Census Profile, 2016 Census
Saint John--Rothesay [Federal electoral district], New Brunswick and New Brunswick [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Saint John--Rothesay
New Brunswick
[Federal electoral district]
New Brunswick

[Province]
Data quality , Saint John--Rothesay [Federal electoral district], New Brunswick  Map : Saint John--Rothesay [Federal electoral district], New Brunswick Data quality : New Brunswick [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 1 Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 79,363  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 747,101  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 82,074 revised. The 2011 count for this area has been revised. r  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 751,171  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 -3.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ... -0.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 38,678  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 359,721  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 34,899  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,773  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 203.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 391.02  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,388.81  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 79,365 37,795 41,570 747,105 365,355 381,745
0 to 14 years 12,065 6,140 5,925 110,495 56,320 54,180
0 to 4 years 3,815 1,955 1,860 34,365 17,505 16,860
5 to 9 years 4,210 2,175 2,040 38,250 19,515 18,735
10 to 14 years 4,040 2,015 2,025 37,880 19,295 18,585
15 to 64 years 52,235 25,175 27,055 487,820 240,535 247,285
15 to 19 years 4,355 2,235 2,120 40,605 20,905 19,705
20 to 24 years 5,015 2,520 2,495 41,445 21,280 20,165
25 to 29 years 4,835 2,405 2,430 39,245 19,745 19,505
30 to 34 years 4,675 2,235 2,440 41,510 20,140 21,365
35 to 39 years 4,720 2,210 2,510 44,435 21,585 22,850
40 to 44 years 5,030 2,395 2,635 48,430 23,520 24,910
45 to 49 years 5,280 2,475 2,810 51,300 25,195 26,105
50 to 54 years 6,400 3,075 3,320 61,055 29,795 31,265
55 to 59 years 6,320 2,960 3,360 61,740 30,210 31,530
60 to 64 years 5,610 2,665 2,945 58,060 28,170 29,895
65 years and over 15,060 6,470 8,590 148,785 68,500 80,280
65 to 69 years 4,830 2,260 2,575 52,160 25,595 26,570
70 to 74 years 3,540 1,625 1,915 36,050 17,695 18,360
75 to 79 years 2,560 1,100 1,465 25,300 11,835 13,465
80 to 84 years 1,970 815 1,160 17,650 7,515 10,135
85 years and over 2,165 675 1,485 17,620 5,860 11,765
85 to 89 years 1,300 450 855 10,670 3,910 6,760
90 to 94 years 635 175 460 5,305 1,595 3,715
95 to 99 years 190 50 140 1,435 330 1,110
100 years and over 35 0 35 205 30 185
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 15.2 16.2 14.3 14.8 15.4 14.2
15 to 64 years 65.8 66.6 65.1 65.3 65.8 64.8
65 years and over 19.0 17.1 20.7 19.9 18.7 21.0
85 years and over 2.7 1.8 3.6 2.4 1.6 3.1
Average age of the population 42.8 41.4 44.0 43.6 42.7 44.5
Median age of the population 44.0 42.5 45.4 45.7 44.8 46.6
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 34,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 16,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 221,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 1,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 16,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 1,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 2,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 3,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 9,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 44,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 120  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 750  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 34,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 11,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 12,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 126,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 5,360  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 3,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 1,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 77,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 730,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 67,300 31,645 35,650 636,605 309,040 327,570
Married or living common law 35,855 17,935 17,920 379,605 189,790 189,820
Married 28,950 14,475 14,475 302,020 151,100 150,925
Living common law 6,900 3,460 3,440 77,580 38,685 38,895
Not married and not living common law 31,445 13,715 17,730 257,000 119,250 137,745
Never married 19,350 9,905 9,445 158,070 85,640 72,430
Separated 2,540 1,030 1,510 21,290 9,530 11,760
Divorced 4,845 1,870 2,970 35,680 15,275 20,405
Widowed 4,715 905 3,805 41,965 8,805 33,160
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 22,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 222,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 12,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 129,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 4,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 47,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 3,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 1,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 22,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 222,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 17,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 186,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 14,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 147,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 3,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 4,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 3,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 