Census Profile, 2016 Census
Victoria, City [Census subdivision], British Columbia and Canada [Country]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Victoria, CY
British Columbia
[Census subdivision]
Canada

[Country]
Data quality , Victoria, City [Census subdivision], British Columbia  Map : Victoria, City [Census subdivision], British Columbia Data quality : Canada [Country]  Map : geography 2
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 85,792  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,151,728  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 80,017  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,476,688  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 7.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 49,212  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,412,443  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 45,762  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,079  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 4,405.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 19.47  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,965,588.85  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 85,795 40,575 45,215 35,151,730 17,264,200 17,887,530
0 to 14 years 7,935 3,940 3,995 5,839,565 2,992,920 2,846,645
0 to 4 years 2,940 1,435 1,505 1,898,790 973,030 925,760
5 to 9 years 2,630 1,305 1,325 2,018,130 1,034,685 983,445
10 to 14 years 2,370 1,200 1,165 1,922,645 985,200 937,445
15 to 64 years 59,810 28,990 30,820 23,376,530 11,576,130 11,800,400
15 to 19 years 2,765 1,280 1,480 2,026,160 1,039,215 986,940
20 to 24 years 6,575 2,980 3,600 2,242,690 1,144,495 1,098,200
25 to 29 years 8,750 4,210 4,545 2,285,990 1,144,470 1,141,515
30 to 34 years 7,840 4,020 3,820 2,329,395 1,148,290 1,181,110
35 to 39 years 6,210 3,155 3,045 2,288,365 1,118,635 1,169,730
40 to 44 years 5,075 2,555 2,520 2,255,135 1,104,440 1,150,695
45 to 49 years 5,080 2,490 2,590 2,359,965 1,157,760 1,202,210
50 to 54 years 5,405 2,660 2,750 2,678,075 1,318,755 1,359,320
55 to 59 years 5,950 2,850 3,100 2,620,240 1,285,190 1,335,055
60 to 64 years 6,165 2,790 3,370 2,290,510 1,114,885 1,175,630
65 years and over 18,050 7,645 10,400 5,935,630 2,695,150 3,240,485
65 to 69 years 5,985 2,745 3,240 1,972,480 953,075 1,019,405
70 to 74 years 3,930 1,820 2,105 1,420,875 677,975 742,900
75 to 79 years 2,690 1,180 1,505 1,021,850 469,550 552,300
80 to 84 years 2,140 880 1,255 749,650 325,765 423,880
85 years and over 3,305 1,015 2,290 770,780 268,790 501,990
85 to 89 years 1,730 640 1,090 482,525 185,535 296,990
90 to 94 years 1,160 300 860 223,510 68,675 154,835
95 to 99 years 345 65 280 56,525 13,240 43,280
100 years and over 70 10 60 8,230 1,340 6,890
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 9.2 9.7 8.8 16.6 17.3 15.9
15 to 64 years 69.7 71.4 68.2 66.5 67.1 66.0
65 years and over 21.0 18.8 23.0 16.9 15.6 18.1
85 years and over 3.9 2.5 5.1 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 44.5 43.4 45.6 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 42.7 41.3 44.2 41.2 40.2 42.2
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 45,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 6,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,541,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 8,195  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,391,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 31,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,949,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 1,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 698,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 2,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 891,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 4,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 784,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 23,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,539,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 85  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 10  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 189,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 45,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 22,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 16,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,834,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 4,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,140,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 2,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,946,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 980  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,180,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 81,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,460,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 1.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 77,860 36,635 41,220 29,312,160 14,271,280 15,040,885
Married or living common law 34,940 17,435 17,505 16,893,720 8,452,135 8,441,585
Married 24,315 12,120 12,195 13,383,455 6,693,465 6,689,990
Living common law 10,625 5,320 5,305 3,510,265 1,758,670 1,751,590
Not married and not living common law 42,920 19,200 23,720 12,418,440 5,819,140 6,599,300
Never married 27,010 13,970 13,040 8,254,340 4,444,425 3,809,915
Separated 2,655 1,210 1,450 718,295 309,905 408,400
Divorced 8,550 3,100 5,455 1,816,005 725,535 1,090,470
Widowed 4,695 925 3,775 1,629,800 339,280 1,290,525
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 20,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,840,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 14,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,007,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 3,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,107,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 2,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,909,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 540  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 815,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 20,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,840,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 16,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,227,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 11,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,474,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 5,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,753,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 3,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,612,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 2,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,262,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 640  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 350,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 16,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,227,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 11,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,024,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 5,195  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,203,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 2,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,650,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 1,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,783,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 505  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 770,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 3,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,612,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 2,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 983,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 725  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 457,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 155  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 171,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 31,970 14,695 17,275 6,107,260 2,941,395 3,165,865
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 45,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 19,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,218,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 11,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,782,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 8,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,436,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 301,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 25,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,552,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 22,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 3,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 582,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 83,030 39,280 43,750 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,080
