Census Profile, 2016 Census
Edmonton, City [Census subdivision], Alberta and Canada [Country]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Edmonton, CY
Alberta
[Census subdivision]
Canada

[Country]
Data quality , Edmonton, City [Census subdivision], Alberta  Map : Edmonton, City [Census subdivision], Alberta Data quality : Canada [Country]  Map : geography 2
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 932,546  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,151,728  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 812,201  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,476,688  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 14.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 387,950  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,412,443  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 360,828  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,079  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,360.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 685.25  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,965,588.85  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 932,545 465,890 466,655 35,151,730 17,264,200 17,887,530
0 to 14 years 164,520 84,150 80,370 5,839,565 2,992,920 2,846,645
0 to 4 years 60,070 30,600 29,470 1,898,790 973,030 925,760
5 to 9 years 56,100 28,710 27,385 2,018,130 1,034,685 983,445
10 to 14 years 48,350 24,835 23,515 1,922,645 985,200 937,445
15 to 64 years 655,590 331,860 323,735 23,376,530 11,576,130 11,800,400
15 to 19 years 50,850 26,010 24,840 2,026,160 1,039,215 986,940
20 to 24 years 69,115 34,880 34,235 2,242,690 1,144,495 1,098,200
25 to 29 years 85,410 43,425 41,980 2,285,990 1,144,470 1,141,515
30 to 34 years 84,785 43,135 41,645 2,329,395 1,148,290 1,181,110
35 to 39 years 72,790 37,215 35,580 2,288,365 1,118,635 1,169,730
40 to 44 years 62,770 31,950 30,820 2,255,135 1,104,440 1,150,695
45 to 49 years 58,900 29,880 29,025 2,359,965 1,157,760 1,202,210
50 to 54 years 61,825 31,045 30,780 2,678,075 1,318,755 1,359,320
55 to 59 years 59,620 29,820 29,795 2,620,240 1,285,190 1,335,055
60 to 64 years 49,530 24,505 25,030 2,290,510 1,114,885 1,175,630
65 years and over 112,440 49,880 62,555 5,935,630 2,695,150 3,240,485
65 to 69 years 37,215 18,145 19,075 1,972,480 953,075 1,019,405
70 to 74 years 24,635 11,330 13,300 1,420,875 677,975 742,900
75 to 79 years 19,090 8,470 10,620 1,021,850 469,550 552,300
80 to 84 years 15,165 6,315 8,850 749,650 325,765 423,880
85 years and over 16,325 5,620 10,710 770,780 268,790 501,990
85 to 89 years 10,225 3,900 6,325 482,525 185,535 296,990
90 to 94 years 4,710 1,415 3,290 223,510 68,675 154,835
95 to 99 years 1,210 275 935 56,525 13,240 43,280
100 years and over 190 30 160 8,230 1,340 6,890
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 17.6 18.1 17.2 16.6 17.3 15.9
15 to 64 years 70.3 71.2 69.4 66.5 67.1 66.0
65 years and over 12.1 10.7 13.4 16.9 15.6 18.1
85 years and over 1.8 1.2 2.3 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 37.7 36.9 38.5 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 35.7 35.2 36.4 41.2 40.2 42.2
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 360,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 180,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,541,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 25,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,391,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 152,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,949,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 22,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 698,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 36,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 891,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 10,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 784,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 83,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,539,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 95  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 2,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 189,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 360,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 98,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 117,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,834,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 58,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,140,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 51,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,946,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 35,210  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,180,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 913,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,460,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 768,030 381,740 386,290 29,312,160 14,271,280 15,040,885
Married or living common law 425,750 214,060 211,695 16,893,720 8,452,135 8,441,585
Married 353,525 177,855 175,670 13,383,455 6,693,465 6,689,990
Living common law 72,230 36,205 36,025 3,510,265 1,758,670 1,751,590
Not married and not living common law 342,280 167,675 174,600 12,418,440 5,819,140 6,599,300
Never married 240,470 133,020 107,450 8,254,340 4,444,425 3,809,915
Separated 18,430 7,930 10,495 718,295 309,905 408,400
Divorced 48,940 19,925 29,010 1,816,005 725,535 1,090,470
Widowed 34,440 6,795 27,645 1,629,800 339,280 1,290,525
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 247,020  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,840,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 118,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,007,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 55,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,107,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 50,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,909,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 22,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 815,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 247,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,840,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 205,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,227,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 169,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,474,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 36,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,753,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 41,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,612,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 32,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,262,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 8,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 350,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 205,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,227,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 92,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,024,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 112,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,203,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 44,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,650,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 46,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,783,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 21,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 770,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 41,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,612,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 25,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 983,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 11,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 457,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 4,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 171,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 186,840 98,305 88,530 6,107,260 2,941,395 3,165,865
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 360,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 228,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,218,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 85,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,782,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 142,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,436,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 9,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 301,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 123,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,552,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 98,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 25,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 582,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 921,060 460,380 460,675 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,080
