Census Profile, 2016 Census
Kingston [Population centre], Ontario and Ontario [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Kingston
Ontario
[Population centre]
Ontario

[Province]
Data quality , Kingston [Population centre], Ontario  Map : Kingston [Population centre], Ontario Data quality : Ontario [Province]  Map : geography 2
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 117,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,448,494  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 114,928 revised. The 2011 count for this area has been revised. r  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,851,821  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 2.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 57,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,598,391  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 51,353  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,174  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,573.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 74.77  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 908,699.33  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 117,655 56,220 61,435 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105
0 to 14 years 17,615 9,080 8,535 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 5,790 3,010 2,775 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 6,120 3,115 3,005 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 5,710 2,955 2,755 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 64 years 77,365 37,475 39,885 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750
15 to 19 years 6,415 3,210 3,205 811,670 416,730 394,945
20 to 24 years 9,150 4,455 4,695 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 8,930 4,440 4,485 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 8,095 4,010 4,085 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 7,315 3,640 3,670 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 6,605 3,250 3,355 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 7,090 3,390 3,705 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 8,535 4,125 4,410 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 8,005 3,645 4,360 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 7,230 3,315 3,915 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 22,680 9,670 13,010 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 6,755 2,985 3,770 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 5,230 2,365 2,860 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 3,900 1,740 2,160 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 3,210 1,325 1,875 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 3,585 1,250 2,335 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 2,215 860 1,355 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 1,050 310 745 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 290 75 210 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 35 5 30 3,005 495 2,520
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 15.0 16.2 13.9 16.4 17.3 15.6
15 to 64 years 65.8 66.7 64.9 66.8 67.3 66.4
65 years and over 19.3 17.2 21.2 16.7 15.5 17.9
85 years and over 3.0 2.2 3.8 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 41.9 40.4 43.3 41.0 40.0 41.9
Median age of the population 41.0 39.0 42.9 41.3 40.2 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 51,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 23,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,807,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 8,690  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 886,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 18,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,460,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 4,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 289,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 4,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 460,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 1,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 176,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 8,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 522,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 105  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 165  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 51,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 16,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 18,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,693,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 7,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 834,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 5,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 796,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 2,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 503,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 114,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,242,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 100,040 47,140 52,900 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750
Married or living common law 53,230 26,680 26,550 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795
Married 42,080 21,160 20,925 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655
Living common law 11,155 5,525 5,630 906,155 455,015 451,145
Not married and not living common law 46,805 20,460 26,345 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955
Never married 29,165 14,970 14,200 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605
Separated 3,435 1,425 2,005 328,675 138,140 190,535
Divorced 7,520 2,660 4,860 653,835 252,900 400,935
Widowed 6,685 1,395 5,285 637,150 128,265 508,880
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 31,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,782,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 17,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,815,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 6,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 844,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 5,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 792,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 1,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 330,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 31,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,782,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 25,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,137,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 20,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,684,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 5,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 452,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 6,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 644,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 4,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 518,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 1,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 126,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 25,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,137,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 14,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,428,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 11,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,708,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 4,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 658,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 