Census Profile, 2016 Census
Fredericton [Federal electoral district], New Brunswick and New Brunswick [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Fredericton
New Brunswick
[Federal electoral district]
New Brunswick

[Province]
Data quality , Fredericton [Federal electoral district], New Brunswick  Map : Fredericton [Federal electoral district], New Brunswick Data quality : New Brunswick [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 1 Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 83,303  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 747,101  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 81,759  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 751,171  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 1.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... -0.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 38,988  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 359,721  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 35,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,773  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 55.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 1,502.52  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,388.81  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 83,305 40,785 42,515 747,105 365,355 381,745
0 to 14 years 13,430 6,850 6,580 110,495 56,320 54,180
0 to 4 years 4,435 2,280 2,160 34,365 17,505 16,860
5 to 9 years 4,570 2,325 2,245 38,250 19,515 18,735
10 to 14 years 4,420 2,245 2,175 37,880 19,295 18,585
15 to 64 years 56,250 27,970 28,280 487,820 240,535 247,285
15 to 19 years 4,820 2,475 2,350 40,605 20,905 19,705
20 to 24 years 7,045 3,705 3,340 41,445 21,280 20,165
25 to 29 years 6,300 3,315 2,980 39,245 19,745 19,505
30 to 34 years 5,660 2,880 2,780 41,510 20,140 21,365
35 to 39 years 5,360 2,630 2,730 44,435 21,585 22,850
40 to 44 years 5,440 2,595 2,850 48,430 23,520 24,910
45 to 49 years 5,455 2,650 2,805 51,300 25,195 26,105
50 to 54 years 5,880 2,875 3,005 61,055 29,795 31,265
55 to 59 years 5,445 2,630 2,820 61,740 30,210 31,530
60 to 64 years 4,840 2,220 2,625 58,060 28,170 29,895
65 years and over 13,625 5,965 7,660 148,785 68,500 80,280
65 to 69 years 4,470 2,100 2,370 52,160 25,595 26,570
70 to 74 years 3,210 1,470 1,740 36,050 17,695 18,360
75 to 79 years 2,455 1,120 1,335 25,300 11,835 13,465
80 to 84 years 1,745 720 1,025 17,650 7,515 10,135
85 years and over 1,745 560 1,190 17,620 5,860 11,765
85 to 89 years 1,060 390 670 10,670 3,910 6,760
90 to 94 years 535 130 405 5,305 1,595 3,715
95 to 99 years 135 30 100 1,435 330 1,110
100 years and over 10 0 15 205 30 185
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.1 16.8 15.5 14.8 15.4 14.2
15 to 64 years 67.5 68.6 66.5 65.3 65.8 64.8
65 years and over 16.4 14.6 18.0 19.9 18.7 21.0
85 years and over 2.1 1.4 2.8 2.4 1.6 3.1
Average age of the population 40.1 38.8 41.4 43.6 42.7 44.5
Median age of the population 39.1 37.1 40.9 45.7 44.8 46.6
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 35,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 19,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 221,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 500  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 13,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 1,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 1,360  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 2,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 8,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 44,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 185  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 2,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 35,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 10,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 13,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 126,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 5,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 4,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 1,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 81,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 730,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 69,875 33,935 35,940 636,605 309,040 327,570
Married or living common law 40,055 20,000 20,060 379,605 189,790 189,820
Married 32,240 16,090 16,155 302,020 151,100 150,925
Living common law 7,815 3,910 3,905 77,580 38,685 38,895
Not married and not living common law 29,820 13,935 15,880 257,000 119,250 137,745
Never married 19,855 10,825 9,040 158,070 85,640 72,430
Separated 2,090 900 1,190 21,290 9,530 11,760
Divorced 4,085 1,495 2,590 35,680 15,275 20,405
Widowed 3,785 720 3,060 41,965 8,805 33,160
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 23,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 222,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 12,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 129,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 5,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 47,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 4,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 1,475  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 23,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 222,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 19,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 186,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 15,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 147,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 3,905  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 3,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 2,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 28,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 730  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 19,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 186,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 10,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 105,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 9,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 81,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 3,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 3,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 32,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 1,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 3,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 2,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 23,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 1,020  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 315  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 16,575 7,950 8,625 128,775 61,010 67,770
