Census Profile, 2016 Census
Regina, City [Census subdivision], Saskatchewan and Canada [Country]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Regina, CY
Saskatchewan
[Census subdivision]
Canada

[Country]
Data quality , Regina, City [Census subdivision], Saskatchewan  Map : Regina, City [Census subdivision], Saskatchewan Data quality : Canada [Country]  Map : geography 2
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 215,106  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,151,728  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 193,150 revised. The 2011 count for this area has been revised. r  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,476,688  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 11.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 93,197  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,412,443  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 87,417  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,079  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,195.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 179.97  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,965,588.85  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 215,105 105,915 109,190 35,151,730 17,264,200 17,887,530
0 to 14 years 39,675 20,340 19,330 5,839,565 2,992,920 2,846,645
0 to 4 years 14,040 7,120 6,920 1,898,790 973,030 925,760
5 to 9 years 13,650 7,100 6,545 2,018,130 1,034,685 983,445
10 to 14 years 11,985 6,120 5,865 1,922,645 985,200 937,445
15 to 64 years 145,685 72,915 72,770 23,376,530 11,576,130 11,800,400
15 to 19 years 12,170 6,225 5,950 2,026,160 1,039,215 986,940
20 to 24 years 15,150 7,680 7,475 2,242,690 1,144,495 1,098,200
25 to 29 years 17,745 9,060 8,685 2,285,990 1,144,470 1,141,515
30 to 34 years 17,505 8,855 8,645 2,329,395 1,148,290 1,181,110
35 to 39 years 15,785 7,965 7,820 2,288,365 1,118,635 1,169,730
40 to 44 years 13,625 6,815 6,805 2,255,135 1,104,440 1,150,695
45 to 49 years 12,770 6,375 6,390 2,359,965 1,157,760 1,202,210
50 to 54 years 14,645 7,100 7,545 2,678,075 1,318,755 1,359,320
55 to 59 years 14,175 7,000 7,170 2,620,240 1,285,190 1,335,055
60 to 64 years 12,120 5,835 6,280 2,290,510 1,114,885 1,175,630
65 years and over 29,750 12,665 17,085 5,935,630 2,695,150 3,240,485
65 to 69 years 9,300 4,370 4,930 1,972,480 953,075 1,019,405
70 to 74 years 6,450 2,940 3,515 1,420,875 677,975 742,900
75 to 79 years 5,160 2,180 2,980 1,021,850 469,550 552,300
80 to 84 years 4,140 1,615 2,525 749,650 325,765 423,880
85 years and over 4,695 1,560 3,140 770,780 268,790 501,990
85 to 89 years 2,840 1,060 1,785 482,525 185,535 296,990
90 to 94 years 1,450 425 1,030 223,510 68,675 154,835
95 to 99 years 340 65 275 56,525 13,240 43,280
100 years and over 60 5 55 8,230 1,340 6,890
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 18.4 19.2 17.7 16.6 17.3 15.9
15 to 64 years 67.7 68.8 66.6 66.5 67.1 66.0
65 years and over 13.8 12.0 15.6 16.9 15.6 18.1
85 years and over 2.2 1.5 2.9 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 38.4 37.2 39.6 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 36.6 35.5 37.8 41.2 40.2 42.2
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 87,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 56,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,541,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 4,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,391,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 26,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,949,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 2,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 698,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 5,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 891,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 1,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 784,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 17,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,539,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 30  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 189,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 87,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 25,905  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 29,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,834,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 13,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,140,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 11,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,946,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 7,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,180,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 211,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,460,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 175,435 85,575 89,860 29,312,160 14,271,280 15,040,885
Married or living common law 98,710 49,605 49,100 16,893,720 8,452,135 8,441,585
Married 82,770 41,635 41,140 13,383,455 6,693,465 6,689,990
Living common law 15,930 7,975 7,960 3,510,265 1,758,670 1,751,590
Not married and not living common law 76,725 35,965 40,760 12,418,440 5,819,140 6,599,300
Never married 52,645 28,480 24,165 8,254,340 4,444,425 3,809,915
Separated 3,885 1,590 2,295 718,295 309,905 408,400
Divorced 10,740 4,195 6,540 1,816,005 725,535 1,090,470
Widowed 9,460 1,700 7,760 1,629,800 339,280 1,290,525
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 58,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,840,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 29,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,007,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 12,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,107,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 11,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,909,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 5,150  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 815,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 58,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,840,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 47,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,227,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 39,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,474,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 7,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,753,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 10,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,612,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 8,360  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,262,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 2,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 350,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 47,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,227,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 23,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,024,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 24,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,203,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 9,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,650,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 10,360  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,783,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 4,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 770,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 10,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,612,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 6,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 983,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 2,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 457,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 1,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 171,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 42,095 20,950 21,145 6,107,260 2,941,395 3,165,865
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 87,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 55,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,218,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 22,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,782,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 33,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,436,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 1,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 301,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 30,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,552,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 25,905  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 4,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 582,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 212,700 104,945 107,750 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,080
