Census Profile, 2016 Census
Saint John--St. Stephen [Economic region], New Brunswick and New Brunswick [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Saint John--St. Stephen
New Brunswick
[Economic region]
New Brunswick

[Province]
Data quality , Saint John--St. Stephen [Economic region], New Brunswick  Map : Saint John--St. Stephen [Economic region], New Brunswick Data quality : New Brunswick [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 1 Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 168,389  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 747,101  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 172,764  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 751,171  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 -2.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... -0.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 79,908  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 359,721  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 71,011  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,773  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 20.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 8,374.89  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,388.81  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 168,385 81,390 87,000 747,105 365,355 381,745
0 to 14 years 26,785 13,540 13,250 110,495 56,320 54,180
0 to 4 years 8,270 4,150 4,120 34,365 17,505 16,860
5 to 9 years 9,280 4,790 4,495 38,250 19,515 18,735
10 to 14 years 9,235 4,600 4,635 37,880 19,295 18,585
15 to 64 years 109,805 53,525 56,275 487,820 240,535 247,285
15 to 19 years 9,860 5,090 4,770 40,605 20,905 19,705
20 to 24 years 9,475 4,855 4,615 41,445 21,280 20,165
25 to 29 years 8,840 4,380 4,455 39,245 19,745 19,505
30 to 34 years 9,125 4,355 4,775 41,510 20,140 21,365
35 to 39 years 9,950 4,740 5,205 44,435 21,585 22,850
40 to 44 years 10,935 5,225 5,710 48,430 23,520 24,910
45 to 49 years 11,525 5,550 5,980 51,300 25,195 26,105
50 to 54 years 13,840 6,630 7,205 61,055 29,795 31,265
55 to 59 years 13,600 6,535 7,065 61,740 30,210 31,530
60 to 64 years 12,655 6,165 6,495 58,060 28,170 29,895
65 years and over 31,800 14,330 17,480 148,785 68,500 80,280
65 to 69 years 11,095 5,385 5,710 52,160 25,595 26,570
70 to 74 years 7,665 3,675 3,990 36,050 17,695 18,360
75 to 79 years 5,355 2,470 2,885 25,300 11,835 13,465
80 to 84 years 3,730 1,555 2,180 17,650 7,515 10,135
85 years and over 3,950 1,245 2,705 17,620 5,860 11,765
85 to 89 years 2,395 830 1,565 10,670 3,910 6,760
90 to 94 years 1,170 340 830 5,305 1,595 3,715
95 to 99 years 330 75 260 1,435 330 1,110
100 years and over 55 5 55 205 30 185
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 15.9 16.6 15.2 14.8 15.4 14.2
15 to 64 years 65.2 65.8 64.7 65.3 65.8 64.8
65 years and over 18.9 17.6 20.1 19.9 18.7 21.0
85 years and over 2.3 1.5 3.1 2.4 1.6 3.1
Average age of the population 42.7 41.7 43.7 43.6 42.7 44.5
Median age of the population 44.7 43.6 45.6 45.7 44.8 46.6
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 71,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 46,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 221,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 1,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 19,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 1,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 2,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 4,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 11,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 44,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 215  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 2,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 71,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 19,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 27,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 126,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 11,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 8,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 4,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 164,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 730,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 141,605 67,855 73,755 636,605 309,040 327,570
Married or living common law 83,465 41,700 41,765 379,605 189,790 189,820
Married 69,945 34,945 35,000 302,020 151,100 150,925
Living common law 13,520 6,755 6,760 77,580 38,685 38,895
Not married and not living common law 58,140 26,150 31,985 257,000 119,250 137,745
Never married 35,290 18,610 16,675 158,070 85,640 72,430
Separated 4,645 2,000 2,640 21,290 9,530 11,760
Divorced 8,875 3,690 5,185 35,680 15,275 20,405
Widowed 9,335 1,855 7,480 41,965 8,805 33,160
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 49,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 222,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 27,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 129,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 10,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 47,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 8,145  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 3,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 49,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 222,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 41,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 186,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 34,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 147,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 6,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 8,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 6,950  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 28,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 1,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 41,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 186,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 22,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 105,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 18,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 81,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 8,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 7,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 32,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 3,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 8,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 5,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 23,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 2,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 830  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 27,915 12,730 15,180 128,775 61,010 67,770
