Census Profile, 2016 Census
Madawaska--Restigouche [Federal electoral district], New Brunswick and New Brunswick [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Madawaska--Restigouche
New Brunswick
[Federal electoral district]
New Brunswick

[Province]
Data quality , Madawaska--Restigouche [Federal electoral district], New Brunswick  Map : Madawaska--Restigouche [Federal electoral district], New Brunswick Data quality : New Brunswick [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 1 Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 60,378  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 747,101  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 62,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 751,171  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 -3.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... -0.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 29,362  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 359,721  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 27,037  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,773  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 5.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 11,700.98  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,388.81  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 60,380 29,515 30,865 747,105 365,355 381,745
0 to 14 years 7,620 3,895 3,730 110,495 56,320 54,180
0 to 4 years 2,220 1,160 1,060 34,365 17,505 16,860
5 to 9 years 2,650 1,340 1,315 38,250 19,515 18,735
10 to 14 years 2,750 1,395 1,355 37,880 19,295 18,585
15 to 64 years 38,625 19,155 19,465 487,820 240,535 247,285
15 to 19 years 2,865 1,450 1,420 40,605 20,905 19,705
20 to 24 years 2,760 1,420 1,340 41,445 21,280 20,165
25 to 29 years 2,605 1,315 1,290 39,245 19,745 19,505
30 to 34 years 2,840 1,385 1,460 41,510 20,140 21,365
35 to 39 years 3,155 1,560 1,600 44,435 21,585 22,850
40 to 44 years 3,450 1,710 1,745 48,430 23,520 24,910
45 to 49 years 3,960 1,920 2,035 51,300 25,195 26,105
50 to 54 years 5,440 2,675 2,770 61,055 29,795 31,265
55 to 59 years 6,070 3,030 3,040 61,740 30,210 31,530
60 to 64 years 5,475 2,700 2,770 58,060 28,170 29,895
65 years and over 14,135 6,465 7,670 148,785 68,500 80,280
65 to 69 years 4,970 2,465 2,505 52,160 25,595 26,570
70 to 74 years 3,400 1,660 1,745 36,050 17,695 18,360
75 to 79 years 2,360 1,065 1,300 25,300 11,835 13,465
80 to 84 years 1,785 735 1,050 17,650 7,515 10,135
85 years and over 1,620 540 1,075 17,620 5,860 11,765
85 to 89 years 1,030 355 670 10,670 3,910 6,760
90 to 94 years 485 160 325 5,305 1,595 3,715
95 to 99 years 90 20 65 1,435 330 1,110
100 years and over 15 0 10 205 30 185
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 12.6 13.2 12.1 14.8 15.4 14.2
15 to 64 years 64.0 64.9 63.1 65.3 65.8 64.8
65 years and over 23.4 21.9 24.9 19.9 18.7 21.0
85 years and over 2.7 1.8 3.5 2.4 1.6 3.1
Average age of the population 46.7 45.8 47.6 43.6 42.7 44.5
Median age of the population 50.9 50.2 51.6 45.7 44.8 46.6
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 27,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 20,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 221,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 80  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 6,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 690  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 1,195  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 3,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 44,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 230  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 690  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 27,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 8,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 10,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 126,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 3,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 2,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 58,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 730,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 52,755 25,625 27,135 636,605 309,040 327,570
Married or living common law 31,385 15,715 15,670 379,605 189,790 189,820
Married 22,430 11,240 11,190 302,020 151,100 150,925
Living common law 8,955 4,480 4,480 77,580 38,685 38,895
Not married and not living common law 21,375 9,905 11,470 257,000 119,250 137,745
Never married 12,505 6,790 5,715 158,070 85,640 72,430
Separated 1,840 845 995 21,290 9,530 11,760
Divorced 2,770 1,325 1,450 35,680 15,275 20,405
Widowed 4,255 945 3,310 41,965 8,805 33,160
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 18,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 222,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 11,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 129,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 3,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 47,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 2,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 645  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 18,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 222,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 15,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 186,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 10,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 147,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 4,475  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 2,850  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 2,195  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 28,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 