Census Profile, 2016 Census
Calgary, City [Census subdivision], Alberta and Canada [Country]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Calgary, CY
Alberta
[Census subdivision]
Canada

[Country]
Data quality , Calgary, City [Census subdivision], Alberta  Map : Calgary, City [Census subdivision], Alberta Data quality : Canada [Country]  Map : geography 2
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 1,239,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,151,728  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 1,096,833  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,476,688  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 13.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 489,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,412,443  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 466,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,079  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,501.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 825.56  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,965,588.85  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 1,239,220 618,245 620,975 35,151,730 17,264,200 17,887,530
0 to 14 years 226,980 116,520 110,460 5,839,565 2,992,920 2,846,645
0 to 4 years 77,985 40,055 37,930 1,898,790 973,030 925,760
5 to 9 years 79,365 40,865 38,500 2,018,130 1,034,685 983,445
10 to 14 years 69,630 35,600 34,030 1,922,645 985,200 937,445
15 to 64 years 873,835 438,600 435,235 23,376,530 11,576,130 11,800,400
15 to 19 years 69,730 35,750 33,985 2,026,160 1,039,215 986,940
20 to 24 years 78,640 39,855 38,785 2,242,690 1,144,495 1,098,200
25 to 29 years 100,140 49,745 50,390 2,285,990 1,144,470 1,141,515
30 to 34 years 109,445 54,705 54,740 2,329,395 1,148,290 1,181,110
35 to 39 years 100,400 49,855 50,540 2,288,365 1,118,635 1,169,730
40 to 44 years 93,405 46,790 46,615 2,255,135 1,104,440 1,150,695
45 to 49 years 87,810 44,415 43,400 2,359,965 1,157,760 1,202,210
50 to 54 years 86,890 43,590 43,295 2,678,075 1,318,755 1,359,320
55 to 59 years 82,265 41,220 41,045 2,620,240 1,285,190 1,335,055
60 to 64 years 65,120 32,675 32,440 2,290,510 1,114,885 1,175,630
65 years and over 138,405 63,120 75,285 5,935,630 2,695,150 3,240,485
65 to 69 years 48,920 23,915 25,005 1,972,480 953,075 1,019,405
70 to 74 years 31,590 15,040 16,550 1,420,875 677,975 742,900
75 to 79 years 22,715 10,220 12,495 1,021,850 469,550 552,300
80 to 84 years 17,315 7,495 9,820 749,650 325,765 423,880
85 years and over 17,860 6,455 11,410 770,780 268,790 501,990
85 to 89 years 11,435 4,505 6,930 482,525 185,535 296,990
90 to 94 years 4,925 1,595 3,335 223,510 68,675 154,835
95 to 99 years 1,335 335 1,000 56,525 13,240 43,280
100 years and over 160 15 145 8,230 1,340 6,890
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 18.3 18.8 17.8 16.6 17.3 15.9
15 to 64 years 70.5 70.9 70.1 66.5 67.1 66.0
65 years and over 11.2 10.2 12.1 16.9 15.6 18.1
85 years and over 1.4 1.0 1.8 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 37.6 37.0 38.2 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 36.7 36.2 37.1 41.2 40.2 42.2
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 466,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 262,950  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,541,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 32,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,391,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 168,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,949,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 29,270  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 698,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 44,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 891,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 21,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 784,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 72,850  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,539,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 200  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 2,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 189,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 466,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 114,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 150,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,834,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 78,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,140,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 75,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,946,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 47,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,180,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 1,222,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,460,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 1,012,245 501,720 510,520 29,312,160 14,271,280 15,040,885
Married or living common law 596,630 299,175 297,455 16,893,720 8,452,135 8,441,585
Married 506,625 254,030 252,600 13,383,455 6,693,465 6,689,990
Living common law 90,005 45,145 44,860 3,510,265 1,758,670 1,751,590
Not married and not living common law 415,610 202,545 213,065 12,418,440 5,819,140 6,599,300
Never married 293,200 160,610 132,585 8,254,340 4,444,425 3,809,915
Separated 22,285 9,740 12,545 718,295 309,905 408,400
Divorced 62,270 24,270 38,000 1,816,005 725,535 1,090,470
Widowed 37,860 7,920 29,935 1,629,800 339,280 1,290,525
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 337,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,840,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 155,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,007,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 75,950  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,107,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 74,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,909,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 30,835  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 815,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 337,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,840,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 289,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,227,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 244,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,474,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 44,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,753,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 47,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,612,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 37,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,262,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 10,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 350,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 289,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,227,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 126,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,024,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 163,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,203,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 62,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,650,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 71,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,783,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 29,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 770,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 47,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,612,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 29,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 983,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 13,510  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 457,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 4,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 171,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 219,585 112,510 107,075 6,107,260 2,941,395 3,165,865
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 466,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 310,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,218,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 115,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,782,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 195,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,436,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 12,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 301,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 143,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,552,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 114,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 29,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 582,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 1,227,995 612,735 615,255 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,080