English only 833,125 419,990 413,135 23,757,525 11,838,075 11,919,455
French only 1,490 645 845 4,144,685 1,925,845 2,218,840
English and French 66,575 31,780 34,790 6,216,065 3,071,325 3,144,740
Neither English nor French 19,875 7,970 11,905 648,970 265,920 383,045
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 921,060 460,380 460,675 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
English 876,540 439,555 436,990 26,007,500 12,852,330 13,155,165
French 18,805 9,885 8,920 7,705,755 3,780,105 3,925,650
English and French 6,325 3,240 3,085 417,485 209,130 208,355
Neither English nor French 19,395 7,710 11,685 636,515 259,600 376,910
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 21,965 11,505 10,465 7,914,495 3,884,670 4,029,825
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.4 2.5 2.3 22.8 22.7 22.8
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 921,060 460,380 460,675 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,085
Single responses 891,125 445,760 445,370 33,948,620 16,702,840 17,245,775
Official languages 605,695 307,085 298,615 26,627,555 13,201,620 13,425,940
English 587,995 297,745 290,245 19,460,850 9,680,125 9,780,725
French 17,705 9,335 8,365 7,166,705 3,521,495 3,645,215
Non-official languages 285,430 138,675 146,750 7,321,065 3,501,220 3,819,840
Aboriginal languages 2,010 755 1,255 195,700 94,795 100,900
Algonquian languages 1,610 610 1,005 130,450 62,930 67,520
Blackfoot 35 5 20 2,815 1,325 1,490
Cree-Montagnais languages 1,495 565 925 88,445 42,920 45,530
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,150 3,135 3,015
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10,230 4,885 5,350
Moose Cree 5 5 5 100 50 55
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,205 590 620
Northern East Cree 15 5 10 315 125 190
Plains Cree 300 100 200 3,065 1,360 1,710
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 45 20 25
Swampy Cree 20 5 15 1,440 585 850
Woods Cree 130 55 75 1,840 865 975
Cree, n.o.s. 1,030 400 625 64,050 31,305 32,745
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 0 5 6,990 3,310 3,680
Malecite 0 0 0 305 140 160
Mi'kmaq 5 5 0 6,690 3,170 3,520
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 80 30 50 32,150 15,350 16,800
Algonquin 5 0 0 1,260 590 670
Ojibway 75 25 45 17,890 8,440 9,450
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 12,855 6,260 6,595
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 150 65 85
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 45 25 20
Athabaskan languages 200 65 135 17,365 8,325 9,045
Northern Athabaskan languages 200 70 130 17,315 8,310 9,010
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 60
Beaver 5 0 5 190 85 105
Carrier 5 0 5 1,025 465 565
Chilcotin 0 5 0 660 295 360
Dene 130 45 85 10,700 5,185 5,515
Dogrib (Tlicho) 15 5 15 1,645 840 815
Gwich'in 0 5 0 260 110 145
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 80 25 50
Sekani 0 0 0 90 45 45
Slavey-Hare languages 40 15 25 1,995 950 1,045
North Slavey (Hare) 5 0 10 765 365 400
South Slavey 20 5 15 945 455 495
Slavey, n.o.s. 10 5 5 280 130 150
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 270 135 140
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 180 90 90
Tahltan 0 0 0 95 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 290 120 170
Northern Tutchone 0 0 5 215 90 135
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 70 30 40
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 20 35
Haida 5 0 0 75 35 40
Inuit languages 40 10 30 36,545 18,100 18,445
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 10 0 10 1,025 445 575
Inuktitut 20 10 15 35,215 17,530 17,680
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 315 125 185
Iroquoian languages 5 5 0 1,115 485 635
Cayuga 0 0 0 45 20 20
Mohawk 0 0 0 980 430 555
Oneida 0 0 0 55 20 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 35 15 20
Kutenai 0 0 0 105 55 55
Michif 25 15 15 465 230 235
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,305 1,130 1,180
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 225 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 155
Okanagan 0 0 5 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 5 0 0 445 225 220
Squamish 0 0 0 40 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 335 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 255 135 125
Siouan languages 85 30 60 4,285 2,070 2,220
Dakota 40 15 30 1,215 570 635
Stoney 45 20 30 3,025 1,465 1,555
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 55 30 25
Tlingit 0 5 0 95 40 55
Tsimshian languages 5 0 5 1,480 730 755
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 880 435 445
Nisga'a 5 0 5 400 200 200
Tsimshian 0 0 0 200 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 805 370 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 50
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 95 40 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 325 145 185
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 285 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 20 15 10 585 295 295
Non-Aboriginal languages 283,420 137,920 145,495 7,125,365 3,406,425 3,718,945
Afro-Asiatic languages 30,335 15,820 14,515 575,365 298,060 277,300
Berber languages 130 75 60 22,135 11,865 10,270
Kabyle 75 45 30 13,150 6,995 6,155
Berber languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 8,985 4,865 4,115
Cushitic languages 7,890 3,960 3,930 42,885 20,095 22,790
Bilen 245 140 105 805 455 350
Oromo 1,120 580 540 4,960 2,560 2,400
Somali 6,500 3,230 3,270 36,755 16,895 19,865
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 365 195 170
Semitic languages 22,250 11,745 10,500 509,190 265,465 243,725
Amharic 2,485 1,205 1,280 22,465 10,720 11,745
Arabic 16,695 8,925 7,770 419,890 220,785 199,105
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 65 30 35 16,070 7,910 8,160
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 35 20 10 5,545 2,780 2,770
Harari 170 85 80 1,320 635 685
Hebrew 390 210 175 19,530 10,480 9,045
Maltese 20 10 10 5,565 2,765 2,800
Tigrigna 2,315 1,215 1,100 16,650 8,310 8,340
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 75 40 30 2,155 1,085 1,070
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 65 35 25 1,155 635 520
Austro-Asiatic languages 9,400 4,350 5,045 176,725 81,810 94,920
Khmer (Cambodian) 745 355 395 20,130 9,270 10,860
Vietnamese 8,645 3,995 4,650 156,425 72,470 83,955
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 5 5 170 65 100
Austronesian languages 37,650 16,545 21,110 511,480 211,580 299,900
Bikol 95 45 50 1,790 790 1,000
Cebuano 1,775 750 1,020 19,890 7,930 11,960
Fijian 50 25 20 745 400 345
Hiligaynon 485 215 270 6,885 2,680 4,205
Ilocano 1,680 720 960 26,345 10,620 15,720
Malagasy 10 0 5 1,430 665 760
Malay 460 210 255 12,275 5,255 7,020
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 310 145 165 4,040 1,865 2,175
Pangasinan 95 40 55 1,390 590 800
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 32,355 14,230 18,120 431,380 178,575 252,810
Waray-Waray 70 35 35 1,110 430 675
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 270 120 145 4,195 1,770 2,425
Creole languages 975 505 465 72,125 32,310 39,820
Haitian Creole 50 25 25 3,030 1,445 1,590
Creole, n.o.s. 590 330 265 64,105 28,455 35,660
Creole languages, n.i.e. 325 155 175 4,985 2,410 2,575
Dravidian languages 6,440 3,340 3,100 189,405 94,765 94,640
Kannada 195 95 95 3,970 2,040 1,935
Malayalam 3,315 1,700 1,615 28,570 14,770 13,800
Tamil 2,025 1,065 960 140,720 69,080 71,640
Telugu 890 465 420 15,655 8,640 7,020
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 490 240 250
Hmong-Mien languages 10 5 5 795 395 405
Indo-European languages 132,415 65,745 66,670 3,877,330 1,889,400 1,987,930
Albanian 735 405 335 26,890 13,610 13,285
Armenian 155 80 75 33,455 16,270 17,185
Balto-Slavic languages 29,065 13,530 15,540 701,975 323,640 378,340
Baltic languages 255 115 140 12,530 5,315 7,215
Latvian 120 55 65 5,455 2,350 3,105
Lithuanian 135 60 75 7,075 2,965 4,115
Slavic languages 28,815 13,420 15,395 689,450 318,325 371,115
Belarusan 35 15 15 810 385 430
Bosnian 685 345 340 12,210 6,035 6,180
Bulgarian 430 230 205 20,025 9,675 10,345
Croatian 1,735 910 825 48,200 23,540 24,665
Czech 675 335 340 22,290 10,525 11,765
Macedonian 170 90 80 16,775 8,050 8,725
Polish 8,095 3,775 4,325 181,710 82,435 99,275
Russian 5,065 2,360 2,700 188,255 85,400 102,855
Serbian 1,680 845 835 57,350 28,535 28,815
Serbo-Croatian 340 170 170 9,555 4,565 4,985
Slovak 460 235 225 17,580 8,075 9,510
Slovene (Slovenian) 240 110 125 9,790 4,415 5,370
Ukrainian 9,125 3,965 5,170 102,485 45,440 57,040
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 75 35 35 2,415 1,255 1,165
Celtic languages 85 50 35 2,690 1,335 1,360
Scottish Gaelic 45 25 15 1,090 540 550
Welsh 15 10 5 1,075 495 575
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 30 20 15 530 295 235
Germanic languages 13,130 6,150 6,985 538,765 258,410 280,350
Afrikaans 330 170 165 10,265 5,115 5,145
Danish 450 215 235 12,630 6,245 6,390