English only 71,570 34,325 37,245 23,757,525 11,838,075 11,919,455
French only 30 10 20 4,144,685 1,925,845 2,218,840
English and French 10,750 4,650 6,100 6,216,065 3,071,325 3,144,740
Neither English nor French 675 290 385 648,970 265,920 383,045
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 83,030 39,280 43,745 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
English 80,570 38,165 42,405 26,007,500 12,852,330 13,155,165
French 1,555 725 830 7,705,755 3,780,105 3,925,650
English and French 260 115 145 417,485 209,130 208,355
Neither English nor French 650 275 370 636,515 259,600 376,910
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 1,685 785 905 7,914,495 3,884,670 4,029,825
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.0 2.0 2.1 22.8 22.7 22.8
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 83,030 39,275 43,750 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,085
Single responses 81,605 38,630 42,975 33,948,620 16,702,840 17,245,775
Official languages 70,065 33,690 36,375 26,627,555 13,201,620 13,425,940
English 68,470 32,940 35,530 19,460,850 9,680,125 9,780,725
French 1,595 750 845 7,166,705 3,521,495 3,645,215
Non-official languages 11,540 4,945 6,595 7,321,065 3,501,220 3,819,840
Aboriginal languages 45 15 30 195,700 94,795 100,900
Algonquian languages 10 5 5 130,450 62,930 67,520
Blackfoot 0 0 0 2,815 1,325 1,490
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 5 0 88,445 42,920 45,530
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,150 3,135 3,015
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10,230 4,885 5,350
Moose Cree 0 0 0 100 50 55
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,205 590 620
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 315 125 190
Plains Cree 5 0 0 3,065 1,360 1,710
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 45 20 25
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 1,440 585 850
Woods Cree 5 5 0 1,840 865 975
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 64,050 31,305 32,745
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 6,990 3,310 3,680
Malecite 0 0 0 305 140 160
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 6,690 3,170 3,520
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 0 32,150 15,350 16,800
Algonquin 0 0 0 1,260 590 670
Ojibway 0 0 0 17,890 8,440 9,450
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 12,855 6,260 6,595
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 150 65 85
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 20
Athabaskan languages 5 5 0 17,365 8,325 9,045
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 5 5 17,315 8,310 9,010
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 60
Beaver 0 0 0 190 85 105
Carrier 5 0 0 1,025 465 565
Chilcotin 0 0 0 660 295 360
Dene 0 0 0 10,700 5,185 5,515
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 1,645 840 815
Gwich'in 0 0 0 260 110 145
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 80 25 50
Sekani 0 0 0 90 45 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 1,995 950 1,045
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 765 365 400
South Slavey 0 0 0 945 455 495
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 280 130 150
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 270 135 140
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 180 90 90
Tahltan 0 0 0 95 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 290 120 170
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 215 90 135
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 70 30 40
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 20 35
Haida 0 0 0 75 35 40
Inuit languages 0 0 0 36,545 18,100 18,445
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 1,025 445 575
Inuktitut 0 0 0 35,215 17,530 17,680
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 315 125 185
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 1,115 485 635
Cayuga 0 0 0 45 20 20
Mohawk 0 0 0 980 430 555
Oneida 0 0 0 55 20 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 20
Kutenai 0 0 0 105 55 55
Michif 0 5 0 465 230 235
Salish languages 10 5 10 2,305 1,130 1,180
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 225 245
Lillooet 5 0 5 315 155 155
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 445 225 220
Squamish 0 0 0 40 20 20
Straits 5 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 335 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 255 135 125
Siouan languages 0 0 0 4,285 2,070 2,220
Dakota 0 0 0 1,215 570 635
Stoney 0 0 0 3,025 1,465 1,555
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Tlingit 0 0 0 95 40 55
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,480 730 755
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 5 0 0 880 435 445
Nisga'a 5 0 0 400 200 200
Tsimshian 0 0 0 200 90 110
Wakashan languages 10 5 10 805 370 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 50
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 95 40 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 5 325 145 185
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 10 5 5 285 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 585 295 295
Non-Aboriginal languages 11,495 4,925 6,570 7,125,365 3,406,425 3,718,945
Afro-Asiatic languages 595 325 270 575,365 298,060 277,300
Berber languages 5 5 5 22,135 11,865 10,270
Kabyle 5 5 0 13,150 6,995 6,155
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 8,985 4,865 4,115
Cushitic languages 35 20 20 42,885 20,095 22,790
Bilen 0 0 0 805 455 350
Oromo 15 5 10 4,960 2,560 2,400
Somali 25 15 15 36,755 16,895 19,865
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 365 195 170
Semitic languages 555 310 245 509,190 265,465 243,725
Amharic 50 15 35 22,465 10,720 11,745
Arabic 440 260 185 419,890 220,785 199,105
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 16,070 7,910 8,160
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 0 0 5,545 2,780 2,770
Harari 0 0 0 1,320 635 685
Hebrew 25 20 10 19,530 10,480 9,045
Maltese 0 0 0 5,565 2,765 2,800
Tigrigna 30 10 20 16,650 8,310 8,340
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,155 1,085 1,070
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,155 635 520
Austro-Asiatic languages 235 95 140 176,725 81,810 94,920
Khmer (Cambodian) 30 15 15 20,130 9,270 10,860
Vietnamese 205 80 125 156,425 72,470 83,955
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 170 65 100
Austronesian languages 1,205 455 745 511,480 211,580 299,900
Bikol 5 0 5 1,790 790 1,000
Cebuano 80 30 50 19,890 7,930 11,960
Fijian 5 5 5 745 400 345
Hiligaynon 10 5 5 6,885 2,680 4,205
Ilocano 65 25 40 26,345 10,620 15,720
Malagasy 0 0 0 1,430 665 760
Malay 25 15 20 12,275 5,255 7,020
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 0 4,040 1,865 2,175
Pangasinan 0 5 5 1,390 590 800
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 995 375 620 431,380 178,575 252,810
Waray-Waray 5 5 0 1,110 430 675
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 4,195 1,770 2,425
Creole languages 15 5 10 72,125 32,310 39,820
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 3,030 1,445 1,590
Creole, n.o.s. 10 5 5 64,105 28,455 35,660
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 4,985 2,410 2,575
Dravidian languages 95 55 50 189,405 94,765 94,640
Kannada 5 5 0 3,970 2,040 1,935
Malayalam 30 15 20 28,570 14,770 13,800
Tamil 35 20 20 140,720 69,080 71,640
Telugu 25 15 10 15,655 8,640 7,020
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 490 240 250
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 795 395 405
Indo-European languages 5,440 2,440 3,000 3,877,330 1,889,400 1,987,930
Albanian 40 25 15 26,890 13,610 13,285
Armenian 10 10 0 33,455 16,270 17,185
Balto-Slavic languages 1,215 505 710 701,975 323,640 378,340
Baltic languages 35 15 20 12,530 5,315 7,215
Latvian 20 10 10 5,455 2,350 3,105
Lithuanian 15 10 5 7,075 2,965 4,115
Slavic languages 1,185 490 690 689,450 318,325 371,115
Belarusan 0 0 0 810 385 430
Bosnian 10 0 10 12,210 6,035 6,180
Bulgarian 30 15 20 20,025 9,675 10,345
Croatian 70 30 40 48,200 23,540 24,665
Czech 105 35 65 22,290 10,525 11,765
Macedonian 0 0 0 16,775 8,050 8,725
Polish 330 140 185 181,710 82,435 99,275
Russian 330 135 190 188,255 85,400 102,855