English only 1,108,175 558,845 549,330 23,757,525 11,838,075 11,919,455
French only 1,170 510 660 4,144,685 1,925,845 2,218,840
English and French 89,400 41,380 48,015 6,216,065 3,071,325 3,144,740
Neither English nor French 29,245 11,995 17,250 648,970 265,920 383,045
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 1,227,990 612,735 615,260 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
English 1,172,990 587,775 585,215 26,007,500 12,852,330 13,155,165
French 18,965 9,605 9,365 7,705,755 3,780,105 3,925,650
English and French 7,405 3,665 3,740 417,485 209,130 208,355
Neither English nor French 28,630 11,690 16,945 636,515 259,600 376,910
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 22,670 11,440 11,230 7,914,495 3,884,670 4,029,825
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.8 1.9 1.8 22.8 22.7 22.8
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 1,227,990 612,735 615,260 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,085
Single responses 1,189,870 594,175 595,695 33,948,620 16,702,840 17,245,775
Official languages 824,965 418,045 406,920 26,627,555 13,201,620 13,425,940
English 806,815 408,850 397,965 19,460,850 9,680,125 9,780,725
French 18,150 9,195 8,955 7,166,705 3,521,495 3,645,215
Non-official languages 364,905 176,130 188,775 7,321,065 3,501,220 3,819,840
Aboriginal languages 690 255 440 195,700 94,795 100,900
Algonquian languages 485 185 300 130,450 62,930 67,520
Blackfoot 225 85 135 2,815 1,325 1,490
Cree-Montagnais languages 190 80 115 88,445 42,920 45,530
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,150 3,135 3,015
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10,230 4,885 5,350
Moose Cree 0 0 0 100 50 55
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,205 590 620
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 315 125 190
Plains Cree 50 20 30 3,065 1,360 1,710
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 45 20 25
Swampy Cree 10 0 5 1,440 585 850
Woods Cree 10 0 5 1,840 865 975
Cree, n.o.s. 125 55 70 64,050 31,305 32,745
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 5 0 6,990 3,310 3,680
Malecite 0 0 0 305 140 160
Mi'kmaq 10 5 0 6,690 3,170 3,520
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 60 15 45 32,150 15,350 16,800
Algonquin 0 5 0 1,260 590 670
Ojibway 55 10 45 17,890 8,440 9,450
Oji-Cree 5 0 0 12,855 6,260 6,595
Ottawa (Odawa) 5 0 0 150 65 85
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 20
Athabaskan languages 55 20 30 17,365 8,325 9,045
Northern Athabaskan languages 50 20 35 17,315 8,310 9,010
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 60
Beaver 0 0 0 190 85 105
Carrier 0 5 0 1,025 465 565
Chilcotin 0 0 0 660 295 360
Dene 15 10 10 10,700 5,185 5,515
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 5 1,645 840 815
Gwich'in 5 0 0 260 110 145
Sarsi (Sarcee) 20 5 10 80 25 50
Sekani 0 0 0 90 45 45
Slavey-Hare languages 5 0 5 1,995 950 1,045
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 765 365 400
South Slavey 0 0 5 945 455 495
Slavey, n.o.s. 5 0 0 280 130 150
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 270 135 140
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 180 90 90
Tahltan 0 0 0 95 40 50
Tutchone languages 5 0 0 290 120 170
Northern Tutchone 5 0 0 215 90 135
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 70 30 40
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 20 35
Haida 0 0 0 75 35 40
Inuit languages 20 10 10 36,545 18,100 18,445
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 1,025 445 575
Inuktitut 5 0 0 35,215 17,530 17,680
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 0 10 315 125 185
Iroquoian languages 5 0 5 1,115 485 635
Cayuga 0 0 0 45 20 20
Mohawk 5 0 0 980 430 555
Oneida 0 0 0 55 20 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 20
Kutenai 5 0 0 105 55 55
Michif 10 5 5 465 230 235
Salish languages 5 0 0 2,305 1,130 1,180
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 225 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 155
Okanagan 5 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 445 225 220
Squamish 0 0 0 40 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 335 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 255 135 125
Siouan languages 95 25 65 4,285 2,070 2,220
Dakota 20 10 15 1,215 570 635
Stoney 70 20 50 3,025 1,465 1,555
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Tlingit 0 0 0 95 40 55
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,480 730 755
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 880 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 400 200 200
Tsimshian 0 0 0 200 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 5 805 370 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 50
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 95 40 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 325 145 185
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 285 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 20 10 10 585 295 295
Non-Aboriginal languages 364,210 175,875 188,335 7,125,365 3,406,425 3,718,945
Afro-Asiatic languages 28,975 15,200 13,775 575,365 298,060 277,300
Berber languages 135 75 60 22,135 11,865 10,270
Kabyle 60 30 30 13,150 6,995 6,155
Berber languages, n.i.e. 70 45 30 8,985 4,865 4,115
Cushitic languages 2,460 1,225 1,240 42,885 20,095 22,790
Bilen 50 25 20 805 455 350
Oromo 940 485 460 4,960 2,560 2,400
Somali 1,460 705 755 36,755 16,895 19,865
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 365 195 170
Semitic languages 26,340 13,875 12,465 509,190 265,465 243,725
Amharic 4,050 1,955 2,090 22,465 10,720 11,745
Arabic 18,390 9,875 8,510 419,890 220,785 199,105
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 280 150 130 16,070 7,910 8,160
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 80 40 40 5,545 2,780 2,770
Harari 70 40 30 1,320 635 685
Hebrew 480 240 240 19,530 10,480 9,045
Maltese 30 15 20 5,565 2,765 2,800
Tigrigna 2,750 1,460 1,290 16,650 8,310 8,340
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 210 100 110 2,155 1,085 1,070
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 45 30 15 1,155 635 520
Austro-Asiatic languages 13,400 6,260 7,140 176,725 81,810 94,920
Khmer (Cambodian) 840 400 435 20,130 9,270 10,860
Vietnamese 12,550 5,855 6,695 156,425 72,470 83,955
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 10 0 5 170 65 100
Austronesian languages 46,440 20,160 26,280 511,480 211,580 299,900
Bikol 190 80 105 1,790 790 1,000
Cebuano 1,930 825 1,105 19,890 7,930 11,960
Fijian 40 20 15 745 400 345
Hiligaynon 665 260 400 6,885 2,680 4,205
Ilocano 2,545 1,110 1,435 26,345 10,620 15,720
Malagasy 25 10 15 1,430 665 760
Malay 765 330 430 12,275 5,255 7,020
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 260 130 130 4,040 1,865 2,175
Pangasinan 125 50 75 1,390 590 800
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 39,285 17,065 22,215 431,380 178,575 252,810
Waray-Waray 140 70 75 1,110 430 675
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 470 195 275 4,195 1,770 2,425
Creole languages 605 305 300 72,125 32,310 39,820
Haitian Creole 15 10 5 3,030 1,445 1,590
Creole, n.o.s. 410 205 210 64,105 28,455 35,660
Creole languages, n.i.e. 180 95 85 4,985 2,410 2,575
Dravidian languages 5,145 2,675 2,470 189,405 94,765 94,640
Kannada 285 140 145 3,970 2,040 1,935
Malayalam 2,085 1,075 1,015 28,570 14,770 13,800
Tamil 1,815 960 855 140,720 69,080 71,640
Telugu 930 495 435 15,655 8,640 7,020
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 490 240 250
Hmong-Mien languages 90 45 45 795 395 405
Indo-European languages 175,540 86,895 88,640 3,877,330 1,889,400 1,987,930
Albanian 1,325 700 625 26,890 13,610 13,285
Armenian 245 125 120 33,455 16,270 17,185
Balto-Slavic languages 29,595 13,845 15,750 701,975 323,640 378,340
Baltic languages 495 230 265 12,530 5,315 7,215
Latvian 170 75 90 5,455 2,350 3,105
Lithuanian 325 155 170 7,075 2,965 4,115
Slavic languages 29,105 13,615 15,485 689,450 318,325 371,115
Belarusan 20 10 10 810 385 430
Bosnian 780 390 395 12,210 6,035 6,180
Bulgarian 925 475 450 20,025 9,675 10,345
Croatian 1,890 930 960 48,200 23,540 24,665
Czech 1,360 640 725 22,290 10,525 11,765
Macedonian 150 75 75 16,775 8,050 8,725
Polish 7,680 3,610 4,065 181,710 82,435 99,275
Russian 9,255 4,185 5,070 188,255 85,400 102,855
Serbian 1,815 910 905 57,350 28,535 28,815
Serbo-Croatian 515 245 265 9,555 4,565 4,985
Slovak 1,075 520 555 17,580 8,075 9,510
Slovene (Slovenian) 235 105 135 9,790 4,415 5,370
Ukrainian 3,345 1,485 1,860 102,485 45,440 57,040
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 50 30 25 2,415 1,255 1,165
Celtic languages 115 60 60 2,690 1,335 1,360
Scottish Gaelic 50 20 25 1,090 540 550
Welsh 55 30 25 1,075 495 575
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 530 295 235
Germanic languages 15,660 7,500 8,155 538,765 258,410 280,350
Afrikaans 800 395 405 10,265 5,115 5,145
Danish 750 385 370 12,630 6,245 6,390
Dutch 3,435 1,720 1,720 99,020 48,200 50,820
Frisian 30 15 15 2,100 1,095 1,005
German 9,895 4,655 5,245 384,035 183,215 200,820
Icelandic 60 35 30 1,285 600 685
Norwegian 225 90 130 4,615 2,170 2,445
Swedish 275 125 155 6,840 3,015 3,825
