Census Profile, 2016 Census
Fredericton [Population centre], New Brunswick and New Brunswick [Province]

Select a table view
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Fredericton
New Brunswick
[Population centre]
New Brunswick

[Province]
Data quality , Fredericton [Population centre], New Brunswick  Map : Fredericton [Population centre], New Brunswick Data quality : New Brunswick [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 1 Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 59,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 747,101  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 56,663 revised. The 2011 count for this area has been revised. r  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 751,171  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 4.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... -0.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 28,776  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 359,721  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 26,328  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,773  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 712.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 83.33  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,388.81  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 59,405 28,280 31,125 747,105 365,355 381,745
0 to 14 years 9,005 4,505 4,500 110,495 56,320 54,180
0 to 4 years 3,000 1,500 1,505 34,365 17,505 16,860
5 to 9 years 3,005 1,505 1,500 38,250 19,515 18,735
10 to 14 years 3,000 1,505 1,500 37,880 19,295 18,585
15 to 64 years 40,015 19,365 20,650 487,820 240,535 247,285
15 to 19 years 3,310 1,655 1,655 40,605 20,905 19,705
20 to 24 years 5,290 2,625 2,660 41,445 21,280 20,165
25 to 29 years 4,425 2,245 2,175 39,245 19,745 19,505
30 to 34 years 4,055 2,000 2,060 41,510 20,140 21,365
35 to 39 years 3,790 1,840 1,955 44,435 21,585 22,850
40 to 44 years 3,855 1,830 2,030 48,430 23,520 24,910
45 to 49 years 3,810 1,805 2,005 51,300 25,195 26,105
50 to 54 years 4,060 1,940 2,115 61,055 29,795 31,265
55 to 59 years 3,860 1,830 2,030 61,740 30,210 31,530
60 to 64 years 3,560 1,590 1,965 58,060 28,170 29,895
65 years and over 10,385 4,410 5,975 148,785 68,500 80,280
65 to 69 years 3,235 1,480 1,755 52,160 25,595 26,570
70 to 74 years 2,415 1,085 1,330 36,050 17,695 18,360
75 to 79 years 1,855 830 1,025 25,300 11,835 13,465
80 to 84 years 1,375 545 830 17,650 7,515 10,135
85 years and over 1,510 470 1,035 17,620 5,860 11,765
85 to 89 years 890 315 575 10,670 3,910 6,760
90 to 94 years 485 120 360 5,305 1,595 3,715
95 to 99 years 125 35 95 1,435 330 1,110
100 years and over 10 0 10 205 30 185
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 15.2 15.9 14.5 14.8 15.4 14.2
15 to 64 years 67.4 68.5 66.3 65.3 65.8 64.8
65 years and over 17.5 15.6 19.2 19.9 18.7 21.0
85 years and over 2.5 1.7 3.3 2.4 1.6 3.1
Average age of the population 40.9 39.5 42.1 43.6 42.7 44.5
Median age of the population 39.8 38.0 41.4 45.7 44.8 46.6
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 26,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 11,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 221,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 460  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 12,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 685  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 1,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 2,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 8,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 44,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 1,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 26,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 8,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 9,835  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 126,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 3,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 2,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 1,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 58,150  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 730,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 50,400 23,770 26,625 636,605 309,040 327,570
Married or living common law 27,610 13,775 13,830 379,605 189,790 189,820
Married 22,205 11,075 11,135 302,020 151,100 150,925
Living common law 5,405 2,705 2,700 77,580 38,685 38,895
Not married and not living common law 22,790 9,995 12,795 257,000 119,250 137,745
Never married 14,995 7,760 7,235 158,070 85,640 72,430
Separated 1,570 620 945 21,290 9,530 11,760
Divorced 3,275 1,100 2,175 35,680 15,275 20,405
Widowed 2,950 520 2,435 41,965 8,805 33,160
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 16,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 222,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 9,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 129,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 3,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 47,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 2,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 950  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 16,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 222,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 13,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 186,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 10,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 147,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 2,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 2,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 2,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 28,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 13,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 186,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 7,430  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 105,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 6,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 81,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 2,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 2,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 32,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 905  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 2,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 1,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 23,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 735  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 230  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 13,575 6,185 7,390 128,775 61,010 67,770