English only 196,885 97,870 99,015 23,757,525 11,838,075 11,919,455
French only 200 90 105 4,144,685 1,925,845 2,218,840
English and French 12,950 5,815 7,140 6,216,065 3,071,325 3,144,740
Neither English nor French 2,660 1,170 1,490 648,970 265,920 383,045
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 212,700 104,950 107,755 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
English 207,145 102,375 104,770 26,007,500 12,852,330 13,155,165
French 2,405 1,170 1,240 7,705,755 3,780,105 3,925,650
English and French 570 280 290 417,485 209,130 208,355
Neither English nor French 2,580 1,125 1,455 636,515 259,600 376,910
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 2,690 1,305 1,385 7,914,495 3,884,670 4,029,825
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.3 1.2 1.3 22.8 22.7 22.8
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 212,700 104,945 107,755 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,085
Single responses 208,195 102,705 105,485 33,948,620 16,702,840 17,245,775
Official languages 171,020 84,025 86,990 26,627,555 13,201,620 13,425,940
English 168,580 82,870 85,710 19,460,850 9,680,125 9,780,725
French 2,445 1,155 1,290 7,166,705 3,521,495 3,645,215
Non-official languages 37,175 18,675 18,490 7,321,065 3,501,220 3,819,840
Aboriginal languages 460 200 260 195,700 94,795 100,900
Algonquian languages 390 170 220 130,450 62,930 67,520
Blackfoot 0 0 0 2,815 1,325 1,490
Cree-Montagnais languages 290 120 170 88,445 42,920 45,530
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,150 3,135 3,015
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10,230 4,885 5,350
Moose Cree 0 0 0 100 50 55
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,205 590 620
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 315 125 190
Plains Cree 70 25 45 3,065 1,360 1,710
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 45 20 25
Swampy Cree 10 5 5 1,440 585 850
Woods Cree 20 15 5 1,840 865 975
Cree, n.o.s. 195 80 115 64,050 31,305 32,745
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 6,990 3,310 3,680
Malecite 0 0 0 305 140 160
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 6,690 3,170 3,520
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 100 50 50 32,150 15,350 16,800
Algonquin 0 0 0 1,260 590 670
Ojibway 100 50 50 17,890 8,440 9,450
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 12,855 6,260 6,595
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 150 65 85
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 45 25 20
Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 17,365 8,325 9,045
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 5 0 17,315 8,310 9,010
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 60
Beaver 0 0 0 190 85 105
Carrier 0 0 0 1,025 465 565
Chilcotin 0 0 0 660 295 360
Dene 5 5 5 10,700 5,185 5,515
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 1,645 840 815
Gwich'in 0 0 0 260 110 145
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 80 25 50
Sekani 0 0 0 90 45 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 1,995 950 1,045
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 765 365 400
South Slavey 0 0 0 945 455 495
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 280 130 150
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 270 135 140
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 180 90 90
Tahltan 0 0 0 95 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 290 120 170
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 215 90 135
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 70 30 40
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 20 35
Haida 0 0 0 75 35 40
Inuit languages 5 5 5 36,545 18,100 18,445
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 1,025 445 575
Inuktitut 5 0 5 35,215 17,530 17,680
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 315 125 185
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 1,115 485 635
Cayuga 0 0 0 45 20 20
Mohawk 0 0 0 980 430 555
Oneida 0 0 0 55 20 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 20
Kutenai 0 0 0 105 55 55
Michif 15 5 10 465 230 235
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,305 1,130 1,180
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 225 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 155
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 445 225 220
Squamish 0 0 0 40 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 335 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 255 135 125
Siouan languages 35 10 20 4,285 2,070 2,220
Dakota 30 10 20 1,215 570 635
Stoney 0 0 0 3,025 1,465 1,555
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 55 30 25
Tlingit 0 0 0 95 40 55
Tsimshian languages 5 0 0 1,480 730 755
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 880 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 400 200 200
Tsimshian 5 5 0 200 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 805 370 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 50
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 95 40 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 325 145 185
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 285 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 0 585 295 295
Non-Aboriginal languages 36,715 18,475 18,235 7,125,365 3,406,425 3,718,945
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,620 1,405 1,215 575,365 298,060 277,300
Berber languages 10 5 5 22,135 11,865 10,270
Kabyle 0 0 0 13,150 6,995 6,155
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 8,985 4,865 4,115
Cushitic languages 580 275 305 42,885 20,095 22,790
Bilen 25 10 10 805 455 350
Oromo 45 25 20 4,960 2,560 2,400
Somali 500 235 265 36,755 16,895 19,865
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 365 195 170
Semitic languages 2,035 1,125 905 509,190 265,465 243,725
Amharic 125 70 60 22,465 10,720 11,745
Arabic 1,565 885 675 419,890 220,785 199,105
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 25 10 15 16,070 7,910 8,160
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 5,545 2,780 2,770
Harari 0 0 0 1,320 635 685
Hebrew 35 20 15 19,530 10,480 9,045
Maltese 0 0 0 5,565 2,765 2,800
Tigrigna 280 140 145 16,650 8,310 8,340
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,155 1,085 1,070
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 1,155 635 520
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,185 585 595 176,725 81,810 94,920
Khmer (Cambodian) 45 25 20 20,130 9,270 10,860
Vietnamese 1,140 565 580 156,425 72,470 83,955
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 170 65 100
Austronesian languages 6,230 2,985 3,240 511,480 211,580 299,900
Bikol 15 10 5 1,790 790 1,000
Cebuano 480 225 255 19,890 7,930 11,960
Fijian 0 0 0 745 400 345
Hiligaynon 65 30 35 6,885 2,680 4,205
Ilocano 335 160 175 26,345 10,620 15,720
Malagasy 0 0 0 1,430 665 760
Malay 20 10 10 12,275 5,255 7,020
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 50 20 25 4,040 1,865 2,175
Pangasinan 15 5 15 1,390 590 800
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 5,155 2,480 2,675 431,380 178,575 252,810
Waray-Waray 10 5 5 1,110 430 675
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 65 35 35 4,195 1,770 2,425
Creole languages 65 35 30 72,125 32,310 39,820
Haitian Creole 5 5 0 3,030 1,445 1,590
Creole, n.o.s. 35 20 15 64,105 28,455 35,660
Creole languages, n.i.e. 25 10 20 4,985 2,410 2,575
Dravidian languages 625 350 270 189,405 94,765 94,640
Kannada 20 10 10 3,970 2,040 1,935
Malayalam 305 160 145 28,570 14,770 13,800
Tamil 150 85 60 140,720 69,080 71,640
Telugu 145 90 55 15,655 8,640 7,020
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 490 240 250
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 795 395 405
Indo-European languages 18,330 9,360 8,970 3,877,330 1,889,400 1,987,930
Albanian 190 90 100 26,890 13,610 13,285
Armenian 20 10 10 33,455 16,270 17,185
Balto-Slavic languages 3,575 1,630 1,945 701,975 323,640 378,340
Baltic languages 55 25 30 12,530 5,315 7,215
Latvian 20 10 10 5,455 2,350 3,105
Lithuanian 35 20 20 7,075 2,965 4,115
Slavic languages 3,520 1,600 1,915 689,450 318,325 371,115
Belarusan 0 0 0 810 385 430
Bosnian 65 30 35 12,210 6,035 6,180
Bulgarian 20 10 5 20,025 9,675 10,345
Croatian 190 90 95 48,200 23,540 24,665
Czech 35 15 20 22,290 10,525 11,765
Macedonian 10 0 5 16,775 8,050 8,725
Polish 480 210 275 181,710 82,435 99,275
Russian 1,005 500 505 188,255 85,400 102,855
Serbian 135 60 75 57,350 28,535 28,815
Serbo-Croatian 25 15 10 9,555 4,565 4,985
Slovak 30 15 15 17,580 8,075 9,510
Slovene (Slovenian) 35 10 20 9,790 4,415 5,370
Ukrainian 1,480 635 840 102,485 45,440 57,040
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 2,415 1,255 1,165
Celtic languages 5 5 0 2,690 1,335 1,360