Dutch 2,440 1,190 1,255 99,020 48,200 50,820
Frisian 60 35 25 2,100 1,095 1,005
German 9,380 4,340 5,045 384,035 183,215 200,820
Icelandic 30 15 15 1,285 600 685
Norwegian 145 60 85 4,615 2,170 2,445
Swedish 185 85 105 6,840 3,015 3,825
Vlaams (Flemish) 45 20 25 3,895 1,730 2,165
Yiddish 55 30 25 13,555 6,750 6,800
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 525 280 240
Greek 920 505 420 106,525 53,350 53,170
Indo-Iranian languages 61,115 31,380 29,735 1,312,750 664,120 648,630
Indo-Aryan languages 54,775 28,055 26,720 1,064,760 538,530 526,235
Bengali 2,275 1,200 1,080 73,125 37,410 35,720
Gujarati 5,540 2,870 2,670 108,780 55,105 53,670
Hindi 8,010 4,020 3,995 110,640 55,880 54,765
Kashmiri 20 10 10 565 300 265
Konkani 145 75 70 3,330 1,625 1,710
Marathi 505 260 245 8,295 4,300 3,995
Nepali 1,895 990 905 18,275 9,230 9,045
Oriya (Odia) 70 40 35 1,055 560 495
Punjabi (Panjabi) 26,425 13,570 12,855 501,680 253,515 248,160
Sindhi 905 420 480 11,860 5,605 6,260
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,180 615 565 16,335 8,050 8,285
Urdu 7,810 3,985 3,825 210,815 106,960 103,860
Iranian languages 6,070 3,180 2,890 242,805 122,835 119,970
Kurdish 740 410 335 11,705 6,345 5,355
Pashto 625 330 300 16,910 8,760 8,145
Persian (Farsi) 4,700 2,445 2,255 214,200 107,725 106,470
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 275 145 125 5,180 2,755 2,425
Italic (Romance) languages 27,195 13,650 13,545 1,154,270 558,660 595,615
Catalan 25 10 10 865 440 425
Italian 4,240 2,070 2,170 375,635 184,415 191,220
Portuguese 4,055 1,980 2,075 221,540 106,630 114,910
Romanian 2,300 1,150 1,145 96,665 46,195 50,470
Spanish 16,570 8,435 8,135 458,850 220,605 238,245
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 720 380 340
Japanese 940 310 630 43,640 14,790 28,855
Kartvelian languages 60 35 25 1,715 910 805
Georgian 60 40 25 1,715 910 805
Korean 5,995 2,850 3,145 153,425 70,310 83,115
Mongolic languages 80 35 40 1,575 690 885
Mongolian 80 35 40 1,575 690 880
Niger-Congo languages 6,985 3,530 3,455 91,375 45,075 46,305
Akan (Twi) 840 435 405 13,455 6,490 6,970
Bamanankan 15 10 5 1,535 815 720
Edo 135 70 70 1,670 770 900
Ewe 115 70 45 1,760 950 805
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 135 70 60 2,825 1,495 1,335
Ga 65 40 25 920 445 470
Ganda 205 105 100 1,295 625 665
Igbo 305 160 145 4,235 2,265 1,970
Lingala 150 75 80 3,810 1,785 2,025
Rundi (Kirundi) 390 190 200 5,845 2,785 3,060
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 605 300 305 5,250 2,355 2,895
Shona 520 255 265 3,180 1,520 1,665
Swahili 1,185 575 605 13,370 6,385 6,990
Wolof 130 85 45 3,990 2,170 1,820
Yoruba 665 370 300 9,085 4,785 4,300
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,525 720 810 19,135 9,435 9,695
Nilo-Saharan languages 735 380 360 5,870 3,025 2,845
Dinka 330 170 160 2,120 1,115 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 405 210 200 3,755 1,910 1,840
Sign languages 295 150 140 7,500 3,925 3,575
American Sign Language 145 70 80 2,685 1,320 1,360
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 695 340 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 150 85 65 4,120 2,265 1,860
Sino-Tibetan languages 46,565 22,055 24,510 1,269,215 589,570 679,645
Chinese languages 45,890 21,695 24,200 1,253,360 581,650 671,715
Cantonese 22,015 10,305 11,705 565,270 262,865 302,405
Hakka 600 285 315 10,910 4,900 6,015
Mandarin 19,460 9,270 10,190 592,040 274,630 317,410
Min Dong 65 25 40 1,230 580 650
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,210 550 660 31,795 14,450 17,350
Wu (Shanghainese) 225 115 115 12,915 5,780 7,140
Chinese, n.o.s. 2,285 1,130 1,155 38,580 18,165 20,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 30 5 15 610 275 335
Tibeto-Burman languages 675 360 315 15,850 7,925 7,935
Burmese 130 70 60 3,585 1,795 1,790
Karenic languages 425 230 195 4,705 2,355 2,350
Tibetan 20 15 10 6,165 3,080 3,080
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 95 45 55 1,400 695 705
Tai-Kadai languages 895 355 540 22,010 8,870 13,145
Lao 360 180 180 12,670 6,145 6,525
Thai 525 170 350 9,255 2,690 6,565
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 10 5 5 80 35 55
Turkic languages 1,975 1,095 875 40,140 21,120 19,025
Azerbaijani 110 65 45 3,260 1,785 1,470
Turkish 1,665 925 745 32,815 17,375 15,440
Uyghur 50 30 20 1,035 510 525
Uzbek 105 60 45 1,715 855 865
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 45 20 20 1,315 590 720
Uralic languages 1,450 685 760 81,985 37,790 44,195
Estonian 30 10 20 5,445 2,325 3,115
Finnish 160 65 95 15,295 6,395 8,900
Hungarian 1,255 610 645 61,235 29,060 32,175
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 220 130 95 3,690 2,045 1,645
Multiple responses 29,935 14,625 15,305 818,635 398,325 420,305
English and French 2,715 1,335 1,380 165,320 80,460 84,860
English and non-official language 25,555 12,460 13,090 533,265 259,160 274,100
French and non-official language 1,115 550 560 86,150 42,170 43,985
English, French and non-official language 555 280 280 33,900 16,535 17,365
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 921,060 460,385 460,675 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
Single responses 855,580 428,305 427,270 33,103,860 16,298,475 16,805,395
Official languages 691,360 347,590 343,760 29,106,670 14,383,020 14,723,645
English 683,370 343,475 339,900 22,162,865 10,966,135 11,196,730
French 7,990 4,125 3,865 6,943,800 3,416,890 3,526,910
Non-official languages 164,220 80,715 83,510 3,997,195 1,915,450 2,081,750
Aboriginal languages 415 195 230 118,470 59,720 58,750
Algonquian languages 355 165 190 75,080 37,825 37,260
Blackfoot 10 5 0 1,115 555 555
Cree-Montagnais languages 330 150 175 55,825 28,135 27,685
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5,465 2,825 2,640
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 8,590 4,195 4,395
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,200 595 605
Northern East Cree 15 5 5 110 55 60
Plains Cree 50 20 30 1,350 665 685
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 20 5 15
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 330 140 190
Woods Cree 15 5 15 800 410 390
Cree, n.o.s. 245 115 130 37,945 19,240 18,710
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 3,615 1,795 1,820
Malecite 0 0 0 55 30 30
Mi'kmaq 0 5 5 3,560 1,770 1,795
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 5 5 14,525 7,335 7,190
Algonquin 0 0 0 370 170 200
Ojibway 10 10 5 6,175 3,165 3,015
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,900 3,960 3,940
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Athabaskan languages 20 5 15 10,265 5,125 5,135
Northern Athabaskan languages 20 5 15 10,255 5,120 5,135
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 15 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 50 30 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 115 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 255 125 130
Dene 15 5 10 7,710 3,805 3,905
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 1,020 550 475
Gwich'in 5 0 5 45 25 25
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 5 0 5 820 425 395
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 340 180 155
South Slavey 5 0 5 370 190 185
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 55 55
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 25 15 15
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 5 5
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 30 15 15
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 25 15 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 5
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 0
Inuit languages 5 0 5 29,490 14,995 14,495
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 165 75 90
Inuktitut 0 0 0 29,230 14,885 14,345
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 55
Iroquoian languages 5 0 0 285 135 155
Cayuga 0 0 0 10 0 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 255 115 140
Oneida 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 5 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 5 0 85 40 45
Salish languages 0 0 0 285 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 45 20 25
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 55 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 0 5
Straits 0 0 0 20 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Siouan languages 25 15 15 2,225 1,085 1,140
Dakota 10 5 10 255 140 120
Stoney 15 10 10 1,950 940 1,010
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 410 210 190
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 315 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 40 30
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 45 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 5
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 15
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 15 10 5 235 110 125
Non-Aboriginal languages 163,805 80,520 83,280 3,878,725 1,855,730 2,022,995
Afro-Asiatic languages 19,955 10,125 9,830 307,755 153,275 154,480
Berber languages 95 45 50 8,105 4,215 3,895
