 1,360
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 5 695 340 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 135 70 65 4,120 2,265 1,860
Sino-Tibetan languages 16,595 8,185 8,410 1,269,215 589,570 679,645
Chinese languages 16,035 7,905 8,130 1,253,360 581,650 671,715
Cantonese 6,055 2,865 3,190 565,270 262,865 302,405
Hakka 55 25 25 10,910 4,900 6,015
Mandarin 8,785 4,425 4,360 592,040 274,630 317,410
Min Dong 5 5 0 1,230 580 650
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 300 145 160 31,795 14,450 17,350
Wu (Shanghainese) 100 50 50 12,915 5,780 7,140
Chinese, n.o.s. 730 390 340 38,580 18,165 20,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 610 275 335
Tibeto-Burman languages 560 280 275 15,850 7,925 7,935
Burmese 80 50 30 3,585 1,795 1,790
Karenic languages 415 205 210 4,705 2,355 2,350
Tibetan 10 0 5 6,165 3,080 3,080
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 50 15 35 1,400 695 705
Tai-Kadai languages 1,005 480 530 22,010 8,870 13,145
Lao 800 405 395 12,670 6,145 6,525
Thai 205 75 135 9,255 2,690 6,565
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 80 35 55
Turkic languages 300 160 140 40,140 21,120 19,025
Azerbaijani 30 15 15 3,260 1,785 1,470
Turkish 185 105 85 32,815 17,375 15,440
Uyghur 10 5 5 1,035 510 525
Uzbek 40 25 15 1,715 855 865
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 30 20 15 1,315 590 720
Uralic languages 1,055 465 590 81,985 37,790 44,195
Estonian 30 15 15 5,445 2,325 3,115
Finnish 130 50 75 15,295 6,395 8,900
Hungarian 900 405 495 61,235 29,060 32,175
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 120 70 50 3,690 2,045 1,645
Multiple responses 22,685 10,980 11,705 818,635 398,325 420,305
English and French 2,780 1,350 1,430 165,320 80,460 84,860
English and non-official language 18,955 9,135 9,820 533,265 259,160 274,100
French and non-official language 565 310 255 86,150 42,170 43,985
English, French and non-official language 385 190 200 33,900 16,535 17,365
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 696,265 340,925 355,345 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
Single responses 647,055 317,210 329,840 33,103,860 16,298,475 16,805,395
Official languages 555,505 272,420 283,090 29,106,670 14,383,020 14,723,645
English 546,075 268,225 277,845 22,162,865 10,966,135 11,196,730
French 9,435 4,195 5,240 6,943,800 3,416,890 3,526,910
Non-official languages 91,545 44,790 46,755 3,997,195 1,915,450 2,081,750
Aboriginal languages 925 400 525 118,470 59,720 58,750
Algonquian languages 905 390 510 75,080 37,825 37,260
Blackfoot 0 0 0 1,115 555 555
Cree-Montagnais languages 260 105 150 55,825 28,135 27,685
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5,465 2,825 2,640
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 8,590 4,195 4,395
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,200 595 605
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 110 55 60
Plains Cree 5 5 5 1,350 665 685
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 20 5 15
Swampy Cree 45 20 25 330 140 190
Woods Cree 0 0 0 800 410 390
Cree, n.o.s. 200 80 120 37,945 19,240 18,710
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 3,615 1,795 1,820
Malecite 0 0 0 55 30 30
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 3,560 1,770 1,795
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 645 285 360 14,525 7,335 7,190
Algonquin 0 0 0 370 170 200
Ojibway 365 155 205 6,175 3,165 3,015
Oji-Cree 285 125 160 7,900 3,960 3,940
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 10,265 5,125 5,135
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 10,255 5,120 5,135
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 15 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 50 30 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 115 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 255 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 7,710 3,805 3,905
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 1,020 550 475
Gwich'in 0 0 0 45 25 25
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 820 425 395
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 340 180 155
South Slavey 0 0 0 370 190 185
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 55 55
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 25 15 15
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 5 5
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 30 15 15
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 25 15 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 5
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 0
Inuit languages 10 5 5 29,490 14,995 14,495
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 165 75 90
Inuktitut 5 0 5 29,230 14,885 14,345
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 90 40 55
Iroquoian languages 5 0 5 285 135 155
Cayuga 0 0 0 10 0 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 255 115 140
Oneida 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 5 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 5 0 0 85 40 45
Salish languages 0 0 0 285 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 45 20 25
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 55 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 0 5
Straits 0 0 0 20 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 2,225 1,085 1,140
Dakota 5 0 5 255 140 120
Stoney 0 0 0 1,950 940 1,010
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 410 210 190
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 315 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 40 30
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 45 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 5
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 15
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 235 110 125
Non-Aboriginal languages 90,620 44,395 46,225 3,878,725 1,855,730 2,022,995
Afro-Asiatic languages 6,320 3,165 3,160 307,755 153,275 154,480
Berber languages 15 10 5 8,105 4,215 3,895
Kabyle 15 10 5 5,490 2,855 2,640
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,620 1,365 1,260
Cushitic languages 1,140 520 615 27,095 12,455 14,640
Bilen 95 50 45 620 330 285
Oromo 205 90 115 3,410 1,700 1,710
Somali 830 375 455 22,895 10,340 12,555
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 185 85 95
Semitic languages 5,145 2,620 2,525 272,100 136,390 135,720
Amharic 875 430 445 12,780 6,010 6,770