Vlaams (Flemish) 90 45 50 3,895 1,730 2,165
Yiddish 80 40 45 13,555 6,750 6,800
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 10 0 525 280 240
Greek 1,470 735 735 106,525 53,350 53,170
Indo-Iranian languages 87,130 44,155 42,975 1,312,750 664,120 648,630
Indo-Aryan languages 74,315 37,490 36,825 1,064,760 538,530 526,235
Bengali 4,070 2,080 1,985 73,125 37,410 35,720
Gujarati 5,390 2,715 2,675 108,780 55,105 53,670
Hindi 7,050 3,595 3,455 110,640 55,880 54,765
Kashmiri 80 45 40 565 300 265
Konkani 165 85 85 3,330 1,625 1,710
Marathi 845 435 410 8,295 4,300 3,995
Nepali 1,925 1,010 915 18,275 9,230 9,045
Oriya (Odia) 100 50 45 1,055 560 495
Punjabi (Panjabi) 35,780 18,020 17,760 501,680 253,515 248,160
Sindhi 1,675 785 890 11,860 5,605 6,260
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 925 450 470 16,335 8,050 8,285
Urdu 16,320 8,220 8,095 210,815 106,960 103,860
Iranian languages 11,875 6,170 5,705 242,805 122,835 119,970
Kurdish 740 395 345 11,705 6,345 5,355
Pashto 1,610 825 785 16,910 8,760 8,145
Persian (Farsi) 9,525 4,955 4,570 214,200 107,725 106,470
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 935 490 445 5,180 2,755 2,425
Italic (Romance) languages 39,990 19,765 20,225 1,154,270 558,660 595,615
Catalan 45 15 30 865 440 425
Italian 5,000 2,550 2,455 375,635 184,415 191,220
Portuguese 3,360 1,600 1,760 221,540 106,630 114,910
Romanian 4,495 2,285 2,210 96,665 46,195 50,470
Spanish 27,075 13,310 13,765 458,850 220,605 238,245
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 720 380 340
Japanese 2,310 815 1,495 43,640 14,790 28,855
Kartvelian languages 130 70 55 1,715 910 805
Georgian 125 70 55 1,715 910 805
Korean 8,880 4,110 4,770 153,425 70,310 83,115
Mongolic languages 450 210 240 1,575 690 885
Mongolian 450 210 240 1,575 690 880
Niger-Congo languages 5,580 2,865 2,720 91,375 45,075 46,305
Akan (Twi) 640 335 305 13,455 6,490 6,970
Bamanankan 10 5 5 1,535 815 720
Edo 100 65 40 1,670 770 900
Ewe 60 35 25 1,760 950 805
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 80 45 35 2,825 1,495 1,335
Ga 55 30 25 920 445 470
Ganda 40 20 20 1,295 625 665
Igbo 680 365 320 4,235 2,265 1,970
Lingala 85 35 45 3,810 1,785 2,025
Rundi (Kirundi) 140 70 75 5,845 2,785 3,060
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 115 60 60 5,250 2,355 2,895
Shona 290 145 145 3,180 1,520 1,665
Swahili 760 370 390 13,370 6,385 6,990
Wolof 120 65 55 3,990 2,170 1,820
Yoruba 1,375 720 650 9,085 4,785 4,300
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,040 515 525 19,135 9,435 9,695
Nilo-Saharan languages 1,495 735 755 5,870 3,025 2,845
Dinka 720 360 360 2,120 1,115 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 770 375 395 3,755 1,910 1,840
Sign languages 235 130 105 7,500 3,925 3,575
American Sign Language 85 45 45 2,685 1,320 1,360
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 695 340 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 150 90 60 4,120 2,265 1,860
Sino-Tibetan languages 68,130 32,075 36,060 1,269,215 589,570 679,645
Chinese languages 66,895 31,460 35,430 1,253,360 581,650 671,715
Cantonese 33,700 15,840 17,865 565,270 262,865 302,405
Hakka 340 155 190 10,910 4,900 6,015
Mandarin 28,355 13,370 14,985 592,040 274,630 317,410
Min Dong 45 20 25 1,230 580 650
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,675 745 925 31,795 14,450 17,350
Wu (Shanghainese) 370 170 195 12,915 5,780 7,140
Chinese, n.o.s. 2,400 1,155 1,245 38,580 18,165 20,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 610 275 335
Tibeto-Burman languages 1,240 610 620 15,850 7,925 7,935
Burmese 260 135 130 3,585 1,795 1,790
Karenic languages 280 130 150 4,705 2,355 2,350
Tibetan 545 280 270 6,165 3,080 3,080
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 145 65 80 1,400 695 705
Tai-Kadai languages 1,005 365 640 22,010 8,870 13,145
Lao 430 200 235 12,670 6,145 6,525
Thai 565 165 400 9,255 2,690 6,565
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 5 5 80 35 55
Turkic languages 1,725 945 775 40,140 21,120 19,025
Azerbaijani 240 135 105 3,260 1,785 1,470
Turkish 1,210 685 525 32,815 17,375 15,440
Uyghur 60 25 30 1,035 510 525
Uzbek 70 35 40 1,715 855 865
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 140 60 75 1,315 590 720
Uralic languages 3,760 1,810 1,950 81,985 37,790 44,195
Estonian 85 45 45 5,445 2,325 3,115
Finnish 280 105 170 15,295 6,395 8,900
Hungarian 3,395 1,655 1,735 61,235 29,060 32,175
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 320 195 130 3,690 2,045 1,645
Multiple responses 38,125 18,560 19,560 818,635 398,325 420,305
English and French 3,195 1,530 1,670 165,320 80,460 84,860
English and non-official language 33,170 16,195 16,975 533,265 259,160 274,100
French and non-official language 1,005 510 490 86,150 42,170 43,985
English, French and non-official language 750 320 430 33,900 16,535 17,365
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 1,227,990 612,735 615,255 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
Single responses 1,145,000 572,180 572,820 33,103,860 16,298,475 16,805,395
Official languages 932,600 468,485 464,115 29,106,670 14,383,020 14,723,645
English 924,945 464,585 460,360 22,162,865 10,966,135 11,196,730
French 7,650 3,905 3,750 6,943,800 3,416,890 3,526,910
Non-official languages 212,405 103,695 108,710 3,997,195 1,915,450 2,081,750
Aboriginal languages 185 90 95 118,470 59,720 58,750
Algonquian languages 125 65 60 75,080 37,825 37,260
Blackfoot 60 30 30 1,115 555 555
Cree-Montagnais languages 60 30 25 55,825 28,135 27,685
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5,465 2,825 2,640
Montagnais (Innu) 5 0 0 8,590 4,195 4,395
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,200 595 605
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 110 55 60
Plains Cree 0 0 0 1,350 665 685
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 20 5 15
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 330 140 190
Woods Cree 5 0 5 800 410 390
Cree, n.o.s. 55 30 25 37,945 19,240 18,710
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 3,615 1,795 1,820
Malecite 0 0 0 55 30 30
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 3,560 1,770 1,795
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 5 14,525 7,335 7,190
Algonquin 0 0 0 370 170 200
Ojibway 5 0 5 6,175 3,165 3,015
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,900 3,960 3,940
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Athabaskan languages 15 5 10 10,265 5,125 5,135
Northern Athabaskan languages 15 5 10 10,255 5,120 5,135
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 15 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 50 30 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 115 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 255 125 130
Dene 5 0 5 7,710 3,805 3,905
Dogrib (Tlicho) 5 0 0 1,020 550 475
Gwich'in 5 5 0 45 25 25
Sarsi (Sarcee) 5 5 5 10 5 5
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 820 425 395
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 340 180 155
South Slavey 0 0 0 370 190 185
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 55 55
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 25 15 15
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 5 5
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 30 15 15
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 25 15 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 5
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 29,490 14,995 14,495
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 165 75 90
Inuktitut 0 0 5 29,230 14,885 14,345
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 90 40 55
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 285 135 155
Cayuga 0 0 0 10 0 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 255 115 140
Oneida 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 5 15 10 5
Michif 5 5 5 85 40 45
Salish languages 0 0 0 285 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 45 20 25
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 55 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 0 5
Straits 0 0 0 20 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Siouan languages 25 10 15 2,225 1,085 1,140
Dakota 15 0 5 255 140 120
Stoney 15 10 5 1,950 940 1,010
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 410 210 190
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 315 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 40 30
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 45 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 5
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 15
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 5 5 235 110 125
Non-Aboriginal languages 212,220 103,610 108,615 3,878,725 1,855,730 2,022,995
Afro-Asiatic languages 17,955 9,170 8,785 307,755 153,275 154,480
Berber languages 60 35 25 8,105 4,215 3,895
Kabyle 25 15 10 5,490 2,855 2,640
Berber languages, n.i.e. 30 20 15 2,620 1,365 1,260
Cushitic languages 1,640 800 845 27,095 12,455 14,640
Bilen 50 25 25 620 330 285
Oromo 705 345 350 3,410 1,700 1,710
Somali 890 425 465 22,895 10,340 12,555
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 185 85 95