Kabyle 50 25 25 5,490 2,855 2,640
Berber languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 2,620 1,365 1,260
Cushitic languages 5,840 2,925 2,910 27,095 12,455 14,640
Bilen 215 125 90 620 330 285
Oromo 885 450 435 3,410 1,700 1,710
Somali 4,730 2,345 2,380 22,895 10,340 12,555
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 185 85 95
Semitic languages 14,005 7,145 6,865 272,100 136,390 135,720
Amharic 1,695 805 890 12,780 6,010 6,770
Arabic 10,255 5,280 4,970 223,540 112,690 110,850
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 30 15 20 10,510 5,090 5,425
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 15 10 10 3,445 1,695 1,750
Harari 115 55 60 735 335 400
Hebrew 190 100 95 8,560 4,425 4,135
Maltese 10 5 5 1,130 525 605
Tigrigna 1,650 855 795 10,205 5,040 5,170
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 50 30 20 1,200 585 620
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 5 440 215 230
Austro-Asiatic languages 6,150 2,840 3,310 115,210 53,500 61,710
Khmer (Cambodian) 390 180 200 10,880 4,940 5,945
Vietnamese 5,760 2,655 3,105 104,245 48,525 55,725
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 85 40 45
Austronesian languages 20,395 9,600 10,795 239,785 108,110 131,680
Bikol 15 10 5 290 140 155
Cebuano 765 365 400 7,210 3,325 3,880
Fijian 25 15 10 195 105 90
Hiligaynon 180 80 100 2,205 970 1,240
Ilocano 565 265 300 9,125 4,045 5,080
Malagasy 5 5 0 435 220 210
Malay 120 55 65 3,620 1,710 1,910
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 125 60 65 1,200 565 630
Pangasinan 15 5 10 240 110 135
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 18,485 8,690 9,795 213,790 96,235 117,555
Waray-Waray 10 0 5 310 135 170
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 80 40 40 1,160 545 620
Creole languages 555 285 275 27,860 12,005 15,850
Haitian Creole 40 20 20 1,280 575 705
Creole, n.o.s. 375 195 180 24,575 10,510 14,060
Creole languages, n.i.e. 140 70 75 2,005 920 1,085
Dravidian languages 4,235 2,180 2,055 122,490 59,780 62,710
Kannada 75 35 40 1,630 825 800
Malayalam 2,260 1,160 1,105 15,440 7,865 7,575
Tamil 1,355 715 635 96,955 46,570 50,385
Telugu 540 270 270 8,280 4,430 3,850
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 190 85 105
Hmong-Mien languages 10 5 0 340 160 180
Indo-European languages 70,050 35,140 34,910 1,911,215 927,225 983,985
Albanian 355 190 165 13,135 6,575 6,560
Armenian 75 35 35 21,505 10,165 11,345
Balto-Slavic languages 11,655 5,675 5,980 314,965 149,315 165,650
Baltic languages 90 45 50 3,275 1,400 1,870
Latvian 40 20 25 1,255 530 725
Lithuanian 50 25 25 2,020 870 1,150
Slavic languages 11,565 5,635 5,935 311,690 147,910 163,780
Belarusan 10 5 5 230 105 120
Bosnian 295 150 145 6,045 3,010 3,040
Bulgarian 265 140 130 11,985 5,835 6,150
Croatian 830 430 405 16,775 7,980 8,795
Czech 210 110 105 6,235 3,060 3,180
Macedonian 85 45 40 6,830 3,250 3,580
Polish 3,475 1,625 1,845 74,780 34,910 39,870
Russian 2,940 1,455 1,485 116,595 55,175 61,425
Serbian 950 475 470 31,750 15,665 16,085
Serbo-Croatian 105 55 55 3,885 1,865 2,020
Slovak 130 65 65 5,615 2,685 2,920
Slovene (Slovenian) 60 35 25 2,050 905 1,145
Ukrainian 2,190 1,045 1,140 28,250 13,150 15,100
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 20 5 10 670 310 360
Celtic languages 10 5 5 360 205 155
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0 185 105 80
Welsh 0 0 5 95 50 45
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 80 50 30
Germanic languages 1,785 850 935 146,455 71,835 74,615
Afrikaans 145 70 75 4,790 2,355 2,435
Danish 30 15 15 855 410 445
Dutch 140 65 75 9,565 4,630 4,935
Frisian 0 0 0 185 95 90
German 1,385 660 725 120,335 58,905 61,435
Icelandic 15 10 10 270 120 150
Norwegian 10 0 10 345 145 200
Swedish 45 20 30 1,045 500 545
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 5 5 355 170 185
Yiddish 0 0 5 7,080 3,695 3,385
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,625 820 810
Greek 325 165 165 44,545 21,110 23,440
Indo-Iranian languages 41,435 21,030 20,405 838,755 416,960 421,795
Indo-Aryan languages 37,435 19,010 18,425 676,185 337,440 338,745
Bengali 1,425 735 690 47,350 23,585 23,765
Gujarati 3,555 1,810 1,750 64,150 31,740 32,405
Hindi 4,875 2,470 2,400 55,510 27,805 27,710
Kashmiri 0 0 5 135 70 70
Konkani 35 20 20 720 355 370
Marathi 315 160 155 3,780 1,940 1,840
Nepali 1,335 700 635 13,375 6,710 6,670
Oriya (Odia) 35 20 15 470 235 240
Punjabi (Panjabi) 19,800 10,075 9,725 349,145 174,905 174,240
Sindhi 450 220 225 4,975 2,280 2,695
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 705 370 340 7,790 3,860 3,925
Urdu 4,900 2,425 2,470 128,785 63,965 64,820
Iranian languages 3,885 1,970 1,920 160,195 78,310 81,880
Kurdish 370 195 170 6,580 3,400 3,175
Pashto 405 210 185 10,590 5,305 5,290
Persian (Farsi) 3,120 1,565 1,555 143,020 69,600 73,425
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 110 50 65 2,375 1,215 1,160
Italic (Romance) languages 14,410 7,190 7,220 531,485 251,050 280,440
Catalan 15 5 10 355 165 190
Italian 1,345 610 735 115,415 49,975 65,440
Portuguese 1,800 855 945 98,710 46,915 51,795
Romanian 1,245 620 625 53,320 25,795 27,525
Spanish 10,005 5,100 4,905 263,510 128,110 135,400
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 180 85 95
Japanese 425 170 255 19,785 8,265 11,515
Kartvelian languages 50 25 25 1,040 565 475
Georgian 50 30 25 1,035 565 475
Korean 4,380 2,145 2,235 109,705 51,385 58,320
Mongolic languages 50 20 30 910 440 470
Mongolian 50 20 25 910 435 470
Niger-Congo languages 2,845 1,375 1,470 28,665 13,340 15,320
Akan (Twi) 425 200 220 5,990 2,695 3,295
Bamanankan 0 0 0 340 180 160
Edo 35 15 15 415 175 240
Ewe 40 25 20 410 185 225
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 55 30 20 825 400 425
Ga 15 10 5 250 105 140
Ganda 75 35 40 345 160 185
Igbo 80 40 45 1,000 485 510
Lingala 35 15 20 1,045 455 590
Rundi (Kirundi) 195 90 105 2,110 990 1,115
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 285 150 135 1,530 670 865
Shona 200 90 110 1,035 475 560
Swahili 580 275 305 5,370 2,500 2,870
Wolof 85 45 40 1,380 745 635
Yoruba 265 140 130 2,615 1,275 1,340
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 470 215 260 4,010 1,850 2,160
Nilo-Saharan languages 365 185 180 2,650 1,305 1,350
Dinka 200 110 90 1,130 580 550
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 165 75 90 1,525 730 800
Sign languages 385 220 160 10,445 5,870 4,570
American Sign Language 165 85 80 3,015 1,560 1,460
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 5 730 375 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 215 140 85 6,690 3,935 2,755
Sino-Tibetan languages 31,760 15,075 16,690 924,720 433,530 491,190
Chinese languages 31,240 14,800 16,435 913,365 427,860 485,505
Cantonese 14,485 6,700 7,780 400,215 184,340 215,885
Hakka 215 90 120 4,080 1,820 2,265
Mandarin 14,460 7,025 7,430 462,890 220,075 242,815
Min Dong 10 5 5 345 150 195
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 540 225 310 13,965 6,345 7,625
Wu (Shanghainese) 120 60 55 7,650 3,580 4,075
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,410 690 720 23,935 11,440 12,500
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 280 130 150
Tibeto-Burman languages 525 275 250 11,350 5,670 5,680
Burmese 90 50 40 2,245 1,115 1,125
Karenic languages 355 190 165 3,865 1,935 1,930
Tibetan 20 10 10 4,590 2,305 2,280
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 60 25 35 655 305 345
Tai-Kadai languages 430 205 220 9,565 4,455 5,110
Lao 175 85 90 6,175 2,995 3,180
Thai 245 115 130 3,360 1,450 1,915
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 5 5 30 15 15
Turkic languages 1,260 670 585 22,250 11,205 11,045
Azerbaijani 45 25 20 1,245 640 610
Turkish 1,110 590 520 18,955 9,525 9,430
Uyghur 30 20 10 610 315 290
Uzbek 65 30 30 990 505 490
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 455 230 225
Uralic languages 430 205 225 23,245 10,715 12,535
Estonian 5 0 0 975 365 610
Finnish 25 10 15 2,790 1,220 1,565
Hungarian 405 195 210 19,485 9,125 10,355
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 75 35 35 1,110 605 500
Multiple responses 65,480 32,075 33,405 1,663,390 802,695 860,690
English and French 2,070 1,045 1,015 160,185 77,940 82,235
English and non-official language 61,650 30,160 31,485 1,284,975 620,375 664,600
French and non-official language 545 265 280 148,915 70,915 78,000
English, French and non-official language 1,220 600 620 69,315 33,465 35,850
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 921,065 460,385 460,680 34,767,255 17,101,165 17,666,080
None 749,235 376,135 373,095 29,615,245 14,612,175 15,003,065
English 73,015 36,560 36,455 2,109,340 1,045,215 1,064,120
French 9,560 4,575 4,985 731,095 342,245 388,855
Non-official language 85,880 41,390 44,490 2,151,690 1,023,940 1,127,750
Aboriginal 1,815 715 1,105 90,740 42,890 47,850
Non-Aboriginal 84,065 40,675 43,390 2,060,945 981,055 1,079,895
English and French 655 335 315 47,970 23,785 24,190
English and non-official language 1,795 935 855 61,075 30,045 31,030
French and non-official language 890 435 460 48,755 22,690 26,065