28,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 855  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 17,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 186,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 9,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 105,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 7,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 81,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 3,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 3,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 32,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 1,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 4,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 3,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 23,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 1,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 435  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 16,320 7,340 8,980 128,775 61,010 67,770
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 34,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 21,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 214,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 9,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 102,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 12,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 112,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 435  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 12,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 11,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 1,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 77,990 37,200 40,795 736,280 360,440 375,840
English only 66,155 32,110 34,040 420,820 210,555 210,260
French only 110 50 60 63,140 29,955 33,190
English and French 11,060 4,690 6,370 249,950 118,705 131,245
Neither English nor French 670 350 320 2,370 1,220 1,150
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 77,990 37,200 40,790 736,280 360,440 375,845
English 73,955 35,300 38,655 498,365 244,230 254,135
French 3,125 1,440 1,690 232,450 113,500 118,945
English and French 260 125 135 3,210 1,550 1,655
Neither English nor French 650 340 310 2,255 1,150 1,100
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 3,255 1,495 1,755 234,055 114,280 119,775
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 4.2 4.0 4.3 31.8 31.7 31.9
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 77,990 37,200 40,790 736,280 360,440 375,845
Single responses 77,230 36,840 40,390 726,990 356,005 370,990
Official languages 73,375 34,845 38,530 703,840 344,285 359,555
English 70,020 33,325 36,695 472,725 231,595 241,135
French 3,355 1,520 1,830 231,110 112,690 118,415
Non-official languages 3,855 1,995 1,860 23,150 11,715 11,435
Aboriginal languages 5 0 5 2,165 1,035 1,135
Algonquian languages 5 0 0 2,130 1,020 1,110
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 5 10 5 5
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 0 0 2,115 1,010 1,105
Malecite 0 0 0 280 125 155
Mi'kmaq 0 0 5 1,835 885 950
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 5 5 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 5 0 0 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 0 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 3,850 1,990 1,855 20,990 10,685 10,300
Afro-Asiatic languages 785 450 335 3,190 1,805 1,385
Berber languages 5 0 0 40 25 15
Kabyle 0 0 0 20 10 5
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 20 5 10 30 15 20
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 5 5 5
Somali 20 10 10 25 10 15
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 765 440 320 3,110 1,760 1,355
Amharic 5 5 0 65 35 25
Arabic 710 405 300 2,855 1,615 1,235
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 5 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 45 25 20 170 90 80
Maltese 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tigrigna 5 0 0 20 15 10
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 95 40 55 635 305 330
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 10 5 10
Vietnamese 95 45 55 620 305 320
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 210 80 125 1,375 510 865
Bikol 0 0 0 5 0 5
Cebuano 15 5 10 105 35 65
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 15 5 10
Ilocano 10 0 5 50 15 35
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 5 10
Malay 5 5 5 45 20 30
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 180 70 105 1,120 420 700
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 5 0 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Creole languages 5 5 0 135 70 65
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 15 10 5
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 80 30 50
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 40 30 10
Dravidian languages 55 30 25 285 155 130
Kannada 5 5 5 20 15 10
Malayalam 10 5 10 40 15 20
Tamil 10 10 5 105 60 50
Telugu 20 15 5 110 60 45
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 5 0 0 5 5 0
Indo-European languages 1,355 725 635 9,325 4,790 4,530
Albanian 10 0 0 50 25 25
Armenian 0 5 0 30 15 10
Balto-Slavic languages 245 125 120 1,740 865 875
Baltic languages 0 0 0 55 30 30
Latvian 0 0 0 25 10 10
Lithuanian 0 0 0 35 15 15
Slavic languages 245 120 120 1,685 835 850
Belarusan 0 0 0 5 5 0
Bosnian 10 5 5 50 25 25
Bulgarian 0 0 0 20 10 10
Croatian 5 5 0 75 35 40
Czech 10 5 5 55 25 25
Macedonian 0 0 0 15 10 5
Polish 20 10 10 230 105 125
Russian 140 75 70 880 440 435
Serbian 5 0 0 105 55 45
Serbo-Croatian 5 5 5 35 15 20
Slovak 5 0 5 25 15 15
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 0 0 15 10 10
Ukrainian 40 20 20 170 85 90
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages 5 0 5 30 5 20
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 15 5 10