4,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 738,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 1,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 311,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 6,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 644,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 3,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 386,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 1,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 186,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 545  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 26,615 11,635 14,980 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 51,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 30,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,481,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 13,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,311,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 17,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,170,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 145,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 19,985  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,541,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 16,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 3,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 200,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 115,015 54,720 60,295 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
English only 98,840 47,470 51,370 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665
French only 270 115 155 40,040 17,340 22,705
English and French 15,280 6,880 8,400 1,490,390 665,850 824,540
Neither English nor French 625 260 370 326,935 130,850 196,085
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 115,015 54,720 60,295 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995
English 109,825 52,240 57,580 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355
French 4,085 2,005 2,080 504,130 236,875 267,250
English and French 510 230 275 92,940 42,910 50,030
Neither English nor French 600 240 355 321,480 128,125 193,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 4,340 2,120 2,220 550,600 258,330 292,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 3.8 3.9 3.7 4.1 4.0 4.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 115,015 54,725 60,295 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 113,355 53,955 59,395 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330
Official languages 101,410 48,395 53,015 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520
English 97,365 46,415 50,955 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110
French 4,045 1,980 2,060 490,715 231,310 259,410
Non-official languages 11,945 5,565 6,380 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810
Aboriginal languages 30 15 15 22,765 10,815 11,950
Algonquian languages 25 15 15 21,235 10,175 11,060
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 20 10 10 5,080 2,485 2,595
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 85 40 45
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 35 5 30
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 0 5 355 135 225
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 10 5 0 4,500 2,255 2,245
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 90 40 50
Malecite 0 0 0 10 5 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 85 35 50
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 0 16,025 7,620 8,400
Algonquin 0 0 0 65 30 35
Ojibway 5 0 0 9,505 4,515 4,985
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 6,310 3,015 3,300
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 145 65 80
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 60 20 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dene 0 0 0 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuit languages 5 0 5 475 165 305
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 425 145 280
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Iroquoian languages 5 0 0 710 300 410
Cayuga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Mohawk 5 0 0 590 255 335
Oneida 0 0 0 55 15 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 15
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 25 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 235 130 105
Non-Aboriginal languages 11,920 5,550 6,365 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 880 460 425 253,830 127,720 126,110
Berber languages 5 5 5 725 405 320
Kabyle 5 0 0 425 225 200
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 305 180 120
Cushitic languages 15 5 10 24,605 10,730 13,870
Bilen 0 0 0 250 140 110
Oromo 0 5 0 1,445 720 730
Somali 15 10 10 22,680 9,755 12,925
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 115 110
Semitic languages 860 440 415 227,985 116,320 111,665
Amharic 10 5 5 10,720 4,960 5,760
Arabic 805 420 390 171,370 88,400 82,965
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 0 0 14,555 7,135 7,420
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 4,795 2,365 2,425
Harari 5 0 0 1,030 485 545
Hebrew 20 5 10 11,575 6,220 5,350
Maltese 5 5 5 5,175 2,575 2,600
Tigrigna 10 5 5 7,345 3,470 3,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 5 1,435 705 730
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 520 265 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 220 105 115 78,125 35,880 42,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 65 35 30 7,355 3,330 4,020
Vietnamese 155 70 85 70,690 32,520 38,165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 85 30 50
Austronesian languages 480 155 320 194,380 76,060 118,315
Bikol 0 0 0 595 260 330
Cebuano 20 10 10 6,545 2,500 4,045
Fijian 0 0 0 80 45 40
Hiligaynon 5 0 5 2,750 1,030 1,725
Ilocano 40 10 30 11,285 4,430 6,860
Malagasy 0 0 0 100 45 55
Malay 20 5 15 5,760 2,520 3,240
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 0 0 1,505 670 840
Pangasinan 0 0 0 535 215 315
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 380 130 255 163,415 63,665 99,755
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 405 140 270
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 1,400 550 850
Creole languages 40 20 25 11,255 5,095 6,165
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 630 290 340
Creole, n.o.s. 40 15 20 8,025 3,580 4,440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 2,605 1,225 1,380
Dravidian languages 220 115 100 148,605 73,530 75,075
Kannada 15 10 5 2,670 1,365 1,305
Malayalam 80 35 40 17,140 8,795 8,350
Tamil 100 55 40 117,630 57,310 60,320
Telugu 25 15 10 10,820 5,895 4,925
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 340 165 175
Hmong-Mien languages 5 0 0 525 250 270
Indo-European languages 7,325 3,435 3,895 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165
Albanian 25 10 10 19,045 9,535 9,510
Armenian 20 10 10 15,070 7,305 7,765
Balto-Slavic languages 1,080 470 610 410,725 188,695 222,025
Baltic languages 35 15 20 9,080 3,785 5,295
Latvian 20 10 10 3,910 1,650 2,260
Lithuanian 15 10 5 5,175 2,135 3,035
Slavic languages 1,045 450 590 401,645 184,915 216,730
Belarusan 5 0 5 515 230 280
Bosnian 10 5 5 6,370 3,125 3,245
Bulgarian 15 5 5 9,095 4,355 4,740
Croatian 40 15 25 31,875 15,460 16,410
Czech 105 40 60 10,670 4,930 5,740
Macedonian 15 10 10 15,635 7,470 8,165
Polish 385 165 225 121,075 54,675 66,405
Russian 240 105 135 101,100 45,630 55,470
Serbian 60 30 30 41,740 20,585 21,150
Serbo-Croatian 5 5 5 4,875 2,310 2,570
Slovak 35 20 15 10,280 4,710 5,565
Slovene (Slovenian) 15 0 5 6,740 2,995 3,745