English, French and non-official language 45 25 15 2,080 1,075 1,010
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 749,380 373,235 376,150 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,355
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 712,245 354,980 357,260 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,190
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,836 51,506 33,820 34,204 40,782 28,860
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 712,370 355,010 357,370 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,352 44,584 31,031 30,866 35,933 26,621
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 656,950 335,805 321,145 24,583,315 12,296,595 12,286,725
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,821 51,517 33,069 32,762 39,925 26,613
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 432,325 178,805 253,525 19,743,240 8,755,815 10,987,430
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,567 2,571 4,014 5,453 4,199 6,136
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 576,325 301,585 274,740 20,428,685 10,547,760 9,880,925
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,069 52,280 34,903 33,684 39,836 28,474
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 749,395 373,375 376,020 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 712,520 355,075 357,440 27,489,395 13,441,555 14,047,845
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 57,032 69,876 44,272 47,487 56,740 38,632
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 712,670 355,105 357,560 27,500,230 13,446,230 14,053,995
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,823 55,986 37,723 38,977 45,404 32,828
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 657,115 335,780 321,335 24,584,065 12,295,015 12,289,055
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 57,236 70,309 43,574 46,885 56,803 36,962
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 431,590 178,230 253,360 19,742,130 8,752,070 10,990,060
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,011 6,751 7,194 7,738 7,345 8,050
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 576,330 301,010 275,315 20,428,670 10,542,540 9,886,130
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 54,801 65,829 42,745 46,057 54,369 37,193
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 749,395 373,375 376,020 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 267,435 151,130 116,305 9,367,045 5,231,015 4,136,035
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 62,030 69,850 54,443 53,431 59,326 47,420
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 74,180 84,054 61,348 65,997 74,289 55,510
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 92.6 95.2 88.5 88.3 91.6 83.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 77.4 79.6 73.9 72.0 75.2 67.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 7.4 4.8 11.5 11.7 8.4 16.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 749,380 373,230 376,145 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without total income 37,140 18,250 18,890 1,154,450 546,285 608,165
With total income 712,245 354,980 357,260 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,195
Percentage with total income 95.0 95.1 95.0 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 89,175 35,580 53,600 3,877,620 1,668,960 2,208,655
$10,000 to $19,999 93,515 36,960 56,560 4,680,380 1,867,600 2,812,785
$20,000 to $29,999 86,675 34,500 52,175 3,807,840 1,593,335 2,214,505
$30,000 to $39,999 73,335 32,130 41,210 3,206,175 1,472,670 1,733,510
$40,000 to $49,999 70,490 33,175 37,320 2,827,045 1,376,565 1,450,480
$50,000 to $59,999 62,445 31,450 31,000 2,179,775 1,145,685 1,034,090
$60,000 to $69,999 51,365 28,510 22,855 1,655,070 938,755 716,310
$70,000 to $79,999 40,570 24,485 16,085 1,271,850 745,830 526,015
$80,000 to $89,999 31,440 19,520 11,920 966,885 579,290 387,590
$90,000 to $99,999 26,250 16,215 10,035 749,290 452,240 297,050
$100,000 and over 86,985 62,475 24,510 2,266,600 1,603,400 663,195
$100,000 to $149,999 58,565 40,680 17,890 1,493,570 1,024,210 469,365
$150,000 and over 28,415 21,795 6,625 773,025 579,190 193,830
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 749,380 373,230 376,150 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without after-tax income 37,010 18,225 18,780 1,143,795 541,620 602,175
With after-tax income 712,375 355,010 357,365 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Percentage with after-tax income 95.1 95.1 95.0 96.0 96.1 95.9
Under $10,000 (including loss) 90,875 36,085 54,790 4,004,475 1,706,825 2,297,645
$10,000 to $19,999 97,655 38,725 58,930 4,905,055 1,972,920 2,932,130
$20,000 to $29,999 100,035 40,460 59,575 4,489,925 1,926,175 2,563,755
$30,000 to $39,999 92,180 42,085 50,095 3,924,960 1,870,705 2,054,250
$40,000 to $49,999 87,355 43,450 43,910 3,144,200 1,619,670 1,524,525
$50,000 to $59,999 69,290 38,480 30,810 2,209,280 1,245,570 963,705
$60,000 to $69,999 49,970 30,460 19,510 1,540,300 912,230 628,065
$70,000 to $79,999 36,960 23,005 13,955 1,076,180 654,570 421,610
$80,000 and over 88,055 62,255 25,800 2,204,820 1,540,335 664,485
$80,000 to $89,999 27,180 17,610 9,565 688,705 444,550 244,145
$90,000 to $99,999 17,325 11,960 5,365 420,975 291,090 129,885
$100,000 and over 43,555 32,685 10,870 1,095,140 804,690 290,445
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 749,380 373,235 376,145 28,642,980 13,990,625 14,652,360
Without employment income 173,050 71,650 101,405 8,214,295 3,442,860 4,771,430
With employment income 576,330 301,585 274,740 20,428,690 10,547,760 9,880,925
Percentage with employment income 76.9 80.8 73.0 71.3 75.4 67.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 56,045 24,765 31,275 2,778,990 1,357,430 1,421,560
$5,000 to $9,999 37,925 15,895 22,030 1,602,140 697,025 905,120
$10,000 to $19,999 65,325 27,965 37,360 2,736,010 1,212,855 1,523,155
$20,000 to $29,999 55,825 23,765 32,065 2,293,785 1,022,090 1,271,695
$30,000 to $39,999 55,460 25,405 30,050 2,149,860 1,001,065 1,148,795
$40,000 to $49,999 55,750 26,865 28,885 1,928,565 946,625 981,940
$50,000 to $59,999 51,430 26,250 25,175 1,554,100 839,045 715,055
$60,000 to $69,999 42,090 24,000 18,090 1,220,310 708,270 512,040
$70,000 to $79,999 34,395 21,275 13,120 992,170 591,945 400,225
$80,000 and over 122,080 85,395 36,685 3,172,770 2,171,415 1,001,355
$80,000 to $89,999 27,055 17,255 9,800 773,755 475,700 298,055
$90,000 to $99,999 23,455 14,625 8,825 623,980 382,330 241,650
$100,000 and over 71,570 53,520 18,055 1,775,030 1,313,385 461,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 360,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 87,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,336  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 75,057  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 61,348  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 98,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 47,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,174  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,497  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,446  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 262,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,102,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 106,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,249  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 91,076  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,419  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 360,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 112,619  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,764  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 92,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,171  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 98,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,967,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 59,678  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,799  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 48,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 262,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,104,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 132,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 110,813  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 108,726  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 90,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 360,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 5,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 228,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 200,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 5,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 374,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 8,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 565,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 12,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 