Serbian 55 25 35 57,350 28,535 28,815
Serbo-Croatian 30 15 15 9,555 4,565 4,985
Slovak 40 20 20 17,580 8,075 9,510
Slovene (Slovenian) 15 10 10 9,790 4,415 5,370
Ukrainian 160 60 105 102,485 45,440 57,040
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 2,415 1,255 1,165
Celtic languages 25 10 15 2,690 1,335 1,360
Scottish Gaelic 10 5 0 1,090 540 550
Welsh 5 5 5 1,075 495 575
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 530 295 235
Germanic languages 1,635 695 940 538,765 258,410 280,350
Afrikaans 30 15 15 10,265 5,115 5,145
Danish 85 35 45 12,630 6,245 6,390
Dutch 395 180 215 99,020 48,200 50,820
Frisian 0 0 5 2,100 1,095 1,005
German 990 410 580 384,035 183,215 200,820
Icelandic 5 5 5 1,285 600 685
Norwegian 50 25 20 4,615 2,170 2,445
Swedish 60 25 35 6,840 3,015 3,825
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 0 5 3,895 1,730 2,165
Yiddish 15 5 10 13,555 6,750 6,800
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 525 280 240
Greek 75 40 35 106,525 53,350 53,170
Indo-Iranian languages 1,010 495 515 1,312,750 664,120 648,630
Indo-Aryan languages 655 320 335 1,064,760 538,530 526,235
Bengali 30 15 15 73,125 37,410 35,720
Gujarati 35 20 15 108,780 55,105 53,670
Hindi 125 70 60 110,640 55,880 54,765
Kashmiri 0 0 0 565 300 265
Konkani 0 5 0 3,330 1,625 1,710
Marathi 5 5 5 8,295 4,300 3,995
Nepali 15 10 10 18,275 9,230 9,045
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 1,055 560 495
Punjabi (Panjabi) 315 140 175 501,680 253,515 248,160
Sindhi 25 15 10 11,860 5,605 6,260
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 20 10 10 16,335 8,050 8,285
Urdu 80 45 35 210,815 106,960 103,860
Iranian languages 330 160 165 242,805 122,835 119,970
Kurdish 5 5 0 11,705 6,345 5,355
Pashto 15 15 5 16,910 8,760 8,145
Persian (Farsi) 310 150 160 214,200 107,725 106,470
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 5,180 2,755 2,425
Italic (Romance) languages 1,435 665 765 1,154,270 558,660 595,615
Catalan 5 0 5 865 440 425
Italian 210 100 110 375,635 184,415 191,220
Portuguese 265 125 140 221,540 106,630 114,910
Romanian 80 35 45 96,665 46,195 50,470
Spanish 875 405 470 458,850 220,605 238,245
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 720 380 340
Japanese 475 125 355 43,640 14,790 28,855
Kartvelian languages 0 5 0 1,715 910 805
Georgian 5 5 0 1,715 910 805
Korean 435 165 270 153,425 70,310 83,115
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 1,575 690 885
Mongolian 0 0 0 1,575 690 880
Niger-Congo languages 85 35 50 91,375 45,075 46,305
Akan (Twi) 10 5 0 13,455 6,490 6,970
Bamanankan 0 0 0 1,535 815 720
Edo 0 0 0 1,670 770 900
Ewe 0 0 0 1,760 950 805
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 2,825 1,495 1,335
Ga 0 0 5 920 445 470
Ganda 0 0 0 1,295 625 665
Igbo 0 0 5 4,235 2,265 1,970
Lingala 5 0 0 3,810 1,785 2,025
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 5,845 2,785 3,060
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 5 5 5,250 2,355 2,895
Shona 10 5 5 3,180 1,520 1,665
Swahili 10 5 5 13,370 6,385 6,990
Wolof 5 5 0 3,990 2,170 1,820
Yoruba 5 0 5 9,085 4,785 4,300
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 25 10 20 19,135 9,435 9,695
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 5,870 3,025 2,845
Dinka 0 0 0 2,120 1,115 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 3,755 1,910 1,840
Sign languages 25 10 15 7,500 3,925 3,575
American Sign Language 15 5 5 2,685 1,320 1,360
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 695 340 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 5 5 4,120 2,265 1,860
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,455 1,040 1,415 1,269,215 589,570 679,645
Chinese languages 2,445 1,030 1,410 1,253,360 581,650 671,715
Cantonese 1,140 490 650 565,270 262,865 302,405
Hakka 5 5 0 10,910 4,900 6,015
Mandarin 1,100 455 645 592,040 274,630 317,410
Min Dong 0 0 0 1,230 580 650
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 35 15 20 31,795 14,450 17,350
Wu (Shanghainese) 25 10 15 12,915 5,780 7,140
Chinese, n.o.s. 130 55 75 38,580 18,165 20,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 610 275 335
Tibeto-Burman languages 15 10 5 15,850 7,925 7,935
Burmese 10 5 5 3,585 1,795 1,790
Karenic languages 0 0 0 4,705 2,355 2,350
Tibetan 5 0 0 6,165 3,080 3,080
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 1,400 695 705
Tai-Kadai languages 105 30 75 22,010 8,870 13,145
Lao 5 0 0 12,670 6,145 6,525
Thai 105 30 70 9,255 2,690 6,565
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 80 35 55
Turkic languages 65 35 30 40,140 21,120 19,025
Azerbaijani 5 5 0 3,260 1,785 1,470
Turkish 60 30 30 32,815 17,375 15,440
Uyghur 0 0 0 1,035 510 525
Uzbek 0 0 0 1,715 855 865
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,315 590 720
Uralic languages 250 100 145 81,985 37,790 44,195
Estonian 10 0 10 5,445 2,325 3,115
Finnish 60 15 40 15,295 6,395 8,900
Hungarian 175 80 95 61,235 29,060 32,175
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 3,690 2,045 1,645
Multiple responses 1,420 650 775 818,635 398,325 420,305
English and French 295 125 175 165,320 80,460 84,860
English and non-official language 1,040 480 565 533,265 259,160 274,100
French and non-official language 50 25 25 86,150 42,170 43,985
English, French and non-official language 40 20 20 33,900 16,535 17,365
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 83,030 39,280 43,750 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
Single responses 80,690 38,230 42,460 33,103,860 16,298,475 16,805,395
Official languages 76,265 36,275 39,985 29,106,670 14,383,020 14,723,645
English 75,830 36,070 39,760 22,162,865 10,966,135 11,196,730
French 430 210 220 6,943,800 3,416,890 3,526,910
Non-official languages 4,420 1,950 2,470 3,997,195 1,915,450 2,081,750
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 118,470 59,720 58,750
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 75,080 37,825 37,260
Blackfoot 0 0 0 1,115 555 555
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 55,825 28,135 27,685
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5,465 2,825 2,640
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 8,590 4,195 4,395
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,200 595 605
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 110 55 60
Plains Cree 0 0 0 1,350 665 685
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 20 5 15
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 330 140 190
Woods Cree 0 0 0 800 410 390
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 37,945 19,240 18,710
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 3,615 1,795 1,820
Malecite 0 0 0 55 30 30
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 3,560 1,770 1,795
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 14,525 7,335 7,190
Algonquin 0 0 0 370 170 200
Ojibway 0 0 0 6,175 3,165 3,015
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,900 3,960 3,940
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 10,265 5,125 5,135
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 10,255 5,120 5,135
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 15 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 50 30 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 115 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 255 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 7,710 3,805 3,905
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 1,020 550 475
Gwich'in 0 0 0 45 25 25
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 820 425 395
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 340 180 155
South Slavey 0 0 0 370 190 185
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 55 55
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 25 15 15
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 5 5
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 30 15 15
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 25 15 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 5
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 29,490 14,995 14,495
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 165 75 90
Inuktitut 0 0 0 29,230 14,885 14,345
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 55
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 285 135 155
Cayuga 0 0 0 10 0 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 255 115 140
Oneida 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 85 40 45
Salish languages 0 0 0 285 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 45 20 25
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 55 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 0 5