Ukrainian 115 50 65 40,375 17,760 22,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 1,310 670 635
Celtic languages 25 5 15 1,110 505 605
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 5 450 210 240
Welsh 10 5 10 435 180 260
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 225 120 110
Germanic languages 1,390 560 825 200,640 94,475 106,165
Afrikaans 30 15 15 2,295 1,125 1,170
Danish 70 30 35 4,265 2,010 2,250
Dutch 510 215 290 51,720 24,875 26,840
Frisian 15 5 15 1,240 630 620
German 710 270 440 131,525 61,520 70,005
Icelandic 5 0 0 210 100 110
Norwegian 5 0 5 940 405 540
Swedish 25 10 20 2,395 1,040 1,350
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 5 5 2,150 925 1,225
Yiddish 5 0 5 3,735 1,765 1,970
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 170 80 85
Greek 315 155 165 55,415 27,305 28,110
Indo-Iranian languages 1,620 855 770 707,845 357,350 350,495
Indo-Aryan languages 1,180 625 555 565,600 285,720 279,875
Bengali 195 100 90 46,810 23,615 23,195
Gujarati 170 85 80 76,675 38,740 37,940
Hindi 200 115 85 58,735 29,805 28,930
Kashmiri 5 0 0 345 170 175
Konkani 10 0 10 2,510 1,195 1,315
Marathi 20 15 10 5,490 2,805 2,685
Nepali 35 20 20 7,870 3,915 3,960
Oriya (Odia) 5 0 0 715 380 335
Punjabi (Panjabi) 190 95 90 197,060 100,160 96,895
Sindhi 20 10 10 6,840 3,225 3,615
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 30 15 15 10,165 4,925 5,235
Urdu 310 170 145 152,385 76,795 75,595
Iranian languages 425 225 205 139,675 70,270 69,405
Kurdish 10 5 5 6,665 3,615 3,050
Pashto 15 10 5 10,950 5,630 5,315
Persian (Farsi) 400 210 190 122,070 61,025 61,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 2,565 1,350 1,215
Italic (Romance) languages 2,850 1,365 1,485 614,525 295,030 319,490
Catalan 10 5 5 285 150 135
Italian 500 250 250 231,040 112,440 118,600
Portuguese 1,415 690 725 150,000 72,280 77,715
Romanian 85 35 55 41,755 19,565 22,190
Spanish 830 390 445 191,025 90,390 100,630
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 420 200 215
Japanese 95 30 65 13,260 4,590 8,670
Kartvelian languages 10 5 5 1,200 635 565
Georgian 10 0 5 1,200 635 565
Korean 395 165 230 69,775 32,035 37,740
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 405 180 220
Mongolian 0 0 0 405 180 225
Niger-Congo languages 120 65 55 35,760 16,705 19,050
Akan (Twi) 25 10 10 9,695 4,510 5,190
Bamanankan 0 0 0 140 60 80
Edo 5 5 0 1,140 475 670
Ewe 5 0 0 560 270 295
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 365 180 185
Ga 0 5 0 600 275 325
Ganda 0 5 0 760 360 400
Igbo 5 5 0 2,090 1,080 1,010
Lingala 0 0 0 850 365 485
Rundi (Kirundi) 15 5 5 1,430 640 785
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 0 0 1,330 545 785
Shona 10 5 0 1,455 660 790
Swahili 15 5 10 5,525 2,540 2,985
Wolof 0 0 0 290 145 150
Yoruba 15 10 5 4,365 2,260 2,105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 5,155 2,345 2,810
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 5 5 1,610 810 800
Dinka 0 0 0 345 170 175
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 1,260 635 625
Sign languages 30 20 10 3,030 1,570 1,455
American Sign Language 20 10 10 1,305 640 670
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 20 10 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 5 5 1,700 925 780
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,780 835 945 611,795 284,865 326,935
Chinese languages 1,750 820 930 602,610 280,340 322,270
Cantonese 435 205 225 275,315 128,090 147,220
Hakka 10 5 0 6,985 3,140 3,840
Mandarin 1,155 540 615 283,735 132,275 151,460
Min Dong 0 0 0 855 405 450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 45 20 25 13,545 6,240 7,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 15 5 5 6,300 2,825 3,470
Chinese, n.o.s. 95 40 55 15,645 7,235 8,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 240 120 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 30 15 15 9,185 4,520 4,660
Burmese 5 5 0 1,640 775 865
Karenic languages 20 10 15 1,730 865 860
Tibetan 5 5 0 5,115 2,530 2,585
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 700 345 350
Tai-Kadai languages 25 5 15 8,485 3,535 4,945
Lao 5 0 5 5,190 2,480 2,710
Thai 15 5 10 3,270 1,045 2,220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Turkic languages 80 45 35 22,615 11,745 10,870
Azerbaijani 5 0 0 1,990 1,070 920
Turkish 70 40 30 18,415 9,610 8,810
Uyghur 5 0 0 515 255 260
Uzbek 0 0 0 1,055 515 545
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 640 295 345
Uralic languages 195 80 120 50,670 23,095 27,570
Estonian 25 10 20 4,205 1,810 2,400
Finnish 40 10 30 9,720 4,140 5,580
Hungarian 130 60 70 36,740 17,150 19,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 1,475 780 690
Multiple responses 1,660 765 895 365,910 176,250 189,660
English and French 580 265 315 54,045 25,165 28,880
English and non-official language 940 440 500 288,285 140,345 147,940
French and non-official language 85 40 45 12,565 5,735 6,830
English, French and non-official language 60 20 35 11,010 5,000 6,005
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 115,015 54,720 60,295 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 112,495 53,570 58,925 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085
Official languages 107,690 51,315 56,375 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300
English 105,625 50,290 55,340 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800
French 2,065 1,020 1,040 277,045 129,540 147,500
Non-official languages 4,805 2,255 2,545 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780
Aboriginal languages 10 5 5 9,210 4,600 4,610
Algonquian languages 10 5 5 8,685 4,370 4,320
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 5 5 2,370 1,205 1,165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 10 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 15
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 5 5 105 50 55
Woods Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 2,220 1,135 1,085
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 6,305 3,155 3,145
Algonquin 0 5 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 3,315 1,695 1,620
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 2,905 1,420 1,490
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 5 160 60 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 140 60 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 210 90 120
Cayuga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 185 80 100
Oneida 0 0 0 20 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 120 55 65
Non-Aboriginal languages 4,795 2,250 2,545 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170
Afro-Asiatic languages 455 220 235 138,460 66,865 71,590
Berber languages 0 0 0 345 175 170
Kabyle 0 0 0 255 125 130
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 50 45
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 14,460 6,100 8,360
Bilen 0 0 0 170 80 85
Oromo 0 0 0 805 380 425
Somali 5 0 0 13,370 5,590 7,780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 65
Semitic languages 455 220 235 123,410 60,475 62,940
Amharic 0 0 0 5,625 2,540 3,085
Arabic 445 220 230 94,195 46,505 47,695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 9,515 4,595 4,920
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 2,915 1,410 1,500
Harari 0 0 0 555 250 305
Hebrew 5 5 5 4,850 2,505 2,345
Maltese 0 0 5 1,090 505 580
Tigrigna 0 5 0 3,920 1,805 2,115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 755 360 395
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 245 115 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 110 50 65 50,245 23,105 27,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 20 10 10 3,770 1,650 2,120