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 1,090 540 550
Welsh 0 5 0 1,075 495 575
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 530 295 235
Germanic languages 2,615 1,175 1,445 538,765 258,410 280,350
Afrikaans 125 70 60 10,265 5,115 5,145
Danish 35 20 15 12,630 6,245 6,390
Dutch 225 110 120 99,020 48,200 50,820
Frisian 5 5 0 2,100 1,095 1,005
German 2,145 950 1,200 384,035 183,215 200,820
Icelandic 10 5 10 1,285 600 685
Norwegian 35 15 20 4,615 2,170 2,445
Swedish 15 0 10 6,840 3,015 3,825
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 5 3,895 1,730 2,165
Yiddish 10 5 5 13,555 6,750 6,800
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 525 280 240
Greek 535 280 255 106,525 53,350 53,170
Indo-Iranian languages 9,395 5,180 4,220 1,312,750 664,120 648,630
Indo-Aryan languages 8,515 4,690 3,830 1,064,760 538,530 526,235
Bengali 995 525 465 73,125 37,410 35,720
Gujarati 1,220 695 525 108,780 55,105 53,670
Hindi 745 430 320 110,640 55,880 54,765
Kashmiri 10 5 5 565 300 265
Konkani 20 10 10 3,330 1,625 1,710
Marathi 65 35 25 8,295 4,300 3,995
Nepali 395 200 195 18,275 9,230 9,045
Oriya (Odia) 5 5 0 1,055 560 495
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,445 1,360 1,090 501,680 253,515 248,160
Sindhi 15 15 10 11,860 5,605 6,260
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 40 20 20 16,335 8,050 8,285
Urdu 2,555 1,395 1,165 210,815 106,960 103,860
Iranian languages 780 435 350 242,805 122,835 119,970
Kurdish 70 40 35 11,705 6,345 5,355
Pashto 215 130 85 16,910 8,760 8,145
Persian (Farsi) 490 265 225 214,200 107,725 106,470
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 100 60 45 5,180 2,755 2,425
Italic (Romance) languages 1,995 995 1,000 1,154,270 558,660 595,615
Catalan 0 0 0 865 440 425
Italian 370 190 180 375,635 184,415 191,220
Portuguese 120 55 65 221,540 106,630 114,910
Romanian 260 110 145 96,665 46,195 50,470
Spanish 1,245 635 610 458,850 220,605 238,245
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 720 380 340
Japanese 95 25 70 43,640 14,790 28,855
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,715 910 805
Georgian 0 0 0 1,715 910 805
Korean 560 250 305 153,425 70,310 83,115
Mongolic languages 0 5 0 1,575 690 885
Mongolian 0 0 0 1,575 690 880
Niger-Congo languages 1,000 520 480 91,375 45,075 46,305
Akan (Twi) 55 35 25 13,455 6,490 6,970
Bamanankan 0 0 0 1,535 815 720
Edo 30 10 15 1,670 770 900
Ewe 30 20 15 1,760 950 805
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 5 5 2,825 1,495 1,335
Ga 5 5 0 920 445 470
Ganda 25 10 15 1,295 625 665
Igbo 120 65 55 4,235 2,265 1,970
Lingala 15 10 5 3,810 1,785 2,025
Rundi (Kirundi) 95 50 45 5,845 2,785 3,060
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 45 20 25 5,250 2,355 2,895
Shona 25 20 5 3,180 1,520 1,665
Swahili 200 100 100 13,370 6,385 6,990
Wolof 20 15 5 3,990 2,170 1,820
Yoruba 165 85 75 9,085 4,785 4,300
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 165 85 80 19,135 9,435 9,695
Nilo-Saharan languages 130 75 50 5,870 3,025 2,845
Dinka 55 35 20 2,120 1,115 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 70 40 30 3,755 1,910 1,840
Sign languages 30 10 20 7,500 3,925 3,575
American Sign Language 10 0 5 2,685 1,320 1,360
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 695 340 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 20 5 15 4,120 2,265 1,860
Sino-Tibetan languages 4,975 2,465 2,510 1,269,215 589,570 679,645
Chinese languages 4,475 2,220 2,255 1,253,360 581,650 671,715
Cantonese 1,305 625 685 565,270 262,865 302,405
Hakka 15 5 5 10,910 4,900 6,015
Mandarin 2,680 1,340 1,345 592,040 274,630 317,410
Min Dong 0 0 0 1,230 580 650
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 100 55 45 31,795 14,450 17,350
Wu (Shanghainese) 25 15 15 12,915 5,780 7,140
Chinese, n.o.s. 350 185 160 38,580 18,165 20,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 610 275 335
Tibeto-Burman languages 500 245 250 15,850 7,925 7,935
Burmese 55 30 20 3,585 1,795 1,790
Karenic languages 425 200 215 4,705 2,355 2,350
Tibetan 5 5 0 6,165 3,080 3,080
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 1,400 695 705
Tai-Kadai languages 235 110 125 22,010 8,870 13,145
Lao 170 90 80 12,670 6,145 6,525
Thai 70 25 45 9,255 2,690 6,565
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 80 35 55
Turkic languages 155 80 80 40,140 21,120 19,025
Azerbaijani 0 5 5 3,260 1,785 1,470
Turkish 135 65 70 32,815 17,375 15,440
Uyghur 0 0 0 1,035 510 525
Uzbek 10 5 10 1,715 855 865
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 1,315 590 720
Uralic languages 435 195 245 81,985 37,790 44,195
Estonian 5 0 0 5,445 2,325 3,115
Finnish 25 10 20 15,295 6,395 8,900
Hungarian 410 185 225 61,235 29,060 32,175
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 3,690 2,045 1,645
Multiple responses 4,505 2,240 2,270 818,635 398,325 420,305
English and French 490 225 265 165,320 80,460 84,860
English and non-official language 3,845 1,930 1,915 533,265 259,160 274,100
French and non-official language 90 45 45 86,150 42,170 43,985
English, French and non-official language 80 35 45 33,900 16,535 17,365
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 212,700 104,945 107,750 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
Single responses 203,210 100,155 103,055 33,103,860 16,298,475 16,805,395
Official languages 182,890 89,755 93,135 29,106,670 14,383,020 14,723,645
English 181,900 89,265 92,635 22,162,865 10,966,135 11,196,730
French 990 495 500 6,943,800 3,416,890 3,526,910
Non-official languages 20,320 10,400 9,920 3,997,195 1,915,450 2,081,750
Aboriginal languages 45 20 30 118,470 59,720 58,750
Algonquian languages 40 15 20 75,080 37,825 37,260
Blackfoot 0 0 0 1,115 555 555
Cree-Montagnais languages 30 15 15 55,825 28,135 27,685
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5,465 2,825 2,640
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 8,590 4,195 4,395
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,200 595 605
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 110 55 60
Plains Cree 5 0 0 1,350 665 685
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 20 5 15
Swampy Cree 0 5 5 330 140 190
Woods Cree 5 0 0 800 410 390
Cree, n.o.s. 15 5 10 37,945 19,240 18,710
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 3,615 1,795 1,820
Malecite 0 0 0 55 30 30
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 3,560 1,770 1,795
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 5 5 14,525 7,335 7,190
Algonquin 0 0 0 370 170 200
Ojibway 10 5 5 6,175 3,165 3,015
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,900 3,960 3,940
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Athabaskan languages 0 5 0 10,265 5,125 5,135
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 10,255 5,120 5,135
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 15 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 50 30 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 115 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 255 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 7,710 3,805 3,905
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 1,020 550 475
Gwich'in 0 0 0 45 25 25
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 820 425 395
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 340 180 155
South Slavey 0 0 0 370 190 185
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 55 55
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 25 15 15
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 5 5
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 30 15 15
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 25 15 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 5
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 29,490 14,995 14,495
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 165 75 90
Inuktitut 0 0 0 29,230 14,885 14,345
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 55
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 285 135 155
Cayuga 0 0 0 10 0 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 255 115 140
Oneida 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 85 40 45
Salish languages 0 0 0 285 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 45 20 25
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 55 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 0 5
Straits 0 0 0 20 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Siouan languages 5 5 5 2,225 1,085 1,140
Dakota 0 0 0 255 140 120
Stoney 0 0 0 1,950 940 1,010
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 20 10 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 410 210 190
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 315 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 40 30
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 45 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 5
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 15
