Census Profile, 2016 Census
Campbellton--Miramichi [Economic region], New Brunswick and New Brunswick [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Campbellton--Miramichi
New Brunswick
[Economic region]
New Brunswick

[Province]
Data quality , Campbellton--Miramichi [Economic region], New Brunswick  Map : Campbellton--Miramichi [Economic region], New Brunswick Data quality : New Brunswick [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 1 Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 154,351  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 747,101  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 158,741  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 751,171  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 -2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... -0.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 75,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 359,721  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 68,056  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,773  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 5.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 26,192.45  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,388.81  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 154,350 75,900 78,455 747,105 365,355 381,745
0 to 14 years 18,785 9,645 9,140 110,495 56,320 54,180
0 to 4 years 5,600 2,845 2,750 34,365 17,505 16,860
5 to 9 years 6,435 3,315 3,115 38,250 19,515 18,735
10 to 14 years 6,755 3,485 3,270 37,880 19,295 18,585
15 to 64 years 98,990 48,980 50,010 487,820 240,535 247,285
15 to 19 years 7,790 4,020 3,770 40,605 20,905 19,705
20 to 24 years 7,165 3,755 3,415 41,445 21,280 20,165
25 to 29 years 6,420 3,250 3,170 39,245 19,745 19,505
30 to 34 years 6,895 3,315 3,580 41,510 20,140 21,365
35 to 39 years 7,990 3,920 4,070 44,435 21,585 22,850
40 to 44 years 9,415 4,560 4,850 48,430 23,520 24,910
45 to 49 years 10,935 5,350 5,580 51,300 25,195 26,105
50 to 54 years 13,740 6,725 7,015 61,055 29,795 31,265
55 to 59 years 14,565 7,240 7,320 61,740 30,210 31,530
60 to 64 years 14,080 6,845 7,235 58,060 28,170 29,895
65 years and over 36,575 17,270 19,305 148,785 68,500 80,280
65 to 69 years 12,750 6,335 6,415 52,160 25,595 26,570
70 to 74 years 8,925 4,515 4,410 36,050 17,695 18,360
75 to 79 years 6,350 3,030 3,325 25,300 11,835 13,465
80 to 84 years 4,415 1,990 2,425 17,650 7,515 10,135
85 years and over 4,140 1,405 2,735 17,620 5,860 11,765
85 to 89 years 2,530 945 1,585 10,670 3,910 6,760
90 to 94 years 1,255 390 870 5,305 1,595 3,715
95 to 99 years 300 65 240 1,435 330 1,110
100 years and over 50 10 40 205 30 185
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 12.2 12.7 11.6 14.8 15.4 14.2
15 to 64 years 64.1 64.5 63.7 65.3 65.8 64.8
65 years and over 23.7 22.8 24.6 19.9 18.7 21.0
85 years and over 2.7 1.9 3.5 2.4 1.6 3.1
Average age of the population 46.9 46.1 47.7 43.6 42.7 44.5
Median age of the population 50.7 50.1 51.2 45.7 44.8 46.6
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 68,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 54,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 221,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 20  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 11,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 1,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 1,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 1,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 5,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 44,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 410  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 2,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 68,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 19,905  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 27,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 126,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 10,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 7,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 2,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 150,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 730,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 135,565 66,250 69,315 636,605 309,040 327,570
Married or living common law 78,530 39,270 39,265 379,605 189,790 189,820
Married 59,015 29,530 29,485 302,020 151,100 150,925
Living common law 19,520 9,740 9,780 77,580 38,685 38,895
Not married and not living common law 57,035 26,980 30,050 257,000 119,250 137,745
Never married 34,905 19,305 15,595 158,070 85,640 72,430
Separated 4,935 2,260 2,670 21,290 9,530 11,760
Divorced 6,710 3,150 3,560 35,680 15,275 20,405
Widowed 10,485 2,265 8,220 41,965 8,805 33,160
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 47,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 222,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 28,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 129,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 10,270  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 47,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 6,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 1,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 47,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 222,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 38,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 186,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 28,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 147,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 9,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 8,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 6,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 28,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 1,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 38,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 186,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 23,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 105,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 15,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 81,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 8,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 5,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 32,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 1,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 8,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 5,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 23,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 2,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 680  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 27,335 13,150 14,180 128,775 61,010 67,770