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 71,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 47,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 214,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 21,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 102,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 26,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 112,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 1,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 22,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 19,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 2,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 166,250 80,510 85,740 736,280 360,440 375,840
English only 142,370 70,395 71,975 420,820 210,555 210,260
French only 165 80 90 63,140 29,955 33,190
English and French 22,955 9,650 13,310 249,950 118,705 131,245
Neither English nor French 755 390 360 2,370 1,220 1,150
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 166,250 80,510 85,740 736,280 360,440 375,845
English 159,660 77,420 82,240 498,365 244,230 254,135
French 5,505 2,555 2,950 232,450 113,500 118,945
English and French 360 165 200 3,210 1,550 1,655
Neither English nor French 720 370 345 2,255 1,150 1,100
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 5,690 2,635 3,050 234,055 114,280 119,775
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 3.4 3.3 3.6 31.8 31.7 31.9
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 166,245 80,510 85,735 736,280 360,440 375,845
Single responses 165,045 79,965 85,075 726,990 356,005 370,990
Official languages 159,615 77,215 82,405 703,840 344,285 359,555
English 153,665 74,485 79,180 472,725 231,595 241,135
French 5,950 2,730 3,220 231,110 112,690 118,415
Non-official languages 5,430 2,750 2,675 23,150 11,715 11,435
Aboriginal languages 10 5 10 2,165 1,035 1,135
Algonquian languages 10 0 5 2,130 1,020 1,110
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 0 10 5 5
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 0 5 2,115 1,010 1,105
Malecite 0 0 5 280 125 155
Mi'kmaq 5 0 5 1,835 885 950
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 5 5 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 5 0 0 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 0 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 5,420 2,750 2,670 20,990 10,685 10,300
Afro-Asiatic languages 875 490 380 3,190 1,805 1,385
Berber languages 5 0 0 40 25 15
Kabyle 0 0 0 20 10 5
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 20 10 10 30 15 20
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 5 5 5
Somali 20 10 10 25 10 15
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 845 480 365 3,110 1,760 1,355
Amharic 10 5 5 65 35 25
Arabic 770 435 330 2,855 1,615 1,235
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 5 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 65 40 30 170 90 80
Maltese 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tigrigna 5 5 0 20 15 10
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 115 55 60 635 305 330
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 5 10 5 10
Vietnamese 115 55 60 620 305 320
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 415 160 250 1,375 510 865
Bikol 5 0 0 5 0 5
Cebuano 50 20 35 105 35 65
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 15 5 10
Ilocano 15 5 10 50 15 35
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 5 10
Malay 10 5 5 45 20 30
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 325 130 200 1,120 420 700
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 5 0 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 15 5 10
Creole languages 10 5 5 135 70 65
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 15 10 5
Creole, n.o.s. 5 0 0 80 30 50
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 40 30 10
Dravidian languages 70 30 35 285 155 130
Kannada 5 0 0 20 15 10
Malayalam 15 5 15 40 15 20
Tamil 15 10 10 105 60 50
Telugu 30 20 10 110 60 45
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 5 0 5 5 0
Indo-European languages 2,210 1,155 1,055 9,325 4,790 4,530
Albanian 5 5 5 50 25 25
Armenian 0 0 0 30 15 10
Balto-Slavic languages 355 175 185 1,740 865 875
Baltic languages 5 5 0 55 30 30
Latvian 0 5 0 25 10 10
Lithuanian 0 0 0 35 15 15
Slavic languages 350 170 180 1,685 835 850
Belarusan 0 0 0 5 5 0
Bosnian 10 5 5 50 25 25
Bulgarian 0 0 0 20 10 10
Croatian 10 5 5 75 35 40
Czech 10 5 5 55 25 25
Macedonian 5 0 0 15 10 5
Polish 50 25 20 230 105 125
Russian 185 85 100 880 440 435
Serbian 10 0 5 105 55 45
Serbo-Croatian 10 10 5 35 15 20
Slovak 10 5 5 25 15 15
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 5 0 15 10 10
Ukrainian 45 20 25 170 85 90
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages 5 0 10 30 5 20
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 5 15 5 10
Welsh 5 0 5 10 0 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 5 0
Germanic languages 605 310 295 2,875 1,415 1,465
Afrikaans 5 5 0 50 30 25
Danish 25 10 15 125 55 75
Dutch 215 120 95 885 470 410
Frisian 10 10 0 35 25 10
German 315 150 170 1,650 780 865
Icelandic 0 0 0 5 0 0
Norwegian 10 10 5 40 25 20
Swedish 10 0 10 50 15 35
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Yiddish 0 5 5 10 5 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Greek 80 55 25 145 100 50
Indo-Iranian languages 485 275 205 1,850 1,020 835