Semitic languages 16,240 8,325 7,910 272,100 136,390 135,720
Amharic 2,705 1,295 1,405 12,780 6,010 6,770
Arabic 10,795 5,585 5,200 223,540 112,690 110,850
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 195 95 95 10,510 5,090 5,425
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 70 35 30 3,445 1,695 1,750
Harari 45 25 25 735 335 400
Hebrew 240 120 120 8,560 4,425 4,135
Maltese 5 0 5 1,130 525 605
Tigrigna 2,045 1,085 955 10,205 5,040 5,170
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 145 70 75 1,200 585 620
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 440 215 230
Austro-Asiatic languages 8,780 4,135 4,645 115,210 53,500 61,710
Khmer (Cambodian) 430 210 215 10,880 4,940 5,945
Vietnamese 8,350 3,920 4,425 104,245 48,525 55,725
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 5 85 40 45
Austronesian languages 24,830 11,580 13,255 239,785 108,110 131,680
Bikol 30 15 20 290 140 155
Cebuano 820 385 430 7,210 3,325 3,880
Fijian 15 10 5 195 105 90
Hiligaynon 205 90 110 2,205 970 1,240
Ilocano 1,020 475 545 9,125 4,045 5,080
Malagasy 15 5 10 435 220 210
Malay 230 125 105 3,620 1,710 1,910
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 65 30 35 1,200 565 630
Pangasinan 20 5 10 240 110 135
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 22,235 10,355 11,880 213,790 96,235 117,555
Waray-Waray 50 25 25 310 135 170
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 145 60 85 1,160 545 620
Creole languages 280 145 140 27,860 12,005 15,850
Haitian Creole 5 0 0 1,280 575 705
Creole, n.o.s. 210 110 110 24,575 10,510 14,060
Creole languages, n.i.e. 65 35 30 2,005 920 1,085
Dravidian languages 3,120 1,590 1,535 122,490 59,780 62,710
Kannada 115 60 55 1,630 825 800
Malayalam 1,280 650 630 15,440 7,865 7,575
Tamil 1,160 585 570 96,955 46,570 50,385
Telugu 550 285 265 8,280 4,430 3,850
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 190 85 105
Hmong-Mien languages 55 25 30 340 160 180
Indo-European languages 97,370 48,430 48,940 1,911,215 927,225 983,985
Albanian 610 330 285 13,135 6,575 6,560
Armenian 105 50 55 21,505 10,165 11,345
Balto-Slavic languages 13,305 6,505 6,800 314,965 149,315 165,650
Baltic languages 230 120 110 3,275 1,400 1,870
Latvian 75 45 35 1,255 530 725
Lithuanian 150 80 70 2,020 870 1,150
Slavic languages 13,075 6,385 6,695 311,690 147,910 163,780
Belarusan 5 0 0 230 105 120
Bosnian 350 175 175 6,045 3,010 3,040
Bulgarian 470 240 230 11,985 5,835 6,150
Croatian 675 335 345 16,775 7,980 8,795
Czech 395 190 200 6,235 3,060 3,180
Macedonian 80 35 40 6,830 3,250 3,580
Polish 3,130 1,515 1,615 74,780 34,910 39,870
Russian 5,645 2,730 2,915 116,595 55,175 61,425
Serbian 930 455 470 31,750 15,665 16,085
Serbo-Croatian 175 90 90 3,885 1,865 2,020
Slovak 420 205 210 5,615 2,685 2,920
Slovene (Slovenian) 35 15 25 2,050 905 1,145
Ukrainian 760 385 370 28,250 13,150 15,100
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 670 310 360
Celtic languages 15 10 5 360 205 155
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0 185 105 80
Welsh 5 0 5 95 50 45
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 80 50 30
Germanic languages 2,050 965 1,090 146,455 71,835 74,615
Afrikaans 405 195 215 4,790 2,355 2,435
Danish 60 25 30 855 410 445
Dutch 395 195 200 9,565 4,630 4,935
Frisian 5 0 0 185 95 90
German 1,075 505 580 120,335 58,905 61,435
Icelandic 15 10 5 270 120 150
Norwegian 25 10 15 345 145 200
Swedish 50 20 25 1,045 500 545
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 5 5 355 170 185
Yiddish 10 5 5 7,080 3,695 3,385
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 1,625 820 810
Greek 475 225 255 44,545 21,110 23,440
Indo-Iranian languages 58,850 29,535 29,315 838,755 416,960 421,795
Indo-Aryan languages 50,505 25,335 25,170 676,185 337,440 338,745
Bengali 2,715 1,360 1,355 47,350 23,585 23,765
Gujarati 3,055 1,530 1,525 64,150 31,740 32,405
Hindi 3,980 2,050 1,930 55,510 27,805 27,710
Kashmiri 45 25 25 135 70 70
Konkani 35 15 15 720 355 370
Marathi 445 225 215 3,780 1,940 1,840
Nepali 1,330 685 645 13,375 6,710 6,670
Oriya (Odia) 50 25 20 470 235 240
Punjabi (Panjabi) 26,985 13,525 13,460 349,145 174,905 174,240
Sindhi 720 320 405 4,975 2,280 2,695
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 470 235 240 7,790 3,860 3,925
Urdu 10,685 5,345 5,345 128,785 63,965 64,820
Iranian languages 7,855 3,950 3,905 160,195 78,310 81,880
Kurdish 450 230 220 6,580 3,400 3,175
Pashto 1,030 520 505 10,590 5,305 5,290
Persian (Farsi) 6,375 3,195 3,175 143,020 69,600 73,425
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 490 250 240 2,375 1,215 1,160
Italic (Romance) languages 21,950 10,805 11,145 531,485 251,050 280,440
Catalan 20 10 15 355 165 190
Italian 1,215 535 680 115,415 49,975 65,440
Portuguese 1,645 790 855 98,710 46,915 51,795
Romanian 2,330 1,195 1,135 53,320 25,795 27,525
Spanish 16,740 8,270 8,470 263,510 128,110 135,400
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 180 85 95
Japanese 1,070 470 600 19,785 8,265 11,515
Kartvelian languages 80 45 35 1,040 565 475
Georgian 80 45 35 1,035 565 475
Korean 6,340 3,015 3,325 109,705 51,385 58,320
Mongolic languages 280 130 145 910 440 470
Mongolian 280 130 145 910 435 470
Niger-Congo languages 1,745 840 905 28,665 13,340 15,320
Akan (Twi) 300 155 145 5,990 2,695 3,295
Bamanankan 0 0 0 340 180 160
Edo 25 10 15 415 175 240
Ewe 15 5 5 410 185 225
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 45 20 20 825 400 425
Ga 15 10 5 250 105 140
Ganda 0 0 0 345 160 185
Igbo 130 65 70 1,000 485 510
Lingala 25 5 20 1,045 455 590
Rundi (Kirundi) 65 30 30 2,110 990 1,115
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 25 10 15 1,530 670 865
Shona 95 40 55 1,035 475 560
Swahili 340 150 185 5,370 2,500 2,870
Wolof 65 35 30 1,380 745 635
Yoruba 330 160 170 2,615 1,275 1,340
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 265 130 140 4,010 1,850 2,160
Nilo-Saharan languages 900 435 465 2,650 1,305 1,350
Dinka 440 215 225 1,130 580 550
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 460 220 240 1,525 730 800
Sign languages 315 180 135 10,445 5,870 4,570
American Sign Language 80 40 40 3,015 1,560 1,460
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 730 375 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 235 140 95 6,690 3,935 2,755
Sino-Tibetan languages 46,320 22,040 24,280 924,720 433,530 491,190
Chinese languages 45,440 21,595 23,845 913,365 427,860 485,505
Cantonese 22,030 10,280 11,750 400,215 184,340 215,885
Hakka 100 35 65 4,080 1,820 2,265
Mandarin 20,880 10,115 10,765 462,890 220,075 242,815
Min Dong 5 5 5 345 150 195
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 670 295 380 13,965 6,345 7,625
Wu (Shanghainese) 210 105 100 7,650 3,580 4,075
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,550 770 785 23,935 11,440 12,500
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 280 130 150
Tibeto-Burman languages 875 440 440 11,350 5,670 5,680
Burmese 175 85 85 2,245 1,115 1,125
Karenic languages 235 105 125 3,865 1,935 1,930
Tibetan 400 210 190 4,590 2,305 2,280
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 75 35 35 655 305 345
Tai-Kadai languages 380 170 215 9,565 4,455 5,110
Lao 175 80 95 6,175 2,995 3,180
Thai 195 85 115 3,360 1,450 1,915
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 5 5 30 15 15
Turkic languages 975 515 465 22,250 11,205 11,045
Azerbaijani 105 55 45 1,245 640 610
Turkish 730 390 345 18,955 9,525 9,430
Uyghur 40 20 25 610 315 290
Uzbek 55 25 30 990 505 490
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 45 25 25 455 230 225
Uralic languages 1,300 635 660 23,245 10,715 12,535
Estonian 15 5 10 975 365 610
Finnish 35 20 15 2,790 1,220 1,565
Hungarian 1,245 610 635 19,485 9,125 10,355
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 115 70 45 1,110 605 500
Multiple responses 82,990 40,555 42,435 1,663,390 802,695 860,690
English and French 2,155 1,080 1,075 160,185 77,940 82,235
English and non-official language 79,255 38,725 40,530 1,284,975 620,375 664,600
French and non-official language 365 180 190 148,915 70,915 78,000
English, French and non-official language 1,210 570 645 69,315 33,465 35,850
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 1,227,990 612,735 615,260 34,767,255 17,101,165 17,666,080
None 1,014,475 509,200 505,275 29,615,245 14,612,175 15,003,065
English 92,865 46,230 46,640 2,109,340 1,045,215 1,064,120
French 11,900 5,445 6,460 731,095 342,245 388,855
Non-official language 104,880 49,940 54,940 2,151,690 1,023,940 1,127,750
Aboriginal 605 235 370 90,740 42,890 47,850
Non-Aboriginal 104,275 49,700 54,570 2,060,945 981,055 1,079,895
English and French 645 325 320 47,970 23,785 24,190
English and non-official language 2,065 1,050 1,015 61,075 30,045 31,030
French and non-official language 1,135 540 600 48,755 22,690 26,065
English, French and non-official language 35 15 15 2,080 1,075 1,010
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 996,060 494,565 501,495 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,355
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 945,615 469,550 476,070 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,190