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 68,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 44,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 214,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 22,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 102,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 22,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 112,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 1,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 21,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 19,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 2,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 151,495 74,595 76,905 736,280 360,440 375,840
English only 44,650 22,355 22,300 420,820 210,555 210,260
French only 40,615 19,330 21,285 63,140 29,955 33,190
English and French 66,140 32,860 33,280 249,950 118,705 131,245
Neither English nor French 85 50 40 2,370 1,220 1,150
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 151,495 74,595 76,905 736,280 360,440 375,845
English 56,285 27,520 28,760 498,365 244,230 254,135
French 94,545 46,750 47,790 232,450 113,500 118,945
English and French 595 280 315 3,210 1,550 1,655
Neither English nor French 75 40 40 2,255 1,150 1,100
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 94,840 46,890 47,950 234,055 114,280 119,775
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 62.6 62.9 62.3 31.8 31.7 31.9
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 151,495 74,595 76,900 736,280 360,440 375,845
Single responses 149,560 73,635 75,920 726,990 356,005 370,990
Official languages 147,830 72,785 75,050 703,840 344,285 359,555
English 53,820 26,345 27,480 472,725 231,595 241,135
French 94,010 46,440 47,575 231,110 112,690 118,415
Non-official languages 1,725 850 875 23,150 11,715 11,435
Aboriginal languages 545 260 280 2,165 1,035 1,135
Algonquian languages 530 255 275 2,130 1,020 1,110
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 5 0 10 5 5
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 530 255 275 2,115 1,010 1,105
Malecite 5 0 5 280 125 155
Mi'kmaq 525 255 270 1,835 885 950
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 5 5 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 10 5 10 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 5 5 5 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 5 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 0 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,180 585 590 20,990 10,685 10,300
Afro-Asiatic languages 150 90 60 3,190 1,805 1,385
Berber languages 5 0 0 40 25 15
Kabyle 5 5 0 20 10 5
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 5 5 5
Somali 0 0 0 25 10 15
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 145 85 60 3,110 1,760 1,355
Amharic 5 0 0 65 35 25
Arabic 140 80 55 2,855 1,615 1,235
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 5 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0 170 90 80
Maltese 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tigrigna 0 0 0 20 15 10
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 35 15 20 635 305 330
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 10 5 10
Vietnamese 30 20 20 620 305 320
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 115 35 80 1,375 510 865
Bikol 0 0 0 5 0 5
Cebuano 15 5 10 105 35 65
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 5 5 5 15 5 10
Ilocano 5 0 5 50 15 35
Malagasy 5 5 5 15 5 10
Malay 0 5 0 45 20 30
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 85 25 55 1,120 420 700
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 5 0 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Creole languages 25 10 10 135 70 65
Haitian Creole 5 5 5 15 10 5
Creole, n.o.s. 20 10 10 80 30 50
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 30 10
Dravidian languages 25 10 10 285 155 130
Kannada 5 0 0 20 15 10
Malayalam 0 0 0 40 15 20
Tamil 10 10 5 105 60 50
Telugu 5 5 5 110 60 45
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Indo-European languages 620 305 310 9,325 4,790 4,530
Albanian 0 0 0 50 25 25
Armenian 0 5 0 30 15 10
Balto-Slavic languages 65 40 30 1,740 865 875
Baltic languages 0 0 0 55 30 30
Latvian 0 0 0 25 10 10
Lithuanian 0 0 0 35 15 15
Slavic languages 70 35 30 1,685 835 850
Belarusan 0 0 0 5 5 0
Bosnian 0 0 0 50 25 25
Bulgarian 5 5 5 20 10 10
Croatian 5 0 0 75 35 40
Czech 5 5 0 55 25 25
Macedonian 5 5 0 15 10 5
Polish 25 10 10 230 105 125
Russian 15 5 10 880 440 435
Serbian 5 0 0 105 55 45
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 35 15 20
Slovak 10 5 5 25 15 15
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ukrainian 5 5 0 170 85 90
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages 5 5 0 30 5 20
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 5 15 5 10
Welsh 0 0 0 10 0 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Germanic languages 255 120 135 2,875 1,415 1,465
Afrikaans 15 5 10 50 30 25
Danish 10 5 5 125 55 75
Dutch 55 30 30 885 470 410
Frisian 10 0 5 35 25 10
German 150 75 75 1,650 780 865
Icelandic 0 0 0 5 0 0
Norwegian 10 5 10 40 25 20
Swedish 5 0 0 50 15 35