Arabic 2,835 1,455 1,385 223,540 112,690 110,850
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 5 0 10,510 5,090 5,425
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 3,445 1,695 1,750
Harari 0 0 0 735 335 400
Hebrew 340 185 155 8,560 4,425 4,135
Maltese 10 5 0 1,130 525 605
Tigrigna 1,080 545 535 10,205 5,040 5,170
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,200 585 620
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 440 215 230
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,785 1,310 1,470 115,210 53,500 61,710
Khmer (Cambodian) 125 55 70 10,880 4,940 5,945
Vietnamese 2,660 1,260 1,400 104,245 48,525 55,725
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 85 40 45
Austronesian languages 24,745 11,735 13,010 239,785 108,110 131,680
Bikol 25 15 10 290 140 155
Cebuano 345 170 175 7,210 3,325 3,880
Fijian 0 0 0 195 105 90
Hiligaynon 125 55 65 2,205 970 1,240
Ilocano 370 175 195 9,125 4,045 5,080
Malagasy 0 0 0 435 220 210
Malay 50 25 25 3,620 1,710 1,910
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 230 110 120 1,200 565 630
Pangasinan 30 15 10 240 110 135
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 23,540 11,155 12,385 213,790 96,235 117,555
Waray-Waray 10 5 5 310 135 170
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 1,160 545 620
Creole languages 200 80 115 27,860 12,005 15,850
Haitian Creole 10 5 5 1,280 575 705
Creole, n.o.s. 90 45 50 24,575 10,510 14,060
Creole languages, n.i.e. 105 40 60 2,005 920 1,085
Dravidian languages 580 285 295 122,490 59,780 62,710
Kannada 40 20 20 1,630 825 800
Malayalam 255 125 130 15,440 7,865 7,575
Tamil 205 105 105 96,955 46,570 50,385
Telugu 75 40 35 8,280 4,430 3,850
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 85 105
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 340 160 180
Indo-European languages 38,445 19,165 19,280 1,911,215 927,225 983,985
Albanian 150 80 75 13,135 6,575 6,560
Armenian 20 10 5 21,505 10,165 11,345
Balto-Slavic languages 8,315 3,970 4,345 314,965 149,315 165,650
Baltic languages 10 5 10 3,275 1,400 1,870
Latvian 5 5 5 1,255 530 725
Lithuanian 10 0 0 2,020 870 1,150
Slavic languages 8,300 3,965 4,330 311,690 147,910 163,780
Belarusan 5 0 5 230 105 120
Bosnian 280 140 140 6,045 3,010 3,040
Bulgarian 60 30 30 11,985 5,835 6,150
Croatian 270 115 155 16,775 7,980 8,795
Czech 95 45 50 6,235 3,060 3,180
Macedonian 75 35 45 6,830 3,250 3,580
Polish 1,660 740 920 74,780 34,910 39,870
Russian 3,610 1,795 1,815 116,595 55,175 61,425
Serbian 330 165 160 31,750 15,665 16,085
Serbo-Croatian 85 40 50 3,885 1,865 2,020
Slovak 60 30 30 5,615 2,685 2,920
Slovene (Slovenian) 50 20 35 2,050 905 1,145
Ukrainian 1,700 800 895 28,250 13,150 15,100
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 670 310 360
Celtic languages 10 5 5 360 205 155
Scottish Gaelic 0 5 0 185 105 80
Welsh 5 0 0 95 50 45
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 50 30
Germanic languages 1,635 735 900 146,455 71,835 74,615
Afrikaans 50 25 25 4,790 2,355 2,435
Danish 5 5 5 855 410 445
Dutch 65 30 35 9,565 4,630 4,935
Frisian 0 0 5 185 95 90
German 1,475 655 815 120,335 58,905 61,435
Icelandic 15 5 10 270 120 150
Norwegian 0 0 0 345 145 200
Swedish 10 5 0 1,045 500 545
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 5 355 170 185
Yiddish 10 5 5 7,080 3,695 3,385
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,625 820 810
Greek 485 220 260 44,545 21,110 23,440
Indo-Iranian languages 20,740 10,810 9,930 838,755 416,960 421,795
Indo-Aryan languages 19,035 10,000 9,040 676,185 337,440 338,745
Bengali 660 375 285 47,350 23,585 23,765
Gujarati 1,315 670 645 64,150 31,740 32,405
Hindi 1,200 640 560 55,510 27,805 27,710
Kashmiri 0 0 0 135 70 70
Konkani 10 0 5 720 355 370
Marathi 30 20 15 3,780 1,940 1,840
Nepali 535 260 270 13,375 6,710 6,670
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 470 235 240
Punjabi (Panjabi) 13,225 6,915 6,310 349,145 174,905 174,240
Sindhi 25 10 15 4,975 2,280 2,695
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 340 180 160 7,790 3,860 3,925
Urdu 1,695 930 770 128,785 63,965 64,820
Iranian languages 1,665 790 870 160,195 78,310 81,880
Kurdish 255 125 130 6,580 3,400 3,175
Pashto 155 65 90 10,590 5,305 5,290
Persian (Farsi) 1,250 595 655 143,020 69,600 73,425
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20 2,375 1,215 1,160
Italic (Romance) languages 7,095 3,335 3,760 531,485 251,050 280,440
Catalan 0 0 0 355 165 190
Italian 970 415 555 115,415 49,975 65,440
Portuguese 2,605 1,205 1,400 98,710 46,915 51,795
Romanian 205 100 110 53,320 25,795 27,525
Spanish 3,315 1,615 1,695 263,510 128,110 135,400
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 180 85 95
Japanese 160 65 95 19,785 8,265 11,515
Kartvelian languages 10 5 5 1,040 565 475
Georgian 5 5 0 1,035 565 475
Korean 2,540 1,235 1,305 109,705 51,385 58,320
Mongolic languages 5 0 0 910 440 470
Mongolian 5 0 5 910 435 470
Niger-Congo languages 1,285 635 650 28,665 13,340 15,320
Akan (Twi) 40 30 15 5,990 2,695 3,295
Bamanankan 15 5 5 340 180 160
Edo 5 0 0 415 175 240
Ewe 5 5 5 410 185 225
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 30 15 15 825 400 425
Ga 5 0 5 250 105 140
Ganda 5 5 0 345 160 185
Igbo 70 40 35 1,000 485 510
Lingala 40 20 20 1,045 455 590
Rundi (Kirundi) 55 30 30 2,110 990 1,115
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 100 50 45 1,530 670 865
Shona 10 5 10 1,035 475 560
Swahili 470 225 245 5,370 2,500 2,870
Wolof 30 15 10 1,380 745 635
Yoruba 285 145 135 2,615 1,275 1,340
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 110 40 70 4,010 1,850 2,160
Nilo-Saharan languages 130 60 70 2,650 1,305 1,350
Dinka 80 30 45 1,130 580 550
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 1,525 730 800
Sign languages 395 220 175 10,445 5,870 4,570
American Sign Language 195 110 85 3,015 1,560 1,460
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 730 375 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 200 110 90 6,690 3,935 2,755
Sino-Tibetan languages 12,125 6,010 6,110 924,720 433,530 491,190
Chinese languages 11,675 5,785 5,890 913,365 427,860 485,505
Cantonese 4,060 1,905 2,155 400,215 184,340 215,885
Hakka 25 10 10 4,080 1,820 2,265
Mandarin 6,890 3,500 3,390 462,890 220,075 242,815
Min Dong 0 0 0 345 150 195
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 125 60 65 13,965 6,345 7,625
Wu (Shanghainese) 60 30 30 7,650 3,580 4,075
Chinese, n.o.s. 510 275 230 23,935 11,440 12,500