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 35,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 22,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 214,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 10,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 102,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 12,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 112,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 360  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 12,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 10,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 2,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 82,535 40,510 42,025 736,280 360,440 375,840
English only 62,605 31,370 31,235 420,820 210,555 210,260
French only 535 255 280 63,140 29,955 33,190
English and French 18,735 8,580 10,150 249,950 118,705 131,245
Neither English nor French 660 300 360 2,370 1,220 1,150
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 82,535 40,510 42,025 736,280 360,440 375,845
English 74,895 36,850 38,050 498,365 244,230 254,135
French 6,570 3,175 3,395 232,450 113,500 118,945
English and French 420 200 220 3,210 1,550 1,655
Neither English nor French 645 295 355 2,255 1,150 1,100
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 6,785 3,275 3,510 234,055 114,280 119,775
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 8.2 8.1 8.4 31.8 31.7 31.9
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 82,535 40,510 42,025 736,280 360,440 375,845
Single responses 81,355 39,965 41,380 726,990 356,005 370,990
Official languages 75,465 36,995 38,470 703,840 344,285 359,555
English 68,880 33,805 35,075 472,725 231,595 241,135
French 6,585 3,190 3,400 231,110 112,690 118,415
Non-official languages 5,890 2,975 2,915 23,150 11,715 11,435
Aboriginal languages 95 45 45 2,165 1,035 1,135
Algonquian languages 90 40 45 2,130 1,020 1,110
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 5 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 90 45 40 2,115 1,010 1,105
Malecite 60 30 30 280 125 155
Mi'kmaq 25 10 15 1,835 885 950
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 5 5 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 5 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 5 10 0 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 5,790 2,925 2,865 20,990 10,685 10,300
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,020 560 465 3,190 1,805 1,385
Berber languages 0 0 0 40 25 15
Kabyle 0 0 0 20 10 5
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 5 0 0 30 15 20
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 5 0 5 5 5 5
Somali 0 0 0 25 10 15
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 1,020 555 460 3,110 1,760 1,355
Amharic 35 20 10 65 35 25
Arabic 925 505 425 2,855 1,615 1,235
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 5 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 55 35 25 170 90 80
Maltese 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tigrigna 10 5 5 20 15 10
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 5 5 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 195 100 90 635 305 330
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 0 5 10 5 10
Vietnamese 185 95 90 620 305 320
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 190 75 115 1,375 510 865
Bikol 0 0 5 5 0 5
Cebuano 20 5 10 105 35 65
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 5 5 0 15 5 10
Ilocano 0 0 0 50 15 35
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 5 10
Malay 20 5 10 45 20 30
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 140 55 85 1,120 420 700
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 5 0 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 15 5 10
Creole languages 10 0 5 135 70 65
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 15 10 5
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 5 80 30 50
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 40 30 10
Dravidian languages 75 40 35 285 155 130
Kannada 10 5 5 20 15 10
Malayalam 5 0 5 40 15 20
Tamil 40 25 15 105 60 50
Telugu 20 10 10 110 60 45
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 5 0 5 5 0
Indo-European languages 2,450 1,210 1,240 9,325 4,790 4,530
Albanian 20 10 10 50 25 25
Armenian 10 5 5 30 15 10
Balto-Slavic languages 610 300 310 1,740 865 875
Baltic languages 15 5 10 55 30 30
Latvian 0 0 0 25 10 10
Lithuanian 15 5 5 35 15 15
Slavic languages 595 295 305 1,685 835 850
Belarusan 0 0 0 5 5 0
Bosnian 25 10 15 50 25 25
Bulgarian 5 5 0 20 10 10
Croatian 30 15 20 75 35 40
Czech 10 5 10 55 25 25
Macedonian 0 0 5 15 10 5
Polish 65 30 35 230 105 125
Russian 315 165 150 880 440 435
Serbian 70 35 35 105 55 45
Serbo-Croatian 20 10 10 35 15 20
Slovak 0 0 0 25 15 15
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 0 0 15 10 10
Ukrainian 45 20 25 170 85 90
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0 30 5 20
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 15 5 10
Welsh 0 0 0 10 0 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Germanic languages 490 205 285 2,875 1,415 1,465