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 5 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 5 0 0
Greek 5 5 0 145 100 50
Indo-Iranian languages 120 60 55 1,850 1,020 835
Indo-Aryan languages 95 45 50 1,175 655 525
Bengali 15 10 5 205 120 85
Gujarati 10 5 5 75 40 30
Hindi 25 15 15 225 135 95
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 10 5 5
Marathi 0 0 5 50 20 25
Nepali 0 0 0 180 90 90
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 10 5 10 125 75 50
Sindhi 5 0 0 25 10 10
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 0 5 30 15 15
Urdu 20 15 10 240 140 100
Iranian languages 15 10 5 655 355 305
Kurdish 5 5 0 55 30 25
Pashto 0 5 0 25 15 10
Persian (Farsi) 5 5 0 580 310 270
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 15 10 10
Italic (Romance) languages 160 80 80 2,605 1,355 1,250
Catalan 0 0 0 5 5 0
Italian 25 20 10 400 225 175
Portuguese 15 10 10 260 130 130
Romanian 20 10 10 485 250 240
Spanish 100 45 55 1,460 755 705
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Japanese 10 5 5 110 25 85
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Korean 55 30 25 1,550 800 750
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Mongolian 0 0 0 5 5 5
Niger-Congo languages 30 20 10 700 385 315
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Bamanankan 0 0 0 60 35 25
Edo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 5 0 0 5 5 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 40 30 15
Ga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Ganda 0 0 0 10 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0 30 20 10
Lingala 5 5 5 25 15 15
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 45 25 20
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 40 20 20
Shona 0 0 0 20 10 10
Swahili 5 5 0 135 65 70
Wolof 0 0 5 25 20 10
Yoruba 0 0 0 30 15 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 195 105 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 0 0 5 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0 5 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 0 0
Sign languages 20 10 5 145 75 70
American Sign Language 5 0 5 40 20 30
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 10 5 95 55 45
Sino-Tibetan languages 70 30 35 3,115 1,570 1,545
Chinese languages 70 35 35 3,085 1,555 1,530
Cantonese 40 20 20 440 225 210
Hakka 0 0 0 20 10 10
Mandarin 15 5 10 2,250 1,105 1,150
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 5 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 0 5 35 15 15
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 100 45 55
Chinese, n.o.s. 10 5 5 240 150 85
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 30 15 15
Burmese 0 0 0 0 0 5
Karenic languages 0 0 0 25 15 10
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0 60 15 50
Lao 0 0 0 5 0 0
Thai 0 0 0 55 10 45
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 5 0 5 105 60 45
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkish 5 0 0 75 50 30
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Uralic languages 30 15 10 250 115 135
Estonian 0 5 5 20 5 10
Finnish 5 5 5 45 15 30
Hungarian 20 10 10 185 90 95
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 25 10 10
Multiple responses 1,940 960 980 9,290 4,440 4,855
English and French 1,785 880 905 7,285 3,470 3,815
English and non-official language 100 50 50 1,535 725 810
French and non-official language 35 20 15 330 175 155
English, French and non-official language 15 10 10 145 65 75
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 151,495 74,595 76,900 736,280 360,435 375,845
Single responses 149,345 73,595 75,755 724,940 355,025 369,910
Official languages 148,720 73,260 75,455 712,250 348,510 363,740
English 59,325 29,050 30,280 505,935 247,610 258,325
French 89,390 44,210 45,175 206,315 100,900 105,415
Non-official languages 635 330 300 12,690 6,515 6,175
Aboriginal languages 160 75 85 820 400 420
Algonquian languages 155 75 80 820 395 420
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 160 75 80 815 395 420
Malecite 0 0 0 50 25 25
Mi'kmaq 160 75 80 765 370 395
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 5 0 0 5 5 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 475 255 220 11,870 6,115 5,750
Afro-Asiatic languages 85 50 35 2,285 1,210 1,075
Berber languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0 20 5 10
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 80 50 35 2,265 1,200 1,065
Amharic 5 5 5 20 10 10
Arabic 80 45 35 2,110 1,125 990
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0 130 60 70
Maltese 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tigrigna 0 0 0 5 0 5
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 20 15 10 525 255 270
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Vietnamese 25 15 10 520 250 270
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 30 15 15 510 235 270
Bikol 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cebuano 0 0 0 40 15 25
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 0 5
Malay 0 0 0 15 0 5
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 30 15 20 450 215 235
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Creole languages 0 0 0 65 25 35
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 20 0 15
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 20
Dravidian languages 10 5 5 110 60 45
Kannada 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0 20 5 10
Tamil 5 0 0 35 20 20
Telugu 5 0 0 45 30 15
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 215 110 105 4,160 2,175 1,990
Albanian 0 0 0 30 15 10
Armenian 0 0 0 20 5 10
Balto-Slavic languages 15 10 5 975 505 470
Baltic languages 0 0 0 35 20 15
Latvian 0 0 0 10 5 5
Lithuanian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavic languages 15 10 5 935 480 455
Belarusan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Bulgarian 5 5 0 5 5 0
Croatian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Czech 0 0 5 5 0 5
Macedonian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Polish 0 5 0 55 25 30