Welsh 0 0 5 10 0 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Germanic languages 165 85 85 2,875 1,415 1,465
Afrikaans 0 0 0 50 30 25
Danish 10 0 0 125 55 75
Dutch 55 30 25 885 470 410
Frisian 0 0 0 35 25 10
German 95 40 50 1,650 780 865
Icelandic 0 0 0 5 0 0
Norwegian 0 5 0 40 25 20
Swedish 5 0 0 50 15 35
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 5 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Greek 65 45 25 145 100 50
Indo-Iranian languages 430 240 185 1,850 1,020 835
Indo-Aryan languages 265 160 110 1,175 655 525
Bengali 65 40 25 205 120 85
Gujarati 20 10 10 75 40 30
Hindi 50 40 10 225 135 95
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 10 5 5
Marathi 15 5 10 50 20 25
Nepali 35 20 20 180 90 90
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 20 15 5 125 75 50
Sindhi 5 0 5 25 10 10
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 30 15 15
Urdu 60 40 20 240 140 100
Iranian languages 160 85 80 655 355 305
Kurdish 20 10 10 55 30 25
Pashto 5 5 0 25 15 10
Persian (Farsi) 140 65 70 580 310 270
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Italic (Romance) languages 435 225 210 2,605 1,355 1,250
Catalan 0 0 0 5 5 0
Italian 70 35 35 400 225 175
Portuguese 65 35 30 260 130 130
Romanian 50 25 25 485 250 240
Spanish 250 125 125 1,460 755 705
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Japanese 15 0 10 110 25 85
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Korean 335 170 165 1,550 800 750
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Mongolian 5 0 5 5 5 5
Niger-Congo languages 95 50 50 700 385 315
Akan (Twi) 10 5 10 25 10 10
Bamanankan 5 5 0 60 35 25
Edo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 5 0 0 5 5 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 40 30 15
Ga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Ganda 0 0 0 10 0 0
Igbo 10 5 5 30 20 10
Lingala 0 0 0 25 15 15
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 45 25 20
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 5 0 40 20 20
Shona 5 5 0 20 10 10
Swahili 20 10 5 135 65 70
Wolof 0 0 0 25 20 10
Yoruba 10 5 5 30 15 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 195 105 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0 5 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sign languages 20 5 10 145 75 70
American Sign Language 10 5 5 40 20 30
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 5 5 95 55 45
Sino-Tibetan languages 815 410 405 3,115 1,570 1,545
Chinese languages 815 410 405 3,085 1,555 1,530
Cantonese 95 45 45 440 225 210
Hakka 0 0 0 20 10 10
Mandarin 625 315 310 2,250 1,105 1,150
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 5 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 5 0 35 15 15
Wu (Shanghainese) 25 10 10 100 45 55
Chinese, n.o.s. 60 30 25 240 150 85
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 5 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 30 15 15
Burmese 0 0 0 0 0 5
Karenic languages 0 0 0 25 15 10
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 10 5 5 60 15 50
Lao 0 0 0 5 0 0
Thai 5 0 5 55 10 45
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 25 15 5 105 60 45
Azerbaijani 5 0 0 5 5 5
Turkish 20 15 10 75 50 30
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 5 5 10 5 5
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Uralic languages 30 10 20 250 115 135
Estonian 5 0 0 20 5 10
Finnish 5 0 5 45 15 30
Hungarian 20 10 10 185 90 95
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 25 10 10
Multiple responses 760 365 400 9,290 4,440 4,855
English and French 460 215 245 7,285 3,470 3,815
English and non-official language 285 130 150 1,535 725 810
French and non-official language 10 5 5 330 175 155
English, French and non-official language 10 5 5 145 65 75
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 77,990 37,200 40,795 736,280 360,435 375,845
Single responses 77,060 36,760 40,295 724,940 355,025 369,910
Official languages 74,515 35,450 39,065 712,250 348,510 363,740
English 73,250 34,855 38,390 505,935 247,610 258,325
French 1,265 595 670 206,315 100,900 105,415
Non-official languages 2,540 1,310 1,235 12,690 6,515 6,175
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 820 400 420
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 820 395 420
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 815 395 420
Malecite 0 0 0 50 25 25
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 765 370 395
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 2,545 1,315 1,230 11,870 6,115 5,750
Afro-Asiatic languages 670 365 305 2,285 1,210 1,075
Berber languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 20 10 10 20 10 10
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Somali 15 5 5 20 5 10
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 655 355 300 2,265 1,200 1,065
Amharic 0 0 0 20 10 10
Arabic 595 325 270 2,110 1,125 990
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 55 30 30 130 60 70
Maltese 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tigrigna 5 0 0 5 0 5
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 80 35 45 525 255 270
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Vietnamese 80 35 45 520 250 270
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 95 50 50 510 235 270
Bikol 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cebuano 10 5 5 40 15 25
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 0 5
Malay 0 0 0 15 0 5
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 85 45 45 450 215 235
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Creole languages 0 0 5 65 25 35
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 20 0 15
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 20
Dravidian languages 20 10 15 110 60 45
Kannada 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malayalam 10 5 10 20 5 10
Tamil 5 0 0 35 20 20
Telugu 5 5 5 45 30 15