602,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 10,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 538,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 10,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 603,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 11,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 606,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 11,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 596,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 11,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 578,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 24,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,097,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 24,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,010,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 23,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 924,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 21,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 836,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 20,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 745,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 153,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,561,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 43,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,470,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 33,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,016,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 40,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,116,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 36,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 959,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 360,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 6,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 243,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 203,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 5,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 380,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 9,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 591,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 13,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 673,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 11,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 628,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 12,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 719,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 14,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 725,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 14,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 711,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 15,210  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 691,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 30,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,299,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 29,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,169,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 27,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,041,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 25,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 900,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 22,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 757,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 119,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,333,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 44,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,371,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 29,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 809,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 45,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,152,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 244,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,688,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 105,101  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,306  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 90,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,372  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 83,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,706,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 100,821  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 78,976  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 85,642  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 68,309  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 112,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,222,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 125,416  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 113,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 106,474  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 96,608  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 38,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,481,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,791  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 53,193  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,914  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 48,856  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 244,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,689,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 132,588  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 108,579  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 83,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,706,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 132,253  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,086  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 106,714  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 82,296  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 112,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,225,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 153,451  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 137,094  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 125,412  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,307  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 37,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,477,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 76,259  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,549  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 65,861  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 56,687  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 157,810 84,815 72,995 5,313,545 2,608,845 2,704,705
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 41,697 45,587 37,593 31,890 34,483 29,801
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 36,995 39,683 34,027 28,959 30,746 27,495
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 157,765 84,825 72,940 5,299,050 2,596,985 2,702,070
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 52,314 56,488 47,461 42,939 46,085 39,915
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 43,421 46,146 40,252 35,801 37,724 33,952
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 913,580 457,210 456,375 34,460,065 16,971,550 17,488,515
In the bottom half of the distribution 375,455 181,915 193,540 17,229,835 8,256,970 8,972,865
In the bottom decile 76,415 37,485 38,930 3,445,950 1,672,900 1,773,050
In the second decile 69,260 32,005 37,250 3,445,660 1,564,965 1,880,700
In the third decile 71,660 34,285 37,375 3,446,165 1,641,930 1,804,235
In the fourth decile 75,965 37,405 38,565 3,445,850 1,677,120 1,768,730
In the fifth decile 82,150 40,730 41,420 3,446,210 1,700,060 1,746,150
In the top half of the distribution 538,125 275,295 262,835 17,230,230 8,714,580 8,515,650
In the sixth decile 87,485 43,610 43,875 3,445,695 1,716,510 1,729,185
In the seventh decile 93,285 47,125 46,160 3,446,470 1,730,975 1,715,500
In the eighth decile 102,770 52,610 50,160 3,445,940 1,741,640 1,704,300
In the ninth decile 118,060 60,660 57,400 3,446,045 1,751,850 1,694,195
In the top decile 136,525 71,290 65,235 3,446,080 1,773,600 1,672,475
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 913,580 457,210 456,375 33,968,295 16,724,265 17,244,035
0 to 17 years 193,235 98,860 94,380 6,836,380 3,504,250 3,332,125
0 to 5 years 71,515 36,475 35,035 2,228,770 1,142,505 1,086,270
18 to 64 years 619,535 312,185 307,350 21,695,090 10,690,090 11,005,005
65 years and over 100,815 46,170 54,650 5,436,830 2,529,930 2,906,905
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 99,735 47,255 52,480 4,809,940 2,243,200 2,566,740
0 to 17 years 31,190 15,955 15,240 1,163,830 597,570 566,255
0 to 5 years 12,270 6,280 5,985 396,095 203,055 193,030
18 to 64 years 59,930 28,155 31,770 2,855,290 1,341,590 1,513,700
65 years and over 8,620 3,145 5,470 790,825 304,040 486,780
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 10.9 10.3 11.5 14.2 13.4 14.9
