Census Profile, 2016 Census
Vancouver, City [Census subdivision], British Columbia and Canada [Country]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Vancouver, CY
British Columbia
[Census subdivision]
Canada

[Country]
Data quality , Vancouver, City [Census subdivision], British Columbia  Map : Vancouver, City [Census subdivision], British Columbia Data quality : Canada [Country]  Map : geography 2
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 631,486  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,151,728  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 603,502  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,476,688  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 4.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 309,418  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,412,443  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 283,916  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,079  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 5,492.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 114.97  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,965,588.85  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 631,485 308,515 322,970 35,151,730 17,264,200 17,887,530
0 to 14 years 70,530 36,640 33,890 5,839,565 2,992,920 2,846,645
0 to 4 years 24,615 12,875 11,745 1,898,790 973,030 925,760
5 to 9 years 22,905 11,800 11,100 2,018,130 1,034,685 983,445
10 to 14 years 23,010 11,965 11,040 1,922,645 985,200 937,445
15 to 64 years 463,390 227,695 235,695 23,376,530 11,576,130 11,800,400
15 to 19 years 28,270 14,310 13,965 2,026,160 1,039,215 986,940
20 to 24 years 44,150 21,410 22,740 2,242,690 1,144,495 1,098,200
25 to 29 years 63,480 30,985 32,490 2,285,990 1,144,470 1,141,515
30 to 34 years 61,715 30,935 30,785 2,329,395 1,148,290 1,181,110
35 to 39 years 48,915 24,275 24,635 2,288,365 1,118,635 1,169,730
40 to 44 years 43,890 21,190 22,700 2,255,135 1,104,440 1,150,695
45 to 49 years 46,890 22,845 24,045 2,359,965 1,157,760 1,202,210
50 to 54 years 46,845 23,360 23,480 2,678,075 1,318,755 1,359,320
55 to 59 years 42,100 20,355 21,750 2,620,240 1,285,190 1,335,055
60 to 64 years 37,150 18,035 19,115 2,290,510 1,114,885 1,175,630
65 years and over 97,570 44,180 53,390 5,935,630 2,695,150 3,240,485
65 to 69 years 32,760 15,685 17,075 1,972,480 953,075 1,019,405
70 to 74 years 20,835 9,785 11,050 1,420,875 677,975 742,900
75 to 79 years 16,630 7,550 9,075 1,021,850 469,550 552,300
80 to 84 years 13,115 5,875 7,245 749,650 325,765 423,880
85 years and over 14,225 5,280 8,945 770,780 268,790 501,990
85 to 89 years 8,610 3,555 5,060 482,525 185,535 296,990
90 to 94 years 4,140 1,390 2,755 223,510 68,675 154,835
95 to 99 years 1,215 300 920 56,525 13,240 43,280
100 years and over 250 45 205 8,230 1,340 6,890
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 11.2 11.9 10.5 16.6 17.3 15.9
15 to 64 years 73.4 73.8 73.0 66.5 67.1 66.0
65 years and over 15.5 14.3 16.5 16.9 15.6 18.1
85 years and over 2.3 1.7 2.8 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 41.6 40.8 42.3 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 39.9 39.0 40.7 41.2 40.2 42.2
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 283,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 41,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,541,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 83,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,391,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 159,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,949,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 4,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 698,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 9,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 891,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 52,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 784,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 91,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,539,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 635  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 25  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 189,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 283,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 110,020  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 90,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,834,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 36,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,140,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 28,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,946,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 17,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,180,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 618,210  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,460,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 560,955 271,875 289,080 29,312,160 14,271,280 15,040,885
Married or living common law 282,585 141,450 141,135 16,893,720 8,452,135 8,441,585
Married 224,800 111,755 113,045 13,383,455 6,693,465 6,689,990
Living common law 57,785 29,695 28,090 3,510,265 1,758,670 1,751,590
Not married and not living common law 278,370 130,425 147,945 12,418,440 5,819,140 6,599,300
Never married 203,550 106,195 97,355 8,254,340 4,444,425 3,809,915
Separated 12,790 5,330 7,460 718,295 309,905 408,400
Divorced 37,150 14,245 22,900 1,816,005 725,535 1,090,470
Widowed 24,880 4,655 20,225 1,629,800 339,280 1,290,525
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 160,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,840,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 88,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,007,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 35,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,107,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 28,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,909,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 8,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 815,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 160,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,840,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 135,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,227,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 106,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,474,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 28,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,753,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 25,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,612,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 21,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,262,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 4,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 350,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 135,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,227,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 71,270  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,024,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 63,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,203,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 28,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,650,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 27,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,783,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 7,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 770,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 25,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,612,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 17,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 983,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 6,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 457,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 1,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 171,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 177,510 84,480 93,030 6,107,260 2,941,395 3,165,865
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 283,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 146,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,218,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 65,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,782,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 80,985  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,436,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 7,145  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 301,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 130,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,552,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 110,020  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 20,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 582,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 622,630 304,235 318,400 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,080