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 280 130 150
Tibeto-Burman languages 450 225 220 11,350 5,670 5,680
Burmese 50 30 25 2,245 1,115 1,125
Karenic languages 350 180 170 3,865 1,935 1,930
Tibetan 5 0 0 4,590 2,305 2,280
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 35 10 20 655 305 345
Tai-Kadai languages 490 230 265 9,565 4,455 5,110
Lao 400 195 205 6,175 2,995 3,180
Thai 90 35 60 3,360 1,450 1,915
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Turkic languages 120 60 60 22,250 11,205 11,045
Azerbaijani 10 5 5 1,245 640 610
Turkish 60 30 30 18,955 9,525 9,430
Uyghur 0 0 0 610 315 290
Uzbek 35 20 15 990 505 490
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 455 230 225
Uralic languages 255 115 140 23,245 10,715 12,535
Estonian 0 0 0 975 365 610
Finnish 20 15 5 2,790 1,220 1,565
Hungarian 235 105 130 19,485 9,125 10,355
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 35 15 15 1,110 605 500
Multiple responses 49,210 23,710 25,505 1,663,390 802,695 860,690
English and French 2,055 950 1,105 160,185 77,940 82,235
English and non-official language 46,025 22,215 23,810 1,284,975 620,375 664,600
French and non-official language 350 175 175 148,915 70,915 78,000
English, French and non-official language 780 365 410 69,315 33,465 35,850
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 696,265 340,925 355,340 34,767,255 17,101,165 17,666,080
None 589,060 290,070 298,985 29,615,245 14,612,175 15,003,065
English 45,760 22,350 23,405 2,109,340 1,045,215 1,064,120
French 11,860 5,185 6,680 731,095 342,245 388,855
Non-official language 47,600 22,345 25,255 2,151,690 1,023,940 1,127,750
Aboriginal 2,330 915 1,415 90,740 42,890 47,850
Non-Aboriginal 45,270 21,430 23,840 2,060,945 981,055 1,079,895
English and French 250 125 125 47,970 23,785 24,190
English and non-official language 1,170 595 575 61,075 30,045 31,030
French and non-official language 555 250 310 48,755 22,690 26,065
English, French and non-official language 15 5 5 2,080 1,075 1,010
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 571,580 277,450 294,130 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,355
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 543,905 263,405 280,500 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,190
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,964 40,204 30,683 34,204 40,782 28,860
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 544,005 263,415 280,585 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,968 34,915 27,685 30,866 35,933 26,621
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 492,435 243,220 249,215 24,583,315 12,296,595 12,286,725
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,485 39,231 28,370 32,762 39,925 26,613
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 402,285 175,015 227,275 19,743,240 8,755,815 10,987,430
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,345 1,403 4,645 5,453 4,199 6,136
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 412,400 210,395 202,005 20,428,685 10,547,760 9,880,925
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,795 39,583 30,503 33,684 39,836 28,474
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 571,580 277,430 294,145 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 543,880 263,420 280,460 27,489,395 13,441,555 14,047,845
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,916 52,162 38,110 47,487 56,740 38,632
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 544,000 263,440 280,565 27,500,230 13,446,230 14,053,995
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,742 41,752 32,037 38,977 45,404 32,828
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 492,600 243,375 249,225 24,584,065 12,295,015 12,289,055
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,106 52,146 36,256 46,885 56,803 36,962
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 402,440 174,890 227,550 19,742,130 8,752,070 10,990,060
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,714 6,001 7,262 7,738 7,345 8,050
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 412,400 210,205 202,200 20,428,670 10,542,540 9,886,130
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,874 50,708 36,769 46,057 54,369 37,193
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 571,580 277,430 294,150 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 200,000 111,255 88,740 9,367,045 5,231,015 4,136,035
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 50,937 55,422 46,147 53,431 59,326 47,420
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 61,165 67,524 53,193 65,997 74,289 55,510
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 88.9 92.3 84.5 88.3 91.6 83.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 74.1 77.6 69.6 72.0 75.2 67.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 11.1 7.7 15.5 11.7 8.4 16.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 571,580 277,450 294,130 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without total income 27,670 14,045 13,630 1,154,450 546,285 608,165
With total income 543,905 263,405 280,500 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,195
Percentage with total income 95.2 94.9 95.4 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 76,220 34,900 41,315 3,877,620 1,668,960 2,208,655
$10,000 to $19,999 82,790 32,740 50,050 4,680,380 1,867,600 2,812,785
$20,000 to $29,999 77,155 31,170 45,985 3,807,840 1,593,335 2,214,505
$30,000 to $39,999 71,645 32,175 39,470 3,206,175 1,472,670 1,733,510
$40,000 to $49,999 63,520 30,325 33,195 2,827,045 1,376,565 1,450,480
$50,000 to $59,999 47,690 25,865 21,820 2,179,775 1,145,685 1,034,090
$60,000 to $69,999 34,250 19,830 14,425 1,655,070 938,755 716,310
$70,000 to $79,999 25,050 14,765 10,280 1,271,850 745,830 526,015
$80,000 to $89,999 19,750 11,340 8,410 966,885 579,290 387,590
$90,000 to $99,999 12,580 7,395 5,190 749,290 452,240 297,050
$100,000 and over 33,265 22,900 10,360 2,266,600 1,603,400 663,195
$100,000 to $149,999 23,095 15,460 7,635 1,493,570 1,024,210 469,365
$150,000 and over 10,165 7,440 2,730 773,025 579,190 193,830
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 571,580 277,450 294,130 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without after-tax income 27,575 14,035 13,540 1,143,795 541,620 602,175
With after-tax income 544,000 263,420 280,590 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Percentage with after-tax income 95.2 94.9 95.4 96.0 96.1 95.9