Vietnamese 90 40 50 46,435 21,435 25,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 40 20 20
Austronesian languages 160 65 100 85,370 36,525 48,845
Bikol 0 0 0 90 35 55
Cebuano 10 5 0 2,325 1,020 1,315
Fijian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 910 385 530
Ilocano 5 5 0 4,100 1,780 2,320
Malagasy 0 0 0 35 15 20
Malay 5 0 5 1,810 860 945
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 445 200 250
Pangasinan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 140 55 85 75,070 31,965 43,105
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 90 35 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 380 175 200
Creole languages 15 5 10 5,325 2,355 2,970
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 355 165 190
Creole, n.o.s. 10 5 10 3,995 1,735 2,255
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 975 455 520
Dravidian languages 65 35 30 96,250 46,575 49,680
Kannada 5 0 5 1,060 540 520
Malayalam 25 10 10 8,760 4,460 4,295
Tamil 25 15 10 80,600 38,460 42,140
Telugu 10 10 5 5,705 3,050 2,655
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 125 55 70
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 200 95 105
Indo-European languages 2,555 1,205 1,350 978,300 469,640 508,670
Albanian 5 5 0 9,190 4,580 4,605
Armenian 10 5 5 8,630 4,065 4,560
Balto-Slavic languages 320 145 175 192,945 90,585 102,365
Baltic languages 5 0 5 2,305 950 1,355
Latvian 0 0 5 860 350 515
Lithuanian 5 5 0 1,440 600 840
Slavic languages 310 145 175 190,645 89,635 101,005
Belarusan 0 0 0 175 80 90
Bosnian 5 5 5 3,220 1,595 1,620
Bulgarian 5 5 0 4,830 2,350 2,480
Croatian 0 0 0 11,125 5,275 5,855
Czech 25 10 10 3,070 1,480 1,595
Macedonian 5 5 5 6,255 2,965 3,285
Polish 105 45 60 52,555 24,510 28,045
Russian 115 55 60 63,570 29,655 33,920
Serbian 20 10 10 23,175 11,335 11,840
Serbo-Croatian 5 5 5 1,925 920 1,010
Slovak 5 5 5 3,520 1,680 1,845
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 1,465 645 815
Ukrainian 25 10 15 15,415 6,995 8,420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 355 160 190
Celtic languages 0 0 0 120 65 55
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 60 30 25
Welsh 0 0 0 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Germanic languages 120 55 70 44,515 21,630 22,880
Afrikaans 15 5 10 755 365 390
Danish 10 5 5 280 135 150
Dutch 35 20 20 4,450 2,145 2,305
Frisian 0 0 0 90 45 45
German 60 25 35 37,255 18,140 19,120
Icelandic 0 0 0 45 20 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 70 30 40
Swedish 5 0 0 385 190 190
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 145 60 85
Yiddish 0 0 0 370 190 185
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 655 315 340
Greek 135 65 65 21,700 10,160 11,535
Indo-Iranian languages 820 410 410 435,835 215,755 220,080
Indo-Aryan languages 560 270 290 344,050 171,125 172,920
Bengali 120 60 60 29,590 14,595 14,995
Gujarati 75 35 40 45,445 22,410 23,035
Hindi 85 45 40 28,960 14,485 14,475
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 30 35
Konkani 0 0 0 540 260 280
Marathi 5 0 5 2,420 1,230 1,190
Nepali 20 10 5 5,640 2,815 2,820
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 325 160 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 90 40 45 132,135 66,410 65,725
Sindhi 5 5 0 2,880 1,320 1,560
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 5 5 4,595 2,250 2,345
Urdu 150 70 80 91,450 45,160 46,295
Iranian languages 255 135 125 90,730 44,090 46,640
Kurdish 10 5 5 3,675 1,900 1,770
Pashto 5 5 5 6,750 3,360 3,395
Persian (Farsi) 240 125 115 80,305 38,830 41,475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 1,050 540 515
Italic (Romance) languages 1,140 520 615 265,375 122,790 142,585
Catalan 5 5 5 135 60 75
Italian 120 45 70 72,960 31,195 41,770
Portuguese 605 280 325 67,415 32,065 35,355
Romanian 25 15 10 19,920 9,380 10,535
Spanish 385 175 210 104,820 50,035 54,785
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 60
Japanese 40 15 20 6,040 2,590 3,450
Kartvelian languages 5 5 5 770 420 355
Georgian 5 5 0 775 420 355
Korean 245 110 135 48,540 22,685 25,855
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 225 115 110
Mongolian 0 0 0 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages 25 10 15 12,120 5,400 6,725
Akan (Twi) 10 5 10 4,415 1,915 2,495
Bamanankan 0 0 0 25 15 15
Edo 0 0 0 305 120 180
Ewe 0 0 0 135 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Ga 5 0 0 175 80 100
Ganda 0 0 0 195 85 110
Igbo 0 0 0 540 265 275
Lingala 0 0 0 225 100 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 5 5 475 230 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 420 160 260
Shona 0 5 0 455 210 245
Swahili 0 0 0 2,085 925 1,160
Wolof 0 0 0 130 65 65
Yoruba 5 0 5 1,300 625 675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 1,120 500 625
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 550 260 290
Dinka 0 0 0 120 60 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 425 195 225
Sign languages 35 20 15 4,425 2,485 1,940
American Sign Language 15 10 5 1,605 830 770
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 25 15 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 20 15 5 2,795 1,640 1,150
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,020 485 535 448,200 210,560 237,640
Chinese languages 1,015 480 530 441,615 207,305 234,310
Cantonese 210 95 115 198,745 91,545 107,200
Hakka 0 0 0 2,870 1,305 1,575
Mandarin 745 360 385 220,535 105,360 115,175
Min Dong 0 0 0 265 115 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 10 5 5 5,775 2,635 3,140
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 5 0 3,690 1,735 1,955
Chinese, n.o.s. 45 15 25 9,630 4,565 5,070
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 5 5 6,580 3,250 3,330
Burmese 0 0 0 1,010 480 530
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,360 685 675
Tibetan 0 0 0 3,875 1,925 1,945
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 335 165 170
Tai-Kadai languages 10 5 5 3,865 1,845 2,020
Lao 0 0 0 2,535 1,220 1,315
Thai 5 0 5 1,315 615 695
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 30 15 20 12,435 6,200 6,230
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 770 385 380
Turkish 30 10 15 10,545 5,245 5,300
Uyghur 0 0 0 290 150 140
Uzbek 0 0 0 585 290 295
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Uralic languages 25 15 15 15,330 6,990 8,340
Estonian 0 0 0 790 290 500
Finnish 5 0 0 1,835 780 1,050
Hungarian 25 15 15 12,700 5,915 6,790
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 465 245 225
Multiple responses 2,520 1,155 1,365 790,825 379,925 410,905
English and French 420 200 220 45,655 20,895 24,755
English and non-official language 1,980 905 1,075 719,595 347,730 371,865
French and non-official language 35 10 20 6,725 2,930 3,795
English, French and non-official language 95 30 55 18,855 8,365 10,490
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 115,015 54,720 60,295 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
None 104,490 49,825 54,660 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000
English 3,230 1,560 1,665 896,170 437,015 459,155
French 2,625 1,155 1,470 243,970 108,390 135,580
Non-official language 4,425 2,055 2,370 1,056,960 501,315 555,645
Aboriginal 40 20 15 14,315 6,580 7,735
Non-Aboriginal 4,390 2,035 2,350 1,042,645 494,735 547,910
English and French 75 40 40 8,150 3,755 4,395
English and non-official language 50 30 25 19,105 9,370 9,735
French and non-official language 115 55 60 16,435 7,165 9,270
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 415 205 215
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 96,840 45,465 51,375 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 93,505 43,815 49,685 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,531 39,801 30,717 33,539 39,889 28,676