English only 518,180 258,795 259,385 23,757,525 11,838,075 11,919,455
French only 375 180 195 4,144,685 1,925,845 2,218,840
English and French 61,710 27,980 33,730 6,216,065 3,071,325 3,144,740
Neither English nor French 42,370 17,275 25,095 648,970 265,920 383,045
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 622,635 304,235 318,400 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
English 566,940 280,310 286,635 26,007,500 12,852,330 13,155,165
French 9,950 5,125 4,825 7,705,755 3,780,105 3,925,650
English and French 3,805 1,735 2,070 417,485 209,130 208,355
Neither English nor French 41,935 17,070 24,870 636,515 259,600 376,910
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 11,855 5,990 5,860 7,914,495 3,884,670 4,029,825
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.9 2.0 1.8 22.8 22.7 22.8
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 622,635 304,235 318,400 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,085
Single responses 602,805 294,900 307,900 33,948,620 16,702,840 17,245,775
Official languages 328,595 170,085 158,510 26,627,555 13,201,620 13,425,940
English 319,115 165,150 153,965 19,460,850 9,680,125 9,780,725
French 9,480 4,940 4,550 7,166,705 3,521,495 3,645,215
Non-official languages 274,210 124,820 149,390 7,321,065 3,501,220 3,819,840
Aboriginal languages 455 230 230 195,700 94,795 100,900
Algonquian languages 170 90 85 130,450 62,930 67,520
Blackfoot 15 5 10 2,815 1,325 1,490
Cree-Montagnais languages 125 65 55 88,445 42,920 45,530
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,150 3,135 3,015
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10,230 4,885 5,350
Moose Cree 0 0 0 100 50 55
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,205 590 620
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 315 125 190
Plains Cree 20 10 10 3,065 1,360 1,710
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 45 20 25
Swampy Cree 5 5 0 1,440 585 850
Woods Cree 10 5 0 1,840 865 975
Cree, n.o.s. 95 45 40 64,050 31,305 32,745
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 6,990 3,310 3,680
Malecite 0 0 0 305 140 160
Mi'kmaq 0 0 5 6,690 3,170 3,520
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 30 15 15 32,150 15,350 16,800
Algonquin 5 0 0 1,260 590 670
Ojibway 30 15 15 17,890 8,440 9,450
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 12,855 6,260 6,595
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 150 65 85
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 20
Athabaskan languages 65 30 30 17,365 8,325 9,045
Northern Athabaskan languages 60 35 30 17,315 8,310 9,010
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 60
Beaver 0 0 0 190 85 105
Carrier 25 10 15 1,025 465 565
Chilcotin 20 10 10 660 295 360
Dene 5 0 5 10,700 5,185 5,515
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 1,645 840 815
Gwich'in 10 5 5 260 110 145
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 80 25 50
Sekani 0 0 0 90 45 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 1,995 950 1,045
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 765 365 400
South Slavey 0 0 0 945 455 495
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 280 130 150
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 270 135 140
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 180 90 90
Tahltan 0 0 0 95 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 290 120 170
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 215 90 135
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 70 30 40
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 50 20 35
Haida 10 10 0 75 35 40
Inuit languages 5 0 5 36,545 18,100 18,445
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 1,025 445 575
Inuktitut 0 0 5 35,215 17,530 17,680
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 315 125 185
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 1,115 485 635
Cayuga 0 0 0 45 20 20
Mohawk 0 0 0 980 430 555
Oneida 0 0 0 55 20 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 20
Kutenai 5 5 0 105 55 55
Michif 5 0 5 465 230 235
Salish languages 35 15 20 2,305 1,130 1,180
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 225 245
Lillooet 5 0 0 315 155 155
Okanagan 5 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 10 5 5 445 225 220
Squamish 0 0 0 40 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 5 5 0 335 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 15 5 15 255 135 125
Siouan languages 20 10 10 4,285 2,070 2,220
Dakota 15 10 10 1,215 570 635
Stoney 0 0 0 3,025 1,465 1,555
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 55 30 25
Tlingit 0 0 0 95 40 55
Tsimshian languages 70 30 35 1,480 730 755
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 35 15 20 880 435 445
Nisga'a 20 10 10 400 200 200
Tsimshian 15 5 10 200 90 110
Wakashan languages 40 15 25 805 370 435
Haisla 5 5 5 90 40 50
Heiltsuk 10 5 10 95 40 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 10 5 5 325 145 185
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 10 5 0 285 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 30 15 15 585 295 295
Non-Aboriginal languages 273,755 124,590 149,165 7,125,365 3,406,425 3,718,945
Afro-Asiatic languages 4,305 2,465 1,840 575,365 298,060 277,300
Berber languages 25 20 5 22,135 11,865 10,270
Kabyle 5 5 0 13,150 6,995 6,155
Berber languages, n.i.e. 20 15 5 8,985 4,865 4,115
Cushitic languages 205 120 90 42,885 20,095 22,790
Bilen 0 0 0 805 455 350
Oromo 75 45 35 4,960 2,560 2,400
Somali 125 70 55 36,755 16,895 19,865
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 365 195 170
Semitic languages 4,065 2,320 1,740 509,190 265,465 243,725
Amharic 305 150 145 22,465 10,720 11,745
Arabic 2,485 1,505 980 419,890 220,785 199,105
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 70 35 35 16,070 7,910 8,160
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 15 5 10 5,545 2,780 2,770
Harari 5 5 5 1,320 635 685
Hebrew 1,050 555 500 19,530 10,480 9,045
Maltese 15 10 5 5,565 2,765 2,800
Tigrigna 120 55 65 16,650 8,310 8,340
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 2,155 1,085 1,070
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 1,155 635 520
Austro-Asiatic languages 10,935 5,010 5,930 176,725 81,810 94,920
Khmer (Cambodian) 295 130 165 20,130 9,270 10,860
Vietnamese 10,620 4,860 5,750 156,425 72,470 83,955
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 25 15 10 170 65 100
Austronesian languages 24,470 9,665 14,805 511,480 211,580 299,900
Bikol 100 40 60 1,790 790 1,000
Cebuano 880 310 570 19,890 7,930 11,960
Fijian 45 20 25 745 400 345
Hiligaynon 455 165 290 6,885 2,680 4,205
Ilocano 1,900 745 1,155 26,345 10,620 15,720
Malagasy 5 5 5 1,430 665 760
Malay 960 440 525 12,275 5,255 7,020
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 200 95 105 4,040 1,865 2,175
Pangasinan 95 45 50 1,390 590 800
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 19,435 7,630 11,800 431,380 178,575 252,810
Waray-Waray 50 25 25 1,110 430 675
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 345 155 195 4,195 1,770 2,425
Creole languages 100 50 50 72,125 32,310 39,820
Haitian Creole 0 0 5 3,030 1,445 1,590
Creole, n.o.s. 60 30 35 64,105 28,455 35,660
Creole languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 4,985 2,410 2,575
Dravidian languages 2,020 1,145 880 189,405 94,765 94,640
Kannada 50 35 20 3,970 2,040 1,935
Malayalam 340 185 150 28,570 14,770 13,800
Tamil 1,330 715 620 140,720 69,080 71,640
Telugu 290 210 80 15,655 8,640 7,020
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 490 240 250
Hmong-Mien languages 10 5 10 795 395 405
Indo-European languages 78,130 38,030 40,100 3,877,330 1,889,400 1,987,930
Albanian 135 70 60 26,890 13,610 13,285
Armenian 340 160 180 33,455 16,270 17,185
Balto-Slavic languages 14,740 6,665 8,075 701,975 323,640 378,340
Baltic languages 265 100 160 12,530 5,315 7,215
Latvian 120 50 70 5,455 2,350 3,105
Lithuanian 140 45 95 7,075 2,965 4,115
Slavic languages 14,475 6,565 7,910 689,450 318,325 371,115
Belarusan 15 10 5 810 385 430
Bosnian 235 110 125 12,210 6,035 6,180
Bulgarian 465 205 255 20,025 9,675 10,345
Croatian 1,250 580 675 48,200 23,540 24,665
Czech 1,000 485 515 22,290 10,525 11,765
Macedonian 80 35 45 16,775 8,050 8,725
Polish 2,720 1,225 1,495 181,710 82,435 99,275
Russian 4,450 1,910 2,535 188,255 85,400 102,855
Serbian 2,125 1,050 1,075 57,350 28,535 28,815
Serbo-Croatian 490 230 260 9,555 4,565 4,985
Slovak 600 270 330 17,580 8,075 9,510
Slovene (Slovenian) 145 70 75 9,790 4,415 5,370
Ukrainian 870 370 500 102,485 45,440 57,040
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 40 25 15 2,415 1,255 1,165
Celtic languages 120 80 40 2,690 1,335 1,360
Scottish Gaelic 35 25 10 1,090 540 550
Welsh 40 25 20 1,075 495 575
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 40 30 15 530 295 235
Germanic languages 9,005 4,340 4,665 538,765 258,410 280,350