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 235 110 125
Non-Aboriginal languages 20,275 10,375 9,895 3,878,725 1,855,730 2,022,995
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,825 940 885 307,755 153,275 154,480
Berber languages 0 0 0 8,105 4,215 3,895
Kabyle 0 0 0 5,490 2,855 2,640
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,620 1,365 1,260
Cushitic languages 395 185 215 27,095 12,455 14,640
Bilen 15 10 10 620 330 285
Oromo 25 15 15 3,410 1,700 1,710
Somali 350 160 185 22,895 10,340 12,555
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 185 85 95
Semitic languages 1,430 755 675 272,100 136,390 135,720
Amharic 70 35 30 12,780 6,010 6,770
Arabic 1,145 620 525 223,540 112,690 110,850
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 15 10 5 10,510 5,090 5,425
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 3,445 1,695 1,750
Harari 0 0 0 735 335 400
Hebrew 10 5 5 8,560 4,425 4,135
Maltese 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Tigrigna 190 90 100 10,205 5,040 5,170
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 1,200 585 620
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 440 215 230
Austro-Asiatic languages 860 430 430 115,210 53,500 61,710
Khmer (Cambodian) 15 5 5 10,880 4,940 5,945
Vietnamese 845 420 420 104,245 48,525 55,725
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 85 40 45
Austronesian languages 3,600 1,830 1,765 239,785 108,110 131,680
Bikol 0 0 0 290 140 155
Cebuano 205 100 105 7,210 3,325 3,880
Fijian 0 0 0 195 105 90
Hiligaynon 25 10 10 2,205 970 1,240
Ilocano 100 55 45 9,125 4,045 5,080
Malagasy 0 0 0 435 220 210
Malay 0 0 0 3,620 1,710 1,910
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 25 10 10 1,200 565 630
Pangasinan 5 5 0 240 110 135
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 3,205 1,635 1,575 213,790 96,235 117,555
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 310 135 170
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 1,160 545 620
Creole languages 35 10 25 27,860 12,005 15,850
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 1,280 575 705
Creole, n.o.s. 20 10 10 24,575 10,510 14,060
Creole languages, n.i.e. 20 0 15 2,005 920 1,085
Dravidian languages 350 185 165 122,490 59,780 62,710
Kannada 5 0 0 1,630 825 800
Malayalam 180 90 90 15,440 7,865 7,575
Tamil 85 45 40 96,955 46,570 50,385
Telugu 85 45 40 8,280 4,430 3,850
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 85 105
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 340 160 180
Indo-European languages 8,835 4,625 4,210 1,911,215 927,225 983,985
Albanian 110 55 55 13,135 6,575 6,560
Armenian 5 0 5 21,505 10,165 11,345
Balto-Slavic languages 1,370 685 685 314,965 149,315 165,650
Baltic languages 15 10 10 3,275 1,400 1,870
Latvian 0 5 0 1,255 530 725
Lithuanian 10 5 10 2,020 870 1,150
Slavic languages 1,355 675 680 311,690 147,910 163,780
Belarusan 0 0 0 230 105 120
Bosnian 20 10 10 6,045 3,010 3,040
Bulgarian 15 5 5 11,985 5,835 6,150
Croatian 75 35 35 16,775 7,980 8,795
Czech 5 5 5 6,235 3,060 3,180
Macedonian 0 0 0 6,830 3,250 3,580
Polish 140 65 75 74,780 34,910 39,870
Russian 695 350 340 116,595 55,175 61,425
Serbian 50 20 25 31,750 15,665 16,085
Serbo-Croatian 10 5 5 3,885 1,865 2,020
Slovak 10 5 5 5,615 2,685 2,920
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 2,050 905 1,145
Ukrainian 345 175 170 28,250 13,150 15,100
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 670 310 360
Celtic languages 0 0 0 360 205 155
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 185 105 80
Welsh 0 0 0 95 50 45
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 50 30
Germanic languages 235 110 130 146,455 71,835 74,615
Afrikaans 70 35 35 4,790 2,355 2,435
Danish 0 0 0 855 410 445
Dutch 15 5 5 9,565 4,630 4,935
Frisian 0 0 0 185 95 90
German 145 65 80 120,335 58,905 61,435
Icelandic 0 0 0 270 120 150
Norwegian 0 5 0 345 145 200
Swedish 0 0 0 1,045 500 545
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 0 355 170 185
Yiddish 5 0 0 7,080 3,695 3,385
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,625 820 810
Greek 225 110 115 44,545 21,110 23,440
Indo-Iranian languages 6,070 3,250 2,820 838,755 416,960 421,795
Indo-Aryan languages 5,540 2,970 2,575 676,185 337,440 338,745
Bengali 670 345 325 47,350 23,585 23,765
Gujarati 740 410 330 64,150 31,740 32,405
Hindi 430 240 190 55,510 27,805 27,710
Kashmiri 5 0 0 135 70 70
Konkani 5 5 0 720 355 370
Marathi 25 10 10 3,780 1,940 1,840
Nepali 315 160 160 13,375 6,710 6,670
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 470 235 240
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,615 875 740 349,145 174,905 174,240
Sindhi 5 5 0 4,975 2,280 2,695
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 25 10 10 7,790 3,860 3,925
Urdu 1,715 910 805 128,785 63,965 64,820
Iranian languages 465 245 220 160,195 78,310 81,880
Kurdish 25 15 10 6,580 3,400 3,175
Pashto 135 80 60 10,590 5,305 5,290
Persian (Farsi) 300 150 150 143,020 69,600 73,425
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 60 35 25 2,375 1,215 1,160
Italic (Romance) languages 815 420 395 531,485 251,050 280,440
Catalan 0 0 0 355 165 190
Italian 90 45 50 115,415 49,975 65,440
Portuguese 70 30 40 98,710 46,915 51,795
Romanian 70 40 35 53,320 25,795 27,525
Spanish 585 305 280 263,510 128,110 135,400
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 180 85 95
Japanese 35 10 25 19,785 8,265 11,515
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,040 565 475
Georgian 0 0 0 1,035 565 475
Korean 395 190 205 109,705 51,385 58,320
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 910 440 470
Mongolian 0 5 0 910 435 470
Niger-Congo languages 365 170 205 28,665 13,340 15,320
Akan (Twi) 20 10 10 5,990 2,695 3,295
Bamanankan 0 0 0 340 180 160
Edo 5 0 5 415 175 240
Ewe 5 0 0 410 185 225
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 5 5 825 400 425
Ga 0 0 0 250 105 140
Ganda 5 0 5 345 160 185
Igbo 30 15 20 1,000 485 510
Lingala 0 0 0 1,045 455 590
Rundi (Kirundi) 75 40 35 2,110 990 1,115
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 20 5 10 1,530 670 865
Shona 10 10 5 1,035 475 560
Swahili 110 45 65 5,370 2,500 2,870
Wolof 0 0 0 1,380 745 635
Yoruba 35 15 20 2,615 1,275 1,340
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 4,010 1,850 2,160
Nilo-Saharan languages 65 30 30 2,650 1,305 1,350
Dinka 35 20 15 1,130 580 550
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 1,525 730 800
Sign languages 50 25 20 10,445 5,870 4,570
American Sign Language 5 0 5 3,015 1,560 1,460
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 730 375 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 45 25 15 6,690 3,935 2,755
Sino-Tibetan languages 3,575 1,785 1,790 924,720 433,530 491,190
Chinese languages 3,225 1,620 1,605 913,365 427,860 485,505
Cantonese 815 390 425 400,215 184,340 215,885
Hakka 5 0 0 4,080 1,820 2,265
Mandarin 2,095 1,065 1,035 462,890 220,075 242,815
Min Dong 0 0 0 345 150 195
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 40 20 15 13,965 6,345 7,625
Wu (Shanghainese) 10 5 5 7,650 3,580 4,075
Chinese, n.o.s. 265 135 125 23,935 11,440 12,500
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 280 130 150
Tibeto-Burman languages 350 160 185 11,350 5,670 5,680
Burmese 35 20 20 2,245 1,115 1,125
Karenic languages 310 145 165 3,865 1,935 1,930
Tibetan 0 0 0 4,590 2,305 2,280
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 655 305 345
Tai-Kadai languages 90 40 50 9,565 4,455 5,110
Lao 60 30 30 6,175 2,995 3,180
Thai 30 10 20 3,360 1,450 1,915
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Turkic languages 100 50 50 22,250 11,205 11,045
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 1,245 640 610
Turkish 95 45 45 18,955 9,525 9,430
Uyghur 0 0 0 610 315 290
Uzbek 5 0 0 990 505 490
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 455 230 225
Uralic languages 65 30 30 23,245 10,715 12,535
Estonian 0 0 0 975 365 610
Finnish 0 0 0 2,790 1,220 1,565
Hungarian 65 30 30 19,485 9,125 10,355
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 1,110 605 500
Multiple responses 9,490 4,795 4,700 1,663,390 802,695 860,690
English and French 295 140 160 160,185 77,940 82,235
English and non-official language 8,970 4,525 4,445 1,284,975 620,375 664,600
French and non-official language 45 30 20 148,915 70,915 78,000
English, French and non-official language 180 100 75 69,315 33,465 35,850
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 212,700 104,945 107,755 34,767,255 17,101,165 17,666,080
None 190,430 93,765 96,665 29,615,245 14,612,175 15,003,065
English 9,540 4,915 4,620 2,109,340 1,045,215 1,064,120
French 2,265 965 1,300 731,095 342,245 388,855
Non-official language 9,895 4,995 4,900 2,151,690 1,023,940 1,127,750
Aboriginal 350 155 200 90,740 42,890 47,850
Non-Aboriginal 9,540 4,840 4,705 2,060,945 981,055 1,079,895
English and French 70 30 35 47,970 23,785 24,190