Indo-Aryan languages 300 180 120 1,175 655 525
Bengali 65 35 25 205 120 85
Gujarati 15 10 10 75 40 30
Hindi 50 40 15 225 135 95
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 5 10 5 5
Marathi 10 5 10 50 20 25
Nepali 35 15 20 180 90 90
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 25 25 5 125 75 50
Sindhi 10 0 10 25 10 10
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 30 15 15
Urdu 75 45 30 240 140 100
Iranian languages 185 100 90 655 355 305
Kurdish 20 10 10 55 30 25
Pashto 5 5 0 25 15 10
Persian (Farsi) 160 80 80 580 310 270
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Italic (Romance) languages 665 335 330 2,605 1,355 1,250
Catalan 0 0 0 5 5 0
Italian 110 55 50 400 225 175
Portuguese 85 45 40 260 130 130
Romanian 135 70 60 485 250 240
Spanish 345 160 185 1,460 755 705
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Japanese 20 5 15 110 25 85
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Korean 525 260 265 1,550 800 750
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Mongolian 0 0 0 5 5 5
Niger-Congo languages 105 55 50 700 385 315
Akan (Twi) 15 5 10 25 10 10
Bamanankan 5 0 0 60 35 25
Edo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 0 0 0 5 5 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 40 30 15
Ga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Ganda 5 0 0 10 0 0
Igbo 15 10 5 30 20 10
Lingala 5 5 0 25 15 15
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 0 5 45 25 20
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 5 5 40 20 20
Shona 5 5 0 20 10 10
Swahili 20 15 5 135 65 70
Wolof 0 0 0 25 20 10
Yoruba 10 5 5 30 15 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 195 105 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 0 0 5 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0 5 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sign languages 35 15 20 145 75 70
American Sign Language 10 5 10 40 20 30
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 25 10 15 95 55 45
Sino-Tibetan languages 925 465 455 3,115 1,570 1,545
Chinese languages 920 465 455 3,085 1,555 1,530
Cantonese 110 55 55 440 225 210
Hakka 5 0 5 20 10 10
Mandarin 705 355 350 2,250 1,105 1,150
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 5 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 10 5 5 35 15 15
Wu (Shanghainese) 30 10 15 100 45 55
Chinese, n.o.s. 65 40 30 240 150 85
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 5 30 15 15
Burmese 0 0 0 0 0 5
Karenic languages 0 0 0 25 15 10
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 20 0 15 60 15 50
Lao 0 0 0 5 0 0
Thai 20 0 15 55 10 45
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 30 20 10 105 60 45
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkish 25 15 10 75 50 30
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 5 0 5 10 5 5
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Uralic languages 65 30 35 250 115 135
Estonian 10 0 5 20 5 10
Finnish 15 5 10 45 15 30
Hungarian 45 25 25 185 90 95
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 25 10 10
Multiple responses 1,200 545 660 9,290 4,440 4,855
English and French 745 335 405 7,285 3,470 3,815
English and non-official language 425 190 235 1,535 725 810
French and non-official language 15 5 10 330 175 155
English, French and non-official language 20 5 15 145 65 75
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 166,250 80,510 85,740 736,280 360,435 375,845
Single responses 164,785 79,845 84,935 724,940 355,025 369,910
Official languages 161,550 78,210 83,335 712,250 348,510 363,740
English 159,420 77,200 82,220 505,935 247,610 258,325
French 2,125 1,015 1,115 206,315 100,900 105,415
Non-official languages 3,235 1,635 1,600 12,690 6,515 6,175
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 820 400 420
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 820 395 420
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 815 395 420
Malecite 0 0 0 50 25 25
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 765 370 395
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 3,235 1,635 1,600 11,870 6,115 5,750
Afro-Asiatic languages 735 395 345 2,285 1,210 1,075
Berber languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 15 5 10 20 10 10
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Somali 15 5 5 20 5 10
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 720 385 335 2,265 1,200 1,065
Amharic 0 0 0 20 10 10
Arabic 650 350 300 2,110 1,125 990
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 75 35 35 130 60 70
Maltese 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tigrigna 0 5 0 5 0 5
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 90 40 50 525 255 270
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Vietnamese 90 35 50 520 250 270
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 195 95 105 510 235 270
Bikol 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cebuano 30 15 20 40 15 25
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 0 5
Malay 5 5 0 15 0 5
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 160 80 85 450 215 235
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Creole languages 5 0 5 65 25 35
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 20 0 15
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 45 20 20
Dravidian languages 20 10 15 110 60 45
Kannada 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malayalam 10 5 10 20 5 10
Tamil 5 0 0 35 20 20
Telugu 10 5 5 45 30 15
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 5 5 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 890 445 450 4,160 2,175 1,990
Albanian 5 0 5 30 15 10
Armenian 0 0 0 20 5 10
Balto-Slavic languages 170 85 80 975 505 470
Baltic languages 0 0 0 35 20 15
Latvian 0 0 0 10 5 5
Lithuanian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavic languages 170 85 85 935 480 455
Belarusan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bosnian 10 5 5 25 15 10
Bulgarian 0 0 0 5 5 0
Croatian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Czech 0 0 0 5 0 5
Macedonian 0 0 5 0 0 0
Polish 10 5 10 55 25 30
Russian 120 60 60 620 320 305