Afrikaans 270 155 115 10,265 5,115 5,145
Danish 400 195 200 12,630 6,245 6,390
Dutch 1,360 685 675 99,020 48,200 50,820
Frisian 5 0 5 2,100 1,095 1,005
German 6,075 2,875 3,205 384,035 183,215 200,820
Icelandic 70 35 40 1,285 600 685
Norwegian 180 85 95 4,615 2,170 2,445
Swedish 430 195 235 6,840 3,015 3,825
Vlaams (Flemish) 60 40 20 3,895 1,730 2,165
Yiddish 145 70 75 13,555 6,750 6,800
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 525 280 240
Greek 2,160 1,080 1,075 106,525 53,350 53,170
Indo-Iranian languages 28,905 14,405 14,500 1,312,750 664,120 648,630
Indo-Aryan languages 20,600 10,195 10,405 1,064,760 538,530 526,235
Bengali 935 485 445 73,125 37,410 35,720
Gujarati 935 450 490 108,780 55,105 53,670
Hindi 3,680 1,830 1,850 110,640 55,880 54,765
Kashmiri 10 5 0 565 300 265
Konkani 45 25 25 3,330 1,625 1,710
Marathi 120 70 50 8,295 4,300 3,995
Nepali 175 105 70 18,275 9,230 9,045
Oriya (Odia) 20 15 5 1,055 560 495
Punjabi (Panjabi) 13,385 6,520 6,860 501,680 253,515 248,160
Sindhi 230 115 115 11,860 5,605 6,260
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 210 110 105 16,335 8,050 8,285
Urdu 860 475 380 210,815 106,960 103,860
Iranian languages 8,240 4,180 4,060 242,805 122,835 119,970
Kurdish 410 215 190 11,705 6,345 5,355
Pashto 165 90 75 16,910 8,760 8,145
Persian (Farsi) 7,670 3,875 3,800 214,200 107,725 106,470
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 60 30 30 5,180 2,755 2,425
Italic (Romance) languages 22,735 11,230 11,500 1,154,270 558,660 595,615
Catalan 75 40 30 865 440 425
Italian 4,740 2,315 2,425 375,635 184,415 191,220
Portuguese 4,700 2,260 2,435 221,540 106,630 114,910
Romanian 1,185 555 625 96,665 46,195 50,470
Spanish 12,010 6,040 5,970 458,850 220,605 238,245
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 25 20 5 720 380 340
Japanese 7,005 2,310 4,695 43,640 14,790 28,855
Kartvelian languages 15 5 5 1,715 910 805
Georgian 15 10 5 1,715 910 805
Korean 7,810 3,150 4,655 153,425 70,310 83,115
Mongolic languages 120 50 70 1,575 690 885
Mongolian 120 45 75 1,575 690 880
Niger-Congo languages 440 235 210 91,375 45,075 46,305
Akan (Twi) 45 25 20 13,455 6,490 6,970
Bamanankan 5 5 0 1,535 815 720
Edo 5 5 0 1,670 770 900
Ewe 10 5 5 1,760 950 805
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 0 5 2,825 1,495 1,335
Ga 5 0 0 920 445 470
Ganda 15 5 5 1,295 625 665
Igbo 15 5 5 4,235 2,265 1,970
Lingala 10 5 5 3,810 1,785 2,025
Rundi (Kirundi) 25 10 15 5,845 2,785 3,060
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 25 15 10 5,250 2,355 2,895
Shona 45 20 20 3,180 1,520 1,665
Swahili 105 55 50 13,370 6,385 6,990
Wolof 5 5 5 3,990 2,170 1,820
Yoruba 30 15 15 9,085 4,785 4,300
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 95 55 35 19,135 9,435 9,695
Nilo-Saharan languages 55 30 20 5,870 3,025 2,845
Dinka 20 10 10 2,120 1,115 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 35 25 10 3,755 1,910 1,840
Sign languages 115 55 55 7,500 3,925 3,575
American Sign Language 45 15 25 2,685 1,320 1,360
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 695 340 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 65 40 25 4,120 2,265 1,860
Sino-Tibetan languages 134,375 60,570 73,805 1,269,215 589,570 679,645
Chinese languages 133,810 60,275 73,535 1,253,360 581,650 671,715
Cantonese 85,020 39,005 46,020 565,270 262,865 302,405
Hakka 775 340 435 10,910 4,900 6,015
Mandarin 40,120 17,515 22,600 592,040 274,630 317,410
Min Dong 90 40 50 1,230 580 650
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 3,065 1,300 1,760 31,795 14,450 17,350
Wu (Shanghainese) 1,270 525 745 12,915 5,780 7,140
Chinese, n.o.s. 3,430 1,525 1,905 38,580 18,165 20,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 45 20 20 610 275 335
Tibeto-Burman languages 565 300 265 15,850 7,925 7,935
Burmese 390 200 190 3,585 1,795 1,790
Karenic languages 5 5 0 4,705 2,355 2,350
Tibetan 65 40 30 6,165 3,080 3,080
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 105 60 45 1,400 695 705
Tai-Kadai languages 850 295 550 22,010 8,870 13,145
Lao 110 55 55 12,670 6,145 6,525
Thai 740 240 495 9,255 2,690 6,565
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 80 35 55
Turkic languages 1,095 615 480 40,140 21,120 19,025
Azerbaijani 110 60 50 3,260 1,785 1,470
Turkish 915 520 390 32,815 17,375 15,440
Uyghur 20 15 10 1,035 510 525
Uzbek 15 0 10 1,715 855 865
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 40 15 20 1,315 590 720
Uralic languages 1,815 850 960 81,985 37,790 44,195
Estonian 125 50 70 5,445 2,325 3,115
Finnish 450 175 275 15,295 6,395 8,900
Hungarian 1,240 625 615 61,235 29,060 32,175
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 10 5 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 90 50 40 3,690 2,045 1,645
Multiple responses 19,825 9,335 10,495 818,635 398,325 420,305
English and French 1,740 835 905 165,320 80,460 84,860
English and non-official language 17,110 8,035 9,080 533,265 259,160 274,100
French and non-official language 500 245 255 86,150 42,170 43,985
English, French and non-official language 475 215 255 33,900 16,535 17,365
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 622,630 304,235 318,400 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
Single responses 577,695 283,360 294,330 33,103,860 16,298,475 16,805,395
Official languages 417,460 210,685 206,770 29,106,670 14,383,020 14,723,645
English 413,605 208,775 204,835 22,162,865 10,966,135 11,196,730
French 3,850 1,915 1,935 6,943,800 3,416,890 3,526,910
Non-official languages 160,235 72,675 87,560 3,997,195 1,915,450 2,081,750
Aboriginal languages 60 30 30 118,470 59,720 58,750
Algonquian languages 10 10 5 75,080 37,825 37,260
Blackfoot 0 0 0 1,115 555 555
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 5 0 55,825 28,135 27,685
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5,465 2,825 2,640
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 8,590 4,195 4,395
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,200 595 605
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 110 55 60
Plains Cree 0 0 0 1,350 665 685
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 20 5 15
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 330 140 190
Woods Cree 0 0 0 800 410 390
Cree, n.o.s. 5 5 5 37,945 19,240 18,710
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 3,615 1,795 1,820
Malecite 0 0 0 55 30 30
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 3,560 1,770 1,795
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 5 5 14,525 7,335 7,190
Algonquin 0 0 0 370 170 200
Ojibway 5 5 0 6,175 3,165 3,015
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,900 3,960 3,940
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Athabaskan languages 10 0 5 10,265 5,125 5,135
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 0 5 10,255 5,120 5,135
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 15 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 50 30 20
Carrier 5 0 5 245 115 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 255 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 7,710 3,805 3,905
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 1,020 550 475
Gwich'in 5 0 0 45 25 25
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 820 425 395
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 340 180 155
South Slavey 0 0 0 370 190 185
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 55 55
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 25 15 15
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 5 5
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 30 15 15
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 25 15 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 5
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 29,490 14,995 14,495
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 165 75 90
Inuktitut 0 0 0 29,230 14,885 14,345
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 55
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 285 135 155
Cayuga 0 0 0 10 0 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 255 115 140
Oneida 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 5 0 0 85 40 45
Salish languages 5 5 0 285 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 45 20 25
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 5 0 0 55 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 0 5
Straits 0 0 0 20 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 25 15 10
Siouan languages 10 5 5 2,225 1,085 1,140
Dakota 10 10 5 255 140 120
Stoney 0 0 0 1,950 940 1,010
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian languages 10 5 10 410 210 190
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 5 5 5 315 155 155
Nisga'a 10 0 0 70 40 30
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 15
Wakashan languages 5 0 5 75 45 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 5 5 5 5
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 5 0 5 30 15 15
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 0 235 110 125