Straits 0 0 0 20 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 2,225 1,085 1,140
Dakota 0 0 0 255 140 120
Stoney 0 0 0 1,950 940 1,010
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 410 210 190
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 315 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 40 30
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 45 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 5
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 15
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 235 110 125
Non-Aboriginal languages 4,425 1,955 2,470 3,878,725 1,855,730 2,022,995
Afro-Asiatic languages 310 145 160 307,755 153,275 154,480
Berber languages 5 0 0 8,105 4,215 3,895
Kabyle 5 0 5 5,490 2,855 2,640
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,620 1,365 1,260
Cushitic languages 20 10 15 27,095 12,455 14,640
Bilen 0 0 0 620 330 285
Oromo 5 0 5 3,410 1,700 1,710
Somali 15 5 15 22,895 10,340 12,555
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 185 85 95
Semitic languages 285 140 145 272,100 136,390 135,720
Amharic 15 5 15 12,780 6,010 6,770
Arabic 230 120 115 223,540 112,690 110,850
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 10,510 5,090 5,425
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 3,445 1,695 1,750
Harari 0 0 0 735 335 400
Hebrew 10 5 5 8,560 4,425 4,135
Maltese 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Tigrigna 25 10 15 10,205 5,040 5,170
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,200 585 620
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 440 215 230
Austro-Asiatic languages 105 45 60 115,210 53,500 61,710
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 5 5 10,880 4,940 5,945
Vietnamese 100 40 55 104,245 48,525 55,725
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 85 40 45
Austronesian languages 525 225 300 239,785 108,110 131,680
Bikol 0 0 0 290 140 155
Cebuano 20 10 15 7,210 3,325 3,880
Fijian 0 0 0 195 105 90
Hiligaynon 0 0 5 2,205 970 1,240
Ilocano 20 10 15 9,125 4,045 5,080
Malagasy 0 0 0 435 220 210
Malay 5 5 0 3,620 1,710 1,910
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 1,200 565 630
Pangasinan 0 0 0 240 110 135
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 480 210 275 213,790 96,235 117,555
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 310 135 170
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,160 545 620
Creole languages 5 0 0 27,860 12,005 15,850
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 1,280 575 705
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 24,575 10,510 14,060
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,005 920 1,085
Dravidian languages 40 20 20 122,490 59,780 62,710
Kannada 0 0 0 1,630 825 800
Malayalam 20 5 10 15,440 7,865 7,575
Tamil 15 5 5 96,955 46,570 50,385
Telugu 10 5 5 8,280 4,430 3,850
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 85 105
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 340 160 180
Indo-European languages 1,340 615 720 1,911,215 927,225 983,985
Albanian 30 15 10 13,135 6,575 6,560
Armenian 5 5 0 21,505 10,165 11,345
Balto-Slavic languages 325 145 175 314,965 149,315 165,650
Baltic languages 0 0 0 3,275 1,400 1,870
Latvian 0 0 0 1,255 530 725
Lithuanian 0 0 0 2,020 870 1,150
Slavic languages 325 150 175 311,690 147,910 163,780
Belarusan 0 0 0 230 105 120
Bosnian 5 0 0 6,045 3,010 3,040
Bulgarian 20 10 10 11,985 5,835 6,150
Croatian 10 5 10 16,775 7,980 8,795
Czech 15 10 10 6,235 3,060 3,180
Macedonian 0 0 0 6,830 3,250 3,580
Polish 90 40 50 74,780 34,910 39,870
Russian 130 55 70 116,595 55,175 61,425
Serbian 15 10 15 31,750 15,665 16,085
Serbo-Croatian 5 0 5 3,885 1,865 2,020
Slovak 10 5 5 5,615 2,685 2,920
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 2,050 905 1,145
Ukrainian 25 10 15 28,250 13,150 15,100
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 670 310 360
Celtic languages 0 0 0 360 205 155
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0 185 105 80
Welsh 0 0 0 95 50 45
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 50 30
Germanic languages 145 65 80 146,455 71,835 74,615
Afrikaans 0 5 0 4,790 2,355 2,435
Danish 0 0 0 855 410 445
Dutch 25 10 10 9,565 4,630 4,935
Frisian 0 0 0 185 95 90
German 110 50 60 120,335 58,905 61,435
Icelandic 0 0 0 270 120 150
Norwegian 5 5 5 345 145 200
Swedish 0 5 0 1,045 500 545
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 355 170 185
Yiddish 0 0 0 7,080 3,695 3,385
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,625 820 810
Greek 5 5 0 44,545 21,110 23,440
Indo-Iranian languages 390 190 200 838,755 416,960 421,795
Indo-Aryan languages 210 105 105 676,185 337,440 338,745
Bengali 10 5 5 47,350 23,585 23,765
Gujarati 5 5 5 64,150 31,740 32,405
Hindi 30 15 15 55,510 27,805 27,710
Kashmiri 0 0 0 135 70 70
Konkani 5 0 0 720 355 370
Marathi 5 0 0 3,780 1,940 1,840
Nepali 15 5 10 13,375 6,710 6,670
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 5 470 235 240
Punjabi (Panjabi) 90 45 45 349,145 174,905 174,240
Sindhi 10 5 0 4,975 2,280 2,695
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 7,790 3,860 3,925
Urdu 40 20 20 128,785 63,965 64,820
Iranian languages 175 80 90 160,195 78,310 81,880
Kurdish 5 0 5 6,580 3,400 3,175
Pashto 20 5 10 10,590 5,305 5,290
Persian (Farsi) 150 70 85 143,020 69,600 73,425
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 2,375 1,215 1,160
Italic (Romance) languages 440 195 250 531,485 251,050 280,440
Catalan 0 0 0 355 165 190
Italian 30 10 20 115,415 49,975 65,440
Portuguese 90 40 45 98,710 46,915 51,795
Romanian 20 10 15 53,320 25,795 27,525
Spanish 305 135 170 263,510 128,110 135,400
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 180 85 95
Japanese 175 65 115 19,785 8,265 11,515
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,040 565 475
Georgian 5 0 0 1,035 565 475
Korean 245 100 140 109,705 51,385 58,320
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 910 440 470
Mongolian 0 0 0 910 435 470
Niger-Congo languages 35 15 15 28,665 13,340 15,320
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 5,990 2,695 3,295
Bamanankan 0 0 0 340 180 160
Edo 0 0 0 415 175 240
Ewe 0 0 0 410 185 225
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 825 400 425
Ga 0 0 0 250 105 140
Ganda 0 0 0 345 160 185
Igbo 0 0 0 1,000 485 510
Lingala 0 0 0 1,045 455 590
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 2,110 990 1,115
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 0 0 1,530 670 865
Shona 10 5 5 1,035 475 560
Swahili 5 5 5 5,370 2,500 2,870
Wolof 0 0 0 1,380 745 635
Yoruba 0 0 5 2,615 1,275 1,340
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 4,010 1,850 2,160
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 2,650 1,305 1,350
Dinka 0 0 0 1,130 580 550
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,525 730 800
Sign languages 35 20 15 10,445 5,870 4,570
American Sign Language 10 5 5 3,015 1,560 1,460
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 730 375 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 20 10 10 6,690 3,935 2,755
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,495 645 850 924,720 433,530 491,190
Chinese languages 1,485 640 850 913,365 427,860 485,505
Cantonese 650 285 375 400,215 184,340 215,885
Hakka 0 0 0 4,080 1,820 2,265
Mandarin 735 315 425 462,890 220,075 242,815
Min Dong 0 0 0 345 150 195
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 0 5 13,965 6,345 7,625
Wu (Shanghainese) 20 5 10 7,650 3,580 4,075
Chinese, n.o.s. 75 30 40 23,935 11,440 12,500
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 280 130 150
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 5 0 11,350 5,670 5,680
Burmese 5 5 0 2,245 1,115 1,125
Karenic languages 0 0 0 3,865 1,935 1,930
Tibetan 0 0 0 4,590 2,305 2,280
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 655 305 345
Tai-Kadai languages 45 20 25 9,565 4,455 5,110
Lao 0 0 0 6,175 2,995 3,180
Thai 45 20 25 3,360 1,450 1,915
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Turkic languages 20 10 10 22,250 11,205 11,045
Azerbaijani 5 5 0 1,245 640 610
Turkish 20 5 10 18,955 9,525 9,430
Uyghur 0 0 0 610 315 290
Uzbek 0 0 0 990 505 490
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 455 230 225
Uralic languages 50 25 25 23,245 10,715 12,535
Estonian 5 0 0 975 365 610
Finnish 5 5 5 2,790 1,220 1,565
Hungarian 45 20 25 19,485 9,125 10,355
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,110 605 500
Multiple responses 2,340 1,050 1,290 1,663,390 802,695 860,690
English and French 200 90 115 160,185 77,940 82,235