Russian 5 0 5 620 320 305
Serbian 0 5 0 80 45 35
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 5 5 5
Slovak 0 5 0 5 5 5
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ukrainian 0 0 0 90 50 40
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages 5 0 0 10 0 5
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 5 0 5
Welsh 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages 65 35 30 640 320 320
Afrikaans 20 5 10 35 15 20
Danish 0 0 0 5 5 5
Dutch 5 5 0 150 80 75
Frisian 0 0 0 5 0 5
German 40 25 20 425 215 210
Icelandic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0 5 0 5
Swedish 0 0 0 5 0 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Greek 5 0 0 45 25 25
Indo-Iranian languages 65 30 35 1,140 595 545
Indo-Aryan languages 50 20 30 655 335 325
Bengali 10 5 5 130 70 60
Gujarati 0 0 0 40 15 20
Hindi 20 5 15 115 60 50
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 5 5 0
Marathi 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nepali 0 0 0 135 60 75
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 5 0 0 50 25 25
Sindhi 0 0 0 10 5 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 0 0 5 5 5
Urdu 10 5 5 140 75 70
Iranian languages 10 5 0 470 255 220
Kurdish 5 0 5 35 25 10
Pashto 0 0 0 15 5 5
Persian (Farsi) 0 0 0 425 225 195
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 10 5 15 10 5
Italic (Romance) languages 65 35 30 1,305 705 600
Catalan 0 0 0 5 5 0
Italian 5 5 0 85 40 45
Portuguese 10 5 5 110 50 60
Romanian 5 5 5 290 145 140
Spanish 45 20 25 820 470 350
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Japanese 0 0 0 20 10 15
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Korean 35 20 15 1,245 645 605
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 5 0 0 240 125 120
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 10 5 10
Bamanankan 0 0 0 20 15 5
Edo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 0 0 0 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 10 10 5
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0 5 5 0
Lingala 5 0 5 10 5 5
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 20 15 10
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Shona 0 0 0 5 0 5
Swahili 0 0 0 80 35 45
Wolof 0 0 0 5 5 0
Yoruba 0 0 0 5 5 5
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 25
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages 30 15 10 200 115 85
American Sign Language 5 5 0 55 30 25
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 30 20 10 150 90 60
Sino-Tibetan languages 30 20 15 2,390 1,210 1,175
Chinese languages 35 20 15 2,365 1,195 1,170
Cantonese 25 15 10 260 130 130
Hakka 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mandarin 5 5 0 1,855 930 920
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 0 0 15 10 5
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 85 40 45
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0 140 80 55
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 25 15 10
Burmese 0 0 0 5 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0 10 0 5
Lao 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0 30 15 10
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0 25 15 5
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uralic languages 10 5 0 70 35 40
Estonian 0 0 0 5 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0 5 5 5
Hungarian 5 5 5 55 30 30
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Multiple responses 2,145 1,005 1,145 11,345 5,415 5,925
English and French 1,890 870 1,020 7,275 3,370 3,905
English and non-official language 180 90 90 3,435 1,715 1,720
French and non-official language 40 20 20 340 185 160
English, French and non-official language 40 20 15 290 140 145
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 151,495 74,590 76,905 736,280 360,435 375,845
None 131,760 65,105 66,650 647,960 318,560 329,400
English 12,525 6,095 6,425 49,925 24,065 25,855
French 6,260 2,920 3,340 30,030 13,760 16,275
Non-official language 870 435 435 7,545 3,650 3,895
Aboriginal 385 190 195 1,300 625 685
Non-Aboriginal 485 240 250 6,240 3,030 3,210
English and French 5 5 5 180 90 90
English and non-official language 50 20 25 300 160 145
French and non-official language 30 10 20 335 155 185
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 10 5 5
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 131,745 64,550 67,195 620,390 301,645 318,745
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 126,965 62,380 64,585 594,705 289,220 305,485
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,848 33,955 22,744 30,961 37,516 25,796
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 126,995 62,380 64,615 594,920 289,245 305,680
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 25,570 30,457 21,557 28,107 33,169 23,945
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 102,575 52,925 49,650 516,780 259,945 256,835
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 23,829 28,598 20,001 28,444 34,830 23,278
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 103,700 48,970 54,730 439,645 193,975 245,675
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 10,381 12,268 8,935 8,164 9,210 7,321
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 83,800 44,180 39,625 423,915 219,135 204,780
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 24,021 27,885 21,301 29,124 34,784 24,769
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 131,750 64,500 67,245 620,395 301,650 318,745
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 126,840 62,330 64,515 594,650 289,140 305,510
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,362 42,209 28,747 39,141 46,154 32,504
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 126,870 62,330 64,545 594,870 289,165 305,700
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,266 35,315 25,390 33,022 38,151 28,171
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 102,400 52,795 49,610 516,685 259,855 256,830