0 to 17 years (%) 16.1 16.1 16.1 17.0 17.1 17.0
0 to 5 years (%) 17.2 17.2 17.1 17.8 17.8 17.8
18 to 64 years (%) 9.7 9.0 10.3 13.2 12.5 13.8
65 years and over (%) 8.6 6.8 10.0 14.5 12.0 16.7
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 91,090 44,565 46,520 3,128,995 1,519,370 1,609,630
0 to 17 years 25,155 12,830 12,320 696,025 357,255 338,770
0 to 5 years 9,920 5,070 4,850 236,435 121,170 115,260
18 to 64 years 61,135 29,895 31,240 2,157,745 1,057,585 1,100,160
65 years and over 4,800 1,840 2,955 275,225 104,525 170,695
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 10.0 9.7 10.2 9.2 9.1 9.3
0 to 17 years (%) 13.0 13.0 13.1 10.2 10.2 10.2
0 to 5 years (%) 13.9 13.9 13.8 10.6 10.6 10.6
18 to 64 years (%) 9.9 9.6 10.2 9.9 9.9 10.0
65 years and over (%) 4.8 4.0 5.4 5.1 4.1 5.9
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 913,585 457,210 456,375 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Official languages 893,915 449,325 444,585 33,818,210 16,709,290 17,108,920
English 892,545 448,740 443,805 29,748,265 14,806,270 14,941,995
French 67,445 31,990 35,455 10,242,945 4,952,455 5,290,495
Non-official languages 357,820 174,580 183,240 9,369,280 4,488,185 4,881,090
Aboriginal languages 3,660 1,475 2,185 263,845 127,550 136,295
Algonquian languages 3,100 1,195 1,910 177,570 85,505 92,065
Blackfoot 40 10 30 5,645 2,695 2,950
Cree-Montagnais languages 2,960 1,145 1,815 116,585 56,515 60,070
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,640 3,335 3,305
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 11,440 5,500 5,945
Moose Cree 20 0 15 195 80 115
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,465 710 755
Northern East Cree 10 0 15 545 225 320
Plains Cree 855 310 540 5,905 2,705 3,200
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 40 30 10
Swampy Cree 25 10 15 2,345 995 1,350
Woods Cree 215 100 115 2,665 1,230 1,435
Cree, n.o.s. 1,840 715 1,120 86,115 42,080 44,035
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 10 0 9,765 4,710 5,050
Malecite 0 0 0 755 370 390
Mi'kmaq 0 10 0 9,025 4,350 4,670
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 125 40 90 46,685 22,100 24,585
Algonquin 0 0 0 2,480 1,165 1,315
Ojibway 125 35 85 28,585 13,365 15,220
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15,610 7,575 8,030
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 205 105 105
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 120 60 60
Athabaskan languages 270 115 160 23,655 11,340 12,320
Northern Athabaskan languages 275 115 160 23,570 11,300 12,265
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 210 105 100
Beaver 0 0 10 340 180 165
Carrier 25 10 15 2,105 955 1,145
Chilcotin 10 0 0 1,150 535 610
Dene 175 70 105 13,060 6,270 6,790
Dogrib (Tlicho) 40 25 20 2,375 1,210 1,165
Gwich'in 0 0 0 360 165 200
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 150 60 90
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 35 20 10 2,815 1,340 1,475
North Slavey (Hare) 20 10 10 1,010 475 530
South Slavey 0 0 0 1,365 660 710
Slavey, n.o.s. 10 0 0 680 320 360
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 630 340 285
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 365 205 170
Tahltan 10 0 10 270 140 130
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 420 160 260
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 285 115 170
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 145 50 95
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 35 50
Haida 10 0 0 465 205 260
Inuit languages 60 30 35 42,980 21,355 21,630
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 15 0 15 1,975 895 1,080
Inuktitut 30 15 20 40,620 20,280 20,340
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 15 15 0 470 225 240
Iroquoian languages 10 10 0 2,800 1,240 1,555
Cayuga 0 10 0 125 40 85
Mohawk 10 0 0 2,415 1,120 1,295
Oneida 0 0 0 180 60 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 45 75
Kutenai 0 0 0 175 95 80
Michif 50 30 20 1,210 585 625
Salish languages 25 10 15 5,750 2,730 3,015
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 110
Halkomelem 10 10 0 1,060 475 585
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 10 10 0 820 370 450
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,305 640 665
Squamish 0 0 0 285 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 10 450 220 235
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 565 295 270
Siouan languages 145 80 70 5,430 2,665 2,770
Dakota 70 40 30 1,760 870 890
Stoney 85 45 40 3,675 1,805 1,875
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 140 70 70
Tlingit 10 10 0 260 140 120
Tsimshian languages 20 10 10 2,730 1,350 1,380
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 10 0 10 1,305 645 660
Nisga'a 15 10 0 1,060 545 515
Tsimshian 0 0 0 410 180 235
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,490 680 805
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 110
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 125 50 75
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 10 0 0 605 285 320
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 565 265 300
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 665 310 360
Non-Aboriginal languages 354,280 173,170 181,110 9,107,075 4,361,420 4,745,660
Afro-Asiatic languages 43,075 22,315 20,760 837,355 432,560 404,795
Berber languages 205 105 100 29,460 15,745 13,715
Kabyle 85 45 40 17,120 9,100 8,015
Berber languages, n.i.e. 120 60 60 12,505 6,735 5,775
Cushitic languages 9,765 4,975 4,785 57,125 26,870 30,250
Bilen 245 140 100 1,085 625 470
Oromo 1,200 645 560 6,245 3,070 3,175
Somali 8,370 4,215 4,155 49,665 23,070 26,590
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20 480 220 265
Semitic languages 34,290 17,870 16,425 771,130 400,780 370,350
Amharic 4,040 2,055 1,985 33,670 16,675 16,995
Arabic 26,705 14,050 12,660 629,055 329,235 299,820
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 60 35 25 19,745 9,720 10,020
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 20 15 0 7,115 3,505 3,610
Harari 240 95 140 1,710 855 860
Hebrew 1,390 730 660 75,020 38,730 36,290
Maltese 40 20 20 7,625 3,760 3,870
Tigrigna 3,120 1,580 1,535 21,340 10,640 10,705
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 155 85 70 3,220 1,655 1,565
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 150 85 65 2,775 1,440 1,335
Austro-Asiatic languages 12,500 5,840 6,660 224,865 105,845 119,020
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,065 510 555 27,035 12,640 14,400
Vietnamese 11,485 5,355 6,125 198,895 93,735 105,155
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 190 70 120
Austronesian languages 47,290 20,890 26,395 656,200 273,075 383,125
Bikol 60 25 30 2,075 885 1,190
Cebuano 2,290 1,035 1,250 27,045 10,960 16,085
Fijian 130 85 50 1,660 955 705
Hiligaynon 475 190 280 7,925 3,200 4,720
Ilocano 2,190 930 1,260 34,530 13,805 20,730
Malagasy 15 0 0 2,335 1,120 1,220
Malay 1,105 510 595 22,470 10,370 12,100
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 485 220 270 5,425 2,445 2,980
Pangasinan 165 70 95 1,800 790 1,015
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 44,790 19,725 25,065 612,735 253,210 359,530
Waray-Waray 105 35 70 1,395 530 860
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 410 170 240 5,585 2,540 3,040
Creole languages 2,015 1,085 920 155,615 70,545 85,070
Haitian Creole 115 65 50 6,850 3,140 3,710
Creole, n.o.s. 1,205 670 535 133,045 59,890 73,160
Creole languages, n.i.e. 705 365 340 16,635 7,955 8,675
Dravidian languages 8,495 4,470 4,025 250,180 126,220 123,960
Kannada 340 165 175 8,245 4,180 4,065
Malayalam 4,390 2,250 2,140 37,810 19,410 18,400
Tamil 2,960 1,610 1,350 189,860 94,640 95,220
Telugu 1,295 690 605 23,160 12,770 10,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 65 35 25 790 385 405
Hmong-Mien languages 30 15 10 870 435 435
Indo-European languages 169,120 84,245 84,875 5,158,010 2,506,455 2,651,555
Albanian 880 485 395 31,930 16,140 15,790
Armenian 185 75 110 41,295 19,980 21,315
Balto-Slavic languages 33,535 15,825 17,710 817,315 384,960 432,350
Baltic languages 420 200 220 14,675 6,470 8,205
Latvian 195 90 105 6,500 2,960 3,540
Lithuanian 225 110 115 8,185 3,510 4,675
Slavic languages 33,305 15,715 17,585 805,915 379,965 425,945
Belarusan 95 45 45 2,265 1,070 1,195
Bosnian 1,110 540 570 18,265 9,055 9,215
Bulgarian 465 240 230 22,425 10,920 11,505
Croatian 2,460 1,350 1,105 69,840 34,515 35,325
Czech 800 355 445 28,720 13,675 15,050
Macedonian 220 105 120 23,075 11,190 11,880
Polish 9,790 4,765 5,015 214,965 99,365 115,600
Russian 8,175 3,885 4,295 269,645 127,055 142,595
Serbian 2,305 1,110 1,195 73,775 37,040 36,740
Serbo-Croatian 420 200 215 11,275 5,525 5,750
Slovak 540 295 240 21,470 10,215 11,255
Slovene (Slovenian) 220 115 100 11,495 5,205 6,290
Ukrainian 11,210 4,785 6,425 132,115 58,820 73,300
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 90 45 50 3,000 1,590 1,405
Celtic languages 330 205 125 9,165 4,705 4,455
Scottish Gaelic 125 65 55 3,980 2,010 1,975
Welsh 65 45 20 1,690 830 860