Under $10,000 (including loss) 78,630 35,395 43,235 4,004,475 1,706,825 2,297,645
$10,000 to $19,999 89,555 35,715 53,835 4,905,055 1,972,920 2,932,130
$20,000 to $29,999 94,770 39,705 55,065 4,489,925 1,926,175 2,563,755
$30,000 to $39,999 89,425 41,635 47,795 3,924,960 1,870,705 2,054,250
$40,000 to $49,999 68,040 35,850 32,200 3,144,200 1,619,670 1,524,525
$50,000 to $59,999 45,510 26,360 19,145 2,209,280 1,245,570 963,705
$60,000 to $69,999 30,760 17,775 12,985 1,540,300 912,230 628,065
$70,000 to $79,999 17,980 10,705 7,275 1,076,180 654,570 421,610
$80,000 and over 29,325 20,270 9,055 2,204,820 1,540,335 664,485
$80,000 to $89,999 10,065 6,575 3,485 688,705 444,550 244,145
$90,000 to $99,999 5,750 3,945 1,800 420,975 291,090 129,885
$100,000 and over 13,510 9,745 3,760 1,095,140 804,690 290,445
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 571,580 277,450 294,130 28,642,980 13,990,625 14,652,360
Without employment income 159,175 67,050 92,125 8,214,295 3,442,860 4,771,430
With employment income 412,405 210,395 202,005 20,428,690 10,547,760 9,880,925
Percentage with employment income 72.2 75.8 68.7 71.3 75.4 67.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 46,315 21,735 24,585 2,778,990 1,357,430 1,421,560
$5,000 to $9,999 29,640 12,975 16,670 1,602,140 697,025 905,120
$10,000 to $19,999 53,530 23,765 29,765 2,736,010 1,212,855 1,523,155
$20,000 to $29,999 51,785 23,360 28,420 2,293,785 1,022,090 1,271,695
$30,000 to $39,999 51,805 24,355 27,455 2,149,860 1,001,065 1,148,795
$40,000 to $49,999 45,820 22,620 23,205 1,928,565 946,625 981,940
$50,000 to $59,999 35,450 20,060 15,390 1,554,100 839,045 715,055
$60,000 to $69,999 25,830 15,285 10,545 1,220,310 708,270 512,040
$70,000 to $79,999 19,880 11,925 7,955 992,170 591,945 400,225
$80,000 and over 52,335 34,315 18,020 3,172,770 2,171,415 1,001,355
$80,000 to $89,999 16,565 9,500 7,060 773,755 475,700 298,055
$90,000 to $99,999 10,100 6,220 3,880 623,980 382,330 241,650
$100,000 and over 25,670 18,595 7,080 1,775,030 1,313,385 461,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 281,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 68,402  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,336  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 58,987  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 61,348  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 84,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,389  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,174  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 32,621  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,446  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 196,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,102,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 86,478  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,249  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 74,066  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,419  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 281,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 86,921  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,764  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 71,119  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,171  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 84,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,967,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 45,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,799  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,404  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 196,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,104,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 104,739  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 110,813  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 85,642  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 90,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 281,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 5,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 228,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 5,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 200,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 6,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 374,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 9,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 565,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 11,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 602,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 10,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 538,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 11,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 603,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 12,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 606,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 12,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 596,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 12,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 578,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 23,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,097,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 21,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,010,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 19,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 924,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 18,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 836,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 15,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 745,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 83,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,561,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 30,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,470,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 19,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,016,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 19,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,116,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 13,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 959,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 281,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 