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 26,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 15,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 214,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 7,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 102,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 8,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 112,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 220  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 10,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 8,475  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 1,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 58,665 28,015 30,655 736,280 360,440 375,840
English only 44,165 21,630 22,525 420,820 210,555 210,260
French only 190 95 95 63,140 29,955 33,190
English and French 13,675 5,995 7,680 249,950 118,705 131,245
Neither English nor French 640 295 345 2,370 1,220 1,150
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 58,665 28,015 30,655 736,280 360,440 375,845
English 53,580 25,710 27,870 498,365 244,230 254,135
French 4,115 1,855 2,260 232,450 113,500 118,945
English and French 345 165 185 3,210 1,550 1,655
Neither English nor French 630 285 345 2,255 1,150 1,100
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 4,285 1,940 2,355 234,055 114,280 119,775
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 7.3 6.9 7.7 31.8 31.7 31.9
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 58,670 28,015 30,650 736,280 360,440 375,845
Single responses 57,720 27,585 30,130 726,990 356,005 370,990
Official languages 52,345 24,850 27,490 703,840 344,285 359,555
English 48,255 23,010 25,250 472,725 231,595 241,135
French 4,085 1,845 2,240 231,110 112,690 118,415
Non-official languages 5,370 2,730 2,645 23,150 11,715 11,435
Aboriginal languages 60 30 30 2,165 1,035 1,135
Algonquian languages 55 25 30 2,130 1,020 1,110
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 50 25 25 2,115 1,010 1,105
Malecite 35 20 15 280 125 155
Mi'kmaq 15 10 10 1,835 885 950
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 5 5 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 0 10 0 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 5,310 2,700 2,610 20,990 10,685 10,300
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,005 540 460 3,190 1,805 1,385
Berber languages 0 0 0 40 25 15
Kabyle 0 0 0 20 10 5
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 0 5 0 30 15 20
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 5 5 0 5 5 5
Somali 0 0 0 25 10 15
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 1,000 535 460 3,110 1,760 1,355
Amharic 40 20 15 65 35 25
Arabic 905 480 415 2,855 1,615 1,235
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 5 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 50 25 25 170 90 80
Maltese 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tigrigna 5 5 5 20 15 10
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 5 5 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 185 100 90 635 305 330
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 5 0 10 5 10
Vietnamese 180 100 85 620 305 320
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 160 65 90 1,375 510 865
Bikol 0 0 0 5 0 5
Cebuano 15 10 5 105 35 65
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 5 0 0 15 5 10
Ilocano 0 0 5 50 15 35
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 5 10
Malay 20 10 10 45 20 30
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 120 45 70 1,120 420 700
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 5 0 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 15 5 10
Creole languages 10 0 10 135 70 65
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 15 10 5
Creole, n.o.s. 5 0 5 80 30 50
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 40 30 10
Dravidian languages 75 40 35 285 155 130
Kannada 10 5 5 20 15 10
Malayalam 5 0 5 40 15 20
Tamil 45 25 15 105 60 50
Telugu 15 10 10 110 60 45
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Indo-European languages 2,110 1,060 1,055 9,325 4,790 4,530
Albanian 20 10 10 50 25 25
Armenian 10 5 5 30 15 10
Balto-Slavic languages 575 280 295 1,740 865 875
Baltic languages 15 5 5 55 30 30
Latvian 0 0 0 25 10 10
Lithuanian 10 5 5 35 15 15
Slavic languages 565 270 290 1,685 835 850
Belarusan 0 0 0 5 5 0
Bosnian 25 15 10 50 25 25
Bulgarian 5 5 5 20 10 10
Croatian 25 10 15 75 35 40
Czech 15 5 5 55 25 25
Macedonian 0 0 5 15 10 5
Polish 40 25 20 230 105 125
Russian 325 165 155 880 440 435
Serbian 75 35 35 105 55 45
Serbo-Croatian 20 5 15 35 15 20
Slovak 0 0 0 25 15 15
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 0 5 15 10 10
Ukrainian 45 20 25 170 85 90
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages 5 0 0 30 5 20
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 15 5 10
Welsh 0 0 0 10 0 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 0 5 0
Germanic languages 340 155 185 2,875 1,415 1,465
Afrikaans 5 0 0 50 30 25
Danish 10 5 10 125 55 75
Dutch 100 50 50 885 470 410
Frisian 5 0 0 35 25 10
German 200 90 105 1,650 780 865