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,172 39,079 26,885 37,432 44,240 30,543
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 103,630 48,950 54,675 440,195 194,240 245,955
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 10,505 11,598 9,526 8,938 9,519 8,480
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 83,800 44,285 39,515 423,915 218,800 205,110
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,312 38,165 27,873 37,611 43,456 31,376
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 131,750 64,500 67,250 620,390 301,645 318,745
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 29,955 14,670 15,285 197,290 104,215 93,075
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 44,186 49,945 39,460 46,349 52,010 41,058
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 50,516 57,250 44,052 54,011 60,796 46,415
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 75.6 78.2 71.9 83.2 86.2 79.0
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 62.1 64.1 59.3 68.5 71.3 64.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 24.4 21.8 28.1 16.8 13.8 21.0
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 131,745 64,555 67,195 620,390 301,650 318,745
Without total income 4,780 2,175 2,605 25,680 12,430 13,260
With total income 126,965 62,380 64,585 594,710 289,220 305,490
Percentage with total income 96.4 96.6 96.1 95.9 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 18,110 6,900 11,210 80,700 32,655 48,050
$10,000 to $19,999 27,290 10,255 17,030 109,015 40,415 68,600
$20,000 to $29,999 22,800 9,770 13,025 99,025 40,480 58,540
$30,000 to $39,999 19,075 10,350 8,725 83,770 41,360 42,405
$40,000 to $49,999 12,950 7,575 5,375 65,795 35,080 30,715
$50,000 to $59,999 8,165 5,055 3,110 44,810 26,560 18,250
$60,000 to $69,999 5,365 3,490 1,870 32,185 20,270 11,920
$70,000 to $79,999 4,405 2,565 1,845 24,565 14,130 10,430
$80,000 to $89,999 3,025 1,810 1,210 17,095 9,915 7,180
$90,000 to $99,999 1,555 1,085 470 10,240 6,980 3,260
$100,000 and over 4,235 3,520 710 27,515 21,380 6,135
$100,000 to $149,999 3,110 2,560 545 19,765 15,195 4,570
$150,000 and over 1,125 965 165 7,750 6,185 1,565
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 131,745 64,555 67,195 620,390 301,645 318,750
Without after-tax income 4,750 2,170 2,580 25,470 12,405 13,070
With after-tax income 126,995 62,380 64,615 594,920 289,240 305,680
Percentage with after-tax income 96.4 96.6 96.2 95.9 95.9 95.9
Under $10,000 (including loss) 18,520 6,975 11,545 83,590 33,140 50,455
$10,000 to $19,999 28,955 10,920 18,035 115,730 43,245 72,485
$20,000 to $29,999 27,660 12,735 14,930 118,940 51,335 67,610
$30,000 to $39,999 20,775 11,860 8,915 98,230 50,770 47,460
$40,000 to $49,999 12,615 7,625 4,990 67,470 38,665 28,810
$50,000 to $59,999 7,335 4,630 2,705 42,775 26,495 16,280
$60,000 to $69,999 5,125 2,965 2,160 28,790 16,435 12,355
$70,000 to $79,999 2,295 1,610 685 14,945 10,205 4,740
$80,000 and over 3,710 3,065 650 24,450 18,955 5,500
$80,000 to $89,999 1,320 1,060 260 8,385 6,340 2,040
$90,000 to $99,999 775 640 130 5,060 3,970 1,090
$100,000 and over 1,620 1,365 255 11,005 8,640 2,365
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 131,750 64,550 67,195 620,390 301,645 318,745
Without employment income 47,945 20,375 27,575 196,475 82,515 113,965
With employment income 83,800 44,180 39,625 423,910 219,140 204,775
Percentage with employment income 63.6 68.4 59.0 68.3 72.6 64.2
Under $5,000 (including loss) 11,230 5,650 5,585 54,590 26,540 28,045
$5,000 to $9,999 8,585 3,605 4,980 36,840 15,720 21,120
$10,000 to $19,999 16,580 8,230 8,345 65,895 29,920 35,975
$20,000 to $29,999 12,420 5,745 6,675 59,240 25,955 33,280
$30,000 to $39,999 9,175 4,890 4,285 50,190 24,930 25,260
$40,000 to $49,999 7,165 3,960 3,205 42,140 22,160 19,980
$50,000 to $59,999 4,910 3,045 1,860 29,910 18,180 11,730
$60,000 to $69,999 3,680 2,300 1,380 23,390 14,620 8,770
$70,000 to $79,999 3,485 1,835 1,645 19,515 10,565 8,950
$80,000 and over 6,570 4,915 1,660 42,210 30,540 11,665
$80,000 to $89,999 2,295 1,405 890 13,190 7,840 5,345
$90,000 to $99,999 1,180 840 345 8,105 5,685 2,420
$100,000 and over 3,095 2,670 425 20,915 17,015 3,895
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 68,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 52,849  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,347  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 47,751  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 52,553  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 19,905  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 24,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 28,747  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 23,282  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 26,387  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 48,150  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 230,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 67,463  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,207  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 60,122  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,063  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 68,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 65,908  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,786  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 56,423  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 61,431  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 19,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 32,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 28,152  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,242  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 48,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 230,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 79,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 86,878  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 68,103  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 