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 145 95 50 3,590 1,915 1,680
Germanic languages 18,965 9,315 9,655 695,535 337,215 358,320
Afrikaans 795 395 405 23,410 11,795 11,610
Danish 475 220 250 15,745 7,320 8,425
Dutch 2,860 1,390 1,475 120,865 57,885 62,990
Frisian 65 45 25 2,910 1,515 1,395
German 14,295 7,110 7,180 502,730 245,745 256,985
Icelandic 35 15 20 1,780 830 945
Norwegian 315 125 195 8,120 3,860 4,260
Swedish 410 210 200 14,140 6,510 7,635
Vlaams (Flemish) 35 10 25 4,400 1,945 2,455
Yiddish 70 35 35 20,985 10,435 10,550
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 8,710 4,425 4,285
Greek 1,300 635 665 150,965 75,510 75,455
Indo-Iranian languages 75,425 38,920 36,505 1,658,220 840,850 817,365
Indo-Aryan languages 68,980 35,490 33,485 1,387,805 704,370 683,435
Bengali 2,760 1,460 1,300 91,220 46,935 44,285
Gujarati 7,275 3,620 3,655 149,045 74,765 74,285
Hindi 26,305 13,735 12,570 433,365 221,665 211,700
Kashmiri 50 30 20 905 490 420
Konkani 125 50 75 6,790 3,185 3,605
Marathi 815 450 365 15,570 8,200 7,365
Nepali 1,925 1,040 880 21,380 10,915 10,470
Oriya (Odia) 100 55 45 1,535 755 775
Punjabi (Panjabi) 34,305 17,695 16,605 668,240 341,450 326,790
Sindhi 1,675 770 910 20,260 9,310 10,945
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,695 860 835 27,825 13,970 13,855
Urdu 11,850 6,170 5,675 322,220 164,685 157,535
Iranian languages 6,935 3,670 3,265 281,715 142,030 139,680
Kurdish 855 520 335 15,290 8,290 7,000
Pashto 790 435 355 23,180 12,465 10,715
Persian (Farsi) 5,510 2,865 2,645 252,320 126,565 125,755
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 450 250 210 8,875 4,715 4,155
Italic (Romance) languages 42,430 20,840 21,585 1,897,630 898,530 999,100
Catalan 75 40 35 2,035 1,145 890
Italian 7,250 3,610 3,640 574,725 278,500 296,225
Portuguese 5,290 2,615 2,670 295,955 144,465 151,485
Romanian 2,795 1,435 1,360 115,050 55,275 59,770
Spanish 28,510 13,865 14,650 995,255 460,250 535,010
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 85 40 40 2,680 1,610 1,075
Japanese 2,140 930 1,200 83,090 36,760 46,335
Kartvelian languages 60 20 35 2,150 1,075 1,075
Georgian 60 25 40 2,150 1,080 1,070
Korean 6,685 3,155 3,530 172,755 80,170 92,590
Mongolic languages 150 65 80 2,090 960 1,130
Mongolian 145 65 80 2,090 960 1,130
Niger-Congo languages 12,615 6,395 6,215 177,215 88,135 89,080
Akan (Twi) 1,370 680 690 22,145 10,810 11,340
Bamanankan 25 15 15 3,190 1,660 1,530
Edo 250 115 130 3,220 1,510 1,705
Ewe 150 80 70 3,000 1,685 1,315
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 155 80 80 4,725 2,460 2,260
Ga 185 100 85 2,250 1,140 1,110
Ganda 425 205 215 2,495 1,175 1,320
Igbo 600 330 270 8,850 4,710 4,140
Lingala 700 340 360 17,010 7,865 9,145
Rundi (Kirundi) 580 280 305 8,590 4,075 4,515
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 895 470 425 7,860 3,600 4,260
Shona 895 440 450 5,425 2,530 2,905
Swahili 3,380 1,800 1,580 38,680 19,565 19,115
Wolof 225 135 90 8,240 4,455 3,785
Yoruba 1,555 805 745 22,420 11,475 10,940
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 3,115 1,515 1,600 40,760 20,375 20,385
Nilo-Saharan languages 925 455 465 7,015 3,520 3,495
Dinka 570 260 310 2,475 1,280 1,190
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 355 195 160 4,555 2,240 2,315
Sign languages 2,075 835 1,240 48,115 18,985 29,130
American Sign Language 1,245 450 800 21,930 7,780 14,155
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 4,665 1,665 3,005
Sign languages, n.i.e. 840 385 450 22,275 9,835 12,440
Sino-Tibetan languages 53,530 25,835 27,690 1,430,440 672,100 758,340
Chinese languages 52,725 25,415 27,305 1,413,110 663,465 749,640
Cantonese 27,980 13,370 14,610 699,125 325,840 373,285
Hakka 660 285 370 12,445 5,555 6,890
Mandarin 27,395 13,080 14,315 814,450 377,635 436,815
Min Dong 20 10 15 1,045 440 600
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,535 690 850 42,840 19,005 23,835
Wu (Shanghainese) 255 120 135 16,530 7,490 9,040
Chinese, n.o.s. 2,330 1,180 1,155 41,690 19,995 21,690
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25 590 250 340
Tibeto-Burman languages 830 430 395 18,270 9,100 9,175
Burmese 235 120 110 4,995 2,490 2,500
Karenic languages 450 230 225 4,895 2,425 2,475
Tibetan 45 20 20 7,050 3,555 3,490
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 150 80 70 2,375 1,160 1,220
Tai-Kadai languages 1,085 445 640 30,400 13,210 17,195
Lao 515 240 275 17,235 8,240 8,990
Thai 650 220 430 15,390 5,875 9,520
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 115 50 65
Turkic languages 2,785 1,535 1,255 60,530 31,585 28,945
Azerbaijani 225 120 105 5,450 2,885 2,565
Turkish 2,290 1,275 1,020 50,775 26,605 24,165
Uyghur 145 70 75 1,385 685 700
Uzbek 145 80 70 2,465 1,230 1,235
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 65 30 35 1,870 905 965
Uralic languages 1,815 850 965 94,810 44,270 50,545
Estonian 25 15 10 6,070 2,750 3,315
Finnish 290 95 190 17,595 7,540 10,050
Hungarian 1,505 735 765 71,285 34,005 37,280
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 640 370 275 9,730 5,375 4,355
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 913,585 457,210 456,370 34,460,065 16,971,580 17,488,490
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 793,725 397,565 396,165 32,034,590 15,799,495 16,235,090
Canadian citizens aged under 18 173,215 88,605 84,610 6,652,795 3,412,785 3,240,010
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 620,515 308,960 311,555 25,381,795 12,386,710 12,995,080
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 119,860 59,645 60,215 2,425,480 1,172,085 1,253,400
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 913,585 457,210 456,370 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 613,865 309,585 304,280 26,412,610 13,124,325 13,288,290
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 274,360 134,350 140,005 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Before 1981 48,220 24,090 24,135 1,941,510 927,795 1,013,715
1981 to 1990 30,460 15,010 15,455 915,555 439,245 476,310
1991 to 2000 43,245 20,325 22,915 1,486,655 696,720 789,940
2001 to 2010 80,875 39,850 41,025 1,985,035 940,570 1,044,465
2001 to 2005 33,690 16,395 17,295 928,935 439,890 489,050
2006 to 2010 47,185 23,450 23,730 1,056,095 500,680 555,415
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 71,555 35,075 36,480 1,212,075 582,175 629,895
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 25,360 13,275 12,085 506,625 260,755 245,870
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 274,355 134,350 140,010 7,540,830 3,586,500 3,954,335
Under 5 years 25,255 13,065 12,190 731,340 364,165 367,175
5 to 14 years 45,825 23,775 22,050 1,311,810 665,870 645,945
15 to 24 years 56,420 25,910 30,510 1,604,430 724,430 880,005
25 to 44 years 123,445 60,725 62,715 3,198,920 1,513,970 1,684,950
45 years and over 23,410 10,870 12,540 694,320 318,060 376,260
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 274,355 134,350 140,010 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Americas 26,650 12,960 13,685 1,128,745 510,650 618,100
Brazil 655 270 390 29,320 13,235 16,080
Colombia 2,455 1,260 1,195 70,035 32,065 37,965
El Salvador 2,895 1,465 1,430 48,080 23,865 24,215
Guyana 1,265 575 690 87,685 38,940 48,745
Haiti 505 275 230 93,480 40,955 52,525
Jamaica 2,510 1,155 1,355 138,345 59,960 78,390
Mexico 2,045 1,040 1,010 80,585 37,530 43,055
Peru 475 190 290 29,615 12,950 16,665
Trinidad and Tobago 1,405 690 710 65,040 29,325 35,710
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 6,230 3,005 3,220 253,715 113,505 140,215
Other places of birth in Americas 6,205 3,030 3,175 232,850 108,325 124,530
Europe 49,280 24,425 24,850 2,088,410 1,015,145 1,073,260
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,815 925 890 36,135 18,050 18,085
Croatia 1,255 655 600 40,045 20,005 20,035
France 575 265 310 105,565 55,395 50,170
Germany 4,745 2,340 2,405 145,845 69,525 76,320
Greece 560 320 235 62,715 31,580 31,135
Hungary 755 370 385 36,820 17,945 18,875
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 975 550 425 28,325 14,355 13,970
Italy 3,050 1,590 1,460 236,640 118,595 118,040
Netherlands 2,200 1,200 1,000 88,475 45,185 43,295
Poland 6,965 3,355 3,610 146,465 66,450 80,020
Portugal 2,335 1,160 1,170 139,450 68,150 71,300
Romania 2,130 1,085 1,045 90,305 42,795 47,510
Russian Federation 1,975 870 1,100 78,685 34,265 44,420
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 810 360 450 33,320 16,325 17,000
Ukraine 3,445 1,520 1,925 73,030 33,360 39,665
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 10,175 5,190 4,980 499,115 243,225 255,890
Other places of birth in Europe 5,520 2,670 2,855 247,470 119,945 127,530
Africa 35,155 18,180 16,970 637,485 322,510 314,970
Algeria 350 185 170 64,620 33,920 30,705
Egypt 1,860 1,045 820 64,615 34,125 30,495
Ethiopia 3,950 2,020 1,935 32,790 15,980 16,810
Kenya 1,840 955 885 27,150 12,810 14,340
Morocco 775 480 295 69,655 36,120 33,535
Nigeria 3,045 1,610 1,430 42,430 21,830 20,600
Somalia 4,570 2,250 2,320 27,230 12,070 15,160
South Africa, Republic of