650  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 15,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 186,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 9,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 105,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 5,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 81,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 2,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 2,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 32,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 2,850  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 1,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 23,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 740  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 215  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 10,740 5,110 5,630 128,775 61,010 67,770
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 27,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 17,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 214,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 9,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 102,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 8,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 112,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 290  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 9,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 8,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 670  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 59,000 28,870 30,135 736,280 360,440 375,840
English only 6,470 3,235 3,230 420,820 210,555 210,260
French only 19,360 9,295 10,060 63,140 29,955 33,190
English and French 33,140 16,320 16,820 249,950 118,705 131,245
Neither English nor French 35 15 15 2,370 1,220 1,150
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 59,000 28,870 30,135 736,280 360,440 375,845
English 10,775 5,225 5,555 498,365 244,230 254,135
French 47,860 23,460 24,400 232,450 113,500 118,945
English and French 330 165 165 3,210 1,550 1,655
Neither English nor French 35 20 20 2,255 1,150 1,100
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 48,025 23,545 24,480 234,055 114,280 119,775
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 81.4 81.6 81.2 31.8 31.7 31.9
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 59,000 28,870 30,135 736,280 360,440 375,845
Single responses 58,055 28,430 29,630 726,990 356,005 370,990
Official languages 57,565 28,165 29,400 703,840 344,285 359,555
English 10,230 4,965 5,265 472,725 231,595 241,135
French 47,335 23,200 24,130 231,110 112,690 118,415
Non-official languages 495 265 230 23,150 11,715 11,435
Aboriginal languages 25 15 15 2,165 1,035 1,135
Algonquian languages 15 10 10 2,130 1,020 1,110
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 15 10 10 2,115 1,010 1,105
Malecite 0 5 0 280 125 155
Mi'kmaq 15 5 5 1,835 885 950
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 5 5 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 5 0 5 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 5 5 5 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 0 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 470 255 215 20,990 10,685 10,300
Afro-Asiatic languages 115 70 40 3,190 1,805 1,385
Berber languages 10 5 5 40 25 15
Kabyle 5 5 0 20 10 5
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 5 5 5
Somali 0 0 0 25 10 15
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 105 65 40 3,110 1,760 1,355
Amharic 0 0 0 65 35 25
Arabic 105 65 40 2,855 1,615 1,235
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 5 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0 170 90 80
Maltese 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tigrigna 0 0 0 20 15 10
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 20 10 15 635 305 330
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 10 5 10
Vietnamese 20 10 15 620 305 320
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 25 10 15 1,375 510 865
Bikol 0 0 0 5 0 5
Cebuano 0 0 0 105 35 65
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 15 5 10
Ilocano 0 0 0 50 15 35
Malagasy 5 5 5 15 5 10
Malay 0 0 0 45 20 30
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 20 10 10 1,120 420 700
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 5 0 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Creole languages 5 5 5 135 70 65
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 15 10 5
Creole, n.o.s. 5 0 5 80 30 50
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 30 10
Dravidian languages 5 5 0 285 155 130
Kannada 0 5 0 20 15 10
Malayalam 0 0 0 40 15 20
Tamil 5 0 5 105 60 50
Telugu 0 0 0 110 60 45
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Indo-European languages 210 115 95 9,325 4,790 4,530
Albanian 0 0 0 50 25 25
Armenian 0 0 0 30 15 10
Balto-Slavic languages 25 20 10 1,740 865 875
Baltic languages 0 0 0 55 30 30
Latvian 0 0 0 25 10 10
Lithuanian 0 0 0 35 15 15
Slavic languages 25 15 10 1,685 835 850
Belarusan 0 0 0 5 5 0
Bosnian 0 0 0 50 25 25
Bulgarian 0 5 0 20 10 10
Croatian 5 0 0 75 35 40
Czech 0 0 0 55 25 25
Macedonian 5 5 0 15 10 5
Polish 0 5 0 230 105 125
Russian 5 5 5 880 440 435
Serbian 0 5 0 105 55 45
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 35 15 20
Slovak 0 0 0 25 15 15
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ukrainian 5 5 5 170 85 90
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0 30 5 20
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 15 5 10
Welsh 0 0 0 10 0 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Germanic languages 40 25 20 2,875 1,415 1,465
Afrikaans 0 0 0 50 30 25
Danish 5 5 5 125 55 75
Dutch 15 10 10 885 470 410
Frisian 5 0 0 35 25 10