Non-Aboriginal languages 160,180 72,650 87,530 3,878,725 1,855,730 2,022,995
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,015 1,035 980 307,755 153,275 154,480
Berber languages 10 5 5 8,105 4,215 3,895
Kabyle 0 0 0 5,490 2,855 2,640
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 2,620 1,365 1,260
Cushitic languages 80 45 35 27,095 12,455 14,640
Bilen 0 0 0 620 330 285
Oromo 35 15 15 3,410 1,700 1,710
Somali 45 30 20 22,895 10,340 12,555
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 185 85 95
Semitic languages 1,915 980 940 272,100 136,390 135,720
Amharic 110 50 60 12,780 6,010 6,770
Arabic 1,220 645 580 223,540 112,690 110,850
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 40 20 20 10,510 5,090 5,425
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 0 5 3,445 1,695 1,750
Harari 5 0 0 735 335 400
Hebrew 475 240 240 8,560 4,425 4,135
Maltese 5 5 0 1,130 525 605
Tigrigna 55 25 30 10,205 5,040 5,170
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,200 585 620
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 440 215 230
Austro-Asiatic languages 7,090 3,275 3,815 115,210 53,500 61,710
Khmer (Cambodian) 125 55 75 10,880 4,940 5,945
Vietnamese 6,950 3,210 3,735 104,245 48,525 55,725
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 20 10 5 85 40 45
Austronesian languages 11,165 4,720 6,440 239,785 108,110 131,680
Bikol 35 10 20 290 140 155
Cebuano 270 115 155 7,210 3,325 3,880
Fijian 15 10 5 195 105 90
Hiligaynon 145 65 80 2,205 970 1,240
Ilocano 645 270 375 9,125 4,045 5,080
Malagasy 5 0 0 435 220 210
Malay 275 120 150 3,620 1,710 1,910
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 55 30 25 1,200 565 630
Pangasinan 15 10 5 240 110 135
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 9,565 4,025 5,540 213,790 96,235 117,555
Waray-Waray 10 5 5 310 135 170
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 135 70 65 1,160 545 620
Creole languages 40 15 20 27,860 12,005 15,850
Haitian Creole 5 0 5 1,280 575 705
Creole, n.o.s. 30 10 20 24,575 10,510 14,060
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 2,005 920 1,085
Dravidian languages 1,210 645 565 122,490 59,780 62,710
Kannada 20 10 10 1,630 825 800
Malayalam 185 100 85 15,440 7,865 7,575
Tamil 900 470 435 96,955 46,570 50,385
Telugu 100 65 35 8,280 4,430 3,850
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 85 105
Hmong-Mien languages 5 0 5 340 160 180
Indo-European languages 33,965 16,030 17,930 1,911,215 927,225 983,985
Albanian 40 25 15 13,135 6,575 6,560
Armenian 140 60 80 21,505 10,165 11,345
Balto-Slavic languages 5,590 2,550 3,045 314,965 149,315 165,650
Baltic languages 50 20 30 3,275 1,400 1,870
Latvian 15 10 10 1,255 530 725
Lithuanian 30 10 15 2,020 870 1,150
Slavic languages 5,540 2,530 3,020 311,690 147,910 163,780
Belarusan 0 0 0 230 105 120
Bosnian 105 55 55 6,045 3,010 3,040
Bulgarian 210 85 120 11,985 5,835 6,150
Croatian 390 180 215 16,775 7,980 8,795
Czech 275 145 130 6,235 3,060 3,180
Macedonian 30 15 20 6,830 3,250 3,580
Polish 805 355 445 74,780 34,910 39,870
Russian 2,055 910 1,145 116,595 55,175 61,425
Serbian 1,110 530 580 31,750 15,665 16,085
Serbo-Croatian 210 90 115 3,885 1,865 2,020
Slovak 155 70 85 5,615 2,685 2,920
Slovene (Slovenian) 20 10 10 2,050 905 1,145
Ukrainian 180 80 100 28,250 13,150 15,100
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 670 310 360
Celtic languages 5 5 0 360 205 155
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0 185 105 80
Welsh 5 0 5 95 50 45
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 80 50 30
Germanic languages 1,385 670 715 146,455 71,835 74,615
Afrikaans 35 25 15 4,790 2,355 2,435
Danish 55 30 25 855 410 445
Dutch 170 85 85 9,565 4,630 4,935
Frisian 0 0 0 185 95 90
German 965 450 515 120,335 58,905 61,435
Icelandic 30 15 15 270 120 150
Norwegian 15 5 10 345 145 200
Swedish 105 50 50 1,045 500 545
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 5 355 170 185
Yiddish 5 5 0 7,080 3,695 3,385
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,625 820 810
Greek 870 415 455 44,545 21,110 23,440
Indo-Iranian languages 16,030 7,620 8,410 838,755 416,960 421,795
Indo-Aryan languages 11,280 5,395 5,885 676,185 337,440 338,745
Bengali 575 280 295 47,350 23,585 23,765
Gujarati 405 175 230 64,150 31,740 32,405
Hindi 1,465 685 780 55,510 27,805 27,710
Kashmiri 5 0 0 135 70 70
Konkani 0 0 0 720 355 370
Marathi 45 20 20 3,780 1,940 1,840
Nepali 85 50 30 13,375 6,710 6,670
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 5 470 235 240
Punjabi (Panjabi) 8,125 3,885 4,240 349,145 174,905 174,240
Sindhi 75 40 40 4,975 2,280 2,695
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 85 40 45 7,790 3,860 3,925
Urdu 410 205 200 128,785 63,965 64,820
Iranian languages 4,735 2,215 2,520 160,195 78,310 81,880
Kurdish 215 95 115 6,580 3,400 3,175
Pashto 90 45 45 10,590 5,305 5,290
Persian (Farsi) 4,435 2,070 2,360 143,020 69,600 73,425
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 2,375 1,215 1,160
Italic (Romance) languages 9,900 4,695 5,205 531,485 251,050 280,440
Catalan 45 20 25 355 165 190
Italian 1,690 720 970 115,415 49,975 65,440
Portuguese 2,320 1,085 1,235 98,710 46,915 51,795
Romanian 380 185 200 53,320 25,795 27,525
Spanish 5,455 2,680 2,775 263,510 128,110 135,400
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 180 85 95
Japanese 3,540 1,450 2,090 19,785 8,265 11,515
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,040 565 475
Georgian 0 0 0 1,035 565 475
Korean 4,685 2,020 2,665 109,705 51,385 58,320
Mongolic languages 60 20 35 910 440 470
Mongolian 60 25 35 910 435 470
Niger-Congo languages 105 40 70 28,665 13,340 15,320
Akan (Twi) 15 5 5 5,990 2,695 3,295
Bamanankan 0 0 0 340 180 160
Edo 0 0 0 415 175 240
Ewe 5 5 5 410 185 225
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 825 400 425
Ga 0 0 0 250 105 140
Ganda 0 0 0 345 160 185
Igbo 0 0 0 1,000 485 510
Lingala 0 0 0 1,045 455 590
Rundi (Kirundi) 15 5 10 2,110 990 1,115
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 5 5 1,530 670 865
Shona 10 0 10 1,035 475 560
Swahili 25 10 15 5,370 2,500 2,870
Wolof 0 0 5 1,380 745 635
Yoruba 10 0 5 2,615 1,275 1,340
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 4,010 1,850 2,160
Nilo-Saharan languages 25 5 15 2,650 1,305 1,350
Dinka 10 5 10 1,130 580 550
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 15 0 5 1,525 730 800
Sign languages 155 90 65 10,445 5,870 4,570
American Sign Language 50 30 20 3,015 1,560 1,460
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 730 375 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 105 65 50 6,690 3,935 2,755
Sino-Tibetan languages 95,010 42,780 52,225 924,720 433,530 491,190
Chinese languages 94,680 42,610 52,065 913,365 427,860 485,505
Cantonese 60,385 27,320 33,065 400,215 184,340 215,885
Hakka 235 95 135 4,080 1,820 2,265
Mandarin 30,085 13,460 16,625 462,890 220,075 242,815
Min Dong 25 15 15 345 150 195
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,260 530 725 13,965 6,345 7,625
Wu (Shanghainese) 690 310 385 7,650 3,580 4,075
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,990 875 1,115 23,935 11,440 12,500
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 280 130 150
Tibeto-Burman languages 330 170 160 11,350 5,670 5,680
Burmese 240 120 120 2,245 1,115 1,125
Karenic languages 5 0 5 3,865 1,935 1,930
Tibetan 30 15 10 4,590 2,305 2,280
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 655 305 345
Tai-Kadai languages 290 115 180 9,565 4,455 5,110
Lao 25 10 15 6,175 2,995 3,180
Thai 270 105 165 3,360 1,450 1,915
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Turkic languages 405 205 195 22,250 11,205 11,045
Azerbaijani 40 20 25 1,245 640 610
Turkish 340 170 165 18,955 9,525 9,430
Uyghur 15 10 5 610 315 290
Uzbek 5 0 0 990 505 490
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 455 230 225
Uralic languages 390 180 210 23,245 10,715 12,535
Estonian 10 5 10 975 365 610
Finnish 115 50 60 2,790 1,220 1,565
Hungarian 265 125 140 19,485 9,125 10,355
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20 1,110 605 500
Multiple responses 44,935 20,875 24,065 1,663,390 802,695 860,690
English and French 1,270 625 645 160,185 77,940 82,235
English and non-official language 42,965 19,925 23,040 1,284,975 620,375 664,600
French and non-official language 135 65 70 148,915 70,915 78,000
English, French and non-official language 575 255 315 69,315 33,465 35,850
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 622,635 304,235 318,400 34,767,255 17,101,165 17,666,080
None 478,680 236,640 242,040 29,615,245 14,612,175 15,003,065
English 57,215 26,935 30,275 2,109,340 1,045,215 1,064,120
French 7,105 3,365 3,735 731,095 342,245 388,855
Non-official language 77,120 36,100 41,015 2,151,690 1,023,940 1,127,750
Aboriginal 315 150 165 90,740 42,890 47,850
Non-Aboriginal 76,800 35,955 40,845 2,060,945 981,055 1,079,895
English and French 245 105 140 47,970 23,785 24,190
English and non-official language 1,320 610 705 61,075 30,045 31,030