Afrikaans 0 0 5 50 30 25
Danish 15 5 10 125 55 75
Dutch 145 70 80 885 470 410
Frisian 0 0 0 35 25 10
German 295 115 180 1,650 780 865
Icelandic 0 0 0 5 0 0
Norwegian 5 5 0 40 25 20
Swedish 15 0 10 50 15 35
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 0 20 10 10
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 5 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Greek 25 15 10 145 100 50
Indo-Iranian languages 805 430 375 1,850 1,020 835
Indo-Aryan languages 465 255 215 1,175 655 525
Bengali 80 50 35 205 120 85
Gujarati 20 10 10 75 40 30
Hindi 95 50 45 225 135 95
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 5 5 0 10 5 5
Marathi 25 15 15 50 20 25
Nepali 140 70 75 180 90 90
Oriya (Odia) 5 0 5 0 0 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 20 15 10 125 75 50
Sindhi 5 5 0 25 10 10
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 5 0 30 15 15
Urdu 65 40 25 240 140 100
Iranian languages 330 175 160 655 355 305
Kurdish 15 10 5 55 30 25
Pashto 15 10 5 25 15 10
Persian (Farsi) 300 160 140 580 310 270
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Italic (Romance) languages 485 245 245 2,605 1,355 1,250
Catalan 0 0 0 5 5 0
Italian 60 35 25 400 225 175
Portuguese 65 30 40 260 130 130
Romanian 60 30 30 485 250 240
Spanish 305 155 150 1,460 755 705
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Japanese 30 5 25 110 25 85
Kartvelian languages 5 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Korean 330 180 155 1,550 800 750
Mongolic languages 5 0 0 5 5 0
Mongolian 5 0 0 5 5 5
Niger-Congo languages 150 80 65 700 385 315
Akan (Twi) 5 5 5 25 10 10
Bamanankan 5 0 0 60 35 25
Edo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 5 0 0 5 5 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 5 0 40 30 15
Ga 5 0 5 5 5 5
Ganda 0 0 0 10 0 0
Igbo 5 0 5 30 20 10
Lingala 5 0 0 25 15 15
Rundi (Kirundi) 15 10 5 45 25 20
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 5 5 40 20 20
Shona 5 0 0 20 10 10
Swahili 50 20 25 135 65 70
Wolof 0 0 0 25 20 10
Yoruba 5 5 5 30 15 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 40 25 15 195 105 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0 5 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sign languages 25 10 15 145 75 70
American Sign Language 10 5 10 40 20 30
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 10 10 95 55 45
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,210 615 600 3,115 1,570 1,545
Chinese languages 1,210 615 600 3,085 1,555 1,530
Cantonese 115 60 60 440 225 210
Hakka 10 10 5 20 10 10
Mandarin 955 485 470 2,250 1,105 1,150
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 5 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 10 5 5 35 15 15
Wu (Shanghainese) 55 25 30 100 45 55
Chinese, n.o.s. 60 30 30 240 150 85
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 5 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 30 15 15
Burmese 0 0 0 0 0 5
Karenic languages 0 0 0 25 15 10
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 20 5 15 60 15 50
Lao 0 0 0 5 0 0
Thai 20 5 10 55 10 45
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 35 15 20 105 60 45
Azerbaijani 5 0 0 5 5 5
Turkish 20 10 15 75 50 30
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 5 5 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 10 5 5
Uralic languages 45 25 25 250 115 135
Estonian 0 5 0 20 5 10
Finnish 10 5 5 45 15 30
Hungarian 35 15 20 185 90 95
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 25 10 10
Multiple responses 1,185 545 640 9,290 4,440 4,855
English and French 740 330 410 7,285 3,470 3,815
English and non-official language 380 185 195 1,535 725 810
French and non-official language 35 20 15 330 175 155
English, French and non-official language 35 15 20 145 65 75
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 82,535 40,515 42,025 736,280 360,435 375,845
Single responses 81,010 39,750 41,255 724,940 355,025 369,910
Official languages 77,405 37,910 39,500 712,250 348,510 363,740
English 73,415 35,930 37,485 505,935 247,610 258,325
French 3,995 1,975 2,015 206,315 100,900 105,415
Non-official languages 3,605 1,845 1,760 12,690 6,515 6,175
Aboriginal languages 15 10 10 820 400 420
Algonquian languages 20 10 5 820 395 420
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 15 5 10 815 395 420
Malecite 15 10 5 50 25 25
Mi'kmaq 5 0 0 765 370 395
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 5 0 0 5 5 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 3,585 1,835 1,755 11,870 6,115 5,750
Afro-Asiatic languages 700 360 345 2,285 1,210 1,075
Berber languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0 20 5 10
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 705 355 345 2,265 1,200 1,065
Amharic 10 5 5 20 10 10
Arabic 665 345 325 2,110 1,125 990
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 25 15 10 130 60 70
Maltese 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tigrigna 0 0 0 5 0 5
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 5 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 165 85 75 525 255 270
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 5 5 5 5 0
Vietnamese 160 85 75 520 250 270
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 60 25 35 510 235 270
Bikol 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cebuano 5 0 5 40 15 25
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 0 5
Malay 10 5 5 15 0 5
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 40 20 25 450 215 235
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Creole languages 5 0 5 65 25 35
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 5 0 5 20 0 15
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 20
Dravidian languages 35 20 15 110 60 45
Kannada 5 0 0 5 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0 20 5 10
Tamil 20 15 10 35 20 20
Telugu 15 5 5 45 30 15