German 20 10 10 1,650 780 865
Icelandic 0 0 0 5 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0 40 25 20
Swedish 0 0 0 50 15 35
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 5 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Greek 0 5 0 145 100 50
Indo-Iranian languages 45 20 20 1,850 1,020 835
Indo-Aryan languages 35 20 15 1,175 655 525
Bengali 5 0 0 205 120 85
Gujarati 5 5 0 75 40 30
Hindi 15 5 10 225 135 95
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 10 5 5
Marathi 0 0 0 50 20 25
Nepali 0 0 0 180 90 90
Oriya (Odia) 5 0 0 0 0 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 0 0 0 125 75 50
Sindhi 0 0 0 25 10 10
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 30 15 15
Urdu 15 5 5 240 140 100
Iranian languages 5 0 5 655 355 305
Kurdish 0 0 0 55 30 25
Pashto 0 0 0 25 15 10
Persian (Farsi) 5 5 5 580 310 270
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Italic (Romance) languages 95 50 50 2,605 1,355 1,250
Catalan 0 0 0 5 5 0
Italian 5 5 0 400 225 175
Portuguese 5 0 5 260 130 130
Romanian 55 30 30 485 250 240
Spanish 30 15 10 1,460 755 705
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Japanese 0 0 0 110 25 85
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Korean 0 0 5 1,550 800 750
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Mongolian 0 0 0 5 5 5
Niger-Congo languages 35 20 20 700 385 315
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Bamanankan 0 0 0 60 35 25
Edo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 5 5 0 5 5 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 40 30 15
Ga 0 0 5 5 5 5
Ganda 0 0 0 10 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0 30 20 10
Lingala 10 5 0 25 15 15
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 45 25 20
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 5 0 40 20 20
Shona 0 0 0 20 10 10
Swahili 5 0 0 135 65 70
Wolof 0 0 0 25 20 10
Yoruba 0 0 0 30 15 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 20 10 5 195 105 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0 5 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sign languages 5 0 5 145 75 70
American Sign Language 0 0 0 40 20 30
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 5 0 5 95 55 45
Sino-Tibetan languages 30 15 10 3,115 1,570 1,545
Chinese languages 30 15 15 3,085 1,555 1,530
Cantonese 20 10 5 440 225 210
Hakka 0 0 0 20 10 10
Mandarin 5 0 5 2,250 1,105 1,150
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 5 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 35 15 15
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 100 45 55
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0 240 150 85
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 30 15 15
Burmese 0 0 0 0 0 5
Karenic languages 0 0 0 25 15 10
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 10 0 10 60 15 50
Lao 0 5 5 5 0 0
Thai 5 5 5 55 10 45
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 5 5 0 105 60 45
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkish 0 5 0 75 50 30
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Uralic languages 0 5 0 250 115 135
Estonian 0 0 0 20 5 10
Finnish 5 5 0 45 15 30
Hungarian 0 0 0 185 90 95
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 10
Multiple responses 945 435 505 9,290 4,440 4,855
English and French 880 410 470 7,285 3,470 3,815
English and non-official language 30 10 20 1,535 725 810
French and non-official language 30 15 15 330 175 155
English, French and non-official language 5 5 0 145 65 75
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 59,000 28,870 30,135 736,280 360,435 375,845
Single responses 57,910 28,370 29,545 724,940 355,025 369,910
Official languages 57,690 28,245 29,445 712,250 348,510 363,740
English 11,300 5,530 5,775 505,935 247,610 258,325
French 46,390 22,720 23,675 206,315 100,900 105,415
Non-official languages 220 120 100 12,690 6,515 6,175
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 820 400 420
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 820 395 420
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 815 395 420
Malecite 0 0 0 50 25 25
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 765 370 395
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 220 120 95 11,870 6,115 5,750
Afro-Asiatic languages 60 40 20 2,285 1,210 1,075
Berber languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0 20 5 10
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 55 40 20 2,265 1,200 1,065
Amharic 0 0 0 20 10 10
Arabic 60 35 20 2,110 1,125 990
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0 130 60 70
Maltese 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tigrigna 0 0 0 5 0 5
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 20 10 15 525 255 270
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Vietnamese 20 10 15 520 250 270
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 5 0 5 510 235 270
Bikol 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cebuano 0 0 0 40 15 25
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 0 5
Malay 0 0 0 15 0 5
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 5 5 0 450 215 235
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Creole languages 0 0 0 65 25 35
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 20 0 15
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 20
Dravidian languages 5 5 5 110 60 45
Kannada 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0 20 5 10
Tamil 5 5 5 35 20 20
Telugu 0 0 0 45 30 15
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 90 50 40 4,160 2,175 1,990
Albanian 0 0 0 30 15 10
Armenian 0 0 0 20 5 10
Balto-Slavic languages 15 10 0 975 505 470
Baltic languages 0 0 0 35 20 15
Latvian 0 0 0 10 5 5
Lithuanian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavic languages 15 10 5 935 480 455