73,156  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 68,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 615  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,835  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 5,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 3,835  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 4,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 4,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 3,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 3,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 3,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 6,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 27,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 5,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 4,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 22,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,850  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 3,020  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 13,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 2,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 1,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 68,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 640  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 5,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 4,360  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 4,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 4,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 20,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 4,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 3,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 3,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 6,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 32,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 5,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 4,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 23,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 8,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 48,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 1,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 46,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 221,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 67,246  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,353  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 59,949  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 21,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 60,372  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 67,988  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 53,927  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,801  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 16,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 82,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 95,312  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 100,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 82,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 85,717  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 7,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 42,103  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 42,992  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 40,131  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 40,671  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 46,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 221,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 79,641  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 87,048  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 67,961  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 73,197  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 21,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 71,016  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 60,459  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 66,576  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 16,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 82,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 105,519  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,901  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 88,862  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,699  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 7,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 50,801  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 51,119  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 45,766  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 45,687  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 23,950 11,660 12,285 114,825 54,970 59,850
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 24,159 28,666 21,696 27,250 30,122 25,182
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 22,972 25,823 21,119 25,167 27,154 23,916
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 23,885 11,490 12,395 114,375 54,300 60,075
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 31,880 36,040 28,023 34,738 37,330 32,395
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 27,719 30,603 25,046 29,845 31,431 28,411
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 150,495 74,175 76,320 730,710 357,860 372,850
In the bottom half of the distribution 95,435 45,755 49,680 428,180 204,170 224,005
In the bottom decile 16,755 7,525 9,230 80,120 37,430 42,695
In the second decile 23,540 10,570 12,975 94,165 42,190 51,980
In the third decile 19,645 9,615 10,025 87,075 41,905 45,170
In the fourth decile 18,370 9,300 9,070 85,610 42,275 43,335
In the fifth decile 17,130 8,755 8,375 81,200 40,375 40,825
In the top half of the distribution 55,060 28,420 26,640 302,530 153,685 148,845
In the sixth decile 15,465 7,895 7,575 77,345 38,915 38,425
In the seventh decile 13,915 7,160 6,760 73,185 37,190 36,005