English and non-official language 340 185 155 61,075 30,045 31,030
French and non-official language 155 80 75 48,755 22,690 26,065
English, French and non-official language 5 5 5 2,080 1,075 1,010
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 172,195 84,370 87,825 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,355
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 165,615 81,365 84,250 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,190
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,676 49,538 37,068 34,204 40,782 28,860
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 165,635 81,365 84,270 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,801 42,805 33,466 30,866 35,933 26,621
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 152,970 76,175 76,790 24,583,315 12,296,595 12,286,725
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,664 49,229 34,727 32,762 39,925 26,613
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 106,800 45,075 61,730 19,743,240 8,755,815 10,987,430
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 4,092 2,161 5,010 5,453 4,199 6,136
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 130,465 67,125 63,340 20,428,685 10,547,760 9,880,925
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,536 49,195 36,570 33,684 39,836 28,474
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 172,195 84,385 87,805 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 165,535 81,400 84,140 27,489,395 13,441,555 14,047,845
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 53,458 62,354 44,851 47,487 56,740 38,632
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 165,550 81,405 84,145 27,500,230 13,446,230 14,053,995
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,860 50,036 37,884 38,977 45,404 32,828
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 153,035 76,275 76,760 24,584,065 12,295,015 12,289,055
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 52,725 62,627 42,886 46,885 56,803 36,962
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 106,370 44,905 61,465 19,742,130 8,752,070 10,990,060
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,338 6,653 7,838 7,738 7,345 8,050
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 130,465 67,140 63,320 20,428,670 10,542,540 9,886,130
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 51,686 59,924 42,951 46,057 54,369 37,193
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 172,195 84,390 87,810 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 66,545 36,695 29,855 9,367,045 5,231,015 4,136,035
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 60,421 66,861 54,642 53,431 59,326 47,420
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 70,534 78,184 61,130 65,997 74,289 55,510
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 91.2 94.2 87.3 88.3 91.6 83.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 75.9 79.0 71.8 72.0 75.2 67.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 8.8 5.8 12.7 11.7 8.4 16.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 172,195 84,370 87,825 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without total income 6,580 3,005 3,570 1,154,450 546,285 608,165
With total income 165,615 81,365 84,255 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,195
Percentage with total income 96.2 96.4 95.9 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 18,180 8,185 9,995 3,877,620 1,668,960 2,208,655
$10,000 to $19,999 20,570 8,140 12,430 4,680,380 1,867,600 2,812,785
$20,000 to $29,999 20,285 7,990 12,300 3,807,840 1,593,335 2,214,505
$30,000 to $39,999 18,525 8,110 10,415 3,206,175 1,472,670 1,733,510
$40,000 to $49,999 18,650 8,635 10,010 2,827,045 1,376,565 1,450,480
$50,000 to $59,999 15,575 7,905 7,670 2,179,775 1,145,685 1,034,090
$60,000 to $69,999 12,045 6,530 5,515 1,655,070 938,755 716,310
$70,000 to $79,999 9,645 5,420 4,220 1,271,850 745,830 526,015
$80,000 to $89,999 7,930 4,605 3,325 966,885 579,290 387,590
$90,000 to $99,999 6,150 3,555 2,595 749,290 452,240 297,050
$100,000 and over 18,050 12,280 5,775 2,266,600 1,603,400 663,195
$100,000 to $149,999 12,895 8,430 4,465 1,493,570 1,024,210 469,365
$150,000 and over 5,155 3,850 1,305 773,025 579,190 193,830
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 172,195 84,370 87,825 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without after-tax income 6,555 3,005 3,555 1,143,795 541,620 602,175
With after-tax income 165,635 81,365 84,270 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Percentage with after-tax income 96.2 96.4 96.0 96.0 96.1 95.9
Under $10,000 (including loss) 18,700 8,315 10,385 4,004,475 1,706,825 2,297,645
$10,000 to $19,999 21,680 8,580 13,095 4,905,055 1,972,920 2,932,130
$20,000 to $29,999 23,845 9,625 14,220 4,489,925 1,926,175 2,563,755
$30,000 to $39,999 24,105 11,000 13,105 3,924,960 1,870,705 2,054,250
$40,000 to $49,999 22,245 11,090 11,155 3,144,200 1,619,670 1,524,525
$50,000 to $59,999 16,565 8,885 7,685 2,209,280 1,245,570 963,705
$60,000 to $69,999 12,375 7,140 5,240 1,540,300 912,230 628,065
$70,000 to $79,999 8,905 5,085 3,820 1,076,180 654,570 421,610
$80,000 and over 17,215 11,650 5,565 2,204,820 1,540,335 664,485
$80,000 to $89,999 5,755 3,495 2,260 688,705 444,550 244,145
$90,000 to $99,999 3,635 2,475 1,155 420,975 291,090 129,885
$100,000 and over 7,825 5,675 2,150 1,095,140 804,690 290,445
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 172,195 84,370 87,825 28,642,980 13,990,625 14,652,360
Without employment income 41,730 17,245 24,485 8,214,295 3,442,860 4,771,430
With employment income 130,460 67,125 63,335 20,428,690 10,547,760 9,880,925
Percentage with employment income 75.8 79.6 72.1 71.3 75.4 67.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 12,925 5,785 7,145 2,778,990 1,357,430 1,421,560
$5,000 to $9,999 8,050 3,510 4,535 1,602,140 697,025 905,120
$10,000 to $19,999 14,285 6,170 8,120 2,736,010 1,212,855 1,523,155
$20,000 to $29,999 13,255 5,940 7,320 2,293,785 1,022,090 1,271,695
$30,000 to $39,999 13,225 6,195 7,030 2,149,860 1,001,065 1,148,795
$40,000 to $49,999 13,520 6,460 7,055 1,928,565 946,625 981,940
$50,000 to $59,999 11,910 6,230 5,685 1,554,100 839,045 715,055
$60,000 to $69,999 9,250 5,135 4,115 1,220,310 708,270 512,040
$70,000 to $79,999 7,730 4,455 3,280 992,170 591,945 400,225
$80,000 and over 26,310 17,250 9,055 3,172,770 2,171,415 1,001,355
$80,000 to $89,999 6,715 3,900 2,815 773,755 475,700 298,055
$90,000 to $99,999 5,205 3,125 2,075 623,980 382,330 241,650
$100,000 and over 14,390 10,220 4,170 1,775,030 1,313,385 461,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 87,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 81,832  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,336  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 70,229  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 61,348  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 25,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 44,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,174  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,632  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,446  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 61,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,102,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 103,222  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,249  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 87,896  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,419  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 87,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 101,232  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,764  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 83,063  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,171  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 25,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,967,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 54,383  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,799  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 44,606  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 61,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,104,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 120,972  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 110,813  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 99,267  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 90,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 87,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 1,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 228,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 200,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 374,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 565,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 3,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 