Belarusan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Bulgarian 5 0 0 5 5 0
Croatian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Czech 0 0 0 5 0 5
Macedonian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Polish 5 0 0 55 25 30
Russian 5 0 0 620 320 305
Serbian 5 5 0 80 45 35
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 5 5 5
Slovak 0 0 0 5 5 5
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ukrainian 10 5 5 90 50 40
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0 10 0 5
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 5 0 5
Welsh 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages 0 0 0 640 320 320
Afrikaans 0 0 0 35 15 20
Danish 0 0 0 5 5 5
Dutch 0 0 0 150 80 75
Frisian 0 0 0 5 0 5
German 5 0 5 425 215 210
Icelandic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0 5 0 5
Swedish 0 0 0 5 0 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Greek 0 0 0 45 25 25
Indo-Iranian languages 25 10 15 1,140 595 545
Indo-Aryan languages 20 10 15 655 335 325
Bengali 0 0 0 130 70 60
Gujarati 0 0 0 40 15 20
Hindi 10 5 5 115 60 50
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 5 5 0
Marathi 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nepali 0 0 0 135 60 75
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 5 0 0 50 25 25
Sindhi 0 0 0 10 5 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Urdu 5 5 5 140 75 70
Iranian languages 0 0 0 470 255 220
Kurdish 0 0 0 35 25 10
Pashto 0 0 0 15 5 5
Persian (Farsi) 0 0 0 425 225 195
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 5
Italic (Romance) languages 55 30 25 1,305 705 600
Catalan 0 0 0 5 5 0
Italian 5 0 0 85 40 45
Portuguese 5 5 5 110 50 60
Romanian 35 20 15 290 145 140
Spanish 15 10 0 820 470 350
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Japanese 0 0 0 20 10 15
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Korean 0 0 0 1,245 645 605
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 5 0 5 240 125 120
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 10 5 10
Bamanankan 0 0 0 20 15 5
Edo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 0 0 0 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 10 10 5
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0 5 5 0
Lingala 0 0 0 10 5 5
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 20 15 10
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Shona 0 0 0 5 0 5
Swahili 0 0 0 80 35 45
Wolof 0 0 0 5 5 0
Yoruba 0 0 0 5 5 5
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 25
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages 5 0 5 200 115 85
American Sign Language 0 0 0 55 30 25
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 150 90 60
Sino-Tibetan languages 20 10 10 2,390 1,210 1,175
Chinese languages 25 15 10 2,365 1,195 1,170
Cantonese 15 10 10 260 130 130
Hakka 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mandarin 5 5 5 1,855 930 920
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 85 40 45
Chinese, n.o.s. 5 0 0 140 80 55
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 25 15 10
Burmese 0 0 0 5 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 5 0 0 10 0 5
Lao 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 5 0 5 30 15 10
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0 25 15 5
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uralic languages 0 0 0 70 35 40
Estonian 0 0 0 5 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0 5 5 5
Hungarian 5 5 0 55 30 30
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Multiple responses 1,090 505 590 11,345 5,415 5,925
English and French 965 445 525 7,275 3,370 3,905
English and non-official language 60 30 35 3,435 1,715 1,720
French and non-official language 40 20 20 340 185 160
English, French and non-official language 25 10 10 290 140 145
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 59,005 28,870 30,135 736,280 360,435 375,845
None 49,115 24,080 25,035 647,960 318,560 329,400
English 7,255 3,520 3,730 49,925 24,065 25,855
French 2,375 1,135 1,245 30,030 13,760 16,275
Non-official language 210 115 100 7,545 3,650 3,895
Aboriginal 40 20 20 1,300 625 685
Non-Aboriginal 170 90 80 6,240 3,030 3,210
English and French 5 5 5 180 90 90
English and non-official language 25 10 10 300 160 145
French and non-official language 15 5 10 335 155 185
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 10 5 5
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 50,560 24,705 25,855 620,390 301,645 318,745
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 49,000 24,035 24,965 594,705 289,220 305,485
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,777 35,076 23,593 30,961 37,516 25,796
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 49,010 24,035 24,980 594,920 289,245 305,680
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 26,400 31,230 22,322 28,107 33,169 23,945
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 40,940 20,950 19,990 516,780 259,945 256,835
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 25,727 31,166 21,314 28,444 34,830 23,278
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 38,335 17,570 20,760 439,645 193,975 245,675
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,997 10,091 8,079 8,164 9,210 7,321
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 32,810 17,185 15,620 423,915 219,135 204,780
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,323 32,192 23,347 29,124 34,784 24,769
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 50,490 24,670 25,820 620,395 301,650 318,745
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 48,930 24,040 24,885 594,650 289,140 305,510
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,334 41,290 29,578 39,141 46,154 32,504