Icelandic 0 0 0 5 0 0
Norwegian 10 0 0 40 25 20
Swedish 10 5 5 50 15 35
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Yiddish 0 5 0 10 5 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Greek 25 15 10 145 100 50
Indo-Iranian languages 765 415 350 1,850 1,020 835
Indo-Aryan languages 450 250 205 1,175 655 525
Bengali 80 50 30 205 120 85
Gujarati 15 10 5 75 40 30
Hindi 95 45 50 225 135 95
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 5 0 0 10 5 5
Marathi 25 10 10 50 20 25
Nepali 125 65 65 180 90 90
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 5 0 0 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 25 15 10 125 75 50
Sindhi 5 5 0 25 10 10
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 5 5 30 15 15
Urdu 65 40 30 240 140 100
Iranian languages 310 170 145 655 355 305
Kurdish 15 5 10 55 30 25
Pashto 20 10 5 25 15 10
Persian (Farsi) 280 150 130 580 310 270
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 15 10 10
Italic (Romance) languages 375 185 195 2,605 1,355 1,250
Catalan 0 0 0 5 5 0
Italian 40 20 20 400 225 175
Portuguese 60 20 30 260 130 130
Romanian 45 15 25 485 250 240
Spanish 235 120 115 1,460 755 705
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Japanese 20 5 20 110 25 85
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Korean 310 160 150 1,550 800 750
Mongolic languages 0 5 0 5 5 0
Mongolian 5 0 0 5 5 5
Niger-Congo languages 140 75 65 700 385 315
Akan (Twi) 5 5 0 25 10 10
Bamanankan 0 0 0 60 35 25
Edo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 0 0 0 5 5 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 40 30 15
Ga 5 5 0 5 5 5
Ganda 0 5 0 10 0 0
Igbo 5 5 5 30 20 10
Lingala 0 0 5 25 15 15
Rundi (Kirundi) 15 10 5 45 25 20
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 0 5 40 20 20
Shona 0 0 0 20 10 10
Swahili 45 20 25 135 65 70
Wolof 0 0 0 25 20 10
Yoruba 10 5 5 30 15 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 40 30 15 195 105 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0 5 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sign languages 15 10 10 145 75 70
American Sign Language 5 0 5 40 20 30
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 5 5 95 55 45
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,175 590 585 3,115 1,570 1,545
Chinese languages 1,175 590 585 3,085 1,555 1,530
Cantonese 110 50 60 440 225 210
Hakka 10 5 5 20 10 10
Mandarin 920 465 455 2,250 1,105 1,150
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 5 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 10 5 5 35 15 15
Wu (Shanghainese) 55 25 30 100 45 55
Chinese, n.o.s. 65 30 30 240 150 85
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 5 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 30 15 15
Burmese 0 0 0 0 0 5
Karenic languages 0 0 0 25 15 10
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 20 5 15 60 15 50
Lao 0 0 0 5 0 0
Thai 20 10 15 55 10 45
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 30 15 15 105 60 45
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkish 15 5 10 75 50 30
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 5 5 5 10 5 5
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 10 5 5
Uralic languages 35 15 20 250 115 135
Estonian 5 5 0 20 5 10
Finnish 5 5 5 45 15 30
Hungarian 25 15 15 185 90 95
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 25 10 10
Multiple responses 950 435 515 9,290 4,440 4,855
English and French 550 240 315 7,285 3,470 3,815
English and non-official language 340 160 170 1,535 725 810
French and non-official language 35 20 20 330 175 155
English, French and non-official language 25 15 10 145 65 75
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 58,670 28,015 30,650 736,280 360,435 375,845
Single responses 57,390 27,380 30,015 724,940 355,025 369,910
Official languages 53,930 25,605 28,325 712,250 348,510 363,740
English 51,725 24,605 27,120 505,935 247,610 258,325
French 2,205 995 1,205 206,315 100,900 105,415
Non-official languages 3,460 1,775 1,685 12,690 6,515 6,175
Aboriginal languages 10 10 5 820 400 420
Algonquian languages 15 10 5 820 395 420
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 5 0 0 5 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 5 0 0 5 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 10 5 815 395 420
Malecite 10 5 0 50 25 25
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 765 370 395
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 3,445 1,765 1,680 11,870 6,115 5,750
Afro-Asiatic languages 710 360 345 2,285 1,210 1,075
Berber languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0 20 5 10
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 705 360 345 2,265 1,200 1,065
Amharic 15 10 10 20 10 10
Arabic 665 345 330 2,110 1,125 990
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 20 10 15 130 60 70
Maltese 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tigrigna 0 0 0 5 0 5
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 165 90 80 525 255 270
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 0 5 5 5 0
Vietnamese 160 85 75 520 250 270
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 50 20 30 510 235 270
Bikol 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cebuano 5 0 5 40 15 25
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 0 5
Malay 10 0 10 15 0 5
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 30 15 20 450 215 235
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Creole languages 5 0 5 65 25 35
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 5 0 5 20 0 15
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 20
Dravidian languages 35 20 15 110 60 45
Kannada 5 0 0 5 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0 20 5 10
Tamil 20 10 5 35 20 20
Telugu 10 5 5 45 30 15
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 1,200 610 590 4,160 2,175 1,990
Albanian 15 10 10 30 15 10
Armenian 10 0 10 20 5 10
Balto-Slavic languages 400 200 195 975 505 470