French and non-official language 930 455 475 48,755 22,690 26,065
English, French and non-official language 25 15 10 2,080 1,075 1,010
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 547,845 265,130 282,715 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,355
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 530,075 256,470 273,605 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,190
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,964 36,884 29,835 34,204 40,782 28,860
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 530,760 257,115 273,640 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,694 32,416 27,492 30,866 35,933 26,621
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 478,365 232,595 245,770 24,583,315 12,296,595 12,286,725
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,054 38,896 29,997 32,762 39,925 26,613
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 364,480 159,405 205,080 19,743,240 8,755,815 10,987,430
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 1,443 693 1,956 5,453 4,199 6,136
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 401,075 199,930 201,145 20,428,685 10,547,760 9,880,925
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,554 39,000 30,604 33,684 39,836 28,474
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 547,845 265,110 282,730 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 530,100 256,665 273,440 27,489,395 13,441,555 14,047,845
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 50,317 58,349 42,777 47,487 56,740 38,632
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 530,765 257,295 273,470 27,500,230 13,446,230 14,053,995
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,787 45,930 35,948 38,977 45,404 32,828
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 477,830 232,485 245,350 24,584,065 12,295,015 12,289,055
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 51,607 60,814 42,883 46,885 56,803 36,962
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 364,195 159,020 205,175 19,742,130 8,752,070 10,990,060
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,528 5,268 5,730 7,738 7,345 8,050
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 401,075 200,160 200,915 20,428,670 10,542,540 9,886,130
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 49,021 57,313 40,762 46,057 54,369 37,193
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 547,845 265,115 282,730 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 170,880 93,385 77,490 9,367,045 5,231,015 4,136,035
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 55,278 59,824 51,258 53,431 59,326 47,420
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 71,274 79,578 61,266 65,997 74,289 55,510
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 92.6 94.5 90.0 88.3 91.6 83.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 73.7 76.5 69.9 72.0 75.2 67.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 7.4 5.5 10.0 11.7 8.4 16.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 547,845 265,125 282,720 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without total income 17,765 8,660 9,110 1,154,450 546,285 608,165
With total income 530,080 256,470 273,605 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,195
Percentage with total income 96.8 96.7 96.8 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 85,555 38,570 46,980 3,877,620 1,668,960 2,208,655
$10,000 to $19,999 96,425 42,655 53,765 4,680,380 1,867,600 2,812,785
$20,000 to $29,999 66,035 29,500 36,530 3,807,840 1,593,335 2,214,505
$30,000 to $39,999 55,095 25,115 29,980 3,206,175 1,472,670 1,733,510
$40,000 to $49,999 48,970 22,535 26,435 2,827,045 1,376,565 1,450,480
$50,000 to $59,999 38,495 18,730 19,760 2,179,775 1,145,685 1,034,090
$60,000 to $69,999 30,380 15,595 14,780 1,655,070 938,755 716,310
$70,000 to $79,999 23,860 12,360 11,500 1,271,850 745,830 526,015
$80,000 to $89,999 18,885 9,910 8,975 966,885 579,290 387,590
$90,000 to $99,999 13,895 7,695 6,200 749,290 452,240 297,050
$100,000 and over 52,495 33,800 18,685 2,266,600 1,603,400 663,195
$100,000 to $149,999 31,480 19,355 12,130 1,493,570 1,024,210 469,365
$150,000 and over 21,015 14,455 6,560 773,025 579,190 193,830
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 547,845 265,125 282,715 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without after-tax income 17,090 8,015 9,075 1,143,795 541,620 602,175
With after-tax income 530,760 257,115 273,640 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Percentage with after-tax income 96.9 97.0 96.8 96.0 96.1 95.9
Under $10,000 (including loss) 88,970 40,795 48,175 4,004,475 1,706,825 2,297,645
$10,000 to $19,999 100,690 45,125 55,565 4,905,055 1,972,920 2,932,130
$20,000 to $29,999 77,735 35,220 42,510 4,489,925 1,926,175 2,563,755
$30,000 to $39,999 65,670 29,885 35,780 3,924,960 1,870,705 2,054,250
$40,000 to $49,999 54,025 25,660 28,360 3,144,200 1,619,670 1,524,525
$50,000 to $59,999 39,605 20,115 19,485 2,209,280 1,245,570 963,705
$60,000 to $69,999 29,280 15,210 14,070 1,540,300 912,230 628,065
$70,000 to $79,999 21,510 11,460 10,045 1,076,180 654,570 421,610
$80,000 and over 53,275 33,640 19,630 2,204,820 1,540,335 664,485
$80,000 to $89,999 14,125 8,225 5,905 688,705 444,550 244,145
$90,000 to $99,999 9,350 5,725 3,625 420,975 291,090 129,885
$100,000 and over 29,800 19,695 10,100 1,095,140 804,690 290,445
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 547,845 265,130 282,715 28,642,980 13,990,625 14,652,360
Without employment income 146,775 65,195 81,570 8,214,295 3,442,860 4,771,430
With employment income 401,075 199,930 201,145 20,428,690 10,547,760 9,880,925
Percentage with employment income 73.2 75.4 71.1 71.3 75.4 67.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 51,270 23,085 28,190 2,778,990 1,357,430 1,421,560
$5,000 to $9,999 29,405 13,005 16,405 1,602,140 697,025 905,120
$10,000 to $19,999 54,795 24,940 29,855 2,736,010 1,212,855 1,523,155
$20,000 to $29,999 45,655 21,135 24,520 2,293,785 1,022,090 1,271,695
$30,000 to $39,999 41,770 19,625 22,145 2,149,860 1,001,065 1,148,795
$40,000 to $49,999 38,570 17,880 20,690 1,928,565 946,625 981,940
$50,000 to $59,999 30,125 15,295 14,825 1,554,100 839,045 715,055
$60,000 to $69,999 24,220 12,850 11,370 1,220,310 708,270 512,040
$70,000 to $79,999 19,345 10,355 8,990 992,170 591,945 400,225
$80,000 and over 65,920 41,765 24,160 3,172,770 2,171,415 1,001,355
$80,000 to $89,999 15,480 8,420 7,060 773,755 475,700 298,055
$90,000 to $99,999 11,080 6,415 4,665 623,980 382,330 241,650
$100,000 and over 39,360 26,925 12,435 1,775,030 1,313,385 461,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 283,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 65,327  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,336  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 56,908  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 61,348  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 110,020  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,449  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,174  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,957  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,446  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 173,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,102,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 89,207  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,249  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 77,792  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,419  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 283,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 93,947  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,764  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 76,249  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,171  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 110,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,967,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 52,841  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,799  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 43,034  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 173,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,104,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 119,956  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 110,813  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 97,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 90,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 283,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 9,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 228,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 5,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 200,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 12,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 374,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 