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 48,945 24,050 24,895 594,870 289,165 305,700
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,426 34,940 26,066 33,022 38,151 28,171
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 40,985 20,985 20,000 516,685 259,855 256,830
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,285 38,718 27,584 37,432 44,240 30,543
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 38,180 17,495 20,680 440,195 194,240 245,955
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 9,548 10,307 8,907 8,938 9,519 8,480
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 32,790 17,355 15,435 423,915 218,800 205,110
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,909 37,949 29,368 37,611 43,456 31,376
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 50,490 24,670 25,820 620,390 301,645 318,745
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 14,425 7,615 6,810 197,290 104,215 93,075
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 42,222 47,274 36,974 46,349 52,010 41,058
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 48,600 54,209 42,326 54,011 60,796 46,415
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 78.5 81.5 74.5 83.2 86.2 79.0
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 64.4 66.4 61.7 68.5 71.3 64.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 21.5 18.5 25.5 16.8 13.8 21.0
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 50,560 24,700 25,855 620,390 301,650 318,745
Without total income 1,560 670 890 25,680 12,430 13,260
With total income 49,000 24,035 24,965 594,710 289,220 305,490
Percentage with total income 96.9 97.3 96.6 95.9 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 6,725 2,575 4,145 80,700 32,655 48,050
$10,000 to $19,999 9,890 3,645 6,245 109,015 40,415 68,600
$20,000 to $29,999 8,895 3,780 5,110 99,025 40,480 58,540
$30,000 to $39,999 7,705 4,105 3,600 83,770 41,360 42,405
$40,000 to $49,999 5,720 3,435 2,285 65,795 35,080 30,715
$50,000 to $59,999 3,325 2,160 1,170 44,810 26,560 18,250
$60,000 to $69,999 2,080 1,380 705 32,185 20,270 11,920
$70,000 to $79,999 1,775 955 815 24,565 14,130 10,430
$80,000 to $89,999 1,050 595 455 17,095 9,915 7,180
$90,000 to $99,999 505 360 145 10,240 6,980 3,260
$100,000 and over 1,335 1,050 285 27,515 21,380 6,135
$100,000 to $149,999 1,005 795 210 19,765 15,195 4,570
$150,000 and over 330 260 70 7,750 6,185 1,565
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 50,560 24,700 25,860 620,390 301,645 318,750
Without after-tax income 1,545 665 880 25,470 12,405 13,070
With after-tax income 49,015 24,035 24,980 594,920 289,240 305,680
Percentage with after-tax income 96.9 97.3 96.6 95.9 95.9 95.9
Under $10,000 (including loss) 6,915 2,605 4,315 83,590 33,140 50,455
$10,000 to $19,999 10,460 3,885 6,580 115,730 43,245 72,485
$20,000 to $29,999 10,780 4,885 5,895 118,940 51,335 67,610
$30,000 to $39,999 8,960 5,140 3,815 98,230 50,770 47,460
$40,000 to $49,999 5,140 3,210 1,930 67,470 38,665 28,810
$50,000 to $59,999 2,875 1,820 1,055 42,775 26,495 16,280
$60,000 to $69,999 1,915 1,020 895 28,790 16,435 12,355
$70,000 to $79,999 755 535 220 14,945 10,205 4,740
$80,000 and over 1,215 945 270 24,450 18,955 5,500
$80,000 to $89,999 435 330 100 8,385 6,340 2,040
$90,000 to $99,999 270 205 65 5,060 3,970 1,090
$100,000 and over 515 410 105 11,005 8,640 2,365
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 50,560 24,705 25,860 620,390 301,645 318,745
Without employment income 17,750 7,520 10,235 196,475 82,515 113,965
With employment income 32,810 17,185 15,620 423,910 219,140 204,775
Percentage with employment income 64.9 69.6 60.4 68.3 72.6 64.2
Under $5,000 (including loss) 4,425 2,225 2,200 54,590 26,540 28,045
$5,000 to $9,999 3,000 1,185 1,820 36,840 15,720 21,120
$10,000 to $19,999 5,345 2,520 2,830 65,895 29,920 35,975
$20,000 to $29,999 4,935 2,200 2,735 59,240 25,955 33,280
$30,000 to $39,999 4,310 2,305 2,010 50,190 24,930 25,260
$40,000 to $49,999 3,535 2,080 1,455 42,140 22,160 19,980
$50,000 to $59,999 2,060 1,355 700 29,910 18,180 11,730
$60,000 to $69,999 1,525 1,000 520 23,390 14,620 8,770
$70,000 to $79,999 1,530 785 745 19,515 10,565 8,950
$80,000 and over 2,145 1,530 620 42,210 30,540 11,665
$80,000 to $89,999 790 480 315 13,190 7,840 5,345
$90,000 to $99,999 425 305 120 8,105 5,685 2,420
$100,000 and over 930 745 185 20,915 17,015 3,895
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 27,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 51,281  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,347  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 46,529  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 52,553  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 8,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 24,807  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 28,747  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 23,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 26,387  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 18,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 230,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 67,322  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,207  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 60,054  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,063  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 27,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 63,964  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,786  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 55,099  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 61,431  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 8,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,688  