Census Profile, 2016 Census
Edmundston--Woodstock [Economic region], New Brunswick and New Brunswick [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Edmundston--Woodstock
New Brunswick
[Economic region]
New Brunswick

[Province]
Data quality , Edmundston--Woodstock [Economic region], New Brunswick  Map : Edmundston--Woodstock [Economic region], New Brunswick Data quality : New Brunswick [Province]  Map : geography 2
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 77,578  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 747,101  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 80,362  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 751,171  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 -3.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... -0.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 36,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 359,721  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 33,429  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,773  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 6.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 12,280.17  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,388.81  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 77,575 37,855 39,725 747,105 365,355 381,745
0 to 14 years 11,375 5,765 5,605 110,495 56,320 54,180
0 to 4 years 3,410 1,750 1,655 34,365 17,505 16,860
5 to 9 years 3,975 1,985 1,990 38,250 19,515 18,735
10 to 14 years 3,990 2,035 1,960 37,880 19,295 18,585
15 to 64 years 49,880 24,595 25,285 487,820 240,535 247,285
15 to 19 years 4,285 2,170 2,110 40,605 20,905 19,705
20 to 24 years 3,605 1,805 1,805 41,445 21,280 20,165
25 to 29 years 3,440 1,735 1,700 39,245 19,745 19,505
30 to 34 years 3,860 1,840 2,020 41,510 20,140 21,365
35 to 39 years 4,320 2,125 2,190 44,435 21,585 22,850
40 to 44 years 4,810 2,430 2,380 48,430 23,520 24,910
45 to 49 years 5,230 2,535 2,695 51,300 25,195 26,105
50 to 54 years 6,405 3,110 3,295 61,055 29,795 31,265
55 to 59 years 7,275 3,560 3,715 61,740 30,210 31,530
60 to 64 years 6,650 3,280 3,370 58,060 28,170 29,895
65 years and over 16,325 7,485 8,835 148,785 68,500 80,280
65 to 69 years 5,945 2,930 3,020 52,160 25,595 26,570
70 to 74 years 3,815 1,905 1,910 36,050 17,695 18,360
75 to 79 years 2,675 1,185 1,490 25,300 11,835 13,465
80 to 84 years 1,965 820 1,150 17,650 7,515 10,135
85 years and over 1,915 650 1,270 17,620 5,860 11,765
85 to 89 years 1,165 420 745 10,670 3,910 6,760
90 to 94 years 585 185 400 5,305 1,595 3,715
95 to 99 years 145 35 110 1,435 330 1,110
100 years and over 15 5 15 205 30 185
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 14.7 15.2 14.1 14.8 15.4 14.2
15 to 64 years 64.3 65.0 63.7 65.3 65.8 64.8
65 years and over 21.0 19.8 22.2 19.9 18.7 21.0
85 years and over 2.5 1.7 3.2 2.4 1.6 3.1
Average age of the population 44.7 43.9 45.5 43.6 42.7 44.5
Median age of the population 48.0 47.0 48.9 45.7 44.8 46.6
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 33,430  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 25,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 221,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 100  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 6,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 850  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 880  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 1,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 3,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 44,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 160  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 1,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 33,430  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 9,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 13,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 126,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 4,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 3,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 1,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 75,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 730,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 66,205 32,085 34,120 636,605 309,040 327,570
Married or living common law 40,785 20,390 20,390 379,605 189,790 189,820
Married 31,535 15,785 15,750 302,020 151,100 150,925
Living common law 9,250 4,610 4,640 77,580 38,685 38,895
Not married and not living common law 25,420 11,690 13,730 257,000 119,250 137,745
Never married 14,590 7,990 6,600 158,070 85,640 72,430
Separated 2,090 925 1,160 21,290 9,530 11,760
Divorced 3,670 1,700 1,970 35,680 15,275 20,405
Widowed 5,075 1,070 4,000 41,965 8,805 33,160
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 23,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 222,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 13,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 129,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 4,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 47,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 3,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 1,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 23,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 222,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 20,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 186,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 15,430  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 147,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 4,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 3,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 2,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 28,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 