Baltic languages 15 5 5 35 20 15
Latvian 0 0 0 10 5 5
Lithuanian 10 5 5 25 15 10
Slavic languages 385 190 190 935 480 455
Belarusan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bosnian 10 5 5 25 15 10
Bulgarian 0 0 0 5 5 0
Croatian 10 0 10 25 10 15
Czech 5 0 0 5 0 5
Macedonian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Polish 10 5 5 55 25 30
Russian 260 135 130 620 320 305
Serbian 60 30 25 80 45 35
Serbo-Croatian 5 0 5 5 5 5
Slovak 0 0 0 5 5 5
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ukrainian 30 10 15 90 50 40
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0 10 0 5
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 5 0 5
Welsh 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages 50 25 30 640 320 320
Afrikaans 0 0 0 35 15 20
Danish 0 0 0 5 5 5
Dutch 10 5 0 150 80 75
Frisian 0 0 0 5 0 5
German 45 20 25 425 215 210
Icelandic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0 5 0 5
Swedish 0 0 0 5 0 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Greek 5 5 10 45 25 25
Indo-Iranian languages 525 275 250 1,140 595 545
Indo-Aryan languages 285 145 140 655 335 325
Bengali 55 30 25 130 70 60
Gujarati 15 5 5 40 15 20
Hindi 60 30 25 115 60 50
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 5 5 5 0
Marathi 10 5 5 20 10 10
Nepali 90 40 50 135 60 75
Oriya (Odia) 5 0 5 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 10 0 5 50 25 25
Sindhi 5 0 5 10 5 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 0 0 5 5 5
Urdu 35 20 15 140 75 70
Iranian languages 240 130 110 470 255 220
Kurdish 10 5 0 35 25 10
Pashto 5 0 5 15 5 5
Persian (Farsi) 230 120 110 425 225 195
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 5
Italic (Romance) languages 195 95 95 1,305 705 600
Catalan 0 0 0 5 5 0
Italian 10 5 5 85 40 45
Portuguese 25 10 15 110 50 60
Romanian 20 5 10 290 145 140
Spanish 135 75 60 820 470 350
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Japanese 5 0 0 20 10 15
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Korean 245 130 115 1,245 645 605
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 65 25 35 240 125 120
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 10 5 10
Bamanankan 0 0 0 20 15 5
Edo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 0 0 0 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 10 10 5
Ga 0 0 5 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0 5 5 0
Lingala 0 0 0 10 5 5
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 5 5 20 15 10
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 0 5 10 5 5
Shona 0 0 0 5 0 5
Swahili 30 10 15 80 35 45
Wolof 0 0 0 5 5 0
Yoruba 5 5 0 5 5 5
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 50 25 25
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages 20 10 10 200 115 85
American Sign Language 10 5 5 55 30 25
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 5 5 150 90 60
Sino-Tibetan languages 930 480 450 2,390 1,210 1,175
Chinese languages 930 480 450 2,365 1,195 1,170
Cantonese 60 30 30 260 130 130
Hakka 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mandarin 785 410 370 1,855 930 920
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 0 0 15 10 5
Wu (Shanghainese) 35 15 15 85 40 45
Chinese, n.o.s. 40 20 25 140 80 55
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 10 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 25 15 10
Burmese 0 0 0 5 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 5 10 0 5
Lao 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thai 5 5 5 10 5 5
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0 30 15 10
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0 25 15 5
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 0 0 0
Uralic languages 10 5 5 70 35 40
Estonian 0 0 0 5 0 0
Finnish 5 5 0 5 5 5
Hungarian 5 5 5 55 30 30
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Multiple responses 1,275 635 640 11,345 5,415 5,925
English and French 390 190 200 7,275 3,370 3,905
English and non-official language 840 425 415 3,435 1,715 1,720
French and non-official language 15 5 5 340 185 160
English, French and non-official language 45 15 20 290 140 145
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 58,665 28,015 30,650 736,280 360,435 375,845
None 52,235 25,065 27,170 647,960 318,560 329,400
English 2,405 1,170 1,235 49,925 24,065 25,855
French 2,460 1,040 1,415 30,030 13,760 16,275
Non-official language 1,435 675 755 7,545 3,650 3,895
Aboriginal 95 40 55 1,300 625 685
Non-Aboriginal 1,340 640 700 6,240 3,030 3,210
English and French 40 20 20 180 90 90
English and non-official language 45 20 25 300 160 145
French and non-official language 45 25 30 335 155 185
English, French and non-official language 0 0 5 10 5 5
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 49,170 23,315 25,850 620,390 301,645 318,745
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 46,705 22,075 24,630 594,705 289,220 305,485
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,448 39,260 28,911 30,961 37,516 25,796
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 46,720 22,080 24,645 594,920 289,245 305,680
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,124 34,652 26,612 28,107 33,169 23,945
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 42,725 20,635 22,090 516,780 259,945 256,835
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,260 37,569 26,079 28,444 34,830 23,278
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 32,795 13,620 19,175 439,645 193,975 245,675
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,278 4,692 5,538 8,164 9,210 7,321
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 34,640 17,350 17,290 423,915 219,135 204,780
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,740 35,368 26,967 29,124 34,784 24,769
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 49,235 23,295 25,935 620,395 301,650 318,745