Serbian 5 5 0 80 45 35
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 5 5 5
Slovak 0 0 0 5 5 5
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ukrainian 20 10 10 90 50 40
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 5 10 0 5
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 5 0 5
Welsh 5 0 5 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages 105 45 55 640 320 320
Afrikaans 0 0 0 35 15 20
Danish 0 0 0 5 5 5
Dutch 45 20 25 150 80 75
Frisian 0 0 0 5 0 5
German 55 25 30 425 215 210
Icelandic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Norwegian 5 0 0 5 0 5
Swedish 0 0 0 5 0 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Greek 30 15 15 45 25 25
Indo-Iranian languages 280 150 135 1,140 595 545
Indo-Aryan languages 155 80 75 655 335 325
Bengali 40 15 20 130 70 60
Gujarati 10 5 10 40 15 20
Hindi 15 5 5 115 60 50
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 5 5 0
Marathi 10 0 5 20 10 10
Nepali 25 15 15 135 60 75
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 5 5 5 50 25 25
Sindhi 5 0 0 10 5 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Urdu 50 25 20 140 75 70
Iranian languages 125 70 60 470 255 220
Kurdish 15 5 5 35 25 10
Pashto 10 5 0 15 5 5
Persian (Farsi) 105 55 50 425 225 195
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 5
Italic (Romance) languages 310 150 160 1,305 705 600
Catalan 0 0 0 5 5 0
Italian 25 15 15 85 40 45
Portuguese 30 15 15 110 50 60
Romanian 80 40 45 290 145 140
Spanish 170 85 85 820 470 350
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Japanese 0 0 0 20 10 15
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Korean 445 220 220 1,245 645 605
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 55 25 25 240 125 120
Akan (Twi) 5 0 5 10 5 10
Bamanankan 0 0 0 20 15 5
Edo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 0 0 0 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 10 10 5
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0 5 5 0
Lingala 0 0 0 10 5 5
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 20 15 10
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 5 5 10 5 5
Shona 0 0 0 5 0 5
Swahili 25 10 10 80 35 45
Wolof 0 0 0 5 5 0
Yoruba 0 0 0 5 5 5
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 50 25 25
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages 50 25 20 200 115 85
American Sign Language 15 10 5 55 30 25
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 30 15 15 150 90 60
Sino-Tibetan languages 720 375 350 2,390 1,210 1,175
Chinese languages 725 375 350 2,365 1,195 1,170
Cantonese 65 35 30 260 130 130
Hakka 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mandarin 580 290 285 1,855 930 920
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 0 0 15 10 5
Wu (Shanghainese) 35 15 15 85 40 45
Chinese, n.o.s. 45 30 15 140 80 55
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 25 15 10
Burmese 0 0 0 5 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 5 10 0 5
Lao 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 10 5 5 30 15 10
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkish 10 5 5 25 15 5
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uralic languages 15 5 10 70 35 40
Estonian 5 0 5 5 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0 5 5 5
Hungarian 10 5 5 55 30 30
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Multiple responses 1,465 660 800 11,345 5,415 5,925
English and French 520 225 300 7,275 3,370 3,905
English and non-official language 895 425 475 3,435 1,715 1,720
French and non-official language 15 5 5 340 185 160
English, French and non-official language 30 15 20 290 140 145
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 166,245 80,510 85,740 736,280 360,435 375,845
None 158,905 77,130 81,775 647,960 318,560 329,400
English 2,350 1,130 1,220 49,925 24,065 25,855
French 3,400 1,455 1,945 30,030 13,760 16,275
Non-official language 1,465 735 730 7,545 3,650 3,895
Aboriginal 15 5 10 1,300 625 685
Non-Aboriginal 1,450 730 725 6,240 3,030 3,210
English and French 35 15 20 180 90 90
English and non-official language 40 20 15 300 160 145
French and non-official language 50 25 30 335 155 185
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 10 5 5
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 138,245 66,455 71,790 620,390 301,645 318,745
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 131,500 63,115 68,385 594,705 289,220 305,485
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,053 40,217 26,372 30,961 37,516 25,796
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 131,550 63,120 68,435 594,920 289,245 305,680
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,035 35,422 24,460 28,107 33,169 23,945
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 115,980 57,365 58,620 516,780 259,945 256,835
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,283 38,464 24,015 28,444 34,830 23,278
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 93,860 39,760 54,105 439,645 193,975 245,675
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,444 8,203 6,971 8,164 9,210 7,321
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 94,335 48,110 46,225 423,915 219,135 204,780
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,603 39,297 25,831 29,124 34,784 24,769
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 138,225 66,455 71,770 620,395 301,650 318,745
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 131,650 63,270 68,380 594,650 289,140 305,510
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,531 50,409 33,316 39,141 46,154 32,504
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 131,695 63,280 68,420 594,870 289,165 305,700
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,642 41,013 28,749 33,022 38,151 28,171
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 115,965 57,520 58,440 516,685 259,855 256,830
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,218 49,365 31,214 37,432 44,240 30,543
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 94,425 40,070 54,355 440,195 194,240 245,955