745  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 20,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 186,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 11,690  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 105,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 8,360  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 81,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 3,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 3,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 32,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 1,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 3,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 2,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 23,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 935  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 12,395 5,845 6,555 128,775 61,010 67,770
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 33,430  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 22,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 214,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 11,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 102,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 11,360  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 112,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 340  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 10,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 9,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 775  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 76,380 37,370 39,010 736,280 360,440 375,840
English only 32,925 16,455 16,465 420,820 210,555 210,260
French only 13,485 6,420 7,060 63,140 29,955 33,190
English and French 29,890 14,445 15,445 249,950 118,705 131,245
Neither English nor French 90 50 35 2,370 1,220 1,150
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 76,385 37,370 39,010 736,280 360,440 375,845
English 37,540 18,425 19,115 498,365 244,230 254,135
French 38,515 18,765 19,750 232,450 113,500 118,945
English and French 250 140 110 3,210 1,550 1,655
Neither English nor French 85 45 35 2,255 1,150 1,100
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 38,640 18,835 19,805 234,055 114,280 119,775
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 50.6 50.4 50.8 31.8 31.7 31.9
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 76,380 37,375 39,010 736,280 360,440 375,845
Single responses 75,625 37,015 38,615 726,990 356,005 370,990
Official languages 74,140 36,240 37,900 703,840 344,285 359,555
English 36,030 17,665 18,365 472,725 231,595 241,135
French 38,110 18,575 19,535 231,110 112,690 118,415
Non-official languages 1,485 780 705 23,150 11,715 11,435
Aboriginal languages 185 85 95 2,165 1,035 1,135
Algonquian languages 185 85 95 2,130 1,020 1,110
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 180 85 95 2,115 1,010 1,105
Malecite 170 80 90 280 125 155
Mi'kmaq 10 0 5 1,835 885 950
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 5 5 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 5 0 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 0 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,305 690 610 20,990 10,685 10,300
Afro-Asiatic languages 120 80 45 3,190 1,805 1,385
Berber languages 10 10 5 40 25 15
Kabyle 0 0 0 20 10 5
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 5 5 5
Somali 0 0 0 25 10 15
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 115 75 45 3,110 1,760 1,355
Amharic 0 0 0 65 35 25
Arabic 105 70 40 2,855 1,615 1,235
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 5 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 10 0 5 170 90 80
Maltese 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tigrigna 0 0 0 20 15 10
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 25 15 15 635 305 330
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 10 5 10
Vietnamese 25 15 15 620 305 320
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 85 35 50 1,375 510 865
Bikol 0 0 0 5 0 5
Cebuano 0 0 5 105 35 65
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 5 0 0 15 5 10
Ilocano 0 0 0 50 15 35
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 5 10
Malay 0 0 5 45 20 30
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 75 35 40 1,120 420 700
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 5 0 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Creole languages 30 25 10 135 70 65
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 15 10 5
Creole, n.o.s. 5 5 5 80 30 50
Creole languages, n.i.e. 20 20 5 40 30 10
Dravidian languages 25 15 5 285 155 130
Kannada 0 0 0 20 15 10
Malayalam 5 0 0 40 15 20
Tamil 10 5 5 105 60 50
Telugu 10 5 0 110 60 45
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Indo-European languages 890 470 425 9,325 4,790 4,530
Albanian 0 0 0 50 25 25
Armenian 0 0 0 30 15 10
Balto-Slavic languages 205 120 90 1,740 865 875
Baltic languages 20 15 10 55 30 30
Latvian 10 5 5 25 10 10
Lithuanian 10 5 5 35 15 15
Slavic languages 185 105 80 1,685 835 850
Belarusan 0 0 0 5 5 0
Bosnian 0 0 0 50 25 25
Bulgarian 0 0 0 20 10 10
Croatian 20 10 5 75 35 40
Czech 5 0 0 55 25 25
Macedonian 5 0 0 15 10 5
Polish 15 5 5 230 105 125
Russian 120 65 50 880 440 435
Serbian 10 10 0 105 55 45
Serbo-Croatian 5 0 0 35 15 20
Slovak 5 5 0 25 15 15
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ukrainian 20 10 10 170 85 90
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 5 30 5 20
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 15 5 10
Welsh 0 5 5 10 0 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Germanic languages 370 190 180 2,875 1,415 1,465
Afrikaans 0 0 0 50 30 25
Danish 40 20 25 125 55 75
Dutch 120 65 55 885 470 410
Frisian 0 0 5 35 25 10