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 645 320 320 4,160 2,175 1,990
Albanian 5 5 5 30 15 10
Armenian 0 0 0 20 5 10
Balto-Slavic languages 130 65 60 975 505 470
Baltic languages 0 0 0 35 20 15
Latvian 0 0 0 10 5 5
Lithuanian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavic languages 130 70 60 935 480 455
Belarusan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bosnian 5 0 0 25 15 10
Bulgarian 0 0 0 5 5 0
Croatian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Czech 0 0 0 5 0 5
Macedonian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Polish 5 0 0 55 25 30
Russian 95 50 45 620 320 305
Serbian 0 0 0 80 45 35
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 5 5 5
Slovak 0 0 0 5 5 5
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ukrainian 20 10 10 90 50 40
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0 10 0 5
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 5 0 5
Welsh 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages 20 10 10 640 320 320
Afrikaans 0 0 0 35 15 20
Danish 0 0 0 5 5 5
Dutch 10 5 10 150 80 75
Frisian 0 0 0 5 0 5
German 10 0 5 425 215 210
Icelandic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0 5 0 5
Swedish 0 0 0 5 0 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Greek 30 15 15 45 25 25
Indo-Iranian languages 270 140 125 1,140 595 545
Indo-Aryan languages 145 75 70 655 335 325
Bengali 35 20 20 130 70 60
Gujarati 10 5 5 40 15 20
Hindi 10 5 5 115 60 50
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 5 5 0
Marathi 5 5 5 20 10 10
Nepali 25 15 15 135 60 75
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 5 0 5 50 25 25
Sindhi 0 0 0 10 5 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Urdu 40 25 15 140 75 70
Iranian languages 120 65 55 470 255 220
Kurdish 10 5 5 35 25 10
Pashto 10 5 5 15 5 5
Persian (Farsi) 100 50 45 425 225 195
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 5
Italic (Romance) languages 190 95 100 1,305 705 600
Catalan 0 0 0 5 5 0
Italian 25 10 15 85 40 45
Portuguese 25 10 15 110 50 60
Romanian 25 10 15 290 145 140
Spanish 120 60 60 820 470 350
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Japanese 0 0 0 20 10 15
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Korean 290 150 135 1,245 645 605
Mongolic languages 5 0 0 5 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 50 25 25 240 125 120
Akan (Twi) 10 0 5 10 5 10
Bamanankan 5 0 0 20 15 5
Edo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 0 0 0 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 10 10 5
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0 5 5 0
Lingala 0 0 0 10 5 5
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 0 0 20 15 10
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 0 0 10 5 5
Shona 0 0 0 5 0 5
Swahili 25 10 10 80 35 45
Wolof 0 0 0 5 5 0
Yoruba 0 5 5 5 5 5
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 50 25 25
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages 20 10 10 200 115 85
American Sign Language 10 5 5 55 30 25
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 5 5 150 90 60
Sino-Tibetan languages 650 335 320 2,390 1,210 1,175
Chinese languages 650 330 315 2,365 1,195 1,170
Cantonese 55 30 25 260 130 130
Hakka 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mandarin 520 260 255 1,855 930 920
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 5 5 15 10 5
Wu (Shanghainese) 30 15 20 85 40 45
Chinese, n.o.s. 40 25 20 140 80 55
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 25 15 10
Burmese 0 0 0 5 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 5 0 0 10 0 5
Lao 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thai 5 0 0 10 5 5
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 5 5 5 30 15 10
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkish 10 5 5 25 15 5
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uralic languages 5 0 5 70 35 40
Estonian 5 0 0 5 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0 5 5 5
Hungarian 0 0 0 55 30 30
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Multiple responses 935 435 495 11,345 5,415 5,925
English and French 305 140 165 7,275 3,370 3,905
English and non-official language 600 290 310 3,435 1,715 1,720
French and non-official language 5 5 5 340 185 160
English, French and non-official language 20 5 10 290 140 145
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 77,995 37,200 40,795 736,280 360,435 375,845
None 73,665 35,180 38,485 647,960 318,560 329,400
English 1,575 755 815 49,925 24,065 25,855
French 1,730 730 1,000 30,030 13,760 16,275
Non-official language 925 485 440 7,545 3,650 3,895
Aboriginal 5 0 0 1,300 625 685
Non-Aboriginal 925 485 435 6,240 3,030 3,210
English and French 30 20 10 180 90 90
English and non-official language 30 15 15 300 160 145
French and non-official language 35 15 20 335 155 185
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 10 5 5
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 65,160 30,720 34,440 620,390 301,645 318,745
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 61,865 29,005 32,860 594,705 289,220 305,485
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,517 37,864 27,168 30,961 37,516 25,796
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 61,885 29,010 32,875 594,920 289,245 305,680
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,623 33,474 25,111 28,107 33,169 23,945
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 54,115 26,095 28,020 516,780 259,945 256,835
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,141 36,634 25,219 28,444 34,830 23,278
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 44,835 18,705 26,130 439,645 193,975 245,675
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,131 7,188 7,026 8,164 9,210 7,321
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 44,040 21,940 22,100 423,915 219,135 204,780