602,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 538,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 603,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 3,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 606,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 3,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 596,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 3,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 578,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 6,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,097,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 5,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,010,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 5,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 924,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 5,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 836,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 4,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 745,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 34,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,561,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 10,145  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,470,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 7,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,016,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 9,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,116,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 7,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 959,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 87,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 1,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 243,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 705  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 203,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 380,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,835  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 591,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 3,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 673,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 3,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 628,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 3,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 719,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 4,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 725,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 4,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 711,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 3,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 691,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 7,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,299,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 7,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,169,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 6,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,041,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 5,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 900,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 5,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 757,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 25,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,333,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 10,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,371,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 6,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 809,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 9,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,152,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 58,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,688,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 102,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,306  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 87,552  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,372  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 21,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,706,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 98,416  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 78,976  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 82,964  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 68,309  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 24,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,222,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 130,150  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 113,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 109,098  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 96,608  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 9,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,481,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 58,172  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 53,193  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,559  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 48,856  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 58,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,689,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 121,017  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 99,023  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 21,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,706,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 116,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,086  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 94,272  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 82,296  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 24,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,225,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 146,336  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 137,094  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 119,082  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,307  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 9,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,477,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 70,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,549  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 60,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 56,687  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 36,635 18,295 18,345 5,313,545 2,608,845 2,704,705
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 40,467 42,811 38,360 31,890 34,483 29,801
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 35,684 37,258 34,331 28,959 30,746 27,495
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 36,420 18,315 18,100 5,299,050 2,596,985 2,702,070
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 49,339 52,481 46,159 42,939 46,085 39,915
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 40,922 42,872 38,948 35,801 37,724 33,952
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 211,780 104,660 107,120 34,460,065 16,971,550 17,488,515
In the bottom half of the distribution 88,235 41,940 46,290 17,229,835 8,256,970 8,972,865
In the bottom decile 17,200 8,550 8,655 3,445,950 1,672,900 1,773,050
In the second decile 17,805 7,840 9,965 3,445,660 1,564,965 1,880,700
In the third decile 16,660 7,705 8,950 3,446,165 1,641,930 1,804,235
In the fourth decile 17,650 8,535 9,110 3,445,850 1,677,120 1,768,730
In the fifth decile 18,920 9,305 9,610 3,446,210 1,700,060 1,746,150
In the top half of the distribution 123,550 62,720 60,825 17,230,230 8,714,580 8,515,650
In the sixth decile 20,710 10,320 10,390 3,445,695 1,716,510 1,729,185
In the seventh decile 22,190 11,160 11,025 3,446,470 1,730,975 1,715,500
In the eighth decile 25,335 12,780 12,550 3,445,940 1,741,640 1,704,300
In the ninth decile 27,750 14,110 13,640 3,446,045 1,751,850 1,694,195
In the top decile 27,570 14,350 13,220 3,446,080 1,773,600 1,672,475
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 211,780 104,660 107,120 33,968,295 16,724,265 17,244,035
0 to 17 years 46,675 23,890 22,785 6,836,380 3,504,250 3,332,125
0 to 5 years 16,820 8,590 8,225 2,228,770 1,142,505 1,086,270
18 to 64 years 137,795 68,845 68,945 21,695,090 10,690,090 11,005,005
65 years and over 27,315 11,930 15,390 5,436,830 2,529,930 2,906,905
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 24,940 11,545 13,395 4,809,940 2,243,200 2,566,740
0 to 17 years 8,380 4,245 4,135 1,163,830 597,570 566,255
0 to 5 years 3,380 1,705 1,680 396,095 203,055 193,030
18 to 64 years 13,820 6,445 7,370 2,855,290 1,341,590 1,513,700
65 years and over 2,740 850 1,890 790,825 304,040 486,780
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 11.8 11.0 12.5 14.2 13.4 14.9