German 200 100 95 1,650 780 865
Icelandic 0 0 0 5 0 0
Norwegian 0 5 0 40 25 20
Swedish 0 0 0 50 15 35
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 0 20 10 10
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 5 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Greek 0 0 0 145 100 50
Indo-Iranian languages 60 35 20 1,850 1,020 835
Indo-Aryan languages 40 25 15 1,175 655 525
Bengali 10 5 5 205 120 85
Gujarati 5 0 5 75 40 30
Hindi 10 5 5 225 135 95
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 10 5 5
Marathi 5 0 0 50 20 25
Nepali 5 0 5 180 90 90
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 5 5 0 125 75 50
Sindhi 0 0 0 25 10 10
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 5 0 30 15 15
Urdu 0 0 0 240 140 100
Iranian languages 10 10 0 655 355 305
Kurdish 10 5 0 55 30 25
Pashto 0 0 0 25 15 10
Persian (Farsi) 5 0 0 580 310 270
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 15 10 10
Italic (Romance) languages 255 125 130 2,605 1,355 1,250
Catalan 0 0 0 5 5 0
Italian 10 10 5 400 225 175
Portuguese 10 5 5 260 130 130
Romanian 140 70 70 485 250 240
Spanish 95 45 50 1,460 755 705
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Japanese 0 0 0 110 25 85
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Korean 10 5 10 1,550 800 750
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Mongolian 0 0 0 5 5 5
Niger-Congo languages 40 25 15 700 385 315
Akan (Twi) 5 5 5 25 10 10
Bamanankan 0 0 0 60 35 25
Edo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 5 0 5 5 5 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 40 30 15
Ga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Ganda 0 0 0 10 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0 30 20 10
Lingala 0 5 0 25 15 15
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 5 5 45 25 20
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 5 5 40 20 20
Shona 0 0 0 20 10 10
Swahili 0 0 5 135 65 70
Wolof 0 0 0 25 20 10
Yoruba 0 0 0 30 15 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 195 105 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0 5 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sign languages 5 5 0 145 75 70
American Sign Language 0 0 0 40 20 30
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 5 5 5 95 55 45
Sino-Tibetan languages 40 20 25 3,115 1,570 1,545
Chinese languages 40 15 25 3,085 1,555 1,530
Cantonese 15 10 5 440 225 210
Hakka 0 0 0 20 10 10
Mandarin 15 10 15 2,250 1,105 1,150
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 5 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 35 15 15
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 100 45 55
Chinese, n.o.s. 5 5 5 240 150 85
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 30 15 15
Burmese 0 0 0 0 0 5
Karenic languages 0 0 0 25 15 10
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 10 0 10 60 15 50
Lao 0 0 0 5 0 0
Thai 5 0 5 55 10 45
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 5 0 0 105 60 45
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkish 0 5 0 75 50 30
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Uralic languages 15 10 5 250 115 135
Estonian 0 0 0 20 5 10
Finnish 0 0 0 45 15 30
Hungarian 10 5 5 185 90 95
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 10
Multiple responses 755 360 400 9,290 4,440 4,855
English and French 620 290 330 7,285 3,470 3,815
English and non-official language 100 45 55 1,535 725 810
French and non-official language 30 15 10 330 175 155
English, French and non-official language 10 5 5 145 65 75
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 76,380 37,375 39,010 736,280 360,435 375,845
Single responses 75,375 36,860 38,510 724,940 355,025 369,910
Official languages 74,655 36,465 38,195 712,250 348,510 363,740
English 37,435 18,330 19,105 505,935 247,610 258,325
French 37,220 18,130 19,085 206,315 100,900 105,415
Non-official languages 715 400 320 12,690 6,515 6,175
Aboriginal languages 30 10 15 820 400 420
Algonquian languages 30 10 20 820 395 420
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 30 15 20 815 395 420
Malecite 30 10 15 50 25 25
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 765 370 395
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 685 385 305 11,870 6,115 5,750
Afro-Asiatic languages 70 40 25 2,285 1,210 1,075
Berber languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0 20 5 10
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 70 40 30 2,265 1,200 1,065
Amharic 0 0 0 20 10 10
Arabic 65 35 25 2,110 1,125 990
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 5 5 5 130 60 70
Maltese 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tigrigna 0 0 0 5 0 5
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 20 5 10 525 255 270
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Vietnamese 20 10 15 520 250 270
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 40 25 20 510 235 270
Bikol 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cebuano 0 0 0 40 15 25
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 0 5
Malay 0 0 0 15 0 5
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 40 20 20 450 215 235
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Creole languages 25 20 0 65 25 35
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 5 20 0 15
Creole languages, n.i.e. 20 20 0 45 20 20
Dravidian languages 5 0 0 110 60 45
Kannada 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0 20 5 10
Tamil 0 0 0 35 20 20
Telugu 0 0 0 45 30 15
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 465 255 210 4,160 2,175 1,990
Albanian 0 0 0 30 15 10
Armenian 0 0 0 20 5 10
Balto-Slavic languages 155 90 70 975 505 470
Baltic languages 20 10 10 35 20 15
Latvian 10 5 5 10 5 5
Lithuanian 10 5 5 25 15 10
Slavic languages 140 75 60 935 480 455
Belarusan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Bulgarian 0 0 0 5 5 0