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,098 36,731 26,961 29,124 34,784 24,769
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 65,120 30,705 34,415 620,395 301,650 318,745
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 61,930 28,970 32,960 594,650 289,140 305,510
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,672 48,003 34,229 39,141 46,154 32,504
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 61,955 28,975 32,975 594,870 289,165 305,700
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,018 39,131 29,525 33,022 38,151 28,171
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 54,015 26,010 28,005 516,685 259,855 256,830
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,685 47,543 32,387 37,432 44,240 30,543
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 45,140 18,830 26,315 440,195 194,240 245,955
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,309 8,171 8,408 8,938 9,519 8,480
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 44,025 21,825 22,195 423,915 218,800 205,110
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,010 46,831 33,304 37,611 43,456 31,376
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 65,120 30,705 34,420 620,390 301,645 318,745
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 22,385 11,560 10,820 197,290 104,215 93,075
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 45,726 52,139 41,048 46,349 52,010 41,058
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 55,615 63,472 47,221 54,011 60,796 46,415
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 85.5 89.3 80.7 83.2 86.2 79.0
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 69.9 73.8 64.9 68.5 71.3 64.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 14.5 10.7 19.3 16.8 13.8 21.0
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 65,160 30,720 34,440 620,390 301,650 318,745
Without total income 3,295 1,710 1,585 25,680 12,430 13,260
With total income 61,865 29,010 32,855 594,710 289,220 305,490
Percentage with total income 94.9 94.4 95.4 95.9 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 8,690 3,865 4,825 80,700 32,655 48,050
$10,000 to $19,999 10,570 3,795 6,775 109,015 40,415 68,600
$20,000 to $29,999 10,395 3,980 6,420 99,025 40,480 58,540
$30,000 to $39,999 8,200 3,650 4,555 83,770 41,360 42,405
$40,000 to $49,999 6,940 3,225 3,720 65,795 35,080 30,715
$50,000 to $59,999 4,575 2,495 2,075 44,810 26,560 18,250
$60,000 to $69,999 3,315 1,985 1,325 32,185 20,270 11,920
$70,000 to $79,999 2,510 1,385 1,135 24,565 14,130 10,430
$80,000 to $89,999 1,865 1,070 795 17,095 9,915 7,180
$90,000 to $99,999 1,280 835 440 10,240 6,980 3,260
$100,000 and over 3,520 2,725 795 27,515 21,380 6,135
$100,000 to $149,999 2,495 1,925 570 19,765 15,195 4,570
$150,000 and over 1,025 805 225 7,750 6,185 1,565
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 65,160 30,720 34,440 620,390 301,645 318,750
Without after-tax income 3,275 1,705 1,570 25,470 12,405 13,070
With after-tax income 61,885 29,015 32,870 594,920 289,240 305,680
Percentage with after-tax income 95.0 94.4 95.4 95.9 95.9 95.9
Under $10,000 (including loss) 9,020 3,915 5,105 83,590 33,140 50,455
$10,000 to $19,999 11,300 4,115 7,185 115,730 43,245 72,485
$20,000 to $29,999 12,065 4,845 7,225 118,940 51,335 67,610
$30,000 to $39,999 10,105 4,585 5,520 98,230 50,770 47,460
$40,000 to $49,999 6,975 3,625 3,350 67,470 38,665 28,810
$50,000 to $59,999 4,450 2,595 1,855 42,775 26,495 16,280
$60,000 to $69,999 3,015 1,695 1,320 28,790 16,435 12,355
$70,000 to $79,999 1,835 1,240 600 14,945 10,205 4,740
$80,000 and over 3,125 2,400 725 24,450 18,955 5,500
$80,000 to $89,999 1,045 800 245 8,385 6,340 2,040
$90,000 to $99,999 665 500 160 5,060 3,970 1,090
$100,000 and over 1,415 1,095 320 11,005 8,640 2,365
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 65,155 30,720 34,440 620,390 301,645 318,745
Without employment income 21,120 8,780 12,345 196,475 82,515 113,965
With employment income 44,040 21,940 22,100 423,910 219,140 204,775
Percentage with employment income 67.6 71.4 64.2 68.3 72.6 64.2
Under $5,000 (including loss) 5,575 2,640 2,930 54,590 26,540 28,045
$5,000 to $9,999 3,375 1,485 1,890 36,840 15,720 21,120
$10,000 to $19,999 6,095 2,525 3,570 65,895 29,920 35,975
$20,000 to $29,999 6,360 2,675 3,685 59,240 25,955 33,280
$30,000 to $39,999 5,460 2,470 2,985 50,190 24,930 25,260
$40,000 to $49,999 4,525 2,130 2,390 42,140 22,160 19,980
$50,000 to $59,999 3,020 1,710 1,305 29,910 18,180 11,730
$60,000 to $69,999 2,385 1,435 955 23,390 14,620 8,770
$70,000 to $79,999 2,020 1,060 960 19,515 10,565 8,950
$80,000 and over 5,235 3,810 1,425 42,210 30,540 11,665
$80,000 to $89,999 1,500 870 635 13,190 7,840 5,345
$90,000 to $99,999 990 685 300 8,105 5,685 2,420
$100,000 and over 2,740 2,255 485 20,915 17,015 3,895
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 34,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 55,907  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,347  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 49,571  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 52,553  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 11,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 29,838  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 28,747  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 27,197  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 26,387  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 23,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 230,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 74,237  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,207  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 65,032  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,063  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 34,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 