English and non-official language 2,060 920 1,140 1,284,975 620,375 664,600
French and non-official language 20 10 5 148,915 70,915 78,000
English, French and non-official language 55 30 25 69,315 33,465 35,850
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 83,030 39,280 43,750 34,767,255 17,101,165 17,666,080
None 75,050 35,845 39,200 29,615,245 14,612,175 15,003,065
English 2,045 925 1,125 2,109,340 1,045,215 1,064,120
French 1,300 550 745 731,095 342,245 388,855
Non-official language 4,420 1,855 2,565 2,151,690 1,023,940 1,127,750
Aboriginal 70 30 45 90,740 42,890 47,850
Non-Aboriginal 4,350 1,830 2,520 2,060,945 981,055 1,079,895
English and French 20 10 15 47,970 23,785 24,190
English and non-official language 70 45 30 61,075 30,045 31,030
French and non-official language 125 50 70 48,755 22,690 26,065
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 2,080 1,075 1,010
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 73,745 34,690 39,050 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,355
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 72,190 33,985 38,205 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,190
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,164 37,331 31,669 34,204 40,782 28,860
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 72,260 34,045 38,215 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,610 32,814 28,833 30,866 35,933 26,621
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 66,200 31,105 35,090 24,583,315 12,296,595 12,286,725
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,526 36,641 29,010 32,762 39,925 26,613
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 52,960 23,290 29,670 19,743,240 8,755,815 10,987,430
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,026 1,711 3,827 5,453 4,199 6,136
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 55,140 26,605 28,535 20,428,685 10,547,760 9,880,925
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,948 34,107 28,095 33,684 39,836 28,474
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 73,745 34,690 39,050 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 72,270 34,050 38,220 27,489,395 13,441,555 14,047,845
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,934 48,880 39,528 47,487 56,740 38,632
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 72,325 34,100 38,230 27,500,230 13,446,230 14,053,995
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,036 40,348 34,082 38,977 45,404 32,828
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 66,340 31,260 35,080 24,584,065 12,295,015 12,289,055
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,634 48,660 37,264 46,885 56,803 36,962
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 52,990 23,195 29,790 19,742,130 8,752,070 10,990,060
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,543 6,171 6,833 7,738 7,345 8,050
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 55,145 26,945 28,195 20,428,670 10,542,540 9,886,130
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,952 43,339 34,758 46,057 54,369 37,193
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 73,745 34,690 39,055 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 23,305 12,310 11,000 9,367,045 5,231,015 4,136,035
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 49,464 51,654 47,993 53,431 59,326 47,420
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 56,781 60,305 52,836 65,997 74,289 55,510
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 89.1 91.2 86.7 88.3 91.6 83.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 68.7 71.1 65.9 72.0 75.2 67.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 10.9 8.8 13.3 11.7 8.4 16.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 73,745 34,695 39,050 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without total income 1,555 710 845 1,154,450 546,285 608,165
With total income 72,185 33,985 38,205 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,195
Percentage with total income 97.9 98.0 97.8 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 8,575 3,885 4,690 3,877,620 1,668,960 2,208,655
$10,000 to $19,999 12,895 5,530 7,365 4,680,380 1,867,600 2,812,785
$20,000 to $29,999 10,750 4,545 6,205 3,807,840 1,593,335 2,214,505
$30,000 to $39,999 9,130 4,130 5,000 3,206,175 1,472,670 1,733,510
$40,000 to $49,999 7,995 3,625 4,370 2,827,045 1,376,565 1,450,480
$50,000 to $59,999 6,050 2,835 3,215 2,179,775 1,145,685 1,034,090
$60,000 to $69,999 4,495 2,355 2,145 1,655,070 938,755 716,310
$70,000 to $79,999 3,590 1,860 1,735 1,271,850 745,830 526,015
$80,000 to $89,999 2,575 1,435 1,130 966,885 579,290 387,590
$90,000 to $99,999 1,770 980 785 749,290 452,240 297,050
$100,000 and over 4,365 2,800 1,565 2,266,600 1,603,400 663,195
$100,000 to $149,999 2,990 1,840 1,150 1,493,570 1,024,210 469,365
$150,000 and over 1,375 965 415 773,025 579,190 193,830
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 73,745 34,695 39,055 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without after-tax income 1,485 650 835 1,143,795 541,620 602,175
With after-tax income 72,255 34,045 38,215 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Percentage with after-tax income 98.0 98.1 97.8 96.0 96.1 95.9
Under $10,000 (including loss) 8,995 4,125 4,870 4,004,475 1,706,825 2,297,645
$10,000 to $19,999 13,520 5,885 7,640 4,905,055 1,972,920 2,932,130
$20,000 to $29,999 12,975 5,645 7,330 4,489,925 1,926,175 2,563,755
$30,000 to $39,999 10,760 4,855 5,905 3,924,960 1,870,705 2,054,250
$40,000 to $49,999 8,625 3,965 4,660 3,144,200 1,619,670 1,524,525
$50,000 to $59,999 5,865 2,970 2,890 2,209,280 1,245,570 963,705
$60,000 to $69,999 4,220 2,265 1,950 1,540,300 912,230 628,065
$70,000 to $79,999 2,775 1,495 1,280 1,076,180 654,570 421,610
$80,000 and over 4,525 2,845 1,685 2,204,820 1,540,335 664,485
$80,000 to $89,999 1,470 855 615 688,705 444,550 244,145
$90,000 to $99,999 900 550 350 420,975 291,090 129,885
$100,000 and over 2,155 1,435 715 1,095,140 804,690 290,445
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 73,745 34,695 39,055 28,642,980 13,990,625 14,652,360
Without employment income 18,600 8,085 10,515 8,214,295 3,442,860 4,771,430
With employment income 55,145 26,610 28,535 20,428,690 10,547,760 9,880,925
Percentage with employment income 74.8 76.7 73.1 71.3 75.4 67.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 8,025 3,605 4,425 2,778,990 1,357,430 1,421,560
$5,000 to $9,999 4,130 1,745 2,380 1,602,140 697,025 905,120
$10,000 to $19,999 7,850 3,455 4,400 2,736,010 1,212,855 1,523,155
$20,000 to $29,999 6,940 3,235 3,700 2,293,785 1,022,090 1,271,695
$30,000 to $39,999 6,330 3,020 3,310 2,149,860 1,001,065 1,148,795
$40,000 to $49,999 5,695 2,655 3,040 1,928,565 946,625 981,940
$50,000 to $59,999 4,230 1,975 2,250 1,554,100 839,045 715,055
$60,000 to $69,999 3,165 1,695 1,470 1,220,310 708,270 512,040
$70,000 to $79,999 2,665 1,400 1,265 992,170 591,945 400,225
$80,000 and over 6,120 3,820 2,300 3,172,770 2,171,415 1,001,355
$80,000 to $89,999 1,945 1,115 830 773,755 475,700 298,055
$90,000 to $99,999 1,320 760 565 623,980 382,330 241,650
$100,000 and over 2,855 1,950 910 1,775,030 1,313,385 461,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 45,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 53,126  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,336  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 46,804  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 61,348  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 22,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,969,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,299  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,174  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,446  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 23,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,102,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 77,608  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,249  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 68,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,419  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 45,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 69,383  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,764  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 58,536  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,171  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 22,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,967,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 45,373  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,799  