In the eighth decile 11,920 6,090 5,835 65,090 32,815 32,275
In the ninth decile 8,570 4,490 4,080 52,050 26,635 25,410
In the top decile 5,190 2,795 2,395 34,860 18,130 16,730
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 147,870 72,895 74,975 722,550 353,870 368,680
0 to 17 years 22,670 11,615 11,060 131,930 67,285 64,645
0 to 5 years 6,595 3,355 3,245 40,900 20,805 20,100
18 to 64 years 91,275 44,925 46,350 452,805 221,675 231,130
65 years and over 33,920 16,350 17,570 137,820 64,915 72,905
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 28,780 12,770 16,010 123,820 55,990 67,825
0 to 17 years 5,435 2,785 2,650 29,250 14,930 14,320
0 to 5 years 1,940 990 950 10,285 5,260 5,030
18 to 64 years 14,260 6,235 8,020 66,745 29,975 36,770
65 years and over 9,085 3,750 5,330 27,830 11,090 16,745
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 19.5 17.5 21.4 17.1 15.8 18.4
0 to 17 years (%) 24.0 24.0 24.0 22.2 22.2 22.2
0 to 5 years (%) 29.4 29.5 29.3 25.1 25.3 25.0
18 to 64 years (%) 15.6 13.9 17.3 14.7 13.5 15.9
65 years and over (%) 26.8 22.9 30.3 20.2 17.1 23.0
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 8,410 3,990 4,420 49,830 24,165 25,660
0 to 17 years 1,615 805 805 11,520 5,890 5,630
0 to 5 years 580 300 280 4,200 2,145 2,055
18 to 64 years 6,300 2,970 3,325 35,680 17,255 18,425
65 years and over 500 205 290 2,630 1,025 1,605
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 5.7 5.5 5.9 6.9 6.8 7.0
0 to 17 years (%) 7.1 6.9 7.3 8.7 8.8 8.7
0 to 5 years (%) 8.8 8.9 8.6 10.3 10.3 10.2
18 to 64 years (%) 6.9 6.6 7.2 7.9 7.8 8.0
65 years and over (%) 1.5 1.3 1.7 1.9 1.6 2.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 150,500 74,180 76,320 730,710 357,855 372,850
Official languages 150,400 74,115 76,285 728,310 356,615 371,690
English 110,320 54,890 55,435 666,315 326,905 339,415
French 106,005 52,055 53,955 310,550 147,845 162,705
Non-official languages 3,195 1,555 1,635 34,880 17,355 17,525
Aboriginal languages 815 385 430 3,065 1,470 1,595
Algonquian languages 795 380 410 2,990 1,455 1,540
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 790 380 410 2,965 1,435 1,530
Malecite 0 0 0 720 335 385
Mi'kmaq 790 380 410 2,265 1,115 1,150
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 15 15 0
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 10 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 10 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 20 10 10 55 10 45
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 20 10 10 45 10 40
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 10 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 10 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 2,400 1,180 1,215 31,865 15,915 15,955
Afro-Asiatic languages 240 145 100 4,355 2,385 1,980
Berber languages 0 0 0 80 40 35
Kabyle 0 0 0 40 20 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 25 20
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 15 10 0
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0 10 10 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 245 140 105 4,300 2,340 1,960
Amharic 30 15 10 165 100 65
Arabic 210 120 90 3,685 2,030 1,660
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0 435 205 230
Maltese 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0 50 25 25
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 15 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 55 35 20 835 430 400
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Vietnamese 55 35 25 820 435 390
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 0
Austronesian languages 200 70 125 1,790 695 1,090
Bikol 0 0 0 10 0 10
Cebuano 15 10 10 185 70 115
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 35 10 30
Ilocano 10 0 0 50 10 45
Malagasy 30 10 20 25 10 15
Malay 0 10 0 75 20 55
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 165 55 110 1,595 625 970
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 0
Creole languages 65 50 15 430 195 235
Haitian Creole 20 10 10 50 20 30
Creole, n.o.s. 40 35 0 240 105 135
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 140 75 65
Dravidian languages 15 10 0 435 245 195
Kannada 10 0 10 60 30 25
Malayalam 0 0 0 55 35 25
Tamil 0 0 0 190 115 75
Telugu 10 10 0 175 90 85
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 20 10 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Indo-European languages 1,545 755 795 16,505 8,155 8,350
Albanian 0 0 0 80 45 35
Armenian 0 0 0 60 35 25
Balto-Slavic languages 90 40 50 2,065 1,100 965
Baltic languages 0 0 0 55 40 20
Latvian 0 0 0 20 10 10
Lithuanian 0 0 0 30 20 10
Slavic languages 90 40 50 2,025 1,070 955
Belarusan 0 0 0 10 0 0
Bosnian 10 0 0 75 40 40
Bulgarian 15 10 0 45 15 35
Croatian 0 0 0 95 45 55
Czech 30 10 15 115 65 45
Macedonian 0 10 0 35 25 10
Polish 20 0 15 320 165 160
Russian 25 15 15 1,200 630 570
Serbian 0 0 0 90 70 20
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 40 30 10
Slovak 15 0 10 45 15 30
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 15 10 0
Ukrainian 10 10 0 310 145 165
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Celtic languages 20 10 10 140 40 100
Scottish Gaelic 15 10 10 95 20 75
Welsh 0 0 0 10 0 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 40 20 20
Germanic languages 470 235 235 4,745 2,360 2,380
Afrikaans 15 10 10 130 70 60
Danish 20 0 10 155 60 95
Dutch 65 20 40 1,185 560 625
Frisian 0 10 0 50 40 15
German 375 205 170 3,260 1,675 1,580
Icelandic 0 0 0 10 10 0
Norwegian 0 0 10 130 65 65
Swedish 10 0 10 110 45 60
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 40 20 25
Yiddish 0 0 0 20 20 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Greek 10 0 10 220 125 95
Indo-Iranian languages 120 65 50 2,325 1,275 1,050
Indo-Aryan languages 75 40 30 1,570 875 695
Bengali 0 0 0 225 150 80
Gujarati 10 0 0 110 45 65
Hindi 15 10 0 790 430 355
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0 55 20 30
Nepali 0 0 0 185 90 95
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 0 0 0 205 130 75