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 93,535 43,815 49,715 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,381 35,704 28,067 30,641 35,753 26,585
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 83,745 39,630 44,110 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,708 38,986 27,400 32,871 39,831 27,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 70,025 30,540 39,485 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,038 4,222 6,808 4,206 2,034 5,463
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 67,550 33,390 34,155 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,722 34,552 27,572 33,946 39,490 29,413
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 96,830 45,450 51,375 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 93,450 43,795 49,650 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,990 51,058 39,637 47,915 56,780 39,585
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 93,470 43,800 49,675 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,946 42,457 33,968 39,318 45,443 33,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 83,765 39,505 44,255 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,677 51,131 37,023 47,890 57,511 38,459
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 70,110 30,505 39,600 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,785 7,089 8,322 7,346 6,763 7,815
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 67,675 33,355 34,315 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,511 45,792 35,377 47,369 55,263 39,057
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 96,825 45,450 51,375 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 31,180 16,450 14,725 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 53,176 58,935 48,828 55,121 60,345 49,713
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 61,176 67,015 54,653 68,628 76,536 58,676
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 86.9 90.1 83.3 88.9 92.1 84.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 65.3 68.0 62.3 72.9 76.0 68.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 13.1 10.0 16.7 11.1 7.9 15.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 96,840 45,460 51,375 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without total income 3,335 1,650 1,690 481,500 227,390 254,115
With total income 93,505 43,815 49,685 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475
Percentage with total income 96.6 96.4 96.7 95.6 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 12,140 5,430 6,710 1,615,790 711,105 904,685
$10,000 to $19,999 16,555 6,630 9,920 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645
$20,000 to $29,999 12,970 5,205 7,765 1,410,760 589,975 820,785
$30,000 to $39,999 10,860 4,725 6,135 1,147,510 519,550 627,955
$40,000 to $49,999 9,570 4,295 5,265 1,021,880 489,595 532,285
$50,000 to $59,999 7,535 3,600 3,930 809,115 415,950 393,165
$60,000 to $69,999 6,185 3,435 2,750 630,635 348,525 282,110
$70,000 to $79,999 4,565 2,605 1,960 479,890 277,725 202,165
$80,000 to $89,999 3,660 2,080 1,580 378,185 222,095 156,095
$90,000 to $99,999 2,695 1,485 1,205 324,810 181,815 142,995
$100,000 and over 6,775 4,315 2,460 909,005 616,420 292,585
$100,000 to $149,999 4,780 2,930 1,845 600,995 394,410 206,590
$150,000 and over 1,995 1,390 610 308,010 222,010 86,000
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 96,840 45,465 51,375 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without after-tax income 3,310 1,645 1,660 478,635 227,025 251,610
With after-tax income 93,530 43,815 49,710 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980
Percentage with after-tax income 96.6 96.4 96.8 95.7 95.8 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 12,655 5,525 7,135 1,659,280 722,040 937,235
$10,000 to $19,999 17,325 6,945 10,375 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540
$20,000 to $29,999 14,940 6,130 8,810 1,623,230 690,290 932,940
$30,000 to $39,999 12,795 5,670 7,120 1,377,100 642,645 734,450
$40,000 to $49,999 10,815 4,990 5,825 1,166,040 585,490 580,555
$50,000 to $59,999 8,090 4,425 3,670 845,305 464,610 380,700
$60,000 to $69,999 5,885 3,435 2,450 604,005 354,015 249,985
$70,000 to $79,999 4,085 2,260 1,825 465,485 268,140 197,345
$80,000 and over 6,940 4,440 2,500 912,490 611,260 301,230
$80,000 to $89,999 2,425 1,405 1,025 299,315 183,410 115,905
$90,000 to $99,999 1,310 830 480 174,110 116,330 57,785
$100,000 and over 3,205 2,205 1,000 439,070 311,525 127,540
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 96,840 45,465 51,375 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without employment income 29,290 12,070 17,215 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245
With employment income 67,550 33,390 34,155 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Percentage with employment income 69.8 73.4 66.5 70.6 74.8 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 10,990 5,325 5,665 1,094,860 546,920 547,940
$5,000 to $9,999 5,955 2,615 3,340 635,305 281,135 354,165
$10,000 to $19,999 9,055 4,025 5,025 1,027,910 464,445 563,465
$20,000 to $29,999 7,235 3,280 3,955 827,805 372,185 455,625
$30,000 to $39,999 6,510 3,010 3,500 767,840 351,925 415,910
$40,000 to $49,999 6,190 2,800 3,385 709,775 341,320 368,450
$50,000 to $59,999 4,900 2,375 2,530 588,220 310,155 278,065
$60,000 to $69,999 4,290 2,475 1,820 465,670 263,430 202,240
$70,000 to $79,999 3,230 1,895 1,335 369,085 218,570 150,515
$80,000 and over 9,200 5,595 3,600 1,304,210 848,245 455,970
$80,000 to $89,999 2,730 1,535 1,195 307,660 182,660 125,005
$90,000 to $99,999 2,090 1,125 965 280,530 156,440 124,090
$100,000 and over 4,375 2,930 1,445 716,015 509,140 206,875
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 51,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 65,464  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,287  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 57,942  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 16,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 32,654  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,219  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 34,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,827,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 84,694  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 90,967  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 74,447  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,528  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 51,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 81,896  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 97,856  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 69,089  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,322  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 16,870  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 45,789  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,571  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,752  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 40,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 34,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,828,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 99,566  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 114,773  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 83,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 94,157  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 51,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 