Croatian 10 5 5 25 10 15
Czech 0 0 0 5 0 5
Macedonian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Polish 10 0 5 55 25 30
Russian 95 45 45 620 320 305
Serbian 10 10 0 80 45 35
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 5 5 5
Slovak 0 0 0 5 5 5
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ukrainian 15 10 5 90 50 40
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 5 10 0 5
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 5 0 5
Welsh 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages 140 75 65 640 320 320
Afrikaans 0 0 0 35 15 20
Danish 5 0 0 5 5 5
Dutch 25 20 15 150 80 75
Frisian 0 0 0 5 0 5
German 100 55 50 425 215 210
Icelandic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0 5 0 5
Swedish 0 0 0 5 0 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Greek 0 0 0 45 25 25
Indo-Iranian languages 25 10 10 1,140 595 545
Indo-Aryan languages 10 5 0 655 335 325
Bengali 5 0 0 130 70 60
Gujarati 0 0 0 40 15 20
Hindi 0 0 0 115 60 50
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 5 5 0
Marathi 5 5 0 20 10 10
Nepali 0 0 0 135 60 75
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 5 0 0 50 25 25
Sindhi 0 0 0 10 5 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Urdu 0 0 0 140 75 70
Iranian languages 10 10 5 470 255 220
Kurdish 5 5 5 35 25 10
Pashto 0 0 0 15 5 5
Persian (Farsi) 0 0 0 425 225 195
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 15 10 5
Italic (Romance) languages 150 80 70 1,305 705 600
Catalan 0 0 0 5 5 0
Italian 0 0 0 85 40 45
Portuguese 5 5 5 110 50 60
Romanian 80 40 45 290 145 140
Spanish 55 35 25 820 470 350
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Japanese 0 0 0 20 10 15
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Korean 10 0 0 1,245 645 605
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 5 5 0 240 125 120
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 10 5 10
Bamanankan 0 0 0 20 15 5
Edo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 0 0 0 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 10 10 5
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0 5 5 0
Lingala 0 0 0 10 5 5
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 20 15 10
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Shona 0 0 0 5 0 5
Swahili 0 0 0 80 35 45
Wolof 0 0 0 5 5 0
Yoruba 0 0 0 5 5 5
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 25
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages 15 10 0 200 115 85
American Sign Language 0 0 0 55 30 25
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 10 0 150 90 60
Sino-Tibetan languages 30 15 15 2,390 1,210 1,175
Chinese languages 30 15 15 2,365 1,195 1,170
Cantonese 15 10 10 260 130 130
Hakka 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mandarin 10 5 5 1,855 930 920
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 85 40 45
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 5 140 80 55
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 25 15 10
Burmese 0 0 0 5 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 5 0 0 10 0 5
Lao 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thai 5 0 0 10 5 5
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 5 5 0 30 15 10
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkish 5 5 5 25 15 5
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uralic languages 5 5 5 70 35 40
Estonian 0 0 0 5 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0 5 5 5
Hungarian 5 5 5 55 30 30
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Multiple responses 1,010 510 500 11,345 5,415 5,925
English and French 740 370 370 7,275 3,370 3,905
English and non-official language 210 110 100 3,435 1,715 1,720
French and non-official language 45 25 20 340 185 160
English, French and non-official language 10 5 10 290 140 145
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 76,380 37,375 39,010 736,280 360,435 375,845
None 66,685 32,715 33,975 647,960 318,560 329,400
English 7,045 3,405 3,635 49,925 24,065 25,855
French 1,945 915 1,035 30,030 13,760 16,275
Non-official language 665 320 340 7,545 3,650 3,895
Aboriginal 215 95 120 1,300 625 685
Non-Aboriginal 445 230 215 6,240 3,030 3,210
English and French 5 5 0 180 90 90
English and non-official language 30 15 15 300 160 145
French and non-official language 15 5 10 335 155 185
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 10 5 5
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 64,195 31,315 32,880 620,390 301,645 318,745
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 61,765 30,275 31,490 594,705 289,220 305,485
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,498 35,144 23,594 30,961 37,516 25,796
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 61,780 30,275 31,505 594,920 289,245 305,680
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 26,302 31,358 22,344 28,107 33,169 23,945
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 52,650 26,860 25,785 516,780 259,945 256,835
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 26,041 32,422 21,258 28,444 34,830 23,278
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 46,705 20,900 25,805 439,645 193,975 245,675
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,208 9,017 7,524 8,164 9,210 7,321
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 43,225 22,740 20,485 423,915 219,135 204,780
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,574 33,393 23,053 29,124 34,784 24,769
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 64,195 31,365 32,830 620,395 301,650 318,745
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 61,735 30,370 31,360 594,650 289,140 305,510
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,418 41,633 29,400 39,141 46,154 32,504