5,835  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 243,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 5,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 203,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 7,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 380,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 10,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 591,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 13,815  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 673,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 12,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 628,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 14,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 719,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 15,510  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 725,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 15,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 711,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 14,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 691,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 28,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,299,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 25,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,169,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 22,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,041,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 18,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 900,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 15,195  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 757,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 56,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,333,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 26,510  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,371,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 14,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 809,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 16,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,152,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 187,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,688,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 86,756  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,306  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 74,198  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,372  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 65,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,706,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 81,677  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 78,976  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 69,441  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 68,309  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 83,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,222,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 107,956  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 113,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 91,344  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 96,608  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 32,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,481,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,557  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 53,193  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,774  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 48,856  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 187,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,689,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 105,662  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 86,202  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 65,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,706,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 101,503  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,086  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 82,087  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 82,296  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 83,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,225,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 126,792  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 137,094  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 102,628  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,307  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 31,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,477,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 63,482  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,549  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 54,767  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 56,687  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 112,900 54,860 58,045 5,313,545 2,608,845 2,704,705
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 33,470 34,994 32,247 31,890 34,483 29,801
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,799 30,688 29,081 28,959 30,746 27,495
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 112,680 54,700 57,985 5,299,050 2,596,985 2,702,070
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 41,061 42,846 39,377 42,939 46,085 39,915
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 34,013 34,887 33,188 35,801 37,724 33,952
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 690,000 338,265 351,735 34,460,065 16,971,550 17,488,515
In the bottom half of the distribution 368,405 176,125 192,285 17,229,835 8,256,970 8,972,865
In the bottom decile 78,315 38,370 39,940 3,445,950 1,672,900 1,773,050
In the second decile 68,390 30,905 37,480 3,445,660 1,564,965 1,880,700
In the third decile 72,380 34,120 38,260 3,446,165 1,641,930 1,804,235
In the fourth decile 74,275 36,015 38,260 3,445,850 1,677,120 1,768,730
In the fifth decile 75,050 36,710 38,340 3,446,210 1,700,060 1,746,150
In the top half of the distribution 321,595 162,145 159,450 17,230,230 8,714,580 8,515,650
In the sixth decile 73,740 36,675 37,060 3,445,695 1,716,510 1,729,185
In the seventh decile 71,565 35,885 35,680 3,446,470 1,730,975 1,715,500
In the eighth decile 67,470 33,960 33,510 3,445,940 1,741,640 1,704,300
In the ninth decile 60,780 30,930 29,855 3,446,045 1,751,850 1,694,195