14,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 565,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 11,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 602,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 11,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 538,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 11,360  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 603,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 11,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 606,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 11,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 596,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 10,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 578,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 21,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,097,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 19,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,010,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 17,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 924,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 15,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 836,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 13,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 745,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 87,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,561,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 25,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,470,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 18,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,016,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 20,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,116,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 23,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 959,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 283,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 10,690  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 243,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 5,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 203,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 12,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 380,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 15,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 591,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 13,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 673,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 13,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 628,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 13,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 719,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 13,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 725,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 13,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 711,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 13,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 691,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 24,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,299,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 21,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,169,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 18,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,041,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 15,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 900,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 12,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 757,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 67,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,333,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 24,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,371,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 15,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 809,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 27,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,152,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 157,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,688,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 90,754  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,306  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 78,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,372  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 64,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,706,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 89,248  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 78,976  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 76,651  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 68,309  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 63,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,222,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 111,636  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 113,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 96,822  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 96,608  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 23,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,481,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,242  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 53,193  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 47,864  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 48,856  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 157,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,689,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 123,043  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 99,168  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 64,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,706,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 122,724  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,086  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 97,432  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 82,296  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 63,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,225,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 146,259  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 137,094  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 117,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,307  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 23,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,477,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 68,258  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,549  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 58,017  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 56,687  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 159,610 77,970 81,640 5,313,545 2,608,845 2,704,705
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,285 32,735 31,872 31,890 34,483 29,801
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,113 29,381 28,877 28,959 30,746 27,495
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 159,335 77,730 81,605 5,299,050 2,596,985 2,702,070
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 45,574 47,649 43,597 42,939 46,085 39,915
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 37,678 38,938 36,477 35,801 37,724 33,952
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 618,210 301,665 316,545 34,460,065 16,971,550 17,488,515
In the bottom half of the distribution 312,560 149,205 163,360 17,229,835 8,256,970 8,972,865
In the bottom decile 93,215 45,030 48,190 3,445,950 1,672,900 1,773,050
In the second decile 63,335 29,625 33,710 3,445,660 1,564,965 1,880,700
In the third decile 53,770 25,580 28,190 3,446,165 1,641,930 1,804,235
In the fourth decile 51,155 24,475 26,685 3,445,850 1,677,120 1,768,730
In the fifth decile 51,080 24,495 26,585 3,446,210 1,700,060 1,746,150
In the top half of the distribution 305,650 152,460 153,185 17,230,230 8,714,580 8,515,650
In the sixth decile 50,755 24,580 26,170 3,445,695 1,716,510 1,729,185
In the seventh decile 51,560 25,365 26,200 3,446,470 1,730,975 1,715,500
In the eighth decile 54,985 27,165 27,820 3,445,940 1,741,640 1,704,300
In the ninth decile 62,020 31,070 30,960 3,446,045 1,751,850 1,694,195
In the top decile 86,325 44,285 42,045 3,446,080 1,773,600 1,672,475
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 618,210 301,665 316,545 33,968,295 16,724,265 17,244,035
0 to 17 years 86,040 44,615 41,425 6,836,380 3,504,250 3,332,125
0 to 5 years 29,140 15,210 13,920 2,228,770 1,142,505 1,086,270
18 to 64 years 441,005 215,215 225,785 21,695,090 10,690,090 11,005,005
65 years and over 91,160 41,830 49,335 5,436,830 2,529,930 2,906,905
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 116,045 55,460 60,585 4,809,940 2,243,200 2,566,740