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 27,757  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,242  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 18,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 230,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 78,676  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 86,878  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 67,562  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 73,156  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 27,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 935  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 725  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,835  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,690  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 27,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 22,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,150  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 4,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,150  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 975  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 27,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 940  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 740  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,850  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 20,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,815  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 32,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 23,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 2,950  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 48,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 705  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 520  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 18,145  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 221,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 67,337  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,353  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 60,023  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 8,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 60,092  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 67,988  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 53,926  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,801  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 6,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 82,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 93,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 100,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 81,726  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 85,717  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 2,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 41,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 42,992  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 39,424  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 40,671  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 18,145  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 221,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 78,547  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 87,048  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 67,391  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 73,197  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 8,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 69,687  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 59,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 66,576  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 6,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 82,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 105,019  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,901  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 88,757  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,699  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 2,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 50,148  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 51,119  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 45,318  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 45,687  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 9,725 4,680 5,040 114,825 54,970 59,850
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 24,602 29,632 22,128 27,250 30,122 25,182
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 23,424 26,540 21,560 25,167 27,154 23,916
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 9,690 4,565 5,125 114,375 54,300 60,075
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 31,304 34,967 28,042 34,738 37,330 32,395
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 27,470 29,911 25,298 29,845 31,431 28,411
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 58,170 28,590 29,580 730,710 357,860 372,850
In the bottom half of the distribution 37,135 17,685 19,450 428,180 204,170 224,005
In the bottom decile 6,635 2,990 3,645 80,120 37,430 42,695
In the second decile 8,630 3,775 4,855 94,165 42,190 51,980
In the third decile 7,660 3,740 3,915 87,075 41,905 45,170
In the fourth decile 7,330 3,655 3,680 85,610 42,275 43,335
In the fifth decile 6,875 3,525 3,350 81,200 40,375 40,825
In the top half of the distribution 21,040 10,905 10,130 302,530 153,685 148,845
In the sixth decile 6,190 3,165 3,020 77,345 38,915 38,425
In the seventh decile 5,510 2,885 2,630 73,185 37,190 36,005
In the eighth decile 4,495 2,315 2,175 65,090 32,815 32,275
In the ninth decile 3,065 1,585 1,480 52,050 26,635 25,410
In the top decile 1,780 955 825 34,860 18,130 16,730