0 to 17 years (%) 18.0 17.8 18.1 17.0 17.1 17.0
0 to 5 years (%) 20.1 19.8 20.4 17.8 17.8 17.8
18 to 64 years (%) 10.0 9.4 10.7 13.2 12.5 13.8
65 years and over (%) 10.0 7.1 12.3 14.5 12.0 16.7
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 14,195 7,210 6,985 3,128,995 1,519,370 1,609,630
0 to 17 years 4,135 2,100 2,040 696,025 357,255 338,770
0 to 5 years 1,730 855 875 236,435 121,170 115,260
18 to 64 years 9,580 4,930 4,655 2,157,745 1,057,585 1,100,160
65 years and over 470 185 290 275,225 104,525 170,695
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 6.7 6.9 6.5 9.2 9.1 9.3
0 to 17 years (%) 8.9 8.8 9.0 10.2 10.2 10.2
0 to 5 years (%) 10.3 10.0 10.6 10.6 10.6 10.6
18 to 64 years (%) 7.0 7.2 6.8 9.9 9.9 10.0
65 years and over (%) 1.7 1.6 1.9 5.1 4.1 5.9
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 211,780 104,660 107,120 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Official languages 209,105 103,445 105,665 33,818,210 16,709,290 17,108,920
English 208,830 103,305 105,525 29,748,265 14,806,270 14,941,995
French 13,110 5,830 7,280 10,242,945 4,952,455 5,290,495
Non-official languages 45,430 22,670 22,760 9,369,280 4,488,185 4,881,090
Aboriginal languages 755 350 400 263,845 127,550 136,295
Algonquian languages 620 285 340 177,570 85,505 92,065
Blackfoot 0 0 0 5,645 2,695 2,950
Cree-Montagnais languages 530 240 290 116,585 56,515 60,070
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,640 3,335 3,305
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 11,440 5,500 5,945
Moose Cree 0 0 0 195 80 115
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,465 710 755
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 545 225 320
Plains Cree 90 60 35 5,905 2,705 3,200
Southern East Cree 10 10 0 40 30 10
Swampy Cree 40 10 25 2,345 995 1,350
Woods Cree 45 15 25 2,665 1,230 1,435
Cree, n.o.s. 365 160 205 86,115 42,080 44,035
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 9,765 4,710 5,050
Malecite 0 0 0 755 370 390
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 9,025 4,350 4,670
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 120 50 65 46,685 22,100 24,585
Algonquin 0 0 0 2,480 1,165 1,315
Ojibway 115 50 65 28,585 13,365 15,220
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15,610 7,575 8,030
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 205 105 105
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 120 60 60
Athabaskan languages 10 10 0 23,655 11,340 12,320
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 10 0 23,570 11,300 12,265
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 210 105 100
Beaver 0 0 0 340 180 165
Carrier 0 0 0 2,105 955 1,145
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,150 535 610
Dene 10 10 10 13,060 6,270 6,790
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 2,375 1,210 1,165
Gwich'in 0 0 0 360 165 200
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 150 60 90
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 2,815 1,340 1,475
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 1,010 475 530
South Slavey 0 0 0 1,365 660 710
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 680 320 360
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 630 340 285
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 365 205 170
Tahltan 0 0 0 270 140 130
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 420 160 260
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 285 115 170
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 145 50 95
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 35 50
Haida 0 0 0 465 205 260
Inuit languages 0 0 0 42,980 21,355 21,630
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 1,975 895 1,080
Inuktitut 0 0 0 40,620 20,280 20,340
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 470 225 240
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 2,800 1,240 1,555
Cayuga 0 0 0 125 40 85
Mohawk 0 0 0 2,415 1,120 1,295
Oneida 0 0 0 180 60 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 45 75
Kutenai 0 0 0 175 95 80
Michif 25 15 10 1,210 585 625
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,750 2,730 3,015
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 110
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,060 475 585
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 820 370 450
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,305 640 665
Squamish 0 0 0 285 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 450 220 235
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 565 295 270
Siouan languages 75 35 40 5,430 2,665 2,770
Dakota 50 25 25 1,760 870 890
Stoney 0 0 0 3,675 1,805 1,875
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 140 70 70
Tlingit 0 0 0 260 140 120
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,730 1,350 1,380
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,305 645 660
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,060 545 515
Tsimshian 0 0 0 410 180 235
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,490 680 805
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 110
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 125 50 75
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 605 285 320
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 565 265 300
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 25 10 10 665 310 360
Non-Aboriginal languages 44,700 22,320 22,375 9,107,075 4,361,420 4,745,660
Afro-Asiatic languages 3,605 2,005 1,600 837,355 432,560 404,795
Berber languages 25 20 0 29,460 15,745 13,715
Kabyle 10 10 0 17,120 9,100 8,015
Berber languages, n.i.e. 20 15 0 12,505 6,735 5,775
Cushitic languages 795 400 390 57,125 26,870 30,250
Bilen 35 15 20 1,085 625 470
Oromo 50 30 20 6,245 3,070 3,175
Somali 720 365 355 49,665 23,070 26,590
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 480 220 265
Semitic languages 2,940 1,685 1,250 771,130 400,780 370,350
Amharic 235 115 125 33,670 16,675 16,995
Arabic 2,260 1,375 885 629,055 329,235 299,820
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 50 30 20 19,745 9,720 10,020
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 7,115 3,505 3,610
Harari 0 0 0 1,710 855 860
Hebrew 315 145 170 75,020 38,730 36,290
Maltese 0 0 0 7,625 3,760 3,870
Tigrigna 220 120 95 21,340 10,640 10,705
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 3,220 1,655 1,565
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 20 2,775 1,440 1,335
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,480 760 720 224,865 105,845 119,020
Khmer (Cambodian) 95 40 50 27,035 12,640 14,400
Vietnamese 1,385 715 665 198,895 93,735 105,155
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 70 120
Austronesian languages 7,815 3,680 4,130 656,200 273,075 383,125
Bikol 20 10 15 2,075 885 1,190
Cebuano 785 390 395 27,045 10,960 16,085
Fijian 0 0 0 1,660 955 705
Hiligaynon 110 50 60 7,925 3,200 4,720
Ilocano 405 195 215 34,530 13,805 20,730
Malagasy 0 0 0 2,335 1,120 1,220
Malay 70 25 40 22,470 10,370 12,100
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 75 40 30 5,425 2,445 2,980
Pangasinan 10 10 10 1,800 790 1,015
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 7,505 3,545 3,960 612,735 253,210 359,530
Waray-Waray 0 10 0 1,395 530 860
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 5,585 2,540 3,040
Creole languages 165 80 90 155,615 70,545 85,070
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 6,850 3,140 3,710
Creole, n.o.s. 40 25 25 133,045 59,890 73,160
Creole languages, n.i.e. 125 55 65 16,635 7,955 8,675
Dravidian languages 820 440 380 250,180 126,220 123,960
Kannada 50 30 25 8,245 4,180 4,065
Malayalam 410 195 210 37,810 19,410 18,400
Tamil 230 120 110 189,860 94,640 95,220
Telugu 190 135 55 23,160 12,770 10,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 790 385 405
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 870 435 435
Indo-European languages 22,365 11,345 11,020 5,158,010 2,506,455 2,651,555
Albanian 290 140 150 31,930 16,140 15,790
Armenian 25 10 20 41,295 19,980 21,315
Balto-Slavic languages 3,795 1,795 2,000 817,315 384,960 432,350
Baltic languages 60 40 20 14,675 6,470 8,205
Latvian 45 25 20 6,500 2,960 3,540
Lithuanian 15 10 0 8,185 3,510 4,675
Slavic languages 3,760 1,775 1,985 805,915 379,965 425,945
Belarusan 10 0 10 2,265 1,070 1,195
Bosnian 115 60 55 18,265 9,055 9,215
Bulgarian 20 15 10 22,425 10,920 11,505
Croatian 240 135 100 69,840 34,515 35,325
Czech 30 10 25 28,720 13,675 15,050
Macedonian 10 10 0 23,075 11,190 11,880
Polish 550 250 300 214,965 99,365 115,600
Russian 1,570 790 780 269,645 127,055 142,595
Serbian 225 115 110 73,775 37,040 36,740
Serbo-Croatian 0 10 10 11,275 5,525 5,750
Slovak 35 15 15 21,470 10,215 11,255
Slovene (Slovenian) 40 20 20 11,495 5,205 6,290
Ukrainian 1,590 675 910 132,115 58,820 73,300
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 3,000 1,590 1,405
Celtic languages 35 25 10 9,165 4,705 4,455