86,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 840  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,835  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 134,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 185,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,360  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 200,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 189,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 202,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 207,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,210  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 206,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 202,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 388,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 363,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,430  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 335,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 309,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 282,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 14,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,803,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 560,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 394,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 3,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 449,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 2,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 399,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 51,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 825  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 855  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 136,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 192,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 222,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 211,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 232,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 244,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 247,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 241,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 463,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 4,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 422,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 388,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 342,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 290,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 10,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,367,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 539,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 334,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 3,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 493,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 31,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,689,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 86,388  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,089  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 75,564  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,531  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 13,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,280,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 83,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 81,459  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 72,827  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,237  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 11,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,716,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 113,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 115,381  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 97,379  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 5,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 584,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,742  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 54,363  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 47,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 50,317  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 31,985  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,689,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 101,708  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 115,328  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 85,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 94,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 13,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,280,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 95,083  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 104,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 79,697  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 84,952  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 11,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,717,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 130,846  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 140,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 108,493  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 114,144  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 5,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 581,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 61,383  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 67,748  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,893  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 58,742  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 24,415 10,735 13,685 1,818,815 867,175 951,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,423 28,657 29,948 32,097 33,925 30,753
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 27,309 26,534 27,895 29,417 30,678 28,442
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 24,100 10,605 13,500 1,814,575 864,020 950,555
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 39,466 38,670 40,091 44,298 46,765 42,057
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 33,868 32,992 34,555 36,874 38,228 35,644
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 114,440 54,540 59,900 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955
In the bottom half of the distribution 57,810 26,740 31,065 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895
In the bottom decile 13,725 6,410 7,310 1,346,645 651,310 695,335
In the second decile 11,395 5,040 6,355 1,280,675 581,380 699,290
In the third decile 10,615 4,875 5,745 1,237,415 583,840 653,575
In the fourth decile 11,105 5,195 5,910 1,223,510 589,740 633,770
In the fifth decile 10,965 5,215 5,750 1,246,925 610,000 636,930
In the top half of the distribution 56,640 27,800 28,835 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060
In the sixth decile 11,370 5,440 5,935 1,279,095 629,635 649,465
In the seventh decile 11,550 5,655 5,900 1,321,220 655,840 665,375
In the eighth decile 12,155 6,020 6,130 1,382,795 691,630 691,165
In the ninth decile 11,875 5,840 6,035 1,464,415 736,030 728,385
In the top decile 9,675 4,845 4,835 1,459,465 742,795 716,670
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 114,440 54,540 59,905 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130
0 to 17 years 21,120 10,885 10,235 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630
0 to 5 years 6,990 3,645 3,345 835,000 428,025 406,975
18 to 64 years 72,645 34,665 37,975 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345