72,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,786  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 60,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 61,431  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 11,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,242  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 23,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 230,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 89,046  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 86,878  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 74,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 73,156  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 34,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 660  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 880  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,835  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,835  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,690  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 27,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,510  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,210  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 22,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 8,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,985  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,950  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 1,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 1,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 34,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 20,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,870  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 32,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 23,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 5,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 48,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 1,475  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 22,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 221,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 74,606  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,353  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 65,267  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 8,985  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 73,382  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 67,988  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 64,152  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,801  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 8,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 82,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 102,492  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 100,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 87,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 85,717  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 4,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 40,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 42,992  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 38,757  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 40,671  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 22,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 221,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 89,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 87,048  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 74,664  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 73,197  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 9,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 87,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 72,431  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 66,576  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 8,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 82,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 115,037  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,901  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 94,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,699  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 4,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 49,823  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 51,119  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 44,458  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 45,687  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 14,650 6,615 8,035 114,825 54,970 59,850
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 27,990 29,161 27,230 27,250 30,122 25,182
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 25,694 26,603 25,302 25,167 27,154 23,916
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 14,600 6,440 8,160 114,375 54,300 60,075
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 35,317 37,606 33,510 34,738 37,330 32,395
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 30,126 31,325 29,179 29,845 31,431 28,411
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 77,185 36,835 40,355 730,710 357,860 372,850
In the bottom half of the distribution 45,445 20,920 24,530 428,180 204,170 224,005
In the bottom decile 11,265 5,265 6,000 80,120 37,430 42,695
In the second decile 9,665 4,185 5,480 94,165 42,190 51,980
In the third decile 8,720 3,975 4,745 87,075 41,905 45,170
In the fourth decile 8,170 3,850 4,315 85,610 42,275 43,335
In the fifth decile 7,625 3,645 3,985 81,200 40,375 40,825
In the top half of the distribution 31,745 15,920 15,830 302,530 153,685 148,845
In the sixth decile 7,355 3,630 3,730 77,345 38,915 38,425
In the seventh decile 6,945 3,460 3,490 73,185 37,190 36,005
In the eighth decile 6,620 3,285 3,335 65,090 32,815 32,275
In the ninth decile 6,190 3,135 3,055 52,050 26,635 25,410