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,333 52,567 35,523 34,204 40,782 28,860
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 945,805 469,600 476,200 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,526 45,397 32,360 30,866 35,933 26,621
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 884,260 449,220 435,035 24,583,315 12,296,595 12,286,725
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,209 52,402 34,920 32,762 39,925 26,613
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 544,200 215,790 328,410 19,743,240 8,755,815 10,987,430
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 2,946 1,859 3,371 5,453 4,199 6,136
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 770,235 400,100 370,135 20,428,685 10,547,760 9,880,925
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,651 52,203 36,026 33,684 39,836 28,474
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 996,120 494,600 501,525 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 946,230 469,750 476,475 27,489,395 13,441,555 14,047,845
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 67,741 85,451 50,281 47,487 56,740 38,632
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 946,390 469,800 476,590 27,500,230 13,446,230 14,053,995
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 53,891 66,207 41,751 38,977 45,404 32,828
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 884,545 449,360 435,190 24,584,065 12,295,015 12,289,055
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 68,494 86,269 50,141 46,885 56,803 36,962
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 544,120 215,640 328,475 19,742,130 8,752,070 10,990,060
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,455 6,376 6,506 7,738 7,345 8,050
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 770,370 400,145 370,220 20,428,670 10,542,540 9,886,130
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 64,566 79,599 48,317 46,057 54,369 37,193
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 996,115 494,600 501,520 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 361,435 205,885 155,550 9,367,045 5,231,015 4,136,035
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 65,915 73,266 57,818 53,431 59,326 47,420
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 89,570 103,761 70,786 65,997 74,289 55,510
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 94.6 96.6 91.2 88.3 91.6 83.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 77.3 79.2 74.1 72.0 75.2 67.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 5.4 3.4 8.8 11.7 8.4 16.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 996,060 494,560 501,495 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without total income 50,440 25,010 25,425 1,154,450 546,285 608,165
With total income 945,615 469,550 476,070 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,195
Percentage with total income 94.9 94.9 94.9 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 123,490 48,715 74,780 3,877,620 1,668,960 2,208,655
$10,000 to $19,999 118,360 47,940 70,420 4,680,380 1,867,600 2,812,785
$20,000 to $29,999 107,775 43,800 63,980 3,807,840 1,593,335 2,214,505
$30,000 to $39,999 92,335 41,430 50,905 3,206,175 1,472,670 1,733,510
$40,000 to $49,999 88,770 42,425 46,340 2,827,045 1,376,565 1,450,480
$50,000 to $59,999 76,030 38,275 37,750 2,179,775 1,145,685 1,034,090
$60,000 to $69,999 62,505 33,360 29,145 1,655,070 938,755 716,310
$70,000 to $79,999 50,165 28,230 21,930 1,271,850 745,830 526,015
$80,000 to $89,999 40,150 23,135 17,015 966,885 579,290 387,590
$90,000 to $99,999 34,095 19,475 14,620 749,290 452,240 297,050
$100,000 and over 151,945 102,765 49,180 2,266,600 1,603,400 663,195
$100,000 to $149,999 83,680 52,265 31,415 1,493,570 1,024,210 469,365
$150,000 and over 68,265 50,500 17,770 773,025 579,190 193,830
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 996,060 494,565 501,495 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without after-tax income 50,250 24,960 25,290 1,143,795 541,620 602,175
With after-tax income 945,805 469,600 476,200 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Percentage with after-tax income 95.0 95.0 95.0 96.0 96.1 95.9
Under $10,000 (including loss) 126,445 49,655 76,795 4,004,475 1,706,825 2,297,645
$10,000 to $19,999 123,495 50,260 73,235 4,905,055 1,972,920 2,932,130
$20,000 to $29,999 124,575 51,395 73,180 4,489,925 1,926,175 2,563,755
$30,000 to $39,999 115,600 53,865 61,730 3,924,960 1,870,705 2,054,250
$40,000 to $49,999 107,305 53,480 53,820 3,144,200 1,619,670 1,524,525
$50,000 to $59,999 83,880 44,665 39,215 2,209,280 1,245,570 963,705
$60,000 to $69,999 62,925 35,635 27,290 1,540,300 912,230 628,065
$70,000 to $79,999 47,940 27,740 20,200 1,076,180 654,570 421,610
$80,000 and over 153,640 102,905 50,740 2,204,820 1,540,335 664,485
$80,000 to $89,999 36,175 21,090 15,085 688,705 444,550 244,145
$90,000 to $99,999 24,895 15,460 9,435 420,975 291,090 129,885
$100,000 and over 92,575 66,355 26,220 1,095,140 804,690 290,445
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 996,060 494,560 501,495 28,642,980 13,990,625 14,652,360
Without employment income 225,825 94,465 131,365 8,214,295 3,442,860 4,771,430
With employment income 770,235 400,100 370,135 20,428,690 10,547,760 9,880,925
Percentage with employment income 77.3 80.9 73.8 71.3 75.4 67.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 80,405 36,480 43,935 2,778,990 1,357,430 1,421,560
$5,000 to $9,999 49,695 21,210 28,490 1,602,140 697,025 905,120
$10,000 to $19,999 84,830 36,960 47,870 2,736,010 1,212,855 1,523,155
$20,000 to $29,999 73,285 31,745 41,545 2,293,785 1,022,090 1,271,695
$30,000 to $39,999 70,585 32,870 37,715 2,149,860 1,001,065 1,148,795
$40,000 to $49,999 69,295 33,670 35,620 1,928,565 946,625 981,940
$50,000 to $59,999 60,915 30,840 30,075 1,554,100 839,045 715,055
$60,000 to $69,999 50,390 27,590 22,795 1,220,310 708,270 512,040
$70,000 to $79,999 41,340 23,475 17,870 992,170 591,945 400,225
$80,000 and over 189,485 125,275 64,215 3,172,770 2,171,415 1,001,355
$80,000 to $89,999 33,865 19,910 13,955 773,755 475,700 298,055
$90,000 to $99,999 29,740 17,070 12,665 623,980 382,330 241,650
$100,000 and over 125,885 88,300 37,590 1,775,030 1,313,385 461,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 466,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 97,334  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,336  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 83,074  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 61,348  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 114,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 52,342  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,174  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 44,659  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,446  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 352,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,102,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 115,403  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,249  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 98,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,419  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 466,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 137,333  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,764  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 109,274  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,171  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 114,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,967,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 71,392  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,799  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 56,974  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 352,510  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,104,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 158,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 110,813  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 126,221  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 90,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 466,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 7,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 228,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 200,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 5,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 374,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 9,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 565,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 13,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 602,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 10,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 538,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 11,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 603,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 12,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 606,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 