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 1,285 655 635 4,160 2,175 1,990
Albanian 15 5 5 30 15 10
Armenian 10 5 5 20 5 10
Balto-Slavic languages 400 205 195 975 505 470
Baltic languages 10 10 5 35 20 15
Latvian 0 0 0 10 5 5
Lithuanian 10 5 0 25 15 10
Slavic languages 390 195 190 935 480 455
Belarusan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bosnian 10 5 5 25 15 10
Bulgarian 0 0 0 5 5 0
Croatian 15 5 10 25 10 15
Czech 0 0 0 5 0 5
Macedonian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Polish 15 5 5 55 25 30
Russian 255 130 125 620 320 305
Serbian 60 35 30 80 45 35
Serbo-Croatian 5 0 5 5 5 5
Slovak 0 0 0 5 5 5
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ukrainian 25 15 15 90 50 40
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0 10 0 5
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 5 0 5
Welsh 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages 70 30 40 640 320 320
Afrikaans 0 0 0 35 15 20
Danish 0 5 0 5 5 5
Dutch 15 5 10 150 80 75
Frisian 0 0 0 5 0 5
German 50 20 30 425 215 210
Icelandic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 5 5 0 5
Swedish 0 0 0 5 0 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 5 10 5 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Greek 10 5 5 45 25 25
Indo-Iranian languages 555 290 265 1,140 595 545
Indo-Aryan languages 295 150 145 655 335 325
Bengali 55 30 20 130 70 60
Gujarati 10 10 10 40 15 20
Hindi 55 30 25 115 60 50
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 0 5 5 5 5 0
Marathi 10 5 5 20 10 10
Nepali 110 45 60 135 60 75
Oriya (Odia) 5 0 5 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 5 5 5 50 25 25
Sindhi 5 0 0 10 5 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Urdu 35 20 15 140 75 70
Iranian languages 260 135 120 470 255 220
Kurdish 10 5 5 35 25 10
Pashto 5 0 0 15 5 5
Persian (Farsi) 250 135 115 425 225 195
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 5
Italic (Romance) languages 235 120 115 1,305 705 600
Catalan 0 0 0 5 5 0
Italian 15 5 10 85 40 45
Portuguese 30 15 15 110 50 60
Romanian 30 15 15 290 145 140
Spanish 160 80 75 820 470 350
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Japanese 5 0 0 20 10 15
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Korean 260 140 115 1,245 645 605
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 65 30 35 240 125 120
Akan (Twi) 0 0 5 10 5 10
Bamanankan 5 0 5 20 15 5
Edo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 0 0 0 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 10 10 5
Ga 0 0 5 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0 5 5 0
Lingala 0 0 0 10 5 5
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 5 5 20 15 10
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 0 0 10 5 5
Shona 0 0 0 5 0 5
Swahili 30 10 15 80 35 45
Wolof 0 0 0 5 5 0
Yoruba 0 0 5 5 5 5
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 50 25 25
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages 30 20 15 200 115 85
American Sign Language 15 5 5 55 30 25
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 20 15 10 150 90 60
Sino-Tibetan languages 950 485 460 2,390 1,210 1,175
Chinese languages 950 485 465 2,365 1,195 1,170
Cantonese 60 30 30 260 130 130
Hakka 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mandarin 800 415 380 1,855 930 920
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 5 0 15 10 5
Wu (Shanghainese) 30 15 20 85 40 45
Chinese, n.o.s. 45 20 25 140 80 55
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 10 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 25 15 10
Burmese 0 0 0 5 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 5 0 5 10 0 5
Lao 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thai 5 5 5 10 5 5
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 5 5 0 30 15 10
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0 25 15 5
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Uralic languages 10 10 5 70 35 40
Estonian 0 0 0 5 0 0
Finnish 5 0 5 5 5 5
Hungarian 10 5 5 55 30 30
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 0 0 0
Multiple responses 1,525 760 765 11,345 5,415 5,925
English and French 540 265 275 7,275 3,370 3,905
English and non-official language 925 470 455 3,435 1,715 1,720
French and non-official language 15 5 10 340 185 160
English, French and non-official language 50 20 25 290 140 145
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 82,535 40,510 42,025 736,280 360,435 375,845
None 74,160 36,555 37,605 647,960 318,560 329,400
English 3,250 1,625 1,625 49,925 24,065 25,855
French 3,310 1,470 1,845 30,030 13,760 16,275
Non-official language 1,675 805 875 7,545 3,650 3,895
Aboriginal 145 65 75 1,300 625 685
Non-Aboriginal 1,535 735 795 6,240 3,030 3,210
English and French 40 15 20 180 90 90
English and non-official language 35 20 15 300 160 145
French and non-official language 65 25 35 335 155 185
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 10 5 5
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 68,015 32,950 35,065 620,390 301,645 318,745
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 64,680 31,320 33,365 594,705 289,220 305,485
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,921 43,099 28,380 30,961 37,516 25,796
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 64,710 31,315 33,395 594,920 289,245 305,680
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,253 37,604 26,080 28,107 33,169 23,945
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 59,235 29,450 29,790 516,780 259,945 256,835
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,684 41,391 25,643 28,444 34,830 23,278
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 44,255 18,375 25,885 439,645 193,975 245,675
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,568 5,462 5,631 8,164 9,210 7,321
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 48,440 24,920 23,525 423,915 219,135 204,780
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,739 39,889 26,655 29,124 34,784 24,769