Sindhi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 10 15 35 10 20
Urdu 35 20 15 355 215 140
Iranian languages 50 30 20 805 430 375
Kurdish 35 20 15 130 65 60
Pashto 10 0 0 60 45 20
Persian (Farsi) 10 0 10 620 330 285
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 900 425 470 7,600 3,540 4,055
Catalan 0 0 0 15 10 0
Italian 80 45 35 825 405 420
Portuguese 15 0 15 450 250 200
Romanian 30 15 15 555 290 265
Spanish 800 375 420 6,065 2,775 3,290
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Japanese 30 15 15 430 190 240
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Korean 60 25 35 1,695 860 835
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 10 10 10
Mongolian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Niger-Congo languages 85 50 35 1,525 890 640
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 35 15 25
Bamanankan 0 0 0 155 70 85
Edo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 0 0 0 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 0 0 100 85 15
Ga 0 0 0 10 10 0
Ganda 0 0 0 10 10 0
Igbo 0 0 0 60 50 15
Lingala 10 10 0 125 95 35
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 90 55 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Shona 0 0 0 40 15 25
Swahili 10 10 0 355 185 170
Wolof 15 0 15 70 45 25
Yoruba 0 0 0 60 45 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 55 40 15 545 315 230
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 10 0 10 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages 95 40 50 1,155 450 705
American Sign Language 10 10 0 425 150 280
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 15 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 85 35 55 745 305 435
Sino-Tibetan languages 120 65 50 3,585 1,885 1,700
Chinese languages 115 65 50 3,510 1,855 1,660
Cantonese 55 25 25 610 285 320
Hakka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mandarin 75 50 25 2,760 1,455 1,310
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 15 10 10 60 30 30
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 140 65 75
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0 310 195 115
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 10 30
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 70 30 40
Burmese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0 65 25 45
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0 85 20 65
Lao 0 0 0 10 0 10
Thai 0 0 0 80 20 60
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 10 0 0 175 105 75
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkish 10 10 0 165 105 60
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Uralic languages 25 10 15 270 130 140
Estonian 10 10 10 20 15 0
Finnish 0 0 0 35 15 20
Hungarian 15 10 10 220 105 115
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 70 30
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 150,500 74,180 76,320 730,710 357,855 372,855
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 149,435 73,650 75,790 710,775 347,905 362,875
Canadian citizens aged under 18 23,245 11,895 11,350 130,785 66,795 63,990
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 126,190 61,750 64,440 579,995 281,110 298,880
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 1,060 530 535 19,925 9,950 9,980
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 150,500 74,180 76,320 730,710 357,855 372,850
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 148,010 72,930 75,085 692,535 339,090 353,445
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 2,295 1,140 1,160 33,810 16,175 17,640
Before 1981 925 470 460 11,545 5,265 6,275
1981 to 1990 200 90 105 2,735 1,340 1,390
1991 to 2000 255 130 125 2,975 1,490 1,490
2001 to 2010 465 235 230 7,235 3,530 3,710
2001 to 2005 180 80 95 2,435 1,110 1,330
2006 to 2010 290 155 130 4,800 2,415 2,385
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 455 210 240 9,330 4,560 4,770
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 195 115 80 4,360 2,590 1,770
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 2,295 1,135 1,160 33,815 16,175 17,635
Under 5 years 370 160 210 5,135 2,350 2,790
5 to 14 years 455 230 225 7,290 3,585 3,705
15 to 24 years 290 150 140 5,790 2,525 3,265
25 to 44 years 870 440 430 12,640 6,100 6,535
45 years and over 305 160 145 2,955 1,615 1,340
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 2,295 1,135 1,155 33,815 16,175 17,635
Americas 650 300 345 9,420 4,205 5,210
Brazil 10 0 0 55 20 30
Colombia 20 10 15 215 85 130
El Salvador 10 0 0 115 85 30
Guyana 0 0 0 80 40 45
Haiti 45 25 20 170 70 100
Jamaica 20 10 10 120 85 40
Mexico 10 0 10 160 50 110
Peru 10 10 10 60 35 25
Trinidad and Tobago 0 10 0 115 70 40
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 465 205 260 7,620 3,315 4,305
Other places of birth in Americas 65 45 20 715 355 360
Europe 940 480 460 10,985 5,335 5,650
Bosnia and Herzegovina 10 0 10 100 55 50
Croatia 0 0 0 60 35 25
France 135 85 50 760 425 340
Germany 175 90 90 1,615 740 880
Greece 0 0 0 95 60 40
Hungary 15 0 10 100 35 65
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 30 20 0 160 75 85
Italy 20 15 10 210 125 85
Netherlands 55 15 35 975 505 465
Poland 15 10 10 195 90 100
Portugal 0 0 0 130 85 45
Romania 30 15 20 485 245 240
Russian Federation 10 0 10 245 115 135
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 0 0 0 30 25 10
Ukraine 10 0 0 250 120 130
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 340 180 160 4,600 2,160 2,445
Other places of birth in Europe 110 40 65 970 455 515
Africa 230 145 90 2,565 1,420 1,140
Algeria 15 10 0 165 90 75
Egypt 30 15 20 120 75 45
Ethiopia 20 0 15 120 65 60
Kenya 0 10 0 60 30 30
Morocco 20 15 0 200 120 75
Nigeria 0 0 0 115 65 50
Somalia 0 0 0 15 10 10
South Africa, Republic of 20 15 0 165 85 80
Other places of birth in Africa 125 75 50 1,615 885 725
Asia 460 205 260 10,625 5,105 5,520
Afghanistan 0 0 0 20 10 0
Bangladesh 10 10 0 100 55 50
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 65 25 40 2,210