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,511 8,724 8,354 8,938 9,519 8,480
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 94,340 48,185 46,155 423,915 218,800 205,110
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,131 49,494 32,401 37,611 43,456 31,376
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 138,220 66,455 71,765 620,390 301,645 318,745
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 46,955 25,450 21,510 197,290 104,215 93,075
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 48,164 56,346 41,376 46,349 52,010 41,058
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 57,837 66,663 47,394 54,011 60,796 46,415
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 85.6 89.2 80.4 83.2 86.2 79.0
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 70.8 74.8 65.2 68.5 71.3 64.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 14.4 10.8 19.6 16.8 13.8 21.0
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 138,240 66,455 71,785 620,390 301,650 318,745
Without total income 6,740 3,340 3,400 25,680 12,430 13,260
With total income 131,500 63,115 68,385 594,710 289,220 305,490
Percentage with total income 95.1 95.0 95.3 95.9 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 18,240 7,455 10,790 80,700 32,655 48,050
$10,000 to $19,999 22,520 8,155 14,360 109,015 40,415 68,600
$20,000 to $29,999 21,330 8,085 13,245 99,025 40,480 58,540
$30,000 to $39,999 17,050 7,690 9,360 83,770 41,360 42,405
$40,000 to $49,999 14,180 7,020 7,160 65,795 35,080 30,715
$50,000 to $59,999 10,005 5,795 4,205 44,810 26,560 18,250
$60,000 to $69,999 7,255 4,555 2,705 32,185 20,270 11,920
$70,000 to $79,999 5,610 3,195 2,410 24,565 14,130 10,430
$80,000 to $89,999 4,145 2,460 1,690 17,095 9,915 7,180
$90,000 to $99,999 2,875 1,995 875 10,240 6,980 3,260
$100,000 and over 8,290 6,710 1,580 27,515 21,380 6,135
$100,000 to $149,999 5,930 4,760 1,170 19,765 15,195 4,570
$150,000 and over 2,360 1,950 410 7,750 6,185 1,565
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 138,240 66,455 71,785 620,390 301,645 318,750
Without after-tax income 6,690 3,335 3,355 25,470 12,405 13,070
With after-tax income 131,550 63,120 68,435 594,920 289,240 305,680
Percentage with after-tax income 95.2 95.0 95.3 95.9 95.9 95.9
Under $10,000 (including loss) 18,980 7,565 11,410 83,590 33,140 50,455
$10,000 to $19,999 23,935 8,745 15,190 115,730 43,245 72,485
$20,000 to $29,999 24,990 9,890 15,105 118,940 51,335 67,610
$30,000 to $39,999 20,605 9,795 10,810 98,230 50,770 47,460
$40,000 to $49,999 15,005 8,360 6,645 67,470 38,665 28,810
$50,000 to $59,999 9,700 5,920 3,780 42,775 26,495 16,280
$60,000 to $69,999 6,820 3,995 2,825 28,790 16,435 12,355
$70,000 to $79,999 4,260 3,000 1,260 14,945 10,205 4,740
$80,000 and over 7,255 5,850 1,410 24,450 18,955 5,500
$80,000 to $89,999 2,425 1,915 510 8,385 6,340 2,040
$90,000 to $99,999 1,580 1,285 295 5,060 3,970 1,090
$100,000 and over 3,255 2,655 605 11,005 8,640 2,365
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 138,240 66,455 71,785 620,390 301,645 318,745
Without employment income 43,900 18,350 25,560 196,475 82,515 113,965
With employment income 94,335 48,105 46,230 423,910 219,140 204,775
Percentage with employment income 68.2 72.4 64.4 68.3 72.6 64.2
Under $5,000 (including loss) 12,345 5,805 6,545 54,590 26,540 28,045
$5,000 to $9,999 7,410 3,125 4,285 36,840 15,720 21,120
$10,000 to $19,999 12,765 5,210 7,550 65,895 29,920 35,975
$20,000 to $29,999 12,835 5,175 7,665 59,240 25,955 33,280
$30,000 to $39,999 10,985 5,105 5,885 50,190 24,930 25,260
$40,000 to $49,999 9,245 4,570 4,680 42,140 22,160 19,980
$50,000 to $59,999 6,650 3,950 2,700 29,910 18,180 11,730
$60,000 to $69,999 5,240 3,270 1,970 23,390 14,620 8,770
$70,000 to $79,999 4,550 2,480 2,070 19,515 10,565 8,950
$80,000 and over 12,300 9,410 2,890 42,210 30,540 11,665
$80,000 to $89,999 3,315 2,020 1,300 13,190 7,840 5,345
$90,000 to $99,999 2,335 1,725 605 8,105 5,685 2,420
$100,000 and over 6,650 5,670 985 20,915 17,015 3,895
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 71,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 61,569  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,347  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 54,136  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 52,553  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 19,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 29,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 28,747  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 27,233  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 26,387  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 51,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 230,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 78,219  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,207  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 67,927  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,063  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 71,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 76,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,786  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 64,246  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 61,431  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 19,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,988  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 32,217  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,242  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 51,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 230,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 92,264  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 86,878  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 76,784  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 73,156  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 71,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 1,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,835  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 3,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 