In the top decile 48,050 24,700 23,350 3,446,080 1,773,600 1,672,475
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 690,005 338,270 351,740 33,968,295 16,724,265 17,244,035
0 to 17 years 143,460 73,840 69,625 6,836,380 3,504,250 3,332,125
0 to 5 years 46,950 24,170 22,775 2,228,770 1,142,505 1,086,270
18 to 64 years 446,715 220,470 226,245 21,695,090 10,690,090 11,005,005
65 years and over 99,825 43,960 55,865 5,436,830 2,529,930 2,906,905
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 109,540 51,615 57,920 4,809,940 2,243,200 2,566,740
0 to 17 years 32,990 16,960 16,030 1,163,830 597,570 566,255
0 to 5 years 12,005 6,215 5,795 396,095 203,055 193,030
18 to 64 years 64,450 30,475 33,980 2,855,290 1,341,590 1,513,700
65 years and over 12,100 4,180 7,915 790,825 304,040 486,780
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 15.9 15.3 16.5 14.2 13.4 14.9
0 to 17 years (%) 23.0 23.0 23.0 17.0 17.1 17.0
0 to 5 years (%) 25.6 25.7 25.4 17.8 17.8 17.8
18 to 64 years (%) 14.4 13.8 15.0 13.2 12.5 13.8
65 years and over (%) 12.1 9.5 14.2 14.5 12.0 16.7
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 91,945 44,300 47,645 3,128,995 1,519,370 1,609,630
0 to 17 years 25,905 13,275 12,630 696,025 357,255 338,770
0 to 5 years 9,570 4,920 4,645 236,435 121,170 115,260
18 to 64 years 58,300 28,335 29,965 2,157,745 1,057,585 1,100,160
65 years and over 7,740 2,685 5,050 275,225 104,525 170,695
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 13.3 13.1 13.5 9.2 9.1 9.3
0 to 17 years (%) 18.1 18.0 18.1 10.2 10.2 10.2
0 to 5 years (%) 20.4 20.4 20.4 10.6 10.6 10.6
18 to 64 years (%) 13.1 12.9 13.2 9.9 9.9 10.0
65 years and over (%) 7.8 6.1 9.0 5.1 4.1 5.9
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 690,000 338,270 351,735 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Official languages 679,015 333,455 345,555 33,818,210 16,709,290 17,108,920
English 678,135 333,060 345,080 29,748,265 14,806,270 14,941,995
French 70,225 31,345 38,885 10,242,945 4,952,455 5,290,495
Non-official languages 220,925 105,860 115,060 9,369,280 4,488,185 4,881,090
Aboriginal languages 5,645 2,230 3,415 263,845 127,550 136,295
Algonquian languages 5,400 2,130 3,270 177,570 85,505 92,065
Blackfoot 10 0 0 5,645 2,695 2,950
Cree-Montagnais languages 1,870 740 1,135 116,585 56,515 60,070
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,640 3,335 3,305
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 11,440 5,500 5,945
Moose Cree 0 0 0 195 80 115
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,465 710 755
Northern East Cree 35 10 25 545 225 320
Plains Cree 105 50 50 5,905 2,705 3,200
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 40 30 10
Swampy Cree 500 220 280 2,345 995 1,350
Woods Cree 55 25 30 2,665 1,230 1,435
Cree, n.o.s. 1,175 435 740 86,115 42,080 44,035
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 9,765 4,710 5,050
Malecite 0 0 0 755 370 390
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 9,025 4,350 4,670
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 3,685 1,455 2,230 46,685 22,100 24,585
Algonquin 0 0 0 2,480 1,165 1,315
Ojibway 2,580 1,035 1,550 28,585 13,365 15,220
Oji-Cree 1,105 420 680 15,610 7,575 8,030
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 205 105 105
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 120 60 60
Athabaskan languages 75 15 60 23,655 11,340 12,320
Northern Athabaskan languages 75 15 60 23,570 11,300 12,265
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 210 105 100
Beaver 0 0 0 340 180 165
Carrier 0 0 0 2,105 955 1,145
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,150 535 610
Dene 75 10 60 13,060 6,270 6,790
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 2,375 1,210 1,165
Gwich'in 0 0 0 360 165 200
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 150 60 90
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 2,815 1,340 1,475
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 1,010 475 530
South Slavey 0 0 0 1,365 660 710
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 680 320 360
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 630 340 285
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 365 205 170
Tahltan 0 0 0 270 140 130
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 420 160 260
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 285 115 170
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 145 50 95
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 35 50
Haida 0 0 0 465 205 260
Inuit languages 55 25 30 42,980 21,355 21,630
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 1,975 895 1,080
Inuktitut 40 10 30 40,620 20,280 20,340
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 470 225 240
Iroquoian languages 15 10 10 2,800 1,240 1,555
Cayuga 0 0 0 125 40 85
Mohawk 10 0 0 2,415 1,120 1,295
Oneida 0 0 0 180 60 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 115 45 75
Kutenai 0 0 0 175 95 80
Michif 65 30 30 1,210 585 625
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,750 2,730 3,015
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 110
Halkomelem 10 0 0 1,060 475 585
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 820 370 450
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,305 640 665
Squamish 0 0 0 285 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 450 220 235
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 565 295 270
Siouan languages 35 20 15 5,430 2,665 2,770
Dakota 35 20 15 1,760 870 890
Stoney 0 0 0 3,675 1,805 1,875
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 140 70 70
Tlingit 0 0 0 260 140 120
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,730 1,350 1,380
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,305 645 660
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,060 545 515
Tsimshian 0 0 0 410 180 235
Wakashan languages 10 0 0 1,490 680 805
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 110
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 125 50 75
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 605 285 320
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 10 0 10 565 265 300
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 20 10 0 665 310 360
Non-Aboriginal languages 215,340 103,665 111,680 9,107,075 4,361,420 4,745,660
Afro-Asiatic languages 14,575 7,635 6,935 837,355 432,560 404,795
Berber languages 75 35 35 29,460 15,745 13,715
Kabyle 45 25 20 17,120 9,100 8,015