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 68,025 32,900 35,120 620,395 301,650 318,745
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 64,695 31,195 33,500 594,650 289,140 305,510
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,003 50,003 36,485 39,141 46,154 32,504
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 64,725 31,195 33,530 594,870 289,165 305,700
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,874 41,068 31,042 33,022 38,151 28,171
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 59,085 29,360 29,720 516,685 259,855 256,830
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,574 48,636 34,595 37,432 44,240 30,543
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 44,460 18,440 26,015 440,195 194,240 245,955
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,332 7,140 7,469 8,938 9,519 8,480
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 48,440 24,750 23,690 423,915 218,800 205,110
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,732 46,591 34,611 37,611 43,456 31,376
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 68,020 32,900 35,120 620,390 301,645 318,745
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 24,755 13,395 11,365 197,290 104,215 93,075
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 50,750 57,479 45,649 46,349 52,010 41,058
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 57,192 62,987 50,363 54,011 60,796 46,415
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 88.5 91.8 84.2 83.2 86.2 79.0
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 71.0 74.1 67.0 68.5 71.3 64.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 11.5 8.2 15.8 16.8 13.8 21.0
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 68,015 32,950 35,065 620,390 301,650 318,745
Without total income 3,335 1,635 1,700 25,680 12,430 13,260
With total income 64,685 31,320 33,365 594,710 289,220 305,490
Percentage with total income 95.1 95.1 95.2 95.9 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 8,755 3,685 5,070 80,700 32,655 48,050
$10,000 to $19,999 10,515 3,850 6,665 109,015 40,415 68,600
$20,000 to $29,999 9,295 3,595 5,695 99,025 40,480 58,540
$30,000 to $39,999 7,640 3,435 4,205 83,770 41,360 42,405
$40,000 to $49,999 6,930 3,330 3,595 65,795 35,080 30,715
$50,000 to $59,999 5,600 3,150 2,450 44,810 26,560 18,250
$60,000 to $69,999 4,850 3,100 1,745 32,185 20,270 11,920
$70,000 to $79,999 3,455 2,045 1,410 24,565 14,130 10,430
$80,000 to $89,999 2,360 1,400 960 17,095 9,915 7,180
$90,000 to $99,999 1,405 910 490 10,240 6,980 3,260
$100,000 and over 3,885 2,810 1,070 27,515 21,380 6,135
$100,000 to $149,999 2,765 1,980 785 19,765 15,195 4,570
$150,000 and over 1,120 835 285 7,750 6,185 1,565
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 68,015 32,950 35,065 620,390 301,645 318,750
Without after-tax income 3,305 1,630 1,675 25,470 12,405 13,070
With after-tax income 64,710 31,320 33,390 594,920 289,240 305,680
Percentage with after-tax income 95.1 95.1 95.2 95.9 95.9 95.9
Under $10,000 (including loss) 9,165 3,735 5,430 83,590 33,140 50,455
$10,000 to $19,999 11,160 4,135 7,020 115,730 43,245 72,485
$20,000 to $29,999 10,860 4,355 6,510 118,940 51,335 67,610
$30,000 to $39,999 9,500 4,450 5,055 98,230 50,770 47,460
$40,000 to $49,999 8,155 4,410 3,750 67,470 38,665 28,810
$50,000 to $59,999 6,280 3,985 2,295 42,775 26,495 16,280
$60,000 to $69,999 3,960 2,305 1,655 28,790 16,435 12,355
$70,000 to $79,999 2,035 1,325 710 14,945 10,205 4,740
$80,000 and over 3,585 2,625 965 24,450 18,955 5,500
$80,000 to $89,999 1,255 890 365 8,385 6,340 2,040
$90,000 to $99,999 695 520 175 5,060 3,970 1,090
$100,000 and over 1,640 1,215 425 11,005 8,640 2,365
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 68,020 32,955 35,065 620,390 301,645 318,745
Without employment income 19,575 8,030 11,540 196,475 82,515 113,965
With employment income 48,445 24,920 23,520 423,910 219,140 204,775
Percentage with employment income 71.2 75.6 67.1 68.3 72.6 64.2
Under $5,000 (including loss) 5,670 2,580 3,090 54,590 26,540 28,045
$5,000 to $9,999 4,230 1,875 2,350 36,840 15,720 21,120
$10,000 to $19,999 6,920 3,000 3,915 65,895 29,920 35,975
$20,000 to $29,999 6,040 2,690 3,350 59,240 25,955 33,280
$30,000 to $39,999 4,840 2,345 2,500 50,190 24,930 25,260
$40,000 to $49,999 4,810 2,310 2,500 42,140 22,160 19,980
$50,000 to $59,999 3,950 2,330 1,620 29,910 18,180 11,730
$60,000 to $69,999 3,695 2,405 1,285 23,390 14,620 8,770
$70,000 to $79,999 2,655 1,505 1,155 19,515 10,565 8,950
$80,000 and over 5,635 3,880 1,760 42,210 30,540 11,665
$80,000 to $89,999 1,745 1,070 680 13,190 7,840 5,345
$90,000 to $99,999 1,080 705 375 8,105 5,685 2,420
$100,000 and over 2,815 2,105 705 20,915 17,015 3,895
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 35,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 65,186  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,347  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 56,666  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 52,553  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 10,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,387  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 28,747  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 32,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 26,387  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 25,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 230,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 81,117  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,207  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 70,363  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,063  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 35,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 78,373  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,786  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 