3,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 3,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 3,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 3,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 3,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 3,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 5,815  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 27,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 5,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 4,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 22,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 4,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 3,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 18,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 6,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 4,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 4,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 2,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 71,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 1,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 3,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 4,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 3,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 4,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 20,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 4,195  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 3,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 3,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 6,870  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 32,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 6,150  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 5,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 23,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 4,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 3,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 12,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 48,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 6,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 3,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 49,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 221,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 78,358  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,353  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 67,963  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 20,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 71,811  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 67,988  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 62,704  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,801  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 19,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 82,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 107,294  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 100,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 90,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 85,717  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 8,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 42,553  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 42,992  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 40,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 40,671  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 49,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 221,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 92,454  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 87,048  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 76,846  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 73,197  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 21,020  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 84,936  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 70,638  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 66,576  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 19,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 82,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 118,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,901  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 96,857  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,699  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 8,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,733  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 51,119  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 45,973  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 45,687  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 24,905 11,455 13,450 114,825 54,970 59,850
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,231 31,042 26,775 27,250 30,122 25,182
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 25,997 27,759 25,076 25,167 27,154 23,916
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 24,800 11,195 13,605 114,375 54,300 60,075
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 36,352 39,897 33,434 34,738 37,330 32,395
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 30,930 33,043 29,190 29,845 31,431 28,411
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 164,965 79,955 85,010 730,710 357,860 372,850
In the bottom half of the distribution 91,800 42,940 48,860 428,180 204,170 224,005
In the bottom decile 18,930 8,855 10,080 80,120 37,430 42,695
In the second decile 19,520 8,570 10,950 94,165 42,190 51,980
In the third decile 18,225 8,450 9,775 87,075 41,905 45,170
In the fourth decile 17,935 8,650 9,285 85,610 42,275 43,335
In the fifth decile 17,195 8,415 8,780 81,200 40,375 40,825
In the top half of the distribution 73,165 37,015 36,150 302,530 153,685 148,845
In the sixth decile 16,680 8,330 8,350 77,345 38,915 38,425
In the seventh decile 16,440 8,220 8,225 73,185 37,190 36,005
In the eighth decile 15,515 7,790 7,725 65,090 32,815 32,275
In the ninth decile 14,475 7,430 7,045 52,050 26,635 25,410
In the top decile 10,050 5,245 4,805 34,860 18,130 16,730