13,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 596,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 13,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 578,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 28,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,097,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 28,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,010,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 27,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 924,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 27,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 836,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 25,690  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 745,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 226,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,561,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 55,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,470,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 42,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,016,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 54,985  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,116,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 73,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 959,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 466,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 7,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 243,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 203,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 5,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 380,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 9,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 591,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 14,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 673,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 12,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 628,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 14,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 719,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 15,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 725,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 16,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 711,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 17,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 691,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 35,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,299,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 35,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,169,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 33,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,041,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 31,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 900,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 28,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 757,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 183,020  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,333,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 57,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,371,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 40,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 809,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 85,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,152,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 331,360  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,688,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 113,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,306  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 96,963  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,372  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 113,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,706,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 106,976  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 78,976  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 90,329  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 68,309  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 163,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,222,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 135,376  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 113,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 114,195  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 96,608  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 43,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,481,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 67,076  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 53,193  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 60,299  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 48,856  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 331,360  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,689,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 159,323  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 126,269  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 113,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,706,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 154,614  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,086  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 121,663  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 82,296  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 163,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,225,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 183,534  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 137,094  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 144,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,307  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 42,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,477,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 88,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,549  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 74,688  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 56,687  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 187,270 98,085 89,180 5,313,545 2,608,845 2,704,705
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 44,339 47,217 41,240 31,890 34,483 29,801
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 38,945 40,894 36,765 28,959 30,746 27,495
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 186,880 98,015 88,865 5,299,050 2,596,985 2,702,070
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 60,494 65,469 55,006 42,939 46,085 39,915
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 49,024 52,251 45,465 35,801 37,724 33,952
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 1,222,325 610,570 611,755 34,460,065 16,971,550 17,488,515
In the bottom half of the distribution 453,645 221,015 232,630 17,229,835 8,256,970 8,972,865
In the bottom decile 90,080 44,995 45,085 3,445,950 1,672,900 1,773,050
In the second decile 80,640 37,540 43,105 3,445,660 1,564,965 1,880,700
In the third decile 87,230 41,835 45,390 3,446,165 1,641,930 1,804,235
In the fourth decile 93,300 45,835 47,460 3,445,850 1,677,120 1,768,730
In the fifth decile 102,395 50,805 51,590 3,446,210 1,700,060 1,746,150
In the top half of the distribution 768,680 389,560 379,125 17,230,230 8,714,580 8,515,650
In the sixth decile 109,200 54,675 54,525 3,445,695 1,716,510 1,729,185
In the seventh decile 117,280 58,930 58,350 3,446,470 1,730,975 1,715,500
In the eighth decile 130,300 65,880 64,420 3,445,940 1,741,640 1,704,300
In the ninth decile 156,320 78,930 77,390 3,446,045 1,751,850 1,694,195
In the top decile 255,580 131,145 124,435 3,446,080 1,773,600 1,672,475
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 1,222,325 610,575 611,755 33,968,295 16,724,265 17,244,035
0 to 17 years 267,250 137,070 130,175 6,836,380 3,504,250 3,332,125
0 to 5 years 93,505 47,960 45,550 2,228,770 1,142,505 1,086,270
18 to 64 years 827,250 413,850 413,395 21,695,090 10,690,090 11,005,005
65 years and over 127,825 59,645 68,180 5,436,830 2,529,930 2,906,905
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 113,505 54,495 59,010 4,809,940 2,243,200 2,566,740
0 to 17 years 34,415 17,720 16,695 1,163,830 597,570 566,255
0 to 5 years 12,405 6,375 6,030 396,095 203,055 193,030
18 to 64 years 68,340 32,690 35,650 2,855,290 1,341,590 1,513,700
65 years and over 10,750 4,085 6,665 790,825 304,040 486,780
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 9.3 8.9 9.6 14.2 13.4 14.9
0 to 17 years (%) 12.9 12.9 12.8 17.0 17.1 17.0
0 to 5 years (%) 13.3 13.3 13.2 17.8 17.8 17.8
18 to 64 years (%) 8.3 7.9 8.6 13.2 12.5 13.8
65 years and over (%) 8.4 6.8 9.8 14.5 12.0 16.7
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 106,240 52,725 53,510 3,128,995 1,519,370 1,609,630
0 to 17 years 28,440 14,665 13,775 696,025 357,255 338,770
0 to 5 years 10,190 5,245 4,945 236,435 121,170 115,260
18 to 64 years 71,435 35,475 35,960 2,157,745 1,057,585 1,100,160