Scottish Gaelic 10 15 0 3,980 2,010 1,975
Welsh 0 0 0 1,690 830 860
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 15 3,590 1,915 1,680
Germanic languages 3,085 1,450 1,635 695,535 337,215 358,320
Afrikaans 285 115 170 23,410 11,795 11,610
Danish 40 20 15 15,745 7,320 8,425
Dutch 265 95 170 120,865 57,885 62,990
Frisian 0 0 0 2,910 1,515 1,395
German 2,375 1,175 1,200 502,730 245,745 256,985
Icelandic 25 15 10 1,780 830 945
Norwegian 40 15 20 8,120 3,860 4,260
Swedish 30 10 20 14,140 6,510 7,635
Vlaams (Flemish) 15 0 10 4,400 1,945 2,455
Yiddish 55 25 35 20,985 10,435 10,550
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 8,710 4,425 4,285
Greek 865 445 420 150,965 75,510 75,455
Indo-Iranian languages 11,335 6,160 5,170 1,658,220 840,850 817,365
Indo-Aryan languages 10,505 5,690 4,820 1,387,805 704,370 683,435
Bengali 1,295 665 625 91,220 46,935 44,285
Gujarati 1,465 805 660 149,045 74,765 74,285
Hindi 3,670 2,085 1,580 433,365 221,665 211,700
Kashmiri 25 20 10 905 490 420
Konkani 30 15 10 6,790 3,185 3,605
Marathi 95 55 35 15,570 8,200 7,365
Nepali 485 250 240 21,380 10,915 10,470
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 1,535 755 775
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,625 2,055 1,565 668,240 341,450 326,790
Sindhi 60 35 25 20,260 9,310 10,945
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 80 45 40 27,825 13,970 13,855
Urdu 3,490 1,815 1,675 322,220 164,685 157,535
Iranian languages 1,000 560 435 281,715 142,030 139,680
Kurdish 40 30 15 15,290 8,290 7,000
Pashto 320 195 130 23,180 12,465 10,715
Persian (Farsi) 655 360 295 252,320 126,565 125,755
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 95 40 55 8,875 4,715 4,155
Italic (Romance) languages 3,445 1,600 1,845 1,897,630 898,530 999,100
Catalan 0 0 0 2,035 1,145 890
Italian 550 275 270 574,725 278,500 296,225
Portuguese 155 70 90 295,955 144,465 151,485
Romanian 260 100 165 115,050 55,275 59,770
Spanish 2,560 1,200 1,355 995,255 460,250 535,010
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 2,680 1,610 1,075
Japanese 415 185 230 83,090 36,760 46,335
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 2,150 1,075 1,075
Georgian 0 0 0 2,150 1,080 1,070
Korean 645 265 380 172,755 80,170 92,590
Mongolic languages 10 0 10 2,090 960 1,130
Mongolian 10 10 0 2,090 960 1,130
Niger-Congo languages 1,965 1,025 940 177,215 88,135 89,080
Akan (Twi) 175 95 85 22,145 10,810 11,340
Bamanankan 0 0 0 3,190 1,660 1,530
Edo 20 0 20 3,220 1,510 1,705
Ewe 30 10 25 3,000 1,685 1,315
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 4,725 2,460 2,260
Ga 0 0 0 2,250 1,140 1,110
Ganda 20 10 15 2,495 1,175 1,320
Igbo 400 185 210 8,850 4,710 4,140
Lingala 60 35 30 17,010 7,865 9,145
Rundi (Kirundi) 205 120 85 8,590 4,075 4,515
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 45 20 30 7,860 3,600 4,260
Shona 55 40 15 5,425 2,530 2,905
Swahili 495 300 200 38,680 19,565 19,115
Wolof 20 10 10 8,240 4,455 3,785
Yoruba 395 190 200 22,420 11,475 10,940
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 320 180 140 40,760 20,375 20,385
Nilo-Saharan languages 85 50 35 7,015 3,520 3,495
Dinka 40 25 10 2,475 1,280 1,190
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 50 25 20 4,555 2,240 2,315
Sign languages 260 90 170 48,115 18,985 29,130
American Sign Language 85 25 65 21,930 7,780 14,155
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 4,665 1,665 3,005
Sign languages, n.i.e. 175 70 110 22,275 9,835 12,440
Sino-Tibetan languages 5,445 2,665 2,785 1,430,440 672,100 758,340
Chinese languages 4,990 2,440 2,555 1,413,110 663,465 749,640
Cantonese 1,680 800 875 699,125 325,840 373,285
Hakka 20 0 15 12,445 5,555 6,890
Mandarin 3,305 1,615 1,690 814,450 377,635 436,815
Min Dong 0 0 0 1,045 440 600
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 140 70 70 42,840 19,005 23,835
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 10 16,530 7,490 9,040
Chinese, n.o.s. 480 250 230 41,690 19,995 21,690
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 590 250 340
Tibeto-Burman languages 455 225 230 18,270 9,100 9,175
Burmese 140 80 55 4,995 2,490 2,500
Karenic languages 335 160 175 4,895 2,425 2,475
Tibetan 10 0 0 7,050 3,555 3,490
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 2,375 1,160 1,220
Tai-Kadai languages 320 125 190 30,400 13,210 17,195
Lao 225 95 135 17,235 8,240 8,990
Thai 120 50 70 15,390 5,875 9,520
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 50 65
Turkic languages 240 160 80 60,530 31,585 28,945
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 5,450 2,885 2,565
Turkish 220 140 75 50,775 26,605 24,165
Uyghur 0 0 0 1,385 685 700
Uzbek 20 10 10 2,465 1,230 1,235
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,870 905 965
Uralic languages 505 215 290 94,810 44,270 50,545
Estonian 0 0 0 6,070 2,750 3,315
Finnish 25 0 20 17,595 7,540 10,050
Hungarian 475 205 270 71,285 34,005 37,280
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 155 110 45 9,730 5,375 4,355
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 211,780 104,665 107,115 34,460,065 16,971,580 17,488,490
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 188,160 92,330 95,825 32,034,590 15,799,495 16,235,090
Canadian citizens aged under 18 41,880 21,330 20,550 6,652,795 3,412,785 3,240,010
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 146,280 71,000 75,280 25,381,795 12,386,710 12,995,080
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 23,625 12,335 11,290 2,425,480 1,172,085 1,253,400
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 211,785 104,660 107,120 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 171,335 84,040 87,300 26,412,610 13,124,325 13,288,290
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 36,145 18,135 18,010 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Before 1981 4,960 2,420 2,540 1,941,510 927,795 1,013,715
1981 to 1990 1,805 890 910 915,555 439,245 476,310
1991 to 2000 2,955 1,410 1,545 1,486,655 696,720 789,940
2001 to 2010 10,345 5,145 5,195 1,985,035 940,570 1,044,465
2001 to 2005 2,875 1,440 1,435 928,935 439,890 489,050
2006 to 2010 7,460 3,705 3,755 1,056,095 500,680 555,415
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 16,080 8,265 7,820 1,212,075 582,175 629,895
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 4,305 2,490 1,815 506,625 260,755 245,870
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 36,140 18,135 18,005 7,540,830 3,586,500 3,954,335
Under 5 years 3,735 1,980 1,755 731,340 364,165 367,175
5 to 14 years 6,345 3,240 3,110 1,311,810 665,870 645,945
15 to 24 years 6,710 3,220 3,495 1,604,430 724,430 880,005
25 to 44 years 16,450 8,180 8,270 3,198,920 1,513,970 1,684,950
45 years and over 2,905 1,520 1,385 694,320 318,060 376,260
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 36,145 18,135 18,010 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Americas 2,750 1,320 1,430 1,128,745 510,650 618,100
Brazil 30 15 15 29,320 13,235 16,080
Colombia 45 25 25 70,035 32,065 37,965
El Salvador 170 85 85 48,080 23,865 24,215
Guyana 100 50 45 87,685 38,940 48,745
Haiti 20 20 0 93,480 40,955 52,525
Jamaica 400 190 210 138,345 59,960 78,390
Mexico 210 110 100 80,585 37,530 43,055
Peru 55 20 40 29,615 12,950 16,665
Trinidad and Tobago 90 45 50 65,040 29,325 35,710
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,065 470 595 253,715 113,505 140,215
Other places of birth in Americas 555 290 265 232,850 108,325 124,530
Europe 6,065 2,965 3,095 2,088,410 1,015,145 1,073,260
Bosnia and Herzegovina 170 75 90 36,135 18,050 18,085
Croatia 195 110 85 40,045 20,005 20,035
France 65 25 40 105,565 55,395 50,170
Germany 530 250 280 145,845 69,525 76,320
Greece 310 175 145 62,715 31,580 31,135
Hungary 140 65 75 36,820 17,945 18,875
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 200 110 85 28,325 14,355 13,970
Italy 265 130 135 236,640 118,595 118,040
Netherlands 215 100 110 88,475 45,185 43,295
Poland 355 160 190 146,465 66,450 80,020
Portugal 30 15 10 139,450 68,150 71,300
Romania 185 75 110 90,305 42,795 47,510
Russian Federation 230 100 135 78,685 34,265 44,420
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 95 50 45 33,320 16,325 17,000
Ukraine 820 405 415 73,030 33,360 39,665
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 1,550 770 780 499,115 243,225 255,890
Other places of birth in Europe 710 355 365 247,470 119,945 127,530
Africa 4,145 2,160 1,980 637,485 322,510 314,970
Algeria 40 30 10 64,620 33,920 30,705
Egypt 165 90 70 64,615 34,125 30,495
Ethiopia 300 145 150 32,790 15,980 16,810
Kenya 180 95 85 27,150 12,810 14,340
Morocco 65 45 20 69,655 36,120 33,535
Nigeria 790 380 405 42,430 21,830 20,600
Somalia 455 260 195 27,230 12,070 15,160
South Africa, Republic of 435 195 235 44,660 22,205 22,460
Other places of birth in Africa 1,720 920 800 264,320 133,450 130,870
Asia 23,060 11,620 11,440 3,629,160 1,709,985 1,919,175
Afghanistan