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,421  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 23,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,104,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 91,917  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 110,813  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 77,413  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 90,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 45,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 1,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 228,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 865  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 200,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 374,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 565,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 602,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 538,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 603,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 606,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 596,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 578,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,097,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,430  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,010,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 924,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 836,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 745,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 9,270  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,561,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,470,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,150  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,016,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 2,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,116,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 1,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 959,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 45,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,072,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 1,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 243,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 875  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 203,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 380,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 591,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 3,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 673,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 628,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 719,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 725,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 711,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 691,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,299,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,169,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,041,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 900,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 757,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 6,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,333,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,371,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 809,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 1,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,152,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 20,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,688,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 80,208  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,306  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 70,273  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,372  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 2.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 11,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,706,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 81,224  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 78,976  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 71,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 68,309  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 5,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,222,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 103,303  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 113,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 89,444  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 96,608  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 3,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,481,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 47,781  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 53,193  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 43,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 48,856  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 20,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,689,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 94,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 79,151  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 11,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,706,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 95,491  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,086  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 79,393  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 82,296  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 5,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,225,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 117,609  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 137,094  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 98,131  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,307  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 3,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,477,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,430  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,549  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 49,151  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 56,687  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 30,535 14,085 16,450 5,313,545 2,608,845 2,704,705
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 31,052 31,426 30,802 31,890 34,483 29,801
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,063 28,124 28,013 28,959 30,746 27,495
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 30,540 14,025 16,505 5,299,050 2,596,985 2,702,070
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 40,616 42,746 38,806 42,939 46,085 39,915
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 34,721 36,131 33,524 35,801 37,724 33,952
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 81,655 38,615 43,040 34,460,065 16,971,550 17,488,515
In the bottom half of the distribution 46,245 21,360 24,885 17,229,835 8,256,970 8,972,865
In the bottom decile 12,915 6,170 6,745 3,445,950 1,672,900 1,773,050
In the second decile 9,735 4,300 5,445 3,445,660 1,564,965 1,880,700
In the third decile 8,255 3,760 4,495 3,446,165 1,641,930 1,804,235
In the fourth decile 7,575 3,440 4,130 3,445,850 1,677,120 1,768,730
In the fifth decile 7,765 3,685 4,075 3,446,210 1,700,060 1,746,150
In the top half of the distribution 35,410 17,255 18,155 17,230,230 8,714,580 8,515,650
In the sixth decile 7,430 3,475 3,960 3,445,695 1,716,510 1,729,185
In the seventh decile 7,275 3,515 3,755 3,446,470 1,730,975 1,715,500
In the eighth decile 7,160 3,460 3,700 3,445,940 1,741,640 1,704,300
In the ninth decile 6,975 3,465 3,515 3,446,045 1,751,850 1,694,195
In the top decile 6,565 3,340 3,230 3,446,080 1,773,600 1,672,475
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 81,655 38,615 43,040 33,968,295 16,724,265 17,244,035
0 to 17 years 9,300 4,600 4,700 6,836,380 3,504,250 3,332,125
0 to 5 years 3,485 1,690 1,800 2,228,770 1,142,505 1,086,270
18 to 64 years 56,920 27,250 29,670 21,695,090 10,690,090 11,005,005
65 years and over 15,430 6,765 8,665 5,436,830 2,529,930 2,906,905
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 16,140 7,425 8,715 4,809,940 2,243,200 2,566,740
0 to 17 years 2,195 1,140 1,055 1,163,830 597,570 566,255
0 to 5 years 770 405 360 396,095 203,055 193,030
18 to 64 years 11,295 5,240 6,055 2,855,290 1,341,590 1,513,700
65 years and over 2,650 1,045 1,605 790,825 304,040 486,780