65 years and over 6,365 2,590 3,780 275,225 104,525 170,695
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 8.7 8.6 8.7 9.2 9.1 9.3
0 to 17 years (%) 10.6 10.7 10.6 10.2 10.2 10.2
0 to 5 years (%) 10.9 10.9 10.9 10.6 10.6 10.6
18 to 64 years (%) 8.6 8.6 8.7 9.9 9.9 10.0
65 years and over (%) 5.0 4.3 5.5 5.1 4.1 5.9
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 1,222,405 610,605 611,800 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Official languages 1,193,310 598,385 594,930 33,818,210 16,709,290 17,108,920
English 1,192,105 597,855 594,250 29,748,265 14,806,270 14,941,995
French 90,250 41,750 48,490 10,242,945 4,952,455 5,290,495
Non-official languages 460,425 223,355 237,065 9,369,280 4,488,185 4,881,090
Aboriginal languages 1,140 445 700 263,845 127,550 136,295
Algonquian languages 820 320 500 177,570 85,505 92,065
Blackfoot 340 115 220 5,645 2,695 2,950
Cree-Montagnais languages 395 170 225 116,585 56,515 60,070
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,640 3,335 3,305
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 11,440 5,500 5,945
Moose Cree 0 0 0 195 80 115
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,465 710 755
Northern East Cree 0 10 0 545 225 320
Plains Cree 90 35 55 5,905 2,705 3,200
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 40 30 10
Swampy Cree 15 0 10 2,345 995 1,350
Woods Cree 55 15 40 2,665 1,230 1,435
Cree, n.o.s. 235 110 115 86,115 42,080 44,035
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 9,765 4,710 5,050
Malecite 0 0 0 755 370 390
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 9,025 4,350 4,670
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 105 40 60 46,685 22,100 24,585
Algonquin 0 0 0 2,480 1,165 1,315
Ojibway 90 35 55 28,585 13,365 15,220
Oji-Cree 10 0 10 15,610 7,575 8,030
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 10 205 105 105
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 120 60 60
Athabaskan languages 130 55 75 23,655 11,340 12,320
Northern Athabaskan languages 125 55 70 23,570 11,300 12,265
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 210 105 100
Beaver 0 0 0 340 180 165
Carrier 0 0 0 2,105 955 1,145
Chilcotin 10 10 10 1,150 535 610
Dene 20 10 10 13,060 6,270 6,790
Dogrib (Tlicho) 10 0 0 2,375 1,210 1,165
Gwich'in 0 0 0 360 165 200
Sarsi (Sarcee) 85 40 50 150 60 90
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 10 0 2,815 1,340 1,475
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 1,010 475 530
South Slavey 0 0 0 1,365 660 710
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 680 320 360
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 630 340 285
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 365 205 170
Tahltan 0 0 0 270 140 130
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 420 160 260
Northern Tutchone 0 0 10 285 115 170
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 145 50 95
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 35 50
Haida 0 0 0 465 205 260
Inuit languages 35 15 20 42,980 21,355 21,630
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 25 10 10 1,975 895 1,080
Inuktitut 10 10 0 40,620 20,280 20,340
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 470 225 240
Iroquoian languages 10 0 0 2,800 1,240 1,555
Cayuga 0 0 0 125 40 85
Mohawk 10 10 0 2,415 1,120 1,295
Oneida 0 0 0 180 60 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 45 75
Kutenai 0 0 0 175 95 80
Michif 20 10 20 1,210 585 625
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,750 2,730 3,015
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 110
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,060 475 585
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 820 370 450
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 10 0 0 1,305 640 665
Squamish 0 0 0 285 125 155
Straits 0 0 10 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 450 220 235
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 565 295 270
Siouan languages 115 30 90 5,430 2,665 2,770
Dakota 65 25 35 1,760 870 890
Stoney 80 20 65 3,675 1,805 1,875
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 140 70 70
Tlingit 0 0 0 260 140 120
Tsimshian languages 10 10 10 2,730 1,350 1,380
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 15 10 10 1,305 645 660
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,060 545 515
Tsimshian 0 0 0 410 180 235
Wakashan languages 10 0 0 1,490 680 805
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 110
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 125 50 75
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 605 285 320
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 565 265 300
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 15 10 0 665 310 360
Non-Aboriginal languages 459,295 222,920 236,375 9,107,075 4,361,420 4,745,660
Afro-Asiatic languages 40,620 21,290 19,330 837,355 432,560 404,795
Berber languages 200 140 60 29,460 15,745 13,715
Kabyle 110 60 45 17,120 9,100 8,015
Berber languages, n.i.e. 90 80 10 12,505 6,735 5,775
Cushitic languages 3,580 1,825 1,760 57,125 26,870 30,250
Bilen 65 40 25 1,085 625 470
Oromo 1,370 715 655 6,245 3,070 3,175
Somali 2,175 1,085 1,090 49,665 23,070 26,590
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20 480 220 265
Semitic languages 37,460 19,700 17,760 771,130 400,780 370,350
Amharic 5,740 2,905 2,835 33,670 16,675 16,995
Arabic 27,555 14,645 12,905 629,055 329,235 299,820
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 300 145 155 19,745 9,720 10,020
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 90 45 50 7,115 3,505 3,610
Harari 100 50 45 1,710 855 860
Hebrew 1,550 745 810 75,020 38,730 36,290
Maltese 30 20 15 7,625 3,760 3,870
Tigrigna 3,555 1,925 1,630 21,340 10,640 10,705
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 245 135 110 3,220 1,655 1,565
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 160 90 65 2,775 1,440 1,335
Austro-Asiatic languages 17,275 8,245 9,035 224,865 105,845 119,020
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,140 620 520 27,035 12,640 14,400
Vietnamese 16,190 7,650 8,540 198,895 93,735 105,155
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 70 120
Austronesian languages 58,445 25,225 33,215 656,200 273,075 383,125
Bikol 165 70 100 2,075 885 1,190
Cebuano 2,675 1,205 1,475 27,045 10,960 16,085
Fijian 120 65 50 1,660 955 705
Hiligaynon 920 365 560 7,925 3,200 4,720
Ilocano 3,640 1,580 2,065 34,530 13,805 20,730
Malagasy 45 15 25 2,335 1,120 1,220
Malay 1,440 675 765 22,470 10,370 12,100
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 415 205 210 5,425 2,445 2,980
Pangasinan 205 80 120 1,800 790 1,015
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 55,265 23,695 31,570 612,735 253,210 359,530
Waray-Waray 190 70 115 1,395 530 860
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 555 230 320 5,585 2,540 3,040
Creole languages 1,665 820 845 155,615 70,545 85,070
Haitian Creole 35 20 15 6,850 3,140 3,710
Creole, n.o.s. 1,070 535 540 133,045 59,890 73,160
Creole languages, n.i.e. 565 270 295 16,635 7,955 8,675
Dravidian languages 7,040 3,690 3,355 250,180 126,220 123,960
Kannada 530 270 270 8,245 4,180 4,065
Malayalam 2,475 1,305 1,170 37,810 19,410 18,400
Tamil 3,165 1,655 1,505 189,860 94,640 95,220
Telugu 1,290 675 615 23,160 12,770 10,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 70 35 35 790 385 405
Hmong-Mien languages 85 40 40 870 435 435
Indo-European languages 231,885 115,155 116,730 5,158,010 2,506,455 2,651,555
Albanian 1,680 885 795 31,930 16,140 15,790
Armenian 295 165 130 41,295 19,980 21,315
Balto-Slavic languages 34,560 16,785 17,780 817,315 384,960 432,350
Baltic languages 585 280 310 14,675 6,470 8,205
Latvian 230 110 115 6,500 2,960 3,540
Lithuanian 355 165 195 8,185 3,510 4,675
Slavic languages 34,195 16,615 17,580 805,915 379,965 425,945
Belarusan 70 30 40 2,265 1,070 1,195
Bosnian 1,230 655 575 18,265 9,055 9,215
Bulgarian 1,075 575 500 22,425 10,920 11,505
Croatian 2,515 1,245 1,275 69,840 34,515 35,325
Czech 1,620 770 855 28,720 13,675 15,050
Macedonian 270 145 120 23,075 11,190 11,880
Polish 8,920 4,255 4,660 214,965 99,365 115,600
Russian 13,255 6,395 6,860 269,645 127,055 142,595
Serbian 2,305 1,140 1,160 73,775 37,040 36,740
Serbo-Croatian 570 305 260 11,275 5,525 5,750
Slovak 1,460 800 655 21,470 10,215 11,255
Slovene (Slovenian) 285 130 150 11,495 5,205 6,290
Ukrainian 4,455 2,020 2,440 132,115 58,820 73,300
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 60 30 30 3,000 1,590 1,405
Celtic languages 440 210 235 9,165 4,705 4,455
Scottish Gaelic 165 75 90 3,980 2,010 1,975
Welsh 90 50 35 1,690 830 860
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 190 75 115 3,590 1,915 1,680
Germanic languages 24,095 11,910 12,185 695,535 337,215 358,320
Afrikaans 1,650 890 755 23,410 11,795 11,610
Danish 930 445 490 15,745 7,320 8,425
Dutch 4,235 2,085 2,150 120,865 57,885 62,990
Frisian 55 25 30 2,910 1,515 1,395
German 16,720 8,360 8,360 502,730 245,745 256,985
Icelandic 80 40 40 1,780 830 945
Norwegian 450 175 280 8,120 3,860 4,260
Swedish 600 280 320 14,140 6,510 7,635
Vlaams (Flemish) 110 60 50 4,400 1,945 2,455
Yiddish 175 95 80 20,985 10,435 10,550