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 57,545 28,305 29,235 722,550 353,870 368,680
0 to 17 years 9,175 4,665 4,505 131,930 67,285 64,645
0 to 5 years 2,685 1,425 1,260 40,900 20,805 20,100
18 to 64 years 35,900 17,725 18,170 452,805 221,675 231,130
65 years and over 12,470 5,905 6,560 137,820 64,915 72,905
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 11,180 4,925 6,250 123,820 55,990 67,825
0 to 17 years 2,140 1,090 1,055 29,250 14,930 14,320
0 to 5 years 760 400 360 10,285 5,260 5,030
18 to 64 years 5,870 2,615 3,255 66,745 29,975 36,770
65 years and over 3,165 1,225 1,945 27,830 11,090 16,745
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 19.4 17.4 21.4 17.1 15.8 18.4
0 to 17 years (%) 23.3 23.4 23.4 22.2 22.2 22.2
0 to 5 years (%) 28.3 28.1 28.6 25.1 25.3 25.0
18 to 64 years (%) 16.4 14.8 17.9 14.7 13.5 15.9
65 years and over (%) 25.4 20.7 29.6 20.2 17.1 23.0
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 3,590 1,735 1,855 49,830 24,165 25,660
0 to 17 years 640 315 325 11,520 5,890 5,630
0 to 5 years 250 130 120 4,200 2,145 2,055
18 to 64 years 2,745 1,350 1,400 35,680 17,255 18,425
65 years and over 205 70 130 2,630 1,025 1,605
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 6.2 6.1 6.3 6.9 6.8 7.0
0 to 17 years (%) 7.0 6.8 7.2 8.7 8.8 8.7
0 to 5 years (%) 9.3 9.1 9.5 10.3 10.3 10.2
18 to 64 years (%) 7.6 7.6 7.7 7.9 7.8 8.0
65 years and over (%) 1.6 1.2 2.0 1.9 1.6 2.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 58,075 28,575 29,505 730,710 357,855 372,850
Official languages 58,020 28,540 29,480 728,310 356,615 371,690
English 39,215 19,335 19,880 666,315 326,905 339,415
French 51,580 25,465 26,115 310,550 147,845 162,705
Non-official languages 1,220 610 610 34,880 17,355 17,525
Aboriginal languages 100 40 60 3,065 1,470 1,595
Algonquian languages 80 35 50 2,990 1,455 1,540
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 85 30 50 2,965 1,435 1,530
Malecite 10 0 0 720 335 385
Mi'kmaq 75 30 45 2,265 1,115 1,150
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 15 15 0
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 10 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 10 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 15 0 10 55 10 45
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 15 10 10 45 10 40
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 10 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 10 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,135 580 555 31,865 15,915 15,955
Afro-Asiatic languages 215 130 85 4,355 2,385 1,980
Berber languages 20 10 10 80 40 35
Kabyle 0 0 0 40 20 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 40 25 20
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 15 10 0
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0 10 10 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 195 115 75 4,300 2,340 1,960
Amharic 0 0 0 165 100 65
Arabic 195 120 80 3,685 2,030 1,660
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0 435 205 230
Maltese 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0 50 25 25
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 15 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 45 25 25 835 430 400
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Vietnamese 40 25 25 820 435 390
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 0
Austronesian languages 45 10 30 1,790 695 1,090
Bikol 0 0 0 10 0 10
Cebuano 0 0 0 185 70 115
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 35 10 30
Ilocano 0 0 0 50 10 45
Malagasy 25 10 10 25 10 15
Malay 0 0 0 75 20 55
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 20 0 20 1,595 625 970
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 0
Creole languages 35 15 15 430 195 235
Haitian Creole 15 0 10 50 20 30
Creole, n.o.s. 20 15 10 240 105 135
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 140 75 65
Dravidian languages 10 0 0 435 245 195
Kannada 0 0 0 60 30 25
Malayalam 0 0 0 55 35 25
Tamil 0 10 0 190 115 75
Telugu 0 0 0 175 90 85
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Indo-European languages 585 295 290 16,505 8,155 8,350
Albanian 0 0 0 80 45 35
Armenian 0 0 0 60 35 25
Balto-Slavic languages 30 25 10 2,065 1,100 965
Baltic languages 0 0 0 55 40 20
Latvian 0 0 0 20 10 10
Lithuanian 0 0 0 30 20 10
Slavic languages 30 25 10 2,025 1,070 955
Belarusan 0 0 0 10 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0 75 40 40
Bulgarian 0 0 0 45 15 35
Croatian 0 0 0 95 45 55
Czech 0 0 0 115 65 45
Macedonian 0 10 0 35 25 10
Polish 0 0 0 320 165 160
Russian 20 15 0 1,200 630 570
Serbian 0 0 0 90 70 20
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 40 30 10
Slovak 0 0 0 45 15 30
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 15 10 0
Ukrainian 20 10 0 310 145 165
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Celtic languages 0 0 0 140 40 100
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 95 20 75
Welsh 0 0 0 10 0 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Germanic languages 105 55 50 4,745 2,360 2,380
Afrikaans 0 0 0 130 70 60
Danish 10 0 0 155 60 95
Dutch 10 10 10 1,185 560 625
Frisian 0 0 0 50 40 15
German 85 45 35 3,260 1,675 1,580
Icelandic 0 0 0 10 10 0
Norwegian 0 0 0 130 65 65
Swedish 0 0 0 110 45 60
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 40 20 25
Yiddish 0 0 0 20 20 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Greek 0 0 0 220 125 95
Indo-Iranian languages 45 25 15 2,325 1,275 1,050
Indo-Aryan languages 45 25 15 1,570 875 695
Bengali 10 0 0 225 150 80
Gujarati 0 0 0 110 45 65
Hindi 10 10 10 790 430 355
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0 55 20 30
Nepali 0 0 0 185 90 95
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 0 0 0 205 130 75
Sindhi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 35 10 20