Berber languages, n.i.e. 35 20 10 12,505 6,735 5,775
Cushitic languages 2,220 1,145 1,075 57,125 26,870 30,250
Bilen 150 80 70 1,085 625 470
Oromo 530 270 260 6,245 3,070 3,175
Somali 1,530 785 745 49,665 23,070 26,590
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 480 220 265
Semitic languages 12,605 6,655 5,955 771,130 400,780 370,350
Amharic 2,185 1,175 1,005 33,670 16,675 16,995
Arabic 6,080 3,280 2,810 629,055 329,235 299,820
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 15 0 10 19,745 9,720 10,020
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 10 0 7,115 3,505 3,610
Harari 10 10 0 1,710 855 860
Hebrew 3,210 1,645 1,570 75,020 38,730 36,290
Maltese 45 10 25 7,625 3,760 3,870
Tigrigna 2,125 1,105 1,020 21,340 10,640 10,705
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 3,220 1,655 1,565
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 125 55 70 2,775 1,440 1,335
Austro-Asiatic languages 4,955 2,410 2,545 224,865 105,845 119,020
Khmer (Cambodian) 325 175 140 27,035 12,640 14,400
Vietnamese 4,645 2,245 2,405 198,895 93,735 105,155
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 70 120
Austronesian languages 59,420 27,390 32,035 656,200 273,075 383,125
Bikol 210 95 110 2,075 885 1,190
Cebuano 1,200 595 605 27,045 10,960 16,085
Fijian 10 0 10 1,660 955 705
Hiligaynon 395 160 235 7,925 3,200 4,720
Ilocano 1,790 855 930 34,530 13,805 20,730
Malagasy 0 0 0 2,335 1,120 1,220
Malay 315 160 155 22,470 10,370 12,100
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 910 400 510 5,425 2,445 2,980
Pangasinan 210 95 110 1,800 790 1,015
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 58,520 26,925 31,595 612,735 253,210 359,530
Waray-Waray 100 50 50 1,395 530 860
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 140 55 85 5,585 2,540 3,040
Creole languages 965 440 525 155,615 70,545 85,070
Haitian Creole 25 0 15 6,850 3,140 3,710
Creole, n.o.s. 410 210 205 133,045 59,890 73,160
Creole languages, n.i.e. 555 240 310 16,635 7,955 8,675
Dravidian languages 1,290 605 685 250,180 126,220 123,960
Kannada 160 85 70 8,245 4,180 4,065
Malayalam 480 190 290 37,810 19,410 18,400
Tamil 570 275 290 189,860 94,640 95,220
Telugu 175 95 80 23,160 12,770 10,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 790 385 405
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 870 435 435
Indo-European languages 104,005 50,555 53,450 5,158,010 2,506,455 2,651,555
Albanian 375 190 185 31,930 16,140 15,790
Armenian 55 45 15 41,295 19,980 21,315
Balto-Slavic languages 24,705 11,445 13,260 817,315 384,960 432,350
Baltic languages 165 85 80 14,675 6,470 8,205
Latvian 65 30 35 6,500 2,960 3,540
Lithuanian 100 55 45 8,185 3,510 4,675
Slavic languages 24,580 11,390 13,195 805,915 379,965 425,945
Belarusan 55 20 30 2,265 1,070 1,195
Bosnian 810 400 410 18,265 9,055 9,215
Bulgarian 135 80 55 22,425 10,920 11,505
Croatian 1,330 620 715 69,840 34,515 35,325
Czech 535 240 295 28,720 13,675 15,050
Macedonian 125 70 55 23,075 11,190 11,880
Polish 5,985 2,770 3,215 214,965 99,365 115,600
Russian 7,660 3,770 3,890 269,645 127,055 142,595
Serbian 810 435 375 73,775 37,040 36,740
Serbo-Croatian 180 70 110 11,275 5,525 5,750
Slovak 365 155 210 21,470 10,215 11,255
Slovene (Slovenian) 255 95 160 11,495 5,205 6,290
Ukrainian 9,560 4,145 5,415 132,115 58,820 73,300
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 3,000 1,590 1,405
Celtic languages 95 60 30 9,165 4,705 4,455
Scottish Gaelic 65 50 15 3,980 2,010 1,975
Welsh 10 10 10 1,690 830 860
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 0 15 3,590 1,915 1,680
Germanic languages 19,085 8,690 10,400 695,535 337,215 358,320
Afrikaans 275 125 145 23,410 11,795 11,610
Danish 160 60 100 15,745 7,320 8,425
Dutch 1,380 670 710 120,865 57,885 62,990
Frisian 35 15 15 2,910 1,515 1,395
German 16,360 7,505 8,850 502,730 245,745 256,985
Icelandic 205 60 145 1,780 830 945
Norwegian 150 60 95 8,120 3,860 4,260
Swedish 175 55 115 14,140 6,510 7,635
Vlaams (Flemish) 100 35 60 4,400 1,945 2,455
Yiddish 540 230 310 20,985 10,435 10,550
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 40 25 15 8,710 4,425 4,285
Greek 1,795 915 880 150,965 75,510 75,455
Indo-Iranian languages 35,065 18,495 16,575 1,658,220 840,850 817,365
Indo-Aryan languages 32,370 17,140 15,230 1,387,805 704,370 683,435
Bengali 1,435 840 595 91,220 46,935 44,285
Gujarati 2,745 1,440 1,305 149,045 74,765 74,285
Hindi 11,240 6,005 5,235 433,365 221,665 211,700
Kashmiri 15 15 10 905 490 420
Konkani 35 25 15 6,790 3,185 3,605
Marathi 220 125 90 15,570 8,200 7,365
Nepali 600 285 320 21,380 10,915 10,470
Oriya (Odia) 20 15 10 1,535 755 775
Punjabi (Panjabi) 21,585 11,330 10,255 668,240 341,450 326,790
Sindhi 140 80 55 20,260 9,310 10,945
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 870 470 405 27,825 13,970 13,855
Urdu 4,185 2,360 1,825 322,220 164,685 157,535
Iranian languages 2,795 1,390 1,405 281,715 142,030 139,680
Kurdish 575 280 295 15,290 8,290 7,000
Pashto 270 120 150 23,180 12,465 10,715
Persian (Farsi) 2,110 1,075 1,035 252,320 126,565 125,755
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 205 110 90 8,875 4,715 4,155
Italic (Romance) languages 25,220 11,865 13,355 1,897,630 898,530 999,100
Catalan 10 0 10 2,035 1,145 890
Italian 4,705 2,270 2,435 574,725 278,500 296,225
Portuguese 7,170 3,440 3,735 295,955 144,465 151,485
Romanian 665 340 325 115,050 55,275 59,770
Spanish 13,395 6,165 7,230 995,255 460,250 535,010
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 45 40 0 2,680 1,610 1,075
Japanese 1,005 470 535 83,090 36,760 46,335
Kartvelian languages 10 0 15 2,150 1,075 1,075
Georgian 10 0 10 2,150 1,080 1,070
Korean 3,710 1,815 1,895 172,755 80,170 92,590
Mongolic languages 50 20 30 2,090 960 1,130
Mongolian 50 20 30 2,090 960 1,130
Niger-Congo languages 7,260 3,695 3,560 177,215 88,135 89,080
Akan (Twi) 210 130 80 22,145 10,810 11,340
Bamanankan 145 90 60 3,190 1,660 1,530
Edo 90 60 35 3,220 1,510 1,705
Ewe 50 25 25 3,000 1,685 1,315
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 50 25 20 4,725 2,460 2,260
Ga 20 10 10 2,250 1,140 1,110
Ganda 175 80 100 2,495 1,175 1,320
Igbo 625 315 310 8,850 4,710 4,140
Lingala 645 305 340 17,010 7,865 9,145
Rundi (Kirundi) 195 95 100 8,590 4,075 4,515
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 305 155 150 7,860 3,600 4,260
Shona 195 80 115 5,425 2,530 2,905
Swahili 1,820 960 865 38,680 19,565 19,115
Wolof 155 85 70 8,240 4,455 3,785