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 46,790 21,985 24,800 594,650 289,140 305,510
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,014 49,567 37,206 39,141 46,154 32,504
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 46,800 21,985 24,810 594,870 289,165 305,700
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,813 40,575 31,593 33,022 38,151 28,171
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 42,620 20,590 22,030 516,685 259,855 256,830
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,686 48,394 35,415 37,432 44,240 30,543
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 32,995 13,660 19,330 440,195 194,240 245,955
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,151 6,823 7,383 8,938 9,519 8,480
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 34,825 17,340 17,480 423,915 218,800 205,110
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,455 45,944 35,011 37,611 43,456 31,376
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 49,235 23,300 25,940 620,390 301,645 318,745
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 17,520 9,185 8,335 197,290 104,215 93,075
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 49,295 54,696 45,938 46,349 52,010 41,058
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 57,921 63,812 51,426 54,011 60,796 46,415
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 88.4 91.6 84.6 83.2 86.2 79.0
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 69.7 72.8 66.1 68.5 71.3 64.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 11.6 8.4 15.4 16.8 13.8 21.0
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 49,170 23,315 25,855 620,390 301,650 318,745
Without total income 2,465 1,240 1,225 25,680 12,430 13,260
With total income 46,700 22,075 24,625 594,710 289,220 305,490
Percentage with total income 95.0 94.7 95.2 95.9 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 6,510 2,890 3,625 80,700 32,655 48,050
$10,000 to $19,999 7,870 2,995 4,880 109,015 40,415 68,600
$20,000 to $29,999 6,990 2,810 4,175 99,025 40,480 58,540
$30,000 to $39,999 5,620 2,535 3,085 83,770 41,360 42,405
$40,000 to $49,999 4,930 2,280 2,650 65,795 35,080 30,715
$50,000 to $59,999 3,730 1,905 1,825 44,810 26,560 18,250
$60,000 to $69,999 2,930 1,625 1,300 32,185 20,270 11,920
$70,000 to $79,999 2,285 1,230 1,055 24,565 14,130 10,430
$80,000 to $89,999 1,635 925 715 17,095 9,915 7,180
$90,000 to $99,999 1,035 630 405 10,240 6,980 3,260
$100,000 and over 3,170 2,245 920 27,515 21,380 6,135
$100,000 to $149,999 2,215 1,540 675 19,765 15,195 4,570
$150,000 and over 960 710 255 7,750 6,185 1,565
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 49,170 23,315 25,855 620,390 301,645 318,750
Without after-tax income 2,450 1,240 1,210 25,470 12,405 13,070
With after-tax income 46,715 22,075 24,645 594,920 289,240 305,680
Percentage with after-tax income 95.0 94.7 95.3 95.9 95.9 95.9
Under $10,000 (including loss) 6,800 2,925 3,875 83,590 33,140 50,455
$10,000 to $19,999 8,300 3,200 5,100 115,730 43,245 72,485
$20,000 to $29,999 8,155 3,395 4,760 118,940 51,335 67,610
$30,000 to $39,999 6,935 3,145 3,790 98,230 50,770 47,460
$40,000 to $49,999 5,505 2,725 2,780 67,470 38,665 28,810
$50,000 to $59,999 3,880 2,175 1,705 42,775 26,495 16,280
$60,000 to $69,999 2,700 1,470 1,230 28,790 16,435 12,355
$70,000 to $79,999 1,500 935 560 14,945 10,205 4,740
$80,000 and over 2,935 2,095 840 24,450 18,955 5,500
$80,000 to $89,999 975 670 310 8,385 6,340 2,040
$90,000 to $99,999 565 410 150 5,060 3,970 1,090
$100,000 and over 1,400 1,015 380 11,005 8,640 2,365
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 49,165 23,315 25,855 620,390 301,645 318,745
Without employment income 14,530 5,970 8,565 196,475 82,515 113,965
With employment income 34,640 17,350 17,290 423,910 219,140 204,775
Percentage with employment income 70.5 74.4 66.9 68.3 72.6 64.2
Under $5,000 (including loss) 4,265 1,975 2,290 54,590 26,540 28,045
$5,000 to $9,999 3,175 1,420 1,755 36,840 15,720 21,120
$10,000 to $19,999 5,135 2,310 2,825 65,895 29,920 35,975
$20,000 to $29,999 4,460 2,045 2,410 59,240 25,955 33,280
$30,000 to $39,999 3,540 1,720 1,820 50,190 24,930 25,260
$40,000 to $49,999 3,370 1,565 1,800 42,140 22,160 19,980
$50,000 to $59,999 2,530 1,350 1,180 29,910 18,180 11,730
$60,000 to $69,999 2,130 1,175 955 23,390 14,620 8,770
$70,000 to $79,999 1,720 875 845 19,515 10,565 8,950
$80,000 and over 4,310 2,900 1,405 42,210 30,540 11,665
$80,000 to $89,999 1,210 720 490 13,190 7,840 5,345
$90,000 to $99,999 800 495 305 8,105 5,685 2,420
$100,000 and over 2,305 1,690 615 20,915 17,015 3,895
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 26,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 60,394  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,347  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 52,773  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 52,553  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 8,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,549  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 28,747  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,006  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 26,387  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 17,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 230,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 78,099  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,207  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 68,164  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,063  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 26,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 76,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,786  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 63,666  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 61,431  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 8,430  