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 61,755 30,370 31,385 594,870 289,165 305,700
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,508 35,214 25,955 33,022 38,151 28,171
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 52,760 27,005 25,755 516,685 259,855 256,830
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,529 39,499 27,268 37,432 44,240 30,543
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 46,660 20,930 25,725 440,195 194,240 245,955
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,946 9,443 8,542 8,938 9,519 8,480
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 43,230 22,890 20,335 423,915 218,800 205,110
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,861 38,576 28,552 37,611 43,456 31,376
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 64,195 31,365 32,830 620,390 301,645 318,745
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 19,775 10,910 8,870 197,290 104,215 93,075
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 42,388 46,710 36,726 46,349 52,010 41,058
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 48,233 53,166 42,164 54,011 60,796 46,415
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 80.7 84.3 75.9 83.2 86.2 79.0
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 67.3 70.5 63.1 68.5 71.3 64.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 19.3 15.7 24.1 16.8 13.8 21.0
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 64,195 31,310 32,880 620,390 301,650 318,745
Without total income 2,430 1,040 1,390 25,680 12,430 13,260
With total income 61,765 30,275 31,490 594,710 289,220 305,490
Percentage with total income 96.2 96.7 95.8 95.9 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 8,865 3,470 5,395 80,700 32,655 48,050
$10,000 to $19,999 12,375 4,655 7,720 109,015 40,415 68,600
$20,000 to $29,999 11,060 4,590 6,470 99,025 40,480 58,540
$30,000 to $39,999 9,345 4,805 4,535 83,770 41,360 42,405
$40,000 to $49,999 7,100 4,245 2,860 65,795 35,080 30,715
$50,000 to $59,999 4,350 2,905 1,440 44,810 26,560 18,250
$60,000 to $69,999 2,760 1,810 950 32,185 20,270 11,920
$70,000 to $79,999 2,100 1,140 955 24,565 14,130 10,430
$80,000 to $89,999 1,305 745 560 17,095 9,915 7,180
$90,000 to $99,999 720 510 215 10,240 6,980 3,260
$100,000 and over 1,785 1,400 390 27,515 21,380 6,135
$100,000 to $149,999 1,290 1,010 285 19,765 15,195 4,570
$150,000 and over 495 395 100 7,750 6,185 1,565
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 64,195 31,315 32,880 620,390 301,645 318,750
Without after-tax income 2,415 1,040 1,375 25,470 12,405 13,070
With after-tax income 61,780 30,275 31,505 594,920 289,240 305,680
Percentage with after-tax income 96.2 96.7 95.8 95.9 95.9 95.9
Under $10,000 (including loss) 9,065 3,505 5,555 83,590 33,140 50,455
$10,000 to $19,999 13,110 4,940 8,170 115,730 43,245 72,485
$20,000 to $29,999 13,285 5,815 7,470 118,940 51,335 67,610
$30,000 to $39,999 10,925 6,140 4,785 98,230 50,770 47,460
$40,000 to $49,999 6,670 4,225 2,445 67,470 38,665 28,810
$50,000 to $59,999 3,690 2,390 1,305 42,775 26,495 16,280
$60,000 to $69,999 2,340 1,265 1,075 28,790 16,435 12,355
$70,000 to $79,999 1,065 720 345 14,945 10,205 4,740
$80,000 and over 1,625 1,275 355 24,450 18,955 5,500
$80,000 to $89,999 550 420 135 8,385 6,340 2,040
$90,000 to $99,999 350 280 70 5,060 3,970 1,090
$100,000 and over 725 575 155 11,005 8,640 2,365
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 64,195 31,310 32,885 620,390 301,645 318,745
Without employment income 20,970 8,570 12,395 196,475 82,515 113,965
With employment income 43,230 22,740 20,485 423,910 219,140 204,775
Percentage with employment income 67.3 72.6 62.3 68.3 72.6 64.2
Under $5,000 (including loss) 5,955 2,940 3,020 54,590 26,540 28,045
$5,000 to $9,999 3,920 1,610 2,310 36,840 15,720 21,120
$10,000 to $19,999 6,670 3,000 3,670 65,895 29,920 35,975
$20,000 to $29,999 6,560 2,850 3,715 59,240 25,955 33,280
$30,000 to $39,999 5,785 3,075 2,705 50,190 24,930 25,260
$40,000 to $49,999 4,675 2,885 1,790 42,140 22,160 19,980
$50,000 to $59,999 2,995 2,050 945 29,910 18,180 11,730
$60,000 to $69,999 2,035 1,365 670 23,390 14,620 8,770
$70,000 to $79,999 1,765 900 870 19,515 10,565 8,950
$80,000 and over 2,860 2,070 790 42,210 30,540 11,665
$80,000 to $89,999 980 585 390 13,190 7,840 5,345
$90,000 to $99,999 590 430 160 8,105 5,685 2,420
$100,000 and over 1,295 1,050 240 20,915 17,015 3,895
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 33,430  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 52,974  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,347  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 47,968  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 52,553  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 9,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 24,777  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 28,747  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 23,699  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 26,387  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 23,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 230,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 67,439  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,207  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 59,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,063  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 33,430  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 65,404  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,786  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 56,361  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 61,431  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 9,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 32,352  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 