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 19.8 19.2 20.2 14.2 13.4 14.9
0 to 17 years (%) 23.6 24.8 22.4 17.0 17.1 17.0
0 to 5 years (%) 22.1 24.0 20.0 17.8 17.8 17.8
18 to 64 years (%) 19.8 19.2 20.4 13.2 12.5 13.8
65 years and over (%) 17.2 15.4 18.5 14.5 12.0 16.7
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 11,440 5,480 5,960 3,128,995 1,519,370 1,609,630
0 to 17 years 1,335 705 630 696,025 357,255 338,770
0 to 5 years 445 235 205 236,435 121,170 115,260
18 to 64 years 9,325 4,455 4,865 2,157,745 1,057,585 1,100,160
65 years and over 785 320 460 275,225 104,525 170,695
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 14.0 14.2 13.8 9.2 9.1 9.3
0 to 17 years (%) 14.4 15.3 13.4 10.2 10.2 10.2
0 to 5 years (%) 12.8 13.9 11.4 10.6 10.6 10.6
18 to 64 years (%) 16.4 16.3 16.4 9.9 9.9 10.0
65 years and over (%) 5.1 4.7 5.3 5.1 4.1 5.9
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 81,650 38,620 43,035 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Official languages 80,965 38,335 42,635 33,818,210 16,709,290 17,108,920
English 80,950 38,325 42,625 29,748,265 14,806,270 14,941,995
French 10,685 4,695 5,985 10,242,945 4,952,455 5,290,495
Non-official languages 17,770 7,765 10,000 9,369,280 4,488,185 4,881,090
Aboriginal languages 135 50 85 263,845 127,550 136,295
Algonquian languages 70 30 40 177,570 85,505 92,065
Blackfoot 0 0 0 5,645 2,695 2,950
Cree-Montagnais languages 70 35 40 116,585 56,515 60,070
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,640 3,335 3,305
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 11,440 5,500 5,945
Moose Cree 0 0 0 195 80 115
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,465 710 755
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 545 225 320
Plains Cree 35 20 15 5,905 2,705 3,200
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 40 30 10
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 2,345 995 1,350
Woods Cree 15 0 15 2,665 1,230 1,435
Cree, n.o.s. 30 15 15 86,115 42,080 44,035
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 9,765 4,710 5,050
Malecite 0 0 0 755 370 390
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 9,025 4,350 4,670
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 46,685 22,100 24,585
Algonquin 0 0 0 2,480 1,165 1,315
Ojibway 0 0 0 28,585 13,365 15,220
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15,610 7,575 8,030
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 205 105 105
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 120 60 60
Athabaskan languages 15 10 10 23,655 11,340 12,320
Northern Athabaskan languages 15 0 10 23,570 11,300 12,265
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 210 105 100
Beaver 0 0 0 340 180 165
Carrier 0 0 0 2,105 955 1,145
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,150 535 610
Dene 0 0 0 13,060 6,270 6,790
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 2,375 1,210 1,165
Gwich'in 0 0 0 360 165 200
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 150 60 90
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 2,815 1,340 1,475
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 1,010 475 530
South Slavey 0 0 0 1,365 660 710
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 680 320 360
Tahltan languages 10 10 10 630 340 285
Kaska (Nahani) 10 0 0 365 205 170
Tahltan 0 0 0 270 140 130
Tutchone languages 10 0 10 420 160 260
Northern Tutchone 0 0 10 285 115 170
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 145 50 95
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 35 50
Haida 0 0 0 465 205 260
Inuit languages 10 0 0 42,980 21,355 21,630
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 1,975 895 1,080
Inuktitut 10 0 0 40,620 20,280 20,340
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 470 225 240
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 2,800 1,240 1,555
Cayuga 0 0 0 125 40 85
Mohawk 0 0 0 2,415 1,120 1,295
Oneida 0 0 0 180 60 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 45 75
Kutenai 0 0 0 175 95 80
Michif 10 0 10 1,210 585 625
Salish languages 15 0 10 5,750 2,730 3,015
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 110
Halkomelem 0 0 10 1,060 475 585
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 820 370 450
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,305 640 665
Squamish 0 0 0 285 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 450 220 235
Salish languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 565 295 270
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5,430 2,665 2,770
Dakota 0 0 0 1,760 870 890
Stoney 0 0 0 3,675 1,805 1,875
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 140 70 70
Tlingit 0 0 0 260 140 120
Tsimshian languages 10 0 10 2,730 1,350 1,380
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 10 0 0 1,305 645 660
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,060 545 515
Tsimshian 10 0 0 410 180 235
Wakashan languages 15 10 10 1,490 680 805
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 110
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 125 50 75
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 605 285 320
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 10 10 10 565 265 300
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 0 10 665 310 360
Non-Aboriginal languages 17,640 7,725 9,920 9,107,075 4,361,420 4,745,660
Afro-Asiatic languages 935 510 430 837,355 432,560 404,795
Berber languages 10 0 0 29,460 15,745 13,715
Kabyle 0 0 0 17,120 9,100 8,015
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 12,505 6,735 5,775
Cushitic languages 55 15 30 57,125 26,870 30,250
Bilen 0 0 0 1,085 625 470
Oromo 20 0 10 6,245 3,070 3,175
Somali 35 15 20 49,665 23,070 26,590
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 480 220 265
Semitic languages 880 485 390 771,130 400,780 370,350
Amharic 70 30 40 33,670 16,675 16,995
Arabic 645 380 265 629,055 329,235 299,820
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 19,745 9,720 10,020
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 10 0 7,115 3,505 3,610
Harari 0 0 0 1,710 855 860
Hebrew 155 70 85 75,020 38,730 36,290
Maltese 0 0 0 7,625 3,760 3,870
Tigrigna 25 10 15 21,340 10,640 10,705
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 3,220 1,655 1,565
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 2,775 1,440 1,335
Austro-Asiatic languages 330 150 185 224,865 105,845 119,020
Khmer (Cambodian) 45 25 15 27,035 12,640 14,400
Vietnamese 295 125 170 198,895 93,735 105,155
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 70 120
Austronesian languages 1,595 530 1,060 656,200 273,075 383,125
Bikol 0 0 0 2,075 885 1,190
Cebuano 80 30 55 27,045 10,960 16,085
Fijian 0 0 0 1,660 955 705
Hiligaynon 45 15 35 7,925 3,200 4,720
Ilocano 90 30 60 34,530 13,805 20,730
Malagasy 0 0 0 2,335 1,120 1,220
Malay 105 35 75 22,470 10,370 12,100
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 5,425 2,445 2,980
Pangasinan 0 0 0 1,800 790 1,015
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,450 490 955 612,735 253,210 359,530
Waray-Waray 10 0 0 1,395 530 860
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 5,585 2,540 3,040
Creole languages 75 40 35 155,615 70,545 85,070
Haitian Creole 10 0 10 6,850 3,140 3,710
Creole, n.o.s. 40 30 10 133,045 59,890 73,160
Creole languages, n.i.e. 25 10 20 16,635 7,955 8,675
Dravidian languages 140 95 50 250,180 126,220 123,960
Kannada 0 0 0 8,245 4,180 4,065
Malayalam 60 40 25 37,810 19,410 18,400
Tamil 85 60 25 189,860 94,640 95,220
Telugu 20 10 10 23,160 12,770 10,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 790 385 405
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 870 435 435
Indo-European languages 9,745 4,330 5,415 5,158,010 2,506,455 2,651,555
Albanian 50 30 25 31,930 16,140 15,790
Armenian 20 15 0 41,295 19,980 21,315
Balto-Slavic languages 1,380 610 770 817,315 384,960 432,350
Baltic languages 20 10 0 14,675 6,470 8,205
Latvian 15 10 10 6,500 2,960 3,540
Lithuanian 10 0 10 8,185 3,510 4,675
Slavic languages 1,360 595 770 805,915 379,965 425,945
Belarusan 10 10 0 2,265 1,070 1,195
Bosnian 10 0 10 18,265 9,055 9,215
Bulgarian 75 30 40 22,425 10,920 11,505
Croatian 135 65 65 69,840 34,515 35,325
Czech 100 35 65 28,720 13,675 15,050
Macedonian 0 0 0 23,075 11,190 11,880
Polish 365 145 215 214,965 99,365 115,600
Russian 505 230 275 269,645 127,055 142,595
Serbian 45 20 20 73,775 37,040 36,740
Serbo-Croatian 25 20 0 11,275 5,525 5,750
Slovak 30 20 15 21,470 10,215 11,255
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 11,495 5,205 6,290
Ukrainian 240 100 140 132,115 58,820 73,300
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 3,000 1,590 1,405