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,274  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,242  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 17,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 230,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 92,815  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 86,878  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 77,047  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 73,156  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 26,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 540  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 760  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 655  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,835  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 27,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 22,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 6,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,360  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 1,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 1,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 26,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 555  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 760  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 670  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,510  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 20,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 32,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 23,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 4,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 48,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 1,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 16,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 221,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 80,578  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,353  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 69,937  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 7,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 78,973  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 67,988  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 68,569  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,801  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 6,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 82,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 107,008  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 100,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 90,157  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 85,717  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 2,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 43,669  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 42,992  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 40,832  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 40,671  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 16,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 221,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 95,238  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 87,048  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 78,686  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 73,197  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 7,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 92,963  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 76,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 66,576  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 6,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 82,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 119,177  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,901  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 97,136  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,699  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 2,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,121  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 51,119  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 45,282  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 45,687  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 12,540 5,730 6,810 114,825 54,970 59,850
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,212 27,748 28,553 27,250 30,122 25,182
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 26,195 25,784 26,596 25,167 27,154 23,916
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 12,365 5,605 6,765 114,375 54,300 60,075
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 35,938 35,261 36,499 34,738 37,330 32,395
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 30,761 29,906 31,470 29,845 31,431 28,411
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 58,155 27,810 30,340 730,710 357,860 372,850
In the bottom half of the distribution 32,205 15,080 17,125 428,180 204,170 224,005
In the bottom decile 8,885 4,260 4,620 80,120 37,430 42,695
In the second decile 6,305 2,805 3,500 94,165 42,190 51,980
In the third decile 5,865 2,755 3,110 87,075 41,905 45,170
In the fourth decile 5,635 2,660 2,970 85,610 42,275 43,335
In the fifth decile 5,515 2,595 2,925 81,200 40,375 40,825
In the top half of the distribution 25,950 12,730 13,215 302,530 153,685 148,845
In the sixth decile 5,685 2,750 2,935 77,345 38,915 38,425
In the seventh decile 5,445 2,670 2,770 73,185 37,190 36,005
In the eighth decile 5,515 2,660 2,860 65,090 32,815 32,275
In the ninth decile 5,140 2,570 2,565 52,050 26,635 25,410
In the top decile 4,165 2,085 2,080 34,860 18,130 16,730
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 57,495 27,490 30,005 722,550 353,870 368,680
0 to 17 years 10,580 5,305 5,275 131,930 67,285 64,645
0 to 5 years 3,555 1,780 1,770 40,900 20,805 20,100
18 to 64 years 37,470 18,055 19,420 452,805 221,675 231,130