In the top decile 4,630 2,410 2,215 34,860 18,130 16,730
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 77,190 36,835 40,355 722,550 353,870 368,680
0 to 17 years 14,560 7,420 7,140 131,930 67,285 64,645
0 to 5 years 4,630 2,370 2,265 40,900 20,805 20,100
18 to 64 years 49,030 23,430 25,600 452,805 221,675 231,130
65 years and over 13,600 5,990 7,615 137,820 64,915 72,905
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 15,875 7,145 8,730 123,820 55,990 67,825
0 to 17 years 4,400 2,275 2,125 29,250 14,930 14,320
0 to 5 years 1,625 850 775 10,285 5,260 5,030
18 to 64 years 9,205 4,070 5,130 66,745 29,975 36,770
65 years and over 2,270 800 1,470 27,830 11,090 16,745
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 20.6 19.4 21.6 17.1 15.8 18.4
0 to 17 years (%) 30.2 30.7 29.8 22.2 22.2 22.2
0 to 5 years (%) 35.1 35.9 34.2 25.1 25.3 25.0
18 to 64 years (%) 18.8 17.4 20.0 14.7 13.5 15.9
65 years and over (%) 16.7 13.4 19.3 20.2 17.1 23.0
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 8,975 4,290 4,690 49,830 24,165 25,660
0 to 17 years 2,435 1,270 1,170 11,520 5,890 5,630
0 to 5 years 960 490 470 4,200 2,145 2,055
18 to 64 years 6,090 2,855 3,235 35,680 17,255 18,425
65 years and over 450 160 285 2,630 1,025 1,605
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 11.6 11.6 11.6 6.9 6.8 7.0
0 to 17 years (%) 16.7 17.1 16.4 8.7 8.8 8.7
0 to 5 years (%) 20.7 20.7 20.8 10.3 10.3 10.2
18 to 64 years (%) 12.4 12.2 12.6 7.9 7.8 8.0
65 years and over (%) 3.3 2.7 3.7 1.9 1.6 2.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 77,140 36,810 40,330 730,710 357,855 372,850
Official languages 76,490 36,460 40,035 728,310 356,615 371,690
English 76,370 36,410 39,955 666,315 326,905 339,415
French 11,140 4,720 6,420 310,550 147,845 162,705
Non-official languages 5,180 2,665 2,515 34,880 17,355 17,525
Aboriginal languages 25 10 25 3,065 1,470 1,595
Algonquian languages 15 0 20 2,990 1,455 1,540
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 15 0 20 2,965 1,435 1,530
Malecite 0 0 10 720 335 385
Mi'kmaq 15 0 10 2,265 1,115 1,150
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 15 15 0
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 10 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 10 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 10 55 10 45
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 45 10 40
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 10 0
Salish languages 0 10 0 0 10 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 5,155 2,660 2,495 31,865 15,915 15,955
Afro-Asiatic languages 840 465 375 4,355 2,385 1,980
Berber languages 10 10 0 80 40 35
Kabyle 0 0 0 40 20 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 40 25 20
Cushitic languages 10 10 0 15 10 0
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Somali 10 10 10 10 10 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 830 460 370 4,300 2,340 1,960
Amharic 20 10 0 165 100 65
Arabic 705 405 305 3,685 2,030 1,660
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 105 45 60 435 205 230
Maltese 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0 50 25 25
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 15 15 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 135 45 80 835 430 400
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Vietnamese 130 50 85 820 435 390
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 0
Austronesian languages 170 45 125 1,790 695 1,090
Bikol 0 0 0 10 0 10
Cebuano 15 10 15 185 70 115
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 10 0 0 35 10 30
Ilocano 0 0 0 50 10 45
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 10 15
Malay 20 0 15 75 20 55
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 140 35 105 1,595 625 970
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 0
Creole languages 15 10 10 430 195 235
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 50 20 30
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 240 105 135
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 140 75 65
Dravidian languages 70 40 25 435 245 195
Kannada 20 10 10 60 30 25
Malayalam 10 10 10 55 35 25
Tamil 10 15 0 190 115 75
Telugu 25 15 10 175 90 85
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Hmong-Mien languages 15 10 0 10 10 0
Indo-European languages 2,250 1,190 1,060 16,505 8,155 8,350
Albanian 0 0 0 80 45 35
Armenian 10 0 0 60 35 25
Balto-Slavic languages 345 195 145 2,065 1,100 965
Baltic languages 0 0 0 55 40 20
Latvian 0 10 0 20 10 10
Lithuanian 0 0 0 30 20 10
Slavic languages 335 190 145 2,025 1,070 955
Belarusan 0 0 0 10 0 0
Bosnian 15 10 10 75 40 40
Bulgarian 0 0 0 45 15 35
Croatian 15 10 10 95 45 55
Czech 20 10 10 115 65 45
Macedonian 10 10 0 35 25 10
Polish 40 30 10 320 165 160
Russian 225 125 100 1,200 630 570
Serbian 10 10 0 90 70 20
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 40 30 10
Slovak 10 10 0 45 15 30
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 15 10 0
Ukrainian 95 45 50 310 145 165
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Celtic languages 10 0 0 140 40 100
Scottish Gaelic 10 0 10 95 20 75
Welsh 0 0 0 10 0 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 40 20 20
Germanic languages 365 170 195 4,745 2,360 2,380
Afrikaans 15 10 15 130 70 60
Danish 10 0 0 155 60 95
Dutch 40 20 15 1,185 560 625
Frisian 10 10 0 50 40 15
German 305 145 160 3,260 1,675 1,580
Icelandic 0 0 0 10 10 0
Norwegian 10 10 0 130 65 65
Swedish 0 0 0 110 45 60
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 10 0 40 20 25
Yiddish 0 0 0 20 20 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Greek 100 65 30 220 125 95
Indo-Iranian languages 625 370 255 2,325 1,275 1,050
Indo-Aryan languages 375 230 150 1,570 875 695
Bengali 60 30 30 225 150 80
Gujarati 30 10 20 110 45 65
Hindi 275 160 110 790 430 355
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Marathi 15 0 10 55 20 30