28,412  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,242  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 23,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 230,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 78,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 86,878  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 67,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 73,156  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 33,430  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 360  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 960  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 845  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,835  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 27,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,360  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 22,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 5,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 1,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 33,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 380  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 960  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 855  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,210  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 20,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 32,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 23,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 3,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 48,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 865  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 23,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 221,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 67,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,353  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 59,806  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 11,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 60,531  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 67,988  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 54,034  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,801  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 8,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 82,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 89,372  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 100,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 78,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 85,717  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 3,210  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 40,076  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 42,992  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 38,619  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 40,671  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 23,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 221,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 78,356  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 87,048  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 67,257  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 73,197  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 11,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 70,489  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 60,531  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 66,576  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 8,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 82,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 101,364  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,901  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 85,815  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,699  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 3,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 47,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 51,119  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 43,107  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 45,687  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 11,065 5,265 5,795 114,825 54,970 59,850
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 24,536 27,930 22,751 27,250 30,122 25,182
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 23,465 25,728 22,230 25,167 27,154 23,916
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 10,935 5,245 5,695 114,375 54,300 60,075
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 31,710 34,040 29,566 34,738 37,330 32,395
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 27,894 29,381 26,526 29,845 31,431 28,411
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 75,565 37,075 38,485 730,710 357,860 372,850
In the bottom half of the distribution 49,260 23,570 25,695 428,180 204,170 224,005
In the bottom decile 8,660 3,965 4,705 80,120 37,430 42,695
In the second decile 11,570 5,205 6,360 94,165 42,190 51,980
In the third decile 10,415 5,065 5,350 87,075 41,905 45,170
In the fourth decile 9,900 4,975 4,925 85,610 42,275 43,335
In the fifth decile 8,710 4,355 4,350 81,200 40,375 40,825
In the top half of the distribution 26,305 13,510 12,795 302,530 153,685 148,845
In the sixth decile 7,660 3,890 3,775 77,345 38,915 38,425
In the seventh decile 6,975 3,600 3,380 73,185 37,190 36,005
In the eighth decile 5,525 2,845 2,675 65,090 32,815 32,275
In the ninth decile 3,830 1,965 1,865 52,050 26,635 25,410
In the top decile 2,310 1,215 1,095 34,860 18,130 16,730
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 74,055 36,345 37,710 722,550 353,870 368,680
0 to 17 years 13,550 6,870 6,685 131,930 67,285 64,645
0 to 5 years 4,010 2,070 1,940 40,900 20,805 20,100