65 years and over 9,445 4,135 5,315 137,820 64,915 72,905
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 10,790 4,915 5,880 123,820 55,990 67,825
0 to 17 years 2,795 1,445 1,345 29,250 14,930 14,320
0 to 5 years 1,025 520 505 10,285 5,260 5,030
18 to 64 years 6,815 3,100 3,715 66,745 29,975 36,770
65 years and over 1,185 370 815 27,830 11,090 16,745
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 18.8 17.9 19.6 17.1 15.8 18.4
0 to 17 years (%) 26.4 27.2 25.5 22.2 22.2 22.2
0 to 5 years (%) 28.8 29.2 28.5 25.1 25.3 25.0
18 to 64 years (%) 18.2 17.2 19.1 14.7 13.5 15.9
65 years and over (%) 12.5 8.9 15.3 20.2 17.1 23.0
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 7,365 3,565 3,795 49,830 24,165 25,660
0 to 17 years 1,750 910 840 11,520 5,890 5,630
0 to 5 years 645 335 315 4,200 2,145 2,055
18 to 64 years 5,360 2,570 2,795 35,680 17,255 18,425
65 years and over 250 90 160 2,630 1,025 1,605
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 12.8 13.0 12.6 6.9 6.8 7.0
0 to 17 years (%) 16.5 17.2 15.9 8.7 8.8 8.7
0 to 5 years (%) 18.1 18.8 17.8 10.3 10.3 10.2
18 to 64 years (%) 14.3 14.2 14.4 7.9 7.8 8.0
65 years and over (%) 2.6 2.2 3.0 1.9 1.6 2.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 58,250 27,865 30,390 730,710 357,855 372,850
Official languages 57,645 27,590 30,050 728,310 356,615 371,690
English 57,430 27,465 29,965 666,315 326,905 339,415
French 13,885 6,080 7,810 310,550 147,845 162,705
Non-official languages 7,290 3,640 3,650 34,880 17,355 17,525
Aboriginal languages 235 110 125 3,065 1,470 1,595
Algonquian languages 220 110 115 2,990 1,455 1,540
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 10 10 0 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 210 110 105 2,965 1,435 1,530
Malecite 145 70 75 720 335 385
Mi'kmaq 70 35 35 2,265 1,115 1,150
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 10 0 15 15 0
Algonquin 0 10 0 0 10 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 10 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 15 0 15 55 10 45
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 15 0 15 45 10 40
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 10 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 10 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 7,065 3,530 3,535 31,865 15,915 15,955
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,345 675 670 4,355 2,385 1,980
Berber languages 0 0 0 80 40 35
Kabyle 0 0 0 40 20 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 25 20
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 15 10 0
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0 10 10 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 1,345 675 670 4,300 2,340 1,960
Amharic 55 30 20 165 100 65
Arabic 1,090 545 545 3,685 2,030 1,660
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 200 95 110 435 205 230
Maltese 10 10 0 0 10 0
Tigrigna 0 10 0 50 25 25
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 15 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 275 155 125 835 430 400
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Vietnamese 270 155 120 820 435 390
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 10 0 0
Austronesian languages 170 65 100 1,790 695 1,090
Bikol 0 0 0 10 0 10
Cebuano 10 0 0 185 70 115
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 35 10 30
Ilocano 10 0 10 50 10 45
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 10 15
Malay 30 15 20 75 20 55
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 120 55 65 1,595 625 970
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 0
Creole languages 10 0 10 430 195 235
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 50 20 30
Creole, n.o.s. 10 10 0 240 105 135
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 140 75 65
Dravidian languages 155 75 75 435 245 195
Kannada 20 10 10 60 30 25
Malayalam 0 0 0 55 35 25
Tamil 95 55 45 190 115 75
Telugu 65 35 35 175 90 85
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Indo-European languages 3,435 1,650 1,780 16,505 8,155 8,350
Albanian 45 20 25 80 45 35
Armenian 45 20 25 60 35 25
Balto-Slavic languages 680 335 340 2,065 1,100 965
Baltic languages 10 10 0 55 40 20
Latvian 0 0 0 20 10 10
Lithuanian 15 10 0 30 20 10
Slavic languages 675 330 345 2,025 1,070 955
Belarusan 0 0 0 10 0 0
Bosnian 25 15 15 75 40 40
Bulgarian 20 0 20 45 15 35
Croatian 25 0 20 95 45 55
Czech 20 10 15 115 65 45
Macedonian 10 10 0 35 25 10
Polish 80 35 45 320 165 160
Russian 455 245 215 1,200 630 570
Serbian 35 25 10 90 70 20
Serbo-Croatian 10 0 0 40 30 10
Slovak 0 0 10 45 15 30
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 15 10 0
Ukrainian 75 25 50 310 145 165
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Celtic languages 30 15 20 140 40 100
Scottish Gaelic 15 10 10 95 20 75
Welsh 0 0 10 10 0 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 40 20 20
Germanic languages 655 325 330 4,745 2,360 2,380
Afrikaans 0 10 0 130 70 60
Danish 10 10 0 155 60 95
Dutch 160 70 95 1,185 560 625
Frisian 0 0 0 50 40 15
German 485 255 225 3,260 1,675 1,580
Icelandic 0 0 0 10 10 0
Norwegian 10 0 10 130 65 65
Swedish 15 10 10 110 45 60
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 40 20 25
Yiddish 0 0 0 20 20 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Greek 50 25 35 220 125 95
Indo-Iranian languages 980 510 470 2,325 1,275 1,050
Indo-Aryan languages 650 350 300 1,570 875 695
Bengali 90 65 25 225 150 80
Gujarati 25 15 15 110 45 65
Hindi 320 165 155 790 430 355
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Marathi 15 10 0 55 20 30
Nepali 150 75 75 185 90 95
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 70 40 35 205 130 75
Sindhi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 15 10 0 35 10 20
Urdu 110 60 50 355 215 140
Iranian languages 350 175 175 805 430 375
Kurdish 45 15 20 130 65 60
Pashto 35 25 10 60 45 20