Nepali 10 0 0 185 90 95
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 40 40 0 205 130 75
Sindhi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 35 10 20
Urdu 100 75 30 355 215 140
Iranian languages 260 150 115 805 430 375
Kurdish 30 15 15 130 65 60
Pashto 20 15 10 60 45 20
Persian (Farsi) 210 120 90 620 330 285
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 885 410 470 7,600 3,540 4,055
Catalan 0 0 0 15 10 0
Italian 110 55 50 825 405 420
Portuguese 60 35 25 450 250 200
Romanian 60 25 35 555 290 265
Spanish 695 310 380 6,065 2,775 3,290
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Japanese 70 30 45 430 190 240
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Korean 335 190 140 1,695 860 835
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 10 10 10
Mongolian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Niger-Congo languages 220 105 110 1,525 890 640
Akan (Twi) 20 0 20 35 15 25
Bamanankan 30 15 15 155 70 85
Edo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 0 0 0 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 100 85 15
Ga 0 0 0 10 10 0
Ganda 0 0 0 10 10 0
Igbo 35 25 0 60 50 15
Lingala 0 0 0 125 95 35
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 10 0 90 55 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 10 10 70 40 30
Shona 15 10 10 40 15 25
Swahili 70 25 40 355 185 170
Wolof 0 0 0 70 45 25
Yoruba 10 15 0 60 45 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25 545 315 230
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages 280 105 180 1,155 450 705
American Sign Language 135 50 80 425 150 280
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 15 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 155 55 95 745 305 435
Sino-Tibetan languages 955 505 445 3,585 1,885 1,700
Chinese languages 955 510 445 3,510 1,855 1,660
Cantonese 170 65 105 610 285 320
Hakka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mandarin 735 395 340 2,760 1,455 1,310
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 10 10 0 60 30 30
Wu (Shanghainese) 40 20 20 140 65 75
Chinese, n.o.s. 105 60 50 310 195 115
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 40 10 30
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 70 30 40
Burmese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0 65 25 45
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 15 0 15 85 20 65
Lao 0 0 0 10 0 10
Thai 20 0 15 80 20 60
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 45 40 10 175 105 75
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkish 50 40 10 165 105 60
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Uralic languages 30 20 15 270 130 140
Estonian 0 0 0 20 15 0
Finnish 0 0 0 35 15 20
Hungarian 30 15 15 220 105 115
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 100 70 30
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 77,140 36,810 40,335 730,710 357,855 372,855
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 74,110 35,235 38,875 710,775 347,905 362,875
Canadian citizens aged under 18 13,860 7,105 6,755 130,785 66,795 63,990
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 60,245 28,125 32,125 579,995 281,110 298,880
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 3,030 1,580 1,455 19,925 9,950 9,980
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 77,145 36,810 40,335 730,710 357,855 372,850
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 71,595 33,955 37,635 692,535 339,090 353,445
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 4,855 2,410 2,445 33,810 16,175 17,640
Before 1981 1,415 625 795 11,545 5,265 6,275
1981 to 1990 355 215 140 2,735 1,340 1,390
1991 to 2000 395 205 190 2,975 1,490 1,490
2001 to 2010 920 485 440 7,235 3,530 3,710
2001 to 2005 325 165 160 2,435 1,110 1,330
2006 to 2010 600 320 275 4,800 2,415 2,385
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 1,765 885 880 9,330 4,560 4,770
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 690 440 255 4,360 2,590 1,770
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 4,855 2,410 2,445 33,815 16,175 17,635
Under 5 years 630 290 345 5,135 2,350 2,790
5 to 14 years 995 505 495 7,290 3,585 3,705
15 to 24 years 750 410 340 5,790 2,525 3,265
25 to 44 years 2,000 955 1,050 12,640 6,100 6,535
45 years and over 480 260 220 2,955 1,615 1,340
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 4,855 2,410 2,450 33,815 16,175 17,635
Americas 820 405 410 9,420 4,205 5,210
Brazil 10 10 0 55 20 30
Colombia 30 15 15 215 85 130
El Salvador 10 10 0 115 85 30
Guyana 10 0 0 80 40 45
Haiti 0 0 0 170 70 100
Jamaica 20 10 10 120 85 40
Mexico 30 10 25 160 50 110
Peru 20 15 10 60 35 25
Trinidad and Tobago 30 15 10 115 70 40
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 500 240 260 7,620 3,315 4,305
Other places of birth in Americas 165 90 80 715 355 360
Europe 1,410 675 740 10,985 5,335 5,650
Bosnia and Herzegovina 20 10 0 100 55 50
Croatia 0 0 0 60 35 25
France 15 10 10 760 425 340
Germany 95 35 55 1,615 740 880
Greece 60 40 20 95 60 40
Hungary 15 0 0 100 35 65
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 20 0 10 160 75 85
Italy 30 20 10 210 125 85
Netherlands 40 25 20 975 505 465
Poland 30 10 15 195 90 100
Portugal 45 25 15 130 85 45
Romania 55 25 30 485 245 240
Russian Federation 45 25 25 245 115 135
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 10 10 0 30 25 10
Ukraine 60 35 25 250 120 130
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 775 345 430 4,600 2,160 2,445
Other places of birth in Europe 115 60 60 970 455 515
Africa 300 155 145 2,565 1,420 1,140
Algeria 10 10 0 165 90 75
Egypt 20 15 0 120 75 45
Ethiopia 10 10 0 120 65 60
Kenya 10 0 10 60 30 30
Morocco 20 15 10 200 120 75
Nigeria 15 10 10 115 65 50
Somalia 10 0 10 15 10 10
South Africa, Republic of 20 10 10 165 85 80
Other places of birth in Africa 190 80 105 1,615 885 725
Asia 2,295 1,