65,406  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 61,431  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 10,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 42,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,879  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,242  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 25,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 230,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 93,197  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 86,878  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 77,621  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 73,156  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 35,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 610  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 810  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,835  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 27,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,985  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 22,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 9,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 2,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 1,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 35,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 630  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 820  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 770  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,815  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 20,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 32,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 23,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 6,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 48,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 1,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 23,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 221,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 82,518  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,353  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 71,161  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 9,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 78,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 67,988  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 68,203  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,801  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 9,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 82,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 105,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 100,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 88,776  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 85,717  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 3,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 46,492  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 42,992  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 43,109  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 40,671  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 23,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 221,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 94,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 87,048  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 78,521  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 73,197  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 10,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 89,938  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 74,593  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 66,576  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 9,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 82,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 116,447  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,901  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 95,503  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,699  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 3,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,738  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 51,119  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 46,584  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 45,687  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 15,215 7,350 7,865 114,825 54,970 59,850
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 30,586 33,077 28,725 27,250 30,122 25,182
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 27,897 29,557 26,700 25,167 27,154 23,916
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 15,025 7,185 7,845 114,375 54,300 60,075
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 37,466 38,500 36,519 34,738 37,330 32,395
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 31,921 32,389 31,492 29,845 31,431 28,411
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 81,395 39,770 41,630 730,710 357,860 372,850
In the bottom half of the distribution 43,860 20,830 23,025 428,180 204,170 224,005
In the bottom decile 10,180 4,860 5,320 80,120 37,430 42,695
In the second decile 7,920 3,525 4,400 94,165 42,190 51,980
In the third decile 8,340 3,985 4,355 87,075 41,905 45,170
In the fourth decile 8,850 4,260 4,590 85,610 42,275 43,335
In the fifth decile 8,565 4,200 4,365 81,200 40,375 40,825
In the top half of the distribution 37,545 18,945 18,600 302,530 153,685 148,845
In the sixth decile 8,980 4,535 4,445 77,345 38,915 38,425
In the seventh decile 8,665 4,415 4,245 73,185 37,190 36,005
In the eighth decile 7,965 3,955 4,010 65,090 32,815 32,275
In the ninth decile 6,835 3,455 3,375 52,050 26,635 25,410
In the top decile 5,100 2,575 2,520 34,860 18,130 16,730
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 80,075 39,125 40,950 722,550 353,870 368,680