Persian (Farsi) 280 135 140 620 330 285
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 10 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 1,085 475 610 7,600 3,540 4,055
Catalan 10 0 0 15 10 0
Italian 100 30 70 825 405 420
Portuguese 85 45 40 450 250 200
Romanian 20 10 0 555 290 265
Spanish 935 415 520 6,065 2,775 3,290
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Japanese 85 30 55 430 190 240
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Korean 405 210 190 1,695 860 835
Mongolic languages 10 10 10 10 10 10
Mongolian 10 10 0 15 10 10
Niger-Congo languages 270 170 105 1,525 890 640
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 35 15 25
Bamanankan 0 0 0 155 70 85
Edo 0 10 0 0 0 0
Ewe 0 0 0 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 10 0 100 85 15
Ga 0 0 0 10 10 0
Ganda 0 10 0 10 10 0
Igbo 15 15 10 60 50 15
Lingala 10 10 0 125 95 35
Rundi (Kirundi) 50 30 20 90 55 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 15 10 10 70 40 30
Shona 0 0 0 40 15 25
Swahili 55 35 20 355 185 170
Wolof 0 0 0 70 45 25
Yoruba 35 20 10 60 45 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 110 60 50 545 315 230
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages 85 25 60 1,155 450 705
American Sign Language 45 15 30 425 150 280
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 15 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 45 15 30 745 305 435
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,165 625 540 3,585 1,885 1,700
Chinese languages 1,160 625 535 3,510 1,855 1,660
Cantonese 95 55 40 610 285 320
Hakka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mandarin 1,005 555 450 2,760 1,455 1,310
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 30 10 20 60 30 30
Wu (Shanghainese) 65 35 35 140 65 75
Chinese, n.o.s. 60 35 20 310 195 115
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20 40 10 30
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 70 30 40
Burmese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Karenic languages 10 0 0 65 25 45
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 35 10 25 85 20 65
Lao 10 0 0 10 0 10
Thai 35 10 25 80 20 60
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 40 15 30 175 105 75
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkish 35 15 20 165 105 60
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Uralic languages 35 20 20 270 130 140
Estonian 0 0 0 20 15 0
Finnish 0 0 0 35 15 20
Hungarian 35 20 15 220 105 115
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 30 25 10 100 70 30
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 58,245 27,860 30,390 730,710 357,855 372,855
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 54,225 25,780 28,450 710,775 347,905 362,875
Canadian citizens aged under 18 9,810 5,020 4,790 130,785 66,795 63,990
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 44,415 20,760 23,655 579,995 281,110 298,880
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 4,020 2,080 1,940 19,925 9,950 9,980
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 58,250 27,865 30,385 730,710 357,855 372,850
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 50,965 24,220 26,750 692,535 339,090 353,445
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 6,395 3,085 3,305 33,810 16,175 17,640
Before 1981 1,410 620 785 11,545 5,265 6,275
1981 to 1990 410 215 200 2,735 1,340 1,390
1991 to 2000 610 300 310 2,975 1,490 1,490
2001 to 2010 1,490 735 755 7,235 3,530 3,710
2001 to 2005 515 220 290 2,435 1,110 1,330
2006 to 2010 985 520 465 4,800 2,415 2,385
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 2,465 1,215 1,255 9,330 4,560 4,770
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 890 555 335 4,360 2,590 1,770
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 6,395 3,085 3,305 33,815 16,175 17,635
Under 5 years 815 355 460 5,135 2,350 2,790
5 to 14 years 1,380 650 730 7,290 3,585 3,705
15 to 24 years 1,095 505 585 5,790 2,525 3,265
25 to 44 years 2,565 1,265 1,300 12,640 6,100 6,535
45 years and over 525 305 220 2,955 1,615 1,340
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 6,395 3,085 3,310 33,815 16,175 17,635
Americas 950 440 505 9,420 4,205 5,210
Brazil 10 10 10 55 20 30
Colombia 35 25 10 215 85 130
El Salvador 55 35 15 115 85 30
Guyana 20 0 20 80 40 45
Haiti 10 0 0 170 70 100
Jamaica 15 10 0 120 85 40
Mexico 25 15 10 160 50 110
Peru 0 10 0 60 35 25
Trinidad and Tobago 25 20 0 115 70 40
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 620 265 355 7,620 3,315 4,305
Other places of birth in Americas 145 65 80 715 355 360
Europe 1,550 700 850 10,985 5,335 5,650
Bosnia and Herzegovina 45 25 25 100 55 50
Croatia 10 0 10 60 35 25
France 70 30 40 760 425 340
Germany 195 85 115 1,615 740 880
Greece 15 10 0 95 60 40
Hungary 20 10 15 100 35 65
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 15 10 10 160 75 85
Italy 20 10 10 210 125 85
Netherlands 120 60 60 975 505 465
Poland 40 15 25 195 90 100
Portugal 15 10 0 130 85 45
Romania 10 10 0 485 245 240
Russian Federation 50 35 20 245 115 135
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 10 0 0 30 25 10
Ukraine 115 50 70 250 120 130
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 645 290 350 4,600 2,160 2,445
Other places of birth in Europe 155 65 90 970 455 515
Africa 530 300 235 2,565 1,420 1,140
Algeria 10 0 0 165 90 75
Egypt 40 25 15 120 75 45
Ethiopia 45 20 25 120 65 60
Kenya 20 15 0 60 30 30
Morocco 20 15 10 200 120 75
Nigeria 75 35 40 115 65 50
Somalia 0 0 0 15 10 10
South Africa, Republic of 10 10 10 165 85 80
Other places of birth in Africa 305 170 130 1,615 885 725
Asia 3,315 1,630 1,680 10,625 5,105 5,520
Afghanistan 10 0 10 20 10 0
Bangladesh 55 30 25 100 55 50
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 725 380 340 2,210 1,040 1,175
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 15 0 10 120 60 55
India 280 130 150 820 435 380
IranCensus data footnote 61