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 60 20 40 8,710 4,425 4,285
Greek 2,310 1,165 1,145 150,965 75,510 75,455
Indo-Iranian languages 108,445 55,085 53,365 1,658,220 840,850 817,365
Indo-Aryan languages 96,045 48,500 47,545 1,387,805 704,370 683,435
Bengali 4,990 2,500 2,485 91,220 46,935 44,285
Gujarati 8,355 4,065 4,290 149,045 74,765 74,285
Hindi 28,410 14,550 13,855 433,365 221,665 211,700
Kashmiri 60 45 20 905 490 420
Konkani 375 195 180 6,790 3,185 3,605
Marathi 1,545 800 740 15,570 8,200 7,365
Nepali 2,215 1,225 990 21,380 10,915 10,470
Oriya (Odia) 150 70 75 1,535 755 775
Punjabi (Panjabi) 47,135 23,930 23,205 668,240 341,450 326,790
Sindhi 2,630 1,160 1,475 20,260 9,310 10,945
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,355 680 685 27,825 13,970 13,855
Urdu 24,965 12,745 12,225 322,220 164,685 157,535
Iranian languages 13,280 6,975 6,310 281,715 142,030 139,680
Kurdish 950 525 430 15,290 8,290 7,000
Pashto 2,160 1,165 995 23,180 12,465 10,715
Persian (Farsi) 10,520 5,530 4,995 252,320 126,565 125,755
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 1,135 615 525 8,875 4,715 4,155
Italic (Romance) languages 65,745 31,920 33,825 1,897,630 898,530 999,100
Catalan 70 40 30 2,035 1,145 890
Italian 8,875 4,385 4,485 574,725 278,500 296,225
Portuguese 4,955 2,430 2,525 295,955 144,465 151,485
Romanian 5,580 2,885 2,695 115,050 55,275 59,770
Spanish 48,685 23,475 25,205 995,255 460,250 535,010
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 70 40 30 2,680 1,610 1,075
Japanese 4,140 1,865 2,275 83,090 36,760 46,335
Kartvelian languages 125 75 50 2,150 1,075 1,075
Georgian 125 75 55 2,150 1,080 1,070
Korean 9,895 4,585 5,305 172,755 80,170 92,590
Mongolic languages 650 305 345 2,090 960 1,130
Mongolian 655 305 345 2,090 960 1,130
Niger-Congo languages 11,365 5,780 5,585 177,215 88,135 89,080
Akan (Twi) 1,045 560 485 22,145 10,810 11,340
Bamanankan 15 10 10 3,190 1,660 1,530
Edo 215 130 85 3,220 1,510 1,705
Ewe 70 30 35 3,000 1,685 1,315
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 130 75 60 4,725 2,460 2,260
Ga 85 55 35 2,250 1,140 1,110
Ganda 75 30 45 2,495 1,175 1,320
Igbo 1,430 750 685 8,850 4,710 4,140
Lingala 420 225 195 17,010 7,865 9,145
Rundi (Kirundi) 170 95 75 8,590 4,075 4,515
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 105 40 60 7,860 3,600 4,260
Shona 475 205 270 5,425 2,530 2,905
Swahili 2,290 1,145 1,150 38,680 19,565 19,115
Wolof 330 195 135 8,240 4,455 3,785
Yoruba 3,260 1,670 1,595 22,420 11,475 10,940
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 2,055 995 1,060 40,760 20,375 20,385
Nilo-Saharan languages 1,650 760 890 7,015 3,520 3,495
Dinka 785 385 405 2,475 1,280 1,190
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 875 385 490 4,555 2,240 2,315
Sign languages 1,495 630 870 48,115 18,985 29,130
American Sign Language 805 305 500 21,930 7,780 14,155
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 4,665 1,665 3,005
Sign languages, n.i.e. 710 335 370 22,275 9,835 12,440
Sino-Tibetan languages 78,985 37,685 41,305 1,430,440 672,100 758,340
Chinese languages 77,495 36,955 40,540 1,413,110 663,465 749,640
Cantonese 42,445 20,090 22,355 699,125 325,840 373,285
Hakka 425 180 245 12,445 5,555 6,890
Mandarin 38,805 18,290 20,515 814,450 377,635 436,815
Min Dong 65 35 25 1,045 440 600
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 2,350 990 1,360 42,840 19,005 23,835
Wu (Shanghainese) 570 245 320 16,530 7,490 9,040
Chinese, n.o.s. 3,020 1,485 1,540 41,690 19,995 21,690
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 590 250 340
Tibeto-Burman languages 1,520 730 785 18,270 9,100 9,175
Burmese 345 160 185 4,995 2,490 2,500
Karenic languages 295 145 150 4,895 2,425 2,475
Tibetan 805 400 395 7,050 3,555 3,490
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 150 60 95 2,375 1,160 1,220
Tai-Kadai languages 1,330 550 780 30,400 13,210 17,195
Lao 555 255 300 17,235 8,240 8,990
Thai 840 320 520 15,390 5,875 9,520
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 115 50 65
Turkic languages 2,525 1,340 1,185 60,530 31,585 28,945
Azerbaijani 350 165 180 5,450 2,885 2,565
Turkish 1,650 940 710 50,775 26,605 24,165
Uyghur 130 65 70 1,385 685 700
Uzbek 250 110 135 2,465 1,230 1,235
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 205 95 110 1,870 905 965
Uralic languages 4,550 2,185 2,360 94,810 44,270 50,545
Estonian 110 50 60 6,070 2,750 3,315
Finnish 300 140 160 17,595 7,540 10,050
Hungarian 4,135 1,995 2,135 71,285 34,005 37,280
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 25 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 770 435 335 9,730 5,375 4,355
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 1,222,405 610,605 611,795 34,460,065 16,971,580 17,488,490
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 1,075,485 539,490 535,990 32,034,590 15,799,495 16,235,090
Canadian citizens aged under 18 242,840 124,485 118,360 6,652,795 3,412,785 3,240,010
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 832,640 415,005 417,635 25,381,795 12,386,710 12,995,080
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 146,925 71,120 75,805 2,425,480 1,172,085 1,253,400
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 1,222,405 610,610 611,795 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 813,490 411,785 401,705 26,412,610 13,124,325 13,288,290
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 383,065 185,855 197,210 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Before 1981 63,925 31,830 32,095 1,941,510 927,795 1,013,715
1981 to 1990 38,270 18,190 20,075 915,555 439,245 476,310
1991 to 2000 64,815 31,015 33,800 1,486,655 696,720 789,940
2001 to 2010 126,390 61,375 65,015 1,985,035 940,570 1,044,465
2001 to 2005 56,820 27,785 29,035 928,935 439,890 489,050
2006 to 2010 69,570 33,590 35,985 1,056,095 500,680 555,415
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 89,665 43,440 46,220 1,212,075 582,175 629,895
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 25,850 12,965 12,880 506,625 260,755 245,870
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 383,065 185,855 197,210 7,540,830 3,586,500 3,954,335
Under 5 years 34,960 17,830 17,130 731,340 364,165 367,175
5 to 14 years 64,790 33,705 31,085 1,311,810 665,870 645,945
15 to 24 years 74,550 34,270 40,285 1,604,430 724,430 880,005
25 to 44 years 172,855 83,030 89,820 3,198,920 1,513,970 1,684,950
45 years and over 35,905 17,020 18,880 694,320 318,060 376,260
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 383,060 185,855 197,205 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Americas 41,020 19,550 21,465 1,128,745 510,650 618,100
Brazil 1,420 640 780 29,320 13,235 16,080
Colombia 5,580 2,645 2,935 70,035 32,065 37,965
El Salvador 2,335 1,180 1,155 48,080 23,865 24,215
Guyana 825 410 415 87,685 38,940 48,745
Haiti 490 260 235 93,480 40,955 52,525
Jamaica 2,835 1,280 1,550 138,345 59,960 78,390
Mexico 4,110 2,050 2,055 80,585 37,530 43,055
Peru 1,080 440 635 29,615 12,950 16,665
Trinidad and Tobago 1,375 655 720 65,040 29,325 35,710
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 10,715 4,915 5,800 253,715 113,505 140,215
Other places of birth in Americas 10,265 5,080 5,185 232,850 108,325 124,530
Europe 72,990 36,520 36,470 2,088,410 1,015,145 1,073,260
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,945 990 955 36,135 18,050 18,085
Croatia 1,220 635 580 40,045 20,005 20,035
France 1,200 585 610 105,565 55,395 50,170
Germany 5,710 2,725 2,985 145,845 69,525 76,320
Greece 890 470 425 62,715 31,580 31,135
Hungary 1,840 925 920 36,820 17,945 18,875
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 1,620 850 765 28,325 14,355 13,970
Italy 3,625 1,950 1,675 236,640 118,595 118,040
Netherlands 2,890 1,540 1,355 88,475 45,185 43,295
Poland 6,420 3,030 3,390 146,465 66,450 80,020
Portugal 1,075 480 590 139,450 68,150 71,300
Romania 4,250 2,135 2,115 90,305 42,795 47,510
Russian Federation 3,875 1,685 2,195 78,685 34,265 44,420
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 1,060 530 530 33,320 16,325 17,000
Ukraine 2,855 1,315 1,545 73,030 33,360 39,665
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 22,150 11,440 10,705 499,115 243,225 255,890
Other places of birth in Europe 10,360 5,230 5,135 247,470 119,945 127,530
Africa 39,220 20,070 19,155 637,485 322,510 314,970
Algeria 745 400 340 64,620 33,920 30,705
Egypt 2,850 1,515 1,330 64,615 34,125 30,495
Ethiopia 5,195 2,565 2,625 32,790 15,980 16,810
Kenya 2,610 1,275 1,330 27,150 12,810 14,340
Morocco 660 340 315 69,655 36,120 33,535
Nigeria 7,385 3,830 3,560 42,430 21,830 20,600
Somalia 1,340 635 710 27,230 12,070 15,160
South Africa, Republic of 2,655 1,395 1,265 44,660 22,205 22,460
Other places of birth in Africa 15,790 8,115 7,675 264,320 133,450 130,870
Asia 226,295 107,935 118,360 3,629,160 1,709,985 1,919,175
Afghanistan 3,200 1,715 1,480 51,955 26,030 25,930
Bangladesh 3,110 1,595 1,515 58,735 29,875 28,865
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 34,550 15,930 18,620 649,260 290,800 358,460
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 10,925 5,310 5,615 208,940 98,020 110,915
India