18 to 64 years 45,830 22,525 23,305 452,805 221,675 231,130
65 years and over 14,670 6,950 7,720 137,820 64,915 72,905
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 14,375 6,460 7,915 123,820 55,990 67,825
0 to 17 years 3,255 1,620 1,635 29,250 14,930 14,320
0 to 5 years 1,165 600 565 10,285 5,260 5,030
18 to 64 years 7,450 3,355 4,090 66,745 29,975 36,770
65 years and over 3,670 1,480 2,190 27,830 11,090 16,745
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 19.4 17.8 21.0 17.1 15.8 18.4
0 to 17 years (%) 24.0 23.6 24.5 22.2 22.2 22.2
0 to 5 years (%) 29.1 29.0 29.1 25.1 25.3 25.0
18 to 64 years (%) 16.3 14.9 17.5 14.7 13.5 15.9
65 years and over (%) 25.0 21.3 28.4 20.2 17.1 23.0
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 4,040 1,965 2,080 49,830 24,165 25,660
0 to 17 years 785 375 410 11,520 5,890 5,630
0 to 5 years 305 155 150 4,200 2,145 2,055
18 to 64 years 3,030 1,495 1,535 35,680 17,255 18,425
65 years and over 225 90 130 2,630 1,025 1,605
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 5.5 5.4 5.5 6.9 6.8 7.0
0 to 17 years (%) 5.8 5.5 6.1 8.7 8.8 8.7
0 to 5 years (%) 7.6 7.5 7.7 10.3 10.3 10.2
18 to 64 years (%) 6.6 6.6 6.6 7.9 7.8 8.0
65 years and over (%) 1.5 1.3 1.7 1.9 1.6 2.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 75,560 37,075 38,485 730,710 357,855 372,850
Official languages 75,440 37,005 38,435 728,310 356,615 371,690
English 62,390 30,710 31,680 666,315 326,905 339,415
French 42,690 20,615 22,080 310,550 147,845 162,705
Non-official languages 2,525 1,270 1,255 34,880 17,355 17,525
Aboriginal languages 410 195 215 3,065 1,470 1,595
Algonquian languages 410 195 215 2,990 1,455 1,540
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 0 0 10 0 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 410 195 215 2,965 1,435 1,530
Malecite 395 195 205 720 335 385
Mi'kmaq 25 15 10 2,265 1,115 1,150
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 15 15 0
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 10 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 10 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 55 10 45
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 45 10 40
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 10 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 10 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 2,120 1,075 1,045 31,865 15,915 15,955
Afro-Asiatic languages 225 135 90 4,355 2,385 1,980
Berber languages 15 10 10 80 40 35
Kabyle 0 0 0 40 20 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 40 25 20
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 15 10 0
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0 10 10 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 205 120 85 4,300 2,340 1,960
Amharic 0 0 0 165 100 65
Arabic 155 95 60 3,685 2,030 1,660
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 45 25 25 435 205 230
Maltese 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0 50 25 25
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 15 15 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 40 20 20 835 430 400
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Vietnamese 35 20 20 820 435 390
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 0
Austronesian languages 140 50 85 1,790 695 1,090
Bikol 0 0 0 10 0 10
Cebuano 15 0 10 185 70 115
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 10 0 15 35 10 30
Ilocano 0 0 0 50 10 45
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 10 15
Malay 0 0 0 75 20 55
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 140 55 85 1,595 625 970
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 0
Creole languages 55 40 15 430 195 235
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 50 20 30
Creole, n.o.s. 25 10 10 240 105 135
Creole languages, n.i.e. 35 35 0 140 75 65
Dravidian languages 50 30 20 435 245 195
Kannada 0 0 0 60 30 25
Malayalam 0 10 0 55 35 25
Tamil 40 20 15 190 115 75
Telugu 0 0 0 175 90 85
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Indo-European languages 1,425 705 720 16,505 8,155 8,350
Albanian 0 0 0 80 45 35
Armenian 0 0 0 60 35 25
Balto-Slavic languages 220 145 75 2,065 1,100 965
Baltic languages 30 20 10 55 40 20
Latvian 10 10 0 20 10 10
Lithuanian 20 15 10 30 20 10
Slavic languages 200 125 70 2,025 1,070 955
Belarusan 0 0 0 10 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0 75 40 40
Bulgarian 0 0 0 45 15 35
Croatian 35 20 15 95 45 55
Czech 0 0 0 115 65 45
Macedonian 0 0 0 35 25 10
Polish 10 0 0 320 165 160
Russian 125 75 50 1,200 630 570
Serbian 35 30 10 90 70 20
Serbo-Croatian 10 0 0 40 30 10
Slovak 0 0 0 45 15 30
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 15 10 0
Ukrainian 25 15 10 310 145 165
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Celtic languages 15 0 15 140 40 100
Scottish Gaelic 15 0 15 95 20 75
Welsh 0 0 0 10 0 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Germanic languages 505 235 275 4,745 2,360 2,380
Afrikaans 10 0 10 130 70 60
Danish 85 25 55 155 60 95
Dutch 150 75 80 1,185 560 625
Frisian 0 0 0 50 40 15
German 290 150 140 3,260 1,675 1,580
Icelandic 0 0 0 10 10 0
Norwegian 10 0 0 130 65 65
Swedish 0 10 0 110 45 60
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 0 10 40 20 25
Yiddish 0 10 0 20 20 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Greek 10 0 10 220 125 95
Indo-Iranian languages 75 40 35 2,325 1,275 1,050
Indo-Aryan languages 60 25 30 1,570 875 695
Bengali 20 10 10 225 150 80
Gujarati 0 0 0 110 45 65
Hindi 40 15 25 790 430 355
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Marathi 15 0 10 55 20 30
Nepali 0 0 0 185 90 95
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 0 10 0 205 130 75
Sindhi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 35 10 20
Urdu 0 0 0 355 215 140