Yoruba 2,365 1,185 1,180 22,420 11,475 10,940
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,235 630 610 40,760 20,375 20,385
Nilo-Saharan languages 410 225 185 7,015 3,520 3,495
Dinka 180 105 75 2,475 1,280 1,190
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 230 120 105 4,555 2,240 2,315
Sign languages 1,910 725 1,185 48,115 18,985 29,130
American Sign Language 1,270 495 780 21,930 7,780 14,155
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 4,665 1,665 3,005
Sign languages, n.i.e. 650 245 410 22,275 9,835 12,440
Sino-Tibetan languages 18,775 9,310 9,460 1,430,440 672,100 758,340
Chinese languages 18,120 9,010 9,105 1,413,110 663,465 749,640
Cantonese 7,705 3,625 4,075 699,125 325,840 373,285
Hakka 45 25 20 12,445 5,555 6,890
Mandarin 11,220 5,655 5,565 814,450 377,635 436,815
Min Dong 0 0 0 1,045 440 600
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 440 205 235 42,840 19,005 23,835
Wu (Shanghainese) 140 80 60 16,530 7,490 9,040
Chinese, n.o.s. 810 445 365 41,690 19,995 21,690
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 590 250 340
Tibeto-Burman languages 665 300 360 18,270 9,100 9,175
Burmese 185 115 70 4,995 2,490 2,500
Karenic languages 460 200 260 4,895 2,425 2,475
Tibetan 0 0 0 7,050 3,555 3,490
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 135 55 75 2,375 1,160 1,220
Tai-Kadai languages 1,405 645 755 30,400 13,210 17,195
Lao 1,035 480 560 17,235 8,240 8,990
Thai 485 220 260 15,390 5,875 9,520
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 115 50 65
Turkic languages 415 210 205 60,530 31,585 28,945
Azerbaijani 55 30 25 5,450 2,885 2,565
Turkish 295 150 140 50,775 26,605 24,165
Uyghur 30 20 15 1,385 685 700
Uzbek 15 0 10 2,465 1,230 1,235
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 35 15 25 1,870 905 965
Uralic languages 1,185 550 635 94,810 44,270 50,545
Estonian 50 20 30 6,070 2,750 3,315
Finnish 130 50 85 17,595 7,540 10,050
Hungarian 1,005 475 525 71,285 34,005 37,280
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 375 240 130 9,730 5,375 4,355
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 690,005 338,265 351,735 34,460,065 16,971,580 17,488,490
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 609,455 297,740 311,715 32,034,590 15,799,495 16,235,090
Canadian citizens aged under 18 127,495 65,420 62,075 6,652,795 3,412,785 3,240,010
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 481,955 232,320 249,635 25,381,795 12,386,710 12,995,080
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 80,550 40,525 40,025 2,425,480 1,172,085 1,253,400
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 690,005 338,270 351,740 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 500,565 245,535 255,030 26,412,610 13,124,325 13,288,290
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 176,155 85,435 90,725 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Before 1981 37,655 17,285 20,370 1,941,510 927,795 1,013,715
1981 to 1990 16,165 8,185 7,975 915,555 439,245 476,310
1991 to 2000 17,875 8,560 9,315 1,486,655 696,720 789,940
2001 to 2010 52,440 25,835 26,605 1,985,035 940,570 1,044,465
2001 to 2005 15,940 7,785 8,155 928,935 439,890 489,050
2006 to 2010 36,505 18,055 18,450 1,056,095 500,680 555,415
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 52,020 25,560 26,465 1,212,075 582,175 629,895
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 13,285 7,305 5,980 506,625 260,755 245,870
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 176,155 85,430 90,725 7,540,830 3,586,500 3,954,335
Under 5 years 17,810 8,975 8,835 731,340 364,165 367,175
5 to 14 years 32,890 16,765 16,125 1,311,810 665,870 645,945
15 to 24 years 34,765 16,065 18,700 1,604,430 724,430 880,005
25 to 44 years 75,960 36,495 39,465 3,198,920 1,513,970 1,684,950
45 years and over 14,730 7,125 7,605 694,320 318,060 376,260
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 176,155 85,430 90,725 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Americas 16,190 7,655 8,540 1,128,745 510,650 618,100
Brazil 385 155 230 29,320 13,235 16,080
Colombia 530 235 290 70,035 32,065 37,965
El Salvador 1,490 795 695 48,080 23,865 24,215
Guyana 1,065 480 585 87,685 38,940 48,745
Haiti 75 40 35 93,480 40,955 52,525
Jamaica 1,570 720 845 138,345 59,960 78,390
Mexico 730 370 360 80,585 37,530 43,055
Peru 195 85 105 29,615 12,950 16,665
Trinidad and Tobago 1,390 715 670 65,040 29,325 35,710
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 4,105 1,885 2,215 253,715 113,505 140,215
Other places of birth in Americas 4,670 2,165 2,505 232,850 108,325 124,530
Europe 36,455 17,505 18,950 2,088,410 1,015,145 1,073,260
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,015 505 505 36,135 18,050 18,085
Croatia 855 370 480 40,045 20,005 20,035
France 465 245 220 105,565 55,395 50,170
Germany 3,980 1,880 2,100 145,845 69,525 76,320
Greece 770 420 350 62,715 31,580 31,135
Hungary 680 350 325 36,820 17,945 18,875
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 390 175 215 28,325 14,355 13,970
Italy 2,465 1,270 1,195 236,640 118,595 118,040
Netherlands 1,010 535 475 88,475 45,185 43,295
Poland 4,240 1,950 2,290 146,465 66,450 80,020
Portugal 3,805 1,875 1,925 139,450 68,150 71,300
Romania 625 305 320 90,305 42,795 47,510
Russian Federation 1,965 905 1,060 78,685 34,265 44,420
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 325 170 155 33,320 16,325 17,000
Ukraine 3,605 1,690 1,915 73,030 33,360 39,665
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 6,870 3,265 3,605 499,115 243,225 255,890
Other places of birth in Europe 3,400 1,600 1,800 247,470 119,945 127,530
Africa 15,935 8,310 7,625 637,485 322,510 314,970
Algeria 100 50 50 64,620 33,920 30,705
Egypt 890 485 410 64,615 34,125 30,495
Ethiopia 2,210 1,170 1,040 32,790 15,980 16,810
Kenya 895 435 455 27,150 12,810 14,340
Morocco 220 115 105 69,655 36,120 33,535
Nigeria 3,490 1,880 1,610 42,430 21,830 20,600
Somalia 745 340 405 27,230 12,070 15,160
South Africa, Republic of 530 235 290 44,660 22,205 22,460
Other places of birth in Africa 6,850 3,590 3,265 264,320 133,450 130,870
Asia 107,125 51,750 55,370 3,629,160 1,709,985 1,919,175
Afghanistan 605 280 325 51,955 26,030 25,930
Bangladesh 845 465 385 58,735 29,875 28,865
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 7,560 3,635 3,930 649,260 290,800 358,460
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 1,370 655 715 208,940 98,020 110,915