0 to 17 years 17,130 8,815 8,320 1,163,830 597,570 566,255
0 to 5 years 4,945 2,485 2,455 396,095 203,055 193,030
18 to 64 years 79,800 38,185 41,620 2,855,290 1,341,590 1,513,700
65 years and over 19,115 8,465 10,650 790,825 304,040 486,780
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 18.8 18.4 19.1 14.2 13.4 14.9
0 to 17 years (%) 19.9 19.8 20.1 17.0 17.1 17.0
0 to 5 years (%) 17.0 16.3 17.6 17.8 17.8 17.8
18 to 64 years (%) 18.1 17.7 18.4 13.2 12.5 13.8
65 years and over (%) 21.0 20.2 21.6 14.5 12.0 16.7
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 106,445 51,215 55,225 3,128,995 1,519,370 1,609,630
0 to 17 years 13,965 7,185 6,775 696,025 357,255 338,770
0 to 5 years 3,900 1,945 1,955 236,435 121,170 115,260
18 to 64 years 79,195 38,255 40,930 2,157,745 1,057,585 1,100,160
65 years and over 13,290 5,770 7,520 275,225 104,525 170,695
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 17.2 17.0 17.4 9.2 9.1 9.3
0 to 17 years (%) 16.2 16.1 16.4 10.2 10.2 10.2
0 to 5 years (%) 13.4 12.8 14.0 10.6 10.6 10.6
18 to 64 years (%) 18.0 17.8 18.1 9.9 9.9 10.0
65 years and over (%) 14.6 13.8 15.2 5.1 4.1 5.9
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 618,210 301,665 316,545 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Official languages 576,100 284,425 291,675 33,818,210 16,709,290 17,108,920
English 575,700 284,250 291,450 29,748,265 14,806,270 14,941,995
French 61,745 27,745 33,995 10,242,945 4,952,455 5,290,495
Non-official languages 333,915 154,335 179,580 9,369,280 4,488,185 4,881,090
Aboriginal languages 625 275 350 263,845 127,550 136,295
Algonquian languages 240 115 130 177,570 85,505 92,065
Blackfoot 10 0 10 5,645 2,695 2,950
Cree-Montagnais languages 155 80 75 116,585 56,515 60,070
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,640 3,335 3,305
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 11,440 5,500 5,945
Moose Cree 0 0 0 195 80 115
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,465 710 755
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 545 225 320
Plains Cree 30 15 20 5,905 2,705 3,200
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 40 30 10
Swampy Cree 10 0 0 2,345 995 1,350
Woods Cree 10 0 0 2,665 1,230 1,435
Cree, n.o.s. 115 65 50 86,115 42,080 44,035
Eastern Algonquian languages 15 10 0 9,765 4,710 5,050
Malecite 0 0 0 755 370 390
Mi'kmaq 10 10 10 9,025 4,350 4,670
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 60 25 40 46,685 22,100 24,585
Algonquin 15 10 10 2,480 1,165 1,315
Ojibway 45 20 25 28,585 13,365 15,220
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15,610 7,575 8,030
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 205 105 105
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 120 60 60
Athabaskan languages 40 15 30 23,655 11,340 12,320
Northern Athabaskan languages 45 15 25 23,570 11,300 12,265
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 210 105 100
Beaver 0 0 0 340 180 165
Carrier 25 0 20 2,105 955 1,145
Chilcotin 10 0 0 1,150 535 610
Dene 0 0 0 13,060 6,270 6,790
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 2,375 1,210 1,165
Gwich'in 0 0 0 360 165 200
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 150 60 90
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 2,815 1,340 1,475
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 1,010 475 530
South Slavey 0 0 0 1,365 660 710
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 680 320 360
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 630 340 285
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 365 205 170
Tahltan 10 0 0 270 140 130
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 420 160 260
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 285 115 170
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 145 50 95
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 35 50
Haida 25 10 15 465 205 260
Inuit languages 20 10 15 42,980 21,355 21,630
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 10 10 0 1,975 895 1,080
Inuktitut 10 0 10 40,620 20,280 20,340
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 470 225 240
Iroquoian languages 10 10 0 2,800 1,240 1,555
Cayuga 0 0 0 125 40 85
Mohawk 0 10 0 2,415 1,120 1,295
Oneida 0 0 0 180 60 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 45 75
Kutenai 0 0 0 175 95 80
Michif 30 15 10 1,210 585 625
Salish languages 95 30 65 5,750 2,730 3,015
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 110
Halkomelem 20 0 15 1,060 475 585
Lillooet 15 10 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 820 370 450
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 10 1,305 640 665
Squamish 15 10 10 285 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 10 0 10 450 220 235
Salish languages, n.i.e. 35 10 25 565 295 270
Siouan languages 15 0 10 5,430 2,665 2,770
Dakota 10 0 10 1,760 870 890
Stoney 0 0 0 3,675 1,805 1,875
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 140 70 70
Tlingit 0 0 0 260 140 120
Tsimshian languages 80 40 35 2,730 1,350 1,380
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 20 0 20 1,305 645 660
Nisga'a 20 20 0 1,060 545 515
Tsimshian 35 20 15 410 180 235
Wakashan languages 55 20 35 1,490 680 805
Haisla 25 0 20 175 65 110
Heiltsuk 15 10 10 125 50 75
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 15 20 0 605 285 320
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 10 565 265 300
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 20 15 10 665 310 360
Non-Aboriginal languages 333,340 154,080 179,260 9,107,075 4,361,420 4,745,660
Afro-Asiatic languages 7,165 3,840 3,330 837,355 432,560 404,795
Berber languages 65 45 25 29,460 15,745 13,715
Kabyle 10 10 0 17,120 9,100 8,015
Berber languages, n.i.e. 60 40 20 12,505 6,735 5,775
Cushitic languages 355 180 180 57,125 26,870 30,250
Bilen 0 0 0 1,085 625 470
Oromo 120 75 45 6,245 3,070 3,175
Somali 235 105 130 49,665 23,070 26,590
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 480 220 265
Semitic languages 6,825 3,675 3,155 771,130 400,780 370,350
Amharic 410 225 190 33,670 16,675 16,995
Arabic 3,755 2,140 1,615 629,055 329,235 299,820
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 135 65 75 19,745 9,720 10,020
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 0 10 7,115 3,505 3,610
Harari 15 15 0 1,710 855 860
Hebrew 2,470 1,220 1,255 75,020 38,730 36,290
Maltese 30 20 0 7,625 3,760 3,870
Tigrigna 170 85 85 21,340 10,640 10,705
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 3,220 1,655 1,565
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 2,775 1,440 1,335
Austro-Asiatic languages 13,740 6,535 7,200 224,865 105,845 119,020
Khmer (Cambodian) 335 120 220 27,035 12,640 14,400
Vietnamese 13,400 6,400 7,000 198,895 93,735 105,155
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 60 30 25 190 70 120
Austronesian languages 31,410 12,660 18,750 656,200 273,075 383,125
Bikol 125 45 75 2,075 885 1,190
Cebuano 1,065 395 665 27,045 10,960 16,085
Fijian 110 70 40 1,660 955 705
Hiligaynon 350 130 220 7,925 3,200 4,720
Ilocano 2,185 870 1,315 34,530 13,805 20,730
Malagasy 10 0 10 2,335 1,120 1,220
Malay 1,630 800 830 22,470 10,370 12,100
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 240 105 135 5,425 2,445 2,980
Pangasinan 160 60 100 1,800 790 1,015
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 28,690 11,305 17,385 612,735 253,210 359,530
Waray-Waray 80 35 50 1,395 530 860
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 380 205 175 5,585 2,540 3,040
Creole languages 300 160 140 155,615 70,545 85,070
Haitian Creole 15 0 10 6,850 3,140 3,710
Creole, n.o.s. 145 70 75 133,045 59,890 73,160
Creole languages, n.i.e. 145 85 60 16,635 7,955 8,675
Dravidian languages 2,640 1,515 1,120 250,180 126,220 123,960
Kannada 110 55 60 8,245 4,180 4,065
Malayalam 535 300 235 37,810 19,410 18,400
Tamil 1,650 895 750 189,860 94,640 95,220
Telugu 435 315 125 23,160 12,770 10,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 790 385 405
Hmong-Mien languages 25 0 15 870 435 435
Indo-European languages 111,405 54,185 57,225 5,158,010 2,506,455 2,651,555
Albanian 90 45 40 31,930 16,140 15,790
Armenian 440 220 215 41,295 19,980 21,315
Balto-Slavic languages 17,000 7,695 9,300 817,315 384,960 432,350
Baltic languages 325 160 165 14,675 6,470 8,205
Latvian 170 105 70 6,500 2,960 3,540
Lithuanian 155 60 90 8,185 3,510 4,675
Slavic languages 16,800 7,600 9,205 805,915 379,965 425,945
Belarusan 80 30 50 2,265 1,070 1,195
Bosnian 425 185 240 18,265 9,055 9,215
Bulgarian 545 210 335 22,425 10,920 11,505
Croatian 1,820 835 990 69,840 34,515 35,325
Czech 1,305 610 690 28,720 13,675 15,050
Macedonian 130 70 55 23,075 11,190 11,880
Polish 3,035 1,360 1,680 214,965 99,365 115,600
Russian 6,100 2,735 3,360 269,645 127,055 142,595
Serbian 2,575 1,215 1,355 73,775 37,040 36,740
Serbo-Croatian 610 255 355 11,275 5,525 5,750
Slovak 805 390 410 21,470 10,215 11,255
Slovene (Slovenian) 195 80 115 11,495 5,205 6,290
Ukrainian 1,290 530 755 132,115 58,820 73,300
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 90 45 40 3,000 1,590 1,405