0 to 17 years 15,585 7,955 7,625 131,930 67,285 64,645
0 to 5 years 5,205 2,675 2,525 40,900 20,805 20,100
18 to 64 years 51,855 25,505 26,350 452,805 221,675 231,130
65 years and over 12,640 5,660 6,975 137,820 64,915 72,905
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 12,520 5,685 6,835 123,820 55,990 67,825
0 to 17 years 3,290 1,705 1,585 29,250 14,930 14,320
0 to 5 years 1,195 615 575 10,285 5,260 5,030
18 to 64 years 7,695 3,470 4,220 66,745 29,975 36,770
65 years and over 1,540 510 1,035 27,830 11,090 16,745
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 15.6 14.5 16.7 17.1 15.8 18.4
0 to 17 years (%) 21.1 21.4 20.8 22.2 22.2 22.2
0 to 5 years (%) 23.0 23.0 22.8 25.1 25.3 25.0
18 to 64 years (%) 14.8 13.6 16.0 14.7 13.5 15.9
65 years and over (%) 12.2 9.0 14.8 20.2 17.1 23.0
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 7,890 3,820 4,070 49,830 24,165 25,660
0 to 17 years 1,870 970 900 11,520 5,890 5,630
0 to 5 years 680 350 330 4,200 2,145 2,055
18 to 64 years 5,740 2,750 2,990 35,680 17,255 18,425
65 years and over 280 100 180 2,630 1,025 1,605
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 9.9 9.8 9.9 6.9 6.8 7.0
0 to 17 years (%) 12.0 12.2 11.8 8.7 8.8 8.7
0 to 5 years (%) 13.1 13.1 13.1 10.3 10.3 10.2
18 to 64 years (%) 11.1 10.8 11.3 7.9 7.8 8.0
65 years and over (%) 2.2 1.8 2.6 1.9 1.6 2.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 81,365 39,750 41,620 730,710 357,855 372,850
Official languages 80,730 39,470 41,265 728,310 356,615 371,690
English 80,265 39,225 41,045 666,315 326,905 339,415
French 18,900 8,595 10,310 310,550 147,845 162,705
Non-official languages 7,995 3,965 4,030 34,880 17,355 17,525
Aboriginal languages 315 150 170 3,065 1,470 1,595
Algonquian languages 290 145 140 2,990 1,455 1,540
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 0 0 10 0 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 10 0 10 0 0 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 280 145 140 2,965 1,435 1,530
Malecite 200 100 100 720 335 385
Mi'kmaq 85 45 40 2,265 1,115 1,150
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 15 15 0
Algonquin 0 10 0 0 10 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 10 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 20 0 15 55 10 45
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 15 10 15 45 10 40
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 10 0 0 10 0 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 10 0 10 10 0 10
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 10 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 10 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 7,700 3,820 3,875 31,865 15,915 15,955
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,350 700 650 4,355 2,385 1,980
Berber languages 0 0 0 80 40 35
Kabyle 0 0 0 40 20 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 25 20
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 15 10 0
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0 10 10 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 1,345 695 645 4,300 2,340 1,960
Amharic 55 30 20 165 100 65
Arabic 1,125 580 540 3,685 2,030 1,660
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 165 80 85 435 205 230
Maltese 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0 50 25 25
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 15 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 270 140 125 835 430 400
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Vietnamese 265 140 120 820 435 390
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 10 0 0
Austronesian languages 180 65 115 1,790 695 1,090
Bikol 0 0 0 10 0 10
Cebuano 10 10 0 185 70 115
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 35 10 30
Ilocano 10 0 10 50 10 45
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 10 15
Malay 30 15 15 75 20 55
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 130 50 80 1,595 625 970
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 0
Creole languages 25 20 10 430 195 235
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 50 20 30
Creole, n.o.s. 20 15 0 240 105 135
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 140 75 65
Dravidian languages 145 75 70 435 245 195
Kannada 20 0 0 60 30 25
Malayalam 0 0 0 55 35 25
Tamil 95 55 40 190 115 75
Telugu 70 30 40 175 90 85
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Indo-European languages 3,835 1,830 2,005 16,505 8,155 8,350
Albanian 45 20 20 80 45 35
Armenian 45 20 25 60 35 25
Balto-Slavic languages 650 330 320 2,065 1,100 965
Baltic languages 15 10 10 55 40 20
Latvian 0 0 0 20 10 10
Lithuanian 15 10 0 30 20 10
Slavic languages 640 320 320 2,025 1,070 955
Belarusan 0 0 0 10 0 0
Bosnian 25 10 15 75 40 40
Bulgarian 25 0 20 45 15 35
Croatian 35 10 20 95 45 55
Czech 20 10 10 115 65 45
Macedonian 10 10 0 35 25 10
Polish 90 40 50 320 165 160
Russian 405 220 190 1,200 630 570
Serbian 35 25 10 90 70 20
Serbo-Croatian 10 0 10 40 30 10
Slovak 0 0 10 45 15 30
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 0 0 15 10 0
Ukrainian 75 20 50 310 145 165
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Celtic languages 50 20 30 140 40 100
Scottish Gaelic 20 10 15 95 20 75
Welsh 0 0 10 10 0 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 40 20 20
Germanic languages 875 410 470 4,745 2,360 2,380
Afrikaans 10 10 0 130 70 60
Danish 25 10 10 155 60 95
Dutch 210 75 135 1,185 560 625
Frisian 0 0 0 50 40 15
German 665 330 330 3,260 1,675 1,580
Icelandic 0 0 0 10 10 0
Norwegian 10 0 10 130 65 65
Swedish 20 15 10 110 45 60
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 40 20 25
Yiddish 0 0 0 20 20 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Greek 75 35 40 220 125 95
Indo-Iranian languages 1,020 530 495 2,325 1,275 1,050
Indo-Aryan languages 685 370 320 1,570 875 695
Bengali 95 70 20 225 150 80
Gujarati 50 25 25 110 45 65
Hindi 325 170 155 790 430 355