Urdu 30 20 10 355 215 140
Iranian languages 10 0 0 805 430 375
Kurdish 0 0 0 130 65 60
Pashto 10 0 0 60 45 20
Persian (Farsi) 0 0 0 620 330 285
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 435 205 225 7,600 3,540 4,055
Catalan 0 0 0 15 10 0
Italian 35 20 15 825 405 420
Portuguese 0 0 0 450 250 200
Romanian 60 25 40 555 290 265
Spanish 350 165 185 6,065 2,775 3,290
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Japanese 10 0 0 430 190 240
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Korean 0 0 0 1,695 860 835
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 10 10 10
Mongolian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Niger-Congo languages 95 45 50 1,525 890 640
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 35 15 25
Bamanankan 0 0 0 155 70 85
Edo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 0 0 0 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 100 85 15
Ga 0 0 0 10 10 0
Ganda 0 0 0 10 10 0
Igbo 0 0 0 60 50 15
Lingala 10 0 0 125 95 35
Rundi (Kirundi) 30 10 20 90 55 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Shona 0 0 0 40 15 25
Swahili 20 10 15 355 185 170
Wolof 0 10 0 70 45 25
Yoruba 0 0 0 60 45 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 50 25 30 545 315 230
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages 50 15 40 1,155 450 705
American Sign Language 0 0 0 425 150 280
Quebec Sign Language 0 10 0 15 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 45 10 35 745 305 435
Sino-Tibetan languages 65 35 30 3,585 1,885 1,700
Chinese languages 65 35 30 3,510 1,855 1,660
Cantonese 45 25 20 610 285 320
Hakka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mandarin 25 10 15 2,760 1,455 1,310
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 60 30 30
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 140 65 75
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0 310 195 115
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 10 30
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 70 30 40
Burmese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0 65 25 45
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0 85 20 65
Lao 0 0 0 10 0 10
Thai 0 0 0 80 20 60
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0 175 105 75
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0 165 105 60
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Uralic languages 10 0 0 270 130 140
Estonian 0 0 0 20 15 0
Finnish 0 0 0 35 15 20
Hungarian 10 0 10 220 105 115
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 70 30
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 58,080 28,570 29,505 730,710 357,855 372,855
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 57,080 28,115 28,960 710,775 347,905 362,875
Canadian citizens aged under 18 9,175 4,710 4,465 130,785 66,795 63,990
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 47,905 23,410 24,490 579,995 281,110 298,880
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 1,000 455 545 19,925 9,950 9,980
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 58,080 28,575 29,505 730,710 357,855 372,850
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 56,225 27,735 28,495 692,535 339,090 353,445
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 1,640 725 915 33,810 16,175 17,640
Before 1981 785 320 470 11,545 5,265 6,275
1981 to 1990 120 35 85 2,735 1,340 1,390
1991 to 2000 145 75 75 2,975 1,490 1,490
2001 to 2010 295 155 140 7,235 3,530 3,710
2001 to 2005 140 70 75 2,435 1,110 1,330
2006 to 2010 155 90 65 4,800 2,415 2,385
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 290 140 150 9,330 4,560 4,770
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 215 115 95 4,360 2,590 1,770
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 1,645 720 915 33,815 16,175 17,635
Under 5 years 335 180 150 5,135 2,350 2,790
5 to 14 years 315 145 170 7,290 3,585 3,705
15 to 24 years 340 85 250 5,790 2,525 3,265
25 to 44 years 520 230 290 12,640 6,100 6,535
45 years and over 130 80 55 2,955 1,615 1,340
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 1,640 725 920 33,815 16,175 17,635
Americas 990 375 610 9,420 4,205 5,210
Brazil 0 0 0 55 20 30
Colombia 10 0 0 215 85 130
El Salvador 0 0 0 115 85 30
Guyana 0 0 0 80 40 45
Haiti 35 10 25 170 70 100
Jamaica 10 0 10 120 85 40
Mexico 10 0 0 160 50 110
Peru 0 0 0 60 35 25
Trinidad and Tobago 0 0 0 115 70 40
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 900 335 565 7,620 3,315 4,305
Other places of birth in Americas 30 25 0 715 355 360
Europe 265 140 125 10,985 5,335 5,650
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 0 100 55 50
Croatia 0 0 0 60 35 25
France 35 25 15 760 425 340
Germany 30 15 20 1,615 740 880
Greece 0 0 0 95 60 40
Hungary 10 0 0 100 35 65
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 10 0 0 160 75 85
Italy 0 0 0 210 125 85
Netherlands 0 0 10 975 505 465
Poland 0 0 0 195 90 100
Portugal 0 0 0 130 85 45
Romania 60 25 35 485 245 240
Russian Federation 0 0 0 245 115 135
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 0 0 0 30 25 10
Ukraine 0 0 0 250 120 130
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 80 45 30 4,600 2,160 2,445
Other places of birth in Europe 40 15 20 970 455 515
Africa 200 110 90 2,565 1,420 1,140
Algeria 10 0 10 165 90 75
Egypt 20 0 15 120 75 45
Ethiopia 0 0 0 120 65 60
Kenya 0 0 0 60 30 30
Morocco 35 25 10 200 120 75
Nigeria 0 0 0 115 65 50
Somalia 0 0 0 15 10 10
South Africa, Republic of 10 0 0 165 85 80
Other places of birth in Africa 125 75 50 1,615 885 725
Asia 185 95 90 10,625 5,105 5,520
Afghanistan 0 0 0 20 10 0
Bangladesh 10 10 0 100 55 50
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 45 25 20 2,210 1,040 1,175
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 0 0 0 120