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 164,965 79,950 85,010 722,550 353,870 368,680
0 to 17 years 32,565 16,490 16,075 131,930 67,285 64,645
0 to 5 years 10,030 5,025 5,000 40,900 20,805 20,100
18 to 64 years 102,890 49,840 53,055 452,805 221,675 231,130
65 years and over 29,510 13,625 15,880 137,820 64,915 72,905
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 28,765 13,005 15,760 123,820 55,990 67,825
0 to 17 years 7,815 3,970 3,840 29,250 14,930 14,320
0 to 5 years 2,755 1,400 1,360 10,285 5,260 5,030
18 to 64 years 15,905 7,100 8,805 66,745 29,975 36,770
65 years and over 5,050 1,935 3,110 27,830 11,090 16,745
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 17.4 16.3 18.5 17.1 15.8 18.4
0 to 17 years (%) 24.0 24.1 23.9 22.2 22.2 22.2
0 to 5 years (%) 27.5 27.9 27.2 25.1 25.3 25.0
18 to 64 years (%) 15.5 14.2 16.6 14.7 13.5 15.9
65 years and over (%) 17.1 14.2 19.6 20.2 17.1 23.0
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 12,960 6,265 6,690 49,830 24,165 25,660
0 to 17 years 3,400 1,760 1,640 11,520 5,890 5,630
0 to 5 years 1,280 650 635 4,200 2,145 2,055
18 to 64 years 8,885 4,230 4,655 35,680 17,255 18,425
65 years and over 670 275 395 2,630 1,025 1,605
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 7.9 7.8 7.9 6.9 6.8 7.0
0 to 17 years (%) 10.4 10.7 10.2 8.7 8.8 8.7
0 to 5 years (%) 12.8 12.9 12.7 10.3 10.3 10.2
18 to 64 years (%) 8.6 8.5 8.8 7.9 7.8 8.0
65 years and over (%) 2.3 2.0 2.5 1.9 1.6 2.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 164,965 79,975 84,990 730,710 357,855 372,850
Official languages 164,235 79,590 84,645 728,310 356,615 371,690
English 164,045 79,530 84,515 666,315 326,905 339,415
French 22,985 9,830 13,155 310,550 147,845 162,705
Non-official languages 7,650 3,795 3,855 34,880 17,355 17,525
Aboriginal languages 50 0 40 3,065 1,470 1,595
Algonquian languages 40 10 35 2,990 1,455 1,540
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 40 0 35 2,965 1,435 1,530
Malecite 15 0 15 720 335 385
Mi'kmaq 25 0 25 2,265 1,115 1,150
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 15 15 0
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 10 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 10 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 10 0 0 55 10 45
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 45 10 40
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 10 0
Salish languages 10 0 0 0 10 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 7,605 3,790 3,815 31,865 15,915 15,955
Afro-Asiatic languages 985 525 460 4,355 2,385 1,980
Berber languages 15 10 10 80 40 35
Kabyle 0 0 0 40 20 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 40 25 20
Cushitic languages 10 0 0 15 10 0
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Somali 10 0 0 10 10 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 970 515 455 4,300 2,340 1,960
Amharic 20 15 10 165 100 65
Arabic 805 445 365 3,685 2,030 1,660
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 145 60 85 435 205 230
Maltese 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0 50 25 25
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 15 15 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 160 75 90 835 430 400
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Vietnamese 165 75 90 820 435 390
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 0
Austronesian languages 475 175 300 1,790 695 1,090
Bikol 10 0 10 10 0 10
Cebuano 100 45 55 185 70 115
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 10 0 0 35 10 30
Ilocano 0 0 0 50 10 45
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 10 15
Malay 30 0 25 75 20 55
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 420 155 260 1,595 625 970
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 20 15 0
Creole languages 30 15 15 430 195 235
Haitian Creole 10 0 10 50 20 30
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 240 105 135
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 140 75 65
Dravidian languages 85 50 35 435 245 195
Kannada 30 15 15 60 30 25
Malayalam 15 0 10 55 35 25
Tamil 20 20 0 190 115 75
Telugu 30 15 10 175 90 85
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Hmong-Mien languages 10 10 0 10 10 0
Indo-European languages 3,650 1,835 1,815 16,505 8,155 8,350
Albanian 0 0 0 80 45 35
Armenian 0 10 0 60 35 25
Balto-Slavic languages 505 275 235 2,065 1,100 965
Baltic languages 0 0 0 55 40 20
Latvian 10 0 0 20 10 10
Lithuanian 0 0 0 30 20 10
Slavic languages 495 265 230 2,025 1,070 955
Belarusan 0 0 0 10 0 0
Bosnian 15 10 0 75 40 40
Bulgarian 0 0 0 45 15 35
Croatian 15 10 10 95 45 55
Czech 25 10 15 115 65 45
Macedonian 10 0 10 35 25 10
Polish 85 45 40 320 165 160
Russian 280 145 135 1,200 630 570
Serbian 20 10 0 90 70 20
Serbo-Croatian 10 10 0 40 30 10
Slovak 20 0 15 45 15 30
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 10 0 15 10 0
Ukrainian 130 70 60 310 145 165
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Celtic languages 15 0 10 140 40 100
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 10 95 20 75
Welsh 10 0 0 10 0 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Germanic languages 945 430 515 4,745 2,360 2,380
Afrikaans 25 0 20 130 70 60
Danish 15 10 10 155 60 95
Dutch 240 120 125 1,185 560 625
Frisian 15 15 10 50 40 15
German 660 310 355 3,260 1,675 1,580
Icelandic 10 10 0 10 10 0
Norwegian 50 25 25 130 65 65
Swedish 20 0 15 110 45 60
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 10 0 40 20 25
Yiddish 0 0 0 20 20 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Greek 115 80 35 220 125 95
Indo-Iranian languages 695 415 275 2,325 1,275 1,050
Indo-Aryan languages 430 260 170 1,570 875 695
Bengali 60 30 25 225 150 80
Gujarati 25 10 20 110 45 65
Hindi 305 180 120 790 430 355
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Marathi 10 0 0 55 20 30
Nepali 10 10 0 185 90 95
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 40 45 0 205 130 75
Sindhi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 35 10 20
Urdu 115 80 40 355 215 140
Iranian languages 280 165 115 805 430 375