Iranian languages 20 10 0 805 430 375
Kurdish 20 15 0 130 65 60
Pashto 0 0 0 60 45 20
Persian (Farsi) 0 0 0 620 330 285
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 650 325 330 7,600 3,540 4,055
Catalan 0 0 0 15 10 0
Italian 45 25 20 825 405 420
Portuguese 20 10 10 450 250 200
Romanian 125 60 65 555 290 265
Spanish 480 240 240 6,065 2,775 3,290
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Japanese 15 10 0 430 190 240
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Korean 10 0 10 1,695 860 835
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 10 10 10
Mongolian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Niger-Congo languages 80 40 45 1,525 890 640
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 35 15 25
Bamanankan 0 10 0 155 70 85
Edo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 0 0 0 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 100 85 15
Ga 0 0 0 10 10 0
Ganda 0 0 0 10 10 0
Igbo 0 0 0 60 50 15
Lingala 10 10 0 125 95 35
Rundi (Kirundi) 30 10 20 90 55 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Shona 0 0 0 40 15 25
Swahili 15 0 15 355 185 170
Wolof 0 0 0 70 45 25
Yoruba 0 0 0 60 45 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 545 315 230
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages 45 25 20 1,155 450 705
American Sign Language 10 0 10 425 150 280
Quebec Sign Language 0 10 0 15 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 745 305 435
Sino-Tibetan languages 75 40 35 3,585 1,885 1,700
Chinese languages 75 40 40 3,510 1,855 1,660
Cantonese 45 20 20 610 285 320
Hakka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mandarin 35 15 20 2,760 1,455 1,310
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 60 30 30
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 140 65 75
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0 310 195 115
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 10 30
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 70 30 40
Burmese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0 65 25 45
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0 85 20 65
Lao 0 0 0 10 0 10
Thai 0 0 0 80 20 60
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0 175 105 75
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0 165 105 60
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Uralic languages 25 10 15 270 130 140
Estonian 0 0 0 20 15 0
Finnish 0 0 0 35 15 20
Hungarian 30 10 15 220 105 115
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 70 30
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 75,565 37,075 38,485 730,710 357,855 372,855
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 73,565 36,180 37,385 710,775 347,905 362,875
Canadian citizens aged under 18 13,730 6,895 6,835 130,785 66,795 63,990
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 59,840 29,290 30,550 579,995 281,110 298,880
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 1,995 895 1,100 19,925 9,950 9,980
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 75,565 37,080 38,485 730,710 357,855 372,850
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 71,880 35,425 36,460 692,535 339,090 353,445
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 3,260 1,400 1,860 33,810 16,175 17,640
Before 1981 1,430 585 845 11,545 5,265 6,275
1981 to 1990 270 85 185 2,735 1,340 1,390
1991 to 2000 315 135 180 2,975 1,490 1,490
2001 to 2010 625 270 355 7,235 3,530 3,710
2001 to 2005 245 110 130 2,435 1,110 1,330
2006 to 2010 380 160 215 4,800 2,415 2,385
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 620 320 300 9,330 4,560 4,770
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 425 255 165 4,360 2,590 1,770
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 3,260 1,400 1,860 33,815 16,175 17,635
Under 5 years 650 325 325 5,135 2,350 2,790
5 to 14 years 635 295 345 7,290 3,585 3,705
15 to 24 years 670 200 470 5,790 2,525 3,265
25 to 44 years 1,030 445 585 12,640 6,100 6,535
45 years and over 275 140 140 2,955 1,615 1,340
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 3,260 1,400 1,860 33,815 16,175 17,635
Americas 1,900 760 1,145 9,420 4,205 5,210
Brazil 0 0 0 55 20 30
Colombia 35 10 25 215 85 130
El Salvador 0 0 0 115 85 30
Guyana 10 10 0 80 40 45
Haiti 25 10 15 170 70 100
Jamaica 10 15 0 120 85 40
Mexico 25 10 20 160 50 110
Peru 0 0 0 60 35 25
Trinidad and Tobago 0 0 10 115 70 40
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,755 690 1,070 7,620 3,315 4,305
Other places of birth in Americas 40 25 15 715 355 360
Europe 815 390 425 10,985 5,335 5,650
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 10 0 100 55 50
Croatia 15 10 10 60 35 25
France 50 40 15 760 425 340
Germany 125 40 85 1,615 740 880
Greece 0 0 0 95 60 40
Hungary 0 0 10 100 35 65
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 20 15 10 160 75 85
Italy 10 0 0 210 125 85
Netherlands 145 75 75 975 505 465
Poland 10 0 10 195 90 100
Portugal 10 0 0 130 85 45
Romania 100 50 55 485 245 240
Russian Federation 35 15 20 245 115 135
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 10 0 0 30 25 10
Ukraine 0 0 0 250 120 130
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 195 105 90 4,600 2,160 2,445
Other places of birth in Europe 80 25 50 970 455 515
Africa 165 80 85 2,565 1,420 1,140
Algeria 10 0 10 165 90 75
Egypt 0 0 0 120 75 45
Ethiopia 0 0 0 120 65 60
Kenya 0 0 0 60 30 30
Morocco 40 25 15 200 120 75
Nigeria 0 0 0 115 65 50
Somalia 0 0 0 15 10 10
South Africa, Republic of 20 10 15 165 85 80
Other places of birth in Africa 95 45 50 1,615 885 725
Asia 365 165 200 10,625 5,105 5,520
Afghanistan 0 0 0 20 10 0
Bangladesh 10 0 0 100 55 50
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 50 25 30 2,210 1,040 1,175
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 0 0 0 120 60 55
India 45