65 years and over 20,675 8,985 11,695 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 17,730 7,940 9,785 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445
0 to 17 years 3,825 1,940 1,890 489,905 251,830 238,080
0 to 5 years 1,465 740 725 165,140 84,825 80,310
18 to 64 years 11,905 5,355 6,550 1,155,315 538,535 616,780
65 years and over 1,995 640 1,355 253,755 96,170 157,585
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 15.5 14.6 16.3 14.4 13.8 15.0
0 to 17 years (%) 18.1 17.8 18.5 18.4 18.5 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 21.0 20.3 21.7 19.8 19.8 19.7
18 to 64 years (%) 16.4 15.4 17.2 13.7 13.1 14.3
65 years and over (%) 9.6 7.1 11.6 12.0 9.9 13.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 11,550 5,470 6,080 1,298,590 627,935 670,650
0 to 17 years 1,935 970 965 304,390 156,575 147,815
0 to 5 years 755 370 390 102,750 52,810 49,935
18 to 64 years 9,185 4,320 4,865 887,640 430,545 457,095
65 years and over 425 180 245 106,555 40,815 65,740
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 10.1 10.0 10.1 9.8 9.7 9.9
0 to 17 years (%) 9.2 8.9 9.4 11.5 11.5 11.4
0 to 5 years (%) 10.8 10.2 11.7 12.3 12.3 12.3
18 to 64 years (%) 12.6 12.5 12.8 10.5 10.5 10.6
65 years and over (%) 2.1 2.0 2.1 5.1 4.2 5.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 114,425 54,515 59,905 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925
Official languages 113,790 54,235 59,555 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145
English 113,525 54,095 59,430 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825
French 15,495 7,100 8,395 1,521,020 677,505 843,510
Non-official languages 16,480 7,655 8,830 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760
Aboriginal languages 70 10 60 33,855 15,815 18,035
Algonquian languages 50 10 40 30,630 14,505 16,125
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 15 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 30 10 25 6,560 3,160 3,395
Atikamekw 0 0 0 10 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Moose Cree 10 0 10 145 70 75
Naskapi 0 0 0 25 10 10
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 65 25 45
Plains Cree 0 0 0 105 50 50
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 15 10 10 605 255 350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 45 25 25
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 10 5,620 2,760 2,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 0 0 180 95 85
Malecite 0 0 0 20 20 0
Mi'kmaq 10 0 0 160 75 85
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15 10 10 23,980 11,285 12,690
Algonquin 0 0 0 205 95 105
Ojibway 15 10 10 16,220 7,600 8,630
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,515 3,585 3,935
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 200 105 100
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 40 50
Athabaskan languages 0 0 10 85 25 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 10 80 25 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 10 0 10
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dene 0 0 10 45 20 30
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 840 320 525
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 730 285 445
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 105 35 70
Iroquoian languages 15 0 15 1,940 810 1,125
Cayuga 0 0 0 120 35 85
Mohawk 15 0 15 1,625 710 915
Oneida 0 0 0 180 55 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 25
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 180 65 110
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 40 10 30
Dakota 0 0 0 20 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 0 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 210 100 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 16,420 7,645 8,775 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,275 685 590 362,645 183,050 179,595
Berber languages 0 0 0 925 505 415
Kabyle 0 0 0 530 280 255
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 390 225 165
Cushitic languages 20 20 0 34,160 15,155 19,000
Bilen 0 0 0 355 200 160
Oromo 10 0 0 2,075 905 1,175
Somali 15 15 0 31,535 13,925 17,610
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 370 170 205
Semitic languages 1,265 670 590 330,315 168,750 161,570
Amharic 20 0 10 16,010 7,565 8,445
Arabic 1,125 595 525 246,015 127,015 119,000
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 17,825 8,775 9,050
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 6,185 3,045 3,140
Harari 0 0 0 1,310 660 645
Hebrew 100 55 35 43,255 22,165 21,090
Maltese 10 0 15 7,020 3,455 3,570
Tigrigna 15 0 10 9,385 4,320 5,065
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 1,985 1,010 975
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 1,125 535 590
Austro-Asiatic languages 285 130 155 99,830 46,210 53,620
Khmer (Cambodian) 70 30 40 10,045 4,490 5,550
Vietnamese 225 105 120 90,265 41,965 48,300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 10 50
Austronesian languages 600 190 415 249,435 98,295 151,150
Bikol 0 0 10 755 340 425
Cebuano 20 15 0 9,475 3,650 5,830
Fijian 0 0 0 110 40 65
Hiligaynon 0 0 10 3,110 1,205 1,910
Ilocano 35 10 30 15,235 5,940 9,295
Malagasy 0 0 0 215 115 100
Malay 70 35 30 9,780 4,500 5,280
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 10 1,935 855 1,080
Pangasinan 0 0 0 565 245 320
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 520 145 375 232,935 91,110 141,820
Waray-Waray 0 10 10 410 125 285
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 1,785 755 1,030
Creole languages 50 25 20 30,260 13,525 16,735
Haitian Creole 0 0 10 1,430 605 830
Creole, n.o.s. 20 10 15 19,375 8,480 10,895
Creole languages, n.i.e. 20 15 0 9,685 4,525 5,155
Dravidian languages 325 180 145 196,315 97,975 98,335
Kannada 15 10 10 5,775 2,930 2,845
Malayalam 75 30 45 22,880 11,535 11,345
Tamil 185 105 80 157,700 77,975 79,730
Telugu 60 30 20 16,315 8,925 7,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 495 250 240
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 545 265 280
Indo-European languages 10,715 4,990 5,725 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525
Albanian 55 20 30 22,375 11,180 11,195
Armenian 45 20 15 18,435 8,860 9,575
Balto-Slavic languages 1,365 610 755 473,565 221,450 252,120
Baltic languages 50 15 35 10,545 4,495 6,050
Latvian 20 10 20 4,675 2,070 2,610
Lithuanian 20 10 10 5,875 2,430 3,445
Slavic languages 1,325 600 725 465,170 217,885 247,285
Belarusan 0 10 0 1,360 680 680
Bosnian 15 10 10 9,915 4,905 5,010
Bulgarian 10 0 10 10,410 5,060 5,350
Croatian 55 30 20 46,580 22,880 23,700
Czech 165 75 90 14,045 6,615 7,430
Macedonian 15 0 0 21,505 10,365 11,140
Polish 470 205 265 142,985 65,415 77,575
Russian 400 190 210 138,735 64,355 74,380
Serbian 90 35 55 53,250 26,725 26,525
Serbo-Croatian 35 10 25 5,815 2,845 2,965
Slovak 60 25 35 12,035 5,550 6,490
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 10 7,935 3,550 4,390
Ukrainian 145 70 75 54,615 24,125 30,490
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 1,750 935 815
Celtic languages 50 25 25 3,800 1,880 1,920
Scottish Gaelic 15 0 10 1,480 720 765
Welsh 20 15 10 685 300 390
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 1,650 870 785
Germanic languages 2,300 965 1,340 274,305 130,610 143,700
Afrikaans 45 25 25 7,360 3,625 3,735
Danish 70 25 45 5,440 2,455 2,980
Dutch 610 250 365 63,410 29,875 33,535
Frisian 20 10 10 1,655 820 835
German 1,575 670 905 189,035 90,730 98,305
Icelandic 10 10 0 285 130 155
Norwegian 15 10 10 2,140 975 1,165
Swedish 60 25 35 5,125 2,345 2,785
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 0 10 2,275 1,050 1,225
Yiddish 10 10 10 7,175 3,535 3,640