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Marathi 15 10 10 55 20 30
Nepali 165 80 90 185 90 95
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 70 40 30 205 130 75
Sindhi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 35 10 20
Urdu 110 60 55 355 215 140
Iranian languages 360 175 180 805 430 375
Kurdish 40 15 25 130 65 60
Pashto 35 20 15 60 45 20
Persian (Farsi) 280 140 145 620 330 285
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 1,270 555 705 7,600 3,540 4,055
Catalan 0 10 0 15 10 0
Italian 140 50 85 825 405 420
Portuguese 105 60 45 450 250 200
Romanian 20 10 10 555 290 265
Spanish 1,075 475 600 6,065 2,775 3,290
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Japanese 95 35 65 430 190 240
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Korean 430 220 210 1,695 860 835
Mongolic languages 15 10 10 10 10 10
Mongolian 10 10 10 15 10 10
Niger-Congo languages 285 170 110 1,525 890 640
Akan (Twi) 10 0 0 35 15 25
Bamanankan 0 0 0 155 70 85
Edo 10 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 0 0 0 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 100 85 15
Ga 0 0 0 10 10 0
Ganda 10 10 0 10 10 0
Igbo 15 10 0 60 50 15
Lingala 15 10 10 125 95 35
Rundi (Kirundi) 45 25 20 90 55 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 30 15 10 70 40 30
Shona 0 0 0 40 15 25
Swahili 70 45 30 355 185 170
Wolof 0 0 0 70 45 25
Yoruba 40 30 15 60 45 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 115 65 50 545 315 230
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages 120 30 90 1,155 450 705
American Sign Language 60 10 50 425 150 280
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 15 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 60 20 40 745 305 435
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,240 675 560 3,585 1,885 1,700
Chinese languages 1,230 675 560 3,510 1,855 1,660
Cantonese 130 75 55 610 285 320
Hakka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mandarin 1,040 590 450 2,760 1,455 1,310
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 35 10 20 60 30 30
Wu (Shanghainese) 65 35 35 140 65 75
Chinese, n.o.s. 60 35 25 310 195 115
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20 40 10 30
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 0 10 70 30 40
Burmese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0 65 25 45
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 35 10 30 85 20 65
Lao 10 0 0 10 0 10
Thai 35 10 25 80 20 60
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 50 20 30 175 105 75
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkish 50 20 30 165 105 60
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Uralic languages 40 20 20 270 130 140
Estonian 0 0 0 20 15 0
Finnish 0 0 10 35 15 20
Hungarian 35 20 20 220 105 115
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 35 20 10 100 70 30
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 81,365 39,745 41,615 730,710 357,855 372,855
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 77,065 37,540 39,525 710,775 347,905 362,875
Canadian citizens aged under 18 14,990 7,730 7,260 130,785 66,795 63,990
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 62,080 29,810 32,270 579,995 281,110 298,880
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 4,295 2,205 2,090 19,925 9,950 9,980
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 81,365 39,750 41,615 730,710 357,855 372,850
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 73,300 35,760 37,540 692,535 339,090 353,445
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 7,100 3,385 3,720 33,810 16,175 17,640
Before 1981 1,730 785 945 11,545 5,265 6,275
1981 to 1990 535 255 275 2,735 1,340 1,390
1991 to 2000 795 375 420 2,975 1,490 1,490
2001 to 2010 1,555 750 805 7,235 3,530 3,710
2001 to 2005 535 230 300 2,435 1,110 1,330
2006 to 2010 1,020 515 500 4,800 2,415 2,385
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 2,490 1,220 1,270 9,330 4,560 4,770
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 960 605 360 4,360 2,590 1,770
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 7,100 3,390 3,715 33,815 16,175 17,635
Under 5 years 940 405 540 5,135 2,350 2,790
5 to 14 years 1,525 755 770 7,290 3,585 3,705
15 to 24 years 1,315 555 750 5,790 2,525 3,265
25 to 44 years 2,750 1,330 1,415 12,640 6,100 6,535
45 years and over 575 340 240 2,955 1,615 1,340
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 7,105 3,385 3,720 33,815 16,175 17,635
Americas 1,085 495 595 9,420 4,205 5,210
Brazil 15 10 10 55 20 30
Colombia 35 25 15 215 85 130
El Salvador 65 40 20 115 85 30
Guyana 20 0 15 80 40 45
Haiti 0 0 0 170 70 100
Jamaica 20 15 10 120 85 40
Mexico 20 10 10 160 50 110
Peru 10 0 0 60 35 25
Trinidad and Tobago 35 25 10 115 70 40
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 705 285 420 7,620 3,315 4,305
Other places of birth in Americas 155 70 80 715 355 360
Europe 1,965 885 1,080 10,985 5,335 5,650
Bosnia and Herzegovina 55 25 25 100 55 50
Croatia 0 0 10 60 35 25
France 70 35 30 760 425 340
Germany 355 135 220 1,615 740 880
Greece 10 0 10 95 60 40
Hungary 20 0 15 100 35 65
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 20 10 10 160 75 85
Italy 25 15 15 210 125 85
Netherlands 165 70 95 975 505 465
Poland 50 25 25 195 90 100
Portugal 25 20 10 130 85 45
Romania 10 10 0 485 245 240
Russian Federation 40 25 15 245 115 135
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 10 0 10 30 25 10
Ukraine 100 35 60 250 120 130
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 790 375 415 4,600 2,160 2,445
Other places of birth in Europe 200 85 115 970 455 515
Africa 520 295 220 2,565 1,420 1,140
Algeria 15 0 0 165 90 75
Egypt 20 20 10 120 75 45
Ethiopia 45 20 20 120 65 60
Kenya 20 10 10 60 30 30
Morocco 20 10 0 200 120 75
Nigeria 75 35 35 115 65 50
Somalia 0 0 0 15 10 10
South Africa, Republic of 10 10 0 165 85 80
Other places of birth in Africa 310 180 130 1,615 885 725
Asia 3,480 1,690 1,785 10,625