Celtic languages 25 0 20 9,165 4,705 4,455
Scottish Gaelic 15 0 15 3,980 2,010 1,975
Welsh 0 0 0 1,690 830 860
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 3,590 1,915 1,680
Germanic languages 2,700 1,195 1,505 695,535 337,215 358,320
Afrikaans 85 30 60 23,410 11,795 11,610
Danish 95 25 65 15,745 7,320 8,425
Dutch 415 205 210 120,865 57,885 62,990
Frisian 15 0 10 2,910 1,515 1,395
German 1,955 895 1,060 502,730 245,745 256,985
Icelandic 10 10 0 1,780 830 945
Norwegian 85 35 45 8,120 3,860 4,260
Swedish 135 60 70 14,140 6,510 7,635
Vlaams (Flemish) 30 15 15 4,400 1,945 2,455
Yiddish 20 10 15 20,985 10,435 10,550
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 8,710 4,425 4,285
Greek 105 45 55 150,965 75,510 75,455
Indo-Iranian languages 1,450 710 740 1,658,220 840,850 817,365
Indo-Aryan languages 995 500 495 1,387,805 704,370 683,435
Bengali 35 15 20 91,220 46,935 44,285
Gujarati 25 10 15 149,045 74,765 74,285
Hindi 410 220 190 433,365 221,665 211,700
Kashmiri 0 0 0 905 490 420
Konkani 0 0 0 6,790 3,185 3,605
Marathi 30 15 10 15,570 8,200 7,365
Nepali 55 10 45 21,380 10,915 10,470
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 1,535 755 775
Punjabi (Panjabi) 520 260 255 668,240 341,450 326,790
Sindhi 10 0 10 20,260 9,310 10,945
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 20 0 15 27,825 13,970 13,855
Urdu 155 95 55 322,220 164,685 157,535
Iranian languages 470 210 255 281,715 142,030 139,680
Kurdish 0 0 10 15,290 8,290 7,000
Pashto 10 15 0 23,180 12,465 10,715
Persian (Farsi) 460 200 255 252,320 126,565 125,755
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 40 30 10 8,875 4,715 4,155
Italic (Romance) languages 4,495 1,925 2,575 1,897,630 898,530 999,100
Catalan 25 10 20 2,035 1,145 890
Italian 670 280 390 574,725 278,500 296,225
Portuguese 500 225 275 295,955 144,465 151,485
Romanian 75 40 40 115,050 55,275 59,770
Spanish 3,525 1,480 2,045 995,255 460,250 535,010
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 2,680 1,610 1,075
Japanese 1,115 430 685 83,090 36,760 46,335
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 2,150 1,075 1,075
Georgian 0 10 0 2,150 1,080 1,070
Korean 515 235 280 172,755 80,170 92,590
Mongolic languages 10 0 0 2,090 960 1,130
Mongolian 0 0 0 2,090 960 1,130
Niger-Congo languages 255 115 135 177,215 88,135 89,080
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 22,145 10,810 11,340
Bamanankan 0 0 0 3,190 1,660 1,530
Edo 0 0 0 3,220 1,510 1,705
Ewe 10 0 10 3,000 1,685 1,315
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 4,725 2,460 2,260
Ga 0 0 0 2,250 1,140 1,110
Ganda 10 10 0 2,495 1,175 1,320
Igbo 15 0 10 8,850 4,710 4,140
Lingala 15 10 10 17,010 7,865 9,145
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 8,590 4,075 4,515
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 15 10 0 7,860 3,600 4,260
Shona 55 30 25 5,425 2,530 2,905
Swahili 85 35 45 38,680 19,565 19,115
Wolof 0 0 0 8,240 4,455 3,785
Yoruba 35 20 20 22,420 11,475 10,940
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 50 20 30 40,760 20,375 20,385
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 7,015 3,520 3,495
Dinka 0 0 0 2,475 1,280 1,190
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 4,555 2,240 2,315
Sign languages 240 90 150 48,115 18,985 29,130
American Sign Language 140 55 90 21,930 7,780 14,155
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 4,665 1,665 3,005
Sign languages, n.i.e. 95 35 60 22,275 9,835 12,440
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,840 1,270 1,575 1,430,440 672,100 758,340
Chinese languages 2,835 1,270 1,565 1,413,110 663,465 749,640
Cantonese 1,360 640 720 699,125 325,840 373,285
Hakka 10 0 0 12,445 5,555 6,890
Mandarin 1,575 685 890 814,450 377,635 436,815
Min Dong 0 0 10 1,045 440 600
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 30 10 15 42,840 19,005 23,835
Wu (Shanghainese) 35 15 25 16,530 7,490 9,040
Chinese, n.o.s. 145 50 95 41,690 19,995 21,690
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 590 250 340
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 0 10 18,270 9,100 9,175
Burmese 0 0 0 4,995 2,490 2,500
Karenic languages 0 0 0 4,895 2,425 2,475
Tibetan 0 0 0 7,050 3,555 3,490
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 2,375 1,160 1,220
Tai-Kadai languages 150 55 90 30,400 13,210 17,195
Lao 10 0 0 17,235 8,240 8,990
Thai 140 50 90 15,390 5,875 9,520
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 50 65
Turkic languages 115 70 45 60,530 31,585 28,945
Azerbaijani 10 0 10 5,450 2,885 2,565
Turkish 110 65 45 50,775 26,605 24,165
Uyghur 0 10 0 1,385 685 700
Uzbek 0 0 0 2,465 1,230 1,235
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,870 905 965
Uralic languages 295 130 165 94,810 44,270 50,545
Estonian 30 10 20 6,070 2,750 3,315
Finnish 40 15 30 17,595 7,540 10,050
Hungarian 220 100 125 71,285 34,005 37,280
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 35 10 25 9,730 5,375 4,355
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 81,655 38,620 43,035 34,460,065 16,971,580 17,488,490
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 74,910 35,650 39,265 32,034,590 15,799,495 16,235,090
Canadian citizens aged under 18 8,670 4,295 4,375 6,652,795 3,412,785 3,240,010
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 66,240 31,355 34,890 25,381,795 12,386,710 12,995,080
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 6,740 2,975 3,765 2,425,480 1,172,085 1,253,400
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 81,650 38,620 43,035 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 63,495 30,520 32,980 26,412,610 13,124,325 13,288,290
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 15,935 7,055 8,885 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Before 1981 6,870 3,080 3,790 1,941,510 927,795 1,013,715
1981 to 1990 1,515 680 835 915,555 439,245 476,310
1991 to 2000 2,130 960 1,175 1,486,655 696,720 789,940
2001 to 2010 2,850 1,185 1,655 1,985,035 940,570 1,044,465
2001 to 2005 1,070 465 605 928,935 439,890 489,050
2006 to 2010 1,775 720 1,055 1,056,095 500,680 555,415
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 2,570 1,145 1,425 1,212,075 582,175 629,895
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 2,215 1,045 1,170 506,625 260,755 245,870
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 15,935 7,055 8,885 7,540,830 3,586,500 3,954,335
Under 5 years 1,725 830 900 731,340 364,165 367,175
5 to 14 years 2,820 1,350 1,465 1,311,810 665,870 645,945
15 to 24 years 3,420 1,520 1,900 1,604,430 724,430 880,005
25 to 44 years 6,780 2,860 3,920 3,198,920 1,513,970 1,684,950
45 years and over 1,190 490 700 694,320 318,060 376,260
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 15,935 7,055 8,885 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Americas 2,780 1,210 1,565 1,128,745 510,650 618,100
Brazil 30 25 10 29,320 13,235 16,080
Colombia 75 35 45 70,035 32,065 37,965
El Salvador 35 10 25 48,080 23,865 24,215
Guyana 20 15 0 87,685 38,940 48,745
Haiti 35 10 30 93,480 40,955 52,525
Jamaica 65 45 20 138,345 59,960 78,390
Mexico 200 80 125 80,585 37,530 43,055
Peru 40 20 15 29,615 12,950 16,665
Trinidad and Tobago 70 25 40 65,040 29,325 35,710
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,830 810 1,015 253,715 113,505 140,215
Other places of birth in Americas 370 130 235 232,850 108,325 124,530
Europe 6,710 3,075 3,635 2,088,410 1,015,145 1,073,260
Bosnia and Herzegovina 25 15 15 36,135 18,050 18,085
Croatia 75 35 40 40,045 20,005 20,035
France 140 50 90 105,565 55,395 50,170
Germany 585 215 375 145,845 69,525 76,320
Greece 35 10 25 62,715 31,580 31,135
Hungary 165 70 95 36,820 17,945 18,875
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 130 50 80 28,325 14,355 13,970
Italy 170 90 85 236,640 118,595 118,040
Netherlands 300 150 155 88,475 45,185 43,295
Poland 235 90 140 146,465 66,450 80,020
Portugal 90 35 55 139,450 68,150 71,300
Romania 85 40 45 90,305 42,795 47,510
Russian Federation 200 95 110 78,685 34,265 44,420
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 40 25 15 33,320 16,325 17,000
Ukraine 105 50 60 73,030 33,360 39,665
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 3,590 1,760 1,835 499,115 243,225 255,890
Other places of birth in Europe 735 300 435 247,470 119,945 127,530
Africa 850 410 440 637,485 322,510 314,970
Algeria 10 0 0 64,620 33,920 30,705
Egypt 70 45 20 64,615 34,125 30,495
Ethiopia 70 25 40 32,790 15,980 16,810
Kenya 50 10 40 27,150 12,810 14,340
Morocco 60 40 15 69,655 36,120 33,535
Nigeria 35 15 20 42,430 21,830 20,600
Somalia 20 10 10 27,230 12,070 15,160
South Africa, Republic of