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 3,290 1,645 1,645
Greek 425 220 205 80,690 40,105 40,590
Indo-Iranian languages 2,075 1,100 975 915,765 463,175 452,585
Indo-Aryan languages 1,590 840 750 759,390 384,940 374,450
Bengali 245 145 105 59,685 30,420 29,265
Gujarati 260 135 125 103,890 52,380 51,510
Hindi 735 385 350 250,095 127,765 122,335
Kashmiri 10 0 0 600 300 300
Konkani 15 10 10 5,490 2,515 2,975
Marathi 30 10 25 10,360 5,380 4,980
Nepali 25 10 15 10,245 5,115 5,135
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 1,090 515 570
Punjabi (Panjabi) 315 170 145 282,065 145,050 137,015
Sindhi 45 25 20 11,515 5,385 6,130
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 60 25 30 18,555 9,230 9,330
Urdu 475 260 215 231,500 117,305 114,190
Iranian languages 515 275 240 163,490 81,710 81,785
Kurdish 30 20 10 8,795 4,755 4,040
Pashto 50 20 30 15,315 8,145 7,170
Persian (Farsi) 460 245 215 145,465 72,275 73,190
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 4,665 2,495 2,175
Italic (Romance) languages 4,800 2,200 2,595 880,330 418,225 462,105
Catalan 10 10 0 515 275 240
Italian 905 425 475 333,645 161,190 172,455
Portuguese 1,865 925 935 193,520 93,885 99,635
Romanian 90 40 45 49,635 23,205 26,430
Spanish 2,170 895 1,275 337,615 156,040 181,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 30 25 10 1,355 745 605
Japanese 160 80 85 25,675 11,535 14,140
Kartvelian languages 10 10 0 1,555 775 780
Georgian 0 10 10 1,555 770 785
Korean 475 225 250 79,175 36,930 42,245
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 515 225 285
Mongolian 0 0 0 515 225 285
Niger-Congo languages 260 120 140 70,570 33,620 36,945
Akan (Twi) 75 30 45 15,950 7,520 8,435
Bamanankan 0 0 0 385 195 185
Edo 0 0 0 2,130 930 1,195
Ewe 0 0 0 880 435 445
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 700 320 375
Ga 15 10 10 1,340 645 695
Ganda 10 10 0 1,225 550 675
Igbo 10 10 0 4,025 2,105 1,920
Lingala 0 0 0 4,885 2,165 2,720
Rundi (Kirundi) 15 10 10 2,555 1,080 1,475
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 2,220 885 1,330
Shona 10 0 10 2,350 1,055 1,300
Swahili 60 30 30 16,750 8,110 8,640
Wolof 0 10 0 730 355 375
Yoruba 45 20 25 10,495 5,345 5,150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 60 20 35 11,210 5,255 5,950
Nilo-Saharan languages 15 10 10 2,025 1,020 1,010
Dinka 0 0 0 415 220 200
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 1,615 805 810
Sign languages 205 75 130 18,865 7,645 11,220
American Sign Language 145 40 100 10,220 3,695 6,525
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 235 60 180
Sign languages, n.i.e. 60 35 30 8,690 4,005 4,680
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,105 1,000 1,100 689,145 324,575 364,565
Chinese languages 2,080 980 1,090 679,170 319,635 359,530
Cantonese 610 280 335 341,875 159,280 182,600
Hakka 10 0 10 7,865 3,445 4,420
Mandarin 1,450 685 765 385,395 179,890 205,510
Min Dong 0 0 0 810 330 480
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 85 40 45 16,980 7,650 9,330
Wu (Shanghainese) 55 20 30 8,305 3,860 4,440
Chinese, n.o.s. 150 65 80 16,455 7,710 8,745
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 185 95 90
Tibeto-Burman languages 30 25 0 10,460 5,200 5,260
Burmese 20 10 0 2,215 1,055 1,165
Karenic languages 20 15 10 1,820 905 920
Tibetan 0 0 0 5,695 2,845 2,850
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,245 645 605
Tai-Kadai languages 40 10 25 11,120 4,945 6,180
Lao 0 0 0 6,740 3,215 3,520
Thai 40 10 25 5,195 2,065 3,135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 10 20
Turkic languages 150 80 70 33,335 17,310 16,025
Azerbaijani 0 10 10 3,260 1,710 1,550
Turkish 145 75 65 27,850 14,510 13,340
Uyghur 0 0 0 700 350 345
Uzbek 0 0 0 1,405 700 705
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 915 450 465
Uralic languages 210 80 125 58,370 27,060 31,310
Estonian 25 10 25 4,785 2,155 2,625
Finnish 75 35 40 11,145 4,865 6,280
Hungarian 105 45 65 42,545 20,070 22,480
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25 3,675 1,950 1,725
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 114,425 54,520 59,905 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 109,515 52,145 57,365 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705
Canadian citizens aged under 18 20,600 10,600 10,000 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 88,915 41,545 47,365 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 4,910 2,370 2,540 1,019,095 484,880 534,215
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 114,420 54,515 59,905 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 97,700 46,640 51,055 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 15,105 7,025 8,085 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Before 1981 6,860 3,115 3,745 1,077,745 507,500 570,240
1981 to 1990 1,605 770 830 513,995 246,235 267,755
1991 to 2000 1,975 965 1,015 834,510 390,315 444,195
2001 to 2010 3,040 1,410 1,625 953,730 446,895 506,835
2001 to 2005 1,470 690 780 490,560 230,950 259,610
2006 to 2010 1,565 720 850 463,170 215,945 247,225
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 1,630 765 860 472,170 223,715 248,450
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 1,615 855 765 201,200 102,305 98,895
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 15,110 7,025 8,085 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485
Under 5 years 1,775 835 940 369,955 184,255 185,705
5 to 14 years 3,115 1,545 1,570 685,085 345,865 339,225
15 to 24 years 3,360 1,390 1,970 855,475 381,025 474,450
25 to 44 years 5,910 2,810 3,095 1,579,500 741,340 838,160
45 years and over 940 440 505 362,130 162,180 199,945
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 15,105 7,020 8,085 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Americas 2,330 1,025 1,305 598,950 265,930 333,025
Brazil 90 35 55 14,705 6,700 8,010
Colombia 70 20 55 28,815 13,085 15,730
El Salvador 170 80 90 20,920 10,165 10,750
Guyana 80 30 55 79,745 35,325 44,420
Haiti 20 0 15 10,195 4,410 5,785
Jamaica 175 95 80 119,840 51,320 68,525
Mexico 120 55 65 30,075 13,895 16,185
Peru 30 0 25 10,550 4,660 5,895
Trinidad and Tobago 85 35 45 52,810 23,515 29,300
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,150 495 655 109,005 47,170 61,830
Other places of birth in Americas 330 170 160 122,280 55,685 66,600
Europe 6,975 3,195 3,780 1,144,295 546,250 598,050
Bosnia and Herzegovina 35 10 25 21,300 10,655 10,645
Croatia 30 20 10 27,330 13,495 13,835
France 115 60 50 13,385 6,310 7,070
Germany 630 230 400 63,460 29,685 33,775
Greece 170 105 70 36,575 18,225 18,350
Hungary 65 40 30 22,085 10,495 11,590
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 90 50 45 15,275 7,415 7,860
Italy 375 190 185 157,815 78,510 79,305
Netherlands 510 230 285 47,400 23,910 23,490
Poland 280 125 150 96,000 43,155 52,845
Portugal 1,085 545 540 103,025 50,240 52,785
Romania 75 40 35 42,720 19,720 23,000
Russian Federation 115 30 80 42,980 18,540 24,440
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 55 25 30 23,695 11,610 12,085
Ukraine 85 45 45 39,945 18,150 21,795
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 2,665 1,210 1,450 264,125 125,730 138,390
Other places of birth in Europe 590 240 345 127,190 60,395 66,790
Africa 1,030 525 505 226,770 109,585 117,185
Algeria 30 15 20 2,925 1,480 1,450
Egypt 240 140 105 34,510 18,000 16,510
Ethiopia 20 15 10 15,570 7,230 8,340
Kenya 65 30 35 14,940 6,910 8,025
Morocco 55 20 35 5,485 2,690 2,795
Nigeria 60 30 30 20,630 10,285 10,345
Somalia 10 0 0 16,970 6,845 10,125
South Africa, Republic of 115 60 55 19,390 9,545 9,840
Other places of birth in Africa 430 205 225 96,355 46,610 49,745