Kurdish 35 15 15 130 65 60
Pashto 20 15 10 60 45 20
Persian (Farsi) 230 140 90 620 330 285
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 1,500 685 815 7,600 3,540 4,055
Catalan 0 0 0 15 10 0
Italian 145 70 70 825 405 420
Portuguese 120 55 60 450 250 200
Romanian 145 70 75 555 290 265
Spanish 1,150 510 645 6,065 2,775 3,290
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Japanese 100 40 60 430 190 240
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Korean 550 290 260 1,695 860 835
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 10 10 10
Mongolian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Niger-Congo languages 245 120 125 1,525 890 640
Akan (Twi) 30 10 25 35 15 25
Bamanankan 30 15 15 155 70 85
Edo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 0 0 0 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 100 85 15
Ga 0 0 0 10 10 0
Ganda 0 0 0 10 10 0
Igbo 40 35 10 60 50 15
Lingala 0 0 0 125 95 35
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 0 0 90 55 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Shona 10 0 10 40 15 25
Swahili 75 30 45 355 185 170
Wolof 0 0 0 70 45 25
Yoruba 10 10 0 60 45 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25 545 315 230
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages 410 150 260 1,155 450 705
American Sign Language 190 70 125 425 150 280
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 15 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 230 85 145 745 305 435
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,085 575 505 3,585 1,885 1,700
Chinese languages 1,085 580 505 3,510 1,855 1,660
Cantonese 195 70 120 610 285 320
Hakka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mandarin 840 455 390 2,760 1,455 1,310
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 10 10 0 60 30 30
Wu (Shanghainese) 45 25 20 140 65 75
Chinese, n.o.s. 110 65 45 310 195 115
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 40 10 30
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 70 30 40
Burmese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0 65 25 45
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 25 0 20 85 20 65
Lao 0 0 0 10 0 10
Thai 25 0 20 80 20 60
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 55 45 15 175 105 75
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkish 55 40 15 165 105 60
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 10 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Uralic languages 75 45 25 270 130 140
Estonian 0 0 0 20 15 0
Finnish 15 10 10 35 15 20
Hungarian 55 30 25 220 105 115
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 100 70 30
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 164,965 79,975 84,990 730,710 357,855 372,855
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 160,135 77,550 82,580 710,775 347,905 362,875
Canadian citizens aged under 18 31,690 16,100 15,590 130,785 66,795 63,990
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 128,440 61,455 66,995 579,995 281,110 298,880
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 4,830 2,425 2,405 19,925 9,950 9,980
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 164,965 79,975 84,990 730,710 357,855 372,850
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 155,250 75,160 80,085 692,535 339,090 353,445
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 8,800 4,245 4,550 33,810 16,175 17,640
Before 1981 3,205 1,445 1,755 11,545 5,265 6,275
1981 to 1990 785 405 380 2,735 1,340 1,390
1991 to 2000 725 370 350 2,975 1,490 1,490
2001 to 2010 1,695 865 830 7,235 3,530 3,710
2001 to 2005 510 255 260 2,435 1,110 1,330
2006 to 2010 1,185 610 575 4,800 2,415 2,385
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 2,390 1,155 1,230 9,330 4,560 4,770
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 920 565 350 4,360 2,590 1,770
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 8,800 4,245 4,550 33,815 16,175 17,635
Under 5 years 1,275 595 680 5,135 2,350 2,790
5 to 14 years 1,730 860 875 7,290 3,585 3,705
15 to 24 years 1,460 710 750 5,790 2,525 3,265
25 to 44 years 3,490 1,635 1,850 12,640 6,100 6,535
45 years and over 845 450 395 2,955 1,615 1,340
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 8,795 4,250 4,555 33,815 16,175 17,635
Americas 2,285 1,065 1,220 9,420 4,205 5,210
Brazil 15 15 10 55 20 30
Colombia 25 15 15 215 85 130
El Salvador 10 10 0 115 85 30
Guyana 15 0 10 80 40 45
Haiti 10 10 0 170 70 100
Jamaica 15 10 10 120 85 40
Mexico 45 10 40 160 50 110
Peru 20 10 10 60 35 25
Trinidad and Tobago 40 25 15 115 70 40
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,860 845 1,020 7,620 3,315 4,305
Other places of birth in Americas 225 125 100 715 355 360
Europe 3,020 1,460 1,560 10,985 5,335 5,650
Bosnia and Herzegovina 15 10 0 100 55 50
Croatia 20 15 10 60 35 25
France 60 30 30 760 425 340
Germany 280 120 160 1,615 740 880
Greece 75 45 30 95 60 40
Hungary 20 10 10 100 35 65
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 30 0 30 160 75 85
Italy 35 30 10 210 125 85
Netherlands 220 130 90 975 505 465
Poland 55 25 25 195 90 100
Portugal 45 30 15 130 85 45
Romania 130 55 70 485 245 240
Russian Federation 70 35 35 245 115 135
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 10 10 0 30 25 10
Ukraine 75 35 35 250 120 130
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 1,690 785 900 4,600 2,160 2,445
Other places of birth in Europe 180 85 95 970 455 515
Africa 385 195 195 2,565 1,420 1,140
Algeria 15 10 0 165 90 75
Egypt 25 20 10 120 75 45
Ethiopia 10 0 0 120 65 60
Kenya 25 10 15 60 30 30
Morocco 25 15 10 200 120 75
Nigeria 20 15 10 115 65 50
Somalia 10 0 0 15 10 10
South Africa, Republic of 45 20 25 165 85 80
Other places of birth in Africa 215 100 120 1,615 885 725
Asia 3,030 1,495 1,535 10,625 5,105 5,520
Afghanistan 15 10 10 20 10 0
Bangladesh 20 10 10 100 55 50
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 685 355 330 2,210 1,040 1,175
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 20 10 10 120 60 55
India 230 135 95 820 435 380
IranCensus data footnote 61 170 105 65 490 260 230
Iraq 20 10 15 70 25