Celtic languages 715 400 315 9,165 4,705 4,455
Scottish Gaelic 140 85 50 3,980 2,010 1,975
Welsh 35 20 20 1,690 830 860
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 540 295 245 3,590 1,915 1,680
Germanic languages 16,490 8,185 8,305 695,535 337,215 358,320
Afrikaans 810 440 370 23,410 11,795 11,610
Danish 545 250 295 15,745 7,320 8,425
Dutch 1,855 955 900 120,865 57,885 62,990
Frisian 10 10 0 2,910 1,515 1,395
German 12,085 6,045 6,040 502,730 245,745 256,985
Icelandic 115 65 55 1,780 830 945
Norwegian 450 260 195 8,120 3,860 4,260
Swedish 1,025 430 595 14,140 6,510 7,635
Vlaams (Flemish) 110 70 40 4,400 1,945 2,455
Yiddish 235 105 130 20,985 10,435 10,550
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 8,710 4,425 4,285
Greek 3,025 1,440 1,590 150,965 75,510 75,455
Indo-Iranian languages 36,930 18,670 18,255 1,658,220 840,850 817,365
Indo-Aryan languages 27,675 13,880 13,800 1,387,805 704,370 683,435
Bengali 870 500 375 91,220 46,935 44,285
Gujarati 1,390 735 655 149,045 74,765 74,285
Hindi 9,925 5,005 4,920 433,365 221,665 211,700
Kashmiri 15 10 10 905 490 420
Konkani 55 35 20 6,790 3,185 3,605
Marathi 275 160 115 15,570 8,200 7,365
Nepali 295 155 135 21,380 10,915 10,470
Oriya (Odia) 15 0 0 1,535 755 775
Punjabi (Panjabi) 17,960 8,850 9,110 668,240 341,450 326,790
Sindhi 410 170 235 20,260 9,310 10,945
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 405 190 210 27,825 13,970 13,855
Urdu 1,575 875 695 322,220 164,685 157,535
Iranian languages 9,360 4,845 4,510 281,715 142,030 139,680
Kurdish 415 235 180 15,290 8,290 7,000
Pashto 210 100 105 23,180 12,465 10,715
Persian (Farsi) 8,915 4,625 4,290 252,320 126,565 125,755
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 80 45 30 8,875 4,715 4,155
Italic (Romance) languages 41,175 19,660 21,520 1,897,630 898,530 999,100
Catalan 155 75 80 2,035 1,145 890
Italian 8,435 3,975 4,455 574,725 278,500 296,225
Portuguese 6,235 2,995 3,240 295,955 144,465 151,485
Romanian 1,350 665 685 115,050 55,275 59,770
Spanish 27,755 13,220 14,530 995,255 460,250 535,010
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 75 45 25 2,680 1,610 1,075
Japanese 11,240 4,820 6,415 83,090 36,760 46,335
Kartvelian languages 15 10 0 2,150 1,075 1,075
Georgian 15 0 0 2,150 1,080 1,070
Korean 8,795 3,760 5,030 172,755 80,170 92,590
Mongolic languages 120 60 65 2,090 960 1,130
Mongolian 125 60 65 2,090 960 1,130
Niger-Congo languages 1,105 590 515 177,215 88,135 89,080
Akan (Twi) 55 15 40 22,145 10,810 11,340
Bamanankan 10 10 0 3,190 1,660 1,530
Edo 10 0 0 3,220 1,510 1,705
Ewe 20 10 10 3,000 1,685 1,315
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 30 10 25 4,725 2,460 2,260
Ga 10 0 0 2,250 1,140 1,110
Ganda 25 20 10 2,495 1,175 1,320
Igbo 40 30 15 8,850 4,710 4,140
Lingala 35 15 20 17,010 7,865 9,145
Rundi (Kirundi) 30 10 20 8,590 4,075 4,515
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 55 30 20 7,860 3,600 4,260
Shona 65 20 45 5,425 2,530 2,905
Swahili 585 320 265 38,680 19,565 19,115
Wolof 10 0 0 8,240 4,455 3,785
Yoruba 55 30 25 22,420 11,475 10,940
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 190 115 75 40,760 20,375 20,385
Nilo-Saharan languages 75 35 35 7,015 3,520 3,495
Dinka 0 10 0 2,475 1,280 1,190
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 70 35 35 4,555 2,240 2,315
Sign languages 925 395 530 48,115 18,985 29,130
American Sign Language 585 200 385 21,930 7,780 14,155
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 4,665 1,665 3,005
Sign languages, n.i.e. 350 200 150 22,275 9,835 12,440
Sino-Tibetan languages 150,200 68,430 81,770 1,430,440 672,100 758,340
Chinese languages 149,515 68,075 81,435 1,413,110 663,465 749,640
Cantonese 100,810 46,565 54,250 699,125 325,840 373,285
Hakka 910 440 470 12,445 5,555 6,890
Mandarin 65,800 28,570 37,235 814,450 377,635 436,815
Min Dong 35 20 15 1,045 440 600
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 4,480 1,885 2,600 42,840 19,005 23,835
Wu (Shanghainese) 1,610 680 925 16,530 7,490 9,040
Chinese, n.o.s. 3,555 1,625 1,930 41,690 19,995 21,690
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 50 20 30 590 250 340
Tibeto-Burman languages 790 405 385 18,270 9,100 9,175
Burmese 565 285 285 4,995 2,490 2,500
Karenic languages 0 0 0 4,895 2,425 2,475
Tibetan 105 60 45 7,050 3,555 3,490
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 135 75 60 2,375 1,160 1,220
Tai-Kadai languages 1,340 545 795 30,400 13,210 17,195
Lao 160 60 100 17,235 8,240 8,990
Thai 1,220 500 720 15,390 5,875 9,520
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 115 50 65
Turkic languages 1,570 895 675 60,530 31,585 28,945
Azerbaijani 140 80 60 5,450 2,885 2,565
Turkish 1,390 780 615 50,775 26,605 24,165
Uyghur 0 10 0 1,385 685 700
Uzbek 45 30 10 2,465 1,230 1,235
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 20 1,870 905 965
Uralic languages 2,130 985 1,145 94,810 44,270 50,545
Estonian 85 25 55 6,070 2,750 3,315
Finnish 510 195 315 17,595 7,540 10,050
Hungarian 1,535 760 775 71,285 34,005 37,280
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 205 120 80 9,730 5,375 4,355
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 618,210 301,665 316,545 34,460,065 16,971,580 17,488,490
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 525,810 257,515 268,295 32,034,590 15,799,495 16,235,090
Canadian citizens aged under 18 78,285 40,660 37,625 6,652,795 3,412,785 3,240,010
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 447,530 216,855 230,675 25,381,795 12,386,710 12,995,080
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 92,400 44,155 48,245 2,425,480 1,172,085 1,253,400
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 618,210 301,665 316,545 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 325,175 166,590 158,585 26,412,610 13,124,325 13,288,290
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 262,765 120,310 142,455 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Before 1981 63,890 30,340 33,550 1,941,510 927,795 1,013,715
1981 to 1990 38,210 17,310 20,900 915,555 439,245 476,310
1991 to 2000 63,480 28,390 35,090 1,486,655 696,720 789,940
2001 to 2010 59,855 26,595 33,255 1,985,035 940,570 1,044,465
2001 to 2005 26,900 11,805 15,090 928,935 439,890 489,050
2006 to 2010 32,955 14,795 18,165 1,056,095 500,680 555,415
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 37,335 17,675 19,655 1,212,075 582,175 629,895
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 30,270 14,760 15,505 506,625 260,755 245,870
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 262,765 120,315 142,455 7,540,830 3,586,500 3,954,335
Under 5 years 19,200 9,480 9,720 731,340 364,165 367,175
5 to 14 years 40,950 20,860 20,095 1,311,810 665,870 645,945
15 to 24 years 55,145 25,130 30,020 1,604,430 724,430 880,005
25 to 44 years 116,780 51,380 65,405 3,198,920 1,513,970 1,684,950
45 years and over 30,695 13,470 17,225 694,320 318,060 376,260
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 262,770 120,310 142,460 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Americas 20,600 10,170 10,430 1,128,745 510,650 618,100
Brazil 1,030 440 590 29,320 13,235 16,080
Colombia 950 445 505 70,035 32,065 37,965
El Salvador 1,125 600 525 48,080 23,865 24,215
Guyana 255 110 150 87,685 38,940 48,745
Haiti 20 10 15 93,480 40,955 52,525
Jamaica 485 270 215 138,345 59,960 78,390
Mexico 2,760 1,385 1,375 80,585 37,530 43,055
Peru 790 345 445 29,615 12,950 16,665
Trinidad and Tobago 455 205 255 65,040 29,325 35,710
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 9,295 4,710 4,585 253,715 113,505 140,215
Other places of birth in Americas 3,435 1,650 1,780 232,850 108,325 124,530
Europe 43,990 21,825 22,160 2,088,410 1,015,145 1,073,260
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,155 505 650 36,135 18,050 18,085
Croatia 1,050 550 505 40,045 20,005 20,035
France 1,775 945 830 105,565 55,395 50,170
Germany 3,210 1,540 1,665 145,845 69,525 76,320
Greece 1,175 535 640 62,715 31,580 31,135
Hungary 950 510 440 36,820 17,945 18,875
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 1,760 1,025 735 28,325 14,355 13,970
Italy 3,515 1,690 1,820 236,640 118,595 118,040
Netherlands 860 465 395 88,475 45,185 43,295
Poland 2,150 1,000 1,150 146,465 66,450 80,020
Portugal 1,590 770 820 139,450 68,150 71,300
Romania 1,235 595 640 90,305 42,795 47,510
Russian Federation 2,330 945 1,390 78,685 34,265 44,420
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 1,310 635 675 33,320 16,325 17,000
Ukraine 1,210 530 680 73,030 33,360 39,665
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 12,970 6,935 6,035 499,115 243,225 255,890
Other places of birth in Europe 5,735 2,660 3,075 247,470 119,945 127,530
Africa 6,170 3,290 2,880 637,485 322,510 314,970
Algeria 125 95 30 64,620 33,920 30,705
Egypt 310 170 140 64,615 34,125 30,495
Ethiopia 445 200 245 32,790 15,980 16,810
Kenya 675 315 365 27,150 12,810 14,340
Morocco 210 125 80 69,655 36,120 33,535
Nigeria 130 65 60 42,430 21,830 20,600
Somalia 100 65 30